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BIG DEALS INDICATE RETURN OF LARGE INVESTORS TO REAL ESTATE MARKET OFFICE TENANTS NOW DEMAND GOOD AIR Modern Business Has Reduced Effi ciency Due to Ventilation to Matter of Dollars THE SUN, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 1916. aaMsVJ-' V , flt 4 ffJ MAIL ind EXPRESS BUILDING ADJOINING, "W iSKiBlHH 1 BOUGHT TO PROTECT UGHT OF I - 151-163 WEST 2S"1? ST. FABIAN fHLV LARGEB STRUCTOREfar Z.OOO.OOO. a,. II 33-33 WEST 46 AT. LOFTS BUILDING BIG LOFTS BOUGHT By 9. A I i BOUGHT BEFORE GOMPLETIOM GEORGE A. WKEELOCK. COST PP feL. Bwg- w w. H , .aaWWSWWjgBBSeMM BV INVESTORS HEADED BV USO.OOO TO ERECT. 1 aLS B JK iMfea KSiHil HUGH G MILL EC Many Important Propert iesBought ! During Last. Month for In comes, Improve-i ment and Occu-. pane v Promi-; n e n t Men and Concerns Lead in- Trading ii.ii- i'i nf ii ; i-.ii i ' I MR 14 IHI"IH IC1 i I . !! II' hi foul IK'. I." t nililMi snll is ill f.o li' j piM .l.imiiirv i in Mi. .' rather .i iiHiuili lnl".ia n wck uf Utile te-o . v ,1 'I I? .. H . a "' i'1 t .i.i. , l. ii- helical ii m.i i 111' "-s ,r iui .oiI fiiini time in time e Wu Vr u'i Inotns larger than if ! . tin" ii.ni made .i remit lr t.v i l i. .a y. I'.'l ii ' o tnu' 'i 'i " i ' 'l-i' tumuli just gone .i . mnar .it v. , i Hit- 'ust niuiith nf " ' . , Al. 'i Illl drills well' csiij tiit ,t s .l.ii hi), I :i I.'.. among them i MR tliv i. . nf tin- ul.l Haimiuc II ! on Hi. '.4w.i In Ili'ortiu Urns.. ur h.i bv'l,irk'?i H'-i nf tin- II gall v rolv usi' iiliu'k mi ll.shth avenue, near 1 1 I'tmiHjlv.inia ffvttiiii. hale b tli" C" luiiMIng Cnnipan of a block of property on ti I - llrnadway to mi aiartiin nl luiilili r. ami lit. pass, tig ' ill..' el. Utin in dut llli's at I'lflli avenue id F'flioih M-iel t" a ir fr's'otial t.uwr uhn Iiiih cine lurii. .1 it over at T' i" II" i'tfiit "f III' trail. rK . j r s month of l!'!,V Sv- ' I III. llnll.ll-4 Wi ll' t( IIOl'lltl'll III t ' II ,1 Mi ll )' imiii ..f il..:ii liM'i the l.ni'ortalicc i' r ii .ii m iiiiji'i! Inlilal iiUal a" l 1 1 ' ' a fm ilays aiu. thi tmrcti.ise ' . Ui'ilirn I'm. in Tflisrapli fom i ':lu Ala 1 ami Kxvi''-' I Im il I ik r 1 T tv fir , I'-1 n 1 I'f .j.. . c jnopi-rty for S'J.c ,noo. 'om. aiil tin- tiiilni; I'll inmi of rrci.' aarld't ai' fai allow thoc ! ir .1411 Thvy K i ni to Im inoiv con- nf a charjiliT wh'ili iur '.i . t Unit tin- iiub'.ii'. tin1 (.Teat A I I.pr w nai.i "M'ii:l;i to toi l oir. r t'iriiitii to f n estate ai!' '..i.i" '.ne iraillin; o: iM Ituiuate' 'nestor. ,iii" In the fl"il t 17 .11' oppir tnnil to niiUe a pin $225,000 Fifth Avenue Property Bought as Site for Fine Dwelling T,. nUr nor- and basement bullae ' ' Fifth avenue, adjoining the rtirt nrner nf Sex enty-fourth stieet. 1 i- beiii mid by the estate, nf " ins H Uijiir The houn1, whiili " nines a lot STixlKOx Irregular, was a.-qiilred by Mr. l.ayng In IsSk. i It has been held at KSS.OOO. The new owrer will build n modern house en the site for his own occupancy. On the adjoining Seventy-fourth slieet corner Is the home of Simeon li. t'h'i Pln, Immediately adjoining on the north 1 ths modern residence of Mortimer Pchlff The other owners on the block f I.amon V. Harkness, A. W. lloyt, S. Heading Ilertron ami lMwIn (iould. "'illiarn u. May A Co, iiegotlntcd the aj. Arin'no.v avk. :(ium:h sai.i:. Tli rilerllng HulldliiR and Operating "omprtiiy, J. J. Schwartz president, has oH the Sterling Court apartment house loeaieii nt iB nortliwrst corner of ISlst Hr.'t and Audubon avenue, a six story leVHior htnii'tilii , with stores, nil plot Ixliri The purchaser Is Thomas Ward, i"i Raw in pint pajiiieiit th vacant I'll' "'.ixlio, at the niutheiiHt rotner of Hi !ieime and 17mh stieet. the sale whii li was reported a few daH n . leorRti Fowler negotiated lliii deal, which Inuilwd about K'TS.UOO. The H'l-rt Iluililuig ami ciperatlng Com-p:i'"- hiiuglit the Andulioii avenue slto in I'"1 kihI eiei'ied the nparliiicnt house. 