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THE SUN, SUNDAY, JANUARY 2, 1916.
1915 IN HISTORY--A YEAR OF WAR AND DISASTER-LONG LIST OF FAMOUS DEAD-GREAT GIFTS 10 1 Staggering Events Form Record of Real Horror Swift Sequence of Disasters Overshadowing One Another, When Summarized, Appals by the Toll of Death, Every Walk in Life Suffering. IMPRESSIVE CHRONICLE OF CHARITY OFFSET It la Impossible to tools over the year 115 without 11 sense of dismay, cvrn of horror. Since time began there has never been such u chronicle, of misery and misfortune, such ti staggering pro rrmlnn nf dreadful occurrences. There fain. Our own country escaped the nmro manlftbtatlon of the year v.ar. terrible ...... .. .. .. ... n .....l H. !. Wim 113 IOII Ol IUIII1I.II I. II- " 1ng of national rcmurccs and because of Its great good fortune lecclved no rmall part of the prosperity that war drained a rapid United deaths an human eral rnncl Is not a er,on anywhere In the world .i ioH ToSrJ .."K Imny 'medi. cVV, " J T Hh ta.e l-.nd s"nr: Iriih surely, who will not feel thankful thai f c-ulptor. Now York; April 16, N. W. ker. rnlon anny ; Meut.-Oen. Frlejerr 1 1-01 'ron of diphtheria antitoxin nnd of . '". Jl & 3 '"it 189 of these $j,23o,O00 , June, Oeorge D. Barnard, be the twelve months of evil have tone li - Aldrl.-h. ex-Senator. Ithodc Island : April 1 von Omptrda. Oermanv. salvarsan, Germany : Prof. John II. Van ' 2"J,nA," 14- )y" , qucathed to Barnard College. $2,000,000 : ll k .ml 1, will not bo stirred Alexander M. Scrlabln, pianist and' Among those whose names death I A'nrlnge, dean .f Columbia University. " J? 'J' .nTJr.;,umbcr of '"I August. Oordon McKay, bequeathed to revocabl). and who will not surrc i mmvoyeri Jue , ',,;,,, w AI. struck from the navy rolls of various jew York: Anthony Comst.K-k. New r," ."V, nii 1" l?15,."" "'npnreil MaMuchusctts Polytechnic Institute. $3, by the hope that the new jear will zander. Hrtlst and ex-presldent of the countries were Bear Admiral Henry 1.. lork: Prof. Charles W. Wing, Boston : i n , 111 Lulled States . SQO.OOu , Octolicr, Kate L. Dunwoody be bring In ItB train peace, prosperity and National Acadomy of Design. New York : Howlson. V. 8. N.. retired: Bear Ad- Henri Fabre. eittoniologtst. Paris! Dr. 1 '"""'"B cre , hilled: Lincoln 1 queathed In Dunwooily Institute, $ 1,500, a saner better ordering of human af-June 23. Itafnol Joseffy, pianist, New "!' W. .B. S. Mackenzie. U K. N.. ' Thomas Hunter, educator. New York; ',. "' r-,.:'1.", Francisco; Frank Stlte. 000 , November. Amos F. Kno bequeathed a saner, ucuir uiu. imi. . .. n ,..,' .,..,.. rellnxl - vi... Arlmlrnl i,,nfr nii,ni. 'Andrew Viwranl oi, .,!. ii. LllUernal City. Cal.: Cecil M. Pix-ll. I'nt. 1 1.. ..i.i. ii.....n.. .....i h.rlt.. from the warring countries BU - Amhoy CoMock. l ' Aimirii Jamr. ,mVcu,, survey of happenings In the , of , Suppression i Korsythe. V. H. N.. retired: Bear Ad- StatcH. the enormous total of of vl.c Ncw y.Qr'k . Setcmhey . D ' mlral John McCowen. U. S. N retired: ind disasters Hnd exhibitions of AUitM punt, alienist New York'-'enl ' ,lcr Admiral Alexander McCormlck. V. frailty merely support the gen- trmlll,r Jnlll., iCir i,,.,,.,. v'.JumI. S. N.. retlnd: Vlce-Admlral von Spec. umIoii that 1915 was a dismal i :. ' . Oermanv! Vlre.Admlral Sir c'lirlxtnnlier period, one that the fates can scarcely i Kalire, entomologist. Paris; October 23 t'rudilook. Kualand: Prince Wlamlen have the hardihood to duplicate. Constantlne Maknvsky artist Petrru ' Hussln ; Boar Admiral Henry Lati- l.lfe Is so fomnlcv In a nation of 100,-I .., , v.-..,i... n A J, '.',,.'. , I nev. I. S. N. retired: liear Ailmlral UVViUUUi r.vilin v.'tli.- ..".... ...... confusingly that probably most person never realize until the very end of the year and ul the summing up time what blows death has struck ; what destruc tion of life and proiwrty has been caused by the uncertainties of travel : how In cessantly uctlve the lire demon has been : what notable advancex have been made In the arts, the Inventions and In busl nesa and commercial life. Pay by day 'theae things appeared In the news, but one by one they were blotted ont and expunged by the Interest of fresher hap penings. Tits Slw attenjpts this morning to present to Us leaders a nummary of the Important happenings of the year. While, as has been said, the ntmosphere of the whole Is gloomy, there occur In the Impressive chronicle many matters of cheerful Import, many records of AAA nnn A.-., .u . u,. uuriitiv lint. Nil jbumau devotion nnd nltiul-m rath Toll nf 'I'liiiusanil. One of the most ImprcsMve of all the tables and statistical digests con cerns the great disasters of 1IM3 at liome and abroxl. In this country 7.S36 perhonH were drowned, 1,041 died be cauie of fires, t.3t lost their lives In mine accidents, 1.2M were the victims of cyclones and storm. II"! were killed by explosions, 212 died In accidents having to do with electricity. 172 were killed by lightning. 226 were aphyxl atad and S9 were killed by elevator accident. Tlie number of ner,ons severely In jured by automobiles throughout the country up to DecemV.sr 11, when the nummary was prepared, was 10,032, or' nearly double the number that were hurt! ,1 l biles 1 how disasters th Diego, ,md a and '.life I idl near VViHif -barre. I'a K: tire at Murn Jtlld. ore., a: mine exnlimlpn, illntnn vv VVH.. March Usiolen eidosnn, Ne York. 5. IV.. lumber of iiersons killed by automo.of the British laibor Party; Sir Ll- Borne; Bishop Hewaweeny. head of the ,, y, "L"?. sv York Ceorce K J,,1' 'M maAe Particularly terrible j!" I'vlous year. The farm value of The Carpathians proved, however. ilies was LYJ.'t, as rompareu w-iin i.ms ' "'. lormery uruisii .Minister ' fynau inurcn in -ew- vora; tne ingni H ,,. , r, ..... fnlnme. trtime uitiinV I "5 '-asimni tragedy In the Ch cago V. V"i'- " . "rr loo much Tor the Jluscovite fore .. 1911. The nnir.. f,.r aever.il veara to Mexico: Frank W. Unlilns a.i:av. I Ilev. Mcr JiiMcnh T o. Mri'onnell. New 0 ' P"'"".' Arthur Bilking, i.i.., ... , ,.,SIm vents; spring wheat, S6.1 cents: all a ,v,e t,,...i,. -.ii..i., ..... r. rhow a steaBlly gaining total of deaths ernor of New HajMshlre: Sir Charles , York ; Cardinal Agllari. Rome; Mgr " ",,,?. .0J , vitlonal Pre A..eU T"'" nFT" ma," 'ater In August. ,9" cr.nt",' 'nrn.r...B cents, oats, celvlng enermous reenforrements from nd Injuries by automobiles. rirrrper. Canadian statesman; Baron von ' Dlzler. HHhop of Amiens. France. Mgr Vl,r C elnirne Tex n u ,vhloh ," trikttrtr; of the steamship i ll 1 ..a-a 51 ' r"' "9 ' the Germans, began the task of driving The list of the principal accidents and Wngenhelm, German Amhamador to i D. J. Mc.Mahon. New York; Bishop .. back the Czar's armies. The Russians In this country Is headed by. Turkey; S. A. Wlthert-poon. a member i Charles II, Colton. Buffalo; Bishop . '''.' V-, ' IV V ...'..."' Mexico was the worst. In September the 'l.am !. ,raclnK "op, for ,l" began their retreat from the Donajec e holler explosion on the cruiser San or Longrms from Mississippi, and Jean I Henry M. Turner of th" African Amert-1 "' ,;. " '' '1' i Itallnt: battleship Benedetto Brln blew i-...'