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THE SUN, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 31. 1915. fttr M in"" "' w" a mwt , (hat the submarine m 0M HR ewertaoa the steamer ; lhal . a iiuti i im allowed for lh beard to antee II. boats. "l that e Mil hod rr (If I m Hi im, r even after 11 Mil Upp'l ab oomnmrMliT of th ut-Tmrin. the ftM ormtlnucs. liowd MM ir-.,mor UM I hiui Tor th 1o t" ! Hi train. and than ii" vessel in anvli that It would mmlr afloat a m pesaahJ. In nble th pnwwn- to 1mtHrlt--"nn ohjent which would have been ntard If tih pss- had not been forsaken by the Kulrv appreciating th attltud of th oommandor. who had In view the rww of tha paapf ngara and crew." says the not, "th utm-Hungarian nml authorities hav arrival at the evulon thai hi apparently neglected to teas sufficiently Into consideration th panic moti the puMmKDm, which rendered disembarkation more trlftlcu' and tha spirit of lha regulation th.it Austro-Hunsrartan naval officer should refuse assistance to no one In distress, swan an enemy. Thj officer waa there tor punished for violating th tnetrur tesn embodied In tbe rules In foroe for ttrh cases. Tha Austrian raply further eipreeae tha hop thai Washington will ha able to anpplv the particular of how the American rltttens were affected, but in tha a rent of such evidence being lark Ing. and the United States being unable to state how tha American rltlsena ram to their death, tha Auatrn-Hungarlan qpiiasaaiil "la ready to pass llgttly ovgr this deftrtenrv. and Indemnify nr damages, whose proximate rauae cannot ba fixed, and hop thereby that the In cMent will be regarded aa ended. PENFIELD HAS NOTE. .OOO Ward Reply Will Reach IT. ". la Day Two. WaailtKOTON, Dec. 10. The Austrian Oovemment has delivered to United States Ambassador iVnneid at Vienna Its raply to tha second Amerloan note on th eaaktag tbe Italian liner Ancona. th a brief cablegram which gave no forecast as to the nature of the reply Ambassador Penfleld stated that Count had handed It to him at th Office yesterday, but that owing length of the not and th time raaulred to translate It Into code there would ba soma delay In putting It on the oable. According to the Ambassador, the com munication will total approximately 3.000 words. Oosstp to-night In quarters close to the Oral an and Austrian embassies sag. i gated that In all probability the note will follow th line In aom respec ts of the early replies of Germany to the de- of the United States In the l.usl- oorrespoiKtenc and seek to relab els tha right, never elnce disclaimed by Oarniany. of the Central Powera to un dertake reprisals against the maritime oatnmerce of the Entente nation by aulx raartne warfare, even at tbe risk of In hering neutrals la this' connection It Is also suggested In these quarters that Austria Is likely to urge, a Germany urged, that Ameri cana keep off passenger ships of bellig erent countries. SAYS BREAK IS AVERTED. Bear Aaatrlan Nate to V. . Is Coaelltatory. tsat r. Dessaft to Tas lr BOarc, Dec. 10. The prevailing opln kM at the Foreign offieri. said to be basal on confidential information, i that a rupture between America and Austria is not Imminent It hi believed that all serious differ ence will he averted by Austria's con ciliatory attitude and her partial compli ance with th American demand. In addition It is said thai Germany la brlng uxg Influence to bear to prevent a break. KAISSK'8 JtoCK LARCH). He Bays Baaperar lager Fross Sapprtljg PBleajasoa. as)moN, Dec 10 A despatch to th Central News from Zurich, Nwltserland says: "Emperor William, who Is suffering ! iresn a suppurating pniegmon In the neck, has been given some relief, his doctors saving resorted to lancing.'' STeiftnan' MriUcal Dictionary gives the following definition of Phlegmon I Acute suppurative Inflammation of til subcutaneous tissue. Diffuse Fhleg- 1 mon, pniegmonoua Henuiltls, a diffuse in narnmotlon of the Mubcutaneous tlasues aoaompanled by constitutional symp toms of epi". Sepsis In ttie presence of various pus forming and other patho genic organisms, or their toxins, in th Mood or tissues." ffEBJCAJf BOYCOTT ON DYES. parts to America Barred. Nay a h lea o Importer. Ohicaoo, Dec. SO Oermany's boycott against Amarlcan merchant who want chemicals and dyestufts among them aniline dyes Is an accomplished fact. Bven permission by Great Britain for vessels to pass the blockade will be un availing. This Information was brought to Chi cago to-day from first hand sources by Elmer R. Murphey, president of James II. Mho U i & Co., Chicago importers and manufacturers of Industrial chemicals. 1 Mr. Murphey got the notice direct from , Sr. Uoenlg, the foreign trade executive I f tbe Foreign Office In Berlin, who gave him this statement : "When your Government becomes neu tral by action in place of words we will consider permitting xioits, but us long as you supply munitions of war to the Allies, which may be permissible, and ut the same time acquiesce In the throttling of shipment of non-contraband articles, done with a view of starving out the civilian population, we cannot treat with NEW VICEROY SILENT. Lewis Harcourt Refases to (as rau or Deny Appolatanrnt. Lostdon. Dec. 10. "I have nothing to gay," was the enigmatic answer of lewis Harcourt. First (Vmmlelnnr of Works : an the British I'ahinet, when questioned wer the long distance telephone yester day regarding the report that he was I about to resign to ussume the Vice royalty of India M. Harcourt, who was at Nuneham Park. Oxford, resolutely declined either to confirm or deny th report. He