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THE SUN. MONDAY. DECEMBER 20. IfllB.
' MONDAY, DKCBMBBR n". Bntere I "1 Hi- Peel OfflOJ a' New Vork M SJeirond CISSS Vla1. Matter. etube. rtllllens kf Mall. Postpaid. DAfteY, Pi r Month ? 25 IjAILY, 1 1t1 5! fl'NUAV, Per Month . . . It .--1 NliAV (in CtllMMi 1'er Month.... 80 BUMpAV, I'.-r l J U.vll.Y .NI HI N1A. I r Yevr.... 8 AO iiailv AND minkay, Per Month... is yossts H4K9. HAIt.Y. Pr Month I J !NtV ! r Mon!..,. ........... . DAiLl AND tJNDATi Hi Mo&ih... I SO TMH ti BNINO iUN, Per Month M Tin. KVKNINil BUN, Per Year I 0 TUB K' KN1NU ai.Ml'dinl.llrJIo. 1 03 .Ml . f 1 1 . k. money anises. Ac . to bs ti pa) .i i-iM t. T im HI'S. Pub Ishi l cia4;y, Including Sunday, by Uis Si, ii Prln X ami .,. I.Ht.t Association al . . . i . , i street. In the Iturnugh of Mm Mltin, Sow York President and Ttss- , ,, i lod.-k. I'd N'au tret: fl, s-Prestdent, Bdward P. .Mltohell, 10 Ns mu Secretary, .'. B. UisVuo. 10 S'mHSII Mreei. London ur,, r, rftlngham HnuM, 1 Anio- Ur Btrat, strand. P r - irtTiie, tl Una l la MtehodleTS. SB Hii'. du (juatrt Beptetnors. shlngton .', Hit.ns Building Brooklyn oi". , 10 l.llnetn ml. If oaf ttirwl irhn tfivnr v trlth manu-sripr- O'n' IWitfSWi fef stitdieollon trill tn reflCtd articles rrturnrd they mutt in all . ee'ieJ ntitmpt for thai purpnte The (.erman Government's Repu diation of Lawlessness. The i.erniun Government's repudia tion of lawless nets committed In this country In Its behalf and of their au thors Is Inspired by wisdom and ut tered at an opportune moment. That Berlin bus been ignorant of all the 111 advised enterprises conducted In the United States with a plan to In juring the. enemies of the Central Empires will be difficult to believe, In view of the evidence brought out In recent criminal notions; but It Is easily credible that overzealous sub ordinates hnve abused their commis sions, and that volunteers more loyal thnn thn king have embarked on projects that would never have re ceived official snnctlon. Moreover, the unconquerable disposition of America to think well of Oermnny will operate powerfully In behalf of acceptance of the proclamation of denunciation In cordiality and good will. If It gives testimony to recognition In the Gorman capital of the Influence exerted In this country by factors other than Hrltlsh malice and Amer Icon Ignorance and greed, to which very evliiliitlon of dissatisfaction wilh Teutonic behavior has heretofore been attributed, this disavowal may mark the beginning of Improvement in the relations between the two coun tries. Thai Improvement Is sincerely desired by every American. Meanwhile, the protection of Amer lean lies and the safeguarding of American property nro the tasks of the t nltctl States, and the attitude nf Germany toward violence and dls order cannot affect the duty of our nuthorll u s. The criminal prosecutions now in progress and contemplated must be conducted vigorously. The more delicate adjustment! that fall outside the Jurisdiction of the Depart men I of .Itisthf must not be nllowed to lag, The public demands that the countrj i lea red of conspirators, no mutter what their Inspiration may be, and that the campaign against the ponce and safety of the United State thai lias heen In progress for inon'hs shall be brought to an end. Feeding Prisoners of War. Among the few beneficent Incidents of the great European war may be mentioned Investigations on n larger scale thon Is possible in normal times of the fooil problem, which has be come acutely dominant In Germuny. In a recent letter the Berlin cor respondent of the Journal of the American Medical Amociation says that Professor Rack, hacs, who was appointed by the Government to In vestigate the complaints of prisoners regarding their food, hud mndo a com plete report, after the number of pris oners had exceeded a million. A nor mal feeding standard was fixed upon, which called for sufficient nourish ment In three dally meals, on the basis of the requirements of an adult man engaged in light labor. Since the Quantity of albumen, In meats and other foods, Imported since the beginning of the war had been neces sarily reduced over 25 per cent, and that of fat nearly 60 per cent., It bo ot. mo necessary to reduce these Im portant elements somewhat below the normal diet. As It was found that the amount furnished was barely suf ficient fur the prisoner after he had recuperated somewhat from the ex haustion of the campaign, those pris oners who were engaged in physical 1, iior received 1 per cent, increoseon this diet, and those s hard labor" who were t liii; pay were at liberty to put huse additional food. Every month menus were submitted to udtipl i lie f I to the nspiirements and habits of different nationalities, so thai gradual! It was ascertained from :'.ii menus submitted that de spite Hut high prices of food the cost Id he reduced from it cents which the contractors had charged to 18.5 i eni exclusive of bread, A menu that satisfied n Frenchman did not suit n Itusslan at alll other conditions also presented illfllculi problems, and these were solved ,y giving weekly courses of Instruction in the preparation of foods to Kitchen subalterns, by estab lishing central purchasing depots for staple foods and by eliminating spec ulation, which really caused the ap parent scarcity of food. The dally waving so. .ti amounted lo 100,000 msrlts, or IS'j.vooO. The cost was low ered 20 per cent., whllo food was fur nished that was acceptnhlo to the rolTod nsKniMnge 0f prisoners. Ttm bread and mtlk cards issue h the emthoritles also restrict waete and Ttnivngiincp in the use of these important articles of sustenance. TIN 1f tfltln nrp DOl of Immediate vhIup li our own pOptitttoBi since the romiMiMltlou of theee menus differs frmii those In vogue In this country, hut u valuable losson l to be derived from tbew observations In that by Judicious application of honesty and skill In the purchase and preparation of food enormous waste may, as Thk Srx has often pointed out, tie avoided In civilian llfo without Ignoring the demands of Individual taste. Pot Pie Is an Admirable Dish. A lamentable tnle exudes from the active wireless Installation of the Os car II. Certain of Its