Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1916.
on. PHIDAY, FRintUAUY 4, 1010. Xaltrtd .t the Iwt Oinca nt New Vork aa tk-ouml Claas Mall Mailer. Nubactiptlona by Mall, I'otlpuld. flAtl.Y. 1'iT Month $ 50 WII.V, I'tr Vear... KtlNliAY, l'er .Month............ HUN HAY (loOanuilK), I-crMotiUi. MUNI AY. l'er Year. ............ . 1'Atl.V AND Ht'NllAY, fit VMJ, DAILY AND HUNDAY. l'r Month 6 M Z.l AO 2 AO S AO 75 t uRKiaN Rates. DAtt.Y. tr Month 1 25 KU.NI'AY, l'er Month . J DAILY AND HUNDAY. Per '.Month .. . 1 0 TUT. nvr.N'IMI St'N, l'er Month 25 Till. IIVKNINII SUN, Peer Year t AO Tim BVHN1NU 8UNtrorclcn).l'trMo. 1 03 All cheeks, tnonry orders. c, t ba made payaWo to Tut His. Published 1aJIv, lnrludlnr Sunday, by Oi Sun Printing and liibllhln Association at 150 Nasc-eii alr-eet, In the llorourh of Man hattan. New Vork. l'rcwldent and Trm nrrr. William , Itrlck. HO Nau atrwft VUe-prwddent. IMwaM 1'. Mltnhell. JS0 Naasaii atreot, Stretary. C. 1.. lm-n. 1j Nassau alrcc-l. London onicc. Kfflnrham IIou. 1 Arun del Blroet, strand. - Paris ortlce-. t Hue de la Mlchodlere, off nue du yuatre Septeinrirc. WWilnKinn office, llll.bs nuIMlnt. . llrooklin nrflie, 104 Livlniiton trat. our fri'ndi eho filer tea trlfA teript.i and lilwtratinH fnr iiuo'intloit tcetA r mif ttltrtrd articles returned lAey mutt In all ccnei tend trump lor that purpett. The Reconstructed Public flerrtre t'ommlsslon. We commend Governor Wiiituan'b nomination of Travis II. Wiiitnky and Ciiaklks S. Hkrvty to the Public Service Commission for the First tils trlct. Mr. Whitnky Is a Hepubllcan, Mr. Hit.vkt Is n Democrat, lloth ap pointments, we believe, nre In the public Interest, nud the Governor Is entitled to full credit for a fortunato election of tit men for thou Impor tant posts, lloth nominations should bo con- irmed by the Senate. Mr. Whitney's promotion Is deserved ; his knowledge, capacity and devotion to duty arc de scribed as extraordinary by no less discriminating a Judge of character than Oscar S. Shui-s. the ehulrmnn of the local commission. Mr. Hkhvby has shown in the Department of Fi nance of the New York city govern ment special qualities of mind nnd efficient Industry which seem likely to prove of great nluc to the rccon tructed I rd. The Krledrlchnhafen Celebration. While the Innocent school children of FrlcdrlehslmtVn are making merry with a two days holiday, and the town is glorious with streaming tlags, and telegrams of congratulation are piling up on the desk of the honored white haired Inventor who 1ms made Frledrichshat'en famous, there are funeral processions In I'arls to bury the fourteen men. nine women and one Infnnt killed in what Germany officially calls the "great raid on the fortresses of Paris." Among the dead were seven of one humble family, a j grandfather, his daughter and her husband, an aunt of the girl and two sons and one daughter of the married couple, all terribly shattered by the bomb that burst the walls of their poor dwelling apart". Such is the kind of military suc cess that elates Iterlln. that closes the schools of Fi-ledrlcli-hafcii, that brings smiles of satisfaction to the fan of Count Zkitki.in, If be call s.tlll smile at all. Do the school authorities of Fried rlclishiifen tell the children the na ture of the military success at I'arls on the night of January : how- it was a slaughter of people as Innocent and inoffensive as themselves? Does the War Olli'-e at I'erllu announce that nine women and an Infant In arms were killed In the Zeppelin raid on "the great forirces of Paris"? That would never do, for "frightful ness" miw be made euphemistic If It Is to look glorious enough for cele brations mill tlag Hying. The Imperial Government should not tlml it necessary to defend the raid as it rcpi-Nnl for nil attack by French aeroplanes upon Freiburg, for Paris Is n fort Hied city and as such Is exposed to bombardments. The French call their dropping of bombs on Freiburg live, the Germans said, and no one injured a reprisal too. Of course I'rledrlchshafen the beauti ful K not celebrating the reprisal but the famous raid on the fortltled city of Paris. The announcement that the night attack was a reprisal Is In tended to be a Justification, but the Germans realize the weakness of their ease when they are particular to bay In the oillclal bulletin that "the fortl tled city of I'arls" was attacked "with satisfactory results." No soldier proud of his profession could say that, knowing what the results were. The truth Is that as an engine of war the Zeppelin has been a dlsap Hilntmeiit. For nttacklng fortified places ii Is practically worthless. Compared with the aeroplane, Its mil itary uses have been insignificant ; hut for the slaughter of the Innocent It has been almost as successful as the submarines have been on the sur face of the sea. To talk of murder ous raids by Zeppelins as reprisals Is to assume that the neutral world, to which the jimlUeution is really nil dressed, has no memory for "fright ful ness." Since the attack on I'arls, which as n fortltled place Is technically a proper target for bombs, the eastern counties of F.iigland have been again raided and more of the Innocents, a greater number than ever, have been slaughtered. Was this raid a military operation or a reprisal? An Ktcrlletit 111 1 1 -to Kill. If the purpose of ihi Administra tion in drafting the sppMj. ,m lis present loi-m was to disarm criti cism by iii.vsllfvins students of the measure, It bus achieved a complete success, wimi the document now of. fcred means, what lt effects, might lie. whnt condition It Is designed to bring iihotit, nro hidden In h mnss of rniitrntllctory mid confusing clnttsos, provisions, exceptions, thnt hurtle, tlio most earnest Inqiilror. Tho original purpose of the pro- motors of this enterprise was to put the Government Into the ocean traiw- portntlon trade In competition with private ship owners. Their ulterior motive lias never been disclosed. 