has been frequently mentioned as the prob aJJJIt sueeeesor to Lord Hardlnge, and i tne absence or a denial might be re gardod us confirmatory. BACKS GARRISON'S FLAN. Matleasl Aerarlty lgsr Favor Itlsen irasr of I , M, Secretary of War Garrison's recom mendation for pn-pardn mm caused th execut.ve committee of the National 8e ourity Deague to pass a lesolutlon yes terday In Whlcg the league's support Is pledged. He was also Invitt.l to sieak at the league congress In Washington, January '.'0. :i and f Ths resolution urged provision for a Cttlien army under Keder.il control and the accumulation of lumclenl mil tary supplies lii reserve for Us equipment in tuns of war. British Airman in Fjghi Aloft With Four Routs All Fells One, Damages Another, Chases Two Second Flier Brings Down Two Others Twelve Aerial Battles Reported on Western Front. rlml rM ft to Tax lis. town, iJeo. SO British aviators wer particularly active on tha wsst m front to-day. Three Herman asm plane war brought down and twelve aerial battle ail ware fought. On British aviator engaged four (i arm an planes, bringing down one, badly damag ing another and. driving the other two away. Another British aviator attacked two Herman aeroplane and brought down both. Tha German official statement to-day ays that there waa eoioidarabla atrial activity on the western front and that one Hritlsh aviator was brought down. Th statement does not mention the three German aeroplane said by th Br'tlah to hav been destroyed. Elsewhere on th western front there was considerable activity. Th British statement say that th German at tacked south of Frlcourt and that a few German entered the front trench only to be driven out Th German statement, on the o trier hand, says that the British msd two attacks nortthweat of l.llle and were re pulsed both times. Position on Hart mannnwelllerkopf were recaptured from the French, aoc-ordlng to tha German statement. Hit ah Alrsaoa Has?. The official British statement say: Sixteen of our aeroplanes yesterday bombarded Gomlnea station, hitting the station, lines and shad. Ten aero plane attacked the aerodrome at Her vlliy. damaging It considerably. All of the aeroplane returned safely. During the day there were twelve encounter with hostile aeroplanes. One British machine engaged four enemy machine, bringing down on and damaging another. All of them were driven off. Another British aero plane engaged two hostile sen. plane and brought them both down. During th night the enemy heavily shelled our trenches south of Frlcourt. A few German entered the front trench, but were driven out The weather was line and the artillery was active at various points. South of STOCKHOLM FORD MECCA, NOT HAGUE Swedish Invitation May Be Acceptor! Mme. Sell win mer's Status Doubted. Sprrimt '"sftle Prtpairh to Tsx Scv Stockholm. Dsc, 3V The Konl peace conference probably will b held In Stockholm instead of The Hague. A formal invitation to the delegate to return to Stockholm from Copenhagen and hold their iiertnanent conference here probably will be aivepted. owing to the difficulty In reaching The Hague. The visit to Stockholm, costing 14.000 a day, was extended to Thursday night because of the enthusiasm of the Swed ish pacifists. Ten Swedish delegate. whoe names are withheld, have been selected, and also four Norwegians, to attend llie final peace ' conference, but responsible Swedes told Thx Si n s cor respondent that the mission Is hopelea. They suld that Mayor l.lndhagen, who has been prominently Identified with the movement, is u discredited Socialist and bus no standing In the Kiksriag. At a moss meeting to-night 2.300 per sons greeted th speakers among the peace deb-gates enthusiastlcall) . Two apaelal sleeping trains are leav ing to-ntght to cany tho inemliers of the peace party to Copenhagen, where they .ire due at 16 o'clock to-morrow morn lug. Two more Norwegian delegate were announced to-day. Christian r'ybwad of Chrtetlanla. a publisher, and hi wife, lilsa, a cabaret singer. The report of a possible break In th relations between the I'nlteil States and Austria caused consternation among the Ford peace delegate and brought up .a particularly Interesting question ius to the statu of Mme. Iloxslka Hi hwlmmer, the Hungarian ieace advocate. In the event Of war. There was i rumor here that In departing so hastily for Copen hagen she was really dismissed from the expedition. Louis Ixsrkner. secretary of the Illi nois Paac Society, flatly denied tide. We will never regard Mme Schwlm mer as an enemy, regardless of war." he ald. "Hhe Is too ptomlnent as a worker." The Kev. .lenkln l.loyd .lones, while refusing to answer the question regard ing Mme. fi hwlmmer. said : "Th peace party continues It glorious mission." U. S. BEST JUDGE OF WAR. Viscount Hrier mym Karope la Too Busy to View News t'almly, Washinoton, Dec 30 Viscount Bryoe, former British Amlstasador to th I'mted states, in a letter read before the Amer ican Historical Society to-night, say people in the United states are best fitted to judge the developments of the war. "We here in Kurope have been too busy In making history to have leisure to write anything but pamphlets, some of them possessing historical merit, but Inevltablj' colored by the prejudice of the moment "You in the rulinncss of the West are the fittest ration to record the Impres sions pads as each act of the terrible drama unfolds Itself, and the expression of your opinion, both on the cause of the wa- and on the methods, if any there be, by which the recurrence of so awful a calamity can lie prevented, will be