THE SUN. MONDAY. DECEMBER 20. IfllB.
MONDAY, DKCBMBBR n".
Bntere I "1 Hi- Peel OfflOJ a' New Vork M
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If oaf ttirwl irhn tfivnr v trlth manu-sripr-
O'n' IWitfSWi fef stitdieollon trill
tn reflCtd articles rrturnrd they mutt
in all . ee'ieJ ntitmpt for thai purpnte
The (.erman Government's Repu
diation of Lawlessness.
The i.erniun Government's repudia
tion of lawless nets committed In this
country In Its behalf and of their au
thors Is Inspired by wisdom and ut
tered at an opportune moment. That
Berlin bus been ignorant of all the
111 advised enterprises conducted In
the United States with a plan to In
juring the. enemies of the Central
Empires will be difficult to believe,
In view of the evidence brought out
In recent criminal notions; but It Is
easily credible that overzealous sub
ordinates hnve abused their commis
sions, and that volunteers more loyal
thnn thn king have embarked on
projects that would never have re
ceived official snnctlon. Moreover, the
unconquerable disposition of America
to think well of Oermnny will operate
powerfully In behalf of acceptance of
the proclamation of denunciation In
cordiality and good will.
If It gives testimony to recognition
In the Gorman capital of the Influence
exerted In this country by factors
other than Hrltlsh malice and Amer
Icon Ignorance and greed, to which
very evliiliitlon of dissatisfaction
wilh Teutonic behavior has heretofore
been attributed, this disavowal may
mark the beginning of Improvement
in the relations between the two coun
tries. Thai Improvement Is sincerely
desired by every American.
Meanwhile, the protection of Amer
lean lies and the safeguarding of
American property nro the tasks of
the t nltctl States, and the attitude
nf Germany toward violence and dls
order cannot affect the duty of our
nuthorll u s. The criminal prosecutions
now in progress and contemplated
must be conducted vigorously. The
more delicate adjustment! that fall
outside the Jurisdiction of the Depart
men I of .Itisthf must not be nllowed
to lag, The public demands that the
countrj i lea red of conspirators, no
mutter what their Inspiration may be,
and that the campaign against the
ponce and safety of the United State
thai lias heen In progress for inon'hs
shall be brought to an end.
Feeding Prisoners of War.
Among the few beneficent Incidents
of the great European war may be
mentioned Investigations on n larger
scale thon Is possible in normal times
of the fooil problem, which has be
come acutely dominant In Germuny.
In a recent letter the Berlin cor
respondent of the Journal of the
American Medical Amociation says
that Professor Rack, hacs, who was
appointed by the Government to In
vestigate the complaints of prisoners
regarding their food, hud mndo a com
plete report, after the number of pris
oners had exceeded a million. A nor
mal feeding standard was fixed upon,
which called for sufficient nourish
ment In three dally meals, on the
basis of the requirements of an adult
man engaged in light labor. Since the
Quantity of albumen, In meats and
other foods, Imported since the
beginning of the war had been neces
sarily reduced over 25 per cent, and
that of fat nearly 60 per cent., It bo
ot. mo necessary to reduce these Im
portant elements somewhat below the
normal diet. As It was found that
the amount furnished was barely suf
ficient fur the prisoner after he had
recuperated somewhat from the ex
haustion of the campaign, those pris
oners who were engaged in physical
1, iior received 1 per cent, increoseon
this diet, and those s hard labor" who
were t liii; pay were at liberty to
put huse additional food.
Every month menus were submitted
to udtipl i lie f I to the nspiirements
and habits of different nationalities,
so thai gradual! It was ascertained
from :'.ii menus submitted that de
spite Hut high prices of food the cost
Id he reduced from it cents which
the contractors had charged to 18.5
i eni exclusive of bread, A menu that
satisfied n Frenchman did not suit n
Itusslan at alll other conditions also
presented illfllculi problems, and these
were solved ,y giving weekly courses
of Instruction in the preparation of
foods to Kitchen subalterns, by estab
lishing central purchasing depots for
staple foods and by eliminating spec
ulation, which really caused the ap
parent scarcity of food. The dally
waving so. .ti amounted lo 100,000
msrlts, or IS'j.vooO. The cost was low
ered 20 per cent., whllo food was fur
nished that was acceptnhlo to the
rolTod nsKniMnge 0f prisoners.
Ttm bread and mtlk cards issue h
the emthoritles also restrict waete and
Ttnivngiincp in the use of these
important articles of sustenance.
TIN 1f tfltln nrp DOl of Immediate
vhIup li our own pOptitttoBi since the
romiMiMltlou of theee menus differs
frmii those In vogue In this country,
hut u valuable losson l to be derived
from tbew observations In that by
Judicious application of honesty and
skill In the purchase and preparation
of food enormous waste may, as Thk
Srx has often pointed out, tie avoided
In civilian llfo without Ignoring the
demands of Individual taste.
Pot Pie Is an Admirable Dish.
A lamentable tnle exudes from the
active wireless Installation of the Os
car II. Certain of Its passengers,
less severely afflicted than others, re
sent the denunciatory outgivings of
their fellows addressed to President
Wilson because of hie plea for pre
paredness. The pilgrimage may sus
tain a fracture at the first point of
debarkation. A portion oi tne de
termined band may return to this
country without witnessing the un
manning of the trenches. And what
shall become of the dove?
Will that Imperilled bird be re
tained by the almoner of the expedi
tion as legitimately his property?
Will It be consigned to the care of
those who press forward? Will It be
entrusted to those who sorrowfully
return? Or is Its fate to be dissec
tion according to the numerical
strength of the conflicting parties
and division between them? Or will
some inspired chef seize upon the
dove, relieve it of Its terrors, and
serve It In a pot pie to the dis
traught Inmates of the Oscsr II.?
The War's Immigration Problem.
