Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, FRIDAY, JANUARY 28, 1916.
J1L PRESIDENT SAYS THE NATION EXPECTS ACTION AT ONCE ON PREPAREDNESS 2 4? cler thofe Ideals which nre thn Muff nf life for tha oul llnclf. And bcatifiv t bold certain IdrnU yrn have thouRht It Traa right wo Miottld hold them for others us well ns for oureelvr. "America has more than once (tlven evidence of tho generosity and dMnter f jtednens of It.i love of liberty It has been willing to light for Urn liberty of others ns well n for It.i own liberty. The world encored when wo et out for tho liberation of Cuba, but the world does not sneer any longer. The world now knows wh.it It wnA then loath to be lleve, that ft nation can McrMcn Its own Interests and Its own blood for th" sake of the liberty and bnvplneM of another people. And whether by one process or another we hnve mndo otirrelvex In some ort the champions of free government and national sovereignty In both con tlnents.of this hemisphere. So that there nre certain obligations, which every American knows, that we huve under taken. The tlrst mid primary obligation Is the maintenance of the Integrity of our own sovereignly which goes as of course. Tlide Is also tha maintenance of our liberty to develop our political Institution without hindrance and l.iM of nil there Is thn determination mid the obligation to stand as the strong brother of all those In this hemisphere who wl'l maintain the same principles and fol low the same Ideals of llnerty. A Danger In Mexican Anion. "May 1 ventuie to Insert hero a pa. rsnthesls? Have any of vou UumirIh of this? We have slowly, very slowl. In deed begun to win the confidence of the other States of the American hemi sphere. If we should go Into Mexico, do you know what mould happen" All the sympathies of the rest of America would look acioss the water, and not north ward, to the great republic which we profes to represent. "And do )ou not see the consciences that would ensue In every International relationship? Have the gentlemen who have rushed down to Washington to In sist that we should go Into Mexico re fleeted upon the politics of the world? Nobody seriously supposes, gentlemen, that the United States needs to fear an Invasion of Its uti territory. What America lias to fear. If she has any thing to fear, nre Indirect, roundabout, flank movements, upon her regnant position in the Western Hemisphere. Are wo going to open those Rates, or are we going to cloe them For they are the gates to the hearts of ourAmer lean friends to the south of us. and not rates to the ports. "Win their spirits and you have won the only sort of leadership and the only sort of saiety that America covets. Applause. We must all of us think j from this time out, gentlemen. In terms i of the world, and must learn what It Is Ihnt America has set out to mnlutnln as n Mnndard bearer for nil those who lovo liberty and Justice nnd the righteousness of pollticnl action. ; "Hut, gentlemen, we must find means . to do this thing which are sultnble to the time and suitable to our own ideals. I Suitable to tho time! Does anybody understand the time? l'erliaps when' ou learned, as I date say jou did learn I beforehand, that I was eNpecting to ad dress you on tho subject of prepatedness ou recalled the address which I mails I to Congress something more than a jear sgo. In which I said that this-1 question i of mlllfnry preparedness was not a press ing question. Hut more than a year has gone by since then, and I would' be ashamed If 1 had not learned some- I thing in fourteen months. Great ap plause.) The minute 1 stop t hanging) my mind ns President with the rhange ' of nil the circumstances in the world I I will be a back number. Applause ) . "There is another thing about which I ; have changed my mind. A year ago I was not in favor of a tariff board. And 1 will tell you why; Uecausu then the' only purpose of a tarltT board was to j keep alive an unprofitable controversy if you set up any board of Inquiry' whose purpose it Is to keep buslnefs disturbed and to make it always an open questeion , what you are going to do about the public policy of the Government 1 .mi op posed to It. Anil the very men who were , dinning It Into our ears that what busi tins wanted was to be let alone were '' many of them men who weie Insisting i that wo should start up a controversy that meant that wo could not let it j alone. There Is a great deal more opinion vocal In this wotld than is cot.. 1 klalent with logic. 1 nconiimlc He volution. ' "Hut the circumstances of the present i time are these . There Is going on In the world under our eyes an econumlc revolution. No man understands that revolution, no man has the bments of it clearly In his mind, no part of the busi ness of legislation with regard to Inter national trade can be undertaken until we do understand It. And members of Congress are too busy, their duties are too multifarious nnd distracting to make It possible within a suflluicntly short space of time for them to master the change that is coming. "I hoar a great many things predicted -bout the end of tho war, but I don't know anything about what Is going to happen when the war Is over, and neither do you. "There are two diametrically opposed views ns to Immigration, Some men tell us that at least a million men are going to leave the country, and others tell us that urany millions are going to ruh Into It, Neither pirty knows what they nre talking about, and 1 am one of those prudent Individuals who would really liko to know the facts Jiefore he forms an opinion; not out of wisdom, but out of prudence. have lived long enough to know that If 1 do not the facts will get away with me I have come to have a wholesome resnnet for tho farts. I ihave had to yield to them sometimes before I saw them com Ing, nnd that has led ?r.e to keep a weather eye, open in order that 1 rriny ee thorn coming. 