Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY, JANUARY 16. 1916.
CORN FAMINE CONFRONTS ALL OF HUNGRY MEXICO 4 & Altaian $c Ola FIFTH AVENUE - MADISON AVENUE, NEW YORK TELEPHONE 7000 MURRAY HILL r Crop Only Two-fifths Normal, Importations Difficult and People Have No Money to Buy Graft, Seiz ures and Destruction Denude the Land. Th ninth article on condMonn in STmHoo tinea Carmnta aniumtd comIiui, fy Uark 8. Watton, tpfeial inv$Uoator tt Tub Son and Chicago Tribune. Br MAHK B. WATSOX. Willi enormom quantities of admlr HbU urieultural land and un nmti'.e quantity available for cultivation with out epenW Irrigation worl!. Mexico ItM never approached an adequate Me Vtlopment. No evtdenca of 1U baVwarinns Is Mded further, than V mention.-that It Iwtyt haa len on Importer oven Jf corn, Fhlch constltulfs, the principal food bate of" the population and wliloli' la easily grown If nerloua effort In niado Id crow lu To tho dhortage of normal time? Is how added the shortage duo to tl extraordinary condition of recent ycara. To the want which Is ordinarily vtp-rl-need by the consumer who has 10 boy from outside l added u want tho direr toy reason of many factors tho uiiuku.i! domestlo shortage, the difficulty of ea ting euch grain Ha there Is into thu cities, transportation beln to execrable, lid tho high price of Imported grain In year when the United States Is called to divert Its excess to other ch.mniK Mexico has never had an adeiiuato crop report eysteni, and .accurate Mguris ra Impossible. Ketlmutes, however, have been made up trum tho tlml li.iml reports of rcllablo men In various sec tions of tho republic, anil these tlgtirct. bring one to the dismaying n-allzatlon that In only ttva auites of the republic was tho 1011 crop anywhere near imr raal, or anywhere near pufllclent to sup port tho com.1 unities through the non produclug period. Thcti arc tho States of Oaiact, Mwrt los, Cainpiclio. Tuliasco and Chiapas, the last four bUug only tnuill pmductls anyway, Oaxuca Is a producer if only tho sc -nd inaRiiltuclc, Its normal crup 'runiilrg bout , 000,000 buKhels of cum. The big producers arc Jalisco, nhlch norm. illy Krows Sl'.l'UU.OMO bushels, .Hid (luutui Juuto mill MIohiMcin, which nonivi.ly ro- lti.uoo.vuo bushels imcIi, .Hid tr.mi the.o thrio States tin-re was obtalniM In ll'Ui a total of Is.oOn.nva bushris, or a little more than a third (if normal. Total Crop Tno-tltlha .Norinnl. The Federal illjtrlct -tvhlch H.lltlcall.v corresjionds with the' District of Co lombla vontulnliv? 70tf.C0M coneuni t within Its m.ill conflu;,,Kfviv not inure than a- fourth of Its normal crop of X,600,00u bushels, and to make mattrs orso was for week unable to obtain as much as a cirsa (JCt) kilos from u'lt alde. .MtoKcthcr not much mum than ftS.opO.iiuu buhels 'was gruwu, against norpi.il crop of 130,0oo,0o0. The crop reports contain mmtltm of tho cautes of shortage and In many StHtes the drought was fully 30 per cent, responsible. Insect played n minor role. The revolution 1M the reel and by many wuys. For a lone time the fanner who has plougtit-i and Inrrowcil ;uul Minn uml well, but casual Inquiry has not un covered any great number of philanthro pists disposed to donntu u few million bushels. tlnvr Cnn They Iluy Corn I How Mexico Is to buy corn Is hard to em when money t so scarce real money. The mills with which every tleneral Is equipped for the grinding out of a few bushels of paper can continue to work, but t or 7 cents gold Is all these pesos aro worth, and a discount of S5 per cent. Ii rather heavy, eeli for a starving man, to pay. Just, one event. .would tend to check, without use of frirce, the continued ruin of ugrlvnlture. That would bo tho lirlrm Jng.homo to. thu military chiefs of the suffering they hny caused. And that cannot be done, With exceptions which can bo numbered on one's lingers the chiefs aic IrresiHinsible, without mental capacity or moral qualms. The only ar gument wlili, i will appeal Is force, and