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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, December 21, 1915, Image 6

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THE SUN. TUESDAY. DECEMBER It, IBIS.
TUESDAY, DKCKMBER 21. 11ir.
alatered . Hi- r n - at New York aa
seooml ',..- Mall Matter.
Suheertptlona by Mall. reatpaM.
DAILY. IVr MonUi ae
DAILY. I"er Year
M NliAl, Par Month
Nt'NIlAY t Canada). Per MonOt....
Sl'NUAY, Par Year I
DAJI.Y AND Hl'NDAY. Par Yaar....
DtlU ANb KIIMIAV. Per stoma...
Fnasiu RrE.
DAILY. Per Month 1 ft
rll'NDAY. Per Montll . M
DAILY AND HUNUAV, Per Month... 1 P
THK KVBNINO SI N, I'sr .Month U
THB BVKNINU si n, Per Yaar t BO
TUB EVENlNU SUM PuraigiD.Per Mo. 1 M
Ail cneras, money orders, sir..
le
aade payable to Tin sun.
Publlshe.1 dally. ineiucllng Sunday, toy tha
gun Printing at.d Publishing Association eft
i.'.O Nassau lnM. In the rkiruufh of Man
a at tar. New York President and Trese
urar. William C Hairk, 1(0 Naaaau street-Vies-President.
Kdward r. Mttohail. 160
.N'aaaau street , aii rotary. C K. lautwa. lot
Naaaau street.
London offlor. i.fTlnliin House, 1 Arua
dr street, strand.
Pari oSVe. Rue ie la Mlohodler.. oB
Rue du Qu&lre eplembr.
wasnington ottk ", iuti Huiming
Brooklyn omce. ih ijivingsnm
If or rrteadi utio faier a trl mrtnu
trripm and illumnuiotu for ssn'irsrfe trl
to Aat r r. ,( 4 arttrle 'turned fe null
sU ratri ee e emiag or Aa purpt.
Mr. McAdoo on the Wlrked Man
agement of the New Hates.
One of the surprising llWlrtgHll of
the otherwise variously astonishing
trial of the New Haven directors In
Federal roiirt was the Introduction
of the subjoined letter, written about
one hundred months ago and by its
author mnrkod "Personal":
Tkar Mr.. Mki.i.cn : You ha va no
doubt read The St'N of to-day, but for
faax It may have escaped you 1 enclose
It. This too food for you to miss.
"I am afraid that there Is more truth
than poetry in Tub Sun's brilliant sal-
Ire, but there are, I am glad to nay, a '
fear stuns of ret urn ins; sanity on the
part of public onVlala, as, for Instance,
Governor Huuhss's veto of the two cent
per mile railroad fare bill.
"I am enough of an optimist to be
lieve that the country will, sooner or
later although I fear later than sooner
rsmllse that the leadership of the
Pharisees, who have been In control for
some time, la not the unmixed blessing
that so many tuny believe It to be.
"I congratulate ;u on the progress
you are making toward the acquisition
of rhe Boston and Maine and hope that
your plana may be reaMsed. I do not
see how any broad gauged and pro
gressive man can take any other view
than that tt will be beneficial to Nenv
Eng. and. I recall our conversation on
this subject a few months ago.
"With best regard!", believe me. sin
esrely yours. W, G. M:Anoo.
"Juki it, not."
So fust does ilie water run under
the mill it is perhaps Decetaairy to
explain that this is the Mime William
titans MgADOO who, s Secretary of
the Treusury. Is one of the principal
figures in the Administration now
prosecuting the New Haven directors
for the very experiment In railway
expansion which right yeurs ago com
manded, his enthusiastic approval and
disinterested utlmlrulion. We are
obliged to our contenitorury the
American for not allowing this par
ticular document to puss unnoticed
mill the voluminous testimony uml
literature of the New Haven case.
For our own pan. we are delighted to
he able to mnke more Intelligible to
the present generation the quality untl
significance of the curlier views of
this stuicsmiin and llnamior concern
ing what is moral ami icrmlsslble
In railway management, by reproduc
ing the essential purls of the ediiorlnl
srtlrle in these columns which struck
him as so timely uml true: ,
front Tut gg of Junt 1 4, 1SST.
"fHR IHKil.l.INO HTOItT OF MILl.lK'S IN
VASION or MASSACHvsrrrs.
"President i'hasi.is 3. Mei.len of the
New York. New Haven and Hartford
Railroad, who so recently at Washing
ton rlvaJled the fame of Mkttus Cm.
Tit's, has again dlstinculshed himself
y a deed of sublime audacity. Uesron
Hill is hoarse with the Manaachusetta
equivalent for 'Lynch him!' I.Hat year
Governor OlMM) became aware that the
Impetuous Mei.i.kn was buying up Bay
Prate trolley linen and threatening to
spend millions of tainted money in oon
ecting tliani throilCh I.... k.Hl. regtons
which have less population than they
had twenty ytaari ago. 'Monoioly !'
Shouted the fearles younK disciple of the
All Otirher. He commanded the Attorney
timer., I. principally tlirough tlio news
papers, to prevent In the courts If pos
sible the expenditure by the accused
Mkm.kn of any mors poisoned lucre
within the confines of the Common
wealth for t lie development of transpor
tation. The Invader was Kiled before
tha fireat and "lencral Court and com
pelled to pro ml St not to reduce further
the number of trolley strarliangora or
berall any more the Jungles of Muasa
chusetts. until his plans should have
been Judicially examined.
"All wen; well until one day last
month shen a horrible chill struck the
spine of evory lover of liberty. The Old
tiuard. wlio inne for the daya when Bos
Son's tranait system was split Into a
don companies and who objected to
the trvllry oar anyway, beoaub. they
said, it would go go fast as to hurt the
eyes of looliers on and the wires would
drop gnd kill people, awoke on morn
ing lo read that t'HAnt.ics S Mitt.i.KN,
l.ol sated ivnn rp ending 1150,000,000 In
five .sears In rolling Ktock, rOadbsd,
brldgta and trolley lines pai-allel or
tributary, whs ahout to jump ths fance
and work similar havoc with the dar
old BtMton 'iml Maine.
In order l uutieisUnd the bitterness
r tiie dlevovery U must be iwitkMnbered
that it is contrary to law for u railroa.l
Incoipurateil in MsiinhUISttl to grow.
