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aaBajajaBiaiajgagaapaaaH THE SUN, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1916. it P. TUESDAY. FEIMtUAEV '-"- HUH. alered a the twice at N" York a hwunl .iaa .llaJ, .Mutter fitibcrlitlona by .Mull, l'o,lplrt. 5AILY. Per .Month ..M W AJLV. I'er Year I Oil bUNUAY, I'tr .Month '-ii MI.VUAY Iti Catikli), ttr Month.... 40 kU.N'DAY. Per Ver , 3 ft DAILY AND .-t.'NUAC. I'er Year.... 0 DAILY AND SUNDAY, I'er Month... 13 roKCHIN 1UIK9. DAILY, Per .Month t H SUNDAY. I 'it Munth i DAILY AND SUNDAY. Per .Munth... 1 THE EVEMStl SLN, for Month M THE Kli.MVI M"V, I'er Yir ... SO THtlLVUM.NU.il M' .rrlm),l'tr Mo. I Ui All check, mon.) orders, c, to be mad payablt to lilt Sin Published daJly. Includln Sunday, by the tun Printing and I'ubtWriiiif Association at 111 Nateau street. In the liorough ot Man. BaJtan, New York President and Treas urer, VVil.la.in C. ltelck, 150 .Nsmjii street : Vlce-Presldtnt. Udiiard I. Mllohell. ISO NiMta street. Secretary, C. U, Luxlen. 150 S'huu street London office. Litlncrmm Itouee, t Anui del atreet. strand . Fans office. Hue tie 1a MlchodJera, ell Hue flu Qua. re Septembre. Washington ortire, lllhbs Ilulldlne Brooklyn office, IOC Uvlnsrslon street, eur frirnd uho tutor us icuh mam kcrfets and illurtratton) or pvbttratlon vnh Kiln reltctr,! urlicrs rtlurmd they mml ail roses itnd Hami for tlal puriote. FROM THE PEN OF GEORGE WASHINGTON. Along wttlt this object I am In duced to suggest another, with the national Importance and necessity of which I tun deeply Impressed, 1 mean komo uniform and effective system (or the mllltla of the United Stntes. It la unnecessary to offer argument In recommendation of a intasuro on which the honor, safety uml well be ing of our country so evidently and to essentially depend. August 7, 17S9. Among the many Interesting ob jects which will engage your atten tion that of provid ng for the common defence will merit particular regard To be prepared fir war Is one of the most effectual mean of preserving jeaoe. A free people ought not only to bo armed, but disciplined; to which end n uniform and well digested plan Is reo,ulslto: and their safety and In terest require that they should pro- mote auch manufactories as tend W' render them independent of others for essential, particularly military, up- Iles. January S, l"SU. The safety of the L'ntUd States un der divine protection ought to rest on the basis of systematic and solid ur- rangement. exited n little as po.-sl-' ble to the hazards of fortuitous cir cumstances. October 15, 191, I cannot recommend to your notice measures for the fulfilment of our duties to the rest of tho world without again pressing upon you the neccssity d( placing ourselves la a condition of complete defence and of e.Mictlns from them the fulfilment of their duties toward us. The United States ought not to Indulge a persuasion that, con trary to the order of human events, they will forever keep at a distance those painful appeals to arms with Ahlch tho history of every other na tion abounds. There Is a rank due to the United .States among nations which will be withheld. If not absolutely lost, ty the reputation of weakness. If we desire to avoid Insult, we must be able to repel It, If we desire to secure peace, one of the most powerful In struments of our rising prosperity, It must be known that we are at all times ready for war. Nor can nuch arrangements, with such objects, be exposed to tho 'ensure or Jealousy of the warmest friends of republican government December 3, 1 71 The devising and establishing of a well regulated militia would be a gen uine source of legislative honor and a perfect title to public gratitude. No vember IS. 17S4. To an active external commerce the protection of a naval force Is Indis pensable. This Is man feat with re Bard to wars In which a State Is Itself a party. But besides thlu, it Is in uur own experience that the most sincere neutrality h not a suttlcient uuard against the depreditlons of nations at war. To secure rvpct to a neutral flag require, i naval force organized and ready t;. vindicate it ftum Insult CT aggresslr -.. T'ns may even prevent the netesm of gong to war by dis couraging jt llleercnt Power from committing such violations of the rights of the neutral piny as may, first or last, leave no other option. December 7. 1,36. However pdoilli- th" general policy of u nation may be. It ough: never to be without an adiquute slock of mili tary knowledge for ( mergencles The flret would impair the energy of Its character and both would hazard Its pafety or expose it to greater evils when war icmld no' be avoided; besides that, war might often riot depend upon Its own choice Whatever argument may be drawn from particular examples superficially viewed, a thorough exam'nutmn of tho subject wiil evi'H'o that the art of war Is at once comprehensive and eornnll. cated. that It demands much previous etudy, and that the possession of it in its most improved and perfect state Is always of fireat moment to tho to curlty of a nation - -December 7. I73S. Sjracusc to Sjr.iiiisf. Chaiicellor Day of Syracuse Unl verslty Is "pot the least disturbed about Ameilcn. ' .Military prepared ness he considers "consummate nop- sense. th' h.vsterla of politicians nnd, tne result or mi oiu woman scare. Ho. Is convinced that this country ueods only u small nrmy, and suggests thai If our const cities were success fully attacked t would bo practicable for the whole population of tho United Htates to take to the woods. It is a curious coincidence that over two thousand jears ago anoiher great Kyraciisiin. Am iiimkiiks of Sicily, thawed by word and action how the mind of a scholar may become family Indifferent to the perils that mllltiir Ifetn begets for iace loving communi ties. With tho enemy nt the gates of Syracuse, ABciiir.nr.s Immersed him df In his bath wbjin he experimented with proofs that his great discovery, tho law of