1 he latest product of their genius seems, on Its face, to relinquish this plan; but with It has gone nil coherence. The project which was bail has be come Incomprehensible. It may be no worse than that which wns de feated last year: It may be much worse. One thlug only is certain: the shipping bill, slashed, torn, muti lated, defaced, offers no hone of re storing the men-hunt marine to a sound economic position, nud there fore It deserves defeat In Congress. lias the President Won? The result of President Wilson's tour of tho middle West In behalf of the adoption of a new military nnd naval policy by the United States will bo recorded In Congress. The President has been cordially received wherever ho went. Ills addresses have been listened to with respect; ho has been applauded In these pas sages which called for applause; and he has Impressed his personality on thousnnds of citizens who have hitherto accepted him not on his own merits, but ns n lender satisfactory to one In whom they had confidence. All these things are gratifying, but If "the folks back home" fall to bring their Congressmen to support the President's tiolley and enforce It with 11 programme, the trip will have been a failure. Mr. Wilson has placed himself In a iwsltlon In which any substantial in crease In the army anil navy by the Sixty-fourth Congress will be con strued ns u victory for him. He has been emphatic on our need for Im proved defences on the land and on the sea; he has been enreful not to commit himself Irrevocably to any specific plan. Therefore, If a mill tary genius In Senate or House offers n suggestion which suersedes all those now under consideration, and It Is adopted by the legislative depart ment, Mr. Wilson- enn fairly claim the credit, for he has generalized about the means to attain the end as to which he has been specHle. nut before Congress nets, there nre others to be heard from. The Presl dent boldly Invaded the country of Mr. Hkyan. where, tho Nebraska statesinnn has a following half po titlciil. lmlf social. Mr. ItnvAN Is soon to traverse the same territory He will not be silent. He will pre sent to a community predisposed In Ills favor the arguments against tin President's course. Only after he lias done so will the members of Congress be able to form opinions as to what Is wisest for them to do. These opin ions may bo grotesquely lnuccurate, but they will represent the best Judg ment of men with a deep personal In terest in correctly interpreting the de sires of the citizens Mr. Wilson has sought "to win. Meanwhile, It Is worthy of consld eratlon that the majority in Congress has made no progress toward compo sltlon of Its differences on this sub Ject. While Mr. Wilson was abroad in the land members of the Demo cratlc party In the House- were in dillgiug In pacific addresses In Wash Ingtnii. As he urged an ndeipiate army and navy his associates were pulling to pieces his Ui mi t Ion propo sals, essential correlatives of nnyproj ect for the national defence. If the cheers for the President were loud In the Mississippi valley, their echoes did not submerge the sounds of dis cord on the banks of the Potomac, and Mr. Wilson, returning from the most Important expedition he has under taken so far most lmnrtnnt to his personal fortunes and most important to the nation will learn that the ob ject ho hoied to accomplish has not vet been registered In the Intellects of those In whom his Immediate do pendence must rest and whose con tinned opposition will mean certainly partial, and not improbably complete, failure of his enterprise. Our Shrewd Health Coniinlstloner U has often been remarked by those who read the placards in the street cars warning against spitting and threatening the violator of the ordinance against this unwholesome and uus'sthetle practice that arrest and punishment of such violations never occur, although the violations nre frequent. The conveyance of tuberculosis and other Infectious diseases by dust mingled with secretions Is well un derstood, and the ordinance of the Heard of Health is regarded by nil Intelligent or well meaning persons ns absolutely essential. We find in the Jmtrnnl of Ihr Aiucr Iran Mrtlical Aociatloii a good reason for the apparent lack of In terest of the Health Department In the execution of this ordlnnnce. appears that during the second weel of January over tifteen hundred tier sons were brought into the Mag Istrntes' courts for violation of the ordinance against spilling In publl places. Practically all of these were fined according to tlielr means, from one to ten dollars, Our shrewd Health Commissioner calls attention to the fact that the chief value of sqeh a campaign lies in lis eilucatiniial effect upon t lio musses, conveyed through newspaper publicity. The bugging of a large number of culprits, their being haled to the court, together with the lines Imposed, appeals to tho newspapers as a spectacular event. It enlists the Interest of reporters and furnishes Interesting rending, while the occa sional nrrest of a spltter would not attract any notice. Would It not be well to spread the gospel of cleanliness In public places by more frequent wholesale arrests and punishments? Keculatlng the Development of New York. The recommendations made by the Commission of llulldlng Districts nnd Itestrlctlon In Its report given, to the public to duy nre the fruit of an effort to protect the community and Indi vidual property owners from the ef fects of unregulated rlvnlry In the lo cation of Industries nnd the erection of buildings. The problems Involved would be difficult of solution were the territory affected merely the site of n projected Idenl city; ns New York Is already well grown, they become Infi nitely complex and Intricate. If the restrictions ultimately