BIG DEALS INDICATE RETURN OF LARGE
INVESTORS TO REAL ESTATE MARKET
OFFICE TENANTS NOW
DEMAND GOOD AIR
Modern Business Has Reduced Effi
ciency Due to Ventilation to
Matter of Dollars
THE SUN, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 1916.
aaMsVJ-' V , flt 4 ffJ MAIL ind EXPRESS BUILDING ADJOINING, "W iSKiBlHH
1 BOUGHT TO PROTECT UGHT OF I -
151-163 WEST 2S"1? ST. FABIAN fHLV LARGEB STRUCTOREfar Z.OOO.OOO. a,. II 33-33 WEST 46 AT. LOFTS
BUILDING BIG LOFTS BOUGHT By 9. A I i BOUGHT BEFORE GOMPLETIOM
GEORGE A. WKEELOCK. COST PP feL. Bwg- w w. H , .aaWWSWWjgBBSeMM BV INVESTORS HEADED BV
USO.OOO TO ERECT. 1 aLS B JK iMfea KSiHil HUGH G MILL EC
Propert iesBought !
Month for In
ment and Occu-.
pane v Promi-;
n e n t Men and
Concerns Lead in-
ii.ii- i'i nf ii ; i-.ii i
' I MR 14 IHI"IH IC1 i
I . !! II' hi foul IK'. I."
t nililMi snll is ill f.o li'
j piM .l.imiiirv i
in Mi. .' rather .i iiHiuili
lnl".ia n wck uf Utile
v ,1 'I
H . a "' i'1 t .i.i. , l. ii- helical ii m.i i
111' "-s ,r iui .oiI fiiini time in time
e Wu Vr u'i Inotns larger than if
! . tin" ii.ni made .i remit lr
l i. .a y. I'.'l ii '
o tnu' 'i 'i " i ' 'l-i' tumuli just gone
.i . mnar .it v. , i Hit- 'ust niuiith nf
" ' . , Al. 'i Illl drills well'
csiij tiit ,t s .l.ii hi), I :i I.'.. among them i
MR tliv i. . nf tin- ul.l Haimiuc
II ! on Hi. '.4w.i In Ili'ortiu Urns..
ur h.i bv'l,irk'?i H'-i nf tin- II gall
v rolv usi' iiliu'k mi ll.shth avenue, near
1 1 I'tmiHjlv.inia ffvttiiii. hale b tli"
C" luiiMIng Cnnipan of a block of
property on ti I - llrnadway to mi
aiartiin nl luiilili r. ami lit. pass, tig '
ill..' el. Utin in dut llli's at I'lflli avenue
id F'flioih M-iel t" a ir fr's'otial
t.uwr uhn Iiiih cine lurii. .1 it over at
T' i" II" i'tfiit "f III' trail.
rK . j r s month of l!'!,V Sv-
' I III. llnll.ll-4 Wi ll' t( IIOl'lltl'll III
t ' II ,1 Mi
ll )' imiii ..f il..:ii liM'i the l.ni'ortalicc
i' r ii .ii m iiiiji'i! Inlilal iiUal a"
l 1 1 ' ' a fm ilays aiu. thi tmrcti.ise
' . Ui'ilirn I'm. in Tflisrapli fom
i ':lu Ala 1 ami Kxvi''-' I Im il I ik
.j.. . c jnopi-rty for S'J.c ,noo.
'om. aiil tin- tiiilni; I'll inmi of
rrci.' aarld't ai' fai allow thoc
! ir .1411 Thvy K i ni to Im inoiv con-
nf a charjiliT wh'ili iur
'.i . t Unit tin- iiub'.ii'. tin1 (.Teat
"M'ii:l;i to toi l oir.
r t'iriiitii to f n estate
ai!' '..i.i" '.ne iraillin; o:
'nestor. ,iii" In the fl"il
t 17 .11'
oppir tnnil to niiUe a pin
$225,000 Fifth Avenue Property
Bought as Site for Fine Dwelling
T,. nUr nor- and basement bullae
' ' Fifth avenue, adjoining the
rtirt nrner nf Sex enty-fourth stieet.
1 i- beiii mid by the estate, nf
" ins H Uijiir The houn1, whiili
" nines a lot STixlKOx Irregular,
was a.-qiilred by Mr. l.ayng In IsSk.
i It has been held at KSS.OOO. The
new owrer will build n modern house
en the site for his own occupancy.
On the adjoining Seventy-fourth slieet
corner Is the home of Simeon li. t'h'i
Pln, Immediately adjoining on the north
1 ths modern residence of Mortimer
Pchlff The other owners on the block
f I.amon V. Harkness, A. W. lloyt, S.