specific gravity, wus well founded. To him while thus engaged came u Itomun soldier, Hjioruut of Ills victim' Identity, nnd Inconti nently slew the greatest of nnclcnt physicists uml geometrician. Across (lie wntitrlcs tin Syracuse of Sicily extends ft hand to Syracuse, N. Y In warning. It Is lis If thnso (leml and gone Syritensiiiis of the das of Aroiimkdga would lild tho rjyrn cusnns of to-dny licwiirc of Urn too optlmNtlc scholar who, pralst'uorth Uy aiixlou to throw light upon the dark places of human Igiiontncx, li deaf to the menacing Miunds thnt arise us an extiltlnB Invuder dostroya Uic walls mill pitcwnyH of tho city. President Wilton's Disaster. I'rcnldent Wilwis's progrummo of prepnretlncin, forniully submitted to the Congress on December 7, 1015, linn been wrecked. Ilia ncheme of nrmy expansion, never nccepted by Ills "collcugues In Congress," has been nlmndoned by him. That abandon ment cost him his Secretary of Wur. Ills naval sugsostlons hao been dis regarded. Unfortunately, the fact has not moved his Secretary of Um Navy to efface himself from ofllclul life. The President's financial pro posals have been torn up and cast aside. Never nan an Executive plead ing with it Legislature of his own party been more contemptuously re buffed, nnd Mr. Wilms must bo deaf to the nation's voice, blind to the na tion's acts. If he cherishes the opinion that the country now expects from him nnd hfs pari Nans a satisfactory and udetiunte solution of the prob lems of national defence. In nothing that has occurred since lie became President lias Mr. Wilson displayed his essential and uncon querable weakness us u public ad ministrator more fully than In hW treatment of preparedness, in noth ing else the Democratic party lias un dertaken since jiower was conferred tiHn It In llM'J have Its leaders shown more tlNcournglngly the Incompetence that Justllies the sneers of their op Ionents. Where directness, disinter estedness nnd tlrmness were needed, there has been evasion, selllshness find 1rnii1iitlnn. Whrrn n lirnnfl ij,j ii ... , ml,lded n"""1'" toward the country s needs wns required, the Democracy could not rise above parochial con siderations. At a lime when unity In action and harmony In counsel w're '"'n"' " exigencies "i the United States, the Deniocrnts In Congress could not submerge their personal differences or subordinate their personal prejudices. When Mr, Wit son became an ofllce holder he assumed the leadership of his party. He did It In New Jersey, he extended the range of his activi ties when he went to Washington. And his leadership hns produced a situa tion In which the legislators on whom he must depend for success openly ill-regard his carefully matured poli cies nnd oppoe his most solemnly advocated measures. Their disrespect for his sincerity mid lack of confi dence In his Judgment nre measured by their disloyalty to his proposals. If they believed In him they would give their adherence to those projects that receive hi unquulllied and seri ous support ; dlbellnving, they treat his advocacy with contempt, and they -erve notice on him thnt his Indorse ment l without weight. Under these eircuni-tiinoos Ameri cans uware of the necessities of their country cannot and do not expect from Mr. Wilson nnd the Democrats the system of national defence that every Intelligent man knows Is en joined by the International require ments of to-dny. They see n party demoralized, disorganized, without co herence or common purpose; a leader ship tlouted; the administration of l.v.Mi:i.s preserved while Oaiuumin departs; ami they know that the first step toward the suttlcient armament of the United States will not he taken until the first Tuesday after the first Monday In November, when, the rule of disorder will be ended by the expulsion of the Incompetents from places of authority. Mo me Occult Causes of Disease. Slowly but surely enlightenment of the public upon the causes of disease has removed superstitious Ideas upon the subject, so that to-day the con viction has been established that sick ness is not due to an net of Provi dence hut to Ignorance, Indolence or neglect, nets of man. Causes hitherto neeiilt are rapidly diminished by their removal through simple but effective means As ui) Illustration may be cited a recent investigation by the Depart I incut of Health of tho probable. In fectlon of toy whistles by the ped lers who sell them after demonstrat ing their notes with their own lips. .f twelve whistles purchased from pushcarts, tlvu having metal nm! seven wooden tuoutlipleces, ninety nine bacteria colonies developed from the wooden whistles and forty-live from the metal ones. A large variety of micro-organisms was found, many of which were tespjil umhi mice to iletertnlno their virulence. Eight ut the nine mice died, five within twenty four hours, two within tho next twenty-four hours and one four days after Inoculation. The lesson Is obvious. Toy whistles siioul.l be at least boiled beioro . niiiiren ure permitted to use (hem. The mucous membrane of the niotilh Is one of the parts of the body most susceptible to Infection. There can be no doubt that many ob scure cases of diphtheria and other Infectious throat and mouth diseases httve b-on conveyed by this appar ently Innocent musical Instrument. N'nt alone may the pedler himself be thu direct caus. of transmission, hut the exposure of his wares to the Impure dust laden air of his dwelling may convey Infectious dlfcabes pre- vnlllng In the family to children for whom these toys have been bought. Another probable cause of disease has been discovered In tho research laboratory of the department In the cigar cutter. It Is a common practice, of smokers to moisten the tip of n tignr before cutting It off. That In fection may he transmitted In this way was demonstrated by the pres. ence of diphtheria bacilli on it cigar cutter which had been used dip a cigar previously held between the lips of a person ill with