adopt ed are to he of nny value their appli cation must be permanent. This cir cumstance establishes the grave Im portance of the project new under consideration, and every rcnl estate owner, every mortgage owner, has n direct personal Interest in the terms of the proposed limitation ordinance. The report must bo carefully rend nnd Its Import understood by those who believe they might be benefited or Injured by Its ndoptlon. It Is not to be Jammed through, but will be examined in detail at public hear ings; and these hearings should at tract nil Individuals who recognize the lasting Influence on the city's wel fare contemplated by the restrictive movement. Unneutrallty. Somewhere near Brownsville, Tex., Mexican bandits derailed a passenger train on which two United States.sol- dlers, unarmed, were travelling. When the bandits began robbing the pas sengers the soldiers, described as lads" by the correspondent who tells the story, called out: "Gtv us a chance, far Cod's cake! Lend m a irun and maJca tt an even chance." The bandits killed the soldiers with out giving them a chance. Truly, it noddy fate for such spunky bojs; yet had the unlikely happened, hud 1 1 icy had a chance and killed the Mexicans, would not some one In Washington have ordered their arrest, imprison ment and trial by eourt-mnrtlal for having committed an act of iinjuMltl able unnciitrnllty? Let Cuxey Do It! Fncle Sam's Mercuries liavo never brought us mi envelope more rlchlv filled than that which comes from Masslllnii, Ohio, with a copy of thi platform of General .Iaioh Skchllk Coxky, Sr.. "non-partisan" caudldat for the United States Senate. Four planks make the length and the breadth and the thickness of this pedestal of a Keformatloii greater than Martin Uuira's, and the names of them are Costless Preparedness, Medium of F.xehiitiBo (Money) With out Cost, Public Bonds Without In terest, Common Carriers Without Private Profits. Here Is the perfect evolution of the universal nud eternal passion of reformers for everything good without trouble or price or other Inconvenient attendants of tyrannous natural law such as the too dully ac cepted sequence of cause and effect. This Is Coxr.v's climax, the double distilled essence of a lifetime of In spired thinking, the soul of socialism, the ICmaiiclpatlon of Man. If we nre not properly defended; If we lire overtaxed; If the banks don't help the farmer; If business development Is slow; If public roads nnd Improvements do not keep pace with public need; If living Is high, it Is because there Isn't enough money. Mere statement of the trouble Indi cates the remedy: make more money! Coxkv's Congress Is "to issue sI.imhi, 000.000 of legal tender money," spend half of It on a merchant murine aux iliary navy and half In building sub marines, airships, battleships and forts: the money to be printed as the money Is needed. Coxky's Government will conduct n bank in each community, as the Gov ernment now conducts the pot olllce business, "Under this plan vvu can provide homes for the homeless, es tablish rural credits for the farmer, loan the merchants on their goods, ami discount Invoices for the manu facturers." The 15,000 Mnsslllonliins will no longer hnvo to support the families of five bank presidents, live cashiers nnd live sets of clerks. And Coxky's Government will permit com munities to Issue non-Interest bear ing bonds, to be deposited with it, whereupon "Hie Government will have engraved, printed and Issued legal tender money ill the face value of these bonds," deducting 1 per cent, to meet the printer's bill. New York city could then honorably discharge Its Board of Kstimnte mid Apportion ment. Coxf.y'h Government would print more money to buy up tho rail roads, pipe lines, telegraph and tele phone systems, and operate them for us at cost, The cost of government oHrntlon would not equal the cost plus protils of private operation, lie cause Coxi;v would say they didn't. In 1804 Coxky's Commonweal Army was routed by the henchmen of the law, In 1!I1 the Second Common weal Army was not repulsed at Ihe national capital. Coxky Is growing, grnndlv : and If, after having been "on the oiilshle for over twenty jears hollering III," we du mil soon see hint "on the Inside hollering out," il will be because the hculghlcd people of Ohio nre too basely money bound to- pay Ihe printer In good money 1 per cent, on tho Coxey money he grinds out for them. We nominate tho pro prietor of the Commoner to be Public Printer. Good old Coxky! If. we were nil Coxeys this world might be ns simple and happy ns heaven. What with the floods nnd tho Turks General Avlmeii Is hnving tlin ilovil's own time In rellovlng General ToWN mik.ni m Knt-rl-Atiiar.i. Will It be necessnry, after nil, for the Grand Duke N'iciioi.ah to break through from the Caucasus nnd pave tho belea guered army? According to n Berlin news agencv "tho Kmperor l.s travelling from ono line of buttle to another, ns only a health) tnnti can do." The healthful- ness of the occupation is open to doubt unless William II, Is personally conducted. Tou are cotititlnf upon me to see to It tlmt t In- rlchls nf eltliens of the Cnlted Stiile.i, wherever they nilsht he, am respected ny everybody, from I'rrtldrnt W'ii.hon's tprrch In Kansax am is It to be Inftrred thnt Mr. Wil son would have given aileiiuato pro tection to American citizens In Mex ico if tho army had been larger? It would bo dltllcult to answer this ques tion In the affirmative, for It Is only of Into that the President hlme!f has been aroused on tho question of preparedness. A man who begun work In n New York department store as a cash boy twenty-eight years ago was elected to Its board of directors yesterday, nnd thus new- proof Is brought for ward that enterprising nnd devoted workers have no chance of substan tial advancement. TSlHrkm.iU" the Colonel will probably still enll the new form of the Colombia treaty, though the lump sum to ho paid Is reduced to Jl.'