If eurti a company has the money to
buy a connecting fine there has to be a
hearing; before the Itnllroad (Amimls
slon. nnd while Uils l going on some
body else buys the connecting line. The
.sine beneficent statute provides that
where new stork Is issued for Improve
ments the commission shall fix the pries
at which the ahareholilers of record may
pun base. Usually people can get all
they want In the market at a. bower
figure, hence recent Issues have not been
screeching surcease.
"tt Is thus clear why grief smote the
conscience of MasaacHiusetts at the pros
pect of a Con nee 1 1 cut ooriorat1on com
ing In foot free, buying up nostvm and
Mains control, and making what should
properly be outlawed Improvements,
even perhaps to Include a four track
modern road to Montreal.
"It was seen at onoe that this sort of
thing was In danger of building up ths
port of Boston. Had It been known
then, as It la now, that the New Haven
was able to make t raffle arrtusgetmants
with the New York Central, giving Bos
ton practically a trunk line to the
Lakes, there would probably have bean
prostrations, If not fatalities. 1n fHete
street. As It was. President Crockis
of the Chamber of Commerce gasped
'I ra agatnsv tt 1 sod straightway host
his vote.
'Touts D. BsANDits, president, secre
tary, treasurer, director and member
ship of the Public Franrhlas League,
resolved unanimously that rather than
permit Boston's sacred wharves to be
littered up with packages and her proud
ways to quake with the thud of heavy
laden trucks be would drop the battle
for savings bank insurance and draw
ollls, both special and general, ompell
lng the New Haven to give back the
Boston and Maine etoek and prohibiting
forever the retirement of President Tut
tls of the last named company.
"One thing remains to bs done If
Boston Is to be saved from becoming
the scene of vulgar commercial activity
and a Jostling populace of the unlel
surely. It must be enacted by the Oreat
and Oeneral Court that no person pos
sessing shares of stock In one railroad
company shall acquire shares In any
other railroad."
This Is whut was too good for the
wicked Mkllen to miss, lu the opin
ion of our distinguished Secretary of
the Treusury. as expressed while the
latter was congratulating MtUBM on
the progress he whs milking In the
capital iniquities of expansion ami
consolidation.
If, however, we now depart from
our usuul practice and reprint the
foregoing remnrks. it Is not because
of any undue exultation on our part
over the rtKUnuthOOt that we had
once the felicity of agreeing closely
with the Hon. William (imas Ml Awm
about the folly and futility of exces
sive reguluilon of the ruilrotuls by the
1 lovernment. It Is merelv in order that
the countless friends and admirers
of Secreiary McApoo may know his
underlying and esoteric views on the
subject : views which he so success
ful ly 1 nnd, we lielleve. unnecessarily)
manages to dissemble In the august
presence of his father-in-law.
A Christ ma Trenrh Kilt Long Ago.
The boys actually were out of the
trenches by Christinas mi one occa
sion; out In time to make a Christ
inas cull on some neighbors' who were
not in the least expecting ihem. They
had a liurd march of it. too. before
they got there. Hut there was no
difficulty in following their trail,
(ieueral Wilkinson, who had a com
inimical Ion for their eoinmnndcr. has
told In his memoirs how easily he
J racked them by the blood stains they
left behind them In the snow, for It
was bitter weather. Snow uml Ire
were on llie liurd fro.en ground and
n good many of the boys had such
mere wrecks of shoes Hint they reully
might .lust ubout us well have been
barefoot and done with If. As It wns
the Ice and the sharp frozen ruts did
their work nnd the boys wrote the
story of their walk with their blood
at about every slep.
Hut It wus good blood, Aiiierlcuii
blood; and with it lot of other good
American blood it was shed that hum
ble people might coiiie here and
wax wealthy In the freedom the boys
of the torn shoes and the torn anil
bleeding feel WOO for then wax
wealthy and breed dMcandanti to go
abroad and scatter the wealth and ex
plain about America not being a tit
pluce for a gentleman fo live in.
And this is rather ijueer. too, In a
way, for the man who led the boys
on 1 his blood trail march over the
snow has Iteen generally regarded
us about the highlit typo of gentle
man 1 In- worlib has ever known. Ami
lie always thought America was good
enough to live In to live In and m
die for, so far us thul Is concerned.
So did the boys who were out of the
trenches by tlirlstmas at his com
mnnd and who left their trnll of
blood up the west hank of the Dela
ware and dotfh the east bank on that
awful snowing, steeling, hulling, Icy
night that they might make their
early Christmas morning cull on the
folks who were not expect iug them.
Hut that was a good while ago
KIO years ago this coming Chrlstmns,
10 ho exact. H was one of the memor
able Christmas visits of history, that
one of December 2.", 1770. Neither
poor old BaK Li nor Knyimiai skn nor
uny other of the Cerinan commanders
nor uny of the Herman soldiers under
them knew that company was coming
until the boys from the trenches wore
right among 1hem- "ln their midst,"
In a way of speaking.
Stirring days, I hose, when O, Wash
INUTOM letl Ills rugged Continentals
across the Delaware end down in
Trctiinn 10 make that "rough house''
Christmas call. A successful call it
wus, too, net tin. a bag of over a
thousand Hessian prisoners, and
among them seventeen officers, to show
for that particular "out of the
trenches by Chrlstmns" expedition.
'Minister Without a Portfolio."
We rescue from the obscurity of 1111
official document lienrlng the imprint
Of the Hurenu of Standards the sub
Joined suggestion with respect of the
future of the City Chamberlain:
"it may, however, be tbouifht advis
able to retain the present position at the
present salary to provide for the per
formance of tllin dirties of a minister
without portfolio or administrative as
sistant to the Mayor unless provision
for this positron Is made elsewhere. "
The City Chnmherluln flrnws $1'J.
000 a year; the present Incumbent litis
proved the truth of his boast that he
Is a useless Job holder. Ills salury Is
within $3,000 of thnt paid to the
Mayor, the Comptroller and the Coun
sel to the Corporation ; the City Super
intendent of Schools Is paid $2,000 a
year less than the Chamberlain, nnd
such Inconsequential officials as tho
Fire Commissioner, the Police Com
missioner, the Health Commissioner,
at $7,.rss) a year each, and the Oen
eral Medical .Superintendent of Helle
vue and Allied Hospitals, at UMNO,
cannot begin to comMte with him In
the mntter of compensation.