passengers, less severely afflicted than others, re sent the denunciatory outgivings of their fellows addressed to President Wilson because of hie plea for pre paredness. The pilgrimage may sus tain a fracture at the first point of debarkation. A portion oi tne de termined band may return to this country without witnessing the un manning of the trenches. And what shall become of the dove? Will that Imperilled bird be re tained by the almoner of the expedi tion as legitimately his property? Will It be consigned to the care of those who press forward? Will It be entrusted to those who sorrowfully return? Or is Its fate to be dissec tion according to the numerical strength of the conflicting parties and division between them? Or will some inspired chef seize upon the dove, relieve it of Its terrors, and serve It In a pot pie to the dis traught Inmates of the Oscsr II.? The War's Immigration Problem. In anticipation of the return of peace an Inquiry Is to be made by the Chamber of Commerce of the United States to ascertain what Im migration may then be expected from Europe. The cooperation of the rail road passenger agents of the country will be solicited, because they are In close touch with local representatives of the transatlantic steamship compa nlea. It is suggested by the Chamber of Commerce that the passenger agents circulate a series of questions the answers to which may at least indicate what the Immigration drift will be. There is probably no better way to get what may be called surface Indi cations, and yet It la not wholly sat isfactory, since there Is scarcely a poor family In Europe that with its men folk at the front or nnder arms Is giving much thought to the future. These are some of the questions to be asked : Is money being saved at the present time to assist relatives and friends to come to America after the war; does correspondence with Eu rope disclose a general desire among the working people to emigrate; will those desiring to come to America be tillers of the soil or factory opera tives ; In addition, whnt will the move ment be of aliens back to Europe. The Inquiry Is one of supreme Im portance to the Industries of the United States, Including agriculture, railroad building and public works. Before the war labor here, unskilled labor particularly, was by no means abundant. Many thousands, a great host In fact, of unskilled foreign la borers who did the heavy work of pick and shovel for the railroads, contractors and municipalities went hack to Europe at the outbreak of the war to serve with the colore. Their places have not been filled. With the general revival of Industry, something like a boom no doubt, that will follow the declaration of peace the demand for laborers, skilled and unskilled, will probably be greater than this country has ever known bo- fore; but will not the demaad for labor In the European countries be even greater? In America we are not able to un derstand how war-devastated Europe can ever again hold out attractions to people who have to eurn their bread by the sweat of their brows. But love of the soil and attachment to locality will still be strong after the war, and if living conditions promise an Improvement the desire to emigrate, even to America, may not prove all powerful. Perhaps the manner of the ending of the war may be a factor In the emigration problem. If the Quudruple Entente fights It out to a finish and triumphs decisively, militarism will no longer he a present menace to peace and In dustry In Europe. May it not be supposed .hat with such an ending of the war the emigration movement would be moderate? The Theatre Ticket Again. Evidenlly the economic reasons for the existence of the cut rate ticket uro so legitimate that the system of a varying price for theatre admission Is not to be abolished, whatever the managers may say to the contrary. The recent covenant between different predominating theatrical interests failed completely. The result was such a general restoration of the cut rate ticket that all but eight city the atres now dispose of their seats In this way. It Is plain that the public refuses to agree with the theory of the mana gers that every play Is worth the same price. It has willingly fallen In with the opinion of those theatre directors who are content when there Is no disposition to pay the full price to accept what the audiences consider the evening's entertainment worth to them. It Is true that nil plays are not worth the same price any more than all books are. It would be con sidered Injudicious for any publisher to demand the same price for every hook he published whatever Its pow-J ers to entertain might be. Just as unbusinesslike may It appear, under present conditions, to expect the same price to be paid for every play that Is offered to the public. There are more theatres than New York can at present support, the sup ply of dramas Is small and Inferior and there Is hard competition from many sources which In the past of fered no business rivalry to the play houses. Theatregoers are therefore more scrupulous than ever about the amount they expend for dramatic en tertainment. It will probably be a long time be fore the business of the theatre la put on such a basis that the low priced ticket will disappear. It corresponds to many of the present disturbed con ditions that prevail In the world of amusements. When the agreement of all the managers to put an end to this practice could not prevail It Is not probable that the Irregularity can be prevented. Then there la at the present time no particular reason why It should he, since the opportunity to patronise the theatres at half prices is a much better arrangement for the managers than any which kept the public out of the playhouses. Mr. Houston's Peaceful Beport. While the air Is full of flying re ports on military preparedness, the report of the Secretary of Agriculture must not be overlooked. Secretary Houston commands alert attention by the comprehensive breadth of his view, and by the positive, construc tive nature of the recommendations tor legislation that supplement his survey of the situation. Improvement in farming aa a busi ness must come through any or all of three agencies: private enterprise, practical