..v'Ji ",e siupcnnous total or River nnd at other points in Gallcla on , which occurred on January 27 Marie Suffren. ex-Premltr of Frai-e. fan M. E. Church. Atlanta. Ga.: Arch-, ' , ' ! i "f "d killed 474. Octoher the " I v - , .""'Perl with ft,. May j,.. Muy u a ,, pa 1 coat the lives of nine men. On Janu- in'- or former members of Congress' bishop .inmee 1-.. uuiKley. Lhlcago ; car. '"'"'.r':: steamer Mlllan Carasco went down off .'... ' . ' Pvious t.upi ,v the Invaders were again In 1 ry 30 a storm killed .even nt Chlc.igo 1 vvas as follows: I dlnal Seratlnn Vannutelll. dean of the ; .V.S...'.,:Vi " th" Spanish coast and drowned 1 1 nee ' ... . " " V ""rfs the hand!, of the Teutons. On June 3 I on January 30 also a starm killed Duncan E. McKlnley. California: W. Sacred College, Rome; Cardinal Vnz.'"'"' " '"""'' r.agie. ,,, , November the steamer intx i i e . uw "lrre a TnxM Peremysl was retaken by the Austrian an at Gran. Ranlds. Other loss of B. Kills. Oregon: John 7. ItlixoLer tl zar.v. primate of Hungary: Cardinal Among the artists who died In 1915 .-i, jn ThJ , r. ..fo. lriTr TJ1" ''ls for the present prosperity which . Z ? L?, r ". " 5 " AUS,rlH" In dimeters Is recorded follows :' "nols : W, F. Engelbrlght. California : i I-ovenzelll. Italy; the Rev. Dr. Thomas ""r'r.rf"r ."" W. , Ing D. and the steamer Charles A r.uch l"":"..!" "!? Ln".S!a.," nml that Meanwhile another German offensive Pehruan- Kiro at Ku.,e. i.. io. ,toe I William M. Kavaiiagh. cx-P. S. s-en.itor. S. Barter, secretary of American Bap- ...iniier. . ow inrK; uoss !,.,. ln 1nl, K,,eHr. drownlmr -n in ... ' " ...".'J'T"' com" ,n in. north -.,. maUn- i,..,iw... t, . Mater. i;ar Isle. W Va.. "!: mine exnlosinn . -vraansHS : rnomaa II. Brtrd. rv.C S. "st ioreign missions ; iiisnop itoncri i "rl "'m i i. aiier i lexeniber the steamer si. u-iido ...... Ia. . .'."' V k-.i... v April row-tier rxiiKifi', .viion, in.. ; ; j.ii-tjmjii. -iaryiana ; rs. vv , Aldrlch mine exploslnii, tlrrrnville. II!.. 11; rjclone Rhode Island; John M. Fiilson N'ortli nr Blrmlngliani. Al, IS: Hood Hti.l ' (-.rollna Chirle. l" 1 ,,LVZ .? filene It, Tr. 40; ilrownlin accident In , , ' narIes I'lttlefleld, Maine; (.Han Krancli-co lla 9. ioll.ipse of iIjjii. ct, i Jonn V. King. Oeorgln : O. A. Bsgley, Johns, Ariz., S, dynamite explosion, Kennlc, New York; Harvey B. Ferguson New MaylTornarto In Loul.l.n.. 41 1 ,1ron- i rhnm2i """ur W" Ini arclilrnt, Clevrlaml. 6; ilyminilte x- jneimaa .1 Jarvls, North Carolina; l plosion. Myraruae. 7. mine eaplminn. john- i"orge I). McCreeiry. Pennsylvania ; John I in"...- in .vniaiiuiiiii, o; otorm In Kansas and MUsourl. lu. June Storm nenr Churlton. S. f. cyclone In Wlsionsln. IS: mine illaaster. iDPiin. -no.. ; Hivrm in KanfidK ana reourl. 17; ilronnlng aicldrnt nt Atlantic I City. J; earthiiuake. Imperial Villev, fal i : dron nliy in cident. Junction City, Kan.. 5. July Cyclone In Oklahoma, , cjrlone i In, the middle Weil, ;,; nre In Chelieii. 'Mass., : Ohio Itlvrr rtood. It; iHiklne or .'the sleiinier Kaalland at Chicago, mi; mine tploalon at t'hrletopher. III., 8; mine ei ploaion at Klllabetli, I'a , . -luiiiil-flnmlliurat, Ktle, !' 35; pow der mill explonlon. Bmiiorluin. Pa., J; I hurrlcant n the Texan roast, 3;j; atomi tat Pt. ltnut. 50; tloo.i In .Vrkannan. V. Septeintier Mine explosion, Boawell, rs, , 19: fire at Han PrancUco. S; nuliway rol lapse, New York. 7; (aiolene explo-lon, Ardmore, Okla., 4T; hurricane In Loulalaxia, to. Octaher Tenement houne Ore, New York. I; mine explosion, llutte. Mon.. IS; factory fire. I'ltUbiira". IS; Si John school fire. Peabody, Mui . 71. November Tenement house (Ire, Brook lyn. If. factory fire. Williamsburg, IS; cy. rlona, Oreat nend. Kun.. 17; atorm on the great lakea, 13; explosion at the ilu J'ont powder mills. Wilmington, Pel., :0; mine explosion, Boomer, W. Va i, Many Ilaaatrra Abrnnd. Abroad there were disasters quite apart, from the great war which exacted a frightful toll of life. The most terrible of all was the earthquake in Italy, I which on January 13 killed 24,200 per- sons. On January IK, Son were killed In a railroad accident at Cnllme, Mexico, In April a mine explosion at Shimo- ' nosekl, 'Japan, destroyed 141, A few , tlaya later BOO were drowned by floods In Hungary. A railroad accident at Carlisle; Kngland, on May 22 killed 14 persona. A pier collapsed at Kazan, ' nussui, June 25, and 100 perenua died. Another railroad accident In Mexico killed 300 on July 1. I On. July 12 the seinnil greatet.1 disin ter of. the year, floods In China, de- tdroyed 17,500. On September the Italian battleship Benedetto Brln blew up and 474 men met violent death. A railroad accident at Zeebrugge, Belgium. .killed 228 on October 2, A typhoon In the Philippines made the death count . 170 on October 24. Ammunition at .'Halle. Prussia, exploded (in December 6 and destroyed 300, nnd the explosion of an ammunition plant at Havre on De. cember 12 killed 110, An extraordinary number of widely known persons died In the year just ended. The list Is almost Inrredlhly long All of the professions, art, In durlry and commerce were deprived of leaders, Among the persons nf worldwide repu tation who died last year wero Karl noiamark, composer. Vienna, January 4 ; Jeanne Oervllle-Beaehe, prima donna, New York, January 10; Marshall P. Wilder, author and humorist, HI Paul, January 17: January 53, Oeorge Froth Ingham, opera basso. BoKtnn, Mass. , February 7. Mary K. Braddon. novelist, Kngland: February , Chevalier Krnest le Manrk, cellist. Umdon; February 19, Kinlr CTharlea Waldteuffel, composer, I arm; .iiari'll 14, t OUIIl MCrglUS JolO- vlch Wltte, Busslau statesman; March 14, Lincoln Heachoy, avlntor, San Fran Cisco. Cal.; March 14. Walter Crane, painter. Illustrator anil author. England : March 31, Nathaniel Meyer Itothschlld. llimnclcr. England; April , F. ltnpkln. hou Smith, author, nrtlHt and engineer, New Vort;: April 9. I'rof. Thomas Louns- nury. Ktigiisn. scholar, of Mevicii! AntniMt i I M W cm ,ir i i-oorlen Schwartz (Mnarten Maar noxellst. Holland; August 6. Oen. aartens) llM. . ! jamin k. Tracy jamin f . I'racv. ex.Kprretiirv rf llin Hli.l U v."...... ... ".I. ...V. ,,lirpH. pui.niir, 'k,.w yOTk' AuKU,t . ;o, Helnrlch W. Mesdaa-. Hrt'lKt. Hot. land: August 28, John D. Long, ex- . ... . .. -- actor. England; November It Booker T Washington, principal of Tuskegce Institute: November 17. Theodore Les- chetltsky. pianist nnd teacher. Vienna - December 1, Austin Hegner cellist New York: December 10. Slender. ih'ii'iin. York; December 10. Stephen Phillips, poet, I-onrlon. lonnrriy Premier of Bussla, chief of Itussla'a peace plenipotentiaries at Ports mouth and perhaps the Ilusslan best known to Americans: Horace White, ex Oovernor of New York : CurtLs C.ulld. n. , frovernor of Massachusetts and ex-Am-! bassdor to Itussla; .1. A. Oolllilen. mem. . 