Now It Is proposed to absolve him
from oven the nominal tasks per
formed under his suiiervlslon and un
der the hlghfitlutln title of "minister
without a portfolio" transfer him to
tho vugue precincts of the Mayor's
good will and political Judgment I and
this Is proposed Immediately after the
salaries of a large number of Inferior
clerks, who, If they did not earn all
that was pnltl to them, at lenst were
entitled to most of It, have been rudl
cally reduced
What WOVld have been said If the
crude political operators who follow
CflAJiLks V. UtlaVHf had suggested
such a waste of city money us here
is contemplated?
Muslr for the Season.
Those persona, and there is a goodly
number of Ihem, to whom a Canary
bird is as lodiapenaable a factor us
the solution of the Christmas gift
problem as handkerchiefs and neck
lies are to some of their less Imaging'
live fellows and who have grieved
over this season's scant supply and
high prices win welcome heartily the
18,800 yellow singers thai came Into
Ibis port Saturday on the Noordnm.
May this town never be less agreeably
Invaded than by them!
a canary swinging in a sunny win
tlow ami chirping cheerily or Hood
Ing the room with sone while wintry
winds whittle outside Is a pretty re
minder of the Christmas spirit long
after the holidays are paat, Brooklyn
household! in particular! we believe,
used to ! us incomplete, as deficient
In the genius loci, without n bird n
they would huve been without the
rubber plant of the town's legend.
The caged songster seems u pecu
liarly appropriate gift for women in
lonely enjoyment of "economic free
dom." There are school teachers.
some confirmed in splnatOrhOOd, others
hoping) who would derive constant
pleasure from such companionship,
If there were a Dickens among our
novelists who reject with scorn that
does them little credit the homely
human nature of which H07. made
capital he would endear himself to
readers weary of too highly seasoned
literary diet, with a chapter of old
muld domesticity, a CI ling kettle, a
purring eat ami a canary
Anil, by the way, what has become
of the tKUpei of trained canaries we
used to hear of?
The Kihaustlon That Will End the
War.
The French and Herman medical
authorities seem in airroe that the
peroentaga f soldieri in the baae
hospitals WB0 "lie Is small and that
comparatively few are discharged
physically Incapacitated for active
service. Q 1111 extract from a report
made recently by In. JaCqt'EI Hkii-
m I.ON-. director of medical statistics
of the French army, (he ill and
wounded are not separated, nnd it Is
said that only eighteen In a thousand
bave died tins tear as compared
WlU) fifty-three last year. The I til -proiement
is due to better organiza
tion more than to the lesson of ex
pgrtaflea, A German report deals with the
wounded only, in every hundred
K0r are discharged lit for service.
8,8 are disabled or gel leave of ab
sence (ludellUite probably i and 17
per cent, die, one would like to know
wlial the facts are with regard to the
sick: how many do not recover und
how many are found to be uiuit for
service? The Germans also report a
marked general Improvement In Iior
pital treatment.
while a satisfactory comparison
cannot be made between French anil
German hospital efficiency, since the
Berlin statement deals exclusively
with wounded. It Is evident that the
percentage of soldiers who are able to
return to flic front must be largo in
Isith armies. The same story could lx
told. n doubt, of the British, Belgian,
Italian and Austrian armies, and the
physique of tha Ruaslan soldier is so
good that In spite of less skilful mod
ieai attention n large majority of the
wounded who reach the baas tins
pitals must be able In resume their
places In Ihe ranks. Of course such
Statistics leave llie question of per
centimes at the Held hospitals iiniin
sweredi Many nf the (leapei'utei
wounded do not vo lung enough in
Im Irealed Hi llie base hospitals,
The opinion lluil Ihe war will he
01 f exhaustion, victory rest pa m,
the elde thnt can organise the largest
armies and maintain them In the
Held, Is generally held. But exhaus
tion will hardly be a question of
men If 80 per cent, or more of rhe
wounded are regularly restored to the
colors. They will go back as veterans,
to stiffen new drafts In the line. The
war might go on Indefinitely If only
combatants were needed. Apparently
the exhaustion that will end Ihe wnr
is one of funds to carry It on, to
equip troops and feed them, to pay
for shells and cartridges.
The Futile Dardanelles Campaign.
It may be supposed that the decision
of the Hritlsh Government to with
draw all Ihe troops from the Suvlo
and Anr.ac districts of the (inlltpoll
peninsula the disembarkation has
been effected with small loss wns
taken upon the advice of lrfrd Kituh
ener, who looked over the ground In
the end of November and spent two
hours in conference with General W.
R. Hibdwooo, the local commander.
The Incident marks the end of the
Dardanelles campaign, for the bri
gades Intrenched at Sodd-ul-Bahr In
the toe of the peninsula have not
gained a foot of ground for months.
Nothing Is said about withdrawing
Ihem, hut they could be better em
ployed elsewhere. It would seem to
be slmph n question of getting them
away with n minimum of casualties
under cover of the guns of the fleet.
Whether the troops withdrawn are
to he ferried across to Sulonlcn or be
diverted to Egypt Is a matter of spec
ulation, us the Government refuses
to make a statement. Hut since the
defence of the allied positions about
Salonlra Is the urgent emergency and
the assembling of n large army In
Macedonia would Impress Itumnnla ns
well ns Greece, It Is a fair presump
tion thnt Snloulca Is the destination
of General Ilianwoon's force.
At least the Colonel might have
waited until tho festivities coincident
with the Christmas holidays of 1915
aero over.
The man who attempts to shelter
himself beneath two Auks la certain
to lose the protection of both.
A Hindu professor Is authority for
tho statement that plunts become
tired If in uncongenial company and
droop with weariness. As an exam
ple, the shrinking violet, instead of
being modest and shy. Is really bored
to death.
If the papers for the next fl.e years
restricted mention of Intereolleiflate ath
letic to the limits allowed for Intercol
legiate debating, at the end of that time
there would be no athletic problem worth
public discussion, Dr, Albion w. Bmau
o ise f'siti rn'is of Chicago,
At ihe risk of uncovering a hideous
s andal, may we ask for an investl
gatlon of the report that Intercollegi
ate debaters frequently receive free
board for spouting In vacation time
at eurmui r hotels?