highly valued to us. "One thing history will record of Great Britain that she never had to record before- that her people of every race and every class are united as never before In a con .'let Ion of the Justice of their cause and a resolute purpose to main lain It. cost what It may." TEN SOCIALISTS ARRESTED. ttne Woman Among Uermsaa Ac cased of High Treason. lecia Cable Dritntrn to Turn cs. AMSTSKPAXt, via hondnn, Dec. 30. Ten German Socialists. Including Clara Krtktn. have been arrested at Berlin. They are charged with high treason. taake llrslruys flrarlas, Honduras. j Tkoi i'iuam'a , Honduras, Dec. .10. An sartaquass uaatrsywci tne city or or.icia on Monday, but no lives were lost. Th tremor continue. Ypree th artillery was active oil both Me. The French communion Issued to night says: In Artots our artillery exploded a munition depot southwest of Beau ralna. It t ween the Avre and the Ola our trench cannon bombarded the en emy works effectively and destroyed a munition depot In th Beauvralgne sector between the ute and th Alan our batteries destroyed soma mitrail leuse shelters. Toward Ballly, north of Solasons, our artillery fire, directed by asroplanea, reduced to slleno a German battery In th V cages the cannonading waa very active during the day. notably In the regions of llartmannswelllerkopf. Metseral and the Linge peaks. One of our bombs caused five successive deto nations In the wood northwest of Muhlbach. In the valley of the Fectit. In th region of Rehrelsett a German attack with hand grenades was easily repulsed. The afternoon French communique ays: To the west of Feronn the enemy attempted to capture one of our saps In front of Domplerre. The attack was completely repulsed In Champagne, In the region of Navartn farm, our artillery fire pre vented the en-my from repairing th trenches which were demolished by us on the night of December 21-19 On the rest of th front there waa nothing to report. The Berlin official report Issued to-day says : British attempts during the night of December 29 to enter our positions northwest of Ulle by surprise railed. I A German enterprise at night at a point southeast of Albert succeeded, and seversl dosen British were cap Hired The German reconquered positions near Hartmannawetllerkopf. On the whole front srtlllery and aeroplanes were active. The enemy'a aircraft attacked the town and rail road station of Wervlck and Menln (Belgium). No military damage waa Inflloted. but seven civilians wer wounded and one child was killed. A British aeroplane was shot down In a light northeast of Csmbral. RAIL LINK MISSING IN NEW RUSSIAN ROUTE Canroes Reach Alexandrovnk, but Must Be Held Until Road Is Built. Asert; ri ftr4tr)i m Tar r I-oN-i-N. Dec 30. The Chrlstlanla correspondent of the Daily Vuil. refer- ring to the newly established ice free route via Norway to Russia, says 'The first steamer to use the new route wnt around Norway to Alexau i drovsk. She left Tromso on fe emter j 24. Her csrgo will be stored at Alexan- ' drovsk until the railroad from Kola to I Archangel is completed. ' "As It will be possible, when this rail- ' road is built, to transport goods from Tromso to Tstrogrud In five days, the ! first voyaite, which will really be a trial trip, is of great Importance. "It Is. however, very doubtful if the ' railway will he opened tor traffic in the I beginning of 19. . as stated In some j newspapers aim ny tne Itusslan Minister , here. Person from Flnmarken. who re cently travelled on sledges along the i proposed route, assert that the line there Is not half finished, hut that the section between Archangel and Soroka Bay is ' completed. "From Koroka to Kandalasha. practi cally no work has been dotie. Th coun try is very difficult acl swampy. From ' Kandalasha acroiw the Kola Peninsula, about sixty miles of track have been i laid, but 120 miles of the route have not even Deen rtennltely staked out. It la Impossible to confirm these statements." ANTHRACITE COAL PLENTIFUL. Dealer Issue a Mtatemrat lien) lus There la a shortaae. Anthracite coal operators gave out a statement yesterday In wiilch they deny that there is a shortage. The statement follows: "Numerous reports have been circu lated that there is a shortage of an thracite coal and that the price is In creasing at various points. As a mattei of fact there Is plenty of anthracite above the ground to meet all the de mands and the only difficulty Is that of distribution Owing to slack buying during the summer months less anthra oite than usual was delivered, and be cause of the unprecedented congestion of freight fewe cars are available for mov ing it. lue to the demand In the for eign trade the available floating equip ment Is also shorter than usual, while unloading Is slower because of general pressure upon facilities. "There bus been no recent change In the wholesale price of anthracite. The last was n 112. when stove coal was advunced 115 cents a ton, Jiestnut 15 cents and pea SO cents, as an offset to the rle In wages granted that year ana to other Increased mining costs. Thl has been the only change In the prices charged by the operators since 1110 exipt in llll, when chestnut waa ad vanced 2f. cent, and In 1S13. when an adjustment wa made to meet the Penn sylvania state tax on valuation." CHICAGO HOARDING ITS COAL Threat of Mine strike April 1 Alarms Western Roads. ''hicaoo, Dec. .io Preparedness, so far us inking steps to nope with a ikmsI ble strike of owl miners in the spring, Is not being overlooked between I'hicago and th Western sen board It was re mitted to-day by railroad officials and