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THE 8UN, MONDAY, DECEMBER 20. 1015.
t Ml War I -.-I lllS -, , i "I, m tree i't ifTiN, I heli i , grind Ihe Nil Hi sMtlural .r...l ( Oil M I H HlllV I'l gggWM Um grave i 1 tlMlltlee nf itirit- . Vv and H r- ' "iv p.t r v M ! "Mill ii i " . inn, i," linn .irn anir in mi i'l K n,,i triii Ihiii I NjsS i'lnnlneil Isolated inm tii iiilf gag mm ,!..i i (i. mi tr pari) I' la lmpae i. Uil here In fofce thi ' I'lvrmnirnt In adopl iii polh y iwiiI1 y Ihg pgeple, a happened I" Italy, heoggsel then, la irn freedom irfi in (Iraase Meetings nmi damonatnillon gfg prnMMtgd, al t iHittKii iii'- spirit "f 'in- Helleneg in linMeri I" '"ll'liirltv with d.-vaatateil sorbin a rill hi ilmatad tiy trw rewllgaele vlggtn "t ii groatee oreeoe My poim ai 1 1 m i ii ' it. 1 h1wiin baaii Inaplrad with these ideglg, it wouiit tn possihh. mill gVefl i-.iny I'l rraiki' UN vnlrr of the iln-ek in "l'li heard, tint In the present i-iri umstgncea this would lead 10 Wood rhiii. perhaps a van to rivii war, and i rant epgfg W country thlM mis fortune.'' Referring t' the foreign policy, Ven- IgefcM Midi "I still remain Inoontnivrrtlbly con vinced 'hat the final victory of the con flict will rOOl With the Allien. The Alllea are bound to be vlctorlouit. becausr the Central Empires failed tn win M the first outbreak of the war when they were fully prepared, while the prepara tion ef the Allien waa Incompleta, they ran never hopo to win now wnen agntnst the slow but fatal exhaustion of their forces a greater coordination nf the fnr.ee of the Allies la being opposed. I am still convinced that the welfare and safety of Greece lla In the union with the Allies, who not only have always been our friends, but above all have the dominion of the eei, upon which the future of Greece dapanda. "Hy persisting In neutrality rece Ine-i n n avert hut poet-woac" the war vlth Bulgaria while eioiilng herself in the danger Of having to fight alone art I'M cm y Increased In strength and power. "By intervening last January as 1 Ins steil until the very eve of my resig ns! on ilreece with minor efforts would linvr secured gientcr advantages. Now I cm my thut my third report to the K "K. which, unlike the two preceding Aim, haa not been mart,, public and still remains a secret, related to Orwece military participation In the enterprise of the 'Dardanelles. I then pointed out that Orcecc would have secured the ex tensive compensations she hoped for merely hy contributing In a limited de grco military aid to Franco and Eng land Such compensation; would have consisted of territorial concessions of great Importance on the coasts of Asia Minor had I bound mjaelf to supply a single division of the army for land operations, but 1 even think that tho lngle help of our tie, t would have been sufficient. "A for the landing of the Anglo French forces at Salonika, 1 own as sure you that as soon as I suspected luring the second half of Heptemher that motilllistlon In Bulgaria waa Immi nent t foresaw that our General Staff would refuse to aid Serbia because she was not In a position to supply the IBft.fllO snldlers she was bound by treaty to p ace ut Greece's dlspoeal. "I therefore decided to face such a refusal wf.ii a valid argument nnd sski-.l France and England If they were willing to supplv the contingent of troops that Serbia could not afford to spare, r declared then that I Mi not ertain of tho King's consent and that therefore Greece's Intervention would not neceasniily follow as a matter Of course. When 1 communicated to the King the affirmative replies of France and Fngland he replied that bo would prefer foreign troops not to land on Greek territory, T communicated the King's reply to thi two Powers, and on October 3 I recei-.ed a note from the French Minister a! Athens announcing i hat the first contingent of French troops had arrived at Salonlca. The note also declared that France and linglainl. Serbia's allies, were sending troops to help her and to keep up their COOimunlCBtlOM Willi her. and that tney rellcil on Greece not opposing tbe meas-' ores taken In Serbia's Interest, a Greet e wa equally Serbia's ally. "As the casus fce.lerls Justifying nM. -.'.. lntMMnlM le httM of ttor- bia had rot yet occurred I protested against the landing of the Anglo-French troops at Bejonlca because Greece waa still neutral I could not but be glol, however, because T wa certain that Bulgaria was on the point of attacking Berbll and that I Serbo-i '.reek army as well as an Anglo-Frerch army would Immediately open hostilities and our Victory be certain, i n ( Kitober 5, how ever. I was compelled to resign, ii the King disapproved wh it I had done. "I do nor know the Intentions of the present Cabinet In respect of tho al lied troops r"w at silonlca anil in Macedonia. Greece's duty continue to be that of lighting on Serbia s side, tince she Is still her ally and both her honor and her future are at stake." SELIGMANN SEIZURE DENIED. Purls trl Oallery ot Molested, On ner rrovlnir .Naturalisation. special Cable Veipatch to Tux Sis. Paris, Dec ID. In regard to a re. port printed In the l'aris newspapers to the affect that Arnold Seilgmunn's art gallery had iieen sequestered on the ground thai Mr. Bsltgnuuin anas Of Ger man nationality, Mr. ilollgmann'a man- neer told the correspondent of Tun BUN Thai tee story was untrue. It hail Its source. Ihe manager said. In the action of a French court In holding a Heau vals tnp-stry screen, valued at 72.000 francs (114,400), until after the war, When i a in be sold. The screen WIM tipught by Mr. Selig mann, the manager said, on a Joint ac count w:tli M. Guecault, another art de iter. 