Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1916.
2 nrmy priiKtuiiiiiiu It wiim esse nlJiiI Unit win something more Ix-hltul tho rcslg lui uhotild know whether the President nation Ihiin nppeurx mi tho surface. Mini prepare.! tn bark him up. What this might be Is not suggested III) I Vnihlllltit'll U rni'llll nut received by Mr. (iurrlxmi until about timm to-day. Meutitlnni the bit ter lunl Iwt-ii til work nn tlie mldrexs lio mix to deliver. Tin- first Inkling (if what wax happening occurred coon after 111 n'llock, when Mr. (Inrtlsnti suddenly Hi'iit out word to tin- nevvx paper men who were w .tiling fur ml Vitlieo ropli'M nl I lie speech tlmt 'it' xvutild not dcllicr It. Itislmis mi 'I l.cenwa flu' t loll'- then rallid upon Hit' I'uinmittei) In charge or tin- nrtein t programme of tin- Cliiimli'T of ('iMiitni'rcc, Hindi' hlu excuses nml, iiccnmpatili'd 1y Mrs. Uarrlxun, Irft the city. Meantime lie Inn! rut warded lilx let ter Of rt'XlKIMtloll til til" White HollM'. Ho left no wind, eltlii'l nt the IV partincnt or lit his holm' to show where lio was- going. It Ik nndol'stood, however, th.it he will return In n few days to vvlud up hi mTuIrs hi'ie. Wh.it the polltlon, rITeots will be of the liarrl.on resignation Is a nut ter or m-nni rum em 111 Administra tion circles. Although out nl xym pathy with the l'l evident on many of the AdmililMtratlon pollcleK, he wan generally icgiirili'd .is one of the his men In the Cabinet. Although he did not xllivioil lu Ills fffortH to persuade the Proxldetit to iidopt n different e'eiiirxo lu h milling the McMiiiu iiui"tlou It was the In I fluence of Mr. Harrison, backed by that of Secretary of the Interior Uine, , which In iunlorsti"i! nave none fur-: titer than anything els,, in portiadlng the President to take a tlrm standi 'toward liii ninny In the l.tisltnnla con. trnvorsy. Long distrustful of 1 1rian's doc Jrllice, Sei let.iry Harrlsun opiwined him, It hum Mild, tlirnilghnill tin- earlb-r Mogi'.i of tin. cnntrnversi , and en far Impressed hl nun views on tin- Pnm tlellt Hint .Mr, Itryuti found hlnise f forced to resign ue Secretary of Suite, Ills sinnil mi I'lillliMiliiea. On the iinestlon of I'hllippltie leulx lntlcii Secretary (Jarrlson wuh tlrtnly of the opinion that the euactmrnt of nny provision promlsinc th- I'lliplno.s complete Inilependetire within n xpccl lled time would lead to serloux iin-xequencit-, I.Ike many of li!x predicex 'xorx III ntlice, he bei.eved that the l'lllp'ios were not tltte.i for sclf-nov-einnient mul would not b" for many eaie. and that to turn tin m I. at this time would be to xicrltlee them In nnv I 'own- that mlKht covet the ix'.ands i At the same time. In view of the rrtTdilcnt'c i.wn xtutetmnt tn h.x lif ter to Mr (i.itlKon that he tl..iKrccd with the ( !.irle nmKidniciit nml Ills In illcatlon Hint he mlitlit V(to It. It Is peneralh- believed the real split came on tin- iiiii stion of preparedne.sx. Uii"tii.r or not Mr iliiri.son takes the platform ni.-a.nst the prnpiwil coni Kom.e altnv plan, based on u Ked erall.ition of the National tiuard, it s ii a. r.ed in Administration circles, h i'i as iiiiiiiik membiit of Cmurexs, that lus tisimiatlon, more than uny tlilni; e!-e, w 11 erve to focu.s public .littentlon on the vltnl political elements concerned in th" tluhl .i oiibtcxx be twieii the i .vocatir. of nvalar army expansion timl . i I'edtral r. mi con the one ha. ,1 .tin! those who are opposed to preparedness. In .i..- ,ette: in the 1 'resident dated Jutuijr. 1-' and published with the lorttspondi nce Iven out tu-niuht Mr. Garrison in coninientltii; on the mi falbd lli plan of I Vderallzlni: the militia 0 meam. of I'vderai pay doex not iicM.ai. to lefer to it .ik a political hppea' He MJS. "In tns i,it in to. ir Instance hlx Ha .-i propi.sal of ..ettlniK thl mat ter b .tlni: tnuiu to the enli-ud iiuii iiinl olllceiH i,f i he State troops uppialx io the direct p mih il political Inleirxt of the tnembe n,f Con srexsi I. u of ItrenU liirlilu;e. lu the ii -imiiitloii of A -,s is lout Ser r'l.irv It i . ainr'ii;e l'r, sulent W'ibon lias iMt.1 ii-- of tils strongixl and most loyal Mippirteis The frieinNh p b. t Iil. nt and Mr Hie. kin- rldg" il.l'e.l link In the lime wien .lie l.lttei a- ill lllllb'l'gl adll lie student lit Ihtiicti.n .to.,,) pj .Mr- Wits iii, then prcsMi i ..r the null er't , thi.'iigluiut Hie ligll 111 proposal to the faeulty oier W'lsnns abolish the upper diss clubs, Th ugh Uniis, if u member of one of' I hen clu'is. the youint Kentucklan or- I gilllzei) ,i s,. i,, in nf tbe undergraduate I body bell' i .1 III. bend of the lllftltll- ' Hun When Me. Wilson entered the t field as a . indidate fur the Hemo.-iatle j iiiiiun.iiion fn l'ienlent in 1S1I Mr I Hi k iirntgi was one of bis in nt ac tne Mlppi.i'le s It Ws in f Of lln'M' -eli-i that Hie gnlHun President rppuiuieil lr llreik.ni'ldgu as Assla Innt Set let.l ..r W n Hi spite h.s friendship to- the !rel rtuit. anil despl'e Hie fa I thai he him self has served ,ietlel ,u the State iiillllin of Keiitiic i.v, Mr Hreekllil liK-e was i tlrm to'dower of Mr. lii'rlson's I lens lell.i .ling Hie hopelf-Nliexs of seek leu , uleiiu.it. ib fenee measures ttttotlL.tl the feder.iluatluii of tin- National liu.trd lake Mi. liariis'ir. he believed It wim futile io talk of obtaining an elTeitlve hodv oi men re,n nt nil limes u te. pond t" i rnni'-'o of Hi. States tin .all of the I'edellll (lov ' i sh.ning thu inlmlnlstratlnn fines with tin- Individual I'lilrd I iiblnel C'liuiiue, The n signal Inn of Mr. Harrison from the nftbu uf Seiletai) of ",,. m,r() the third change In the Wilson i" iblnet Mr. Hry.ui rclliiiiiishei the St.iti norl- folio I" lllllse of llltterelici l w-tli the Preslibnl, in nl.