.noO.flnf) ami the ex pression of recret f"r the strained re lations hitweni IloRotH and Wnshing ton are made "nnittul." I rnm thr Kvc npig I'ost. Does the reduction .n the nmount It Is proposed to pay to Colombia af fect the quality of the transaction? That well ndvertlsed celestial spee tntie the eellpse of the join seemed III the early hours of yesterday morn ing to he In damer of hems itself hidden behind t'le screen of a Feb ruary storm, but the sky cleared, old Sol maintained his Irrepressible good nature, ami beamed upon earth as Joyously as thouc'i cieen cheese never could throw a shndov. Amateur as tronomy may Justify the evidence of Its e.vos by asserting that the profes sionals of the science were twelve hours olf schedule. Thr eclipse hap pened during the night. The Greatest oi iiiininanes never nusreo itie on 01 j shining territory that gentle I. una temporarily blockaded from commerce with Karth. The suffr.iglt plan to bombar hos tile fiinuressmen with poems outdoes nil previous manifestations of woman's inhumanity to man. Topeka thief Meat President Wtl.-PON-'i plovos 'i ii Miirr ''OOZtiir Well. Ihe Piesident Intends to flcht with bare knuckles from now on. nnd won't need the gloves. But not too proud to Fine. ON THE LIBRARY SIDEWALK. The .Mere ("Itlen t leans (Iff the non; Wh) II n't the l.llirarj .' To tiik I'piTun or Tiik Si v .vr On Wednesday ewntni 1 walked from Thirty-fourth to 1V: tj.-soi-ond street on the west sale of l .fth avenue. The sidewalks lu ftorit of every shop were clear of now : the roadway of the ave nue, was was Im-hik denned, and for several blocks tin- snow had been piled In the middle. The roadwas uf the cross streets had bten deaied. The foothold was tlrtn. If damp. 1 found t.i.u the Public Library sidewalk had not bten cleaned. No brush, broom, shovel or siraper had assailed It The snow and sket, packed hard by the feet of pascershy and dazed with rain, whs slip pery nnd afforded only the most treach erous foothold. So I crosed the nveuue at Forty-llrst street and continued on the easterly sidewalk, w hkh. being In front j m pieoil"-s en ill if I'J , Ulceus, II. Ml ueril properly lea ted. Is there a special rule itovernlnir the library sidewalk, under which ns side, walk Is allowed to remain nr. leareil" New Voiik I'ebruaivS. Wanokrir. IS DR. KOCH INTERNED? Perhaps American lii)selan Would Ask for Ills Itcliase. To Tin. KiMToi: or tiik m n--.su,- l was told to-da tti.it the treat Dr. Koch, the tubei. ulosls spe.-'a'ist, is in terned In ll idand as an alien enemy. Can this be'.' Would the plivsn i.ins of Vmeika Join In askuit that IPm-latnl send h!in here? licoiiui: llm.vM Mass-. Nr.w Voiik. February .'!. We find no record that Dr. Koch Is Intel lied, but Dr. Mchnai io, the Inventor of an aliened, cure fur tuber culosis, Is conlineil in London, oftor having enjo.vcd as u prisoner unusual liberties. Two Quotations, "It would be easy If I permitted my self to do so to draw a picture of the ptesent sltuallon of the world which would deeply stir jour fi-dlncs. It cninot bo disclosed now, perhaps It ran never lie disclosed." Ac I he 'rrsl dent it Pi t .Uoiiu-.v. That you. at such never shall. times seeing me. Willi arms eueimibereel hciidsliake. Or hy pronouncing of phrase, As, H'eil, ii i II, i e- .nine . thus, or this some doubtful or, ll'r routrf em 1 Ii r triiiiM , or, tie 1 s, f in ipenl; ; or, 'Thrrn be, on i lkei mliihl : Or euch ambiguous giving out. 'I he 'nine ut ,'hnioii-. The nifli-rence. When a '-allium me h-h-s fnrth to pt.ml And the hrlny Cain d'l.'i murder fun! Then I lie k tiinm hbo k an ih il.iv of iltniiii And the e,i runs durk ,i- the iwltlnr tiiinli. And Ihe tides nuke moiin from ref to reef, And Ihe nlinla vl nc enn rn- ks with itrli-f Hut whin -in niiil.il ion t.illur hi.it lUs plilkel .1 prl'e mi the lulling nave, Then the i-k linns f.iir lis the ,la r hue. Anil lie sea imi. Ii ue a th. sl, .il-uve, Vicl 'h- tM. ht'-Hk uiaiing nptoi the e.irih. .Vll'l the whole vial oi e.in n-ks wph mirth. MoIaMiaraem Wu ok. THE RAILROAD STRIKE. Deplorable Secondary Consequences ot Freight Tleup Foreseen. To the KniTort or Tin: Sun Sir; Out side the railway world little heed Is being paid to a certain cloud which has appeared on our business horlxon. Tho fact Is, as tho press has an nounced, that tho labor unions repre senting substantially all the engi neers, firemen, conductors and train men In tho freight service of Ameri can railways nro now quietly voting to determine whether or not a united demand ehall bo mado for more pay. Tho technical demand Is for shorter houra at tho present rates a day or a hundred mlln run, nnd time nd a hnlf tiny for all overtime. The result of the vote will soon be known. It is expected that It will be solid for tho proposed Increase. 1 1 la further cxpectcd that the owners of tho railways will uniformly refuse tho demand. Both sides are very strong, well orgnnlzed and resourceful. Both sides, If Issue Is Joined, will m grimly determined. And so the spectre of an tndustrlnl conflict such as Amer ica has never seen grows. When the struggle comes, If como tt does, there will (be, tho usual threo parties In Interest, namely, the men, the owner) and tho rest of ns. The men and tho owners will be the com batants, nnd the.rest of us, In tho llrst Instance, non-combatants. ICach party will make u demand which, expressed In general terms, will be Just and Impera tive, and on the ciirfaco It will lie hard to see how cither demand can bo denied. The general demand of tho men will be for fair pay. To this there can be but one answer: they should have It. Hut their specific demand is for tho present rate of pay for a shorter day and tlmo and a half al lowance for overtime work. U is to bo expected that a referendum