'I'It I ttter wished to sell it now. while Mr Sellgmann preferred lo wait until there was a better market M Guerauli brought ault, Mr. MllgmUfltTs manager saySi alleging that Mr. Sellg mann waa still a German under the Dellirueck law limiting tbe naturaliza tion of Germans. The manager ahld Mr. Hellgmann waa naturalised in England in 111. AWAIT NEWS FROM WTNCHELL. Jeraep Clip Polvotlofttsl ilelii by tiermoni Mill llot Up Mrs, Wall; City, wife nt Qgffl lira in wo rinv sell - te.l army's relief ice Winehol! of .lersiy Major W'lnchell, whom I Hootn of the Salvation to take nummgnd of the work in Belgium, said ihe had received no word iat-t evening from liar husband since Thanksgiving Day The ti. mum Government declined to recognise tVlnohell'S American pass port" to Belgium, and Ihe Major hoped nil In Henri van !ke, the Anvr loan Mlnlstei to The Hague, might be able io Induce the tCuteor'fl represent, i lives in change their minds. The fnc( that no word has len re- rived from Major W'lm hell In more than three weeks IndloiUOl the posr'. blllty, IS friends believe, that he may . ivu I ii allowed to enter Belgium to :.i j n till, work of mercy. The Major, Itowovor, promised to oa.ble home In , he was permitted to go to Bel alum, a'"! his wife is of the opinion that In- awaiting developments. DERBY FEELS HIS APPEAL WON. a, ii, res "Henri of fouutiY IllKhl" oil lleerillllllH. LoMDON, Dee 19.- l.rd lu rby. KMN tug m ' meeting here to-day, an id ooniii nut uiiiioipate tne atutemenl made by Pramler Aaqultb on Tueadi yarding number of men who Misled. "I iliinK lbs country will feel Ui lie y re- have V. hell stale ' that the. crime Minister makaa bis Bant," l.oni Derby added, however the heart uf ticj c.niiitry is right." . ,,11. I f I I III goal .lr!rt'ni Were SgStllSt III HaSti a snt Ihe Allies Hi. granted 't ' lBf HaiTM I.' GERMANS LAUNCH BIG DRIVE ON BRITISH LINE Formidable Attack Prepared by Poison (Ian Waves and Artillery Fire Breaks Down Under Onslaught of Allies' Guns. Hgenal faiVn fMapgfrs m Tns i n. I.ovnov, for in Hi tn. in attack attempted Ibfl morning against the British lines east of Vprea under cover of clouds of IttflDCOtini naaes failed utterU under 'he lire of the British and French artlllwy. Preparations for the attack iMigan early this uVN-nlng. Gases were re leased from the German trenches, nnd aa the suffocating clouds drifted toward the British lines the German Infantry got ready for the attack Hut with the llrst emission of the gases the British nnd French guns opened on the German trenches, con centrating their fire on the points from which the gases were coming and thase Where the Germans were In line for a dash at the British trenches. As a re sult of thla fire at only a few points were the Germans able to leave their trenches at all and those who succeeded In getting out were driven back before they reached the British line. A eecond attack on the British front was made by the Germane this morn ing, to the east of Armentleres Here two mines were exploded In front of tho British trenches and German Infantry attempted to oorupy the craters, but was forced bark by rifle Are. The following official report from Brit ish heartrjuart.'rs In France was Issued to-night by the press bureau: llirlv this morning the enemy dis charged gas against our liov to the northeaat of Yire. accompanied by a heavy bombardment. Except at a few places where It was drlve-n ack before reaching our line the brsetlle lnfa-ntry was prevented from leaving the trenehen by our fir-. Our pro tective meimuren against gas proved effective. Onf line is everywhere in tact. Except for artillery activity on both aides there have been no further de velopments. During the day the hos tile artillery waa unumially active tn the eaat of Yjirea and also against our trenches to live west and south of Meewlnea. The enemy blew up two mines 1n front of our trenche east of Armentleres early this mornliig. Hostile Infantry attempted to occupy the crater, but was driven off by our rifle lire. On the rest of our front there Is nothing Important to report. An enemy aeropKne was brought down by our fire to-day aOM of Armen tleres. METZ ATTACKED. French Ai-lators Ilrup Five Tons of Explosives on Station. Special Cable Hetpateh to Tax Sis. PAJUi, liec ID. French aeroplanes made two more raids on the railroad station of t.e Snblon. near Metz. Friday night ami la1 night. In last nights raid a squadron of seven bomb carrying machines dropped five tons of explosive Fhells on the sta tion and railway equipment. There were fifty-one bombs of 10 kilograms (18 poundb) each and two bombs of 1 5 kilo grams (341 pounds). en Friday night, when the second raid Waa made, four aeroplanes took part In the bombardment of the station, drop ping about forty bombs on the station and the adjacent buildings. No mention Is made In the official ' ommUTilflUla of the damage done by either raid. The first aeroplane attack on the .Men saDlou station was mir sawu r,.u-, morning. Two machine! took part In this preliminary action, dropping a score of shells on the station. The station Is two miles pouth of the .. ll.,i. or.ioer urn) Is w ithin the cir- Thmniii ii conn, i he muni, i tions and supplies for the German lines In the St Mihiel salient. ' In the raid of last night "tie of the French machine" was compelled to des cend aa a result of the stalling of Its motor. Tbe aviator succeeded In mak- ITALIANS