-nt to negutlatiunh with Herman) ovi r the I.usit.nua sinking. Mr .MilleMlolds gave tip (he utllee nf Sttoiiiev-Ueiier.il to lu me an Asso ciate .lusl.ie of the Snpieine Cuijit nf the I'n, lid Slates Tin re s 'lel iecu.iliin ,i I,, t)u. tiioli.ii.le s.i ssnr of Mi. Harrison as tile In id of tin. tlr I lep.irtmen' innng tlui'.e who hac been men tioned inn Mr. I. me. the Herretary of Hie Inteilur. and ,r Houston, Secre. lary of gi l. iillun . Il Is regarded as blglil) ptobaiile lb.it Hie choice will fi, i on Mi Lane if tin Vacancy w lllled bj I transfer WlHi Hie reilieiiu nl of rcirtar I narrlsnn and Assstnbt Hreclclni ig(. lien Hugh 1. Scott. Chief of Staff of the Army, will act as. the head of the War Department until a . Ivllnui lie.nl has betn mi iiuii i tin I'li-ldi-ni i j,.,, , Scott assiiincd Ids new dutleh Io. night, 1 as th" icsign.iti him of Mr (iarilson ,.nd Mr llrickiiirnlge had heciime Inline-1 dlately effective ; Pi'lcnilv ot Mi liai'iisuii .olinit that, ri il icitain exlciii Hie i'ri'slili nl has ' pill I In ii an awkwaiil pusiiiun In Willi i; n be Lliowii Ihrollgii the pllli. Islail i .it I e-J'unilelii e that Hie Sis ro- tAT) rceigniil before the Presldeii1 had opimrtiinp how Ids illF.ippiiivnl of e'u I 'ul'ppli e IcuNhitinii b viiolng ' and 1.1 nut 'lie iniilonal defence I incisure i ail be.n ,, i ...... 1 1 i) Coiigieesi km inn n.uNid ti. I'toide nt fu ap-, rreval I As Mr i.aiiisoi, was forewarned of ' the position lu wniihl be placed in liv ' realnnum Hare Is stiong disposition In aoniu quartern to believe that there Secretary's friend dis miss ax unworthy of consideration any Idea Unit Mr. tliirrlim had hoped to I K named to tin- tfunremc Court to 111! I lie place to which the President "I" pointed laitils t. Ilrnlidels. The Idea Is itlxmlhiii.il with eipnl posltlvelics.x Unit Mr. Harrison would now !" considered for tlm place If the Senate should re- ! Jecl Him llraiidels nomination. I Secretary Oarilson's irtuy programme I ax presented to Hie President and Adopted bv the latter in hl ttnnual nies suite in i-onere.. elms not actually repte- sent what II tiring Sccret.i'y believed to bo th.- Ideal ylcm of military de velopment In common with many of the military experts of th" War Hepaitniclit It I known Unit he bcllcvd tile hist system theoietlcally would ! one InvolvlliB l ompul-ory lnlllt.ii nrv a" and xhoit term I'lill-tnii'ii'i, H'd wliith ttoiiM rap idlv iuviitinil.it" a trained reserve. Appiei latlmr. honiM't, the tremendous oil-tail" In the win of compulsory xer ie Secretary tliirrlMUi Mdoplnd the eoiillnenliil nrinv fentute as the ' inoxt prnetle.ilile means of i.'ittlti! a rescue. Ills leeouuneiiilatlonx, thtrefoie, em bodied this noel reature. ( ontliientiil rni- rinn. lie prepiised to raise u tone to be knoii us the continental utm. ion xlxtliiR of lliO.iinii troops or all branches, lie proposed to raise this lu lime In elaltiientx of 1.1.1, onii a .Mar. The term nf elillstmenl would be for xl .earx, lluee with the minis iiinl three on tut- I Imtcli. During the perbsi with the isilurx the men omprlsiint the Continental army1 would be resulted annually to utnlerKo ai pcilil of liitenslie military tr.ilnltiK, not , exi eeilltti; two montlix. DurliiK the J period on furlough tie men would be. subject to call lu time of etiieri;enc nwln to the fact Hint the Sivretary ' himself tealb.ed the difficulties tll.lt i inlxlit l' ineouiileml lu Kettlnic the I prcscrlb'sl annual ipuita and In Indue-1 Itn; til" enlisted men to tttve up two mniitlis a year to military tralnliic, lie xtiiseiiietitl expressed a wlllliuriiesx to i eliminate those ibtaiN and asked In-1 Mead that Congress should sltnly an thnrlie the President to raise a Con-, tlnental army of Inn.iinii in mi ji way as mmht prove most feasible after trial. Coni ernlnir the regular xtatidlnif urm 1 the Secretary recommended an Increase ' from 1 0:0mi to 1,'O.tulil Py the addition ! of ten rrnlmcnts of Infantry, tlfty-three cninpanlex of coast artillery to take the place of those transferred to the over seas possrss'inis and four nddltlonal reclments of Held artillery, with the tie. esiary provision for ammunition re serie and eon pmeiit With respect to the Natl mul tliianl he merely recommended that th" annual l-'ederal iillo'meiit of IT.nfnl.Mfel for fitu'pmcnl ff the orfaiiliatloiis be In i rte.ixed tn llO.piH' iHa Clin I rmn n lln IMnn. Tl'e Ila plan, howevei. not only ic- no-ed nny p-nvlslnn ror a coir,mni.ii anm or other siMem of raising a re . e but opposed in In. re.ixe whit ever tn the authorlred streiicth of the Ml'imlliiL- .irmv Til" Illllll feature" of the IIiii p'an are itrvnUd to IncriMsliii the s retii-th of ill- National Ou.ir.t The chnlim-t' of the lloit-e Commit- tee proposed to br tiB the Nat.on.i! tin r.l more under the control of C-e l-Vde-al! Colernmellt l a fede lllzit'o'l oftlli-e nrir'iiilr it onx. II. . Idea ha len tlia' i tills could be done lu a in enin r Mif tie'ei tl alfac"M' In brim: the National (in.iiil within i fee eirs up from Its pr'eil flietie'h cf IIS nml to loti.miu i He nroixisul ttnit the IVdual lioMrn- meiit should undertake to piy ttie m'tn- 1 hers nf the Nation il (iuird aid thrreh Increase the nttini llene of the n r- . mic ; lie has also sii-K.sted thit some sys. I tm ff dual enllstmiit mltrlK be pro- I vuled which would olili.'ate the nieml'i re l the National lliiard to nspond to the, rail cf the I'nsl.Iuit w!uiieer an j envKency should arise In HiinniineiniL; his iiniiualltleil optiosi- 1 tlon to ati epanson of the Nit'onil liliard !ccretir Oi-rlon, In his lettirl to Chulttn.in Chii'ei.erlaln of the Senate j Military .fr.i'i Cimi'iuttee, da'id I VI arv 1 t ' '. the pns on tllllt eXpellcnie had complete! de" onstr.ited 'he al'urd "v of depending n the Natlotml ilu.ird 'n t"!' Ii'it'otf s defi le e He .irgiinl thit so h ,,n expansion wo'ild not en!) stop the i iernment from estatillshing a sound poll. v In tluu of pea.e. Inn n Hie en nt u' u.ir this forie would st mil in elTe. t between Hie ri g- ii'ir arm- 'ind the tinorg. mired resoui'.-eM of the nation. In eonsi uueti. e, he sanl. under sin h a stim inub!M7.'itlon f -r war would be .ittindeil with Hie sure" ronfuslon. iiel.i ntnl enb'imxsni nt i-s were el'. nl'lite' i d at til. outbreak of Hie Spanish-Ami rl.