0'Von,t"w from -New York city;, .tuMin i. naroer, e-iioveruor or wyn mliig: John O. McCullough, ex-CKivernor of Vermont: tlullermo Brilikhurst, es-Prei-ldent of Peru; Jeremiah O'Donnvnn (O'Donnvan llos.sa), the Irish agitator; Vllbrun OullUume. Prttildcnt nf llaytl; Oen. Ilenjatnln F. Tracv. ,'i.Sf , r,i'nr i- eu me .avy anil a leader of the New !orU bar; Kolomar von Sznell ex- rremier or Ilungnry; Oen. John r. Black, former commander In chief of the O. A. It.; John I. Long, ex-Secretary nf the Navy; Marquis Inouve, Japanese statesman : William Spragiie. ex-i.nvernor of P.hode Island ; Sir Claude .viciion.uu. British doplomat; Ixuls Huysman, Belgian Minister of state; Andrew A. Harrison, ex-Oovernor henator. -allfornla ; Thomas K. Scroccv. . Ohio: James O'Doimell. Ml..iiiur. win y J- J.vns, Arkansas; William II. w. jiimi'K. lllll.ri a: 'ITiniii'i H P. ... .. ueorgia; Henmn Wood Illinois! John Long, Maasachusetta .Insenh v vvasmngton. Tennessee; C. C. Malsnn, Indiana; William Sprague, Rhode Inland: Oeorge Spalding, Michigan; John It, Baker. Indiana ; John W. Stew urt. Vernvont ; Frank B. Poney. Indiana ; Julius Caesar Burroughs. Michigan; Francis M. Cockrell, Missouri. Msinr Anion Nobility. Among royalty and ijohlllty were the Marquis of Iaondonderry, lajrd William Seymour. Iord Oaragh. Count Joseph do Beaufort. France; DJemll Sultane. n ulster of the Sultan of Turkey: Harl Cadogan. Prince Burhan ICddln of Turkey, the Archduke and Archduchess Ferdinand of Austria, Count Serglus Wltte, Bussla; Prince Krncat dMren berg, I ranee; the Duke de Montmo-l-eney. France; Iird Itothschlld, Baron Herbert tie Beuter, England; the Countess of Cardigan, the Karl of Jer sey, Count Bene Dlvonne, France; Baron Krnest von Saalfeld, Oermany; Prince Camllle Bosplglloso, Italy; the Orand Duke Constantln Constantino vltch, Bussla ; Count Jean de Bncham beau, FrUtice; Count Bela Katerhaxy, Hungary; (Vmnt Sier.henyl, Hungary: the Karl of Kllmey, Ird Hlantolne, Prince Frederic of Thurn nnd Taxis, the Krl of Krne, the Earl of Annesley, Lord Hawarilen, Lord 1ongford, I)rd Wors Icy, leird Wcllesley, I,ord Cavendish, Lord Hamilton, Prince Henry of Pollg imp. Lord Petre, Ixird Crlchton-Stcwart, Count Fritz von Konlgsntirk, Germany; Archduke Ludwlg Salvator. Austria; Prince Krnest of Llppe, Prince Wllhelm of Schonalch-Carolatt. Prince KrledrMi Wllhelm of Llppe, prince Wolrnd Fried. rich of Waldek and Pyrmont, Prince Otto of Schoivherg Wallenburg. Prince Frled rlPh of Saxe-Melnlngen, Prince Henry NLVI. of Beuss. Prliwe Krnest of Saxe. ililiilngeti, Ieinl Kastener. lird Crlch inn, ilamn Vernon. Baron ArmlsteUd. the Karl of Sea Field and the Karl of Glas gow. The list of army officers of wide repu latlon Is especially Imposing, partly due of course to the heavy casualties of tho great wlir, Anwug the names familiar vi Americana are : Lieut. -Oen, Nareakl-Aresakl, Japan; Oen. Aiiatole M. Stroessel, the defender of Von Arlhur; Lleut.-Oen. Sir Oeorge B. Mlltman, Kngland; Oen, Jesus Car niuzu, Mexico; Ird Congdon, Kngland; Gen. laird W. J. Seymour, Kngland ; Gen. L. W. C'(s)ke. 11, H, A., retired; Oen. O. A. 'Goodale, IT S. A., retired : Oen. Lcy zedande, France: Lieut. .Oen. va Wrochen. Oermany: LloutMien. von Bes-seinvltz-Sevelxar, Germany; Brlg,.(len Gtorge S. Anderson. U. S. A., retired-Mii'iir-Oen. mii Dlttwurlh. Oermanv; Oen. Slovers. Bussla; tlen. A. J. Hehi rue, France; Major-Oen. John I. Story, II. S A., retired; Brlg.-4en. .1. K. Ooiigh Kcgland; Brlg.-Oen. Charles flhaler, U. S. A., retired ; Gen. Haclovln Hercra, dnsJHutlonalUt. Mexico; Field Marshil Oakar von LlndviuJt, Otrroany; Oen. Many In Political World. Augustus C. Brown. New York: Fed-"... "eminary. ixmnon ; i.eorge ! man yariln or while stealing rides or . return 01 general nusinesn neither aide has effected any . eral Judge Smith McPherson. Deal. umonst. renrla. III.. Richard while trespaising. Among the graver 'Prosperity was Hastened and mills in nil change In the 300 mile line from in tne mortuary list of the political Moines ; Federal Judge James L. Mar-1 V. "" l'"mlon Jo W Har-, railway accidents of the year were the , h started. Railroads benefited Belgian dunes to the Swiss frontier: word occur the names of n number of tin. Vermont : Justice Sir W. 11. Ken-1 IV1 l"'1'h'hcr. Biddt-furd Pool. Me. ;, freight train and trolley lolllslon at De. . !m"""'oI' '' tremendous market- .opening of Germany's now method V".0!"'- An,onf th"" were neov. London: John K. Parsons, Sfv-lrxV.r J,'rrrey- 1"" and journalist, trolt on April 13, 13 killed. 24 Injured'1 1 mf" "r r'"" an" ,I,fr cro,'!'' ''"'nlnKS i war by the sinking of the Lutltni David 1. Ooodcll. exlovernor of New york . chief Justice Conrad Hollenhech. i "ronklj, u . Prof. Alexander Van Mill- a derailment at Lake Cltv Mini.. ' "''vnnced as the result not only of the ,e awBcnns of Kngland to a real lampKmre : or. tieorge W. Brown, plo- Nebraska : Joseph L. Barbour. Hartford. ln"r '',c J"n B. Putnam, nuthor June . S killed. 20 Injured a collision ,'. "I"V0I,,C domestic crops hit on of lh(. facl thal ner ,mpre la l eer alwlltlonls ; Frank Fuller, war Conn, : Judge Thomas r. Clarke. Chi- i"'1 I'Uhllshi-r. New York; Paul Hervieu.lat Orient. O.. on August 12. 6 killed "iT. '" !'.uw ,)f ,1" cnnrmou- shipment BtaKe. Governor of I'tah : Count Serirlna Wltie. . i.-,.i i 1...1 n o. . dramatic author. P.iris Mfred r,i.,.. n,i 1.1 1 . '.. of Canadian wheat and oats to the East- t linrlcs Louis Tremeau, formerly com mander of the French army ; MaJor.Oen. von Sydewltz, OermUny ; Brlg.-Oen. Julian Hasler. England; Brig-Gen. Bld dell. Kngland; Gen. 11. H. de Horsoy, England; Oen. Hugo von Soldewltx, Oer many; (len. Thomas II. Hubbard, Union army : Oen. WoW Pasha, Turkish army : Oen. William T. Bridges, Australia: Brlg.-Oen. Lowrlc-Cole, Knglltnd : Col. C. K. Woodruff. U. S. A,, n distinguished author on medical affairs; Lleut-Gcn. Illldebrand. Germany; Lieut. -Gen. von I'aiel, Germany! Squadron Commander Arlhur II. I j. Homme, aviation com mander, England : Brlg.-Oen. Wlllfam K. Dougherty, IT. H. A., retired: Brlg.-Oen. It. O. Wood. U. S. A., retired ; Lleut.-Oen. Ar.tonlo Cnntone. Italy; Lleut.-Oen. von Dor. Oermany; Major-Gen. von Buelow, 0rmany; Oen. Benjamin F, Tracy, l.'nlon army ; llrlg.-Oen. Jousselln, France: Oen. on Kleglrr. Austria; Oen. Sir Thompson Capper, Kngland: Oen. C. H. Thescglo, Kngland : MUJor-Oen. Fred erick i. y. wing. England; Brlg.-Oen. ' v " "'. i-iiHIn'i , it ik.-mch. N T. Nlckatl. Kngland: Oen. l'lckler. Austria; Oen. Tombl. Italy: Oen. Will - lam L. Alexander. V. S. A., retired; Brlg.-Oen. Henry II. Mlzner. V. S. A., Argentina: near Admiral v ctnr A. .Montague, i.ngiand : .Major-lien. Cliarlc llaywooil. I. s. M. C retired: Hear . vuinir.u .ti. i Brennan. t S. N., re- ' fired f..nt. CHI Vn We.l.ll.en n.,e. linany: Bear Admiral IuIh du Foucret, France; Admiral Aubert. France: Bear Admiral Stephen Hand, 1'. S. N.. retired: iTl""na!, ' 1'helps. V. S. N.. retired ; Ad- '",ral J,"1,1 .