'There Is so much to understand that we have not the data to comprehend that 1 for one would not dare, so far "J my advice Is concerned, to leave the Government without the adequate means of Inquiry. "Hill that Is another p.irrntlie.ls What I am Irving to imprers upon you now Is that the circumstances of the world to-day nie not what they weie .yesterday or were In any of our yester ilayn; nnd that it Is not certain what they will he to-morrow. 1 cannot tell ou what the Internationa' relations of this country will bo to-moriniv, nnd I use the word literally 1 would not time keep silent and let the country suppntr that tu-moi row was certain to bit as bright us lo-Ua.. Ills at Militarism. "Amef.ta ih nver be the .igqtestor Aini'.ioi w.'l alwava seek to the lust point at ivlucii her honor in Involved to hvoIO the things which dlstuili the piate ri mi- numi liui America Hues not ! lontrol the circumstances of thu nut id, , ncl wo must b mre that vvu are faith fill sen.iniH of thove things which we' lnvn and ale riady to defend tllein tigainsl every contingency that may af. 1 feet or llllr.ur them. ; "Hut as I was saying a moment ago, wc must keek tho means which are con-1 HHtent with thu principles of our lives H goes without saying, though ap- ' parently it Is necessary to saj It to1 mjiiiu exclttjd persons, that one thing I this country never will endure Is a ' svslem that can bo called Mlllll.ll Ism I Hut milltaiisin lonslsts In tills, gentle men: It rotiHiblH In preparing great machine whoso only urn- Is for war. audi giving II no iimi to whli h to ripply Itself ! Men who am in chaige of edged tools' nnd bidden to prepam theni for exact! mid r-clenMllc use, grow viry Impatient I "'" J am noi pcrmntcu to use Ihem, ami I do not believe that the creation ff Mich .III IllMtrilmf.nt ! nr. In-.. .... -. v ... ,, imHllLH of peace 1 believe that it Involves the danger of nil tho temptations that skilful persons have to use the things that they know how to use. "Hut we don't ihave to do that, Amer ica Is nlwnvs going to use her army in two ways. She Is going to use It for the purposes of peace, and she is going to use It ns a nucleus for expansion Into those things which she does believe In, namely, the preparation of her citi zens to take care of themselves. Ap plause. "There nre two sides to the question of preparation. There Is not merely the military side, there Is the Industrial side. And tho Ideal which 1 have In mind Is this, gentlemen We ought to have In this country n great system of Indus trial and vocational education, under Federal guidance, nnd with Federal aid, In which u very' large percentage of the youth of this rmintrv will be given training In the skilful lire and appli cation of the principles of science In manuMlVTH and huslne-ss, And It will be perfectly feasible and highly desir able In add to that and combine with It such n training In the mechanism and use and care of arms, In the sanitation of camp, In the simpler forms nf manicu vre mill organization, as will make these same men industrially efllclent and In dividually serviceable for national de fence. 1'pholils ntlnnnl fSnnril, 'The jsilnt about such a system will be that Its emphasis will lie on the In dustrial and civil side of life, and that, like all the rest of America, tho use of force will only be In the background and as the last resort. So that men will think first of their families and their dally work, of their service In the eco nomic tlelds of the countrv and on'y last of nil of their serviceability to the na tion as soldiers nnd men at arms. "That Is the Ideal of Amerl.-n. Hut, gentlemen, you cannot create such a system over night. You cannot create such a system rapidly. It has got to lie built up, and 1 hope It will be built up by slow and effective stages. And there Is something to ! done In the mean time. We must see to It that a sufllclcnt body of citizens Is given the kind of training which will make them ettlclent for call Into the Held In case of neces sity "It Is discreditable to this country, for this is a country full of Intelligent men, that wo should have exhibited to the world the example we have sometimes exhibited to It of sttlpldltv and brutnl waste of force. Think of asking men who can e easily drawn to come Into the Held, crude, .ariorant, Inexperienced, and merely furnish the stuff for oanap fever and thiv bullets of the enemy. "The sanitary experience of our army In the Spanish war was merely an In dictment of America's Indifference to tho manifest lessons of experience in the matter of ordinary precaution, We havo got the men to waste, but God forbid that we should waste them. Men who go as elllclent Instruments of national honor Into the field afford a very hand some spectacle Indeed, but those who go In as crude and Ignorant boys only In dict those In authority for stupldltv' and neglect. And so !t seems to me that It Is our manifest duty to have a proper Cltlen teserve. "I am not forgetting our National Guard. I had the privilege of being Governor ot one of our great States -a State which furnishes this State with a great deal of Its Intelligence. (Applause and laughter Some Jerseyrnen on either side here enjoyed that very much "And ns Governor of New Jersey I j was brought Into iiKSOclatlou with what 1 am glad to believe was one of the I most elllclent portions of the National Guard of the I'nlted States. I learned 1 to admire the men, to respect the olllcers I and to biheve hi the National Guard ' And I believe that It is the duty of Congress to do very much more for the National Guard than It has ever done heretofore. 1 believe that that great arm of our national defence should tie built j up and encouraged to the utmost, ' "Hut you know that under the Con- j stltiitlou nf the I'nlted Slates It Is under the illreition of more than two score. Mates, and tli.it It Is not permitted to the na'.lonnl Government directly to 'direct its development and organization And that only upon occasion of actual Invasion lias the I'p'siib nt of the Tinted Slates the right to ask those rueii !o leave their rispecttve States, f fur my pan run afraid, though some gentlemen differ with me that there Is no way In whli h thai force can ! made a direct , rename as a national riserve under na tional authority. Need for Trained Men, What we nenl s a hod of men trained in association wan units of the army A body of men iiignn7ed under the inumili.'ite direction of the national authorities A bod of men subject to the Immediate call to arms of the iri tl.m.it ,i ui li'irlt i. .