CAPTURE SAN MIGHELE TRENCH 115 Ugtriani Made Prisoners South of Oorltz Snow Hinders Operation!. Special Cable tifpatri to Tnr. log, Rami. Dec. IH Tbe struggle for the pc.einn of 'he northern elopes of Monte Mil Mlchele, the dominating nenk of t!ic Doberdo plateau, to ths south of tlont. continues. The Italians Iri this sector . tOOh a ! to-day trench by surprise capturing two officers and 11.1 men. Know, rain and fog hindering the ope rations on all 'he Italian fronts Ti,. ..lUciiii atatament iseued by the Italian War Office to-day follows Know i n the mountains and rain and fog in the lowlands are Interfering with the oiicratlons, yet the activity ,.r me I foods Is unabated. mi the northern slopes Mini Mlchele i south of ( of Monte orlti) our Infantry surrounded and captured by surprise mi entrenchment bordering qui lines and ma le US prisoners, including iwo officers. IT A LI A NS REPULSED. Vuslrlnns lay Un MlObOSO Altack Was i gosooooaf ui. Special cable lieepatrh In Tor. Scs. Viks v. via London, Liec is, i ne Austr.au War Ofllca K.i" out tho fol lowing statement to-dav : Italian theatre: On the northern I slopes of Monte San Mlchele Italian I Infantrj attacked our pogHloiw and I WUM repulsed. AMERICAN IN WARSAW JAIL. lilTIIIH II ACI'USI- Mini of (Its Ins In- I ,i r iii ii I Inn lo lliisslaiis. HgftMN, via Amsterdam, Dec. 1ft. -Charged with espionage, Siegfried Paul London, a naturalised American citi zen. Is In Jail at Warsaw awaiting trial. Ho i accused of having conveyed Infor mation to the Russians after the occupa tion of Win saw. The American Consul In Warsaw baa aooesg to London's cell and has been assured thai ihe Indictment will be sub mitted to him before the trial. RUMANIAN GENERAL A SUICIDE. W im 4PVV4 of I hUIiiu llrllirn I 'mm On ii f t lit I'd" rr, GsNWAj Poo, 1 0 - - m unloh nfiWepnpofi recotvod hort innouncfl thfct Qon. Jonoioo, oQinntsindlni tho Mocond RumtiuleUi Army tjorpii hfti oomiMttoq iu.cid Auoordini to tt"' popopt, bh OonPeiJ wns mpoctod havliif boon bribcti by one of the l'owtift I Ing a landing Inside the French linea south of Bont-a-Moussou. There was especially heavy artillery 1 firing at various points along the front to day The Germans released clouds of leufTniatlng gases against the British lines east of Ypres and the French and British batteries replied with a heavy bombardment of tls trenches from which ' the guise wer coming. The Germans did tot follow up the gas waves with any Infantry attack. French Artillery Effective. In the region north of Sounln, In Champagne, the scene of much heavy artillery fighting recently, the French gune did cfftCtlve work against tho first line of the German trenches at St. Marie-a-By. The official communique Issued by the War Offlre to-night Ih as follows : The day whs marked by an Intenae actlMty on the part of our nrtlllery at numerous points on the front. In Belgium our batteries. In concert with the Brltleh artillery, bombarded very viol.ntly the German trenche i from which an emission of suffocating gas was directed toward the British front to the eaet of Ypres. No In fantry attack was delivered. Enemy aeroplanes Hew over the re gion of Poperlngh this morning and thn w a dozen bombs. One woman wsa killed ind one woman and two chil dren were wounded. In Artola our artillery dispersed en--my sappers In the sector of Thelus, to the north of Arras. The enemy threw a hundred projectiles on Arras. Between the Sonim and the Olss our trench mortars destroyed German works In ttv. region of Pancourt. Between Soisaons and Bhetina our artillery bombarded enemy bomb throwers and batteries of which It got the range to the east of Berry-au-Bac. In Champagne a heavy artillery fire directed against the flmt lines of the enemy to the south of Ste. Marle-a-Ty (northwest of Soualn. between St. Souplet and Somme-Ty) gave excel lent results. In the region of St. Mlhtet some suc cessful firing against Chauvancourt brought forth a reply from the enemy artillery which was stopped short by our fire. In the night of December 1-1 one of our equadrons of bombarding aero planes threw on the Metx-Sablons railway station fifty-one bombs of 90 kilograms (III pounds') each, and two bombs of Hi kilograms I 341 pounds) each. One of our machines, stopped hy the stalling of the motor. wa able to land without accident In side our Urn's rear Plrulciuard, to the south of l'ont-a-Mousson The afternoon communique Is .ui fol lows i In the course of the night the Ger man and French artll'o-ry both showed feeble activity. In the region of Vau quois mining operations resulted to our advantage. The bombardment of enemy works and cantonments In the issctor of Apre mont. to the soutloast of St. Mlhlel. was continued early In the evening, and It gave excellent results. tin the nights of December 17-' S a squadron of four aeroplanes executed n new operation, bombarding the sta tion of Sablo: s. on the railroid to Met. About forty bombs were thrown on the station and on the adjacent buildings. "OF S 01 'M PORT AS'CE." Berlin Hefrrs llladslnf nll to At tack on Meta Morion. BatidNi Amsterdam, Dec If. headquarters refeni lis- Cernuiti imn dainruiiy 10 me rrvm-n ieri.il attacks on the Metz station In lne omciai report Issued to-day, ii eaya' Nothing of Importance took place During the night Metz w is again at tacked t,y enemy aviators, Damage to property waa the only result. RUSSIANS DISPERSE COLUMN OF GERMANS Gain in Tierce Dwinsk Region rcuton Lines Near Raffffaiem. gpacfgl f'abie Datpofrs tn Tm lea, . esses on . such as artillery