-,l"n? ?.Mn"2 u.avK : I UtHr Admiral McoII Ludlow, t . S. N.. ."tlred. Widely Known Lawyers lite. Of those extremely well known In the law the following died last year: Hionn. .ew l orK ; innricj r , .Matthew- run, .ir., ...in, uuhn nmir; ll. i.i-i krr. Boston: John Franc's Mnrlarty. Loid Justice of Appeals. Ireland; Cn Thomas H. Hubbard. New York: James It. Kly. New York : Chief Justice Thi ecclesiastics of rank was very long, It occurs tnc!-e names: j The Bev B, W. Benson, founder of llie Cnnlpv P.itherM. Knirlfliid. llfuhrtn T ' n". Maine ; Bishop navld II Moore, ..iiio. Among me wen Known nocmrs ann. surgeons who iaM.ed away In 1S15 were; Dr. James S, Shaw", Boston : Dr. Isaac I.co!Kld, Philadelphia; Dr. Walter M. James, Philadelphia; Dr. James H. Bay mond. Brooklyn: Dr. William 11. Handle, yellow fever expert, Philadelphia, Dr. Julius M, Bleyer, New York; Sir John Irfnalne. Ireland; Dr. John Parsons. New York ; Sir Thomas S. Clouton, au thority on mental diseases, Kdlnburgh ; Dr. M. Allen Wood. Philadelphia; Dr. William Tonnell. New York ; Dr. J. Guy MeCandless. Pittsburg; Dr. Samuel 1) Ward. Albany ; Dr. Charles W. Prentiss, New York: Dr. John II. McCollutn, Har vard Medical School ; Dr. F, D. Weiss, New York : Dr. Francis Delafleld, New York : Dr. Charles F. Becker, New York ; Dr. William Noyes. Boston : Dr. John H. Huddleston, New York: Dr. Kdward L. Trudeau, expert In tuberculosis, Sar anac I-ake, N. Y. Commercial Field Hard lilt. Many men well known In the com mercial 'world died In the jear Just closed. Familiar names in the list are Kdwln Morton, first president of the American Can Company, Sidney B. Ia?g gltt, secretary of the Pennsylvania Ball road lines. Pittsburg; It, A. Campbell, financier, Providence; u v. llarkness, third vice-president of the Standard Oil Company; Henry Sellgman, retired banker, New York : Henry liberty, silk manufacturer, Paterson. N. .1. ; Norman B. Beam, financier. New York ; James C. Fargo, ex-presldent of the American Express Company, Ncw York ; William II. Baker, chocolate manufacturer, Syra cuse, N. Y. : Ca.pt. Albert Polls, vlce.dl. rector of the Hamburg-Amerlcan Line. New York ; Charles P. Hinds, vlcc-pres-- ment or tne Hprecucis liros. Company, San Diego. Cal. ; William D. Slonne, merchant, New York : Ixrd Itothschlld, financier, Iiondnn ; John Kuglls, ship builder. New York ; William P. Foter, banker, Boston; Samuel H. Klssam, Now York: John Cudahy, packer: Chicago; William J. Wright, dry goods, New York; Edward L. Ronton, phonograph manufac turer. Areola, N. J. i David M. Parry, ex-presldent of tho National Association of Manufacturers, Indianapolis; Seiju niour II, Knox, vice-president of tho Woolworth Company, New York : De Witt Clinton Blair, banker, New York ; Felix McWhlrter, banker, Indianapolis , Charles A, Conant, banker, New York; Daniel La Boy Dresser, financier, New York; John B. Herreshoff, yacht builder, Bristol. Conn,; Jordan L. Molt, Ironmas ter, New York: Christian Dnrlllnger, pioneer In the out ghuw Industry, Hones dale. Pa. ; James M, Boyd, president of the Planters National Bank, Richmond, Va. : James W. Alexander, ex-presldent of the Equitable Life Assurance Society, New York ; John W, Bookwaller, finan cier, Springfield, Ohio; A, G. Spalding, qiorllng goods manufacturer, San Diego, Cal. ; Sir William Van lloriir, ex-pics-Ident of the Canadian Pacific Itallroad: Sereno S. Pratt, secretary of the New York Clmmlier of Commerce : noberi B. warn, capitalist aim Mean or a baking Industry, New York; Isaac L. Rice, sub marine boat manufacturer, New- York: Kdward n. Bncon, find vice-president of th Baltimore and Ohio Railroad; An drew Frcedman. capitalist, New York. Among the identlsU and educators whose lives came to an end In 1115 were: Neils Johnson, astronomer, Manistee. Mich.; George T, Bryan, prealdent of retirei : Ilr g.-Ocn. A. S. Hurt. lT. S. A.. . uiiiyotid ; r.unaru iim, iu-i Aviators Victim. Chicago; William A.Shortt. New York : ' f c'" -M'.nieiny . Kdmund Bonnal. mill-( Kan., 011 October lfi. Hi killed, DO In-' ro"-iro 01 tne unuea Htates. i ...... . ... ,., ,, .v,..-...,, fc v.tivnuaiiu. usm.. niiHiii .x. .leinier. ew i orit : , inrenee I .. .-. ... ,i. , ...ii. .iipiiiil-ii I'liiniiie. inren r. ,.n . nn n. r-i.ini...u. . .1 . . i .1. Itrnu ne. Texim .Inlm n McPill nileli I Ilnslnn rrilll.srrlnf Kuimiel II... 1.. al. I r-l-. -ll.i ... . ... . ; "e iiiuiurj aji n n nuie wan lavnreu as V'? M: :?rr"2-: '..:,f..'"r..Sir'",pM Cl. .er,. In January ,he steaSp Angei ! "? !f" dl neiii 111 uie rtiiirrn-Mii nar Association, iiiiiiin .i.iy, vice-presment or tne New I Pa mm was lost at sea and 27 tiermns .1 V .1 1 . L New- York. William B. Hoyt. Buffalo. York HirnM company; Henry King of ' perished In Febroarx- the -rxtiat 1 wheat, the tola w Inter nnd M-ring wheat ex-Judge John C Oray. New York, the St !u!s nLr.trmocrl, ? V 1 was that of S .'hlef Justice John McCIure. Arkansas. Donnelly. Brooklyn .sf,nr,f Pulo,,; Naughton. lit It . JSh 80 Pperson 1 which hd es Vr.'led '"V? ''"J" "M Justice John Delany. New York: Will- William R. Nelson, owner of the Kntas 1 In March the I'nited " Ates mibm?r ln 1 i established a new high record, lam M. Iv.ns. New Yo.k Benjamin J. , City NMr.- John .4. Hchrlver. "tamS ' 4 ."nk anil ilistroyerl 2S 1 ve"" " ! Si' ? Z MMlftMM Shlpman. law textbook au hor. Seattle; A mrriran ; Donald Nicholson, formerly April the largest loss wu that of the buslils as n,nJrl J' -x'nnono Justice John P. K kins, Pennsylvania ; I managliig idltor of the New York stennuihiii lrin Mu.,eii. -er , x-! 1 , '. ..I "'"I"4"" to ..8,3,000,000 Judge John II. Baker. Indiana- Frank 7fc e C arince 1 leek Brooklv-n g 1..L. c ist 4 live, tn x. 'r-, '";''-ls in 101 4. All previous records In B Posev Indiana- Paul Fuller New . u , ii v 'i v i 'u i. , "' In My he 'oats production were shattered, the out. i i. .... . 'V. . ' . ':..' -',rrn .'''" : "?." B Neeilhim. New York Meamshlji Maxltnlnlano Errazurls went nut l.eln... l.sin nnnnon in,i. ,ka. ' Th.: , of 'well k;;;;,; ci;: and - VL t HZ" ""J"?" .."l C0I 0,0?0.00 bushelsrnore than ws ri the University Society, New York ; Dr. Benjamin Sharp, zoologist, Boston: Lu elen Carr, I'eabody Museum, Harvard: I'rof. Cyrus I. Brackett, I'rlnceton : the Ilev. Dr. Oeorge Waahburne, ex-presl-dent of Itoberts College, Constantinople ; Atonzo Abernathy, ex-presldent of Chi cago University; Theodore M, Davis, Kgyptologlst, New York: John Chlpman Oray, Harvard law school : Prof. James Oelke, zoologist, Edinburgh: Prof. Frank A. Sherman, Dartmouth College : J. Fos ter Crowed, consulting engineer, New Yor; Sir John Cameron Ivmb, scien tist, London: F. Hopklnson Smith, engineer, author and artist: I'rof. i Thomas B. Ixmnsbury, Yale : Oeorge T. Small, Inventor of the duplex and quadruplex telegraph. New York: Frank lin Oulterman, metallurgist. New York; Sir Arthur Hubert Church, metallurgist, Ixndon ; Dr. Theodore F. Wolfe, ethnolo gist and historian, Succusunna, N. J. M i.i 1 1 I'M I .n mit rn n n . via v-- trim m m r sin rr , - i'-'j - ...,.-x, nam- bur,. Germany : Richard p. Mohun. Afr - , M a,nU... I" , . .. t , , Vi?u !. 1. 