-an war .1 ;, vn V A VIC.JlTVt? " .,.,-..... . , , UUl iSU MU.U Aiai He Ncner llarnioiil-ed Willi llrjini or Dnulels. l.lidle M tlairisou n j gueil tint Vli'e-Ch.ineelloish.p of New Jersey on March ' IV13, to beconie Seiiiinry of ! War In President Wilson's I'ablnet. Mr i Harrison knew no in re of mllllar) inat- i ters man me aeiage iawer, out no plunged Into the business with sueh 'en i that the arm) uun klv llCCepte.l Mill ,i I a leal leader I Prom the outset Mr tiurr.son proved 'himself to bo a bu'lib-r and a' nghii r He had been In utllee. only a few 'neks j when he told the puhlb frankly iji.it the l nlted Stales nrmy would p-iv-all but a neghg'hle ipiai.t'ty ,n case of IiimisIoii. II" later expr"."ed !i'nis If cm the Philippine .piesilon w th Mgi.'. en teilng Into a bitter erbil c .'.loei with ex-President Taft, and o.s.i .m o;i an extensive mllllar) showing along :he, I "te had I .Mexican bonier. It was many e.irs blnce been so xlgorous a man as of War except Kllhu limit country began to feel it. M Secretar) i 'it I the Harrison ' advocated a li'ggcr army II" uigul l.eltei eiii pmein lie peid) as.ailed , mimbers of I'ongress fin not maU.ng I their appointments In the Military , . cailimy al West Polnl I In the nntute of things It was almost I ! Inevitable that Mt ilairlson should for-, I niiil.ilc a pli ii for the complete revision! lot the I'lllted States anil). I'or two, 1 yeais lie hinted that such was IPs pur-' I pose Not until November .'. 1 ft I f.. how-1 I ever, did he make known the plan for 'aim) extension on which hn would! . stand. Then he declared himself fur a leg- I,, I... ......i- ..r .,,1UI.I mi. il :in,l riltlr.iriil I Ii) number HI.HI, supplemented by a I force of tfin.iinn men talsod at Mini rale, f 13.1,(010 a ear He favored III addb Hon a much larger appropriation for the. National Huanl. , When Mr lti')au leslgnul from tlie Cabiiiel and Mr I iaiTlson'e name was mentioned as bli sue essor the .li iny , und .Vol D .on i-jhi J said : "It will be nkl'i in a disaster to the ' arm) m have Mi (iaiilsoii transferiedi tn niiotlier liepiiiincnt Mi. Harrison I nut mil) niJo)s the connuenre of the i service but thn riinlldencc of the conn- . Ir) I lu has iinilerlaken the gieat woik of foimulatlliK a new nillllai) policy, and this Is us Important even us the1 handling of the delicate, diplomatic sit- nation In the present crisis. Ills woik1 will be monumental lu Its diameter and will create u now i pm h lu the military i policy of thu country. It was will Kn ivvn that .Mr lianlson did not get along well with Mr llrjini It was also well known that he did not harnionl7.e with Josephtis lianlels, Sn relary of tlm Navy Vet Mr ilairlsoft has freitiently declared that he was not a militarist and novel would bo one. I IIm was however, a stanch bollover In J preparedness. GARRISON'S SccrctiU'.v Warns Wilson That Hay's Army Plan fs a -Mockery. riMJKS I'KKSIDKXT TO LKAD rOXGh'KSS I Wahiiiniitiin, Teh. 10. Tito tone-1 xponilencc between the President ami Secretary Harrison ending In the Lit ter's: resisn.ttlon und tlmt of AmxIxI.iiiI Secretary ltrecklnrldite follows: .Mr. i in rr I mi n 'nrnltiK. W'AII DKt'ArtTMKNT, vVahhinciton, Jim. 12. 191S. Mt DttAn Mn. PiiKHttiENt: In my Judgment, wo lire fnclnit R critic! Juncture with respect to the military part of the national defence pro gramme. 1 am convinced that unless the nil nation Ix dealt with promptly mid cf feitlvily we can Indulge In no reasonable expectation of any accept able result. So far aki the military part of na tional defence Is concerned there can b io honest or worthy solution which does not result In national forces under the exclusive control and iiuthorlty of the national !oernmcnt. Any other solution Is Illusory and not real. I apparent and not sulwtantlal. Thefe H a perfectly legitimate field of discussion and debate as to the means nf obtaining these national forces. The proportion thereof that fhoiild be the regular elandlng army : that should be rcMcrves of the ie.ul.ir standing nrmy, or nhould be drawn from tho body nf clmens for shorter periods of national service than those In the regular standing army, are nil legltluinte and proper matters for consideration, analysis and d.eeufxion. Hut there In absolutely no dissent from the military standpoint from the conclusion that the only measure of national defence that possesses any virtue Is one which produces national fones, Kiom the beginning of the tinv rninent to this time, excepting during period of actual war, the ae. knowledged we.iknesw and defect of Hie eltuatlou arose nut of the lack of any system producing tliesu Federal forces. Tho situation was rendered wo:s. by the presence of State troops, raised, officered, trained and gmcrned bv the States, that wet" asuumed to be u iiilllt.it y reliance for ih" lintluti, when. In fact, they ate not, and can nexer lie maiU to he. I'nder the CutiMltutlnn of Hie ('lilted States, theee State troop must always be soverned, officered and trained by the icspcctlve Stales. I'lrsl ,lne of eirfttnicr. first line of cleav.ir" The very then fore, wh'cli must be encountered and dealt with by the student of the situation Is between reliance upon a sys'.i m of State troops, forever sub ject to constitutional limitations whb h render them absolute!) Insecure as a rel a nee for the nation, or rel'atue upon national forces talsed ofllcered. trained and mntrolhil by the nation il authorities Cpon this subject then dins not i'st und thin cannot bcti inately exist any dlftereiu'o. of opinion among those who arc tinblassid and who bollee In real national security and defence The pol.iy recomnu ndi d to you a ml ailoptiil by you siiuarelv placed the nation upon the sure foundation of national forces If that iuiIIcn Is made effictlve by legislation theru will be secured to this country for the first lime il real, siaoie louniiaiiein tor me inil.tary part of Its national defence ir. now ever. Instead thereof a pol cy l. adopted bused upon tin' State troops as th" main reliance of this country for Its military arm not only has no advance In en made, from the eleplor able and Inexcusable situation n wh.'h we have sn long been but an iftctlve block has been plated acr iss the ,..it.iw.i) tow ltd II pop, r Settle, men! The. adoption of siiih a policy would serve t delude the pcup:,. Into be-le. It'g that the subject had bfeii