on the question of raising wages, if taken among those whoso pay Is to be af fected, will result in a heavy affirma tive vote. Fairness, however. Insists that such a referendum, however sin cere and Impressive, Is no test of the Justness of the specific demands of the men, and there must be some other method of determining that The general demand of the owners will be for a fair return on their In vestments. To this demand there can lie but one answer: they are entitled to It. Hut they insiit thnt nt present they nre not getting It: that over 40.000 miles of American railways are In the hands of receivers: that the companies have adopted every known economy; that they cannot wisely cur- tall necessary betterments and ex tensions; that they cannot reduce divi dends, generally speak, ng, without culling into the fair returns to which they are admittedly entitled: that they t.mn.vt Increase their ni'e, be cause tnat power H controiieu ny ; . , . u ; ,1.1 en-. ;;;i Kion and the foity-odd Slate commissions. These statements from the repiesenta tlves of the owners, like thoe com inn from the spokesmen of the unions, euunot le aciepted -without challenge and Inv etiK,it Ion. They come from Interested 'Wltntsses, but it must be Hiitlo!.itod that they wi.l lie firmly pre.i.-ed. The i;enetn; demnnd of the rest of us is that vve have fair latlway ser vice. Let there be no mi-take about that We don't need a professor of political cconotti) to teach Us that American life and business ami na tional existence itself demand ettl clent transportation facilities, I'very schoolboy knows that the Inhabitants of New York. Pittsburg or Denver would be at the brink of famine In fort) -eight hours if the freight ser vice of the American ra.lway system as a whole wen- e-ut off The railway men demand fair pay nnd Uie owners demand fa.r returns, and the rest of ns nre "line enough and cool enough to concede the Justice of both postu lates. Hut Hour and incut and milk must be carried to our cities; coal and Iron and cotton must be brought to our mills: and transportation of n character to full!' the demands of present day conditions must he af fotded. lest the business of the tuition and Us very people perish. Meanwhile the shadow of tho threatened conflict lengthens. A few short week.s may .bring the tlrst dash. How can the contest between the two combatant" be settled? In one of three vvavs. namely, mutual agree ment, strike or arbitration. Wo need not waste much time in hoping for mutual ngreemerit. That would be too good to be true Mote over, If the representatives of the unions am r.ght in demanding a dell nlle Ituiease of their share of rail way earnings. :f their followers nre practlcnlly unanimous in forcing tho demand, If they are willing to back up their demand to the evtent of enll lug a general strike of tho railway employees of Ameilca, It Is hard to see how tho leaden aie In a position to negotiate. The situation aflords them no room. The position of the owners is much the same. There Is nothing new in the present untoward a.ipeet, eNcept the fact that this time tho contest bids fair to be nationwide instead of being confined to a certain district or cluster of roads. Ililt the essential fcatuies are familiar. There is a technical demand for shorter hours, winch of ( nurse Is only another way of asking for more pay and a greater share vif railway earnings, learnings come from rate. Itntes are regulated by fJovernment. Government will soon bo embarrassed by a Presidential campaign and will be loath to show Its hand. Owners aie Investors and are very human. They nre united in the conviction that they already re ceive small enough relurn II Is not reasonably to be eNpected that they will be nhlo to work any practical negotiation vvith the unions which will avoid the conlllct. If the "Imiii bleaks and the con lllct comi'H it can be settled only by strike or arbitration. Attempted con ciliation under the New-lands net will then be about a.s promising hh was tho Ford peace expedition to Kurope, It Is Indeed already being conlldeutly asserted that neither side will even submit to arbitration, to say nothing ol conciliation, and that tho only thlng 'which can settle the dispute Is a lest of in i4 It I . an old fashioned knock down and drag out strike. Hut light there Is where the rest of us collie 111- iinii-comhatants, we trust, but comli.ilanls if necessary for there must be nu long drawn gen eral freight tleup In tho t'nlted States, In plain words tho rest of ns, how ever deeply nud sincerely vve may sympathize with the men or the own ers, and some of us ale even capable of sympathizing with both, cannot permit the American railway system to become demoralized ns u whole, even for the space of n feiw crucial weeks. Wo remember very well what hnp- pened durlnn the Chlcairo railway strike conducted toy Mr. Debs. We have not forsrotten the crisis of the anthraclto coal strike and what might have happened If It had been pro longed a few weeks more. We know that these two strikes would Dceome negligible episodes as compared with the nwfttl and Immediate havoc whicli would be wrought If our entire Ameri can freight service were cut off even for a few weeks. I reneat. there will be no prolonged general railway strike, for the rest ot us could not survive It. The law or self-preservation would como Into play, and If we had to become com batants In spite of ourselves the rest of us would be stronger than the railway men and the railway owners together. I do not menn that anarchy would lift Its head. Tho rost of us would act In our usual orderly fashion and under color of law. Troops would have to be called out. Order would be se cured. Strikers would lose tlielr grip nnd return to work or new men would be brought In to operate a best they could tho highly complicated mecha nism of our railway freight