In anticipation of the return of
peace an Inquiry Is to be made by
the Chamber of Commerce of the
United States to ascertain what Im
migration may then be expected from
Europe. The cooperation of the rail
road passenger agents of the country
will be solicited, because they are In
close touch with local representatives
of the transatlantic steamship compa
nlea. It is suggested by the Chamber
of Commerce that the passenger
agents circulate a series of questions
the answers to which may at least
indicate what the Immigration drift
There is probably no better way to
get what may be called surface Indi
cations, and yet It la not wholly sat
isfactory, since there Is scarcely a
poor family In Europe that with its
men folk at the front or nnder arms
Is giving much thought to the future.
These are some of the questions to be
asked : Is money being saved at the
present time to assist relatives and
friends to come to America after the
war; does correspondence with Eu
rope disclose a general desire among
the working people to emigrate; will
those desiring to come to America be
tillers of the soil or factory opera
tives ; In addition, whnt will the move
ment be of aliens back to Europe.
The Inquiry Is one of supreme Im
portance to the Industries of the
United States, Including agriculture,
railroad building and public works.
Before the war labor here, unskilled
labor particularly, was by no means
abundant. Many thousands, a great
host In fact, of unskilled foreign la
borers who did the heavy work of
pick and shovel for the railroads,
contractors and municipalities went
hack to Europe at the outbreak of
the war to serve with the colore.
Their places have not been filled.
With the general revival of Industry,
something like a boom no doubt, that
will follow the declaration of peace
the demand for laborers, skilled and
unskilled, will probably be greater
than this country has ever known bo-
fore; but will not the demaad for
labor In the European countries be
In America we are not able to un
derstand how war-devastated Europe
can ever again hold out attractions
to people who have to eurn their
bread by the sweat of their brows.
But love of the soil and attachment
to locality will still be strong after
the war, and if living conditions
promise an Improvement the desire
to emigrate, even to America, may
not prove all powerful. Perhaps the
manner of the ending of the war
may be a factor In the emigration
problem. If the Quudruple Entente
fights It out to a finish and triumphs
decisively, militarism will no longer
he a present menace to peace and In
dustry In Europe. May it not be
supposed .hat with such an ending of
the war the emigration movement
would be moderate?
The Theatre Ticket Again.
Evidenlly the economic reasons for
the existence of the cut rate ticket
uro so legitimate that the system of
a varying price for theatre admission
Is not to be abolished, whatever the
managers may say to the contrary.
The recent covenant between different
predominating theatrical interests
failed completely. The result was
such a general restoration of the cut
rate ticket that all but eight city the
atres now dispose of their seats In
It Is plain that the public refuses
to agree with the theory of the mana
gers that every play Is worth the
same price. It has willingly fallen
In with the opinion of those theatre
directors who are content when there
Is no disposition to pay the full price
to accept what the audiences consider
the evening's entertainment worth to
them. It Is true that nil plays are
not worth the same price any more
than all books are. It would be con
sidered Injudicious for any publisher
to demand the same price for every
hook he published whatever Its pow-J
ers to entertain might be. Just as
unbusinesslike may It appear, under
present conditions, to expect the same
price to be paid for every play that
Is offered to the public.
There are more theatres than New
York can at present support, the sup
ply of dramas Is small and Inferior
and there Is hard competition from
many sources which In the past of
fered no business rivalry to the play
houses. Theatregoers are therefore
more scrupulous than ever about the
amount they expend for dramatic en
tertainment. It will probably be a long time be
fore the business of the theatre la put
on such a basis that the low priced
ticket will disappear. It corresponds
to many of the present disturbed con
ditions that prevail In the world of
amusements. When the agreement of
all the managers to put an end to this
practice could not prevail It Is not
probable that the Irregularity can
be prevented. Then there la at the
present time no particular reason why
It should he, since the opportunity to
patronise the theatres at half prices
is a much better arrangement for the
managers than any which kept the
public out of the playhouses.
Mr. Houston's Peaceful Beport.
While the air Is full of flying re
ports on military preparedness, the
report of the Secretary of Agriculture
must not be overlooked. Secretary
Houston commands alert attention
by the comprehensive breadth of his
view, and by the positive, construc
tive nature of the recommendations
tor legislation that supplement his
survey of the situation.
Improvement in farming aa a busi
ness must come through any or all of
three agencies: private enterprise,
practical help from the Department,
and Congressional legislation. Of
these the last is probably the least
directly useful to the Individual cul
tivator of the land and the most
charged with bad possibilities.
Congress. Mr. Hovston holds, can
help the farmers most by a land
mortgage banking act j but rural
credits legislation Is not to be per
fected without careful Investigation
of the merits of various systems else
where In operation. In addition to
that the Secretary urges changes In
the conservation programme which
are of deep general Interest as mat
ters Involving domestic policy.
Those recommendations which busi
ness farmers will read with most In
terest turn upon the handling, storing
and marketing of produce. Here the
principal source of hope for an Im
proved future Is In the continuation
and expansion of the Department's
cooperation with farm managers; not
as a supervisor or regulator, but as
a central, counselling agency to as
sist personal Initiative.
Net a Question of the Volume of
In the memorandum concerning the
effect of the war on British and Amer
ican exports which Is made public to
day one aspect of our dispute with
Great Britain, and that not Its most
Important, l treated. This detail
was touched on In our note of Octo
ber 21 to the British Government, but
the substance of that document was
devoted to other matters of graver
The possible benefit to British
traders at the expense of neutrals
from the policy of the British Gov
ernment Is overshadowed by the ques
tions of International law and prac
tice Involved In the meubures adopted
by it. These are not to be settled by
reference to n congress of statisti
cians or by the tabulation of custom
I house figures. The principles at stake
reduce to triviality the Immediate
effect of abnormal commercial condi
tions resulting from war.
Man, His Mind and His College.
Hats off to the doctors of psy
chology, and in particular to the head
of that department In Belolt Col
lege, Wisconsin. As psychology U all
head, let Ir. Kahi. WAUOB be honor
ably specified. He has tried to fell
mathematically what college will do
for "a young person's" mind.