settled, ami therefore required no further con l 'deration upon their pin t It would, theiefoie, lu my Judgment, bo n tlnltely worse than an entire failure ot all icR.elatlve enactment ii,.,n u,,. stlbjeC. Th- latter would at least have it open for future settlement, Wit so i, I'rueel tn Lend. 1 of ourse am not advised as m Hi- tatcmen!x of Intention mad.. ,v Mi. Hay to you In the ,-nnr ttl.m's held w.th .vnu prior to our uuvsage to I'mitress at the opening of the present sess.on. hive always felt, and hive so expressed myself to von. that the situation m the Congress was .ucti .that unl.vs ;.oi priMiunil) .Miled he power of jmr leadership vu'i would pot n'ltii, any wor"iv r... i.iilts In this in liter. Mr. Hay has nn .v made I lie declar.l uoii of his Intention. He .ninoutices licit he does tint Intend to piers for the I'liactnif-nt of the military policy .'incited tn voiir iue.sas". With re speit to the regu! ir 'imv tie does not purimse giving- n tb,. nrrjan 'atlons lsked for an.l liupei'itively necessary II III" Plder.ll vc'll'iteein (ni.cilllell continental aim)) are. to h properly tr ilmd; he tun iioses aibllni: n few thonsmd nun to the enl'Me.i Mrem-th of the nrmv lu its present nnin'ru t on Hie milling of a few nelmcnts of tlc'cl nrtlllei v o thn existing or-; in Ii iHonn of Hi" regular annv. th" entire ili.iir.lonment or the Idea of a Federal foi'" of national volunteers' and the 'i.i-s'iig of a bill granting direct Fee), en! piv to the enlisted men nml otll- ers of Hi" Sta'e troops, In tnv JuilKineiit the effect of the en ii intent of SI' llav'x programme would be to set back the whole eiiise ..f lielt'inate, linnest national defence n mi entire)) unjustifiable and Inex tiicih'e way It would be. In my Ju.lg incut, a betrayal of the trust of th" llinpte iii this re'g.ml, I) would bo I lusory and apparent, without any tr i!Pe or sul-slance I'Vnro Lamentable Itraalt, Tlier W unfortunately very little enow Iclg" 'Hid very litre Intense per uli.il '"Wst In any of the meinbers f ibe linn. i concerning military nf '. Apnt fiotn the power that i. iv y k lesiilcs in every cli.ilriii.in of . otnn.it'ee Mr. Hay lias the additional p.over ot deillng with a subject con cernlni: which the rest of the House I, as no l.iiuw'li dge, and about which It Vis nevi ntieerneil Itself. lu Ibis particular Instance his proposal nf settling tins nrittcr by voting money to the nipslei! men iitul olllceiTi of tho State troops appeals tn the rill ret per sonal oil Ill- .i 1 interest of the mini hers. Ill these clii'imislatices It seems to Hie to b" perfectly e'ear that lin'esH you interpose your pordtlou us leader of the enquiry on this great subject the re sult will be the lanieiitHblte one which I have Just described. It seeniH In me equally Imperative that this Interposition should bo Immediate If this pi-iipmcd pro gramme by Mr, Hay Is uecepted by 1 1 io committee, uml py public opinion and by tho Hoiim a a olu- SPLIT WITH IS EXPLAINED IN Hon of this v t il matter any position XllliMMplf lltl.V t Ken Will be tiegllglb.e fi far as Mibsluntlal, iiettcil tesults nie coneerneiL The Issti.i must !" pl.Ttiiy and clearly drawn. It hax nothing what ever to do with the number of men to be raised or with thn means of rais ing them, us Mr. Hay would have it appear that It has. It Is betWien two absolutely different s stems, one of which Is baHcd upon Hie iiilion under taking upon Its own responsibility Hie raising and management of the na tional troopM and the other of wh.ch leaves us In the position that wo tune alw.i.is Ik en In since Hi Instltiiiloii of the (liivettimeio, tn f,.Jv up.ill the States doing this thing f.u the nation, a situation in which th" nation !i reiv ing upon ,i ini.it.iiy forie that It doe. not raise, th it II does nut olllcer. that It does not train aim that It clues not control. I'mpnanli- Wide A mere stalcmenl of shows that the two dlfTe: purl. Hie s'tu.ition nt proposals! are iih wide Mii.irt any two pro- i-onais upon nny siiiijeet possibly can be. Mr. Hay's proposal to Include a d,- itt or compulsory provision so that at the outbreak of war the nation could brmg una , u tin ii, r., s Utterly falls to unci the vsitentlut no Jectlonx to tho iwrpctuatlon of the mllltla ystem. The iluricultv to be. dealt with does not nrlse out of tlio Hovernmeni not being able to take over t.H(. tr,)ops In the event of war hut arises nut of Its Inability under the Constlt itlon to have the essential unity uf responsibility, authorltv and i-nnlrol In the raising, otTkcrlng. train Ing and governing of t.s military forces. If Hi" public obtains the impression that Mr. Jlav's solution is merely an other nie-ans of accomplishing the same end us your proposed policy, they will accept the same and rest cntitent that their desires havx been properly met. If, on the other hand, thi.y lire clearly and unmistakably advised that to adopt the isilloy submitted by Mr. Hay Is to nuke a mockery of all that was worthy and virtuous In the proposal of n proper military isillcy, ami Unit It Is a delusion to consider such a solie tlcui as u real reliance or securlt), then there Is hope that we can obtain re sults commensurate with the necessi ties of the case, and with a self-re'-xiectlng consideration and treatment thereof. 1 i'annot, therefore, too strongly urge upon you my view of Hie impn.i tlve iieci'xelty of )our seeking ,m oc e'aslon at the earliest pees-lhle moment to declare yourself with rist.e. t tn tin matter, und In lining s to make It clear beyond peradveiituie Unit nothing excepting national forn s, raised b.v the nation and xtlbjes t to lis. exclusive niithorlty. respnnsllnllly and control. i. arv n il sitle unit of this Issue Sit,, it- .) vniirs. l.t.SlH.VV M l'e vtiniso;. The President: 'file lllctle)M eef l'l)H)' . Will Dkcmitmint. WvsiltNiiTnv, January II, IMS. My Hiivii Mn. 1 i'I-siiikst: What you Mild to-day by wav uf nspuiise to try l-ttr of the nth reuuln s tne m make inv sisltlon p.