- . and ei imn not put Into the ranks of the regular army men I left to their taSKs of civil life, men sup. plied nltli equipment and training, hull not drawn from the peaceful pursuits which have made America great and! must keep her great. "I am not a partisan of nny one plan. I hive had too much experience to think I that it Is right to sa that the p'an which I proposed Is the only plan that will work, because 1 have a shrewd His. j plclnn that there may be other plans whi. h will work. Hut what l am for. and what every American ought to in-1 sit upon, is a body of at least half a millllon trained citizen who w.ll serve under conditions of danger us nn Im. i mediately available national reserve. "1 am not s.iylrg nnvthlng about the navy, because 1 don't want to go to sea. I want to stick to the one theme to-' night, because for some reason there Is inn me same I'uiuroversy ,'ioout Hie navy that there is about the army. The navy Is obvious nnd easily understood. The amy apparently Is very illlllctilt to com prehend and understand Wo have a tradltlonaf prejudice against armies which makes us stop thinking the minute we begin talking about them. And we i suppusH that all armies are nllke and i that there cannot be nn American sys- i tern in this Instance, but that It mut be ' the European system, and that Is what 1 for one am trying to divest my own, mind of. "The navy Is so obvious an Insrtu- n.'iit of national defence that I believe that with dlfTcrenoH of opinion about Urn detail tr Is not going to bo dlflb-ult to cany out n proper and rear-nri.ihlc programme for the Increase of the 1 navy i 'Hut that is another Mor.v nnd you know l have to give a go.nl inrinv speeches in the near future nnd I inr save something to subsequent il.tv- M It cine to-night Is 'National liefenre on Land.' where we seem most Ignouuit of It and most negligent about It. I do not want to leave upon jour minds the Imjiresslcn that I have anj anxiety as to Uic outcome, for I have not th'i slightest llntt to Win ( onnilciiec, "Tier" Is oily one way that parties and individuals win th confidence of rhls nation, and that is to do the things that ou'tht to be done Nobody Is going to be deceived. Speeches are not going to win elections. The facts are gslng to speak fin themselves, and speak louder than anybody who cnntr.iv oris them. Nn pn lit.cal party, tin group of men can ever ilisnppoin' America, This Is a jear of political itciouiiltng and the Americans m politics are rather expert accountants. They know what tho bonks contain and thev ate not going to be deceived by it No man Is going to hide behind nnv ex. discs Tim goods must t delivered or! the contldince will not be enjoyed, ami, fur my purt I hope cvciy man in pnhllc ' life will get what Is coining to him. "Hut If tills is (rue. gentlemen, it H because nf the tilings that i niiicli deeper than laughter, much dreper than cheers things Hint Ho down at the very roots of our life. America refuses to be deceived about tho things which most concern her' national honor, national safety. All have confidence In every thing that sho represents. It Is n solemn time when men must examine not only their purposes but their hearts, when men must purge themselves nf Individ ual nmbltlon, when men must see to It thnt they nre ready for the utmost self, sacrlflco In the Interest of the common welfare. ' "Let no man dare be a marplot. Let no mart bring partisan passion Into theso grent things. I.et men honestly debate the facts nnd courageously act upon them, nnd then there will come that day when the world will sav, 'This America that we thought was full of n multitude of contrary' Ideas, now speaks with the great volume of tho hesrt's accord, arid that great heart of Amer ica hns behind It tho moral force of righteousness and hope and the llberlv of mankind.' " 1, 300 ATTEND ' DINNER. Mrs. Wilson Cheered as lhe Ap pears In Hot. The dinner of the Hallway Htrslness Association was one of the biggest and most notable of any In recent years. Nearly l,3nn members of the association and their guests crowded Into the grand ballroom of the Waldorf, the first tier of luxes anil the east room. Among these were the executives of all the large concerns that supply equipment and material to the railroads ami allied Industries Among the guests were the presidents of many of the larger mads. At the smaller tables were men whose names are famous as the heads of great busi ness enterprises. Those on the dais. In cluding the President and George A l"ost, president of the association und toast master, were: Col. George Hope, Moorhead C Ken nedy, George O Holdt, Seymour Van CAMERA MEN HEAR TALK j ON LIARS AND MEXICO; President Mixes Jokes With Serious Utterances Speech on the Destinies of America to the Motion Picture Board of Trade. It was in a very picturesque setting, amid the men and women who control and mnke the nnv.ng pictures, that President Wilson delivered last evening n very picturesque si-eili A sort ot con fess'lori of faith It wAs- a psychological utterance rega-dlng men. pol.tks and the movies. And the setting -It as the batniuet room of the llo'.el ll.ltmore a' the llrst banquet of the Motion Picture Hoard of Tr.ule. Hately have men and women .augheii more hcirtllv or applauded with sharper spontamltv "ban did the men and women of the movies as the President. penk"'S cMemporaneutil.v. commented whlml i.illv on things in general, liars. h Icri-. Mexico, and in a more srlou vein on the destinies of Ann loo While the President spoke Mrs V. II son s.u In the ba'.conv "ppo-ite him. .. i .it.it.. I'li-M Ma- vvnn tier wcif ...I-. -- lone