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THE SUN, MONDAY, JANUARY 3, 1916.
18-- Automobile NEED CARBURETER FOR HEAVY FUELS This, Oil Companies Contend, Will Solve Gasolene Problem. 80,000,0(10 BARRELS IN 1910 In tp'to ot ,ie,r strenuotn efforts, the oil companies report the demand for motor pasoleno hua cot ahead of the supply. thu" ,hey cx',laln 0,0 ,acl that sjasoleiio prices aro mounting to the i-ky. Th0 " Wa provided by ono ol the oil companies rolatltiff to tho TOn-th of Rasolcno consumption In re cent year "w thfl Jimcult problem thfct lms confronted the refiners. In 1S0O the total Kasolor.e consump tion In the t'nlted States was 6.000.00b barrels In 105 It had rlson to B.S00. 000 In 1910 It had practically doubled, the' consumption belnit something; over io'oOO.OOO barrels. Hy the end of 1914 tmo volume of fpiaolcne consumption had nValn practically doubled, the fU-ures be SO 000.000 barrels. That the urovth , Mill KOlnc on at. an Increased ratio Is Indicated bv the estimated consumption ft? 1916. which Is Placed at 30,000.000 UAUhouKh the production of crude oil Iteolf In this country has hardly kept pace with the demand for gasolene, the refiners have been able to meet the situation throuch continually perfecting their processes of mnnufRC.ture, m that they Ret a larger nnd larger yield ot wolene from the crude oils that pro duct! It. The most notable of the Im provements In refining processes wwj that made by Dr. Burton, Standard Oil chemist In Chicago. This process, known us tho "premure still" method. Is new being used all over the country. Notwithstanding the perfected meth ods of refining, the percentage of gaso lene as compared with the percentage of heavier oils extracted from crude petroleum Is small. If tho carbureter could bo developed so that automobiles could utlllie tho heavier products of petroleum, It Is contended that It would mean there would be Immediately available for automobile uxe a tremen dous quantity of motor fuel, thus re lieving tho present lack of supply and consequent high prices. Up to the present time the oil com panies have nrovlded puch a supply of motor fuel that tho question of fuel has given Uie automobile manufacturer practically no concern. If. es now seems to be the case, the oil companies have reached their limit In tho produc tion of motor fuel of the present type It would seem that the automobile manu facturer must tana neea. . Blow progress has been made in the direction of utlllilng a heavier motor fuel. One of the leading authorities on motor engineering problems says : There Is no reason to bolleve that In carbureters we have yet reached tho limit of development along the lines that have been followed hitherto and which have been In the direction of the employment of tho heavier fuel. "It is not likely that the basic prin ciple of the carbureter will be changed, but that the Improvement or extended development will be with the view to devising a way to divide the fuel Into till smaller particles, which will be necessary with the heavier grades. 'It will further be necessary that the Intake bo kept warm to prevent re condensatlon. It is within the realm of KM5lblllty that a carbureter may be deilgned that will handle as heavy a product even as kerosene oil. Any de velopment In this direction would of course be of vital Importance in view of the present condition of Uie gasolene market." During 1916 It Is estimated that nearly a million new cars will be sold In this countryi It is on this basis that the oil men estimate that there will bo a demand for approximately 30,000,000 barrels of gasolcno during the same ! , .1 .With the visible, supply considerably unaer tnis ngure u socnis mmwun) certain that gasolene prices must mount Mflll tilcliA unlpva relief rein ho obtained from some source. The oil producers and refiners are putting rortn every . . ... w. U,tjtlnn Hilt th.v VILUt b IU IllCd III" a,.unv.w,, .. say that the automobile manufacturers too nnoum apprecuue uie praviu- in uio present siucauon una ihh iuve n m .lrtt- trt iTia All rr.mnnnles. The de vclopment of a new carbureter that would permit the use of heavier grades cf petroleum would come very near oiving me eniiro prouiem. LIGHT METALS THE TEST. Thai In the Statement of Alumi num .Manufacturer. Ijlght metals vvlll mark the line be tween the old and tho new manufac turer!! of motor cars, according to K. E Allyno. president of the Aluminum Cast- Intra Company or Cleveland, ine ten dency, according to Mr. Allyno, Is not so much for spenl as toward construc tion that tends to qulclt ana easji ac Alrat(nn. Aluminum has been used to such an extent In the Marmon .11 that Ita weight haa been reduced by 1,000 pounds. The motor Is distinctly Marmon In Its char scter, but Its weight mid its non-heating quality have rendered It conspicuous. IbssssssssssHBb. 