-rftctl) e'ear to nu Vnu slated that Mr 1 1.4 told vou that )our proposal of IVUer.il volun teers could not Is. preieiireel ami that the same' end tor whbli )ou were striving enuld be tiriM-uresI bv other tliealls bv UtllUlllg tne Jit, lie t'neps iis the basts nf the popcv and miking apprupnaiioiis of pa) Io Ibe Mali .s conditioni'd on iv.le ial .-mitr..! ot Mate troops. You st.it'd to him that vou were not Inti re-ted In any particular pin gramme or means of in oinplishlng tile pil'leose uf seiurltlg tile' Ille'll ,lt!l would aciept his iiroposal If It accom plished that purpose'. Since the polity tliat was recom mended to you and adoptee! by you discarded as absolute!) impossible a military system based upon Slate troops and asserted that Hie only " Fl'ile basis lor a military policy was nation il forces It Is i ninety e'le'ir thai the proposals are dlaineln. allv 'op posed to each other and are ir t !. -cilable. Those who ale i ons, -lent lously ton v lined that nothing but national force s can prop-rlv 1 e the basis of u policy of national defetue cannot s..st,l accomplish a poll, y based upon Stile, forces It not only dues nut In Itself offer all aeceptjlde solution, hut acts to previ nt .my proper solution If those wlio are consi n-tii iieti-ly convinced that nothl'i-; but national fuives can pru;ieiiy lie the bisis uf a policy of national defence, tlie'y .Mo unt possibly accept a policy biseil iiihiii State fnr.es it not only dues nut In itself offer in accep'ahls solu tion, but -eils to prevent any proper solution. n I nil, lerninlsr. If those who are thus convinced are fated with the necessity of de. riming their position on the m.ittei. the) cjn only show their sincerity am! good faith by declining to admit the possibility of compt onilsfl with re sieit to this essentia! fundamental piinclpli I am thus convinced I f..! that we are challenged by the exlstlr,' .situation to declare ourselves piomptly . opt tily .ind nneipilvocallv, or lee .purge! piopirls with lack nf Miiciilty ind good faith. We cannot hope to sec mn pro gr.uillii". b.i-cil on this issentlal prin ciple, succeed If wc admit th" puss. bllitv of cuinprniul-ei with tespcci tu It. Vours s the ultimate lesponsllnlity ; yours is tlie tinal ele'i i mlnatiuii as to the manner ,n which the situation shall b" faced, .ind treated. I Hilly reilizi! this and I eio not desire to cause' you the slight, st embarrass tin nt cin my a 'i mini . tr, then fore, my withdrawal finm the sltuitlon would ii'lleve you, you slniuid not hesitate for a monii nt on that ac count. Sincerely yours. l.iNPiuv M. 'ivnniso.v, Th" I'lesldl'lll XI r. Wilson Dissents. Till. Whitk llurxn. Waxiiimiixin, .Ian. 17, IfHO Mv In'.vn Mi: Sh'iikt.viiv ' I am vety milch obliged to you fur your b'tteis of January !'.' and Janu ary II Tile) Millie your views with reganl to adequate meaxuic of prep aration foi' national defence shirply cleat. I am stile lll.it I iilie.nly 1 1 1 e -ileistoiid Just what voiir views well, lull I im gl.nl io have Iheiu icsl.it. I in this suivlnc! and slrlkii'g way Inn believe, .is I do, I lt.lt lliu i liict tiling neiessniy Is that we should have a trained cltUe n lesetve ami that Hie training' o'ganu.itloti and routiol of tii.it reset ve slioilltl lie under linineill. ate l'ldcral illrcction. Hut apparently I have not succeeded in making my own position equally char to you. though I reel sure that I have madi) It peifectlv clear Io Mi. Hay. It Is thai I am not il fevooahly or dogin.it!' illy i oiniiiitted to any one plan of providing the nation with such a ii'serve, and am cordially willing to discuss alteiiinlhe proposals Any otlnr position on my pail would Indicate an attitude towird the Com inltti e im Mlllt iry MYiii I - of t tn House uf Itipicseiilallvcs which I should In no clicumstance s fiel at libeity o as sume. It would never bo piopir or possible for me to nay to any commit tee of th" llousii of Iti piescntatlveH that so far ui my participation In leg THE PRESIDENT THEIR CORRESPONDENCE islation wan coni'erneel th")' would have to Hike my plan or none 1 do not shtire your opinion that the the iiiemhtTH of tho lloilxe Who urn charged witli the duly of eleallng with tmlllary nlTiiIrs arn Ignorant of them, or of tin- military necessities nf tho tuition. Dn the contrary, I have found them well Informed, und actuated b.v n most Intelligent appreciation of the gravn rexponnlhltltb a Imposed upon them. otnnila hy liny. t am euro that Mr. Hay anil lilx colleagues are ready to net with .1 full hi'iise of all that Ix involved In tills great matter, bolh tnr the coun try and for the national partlc.i whh h they represent. My own d .ty toward them ia per fectly plain. I must weleiinu- u frank interchange of views and a patient und thorough comparison of all the method propose-d for obtaining thn objeclx we all have III view. So far as my own participation In flna! legis lative action Is comeriied, no one will expect me to uiqulescii 111 all) pro posal that 1 regard aa Inadequate or illusory. ir, ax the outcotne of a free Inter change of views, my own Judgment and that of tin; commltletf should prove to lie It recnncilably different, mid a bill should be presented to me which I e'ould not accept nx accom plishing the essential things sought. It would manifestly lie my duty to veto It and go to the country' on tin' merit. Hut there ix no reason to anticipate or fear Mich a leeult, unleKs. we should ci'in-elviss tnke at the outset the posi tion that only the plans of the De partment are to be e'oiislden el I and that position. It seemx to me, would be wholly iinjuittlrhilile. Tin comtii'ttee and the Congress will expect tne tu be as frank wltn them in I hnpe they will be with me, and will, nf course, hnld nie Jnstliled In lighting fur my own ituture.il opinion. I have li.nl a delightfullv frank con fereiie'o with Mr Hay. I have said to him rhat ! wax iierfctly willing tn consider any plan that would give us a ii.itlon.il reserve under unmlEtak illde national control and would sup port any such scheme If convinced of Its iidi'iiuiicy ninl wise policy. Moro he has not uski'd or desired. Cor dially and slncenly yours, Wieotmow Wit. son. Hon. I.lndlev M. Harrison, Secretary of War. Mr. l,iirrlMitn'c- lietln. M'aii DKt'AIITMtNT Washington', February :. 