arid Mrs .1 Stuart Hlirkton. vv..o of the toastmister When she entered, Mime moment- before the PieId.n'. ,.verv one rse and applauded heirt Iv The' President's remarks were a- fol- l"'V wondtred when 1 was on my way here what would be expected of me It occurred to me. perhaps, that I would onlv I"' expected to go through the mo. lions of a spcevh And then I reflected that, never having -een myself sp-aa. and generally having my thoughts eun. centrat-d upon wl-.at I bad to s.iv. I bid no- tl r..'t Pinion of what my motions we'le When I tll.lde .1 sp..,.. Il --be.MU-e .1 ha never o.s urre.l to me. In inv m pl., tv. tn make a speech before a mliror If voir w.ll give me time I !U reneate this dilllcult tnsk and retu.li and per for m it f"r ou "1 have sometiints been very ni'icli chignned in seeing rnelf in a motion P'lttlte I have .ifien wondered if I teilly was that kind of a gu. Il.iugluu and applause I The cMtaordlnarv r.i pld'ty with which I walked, for example, the liistantanious and apparently auto matic nature of mj motions . the wa In which 1 produce in common giim.ices ami altogether the extraordinary exhibi tion 1 mskc ot myself sends me t . nt d verv uiilnippv And I often tl.P.l. to mvself that although all the world Is a stage, and men and women bur actors upon It. after all. the extfrri.il appear ances of things nre 'very superficial In deed. , , . "I urn verv much more interested In what niv fellow men ore thinking about than In the motions through whiih they ate going, and while we unconsciously display a great deal nf human nature In our visible nctions, there are some verv deep waters within wlilili no pic- line can soiiiiu Ills Kninvledue of Xleilco. "When nu think of a great nation, ladles and gentlemen, voir are not think ing of n visible thing; nu are thinking of u spiritual thing. I suppose a man In public office feels this with a pecu liar poignancy because what It Is Im portant for him to know ate the real, genuine sentiments and emotions of thon people. "1 found out what was going on In Mexico in a very singular way b hear ing a siilllclently large number of liars talk about It. Laughter. 1 think the psychological explanation will Interest you. You know tli.it the trutli Is con sistent with Itself one piece matches an other. Now no man Is an Inventive enough liar not to tiring In Inrge sectlfms of truth In what he Is saying. I Laugh ter And nfter all the liars have done tnlking to vou about the same subject It will come to your wnecluusiiess that long and large plcirs of what they said match: that In that respect they all said the, same thing . that the variations are lies, and the cinslsten les are the truth Laughter 1 "They will not all tell vou the same ee of the truth. n tli it if on hear enough of them vou may get the win ,e of he truth And vet II is verv u-dlous to hear men lie. particularly '.vlen ou l-.non they nre lying You feel I ke reminding I hem that reallv nur lime Is Important to vou and that .vou wish tiiev would get down to business and tell yon what Is reallv so, but they ilnn't Thev want In give an excursion to their minds before they gel down to business And what I part'ciilarly object to is a very able. man with a lot of Invention coming to m and lying lo me, becaii'o then Hie Interview Is very tedious and long before we get down to business. I Kot to know that story so by heart that the Inst time a deputation visited me about Mexico I though I would save time and 1 told them exactly what they were going to say to me nnd they went away very much confused, they wondered how 1 had heard It, because they knew It mil not si Laughter and applause. I "And yet underneath all of Ihln are thon great pulses which throb III gleat Imiliis of men and dr.ve ilu gnat povveis of slate. And I wonder mm u en venture to trv to deceive a grmt nation. There never was a profouniler kimiiii Hi. in that nf Lincoln's that you can fool all the piople sometimes nnd some people all the time, but .vou cap. not fool nil Ihe people all the time, Applause. "The best way to silence, any friend Kantvoord, Samuel O. Dunn, George M. l.a Monte, Chnrles It. Hudson, Adrian lselln, William T, Noonan, Jacob II. Schlrf, Alfred H. Smith. W. D. H. Alney, Samuel Ilea, Warren a, Harding, Fred erick D. rnderwood, John t'urroy Mltchel, Frank Trumbull. William I Saunders, Joseph I'. Tumulty. .Inmes M, Cox, William G, Hesler, John II. Fahey. Dr. Cury T, Grayson, Hums D. Cald well, Judge Martin A. Knapp, Wlllard A. Smith, George A. Vlehmann, Irving T. Hush. F. H. Lynch, Otto Carmlchael und Theodore ltousseatl. l'rocedlng the dinner a reception was held In tho east room, at which the President met the members of the as sociation. Tho dinner began at 7:30 P. M. In the upper tier of boxes sat the women guestn of the association. Mr. Wilson appeared among them nt 9 P. M. Instantly a shout went up nnd every man on the flmr sprang to his feet j waving napkin or lifting glass. Sev- eral iwrsons unloosed the rebel yell. The , President, M-cmlngly tleiigiMed, arose also and lowed to his wife. A few min utes Inter the toastmnster formally ex pressed the pleasure of the association In having the first lady of the lard ns their guest. In Introducing the President Mr. Post said lliat the association would gladly' cooperate In any plan of building tip the I Industrial preparedness of the vountry j He sioke a word, too, fr the railroads, saving. ' "For the railroads we nsk nothing they do not deserve, nothing that shall do hurt to any one, but we do ask fori them everything that shall make them , strong strong In peace, strong for national defence and strong In the con fidence of the public It.illroads In the bands of receivers nre prepared only to succumb to th sheriff's hammer." It was not until 10-3.1 P. M. that the President, with his retinue, was able to leave (he Waldorf and hurry to the, Hlltmore. i in of yours whom you know to' be a fool Is to Indllre htm to hire a hall (Laugh ter 1 Nothing chills pretence like ex. posurc ; t.othltig will bear the