help from the Department, and Congressional legislation. Of these the last is probably the least directly useful to the Individual cul tivator of the land and the most charged with bad possibilities. Congress. Mr. Hovston holds, can help the farmers most by a land mortgage banking act j but rural credits legislation Is not to be per fected without careful Investigation of the merits of various systems else where In operation. In addition to that the Secretary urges changes In the conservation programme which are of deep general Interest as mat ters Involving domestic policy. Those recommendations which busi ness farmers will read with most In terest turn upon the handling, storing and marketing of produce. Here the principal source of hope for an Im proved future Is In the continuation and expansion of the Department's cooperation with farm managers; not as a supervisor or regulator, but as a central, counselling agency to as sist personal Initiative. Net a Question of the Volume of Business. In the memorandum concerning the effect of the war on British and Amer ican exports which Is made public to day one aspect of our dispute with Great Britain, and that not Its most Important, l treated. This detail was touched on In our note of Octo ber 21 to the British Government, but the substance of that document was devoted to other matters of graver moment. The possible benefit to British traders at the expense of neutrals from the policy of the British Gov ernment Is overshadowed by the ques tions of International law and prac tice Involved In the meubures adopted by it. These are not to be settled by reference to n congress of statisti cians or by the tabulation of custom I house figures. The principles at stake reduce to triviality the Immediate effect of abnormal commercial condi tions resulting from war. Man, His Mind and His College. Hats off to the doctors of psy chology, and in particular to the head of that department In Belolt Col lege, Wisconsin. As psychology U all head, let Ir. Kahi. WAUOB be honor ably specified. He has tried to fell mathematically what college will do for "a young person's" mind. The question Is as Incapable of categorical answer as thut which turns upon the creatlonal priority of the egg and the chicken. It is not the sort of rlddlo posed In "Why doea n hen cross the street?" or In the Im mortal prosody of "I'm a philosopher, and I want to know why a man wears red suspenders when he'b shov elling snow.'' What's the use of col lege? The appeal Is not to Ideals but to stern fact. So far as experl entla doeet, the fact Is that college hurts some men, Intellectually ; helps somo, and leaves most of them Just about where nature set them down. But the professor tries to answer the question in terms of his peculiar science, and the attempt Is Interest ing, whntever Its degree of success In convincing the free mind. To tho stock of Information college adds nearly 50 per cent., sa Dr. Wauoii. Of the quality of the Information nothing is said. Parrot heads pass the entrance examiners: does tho In crement elevate mediocrity to excel lence, or does It spread over a flat surface Just barely superior to Intel lectual sea level? College Increases, by it per cent., roughly one-tenth. "seod la learn ing." Does speed In learning run with quality, and permanence of an nexation? ' College Increases the p, uer of concentration by less than one-twentieth, of associating Ideas by a little more than one fiftieth. Plain business, with its pay envelope moni tor, makes a better score. Quick thinking la not always reliable, and there are times when "the atudent who Is least nervous," and "lowest In class standing," Is a mighty handy man to have about. Dr. Wacom's percentages are not encouraging, but It may be that psy chology does not go quite to the root of the matter. To Colonel Hss-ar Wattbrson, the dean of our profession, the friend of all mankind except the Hapsburgs and Hohenzollerna, the beloved of the gods, Including Mass, Minerva and the rea sonable Dionysus, Tiik Si n begs leave to present its hearty congratulations on this fiftieth anniversary of the be ginning of an always felicitous mar riage. And to his companion through a half century of domestic happiness and distinguished publlo achievement congratulations likewise. Posterity will never understand the history of thla generation without the details of Judge Oast's dinners. In the first year of the wsr the Csar of ltussla enld. as reported, that ho would eat his next ('hrlstmsx dinner In th imperial palace in Berlin. If he really said it and keeps his word, the Indications are that It will be a long tlmo between Christmas dinners. A Minnesota school teacher baa been shot at by hunters three times while on her way from her home to the little red school house where she follows her profession. Following the local cus tom, by which schoolmistresses seek immunity from careless sportsmen, Miss Brown dresses In a chrome yel low waist with large black spots, a red and white striped skirt, a enow White felt hat with feather of robin's egg blue, a black stiver spangled belt, momenta gloves, gray suede hoes, uses a parnsol of sea green bound with mauve ribbon and a black fox muff with lavender ribbon neck eup port, besides tinrina a bell In danger ous latitudes. If Minnesota hunters mistake a girl thus apparelled for gam", the coloration of the legitimate objects of their excursions should form an interest!? study. Somebody now shouts "rjraft : " every time the New Vork notice force is men tioned. CoinmuHmrr Arthur Woods. True, but the sre.it majority of the citizens consider the source of the de nunciation and pay no attention to It. While Canada has been rendering eplendid service on the battle line and contributing generously of her re sources In behalf f the British Kn plre. she has had trouble makers at home, selecting this of all times to conduct an antl-milltarlam campaign. Henri Boprassa, Nationalist leader. might welcome martyrdom as an aid to his propaganda. But what uf the Canadian annexationists, the small but persistent company of folks who think they want to see the Stars and Stripes floating over their Capitol ? They are reported to have expressed regret that the