Donpos, D c. It. Minor sue the part of the Russian troops discovering atal dispersing by i tiro German advance guards. are re- I porttd In tbe official War Office report ! Issued In Peteo gred to-day. The state ment tells or unimportant operations in the Cauoasua resulting In the Museums' favor, and of the continuance of the Russian drive It Persia, southeast of HamodgPi w-lth the city of Kutn as the objective. The statement follows: Outpost fighting in the direction of Raggaoem and the Vntlng and Tukum road ended uniformly to our advan tage, the Germans being driven off by our fire and in some places our men, following tho enemy, penetrated the German lines. Northeast of tbe Dwinsk region near the villages of Mlns.hel and Sarkani our artillery made fortunate bits on a column of tho enemy's In fantry, dispersing it. tin Ihe re mainder of this front there no change In the I'aucajius. in the region of Khygtasnore, southwe.it of Afdattutch, only encounters of secondary ltn pOrtgnce OOCUrrod and All resulted In our favor. llamodatl w-c continue my i to prt-ciM t hr :i Th AiiHtrUn following rt-iMiri The uBsrrtion War oflb to-day : IllUtd the the Russian report of VVodnttday that tholr CAVAlry noar Ue1Qtk0 on tho lnltHtf!", mrt Auh- t roHunCsififtn roonnoltrlnc di-t.tch- montH Olad n KUStlan unlfonnf In untruOi MAY TRY TO INVADE ENGLAND. tiernisnl rrepiirlna Atli'iupt 'Mils Winter, London I'aprr Sim. LONPONi Dec. IH The Obsert'er lb discussing the probabilities of (lorman military action this winter suggests that an attempt to invade Kngland Is one of' the foremost pogglbllltlee, although It' considers such an uttampl a desperati I gamble. The extensive moi-ements of Herman tris) In Belgium, In the view of the Observer, may Indicate preparntlous for embarking troops on the Scheldt and at Eeebruffe fr such an attempt, lay's llrltlsh Losses I. nun. gas! in Cable llepnt'n tn Tun Scs U)NPOM, Dec. 1ft. ---The official llrlllsli casualty list laaued today oontglna the names of 10 odlcers. of whom 21 were hilled, ami of HM) men, tit whom 120 were killed. TURKS RIP BRITISH DEFENCES ON TIGRIS Tr'iirhr nnd Othrr Works PcMrn'd hy Homhfirillnff, ConntAiitinnplp Mays. FimiTINfl ON UALMPOM penai Cable lepatr to Tax Br ('onstantinohlk, via txindon, Dec. 19. Progress In the Turkish bombardment of the Brltleh position wound Kut-ev A mora, on the Tigris, In Mesopotamia, where Gen. Townahend'e army, forced to retreat after aimoet reaching Bagdad. Is Intrenched. Is reported by the Turk ish VB Office to-day An official statement says Ihe Turks are destroying British defence works of every descrip tion. Fighting on the Dardanellea front ha been resumed, aooordlng to the offlrkil report, which follows: Irak front Our troopa continue tn destroy defence worke of all kinds be fore the enemy's main positions near Kut-el-Amara. Our hevy artillery Is successfully bombarding the trenches and other works of the enemy. Iardnelles front Near Anafarta there were Intermittent artillery en counters. One of two enemy mlnea exploded, destroying a British trench. Our patrols have captured In enemy 'renehen bayonets nnd ammunition and various other kinds of war ma terial Near Art Burnu the enemy fired great number of bombs against our right wing On cruiser and three armored monitors a well as land bagterlea bombarded our positions from different directions. Our artil lery successfully replied. Near Sedd-ul-Bahr our artillery on December 17 sank ono of two tugs in the Narrow, which were debarking men nnd ammunition. The debarka tion wa Interrupted One cruiser and one monitor bom barded the neighborhood of A1JI. but caused P.0 damage. PERSIA PRESSES RUSSIA. Demand Trailing II la hi and Warships. Says Berlin. Hem. in, via wlrelesw to Tuckerton. Dec. 19. Among the Items given out for publication to-day by the Overseas News Agency was the following; "The Kritlsh defeat near ltagdad has mode a deep impression In Persia. The RllSa ISP mii;iw OggH ays the l'er slnn Government, rcnllilng the situa tion, ha asked for a revision of the treaty of till, which allows Ituss'.a ex clusively to trade on the Caspian Hea. Persia asks the reestabllshmeiit of trad ing rights and will maintain her own warships on the 'aplaji Pea and In the rerslan Gulf. "The newspaper Hdds that there Is slight probability of an amicable ar rangement, although England haa not altogether lost hope." WARNS OX ARMESIASS. on nrveiif h? ymptthr on Thru. I Wnssteil. RfiRMN, via AmMfrihm, Dftc. 19 "It 1 'lennntm POtteprthMtdtd the antnf4 of the Affnnlkn atrocity ftffatra.1 O-unt von Hvntlow writes In lh TttQ9$99itU0, "They MtuuM finally UlMlnrtAlld that it Is not out iifTair to fil or 'vcn expT-eii Byrnpattiy with Arriienlan rv;ulloTiarieri atid usur-Mrn, who f.irni ti ureat Mid malig nant 'lanifr for our brave, tne1 ntui true Turkish uilteH, and who are the tooli of our mortal enomlosi wreat Biit aln aiul Kua:a " rilMT riatht nt lrJnne!lfi. perta: fOOl Ppatr t 1r. Cff I'aris. DOC, IV The French War Of flre lssue1 the foiiowliiK rejxirt to-day rofiirdtnc tho expodUlonan corps of Hit Dordanelloo Then WM rather lively urtlllery fir in the COUTM of the da of I ecemher 1 S. SAYS BRITISH FOREIGN OFFICE AIDS GERMANY Mailv Mail" Hlainos Inppti I udo for (iood Naturpil Pol it-v of War. Special rabte Peepatch tn Tns gsg, London. Dec. I'l i Monday). The DaUtf ftfafl renews this morning Its at tack upon the Government, saving In an editorial : "The fact that politicians and the censorship have fooled the public Is becoming more and more known The lonu series of