diphtheria. Other bacteria being also ohtalned from these. Instruments, the depart ment suggests tluit moistening of ci gars before being cut be dispensed with. Tobacconists will be cautioned not to use any type of cutter In which the knife blnde Is pressed Into n coni cal socket The cutter In which the blnde alone comes In contnet with the cigar Is to be recommended ns less dangerous. While nosophobia or fear of dis ease, should he (llscournced nnd the public should not bo needlessly alarmed by apprehension that dis ease producing bacteria lurk In many unsuspected places, It may Inure to Its benefit to point out all known sources of disease. Way Did They Quit? If IUtMintncr. Comit nnd Milch M. Dawson quit the legislative commit tee In the middle of Its examination of tho Interborntigh Itnpld Transit Company becnuse of personal pique, their conduct Is of slight public In terest. The committee will replace them, continue Its work, and wrlto Its reort. Hut If Mr. Cot.iiv and Mr. Dawson resigned because they were hampered In their work, because tbev were not permitted to bring out nil tho facts ,h,l,s ,,f -''''l Incomes. It Is now of which they bad knowledge, their nw the granting of thu disappearance from the hearings miners' demand- would put up the takes on another aspect, and assumes i l,rUv ,,f "10 consumer a seriousness that cannot be Ignored. ! Approximately W) cents n ton, a Under such circumstances the finding , l"'Hlty f tho gravest significance of the committee would be open to 1 to ,ne ''"'""try. suspicion, and Its recommendations I Operators and miners alike have tainted at their source. "ioml7.! the interest of tho public The tlrt duty of the committee Is"'" attempting I" explain their con to make plain the muses of this stir- tentlons and Justify their conduct, prising Incident, for us long as thev -Moreover, there 1ms leen no fore remain In the slightest degree obscure cI,,,,ro of 'llwi'-lon by either side, tho good fnlth of all concerned vvlli;T,"! 'inutilities resulting from an ar be open to question. roiri"" stand, from failure to con- ; slder the wider aspects of the dis The Itrlreal of the Turks v. ......... i i The word debacle Is used In des- patches to describe the rout ami ills- organization of the Turkish army which retreated from I'rzeruin when that stronghold fell before the urtll-i lory fire of the misslmis and the as j saults of their infantry. The deinor- ullzatlon ot the Turks could hardly be exiiL-corated. Th-v have ulwavs , i .i ,'i .,. ., " been H.orl i-nilnn.il In I .uns-Cnu. , casla nnd Armenia. A communique of the Russian Headquarters Stuff . which dealt with the defeat of the 0th and Huh Turkish corns In the' citnipalirn to envelop Knrs early last jear Milieu uiai iim- ujnv e.neiil miovo, It iiiukI t null- tl MlHTliinfp cnpture Sarlknmish. the southern ter- Akrviiam. It is evident, has never minus of the rnllroad from Kars, known wh.tt It was to i young, and Tlllls, "was carried out almost I without supply eonvo.vsor even field A..nne Hotr ToUyu artillery." marine wur? -rolnpnr VoHjr Itunjr. After Iskan Pasha's force had been' America has rothlng to ay In the routed great numbers of Turks. 1 matter except to insist that Oenuany "scarcely able to stand from eMiaus '""V. :'11,,mt, "7, "Jolly fuMnarlno , , . ... war In conformity to pledge for- tl.ui and hunger, surrendered, and iim11v elVt:n ,)V her ArnUl.,vi(,r , when fed "Mssed the hands of their Washington. The "wishes" of the captors.'' The presumption Is that United State ure those of a civilized the Turks havo never sincf. known Illltl,,n th,u UikCH u MH'"1 u',,,1 l,ltc,r- t--...- i... i. , .. i,iA i. national law and maintains that It plenty, for Krzerum by Its position In HhouW ,)(J ohltrTy.nl b all MiK. Interior Armenia, with no railroad ,.rt.nt.s. base, is dependent upon Treblzond on' the Iilnck Sea, distant 12." miles by' Wn txmbarded Ugg-owlti. huf. caravan road, for most of Its war material and supplies. These could ! Kl,ch a nnmp. ,1" " ?'ren''" ,of tf,e , . ' ... . tace, a provocation to bombardment, be brought by water or by the coast j road from Constantinople, the latter rnight for export la so abundant a slow process and the former eN-jand transportation charge are so posed to attack bv tho Kissnn ileer. t high that it Is to be feared thero will Garrisons at Dh.rbekr. P.ltlls and b.- no rush of . slipping to secure the ... ... . , ., , , , wealth of bone deposits on the Iri- Mnsh and the Lake an field force wlof ,h,ands wnrh S.retary ItonBi.D hnvo probably rolled on cnraviin sup- 1MS (ib-covered. ply from the south, nnd there could i not hnve been much of n surplus for Tliere's something in a nanm after Erzerum. It mav be supposed that!"" whH" " I""'7" f,,v terrier valued at the great fortress was not well pro- 5'lH' knovv.i as Wycollar Hoy. vsoned when at last caiituieil hv .. . , ' The Democrats of Ohio aro urging the Klissluns tl) j.j.pj.Ljput to appoint ex-Governor The retiring Turks are fighting .Iamks M Cox Secretary of War be rearguiir.l actions with dwindling ra- ciuse they rtgatd him as a J.niah In ae lions In the deep snows, while the Russians with n well organized com missariat replenished from the mil- road terminus at Saiikumlsh ure pur - snlii!- w lb minor or numbers nnd the strategic situation well In hand. If the Turks make Treblzond their oh- Je.ilve they nre likely to be cut off by Hie enemv''S rlL-h! wine nilviinclii" the num tiuin wing niivnncin along the const; anil If the 1 urks, niake for I'rzlngnn to the west their transport will be solely taxed to i,,.n tin, lliiwwttmu In Hut l.fiLe ,. 