I'nlted states did not go Int., the war on Germany's side, so 'hat she mlcbt have taken the Dominion. The war is bringing the eoum to the tor. In Canada. Her loyal Government and people will skim It off and be all the better for the experience. Mis V'i.tvn shuns Pateraon - .Vtc- poprr hrarttine. A mutual detestation sorlety? "Find Oary system Inferior" Is the headline over a report Of a meeting of the Schoolmasters Club of Often wlch. Conn. The Gary system in polltlco-gajitronomlcs is worrying the statesmen of thla town THE BRONX Y. M. H. A. An Interpretation nf the Real Mission of the Institution. To the Kpitos op The Si n filr As a resident of The Bronx, and one who Is Interested In the development of cltliei hip, I desire to thank Thk Si n for Its support, given editorially, to the earn puign for a Bronx T, H. H A To my ir.lt. A there is no movement to day more worthy of the philanthropy of our men of mean r the community than the V M, C. A. sad the y. m. h. A and kindred asso.-lHtions While the nstlom of the Old World are engaged a bloodthirsty desitii grapple, when the spirit of brotherly love lots fade,) Into a gliHstly vision "f animal slforoservetlon and the it rival of the physically Attest, while the lessons that our an entnri- have been teaching their descendants, kindness culture, charity, have been seemingly forgotten or laid away oa the shulf for another day I while t!ls beastly rever sion to primitive liistia. ta sta.ola kotOM our amazed Vision, Is not this the time, la not this the fateful moment when we must build y. M C. A.S and Y. M. H. A.s to cultivate the virtues which make nf us high minded men? Now. you men of means, you lov-era of Amerljuui Ideals, nOW la our oppor tunity to plant the seeds of universal brotherhood l'k'dge to the treasurer. Robert E. Simon, at the Union Square Hotel, that you will help rat 15.000 for a T. M. II. A. In The Bronx, that most neglected section of this city. The N'vh need the Institution and plead with you. Will you answer them? M HlLI.EI. I EI DM AN. Nsw Yoag, December 1 A Singular Suggestion To the BorisM or The Sun Sir- If promoWon in the navy were to go by a majority vote of the present Cabinet, bow long would It be before not a fleet or a ship would be commanded by an Annapolis graduate appointed to the academy from any State north of the Maaon-sDlxon Una? Binnacle. Gbosuetown, Dea-amber II, Weaipert's Deer, i.enie Warden and Se lectmen. To tbs Ekitob or Tas Kin Sir; I nts the "trmibls card" of "A. M O," on ,latn ass by dser. The BntStpert fains warden ellhsr does not know the law or was "gassing" "A. at. C." The Slats laws re tarding collection for fla.mage by doer are very plain and fair o the party suffeilng the damage Further. In .-ajes I have known whsra H was ne -.,si , to call on i he Flah and tarns Commission n awar 1 the dsauages the commission was liberal In It awards. If "A. M C " should make tils com plaint to the aelsctman or hts town within twsnty-foar hours of tbs rttseoverj- of damns by dear ha would get bettsr treat ment than hs received from tits tsms warden. Y. Jswirr Crrr, Conn.. Rscember II. I'reperedaeee In dsys of old FVsr woo or west Our hearts wars oak, Our 'hesds were eissl But time has hangs. 1 Our hardihood Our hssrts ars stssi, Our hssds ars wood When fnemsn rtmx To plsy ths gsm Their hesfts ars stesl. Thslr hsads the sams MOLttXDSCSOB WH.I0S. NEUTRALITY IN CHINA. Dr. Jenks Presents Another Version of Incidents In the Orient. To tub BDrTOR ok Thk Si n Sir: My attention has been drawn to a syndi cated story by F. CunllfTc-i wen which appeared In The Si n of Iiecemlier 12. I am sorry to eay that this story con. tatned quite a number of Inaccurate and misleading statements calculated to In- lure China and the Chinese rrosldent In the eyes of Americans, t do not know the author, ('unliffe-uwea, except In a general wny by reputa tion. Consequently It is unnecessary fur me to any that. without evidence to the contrary, I ab solve htm of Intentionally bearing fats witness against a neutral nation, not withstanding his very evident and very pronounced sympathies with one group of belligerents. 1 am tnktng the trouble of analysing through friends In China oertnln of the specific allegations which CunUffe-Owen makes. I shall here merely deal with the general situation, and with some of bis more glaring, however unintentional, mlsttatenients. First, let me draw your attention to his assertion aa to recent attacks b rebels "upon the Kranch and English settlements nt Shantiai. attacks which were fortunately repulsed, but which could not hnve taken place without s certain amount of connivance on the part of odlclala at Tekln." The facts with regard to this matter have already been published by the press of the I'nlted States, from Inde pendent and absolutely reliable sources. Ajnerlcan peoplo will tot be Inclined 03 discredit the news repotted by such rep utable news organiiatlone as the Aa eovlated Trees, the (frfttM, The SUN the I'nlted Press Ansocutlun. yes. and such Iondon newspapers as the risaes and Daily 7 rlrnrniih. in favor of ex parte assertions by Cunllffe-Owen thou- sands of miles from th, nrlt g line. All these reputable news asMoclatlona agreed that the attacks upon the Chinese train ing ship, thn arsenal and the polloe de pot were engineered and Consummated from within the French settlement by avowed enemies of the Chinese Govern ment; and scyetal correspondents as serted thai the arms were procured from Japan the ally of England and France; and that commissions signed by .Sun Yat-een, who Is a refugee 1n Japan, were found in the iMsseeslon ot arrested rebels. CtinllffO'Owen'a statement timt these attacks, Which by a most daring fe.it of mental acrobatics he twls's Into attacks upon the "French and iingliah settle in. Hts at Shanghai.'' "could not have taken plats without a certain amount of OOOnivnnoe inon the is,rt of the au thorities at Pekln" Is unworthy of any one who attempts to be in the leaat a curate, as the facts below show Americans should lie quick to realize the truth, because t'hlnn'g trouble In this matter would also be the trouble of the American people if the belligerents could only have their way. China has given and Is giving to-dav a marvellous example of perfect neutral ity In the face of most es.,',sp, '-.vting, most cmharraaetng, moat disss, ureging clT- rumetancsa A full recital of these dr- cumstances would fill tiie iwiges of sev eral volumes. One day Obey Will be writtet., and they will not he to the credit "f etcher Oermany, Japan or (treat Britain. I am sorry to say this, but It is the truth. Every -wire has been worked, every wheel has been turned, every movement hai been made elnce the oulhreuJt of tin world war t" Involve and to embariaas China. The tier mans have tws-n si live there, as they have been a.