Seci clary QABaigOM cannot return
an affirmative answer to the request
of the American liefcnce Society thai
he set aside '.he order forbidding army
officers to dlSCUSl prep a redness for
publication, It i a time honored rule
and has worked well The publica
tion of the views of army officers
could not be regulated; a Lieutenant
would have as Kmxl a right to speak
and write us g MuJor- ieneral The
country would be inundated with pro
fessional opinions. Discipline would
Suffer, Army officers are carried on
the, rolls for the purpose of attending
stii. tiy to the performance of their
duties as military men. They are con
cerned eulely with preparing troop?
for the emergency of war. At the
same time they nny he called upon In
an official way for advice about the
Improvement of 'he army.
The eneral Staff often makes re
Iirtn wbu h are spread on the records
f OongTOgl or published by the au
thority t tho Bsc retary of War. Only
a few davs ago the War College di
vision's study of the military needs of
the country appeared In the news
pniwrs Nothing could be more au
thoritative. But that is a very dif
ferent thing from throwing down the
Kirs and permitting several thousand
officers on the active and retired lists
to talk as much as they please and
aa often as thev please about the ex
pansion, eorgenlawMon and manage
ment of the army In peace and war
Is not the Hon. BILL ftdNN of l'ltts-
burg eo:, fusing himself with the Colo
nel when he says "Tho rule of the
sea applies to me I must be the lust
man to leave the Progressive ship ?
Now that V!LLA bus announced hll
acceptance of a lecture offer the
Chautauqua world eagerly uwotts tiu
news that he has "doubled up" With
another eminent artist. is there no
Impresario enterprising enough to
bring together on one etace the head
liners IJ11.L and V1LL7
According loan official statement is-
toii-d in Berlin "a pan" of the Gertruui
fleet cruised in the North Sea recently
without seeing any Hritlsh warships.
It is iu doubt true, bur ha no par
ticular significance. What the Hrit
itih navy is waiting for is the whole
and not "a isirt" of the German fleet.
Britishers generally regard 3erman's
much advertised Kgypllan campaign as
mostly, though not entirely, a bluff -
If. spates frtint London
t'nceiiHored eiherlal messages from
Berlin record a curious coincidence.
Teutons generally regard Britain's
much advertised "drives" as mostly,
though not entirely, bluffs
Congressman lUiiJtY of Pennsyl
vania is denouncing what he calls
"the poison of preparedness." The
Belgians and Chinese couldn't com
prehend his point of view.
Kublirr Nerve Protector for Hotel Itaori.
Te TBS BWTOS "C TDK Hrv .Sir: 1 nouli
uKet that lunei preprtetert have tiien
room ibmre Lipped or shed silh rubber,
from u long lapeHssas ileeetug in
hotel I have come lo ths conc lusion tlmt
lh .ivsrsse inoissl think s iloor vta
in. eie to he hanged. SeptsiSiiy lata at
high' eriiiUT,
.sin . -.nk. in' ember '
liirinltenl Old klilekerliiM-ker.
Kiikkoi Hew do- Nf s vork spend: lis
mens) 1
H''i,rr In leiltlna rink on - mm
J to snlng tlirm oK tht ('.rests
WAR FINANCE.
Which Ride Is lining Bankrupt First
In the Great Conflict 7
To Tin KniToa ok Tnr Hrsi--Sir: A
few days ego you published a letter
from Mr. IT mated, which was highly
Illuminating and In mv opinion a valu
able contribution lo onn of the burn
ing questions of the day. International
MnHiice. The subject per se is ex
tremely Interesting and deserves a
place In nny publication, ss It Is very
tittle understood, hence a discussion of
sny phase of this topic can only bene
fit the Intelligent reader.
This country has now the opportu
nity of usurping a great ileal of the
flnaitiial power of the Old World, but
It can only do so 1f our people ore able
to correlate and coordinate the de
mands and requirements of foreign
countries to our own conditions and to
carry out conclusions reached by m
telllgent reasoning In e practical way.
This Is my excuse for taking up your
valuable spare
There is not a single argument In
Mr. ITmsted'n article thst Is not hased
upon truth, nnd It Is sound reasoning.
He has sensed actual condltlrsis, sp
parentl v from an unbiassed standpoint.
I do not know the gentleman person -ally,
hence I cannot say whether he Is
pro-Oertnnn or the contrary, but that
has absolutely nothtreg to do with the
subject. His article Is n true descrip
tion of financial conditions t the pres
ent time.
1 knew there would soon be an an
swer, nnd it appejired In Tim Si k of
DecetnW IK, a nil was written by a Mr.
R. J. nberfohren, who Is pro-Herman
undoubtedly, nnd Oerman-hki tries to
obscure the Issue hv means of oasu
Istry, sophistry and all other tricks of
the argumentative kind. He starts in
with a positive statement thnt the
nngiish Government had confiscated
the gold gupply of the Belgian Ma
ttunnl Hank. I know tliat this supply
is stm intact, ami undoubtedly the
other suppllea he refers to are nlso in
tact. He calls into question the state
ment of the British Chancellor that the
private banks are holding triM.nOO.hOO
In gold. 1 know one partlculnr bank
that holds J40,noo,onn n gold, and
there are a great many private banks
In London. All banks In England,
with the exception of tho Bank of
England, are culled private banks, and
the use of the wvtrd "private" Is a
specimen of Mr. t iberfohren's casuis
try. The silver in the Bank nf England
and the silver In the Bank of France
Is a negligible quantity) and Is so smnll
in comparison to the gold holdings
that In the terms of the chemist it
would lie called only a trace.
The entire argument loses Its force
by Its misstatements hen. a It Is use
less to "o further into the matier. We
now come to Mr Oberfohren'fl state
ment of the German side of the case,
and here all is sunshine and arro
gance. But "Papier 1st geduldtg."
Comparison means nothing, but that Is
the lending fault of the Herman casu
ist. I know I)r HelfTerlch, the presi
dent of the German Retchahanki per
sonalis . and many a talk have I had
with him on world finance. I know
how his heart ii bieeding when for
policy's sake he is obliged to make
statements that he knows are not
true Talking to n prominent German
banker a few days ago, he saal to me:
"I know we are bankrupt, but I only
hope 'hat the Allies Will Ik- dOi lared
bankrupt n few weeks liefore we are.
then we will have the advantage."