1 Ti" 1 "J i,"' 'rl ,Co,tlt v? 1 J, , , ,1. "tt'l"i B.: J' i'.rc',,,cr,lcl W P"'mani oolorlt. ' onn. : Mir Arthur W Itueker. selen. list, i-nntion ; Prof. Ki list Ludwlg. chem- ' 1st, Vienna: Booker T Washington. .r,, ........... inmti , iisimiKUin. negro educator and president of Tuske- gee Institute; Sir Allen W. Young, Arctic explorer. London; rirvllle A. Derliv geologist. Bio de Janeiro, Prof, Hans Oro, criminologist, Vienna. Death Toll In l.llrrature. Fioiii literature death took the fol. ui i . ,,., . , t glviiiind llkmvekl, I Ltorlan. Po. l.ind. Mir Llizalieth llrail.lon, novelist. l.iiBland; lanny Crosby, li n.-n writer. Bridgeport. Conn . Jiuiks decimal!, war ; ir"i', Bifiitann. publlMier. UMtige. N. ! , ,,l,lle;, "oHst. K.r.don: I h.irlcs I ran .s Adani". publicist and null nor. Washington, I . (' Morgan . libertsn, writer of .e:i talcs. New York; olive Harper, autlior. Phlladel - ,i ni i, mm , I" - "iii.-i , .-f-;v i.iirp, ,-ew York; Olive Harper, autlior. Phllaitel - pnia . l-.llicrt Ilulibard, author. Sir James i and Injured 70,5111, but these llgures do jan" prosiierous conditions were main A. H. Murray, historian and editor of not lncluil,. tho.e kliu.d mc (hurt ! rull. Italneii tlirou-hout the asrlcultural dls- I Ills S1V. 1 I i--". "",...11 ... j--.. i i.o..r.u uisui removed many wrll known persons. Home "f vxl-om werer 1 James A. S'perry. formerly publisher o St. Clulr. .Midi.; Thomas K. Hill, founder of the Aususta, Me.. HrriiM; L. K. Stover, Western news editor of the Awo- cl.ucd rress; St. Clair McKelwny, edl iwiinrr n.i usirainr. London ; v . r.uivi'ir. - 'r" uta. m-nr in iwim .Miirccaux, ' i.tiiii-i in in i i.iiii.rn i 'mm?, iminier. 1 Duque. iwlnler. Now York: Charles A, Flske, painter, y Greenwich Conn - tohn AT Alev-md.r '. ." IU.' . Viexanner. painter. New York: Eliot Oregon' painter. New York ; William R. Ware, architect. Ronton; Stephen G, Ferris", portrait painter, Philadelphia- Joseph Brandt, historical painter, Poland ; Her man C. Wall, painter. New York ; Charles K. Hszeltlne, art critic, Phlla delvhla: Henry P. Klrhy. architect. New York ; Caspar von Zumbertsch. sculptor. Vienna ; St. John Iewls, jialnter. New Y'ork ; Waldo Story, sculptor, New York ; Constantln Makovsky, painter, Russia. Jloalc World gntTera. In the realm of music death was ac tive. Probably the best known artist whose life camo to an end last year was Karl Goldmark, the composer, who died ! ,,.,- ... ... ... , wuiiiareu wan in 1314. Ul these fi .. . ........ . Of Hie IhnnL' i.n Tl.... . XX' t - - v.... ..w.'.iD.ici , .-w,,r iu lvaiii. ju uune me acnooner in i i I. at Vienna. Hung, New York's Chinatown: Charles Among others were Jeanne Oervllle. 1 Becker, New Tork ; Joseph Hllletrom, Heaehe. prima donna. New York; Clip. I Salt Lake City. valler Krnest de Munck, 'cellist. London ; I The record of financial dishonesty In Charles Wiildteufel, comiioaer. Paris; j 101.1 runs very close to that of 1914 Nell Forsyth, Boyal Opera manager, J13. 426, 203 for the former. 113,051, 230 London, Serglus Tanejeff, composer, for the latter year. Th distribution Moscow; Francesco Fanolulll, leader ! "f these thefts or embezzlements was Pulled Slates Marino Band, Ncw York; 1 Banks, lost 16,600,489 ; public officials, Christine Nclleen. concert singer, Ixn-1 li".984 ; forgeries. 11,070,059 ; mlscel don; Prof. Karl A, Imnglotx. composer, 1 hmeous, 2,992,288. Trenton, .N. J, : Ernest Goerlltz. opera director. Now York. In 1915 many well known actors and actresses made their last appearance. The list contains the names of George Kvans, minstrel. Baltimore; Guy U B. de Maurler, dramatist, Iondon; George Harris, manager. New York; Ebon Plympton, actor. New- York: John Bunny, film comedian, New Tork; Charles Frohmnn, manager, New York; Justus Miles Formnn. dramatist. Now York: Krnest 1-ambe.rt, nctor, Now York; John 4.1, Hlce, comedian, Philadelphia; Charles Cnrtwrlght, actor, Ixmdon; Sarah C, I Moyne, actress, New Y'ork; Paul Armstrong, playwright, New York; William H. West, minstrel. New York; Oeorge Kdwardcs, manager, Ixindnn ; Blanche Walsh, actress, Cleveland, Ohio; Zelma liaison, actress. New York; 7aw!s Waller, actor and manager, Ixindon; K. S, Wlllard, actor. Ixmdon; Augustus Pllou, nclnr and manatxer. Now York, The wave of self-murder rose very high Indeed, tlm number who killed themselves In 1915 being 14,180, ns com pared with 13.965 In 1914 nnd 13,103 In 1913. The proportion an between men and women was Rlsout the name as for inerly, 9,825 men and 4,3,15 women. De npuhdtincy was mentioned na the. cause In 8.102 rases. III health In 1,190, In sanity In 582, disappointed love In 536, liquor In 220 and business losses In 65, A revolver was used In upward of 6,000 cases, poison In nearly 4,000, asphyxia tion In 2,600 and drowning In about S00, Among the prominent iiersoiiH were Daniel L Roy Dresser of New York urer As lor Trust Company, New York. The number of deaths by crsonal v1o lence of all kinds In 191,1, as reported by telegraph nnd by newspnperH In every State of the union, was 9,230, aa com pared with 8,251 ,n .1911, 8,902 In 1913, 0,152 In 1913 and ,57 in 1911, It tnuit Krnest Goerlltz, the opera director; , ' , ' """ f 1 li"" nioney to otlior Lieut. -Col. C. D. Bromwell, U. H, A.; Ed- , , f organization, brought the grand ward U Prelorlus. nmvapaper publisher. 'Br ot", "'V,!!!; -0"0?0 for uii "i iM'smii imiih-iick, treasurer Ass be taken Into account that this record l not made from official reports of homi cides resulting In arrest and conviction. As a matter of fact, there are no official records whlrh are complete. This record Includes deaths from every form of vio lence, and perhaps It would be more exact to characterize It as a record of deaths by violence. In the absenoe of official records It Is Impossible to make a correct classification, hence the large number which are set against "quarrels" and "unnamed," It being Impossible to subdivide them under appropriate head ings. The various causes, generally classified, were as follows: Quarrels t.KOIReslitlnc rrest... 1IJ Unnamed causes . J..:.' Insanity 102 y hlchwarmrn., UBSirlUes M Jealousy ;Rlo 11 Infanticide lsscrlmlnal outrace. 10 Mquor sk Thirty-five perrons were killed by Black Handers and nineteen bv the l l l l . l . I s . 4iirsnuinucm nna ton eft. Thro were , also twenty-two oases of doufde " , . . ui uuui'lf Illur- flsh of .,r,,lf' nve quadruple, "f lulntuple and one case In which six were murdered at one time. j ' " i.nsign Melville M. r rraericK iioua, i , Vt - . w ....... ' -.rge ll- Heiishcj', Qulncy, "eure - -ewi.erry, Troy, Viu""" "llllam D. Lly, gulucy, Mass ; I V, i 'vnox. Fort Sill, okla ; Lieut, , ' 's"tt". Fort 8111, ukla.; Lawrence Lyons, Conesus Lake, N. Y.: Donald i wagon, Krle, Pa.; Helen (trace, Stanton, I Mkh ; Oeorge Williams, Fort Wayne. . lllll.! nnilttlina nn..l.l..t tl ... . Ind.. i . .a.,., t,.... ' , . terson, lim-a; Kdward Wheeler. Jot:c- , vllle. Va. ; LJeut. W K. Taliaferro San I Diego, ijal. Total, 20. The number of ) Injured was 33. In Oermanv the number or acoldentnl ueaiiis wan ;s : In I.nc and. 1.1 Prance. 