1 'if H.iMti iisonue curlier will Im sold t" lui.liiei- fin' Improveineut with an " llieil' nnuse l'liT SMt Ft. It I Illl.tl.S. Wist nam .STI!KI-:T--ltnJ.imln Kllliger hits oll In Colin Schwortz- I rlgh. 142 West 113th street, a five- mH r. .... ... ... ' "" iisi an lot iv.tfxivu.il. !-aiBEWTTiKU- na 1 i"- .3 ma ac w n i i i r-M jh r' . i"".,HHaH i. aimmsMmm& nm &m ir" ' mil h i , .rat u .lh 17 WEST ST. HOUSE JOHM D. ROCKEFELLER TO OFP HIS HOME .STR.E.ET .an halt; alio.nly tak.'li MU't' , a htcii in tli.' lat inniilli. Tlio olimi.i i of liti'lnr'N hlir iitnl xinall, Is Mltprir- Inaly larKf uii'Iit tin' inh'T-i: ciulttl iih whlili iioA I'liwill. (mi' of thou. nlilacl' ! the tnnit(.-.mi' iiiarkil. IVsiiIL1 iiiiints llial ininii'X In nlrntlfiil. houuini; lor liiMslini'lit no in nii'alf. ii im a illlli. nit matter tn eel '.'.hdi ! one m-Kh it. HroKi'ti-, not h ilozon. Imt I tin- Ki'in-ral ll.'lil. claim inniivy Ik hanl to 1 Bin liniii linilltmioim on fair Icnns. Tim iiiinn'iiui iK'O In that many IraiifartloiiH I lisivn faili'il to ko tlnouiili li.-iaiiM' nf tin- IT li" in.K of mien of imeri".t whii'li I Ih.'M' Mini im Hi. ask nn (lie IhkIic-1 i lass or iimiI I'siaie lnestinonl. Ilinlilini; np.'llUllillH IliUl' flllleil of sllipolt also ' Ik'11111-" Of I III' llM"SIOIi tlllhl' insllliillons lliae leailieil I'm leasons liliii alH i nil silll'K'il sclllsii. FlUtmiA.M IliiAH -I lie pint lle7 at the uiirthwest coriier nf I'milh.iill load and Davidson nwiiuc has been sold by the Thorite esl'ite to I.ewlnti A. Kcmpiier, who will elect a taxpayer ami motion iiletuio theatre, Itlrliard II. Scoble was the biokel'. FIti:i:.lAN STItF.F.T lo-oph A. Was Herman has sold for Meyer Sudilei nian to an Investor !)7n972 Freeman street, a live story modern apartment house nn plot 41x1 Hii, between Vso and HrMint avenues FAlll.MOI'.N'T I'l.ACF. Albeit N. Hanker h'is sold, through Joseph A. Wasscrmau, the plot, lUOxlOU, on the north side of Faliinoiint place, I2S feet west of Southern llouluvard. The hujer will Improve, thu silo with npartmi-nt houses. C.ItANU HOlJI.KVAltl) --If. A. Douglas & Co, havn sold for a client of Mr ITlion Hros. tho dwelling house at SSfiS llrand lluuli'vard and dm course, on plot ."03I feet, to Carl Kouwnuc. PI.ATHI'SII Ill.tM'K I'lHI l-'li 'VH Tim Dclack Levey Company has sold llin block 111 the Flalhiisll 'section, lioiiu-leil bv Flalhiisll avenue, lirecnwnod road and Nostralid avenue, SKix'-'IS, nt the Jiinctlnii nf Hi" car lines mi thn..- avenues fiinl tun leiimnus in iim sun- way The plnl will lie Inipioreil with, stores and npiiitiiients by Jhe new owneis. Frank A S.aver i. Co. have sold the plot 40xlon uu tile south elilc of Soy enty-elghlll (.tri'i'l. 21.' feet east nf Fourth avenue, fur Sirah l.eifoit to an Investor. Ill VI. Mi .VI!l'0.SIT IM.I. The fnllowlng sales have recently been made at Neponalt: To T. a. Harding, a PURCHASED BV KEEP TRADE 518 -SV AVE. I'oi.i in 1 nni-lwilf per i.Mit ninnry u lih Ii t ofii n ri'portpil rnini'i front In- ili iilnal.s r.Itlar than fmm professional innrlK.iei. P iuIpih. i ii il. t ihi- I ii k liiMllliilInn" ho IihIii.mmI In opi ii tlit'lr imiKf HlriiiKH nrlivit until n-sull sin h im inTincalcil llin mailiit plI'VIOIIS III l'.H.I.. M'-I'IIk H lliflit linhl that Is evhlent I on nif Miiims 01 me inoniy naK" i iiimilxr or liij; ileal wore wnrili'il laM nioiilli. Tin U'l'i'tfrii Union's jmiiliai.p IH'M to its nru buililliiR wai tli- hft. of i