leading oal men here. Big supplies of co:.l are being laid in against the time, April 1, when the working agreements of both anthraclt and bituminous coal miners expire Cpal Is reported a being stored here by every railroad entering Chicago as well aa the Oommonwealth Edison Com pany and other big industries. The to tal probably exceeda 9.000.000 inn. Canada Ha Kaoagb Knnds. Ottawa, Ontario, Dec. 30. No war loan for Canada will b necessary unt.l next summer at the earliest, according , to nuance .Minister v ime. wno an nounced to-day that the proceeds of the recent 1100.000,000 war loan, plus the ordinary revenue or the Domli Ion, would meet all expenditure during the winter. RUSSIAN DRIVE MAY BRING IN RUMANIA. rontjiirrlnff of the Bukowlaa In Now Joint Aim. Pftro jrrad PfUr. TO NTRIKK BULK AS NEXT liOHDOK, Dsc. in Telegraphing from Petrograd the correspondent of the Pall Matt Oturttr ss "Russian Joint operations with Ru mania are on the point of beginning. Rumania will fight with us, although not for us. Her siding with the En tent la not the result of French or English sympathies, hut an endeavor to realise the Rumanian dream of sov ereignty over the Bukowlna and Tran sylvania. As preparation for Ru mania'a entry Into the war Russla'a aim la to reconquer the Bukowlna for the benefit of her new ally. The task can be -iccntnpllaS-.ed In a few weeks. The Rumanian will then fortify tha new province and march with the Rus staiai through Bulgaria and Transyl vania whlls simultaneously th Italltns, Ftench, British and Serbian will deal blow on ot'ier fronts." In the Entente capitals there Is a general opinion that the Russian cam paign, which ha been undertaken In the face of unfavorable .vmther con ditions. Is likely to have an Important bearing on the whol war situation Official Austrian reports, telling of attarks of dense masses of Russian troops. Indicate that an Important battle Is already under way. The fighting centres at a point near Topornuti, a small town Just within th border of northern Hukowlna. Vit a simultaneous attack I being mad along an extended front teaching from tha Fruth to a position north of the Dniester, s distance of about forty miles Tho latest advice state that the Ruralnn assault I being continued, accomrmnlsd by sn unusually heavy bombardment The German War Offloe announced to day the repulse of a strong Russian at tack on the strypa. the Auatro-Hun-garian troops operating In that region Inflicting severs losses on the Russians snd taking 100 prisoners. The statement follows : Gen. Von Bothmer Austro-Hun-gartan troops repulsed an attack of strong Russian forces against tha bridgehead of Burkanov on the Strypa. The enemy suffered heavy losses In killed and wounded. The Austrian took 100 prisoners. Kusslan attacks south of Shlock and on Gen. von L,lnsingen s front were repulsed. Berlin despatches quote an Austrian officer who has been exchanged and re turned from a Russian prison camp a saying that T.onn Austrian snd Ger mans have died of typhus In one part of Ituesla nlone. In Siberia, this officer asserts, the treatment prisoners receive at the hands of the Russian La such that It make most of them indifferent to death. He declares that cordltlona are indescrib able. I'rlsonens there have no accom modations for washing, he ssys. and the guard often rob the prisoner) of their food ITALY RESISTS DURAZZO DRIVE Continw d fnnn Firft Pap. Th' tnland ha mi urea of ttoVM jquarf mile ami n ttltlwsbltkrd mainly h Or 111 The BntiNh hnvt frannfentd troops from SaltirtVa to opfano. n umall OftM Iort mx mlltH MM1 of MalofilcA. with th iiue-ntion of ttltN ''hevkiriK any jio Jthility of a htMMilo aUvano fnm thia quarter AIRMEN SHELL SAL0S1CA. German limp Thirl) Rumba on i Hi Damage, l.oadan Hear. A Serial nhU I .m to Tai: Bui. LoafPON, liec. 10, The Salond-a cor respondent Of the Da4l0 Moil telegraphs. '"Die first aeroplane attack on Salon ika was mad. to-day by two 'albalrosi s" i German aeroplanes i. Thirty bombs were thrown on th city, but no dan age was done The silled fleet violently fired oti the aeroplanes, but without re ult " A1RMENSHELLDEP0TS. I'rench l iters Bombard Balgarlaa tsinaslllss Parks. pnol ' nblr lit.patch to Tas fUs. I'abis, Dec. 10. The War office is sued the following f :nteme u to-day re siiecting activities in the Italkans ! During the day of DOOOmbaf 2s our aeroplane bombarded the ammunition parks and encampments of Ih Bul gars at I'etrlk and to the east of Lake I'orlan, There Is nothing to report from the district souih of the Greek frontier. BATTLE STILL A DRAW. Neither Tarda Nnr British Make Gain In Mraopotanula. Iwial ( atth -,.;. o. . to Tas lag, Constantinopi.k, Dec. 10. The battle of Kutel-Amaru, where the Brltth Me fotumia forces are hard pressed by the Turks, continued to-day without any decisive gulns on either side. Ttie War Gftlce Issued the following statement : On the Irak front : Tlw battle near Kut-el-Amura continues with oau alonnl Intervals. Husslaaa Progressing to Jaaotloa With British. Sp'nal t'ahtr IteniMitch to Tax Sis. I-ondon. Ic. 30 The correspondent of the Post at Petrograd says that the Itusslan forces In Persia are progressing rapidly toward their objective, which is a Junction with the British forces In .Mesopotamia. The lorreepondent predict that these forces soon will meet BELATED LINER HEARD FROM. Falat Wireless He port a Thesaaloa- Ika IfeO Miles "If Handy Hook. The storm belated Greek liner Th.es aalonlka, due her mure than a week ago from th Medltei raneun, reported Indistinctly by wireless yeaterday morn ing that she was making