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THE SUN, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 5, 1916.
2 (he following brief statement Issued by Secretary Tumulty after conference with the President: 'The President and the Hecretary of Bute are taking every mean possible to; obtain the full farts In this grave matter and will act Just aa soon as the Information Ih obtained." rThe statement whh (Wen out bhortly after 10 o'clock IIiIh morning. The President had arrived In Washington from his honeymoon a few hour pre viously and had talked with Hecretary Lansing over the telephone frqm the White House. Officials who recalled similar expressions Issued from thnWhlte Hons Immediately following the tilnklnK of the l.ueltanla In May, 1M5. took cum tolexplsln that the promise to "act" did not hecessarlly Imply promise to break off, diplomatic relation with any of the Teutonic Power. k' The statement was issued partly. It In I understood, beomiso of reiHirta that Congress, which reconvened lo-dny, would discus the situation and perhaps attack the Ailmltilxtratlon for failure, to pursue n more drastic Kllcy. In the course of the morning and be fore Congress was called to order at noon, the President sent for Chairman Htone of the Henatc Foiclgn HeUtlonH Committee and Chairman Hood of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs To each of these he gave assurance that the Administration would take no defi nite action without consulting member PERSIA'S LOSS DESCRIBED BY AMERICAN SURVIVOR ftlnirlcs Grnnt Rays Consul McNcoly Whs Trapped in His Cabin. PASSENGERS WEKE COOL Alexandria, Jan. 4 Charles II. (Irant of Boston, who I so far an Is known the only American survivor of .lie Persia dliaater, told here to-day hla story of the sinking, which Indicates that there was no panic on board and that tho ship went down within five mlnutea after she waa hit. "I was In the dining room of the Persia at 1:00 P. M.." Mr. (Irani said. "I had just finished my soup and the Hteward waa asking what I would take for a second course when a terrific ex plosion occurred. The saloon became Broken glass una filled with smoke. mte action wnnoui rwisuiiiiia ninmrei ' ,m trn. lh. v.llr wtilrli niuuin.il of the committees, but would keep them , ",.e"lll" 'r? J,hc b0""r' w,lc,' "PP0""1 aavised as the situation developed. Ur both he exacted a promise that they would use their good -otftccs to prevent Intemperate discussion of the. delicate situation In the House and Senate. fieiithnrnt In t'nnirrr.s. At the Capitol to-day there was mani fested a degree of anxiety autcng Demo cratic as well as Republican members of the tfenate, which of Itself will op erate as a curb against any precipitate action. Opinions In the upiwr branch at pear to differ as to the course that the President ought to pursue, but them are several leading Democrats who are more or less oulsKkeii against any ac tion which will force n diplomatic break with any of the Powers at war. Of Immediate concern, so date De. ftartmenl officials said to-night. Is the collection of all facts relating to the tu have burst. "There waa no panic on board. We went on deck a though we were at drill ami reporter! at the lifeboat on the starboanl side, aa the vessel hsd feted to port. I clung to the railing. Tho lust thing done waa to tlo on Oapl. Jprlrkly's life belt. "As the vessel waa then listing no badly that It whs Impossible to launch the starboard boats I slid down the starboard rail Into the water. 1 got caught In a rope which pulled off a shoe, but 1 broke loose and climbed on some wreckage, to which I clung, "The last 1 saw of the Persia she had her bow In tho air, about tlve minute sfler the explosion. "After flouting about on the wreckage until I o'clock In the morning I saw Mvc boats. 1 waa pulled into one of them. We rowed about looking for sinking of the Persia, for It Is on this I stragglers. The boats became over- basis that the American. Government will hac to determine where It will turn In seeking satisfaction for the killing of Robert N. McNeely, the Amer ican Consul who went dowu with this vessel. At present, ofllclals point out, there Is no positive evidence that the vessel 'was attacked by a submarine and none at all to show the nationality of the submarine. It a submarine wns re sponsible. Although all the reports thus fur re ceived from American Consuls attribute to survivors the statement that the Per la was torpedoed, the only basis for this ho