dlSlllUSlonmsnt) has oaused the belief ihat a mysterious hand is behind the scenes and Is pro tecting Germany" The paper cites as Instance In sup port of Its contention several happen ings, which It says have given rise to the belief that, notably, the British Foreign OffiCS Is feeding the enemy with essentials which he lacked The .lfatl alleges that while the beer of the British workmen has been curtailed "a myStSrlOUg hand has arrange.! for Germany to get via Denmark nil the malt she need for making bear," The paper suggest that no real attempt is made to punish Germany on land and sea "Many persons bint, tbe Jlfoil con tinues, "that a darkly mysterious hand reveals pro-Germanism In high places. Lam-ntahle speeches by certain public men biive caused whispering from one end of the kingdom to tbe other. The flermani themselves have claimed and the claim has not been contradicted -that they have Hiich friends. "We take a totally different view of the mystrrlnuN band. Wn believe It Is merely 11 manifestation of our politi cian' Inveterato misunderstanding of the Herman, especially of the Prussian, character, In fael n form of political Ineptitude born of optimism and the sincere belief that the best way to win this war Is to coax and cajole tbe en emy Into a good temper "If half a dozen business men had been In charge of our affairs this Christ um might have been merry Instead of dark. We believe a change Is needed. The politicians tall us that a general election In the mldsl of war I unthink able. Why Is It unthinkable? "Scleral general elections were held In the ntldgl Of the Napoleonic war. What is unthinkable is that the com- noalte feebleneas which In reality Is the myaterUiuM hand should !" allowed to continue throughout I91fl Ihe conduct of wtir which It baa cnducuU nines August, 1911." DR. DERNBURG DEMANDS Former German Colonial Minister Says Teutons Yielded Wisely in Arabic Case and U. S. Was Ritfht in Pressing Submarine Protest. Dr pel in I agent Memhard Denibtirg. former 1m Colonlal Minister, who while for the German Red I'ross w-a active In German propaganda m this country, has written ssveral articles since his return to Berlin regarding German Amerlcan relations. Ills latest article, which appeared In a recent Issue of the Herllaer Toi7tliif f , concerns I'resident Wilson's note to Hngtand. America's attitude toward Great Hrltaln ami Ger many, both tut regards shipping and the Issues arising from submarine war fare. The submarine guestlnii, he says, had to be settled nrat because It Involved lives Instead of pecuniary loss. He counsels Germans to maintain a digni fied attitude, as he says that America's controversy with Great Britain Is over a principle for which Germany herself la contending. He also holds that while America seeks no quarrel she would not hesitate to act If her national pride ahouhl be wounded by any foreign I'ower. A full translation of Dr Dern burg s article follows : "The Imperial German Chancellor In his last declaration urged the 'freedom of the seas.' Sir Kdwurd Grey ha as eerted that a discussion of this subject may be possible and fruitful after the war. Both of these statesmen In touch ing on thla question have more or !ss avoided circumscribing this definition "President Wilson, too, has In his various recent notes and speeche j.ro- i C llro.,,1 II.A '-.. a,..., .f ,1... IUl kna designated It as an Inalienable right of I the united Ktstes. He has made It uuite plain Just w hat he w latest lo have under stood li'ti he speaks of the freedom of th seas, namely, the enforcement and malntenano of th International marl time law as defined In the Declaration of tondon, "True, thl declaration was not signed hy all the nations that participated In Its collaboration, but neither ha there been any objection to It, nnd Its purpose wis. as Its name says, to stipulate Iti declaratory form, under cooperation Of all nations, what Is In our Jim legal on the high seas. America's Allltailr. 'The t'nited States has i ome during the present war Into conflict with two belligerent nations over the application of the International maritime law; since autumn of last year with Flngland. which undertook manifold nullifications through the Issuan e of royal decrees and which otherwise cared little about tbe stipulations of maritime law; and with Hermany on the occasion of the smwng of the Laltftanla "The American I'resident refused to treat simultaneously the disputes with l-ngtanri and Oermany. because he wanted It clearlv understood that tbe question at Issue In both cases revolved around the rights of Americans, rights which must be treated separately and without confusion 'with one another. "Th President declined to accede to the suggestion that Germany might yield in th matter of submarine warfare If England, upon American pressure, agreed to observe International mari time law The i1liute cncernlng sob marine warfare huil lo be settled first, and peedll, because that dispute did not. a did Britain's commercial war. treat with replaceable wares or flnan rial loss hut with the menace lo Ihe Urea "f mertcan rltlen. 