heavy weather of It In a moderate gale and that aha was within 110 mile of Handy Hook. Ths weakness of her wireless mads it Impossible to decipher dearly her mes sages, but the tone of them Indicated that bar skipper believed shs would make port without further mishap. Her boiler room hud been flooded and she wa not logging more than about four knots. neservlats Hesch Italy Safely. Rom. Dec. 30. -It Is announced semi pfflorully that all Italian reservists from America have arrived In Italy safely, all steamers IMvIng managed to escape Austro-Oerman submarines u th 44. luntlc mid Mediterranean. HERRIGT8 RECALL ERROR, SAYS WHITE Chatrrined Finncr In Day of Peril, AuertH Former Kn voy to Parti. TOO MANY TT. S. DIPLOMATS WasirtaTOTDw, Do. 10. Henry Whit, former Ambassador to Franc, who served the United States abroad for twenty-five years, made a atrong plea for the elimination of partisan politics from the American diplomatic service In an address be for th National Historical Society to-night. "It Is ths system hltherfore acquiesced in by th public opinion of this country In It Ignorance of and Indifference to the Importance of our foreign relations to the nation's welfare that 1 am crltl clalng, and not the ahortcomlngs of this or any prevloae Administration." said Mr. White. "The system under which Arnbasssdor and Minister ar ap pointed regard le of any previously known fltnes for their poet arid after having acquired a certain amount of experience In their duties, occasionally also some knowledge of the language of th country In which they happen to be representing th United State, are re called upon th accession to office of a new President" Mr. White showed how the American system had compelled the recall of Am bassador Herri, k from Paris. He said that the continuance of Mr. Herrlck at Paris would have caused "not unnat urally a positive stench In the nostrils of many 'good Democrats.' particularly of Mr. Hsrrlck's own State of Ohio. He was recalled and another gentleman of no previously known qualification for diplomacy was appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate " "But hie successor having been ap pointed." Mr. White said, "under our pernicious system of changing Ambassa dor with our President and for po litical reasons at home rather than for the good of the nation abroad, Mr. Her rlck had to come home to the consterna tion and profound chagrin of th French nation. There I no man In all America who could have filled at that time the place which Mr. Herrlck occupied In thv confidence and affection of the French people and there Is no way In which we could more effectively hav rxpressed officially our lack of sympathy with them at a time of great national anxiety and tribulation than by his recall. "I do not wish to be understood as advocating the appointment of our Am bassador from our own trained service, but that none of them he removed at the moment of a change of President unless for some very serious non-partisan rea sons." Mr Whit showed by comparison how the Kuropean countries keep their trained diplomats in service. He said that dur ing the fifty years since the civil war there have been eight Ministers or Am bassadors from Great Britain to the United States. Of these two died here During the asm time we have had at London fifteen Ministers ami Ambassa dors, or within one of twice as many as the British Government hoe sent to us. Mr White also pointed out that In this fifty year period Great Britain has t ad but six Amhussadoi at Paris, on of whom. Iord Lyon, serve, I twenty y-ars there. He ad.led that since Am bassador Juaserand came to this country lit lfo3 the Utlttad State bus sent six Amb.hSsailors to Paris. Mr. White added that the case of Swltxerland Is still more striking. "Since 1M-." he said, "there have been but six Ministers from that country io the United State and we have sent fifteen to Swltxerland." ANOTHER DROP IN KRONEN. Nrn figures Show a llepreclaf Ion of t bon i 4 I'rr Cent. A further drop In Austrian kronen to new low record prices furnished the -enition of the foreign sichsng market yesterday. Kronen closed at 1-1 as compared with .t previous low record close of 13.17 on Wednesday The parity of kronen is 20 3-10 cents In our inone. At the new figures exchange on Vienna shows a deprec.atrn of approximately 0 per cent. Foreign exchange expert believe that kronen will go cons.derabiy lower, 'as there Is little demand for ex change on thai country and. they say. to belief Is general that Austria will be practically bankrupt after th war is over. Marks also were weaker, receding to 76 a-16 for s.glit drafts and 7i for cables, against Ti 9-1 and 7:s respe. lively on Wednesday. Sterling was fractionally lower, selling off to 4 73 11-11 fur demand and 4.74 5-11 for cables. It losea on Wednesday at 4 73' for demand and 4.74'y fpr cables. Francs were low. r, ching at C.M' for obacai god ,v5 for cable They were quoted on the day previous at H ''lj and -4 for (able- Italian lire daollnad from 1.51 H to 6.IKI i on rtUMHTJ of I new war loan for that country, while rubles, which closed Wednesday at 30. dropped to -9 MACHINERY CARGOES HELD UP RY BRITAIN Tools DfitiiiKMl for Impaction Also, mill American Art Alarmed. tjOKpON; l"c 10. The customs au the. Itleis, by nader of the Home iiffh'c, are retaining for Inspection all Imports of machinery and machine tool. Includ ing consignments destined dilejotly f'r the munition works. All isinalgnments billed to order will hereafter be seised, ond the O-ivettiment aill commandeer th gitiment and iy what It considers