1 ' . . .. ,. . ., ' Nan country to the southeast the. Russians are swarming; In fact, theyi,),,, 0t seem to go far enough. If had penetrated that region before Er-1 pay without work Is to lie the rule, zeriim fell. Mush Is said to have will It not be neces.ry to pay a man fallen Into their hands, mid nitlls,;'0"' wages for work? Why rhoul.l . , , ., , J he work for what ho rece ves w th- which Is still nearer the lake, must oul ,vnri7 have been evacuated by the Turks i several days ago. As the Hussions' Waukon. la deserves Its "national ure much better supplied with cavalry , reputation" for having adopted a "pay and their organizallon Is ,n every re- - - - nn' .pect superior to that of the Turks. It , ol),S(.rvnnc 0f which sends the delln should not require very skilful gen-iquent to Jail. If Waukon will ndd eriilhlp to completo the rout of the this peril of the Or.ent to its pro Ottomans and clear Armenia of them, i gramme Its reputation will become In such a country, however, the ter rain Is not favorable to quick mili tary successes. Petrogriid seems to bo anticipating them, The strategy of the Grand Duke Nicholas presents no difficult prob lem. It may be assumed that he will endeavor to take Treblzond with ns little delay ns possible. lis possession Is necessary to tho security of Er zerum. Whntever Russia's Intentions with regard to Constantinople may be, to pubh an army south from Kr- rerum by way of Dtarbekr to Ktslbln on the route of the ltagdad railroad seems Imperative. The distance from lirzeruni Is about 200 miles, ns the crow (lies. Success In the operation would put an end to the Turkish campaign In Mesopotamia and tho Itngdad corpH engaged with the Brit ish nt Kut-el-Amiira would be cut off If It did not fall back In time. It should be remembered, however, that Aleppo Is only -00 mile's south west of Nlslhln, nnd Aleppo Is tho headquarters for tho Tnrko-German preparations to Invade Egypt At thnt point there Is a Inrgo concentra tion of troops, and heavy reenforce- jments would nnturnlly bo hurried east to striKO tne uussinns ot MsiDin. The fall of Erzcrura will halt tho Egyptian enterprise probably, but there should bo n tremendous fight for tho rtngdad railroad route. Miners, Operators and the Public. Of the three parties vitally Inter ested In the maintenance of iionci! In the anthracite coal regions, two, the miners and tho operators, ure repre sented In tho conference which be gun yesterday In this city, and which will consider tho demands made by tho mlnifrs for higher pay, shorter hours and the recognition of the union. The third party, tho public by which the bills must ultimately be paid, does not participate In the pro ceedings. Yet with the public rests the determination of tho controversy now In progress. Already thu price of nnthrnctte In tho domestic sizes Is high, and If through Increased cost of production It goes higher the market Is likely to bo serl6usly affected. Should con sumption decrease, the miners must share with the operators the hard- pute, and fruni iLfiinrttir nil tierinw lnml'" '.I... ' . . .not engaged In the trade have lioon i avoided, and the wisdom that has ; M,H.rP(, dpiir f (lRim )h nmv dPV0(w, , , tlmllncr a reasonable means to! nrevent another general strike of (be 1 , j10 mi,,,. If raradu with her population of It -s ,h.m saimi.oiiO ran mise .".'JO.OOO tlghing men for ih- front In Kurope. Jl bn " "tinslmr reproach to the United stiite-i with Its population of ,.. , 000 (f t()f. Hwn J., of prP. M redness Is betrayed in Wnhlngton by the representative uf the people. Auraiivm IlAROKn of Fort Tvig. Ta., who ha urrived nt his hundredth (year, .-nys: "I Alh I hud fallen in ''""ties and vv-ant to have h m re moved from the party organization, which he controls. Since, Cox does not jissimil.it.i and conciliate but gener (ates antipathies, he would make poor neeretary oi ,ir. Preparednesa doe not seem to bo much of an Issue with the Ohio Democrats. Atmospheric conditions are such that anv thing might s:iy now would be ly ft EUP(,s--lM ,., Wralkrr. Uu. ,rnu. Our Weather Htireau Is frequently uffM-ted by atmospheric conditions. Representative Lonpon's bill pro- .. 1 . f fh . ' International, Many Mrkrln In Clrrulatinn. h'mitnun cnrrtitianrlrncf Xnei (, Fa., Val' Uv Timet p A -Mckl and family pnt sn after noon ith their riaurhier. Mr. Samuel Chrrilter Those who vtlted nt the Nlekel home rwently er Samuel and Pavld Chron later. A, ft. Mmintz, son John nd daucrb. ter Ilebeffi. Mra Cyrui 'Whistler, A. Dun bar, W C llletllne, Jojin Snider and John Punbar. Mr. c-rlder and damhter Ciraer and Mra. Nickel viUcd at U U, W. Blvikir borne, , GERMAN NERVES. Are the Kaiser's Troops Peculiarly Hasreptlble to "Krleghjtrle"T In tho latest German newspaperM and medical 'journals there arc clr cuiruUantl.il statements about Ger many' tiervouB strain in tho wnr. Ap parentlV tho increase ot hysteria and Insanity has been far greater than most pcoptu Imagine, To llhtstrato this let us quote frolu a lino article In tho Deutsche Mrdltlnterho Worieu ichtift on Juuuary 2C. It is by Dr. Meyer, a surgeon back from the front, and describes tho nerve shatter ing effecus of hlgli explosives on tho typical German recruit. "We must allow," says this medical authority, "that the new offensive In tho west and the poor quality of our recruits have brought with them an mcreaso of hysteria." It appears from other communications that It 1ms been necessary to havo special wards In hospitals for the growing class of de mented eioldtors und nervous, break downs. Evidently this subject presses more and more upon tho public mind of Germany as' tho war wears on. Everywhere tho press and tho medi cal authorities, though carefully cen sored, go surprisingly far In laying bare tho less theatrical side of war. Whether this frankness Is intentional or a sign of the deep uneasiness of the people concerning tho future of the race Is not clear. However, one thing Is clear; these reports of tho effect of life In the trenches and on the fir ing line are a note of the agony of the nation. How eUe can thu following passage from an article by lYofessor Gaupp be Interpreted? It Is well worth quoting for tho instruction of our American public, for we are said to bo a nervous people. "There uro plenty of men," writes the German expert, "men