'Therefore, the adjustment of the difficulties with Kngland was postponed until the wise yielding on the part of Germany In the Arabic case paved tbe way for It Apart from Ihe fact that she harrd tbe humane objections of Ihe I nlled Males, l.rrmany apparently yielded principally bemuse nl her real- I liatlen thai he who desires the freedom I of Ihe seas must not eg his part rog tribute toward sheltering those prlnel- i pies of law which hitherto hud -ate- 1 guarded It. eirn If Imperfectly, nn that ihe I sited state reald got tie egpeeted In uk t nglaml to nhsrrie the maritime I laws If It did net al the mme time make the same item unit upon i,ernian An. I the submarine war. tarried on with a new weapon, was not In accord with the application of the London declaration. ttllndr Toward I iialnnd. "Now that Oermany has met the American point of view the American . 1'resi.ient lm addressed a note to Kng land and has announced Ihat t" others will follow, l 'I" n"i propose I., go Into the details of the note. Suffice it to re peat that ti.e I'nlted Slates declares blockade of Germany and Austria to be non-existent and legally ineffective, that it regards as unjustified the llritish pract.ee of confiscating goods dsstlned for neutral countries on Ihe mere sus picion that they might Ultimate!) reach the enemy I that It regards as uncalled for the demand Unit nidi goods be ad dressed. Instead of to the consignee, to a specific recipient, i . to the overseas trusts under British control, tha: It will no longer suffer the taking of American or neutral vessels into British ports, and finally, that II refuses in Hl -cept the British prise court decisions be cause they are based not upon the rules of the general maritime law but upon llrltlsh Government decrees. "These are the principal points An nounced is n further note refusing American acquiescence in the most re cent British decrees under which the national!!) a vessel is lo In de'er- mlned not according t" Its reglstr) ami Hag hut according tn the nationality "f the owner or one of the owners (to Wit, the case of the Hoc king). "And finally, third note, perhaps the most Important of all. Is announced, iti which the arbitrary modifications which Knuland has made In the list of condi tional and unconditional contraband are declared as unbinding a-, fat" ae the I l'niteii states is concerned. "Willi this stand on tbe part of Atner M the entire structure which ilreat Britain lias In the past fifteen months j artfully erected, not only to starve i',er- many Into aubmlaalon but also to throttle American trade crumbles to piece. "The Declaration of London bad desig nated cotton as belonging Under any and all circumstances on the free list Cereals and foodstuffs were fiaad us conditional contraband onli to su a an extent as they were destined for the consumption of the lighting forces or for the provisioning of fortified ports. Tbe burden of proof Is given by Ihe Declaration of London to that I'ower Which seise ihee goods. "The American President asserts that ha Is apeaklng In behalf of the rights of all neutrals, and It may be assumed i with certainty that be has not made this ! statement without previous agreement I with tlietu to that effect "In th German newspaper comment! j on the American note the question Is rained whether and to what extent tho I I'nlted States proposes -OF would en-I deavor- to enforce these demands. Judg ing from the history nf Amerlran diploma!') and the I iisltanla incident , constitutes a page In that lilslur) one may rest assured Ihat America will en force them nt any cost. "HometlineM It haa taken the I'nlted Sates a long time to do ho. The Alabama page. In winch Kngland was fined gfl, 000,000 marks for violation and ponies- siou of piracy, took flftean years Tn day. however, there are Interests at Stake which do not permit of delay, ami unwilling as the American President 1 to have trouble with Ktiglaml he Is, by the way, nulls as unwilling to haw trouble wiin Germany be has only re- cenll) st)lud himself In hiu vliaractcrla- UPHOLDS OF WILSON tn- manner as a single track railway that knows no side tracking or 'hack ward' movement. "This win be demonstrated nil the more In view of the Presidential elec tion due In lilt, when be Intends lo give an account to bis nation of the manner In which he haa conducted Its affairs the more so inasmuch as Con gress will m doubt give new Impetus and fore to the President's demands "In the dispute with Germany over the submarine warfare the 1'nlted States hail only small means of pres sure bocauae of the complete paralysis of the German American trade rela tions. In Ihe controversy with the Al lies, however, and particularly a against England, the American mean of pressure are very powerful: refusal of credit, forbidding the national banks to discount allied bonds, embargo upon several of the articles most essential to I the Allies, and finally an embargo on the eXKirtatl"ti of arms and ammuni tion euc.h as the American ("ongress gUthOrlggd against Menlco In 1912 .National WMti "It I true that pecuniary latere' In America play a more Important role In tbe decision of the people than one Is in a habit of admitting of other na tions, and that through all these meas ure th pooketbook oif the Amerlicjine themselves wouln 1m unfavorably af fected. Ilnwever. we must nnl aniterestl male the feellsg of lailependenr and Ihe pride of the Aniertesn nation the muinenl It feels that Its rights ars de. Ilherutely and rtilhleMlr trampled upon. "Mnifland has a sort of premonition In that direction and. knowing that ahe muat yield, alio seek to gu.rd herself In advance. It Is this desire whloh prompted the recent order to British vessels not to go to. or ply between, neutral port. Tho attempt to buy up neutral ships and to bind American vessels hy long contracts flnds the earns explanation. "lor If one has no ships, Ihe free seas are of an valae. "However. It may be presumed that this very attempt