Ihu uniform opinion lu .Mexico, among the enlightened. Is th.it foreo must be eventually npplled cither Jnun Mexico or from without. Corn has been mentioned nt length becaifo corn 1 tho grmt commodity, laliln . the place of wheat In tho United States or Uurope. In om; measure ex Ht'tly tho same, could be huld of other croiw except lu the sections which have not been so hard hit )' revolution as the com country. Vucalu... for example, lias not suffered seriously, in.ilnly le cause of thhe geo graphical l-okitloti of tho peninsular country, Tho Yuca'teeo Is In many ways far superior to tho central or northern Mexican. He H famous for his cleanli ness, which 1 souu thing, The city uf McrlJa, for example, Is u model of civic cleanliness whoh might well be sludle.1 by many American cltlew. Its Inhabitants, .ilimwt Immaculate, Hre peaceable and fairly Industrious and ha v m taken little Uilercst lu tho bicker ings of the rcAolutlonlets to tho west. That mills to tho dllliculy of grasping the Idea In sending llov, Alvarado to Merlda to "reform" conditions. 11m One Mini Warn Itotilirit. Duo of the earliest reforms Instltutol wus tho leoptlilng of many settled legal causes, Involving laro estates, so that the estates could be telzeil or appropri ated at small mone The papers re cently mentioned the forced salo by a proved title holder of twelve jears stand ins of properties vvlil'h had cost him 1.- jou.000 pivos of ,.0 cents each. The ConMltutlonallst court allowed him "no lo.s, seuor, whatever," directing sale ut l.fioi'.noti of the present pesos, worth n or 7 cents. This man, vvhoe only of fence was that he was wealthy, wan de liberately and otllclally robbed of ti per cent, of h . holdings, Another retorm vv.m tlie cxpulrUm of pnesis, culminating in thn encourajre uient of a mob to thn extent of raiding tlie beautiful cathedra . sniashlint of priceless marbles and thing of the tapes tries. To-day JuM three Merlda churches are allowed to remain open, and for one hour a day and without priests. Kven In, dUtaiit pi iters, where reb-lllnn wus not even considered, the Constitutionalist patriots have wallowed In destruction, theft, murder and tyranny With the spring planting comes the ff,fiicor to h; considered In determin ing the cftectlvciifMi with vvlilch the com ing sturvatlon perloil will be checked. cultivated and biought Ills crop up to I If the raids of tin- annlen continue thern harvest time has .then been visltid by Is "no good reason for expecting the n army. Whether It was a ilovefiiment Mexican farmer to plant heavily. And army or a rebel armj made no difference If hn does not plsnt heavily ho will With tile firm linpuitlallty which marks not reap heavily, nnd still another vear the Mexican patriot everything lu sluht of starvation will follow. Tho cost of was taken. If the farmer bad bis grain seed Itself, with present Inflated values already In sacks the looting was so i om-thljig which must be considered, much the easier. ; The farmer must use. seed worth til) cen- If It was Mill .Uiullng th t.orses tavos n kilo to produce a crop say !1 were turned loose to e.tt uiul trample, fold, whlih nmy not be worth anywhere and to make the Job complete a torch near ') cents it kilo occasional y was applied. Let it be s.m if thl, . r ',,, . ... Crtr til A ri'itrlut linuiaiar ! I -i f.i .. u VWuxZ'Znl o poVu,;tlon "."h rra.'j h"'.? r,''UClnS Irs crop and did the harvesting them- ,,., Trt""s tho rev ,,i . .elves. That od have required work. '"Zwl f,,. lB " Klc" nd work and patriotism In Mexico are ,, ',' ,l5 . t. ntlrely Incompatible. The fanner was 1 1 "'""''' ' 11- by I nk Svtt an,t Chi- cagi) Jrlbunr. lcnmp allowed to do the work If any was to bo done and then the appropriation begin. The farmer who has gono through.. this experience onte or twice Is not li s- RUTH ST DPNIS TH C.WV posed to do the harvesting. He is not lul14 1 UM-lllO lUUlVC. even disposed io do any planting, as seed r iiip ip n t CT ornr coats money. From