'ttl Manufacturers FINANCING A GOLF CLUB IS A SERIOUS PROBLEM Mistakes Are Frequent and Now Is the Time to Examine Situation and Make Plans for the Future Careful Manager Is Needed. n .itiii.v a. M)i:ito.v. Thero Is one New Year's resolution which should be made bv those members of golf committees representing country clubs whose charges liavo failed In tho year Just gono to show aught but losses In a llnanclal way, and that Is to soo to It thnt the mistakes of the past are not repeated, that greater efforts nrn made to put the club on a firm financial basis. Tho financing of n golf club has be come moro and more of a serious prob lem and to-day thero nro hundreds of such Institutions which do not go at tho matter In a thoroughly businesslike fashion. In fact, tho running ot most club has been as haphazard as the selection of green committees, whoso In efficiency has cost hundreds- of thou sands of dollars. This article Is Intended simply to point out a few of the methods which nro In vogue at some of the best clubs, th ones which show a balance at tho end of tho year, and In setting down a few factH of this nnturo 1 believe that much good can be accomplished If the offi cials of tho smaller clubs particularly will pay heed to and Improve pcrhapi upon these suggestion1. It may bo n surprising fact to many golfers, but thero are In the country hundreds of clubs which do not have a central agency for all club finance. These clubs let the players pay the caddies, with the result thnt the ones who tip the most generously always get the best service, ami tho sum which Ij named by tho club for each round be comes after tho first week a dead letter. What should bo done of course Is to have a caddymaster no club is too small for this position to be left vacant and to him should bo assigned the task of paying the caddies. There are many mothods In use. Clubs which do not feel ablo to ad vance a month's money for tills service could have tho player pay tho caddy master as ho obtained tho services of ,i caddy, und when the round waa finished the boy could collect what van due him on the presentation of tho card given hlin by the player, who In turn received It from tho caddymaster. At the larger clubs of course the fashion Is to liavo tho caddymaster punch the ticket with tho time of departure If the piiy Is by the hour and on the caddy's return ngaln to htamp tho card and pay thu boy what the ticket calls for. At tho end of the month these tickets are prcsentcil to tho player along wllh his other house checks. This sys tem, if it can be afforded, Is by far tho best. Then there are clubs, the large ones this time, winch lose much money on the restaurant, which, wliero there Is a largl membership, tdiould bo a permanent source of Income. I have In mind one club In particular which has a member ship of 600. l'Or a number of years It lost money, and try as the men on the house committee could and did a loss was shown at the end of each calendar year. In desperation the men hi led a capable club manager, paying him 15,000 the first year. As was natural there was a loud outcry by some of the members, wno tnought that tnls was an astounding price to pay for what had been done for nothing by tho members. but their objections went oerrtiled mid free play was given to the new manager. He was frank In his statements lo the committee and said that they must ex pect to lose a considerable amount of money the first year, nut mat it was his belief after the members had been educated to his ways they would re spond In a manner which would In a short time bring a goo.1 icturn. Tiicre upon the manager advertised a family dinner, stating that the price was to be II for each plate. The dinner was put on at the annual meeting of the club anl a special effort wan made by all those who had become Interested In the scheme to have as many as possible of the members present. Each ono was permitted to bring a guest In addition to the members of the family. Tho mis slonarv work was well done and 300 members nnd guests sat down to the verltablo feast which was spread before them. The manager told me that It cost him J1.75 a plate, that everything moved oft like clockwork. The whole tone of the dinner was "How can they do It for a dollar?'' Two weeks later another dinner was announced, a family affair of homo sort, and there was even a larger