1916. Ml 1'BAK Ml!. I'HKStllKNT! TWO matters within the Jurisdiction of this Dcpirtment are now- of immediate mid pressing Inipoi taliie , and ! am rsin st i. line. I In ib da re my position defi nitely and on i Jsiakablv thereon. I rt-tcr. of curse, to the Philippine liiesilim ninl the matter of national ib feme. Vou know my e'onvictleius with respect to each nf tllelll. ' I isnler the principle n.nbodled In the I'l.irke amendment an abandon ment ..f the dui) of this nation and a breech 'd tni-t toward the l'lllpliiees ; so 1-lievlng I cannot accept It or ae'quie sc.. In its acceptance I consider tlw reliance upon the mllltl.i tor national defence an un justifiable Imperlllri.g of e,P nation's safe!) It would not only In' ii shame In Itself but Its eti.u tlnet t Into law would pievent, f pot destroy, the op portunity to procure measures of real, geMi'iie national defence I rould not . ici.pt it o" acquiesce In Its accept a nee. 1 a. n obliged to make my Kiston known t.tHiieillatelv upon each of these" epii'stlons in a spe-ecii on Thursday afternoon upon t lie national ctrfenc question and in a communication to the House committee having charge of the Philippine, question. If with respect tu either matter we are not In agreement iqsin these fundamental principles then I could nut with propriety remain your seem ing reiiri'seiiiiive In respect thereto i etir lotiv a nuns would be manifestly not only divergent but utterly Irrecon cilable. " on w ill appreciate tile necessltv of titmiv kiow ledge upon mv part of the determination leached by you with lespect to each eef these matters, so that I may act advisedly In the premises. Mticere.lv yours, LlNllLKT M. llAIIIUSON'. Thc President Demur. Wiiitk IIoL'st:. Wvsiii.Ni.roN-, February 10, lSltf. Ml Dkaii Mil StsCRKTAiiv. In reply to your letter of tu-day p-t tne ay ; I 'list. Hut It is my judgment that Hie action inilsslled In the Clarke aitieu'lini'iii to tin bill extending further self-government tu the Philip pines Is unwise at tills time, but it would i le.it ly bee most Inulvlsable for nie to lake the position that 1 mutt dissent from thit action should both houses of Congis-s concur in a bill embodying that amendment. That Is a matter iiihiii which I must ot course withhold Judgment until t'.ie Joint action of the two houses re.K'lim me. In definite fornu What the final action of the houses will lie no on" can at this time cer tainly forecast. I am now of course engigi' 'n coiilerence with Mr Jones and others with regard to the probable action of the House nf liepreerutatlvi'ii Hi this mattii airl do not yet know whal it Is likely to be The one OD- vlous thing, it mi'iiu. to me. Is the necessity tor calm and deliberate action on our pan at this time, when milters of such giavlty are to ! de lermuiecl, and not only calm and de liberate action, hu. action which takes into very seilous consideration Icwh d.rTermg rrom uiir own. Second, as 1 have had occasion to s.iy to you, 1 am not yet convinced 111. u the measure of preparation lor national defence which we deem neci seary can be obtained through thn instrumentality of tho National (in. ml uii'lei Federal control and train ing, but 1 feel in duty hound to keep my mind open in conviction on that side and think that It would be most unwise and most unfair to Hie com mittee of the House which has such n plan lii mind to s.iy that it cannot b done The hill in which It will b embodied lias not yet been drawn, (is I learned to-day from Mr Hay t should let'in It a vi'ry serious mistake to e'nit the eliior against this attempt on the part of the committee III pel led good faith tn meet th" essentials of the programme! .sei forth In my message, but In a way ot their own I Olis'lIC Ac you know. I do not at all ngreo witli you In favoring compulsory en listment for tialnlng and ! rear the advocacy of ciiiuiiulslon before th" iijinlillttco of the lloue on the part of representatives or the Department nf War has gicatly prejudiced the House uga'ust the proposal for a continental nrmy. Utile miessnry connection ax there Is between the plan ninl the opinion of Hie Chlif nf Staff In favor of conipulsnr) i nllstment. 1 owe y mi th's frank repetition of im views and policy In thla ninth r, which we have d'sciissed on previous oci.is'obs ill Hie letters which wc have exchanged and III conversation I mn very much ohl'gcd to you for your own flank avowal of your convictions I trust tlmt yon will feil no hesitation about expressing your personal views on both these siiblcets on the two oc. easlons to which you refer, but I hope that you will be kind enough to draw very carefully the distinction between your own Individual vliwa am! the views or IIm Administration. You will of couruo underatuiid that 1 urn devilling my energy and atten- Chip,' Kxocutivp Tolls Sec rotary tho Latter Is Mis--taken About Hay. THINKS THE HOUSE KNOWS ITS DUTYI Hon unsparingly In ronrerenre with members or tin' various committees or Cungresa to an effort to procuro .'in agreement upon a workablo and prac ticable programme. This Ix u time when It eeetns to nie patience on the part of all of ux Ix of the essence In bringing about ii consummation nf the purpose w all have In tulle!. Very sin cerely yours, WiHintaiw Wilson, linn, Llndley M. Harrison. Secretary of War. The Secretary ' Itrmlniinlliiti, Mr. Harrison's letter of resignation i followed : Wai: Hni'AnT.viiiN'T. Waxhinuton, Feb. 10, 1 !!. Ml Dkab Mm. Piiksipkst: t am Just In receipt of yours of February 10 In reply to mine of February It Ix evident that we hopelessly ells agree upon what I eoncelvo to fundamental principles. This makcx manifest the Impropriety of my longer remaining your seeming representative with reei't to those matters. I hereby tender my resignation as Secretary of War, to take effect at your convenience. Sincerely yours. LlNtU.RT M. llAllRlXilN. The lYewldrnt. Acceptance of Itcsl-tnnttnn. President W'llivin accepted tlm resigna tion thus : THh WltlTi. Itorri:. Washington. Feb. lu. 1?1S Mr Deak Mti. StxiiKTAitv . I must confess to feeling a very great sur prise at your leter nf to-day offering )our resignation aa Secretary of War. There has been no definite uctlon taken yet In either of the matters, to which )our letter of yesterday referred. The Whole matter Is under debate and all the Influence's that work for clarity and judgment ought to be available, at this very time. Hut tlnce you have felt obliged to take this uctlon, anil since It Is evident that your feeling In Hie matter is very great Indeed, 1 feel Hut 1 would Im only Imposing a burden upon you should 1 urge you to retain the Seen taryshlp of War while I am endeavor ing to lind a successor. 