Heading Ilertron ami lMwIn (iould.
"'illiarn u. May A Co, iiegotlntcd the
Arin'no.v avk. :(ium:h sai.i:.
Tli rilerllng HulldliiR and Operating
"omprtiiy, J. J. Schwartz president, has
oH the Sterling Court apartment house
loeaieii nt iB nortliwrst corner of ISlst
Hr.'t and Audubon avenue, a six story
leVHior htnii'tilii , with stores, nil plot
Ixliri The purchaser Is Thomas Ward,
i"i Raw in pint pajiiieiit th vacant
I'll' "'.ixlio, at the niutheiiHt rotner of
Hi !ieime and 17mh stieet. the sale
whii li was reported a few daH n .
leorRti Fowler negotiated lliii deal,
which Inuilwd about K'TS.UOO. The
H'l-rt Iluililuig ami ciperatlng Com-p:i'"-
hiiuglit the Andulioii avenue slto in
I'"1 kihI eiei'ied the nparliiicnt house.
1 'if H.iMti iisonue curlier will Im sold
t" lui.liiei- fin' Improveineut with an
" llieil' nnuse
l'liT SMt Ft. It I Illl.tl.S.
Wist nam .STI!KI-:T--ltnJ.imln
Kllliger hits oll In Colin Schwortz-
I rlgh. 142 West 113th street, a five-
mH r. .... ... ... '
"" iisi an lot iv.tfxivu.il.
!-aiBEWTTiKU- na 1 i"- .3 ma ac w n i i i r-M jh r' . i"".,HHaH
i. aimmsMmm& nm &m ir" ' mil h i , .rat u .lh
17 WEST ST. HOUSE
JOHM D. ROCKEFELLER TO
OFP HIS HOME .STR.E.ET
.an halt; alio.nly tak.'li MU't' ,
a htcii in tli.' lat inniilli. Tlio olimi.i i
of liti'lnr'N hlir iitnl xinall, Is Mltprir-
Inaly larKf uii'Iit tin' inh'T-i: ciulttl iih
whlili iioA I'liwill.
(mi' of thou. nlilacl' ! the tnnit(.-.mi'
iiiarkil. IVsiiIL1 iiiiints llial ininii'X In
nlrntlfiil. houuini; lor liiMslini'lit no in
nii'alf. ii im a illlli. nit matter tn eel '.'.hdi !
one m-Kh it. HroKi'ti-, not h ilozon. Imt I
tin- Ki'in-ral ll.'lil. claim inniivy Ik hanl to 1
Bin liniii linilltmioim on fair Icnns. Tim
iiiinn'iiui iK'O In that many IraiifartloiiH I
lisivn faili'il to ko tlnouiili li.-iaiiM' nf tin-
IT li" in.K of mien of imeri".t whii'li
I Ih.'M' Mini im Hi. ask nn (lie IhkIic-1 i lass
or iimiI I'siaie lnestinonl. Ilinlilini;
np.'llUllillH IliUl' flllleil of sllipolt also
' Ik'11111-" Of I III' llM"SIOIi tlllhl' insllliillons
lliae leailieil I'm leasons liliii alH i nil
FlUtmiA.M IliiAH -I lie pint lle7 at
the uiirthwest coriier nf I'milh.iill load
and Davidson nwiiuc has been sold
by the Thorite esl'ite to I.ewlnti A.
Kcmpiier, who will elect a taxpayer
ami motion iiletuio theatre, Itlrliard
II. Scoble was the biokel'.
FIti:i:.lAN STItF.F.T lo-oph A. Was
Herman has sold for Meyer Sudilei nian
to an Investor !)7n972 Freeman street,
a live story modern apartment house
nn plot 41x1 Hii, between Vso and
FAlll.MOI'.N'T I'l.ACF. Albeit N.
Hanker h'is sold, through Joseph A.
Wasscrmau, the plot, lUOxlOU, on the
north side of Faliinoiint place, I2S
feet west of Southern llouluvard. The
hujer will Improve, thu silo with
C.ItANU HOlJI.KVAltl) --If. A. Douglas
& Co, havn sold for a client of Mr
ITlion Hros. tho dwelling house
at SSfiS llrand lluuli'vard and dm
course, on plot ."03I feet, to Carl
PI.ATHI'SII Ill.tM'K I'lHI l-'li 'VH
Tim Dclack Levey Company has sold
llin block 111 the Flalhiisll 'section,
lioiiu-leil bv Flalhiisll avenue, lirecnwnod
road and Nostralid avenue, SKix'-'IS, nt
the Jiinctlnii nf Hi" car lines mi thn..-
avenues fiinl tun leiimnus in iim sun-
way The plnl will lie Inipioreil with,
stores and npiiitiiients by Jhe new
Frank A S.aver i. Co. have sold the
plot 40xlon uu tile south elilc of Soy
enty-elghlll (.tri'i'l. 21.' feet east nf
Fourth avenue, fur Sirah l.eifoit to an
Ill VI. Mi .VI!l'0.SIT IM.I.