u fair markei price The onler has caused 1 nns'dorahl alarm among Iiondiui branches of Amer ican machinery houses It is ofllclnllv denied that the regulation mentis a per manent enrbargo on Ameintn machine tools, the explanation being (hat ita pur poe Is to prevent speculation. The blacklist of neutral shipping Is sued by (he Government for the guid ance of British shippers, who are ad vised not to charier ships appearing on it as they are suspected of actual trad ing with Great Britain's foes, of other unneutral service, or as representing German capital, now shows the names of 101! steamers. The gross tonnage of these vessels Is 80,000, which means a carrying rapacity of 200.000 tons un available to British shippers and neu tral charterers In any way dependent on British shipping. The ships are divided among neutral nation si follows. Tutted Stales. 11: Norway. 31: Sweden, 37: Denmark, 1: Spain. 1: Hol land, 4, and Braill. 3. j The American vessels ure the Al laguaah. Ausable, Genesee, Hocking. Kankakee. Manitowoc, Maumse, Seneca, Winnebago, Wlnneconne and Muskegon. With the growing shortage or tonnage Ibe presence of so many oversea freight ers on the Hal is seriously affecting ship pers, who complain of tbair Inability u , secure charter. "BIGGEST BLUFF OF WAR" Wl TH PR AW ALA T SU VLA 'Every Man, Animal and Baggage Cart" Embarked Under Nose of Turks, Writes British Correspondent. .' hii i'r.,,.,i h to Tas It. bixti, Dec 10. - The correspondent of the Htaitdant. telegraphing from aboard a British warship off Suvla Bay, , ssys: "Kery tnun. annual and baggage cart, all but lx guns which were left behind and which fired until the last minute and were then destroyed, have been embarked from Suvla and Ansae under the nose gf the Turks i . "The biggest blufT in the history of the war has oeen brought off. The new record established by the British army and navy Is the triumph of organisa tion. The cost of the success of this operat.on, liss skilfully i-onducted, might WU have been a desperate rear guard action. xVMJ preparation was made for fighting If It should have become necessary. "The masses of men and material were brought down in extraordinarily short time. When all had been brought away, the few stores we lft were set afire and the breakwaters we hud built of old hulks were smoehed by shellnre from our ships. Although the marching down anil the , embarkUiR of the troops were stealthily done, the burning of the more snd the . smashing of the piers were seen and j heard by every Turk on the peninsula ; When all wo over, the Turkish gtuimra began to shell our former artillery po- , sttlons. "The decision to leave the Suvla and Ansae positions wus reached after long deliberation The final word was Riven on Lord Kitcheners return from the Dardanelles. Lord Kitchener went to 1ondu; convinced that ths evacuation was the wisest . nurse to pursue. In this Judgment he was in accord with th con clusion which the rcsiwnsible General on the spot had react ed." An silled cru.ser and torpedo boat de stroyer bombarded the Turkish position at Arl Burnu ajid Annfarta on the night of December 'JT. according to an official Turkish statement received from Con stantinople to-day These positions ure In the gOTnM evacuated by the British. BUCHANAN FIGHTS WARRANT FROM N. Y. Opts Tinip to Ascertain if. aa GongMMnaBi Hi' is Not Immune, Washington. Dec 30 At the request of Congressman Biichan in of Illinois. II,., Ik.'.irini.i.t of In.t ... d. f t ried 11,'. tion until to-morrow on the bench war raQl for his arrest which readied Wash- I itigton to-day. Mr. Buchanan desired j I further tune iii which to confer with I Congressman Kamey 01 Illinois and other ad .e-s as to the attitude to lie I I adopted l mm In regard to tin de- j bated question whether his constitutional I immunity preclude his arrest on lhal charge for which he has been Indicted. j Frank statements were made by the Department of .1 uvtlc thai no doubt existed in the minds of Official then I that Mr, Buchanan has no su. li Im munity, and It seems certain that un less th.- indicted Congressman ggrsn I to go t" New York and make answer I thr to his indictment a warrant win be sworn out here based on the war ' rsnt from New Vors It wa.- believed ' probable, however, mat Mr. Buchanan would give assurance 10-morrow of an intention to go to New York. If desired j by the Government. Counsel for lb rmiin S, hiilte is Henry B. Mamn and Congrman I'owhr 1 gave assurance tn-da that they would I api-r at 10 O'clock to-morrow morn- 1 mg In the om if i'mted states Com missioner Anson C Davis here 10 make inswsr to their Indictments and K.e bond for their appearance In court 111 New York. 11 Robert Fowler, counsel for Labor Nation. 1! Peace Council, issued a state ment to-nlghl In which he said It was ridiculous to charge men who had spent years In trying In enforce the Sherman . antl-trust Ian with violating It. H polntd out thai Menu B, Martin and Herman .1 HchultSis art officers of the- American Anti-Trust League. The Fow.er stateine: t adds: "Wr give wan ing 10 Hie people and pctaly to the laboring men and farms ei of this country, of tin- great danger Which awaits their future struggle for economic liberty and justice abotua a pre- I .