onrr. Hct-iilc llih iL'al a hiit Imt sliui'turo In the mliitnw n section ami IK plnpritics in the I'M I Hi avenue zone eie solo The I'lfth avuiiie zone properllc- vol,) am '.l ami .'i.'iT Fifth aeuiie. :::i ami 3."i West Kort.v-"IMh slieet anil l''lfty-fourth slreel anil the 17 West I Svli.iftet plot 0lnti nn Miilalln striet, nn whiili he will elect a linun' , to Capt. iieniRii t liii n 1 1 xoii, a pint tin Inn on Huron stnet, near Washington nwinie, for hoii'-e and g.n-ate. to .lay I.. Tofh, n plot innxiou at Aillionilack Houlovard mid Newport iiM'iiue. for house au-l gar.iRe; to .Miil Ma It. Martin, a pint SOxlon mi Newport avenue, fur a house. ; to Mis. Victor Ku7-.!o, ii plot SOxlOd at Hayslde avenue nnd Adirondack Houlevard: lo Dr. Lewis MoitIh, a plot S01(M) on Ontario street, for a house codling $l4,rifl0, and to K. A. lliiriiee, a house on plot HOxlOO on Huron street for S.7riO. tiiaih.m; in tiii: oiit.Mii'.s. I'elst A: 1'clst hnve olll for XHs. Margaict Saiifiild lo Charles A. Mnrrell 1 1 ist. two family stucco house at 21 Konllwoith place, Oinnge, N. .1. Tho Iirnperty Is oil the wist sldo of Kenil. worth place, 200 feet south of McKln lei avenue. I'elst At Frist have snhl for the Lin wnod Coinpnny In .Mrs. Margaret .1. Sanfnril the two family flame hiiuse at 72 South 1'aikwii)', l.1it OiiuiRe, N. .1., nc.'iipj Ing a plot 34x170. L'.'M feet uniili nl Cetitial nveiiue, nil the rasi side of il... 1 ',. rl it ii v Tin. tioie oiciier tint-. , chased for IuvchIiih'IiI ' Kiluaril I'. Hamlllmi A- Co. have Mild ' a stucco and shlllKln dwelling, on plot , TOtlOrt, on Hillslile Terrace, al Moun tain station, South Orange, N. J , tn A. C Holland, who will occupy. Mill vrtiv i,ki: HIM Hi: III lilts I lin ing the past week buying has I. (en niiive nl Almin aln Lakes llosl dciiltiil I'ai'k and Indications me that the spring will even show Increased sales over Inst year, which was unusii. ally successful, Tho following sales have leccutly been iimdc; To Herman S57- 5V SOLD TWICE STRUCTURE IN ONE MONTH JOHN HOGE ABOUT TOOK. IT LAST WEEK.. iIhpIIIiik at 3 i:ast KlKlity-clRhtli trri t. The JJ.umVRi'i which the Wi-steni l'lilon Cimipan!. pal"' oer to the Shepanl lielrH for "01 ami ".'! Ilroailway. the oM liiilliliiiKH iniiler the. north lee of the Mr ofilie Inillillnif tin- company Is erecllni! al Hmailway ami 1 strict, win for Unlit an clement which the Western I'M"" values wry hlslily. The prop erty iilo was securen in iiernui me o pail'lnu of the bullillliK In the futilie, for Hie enmpans's officials nrn certain this won lil In ncccsary. With this prope-ty the Western I'nloti i onirol.s one of the larsest areas south nf I'llltdli slue . A few ila. s lie. fine the rinse of last .war the company Incrcasci! lis ownership on Hey street by p.iyliic Leslie 1'. I'lilnier a pinllt lo surrender "n ami L'l!, on whlih lie h.nl pl.umcil to run up a hullilliiK that .1. Wlhol, house 211 ; In Dr. Itnlph M. I Crane, holli-e 133. in William T VVInt- mme, liouse 117. tn Caul llclileii. Iiniihe I 21.'i. tn .1 I'. Km ii. a pint J Hit v 1 nil for a linini' lo he i rod im I In the Mount, mi Lak.s bulliliiig deparlmeiii . iil-o In William II. C Clarke i pint '.'onl7:i, evtriidiiiR ft'iim tlie linueiiii to Hie utter, nn w lileh n Imnie will he ete.