The Qermnn people are a wonderful
rwople : to kierw them in their own
country and In their home surround
ings is to los'e them. I was educated
In Germans . nnd In my henu I have a
love for del man Kultur as exemplified
by Its scientists. Its poets and its
masses, but the Kultur of the KaWer,
the Kultur of Von TiPpi!. and the
Kultur of the leSOe Step- H eavrn
f off end Vf:iiits
New Vi Riv. December SO
The African Ooll Pile.
T the EiiiTon or The gt'N -Sir; I
notice ,n The sin of December 15
communication from Brother I'msted,
in which lie says th.it Britain's DOS'
I sessions turn up from the earth tL'SO.
I 000,000 s n,r ii, nold
Ills inference is that tin gold is
available lo Britain for hir purchases
In America. The fact is thut none of
the gold mined in Africa since the war
betan has been shipped from that
(continent through fear of capture.
It ii idled up In the 1'nlon of South
Africa batiks, and the B.ink of Eng
land drafts notes against It, some of
which are accepted as waeies by the
miners. This is done to keep the
mines ;ti operation.
Nor have Prance and Itmsia any
foreign supply of mined gold to draw
upon.
There is, therefore, no point to the
l meted communication. As for bank
statements, they are like the 'Juggler's
deck of cards. They do not always
show the amount of gold actually on
hand unpledged, i". K, Cooran,
Xsw Vosk, December 20,
LAMENT OF THE FISHERMEN.
An Open l.elti-r to Certain Heedless
tdmliiMrutnrs.
7o .1nyor Jtihx Pit rroy 1lfOAfl mid It.
A. r .sniin. CU'Smtisleesr of Pocati
and r crri
BNTLBMBM Ths recreation pier at
Fiftieth street imn been closed to anglers.
Pishing is prohibited to our W ent side
liaak u'Hitons
Tommies are bltln' and Uie pier is
closed lo out sterling senile profeseori
of the angling art
Win iii itu-as ot me Anglara aso.
elation tolerate thitC'
Did we not lo-dai gel it Preamland
an appropriation for a nei '.'
Doee Mayor Michel inse with one
baud and uniidtnw with the other'.'
lish and ftsliliiK furnish the sole in
expensive recreation of our West Side
Qerman and Irish.
We euliii our foot I for brain and
brawn In the teeming waters of the
Hud eon,
Are our devotee of IhlN moid Inno
cent contemplative rt to t- robbee bs'
IhW adm i tilsl rat Ion, neutral In name, so
that munitions of si'ar may lie shipped
to murder our brothers In the t re nohes ?
Our Irish bartender drew up for a
Oerman Broobhagsn'i iiirrhaiie, iiesd
gunrtera of the Eleventh Avenue Track
Bemoval Aesoolationi the Eta rt y -sevsmth
Street Villagers, the following notice 1
"We are neutral, Vny one who can't
say g good word for Hie Kaiser pan
get out."
We are healumng to feel tlmt this
administration i averse in giving uh
nir rights,
1 Hir right to our waterfront for food
AghiOM 1H liiahenalile, nol to lie ,cw
York fentmllged,
A word to the wise is tufllulent, as-s
the Meveirtli Avenue Rasher and fish
erman, B, M l.lnwiii
Nrw Vork, lie camber SO,
rarliiauM f'gndr'i 'rem nH
"' ''' MWrwaoseVsf' I'hiladftukit Vr,,
a lagrrlsge Urease issued t" Mu
esii Cgrlslmti ready, in sngl t ry.
on.-, sad Plsre Millet guler of Tyrone
Dead) ssi born oa cin unee, heace hi
same, and still be married us lost gag
TO PEACE THEORISTS.
A Property Owner Calls for Their
Nnhstltale for Preparedness.
To th Editos ok Tw SttK lr: Will
some sincere exponent of the doctrine
of unprejparednees tell us exactly what
his programme of peace Includes? What
protection does he propose to give our
b .mes and families and plscee of busi
ness? After thirty years of work I have
acquired a modest property, where un
molested 1 may manage to avotd becom
ing an inmate of the ceunto farm. But
should an army of Invasion land upon
our beach, three miles away. I would
have to take to the tall timber, and If
I and my family escaped with our lives
we would become refugees, deprived of
the means of making a living In our
old age
What do the disciples of unprepared
nese offer In place of big guns, sub
marines, plenty of ammunition and men
trained to the hour In their moat po
tent uses? Something more then Idle
curiosity prompts Ohls Inquiry. In the
county of Kuffolk alone 75,000 men,
w onion end ohlldren and
I Wants Knv.
Bit i.port, December It
A Plea for ITapreparednes.
To thi Editor or Ths 8itN Sir:
There have been reasons given for this
war, the moat terrific and terrible In
the world's history. Hut the cause was
praparednass. Preparedness on the part
of one nation thorough and long oon.
tlnued led to fear. Eear drove other
nations Into alliances and Into pre
paredness. Preparedness of rival groups
of nations led to a condition that can
only be described ns explosive. This
explosive condition led to a frame of
mind that resembled hysteria and panic,
so that when one nation mobilised Its
forces anoliher nation not only mobilised
its troupe, and not only began the In
vasion of a neutral country on Its way
to attack a rival, hut asked the world
t.i believe that that overt aot of ag
gression was purely defensive. The real
iiuse of the war was preparedness for
peace, preparedness agalnV war, pre
paredneag for defence, win .ever phrase
you like best, but always preparedness
for war.
If a referendum were taken in Ger
many nnd In England to-day, the two
best prepared nation, the former on
the land, the latter on the sea, there
WOttld be an agreement on the paii of
the people of t'lioae countries that there
mut be no rejietltlon of the conditions
Whlotl lesl to this wer. They might be
led astray by national feel.ng to say
that this repetition can only he pre
vented by subduing the adversars.
This would mean that the subdued
national croup must be kepi In subjec.