The fnllowlng sales have recently been
made at Neponalt: To T. a. Harding, a
518 -SV AVE.
I'oi.i in 1
nni-lwilf per i.Mit ninnry
u lih Ii t
ofii n ri'portpil rnini'i front In-
ili iilnal.s r.Itlar than fmm professional
innrlK.iei. P iuIpih.
i ii il. t ihi- I ii k liiMllliilInn" ho IihIii.mmI
In opi ii tlit'lr imiKf HlriiiKH nrlivit until
n-sull sin h im inTincalcil llin mailiit
plI'VIOIIS III l'.H.I..
lliflit linhl that Is evhlent I
on nif Miiims 01 me inoniy naK" i
iiimilxr or liij; ileal wore wnrili'il laM
nioiilli. Tin U'l'i'tfrii Union's jmiiliai.p
IH'M to its nru buililliiR wai tli- hft. of
i onrr. Hct-iilc llih iL'al a hiit Imt
sliui'turo In the mliitnw n section ami IK
plnpritics in the I'M I Hi avenue zone eie
The I'lfth avuiiie zone properllc- vol,)
am '.l ami .'i.'iT Fifth aeuiie. :::i ami 3."i
West Kort.v-"IMh slieet anil
l''lfty-fourth slreel anil the
17 West I
plot 0lnti nn Miilalln striet, nn whiili
he will elect a linun' , to Capt. iieniRii
t liii n 1 1 xoii, a pint tin Inn on Huron stnet,
near Washington nwinie, for hoii'-e and
g.n-ate. to .lay I.. Tofh, n plot innxiou
at Aillionilack Houlovard mid Newport
iiM'iiue. for house au-l gar.iRe; to .Miil
Ma It. Martin, a pint SOxlon mi Newport
avenue, fur a house. ; to Mis. Victor
Ku7-.!o, ii plot SOxlOd at Hayslde avenue
nnd Adirondack Houlevard: lo Dr. Lewis
MoitIh, a plot S01(M) on Ontario street,
for a house codling $l4,rifl0, and to K. A.
lliiriiee, a house on plot HOxlOO on Huron
street for S.7riO.
tiiaih.m; in tiii: oiit.Mii'.s.
I'elst A: 1'clst hnve olll for XHs.
Margaict Saiifiild lo Charles A. Mnrrell
1 1 ist. two family stucco house at 21
Konllwoith place, Oinnge, N. .1. Tho
Iirnperty Is oil the wist sldo of Kenil.
worth place, 200 feet south of McKln
I'elst At Frist have snhl for the Lin
wnod Coinpnny In .Mrs. Margaret .1.
Sanfnril the two family flame hiiuse at
72 South 1'aikwii)', l.1it OiiuiRe, N. .1.,
nc.'iipj Ing a plot 34x170. L'.'M feet uniili
nl Cetitial nveiiue, nil the rasi side of
il... 1 ',. rl it ii v Tin. tioie oiciier tint-.
, chased for IuvchIiih'IiI
' Kiluaril I'. Hamlllmi A- Co. have Mild
' a stucco and shlllKln dwelling, on plot
, TOtlOrt, on Hillslile Terrace, al Moun
tain station, South Orange, N. J , tn A.
C Holland, who will occupy.
Mill vrtiv i,ki: HIM Hi: III lilts
I lin ing the past week buying has
I. (en niiive nl Almin aln Lakes llosl
dciiltiil I'ai'k and Indications me that
the spring will even show Increased
sales over Inst year, which was unusii.
ally successful, Tho following sales
have leccutly been iimdc; To Herman
SOLD TWICE STRUCTURE
IN ONE MONTH JOHN HOGE ABOUT
TOOK. IT LAST WEEK..
iIhpIIIiik at 3 i:ast KlKlity-clRhtli trri t.
The JJ.umVRi'i which the Wi-steni l'lilon
Cimipan!. pal"' oer to the Shepanl lielrH
for "01 ami ".'! Ilroailway. the oM
liiilliliiiKH iniiler the. north lee of the Mr
ofilie Inillillnif tin- company Is erecllni!
al Hmailway ami 1 strict, win for
Unlit an clement which the Western
I'M"" values wry hlslily. The prop
erty iilo was securen in iiernui me o
pail'lnu of the bullillliK In the futilie, for
Hie enmpans's officials nrn certain this
won lil In ncccsary.