will provoke the most 1 bluer Indignation In tho United States. for aside from the fact that this will . cause a reduction of American com- maree and an extraiOrdlnary rise in the ! prices of American goods, ufter the en tire Herman merchant fleet which hlth- erto took care of a great part of Amerl egJI overseas trade, has been bottled up. i there are flgurlfM) in this matter certain factors which are singularly actual to day 'The best navy Is not prepsred fur wsr If she hs not a large number ef ronvoys for Ihe snpply of coal and pro. visions and for the transport of troops, a great number of patrol boats and roust steamers to guard Ihe roast and ' another number of merchantmen suit able as auxiliary cruisers. "America fares a natal programme of the flrst order, which has the unani mous appro al of Ihe nation. A mr rlon nuM tet, heightened "The European war hg the responsibility of the American I Government Just as much as have the attacks of its all American opponents "If IliN llrltlsh attempt lo kill the i American maritime trade Is continued, I we may expect that the American See. ! retari of the hij, Mr. Iiunlels, who as recently as ictoher 20 emphasised . In a speech the necessity of a mer chant marine for purposes "f war. will ai ogee lake coaater mease res. "Last year, when President Wlgon Wanted to create an American merchant marine with Government money and suggeeted for that end the purchase of neutral vessels or of ships Interned lo American waters, the American Con gress rejected his proposition. "At that lime there was no talk of an increase In the American navy or of American preparedness To-day conditions are entirely different, and It may easily be brought about Ihat Bngland, through her chess move, has brought about a condition the conse quences of which she had not the re motest Idea "Thus tin American note to Oreat Britain, by simultaneously paving the way to tbe freedom of the seas, opens up an era if discussion with Kngland. ihe outcome of which will, without any doubt, be favorable for those who rep resent justice and right "We In (lertnagj can aid these ills. rnsslOBS oall II we ilew them with raininess, gratification and dignity. FRENCH DEATH RATE DROPS. Dnl lA Out or 1,000 Hounded IMf, tKnlnnt 48 nl Wnr-t Mnrl. ) fttbl$ lfiatc?i Tnr StN. Pari, Pik. ii - Dr. Jiuxium Brttllon. (UrWc-tor of FriMW'ii unit rftl-p in hf tha , M)'l i'l I HHr i.i-iIr'. injur th war bnpHals f. r it! itiirt 1 moftAltty , ' 1 i i and pick VOtditfi iu'mmhi'iI from rortv- i 11 Si)tiiilHr. 1314 t I nftythr. t-'it uhM it is now only 1 bRihteon r thounand Tin mortality rate ainonu the sh'k !h iKh pM- t housaitd, and a mottff I hf Mroundod t WfTU -thttH. m asamat Hfty clrThf Bel I if OpVfVtflC "f tn war. The it purt point x out lh failure of antlMptlcu t uphold nACtf I'mr Bfftcnry in the hospttalMi and conclude that an tiMptliii ma prevent lnfotlon( but aro unable to curt. In peace times, 'hp report savn. thr- Parts hospital sli w a mortality of 0 per , 00(1 Iti'ttor hoivpttal condition j lire belli ved to be reeponelble for the i decreaae, DEATHS FEW IN GERMAN ARMY ! riiK- of OH If I.T I'nlMlltlrn Intone the Wonndoeli SptCitl fVift lutpntf't In Tnr. Si . l.tNpoN', He'. II The Timr,.! as: M()ermnn newepaiterii have been pup- ' ! piled with extraordlnury ttu-urrn ..f tiio j low rat of mortality and thO hiirh rato 1 of recover) ee of German wounded rl- I .Hits Thf paps ri stt (hat In th tirat month of thf war fiearly S,'. irr rent, of the wounded roturnod to intlttary srr I vice, :t per cent died and 12 per cent, wore (liM'hitr;'1'! "The clftlm i mode that there hnn heea a ste.id- Improvement even In thea iiKures and that tho monthly average 'f the Urol year "f tho war for every 100 wounded lias been Sft i-till tit for er VlCOi S.s dls. hai'Ketl and only 17 deathh. 'It is stated Tl.at no army in the world can show HUCh fvor.il returns. If the lltrures .i r even approximately a. .male the certainly treat ly Impair the value of tii' rouffhee calculation of German caaualtlw," BRITISH GENERALS WOUNDED. Ilolmiiii liijurrd In I'raiii'r, llwdaon nnd RyHO Jl nnrdmn lle. UONOON) I If llrif.- ien Her bert Campbell Kolman of the Uik li-ciith I'UValry, Indian army, is r. ported i have been wounded un l he bat t letteld i" Kran.-.v Unx tleu. ieorne He ni urn in Hod eon ' of th lii'llrtn urmv hi.I Hrlf.Uetl, 11 . I. : I . Hyrlc Of I he Australia n r riny have I boon wounded in the paxdantlloa. HOLIDAY GIFT SUGGESTIONS MEN'S WATCHES Many novel shapes in gold and platinum. These watches were made by one of the leading watch manufacturers of Geneva, exclu sively to our specifications. Every watch carries the Gattle Guarantee Gold and Platinum Vest Chains in keepinp Opposite St. Patrick's Cathedral SECOND NOTE GIVES AUSTRIA ONE CHANGE 'oaflaaed from n-f pior tra-Hungary? (Ireater consideration on tbe part of the Vienna Cabinet with re gard to our Withal than wa manifested hitherto? Hardly. "The (Tovermner.t of a great nation Is les susceptible to the swinging of the 'big stick' tnu-ii It Is to pi-o)ssals or I wlsho uttered In calm and moderate manner. "uld Prr!dent Wilson gain an In crease nf prestls-e with the Jingoes'" Per haps! However, will that counterbal ance the fateful atid menacing cor.se nnenoe which would he visited upon our whole, country in the event that the phrases of the 'strong man' he ominously Interpreted on the other side0 CerttaJnly not i "Would the President do tho Kntente an ardently wished for favor by pouring, through a threat of war against one of the central