gathering than at the first night to seo If the standard of the culfilno was as high as It had been' at the opening. It was, for the manager knew his business, but because he could make the menu Just as attractive with a few different vegetables and daintlrit which were a bit cheaper the meal cost but ll.RO a head. All this time the members of the houso committee were feeling a bit rest less, not having confidence ns to where this would lead them, but they kept to tholr nromlse and hold hands off. Then, tho manager having seen that there was a demand lor trio rignt mir?s jind that the ladles were Interested In the club, started a number of after noon teas, the first on Sunday, These weie well intended and he made a profit. Jfowever, the big Idea was to draw tho members to the advertised family dinners hold every two weeks and Exhibiting at the same time make money. The manager tnado many trips Into the noarby olty, visited countless market places and finally found where he could trade to the best all around advantage, lie made a study of his waiters and soon got rid of all those who showed n disposition to 'be careless. Tho result was that even at the end of the first year there was a profit on the restau rant of 3,000, and a belief among the members that for service and for their money's worth the club could not be excelled If equalled In America. To day the restaurant does a business up ward ot $60,000, with a profit of J 10, 000 or so and never a complaint. I do not know the manager's salary at present, but he Is worth every cent of 110.000. The above story of what has been done In a prominent club In the Hast simply points the moral that It Is the management which can make or bleak a club, and nowhere Is this so vital as in the matter of the restaurant. My advice Is to procure a first class manager, pay him a good salary, and the financial con dition will Improve. Thero are many clubs which let the professional run the shop so far as the collection of bills Is concerned. I be lieve that this Is wholly wrong, that It is an Injustice to the professional, who iriuiy a time has to wait months for his pay for clubB, balls, repairs, lessons, and so forth. The club should stand right back of Its hired Instructor, have his"' bills put through the regular club channels, have the members po$ted If they do not pay their bills by the ap pointed time. There Is no good reason why this should not be dono; It shows the professional that tho club Is Inter ested In his rights and that he is a part of the system and not apart from It, and makes him more loyal to the Interests of all the members. .Many clubs do this, and all Which have a pro fessional should incorporate the scheme at once. The system which the Wykagyl Coun try Club Is soon to put Into operation, that of bestowing the privilege of the links to the "part time" tnembers, so Cilllod, those who can golf on all dajs except Saturday, Sundny and holidays, on tho payment of tho regular yearly dues, with no initiation fee, however, strikes mo as a wonderful mothod which could bo used particularly by those clubs which wished to procure extra money for needed Improvements. I doubt not that, the scheme will be tried t many clubs beforo another year passes. Thero is one good feature connected with the golf clubs and courses In this country. The men who have Instituted the beginnings have realized that it is the course and not the clubhouse on which depends the success of every club and that It Is always well to provide for the club course even ut tho expense of the house. Without a good course the fine clubhouse Is only a mockery. There Is no fixed way for determining the njoney which should be spent on the cxiurae, but It runs all the way from 20 to 4G per cent, of all the moneys taken In during the year. Anything less than 20 per cent, means that the course Is not getting Its Just due and that the members are not lelng taken ca.ro of in a ,,r0pcr fashion from a golfing stand- point. The smaller tho club the more Is spent on the course, but that Is usually became the clubhous appointments are not as costly to keep up or o much demanded. It would b possible to go on at great length and give In detail the history of other clubs In this respect, but sutlice to say that there will not be failure If the right man Is engaged to supeniso day after day and night after night. The waste at a club can be terrific; the right rrn will save twice his salary Admission The Grand Central Palace may be reached by Subway to Grand Central Station (Express Stop); Lexington Ave. Can to the door; Madison Ave. Cars to 46th