With this prope-ty the Western
I'nloti i onirol.s one of the larsest areas
south nf I'llltdli slue . A few ila. s lie.
fine the rinse of last .war the company
Incrcasci! lis ownership on Hey street
by p.iyliic Leslie 1'. I'lilnier a pinllt lo
surrender "n ami L'l!, on whlih lie h.nl
pl.umcil to run up a hullilliiK that
.1. Wlhol, house 211 ; In Dr. Itnlph M.
I Crane, holli-e 133. in William T VVInt-
mme, liouse 117. tn Caul llclileii. Iiniihe
I 21.'i. tn .1 I'. Km ii. a pint J Hit v 1 nil for a
linini' lo he i rod im I In the Mount, mi
Lak.s bulliliiig deparlmeiii . iil-o In
William II. C Clarke i pint '.'onl7:i,
evtriidiiiR ft'iim tlie linueiiii to Hie
utter, nn w lileh n Imnie will he ete.-teil
liv Hie i 1 1 1 1 1 . i ii . and tn Willis I. S.in
yor. sloin No. 3.
TRANSIT BRINGING DWELLERS.
It 11 1 III ITS lllislllnu llllllslllUS lo
Mi'rl llle lleiniiiiil.
New constriictiou in IIiohI.Imi ilurlng
tho past week iiRKrigat.il ff.iifi fieO
Nlni'ty-three liuildlngs were planned, nf
which seven atn In he tenements to cost
171,00(l. llfty-oiie unill dwelllngu to
cost fl!7,100 nnd thirty-live mlsc.lla
lii cms tilriictuti'S, rnst ti", I ,"D.
The block tnuit on the eist bide nf
Secnnd avenue, lirl.vieii Hlghty-niiith
and Nllietlith streets, Is In be liupi'iiVeil
by the I'li-uili'i' Ciiiistiucilim company
with two s,iiiry brick ihwIliiiRH at a
cost of 4I,0UU.
A row of twelve tnu story frame
dwolllligH Is to be built on the south
side of Seventy-seventh stieet, east of
Fourteenth avenue. b Urn Until Mm-,
kirn Ciuislruc'lloii Company nt a cnsl of
On the west side nf Smdilier uc
iiue, north nf Itlvenlale iiveiiue. Hairy
I'lllslnw It7. will i'i i it sl., twn html Imck
ilwellliiRs nt a cost nf $2l,noi and on
the east side nf Sncdikor avenue, smith
of New Lots avenue, , IIiiumiIiimr ii rut
amilhor, will hiilld seven sltmhii' houses
at a cost of $2l,.'.oo.
The Asliwlck HulldliiR Cnrpnrntloii
will Invest $7fi,noo In thru' four stmy
hi Irk apartments on the west side of
llochcslri' avimie, at the Miuth corner
of Sterling place, ami Drapkln Oahiherg
iNimpany will luipiovu the northeast cor
ner of Twenty-ninth Mroot and Fourth
nvnnuo with Inn four story brick apart
ments to coat fCO.OO.
SOLO TO INVESTOR; TOR
would Interfere with the IIkM ami air
of the Western 1'nlnn'n ci.itit slrtietiire.
Alulrew roiinick. whom huims is
talloiiiiR. hut who makes real esiatn a
holihy ami a protltahle nun at Mint,
pock. 'teil recently a Ronil profit after a
mouth's ouerhli of the nine stmy loft
bullillliK at r. I S I'lfth avenue, ailJolnniR
the northwest corner of l'nrt; -thlril
Kin ft. I M l.ouKl.t it before t'hrli'tma"
from lleiny 1. Treor, who hail it In
the matkrt nt JiiOli.liiiii. M.' I'unnii'l.
was ihoucht lo luive boucht II to ciw
away as a fhrlslmns Klfi. He hail it
nril on cnnlraci, which iP.cm not ine.in
tliat the iirnperty w is h's, 'mi. he ha
snl.l ihis cniilraet In John Hi. Re. who
makes tiles out In ..iues llle. Ohio, who
thinks It a rooiI Investment since n Is
renteil lo mm tenant for iti"i a e.ir.
Mi' IIorc owns much pinvi-ty 'n that
, three story brick theatre to cost
-tSii.Oon Is to be built no the northwest
mimr of Shfrpshe.nl ltn toad and
NO LET UP IN HOME BUILDING. ;
ln Ilnllilers Itei'iirdeil tilt Nrn
Irnrliirrs t.nsl ret..