far presented, officials say, is the assertion of Second Ofllcer Uroinley that he saw the wake of a torpedo. Al though Instructions have tieen sent to the Consuls at Alexandria, Cairo and Malta to obtain affidavits from all sur vivors willing to make oath as to what occurred, all reports su far received. It Is itated, agree in stating that no ubmarlnc was visible. Itrspoiisllilllty llnrd to Fix. Therefore, officials observe, If the In quiries now 1-elng made at Vienna by Ambassador fentleld hrliiK out a claim by Austria that none of her submarines was responsible and similar Inquiries by American repr-sentu tlvcs at the other Capitals develops similar replies, the United Stutcs In atUmptlng to fix re sponsibility would have to rely on the circumstance that In recent weeks Aus trian submarines have been operating almost exclusively In the vicinity or the place where the Persia wns attacked. That was the kind of evidence th t the United States was compelled to rdy on in connection with the attack on the Hesperian last summer, fltrmany de nied in that Instance that a (ierman submarine was restonslhle and Great Britain denied that a mine sank th ship. The Hesperian case, olllclals recalled to night, never has been settled and Is likely never to be From the attitude reflected In Teutonic embassy circles the hOe is expresed, however, that Austria will not quibble on this point if a submarine belonging to her actually made the attack. Haron Zwtedlnek ban assured Mr. Lansing that If an Austrian submarine was responsible and it couM be shown that commander Violated the rub-s of humanity und In ternational law Austila would not hesi tate to make good .the promises in htx reply of la.-" week on the Aucona con troversy and offer complete satisfaction. The circumstance of the mounted 4." Inch un on the I'erela has ralred the other Important tpje.tlon which the United States Clovernment is now ponder ing, namely, whether a merchant vessel carrying arniHinent Is entitled to Im munity from .".Hack without 'warning. Armament question llrouifht t'p. In high State lepartment quarters to aieht omnhat-ls was laid on the fact that 'the case of th" Persia in the first' to rise wherein this question figures. Al though at the outset of the Iusllnnla dispute Germany sought defence behind ttie charge that the Cunarder was armed, It was at once proved by port omrers at New York that she was not, and at leat one of the men who had supplied the German Government with uflidavlta to the contrary uh Indicted for perjury In none of the other cases, say official. has this point been advanced, but In the case of the Persia, It Is pointed out. th onlclal report of the American con sul at Alexandria as well as the ad missions of the tlrltlsh Admiralty shows beyond question that the Pen-la was armed. Before deciding therefore on nny final stand in the Persia ease, the Adminis tration, officials say, must determine whether it Is to abide by the rule enun elated l-eforc submarine warfare devel oped, that merchant vessels may carry armament for defence and still he Im mune from summary destruction, or whether It will modify this rule In the light of what this Government has Itself In Its Lusltaiila correspondence recog nised as changed conditions of warfare due to the advent of the submarine. In the event of a decision either way, at officials now see It, there Is prospect of a long drawn out exchange of notes. While no decision appears yet to have been reached there In a disposition to be- Sr HpV" bbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbb "bbbbbbbbbbbbbbbb I ,SSBBBBBBBBBwS'&'1 fl BjjjjPjSS GERMANS CHECKED ON WESTERN FRONT French Hep"!0 Attacks Clittinpnjrnp Wreck Trenches in Alsace. in BRITISH VICTOHS TWICE Photo by. Otto Fron. Charles H. Grant. voyage. Ills cabin was on the starboard eldr and It Is probable he was caught In It, with no chance to escape, "It wan a horrlblo scene. The watir wat, black as Ink. Sonic aescngers were screaming, others were calling good-hy. Those In one boat sung hymns." GEELONG IN COLLISION. loudsil. hut the occupants were redis tributed. Four boats were tied together by their painters and the fifth followed some distance away. "My boat left the others In order t search the more frequented steamship h.innalM fttr hftln V rOWSlt tllT three hour Then we saw a cruleer and 1 day. was the result of a collision with i called out 'We are English.' We ex- the British steamship Uonvllston. it was J plained that we were survivors or the learnea lo-aay. ah on ooaru wem ave u. Persia and gave direction to the cruiser 1 according to the desp.Uches, which did as to where the other boats were. They not report the condition of the Uonvllston r. A O. Liner's Mnklus; 't Due to Submarine Attach. bo noon, Jan. 4. The sinking of the P and O. liner Geelong, reported yeler were soor, found anl tn occupani were taken off immediately by tho Eng lish sailors. "Robert McNeely, American Consul at Aden, sat at the table with me on the or the location of the accident. The Uonvllston Is u steamer of 'i.