The question Is as Incapable of
categorical answer as thut which
turns upon the creatlonal priority of
the egg and the chicken. It is not
the sort of rlddlo posed In "Why doea
n hen cross the street?" or In the Im
mortal prosody of "I'm a philosopher,
and I want to know why a man
wears red suspenders when he'b shov
elling snow.'' What's the use of col
lege? The appeal Is not to Ideals
but to stern fact. So far as experl
entla doeet, the fact Is that college
hurts some men, Intellectually ; helps
somo, and leaves most of them Just
about where nature set them down.
But the professor tries to answer
the question in terms of his peculiar
science, and the attempt Is Interest
ing, whntever Its degree of success In
convincing the free mind. To tho
stock of Information college adds
nearly 50 per cent., sa Dr. Wauoii.
Of the quality of the Information
nothing is said. Parrot heads pass
the entrance examiners: does tho In
crement elevate mediocrity to excel
lence, or does It spread over a flat
surface Just barely superior to Intel
lectual sea level?
College Increases, by it per cent.,
roughly one-tenth. "seod la learn
ing." Does speed In learning run
with quality, and permanence of an
nexation? ' College Increases the
p, uer of concentration by less than
one-twentieth, of associating Ideas by
a little more than one fiftieth. Plain
business, with its pay envelope moni
tor, makes a better score. Quick
thinking la not always reliable, and
there are times when "the atudent
who Is least nervous," and "lowest
In class standing," Is a mighty handy
man to have about.
Dr. Wacom's percentages are not
encouraging, but It may be that psy
chology does not go quite to the root
of the matter.
To Colonel Hss-ar Wattbrson, the
dean of our profession, the friend of
all mankind except the Hapsburgs and
Hohenzollerna, the beloved of the gods,
Including Mass, Minerva and the rea
sonable Dionysus, Tiik Si n begs leave
to present its hearty congratulations
on this fiftieth anniversary of the be
ginning of an always felicitous mar
riage. And to his companion through
a half century of domestic happiness
and distinguished publlo achievement
Posterity will never understand the
history of thla generation without the
details of Judge Oast's dinners.
In the first year of the wsr the Csar
of ltussla enld. as reported, that ho
would eat his next ('hrlstmsx dinner In
th imperial palace in Berlin. If he
really said it and keeps his word, the
Indications are that It will be a long
tlmo between Christmas dinners.
A Minnesota school teacher baa been
shot at by hunters three times while
on her way from her home to the little
red school house where she follows her
profession. Following the local cus
tom, by which schoolmistresses seek
immunity from careless sportsmen,
Miss Brown dresses In a chrome yel
low waist with large black spots, a
red and white striped skirt, a enow
White felt hat with feather of robin's
egg blue, a black stiver spangled belt,
momenta gloves, gray suede hoes,
uses a parnsol of sea green bound
with mauve ribbon and a black fox
muff with lavender ribbon neck eup
port, besides tinrina a bell In danger
ous latitudes. If Minnesota hunters
mistake a girl thus apparelled for
gam", the coloration of the legitimate
objects of their excursions should
form an interest!? study.
Somebody now shouts "rjraft : " every
time the New Vork notice force is men
tioned. CoinmuHmrr Arthur Woods.
True, but the sre.it majority of the
citizens consider the source of the de
nunciation and pay no attention to It.
While Canada has been rendering
eplendid service on the battle line and
contributing generously of her re
sources In behalf f the British Kn
plre. she has had trouble makers at
home, selecting this of all times to
conduct an antl-milltarlam campaign.
Henri Boprassa, Nationalist leader.
might welcome martyrdom as an aid
to his propaganda. But what uf the
Canadian annexationists, the small but
persistent company of folks who think
they want to see the Stars and Stripes
floating over their Capitol ? They are
reported to have expressed regret that
the I'nlted states did not go Int., the
war on Germany's side, so 'hat she
mlcbt have taken the Dominion. The
war is bringing the eoum to the tor.
In Canada. Her loyal Government
and people will skim It off and be all
the better for the experience.
Mis V'i.tvn shuns Pateraon - .Vtc-
A mutual detestation sorlety?
"Find Oary system Inferior" Is the
headline over a report Of a meeting
of the Schoolmasters Club of Often
wlch. Conn. The Gary system in
polltlco-gajitronomlcs is worrying the
statesmen of thla town
THE BRONX Y. M. H. A.
An Interpretation nf the Real Mission
of the Institution.
To the Kpitos op The Si n filr As a
resident of The Bronx, and one who Is
Interested In the development of cltliei
hip, I desire to thank Thk Si n for Its
support, given editorially, to the earn
puign for a Bronx T, H. H A
To my ir.lt. A there is no movement to
day more worthy of the philanthropy
of our men of mean r the community
than the V M, C. A. sad the y. m. h. A
and kindred asso.-lHtions
While the nstlom of the Old World
are engaged a bloodthirsty desitii
grapple, when the spirit of brotherly
love lots fade,) Into a gliHstly vision "f
animal slforoservetlon and the it
rival of the physically Attest, while the
lessons that our an entnri- have been
teaching their descendants, kindness
culture, charity, have been seemingly
forgotten or laid away oa the shulf for
another day I while t!ls beastly rever
sion to primitive liistia. ta sta.ola kotOM
our amazed Vision, Is not this the time,
la not this the fateful moment when we
must build y. M C. A.S and Y. M.
H. A.s to cultivate the virtues which
make nf us high minded men?
Now. you men of means, you lov-era of
Amerljuui Ideals, nOW la our oppor
tunity to plant the seeds of universal
brotherhood l'k'dge to the treasurer.
Robert E. Simon, at the Union Square
Hotel, that you will help rat 15.000
for a T. M. II. A. In The Bronx, that
most neglected section of this city.
The N'vh need the Institution and
plead with you. Will you answer them?
M HlLI.EI. I EI DM AN.
Nsw Yoag, December 1
A Singular Suggestion
To the BorisM or The Sun Sir- If
promoWon in the navy were to go by
a majority vote of the present Cabinet,
bow long would It be before not a fleet
or a ship would be commanded by an
Annapolis graduate appointed to the
academy from any State north of the
Maaon-sDlxon Una? Binnacle.