system. Fair service would in time be restored and maintained. But what an awful cost we should all have, paid In the end, men, owners and the rest of us. Just because tt hnd not been posslblo In the beginning to submit the con troversy to arbitration and so avoid a universal strike In the American railway freight service! Let us think for a moment of that loss. It Is readily divisible Into tho two classes, primary and secondary. In t'he primary class wo have the tre mendous loss In wages to the hun dreds of thousands of railway men wlw will be thrown out of work, tho loss of income to the owners from the In terruption to their business, the cur tullment of freight revenues, and probable injury to property and equip ment. The loss to the rest of us. whose business, comfort and sustenance de prnd In largo measure upon mainte nance of the freight service. Is Just ns Inevitable. Our mills would soon close for lack of materials. Our babies would soon bo without milk. Our butchers and bakers and grocers would soon be without provisions. Our general scheme of business, life and sustenance would be deranged and de moralized, and the effect of such a gen era strike upon ttie world of finance and Investment would be so stagger Ing ns to baffle the Imagination of n pessimist. Then there Is the secondary result of such a strike. Perhaps thlM would bo even more costly and disastrous than the primary loss. It tvinnot so readily be pointed out or defined, but It would come In one form or another and all three parties to the contest should deplore tt. It would spring out : f rrTxy , Mirfnh, '- i-vr-lop if a general frelgh strike Is declared. Its nature would be sociological. I refer to the Inevi table and sudden acceleration of the movement toward soeUllsm that must result from a national railway strike which the two combatants refuse to submit to arbitration. I have js Intcd out that t'he rest of Us cannot permit Hiicli a strike to go on Kilt If the imuhutiinls vviil not submit their differences to arbitration In advance there is noth.ng iti exist. . inc iw to enable Us to prevent the strike from being declared ntul our transportation s.vsteni from bi-comlng denioralUed for u time at least. Then would soon follow the pinch, relent lessly, unavoidably, and after that would come the grave step of public Interferencei The freight would have to be moved. Troops would come upon -liAU-..r. If unftliee sl.le vll.li..! n,tie laws would have to bo passe 'd. Those i new laws would be socialistic Alrouly vvo have been put to the necessity of Injecting the strong arm of government into the business of i rate making. The shippers and the I traffic men could not settle their ills, putes. Tho rest of us with heavy i hearts and grave misgivings, but none the less resolutely, undertook to pro v.de for the rcgulat.on of railway rates an, practices by Cloveninient. It is a buttling work Perhaps tSovern ment may fall In the tittempt. If , all thinking men know the alternative i. ilovernment ownership. , Suppose railway men and railway owneis tannot settle wage disputes and won't arbitrate them, c'an any sincere observer fall to see what must follow? Is It not that the rest nf us,, fori-cd towaiil social. sm against our wills. niut again Inject the arm of, Government, this time actually to reg ulate railwnv wnges? Can we en. force the regulation of railway Income by Government nnd permit the regu lation of railway wages by the unions and sanely expect to maintain tho principle of private ownership? Of course It will he urged that union tabor will never submit to public regu lation of ra.lway wages. Surely tho rest nf in wish to avoid such a thing if we can. The railway owneis bilked as If they would never submit lo the regulation of rates. We weie forced ultimately to take up the ditllcult task. We may be forced likewise to undertake to regulate- railway wages. If then ihe men teally will not sub mit, as the owners have had to sub mit, there is but one thing left, and that Is Government ownership out and out. Most of us don't want Government ownership out and out. Most nf us don't want to try to regulate wages. Most of u.s grow thoughtful at any suggestion to accelerate- the piesent movement toward socialism. The acceleration will come, how ever, If the American railway men as a whole demand an eight hour eluy and time and a half pay for over time, If the owners refuse to comply with the demand, if both sides ile. dine to arbitrate and the rest of us have to settle ihe resulting general strike. Is It too call) for lis to Insist upon arbitration befoto a strike Is culled? Hohdils- I). WlllTINU. New Vork, February 3. Not I'hthikophli-al? He Intented I'IiIIimo Ph. To r ii k llMTOR nr Tiik Si- stl- Mr Tlooseveli Is never phllnnophlral In his last fiilitiinntion he in), that Immigrant should be made lo lcim our tunguarc and do other ih!iiK In cnnfo-nilly with our Ideas. In ether nrds, they ehou .1 be drarnoneil Into loyiltj-. How almnr-l! fllve the Immigrants a ftr -how, treat them llh Justice and without prejudice, and depend upon It Ihej will In the van inajnrl-v of i aik hemme lnj.il ( It izens. Ku'tur nm lie aP rlaht for l.iv en. hut It will not go ii li freemen. p ,, IIsiiiim ti rt litii.irv 3 send fur lleruile. What '-aineil the cilpae- VV on .1 jou know? Old Sol Brew tired of melung mnwl II thinncM it would he Jolly fm To nlar plexus l-'etherslon. WOMAN AT THE FEAST. Farther Consideration of Her BI- missal From the Tables, To tiik Burron oi Tin: HvsMri Mr. P. W. Killer's question why the women nre not allowed to participate In the menu of tho banquet cannot bo. an snercd satisfactorily. .Mr. Choato said some time ngo ns he lanced at the halcoiiles : "I now un derstand what Is meant by 'Thou tinni est man a little lower than the an-a-els.' " Admitting that the dwellers aloft ate of the ethereal host, still they