1 might to re lieve you at once, ninl do hereby unvpt your resignation, InsMuse It Is sn evi dently your deslte that I should do so. I cannot take, this Important step, however, without exprtxsing to you my vi'ry warm appreciation of the distin guished nervier you have rendered as Secretary of War, nrs! I am sur" that In expressing this appreciation 1 am only putting Into words the Judg ment nf our fellmv cltltens far and wide. With slr,cre you have felt slncerfly yours, regret at th action I'nnhtnilneil to Ink", WontiROW Wlt.gON. Hon. l.indlry War. M, Oarrleon, Secretary nf llrrckliirliliiP1 Hel(cnHlein. letter of reslgna. Mr. Hrecklnrldge's tlon follows; War 1 H.i'viiTMt'N'T, Oviti'K or tiik Assistant SkckktjiiT Wasimnuton, Feb. 10, P.MC. Mv Drar Mr. Pr:xipknt' The Secretary of War, Mr. Oarrl on, has Just Inrormed me of the fact that he has submitted hN resignation to take iffect at your convenlcnso. 1 have., been cognizant nf each de. tall nf the eorrestsinderice between yourself and hlni leading up to this action on his part. 1 have subscr'beel to e,,ch statement uf principle made by lilm throughout this c rres,nnd. ence. I share wlthou exception his convictions, and therefore have the honor to tender my resignation, to take effect at your convi'iilem e. Vcrv respcarully, HE.NRV HHKCKtNRtlHU.. The President. The President's Acceptance Til K Wiitrn Hofsr. W AXHINiiTON, Feb. in, IfJlii, Mr Dkaii Mr, Hiikoh i.niiiisik : I can eute understand why deem it Incumbent iiihiii vou lii OU alty to your chief to follow his ex ample tn tendering your resignation, nml since I have accepted h'e. resigna tion I um sure It will be your deslte that I accept yours also. I ,li so with Renuliie regret because vou have In every way fultllleel the highest ex pectations and rendered the countrc the most conscleiitluus aiaj tl -ivrit serv ice It Is with genuine sorrow tl it 1 see this ottlcial relationship between us brought to an end. Cordially aid sincerely yours, Woonitow Wi !.:. Hon. llenrv Itrecklnililt-'i -taut Secretary or War. GARRISON ARRIVES IIKRi:. Seireiaiv of War Hamsun came' in j New York last night i.u th Congris. slonnl Limited. Ills resignation app.ir. Iintly had no effect nn his splHis. He liefiised tn my anything iib.nit b,s ac. , (Inn or the teasniH for II, und mlded tinii be had come tu New York tor a rest I and Intended to hide wheie no upc could find him. I "Have I resigned?" wan his nnlv ! answer, given with a laugh, when he was asked ahnut the news. "I havi ! nothing to sai Hvery thing must come irom the Wlilte House." "Was It because ot the opposition to your plan for a Cntillnental army he wnx asked. "There will be fifty-seven varieties oi explanation to-mni row," he returned, "but I wont give any now " ' Cm their atilval at the Pennsylvania I station Mr. and Mis Harrison weiv met I by Hcorge Leaiy and taken in the hit- ler's liuinu em Filth avi'iiiie Ho ex. I pressetl disappointment when repurn rx found liltn theie, saving Ihul he had waiiled lo keep his w hereabniits sieiel. I PETROLITE NOTE TO AUSTRIA. J i It I Kbt nf Hiiliinnrliie In Seine tup- lilies n New Problem. ! Waxhinuton, Feb. 10. New- questions . Involving the legal .rspect rr the acllv.(. lies uf submarines are Involved In the case of the attack upon the Xinerlcan tank steaiicr Pelrnllte. Secretary Uniting announced to-dnv that a iiotr luix been sent to tlie Austrian Unvern ment The note calls attention tn assertion tniulit III atlblavlts by tnwiibeis nf the Pclixilltc crew and InfJil'.i .itlon gathered from various sources indicating lh.it , the Linker was stopped by an Austrian submarine mid thai one man wus In lured when the vessel was tired upon I Tlie demand of the submarine cum- niallibr wan refused. Thereupon tho' ship was boarded and supplies taken off. ' while one mc tjiber was held as a hostage I on th" submarine. The taking or rood frnm nieri h.nit .ii en hy warships when necissary is not altngether forbidden by International law To what extent, however, tho ob taining of supplies In this manner in.iv Involve the question of neutrality it u now problMh ROYAL BAKING POWDER Absolutely-Pure No Alum No Phosphate PINDELL TO SUCCEED GARRISON, IS REPORT 1'coriu I iililislit'r, Ciillcil io Washington. Won't Affirm up lii'iiy It. ,i in. -Henry M Pin. the Peoria Joicrinil, ! L.ndley M. clarri it Win, according to I'llolltA. II . l eli elell, publish! r of Is slntid to St! '.'! ."on iik Secretary Information given out here to-nlglii. Mr. Plnelell has been called to Washington and will leave here nn Saturday. Ho has been Instructed to be In Washington on Tuesday. Mr. Plnelell pi-nlght refuefd to either conllrm oi eli'iiy Hie report that lie was to become ii member or Pre-ldetlt W son's) oil!. In) family. "I have neithlng to ay.' was his reply Io iiutnetoiis iU"sHoiis M. Plndell s ii lite long Democrat. Dur'ng th" pittn.ir.es in l'.el'.' Mr. Pin dell's new spapcr supported Mi. Wilson. Mr. Plndells distrnt. the Sixteenth i'oii- gresslonal, w ax the mil) dlstrlit In 1111 lulls i-arrleil by Wll-ieti the bilanc the Stale going ff I'lark to I Mr. Plndell s.tbl to-night that he wax preparing to m f"' Washington, PUTS BLAME ON BATTERIES. KlrctMrfnii n KiMfMiti linul nrcr Korttiiilt- nfrl itlln nrr, Into the K-2 els,',s r resumed its hear ings at the Navil Hospital In llrookl.vn jesterday after wcu l had bun reielve'd that 1.. L. Miles, . hief e-'a-ctriclaii of the 111 fated submarine, bad lecoveied 'if tlctltly to te'l whal Io I'liew of th" exploslun. Ppippce! UP In bed I -viatheil In bat.dagi'... tic cle . ti I. .an gave Hi- lii.ird ttstimutiv that pui tiie blat'ie sipiare'y e.li the stor.lg. ball, rice mi. tl.e He said that four uf the cells of the ha'- teries, were or lower capacity thai, tine others and that when It was tried tu tl. -charge the set these four dctet lives emptied first, then reversed and took III current from the othrr cells. I'ml r these conditions the amount of hvilrcgcii gas they gave nil wax tn int nilously In ci eased "I never knew Hie voltage of tin In dividual iclls. ' In said 'Lieut, c'ooke asked that indlviilti.il volt.igu leads he t put oil e.uli cell. When tho-e leads vvc-e about to be tilted on Miller ll'e.eel I llltclilsiin, Mr lallsun's engineer, ;!