empires, new courage Into t .e veins of the tlrit g foe of the Ten pins and by helping the Allies' fln'.tiicial Situation through the medium of hope for a tiew ally? Surely that is what the President would achieve. Could that be tie purpose? It Is scarcely thinkable! "Washington reports this itovcrnment la anxious to avoid a breaik with Vienna. We hope this news will be confirmed, for. If the break is to be uvolded. it cm.ii be e-asih .lone. "A reasonable course is all that is needed, The decision rests with Wash ington I" WOULD STOP WILSON. Ln bor'M I'eace Connell Leader Prfl- testa Drallnaa With natrla. I Washington. Pec l!. A protest I against the policy of the Administration I In its dealings w ith Austria and Ger- many was voiced in a utatement made j public here to-day by 11 Robert Fowler. ' Washington agent of Labor's National I'eace I'ounoll. whose affairs have betn , under Investigation by a Federal Grand 1 Jury ln New York. ' Kxpresslng the fear that the I'nlted I States Is on the verge of breaking off ! relations with Austria. Mr. Fowltr de : dared that the Baecutlve ehouid not i take such a' tlou without the consent of IVngregg. lie also announced that he was in favor of the principle that no ' com try should declare war without a ' referendum to the people 1 Mr. Kowler announced that all tbe or ganizations acting in concert with La- ' bor's Peace Council w ill he asked to urg their members to write to Senitor and Ftepree ntatlvei tn rongress "protesting against th" action ..f the Secretary of State r usurping the war power of Congreee to the point of endangering the peaoe of our country." Mr. Kowler describes his statement i as "an addregg to the American I people." VIENNA IS OPTIMISTIC. rollllclans I .Nnl Hellene I V Will Bud HrlMtloiia. SSrniCHi T -V.eim.1 is t&klng ;,n OpUmlsttc Vi6W uf th tt)Titr-i t-iy with th6 Unlttd Stut, according to den Ait"titH r. clvil here. Th potUieleUM believe, tho dt'si-iitrhey My, thvftl the Vnh!rCtM. ttivernment Is not likely t- hreak oft diplomatic rtov tioni with AuX n -1 !ungrar . tut will -titr into a further dtSCUMton of tlw GERMANS SEIZE RELIEF FOOD. 4 ontaonte 100.000 I'nandi of i llft- MOMl tl lie Iff In .peoia Caftle -;ar' lo Tna St v. London, Dec. ii The Rotterdam correnpondeni of the Oaity Mmt say: . "T)i1ri tr( end the I iermans ion i tis. ated 1K0.H00 pounda of cheese from Brufoa. 'Die International Hetief Com ' mleelOtl eUppllOI 'he llelatanN, w)a in turn are compollod to feecl the lierman urmv. ths g.MM on aaspite the early promises t!iat tho rollsf forsl would not i.p touched hy the teermans." Biltmore Ice Gardens BILTMORE HOTEL OPEN AIR SKATING OPEN TO THE PUBLIC FOR THREE SESSION S Daily (Excepting Tuesday and Thursday Aft( iicxjns and Saturday Mornings). Sundays Closed GLASS ENCLOSED TEA ROOMS Admission : MORNING SESSION 9.30 to 12.30 AFTERNOON SESSION 2.30 to 6.30 EVENING SESSION 8.30 to 11 EXHIBITION SKATING BY ALFRED and SIGRID NAESS OF THE HIPPODROME Natzy's Music Competent Instructc BRITISH SUBMARINE SINKS 2 WARSHIPS Korlin Aimoiini'Ps Loan of Bremen and a Torpedn BoHf in Baltic. til MANY BELIEVED I.0VI Special Bmlik, Dec. It. m nt wa1 Cable rieepntrh la Tlir via Amsterdam and I,. Tien 1st. The following official Issued here to-day I The small cruiser Bremen an. I accompanying torpedo boat heA'i hi sunk by a submarine in the ,-i-t Baltic. A considerable portion "f ' crew were rescued. The German small .-rui.-er Bremi one of a group of 9va vessels ' same class laid down in laOi! a'. 'I ' land romnleted two years later TI vessels of this C1M1 have o ttispni mem of 3. 1!5ii tona and carry I' i I inch guns. The trial eiicul of the llr. men was 23.2 knots. Hhe had plement of 2S officers a: ,1 n i ATTACKED OFF LIBAU. Ilrrmrn Waa RetWfUing lo I'm With Llubls Out. Special Cable Deepalch lu Tar gl Lonpon, Dei'. If The Cop. isgi correspondent of the DtUtU M graphs . "Tbe torpedoing of theOerman Bremen occurred on tin nigi Ie. mber i; loss t' Mb ill, wh . ' liirlits on the dlulf "I waa returning with a tour or I new tlon land. "Many bodb" and wrek.ig1 m tlnUC to -ome ashore from the Oemte vaaeot Huenz, which pank or w i etroyed two 1 y ayo. Pog pre tf an Investigation of 'he disaster ;ir noA known what caused tlic e;: 1. i the Buens. "Some believe that nho r.irt Qarman mine tteid, while another -ei ion t that Hhe was torpedo- I I British submarine." CARGO RECEIPTS RELEASED UepnsAn i ourt Prses Proceeds 1'nn I'iims uf Hal lllfl httS l nrgn. special table heipaic' ' Pus 8 AMSTI.HUAM. VI. i I... I '. The Itanib trni r Narhrithtrn hh -"The ll.iiiliiirg prise LtlUfl . proved the seisure ol the Amei Pggs of Ralmaha. win -i aires been declared .111 I'll, -ii .. ah - Wag unrtrr the lrltili flag uf 1HH, hut has rilled tn.it . if irgi l:i neutral he tut prooeeil, iiiust in reloased.'' It will i.e recalled thai ' earg'i gold fur more than :.' 1. i MtS.OOO), Tin- oargo ii cotton for An hangel. The Pass of Isalfn&tin, put under .f1 Hl'ter l.e flJg. can hgven, Q and was turned t' another i OrJei III il ira ' ii- ermany, allowed tin- i 'i.it argu ,if n oounctl .1 I Stat,- , lion nid, .1 the Uei gone" order hiving beei time, cleared for .r, tiangi BrKlali cruiser iul i : rlsn m Ihg North Sc. i, hut .i i marine Raptured her an I i prlge crew prisoners, n court deolded Ihal the Irs vrasi'i from llrltlsh t" Ainm hail been illegal (.irniini lllatlllers Klwed BJggUN, v. Antsleriluti', Pines aggregating mor ti . haw been Imposed a' H i distillers f"r .'xci.. 1 1 i iris $1 $2 $2 Including Afternoon Tea Including Buffet Suppo