&Zi I tons, owned by the Douglas llllln Steam ship Company of lxindon. She wus bound for ( ap Town from ixnnon. Immediate prospect of a break over the sinking of the Persia It Is Wcause of these "grave possi bilities" that the suggestion is being considered seriously of a Joint communi cation to all the Teutonic Powers, de signed to draw from them a comnwn expression of their attitude. It Is with these name "grave possi bilities" In view that the possibility Is being considered of a change in mo -,.t rwiiniiir the status of armed mer chantmen and the suggestion Is being advanced of advising American passen gers to stay off armed liners. TO LIMIT SEA TRAVEL. Dills Would Present Americans ttalllnsr on Ships With Contraband. Washinoton, Jan. 4. Bills prohibit ing Americans from travelling on ships carrying contraband of war were Intro- duced In the llpusetjj-day by Repre sentative, Stephens of Nebraska. Mr. Stephen's 1 a, close friend of Mr. Bryan and is opposed to the Administration's national defence prourainnie. The Stephens bill proposed to put Into the form of law the views expressed by Mr. Bryan when the latter resigned as Secretary of State. It will bo to called that Mr. Bryan argued that one of the ways to avoid trouble with Ix-lllg-erents was to prevent Americans from taking passage on ships bound for the war zone. The Stephens bills apply to American and other neutral ships and to the ships of teltlgerent countries. They provide, that "no ship whoae cargo consists wholly or In part of oon IraUtnd of war and which at the same time carries Amerr.ui cltliens as pas sengers shall be allow nl either clearance or entry In any port of the United States or the inwular pofscsslons thereof." FORD NOT TO PAY FOR DELEGATES' GOWNS Request of Women in Pence Purty Refused by Man ager IMantiff. iptrial Ctllt fifKiuiteh to Tim Scs. London, Jnn. 4. Tit" Geimnns to-day, continued their new offensive In Cham pagne, In the Tahure region, consisting chiefly of attacks with hand grenades. The French War Oftlw announces In this I afternoon's communique that the attacks 1 fnlle.1. Artlllerv activity rOntlllUeS to niark the operations nil along the western i front, cec!ally In the Viwges and In HiArhtm. The French, according to th night communique, wrecked some Ger man trenches north of Altklrch, The British frustrated two German attempted attackx In the Amientlercn nnd Vpren region. The following communique was Issued by the French War Office to-night! In Artols our artillery caused losses to tin enemy workmen In the Thelus sector In the Vosges we directed an ef fective tiro against the enemy works in tho reclon of Balsvhwtllcr. North of Altklrch enemy trenche were wrecked und a munitions depot was blown up. Tho following British headquarter' report was Usued to-night: We silenced two German howitzer batterl's In the Armetitlercs region and dispersed enemy workmen east ward of Ypres. North of Albert there wa heavy enemy rifle fire. After bombardment of several hours our fire prevented the enemy attack from developing. The French Afternoon communique follows: In Belgium our nrtlllery continued Its activity. Its batteries, together with the Belgian artillery, carried out a bombardment which eemed to be effective against a battery of the enemy stationed lo the east of St, Georges. To the east of Boeslnghe and In the region of Steenstraete we hive successfully shell' d groups of the enemy. South of the Homme we bombarded the German tirsl line trenches near Domplcrrc. A supply truln which on me under our tire In the region of llallu, south of ("Iwiulnes, was scattered. In Champognn a fresh attack with grenade directed against our ikjsI llont to the west of Tahure failed. In the Vosites there have bem an artllleiy duel of great intensity in the sector of HlrzMcIn The Belgian War onice gave out the fol ow lug statement U-ist night and to-doy violent ar tillery actions took