Gbosuetown, Dea-amber II,
Weaipert's Deer, i.enie Warden and Se
lectmen. To tbs Ekitob or Tas Kin Sir; I nts
the "trmibls card" of "A. M O," on ,latn
ass by dser. The BntStpert fains warden
ellhsr does not know the law or was
"gassing" "A. at. C." The Slats laws re
tarding collection for fla.mage by doer are
very plain and fair o the party suffeilng
the damage Further. In .-ajes I have
known whsra H was ne -.,si , to call on
i he Flah and tarns Commission n awar 1
the dsauages the commission was liberal
In It awards.
If "A. M C " should make tils com
plaint to the aelsctman or hts town within
twsnty-foar hours of tbs rttseoverj- of
damns by dear ha would get bettsr treat
ment than hs received from tits tsms
Jswirr Crrr, Conn.. Rscember II.
In dsys of old
FVsr woo or west
Our hearts wars oak,
Our 'hesds were eissl
But time has hangs. 1
Our hssrts ars stssi,
Our hssds ars wood
When fnemsn rtmx
To plsy ths gsm
Their hesfts ars stesl.
Thslr hsads the sams
NEUTRALITY IN CHINA.
Dr. Jenks Presents Another Version
of Incidents In the Orient.
To tub BDrTOR ok Thk Si n Sir: My
attention has been drawn to a syndi
cated story by F. CunllfTc-i wen which
appeared In The Si n of Iiecemlier 12.
I am sorry to eay that this story con.
tatned quite a number of Inaccurate and
misleading statements calculated to In-
lure China and the Chinese rrosldent In
the eyes of Americans, t do not know
the author, ('unliffe-uwea, except In a
general wny by reputa tion. Consequently
It is unnecessary fur me to any that.
without evidence to the contrary, I ab
solve htm of Intentionally bearing fats
witness against a neutral nation, not
withstanding his very evident and very
pronounced sympathies with one group
1 am tnktng the trouble of analysing
through friends In China oertnln of the
specific allegations which CunUffe-Owen
makes. I shall here merely deal with
the general situation, and with some of
bis more glaring, however unintentional,
First, let me draw your attention to
his assertion aa to recent attacks b
rebels "upon the Kranch and English
settlements nt Shantiai. attacks which
were fortunately repulsed, but which
could not hnve taken place without s
certain amount of connivance on the
part of odlclala at Tekln."
The facts with regard to this matter
have already been published by the
press of the I'nlted States, from Inde
pendent and absolutely reliable sources.
Ajnerlcan peoplo will tot be Inclined 03
discredit the news repotted by such rep
utable news organiiatlone as the Aa
eovlated Trees, the (frfttM, The SUN
the I'nlted Press Ansocutlun. yes. and
such Iondon newspapers as the risaes
and Daily 7 rlrnrniih. in favor of ex
parte assertions by Cunllffe-Owen thou-
sands of miles from th, nrlt g line. All
these reputable news asMoclatlona agreed
that the attacks upon the Chinese train
ing ship, thn arsenal and the polloe de
pot were engineered and Consummated
from within the French settlement by
avowed enemies of the Chinese Govern
ment; and scyetal correspondents as
serted thai the arms were procured
from Japan the ally of England and
France; and that commissions signed
by .Sun Yat-een, who Is a refugee 1n
Japan, were found in the iMsseeslon ot
CtinllffO'Owen'a statement timt these
attacks, Which by a most daring fe.it of
mental acrobatics he twls's Into attacks
upon the "French and iingliah settle
in. Hts at Shanghai.'' "could not have
taken plats without a certain amount
of OOOnivnnoe inon the is,rt of the au
thorities at Pekln" Is unworthy of any
one who attempts to be in the leaat a
curate, as the facts below show
Americans should lie quick to realize
the truth, because t'hlnn'g trouble In this
matter would also be the trouble of the
American people if the belligerents could
only have their way.
China has given and Is giving to-dav
a marvellous example of perfect neutral
ity In the face of most es.,',sp, '-.vting, most
cmharraaetng, moat disss, ureging clT-
rumetancsa A full recital of these dr-
cumstances would fill tiie iwiges of sev
eral volumes. One day Obey Will be
writtet., and they will not he to the
credit "f etcher Oermany, Japan or
(treat Britain. I am sorry to say this,
but It is the truth. Every -wire has
been worked, every wheel has been
turned, every movement hai been made
elnce the oulhreuJt of tin world war t"
Involve and to embariaas China. The
tier mans have tws-n si live there, as they
have been a.-ilve here But the British
t.si have been active, and it is a fact
tii.it be rand HJr Bdward drey's state
ment alluded to by Cunllffe-Owen b a
seeming determination upon the part
of cerfstn powerful British interests t.
crush out of China these German trad
ing connections which German genius
and sntsrprlss ims built up In a sur
prisingly short space of time. lSng
land's methods In th.a regard have been
such that we Jiave Official testimony
thai even Japan hesitated for quite a
while to adopt them.
1 am no apologist for Cerm.tr.s-. either
in regard to China or In other avenues
of German activity. Germany will be
Judged in accordance w th i.er acts, rtut
even the miet ardent anti-Germain could
not eastly be blinded to the direction,
the secret motive and the mainspring of
c-mliffe-, iwe'.'s nuti-Chln0SS at. 1 anti
yuan allegations It is a part of a
chorus which 1s now very popular among
eerta.ti Imported writers, who tirmlfest
little real regard for the InteroeUi n?
this commonwealth, abo are obssased
witii the all pervading conviction, "Vic
tory for the Kntente Allies at sii costs"'
Bo, Japan being one of these allies, for
the moment tt plcsrs these write- to
lose their eves to antl-Brltlsh and antb
French activities and Intrigues etiai
neerej by Japan in China, nnd they
adopt the motif of the Jspanes press
"Yuan la Japan's enemy, he must be
got rid of :,t all costs !"