1 2 ; In Holland, 1 7 In Italy ' '7 In Switzerland. 7 : In Japan. 7 '. In Se- den. 4; In the Argentine. Mexico and Chile, 2 each ; In Spain and Yucatan. 1 each. ! Itallroad accident killed cm: ,.erA... recii. ' Itallroad accidents killed C.707 nersons w:our in. 7 killed, 20 hurt, a collision 1 ill .UIU!II1I1, lid., on OVemDer I" i ' killed. 4u Injured . The loss of life bv muHn. dl.,...r. 1915 not due to the war was 7'i fit :"aAma "' " "f sections ut In no State 1 1 ,.. . . z: .- -- Washaklo was lo at sea with 12 ner- sons. ff ,h ,..,. of vewf0Untliand -i i,.r jons perishing. There were nearlc .r of ,cl,ng., ln' . ' '' HllWfVer. the record of Jlldire l.rn,-l,'i I nl..llAU In 11.. ... "... ,,, ,r irw jram is mara- 1 eiiy iesi man was true some fifteen I some fifteen I years ago. Of the persons lynched 52 , were negroeB, 17 whllea and 27 Mexl-' cans caught raiding 011 Texas soil. Fifty. ' nine were accused of murder, 1 1 of theft. 1 ' of rape, 7 of murderous assault, 4 of ( attempted; rape. There were more executions In UUi than In 1914, Last year 11.1 persons paid for their crimes with their lives, In 1914 only 74 suffered capital punlih- mem. ,-xe orK mate killed more criminals than any other, the record of execuuuiis enow-ing m, faiirornla ! the penalty. Among the most notorious cases were those nf Ie Dock and Km , , ..... ...mi.... in vicoikiu in ii:iiti , Fire Loaaee Decrease, Fire losses decreased notably, tailing from J200.000.000 In I14 to 116.1,000,. 000 In 1915 for this country nnd Canada. Among the losses of 1100,000 or more were a 1.100,000 lire In Philadelphia, the 11.000,000 Roehllng lire In Trenton and a 1700,000 fire In Camden, January; the Texas compress plant at Balllnger, 1300,. 000. February; the State Normal School at Warrentnn, Mo.. 1500.000. March i 2!'"Jni iK, r.',Ul' Mlnn'' OO.OOO, April, r-iiniii in i-K iiiiiii, ..iiuneapiuis, 1930,000, 1 .May; itartnn Winery. Fresno, r'ul J.100,000, June; Diamond Match Lumber Ynrds, Oswego, N. Y' $800,000, July, fires In Buffalo, 1400,000, August ; Pu. mous Players' Film Plant, Jl, 500,000; Chesapeake and Ohio elevator, Newport News. $2,000,000; Pnion warehouse, Los Angeles, $1,000,000, September; fires In Marshall, Tex., $500,000, and In Seattle $.100,000, October; Bethlehem Steel mii chlno shop, $1,000,000; Roehllng wire ropo mills, $1,500,000 ; Pino Bluff Com pany. Pine Bluff. Ark.. i1.2K0.nnn v.,. veinber; Hopewell, Va $1,000,000, De-1 ceniiier. Thete was a considerable falling off as compared with 1914. In the donations and liequests made lu this country. This was due probably to the enormous amounts that were contributed by wealthy persona to the various foreign relief funds. Outside of war charities Die total of contributions for 191.1 was $138,5,13,762, an compared with $218. 599,482 In 1914. Contributions In the Red Cross In money and contributions be had, and the amount that was given privately Added, the sum would be nearer lanu.uiiii.uup. Girts accounted for $70,761,850 and bequests for $67,791,91", To charities of various klnita was given $72,239,071 : tn educational Instl tut Ions, $8.1.354,338 : to religious nrgaul. atlons, $17,211,862 ; to art, c, $12,. I ...i... nriNiiru. -ri. liViiu.v V if. o iu iiuuilim. lnr CP r I fin n 11 Vi emu .. l..e II..... - 832,491, and to libraries, $916,000. The practical withdrawal of Mr. Carnegie from library beneficence seems to have been Infectious. The three regularly largest contributors Mr. Rockefeller, Mr. Carnegie and Mrs. Sage were not as conspicuous ns usual, their home benevolence having been straitened, per haps, by war demands. The figures for the year, so far as recorded, are! Mr. Rockefeller, 11,070,000; Mr. Carnegie, 13.330,000 : Mrs. Sage, $341,000. The women of the country gave $26. 304.839. For the relief of Belgium $80. 000,000 was raised, and another $80,000, 000 In cash, food, clothing and supplies was raised by other rellof organizations. The war has cost the fnlted Stales about $173,000,000 so far In the form of philanthropy. Many Rifts to Charity. Among the large gifts of the year the following stand out : January, Charles M. Hull bequeathed to Oberlln College $3,000,000 : Mrs. W. A. McMillan, to , S J.il U v,UUO J .Mrs. VV . rt. .XlC.lllllilll. lu charity. $2,000,000: February. Drs. Will- 'lain and Charles Mayo, gift for medical ' resrarrh. $1.000.000 : April Mrs. John D, Itonkelelle- bequeathed t charity. $1.- . OuO.OOO ; Andrew Carnegie, gift to Car- rstlimilt-il, $7,300,000: Robert B. Ward oequeained to cnarlty I I.uvo.nuu : .Mrs. ..... in.vi i't i ... n;ir 1 queathed to colleges and museums $8,- Van Antwerp Dc Witt .lefup be- Stln.oao; Dccetuher. Andrew I'reedman bequeathed to charity, $2.500.C0n. Turning frm the maslve columns of ' figures vhlch offer statistics of death land violence nnd of philanthropy for u 1 survey of n field of tremendous Impor- I'm,. I. llt.d nl..lt.,M nnm I .i.... i. .i' .V.l i' .... .. ,ii..a ' the value to the fanners of the prod- harvested. In the extraordinary "eather conditions that have prevailed I ami In the abnormal developments In 1 llu; 'Xl'ort trade Induced by the war "lost rcmarknblc In the history o: , "ntry. The total yield of the principal effaced all previous records and lvalue exceeded $5,000,000,000. Foi demands produced relatively high vi crops the ii.uue eAceeorii o,iiuii,uuh,mi'u, rureixn demands produced relatively high values ern seaboard of the United States, "' rop Knlliire. There were few sections of the coun - ... .. . ... . . lr ,,,a not oeneni i.y iiumper , c.r01"'- 1''"'"I weather did much it cunuiieie cron lai ore recorneu. Other new records were established In the production of hay. barley, rye and nee, nnd the production of tobacco was, The farm vntn.s ..f n, n..i..Ai..i i.ut....- ,u ,..,i ru)i;iiien iuq nu - . exist. double the mini- cropi for 1915 on December 1 com- ''' ,,llanl and as far north as the Baltic -Kgean. which would make 11 realm 1915 than In the njrnl with those nf itn c.n.....' .coast After momentary checks the nf tin Austrian dream of "Dcnn- mi,-i. Ulf- Wl Corn tl.T.Vlikiir.w in i,,ui Winter wheat . . nil . wh,at -ii irti ivi -Vii a'a i n.i. r.,..,... 7A--," o..i. Birlcy t:.M.io i lt,ftX.ll :i.c-i..) Kl.lW.frtl ?17.O.Xl,0llll M ooa.oao frit.fon.oio iv, (iVom I i.'.'1' r.T.ono.ivw in.ooo.foi .,,tws Hay ' I Tona.-.-o T.iof).yi 1 Cotton ts.;w,Iio Totila .l."W,Nr.l0 II.KVMXnM Among the notable movements of the 3 car wn me application 01 niyersiiieil , farming principles In the Southern UllllAl a li.r.r a..... A. . 