Tin iv was no let up last week m the
vo nine of bulliliiig opi'iatinns planneil
for l.'u.eiis Si Moinl.iv ninety-three
IHIlliUliKS nf V.irllills klllilH hive been
planned and ib tails nT alteiatloiis rom
pletril foi f.irt-lwo buildings weie imt
on ic. nrd The new buildings aie estl
milled to I'""! J.H'.S.oilO and the allera
CITY IN TITLE BUSINESS.
Will l 1 1 1 1 llrrnril I'llllll In Help
Ott iters mill lie eiiiir.
ItcKlsler lloppi'i' Ims lAlctidi'd the ser
vice nf the title examining plant which
New Yin U rnunl.v has eslalilishi'd at a
cost rinse to f.'iOii.iiliii. Ill fnrmiT .vears
tin lli'Klslrr's nflicr did a I.U'K" business
In making nlllclal scaiches fur lawyers
and real 'State deab is. bin this busl
ness was lost In Urn public nflbe be
cause of thn lack uf Pli-I'iu- "':)"
llistiuinents Their arc iibnul .' .oo.ono
instrnnieiils In the ItcRlttei s nfllce at
feeling Miililmtlnn prnpcrly. nn awraKi'
nl twenty-live liisiiumrnls fur each lot
The seanii service jusi minium .... ..
will be helpful to owners who nlreailv
have had llii'lf properly rMinilncd and
leiiulre a rniitlnuutlon of the search
brought down In dale .Mi mdlnai-.v
search fur twenty years or less ran bu
made In nn hour or so
The IteRliiter's searches lire ofllrl.ill.v
certified and are accepted by the rout Is
The searches Include not only a search
upon the Indexes, hut also an examina
tion of the llhur record by a qualified
expert lltlo examiner and the publlo
may rely upon their accuracy, the Hcb-
fection of I'lftli nvtnue, the site of the
Korh.s Vttt HulMlns nttVlfth nvrnue
and Forty-tlr.t ctreet bltiR his.
The live. stor' huilillni; at 657 I'lfth
venti" was turne.l over in ii trade by
A L. Morilecal Son.", who htul lsiucht
It in Hei-ember, 1914. They parteil with
it last month for a blR sum of tn icy.
so the Rosfllp roc. and a loft hulUllnR i.
N neteenth street, near Fourth nve iue,
which they have since resold. The Fifth
avenue property was held nt JIOCOOO.
John I. Hocl'.efellcr. Jr., was ono of
the, many Investors who flRned i conn-act
as n purchaser lat month. Mr.
ltockefe ler's purchase, however, was not
Induced by the atn spirit which moved
other investment buyers. He Ins ct
his mind on the protection of the F.fiy
foiirth street block on which ho lives
and slnco h" has done so It has cost
him conslderablo tnonev. In keriilnc
wph his plan ho boupht the dwulllnR
t 17 West Flftv-fourth street, which
had ben sold twice tn the few weeks
hefeo he tiOURh? It. It eh'inRed owners
rap'ily that Mr Iti. kefeler 'Im.i.r it
i mlKht fall Into th l.ntids of initios
li..p"e iind boiiRhl it t nr.ike ll-f. '
w iiild not. He paid tb hist oner i
r ioiI price to let him have It
The Hchnfr. dwelling at ? lint
ITlRh'y-elKhth tret whs hoiiRht by
leather dealer. The house wuh held nt
The (.'oekroft property, r.t Madison
avenue iuid Thirty-second mteet, hold
a d07.cn times, according to rumors, in
the last three ye,ir. wan finally ml.l
a few davs ao. A law or, employee nf
a downtown law rlrm. Is the buyer a far
as the public Is concerned TV rcil
buyer, however, Is close to the Sil"
Miiehai na Silk Mill, a ?,ono,noo IVnn
Kvlvama 'onceni, wlilch will ucrupv the
lni Id nc that Is to be erected ou the
litnrRC It.tcker u.shered In the new
year by leaslni from the New York Con-,
tral n u it eMei.illiiR from Forty-elRhth
to Forty-ninth street, nlonR the pro
posed extension of Vnnderhtlt avenue.
H.icUer Is to -rect a ItlOO.nflft atiartment
hotel on thn land, which will cost him
11, WO. 000 !ji rentn in twenty-mi" year".
The loft bulldlnR nt M and 3.". West
Forty-sixth stnet. still In thn hands of
(million, wn taken over by a primp of
lliwtoi.s for Jo7."i,000. Sine then Hie
bull. line his piactlcally been rented
from the plar.s.