-ilve here But the British t.si have been active, and it is a fact tii.it be rand HJr Bdward drey's state ment alluded to by Cunllffe-Owen b a seeming determination upon the part of cerfstn powerful British interests t. crush out of China these German trad ing connections which German genius and sntsrprlss ims built up In a sur prisingly short space of time. lSng land's methods In th.a regard have been such that we Jiave Official testimony thai even Japan hesitated for quite a while to adopt them. 1 am no apologist for Cerm.tr.s-. either in regard to China or In other avenues of German activity. Germany will be Judged in accordance w th i.er acts, rtut even the miet ardent anti-Germain could not eastly be blinded to the direction, the secret motive and the mainspring of c-mliffe-, iwe'.'s nuti-Chln0SS at. 1 anti yuan allegations It is a part of a chorus which 1s now very popular among eerta.ti Imported writers, who tirmlfest little real regard for the InteroeUi n? this commonwealth, abo are obssased witii the all pervading conviction, "Vic tory for the Kntente Allies at sii costs"' Bo, Japan being one of these allies, for the moment tt plcsrs these write- to lose their eves to antl-Brltlsh and antb French activities and Intrigues etiai neerej by Japan in China, nnd they adopt the motif of the Jspanes press "Yuan la Japan's enemy, he must be got rid of :,t all costs !" Yuan is pictured as the enemy of Japan nnd the tool of Germany. Wei:, we have een our own President e, mi ls rly pilloried as rh" enemy of one set of belligerents snJ the tool of others It Is well for neutral Americans to diet count such biassed, mischievous, unneu tral assertions as those made h Cun- Iiffe-i 'wen. Such ooncootlons, in inufac turcd out of whole cloth by confessedly prejudiced writers, may make effective syndicate features, but they .-tre bad ft, si for neutral Americana whose svm thlea should be with neutral China, try ing h ud to reform, to reorganize nnd maintain her neutrality while foreign pitcie ere being alrrrtt nt her 1','art and foreign money and men are com bined to plague her from within. .1 W Jrv'KJ. Mtw Toik, December II Rounding I'p the OhJoi, To Tiir Kiutok or THI Ihn glr: In your paper of Peeember 7 you hnve notice of CXliic O, llarls'r. tho groat match maker, in which you say hs ti the only man In the world Whoss tlrst name ie OhUs. ii Is evident that you have not 1 u clear around the world. As T can give you the names of live ; Ohio V. Jones, Woostsr, I ''on. w-hn hei passed over; Ohio Johnson, Wonster, Okloi Ohio Bennsr, Homcsvllle, Ohloi Ohio Knox, Council IllufTs Iowa, ami uhio Knox Sd, Council Bluffs, Iowa Hut nous of ua able to Jiold a card financially Willi your man, Mr, Ohio O. llartter of Barbel town. Ohio. As for me, 1 a.m proud of my name, as It lias been useful to rnS through life. Hence 1 was glad of the oppor. tunlty to write the name of anuthet (Him Knox. My birthplace was in the only county noriii of Mason and pixon'a tine that had tins courage or wis foolish Snouglt to rebel against mir i lovernment, in i s i; 3 they built a fort and occupied it for a abort time Only, as on the sound of the first gun they all scattered and did not even wait to go to Hie head f the lane It was Holmes County, Ohio. I enlisted tn the Sixteenth Ohio Volunteer Infan try on April 18. It61, If you can hear of any more Ohlos, please let me know through your paper. Ohio K Nog. rot-Neil. Hi.t-rrs, inwa, Dooomber IS- M'hj Is II Kssrntlal tn Knlarge the Pres ent Bible To his Bairns Ot The Sin -.! i-er hips if ths contents of the Protestant Blbls were attended SS as lo Include the Apocryphal books ths work of regen..mi Ing the world might pr igrsat the more, pert passu with SUOh toldltlfoiHl enllgh' enlng matter. At ntiy iH!e. If these Apocryphal hooks pnesess n llterarv or a moral value. It s..e,ns narrow snd foolish to statute them, h is inns we timke away from the shackling inSusioe .if jnn. lngma T s; cc llt.ts nuns. N I. Ilecsmhsr IS Ne) Word. Knacker - Was the siler.es thick? Booksr rositliri) aephlnxlatlng. IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS. An Assault on the Integrity of tke Present Promotion System. To the Kditob or 1'HB Sun Sic As there Is no probability, however slight, that Thomas W. church. II will comply with your request for a full valedictory, perhnps you will let another "educator" tell the causes that deadened the live wire for a live wire he promised to be. But no live wire carries "Juke" enough to electrify an wean or to move a mountain : such operations must be left to elemental force. Plain ordinary honesty Is the one lack In the system. Mr Churchill might not say it, though I personally believe that he thinks It. It Is not honest to promote pupils whose attainments do not warrant it ; no pupil ahould be pro moted whose record Is not IS per cent, or even SO per cent, regularly during the term. Superintendent McAndrew, In a report that evidently came to the at tention of ex-Prealdent Taft, refers to the evil effecta of long continued 10 per cent, promotions. Just what othsr line of activity would permit of SO per cent, attainments? I know of none; yet Dr. McAndrew Is bold enough to put It In print, page 14, report of July 1, 1115. Thli "trick of the educator's trade" 's a sorry way to teach the youth of our city the virtues that our colossal expenditure la supposed to bring to them. Superintendents in each district permit it, and "approve" for graduation and admission to high schools pupils who do not even attain that. About three years ago the curriculum was almost halved 1 just why It Is hard to ace. alnoe the principals, supervised