1 - the expense of cotton. This made the South more Independent of the grain irrow lnr aeoiiona nna nrntii-tit av..ii..i monetary returns. "harp Ills- In Prlree. Incessant rains dcla liarvestlng of . winter wheat and caused great delay In marketing. There was a sensational rise il VJ, T ''V S'',,'mbe.r' 1 h: ,d'm'l for spring wheat was the most Insistent I ever known. Foreign Government! or-1 Suhlv ndr SZr "' , I. speculation were discouraged The many steamships were sunk by submarines and mines, so many Htenmshlps were withdrawn by the Al lies for transport service, and the loss of Germany's mercantile marine vvas so heavily felt, that a tremendous demand resulted for ocean carriers. Rateis went up to the highest figure ever known Owners of freight ships made fortunes over lilgllt Recently It has cost 50 cents a bushel to carry wheat from this country to the west coast of Kurope, and much more lo Mediterranean ports; carrying charges from Australia and the Argentine became almost prohibi tive. The English and French Gov ernments have taken nteps to alleviate conditions by providing more tonnage at less met, and a stivady call for our surplus products should exist In 1916, with the American grain growers hold- lug a favored position. Tlie export of wheat and flour up to , h of ,ne ''"'P ypHr June 3 ' win III. I irsp.l eve. ir.,,wt. ......41.... .. . . ...u .... .... ,,,,..,,, nmiiiiins at ,i;is,s94,uiMi nusiieis, or corn, 47,957 000 bushela -were exported: of oats. 9S.556.00O bushels. From July to the middle of December the exports were; Wheat and Hour, 108,494.000 bushels, iirn, 7,351,000 bushels; oata, 39,289, 00'J bushels, Tho high price for May wheat was reached In February, $1,67. From that tlmo on there was a diminishing volume of speculation and an Irregular lowering of prices. Trade In corn ,wa not of a spectacular nature. The high point In the jear for May cnni was reathrd In February, S3, cents. Small grains were greatly In demand. Irs provisions there was heavy outside bull ing and prices recovered from the slump of earlv In the year. Prospects fur 1916 In the grain trade are promising, with a piedlctlon for inuoli better than ordinary prices. Con tinned prosperity for Ihe grain trade and the farmers of the country appeals to be assured. ' the situation by commandeering large . " 'J ...i on Aiia-'uat r Zt'TrthrFo';; r...amVa,rS "'I od fa,e W A ?orn!?rkaablc Zen ' of the " !" tl.rma..- i r 'My mller east year was the great rise In ocean freight "f aw', K?110 f J . ' .A?!UX 17 Year 1915 Saw Disasters for the Entente Powers Serbia Crushed, Her Allies Being Too Late Russia's Victories Followed by Defeat and Invasion Britain Failed at the Dardanelles. SUBMARINE ISSUE INVOLVED PEACE OF U. S. Jan. 1. 1915 II. M. S. Formidable sunk by a Oerman submarine In the Channel. Dec. 31, 1915 H. M. 8. Natal irunlc In port by an explosion. Between those two dates, marked thin by vital blows at the most formidable ca power the world has ever seen, there has been recorded a nerles of 'event whose portentous effects will scarcely be realized for deciides to come. Two more nations have been brought Into the Klgnnllc upheaval of the Old World; Oieat Britain has been forced to admit failure of two great enterprises; hun dreds of thousands of liven have been lost nnd untold treasure sptnt; war haa Invaded the duptlm of Africa and pro voked "sympathetic reactions" In far off Yur.inn; the United Statea has been drawn Into almost open conflict with two great Kuropenn nations. StatrJIntr out prominently as una i .,, ,.1.- f.,e n,. ,,.,.r hlnrlu,, of this the second calendar year of the great , war, are Oermany's drive through Poland 1 and lulu Bussla up to the last formidable I line of Muscovite defences; England's withdrawal from hard won positions of Belgium; the swing of the war centre to the Balkans nnd the menace to Egypt, the Suez Canal and all thefoutpords on the way to Britain's Oriental empire; the los to Oermnny of her African col onies ; the stubborn trench warfare In France, where after a year of effort grent the the of Itnnla ; Iza- at Busala'a Snceeaaea. Wm ijjr, opened the leglona of the 1 Clar were dealln? mashlng blows nt Ihe -.....,. I.. Ill.n,l ,.A In "' "''w'"'" . , ;hl ilrA. v' Ins : rais Prussia .at the same time JDr V 10 " . w ""L . , vir-" ..invii sua m num mr mpi, water mark of Russia's effort. On Janu w. e it.. (1.. ..).... .. 1 . , at.. . 1 - uij v uiu iiuiqiisiis rrsi lieu 111c iivniier between Bukowlua and Hungary and In the first brush with the AusJtrlana cap tured 1,000 of them. On January 29 the Russian forces In East Prussia advanced on the Memel almost to Tilsit. After two months of fierce fighting In Poland Bus. Ma won a big success at Przasnysz. cap turing 10,000 Germnns, on March 2. The Oallclan fortress of Peremysl, besieged since November 11 by the Russians, fell Into their hands on March 22. The prle- loners taken there numbered 126,000 men. ' Fnllnwlrie tin thi vlctnrx the Tltutalana . cajHured Lupkow Pass and becan a gigantic eerles of operations ngalnst the other Carpathian misses, the oblect being hlfled several .hundred thousand n the French front and launched a mighty army ngalnst the Russian lints virrniuiii" uiinr me uuesiaun Meailiiv Wl forclnip Ihem In alundAi, l,e tine ... .... .,.. ..... .. . ... . . 11 lnr "nirsirr, wnur me Austriaiis rc- captured lmberg on June 22. ami the Germans occupied Hallcz, hurling tin Russians eastward o the Gnlla Llpa line rt' . 1 rt 1 n 1 . Trntona Throw nniiinni nni-M Victory after vlrtor.v followed for the icuions nnn tne uussinn armies were forced tn nbondon the Onlla Llns. and by July 6 were lighting m the Hawka. Przasnysz was reoccupled by tlie Ger mans on luly 14 and a new German offensive In the region of Riga was begun. On July 17 Vnn Hlndenburg forced the Russians back toward the line of fortresses on the Narew, while Von Mackensen broke through the Lublin i Chnlin line nt Krnsnostaw. On July t . c . i, n... ....... i,.e... li....... e.ti tMl,k from tlle Bzurnn Rawka front to Klonle line and the Oerman guns Wglin 10 immnler the fortress of Novo Georglevsk. On July 28 the Germans ,, ,, ..pA.sina- nt the Vistula I.e. tweeii Warsaw and Ivangorod nnd the '"'.""?' reparations to evacuate the old Polish capital. Disaster after disaster the nus wlec on August 22, Brest Lltovsk, the key tn Russia's second line of defence on the Bug, on August 25, Grodno on September 2. Czar Nicholas assumed supreme com mand of his armies on September .1, Grand Duke Nicholas being transferred lo the Caucasus. On September 9 Von Mackensen pushed his way Into Dubno, Vllna fell Into the power of the Germans oh September 18, and the Germans dug In to hold their new Hue far Into the he-irt "f Russia. Two great drives against the German barrier nf tneti and Iron stretrlilng across northeastern France were the sole events which differentiated the opera tions on the western front from the slow and tedious "war of attrition" which has developed since the Teuton Invadcra established themselves there after their retreat from the Marne. The French forces In the sector east of iincims. acting in concert wmi a nro. Jected British attack on the lines south of La Bassee canal, delivered a series of tierce artillery and Infantry assaults on the German positions along the rail, way running cast and west and serving the Crown Prlnce'a army In the Argnnnr. The French broke through the line In several places on September 25, and when Ihe four days fighting wan at an end had made a gain or two and a half miles along a front of flfleon miles The British penetrated the German lines a distance of 4,000 yards and cap. luicd the outskirts of the village of Bulloch, while the French on their right to the Houth. drove the Germans froni the formidable "Labyrinth" and won a footing In Souehez. Hitter FlKkt for Voesee Peak. In the Vtvages the year was marked by bitterly contested battle for a doml i Ming peak. lUrtmennirwelllerVonr to ul.i... nllA,a.,l In ottlelr iiiniiilnn Cn I .11, lriiisi.."s aiish.