UOfl by force of arms, and this would
lesd to more and prolonged prepared
nes. which was Ihe cause of this war
and which would Inevitably lead to
recurrence of It. Germany has subju
gated Belgium, Poland and Serbia. Kng
fiand has command of the sea and has
subjugated most of Hermans oversea
possessions. To re -over either, the war
misi he carried to even more dreadful
irtts of life and property. To com
promise or es-en to propose lompromlse
la regarded as weakness if not folly.
The neutral nations, especially the
leading neutral nation, the United Atates,
are faced ssith the alteniatise of Pre
paredness or of proposing a plan which
ssi'.l prevent a repetition of Ibis condi
tion of prvpaiedness that led to the
great war, The pr iple of the t'nited
S'a.tes seem at piesent to huve olueien
t'lu alternative of preparedness rather
than to le Witling tO Consider as 'oad!
ble s plan for preventing war.
No lovernment of any neutral na
tion seems to le w.llh.x Officials) to
propose t-ie real remedy for the disease,
me Individual, Hems' Kurd, a maker of
automoMlei, has taken his courage In
both hands and as sr. Individual Is
financing a meeting of those Who de
alre 10 se,. this w.ir nnd all war end.
Mr. Ford is ouvrieU wan ridicule, but
he is the only man Who has up to the
present time shown a wlllltujnoae fo
sacrifice anything to bring about peart
He sa.d to be seeking advert leement.
Why, lie coiiid buy all the advertise
ment ut a mutth entailer OXOOngOi He
is said to have no plan. Who knows
thai the conference he Is calling will
not propose a perfectly feasible plan?
That is one of the objects of the cwn
feroni a He is said to have a "big
head," to he "cragy," Ac. Whatever dta
ease Mr HOOT) lOCd baa, it should re
mind us of ttie whiekey General lirant
was said to drink when he was Winning
victories President liiusdn, when snn
piatnt we made shout i leant drink
ing whiskey, said that he would like to
send ,i barrel of it to Ids other Generals
who did not win victories.
I.KWIS STOCKTON.
BorTAbo, December it.
PHILIP NOLAN.
; I tldenee That the l.essua of Hll
Life I umpelllng Attention.
To Tin: Kioto. ,,r Tits gt'N .Sir; I
want to congratulate you upon your
wise ohotag In placing as your first edi
torial article "Philip Nolan."
i,et us take the bint froni ou and
make some effort to influence, if only In
a small way. our boss and girls to be
true to the country under whose protec
tion their hOQlpg ere made for them.
Koine weeks ago. thinking these dass
eeperialls- appropriate for the lesson
taught by the life of Philip N'.dan, I
read "The Man Without a Country" to
my young nephew Tour article lias
derided tne lo send a number of ciades
of lies hook to a neighborhood house.
or which i am president, wan me re
quest that ver club leader Mhnll read
It lo Ina or her dub of boss and girl
before the New year lias ooine.
1 1 Benjamin.
New York. December II
'I'd THg BOITCg or Tut gt'N so Per
mil me to express ins- very hearts oom
mendtttion of your editorial article
"linlln Nolan" in Tun BUN of Decem
ber l. i sincerely nope your sugges
tion Of ! general rereading of that
classic of American patriotism will lead
iiinn.s people to hum it out and ponder
well in these das of bifurcated alle
giance, sneaking traitors and spies the
stirring lesson it tearhee, indeed, i am
ipine sure iiiiini people hava been moved
in recent developments' lo ,i reperuigj
of the document, Ju( as I base In el
Aa Sign 10 Can! of what folks al e think
Ing about now.idass, I may mention the
fact that a few weeks ago a certain
business oonogm here In New Jersey re
produced "The Man Without a CoUn
try" in Its entirely and soul il bread
cast without comment as an addendum
lo us regular adsertislng circulars That
concern gets my business It. C W
Agguat I'Aith. n. j, December It
This Veer' Toys.
Tee bean ,.f dear .. I San'.s ClgVM II hejvy
in hi liresal.
As lie packs hi Lam wiih fljg IHwag
elf I for Utile glrln and !,
lis turn hi eyes In sorrow lo the 15t
Mil I Iii llie S 1.
Then ge tjilly, learfu;'), at mi yr'
aliid of teyi
There am no in i 'e dolin -:ih l filial
gay gad bright
Ttll iniciinie of I Red 'Tom muse It
ss inn in kiibii orevii
Ami im ami seeden soldieri luet ras
Fat a Rghl
Ar Heading In htuallasj ted looMie
yen lirave.
t: ii herd upon gl N'n It
klnills heirt
W ii n ii j
T.i thrust aside :h v p.. ,,f ,,, ,h41
Heed tor pes. mi c, ii in.
Rii m gin ths ohiigren vkel h' nt
bsi ilarays keen hii ssi t,
And so he'- luking mile guni la eele
ferule I'hr.si t blrik.
e. Jo as
BOROUGH HOME RULE.
President Mark of Manhattan II
poees Hit Hnlldlng Inspection Plan.
To Till Km tor or Tui Scn Sir: It
Is well that public attention Is sgaln
being called to the need of building In
epectlon reform. The present waste and
confusion are intolerable to tenants as
well ss landlords
Whs Is the practical way to end this
abuse? Home may declaim excitedly and
dramatically against borough divisions
In our city government. This Is really
a waste of time and effort. The unit of
the great city of New York Is too large
and Its physical conditions are too va
ried to permit of a single neighborhood
sentiment. Our city of Ave or six mill
ion people, destined to grow to eight
or ten millions, cannot, I believe, he suc
cessfully represented without local bor
ough subdivision The massee of the
people of the various borougnis Inelet
upon local autonomy In many physical
mutter which come cloee to their delly
life, such as control over public works
and the conetructlon end ssfety of
buildings.
Hnlldlng condition In the vertoue
boroughs very eo materially ee to make
each a distinctly local problem. r
example, In Manhattan almost es-ery
new building operation le preceded by
the destruction of old buildings. This
necessitate! shoring and underpinning
on a scale not required In other bor
oughs, where new buildings are usually
constructed on lots hitherto vacant.
Also in Manhattan tt Is almost the rule
to excavate two or more stories deep
underground, thus encountering unique
snd Interesting situation.
The borough will not permit the de
struction of their autonomy In the build
ing bureau. If these weie taken away
only the single Department of Public
Works would remain under the Jurisdic
tion of the borough. It requires no
piophet to foresee overwhelming defeat
In the Legislature of any audi attempt
The proper cry of "Home Itule for 'Jit
lea'' le echoed In boroughs which them
selves are the slxe of the Isrger olUes.