tests of I ex initial. on for a shorter length of true than preterite. At b.il i I try to '!u.iile myself, and ; et there are some humbugs th.V have t-ecn t large a long time I !iughter "1 siippoM' t itre always a r sing ! generaMcn whom th'.v i.ni fool, but the ! older h-Hi't. ou.'ht not to pee-ii.t them- lves to be fooled, an I I sh mid think' that in a year like the j.ar HMO, when tl.eie Is to te a common icilsoti'tig for cveiyhiulv. niMi would liuny up und begin to e' the irutli laiiulit'c . They ire not hurrying about It. tiiey .uc tilling theli litre, li.it the American leojde are going to Insl-n upivn it before thle year I- ovr that everybody com-s I ili and Is lountid on the great .piestlons of r he d:iv. They are not going to take anv ecn?es; they nre not going lo take any pretenreH; they are going to iri!st upon the goods ibllvered on the spot lai'dmi-v) "And anybody that deoiln-s ti, depver them l going to K bankrupt and ought to go bankrupt. Kver.vlNnly ought to ce' what's coming to them. Hut I c-ime here to say that I hopeil you would not Udleve that 1 nm whit I appear to be In 'the pictures you make of me 1 reallv am a prett, decent fellow laughter rind ai.pl.iusel, und I have a lo: of emotions Hi.it do not show nn the "iirf.irH. and the tfi'iigs that I ilon t sa would fill a library I laughter I. The great ro of puhl:. life is that .y.ni ale run a Ii.a.iI t,, say all the tbliu-H that you thick 'Smne of m opinions iiliour some men ar ex'remelv piciuresquf and If .vim could only take a numon picture ot them vou would think It was Vesuvius in iiiptin. And vt nil tlies,. toli-tntc forces, ;,u these things thai hic going on lnlde of m,., have to N nce.i.i under a mo-t ur.ive and reverent ex 'rlnr. and I have to make believe that I I have nothing but respectable and liolemn thoughts all the time, wnere.is there is a Pit going on uislil,. of me tii.it sunlit be entertaining to an ,'iudlem. ir.v where "I am very much complimented that 0'i should have allow ed me t,i come in at tills late hour in your fea-t and with out pirtaklpg of the pleasures or corivn satlory lo make you all. whether you would cr not. listen to tne talk .My op. Ject In Uf,. s not talking I wish there were lcs. talking to do. I wish that not ever body hud to be persuaded to do the right tiling. I yxish that the things that are . bvlous did not have to be explained I wish that prlnalples did not have to lie reexpauilded. Where I lie Plnrti ('nines In. ' "We all in our liesrts nrec upon the fundamental principles of our lives, of our lite as u nation Now we ought to i iv our-elves vviih the duty uf seeing that those principles are realized in ac tion, and no fooling about it The onlv dilllcult things in life, ladlis and gentle, men, are the application- of the princi ples of right and wrong 1 can set forth 1 the abstract principles of right and wrong, and so can yint Hut when It comes down tn an Individual Item of conduct, whether in public affairs or prl- i.ii.- ..ii.iirs mere cnme the pinch ' In the first place, to see the right way to do it. add In the second plaoe. to do it that way. If we could only aaree that In all matters of public concern we would ad journ our private Interests, look en.', other frankly In the face and say. "We lire nil ready, at whatever sacrifice of our own interests, to ,o in common the tiling that the common weal demands,' what an Irresistible force America would be ' I can polnr out tr. you n few men nf course I nin pot going to name them now whom every man ought m be afraid of because nothing but the truin esines In them Men I have ope in P iiil.ulnr In mind whom l have neve i .night thinking about 'hjmelf would not dale make n pielerice In ihe presence of tli.it man even ir I vvrm(, i., jH eyes coiiinm Ihe penetrating light ' truth before which all disguises fall a way. "Now suppose, we were alf like that: it would hasten the millennium Im mensely, nnii If AniorlcaiiH were alvvnv s' In do vyliii. when the real timper of Anicrlen Is aroused, they (o the world would always turn to America for gu'd unco and America would be the moM intent and Influential force In t)( world. "So when I look at pictures, whether they move or whether they do not move. 1 tlilnk of all the deep sources of hup. ' plne-.s and of pain, of Joy and of misery I thnt lie beneath Unit suiface, ami aiii ! Interested chiefly In thn heart that beats underrnsith It nil, for I know that there Is the pulse and th machinery or all thn great foiees of the world" Ap Viiiuse After his speech President and Mrs Wilson left the hotel In all open touting car which was followed by another an. loinoblle tilled with secret seivhe men Ills nir diove down I'i'lli avenue to Tlilrly-second street nnd then ncioss in ine i-ciinsvivnniii Minimi, leaching the Siecln train about ll.l.'i, yylih tlnee. quarter k of an hour to wail before the train pulled out. PRESIDENT ON GO FOR SIXTEEN HOURS Delivers Three Speeches nnd Receives Delegation of Suffragists. IX EXCELLENT SIM HITS The President of the United States camo to New York yesterday and put In a day that would have made a brawny laborer weary. When he re gained the seclusion and comfort of his private car In Ihe Pennsylvania Station at midnight last flight he must have drawn a long breath of relief nnd re laxation. Kor sixteen hours from S A. M, un til midnight the President was Inces santly on the go. He exhausted his secretary and the staff of secret service men, whom ho kept at a sort of trot and gallop as he dashed from place tp place In his round of specchmflklng. sightseeing nnd culling. Take young Joe Tumulty, his secre tary, for example. Mr. Tumulty Is as husky and vigorous a youth as one might find In nny of the forty-eight State, hut nt 4 P M. yesterday at the Waldorf-Astoria, Hie Presidential head purlers for Ihe day, Secretary Joe waa all In. mind wearied and body wearied, and mighty glad of a chanixv to take an hour's nap. DesleKeft hr nff. There were many things Ihnt kept the day from dulness, that reminded the Piesldent