Street; 42nd Street Crosstown Cars to Lexington Ave.; Third Ave. Elevated to 42nd or 47th Streets; Fifth Ave. Bui to 46th Street. Many Novelties at the BELATED EXHIBITS STILL ARE ARRIVING Freight Car Shortago and Bad Weather Have Held Them Up. PIONEERS' DAY IS NEAR Although the Automobile Show In Grand Central Palace was closed to the publlo yesterday there was considerable activity In and around the butldlnf get ting In a flock of belated cars and other exhibits which the freight car shortage and bad weather had held up on the rails. Several new cars not seen last week will be on view to-day J likewise a number of accessory exhibits. Many of the exhibits on the main floor and mctxanlno have been rearranged. One maker has no stripped chassis to exhibit despite well laid plans. The Mitchell chassis was shipped from Ra cine In what seemed ample time to get hero for the show, but owing to the rail road freight congestion It is lost. j. p. MrAnultv. the Mitchell sales engineer. who had expected to deliver his usual lectures on the chassis. Is for the nonce a man with his occupation gone. He has asked Carl II. l'age, the Eastern Mitch ell distributer, to use his Influence with tho railroad company to hurry the chas sis to thlH city. Ho got out of a stck bed to come hero to explain the mechan ical details of the car and resents nis Involuntary activity. To-morrow is to be Pioneers' Day at tho show, upon which occasion more than 100 of the men who are responsible for irlvlng tho automobile Industry Its early start, will gather for a reunion. Many of them aro making special tnps to New York In order to be here for Uie occasion and also for the National Automobllo Chamber of Commerce ban quet to be held at the Waldorf-Astoria to-morrow evening. Among those who will bo present are the following: Col. George rope, Alexander winion, Klwood Haynes. A. L. lllker. l.ouls Clarke, Charles K. Duryea. John Hrls ben Walker. (!. P. Dorrls. Charles Met. J. Krank Duryea. Klmer Apperson, Kdgar Apperson, V. J. Newman, w. H. llaker. A. L. Pone. Charles T. Jeffery. J. It. Bartholomew, Howard 1;. toflln. W. C. Owen. A. II. Overman, Frank u, Htearns, J. W. Packard. Hoy D. Chapln. Alfred Heec. It. K. Olds. Ceorge Q. Ilrandenhurg, II. II. Ulce, I:. II. Thomas K. Stearns, Henry M. Leland, M. J, Uudlong. William Metxger, Charles Clif ton, James Joyce, II. H. Franklin. Harry Knox. John Bate. Benjamin Briscoe, George Dixon. A. C. Newby. It. C. Beus- chaw. S. D. Walden, U II. Klttredge David Ferguson, Henry May, K. n. Ben son, W. C. Durant. S. B. Bowman, Rob ert Garden, S. A. Miles. Gus Boyer, A. I. Gat-ford, Charles Knight, J. D. Maxwell. Charles B. King and F. K. Stanley. BIG YEAR IS COMING. C. T. JeBerr ts Itrportu Frosn Ills Dealers the Country Over. Charles T. Jeffery. president of the Thomas B. Jeffery Company of Kenosha, has arrived at the Vanderbllt, He has received iurd from 350 Jeffery dealers that practically every section of the country booming with prosperity. California reports that there will bo B0 per cent, more cars sold there during the coming year than ever before. Diversity of crops In Texas has proved a wonder ful boost In addition to a big cotton crop. Iowa. Illinois, Minnesota, the Dakotas, Kansas and Wisconsin have all been en riched by bountiful crops and healthy business conditions. From Seattle to Jacksonville and from San Francisco to Portland, Me., dealers nre counting on the biggest year of the business the Industry has jet seen. Auto Show Closes January 8 NOW OPEN t Grand Central PALACE 50c. Literature Given Away Costs High MONO the items that cost money at the Automobile Show is the printed matter given away. Booklets, plain and in col ors, carried away under the arms of visitors cost some exhibitors as much as $10,000 for their show supply. Taken as an aver nge of $6,000 worth of printing to an exhibitor, it means there is given away free about $300,000 worth of automobile "literature." This high cost of literature is illustrated by a man at the Lex ington exhibit on the second floor. This company has a colored book let showing a seasonable picture of a young woman "in the fur trenches" at the wheel. Inside are interesting pictures along with a readable story built around the new "Minute Man" Six which these builders are introducing. EEO ENJOYS "REPEATS." On IVr Cent, of Original Owners Come Back (or Second Car. With a view to determining Just how regularly Reos repeat the Reo Motor Car Company of New York recently has consulted 1,965 owners of Reos In this vicinity who have at one time or an other owned a Reo car and thereafter purchased another