I do not see how our representatives
could he true to their trust without
recognizing the will of the'r constituent.-!
so clearlv expressed.
At a conference of cltliens which I
called a few weeks ago I proposed a
practical plan for ending the present
deadlock betseeen friends and oppo
nents of centralisation of building In
speoi lone. Fire Commissioner Adamson
bae recently made a similar suggestion
to the Mayor.
My proposition Is to centrallxe In each
borough building bureau all Inspection
and regulation of buildings of every
kind during construction ani alteration,
and thereafter to centralise all Inspec
tion and reaulatlnn of buildings of every
kind ns'er the ue or the "housekeep
ing" functions In one department under
the Mayor. During one period, that of
rontruotion, the borough sill control,
and thereafter by clean cut distinction
a city funotlon will hs performed.
I liellese that after fair discussion
this plan will be found to meet the
present situation and absolutely elim
inate dupllcntion and conflict.
This plan rieerves both proper neigh
borhood sentiment and borough auton
omy, and at the same time does not
Interfere with the principle of city con
trol over license functions
Marcvs M. Marks,
President Horough of Manhattan.
Manhattan. December 20.
BOOMS AND THE BOOMERS.
The Season Xow Open for the Heat
ing of the Favorite Son.
To tiik EDrroa or The Si n .Sir: In
tle-sn days when ao much talk Is made
regarding a stronger navy, and the l:n
portance of legislation more helpful :o
business men and wage earners, we
people up iere in the neck of the woods
believe Senator Weeks is a logloal man
to direst the settlement ot these impor
tant questions.
Massachusetts Is not alone in believ
ing that the Keiiubllcan party will come
to New Rngland for a Presidential can
didate The day has been whan a small
town In this State would furnish two
Presidents, It is time for one more
especially In this International crisis.
Senator Week, of all the candidates
mentioned, lo the most capable, hy
res SOU of hie experience, in passing upon
naval questions He Is a graduate of
the Naval Academy. He was for years
commander of the Massachusetts Naval
Brigade He sva a volunteer naval otn-
cer In the war Willi Spain. When Wil
son landed troops at Vera I'rur. and it
looked for a I line aa though we were
lo have a big war" with Mexico instead
of a "little war." Weeks was one of
the first men to volunteer for service
at the front Ilia friends believe these
are among the striking reasons for bis
nomination which Induce nupport for
him outside of New Kngland.
Sign multiply that the nominee of
the convention trill b a real Bepuollcen,
in fad as well Us in name ; that he is
likely to be under 6o veai of age: that
he win be i thorough believer In the
Republican tariff principles, in the up
bulldlng of an American merchant me
rine . thai he will be callable of leading
and directing his parly also tliat he has
not been an expot.ent of peace or a little
navy most Unpopular doctrines, i be
lieve. Willi American people hnsing red
blood In tlielr seitis.
Sefiator Weoks completely nils the idll
n a Kepubhcan Candidate for President.
His record In Congress shows his calibre
and strength The principles whlrh he
has put forward i-i public life have been
those upon widen the character, strength
and material sir- ess of tne t'nited Slates
have been developed He stands for
deeds, not word
ltmad and tolerant, he would be Ihe
I ) pt a candidate.
ROW IN W. Iniiai is.
Boston, December 2a
The tNjrhology of Dote l ight.
ToTHg KniTog ok Tiik Sr s - sir: Uov
emmentl are laigely theoretical a-id are
loo ofien the victims of theorists In
dlvtduall are merely human beings
Thus, pacifists at strife user the sup
ping of strife are still pac;fii. Slate
at strife osvr questions that mas In
volve their national existence are un
.holy blood letters who must he coaxed
from the trenches by a mixed .hotus
of foreign unperspertivlatt twittering m
ironical "Merry Christmas, peace lis on
earth!" So here is s distinction to he
dills considered before giving way to
mirth over the news of the ways and
meant bickerings, on board the ocean
go cm dovecote. Hajtiigg
New York. Deee nuer In.
rsa.lng Bteaei In Oklahoma.
From thf Ok'.ihoman
t 1 1 Mak-r and lite wife. Apache Woman
gad hi stepdaughter, Parted, near Ueerv
rotas over lo sign ihe deed of s,r:, Heed
all .t nant mm Apache Wontea ind Parted
sod Ootober 13.
Mai tVeehee going sow a to Is
lington ai m on leitneji am n-
eigUm si-rei near Calumet or oiy.i Bear
ll.e sHetmeat htr deceeeeil hunbm,,!
While Hartaiii Arapaan ladies
deeded so acrsi of H.1 Woman eUotmeal
in mi ran dose phuip Jud.on Qua, .on
off Quo and Suiting otter
Niuiinei of onoyenaet ar i-nipirie mM
Bd Teeih on Moggy Creek r.r Reeell
Bad Teeth tMiajrht beef from pat
rV and ihi ramp I having lot of hf
to e.n T Drowe is ' tiler Priest T
cs-iup. lie tetll r aiorlee or night tq iho
young Indian-
I'ri.oked W antes wifs of lNi : ttaa
tP'lne and I'Un MOUI if nf He.i l(
glen, from Clinton ""I 1 0 Tons.ie H.ver
agency llonteot lo siit
in ferisaer'i VastHi for Jeniiers r. n
lolliern begin in reminiscences, John Qali
worthy comment on the wnr H. Kosaar
Ceftorl lies iihm:otMca ana Ma s . ...
. - w ' - nsj I e us
0l Cenade I ji spin I There are f.e.r kw
eioriei iin ii semi i .tone i, Williams
jfUr piwrn smj o colored PlClUrM by II
'C t'hnetg
PRESIDENT'S BRIDE
APPEARS ONLY ONCE
Rjy;M Seclusion Broken Im
LOBg Motor Hide With
Mr. Wilson.
MOVIE MEN AGAIN FAIL
Mot Sprixc.s, Va.. lire 21 1 ,
t on have Inoreased that tht rreide--end
Mrs. Wlleon intend to avoid i
publicity ee possible during tlielr honej
moon. They emerged from their apart
ments but once to-day, when the)
u two hour ride along quiet mount!
roads.