the very outset tho j 11VLC Ut LAol OlUL possibilities for large crops have been, faint. ' If any one thinks the mlzures of grain' Jiave been due entirely to'the Immediate MOII.V OlllPr FoatllPOS lit IJoilP- conBumption neena oi inc army it is imio j j Bunuuun V4iab nic.i, ,1 i iupw peuuil has been the greed of the comnnnders, mho have held the corn as their per sonal property, to be so'd at high pi Ices, or to be held for higher prices. The pay of the Mexican soldier Is not h.gh, mid If one la going to be u pat not ho might M well make sute of some reward oilier than abstract virtues, Henco tho Mttures, and henco the hlili prices. Carrania lilt I'rler Kltlncr. Gen. Tarranza has la'd great stress on the way In which the prices of foo!stufs are controlled, and there Is every reason to believe he Is sincere. In his own stato of Coahulla the prices cannot be rn, fit for Roys Club Fund To-niirlit. "The Dance of the K.ist Side," created by Ituth tit. Denis Inst week, will be seen for the llrst time this evening at the bcnetlt performance Mlrs .St. Denis and her uomp'iny will give at the rand lir Theatre Tur the Hoys Cub Associa tion In Its campaign for !aflO.0t, Her dancing partner will be Sannn.v Ades, 1) yeais old, discovered bv Miss St. exorbitant, all eontddcred Hut In tho I,cnls "n,n bl"' WK ,he guest of the Federal district, controlled by his hn- meqiaie uuooruinaies, iiih jirices nave been, are, and will continue to be ex orbitant. Hoy Club of Avenno A last week. Included In -Miss St. Denis's pto- gliimuiu will be the lVacock Indian legend dance, a lia.iet Kgyptlenne. a Thirty-fourth Street Thirty-fifth Street Women's Tail Bored Suits in an unusual assembiage of smart models for Travel, Sports and Skating wear, are shown in the Department on the Third Floor at very moderate prices. FUR-TRIMMED SKATING SUITS will be on sale to-morrow at special prices. Also a selected number of TRAVEL AND SKATING SUITS at the interesting price of $ 1 8.50 Ann important Offering of Re versa ibfle Velour Portieres (custom-made in workrooms in the establishment) will take place on the Fourth Floor Monday and Tuesday. These Portieres are 8 feet in length, finished with French open edge, and made of excellent-quality velour in the wanted colors (among which are blue, brown, fawn, etc.) and color combina tions. They will be marked at the extraordinarily low price of $ 1 5.00 per pair The scarcity of dyes for the coming season Invests this Sale with unprecedented interest. u in to tne advantage or mm who li.u i Japanese u.incu ami tne i.hiiiiu. h corn to sell to keep on b r'i, ,uul as: , nislic dance of thn live setifcm, Ted the military commander is not only tip .Miawn, hit duicing patttier, und the owner of corn owner by theft but aio others of the lompanv will appear In the the dictator of priced, uml the possessor . nature seriesv Mr, siltawn and MImi sit. also by theft of tho only means of' Denis villi (jive an ancient dance und he transporting the corn to the consumer.' will Ituerptet a rhythmic study of thn prices naturally are high. i Twenty-third lVultii, "Thn ijjrd Is. My A merchant In Mexko clt wished to ' Shepherd." 11 corn at cost to the public. II,. had dditlorn! revenue for the boys' fund corn In I'uebla, but could not get It Inio'vvil. be detived Iroui .in auction uutn- tne city witnout paying nriim mone to Kr.iph uf pictuns of Ml-s St. Denis. The n lew noiei, military ciners ami oilier Avenue A club haw .ilreiidy bid fur one thieves to obtain the freight cm, w i eli , i ,,ut i t1L c.ii..r..oins. iniy neia. (,. (;iiy hue litun and meeting ot us nu w minrr i muni mill ioiiihi i ,), t,: whlih have been cunvasflng ample corn in tne possession i,r the mill- , ful. ,i. fm nH intl esUTil,i. The 1an to vvhoiu he offeied the satiw prhe. , ampaiti will b. resumed with vigor telling of his plan and of the Krave nee, ' ,,,.,,. j.i .1,,,. ,,i, i d.h- t.ir,,, ,., of the Mexican public tor low prheil i,,lh aiiiioiiineil that fomptroller