Mni I'rynal d!spo"ed of hl I'abl.in
Hullil.nt.-. at IM to West Tiwnt-
slth vtieet. one of the la most loft viruc
tuiii .ii the iiildtonji eectlon. In n trade
will) ilenrRC Wheelnck by which le nel.
a niiild.iiR site nn Thlrti -ili.i.l -trcci
lie. ii Font :h aemie Tne it rmne n' the
Twi'iitv -"'silt Heft build iir i" iin,nnn
Il . ost $ I. ".ii. nun to build four .',its a.n
Tne i'liti- n s hue In. 'ii p.iitii ulaili
a 1 e tt , iar lluntiah the U et Side
apai I ment Imii-e iitri '! Or I'li.itles
V. I'aternn e.iii.,1 two hiiet. ilurniR the
llimitll nn Wivt Hud .'Ueniie il, ip.iji.illy
oniosltn the S. hwab house
Parochial School Latest
Improvement in Greenwich Village
i Ti i . c
I I ) III. I. '"'Ill
II Mgli'll.ll '
Cit nidi.- Chin
. I. entli Mice'
I lie 1,1 il W llh
Ji.ie of 1 1 . S I 10 ""il .. i
Willi Ii i.h tn In iiii'. tiv
ai nf St I ti'i i i.i i'i I k Itmii.t't
h nn I'.opim ii TM
lle.li I l.lx,.ii M,.i. will
' ei i Hi'" 1 1 l ' . 1 1. 1 v 1' e
Ventilation haa n wide Blfinlflcance
when applied to the a If a Irs of the human
race, and represents n desire for fresh
air, supplied without discomfort. Kffl
clency has a comparatively new use In
thn modern clonre of obtalnlnR the
maximum returns for nn expenditure of
tim and money. If a human belnR
was at alt times breathing fresh air at
a coinfortablo temperature and If every
thltiR was accomplished at "an efficiency
of 100 per cent, there would bo no use
fur these words and they would prob
ably not have been coined.
In the name of one or the other, many
mechanical and commercial mistakes
have been made and a proposed echeme
for producing better ventilation or In
creaslnc efficiency Is not Mindly ac
copied, but tarts with a handicap of
doubt or unbelief because of the many
failures that have been made by those
who have been supposed to To expert.
Thn relation between ventilation and
efficiency Is close when the aim ts to
obtain the larirest amount of work from
a human tielnp In return for Ms wajres
or salary If tt Is provable that proper
ventilation can bo provided for offices,
fa-torles. homfs, Ac, the matter Is of
much Interest to thnsn who aro etud
Inc problems In human efficiency. Man,
In order to remain warm In winter
weather, has housed himself In and pro
vided means for heallnR the enclosures
In wlilch he lives. Hn has arranged
for the. admission of daylight when avail
able and the production of artificial light
when dayllRht falls. Ills deslro for
warmth hns made him afraid of the
admission of fresh unhealed air durtnc
tlie colder months, and so merhanleal
apparatus has been designed with thn
object of delivering fresh air heated by
passing It over steam pipes to the rooms
occupied by students, patients, workers
or those seeking amusement. Such ap
paratus Is expensive In first cost and
also for operating and upkeep. The use
of mechanical apparatus has therefore
been confined to schools, hospitals, thea
tre?, auditoriums, factories and In some
eases congested offices where the mnn
n cement believes that cuoh an Invest
ment will be profitable.
The expenditure for ttris purpose had
amounted to many millions of dollars
and It Is said that a verv great per
centage of Installations of this nature
are not operated because of unsatisfac
tory results and excessive operating
charges, Many attempts have been made
to obtain proper ventilation by admit
ting air through thn windows, and de
vices of varying design have been placed
on the market which admit a certain
amount of nlr to the rooms, but owing
to their faulty design and limited capac
ity they have failed to accomplish the
It hns filially come to be ancepted that
breath-Inn vitiated air Is one of the Ills
that cannot be avoided and that If the
human being Is reasonably efflcflent
without an hourly supply of frwth. air,
it 1s as much as can be expected under
modern oondltlonw. This belief Is so
prevalent that tenants seeking new
quarters have heretofore .nisldered ad-
i'. mtages offered by thi renting ngents.
' from every standpoint except that nf
wntilatlon. If the agent, tn addition to
fie manv uluaWn Inducements that he
I offers, 'Ai add that each room "will be
sullied -with the proper amount of fresh
air without drafts r discomfort to
the .M-eiip-mts, it wl.l jrrovn to be n
valnnble factor In his negotiations and
I perhaps the deciding argument that
obtains a tenant for his building.
owners and builders have lorar recur
nl7ed that such an Inducement -would
t of rrrea' value In rapidly renting their
new buildings or In keeping their tenants
from changing their quarters, but the
excessive nxwt of plaa-lng mechanical ap
paratus 1n the collars and basements and
the cost not onlv of the ducts, but of the
rentaMn floor space occupied by thorn,
has made the matter of ventilation pro
hlMtlvrt In cost.