place along the Yser front. The enemy bombarded several groups of nin to the rear of our lines and attempted without success to counter attack our batteries which had brought German barracks under lljelr fire. GREY FOR U.S. COURT ON GERMAN CHARGES Favors Tribunal of Navy Of ficers to Decide Bara long Issues. TEUTONS ALSO ACCUSED Awertiil Cnklt Dttpoteh foTns Sin. London, Jan. 4. The press bureau Is sued f day a statement In which Sir Ed ward Grey suggests that the case of the Baralong and the alleged murder of sev eral of the crew of a German submarine he submitted to an Impartial tribunal for In'vestlgatlon for example, a trlbuna' composed of oltlccru of the United States navy. He cites three Incidents of Ger man Inhumanity at sea and recommends that they be Investigated at tho same time. Sir lMward Orey'r comments are In reply to a communication from Ambassa dor Page on December S covering the memorandum of tho German Govern ment concerning the destruction of a German submarine by the British auxili ary crulstr Baralong. According to affi davit of sailors aboard the steamship Nlcoflnn, on Its way through the war tone to Liverpool, the Baralong appeared shortly nfter the German eubmnrine had held up tho Nicoslar;. The Baralong, British patrol boat flying the American flag, not only sank tho submarine, ac cording to the affidavits' which the Ger man Ambassador sent to Washington, hut kilted the captain of the submarine and ten of the crew who had taken rctuge aboard the Nlcostan. Tho Secretary for Foreign Affairs In his reply to Ambassador Page points out three naval Incidents of German Inhu manity which occurred within forty eight hours of tho sinking of the sub marine by Die Baralong and the rescuing of the British steamship Baralong. Sir lMward concludes : "These three Incident, almost simul taneous In time and not differing greatly In point of character, might be brought with the 'Baralong case before some Im partial court Investigation, for example, a tribunal composed of officers' belong ing to the United States navy. If this should be agreed to the British Gov ernment will do all In lis power in t ther tho Inquiry and will do Its i , i taking such further nleiw ns t, and the findings of the rou eiit seem to require. "The Government does not p n neeenaary lo make a reply to t n ?. geitlon thaf the British navy li . i guilty of Inhumanity, 'crordim: o t latest figures available the muni, r of German sailor who have bee i (. u, from drowning In circumstances if iv-.it dlfllculty and peril nmounts to ,jr "ri, Ocrman navy can show no such rcord, perhaps through lack of opporttnu The German memoinndiim coi ,i, the sworn statements of J. M. i !, riett of Kiln, Miss., Charles 1). lliKliicner and R. II. Crosby of Costal City T x , Bud Rnieraon Palcn and IMwr.rd ''! , of Detroit, Mich., and Jnmis .1. Cur of Chicago, 111., who were emplnjed on tho Nlcoslan, which carrh d mules from New Orleans to Liverpool. WAR RISKS HIGHER. sir) Per flOO lusumnrr Asked on .Mediterranean shipments. Following tha reient activity of sub marines fn tho Mediterranean war risk underwriters iave advanced the rate to Mediterranean and Far East port via the Suex Canal, either going or coming, to 10 er cent, per $100 of Insurance, CofENtlAOEN, Jan. 4. Gaston Plantlff, New VorK manager of Henry Ford, now manager of the peace party, has put his foot down on furnishing gowns for the women delegates so that they may make a brave appearance at The Hague next week. The application for gowns we made to him by a number of women to day. Mr. Plantlff has decided against the payment of return fares to members of the party who do not leave ltotterilnm with It on January 1-. All newspapers aaree that the route of the party Into Holland across Ger many has ruined all chances for the Allies to look uiKin It with any degree of favor. Cabled reports that Henry Ford has changed his mind about tho causes of Jh war and th prospects of ;vaci have mnrie leaders of the pence pilgrimage In dignant TUv Rev lr .biikins Lloyd Jones said . "These statements arc all lies. In Hlreil by the same linlneno-s is were the previous falsehood defaming tho party." "It Is absolutely Impossible that Mr Ford ever said It, for It Is contrary tu all Ids buslo Ideas," declared Frederick Holt of Detroit. "He could not have changed his mind on this point AVALANCHE TOMB OF TROOPS WHO CAUSED IT Eleven Austrian PerMi in Slide One, Though Buried, Is Rescued. f if Hat Cnhlr leapo'rH lo Tns 5C Hehi.in, via Amverd.im. Jan. 4. A dcMintrli from the front to the .okulon flfft r to-dav confirm an official state ment Issued eterd.iy by the Italian War t'ttlee reporting tnat In the region of Ijiffor.il. near San M.irtlno ill t as rozza, mining operation by th Alls trim caused an avalanche. Kleven Aus trlati Alpine soldi i were killed by the avalanehe, only one of the detainment of twelve twlug rescued allvv. Telling t.iie storv the yotanlniuefffrr coinspondent save 'The condition faced by tlx Austrian In the Alps and on ti e Isonio are ap nailing A detachtr.