Yuan is pictured as the enemy of
Japan nnd the tool of Germany. Wei:,
we have een our own President e, mi
ls rly pilloried as rh" enemy of one set
of belligerents snJ the tool of others
It Is well for neutral Americans to diet
count such biassed, mischievous, unneu
tral assertions as those made h Cun-
Iiffe-i 'wen. Such ooncootlons, in inufac
turcd out of whole cloth by confessedly
prejudiced writers, may make effective
syndicate features, but they .-tre bad
ft, si for neutral Americana whose svm
thlea should be with neutral China,
try ing h ud to reform, to reorganize nnd
maintain her neutrality while foreign
pitcie ere being alrrrtt nt her 1','art
and foreign money and men are com
bined to plague her from within.
.1 W Jrv'KJ.
Mtw Toik, December II
Rounding I'p the OhJoi,
To Tiir Kiutok or THI Ihn glr: In
your paper of Peeember 7 you hnve
notice of CXliic O, llarls'r. tho groat
match maker, in which you say hs ti
the only man In the world Whoss tlrst
name ie OhUs. ii Is evident that you
have not 1 u clear around the world.
As T can give you the names of live ;
Ohio V. Jones, Woostsr, I ''on. w-hn hei
passed over; Ohio Johnson, Wonster,
Okloi Ohio Bennsr, Homcsvllle, Ohloi
Ohio Knox, Council IllufTs Iowa, ami
uhio Knox Sd, Council Bluffs, Iowa
Hut nous of ua able to Jiold a card
financially Willi your man, Mr, Ohio O.
llartter of Barbel town. Ohio.
As for me, 1 a.m proud of my name,
as It lias been useful to rnS through
life. Hence 1 was glad of the oppor.
tunlty to write the name of anuthet
My birthplace was in the only county
noriii of Mason and pixon'a tine that
had tins courage or wis foolish Snouglt
to rebel against mir i lovernment, in i s i; 3
they built a fort and occupied it for a
abort time Only, as on the sound of the
first gun they all scattered and did not
even wait to go to Hie head f the lane
It was Holmes County, Ohio. I enlisted
tn the Sixteenth Ohio Volunteer Infan
try on April 18. It61,
If you can hear of any more Ohlos,
please let me know through your paper.
Ohio K Nog.
rot-Neil. Hi.t-rrs, inwa, Dooomber IS-
M'hj Is II Kssrntlal tn Knlarge the Pres
To his Bairns Ot The Sin -.! i-er
hips if ths contents of the Protestant
Blbls were attended SS as lo Include the
Apocryphal books ths work of regen..mi
Ing the world might pr igrsat the more,
pert passu with SUOh toldltlfoiHl enllgh'
enlng matter. At ntiy iH!e. If these
Apocryphal hooks pnesess n llterarv or a
moral value. It s..e,ns narrow snd foolish
to statute them, h is inns we timke
away from the shackling inSusioe .if jnn.
lngma T s; cc
llt.ts nuns. N I. Ilecsmhsr IS
Knacker - Was the siler.es thick?
Booksr rositliri) aephlnxlatlng.
IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
An Assault on the Integrity of tke
Present Promotion System.
To the Kditob or 1'HB Sun Sic As
there Is no probability, however slight,
that Thomas W. church. II will comply
with your request for a full valedictory,
perhnps you will let another "educator"
tell the causes that deadened the live
wire for a live wire he promised to be.
But no live wire carries "Juke" enough
to electrify an wean or to move a
mountain : such operations must be left
to elemental force.
Plain ordinary honesty Is the one lack
In the system. Mr Churchill might
not say it, though I personally believe
that he thinks It. It Is not honest to
promote pupils whose attainments do
not warrant it ; no pupil ahould be pro
moted whose record Is not IS per cent,
or even SO per cent, regularly during
the term. Superintendent McAndrew, In
a report that evidently came to the at
tention of ex-Prealdent Taft, refers to
the evil effecta of long continued 10 per
cent, promotions. Just what othsr line
of activity would permit of SO per cent,
attainments? I know of none; yet Dr.
McAndrew Is bold enough to put It In
print, page 14, report of July 1, 1115.
Thli "trick of the educator's trade"
's a sorry way to teach the youth of
our city the virtues that our colossal
expenditure la supposed to bring to
them. Superintendents in each district
permit it, and "approve" for graduation
and admission to high schools pupils
who do not even attain that.
About three years ago the curriculum
was almost halved 1 just why It Is hard
to ace. alnoe the principals, supervised
by district superintendents, were re
porting Increasing ratea of promotion.
It would be worth while for the seeker
of light to read the thirteenth annual
report of the city superintendent ; on
pages 410-470 the ratea of promotion are
given. In many cases 100 per cent., 104
per cent, and 110 per cent. It rott me
my reputation for veracity when I as
serted. In print and otherwise, that these
Identical figures were in an omclal re
port. Yet the figures are there. In Just
that shape, and 110 "educator." principal
or superintendent, was ever called to
Nor Is It on record that any principal
was punished for false reports on hit
"success" In putting five dollar educa
tion Into Ave cent heads, even after we
rend M Pge 161, eleventh report, that
"many principals, In order to win favor
at headquarters, report favorably on
new devices regardless of facts." These
are the Identical words of tho report
and If Jt was not putting a premium on
dishonesty to let It go at that, then
1 do not know how a premium could
be so put.
The various other educational prac
tires, such as coaching for examinations
for higher license by master coachea
who "could forecast BIS or eight ques
tions" t admitted by the highest an
timrity in an Investigation), do not
tend to make a reflecting mind Incline
to class "educators' as a reliable pro
fession. They have not yet established
s court of honor or ethics, to test
the claims and reports of professional
practices, as the lawyers and physicians
have done. The latter two professions
; are occasionally stirred up to apply their
I codes of ethics In the punishment of
offenders ; the "educators " will never
i attain a place In the sun as a "profes
sion" till a similar .ode, applied to
their numerous charlatans and quacks.
pretending to turn Into silk purses ma-
pretending to turn Into silk purses
terlal adapted to other but not belter
PUI PUSSS. aiinouni es to the world that
I they wiii no longer try to fool people
Into the belief that education can be got
by any royal road.