1 It Is possible for a comparatively
small nnimint nf money to so Install
i simple devices In ewh room that thn
1 prnjp.r nmount of air can bo delivered
without causing discomfort to tho occu
pants nnd without there bolrtr any up
ki cp or operating charges connected with
It. A statement of this kind could not
have bien made two or three yenrs ago,
but much evidence Is at hand to prove
that them results are being obtained tn
a greit number of olllres In New York
'.itv with uniform satlsnctloc to the
, tenants nf stldi others.
Many surwvs of offices in New Tork
1 city han si-own that where there are
main oftice employees It is fair to ns
! Mime that Tt"s amounting tn JS.oOti n
! ear. aw paid to thiwe receiving light
from .me window. It is a common
liirt tlce in some of tlie-e fllces to n:r
1 the room ! opening the windows at
heist four times a day and the iIriii.s
i fan Isli.d bv the tninaper of muinf tln-e
'. looms siow that the cost m wages for
, U is 'iKlhod nf w-tilati'in Is 14 a dn.
Ihis Hinouiits to H"" a month or MU'
I for the kit months of cool weather. The
.mil i.r I
.Hill nl ,
. iiry 1 1 j t
,-l i w I l "f UP "v br' I.
, i ri-.i'Io 1 inevloric sled ana
flOl 1 l.g I-' feci oil III'! MK'Cl
deep backing UP n chinch
. n, nf si Itetiiaril's
on the urn' ii s do of Futii-
room 1n nnesilnn i, .. - n
. . . 1 I"u;ii,' eiui-
latod for lino: tlius the, saving In one
n.oi in is Miiucicnt to pay ror the cntlio
Mlltiat-pru nf Inrm. ..111..- . .
.. . "..- .nn..) inii-es uae
compiled Matlsiics Khnwlng tin, ,,H (n
v.miii.iii. n iici-asinuoii ny a roiii or
an emploee it ml they nlmi haMi fmiiicil
a fair Idea nn to ihn In. r.,ui
- , , o" ..lll'.UIIl
of work tli.it cm ho obtained f t,n
eierp iceiiiig iaie in the morning and
Into in the afternoon can be eliminated
by the proper supply of fresh air to
Much Information Is being furnished
the publlo by those In rhnrge. nf public
schools, and perlaly the expert!) who
are studying the phyxlcal and mental
development of children. It has been
found that the so-called moro dlfllcult
studies urn taken up the first thing In
the morning because the children do not
seem to be nii'i tally In condition to grasp
them during the nfternoon hours. n
sults. however, with the fresh air classes
In which the children do their studying
In rooms which arn not heated, but are
continually receiving air through the
windows, demonstrate that the hardest
subjects may bo taught in the after
noon and that the students nro as men
tnlly active in tho late hours of the day
as they are 1n the early morning. Them
facts confirm the observations mode (re
the managers of large ofllce forced and
point to a definite gain In amount end
accuracy of the work If fresh air la
continually supplied at proper teinpftra
turo to the working force which l xm
ployed for many consecutive hour aoh
With the large amount of lttoratni
that Is being published dealing with the
advantage of a supply of fresh nlr. tha
movement to etomp out tuberculosis and
recent newspaper articles by eminent
scientists brought out by the prevsilenoa
of grip, tho publlo Is being educated, on
this subject. It seems posslbte that tho
time will come shortly when tenants wlU
demand that their oftloes and workrooms
must be properly ventilated, and owners
and managers of buildings will be forced
to face this situation if they wish to
have their butldlngn rapidly and oon
NEW YORK A BILLION
DOLLAR FLAT CITY
That. fnch anrl $100,000,000
Moro Tut Tnto New Flats
In Thirteen Years.
PJvery day new tmflmmys of the cre.it-rve-es
of JS'ew York Is coming to light. In
so many ways Is th city mrperlor to
others that this tnformntlon no lonrer
creates suryrlsn. There was a look of
wonderment, however, on the fa-( o
the real estate men who attended last
weelt the dinner of the New York Build
ing Managers Association at the Ma
chinery riuh when Tenement Hou
Commissioner Murphy said that the cct
of tenements erected since the tenement
house law can; Into effect th'rteen years
iigo was Jl.lnn.nnn.flno, a fabulous fig
ur. There are In NV-.r York, fotnmls
sinner Murphy explalnM, about 104,000
tenement houses, of which T',000 are
of the type eret ted before the law mine
Into effect. This kind of buildings Is
disappearing at the rat of 1,ft00 n. year
Tan group of muttir.iinlly houses
erected Inst year will provldo acrntran i
datlo'H fir ICO.noo persons. The Hnuiv
led In the number nf apartments erecie.1.
but In i-ot -Manhattan was supreme, due
to the many apartment structures of tha
'highest type wlilch worn erected here.