-edcnl be established by tile OOUtt In Upholding .1 prosecution and conviction under such construction of thl statute as now proposed by I'mted States Ai- I tomey Marshall. II irg intended by th ' franieis of this statute that Its provl I along should nol apply to organlxed la I Isir and organist d farmer In .in honest 1 effort to Is-tter their Condition The Clgyton act -of the Sixty-third Congress I provtd that no such application of in 1 Sherman antl-trust law should ever be' mad agalngl labor and farm org.inUu- tion. 1 "should District Attorney Marshall succeed in construing the law a pro posed In thi case po labor organisation would be safe f 1 om criminal proacutkn In either counseling or ordering 11 strike and no fanners' organllatlon would be secure against such criminal action In counseling or uniting for any of the following purposes. o sit : "The storage ot their products in a common warehouse or Otherwise in order to secure belter price : or to prevent a reduction of prices by withholding their prOdUCti to avoid tbe glutting Of Ihe market." The Indicted men's Bret move will be to demur to the indictments IS HAM SHELL REJECTED AGAIN xivr Kxperl Turn llovin Inven tion I ft 14 Mon I lis' Teat. 1 Wash inoton. DM, 10. After a serb s of experiments lasting over fourteen i months, a special board of navy ex perts, headed by Bear Admiral F'ske. has reported unfavorably on the so- ' called lsham shell, invented hv n inau of that name and submitted to the tiavv with the claim that it Is more deadly than the shell now used In the navy Hoc re tary Danlehi has not yet ap. proved the findings of the board, but Is expisMed to announce bis decision In n few days. gpECIAI. NOTItr.8. ASK FOR and GET HORLICK'S THE ORIGINAL MALTED MILK Cheap substitutes cost YOU same pnc The Turkish War Office assart fh fire from the two warship was silenced by Turkish batteries. The statement fol lows : On the night of Decembot IT. our artlllry ellenoed the guns of a hostile crulaer and torpedo boat destroyer which wro IxDmbardlng Anafarta 'Suvla Bay) and Arl Burnu (Ansa. ) and compelled thorn to withdraw W brought down a biplane near YonlsheUr. It fell Into the sea and waa towed In th direction of the island of Imbro. One of our sea plane threw bomb on and eot fire to the harbors and war store of th Islands of I-emnos and Msvro. Operations on the tip of tha Oatllpoll Penlnsu'.a are desct ihed by th French War Office In an official statement lasusd at Paris to-day as follows : Exiedltlonary Corp at the Darda nelles There waa great artillery ic ilvlty on both (Idea during th day of Decern I .er 28 and 11. The enem con centrated hla fire principally on our trenches at Sedd-el-Bahr. On th morning of December 11 a French cruiser violently bombarded the Tur kish batterle on th Asiatic coast. In the afternoon, an enemy aeroplane which attempted to fly over our lines wa engaged by allied aviators and put to flight. VAST STORES LEFT? Foar sitraadod Tsasgerti Also Abandoned, sy Merita. Bi.ri.in. Dec 30, via wireless to Say vllle. The Lofcalonsrfarr' correspond ent at the Galllpoll front tells of seeing four stranded British transports nt Suvla Bay. Supply depot cut from the rock wer filled with enormous quantlliea of pro visions and equipment. A British cruiser began nrlng during the correspondent's Inspection of the deserted positions of the Allies, but did no damage. There were many unburied dead, ssys the correspondent. Every day more am munition is taken from tho water into which It was thrown by British soldier. Turkish soldiers are counting the booty. HALL KILLED IN GAR HIS COLLEGE GAYE Brother Will Brine: Splinters Made by Shell as Present to Colleg-e. IgerUI r-jAe Denpatrh to Tnx Srv. I'mts. lec. 30 American Ambulance officials who have returned from Alsace after attending the funeral of Melville Hall, the American who was killed on Christmas eve. say that Hall mas driving 11 ear donated by Dartmouth College, of Which ft was a sen. or. Tbe Inscrip tion plate revealed this fact and a part of the roof of lh car which was found had the mark of the Red Cross. The splinters iiiadc by Ihe shell will lie taken to America by Hall's brother and offered t-. li.iitinouth College The brother is sailing for home on the French liner Lafayette, leaving January 1. Hull was driving along a mountain road reputed to be safe when the shell, probably a K.r, millimeter, struck nut far behind the car. smashing it and throwing the fragments and Hall's body Into a ravine A splinter struck Hall in the head and killed hint Instantly. Other splinters went into his hack and leg. hut Ids body wa not badly disfigured Hts friend Doyle, reported to have been with him, was wounded slightly only three dais before. Another American ,ar passing the spot two hours later found the body and brought it buck to the section's headquarters near the Hal tinannaweilerkopf district Hall was burled in a m iliary cemetery with full military honor, all of the Inhabitant-., numbering 300. attending. TOILERS DOUBT CITY'S CREDIT. snow Shoveller Clamor 011 Hear Ing of short Supply- of tats, A rumor that the city paymaster1! of fice was running short of OUrrnc) caused an ugly outburst yesterday afternoon unions level il thousand snow thovi lli r. waiting In Hm to be paid for their la bors after the recent heavy storm They becam alarmed at the thought of losing the few cents coming to them and clang ored al-out the entrance of the office waving their pay checks, until it became necessary to send call for the polio reserve- Sergeant Wilson and six men from the Bilaabeth street station re scinded and soon (rot the line In order again. There was some foundation for the rumor which disturbed the men. Ar ratlgementl had been made to pay them off at the sub station in sections, but all went to tbe Municipal Building Instead They formed an army Of about 5.000 men at O'clock, ahd kept six tellers busy until nearly 11 P. if. At Si.'lii lasi evening, a few hours after the panic, with more than 1, 100 sllll In line, tlw clerks discovered that there was only 11,000 remaining with which to pay them. Fortunately, Comptroller I're i dergasi happened Io b In his office at the time and h signed a warrant for $3. 