othenviso energetic and normal, whoso nervous; systems are not equal to the strain nnd hardship of modern vvarfnrc The temper of their souls Is not proof against the danger, cruelty mid ter ror." The professor writes as one who knows war. lie lias coined u word, "granatkontuslonen." to ilescrlb the effect of an exploding shell. Without causing a single, external wound It produces ti shock, a concussion of the brain and spine, which often leaves men unconscious for hours and even days. When they uro awakened they aro often deaf and dumb and de mented, or they are delirious and rave over their experiences This Is the "kriegshysterie" or wnr hysteria. Tho description Is a fair nummary of nine- j tenths of tho extracts from German writers. ' It Is curious to note that English ; and Drench eyewitneiseje write with more restnt nt. They, too, dfserlbc the nervous shook, the hysteria nnd deaf mutWm in soldiers from the fighting line. They write tint tho great Ger man shells scoop out craters, thnt : they send up suffocating clouds of j greenNh smoke, and that they stain j everything near a ghastly yellow. Hut they will not admit that these shells I nre such dreadful visitors after nil. I It Is well known that an Immense amount of metal in needed to kill a single man well Intrenched In a strong position. Still thi nrvous strain Is horrible, nnd. ns Professor f!atitppsas. only the greatest physical and moral hardihood, reenforced by thorough discipline, can prevail against It. The effect on an Im.iclna'lw youth who had never been seasoned or who lnd not the harilneBs of nerves of Inher ited pluck. Is terrifying and demora lizing. More serious even are the effects on tho older man of the reserve, who hiu lost bis original fitness In the oom lorts of prosperous civil life, who often takes to tho trenches tho cares of busline neglected Htid of a wife and children .it home, litre the true bitterness of iIm'!i L- f.ienl when the mobilization com-. and the hu.sh.ind Is rudely snatched from bis lltlln pri vate life. We err in thinking Germans more phlegmatic than ours Ives. The won der Is that any discipline or training can rob these war omditions 'f their horror. Though It ,s the habit of Ger mans to look tisn military service ns a normal state of things, tho ordinary German civilian who Is called to the colors leavii.g comfort and good liv ing suddenlv, may lo-e lvn reason or hL nerve as quickly as any other man. The German affords a singular con tr.ttt to the Frenchman or English man 1n many wayrt, but he seems on the evidence of Ills, medical writers tolte more temperamental than the other two races, nnd his disciplined soul has iv strong dash of tho rinotlonal. Very remarkable, too, and most pathetic, Ls the picture of the hapless German civilian, torn from his moorings In a suburb of Rerlln or Munich und sent to tho front. These men for the most part become gisd soldiers, but given the occasion, like the explosion of a great shell or an offensive by the enemy, and a vein of weakii.s.- ap pears which sometimes turns to hys teria. The results tire painful to the believer 1n German stability, and the writers of the press, reports do not disguise their fear that the multipli cation of nervous wrecks Is a grave menace b the nation. One reason for this is tho fact that men so aftlicted are exceedingly dif ficult to treat medically They must le kept In hospitals In quiet, dark rooms, isolated from tho outside world, u way from voices and noise. They are often physically helpless, for In some men extreme shock or fright causes n complete relaxation of tilt- muscles, o tha' they can neltht r stand nor walk. Medical writers eall th.s hysterical paralysis, and It seems to be not un common in the trenches .luring u bom bardment by heavy sun tire. It !.-, however, not true paralysis, Ir Is panic or terror with Intervals of night mare, rn which the most apish and horrible dreams of battlo expose the wounds of the inlnd by n sort of moral undressing, I 'or In "granatkontu slonen" and "kriegshysterie" thero an no visible wounds, To Foreign Nliakrspcwrlnns, lnllar; to Natives, Dinners. To Tin: KniToit of Tub Sun -No We New Yorkers aro a queer lot. To an l-higllsh actor who h.i never done any thing to Improve dramatic conditions In thl country" ,,fld I hern simply because he csnnot earn sufficient money In Ihig iand nt present, certain public spirited men guarantee tSn.HOO so ho may pro duce Shakes-Pare for us. To two of our own actors' who have labored lei'g and faithfully and have done more than any one else In the. past ten years In mako people through, out our land appreciate ami lovo Shake speare we give a dlnnor! "There Is something In this mora than natural If philosophy ,-otiM find i out." r. Ni:w YoriK, Kebrimiy 11. Keml I'rrparislneaa, Waihlnston boasted he eouldn t tell a lie, 'The cen'iors tould deli-tn he truth anyway," ble father reMtured, , AMERICA SCORED. Fulling to Protect Its CHItrni Onr Hoternment Has- l.nM Standing. To tiik Udituk or Tun Hun .Sir: Ac cording to Secretary Lansing's figures, seventy-six American cltlzenii have been massacred In Mexico since 1912 and forty-seven In the three yearn preceding. What a blot on' tho honor of this great nation ' No wonder wo are held In contempt by .the other great nations of tho eaith. I have been "all over," and 1 know of no country where cltlr.en of thu United States have any respect shown them or are treated with any consideration. If you will visit Canada at the pres ent time I think you will find that our ptople are disliked there almost ns heartily as the Germans. The Cana dians don't want us. and It Is a matter of dlltlcutty for a Yankee to retain his i employment, no mutter how long ne nas been In Canada. This spirit of dlsllko Is niwvshovn when tho traveller from the States reaches the border. Thero wa a time, however, when the United Stntes had an enyiubln reputa tion for protecting Its citizens. Whllo In Paraguay a few