Word was given quietly to the mol
picture men who have been hoping i ,,
the I'resldent would relent from hll i
fusal to be filmed that he had no ,
Intentions. With Ihe Pfeetdenl and t ,
bride on their motor trip went thr
eeoret service men. One of Iheet .
with the l'resident's driver and
others were in a machine which trail,
close behind.
Mrs. Wilson is ore rhr black s:
costume she had on when eh rivet
yesterday ami an Aimrlnui Ileum v Si
nestled In the black fur si net MO
The President had on ; dark gray cs,.
cost end a soft felt h.it and rrled
fur rug over hla arm. WhlOh he lucked
carefully around his In tie
Stops were made at Warm Rprlhgi
and Alum Springs, but ;hec sere jun
pauses. When Mr. aisl Mrs Wil.,n re
turned tliey went to their section . ' i ,
hotel Immediately. They t.se taken r
part In the social life of the hotel
All the morning Wag Spent hs t
i'resldent and his bride in inswei a
messages of oongrat ulntlon ss i . hsvi
been received. MUny of these tii ne.
from Ihe heade of foreign nauont, b
because of the delicate condition! of -j .
foreign affairs a list of those who as
sent their felicitations will not h rnti
public. It Is known thai the lia,t ,
some of the belligerents In tne Kuropesn
war have not as yet forwarded '
oougruiulations.
The ilay was enlivened when II s
Mct'Untlc, general storekeeper, oai , i
rector, lawyer and b euffrage of I
sovereign voters of Bath OOUnty a )us
lice of the peace and the i Vsintno
wealth's ranking Magistrate (Use on'
statement of welcome to the prsj
ami hla bride.
As Justice Mcflintlr phrased It. .
county la proud Of lis honors, but i 'er
mined to be modest alut in.",.
why not? he pointed out. for tills ,
mountain nook also has been the
of Robert K. l,ee, who ish1- i
quite a man In Virginia, and SI uie
somewhat svell known Dome rati I
idem, Thomas Jefferaon. The lattt
certain anclerit books alioss. or .
a bottle of wine here for 30 i 1
time have changed since Jefferso
In the midst of hymeneal Joy
strife. From among the bll
servitors of the lunise three ss i tern
Zeek Blackstone, William Udward (Jrej
and William IV W ashington op U
ohoaen to attend the President, 11
the baton of Nathaniel Barry, the
welter.
The trouble arise because Ihes.
vitors Cannot remain gttfflclentl
aa'are of the distinction confern
them, tttber waiters eoggpla n thai I
servitors iiase ceaeed speaking to thei
and that they have adopted 1 srholl IS
democratic uttimde.
The I'i esldotit's mall ami teleg
are being vised with unusual carl
make Fiire that no unpleasant n ea
from cranks will reach him.
also an agreement that the o el n
rieas to reeotl Uie Preslderu aha . hi i
at a minimum. Both at the W i -and
here tliere have been ord - ihi
only papere of urgent imports ti slut
tie sent to him.
Mr.. i!eor-e Qunton, ss , , s
of the bride's family, has eel I t Prei
dent and Mrs. vVilaon in s
afternoon tea' ThUTsda; i i -
Ixxlge. her place near here
WILSON NOMINEE HELD UP
fte-iafe HIim Li 1m Nm
llublrr for rradf Mom til
Washington, Ot '
QUMtlOCI whether (Jeprw Kuh I
ctMittniuMi m '.'' i I
Tratif 'oinniibr
beforn the Sen.i 1 iin n
BMfot! to which . i - :.
Uuyti etto Tb mi itton cum o
fprnn the last Co c -
In their husti- wo "f tho Ad u "
tuition HtminrB ttoiifti tut mtn "
uud brouRhr the W 1 ' m !
HttlwVf on a favorable report wi
formniit y f . vow n ' n
Senator Jh linger "f NtW H
tn an exevulne muN t- ' M '
tin Wftg "irrf irnlar thai Ims p
had o.iiiffc-i Rttamlon i i fn i i
law m i not bttn opmplied ih b)
President In appointing llublre 1
Htnaior Mini tha ar! provided "or
more than thraa niemhcri e aMi
pi1itical party in the o 0 '
Kafifttor QaJUnffr 1 11 -iv
it DamMral and mpporti l '
Wilaofii althoiiah Im atwi o
Hroareue: t. Banal r 'i-ti $
itiatad titer had hae i a plu
if the rule of S ,t ;ii
brnKie out I '' u iu. -i o
it had OOntt and ttiat if th rep
to pt and ouiii pa
t .rial OOttHMV In Ih U
he, ti.iMlnuer, w.i. e '
sei aior 0Qorman exprems
that III i. Hi iiger w ll hi
antvior Raad o( M aou
IwUyi fOUtThl Ruble .
o (oftnan tuid other I m
demand that Kublas'a hon i
ooninilttad. Thera in i i
th Kenalu tliat a majorlt) '
t'tatst ;i if oppoaad to htm m '
tltm I'h'an. p 'f patting
Wat forma ii y h law i
ir gfpootior
MAY NAME DELEHA.MV 11 '
i i in m ii h ii i ii i a t m i i i in i i iti
for S t. a tt n Plan
ijnv Whittnmi'a r
without making publi
man he haH tin idai) U
ineiit lu eu r-t'd Judgi
tire from th Cotiri oi
tdona on January I to in
Att"int, lias nut bridle
of tin poll lira I aoaa(
ii ih aald tliat ti v.
will fail to Jamew I
crat. who wus 0110 01 v'
t'htef u id a ua I da) rii3 . -V
t lovai nor g egp0i led
deplgnatton of Mr I u I
atrtotty iiaraoniwl ihol .
thai protaati have i
tarad With him. Thei b
Ing i ight along thai
tiike Judga Swan n u
ingf tht i laiuorrai i'
Had tiai it did it n
K Kim h for th Hl -
i e mi November elwtion
Thli Ax Ing upon ihe nai
hanty ha lad in th
eiihe- laidor Wa nai ;
t ' m alley, both of whoi
t toned for thn tjaneral Ke
will et t Iih place nil ihe tin
bancn mad vacant thi mil
niiMit of ,i iiit Wv Ingrahitii 1
are now At-Min .mi I -1 :
Mi O'Mailvy being a brotln
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