that the hardest worked per son In the country Is th man who Is at the head of the nation's affairs. There were the woman suffragists, who besiege,! him at the Waldorf soon nfter he arrived and kept pecking at him and pecking nt hlni for an Interview until finally he gave way and consented to talk to them. There were the clergy nsT at Aeolian Hall at noon, before whom he made rather an extensive and Interesting speech. . Thfte Were the r.iil'oad men nt the Waldorf early In Hie evinlng, in-fore whom he delivered his most pretentious address, and finally them were the motion picture chiefs at the Motel Itlltmnte. to whom h talked at considerable length. These speeches alone represented prob. ably 7.000 words or en of pretty cloe th liking, and much of It was extempo raneous, since his only prepared speech was the one before the Hallway Ilusl nr Association at the Waldorf He. tween speeches he motored with Mrs, W Non show ing hlrrsclf to the people and ns-e.y ir...- whet ever he went fairly enthusiastic irihtfee of h.il.dclapplng and t .leering lie looked to be in excellent physical und mental ttitu lie walked with a springy sir.de tliat kept the rervotis, sharp eve) -ectit service guards on the Jump o follow him Ills ces were bright and his color was good. He r.eemed Jo be In tine sp;t,v. although it was observed that v hen he settlfl him self Into his automobile or vvlthdiew Into the prrTrfcy of his suHe at the Waldorf his face look on Lrifs of care, suddenly bievime stern and thoughtful. Police Svmroi nt ilstlim. The 1'er.r.svlvania Hal road trn'n to which his pr.x-ate car was attached ar rived at the Pennsylvania Station at C :U' A. M. and was softly shunted I: to the yards su h and Mrs. Wll-on would lie disturbed as little as sieelb!e by the hum of trattlc. In fait, the Pennsyl vania olllc'als put a mutller on the usilil clamor of rheir business There was no toot.uif of locomotive whistles, t.o raucous shuiii of ,v aMnien r.one of tae o'sl'r.nr nolslriiss of the '.ig terrn'n it The Piead, nt nine tn continue hie s'eep, theiefore. until learlv A VI The -tat'. ill sw irmed wit1! all i,,nds of polii emeu. I VdirJl. tv rind ra.r(..i A' thai calls hour It became nppireni that a Visiting Piesidetit was never so thoroughly guarded In ami abo.it the private car were s;x s,.,.,et seryui tn.'i brought from Was iltiBtnn Clef W Il ium .1 Klynu of Hie kovIic s.at!i rul ter, of the local agents thro'igh th-station t beep an eye out for susM'alous lookl'.g persons. Cap! Krr of the seionl branch of the ibte.'tive bureau had tiiirtv-flye pt.rn , lothes guards taking ordein f i nn i lbs Hill I'lynu. atnl besi-Ie-this formidable ,vrav were the Penn sylvania Hailro.nl iletei 'ivi-s, a ilozep of them, ended from their usual duties help guard tile President from harm That was about the way It went throughout the da- Wherever Mr and Mrs Wilson moved, if It were only a few steps, there was a solid ring of se cret service men around them, who moved ns they moved, step for step It was M A, M when the President nnd Mrs. Wilson stepped from their pri vate car. accompanied by Secretary Tum ult. Or Carv T. Ilraysoti aid tin .r 'lumediate guards Awaiting them were the always faithful Dudley Plebl Mi lone, nlllcial or uuotll. i.il courier, spokes man and buffer for the Presnl, nt when he v sit New York, ami II II West Ifighiiuse and W I. Saunders, tcpri settl ing the Hallway Husmess Association. A ml Hon photographers, more or less, battered nt the polkc Iiiks and pleaded for pictures They mobilized at the train ehed gates and nude furious drives nil the way to the Thirty-second street exit without nny success at nil l'lnally the President ngreed to pose, but he In sisted that they must leave Mrs, Wilson out of the plctuies. Since niost women naturally will want to know what .Mrs Wilson wore, the re. porter for TllK St'N will take up the de. scrlptlon vvllh proper dltlldence, hoping not to make errors too glaring. Her blue suit, close fitting, was tailored. Iler white silk waist was decorated nt the wrists with flame colored silk. Delicate lace showed at the neck above the collar of the blue suit Iler hat was n small black toipie trimmed with osprey pliinus She wore, ns usual, a bomiuet or orchids from the White House conservatories Arrlvsl nl Wnlilnrf, There was a crowd nf medium sue in Seventh avenue Just outside of the P-nn-slvinl.i station, perhaps l.nnn prisons, who were waiting for a glimpse of the Pres. dent and his wife. Thev made a pleasant murmur no loud cheei or noisy hanilclapplng, Just nn amiable luur. of vvelciinie. The President rilsed his liar Mis Wilson smiled. Their chauffeur put oil more speed, nnd will ' they were upenling toward the Waldorf There roe entire staff vvns on a sort of dress parade. Mr. II dill, the proprietor, had not quite recovered from a spell of gr p, but Oscar did the honors, awaiting the Wilsons at the Thirty-third slice! en tianco with such a bow and smile as Oscar reserves only for the truly great The minute the President ami hs wife were out of their nutotn.ihlle the secret service men ringed about them and ac complished a kind nf football end run, making bi dutiful Interferenci . Some cheering, some hatulclapplng rolled east ward and westward. The President rind his party were es. enrted lo their nparlment on' the third floor, where guards were placed at the cloorH, Hienkfii.sl, specially planned by Oscar, was served in Hie iipiriment at.d then the Piesldent bent over n desk and began the Job nf puttrg phrasis to gether for his Aeolian Hall speecn before 111" Clerical Coiiferem f the New Vol k Federation of Churches, Just nuking rough notes lo guide him as he went along, Downstairs tha urfroilats under Mrs. O. II, P. Belmont anil other well known leaders wero massimT, determined to have the President's ear. Tlrst Bhcy Issdegfsl Secretary Tumulty with notes. Mr Tumulty replied with notes. Notes passed notes, passed nnd repassul finally Mr. Tumulty threw up both hands. Ho knew when he was bcati n He went to tho President. "They're