car of any descrip tion. In 9J per cent., or a total of 1.82S Instances out ot the 1,965, Reos have been selected for a second time. Seventy-two per cent, of the 1,965 own ers have owned three Reos. 7 per cent, have owned four. It per cent, haw owned five, 7 per cent, liavo owned sl, 2 per cent, have owned seven, ana etgn teen persons, a fraction less than 1 per cent, have, owned eight. One man has owned nine. It Is the contention of the Reo Motor Car Company of New York that the equal of thls'record cannot be shown by any other car. Following out this Idea a representative was sent recently up and clown Automobile Row to ascertain how many used Reos were on sale else where than In the Reo establishment. An exhaustive i-carch, which Included visits to 109 used car and combination In uncovering only three Reos on sale, and good prices were being asked for them. 'To my mind, the supreme test of motor car merit Is afforded by an In vestigation such ns the one we have Just concluded." says R. E. lngersoll, man ager of Eastern branches ot the Reo Motor Car Company. "Krankly, we did not dream that the Investigation would prove so favorable to us. We knew that we had many owners who had purchased Reos over and over, but we had no Idea that the percentage was so large as that shown. "Nowadays, when a prospective cus tomer asks us for names of some of our Users as references we simply tell him to visit the office of the Secretary of htate, examine the records and select at random any ten owners therein listed. And there are more Instances than one where prospects have taken us at out word." JVew York Dealer for Dorl. A New York dealer for the Dort Motor Car Company. Kllnt, Mich., will be announced before the cloie of the show. The lat minute decision of the Dort company to exhibit at the New York show this )car Is taken as confirmation of tho report that a soiling company Is to bo established. The Dort exhibited last year, but the demand for the car In territories already established was so great that It was not thought ad visable to nttempt to meet a New York demand then. Since that time, however, the factory production has been In creased several times until now It Is more lhan 1,000 cars a month. 10 A.M. to Palace Show WILL SWAP TWELVE FOR OLDEST HAYNES Company Makes Offer to Find Out tho Oldest Car of Its Make Still in Service. The Haynes Automobllo Company wants to find the oldest Haynes car And will trade one of Its newest models, a twelve cylinder car, for the earliest machine of Its make which can be found. A. a. Selberllng, general manager of the Haynes, says: "There aro still a number of the older models doing ser vice. On veteran built In the times when the modes called for surreys and phaetons Is still pulling Its loads over the rutted highways on the Dakota plains. The chances are the offer wilt uncover types of Haynes cars that wero popular In tho early days. The automo biles built In the lato '90s and the llrst years of the following decade had two cylinder motors, machines wrlth large boro cylinders and short piston stroke. In 1905 we put a four cytlnder motor car on the market, which was followed by the first of the six cylinder type seven years later. "It Is possible that one of the oldest cars ot the one cylinder type may arise phoenlxllke from the ashes and Bcrap heaps of the motor car Industry and lay claim to the Haynes light twelve. The Haynes company built cars of this model the nrst four years of its exist ence and the homecoming of one ot these automobile pioneers would be an occa sion for festivity. "The very first Haynes car has been presented to the Smithsonian Institution by Klwood Haynes. This was Uio car that he put together In a blacksmith shop to substitute for an old gray horse which lacked endurance to match tho needs of his owner In going over tho roads connecting a circuit of gas wells In central Indiana. Mr. Haynes drove his first American automobile, which attained a speed of nine miles an hour. In and about Kohomo for ten years or more. "Whatever model the offer to trade returns It will make a striking demon stration of motor car progress. Owners of old Haynes cars aro requested to send In their names to the factory at Kokomo, together with complete descriptions of the machines, so that the oldest car may be found as quickly as possible." UTILITY CLASS GROWING. Owners Who Drlre for Plensnre Only Fewer, Says (I. C. llubb. "The percentage of car owners Who drive for pleasure only Is growing smal ler every rear," says George C. Hubbs, assistant general sales manager ot Dodge Bros., Detroit "Motor Carn to day