years ugo I heard of tho effort made, some tlmo In the iuii to unorti protection to u shikiu American eltlzon. one Ilotiklns. residing nt the capital, Asuncion, whoso llfo was threatened. Initcud of note covering half a newspap-r page, a mannf-war, tho first to traverse tho waters of tho Parana River. wii despatched to Para guay. Tho. voyage thero and back wa 12,000 miles. Hopkins was rescued, and suitable apologies wero made. Whnt a change has come over our spirit I One hundred and twenty-three American citizens killed In Mexico and we placidly receive the news and tako no action. Instead of Insisting upon our rights wo hardly blush when American rights aro Invaded now. Philip Kino. Nnw Yoni:, February 21. THE ARTIST'S WORK. Ills Genius Is Everything. Ills Per sonality of Minor Importance. To thk Kiiitoii or The Sc.s .sir: What does It matter from the artistic point of view if a man by the name of .lames' O'Neill is forgotten ny the tnealresoers mitere' May thou lnk. If thou Ioi of New York? ethould like to os.lt "C. I Kinlt. amldn blond and lUmo. itu a It. S.," who lament In a letter to Tin; mighty r.nlee. ranging mem Ihnn one na sCN that O'N'ull is leni.'iniJtMed no Hon to parti, liat- In thy downfall! Of more. 1 nm tuiie It Is not that tu tor's : fate, amy It ple.ne the Lord to pre desire, any mme than It Is that of any eerve thee from u dlegraccf ul nnd n elor truly gieat artist, to wish to li known .leciy. h-conilng. ere extinct, . worn and or i emeliJiereil except for the pari heta mockery for tho. atlfjame foea who created and the pltusiiro and lofty , no, though they envy and abhor thee. thougnt to which his genlu Inspired Ills listeners. Tho llfo of an nrtlst b, fore the public Is a evanescent as dewilropi $m tho flower of morn; but who will ray that the beautiful tmp-rM nation of Kdmoii'l Jdfitri by James O Nc;li will not b jsissl on and on to time unknown? The performer who doesn't sink himsolf l.s not a trjo artist, any more tl.un a painter or eculptor lives- up to the Ideal of hi urt It hi aim Is other Oinn to hide hhmetf in Ids Moi of marble or hie canvas. What does It matter to the maker of that Wtitlful sculptui.. of Mercury, with "radiant linger point- Hik to tii eternal horn'-." that v d'.d-.'t kiurw 1dm? John of Itologna Is In his Inspired figure. Ills soul at res', in the nlmaure he left to tho world. '"fluin .1-7 iru liiq nim, , Tlie true Iovr of song will remember the NwH.-t voice that nccfmiar.let the tlon where a drug Ib-nd died from "a falling pe-als o "The I.a. Rn-e of too rapid or sudden withdrawal of the Summer" long after Mnw. llcmpel has drug." pase. lK-vond the grant of memory. Jly experience his led me to this con- And wlsit does It matter to Torn elusion: The drug addict must bo In Meore that ,nn, people thlnii Hie wrtU carciratcd for a definite or an Indefinite of this Ming belong to ".M.u-Li"- .period. His Incarceration must bo fol- Jamc P. Hr.wiar.. Jr. lowed by n change of environment. Nrw jrvvsv. coi n.. February 21. Th! is the only solution of tho problem - as I sen It, the only way wh'reliv a TURN ABOUT IS FAIR PLAY. ' "l? '"y, w made permanent. - i Medic il trentmer.t In tself will not SoaCountrs Editor Mahilalns. Where Eftirlency Is Not Involved. To rut UtuTon or Tun Hvs-Sir; Itcl:".ov .mal .-snisc. wouM ned th vision rf a superman to -Nnw os. Kenrunry .1. discover tne Immorality vour ,-orre.sjsm- J dent a. a. w l.-ox dis-,.vere. in the ne-, THAT JERSEY TERROR. Lon of the .fi liate g'vlng to Tienlu. r.ltlc newspapers, rather thar t Itepubllmn , Jtnr ys of the Skies Flash the Search- i,,iwsiiaier, evriuin oiiKi.ii aoverri-s m.-nlB controlled by United ttatra land aeiitei si,. I siinpose h,) is ,i superman. The prlneltile Involvtsl is not analtv. gous to thnt Involved In ehanulni; up- polntlvo olllcla.s for partisan re-isons. r partisan re-isons. In Uie. latter mi ollU-tal' expert - eo. r 1UIU eur ,"m.-, 1..V.II1U il) KII'K S1 - ncy. L-.uiifd by long ser vice, can r.vie tnabty ho urged on leuhalf of good pul.,1 uti '..-ii why such chine- sh-Mild not be :aad-. l!ut a Pt'tniK-fatte newspaper w'u-li to-uioi rmv joints an nuvt-iieew.i nat jonn uoe jias per - .e,,, hhi: m .. .- ' 1 i .v. i.u. se v.ee , w u,i iui .ni i.e..., o. i . M ,u cllkler.cy l- tlept iMIcan porloriiud I aft-r twenty contemporary ytsir of e.tio.1 service and puy. ,s'.t It Is tdaln that what your corre fr.sjndi'itt c.i,ni).vln.s of In fie-t Is tnal Congr.t. I gtdng to give to peniocrittlc country weeklies patronage now and r twenty yoars enJiry,H) by Itrpubtlcan COUIltO' weeklies. CoCNTRT EtllTOrl. 1IO0NT0N, N J.. February 21, THE FOUNTAIN PEN. Even the Best Need Occasional ( eat ing lo Keep Theiii doing. To HIK V.lUTOll Of TlIC Sl-.s .Sir- f nrosiK-rous iiuiKiinoring country- re.iuced nm. bv reason of experience, 'competent 'lll-Sr' starvation, anarchy nnd to assert that "genuine" and good foun-1 'IH-case walking hand Ir, hand. Of course tain pons do need "coaxing !' The ono the P-oplo there have liberty now. that 1 use Is .. standard make and 1 use onlyi1', liberty to cry Mv.i Cirrsntx hut u high quality of writing, fluid, but I ,.,K' "ulM be very careful net to cheer afl.-r the pen has stood n while on mv I " he wrong man. de,k at the oitl-e II tefiiee to work1 If wr 'lo ,"ot Intervene. Rurope will unless It is "te kled" I generally drawl M," t1"' Present war Is over, and It over a Viet sponge. or Jar.it to It wal.. up. IWsibly If I had ,i pen made by "Manutii.iurer" I would save myself some Irritation. IIknrt P Por.Tri-. Hast Oiiancr, N. J.. Febniary 21. 'An Unlimited Challenge. To Tin: EniToit or Thk Si n J-lr.- vhn nlitors of the n.