004 more A deputy and two guard rushed to the Night and Day Bank and ra mmed In time to allow the paylnir off to go on without Interruption. Biltmore Ice Gardens (sULTMORE HOTEL) OPEN AIR SKATING OPEN TO THE PUBLIC FOR THREE SESSIONS DAILY bcMt TMiiit ud 1-gp.J.. ilLaa. . ra . . ni ----ww rxiimssyasji, OllirOIT MnMIl tDS II ' I GLASS ENCLOSED TEA ROOMS. Dancing in MORNING SO to AFTERNOON SESSION I. SO to .so EVENING SESSION .SO to 11 N.tsv Music CALLS PORK BARREL MEM OURREAL FOES Mil, stand Df for Prh;!V Ha.vi lirfrrifp lltift (balrman. DR. RUM PLEADS 1 on ART roWHUV. Ohio, Dec r -e, gieatest danger to America II no' n th numerous foreign MMNllei 1 ,m. aa coveting our property and n Iter said C. fl. Thompson of the A nerva Defenoe Hoelety her to-day. i k member of Congress who II a ilavt b. rh park barrel and ref'rses to pr .vide adequate mean of defence M- t me son spoke on "Politicians and Kstleaj Defence," before the America! v-so-i,. tion for the Advwtv-ernent of Sier, "In this country we are g stupidly coming from the torpor .' glorification to the dar.ger around M, he said. "We hare given offence u4 others are unforgiving. We aie rich, and other follow us with hungry eyes The danger Is war. It Is like!' t f, wpon us suddenly, and now. at :ai seeing our plight, we are gfdpMlBf fo the enemy. "One day It Is Germany Another da- Is either Japan or Great Britain Bi to-day It ie neither. I believe. Whom we need fear The real danger Is do" at hand. It If to bo found. If at all, II the byways of Washington and In ttM halls of cnr national Legislature. v have smoked him out. but it may bs .11 ih. 1 me we hve h S too MSB. " I Idle he hits been at work He Is w.iu I call our only hyphenated Amerii tp He Is your Congressional-Artie: . an your party-American, the one you rve charged with the responsibility of t.i tlotial defeiso. Dr. Ueorg F. Kuns, a gem expert of Tiffany' read a papir on a can for protecting works of art, libraries and museunn from the ravages of war lie suggested that the Idea put for ml the president gf the Society for Ii .- toric and svenic Preservation, that 1,1 such places be designated by flaps eiur anteelng tholr safety, be adopted ths such agiments agairf become pan .. if tiie civilised nations of t' e wo-ll 'have not outgrown t lit ir primitive pu lsions o as to be able to settle Inten itlonal difference, by means oth lhal 'slaughter and destruction It would leti I practicable to mitigate at least tie losee of war by preserving mil ir 41 monuments, cathedrals, civic building, libraries and works of art," he sa'4 Dr. Kunx said that It was gel tltf the Invading army which did the st destruction, and cited the burning if the Alexandrian library, the burning of Arabic manuscripts In Grenada, the (te st ruction of Heldelburg by the Prei ' in 1631 and i3 and tne oearrui tion 01 the library of Strasbourg during t"i ; German Itombardinent of 1170 as sot of the Irreparable losses to art. ture and science caused by Wat I The need for public education I 1 ubje-t of preparedness was shOWl o I Henry H. Ward of the Nav beagut 1 Until the last year there ha be, : I the most perfum-tory Interest In the s lb. 1 lect, he suid, arid almost no interes 1 It j the part of scientific men. The educate ! la at last becoming alive to the nee.B j of t ie day und ha a great wo-k f fore hani, according to hla view. 'SAY STATE TO BE PREPARED. I t oauralsslon Plana Military Courses In Schools. Boston, Dec. 10. The special oommla. 1 slon on mflltary education and r "-v. kplsdnted 10 invest gate tbe def. n - . Of Massachusetts, will pre.-nt ths ! lowing recommendations to to- I ! j la! ure . federal control of the Btate m 1 1 An increase In numbers b) meal of a reserve, and change In methodf of .training of the mlllt.a If It retl ill ; State force. Relieving the militia of P"l e dut the establishment of a State mounted I police. I Courses of military instructin: 01 lieges located n Maaaachusetts I Detfgsocgnenl of physical training 1 I the public pohoo s according to 1 I s. rilled standard , Teaching of military hisjory. personal I hyg ene and camp egjiltgtlon In th I lie schools 1 lv-tul.l-shment for schoolboys of - B mer training camps j 1'. roltnent of mechanics and : of factories of certain Industries ' same is not provided foi by 1 legislation 1 nstitidloti ..f courses In liter) hy giene In medical school.- WOULD BARTER PHILIPPINE? i Ckarlre P. herrlll Igalu 1 International kdjgel m Washington. Dec. So TV- iqulahmenl or the Pnlltpptne In 11 I the I'mted States and of all K ir Ipoeaeoglon In the Western lien to the south of th li ntel Sti ' 1 present owner, was a git in suggi 1 night by 1 'hnries p Bherrll I United states Mlnleter to rgem g rpeech at the banquet of tht Endowment for Internal an il ' I the International law se,v. , Xme-iciin Pclentlflc Conrs fit to Mr Sherrlll add. si H,,. llmlllite IftMNM. .1 -., our holding the I'h'ltppi , I si orably release us from thl for those distant islai ds protection from RuroptMl! 1 d initiated bv Monroe's protest ditionai Kuropean roim . finally fre-. us from Europ, bases t,ear the Panama Ca nd i.nd tho Clatt Room Aftor 10. J 11 - M SESSION 1 It. SO mm $2 Indudint Aftamoon lr CO Includinc P Buffet Sun" e.mwo, shatu, by ALFRED & S GRID NAESS Of THE HIPPODROME Competent Init ' '