Though the tenement house law has
tended to increase congestion. Mr. Mur
phy explained that the law had Im
proved the conditions of homes and tht
to-day peopln are living In morn sanitary
and lie.i'lbful apartments than when the
cltv was less ingcsted.
"Thn law has ilnnn for housing condi
tions In New York what thn pum food law
has done toward safeguarding thn health
of thn people." hn explained Mr. Mur
phy thought that when the transit lines
now under construction urn In operation
there might b n distributing movement
which would relieve the parent honour!"
of some of Its cotiRvntlnn, which h at
tributed to limited public facilities In th
There s enough land In New Tort:, he
said, with thn parks and WTi'.er bod', s
taken out, to p-ive everv family of the
persons a plo! GO.vlfln to build a home
on. .Me Murphv paid thai i mg of the
city, which might wn-k a hnnlelitp r,
some cases, was n good till' g for thoc'tv
at large The qucnou of eiimtien should
h.ne receleil attention long ago, It be.
mg a iiKivim nf law that tun iiltlity of -
tiolirhhnr should rot he Imp.i.r.il. Tn !
tru. turns, he a d. havn often had
-nod effrs t on the Improvement of the
remainder -f a bin. k. 'I'm.' principle . '
.'iti.'lem tights mi l'ltig fih.iTii'il atid e
'oi.i.l 'ii !n' .ion shoiil'l ha'-n long ng .
neon nn the f-'-ii'ite bnol.s of New Ynk.
'!"' m ."'-I.
nllRulj III.. Iff II
!'." liirldlnr wi.t I
I ill-" ati'l will hn the'
hi consti net Inn and m-
Siuio.il wi.l hn one .if
siis in Hi., lower iie.i
'i It ill bav n acisnn-
is-irtn r .f t if
1,1 "II plpll
Th echiiol Mill he icinlv for the b
glutting nt tie s. linol Jrllr followiUK
MM Miiiilin I s vacation A large audi
tiunitil is plan'.. I foe the lit xt and snr
oml Doors with . lassrimnus abovo. The
IXHif nf Hie Im luiim is m ).,. laid nip
111 g.lllli'lis Annllier fiat lire nf the new
sliui'tiii.. w II i"' huge lecreatimi rsms.
wneii. the n U of sluiletilK will be re.
lieved lie a.-in .11 1 nf the pr. suiiin n'
menial wi.'U T ieii' will l" an elevator
In the Im lil.t'-
Tlie k' ' il' 1 ill.' s the Mini slrp nf hoi -
eral veins nf nal estal ttvity vvhle 1
nl tost li.itlleil thn real istnto mini of
ihnsoi'i"! T.iey rould lint ,-n 'fiiiut foi
-I.. pie. em. al nie-.ltint,.H of the tuyr
teii'iiiH 'liuvei Siiko ihe'-o had lseti
i.tll, nf 1 .1 ' 1 . ..1 . 1 tfrmlnals in that uogi.
In rliooil '. e story was tevve.l, hut at
tli.it lime i'i. r.'.-tni nf the 1 hureh had
mm Med a '"' land hn nc -li-'l, f-n th'lt
his plai-s t.e uivi'ir thn ch '.hen if ti 1
lunsh ,1 li" 'I and an cd'i. .iCnti wc e
not 1' oat-ted l' Ilia Jiinip 111 prns-H
w .mi fo . v - I ine tormina, in ! im.
The h ''o.it . -pi 1. .-tl s. veil f' d dwvl
llil,S " .1 lieivil.s 'I hi ee r,
I.ihiWi. .is '.'. 1.1 "".7 We-' 'I'i ieu.li
sneei h 11 . . Mr teom 'nnrlem,
IIS s . 1 1 tt ' 1 I Re (in ..ii f
i In ei w 1 V .ii lii! lil. Cans fir
In. se .1 1, w'i i tiled I. mi Sepleinhcr,
Lilt . l . Ml.l 1 .in... -ir 1 nil dill not Matt
unill tecenti.v lames S, Malirr dcsigne'l
the Helmut, a plctuie nf which Is shown
lieie. The John T. Upidy Company It
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