-nt of Austrian and Alpine troop met It doom In an ava lanche in t.ourieHtfrtn Trol. Th Mine. Itozika Scliwitnmer asserted : 1 ttoopj were obliged In patrol duty and "The report Is Just aa true as the stories sent out from the Oscar II. I talked with Mr. Ford on the night before hla sailing and his mind was unchanged." tlve rates. ..mp ,eiit. hum united. On Monday the renewed activity of the underseas boat again boosted the rate and yesterday 10 r cent, was quoted in many Inetano. while the ma. Jorllv of business taken at that rat" was written because the underwriters felt that they could not lefuse to accommo date their steady customers. Theie was a sympathetic fractional rise of the rales to other port and the war risk underwriters would n" prophesy how high the rate may a if the submarines continue to sink mer chant vessels in the Mediterranean It In considered a not at all unlikely that .... i--... ti.tve hn hard lleve that If Austria admits the attack, " ' h' ' , wlI1 rfful(e , but points to the gun on the deck of the ;it,u,n"Sranc at anything but prohlbl- give warning, the United States cannot refuse to dlscurs the law of the case In thin connection views obtained to day from State Department experts In dicated that If the American Government does not modify these rules Us attitude will be based on what actually occurred with respect to the gun on the Persia, In other words, It was suggested, the 1'nlted fttates, admitting the Impossibility of drawing a distinction between a gun used for defence and one used for re slstance, might take the ground that as the gun on the Persia was not lifted. Its presence did not Justify the attack. On tho other baud, It was Indicated, If this Government accepts the other view and holds that armed merchant . vessels are not entitled to immunity, It may so advise the Kntente Poweis and even go so far as to advise American travellers by proclamation to shun pas senger ships that carry guns. Among certain leading memlxTS of the Senate the view was expressed to-night that such a course should be followed Underlying the problems involved In Ah) single en he is the admittedly grave fjuestlon hs lo what stops the Govern ment will take, IrreHjieollve of the Persia Incident to prevent further complica tion growing out of submarine activl ties In the Mediterranean, A high offi cial of tho Slate Department, comment ing to-night on the statement Issued at Ola White House to-day, iiald that the reference of the President to the gravity af the tltuation related rather to the "XIV1 iwatlblMUe" growing fViul of the whole queMtion of subnninne warfare In; Its in ent revived form than t any In somo Instance they refuse to write policies covering consignment uu those port and the market generally Is small. Prior to tha sinking of the Ancona the rate waa from per cent, to 1 per cent, on each 00 of Insurance to the norm :il read v mentioned. Wlieil the news wa received that the Anccna nau morning. From 'be en been torpedoed and sent to the bottcm Samuel P. Marquis. the war risk underwriters, to protect Thero wns considerable mystery for themselves, raised tho rale gradually and some time. Finally Dean Marquis told on Monday last from 3 per vent, to J ' the committee thai the two cars occupied FORD ELUDES ADMIRERS. V-urm Detached From Kxpres., De troit Committer Walls In Vain. DlTHOIT, Jan. 4. Disappointment wa t he lot of a reception roi-imltten headed by Maor Marx and Including repie sentallves of the city's professlonnl nnd business men when Henry Ford's special cur, the Wolverine, arrived here this emergen ixan MISSIONARY SA VED. Dr. Lillian Cook Among; Those Bcs caed From the Persia. Word was received n New York yes terday that Dr. Lillian Cook, a medical missionary, who was a passenger on tha Persia, had been saved. The report that Miss Cook I among the survivors wa received by 1 3. K. Ol cott, president of tho Hudson lllver