-teil liv Hie i 1 1 1 1 1 . i ii . and tn Willis I. S.in yor. sloin No. 3. TRANSIT BRINGING DWELLERS. It 11 1 III ITS lllislllnu llllllslllUS lo Mi'rl llle lleiniiiiil. New constriictiou in IIiohI.Imi ilurlng tho past week iiRKrigat.il ff.iifi fieO Nlni'ty-three liuildlngs were planned, nf which seven atn In he tenements to cost 171,00(l. llfty-oiie unill dwelllngu to cost fl!7,100 nnd thirty-live mlsc.lla lii cms tilriictuti'S, rnst ti", I ,"D. The block tnuit on the eist bide nf Secnnd avenue, lirl.vieii Hlghty-niiith and Nllietlith streets, Is In be liupi'iiVeil by the I'li-uili'i' Ciiiistiucilim company with two s,iiiry brick ihwIliiiRH at a cost of 4I,0UU. A row of twelve tnu story frame dwolllligH Is to be built on the south side of Seventy-seventh stieet, east of Fourteenth avenue. b Urn Until Mm-, kirn Ciuislruc'lloii Company nt a cnsl of fGil.iMIO, On the west side nf Smdilier uc iiue, north nf Itlvenlale iiveiiue. Hairy I'lllslnw It7. will i'i i it sl., twn html Imck ilwellliiRs nt a cost nf $2l,noi and on the east side nf Sncdikor avenue, smith of New Lots avenue, , IIiiumiIiimr ii rut amilhor, will hiilld seven sltmhii' houses at a cost of $2l,.'.oo. The Asliwlck HulldliiR Cnrpnrntloii will Invest $7fi,noo In thru' four stmy hi Irk apartments on the west side of llochcslri' avimie, at the Miuth corner of Sterling place, ami Drapkln Oahiherg iNimpany will luipiovu the northeast cor ner of Twenty-ninth Mroot and Fourth nvnnuo with Inn four story brick apart ments to coat fCO.OO. AVE. MODERNIZED SOLO TO INVESTOR; TOR 400.000. would Interfere with the IIkM ami air of the Western 1'nlnn'n ci.itit slrtietiire. Alulrew roiinick. whom huims is talloiiiiR. hut who makes real esiatn a holihy ami a protltahle nun at Mint, pock. 'teil recently a Ronil profit after a mouth's ouerhli of the nine stmy loft bullillliK at r. I S I'lfth avenue, ailJolnniR the northwest corner of l'nrt; -thlril Kin ft. I M l.ouKl.t it before t'hrli'tma" from lleiny 1. Treor, who hail it In the matkrt nt JiiOli.liiiii. M.' I'unnii'l. was ihoucht lo luive boucht II to ciw away as a fhrlslmns Klfi. He hail it nril on cnnlraci, which iP.cm not ine.in tliat the iirnperty w is h's, 'mi. he ha snl.l ihis cniilraet In John Hi. Re. who makes tiles out In ..iues llle. Ohio, who thinks It a rooiI Investment since n Is renteil lo mm tenant for iti"i a e.ir. Mi' IIorc owns much pinvi-ty 'n that , three story brick theatre to cost -tSii.Oon Is to be built no the northwest mimr of Shfrpshe.nl ltn toad and Jerome avenue. NO LET UP IN HOME BUILDING. ; ln Ilnllilers Itei'iirdeil tilt Nrn Irnrliirrs t.nsl ret.. Tin iv was no let up last week m the vo nine of bulliliiig opi'iatinns planneil for l.'u.eiis Si Moinl.iv ninety-three IHIlliUliKS nf V.irllills klllilH hive been planned and ib tails nT alteiatloiis rom pletril foi f.irt-lwo buildings weie imt on ic. nrd The new buildings aie estl milled to I'""! J.H'.S.oilO and the allera tiues $7.ooo CITY IN TITLE BUSINESS. Will l 1 1 1 1 llrrnril I'llllll In Help Ott iters mill lie eiiiir. ItcKlsler lloppi'i' Ims lAlctidi'd the ser vice nf the title examining plant which New Yin U rnunl.v has eslalilishi'd at a cost rinse to f.'iOii.iiliii. Ill fnrmiT .vears tin lli'Klslrr's nflicr did a I.U'K" business In making nlllclal scaiches fur lawyers and real 'State deab is. bin this busl ness was lost In Urn public nflbe be cause of thn lack uf Pli-I'iu- "':)" llistiuinents Their arc iibnul .' .oo.ono instrnnieiils In the ItcRlttei s nfllce at feeling Miililmtlnn prnpcrly. nn awraKi' nl twenty-live liisiiumrnls fur each lot The seanii service jusi minium .... .. will be helpful to owners who nlreailv have had llii'lf properly rMinilncd and leiiulre a rniitlnuutlon of the search brought down In dale .Mi mdlnai-.v search fur twenty years or less ran bu made In nn hour or so The IteRliiter's searches lire ofllrl.ill.v certified and are accepted by the rout Is The searches Include not only a search upon the Indexes, hut also an examina tion of the llhur record by a qualified expert lltlo examiner and the publlo may rely upon their accuracy, the Hcb- later claim. fection of I'lftli