-i I .-. lynrii which th. rrench it flr o 4. Tbla eintr,Mert j... ,. . th. ..,11... "u 'ICS .1 ' ' iiur, the gatewav 'eVen i' A to Chlge ,Vf Jronch Infantry won the peak mi March .lav? of lT, I 'at ,M,e l,nt" th0 '"' ,9. O""-1"'' French kept p intennlttent artillery and Infant. attacks n efforts to win or hold the Pi?? ,the last wcel: of Decornbrr V? ,rf"ch "bliounred that they had driven the Germans out of tho lat re inalnlng trenches near tho summit an.. that lrartmnnnswelllerkopf wis securel held. One of the most fiercely content I V'Vi 1 of th" WMtcr" trim was that rollmvlng th German drive nt the llril tsh llnei northeaM of Vpres which was bepun on April 22. Here for the fi- t time nsphj .Mating guses wore used by the Teutons ns n preparation for tho attack. The Canadians, who bore tho brunt of the assault, as well ns th? I rench supporting them on the right were forced from their posit Una by th cloud of noxious vapor and the Her mans advanced close to Vpies. Trts furious fighting here continued for sev eral daM. until on Ap:ll 2J the Oer mans were definitely halted. A new f.wtor entered Into tho Kuro penn struggle toward the end nf May, when Italy nfier mitlis of frultlem negotiations with Tb.slrl.-i regarding "territorial coumennatlonV called for by the terms of the Triple Alliance treaty after Austria's advance Into Serbia broke with her ally, denounce I the historic treaty which had exlued tor more than thirty years and de clared war on the Dual Monarchy. Hits tllltles were opened on May 23. On account of the mountainous nature of the Italo-Autrlan frontier and the enormous natural obstacles favoring the defenders the advance of the Italians Into Austrian territory has been elow and made nt a very hem-y cost, In this region, by nature nnd mlllta-v rt an almost Impassable barrier agalnn nn Invader, the troops of King Victor Knur.inuel have maintained for seven months a tenacious struggle against great odds, which has won th admiration of the French and British commanders who have visited that front The objective Is the stronghold of Oorltz. the key to the Carso plate-au. over whlrh the Italians hope to match toward Trieste, their ultimate goal. The losses on both sides have been enormous Farther north, nt the headwaters of the Isoiizo, a large Italian army Is at tacking Tnlmlnn, defended by two forts, Monte Santa Lucia and Munte Santa Maria, wMIe still- further mirth the his toric fortress nf Malborghetto Is beinr battered Into ruins by the big cuns nf the Invaders In an effort to open the road to the railroad rcrvlng Tnlmlnn and Goritz and lending Into the heiut of Austria. With the reduction of tin so defences the Italians would be In a posi tion even to threaten Vienna. As the great war Marled in the Hal kans the clash between Austria h -ul Serbia wa the epark that et off it,., charged magaz-lne It was n.nur.il tii.i ,the little Kingdoms formluc that tinlni. '"" lent portion of muthern Kurnp should in- c.iiien upon to play one nf the chief rolei- In tho terrible drama. Here Ten ton and allied diplomacy came Into con flict nnd the 'Petit ms won Bulgaria had been looked upon from the start as the danger point for th Quadruple Enteric After the second Balkan war, win, li was brought nn bv herself. Bulgaria had soon her spoils taken from Turkey fall Into the hand of her quondam allies, Oreeco and Ser bin, while Rumania had seized the 115. nnrtunitv tn r.-iMi the vulii.ilile iniTitn-,. J of the Dob -udja Oerman diplomacy saw Its .-liance ltrsolvcd 011 humlilliiV . Set Ida nnd openln- uii 11 road to n,e "-11.11, 111- ii-iunii nines nrotlgllt tlis Teuton ruler of the Hill....... l.-i.... i.-.. .1 , .. .1... .. 1 . . niinuni. m men- miic. 1 ne i.nnilnn nil I fans nipimnnis tried in vain tn get Greece and Serbia tn Katlsfv the Bul garian territorial ilalins and months weie lost in futile negotiaions. Serbia ( riiabrd. The Invasion nf Setbla was begun on October r. As the Ati'tin-Gcniian forces entered by ciosslng the Danube, the northern frontier of Serbia, the P.ul- I garlnns broke through the inoiiiitalns ,ui the cart, Belgrade. fell on Of. tolier 9 and the "steam roller' di aiice of the Austrlans and Germans ' from the Danube to the froutnr of Greece was on. Tho eastern forties-es fell Into the hands of the Bulgars within a few days, ami Nlsh. the war capital nf the kingdom, was occupied by a c-nmblneil German nnd Bulgar force nn November 5. Tho scattered Serb nrmy was sir tr over the historic Kossnvo Plain n.t.i the mountains of Albania nnd Mon em gr.. With the Invasion nf seihm cams Oreat Britain's first teal falluie of the war. An allied force of British nnd French was landed nt Halonica. n Greek port, and was hurried up the Vanlar to Join the Serbs befoie they were driven from their country. Greece had re. fused to catry out the terms of ber treaty with Sorbin, and the Entente Powers were forced to tako the matter Into their own hands, They were too late. The troops landed nt S.ilonica were hopelessly Insufficient to cope with the Bulgars. nnd after n dash up the railroad and some more or less severe engagements, the entire ixisltlon whs abandoned and the troops were taken back to entrench tit Salnulca. It was In connection with thin failu e of Entente diplomacy and this new t umph for the Teutons that Etigl.r ,1 was forced to the humiliating adm.i-M.. that the Dardanelles enterprise, wis a blunder. The task of forcing the D.r danelles and thus opening a ,n o end supplies tn Russia wn undcrt iken tsarly ln the year lialllpoll rnllnrr xiluilttcil. In the fighting on the peninsula frntr May to tho latter part nf Novcinlicr t'i British losses were ulllclally Mated t be mine than 100,000 men. Promt,,-! Asqulth announced in the House nf Coin minis on December 20 that the Rut ml, troops at Suvhi Bay and Atuae had been withdrawn. It vvas Impossible t . force the Turkish positions. It is be lleved that events lu Serbia hastened, (f they did not cause, this abandonment of the costly enterprise. With the swing of the war centre to the Near East there arose another ques lion of serioiiH Import for Kncland, The Turk, hnd tried In the beginning of th year to emus the Suez Canal mid Invade Egypt. The attempt vvas a failure. owing to the Insufllclriicy of the Ottoman nt inv alid the enornioua dlrilculties of trans porting men and suppllea aornas n,e Syrian ileseit. Ah the ytxjir ujs nas waning, however, tellable reports were In the effect that many of these dUltcut. ties had been surmounted and that i. combined army of Ottomans and Ten. March 24 Ut Qwat ions m reaamese to make a froth daeh r. X'