We have attained the proud position
of being Columbia the getn of the ocean,
largely by means of our educational
pra dices, Hut the gem Is pinchbeck,
111. 1 we need a Hooker Washington for
the white race, to show the pinchbeck
neas Of what passes for "education,"
and thn wisdom of honesty as the first
step tow.rd reform. Hut I greatly fear
we shall have no full valedictory from
Mr. Chun hill. I'rudence. after all, is
not a had quality. Robert P. Oheen.
NSW YoitK, I'ecwiiber II
Wore Hie Kaiser Xot Basy, Matters feet length have routes which they
Here Would Be Different. covr after nightfall, picking up the
stork that the fishermen have on hand
ItggAt'SOSBBS Tra Si s Mr; I am a ! Thene boats usually wait till Bfti-r mid
German und It makes my blood boll 1 night to make the run to the slip where
when 1 read In Pes BUN how two off!- they can market their cargoes They run
cere. Captains Boy-Ed and Von Tapen. of w ithout sidelight or any other llgh
t'.io iir. ud (leriuan army are Insulted in 1 aboard, and their motors are muffled 11
America. closely that they make very little noise
The Americans would never dare do
.this if our great Kaiser a hands were not
He is lighting the world ut.J the great
unconquerable German army aill yet be
The Kaiser und der Germans d.d not j
I want this war but now thai It is forced
1 on dam they will crush their enemies.
I The groat Herman Statesman, BIs
I march, said 1 ht the proud German na
tion was unconquerable und so it is.
Ilerr Editor, I salute you.
I.t-PWID VON llEINTSETEE.
N'rvv Yegg, TVcember 1.
Baker for the Yankees.
To the Eptron Of The flUN Sir: Now
ha peace is reasonably eure In Tas.'
ball the question again RriOSS as to
what Colonel Jacob Ruppert'S colleagues
In the American LsasTUi are going to do
to strengthen the lo, a! team to RUbkS
It a contender for the lfUt season. 'Hie
present makeup of the team doea not
Inaplrs confidence in ths breasts of the
adherents of the local cause, for the ob
vious reason that two or three oilier
teams In the league appear to be mus-n
Stronger than the Yankees, Further-inoi-e,
for some reason as yt unex
plained, tiie owners of these, already
formidable teams seem to have llftie
trouble In ptir.-hastiig from other teams
in the league the star players, while
the owners of the Yankees encounter
Insurmountable obstacles whet, they en
deavor to purchase players who seem
ingly would add strength where It Is
Taks the Baker case, for instance
Here Is a player, noted for his ahdlltv
to knot k out home runs when they are
1 st needed, who would Increases the
y&nkeeB1 batting strength inatarlallr if
the ownera of the local team could pur
chase him from rVr.nle Mack of Uie
Athletics. Although Haker has repeat -Sdly
declared tlun he will never again
play under Mack's Standard, the tall
leader of the Athletics baa Ml a price
oi, Baker's load wlilvh the owners of
the Yankees feel ia prohibitive In view
of the faot that owing to Baker's ab
sence from major league ball for the
entire sens, .11 of 19ir he is somewhat
of an Unknown quantity.
NOV SrlhS Lisa, In view of rl.esc cirs-um-stanoag.
the owners of the local team
are willing to take a sporting chance
and gamble on the ohaiieee, of Halter
nlmw-lng his former gw-atting ability If
Connie Mack will set a reariona-ble rtgiir
for Baker's release. What makes the
case ti'Mii so ridiculous to all fair
minded baseball patrons la the fact that
u strong team In New Vork meana in.
creased returns In the Hhape of large
gate receipts to the owners of all other
tennis in the American 1 . it,,,,
J Join son, the "Cgar of Baseball," ahould
exert his reputed Innuence In this par
ticular cnae. j
NaW York, December II.
Al Head and I ol uf Ills Class.
',u,, 1'ie hyASSllag Inttlitjencer
Parmeri risldrag between Disou'i nun
Snd MrKIm have Just tVilslird a roed be
tween the pieces Thev epenf sit months
on the .,rk in order lhat e1,t!ren might
attend school t Bseehweod, sear MrKIm.
The : ,... .s en- a i.! a iltlsrter nl ee leng.
eel at pr. ent there Is one uupr. Ralph
Jscksoa, attending the , io,i The
ten.-her. Mwerd K le.ng, spends sach
srhnol day with Ills "olgas" and rhe umiaJ
gtUdtal ars taken up.
A Class In This Rich and Tsefal Lan
guage Is Organised.
To the Editos or The Si n S(r: "f
all the changes wrought In our foreign
trade Interest by the present Btiropean
conflict, one of the meet lasting and far
reaching will probably lie our commercial
relations with ltussla and tne repuuuc.-s
of South America.
Thla fact leads to the conclusion that
the Russian and Spanish languages
should be widely and systematically
taught In this country. Spanish has al
ready theen taken up In many schools,
and a brave start Ml been made with
Russian In Washington snd New York
The language of the Slavs ahould no
longer be Ignored or neglected as it '
he in thla country. Russian Is not so
easy for the American as Is Hpanish.
but Its pronunciation is not more diffi
cult than is that of French. The al
phabet, purelv phonetic In character, Is
easily learned, and a commercial knowl
edge of the language can, with good In
struction, be acquired In two or three
years of faithful study.
Tha treasures of Russian literature
are alone a sufficient Inducement to
study the language, but when to that Is
added the tremendous aavamage 1,,,
commercial point of view, it Is remark
able that this study hss been so neg
lected here. A beginning has been made,
however, within the past couple of
months, In a clasa organlted at the
West Bide Young Men'o Christian Asso
ciation for the atudy of Russian, con
ducted by Mr. Kllas Dourniaahkin, a
Russian newspaper man of this olty I and
It promises ri-h results. P
New Yosk, December II.
One of the Caases That Account for
Secretary Hedfleld's Alarm.
To tiie kditob or The scn Mir:
Lobsterla should worry over the facts
made publlo In Secretary' Redfleld's
latest report on the activities of tin
bureau of fisheries. The report seta forth
that In the twenty-four years ended
1n 1913 the catch of lobsters In the
United States decreased 10 per cent ,
while against thla decrease In quantity
there was an Increase of 171 per cent.