loo much for me." he said, "Jlonestly, you'll have to help tne out.'' "All right," said the President. "Tell them I will see them, but I have really nothing now to say." After ha had talked tiefore the Con gressional Union. In the IJast lloom, saylnar ho still held to his belief that woman suffrage must Im adopted State by State and not le Imposed nt n sweep upon tho whole country by fed eral leglslnllon, Mr. Wilson rejoined his wife, lie had scarcely returned to ids apartment when a Herman Ameri can commltteo Intent upon persuading him lo force Kngland lo permit the shipment of milk to German babies ap peared st tho Waldorf und asked Mr. Tumulty for nn audience with his chief. .Mr. Tumulty said It couldn't be dune that the President had u million things tn do and that his1 programme had been laid out from early morning to mid night. Shortly before noon Mr. nnd Mrs. Wil son left the Waldorf for a drive up Fifth avenue nnd through Forty-second street, which would take them to Aeolian Hall ami the clergymen's gath ering. Tho avenue was crowded. livery body seemed tn know that there vvns an unusually Interesting sight to re seen. , The Wilson car. with its attendant se cret service, nnd tievsp.i!r at, ran through solid masses of people mn rlamlmr hands, women waving Inimlker- Id.ilefs. many merely staring stolidly. In Aeolian JlaJI the President spone for shout forty minutes before the clerical conference, taking the line thnt he was not ho humble as some people seemed to think i that he loved peace, but wasn't willing to accept It on nny sort of terms; seeming, In short, to try to correct the popular opinion of him that may have been formed after his Philadelphia speech months ago, when he spoke th- line "too proud to fight " He returned to the Waldorf for lunch eon find Immediately afterward drove to the I'nlverslty Club to get his thoughts In order for the speech he was to de liver about in P. M. before I lie Motion Picture Hoard nf Trade at the Hotel Hlltmoie. He went tn the University Club to obtain perfect unlet ard se clusion. At about 4 P M he returned to th Waldorf nnd rejoined Ml. Wilson, who had been snendlnc a very delightful 'hour Inspectlrg the frocks and bonnet and thlnps In the smartest Fifth avenue shops Neither took time to get a long breath. Within t'ti minutes they were ' MHirting iiway ftom the hotel for a long, sur.ny motor rule In Central Park 'and UP Hiversl'I- Drive. They returned to the Wnlilnrf about B 1 ' P M to get ready for the dinners at tne Waldorf anil the Hiltniore I Shortly before midnight the President and Mrs. Wilson were escorted to their ar In the Pennsylvania Station. A few i minutes later his train was sliding vvest- 1 ward to put lit in in Washington this morning for a few hours of i.-t before he stnrrs on his Wf stern spec li making tour. MORGAN GIVES CANADA $40,000. Tim rs'jo.lino Cheeks for I'ooils tn tttl soldiers' Uniiilllea. . Toiiiis'To, Jan. I? 1. Plcrpont Mo-. ,sati to-day gave Hfi.firtn to the Toronto nnd York County Patriot!.- Fund Ao. elation, which Is conducting .1 three d.u , campaign to raise p.'.noii.tiiiii in aid of dependent of Canadian soldiers, Mr Morgan rontrtbu'ed IJo.fiOil iiddl'lnnal to the Montreal Patriotic Fund, which also alms t $:'.ona.oiui Many Ameri- iraris hnve given to the Toronto fund, whbb now Is Ies rhan Jl'Oi'i.oon siurl of the it mount sought, vv.'h one il.r. to go The cl.y of Toronto has sen' 30,000 sold.ers to the front. The Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York M Nassau Street, New York, N. Y. I.i iie c.ir eiuli.u December l. 1015. the "Oldest Compaq ,'i America" Paid Policyholders a total of $67,978,329.32 this iim exceecknl tho total amount received directly from policyholder- b ?s.72.5.n.v(v..55. Dunns the u'ir there was an increase m the amount of new in-ura- paid for. in total insurance 111 f"ra in aets, m reserves, in total income, an incroai over One Million and a Half in total interest ami rents, and an iucrea.se of ncarK 'I'v Million Dollar in the Cimpan's coiitinseiic reserve, nr free surplus On 1 1 . e r hand, notwithstanding a full car of war. there was a material decrease in the in rta t ratio (actual to expected) as compared with that of 19H. Insurance in Force, Admitted Assets, Net Policy Reserves, Total I ncome, Total Disbursements, The amount of new insurance paid for durms the year, including divide additions, was SHS.17,711. If we include re ials and increase of policies 'n l r. the total insurance paid for w.i- Sloo,RS2.H5. ASSETS I'e.'tl Lst.ite 5 ,'i 7ri,t(,s , MortKaRi? I o.itis j Jo.'Mo.'i.lu ) l.o.inon Polities, fM,iis:,ii)s 57 Bomis ,md Stocl; itiT.Hv.b.o.Ti IntrriM ,itul Incuts due ntui ;i. - crutl . Prcn.iiiii.s in vourpof collation Cash iJll.HS.ll.Un ;it interv.t). Deposited to p.iy cldims Total Admitted Aeti BRANCH T. C. Bell, ,1J I ihrrtv M. Lc Roy Bowcrt, ldl t J.Mh s. G. A. BrinkcrhofT, II') Hiu.i.!.va. CHALLENGES TO FIGHTS ACCEPTABLE TO WILSON Church Federation Delegates Applaud the President's Bellicose Sentiment, Although He Explains That He Is for Peace and Justice. President Wilson delivered n vigorous mVlress befve the Clerical Conferenco of the Federation of Churches nt noon vesterdny In Aeollnn Hall. The heart of ills thought was thai he loved peace, but that he believed she ouchl lo bo u lady with 11 backbone. Moro than 500 ministers heard from the President somewhat stronger lan guage, perhaps, than they had expected. While the gleat majority of them were obviously heartily In accord with his views there were a few who glanced at each other doubtfully nnd shook their heads. These seemed to be surprised when the President snld! "I iilvva's accept, perhaps by some Impulrse of my native blood, the chal lenge to a tight." Hut there was applause loud and long when he told them thnt while he was de voted to Ihe cause of pence It was not the pence inconsistent with the nmln tetinnce of self-respect or Inconsistent with what was right. Peace with Jus lice, but not aggression was the prin ciple thru guided him. He denied that America had grown cold to the great things for which our ilovernmetit was created. He said that our neutrality was not a formal matter, but a matter of conviction of the heart. Tlie trend of the speech, to many of his hearers. h.lrateil that he was striving to undo In tho public mind an opinion that might have been created by his "too proud to fight" speech months ago: and that he was assuring tho country thnt there had betwi a definite stiffening of attitude on Ihe part of tho (lovern ment. The President was Introduced by the Itev. Dr. S. lMward Young, pastor of the ltttlford Church, llrooklyn. 