nvtnue, the site of the Korh.s Vttt HulMlns nttVlfth nvrnue and Forty-tlr.t ctreet bltiR his. The live. stor' huilillni; at 657 I'lfth venti" was turne.l over in ii trade by A L. Morilecal Son.", who htul lsiucht It in Hei-ember, 1914. They parteil with it last month for a blR sum of tn icy. so the Rosfllp roc. and a loft hulUllnR i. N neteenth street, near Fourth nve iue, which they have since resold. The Fifth avenue property was held nt JIOCOOO. John I. Hocl'.efellcr. Jr., was ono of the, many Investors who flRned i conn-act as n purchaser lat month. Mr. ltockefe ler's purchase, however, was not Induced by the atn spirit which moved other investment buyers. He Ins ct his mind on the protection of the F.fiy foiirth street block on which ho lives and slnco h" has done so It has cost him conslderablo tnonev. In keriilnc wph his plan ho boupht the dwulllnR t 17 West Flftv-fourth street, which had ben sold twice tn the few weeks hefeo he tiOURh? It. It eh'inRed owners rap'ily that Mr Iti. kefeler 'Im.i.r it i mlKht fall Into th l.ntids of initios li..p"e iind boiiRhl it t nr.ike ll-f. ' w iiild not. He paid tb hist oner i r ioiI price to let him have It The Hchnfr. dwelling at ? lint ITlRh'y-elKhth tret whs hoiiRht by leather dealer. The house wuh held nt The (.'oekroft property, r.t Madison avenue iuid Thirty-second mteet, hold a d07.cn times, according to rumors, in the last three ye,ir. wan finally ml.l a few davs ao. A law or, employee nf a downtown law rlrm. Is the buyer a far as the public Is concerned TV rcil buyer, however, Is close to the Sil" Miiehai na Silk Mill, a ?,ono,noo IVnn Kvlvama 'onceni, wlilch will ucrupv the lni Id nc that Is to be erected ou the ptiterty litnrRC It.tcker u.shered In the new year by leaslni from the New York Con-, tral n u it eMei.illiiR from Forty-elRhth to Forty-ninth street, nlonR the pro posed extension of Vnnderhtlt avenue. H.icUer Is to -rect a ItlOO.nflft atiartment hotel on thn land, which will cost him 11, WO. 000 !ji rentn in twenty-mi" year". The loft bulldlnR nt M and 3.". West Forty-sixth stnet. still In thn hands of (million, wn taken over by a primp of lliwtoi.s for Jo7."i,000. Sine then Hie bull. line his piactlcally been rented from the plar.s. Mni I'rynal d!spo"ed of hl I'abl.in Hullil.nt.-. at IM to West Tiwnt- slth vtieet. one of the la most loft viruc tuiii .ii the iiildtonji eectlon. In n trade will) ilenrRC Wheelnck by which le nel. a niiild.iiR site nn Thlrti -ili.i.l -trcci lie. ii Font :h aemie Tne it rmne n' the Twi'iitv -"'silt Heft build iir i" iin,nnn Il . ost $ I. ".ii. nun to build four .',its a.n Tne i'liti- n s hue In. 'ii p.iitii ulaili a 1 e tt , iar lluntiah the U et Side apai I ment Imii-e iitri '! Or I'li.itles V. I'aternn e.iii.,1 two hiiet. ilurniR the llimitll nn Wivt Hud .'Ueniie il, ip.iji.illy oniosltn the S. hwab house Fine Parochial School Latest Improvement in Greenwich Village i Ti i . c I I ) III. I. '"'Ill II Mgli'll.ll ' Cit nidi.- Chin . I. entli Mice' I lie 1,1 il W llh Ji.ie of 1 1 . S I 10 ""il .. i Willi Ii i.h tn In iiii'. tiv ai nf St I ti'i i i.i i'i I k Itmii.t't h nn I'.opim ii TM lle.li I l.lx,.ii M,.i. will ' ei i Hi'" 1 1 l ' . 1 1. 