In value to the fishermen.
To delay the extinction of the lobster
In the waters of this country the Secre
tary of Commerce suggests a Federal
lolister hatchery and nursery anil recom
mends artificial propagation on a larger
erale by State Governments, The report
ol Mr. Redfleld, so far aa the SUmmari
at hand shows, makes no mention of
perhaps the chief cause of the Increasing
lobster scarcity. Thla Is the catching
and marketing of millions of young
lobsters lu violation of the law.
These young s-ruetaeeuns are com
monly known aa ohlcken lobsters. Their
commercial designation Is "shorls."
There Is perhaps not a bay or estuary
In the latitude where lobsters thrive that
Is not Infested by lis barmen who derive
a considerable part, and In many cases
the larger part, of their profits from
e niching nnd marketing "Short " When
these unscrupulous lobstermen lift their
lines and pen their pots nil lobster
look alike to lliem. Tiiose that niea'iir,
UP to the legal length can be marketed
openly. Those that are h little or much
too short are put In "cars" and sunk
near the lobsterman's home station To
J he lobster car Is attached a small hem,,
H"" ,0BJ ,10Uh l'! "T'';1 "V'""
From the free end of this line a ptec
of twine runs 10 a chip "f drlftvood
I at floats or, the water. There is noth-
Ing about the chip, twine, line or car
that gives a tlue as to whom the cache
of 'Whorta" belongs, If n Inspector
snould chance to pick up the chip ami
so tlnd what Is beneath It.
The law breaking lobsteirnan sells s
few of his "shorts" to private customers,
who corns sometimes to his shore head
quartern in automobiles after telephon
ing their orders. These are stowed in
the automobdea hy the fishermen's help
ers, who know all the old and trust to
luck as to new inspectors, and the cus
tomers, who may have been strolling
arour.d looking at the scenery, enter
their cars snd drive uwav.
Hut the heavier part of the dealing in
"shorts" is With "runners, ' men who
with swift motor boats of fort or tlft
I The oargoes are delivered tiefnre day-
light, and the lsnta run for home
This business Is going on in greater
or lesser volume where, er lohst.v s an
caught If it Is not done in the waters
about New York It Is not for lack of
opportunity In good scasona the hot -tmnl
of the channels between the Nar
rows and the sea are threaded With
lobster lines Thirty or fort v are s. 1
between the Narrsiw and Sandy Hook
hy fishermen from the New York and
New Jersey shores
So it is not probable that bobeterla,
patrons or purveyors, Is worrying over
Secretary Ueslfleld'a report. Large
lobsters can always he obtained hy pav ing
the price, and the Secretary's sui.'
aestlotis, if followed, would ultimate!)
'n.-rease the Supply Meanwhile there
Will be a steady demand for lobstel
meat and salad, end there will be an un
failing supplv of the material Which tan
he used eafelv In preparing them
ATT-armr; Htntit ands. N .1 . Dee. IS
-WHEN 'OMER SMOTE."
Meticulous Inspection nf the Sources
of a Ureat Man's Phrases.
TO THE KlMTOB or The SON Sir Rv.
z.tntlne logothetes, quotha' The sources
of our great Avatar's wisdom ready
t.cketed for dissemination are Interest)! k
to trace in lS4 Sir William Gilbert
In his libretto of "I'rincess Ida" wrote
this chorus of soldiers:
When anger aplasia tils stag,
And sit seerna dark as ntght for it.
Thrrs'a nettling hut 10 flghl for It,
Hut srs you pitch yeur ring.
gslsel a prstty site f rr it.
1 This spot la suited quits for tt).
And then rou gayir sing,
Oh. t love the lolly rattls
Of an ordeal hr battle.
There's an end ef t1tf le-fett'.e.
When your sneniv Is dea l.
its sn errant rnoit,eodo
Fee-re a crack upon ths noln.e.
Arid lie's only tit tn ew.idate
In a downy feather bsd!
Watesbi et, Vt,, December 11,
To tbs BniToa ur Til Hr S,r; Permit
me to acrspt "J. B II s" dsfy to find hs
word "pacifist" "In ths dictionaries o'
most rscent pubrtOitlOO."
it has rested comfortably en page !
of tbe Desk Stanlsr.1 DlatlOnary f"r . us
oa twelve months, snd ma tie found a'- 1
on page 727 Bl Funk Wagtltl ,' Conip
hsnslve .standard Dictionary, together alh
IIS variant "pa Mtlclsl "
According to these standard SUthorltli 1
a paoiftst is "nns who advocates policy
of pesce. aa opposed to militarism "
Nis Yobe, Dereniher U Da Ntntai
Ad r.araptured Missouri Heimrler
Frets tiie ''irisnonffro'i rimes
With a heart ss pure as dsa drops
trombirng In violets. hs wi 1 ,ake Hie
home of her husHien 1 a psisadlM nf en
ithantmeni ilks ths lovely hems of her
girlhood, ivaere , lie heaiy toasd hi p or
niarrlags with ' love stroking chords ef
devotion snd fond etideaemenia sent forth
ths swestest atrusti.s that ever thrilled tbe
enseal w-lrh tihs rhythmic pulsings of
IN TRADE FORECAST
National City flunk I'll lil
(Ion HisriiNspn Conditions
AftMP War KncK
X EKD OF OROAX'IZAiioy
In ar. article entitled . r(
Eatiou of Business a Possl
uct," in the December las . ., ,
A merino, a business mng . .
Hiked by the National 1 11 1
changes In Industrial o'g.ii Isat .