are an economic necessity, and this Is true particularly of the cars In our class. Even the wealthy man ho has one or more big cars for pleasure tour Ing Is turning to the smaller ca-r, with Its light upkeep for business purposes. "We had a striking example of thin Immediately after the last tunc (.alves ton was swept by sea. Naturally, we looked for a slump In business In the Galveston territory, but Instead our rep resentative thero made demands for more cars, and specified many mndsters. When wo Inquired we ascertained that the big men of the community, who were throwing themselves heart and eoul Into repairing the damages done by the waters, were buying the Dodge Bros roadsters so that they could get around the city more quickly." Aeroplane Fkdi on Chalmers. Among the Interesting Items In a me chanical way at the Automobllo Show nre the aeroplane farm used on the Chaltncrw cars. Chalmers engineers say that the new aeroplane fan, with its two broad blades tilted at a sharp angle, gives 6D per cent, more etllclency than the type ordinarily In use. 10.30 P.M. To Sell Simplex on Paelflo Caast, Cloorge K. Arnold, for a long tlmo as sociated with the Packard Motor Car Company of New York, and Jan II. Htclllng, for tho past seven years with the. -Da Dion Bouton Company, have formed a partnership known as the Arnold-Steltlng Company, Inc. to act as The One Week THERE'S ONLY ONE WEEK in the year when you can see and compare all makes of automobiles on absolutely equal terms. That is Automobile Show week this week in Ntw York. WE REO FOLK welcome that time because we feel that when cdmparisons are made right side by side, as it were, all the results are in favor of Reo cars. YOU KNOW, IT ISN'T EASY in fact one must be a mechanical expert, a "bug" on specifications and constructional details; and, above all, one must have a sense of pro portion highly developed to be able to Compare cars of different makes when each is located in its own show-rotfm. perhaps ' a mile apart. WE FIND BUYERS ARE often surprised to findi'for example, the great difference there is irif Size in passenger capacity between a fivevpassenger or a seven-passsnger Reo and so called "five" arid "seven" passenger cars of some other makes. THEN TAKE FINISH. At two widely separated points both cars look nice and shiny but stand them side by side and a blind man could distinguish Reo finish from the other .NO, THAT ISN'T A JOKE we mean just that. For, by the touch you can detect roughness and inequalities that the eye may not disclose just try it, and see. THE SAME IS TRUE of details of finish; of upholstering. Real leather and real hair in Reos and deeper, springier cushions. (You can skimp qn springs too, you know, if you are building to meet a pre-determined price.) COUNT THE SPOKES in the wheels. Never thought of that did you? No, but your life may depend on it sometime. IN REO WHEELS there arc the same number 12 and they arc the same size, front and rear. MEASURE THEM measure others. You'll find the Reo spokes are round most others oval and in the extra cross-sectional area of hickory lies the Reo extra factor of safety. "50 PER CENT OVER-SIZE" in all vital parts. You know the Reo factor of safety. Well, look and you'll find it in wneels, axles, steering spindles, driving gears, springs everywhere. THEN COMPARE with any other five J less than $1,000 or above and you'll see why this great car ha1? held the lead for now six seasons. YOU'LL AGREE that Reo the Fifth is the "Incomparable Four." THEN TAKE THE NEW REO SIX at - $1,250. Go over it point by point; compare dimensions', quality of workmanship;. finish and materials down to the last 'smallest detail, and see if you can find anywhere, fit any price, a seven-passenger, touring car or a four-passenger roadster that is its equal. YES, WE SAID EQUAL, to this graceful, beautiful "Sheer line" creation. CAN ANY MAN WANT a better equipage can science produce its superior in all the essentials of a motor car? Reo Motor Car Company of Ne,w York, Incorporated llrundusy at Mtli, Manhattan n?.:i!l Ullllam r , it ys 1 i n I I It'!' distributors for the Simplex and Blmi plex-Crane cars In Man Frnnclsco, Jjoi Angeles nnd other territory west cf the. Mississippi In which Simplex is not at present represented. Messrs. Arnold and tftelllug will make their headquarters at the Ht. Francis Hotel, San Francisco, from February 1 on, until they have lo cated their salesroom. Within a year a I.os Angelex salesroom will bo opened. the SS75 Reo the Fifth . - passenger car selling for UKO lledfnrd DropUlui hi, Newark, N. J. (lit) 'II, I I I n I 111 I