'Uie President snld In part : "You have paid me a great honor to day and I want to say how deeply and from the heart 1 appreciate it. 1 feel that voir have unduly honoie.l me as 11 man. 'and that most of the thing you have been pleased to say can be truly s-ild of me only ns n representative of the great people whom we all love. He e,iue In my cffortH for peace I have Iweti conscious of representing the spirit of Amerli a, and no private convhtlons nietelv of my own. It Is hard to hold the balance even vvnerc eo many ..!. ons arc Involves, but 1 l,,iv known tliat in their hearts and by their pur pose the people of America were seek ing 10 hold the balance even. The neutrality of the United States has not been a merely formal matter. I It has been a mntt r of conviction and o" tip- rieart, anu in rerieciins upon peice and the menus of mn.ntalning It one l obliged to sear' h for the foun dations of 111-ace I can find no other foundation for pi a e than Is laid In Jus. tire without ajgrfesion. If you wish to be JuhI and Insist upon being Justly treated and have no motive of covetous-n-s or aggression believe you stand upon the only firm foundations which will sustain peaie. "America has been hospitable in an tltipiei edentril degree toward ;'l nations, all races, all creeds She has seemed almost to desire to be made up of all the stocks and Influenced by nil the thoughts of the wide world. She has I seemed to realize Hint she could be fertile only (f ewry great impulse were planted among her. And so she has sft for herself 111 this protess. which is st'll unfinished, of uniting and amalga mating these tilings the problem of mak I ing dispnnte things live together m peace I m il accommodaiion and harmony. So $1,636,538,117.00 616,528,254.00 503,227,820.00 88,251,707.66 81,375,494.91 Balance Sheet, December 31st, 1915 LIABILITIES Po!k' Joerve 5.vi.t.JJ7 .' Mippletticiit.iry Contract Revive "" tl Other Policy l.tahlitie . 7'.'"- - Premiums IntertM .mil Kens paid in ailv, nice S.ltiSAM .i 1..sJ7..s7 8'i 11,507.1'iv.7m Ul.IJ5.nJ .Miscellaneous I. nihilities 'I .ieN. License -'ees, etc., p.i. n!" in l'Un Dividends pa.v.ihle in ion. i Reserve for future Deferred Divi- ueruis ContiMKeiu-y Reserve it $616,528,254.00 Total Liabilities OFFICE MANAGERS, NEW I. WollTtolm, -101 Hiuddway. thnt the pence of Amer . 11 dpi , , . the nttltudo of the different rlem,,i, of race mid thought of w, , fh. . made up toward one nnn hir "I have Ixell ilisyd) disturb, I rv, men, 1 think every thoug if ,v,tii, can lias lieen deepij iIimuii., ,. , evidence afforded In leccnt d.n , recrudoscence of religious ntiMnn, rr In this country. That Is 11 Vi n'iy,'' ous thlnii, which cuts at hi v,,., r of tho American spirit. If m, , , f lovo one another fley rnnnot n . K If men nre Intolerant of one nr they will le Intolerant of the pnv,., of pence, which nro the pi -esses accommodation. 'Livo nnd 1" 1 , very homely phrase, at 1 . basis of social existence I 1,,, born whose tn.irinets and p t would very muni like to nl'e I 1 1 , tertnln n suspicion that the iy turn very much like to all,. 1 I nm afraid that if 1 hegt 1 , ri, . In their direction they iingii n.-t It In mlno: ami upon nflMi. a. Brow older I agree t Hv. 1 , "lllrrell says somewhere " n. beats Its nurse and cries for t ie n- t tho old man sins 'his gruel h ,ti 1 .,. thanks Hod that nolsvdy beats have not yet finite reached 1 ,t , , . ihumlllty, and I always .11 e, -r by some Impulse of try hat e Invitation to n fight Hjr I I r. ways conduct the tight In li iir 1 f , Ion. I hope I tlo not t'.idu 1 lagonlsts, I hope thnt t fle a 1 ,rln th" purpose and Intention of 0 vf tlr them, and I know thnt I w is..v best argument nnd the r,2 a r i".'i shall prevail. It Is not a case nf krrw down and drng out . It Is a i.f ) ting tip the best reason vvnv ,r 0? side should survive Thcvo fr.n, r,.,, of controversy, thtse knight y Tax I' 1 of condition In tfc IhrM are t 1. snry conditions precedent to pe,t e "Peare does not mean Ina M01, T may lie intllllte uctlW') , Dure ,w t almost violent activity 111 'he n i n peace. Peace dwells, nfter ,iH n --i character and 111 the h irt nM Is where peace Is rootnl tn " country ! outs. It . r(,tri heart" nf the popIe Ter 1 where tinder lies and e p- m kindle a lhun Is wlie.e si- ,. j things l,e which tliey bye l-e ' Iples ami Independen ce rt e life. Let nn man drfi-p fire thfe' i. caue pence is inconststf m w e o of setf-respcrt. Moie tl nr ini i Inconsistent with th aoat i 1 principle. "Hut thess thing nre thought of. These Hi t.ss. 1 r may never be challenged I them merely that we may f mind earh other of the ...no. which we live. We pel if ye but we bf lleve aN 11 I , tlghteousness arid llhtrt ,1 cannot subsist without t!ii-t you have too gfiierouely pra 1 therefore, gentlemen, I I avr myself merely as the s. yourselves, .in. I nf all othir who, like your-elves, tile 11" li the welfare and Ideals of Ami . are very tespuns hie days see how any ninti a. ires ut' but the truth in tli. terse ,( I do not see how any man M'letie dlspla narrow or pi - - slop. We are all of one epii and kin, and a great f un iv up here, which I believe will set an example to tn,. ' those things wlnh clev.re ,1 and Mtengthen mankind xv sT'l o') i .s.S'J. (, .n7 ns 1 7' 25I.0U .li.'S $616 ,528 YORK CITY V. T. Dicfcndorf, IM Viinit.iRuc M , I', R. H. Hardy, 1170 liroadway. Ives & Myrick, JH Nassau M.