Warring nations nnd of the 1
after the declaration of pei ,,
"The first five years of ... , . ,M
tide sin", "are tipected lo SI Eel cr
tain big questions thai hate .
the minds of men Watching 1 mi 4)
volopmenta in the Industrti ..r Eurou
The questions and thi ir
a considerable Significance for Induim
in this country as it ma. .,
through the country's foreign ,,. 1
nestle commerce. Ths n 11 of thej,
questions i Mile : W.ii 1 . or
vigorous part of it, come 1 I com.
men ial competition With tha makings tf
b.tter Industrial Org II Istl in ign ei
isted before the war, so tliit In 'e ,.
being poorer through the h ,t s estnic-
Hon some of the countries I sctuaih
put on higher speed 111 tn., ufactufi BM
commerce than ovt r before?'
The article points out in support e:
tins question that it is universally h!
Hived that Germany, if ita GovernrasM
remains unchanged. Will contlnus to
carry on the principle of a ti e Govern,
mei.i unci position 11, u,o DOIItrO or 1
dually and trade, looking toward na
tional coordination of everything
r? Kind of Coin pr 1 1 Una.
"If the war should end to-tnerMw n
a draw," tne art Is goei on, "11 further
concentration of Industry t n m
Is report, , to have already O" Ided II i
as a national policy 1 case ol thatott
come might force, h) Indu I 1 ,. some,
thing of ties same kind In I gland .'-n'
France. Russia Is naturull) Ii ,ed t'j
a certain measurs of it
"The direct Interest In !! 1 1 for tig
I'nited States manufacturer! !... In 'U
pomlbllitles of a new kin i of. otapeu
Hon In trade. During tha first fe
months of the war It u.lh only hatttft
o think tii.it every one ,.f tne t.. .' ge.-.f
ountrles of Kurops Would return ts 1
peace basis with s great comma t
bandhvip III the way ot .lisorg !...: h
dustrles, depleted labor foi si 1st
manufacture with the skill is I sr.:
demanding higher sv.ic - all
taxation incren-ing coats aping the ent're,
ine of movement In production .u I da
rlbutiou aiij an Bppallll g dSOtni ' r. :
The article points out v i: it..- Im
lemonatrated during the ir fat 'her
an be mi enormous dastrum on of ee .
tain forms of wealth without proper,
t'onai Impairment of the prodtioitvt
capacity ot a liatlon Thla r - 1 ell
productive ahtlav atll be the tore sir,
which the business men of the I'rred
ates must contend, it Is staled T
posilbllit) of in- reused per-..: .,1 afnclei t
f the hairopeun workman as 1 r-e- 1
of the discipline of war and t: a is
purposeful Hf IH also put forward m
a probable product of the . The
markable organization of Ku-'i aji wsr
Industries under government I control
le considered as itkoiy to mak is
preaalon n ths Industries in ti nitti
time of pat
"It is almost linivdilile thv In ST"
of the Ktiglash and French lov for r
dependence and Individualism. - i ething
111 the way of more central or
ordlnated organisation ..f in 1 mi
business In Knglund and France eheuii
not remain after peace comes u i ke
commercial competition arises
Development Here, -
After calling attention la d re
ports of further organlsai i rtut
ndustrics which will result n the savini.
of millions ,if dollar s .1 . . u. Mil
alls attention to the fa tit 11 RU
I'nlted States a great del npment alt 'I
electrical power 'men s taking place -
our Industries, The e" f wet
one big generating plan! to - h in.it"
factories and ilsctrlfled rath 1 "
power is shown 1 1- savinit
it. gin be gained bj 1 t
lion of the coke 1 di,-';
stales, a nt pr,
produi la are w
"it 1 hardly i
ontltoies "toe all
." tha ar
to advlii t
something of the idea of the ''
siHMroiB.u.;.ati.' . ' l ist-y ..:s .
be attempted here ce ti semi to
smiths along nil iraltj sVII
Govormnersl compul! ' 1
mat Ion now un Indusl u eoordinat
.stimulated hi war Urn I ties
this country thai w II doui He - result I
a huso development of a I estufft Hi
other chemical Indusl In 1 I '
'There appears ' s nrore libel
llsTpoiltlon, both olili nl and popt it j
spaed noop rat Ion in butlisssa ctjvm
to-day than during th lie whs
.ir.ll... .,.,,1 .. . ...la. on fo- ..'. .""'
weie the indiscriminate ol :
The Federal Ti ui
entered unoii a gigantic quest
business men all o ! t i" latry '
raiding permit Ibis con
foreign trade The commissions ar'
tude Is friendly. 'Mst lift '- " '
era lines are . c infldet t of in "
to coordinate their if! irts I t
sgpori business thsl I
Ing formal eclltng combinatloi
"The clea'-e.-t i'l"'" '
an tnerohani marine 1 ."
a. line ot pome , ,: in "i
oorotnation In in lust i u
If public opinion is oomi
ipprectatlon Of the s ' '
mmbtiiatlona a a -1
dueled and formed for I
rewo of doing Ihll -s th
and greatly deal ret I hav,
n.rt hard 10 s e l ow rmn
formal organlsai on 11 g 1
to coordinate the lea tim '
activities ,,: the roll.
: r V
fai t iites. i : Ited st -
ami an ' imei ill met
such i an, as I" P
eiunewhil analoaous 10 t
ing, elect r. al diet r hUt'o
manufactur sup,''. ..'
would make it all n
praaenJi hat dicap upon v
piim as un industry 001
entlv u.s a system '
CANAL EXHIBIT AT I
Hoinj, Mutt nnd ..
All 'N ' Otl fli '
t-.it nil -f I lit- w fl '
Iti thft iii.ii i 0Kh,)Uion i"
VtirU Puii 1 i UH rui !
Mmli up of riiiinti 1 1 11
ml i4WH fiMin
Hhmry mtiplfnu i '
piTiK from 'it 1 : 1
VVHllnm HurtMio I'n
Thn Mhlhttl mi i I i .
attt orditr h up 1 1 iiajfi
tnrl.Ml io n1o MtV 1 "
Mlflllta - t a 1 w;i :rw n
fl. world. "
llinti 100 HMnw.-iffv S'
tg si r$)n n I th r
An UMsHltlng pirt ol t!i f
RuropMti dlil o v - -
hUowii hi in.iiiv p;i Ii r
pnrt n 1 hi uiir. Th" P
Ir npn 0 th publlo uni'.i
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