Premier- food. The patriots Iim-H IL.tiy to wl , iUi. , lliMUl: spc ulier ut the fell except for h price Ju p.r, ,.r ,,.,, Ti. fy)H c'lvili activities this .lf , ... . , 'w.eh will in. hide ,t de uoiistratlon of The corn, of course Im.i b stolen, I u,,. mll H.nUl. lmiWr , ,,, . !,UiL;,.,y,e'.H"fyv lH T '"v." huseu to al.i.w how tho bojs are being ,..n.ir,.t ,,ii I... i ,-nil. Slut,, un.l o.mmI,. - olemnly declared Ui4lr il.tmioii to tlm "cause." W'lULtever that Is. anil lo III. i rights of the poor. Tho loss of property and employment and hope Is not accomp.inl.il invariable by a lois of appetite. If one ii.mi- hu 1 property or hope mid never wl'sl,e, em. ployment, liicldont.illy, the deinaiidx of his stomach have undergone no . hange (luring the revolution, This Is ,n tin. w,n of Buying that dtMpltn any iecre,in of supply Mexliu CuhllliUen to il rn mil jus as much corn as before, ami Hint tneatiH. undeniably, that by Mai 1-. o will once nmie he In the Jiilfei tigs of sinrva Uon, Last year'H short ige hiMcil thren mouths. The lltlti shortage will continue for six. Mexico Is lacing In thn very near futuit- conditions which will make the dreadfUi suffcrlncti of last yvur up. pear na cotuparatlve luxuty. Just ono circumstance can avert a year pal htvIcm. tin Tuesday the boyn will lie addn.ssed b.v i x-l'ollce Coiumlssliiner New burger on "Holiest 1 il Ulfst." (ni Wednesday evening 11 wreslllug loiirnii nient will tahe place. Uuriiig the re ii.tll.tlcr of the wcclt there will be nu melons deuioiisti.ilions of liie .lit Kit It -s of Die eiilli. Thn war tllin Ihuope's lt.11411 of 'Vi. tor." which will be shown ut thu I'ail, Theatre, will ;iln help thn fund, .linepli I'nnoly. mniittgt i' of thu tHin, liavlng olfend lor tin' fund the tol.tl receipts of the II 111 this week, The bojs who Mil; be tin belifllcnil les of the tuuil will get an opportunity lb deo the film tu-moiiuiv afternoon. Ilntf Cenliir In City Wert lee. William ,1. Hodge, who was apsinleri it messenger 111 tlie lnv Departnii'iit fifty years ago to-d.il. wan honored ves. ippallhig misery, and that Is tho terday by his associates, Corisirallon beavy Importation of com. If tho United Counnel l.umar Hardy made 11 upeeoli Muim vvisties to tfivo corn all may Im I una presented jum Willi a gold watch. A RemarkalbDe Sale of SuuTDinnier Dress Cottons vall be held to-mniorrow and Tues day, vhen a large quantity off Em broidered and other Fancy Cotton Fabrics (many in exclusive styles and all eminently desirable) will be offered, arranged in Dress Lengths, at prices ranging from $2.45 to $8.50 per Length being considerably less than the figures usually quoted for Cotton Fabrics of these superior qualities. Advance Assortments of Woolen Dress Fabrics just received from the foreign and home manufacturers, are now being specially featured. Among the new textiles shown, many off which have received the cachet of approval from the style arbiters off Paris, are Jersette, Gabardine, Silk-faced Duvetyn in the fashionable vivid colors; Checked Velours, and a large va riety of Black-and-white effects in checks and stripes. Homespuns, Cheviots and Wool Jerseys for Sports Suits and Coats A Special Offering for to-morrow will consist of Several Thousand Yards of F5ne Tailor Serge 54 inches wide, in navy blues and black, quite exceptionally priced at $1.15 per yard An Etraordioary Sale of Girls' & Children's Washable Garmemits for to-morrow and Tuesday, will be an occasion off more than ordinary interest in the respective Departments on the Second Floor, affording an unusual opportunity for replenishing the juvenile wardrobe at a decided saving in expenditure. GIRLS WASHABLE DRESSES (sizes 6 to 16 years) Also White Net Dresses (suitable for graduation) . . $12.75 Washable Middy Blouses (6 to 20 years) .... 