- j graphed fnrh.dditig their insi.illatlon. If I we had had thiiii wc what cells were low In uld havo told ali.icltv ' Miles testified that Hi.' batteries were bubbling loudly just befote tlie ex plosion, showing a great escape livilroireii inrtnic . the water ti.ili.ir.il e'aat Ills last order before the' disaster wis to opin the v lives nf Hie M'titll.tthm i svsiem an.l increase tne spien in inci ,' . ,. . ,. ' ,. ,., . i.iue. it. ...iii'i u.'i mt. i,.. ,... ., wh.il had ..iiisctl the tp'uiot TILT OVER MERCHANT MARINE. Veniile I'livnr ii ti s I il li-es lei t , s. 0 nerlile, seiiyn DiinulnDs. WxfittN'nTe'N. l'e'' 1" Hearing were. begun te fore Hie Ibni.e Commltlre on Meealeiiil M'lrne nml I'fsbel ies In.dav I on the Adinii.istr i'i.iii lui ptovoiing fur ,1 1 ,0V CI lllllein unei ill, 'I '-il. il. i marine Secietar) "f i 'nillllierce Itedliebl ap- i peateel in Mippnrt uf 'he measure and' Secietarc M" too wo! appear ror It later in tlie be'irltiK' W II Dm-' iss of New ork. .h.ur. man nf tne Meichant Mailnc committee ,,! lie Fluted Sta'fs ttilet Se'Cieiary Itlillieitl ''e,lt tile public l lint 111 s ) 11!- pithy wi'h t'n piupo.si"i governmental I ship punniisi as uiiiuuc.i nv ipe .u. mmixtr.it um M'c:'e;.ii v Itcdll hi lep'.led by giving iiistaiiccs lit win re fotntncie" is being mjureil be American .Us. of .1 I pick of -hips. Mr Douglass eb'i 'areil tllllt retetei.. dun.s . olldtlclcil tiv the . b llltbers o i inumeri e show that tbi business men ,(e the oollM'y piefer ship Slllisidles .i Hov eminent owner-hip o' su. unship lines 1. Altman $c (Ha. Another Specnafl SaDe off Womeini's Aftterinioomi Oo to be conmmncd to-day (Friday) - : ' comprise smart models effective:., developed in taffeta end chanr.r.'se. offering exceptional! value at $32.50 P,eaiy-'.towear DepartmeKt, T'ufrn 7" 3Fifll) Attruur-fflaftiaim Atirmtr. 34tlj anil 35tlj frtrrrta Nriu jnrk TEUTONS TO SINK ALL ARMED SHIPS i onHiiarif front 1 lrt Pe)"' subm.ir.ne canipalgu iig.i.rve e e e'liaut shipping aii'l thai to.) prop i.r a attack armed ships nf this eli.ir.ee'" without warning. Apprehensive of Hi" t ot .npii"i. - -' the Herman and Austria, .p. - , I'lllted States Ii is toi wiitdi' i , ' r. Illation to Its e'liba-v i ,,' t . , i, of tlfo F.lltetlte Powers. Io p. ij.,.,i I,, them, It Ix believed. In ,r, effort tn c favorable consider. iHot. fa the ,je-,t s, proposals recently put fo-iii In e , American i inv eminent 1" k i g t . agreement fur the general ili-.ir:i..i-e t of merchant vessels. Although tin otllcal leilles l.ais .. tece'lved to tlio-e iriposas t e 1' States alieady !ias b en clveti tn tr-lir. stand b) the Itrltlsli mbissule.r '. that they cannot be nstee.i t.. In cosjiecjlielice of I, ,s t a st i'c T p.irtmi tit Is serinuslv . sub re n ,,). visaldllty id reversing is (. , irt,, earlier III Hi" 'i ir thai i "i e I 'l . r ' . t ships cannot be attacked wlthou- lug and Issuing a genet al notice to a ,.- s. ..-nn travellers to li'"n Citf ar-nen Itoth Hermn.v and Austria c - the'.r embassies lien, br.e i ' Secret. irv "f State lu mi t, tic ui i " ,'iinoti'i' t "j. ot tlte submarine a, . i-'"i or murine warfare an.! it- v u . I'lllty th Central Power- ban ti.'i tlie poiltl.ni tint arineil iuT' a" ve. ciiiinot be legarded e - pi as ioi w al siiis oitlclals of t'ie sit. lie i,pi t'nem at not Inclined to believe Hint the ' velopiiient will interfere w tc t s. ttletneiit of t-n I.eis.tan it cr'- which Hid I "t Inv .'Ve 'I tne tie , 1 made by the I 'lilted States arc -' 'latum regarding ptoleii..' " 1 m-rciiant shlp- While is leallzed in S'al' l";u' I meiit circle- thai cnnsliler.il'b e- ii.r rnssmeiit might be earned Hie titled j States by ,n pt'ng the eienr.a p - ' reunrd'iiK the liability of arn.e i " ''lain ships to .itt.n k w.tnc.i- .tr . I tl.e filling has ntiiaineil foi sine ' that tin' fulled States sluci I il .i i Its earlier stand. Tills lis! ii u cbarly n.tlectetl in tin ' " posalx sent 10 tlie Allies c ttllclals Ir inkl) adti. t 'i hension over tll'' pOselble .-is if the All i s leflisi t it I 'I,' disarm thin incr hint .esse ally they already have b. ' that us a p.s-s ble prebnb .. e'.reU P.nt.iln has w ''i t e days ordered ...1 vu-s. I . han marine si r', .it guns Itepres. ntatlVes n' tl'. I. ' I "rx ill Washington He d S si i in !' t, sent the ai'tinn nf 111 puttirg fo'tli lie a..- '. lio-llls, the ettei't of wh'cli t'. of I'n Hi'- proii.inie evel.l ..I 1 i"' .voes in ac. epv hut give Heini my the pr.ict. of tlie I'lllted States, i poo y nf warfare liitl.e:; : . ., , , Internal'onal law Ill some of tin se cb i' a s exhibited a tlispositio'i t tilt course of tile I'r ted St i' nsult or a bargain slru k win for a settlimeiit of ibe Lis' troversy on terms ,u . i M iloveintnetit. l-'roiTi l.i st i . I'nrm.iny, It Is de. l.il'cl .. '.' ters, such a b irg.i.'. w ci I a iiipinm.me mui' ivc w.' ' Xf S.lt.sr.Mng tit' V I'.e'l '' In short, it Is stated given a rree I. ami to atta ihaiit vessels wilt, out 'v.i hive ctiem) eommeici' n her tnercv. i in the pc.ibt.'.I out, if the Ail. U e' lllelcballt V its Is nl. I rims w i re able lo l ie i Hons of visit and si at o'lt n ason that ill sa sunk is rapidly as tin established, with tc t st. i - i rill ami on tin utile- i i" return d to disarm lii'-n. , could simp!) he in nii.i.' nil their craf. vv tilled' ie the t uli s uf wait lie if llbl.g 111. in lu save tl . ere ws mi Inlaid V, I Course, they say, liii'l.a the moral lucking "t i tral Power. I