1 v 1' e rrrnrFrPirFFFirFrr'nTr:ri Ventilation haa n wide Blfinlflcance when applied to the a If a Irs of the human race, and represents n desire for fresh air, supplied without discomfort. Kffl clency has a comparatively new use In thn modern clonre of obtalnlnR the maximum returns for nn expenditure of tim and money. If a human belnR was at alt times breathing fresh air at a coinfortablo temperature and If every thltiR was accomplished at "an efficiency of 100 per cent, there would bo no use fur these words and they would prob ably not have been coined. In the name of one or the other, many mechanical and commercial mistakes have been made and a proposed echeme for producing better ventilation or In creaslnc efficiency Is not Mindly ac copied, but tarts with a handicap of doubt or unbelief because of the many failures that have been made by those who have been supposed to To expert. Thn relation between ventilation and efficiency Is close when the aim ts to obtain the larirest amount of work from a human tielnp In return for Ms wajres or salary If tt Is provable that proper ventilation can bo provided for offices, fa-torles. homfs, Ac, the matter Is of much Interest to thnsn who aro etud Inc problems In human efficiency. Man, In order to remain warm In winter weather, has housed himself In and pro vided means for heallnR the enclosures In wlilch he lives. Hn has arranged for the. admission of daylight when avail able and the production of artificial light when dayllRht falls. Ills deslro for warmth hns made him afraid of the admission of fresh unhealed air durtnc tlie colder months, and so merhanleal apparatus has been designed with thn object of delivering fresh air heated by passing It over steam pipes to the rooms occupied by students, patients, workers or those seeking amusement. Such ap paratus Is expensive In first cost and also for operating and upkeep. The use of mechanical apparatus has therefore been confined to schools, hospitals, thea tre?, auditoriums, factories and In some eases congested offices where the mnn n cement believes that cuoh an Invest ment will be profitable. The expenditure for ttris purpose had amounted to many millions of dollars and It Is said that a verv great per centage of Installations of this nature are not operated because of unsatisfac tory results and excessive operating charges, Many attempts have been made to obtain proper ventilation by admit ting air through thn windows, and de vices of varying design have been placed on the market which admit a certain amount of nlr to the rooms, but owing to their faulty design and limited capac ity they have failed to accomplish the results desired. It hns filially come to be ancepted that breath-Inn vitiated air Is one of the Ills that cannot be avoided and that If the human being Is reasonably efflcflent without an hourly supply of frwth. air, it 1s as much as can be expected under modern oondltlonw. This belief Is so prevalent that tenants seeking new quarters have heretofore .nisldered ad- i'. mtages offered by thi renting ngents. ' from every standpoint except that nf wntilatlon. If the agent, tn addition to fie manv uluaWn Inducements that he I offers, 'Ai add that each room "will be sullied -with the proper amount of fresh air without drafts r discomfort to the .M-eiip-mts, it wl.l jrrovn to be n valnnble factor In his negotiations and I perhaps the deciding argument that obtains a tenant for his building. owners and builders have lorar recur nl7ed that such an Inducement -would t of rrrea' value In rapidly renting their new buildings or In keeping their tenants from changing their quarters, but the excessive nxwt of plaa-lng mechanical ap paratus 1n the collars and basements and the cost not onlv of the ducts, but of the rentaMn floor space occupied by thorn, has made the matter of ventilation pro hlMtlvrt In cost. 1 It Is possible for a comparatively small nnimint nf money to so Install i simple devices In ewh room that thn 1 prnjp.r nmount of air can bo delivered without causing discomfort to tho occu pants nnd without there bolrtr any up ki cp or operating charges connected with It. A statement of this kind could not have bien made two or three yenrs ago, but much