95c. Hand-smocked Quimpes, 95c. Of gingham or chambray, $1.60 Of lingerie fabrics or colored cottons . . $2.25, 3.10 Of white or colored linen at $5.00, 7.25 LITTLE CHILDREN'S WASHABLE DRESSES (sizes 2 to S years) Of chambray or gingham at . . $1.25, 1.50, 1.95 White Batiste Dresses . $L60 Middy Dresses off white drill, 1.50 LITTLE CHILDREN'S LINGERIE DRESSES (sizes 1 to 3 years) White, with colored hand-stitching ..... 95c, $1.25 ALSO LITTLE BOYS' WASHABLE SUITS in very smart styles (sizes 2 to 5 years). . $1.50, 1.65, 2. 10 A Final Clearing Sale off Misses' Suits and Coats presents a selection of modish garments, excellently made and in attractive materials suitable for the Midwinter season, at prices that have been subjected to revision irrespective of cost. MISSES' SUITS MISSES' COAT5 at $10.50, 15.50, 18.50 & 22.00 ! at $9.50, 14.50 & 18.50 (sizes not complete) The remainder of the High-cost Garments are beinc offered at proportionately low prices. January Rung Sale There is now an progress a most interesting Sale of CHOICE ORIENTAL RUGS During this period rare floor coverings may be obtained at less than the present cost of importing similar merchandise. Every rug offered in this Sale has been subjected to severe tests, thereby enabling B. Altman & Co. unreservedly to guarantee wearing qualities. The aisortments are enormous and include many large anal odd sizes not usually to be found in this country. Some of the recent additions are CHINESE RUGS in room sizes PERSIAN RUGS in room sizes $85.00, 130.00, 1 65.00 & 250.00 I $125.00, 1 75.00, 225.00& 275. HALL RUNNERS AND SMALL RUGS at correspondingly tow prices. The January Sales off Linens, Blankets, Bedspreads, etc now in progress (and to be continued throughout the month) will offer a great number of additional inducements during the current week. Included will be IN THE LINEN DEPARTMENT IN THE .BLANKET DEPARTMENT Linen Damask Table Cloths each $2.40, 2.75, 3.35, 4.00 to 6.50 Linen Damask Napkins dozen, $2.75, 3.25, 3.75, 4.25 to 6.75 Turkish Bath Towels, hemmed, per dozen . $3.00, 3.60 r. 4.80 Madeira Luncheon Sets, hand scalloped and hand-embroidered; consisting of 13 pieces (24-inch centerpiece, si:; 6-inch and six O0 White Blankets per pair . $4.50, 5.50 & 6.50 Satin-finish Bedspreads, with scalloped edes: Single size . . . each $3.00 Double size . . . each 3.75 Crochet Bedspreads each . . . $i.io & 1.25 Comfortables Cotton-filled . each $1.65 Cotton-Mled, with njwed mull top and plain border . each $2.50 Wool-filled, with figured mull top and dotted mull border: reverse inch doylies) per set $4.25 . 4.75 ! matching border . each $5.50 Muslnn Sheets and Fallow Cases at Special Prices Another ImportainitSale of Women's Amerkanmmadle Underwear has been arranged for to-fl-pus' and Tuesday. It will comprise a large number of daintily-fashiona Undergarments made off excelled t quallty lingerie fabrics, crepe dj Chine and washable satin, cffc-ii; very decided values at these et tractive prices: Nightrobes Lingerie, $1.00, 1.50, 1.90, ZJri Crepe de Chine or Washable Catir, at . . $3.85, 5.00, 7.50 Chemises Lingerie, $1.00, 1.50, 2.00, 2.01) Crepe de Chine or Vashablc Satin at ... $2.85, 3.90 Combination Garments Lingerie, $1.00, 1.50, 3.00, 3.? 3 Washable Satin, . $3.90, 5.0'J Knickers Crepe de Chine Washable Satin $1.50 3.00 Lingerie Drawers at . . 65c, $1.00, 1.50 Lingerie Petticoats at . $1.00, 1.50, 1.90, 3.' i Lingerie Corset Covers at 55c, 85c, $1.00, 1.25, I.;j Underbodices Crepe de Chine, $ 1.00, 1.50, LvJ Washable Satin, $1.75,3.2'. Also Outing Flannel Nigni'rc.T" at . . 85c, $1.00, r.;.S 15; PaSrs of Women's Black S51k Hosiery present very exception values to-morrow at the pricw quoted. WOMEN'S BLACK SILK fcCi With cotton tops and sols& per pair .... 7L.. With double tops (silk through-., per pair . . . . J .-. With extra spliced doubt e V ' per pair . . . .:".. With black or white ha"-.'-'.' broidered clocks, per pair 'I '. Also Women's Extra-size Eiia ... Hose . . per pair ; ' ' Sweeping Priice Red wet ji nn Fyr MylFfs Neckpicr.v including Natural Blue Fox Natural Silver Fo? Natural Russian S? ' 1 (Fur Department, Third r- M3