by district superintendents, were re porting Increasing ratea of promotion. It would be worth while for the seeker of light to read the thirteenth annual report of the city superintendent ; on pages 410-470 the ratea of promotion are given. In many cases 100 per cent., 104 per cent, and 110 per cent. It rott me my reputation for veracity when I as serted. In print and otherwise, that these Identical figures were in an omclal re port. Yet the figures are there. In Just that shape, and 110 "educator." principal or superintendent, was ever called to account. Nor Is It on record that any principal was punished for false reports on hit "success" In putting five dollar educa tion Into Ave cent heads, even after we rend M Pge 161, eleventh report, that "many principals, In order to win favor at headquarters, report favorably on new devices regardless of facts." These are the Identical words of tho report and If Jt was not putting a premium on dishonesty to let It go at that, then 1 do not know how a premium could be so put. The various other educational prac tires, such as coaching for examinations for higher license by master coachea who "could forecast BIS or eight ques tions" t admitted by the highest an timrity in an Investigation), do not tend to make a reflecting mind Incline to class "educators' as a reliable pro fession. They have not yet established s court of honor or ethics, to test the claims and reports of professional practices, as the lawyers and physicians have done. The latter two professions ; are occasionally stirred up to apply their I codes of ethics In the punishment of offenders ; the "educators " will never i attain a place In the sun as a "profes sion" till a similar .ode, applied to their numerous charlatans and quacks. pretending to turn Into silk purses ma- pretending to turn Into silk purses terlal adapted to other but not belter PUI PUSSS. aiinouni es to the world that I they wiii no longer try to fool people Into the belief that education can be got by any royal road. We have attained the proud position of being Columbia the getn of the ocean, largely by means of our educational pra dices, Hut the gem Is pinchbeck, 111. 1 we need a Hooker Washington for the white race, to show the pinchbeck neas Of what passes for "education," and thn wisdom of honesty as the first step tow.rd reform. Hut I greatly fear we shall have no full valedictory from Mr. Chun hill. I'rudence. after all, is not a had quality. Robert P. Oheen. NSW YoitK, I'ecwiiber II TEUTONIC WRATH. Wore Hie Kaiser Xot Basy, Matters feet length have routes which they Here Would Be Different. covr after nightfall, picking up the stork that the fishermen have on hand ItggAt'SOSBBS Tra Si s Mr; I am a ! Thene boats usually wait till Bfti-r mid German und It makes my blood boll 1 night to make the run to the slip where when 1 read In Pes BUN how two off!- they can market their cargoes They run cere. Captains Boy-Ed and Von Tapen. of w ithout sidelight or any other llgh t'.io iir. ud (leriuan army are Insulted in 1 aboard, and their motors are muffled 11 America. closely that they make very little noise The Americans would never dare do .this if our great Kaiser a hands were not tied He is lighting the world ut.J the great unconquerable German army aill yet be ! victorious The Kaiser und der Germans d.d not j I want this war but now thai It is forced 1 on dam they will crush their enemies. I The groat Herman Statesman, BIs I march, said 1 ht the proud German na tion was unconquerable und so it is. Ilerr Editor, I salute you. I.t-PWID VON llEINTSETEE. N'rvv Yegg, TVcember 1. Baker for the Yankees. To the Eptron Of The flUN Sir: Now ha peace is reasonably eure In Tas.' ball the question again RriOSS as to what Colonel Jacob Ruppert'S colleagues In the American LsasTUi are going to do to strengthen the lo, a! team to RUbkS It a contender for the lfUt season. 'Hie present makeup of the team doea not Inaplrs confidence in ths breasts of the adherents of the local cause, for the ob vious reason that two or three oilier teams In the league appear to be mus-n Stronger than the Yankees, Further-inoi-e, for some reason as yt unex plained, tiie owners of these, already formidable teams seem to have llftie trouble In ptir.-hastiig from other teams in the league the star players, while the owners of the Yankees encounter Insurmountable obstacles whet, they en deavor to purchase players who seem ingly would add strength where It Is moat needed Taks the Baker case, for instance Here Is a player, noted for his ahdlltv to knot k out home runs when they are 1 st needed, who would Increases the y&nkeeB1 batting strength inatarlallr if the ownera of the local team could pur chase him from rVr.nle Mack of Uie Athletics. Although Haker has repeat -Sdly declared tlun he will never again play under Mack's Standard, the tall leader of the Athletics baa Ml a price oi, Baker's load wlilvh the owners of the Yankees feel ia prohibitive In view of the faot that owing to Baker's ab sence from major league ball for the entire sens, .11 of 19ir he is somewhat of an Unknown quantity. NOV SrlhS Lisa, In view of rl.esc cirs-um-stanoag. the owners of the local team are willing to take a sporting chance and gamble on the ohaiieee, of Halter nlmw-lng his former gw-atting ability If Connie Mack will set a reariona-ble rtgiir for Baker's release. What makes the case ti'Mii so ridiculous to all fair minded baseball patrons la the fact that u strong team In New Vork meana in. creased returns In the Hhape of large gate receipts to the owners of all other tennis in the American 1 . it,,,, J Join son, the "Cgar of Baseball," ahould exert his reputed Innuence In this par ticular cnae. j NaW York, December II. Al Head and I ol uf Ills Class. ',u,, 1'ie hyASSllag Inttlitjencer Parmeri risldrag between Disou'i nun Snd MrKIm have Just tVilslird a roed be tween the pieces Thev epenf sit months on the .,rk in order lhat e1,t!ren might attend school t Bseehweod, sear MrKIm. The : ,... .s en- a i.! a iltlsrter nl ee leng. eel at pr. ent there Is one uupr. Ralph Jscksoa, attending the , io,i The ten.