evidence Is at hand to prove that them results are being obtained tn a greit number of olllres In New York '.itv with uniform satlsnctloc to the , tenants nf stldi others. Many surwvs of offices in New Tork 1 city han si-own that where there are main oftice employees It is fair to ns ! Mime that Tt"s amounting tn JS.oOti n ! ear. aw paid to thiwe receiving light from .me window. It is a common liirt tlce in some of tlie-e fllces to n:r 1 the room ! opening the windows at heist four times a day and the iIriii.s i fan Isli.d bv the tninaper of muinf tln-e '. looms siow that the cost m wages for , U is 'iKlhod nf w-tilati'in Is 14 a dn. Ihis Hinouiits to H"" a month or MU' I for the kit months of cool weather. The M'.iii-f. m tet-ia 'II, .i.i. r.t'1 .mil i.r I .Hill nl , . iiry 1 1 j t ,-l i w I l "f UP "v br' I. , i ri-.i'Io 1 inevloric sled ana flOl 1 l.g I-' feci oil III'! MK'Cl deep backing UP n chinch . n, nf si Itetiiaril's on the urn' ii s do of Futii- room 1n nnesilnn i, .. - n . . . 1 I"u;ii,' eiui- latod for lino: tlius the, saving In one n.oi in is Miiucicnt to pay ror the cntlio cqulpnietit. Mlltiat-pru nf Inrm. ..111..- . . .. . "..- .nn..) inii-es uae compiled Matlsiics Khnwlng tin, ,,H (n v.miii.iii. n iici-asinuoii ny a roiii or an emploee it ml they nlmi haMi fmiiicil a fair Idea nn to ihn In. r.,ui - , , o" ..lll'.UIIl of work tli.it cm ho obtained f t,n eierp iceiiiig iaie in the morning and Into in the afternoon can be eliminated by the proper supply of fresh air to the rnnms. Much Information Is being furnished the publlo by those In rhnrge. nf public schools, and perlaly the expert!) who are studying the phyxlcal and mental development of children. It has been found that the so-called moro dlfllcult studies urn taken up the first thing In the morning because the children do not seem to be nii'i tally In condition to grasp them during the nfternoon hours. n sults. however, with the fresh air classes In which the children do their studying In rooms which arn not heated, but are continually receiving air through the windows, demonstrate that the hardest subjects may bo taught in the after noon and that the students nro as men tnlly active in tho late hours of the day as they are 1n the early morning. Them facts confirm the observations mode (re the managers of large ofllce forced and point to a definite gain In amount end accuracy of the work If fresh air la continually supplied at proper teinpftra turo to the working force which l xm ployed for many consecutive hour aoh da With the large amount of lttoratni that Is being published dealing with the advantage of a supply of fresh nlr. tha movement to etomp out tuberculosis and recent newspaper articles by eminent scientists brought out by the prevsilenoa of grip, tho publlo Is being educated, on this subject. It seems posslbte that tho time will come shortly when tenants wlU demand that their oftloes and workrooms must be properly ventilated, and owners and managers of buildings will be forced to face this situation if they wish to have their butldlngn rapidly and oon pletely rented. NEW YORK A BILLION DOLLAR FLAT CITY That. fnch anrl $100,000,000 Moro Tut Tnto New Flats In Thirteen Years. PJvery day new tmflmmys of the cre.it-rve-es of JS'ew York Is coming to light. In so many ways Is th city mrperlor to others that this tnformntlon no lonrer creates suryrlsn. There was a look of wonderment, however, on the fa-( o the real estate men who attended last weelt the dinner of the New York Build ing Managers Association at the Ma chinery riuh when Tenement Hou Commissioner Murphy said that the cct of tenements erected since the tenement house law can; Into effect th'rteen years iigo was