-.v college magazine (J,iiiiiK bellevt that there Is In the college world f.r an lndo;icndoiit ( Inter a-rco'lcgiate inag.utno -w Inch shall tin - siutlngly accept ai d puhltt.ii student ntrlbutiniis mi nf side o' all titles. he contra, utions mi nl shii o' all our tlon. Its columns .ire open to nnr col lege mail or eolli go wotiiau who ha niiyth.ng ical to ay. The in.igalnu is to he both radical and coiicervative, eon ventional nntl illiiMiiiventioual, ortlltsln.x aiel uiiorthodiix. It is not a Socialist ning.i.luc Tint magazine i. org.iuUcd to stimulate the tree epics.on of oplnloii among Ame! lean students, to the unl th u each Amerl'iin colb-go and uuivensitv m.iy btssiino a const-lolls, informed and In tall.sctii.il democracy. Il Is imb pendent and unbiassed, and fs not oplulounlt-,1 ; It does not iwls.h lo antarotilz.1 any per son or any class, nor doe-i it wish to conciliate nnv one at the ex perse of lis principles. It Iiiim edltoii.,1 olid but I lies roiM.'scnl.'itU.-s nt all tho linportam colleges throughout tha eouiito". At present It headquarter!, are at I'olunv bia University. M. Lincoln i-ti'iiesreri, Cni.ttMiitA Fnivtiisitv, l's)iriiary 21. Comforl In Scniiiltin, To thk Kihiiir or Tup. S'rs--i,. A, thoush In the midst of wnrM ci.ir, ir i Is not poselhle to remain troren im horror or shivering lth terror mi; th" time, , IhouKliI to the MUio eomfofts nf life inut erep In ore iion.iii Well, then, when elttliu In jour artnchair und holding a heViiy but lulcreflhn tvok. plnci? Il sofa plllue en jihii 1hi u.t reel the book thereon You're tii'.eoine ScniMON, Pa., I'ehru.-irj' '1 Witt,, Viitlonal tiinm-n. Knlrker Washington l the f.thei nf his country . Hooker And nonteviil la lis Put-ii uocla. THE FAIL OF ERZERUM. A Shadow Thrown Otcr British Jubl. 1st Ion by Hnssln's Victory. To thk Kpitob or Tub Hu.v .Sir: There was no great Joy In England over the Russian victory of Erzerum, and them will he les Jubilation when tho Russian advatico to the Mediterranean or to Constantinople. Every Ruslan succeas In Asia will emphasise Eng land's dilemma In this war. In the past England has made war In turn upon each European nation with the help of other Powers as soon as thnt nation 'became powerful enough to en danger the supremacy of England on the seas. Whllo this policy which made the ally of yesterday the foe of to-day earned for England the name of "per fidious Albion," It was no doubt the best policy for the growth of tho British Empire. Yet It was a dangerous game and In likely to miscarry lit any new complication. Whatever be the) outcome of this war England will be the loser, unless the war turns out to be a deadlock without a de cisive victory on either side. If Ger many wins on the Continent she can laugh at England and bldo her time to Krl BStli jf ncrmnny loses the war nothing matters much for the Germans. but Russia will be sure to dominate tsitli Asia and Europe. The prophecy of Na poleon will be fulllllod. England svill have to get ready for her laM great nnd boieless war. in that war she will have no ally In Europe, Germany, the only nation which oucn could successfully halt the Russian glacier, will be ullled with Hussta and Japan. Arid then the Anglo Americans will have their much desired opportunity ef pouring out tholr jood like water for dear old England, but It will not nltor tho resutL Heventy-flve year ivgo Georgn Horrow wrote his noble prayer for England: O r.ngbindl long, long may It t r the pun ot thy glory fink bnth the wave of dnrknenst Though gloomy nnd porlm-tou- cloinla are nnvr gathering rapidly around thee, mil. tilt may It pleoae the Almlehty to ilUperi them, and ti grunt tli-e e. futurity lonr-r In duration and -111) brighter In renown than thy past! Or If thy doom .e at hand, may that ,iom lie noble one, and worthy of her -,, ,.is wn elybd the old Quein of the , m;I fear thee, nny, even arlnt their l'.l, honor and respect thee. That prayer may now be fulfilled. I). KIRSKAND. Sr.vr Yoni:. February 21. DRUG HABIT VICTIMS. Fnrther Correction of Certain Ml understandings t'oncernlng Them. T. t- l-T,-rn rte T , ip Cev- .Cle. T-e editorial nrtl, le concerning drug addicts , Is timely, and true in every detail. For twelve consecutive years I havnl taken care of drug addicts, and during the year 1J3 I had personal supcrvl. , , s0n over every drug tleml admitted to i the K.-inaa fit-. Mn . n-nrkhnnae. 1 A case never came under mv observa- , ner; addict must be re. moved from himself, hh It were. Then j be must tie removed from his old as so- light of Reform. To ntr:i:titTonorTm:.slt!.v sir: That New- Jersey terror with "red head and tall lights and a mighty searchlight" Is , n .....uotu nt un, mm, limn , destroy : It Is a Jitney of the air illunil .,,... ,u,. ,,f . . sllrtl. ie..U. ing for ii man with le than a million dollars with thu courage to make the primary light for the .Senntors-htp or tho . eivernorsiiip ; ,,,,, ,,., half-mllllnmlres -ere lo ( .. , ,., , tr,,,,,,,, tlt when the rout of running for ofllce under Reform , 1 ! running ror omce under Kerorm waa I,,,lhlo(1 th(v j,,,.,, r lht) tall u.r mu,rll)(. 1U1 erivM nf 1NVEST10ATOS. Tbsnton, N. J, Febniary 21. WATCHFUL WAITING. We Po Not Interxene, Will En- ir rope Scrap the "Hoctrlnf"'.' To thk EniTon or The Svk .Sir: Words, words, nothln;; but or.1! Watchful waiting! WV hivo watclied r'une terrible events, murder, nr.ton nnd Piuage at a premium, we nave seen a '" " ,r l"" " M nouro" I'octnno Into the waste basket. Watch the fire and wait till the house burns down I PEMoritiTt's. Nrw York. February 21 The Suiiallst Ylewr of Free Trade. To thk EniTOli or Thk Sf.s' Sir: Our good frten.l from Lynn, Mass., m, I ," who nlniost always right, makes iti.t.ita nilntaKo In quoting hi friend on t'ie inriii xiiiHiiiPS'.nu or . ierniany- ami ns 1 sei-tlug that In that country all pirties 1 Prot. ctlon. -inl Poiiir.-r.itic pnrty of i;or- many la ror rree trade, or pretend to be at any rate. Socialist are fieo truilers atlliinle I a n g'. -4 m o-ywht-n . In thtsiry .it bast, bee iue iter to to; pn they think that free trade aids m the! destruction of patriotism, love of conn -, STATE CAN TAX DOAKH x"' M try, and so on Hut t may add that wej " " " " "'niii,ni eixialn-ts, fur they h-ive l1opie.l alniost a Im,II,v as I'l-esltlent V Hum. However, It Is true that the tii-niiau Tariff Coin tul.sion Is a thoroiigliKoltig protection. 