-her. Mwerd K le.ng, spends sach srhnol day with Ills "olgas" and rhe umiaJ gtUdtal ars taken up. STUDYING RUSSIAN. A Class In This Rich and Tsefal Lan guage Is Organised. To the Editos or The Si n S(r: "f all the changes wrought In our foreign trade Interest by the present Btiropean conflict, one of the meet lasting and far reaching will probably lie our commercial relations with ltussla and tne repuuuc.-s of South America. Thla fact leads to the conclusion that the Russian and Spanish languages should be widely and systematically taught In this country. Spanish has al ready theen taken up In many schools, and a brave start Ml been made with Russian In Washington snd New York The language of the Slavs ahould no longer be Ignored or neglected as it ' he in thla country. Russian Is not so easy for the American as Is Hpanish. but Its pronunciation is not more diffi cult than is that of French. The al phabet, purelv phonetic In character, Is easily learned, and a commercial knowl edge of the language can, with good In struction, be acquired In two or three years of faithful study. Tha treasures of Russian literature are alone a sufficient Inducement to study the language, but when to that Is added the tremendous aavamage 1,,, commercial point of view, it Is remark able that this study hss been so neg lected here. A beginning has been made, however, within the past couple of months, In a clasa organlted at the West Bide Young Men'o Christian Asso ciation for the atudy of Russian, con ducted by Mr. Kllas Dourniaahkin, a Russian newspaper man of this olty I and It promises ri-h results. P New Yosk, December II. THE LOBSTER. One of the Caases That Account for Secretary Hedfleld's Alarm. To tiie kditob or The scn Mir: Lobsterla should worry over the facts made publlo In Secretary' Redfleld's latest report on the activities of tin bureau of fisheries. The report seta forth that In the twenty-four years ended 1n 1913 the catch of lobsters In the United States decreased 10 per cent , while against thla decrease In quantity there was an Increase of 171 per cent. In value to the fishermen. To delay the extinction of the lobster In the waters of this country the Secre tary of Commerce suggests a Federal lolister hatchery and nursery anil recom mends artificial propagation on a larger erale by State Governments, The report ol Mr. Redfleld, so far aa the SUmmari at hand shows, makes no mention of perhaps the chief cause of the Increasing lobster scarcity. Thla Is the catching and marketing of millions of young lobsters lu violation of the law. These young s-ruetaeeuns are com monly known aa ohlcken lobsters. Their commercial designation Is "shorls." There Is perhaps not a bay or estuary In the latitude where lobsters thrive that Is not Infested by lis barmen who derive a considerable part, and In many cases the larger part, of their profits from e niching nnd marketing "Short " When these unscrupulous lobstermen lift their lines and pen their pots nil lobster look alike to lliem. Tiiose that niea'iir, UP to the legal length can be marketed openly. Those that are h little or much too short are put In "cars" and sunk near the lobsterman's home station To J he lobster car Is attached a small hem,, H"" ,0BJ ,10Uh l'! "T'';1 "V'"" From the free end of this line a ptec of twine runs 10 a chip "f drlftvood I at floats or, the water. There is noth- Ing about the chip, twine, line or car that gives a tlue as to whom the cache of 'Whorta" belongs, If n Inspector snould chance to pick up the chip ami so tlnd what Is beneath It. The law breaking lobsteirnan sells s few of his "shorts" to private customers, who corns sometimes to his shore head quartern in automobiles after telephon ing their orders. These are stowed in the automobdea hy the fishermen's help ers, who know all the old and trust to luck as to new inspectors, and the cus tomers, who may have been strolling arour.d looking at the scenery, enter their cars snd drive uwav. Hut the heavier part of the dealing in "shorts" is With "runners, ' men who with swift motor boats of fort or tlft I The oargoes are delivered tiefnre day- light, and the lsnta run for home This business Is going on in greater or lesser volume where, er lohst.v s an caught If it Is not done in the waters about New York It Is not for lack of opportunity In good scasona the hot -tmnl of the channels between the Nar rows and the sea are threaded With lobster lines Thirty or fort v are s. 1 between the Narrsiw and Sandy Hook hy fishermen from the New York and New Jersey shores So it is not probable that bobeterla, patrons or purveyors, Is worrying over Secretary Ueslfleld'a report. Large lobsters can always he obtained hy pav ing the price, and the Secretary's sui.' aestlotis, if followed, would ultimate!) 'n.-rease the Supply Meanwhile there Will be a steady demand for lobstel meat and salad, end there will be an un failing supplv of the material Which tan he used eafelv In preparing them J W ATT-armr; Htntit ands. N .1 . Dee. IS -WHEN 'OMER SMOTE." Meticulous Inspection nf the Sources of a Ureat Man's Phrases. TO THE KlMTOB or The SON Sir Rv. z.tntlne logothetes, quotha' The sources of our great Avatar's wisdom ready t.cketed for dissemination are Interest)! k to trace in lS4 Sir William Gilbert In his libretto of "I'rincess Ida" wrote this chorus of soldiers: When anger aplasia tils stag, And sit seerna dark as ntght for it. Thrrs'a nettling hut 10 flghl for It, Hut srs you pitch yeur ring. gslsel a prstty site f rr it. 1 This spot la suited quits for tt). And then rou gayir sing, Oh. t love the lolly rattls Of an ordeal hr battle. There's an end ef t1tf le-fett'.e. When your sneniv Is dea l. its sn errant rnoit,eodo Fee-re a crack upon ths noln.e. Arid lie's only tit tn ew.idate In a downy feather bsd! Abac-. Watesbi et, Vt,, December 11, "Farms! " To tbs BniToa ur Til Hr S,r; Permit me to acrspt "J. B II s" dsfy to find hs word "pacifist" "In ths dictionaries o' most rscent pubrtOitlOO." it has rested comfortably en page ! of tbe Desk Stanlsr.1 DlatlOnary f"r . us oa twelve months, snd ma tie found a'- 1 on page 727 Bl Funk Wagtltl ,' Conip hsnslve .standard Dictionary, together alh IIS variant "pa Mtlclsl " According to these standard SUthorltli 1 a paoiftst is "nns who advocates policy of pesce. aa opposed to militarism " Nis Yobe, Dereniher U Da