ehould partake of the material courses: for we learn from the great poet of tho annelx. when Kvo received this heavenly mes senger: And fond alike Lhoie pure Intelllf entlal lubslanrei rrnulre, A doth our rational; and -both contain Within theni every loner facultj- Of eense, -thereby they hear, eni'll, toueh, taste, Tallinn contort, digest, assimilate. And corporeal to Imorpoi cat turn. Ho dfusn they -at, And to their viands fell; nor eemlnf'y Th Ancel, nor In nvlet. Ihe coinmnti a os Of theologians; but ullh keen rie-p.ilrli Of real hunter, and concoctlve heat To transubstantiate. William P. WniTEtiK.vn. Nfw Tonv, February 3. WOOL NEEDED IN ITALY. Soldiers Fighting on Austrian Fron tier Suffering From Exposure. To tiik I'MTor. oe Tun Si's Sir. Ital ian soldiers mining from such climates ns Sicily, Naples nnd Home call 111 Ulid the cold nnd the high enowtleld of the inountulnous Austrian frontier, nnd they utterly lack nil ordinary comforts. Feet, hands and enrs nro often frozen nud hundreds have lost their feet from thl cause. The account of their sufferings heroically borne la ajunzlng. lltaly Is not much of u woot producing country, and tho supply has fal'.ed In this crisis. A few weeks nro not nil ounce of vnrn could be bourht In ttome. The Kalian women, who are swift and eager knitters, cannot get yarn for llaii needles. I am Kolng to etetul a Hunk filled wllh am, and with pieces of woollen cloth fo.- mutllcrs, chest protect ors and patchwork blankets v-ltlioul delay and dlioct to where Its utpUes can most quickly serve those shivering Italian sufferers. Will aome kind people please ndd to their already overflowing klndnesey and send nrn, cloth or pennies to me at 201 West Flfty-IIfth street" Mt:H. .Iamkp M. Ilr.fci:. Nkw Tor.K. February 3. BAD TIMES IN JERSEY. lint the Assault on the Insurance Trust Progresses. To Tin: Kpitor or The Sr.v Sir: Mr. Wilson Is a great talker, hut sound and wind will not IV. I eioptj stores and vacant houes that have been for rent over two Hears. These are truly lenn enrs: nobody busy hut the gun makers, the New Jersey fire Insurance tni'l, the Jersey City Commission, and ubiiuitou poli ticians. Tho New- Jersey Legislature et a bomb under the gearings of the lire .n surance trust and the IlHinay act They will be blown to atoms one of t'icf line dajs. and llie Insutanre. victims nil, breathe tasy when they see fiee compe tition in the air. Visionary people see good times on tin wing, but they are like a kite an- l chored in a tall tree W, have war Lives without wa". e- , cept In the "pe.ee d- cimp. where- t'. oy are letting go smiie verv dsagice. able gases ,irde t, ..i ,i:ra l?.e the e f lc t ef the Wil-n , b .ml. On.vs'un M"i-s-TAis llvTsf.nnri .Sot'TII Ou.v.MJ., N. J . February 3. ON A SINGLE TRACK. Itallroiul and Political Preparedness Hate One ( oiiinioa Characteristic. Tii tiik I'niTon or Tun St-v- Sti The . : . '. ..." . . meeting Preparedness is a mu .tor. oils ipics tiou. hut the pr n. '.pal speaker sliou'd have bee-i tipped to img In the fact thnt PI per cent, of our railroads are single track, Inadequate for peace or for war. Another opportunity missed. We who are interested m seeking the success of the railroads can again retire to tho calioo'e of the mutual liinie-ntatiou so ciety whete vve aie so m i !i at home. We seem to la k rl-e v -he pop.ilar presentation of our case The coiintiv is Inclined to give the ia.lr.iads a fair hearing. I.i is Jacksov t'lTKn MoSTi'i vm. N. J Fehruai' .1 Another Case of IINsntlsfarflon. To Tin; l'MToit or Tin: Si s - sir s a regular tender of " "jr paper I ti e the llbei ty of criticising our cdllotial article of Wednesday morning reg.i-dmg the remarkable raw of the Appam In the couise eif the nrtide you mane a comparative f-tuti incut (comparison is odious In any ase, as jou know of t.ie German sailors of the raider and F.ng llshmen who might have carried off the thing Ju.t ns Hticcessfullv and with even more composuie In tho tlrst na. e. I c.i'.not cf. an; one could have hon-t. move com posure, Judging h- your own reports of the case, than t.iese biave and re eourceful tjVimau sailors, ami second!), It would have been a great deal more becoming for ou to levlevv the ,-ise from a Ftri-t'y American point of view, leaving out of oii.s.di i-atmn Ihig'.ish-n. ! and their possible deeds. Tel! us what Americans could have done "America llrt," vide Wilson. 1 take it for granted that vour paper U puhl.Miod as a-. AmerUau uewsp.ip, . II. Mi-lii.cs-Biioci. Nrw Voiik, February ;: Tiik Si v strives to be Impartial in discussing the war, but sometimes ii falls to please, lit the editorial urn cle ctitlclseil it was sual. -Wo bow in admiration to those brave and m sourceful Germans"; and theirachleve ment was described as without paral lel "for audacity In any war." The Mjsterlous Moevie. 'I'o Tin; IhuTor. oc Tin; scn- m, Ih.i the Moewe gel out of Kiel 1 Is il not moie like') t'vit she was picked op wheie Gentian alpound, say In Ilra7.1i, oMlcered by the dishonorable parole breakers from N'oi folk and ni.ini'oil lo reservists? Lieutenant llerg appears to be a reserve ottlcer 1 1 ir- skill ami com' age aie admliable, emits- vv-nrtliv of Drake, hut some of Drak - pi-oorcilings would now lie stigmatized as pna. y, esccpl, of course, where Kuitur l.s wo--, shipped. 'out Vol vii Nt.vv YorK, February ,1 The Sassafras Poet In Politics. To tiik I'm nm or Tin- si s- so- i, ou know that Jiiini-e. Il.vion lll.iun,.. the Hooslcr poet. Htuhor of 'S,n,ifnm f) .Sassafras," and other deathless ) rics Is a candidate to leprient Ins count 1 111 tno -state Legislature .