Day Line. It waa at first feared that she was drowned, M(f Cook, whose home Is In Scotland, mm on her way to Bom bay. Shu I engaged lo be married to the Hev, John W. Warnshnls, a mis sionary uttached to the Aroot Mission, India, but who is at present at his home In Holland, Mich. LINER LAFAYETTE GUARDED. by the Ford party had been detached from tho Wolverine tu a suburb and had taken the Foul party to DearlHirn, where Mr Ford has his countrv place. The committee, was stunned at the non appearance of Mr. Ford, whom It had Intended to greet In a manlier worthy of the city. only one out or twelve were rescued alive The sole survivor lay burled under si.ow fourteen hours before he was rese'led "The soldiers killed by the avalanche e-. all experienced skiers and motin talncere Tfl region In which they met their fii' Is a popular district for win tcr ejxrts." icrnr iirai ,to' $10,000 TO U BOAT FINDERS. British Offer llenard for Local In it nuhmnrlnes In .tCgran, Pahih, Jan. 4. A despatch to the Hava Newn Agency from Salonlca, un der Sunday' date, says: "The British authorities have orfnred a reward of $10,000 for Information lead ing to thn location of German submarines In the 4Jsean Hoa." DRYS COST U. S. $5,099,053. DroiiKht In een Mnle Tuts tiff nlic Mllee of Itevenoe. Washington, Jan 4. Considerable Interest wii.i expressed hero to-nk'ht In the slnteinciit by Internal ltevenue Cl-l-lor Williams, mad at Tacoiua. that the Washington prohibition law will cost the Fider.i.1 Government 11,430,000 a year It Is apparent that prohibition iaws which have gone Into effect In six other States will remit t In cutting off a large sum from the Federal Treasury. The States which have gone ilry yielded Internal icventie last year on distilled and fermented liquors an follow: VliuInU ll,f6l.noo Colorado 603,100 Idaho Ins ,., ,,.,.,.,,, Oregon South Carolina i Varlllngton If thn Government lose all of tills Internal revenue it will amount to more than f r,,000,00O. Ah a matter of fact the loss will not amount lo quite as imieh. as in somo citc the prohibiting lawn do not prohibit thn manufacture of liquor for shipment out of the Stale, This picture is all wrong! Yes but it's a real picture of the every-day stunt in offices where they still cling to the inefficient, wasteful, costly shorthand system. Doing business that way today is about as logical as riding around in a one-cylinder asth matic runabout of the vintage of '92 if somebody told you a 1916 eUht was waiting for you at the curb. Business men everywhere in one-man offices and one hundred stenographer concerns are fast waking up. Every day more men find that it's mighty poor business to write letters twice once in shorthand and once on the typewriter, to sav nothing of the expense and wasted time. They have scrapped shorthand with its high costs and inefficiency. They don't pay for shorthand sessions at some man's desk, with other men waiting to get their dictation off their chests. They don't pay for typewriting machines standing idle a good part of the day. They get their money's worth steady production of finished type w. iting with dictators dictating when they want. They dictate to the Dictaphone. And it's about time you did. Your 'phone is handy use it now. Call Worth 3043 that's the Dictaphone and make 701.500 ClJ.OO'l 40,700 1,130,000 an appointment. Or tear off this little call card, pin it to your letterhead and mail it to us. Do it now, while you think of it. Tear this off, pin to your letterhead, and mail The Dictaphone. 83 Chambers Street. Phase send me particulars. Name .- , Address Address Mt . personally 83 Chambers Street sssbbbbbbb1 Americana Warned .Sot to Hall French Took Kpeelal Precautions. Isinkon, Jan 4. .Traveller arriving In lndnn from I'arls statu that the French Government was aware of tho fact that several Americans Intending to sail on thn French liner I.afayHlo frmi Bordeaux had received mysterious wafuliigH not to go The traveller add that the French Government took every precaution against disaster to the vessel on her way Uj New York. Further revisions among our higher-grade suits, keep the variety of patterns and range of sizes at the top notch of efficiency in our showing of Men's Sack Suits. Reduced to 525 Former prices 938, S35, $32, 30 & 928 About March First we shall remove to our new Building 1457-1463 Broadway at Forty-second Street Brokaw Brothers Astor Place & Fburth Avenue Subway Station st Door J I -iiniiiiiiir"" a rrr(lllll8iM I