1st organlrntlon. P. !. It. Gonpov, rteeretary United States Men hint Marine Assot-latlou. Nkw Vokk, February ?l. The Mtiltlliiilliiiiiis ialklng Mnrhlnc Needle. To Tilt: Uidnii! or Tin: Si-n .sir.- The question of how bet to dispose of ud safety lazor blades has been discussed In iilK Sf.N. but no one Ins advanced a Ftiggestlun about tho disposal of talking machine needles that have outlived their uiefiiliiesK This affect thousands of person who have phonographs In their lioiiic. Uvea If a machine Is used only moderately t does not take long for 1 0.1 Used needle to acciiniulntr. These miisi no disposed or to nuke room for a Irosh supply. Some use tlm needles an tacks, but regular tucks can be pur-china-it so cheap that this method of disposal seems a waste of tune. W ,M.w yoni;, February 21. illsMinii Tohii eed a Curfew, 'iirrie-ii ixirntsui If nee .itffrii ItrpuMuan. W l Freeman i, ,nies Oihbs were bmlneis men In Iohii Saturday and tieier st, I hmiie HII .ifier dark 11)11 v la a night os I, na he calU tlivm. ;. j GREGORY SAYS HE'LL PROSECUTE WATSON ''Slniiriprs nntl Tlnciis s.l;i, ot linppilo r. S.," r Writes. 0IKX IMIPLY TO (ilJH!li. Washinotom, Feb. :i Vtrr.- General Oregory made, puwi, io.,,;,', letter to Charles IL Jtcfiory ,' i; , ville, Ga setting forth the, ifo.r ment's position In the case f t,-,., Mj, eon, mmier i'triuilsi leader charged with sending objrdi,. ter through tho mails as a nlio t, ".'! mi! irt .. v. 'I . A "I l'l r,i 'Ir r iinti-uatnoiin prviiagai.da. torney-General say franl h- lleves Watson to have, r violating section nil of t . , ,. Code. He rcfUiC.3 to evpit- , ,., as to whether It would ,,..,, , . cure a fair trial of Watson (,..., Mr. Oregoiy discloses ti. Al . ,", havo been mado In an often t,, , , ;. the Government's courre, i,.it i,, ,1 clarcs his purpose to n.sre,. , , enforcemont of tho law at, rcK.,n., u4, son without respect to the .-i ,i,fj, r, raise statements ami Hire it- j.h j. ,. being Indulged In." 1 he (SMirgia iteople h.vo 1.., ticulaily lesenttul Ii..-,,um. , , thiit there was doubt In the f. General's mind na to nh. the- . . , be a fair trial of tie W,ii,-, ., that State. t it Iinporlnncr Cltrii t,,-i,-r. The publication of thi .M'r, , end's letter ha- ,ili ieiel v tentlun her,- In.isau , . , i . ns having Important l-ar-r , ,, " Catholic c.intpilgn vvlmii vv.,i , . waged against tho Wils .n ,i,n--tlon. Tile lutlii to Mr m, cm l'ebruary IP, lead "Dr-ac. siia: i uc!now!e,Be yours of Hie lTtli. "Among a numl r of ,it, i , , rommuidcatlons received 'j rw C.eorgla during the 1,,-t fr'u reganl to the matter to ul, i, fer youis Is utilquu In be,- ., only one, which Is not it.. ,p charites- or Insinuations. l, ti, , eon I gladly reply "In order that there, mav is slightest mlsiiptirelic-nsion ,-i t sltlon I will nrst r-pe.it the -. u your letter, which l ni follon "'It Is reported In n,- , . you statetl puhllt-ly that " is gum v ,-r s. . scene matt.-throuuh th. , ,c sati-tie.1 tli.it .m , i r, ,'''.rKl'x '"r ' ' V ,T , V"u ' ""r "r ' stat.-.n, nts. I i,o,, , , wiuer mo prvauiuptuoti. ment seem to b.1 an ofd, .-I ., would like to also Ui.ow h nwnt had or has tie- m., i . President Wilson. "I have never made ,-if e, statements llaa t I onanlteil I , I . I "Not having made en r can safely say that neither ..- or has the lTidois.'m.'iii i-re -sou. but In order ' , still nmre ronipieii.-u ne ' " further that Mm,, i.ev,, leren. e tilth I'leMdm' V i,. to Kdltor Wits. in at any tlm not the slightest bleu of 'n reard to th.it pitty, to e... talus any. "I have eressed the express It now-, to the ,-iTe Watson has i.t, E1nij .,r i , , tlon 211 of the Criminal United .S-ates prohibiting . obscene, til thy ajid n-e through the malls, .md i, bajied upon data In fu my depirtment which 1 , . - l 'im,,v. L '', I have been giving so.i - tlon to the problem of Watson haw violated ,e United States ouieidi Georgia and n lu tm r ,, , la ami to the C!o ernnier. within the 1; n'.ts of : .,- - ' Thv rtrst i n t- . ti ,s :. tlculty a.i a tiroj.o.,1 o , - ' have not up to this tir . r. . lulte conclusion a.s to "Most of the pt.-r-o.-ji ti , , ., cus.-ed the in.itter with n,- , tho opinion that ho rou i ir Georgia, but tin re !ia- !' - -prcsslon of opinion to t .t , : 'r Will Iitalat on loir lilnl. "If I should at any t -r.e Editor Watson has v- i.f, i of the United States n. . . ,,i of Geoigi'i and ' i.it t . punished for so do.ng , - and tout vinilicatioii m that ho bo tried els ' trial fair to Mm could . where, I should t ol l- : Intended to bring about t .' "Slainlers, false , -,,i. . threatH such as nt be have not In the p.ut .u.t future affect toy dut -. rial. The only cfte t celvably bait 'r ..-.. .. dlcate that posslblv i! I - ,, ment tuiglil he s-i"st.,i,i . iiforcing Its errmnal limits of the State .,:' - . "I hale n ,1 yet com p ' the expicsslotis t.-ferie : , th talk of irrespt'- ', individuals, uml I .t ' reputable ami rig ' your Slate i est. .ii. , . and stand f..r -,h - i l luive m.i at public si.ttem. .t ,.f reg.u.l to Edlt-r W .. 'Ion. but In oidn- ; , vienrgla -na ii... ii i.ii" HiiRlirs Holds I rail ire I'll ilk 11,1 I'l "M'l ' WvetllM.l, v I' ' Slate on tin . n-i , or cliamiier ot n in' st-.it In 'in- I C.se of 1.t g 1- - a opinio,, -e 1,1 ' it , . I ' tbe t-ae.s t.i I; t.e Stale nt M" -it , .mis, ti ho are n en", of I'ouiinerre uf it cnj.uii the coll' ' ',f,p 1 pri-tiie . 'on, i led 's ' Suptenio . 'oiirt i' i that si lis i,i, i 1 I her of cnmnii" ' r p t.inglliln rlghu. .,- who atl.icKfl t!i , law A to inee-bet.-' -mlitflly rcs'ibvi on'-- court Inid that Ihe stltutloi.al tv, o .. (I-,..,, up' hale iipifo-mly State to I t ..'i tr, - ' most c i i por n ,'i . til'lltS (Ilea Mill, mill for V-m- Tho Ilocl-.cfcll.r saie $.10.00(1 to tb. i i Ice for Ami' nun and which Charles I! t nil" Is .ix-asurer T from the found it on ' ' ' Al mcnlans.