- can Tin- Si n vlthhold Us support from Its disiin. Rillsheil friend'.' II. Ii. fiocin siu;, Fehruai v That California ( llmale. ,i,n tht Vnutrrrit AiH.ticiiH Mi Winter d. i c 1 fm W'alfouM.' Weinesda ir. llallntniie ip'- ..n -'i. s -nr, t n , inninluj fur Ihe su e ineiropi, . The Oilier (irnundhnc, Knirker What wcto jou unntl llm krr - Whether Ihe pork harre' It shadow WOULD DIVIDE CITY INTO BUILDING ZONES PltiiiN Siiliniiffod for l.iiniiin. Ilciuliis nf Structures (,, Arms They Cm op. ITMLIC HKA1?IN(i sN Tenta'lve plans for dvidri , Into residential, lomnttrc.Hi a" u -, ., faeiiiriiig zones; for lit ,,K i , of building-, nt,,i for llmK g n,. , of lot over whl.h a Mr., turn cflll . elected, tin vork of tno last tWl j,, of a connnillie appointed by t, were displa.ved in public vcsicrdty ' the llrst lime at a gallic. ig ,,f real , late men Hnd representatives f n,, tutlons Inlereslfd In real etit, ,t Merchants Association Hsemb'v roi The zoning sy.em proposed follr,? closely the tiade and rcsldei.t at ,-t of Ihe present time a feature of .t t, the extiiHon of fa. tones here.ifif. f retn" sections nu, nf B-irages from r dential ill-li a is A maximum lie.ght I. in t.ii'ni o't, and one-half lines the wnl'li re a (Irf, Is established. 1 . i j 1 t tit , )1 , ., erected to any height ptov ded ihe. n ply with setback ie.trl.'t,0i-. Tie hk muni hcglit area is bunted i - t v pari of Manhattan In other d . twice the width of ; fronl'ng i , the Hunt. i nllng down on t , n , of a stieel in olltl.vlng undevt ' i).e. , trlct In eve-rv cae tnt ldltigs i j h. elected to any heigh' plot hied the Ita-u setbacks compljlng w th rtiu.rtn-.ir. of the proposed plan What Is eonslileiei! one of th rn: important features of tne pt.m tts limiting of Hrea of it that a tu'M'-s may cover. It is propo ed at wire houses shall be peimi'tid ', pr 101 I" r rent, of a plot, but deiai -r-d re-r deuces In few o-itlv g d nr. is 'nf cover not moie than 30 per o! the plot. Ilctwicn tin -o Lou i othfr percentages have been ("-tuhll'hed Wat erfroul for 1'iietnrles. Pra. lb-ally all o I a- e ati r'ro or in the 1 ,tv pot tio.v ... a; . d .,n - been set aside fo. waiehoa. a I ,r facturlng purpo--s. In tli,-. an , em ing back rotighlv two Id., k- i, , in shore line, buildings tit.i ' e-- h 1 t a height eeiual to tw. 1 r, : 1 0' fronting streets and -,i- li bn I is n-i cover the entile area of tnnr 1 VV ,in lions, s and factories 111.0 ..t crtvte In any other parts of He . s 1 o.' Ill" large va al.f F is W. 1 'ee-r (It for no other u-. notai,!.v t ;,iij adjoining Jamaica II. 1 have vee:i lti ilie-ated for futuie m.inufactur Mg sn waiehouse Improvement. In lower Manhattan, south of l.i--ivr' street and v!ng within ine w.i-.1 i, section, ,111 are( h,i. be. 11 mil. iti J w'-e-i blllldllics HMV be ere-.-lnl to a In C ' two and one. half times the w.ip nf Homing street That totalis t .1 llioadwav, which 's oviity b w. t ?n foo: struciuie -uav be ciectct w ou- ., -bi. k. but f .t goes ig - 1 0-(l'l g l" 'i.e ploposi-l pi.ill. ,- rt . i.a to set b.i- OI e fn.'t bor'olita!' . ,r three teet Mit n ally I'mler III !i s-.u.ces ma) a liu.Id l. -a- tnort- feel high without a setback. Til---the objcitlon of owners on su ' t reels as Fvhatig,. place :i e . e been ni-iue that will permit dem as high as though the sir et w. feet wide, that w. Ihev miv I-. tie'slit of t;.'. fee- TVough'-'i' I'o. i it is penuittc, I to bu.ul or eel t of the plot no I'-e eticet p lole art a ln.i bt i-j t North of l-o. ard 'h-i ' , . and ollke dlslrnt has be. n p',-'. f- lowing the Plies n' pi 1 .- , v. up to l-'I't) tiint'i strei' at ! . op a Iota; the avciiie vv . '-. given lo n.i !e In J' n" .1 1 ' bunted to tw '. e ;ie f - , , w onlv 70 per cent of tt-c r-.-ii-.l -be coveted with the e p gtouinl lloor Ibt-ldctit '.al il -i '- - ' ' ' dwelling 0- ap.tmin-t . 1 erected co-nprisc t'e t - ' M In these sc, tno,. 1 . c' ' one a inl one. b.i .; t -i - - - ' flouting -treet as t:i , law, and atca to be ,ov.--i'i s 70 per lent Some tew s. . by trade, like Mu lav 11 1 .' 1 J 1 e, iiw h d'sti .1, live 1 - -for futuie residctl' .ll Oevet-e, -all tt-ole ov lii'led. Ilrous He strii-iinnv Takn g The Hi c o- ' eonuiiis.sion has lt-i 1,-1 ptohlbr the i-. in.- on i- ni.iiiuf.icturii g lul l i- hi W'llr'i' It -Hist I It s. IIOA , v - be pelmitteil to I, 111 11' VV have alrc.i-lv ak 'h- 1 tial dMticts nunc vv I'lucti' ally a I of n-e 11 .- aie et aside for dw,i; .v. . v-.th the same te- i ." Mir '1 man, esci-pt tin 1 1 store flats is to hf fosti e . tr ts lo limit ng 10 ' " , amount of lot area t'l.i' (hie small -cell. ci, ,i sti,. t i- the v., 'i tv ' '. been set aside to be aliv i. t ments of the proi-t nt dav t men 1.1I build ngs " I " 1 . - 1. 1. ned b peruntti'ig " mil) 30 per 1 nt of 1 11, 1 too fiuiall fm mulii-faii pi 1 s, nt ( pe 'i'he ,st in fei e w it Ii the bilih. 1 g w Hh large giounds ah-' it ' Pi .0 licallv all ol 1 ,.- . I 1 I!io..k 11 is gtv in im te' t.ittve plan. TV- -.11. apple tht rc as In -t-e 1 1 Manhattan. The n st 1 cepling of coin se t 'ic 1 . -e-veil fo- 111.11 if.t Mi' l bouses, s l.i il out In .i li neineiii hou-i .i'v . alul .Ilea to be covi 1 e I w seclions re'iir Ihe trills t 1 distant pails rows ,,f . . apni ttuents aie I., Ii et - -arr.i lim'tation of 1 p. 1,'ilceiis al-o -li- lid t ' t -, lie W .1 1 '' ! " t '"!' ' about half of 1 1 1111 1 migli lot- eilln 1 leucine toe half furthest i'i-. v ap.u t meets o" .itt.i'-hc I llllll-Crt -l 111 llilll'lt small ,i.t 1 ids have ! 1 111)11 .IVI lll'lll W .111 V II I ' I'lllll Vlei'ls Vppiinn' lie 'iinonil s nun 1 to be 1,'lliteil to w,.. 1 ... bv I'.l. tolles l'',l. t' .' 1 i-in.ilii" has bei 11 ni. 11 lo ' bn Iding. w lb In n- 1 I sect'on 1 1 sc v i'd for il-1 u - Vi v e-ti'iilnv 's l-i 1 ' l, V ill, stablci , il,i' . - - V llriglil and II . ha .1 ' prrsse I 1 I 1 1 1'(, upp. 11V it . f ' ' 'I b, . 1 l.i 1 shown ' ' -P rd 11 nler .111 ,n I . r ' W.i . 1; lit- to llm II - 1 pi ' I t't til 'll.ll,!' 1 - -1 , -if e 1 1 t 1 - v I 'uh'le hi 1 1 1 1 . to be WO. I ipl' i g ' iftei vv lu- 1 ih s . 1 able , 1 in nle I h, 11 the whole sent to ihe I Ion 1 1 of l' . tiou.