Ntntai Ad r.araptured Missouri Heimrler Frets tiie ''irisnonffro'i rimes With a heart ss pure as dsa drops trombirng In violets. hs wi 1 ,ake Hie home of her husHien 1 a psisadlM nf en ithantmeni ilks ths lovely hems of her girlhood, ivaere , lie heaiy toasd hi p or niarrlags with ' love stroking chords ef devotion snd fond etideaemenia sent forth ths swestest atrusti.s that ever thrilled tbe enseal w-lrh tihs rhythmic pulsings of tttvUc rapture, NEW COMPETITION IN TRADE FORECAST National City flunk I'll lil (Ion HisriiNspn Conditions AftMP War KncK X EKD OF OROAX'IZAiioy In ar. article entitled . r( Eatiou of Business a Possl uct," in the December las . ., , A merino, a business mng . . Hiked by the National 1 11 1 changes In Industrial o'g.ii Isat . Warring nations nnd of the 1 after the declaration of pei ,, cussed. "The first five years of ... , . ,M tide sin", "are tipected lo SI Eel cr tain big questions thai hate . the minds of men Watching 1 mi 4) volopmenta in the Industrti ..r Eurou The questions and thi ir a considerable Significance for Induim in this country as it ma. ., through the country's foreign ,,. 1 nestle commerce. Ths n 11 of thej, questions i Mile : W.ii 1 . or vigorous part of it, come 1 I com. men ial competition With tha makings tf b.tter Industrial Org II Istl in ign ei isted before the war, so tliit In 'e ,. being poorer through the h ,t s estnic- Hon some of the countries I sctuaih put on higher speed 111 tn., ufactufi BM commerce than ovt r before?' The article points out in support e: tins question that it is universally h! Hived that Germany, if ita GovernrasM remains unchanged. Will contlnus to carry on the principle of a ti e Govern, mei.i unci position 11, u,o DOIItrO or 1 dually and trade, looking toward na tional coordination of everything r? Kind of Coin pr 1 1 Una. "If the war should end to-tnerMw n a draw," tne art Is goei on, "11 further concentration of Industry t n m Is report, , to have already O" Ided II i as a national policy 1 case ol thatott come might force, h) Indu I 1 ,. some, thing of ties same kind In I gland .'-n' France. Russia Is naturull) Ii ,ed t'j a certain measurs of it "The direct Interest In !! 1 1 for tig I'nited States manufacturer! !... In 'U pomlbllitles of a new kin i of. otapeu Hon In trade. During tha first fe months of the war It u.lh only hatttft o think tii.it every one ,.f tne t.. .' ge.-.f ountrles of Kurops Would return ts 1 peace basis with s great comma t bandhvip III the way ot .lisorg !...: h dustrles, depleted labor foi si 1st manufacture with the skill is I sr.: demanding higher sv.ic - all taxation incren-ing coats aping the ent're, ine of movement In production .u I da rlbutiou aiij an Bppallll g dSOtni ' r. : wealth." The article points out v i: it..- Im lemonatrated during the ir fat 'her an be mi enormous dastrum on of ee . tain forms of wealth without proper, t'onai Impairment of the prodtioitvt capacity ot a liatlon Thla r - 1 ell productive ahtlav atll be the tore sir, which the business men of the I'rred ates must contend, it Is staled T posilbllit) of in- reused per-..: .,1 afnclei t f the hairopeun workman as 1 r-e- 1 of the discipline of war and t: a is purposeful Hf IH also put forward m a probable product of the . The markable organization of Ku-'i aji wsr Industries under government I control le considered as itkoiy to mak is preaalon n ths Industries in ti nitti time of pat "It is almost linivdilile thv In ST" of the Ktiglash and French lov for r dependence and Individualism. - i ething 111 the way of more central or ordlnated organisation ..f in 1 mi business In Knglund and France eheuii not remain after peace comes u i ke commercial competition arises Development Here, - After calling attention la d re ports of further organlsai i rtut ndustrics which will result n the savini. of millions ,if dollar s .1 . . u. Mil alls attention to the fa tit 11 RU I'nlted States a great del npment alt 'I electrical power 'men s taking place - our Industries, The e" f wet one big generating plan! to - h in.it" factories and ilsctrlfled rath 1 " power is shown 1 1- savinit it. gin be gained bj 1 t lion of the coke 1 di,-'; stales, a nt pr, produi la are w "it 1 hardly i ontltoies "toe all ." tha ar to advlii t something of the idea of the '' siHMroiB.u.;.ati.' . ' l ist-y ..:s . be attempted here ce ti semi to smiths along nil iraltj sVII Govormnersl compul! ' 1 mat Ion now un Indusl u eoordinat .stimulated hi war Urn I ties this country thai w II doui He - result I a huso development of a I estufft Hi other chemical Indusl In 1 I ' 'There appears ' s nrore libel llsTpoiltlon, both olili nl and popt it j spaed noop rat Ion in butlisssa ctjvm to-day than during th lie whs .ir.ll... .,.,,1 .. . ...la. on fo- ..'. .""' weie the indiscriminate ol : The Federal Ti ui entered unoii a gigantic quest ed business men all o ! t i" latry ' raiding permit Ibis con foreign trade The commissions ar' tude Is friendly. 'Mst lift '- " ' era lines are . c infldet t of in " to coordinate their if! irts I t sgpori business thsl I Ing formal eclltng combinatloi purpose, "The clea'-e.-t i'l"'" ' an tnerohani marine 1 ." a. line ot pome , ,: in "i oorotnation In in lust i u If public opinion is oomi ipprectatlon Of the s ' ' mmbtiiatlona a a -1 dueled and formed for I rewo of doing Ihll -s th and greatly deal ret I hav, n.rt hard 10 s e l ow rmn formal organlsai on 11 g 1 to coordinate the lea tim ' activities ,,: the roll. : r V fai t iites. i : Ited st - ami an ' imei ill met such i an, as I" P eiunewhil analoaous 10 t ing, elect r. al diet r hUt'o manufactur sup,''. ..' would make it all n praaenJi hat dicap upon v piim as un industry 001 entlv u.s a system ' CANAL EXHIBIT AT I Hoinj, Mutt nnd .. All 'N ' Otl fli ' t-.it nil -f I lit- w fl ' Iti thft iii.ii i 0Kh,)Uion i" VtirU Puii 1 i UH rui ! Mmli up of riiiinti 1 1 11 ml i4WH fiMin Hhmry mtiplfnu i ' piTiK from 'it 1 : 1 VVHllnm HurtMio I'n Thn Mhlhttl mi i I i . attt orditr h up 1 1 iiajfi tnrl.Ml io n1o MtV 1 " Mlflllta - t a 1 w;i :rw n fl. world. " llinti 100 HMnw.-iffv S' tg si r$)n n I th r An UMsHltlng pirt ol t!i f RuropMti dlil o v - - hUowii hi in.iiiv p;i Ii r pnrt n 1 hi uiir. Th" P Ir npn 0 th publlo uni'.i Maxoh