Jl.lnn.nnn.flno, a fabulous fig ur. There are In NV-.r York, fotnmls sinner Murphy explalnM, about 104,000 tenement houses, of which T',000 are of the type eret ted before the law mine Into effect. This kind of buildings Is disappearing at the rat of 1,ft00 n. year Tan group of muttir.iinlly houses erected Inst year will provldo acrntran i datlo'H fir ICO.noo persons. The Hnuiv led In the number nf apartments erecie.1. but In i-ot -Manhattan was supreme, due to the many apartment structures of tha 'highest type wlilch worn erected here. Though the tenement house law has tended to increase congestion. Mr. Mur phy explained that the law had Im proved the conditions of homes and tht to-day peopln are living In morn sanitary and lie.i'lbful apartments than when the cltv was less ingcsted. "Thn law has ilnnn for housing condi tions In New York what thn pum food law has done toward safeguarding thn health of thn people." hn explained Mr. Mur phy thought that when the transit lines now under construction urn In operation there might b n distributing movement which would relieve the parent honour!" of some of Its cotiRvntlnn, which h at tributed to limited public facilities In th past. There s enough land In New Tort:, he said, with thn parks and WTi'.er bod', s taken out, to p-ive everv family of the persons a plo! GO.vlfln to build a home on. .Me Murphv paid thai i mg of the city, which might wn-k a hnnlelitp r, some cases, was n good till' g for thoc'tv at large The qucnou of eiimtien should h.ne receleil attention long ago, It be. mg a iiKivim nf law that tun iiltlity of - tiolirhhnr should rot he Imp.i.r.il. Tn ! tru. turns, he a d. havn often had -nod effrs t on the Improvement of the remainder -f a bin. k. 'I'm.' principle . ' .'iti.'lem tights mi l'ltig fih.iTii'il atid e 'oi.i.l 'ii !n' .ion shoiil'l ha'-n long ng . neon nn the f-'-ii'ite bnol.s of New Ynk. he implied. e"e. '!"' m ."'-I. nllRulj III.. Iff II naiiRcmi-iit si llin.'.il- !'." liirldlnr wi.t I I ill-" ati'l will hn the' hi consti net Inn and m- Siuio.il wi.l hn one .if siis in Hi., lower iie.i 'i It ill bav n acisnn- is-irtn r .f t if ni'i'latio'i'- t..i 1,1 "II plpll Th echiiol Mill he icinlv for the b glutting nt tie s. linol Jrllr followiUK MM Miiiilin I s vacation A large audi tiunitil is plan'.. I foe the lit xt and snr oml Doors with . lassrimnus abovo. The IXHif nf Hie Im luiim is m ).,. laid nip 111 g.lllli'lis Annllier fiat lire nf the new sliui'tiii.. w II i"' huge lecreatimi rsms. wneii. the n U of sluiletilK will be re. lieved lie a.-in .11 1 nf the pr. suiiin n' menial wi.'U T ieii' will l" an elevator In the Im lil.t'- Tlie k' ' il' 1 ill.' s the Mini slrp nf hoi - eral veins nf nal estal ttvity vvhle 1 nl tost li.itlleil thn real istnto mini of ihnsoi'i"! T.iey rould lint ,-n 'fiiiut foi -I.. pie. em. al nie-.ltint,.H of the tuyr teii'iiiH 'liuvei Siiko ihe'-o had lseti i.tll, nf 1 .1 ' 1 . ..1 . 1 tfrmlnals in that uogi. In rliooil '. e story was tevve.l, hut at tli.it lime i'i. r.'.-tni nf the 1 hureh had mm Med a '"' land hn nc -li-'l, f-n th'lt his plai-s t.e uivi'ir thn ch '.hen if ti 1 lunsh ,1 li" 'I and an cd'i. .iCnti wc e not 1' oat-ted l' Ilia Jiinip 111 prns-H w .mi fo . v - I ine tormina, in ! im. v ival The h ''o.it . -pi 1. .-tl s. veil f' d dwvl llil,S " .1 lieivil.s 'I hi ee r, I.ihiWi. .is '.'. 1.1 "".7 We-' 'I'i ieu.li sneei h 11 . . Mr teom 'nnrlem, IIS s . 1 1 tt ' 1 I Re (in ..ii f i In ei w 1 V .ii lii! lil. Cans fir In. se .1 1, w'i i tiled I. mi Sepleinhcr, Lilt . l . Ml.l 1 .in... -ir 1 nil dill not Matt unill tecenti.v lames S, Malirr dcsigne'l the Helmut, a plctuie nf which Is shown lieie. The John T. Upidy Company It tt fculMar. 'IV;-..