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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, March 10, 1916, Image 2

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Carrania Ooveriimenl whereby that llov
ernment must prove, lli nblllty to stand
the test of stability and mtft Its foreign
obligations. For that reason until the
present ritual Ion clears up there In no
intention of sending to Mexico Henry 1'.
Fletcher, the new Ambassador to that
country, or of accepting the credentials
of Mr. Arrcdomln.
At the War Department Major-Gen.
Scott, Chief of Staff of the army. In In
full control of the situation. Newton II.
Maker of Cleveland, the new Secretary
jf Wiir, who wan sworn In to-day, said
to-night that on account of his un
familiarity with the situation he had
iiskcd (ten. Scott to take full charge.
Mr. (taker and the President had a
long conference Ht the White House at
o'clock this evening. At that time the
only authentic new at the Htate and
War Departments was that den. Persh
ing, following the attack on Columbus,
had ordeied five, troops of cavalry and a
machine nun across the border In pursuit,
with Instructions, however, that they
should not go more than two miles be
"yond the International boundary. Up to
that time there was no report of actual
fighting on the Mexican side.
Later to-night the more detailed re
ports came In, showing that tlen. Persh
ing had lifted the tetrlctlons an to the
distance of Hit. pursuit and that the
Americans and Vllllstus were actually
tngage'd live mites south of the line. At
llils hour It Is not known how the battle
Is proceeding, The last report recelvtcl
Iras that tho "Americans are holding
their own."
' I low the Vllllstas managed to get
across the border Into American territory
iind approach the Amtrlcan town with
out being detected Is a question that has
moiled considerable criticism of Col.
Slocum, commanding the garrison at Co
lumbus " Tho War Department. It was learned,
has known for days that Villa won ap
proaching the border with upward of
tOO men and was yesterday In the vicin
ity of Palomas, threo miles south of the
border, opposite Columbus, which Is
thfoo miles north of the International
line. Kor this reason seasoned officers
of the service nre at loss to understand
how Col, Hlocum ullowed himself to be
taken by storm,
The ofttrlal report Indicate that under
co?cr of darkness early to-day tat VII
!tta not only crossed the rlrer BOO to
T.noo strong, bat raided the tamp of the
.American soldiers, numbering twenty
Ave bfrlrers and O.to men. and swept on
Into the town, which lies bark uf the en-tampmrnu
Itcachlng tho town, the Mexican
opened a general fusillade, firing on sol
dlers and civilians Indiscriminately and,
applying the torch, set Are to several
buildings. On the return, after the raid,
the Mexicans attacked the army corral
and carried back with them a large uum
fcer of cavalry horses belonging to the
American troops,
.Mexicans Pa III the BUI.
' That the Americans eventually gave
good account of themselves Is Indi
cated by the fact that, whereas four
American troopers were killed and one
officer and seven men were wounded,
the Mexicans left twenty-three killed
and n number of wounded and pris
oners. Col. Slocum reported to Gen. Pershing,
who was at HI Paso, that Villa himself
was In command f the invaders, and
hat he had vowed death to all Amer
icans. No onm-matioii Is contained In
the offirint reports of the hanging by
Villa of three American ranchmen whom
lie had captured nt Palomas, nor is there
any pi-count given of the number of civ
ilians, killed In Columbus.
When last heard from, tlen. Pershing
was hurrying to Columbus to take
charge of the situation and two regi
ments of Infantry had been despatched
Irom Douglas, Ariz., to Columbus to
leave tin- full force, of cavalry there
tiee to rcenforce those on the Mexican
The five troops now engaged are of
the Thirteenth Cavalry,
Here' That (ierman Plot,
, To-day' venturesome exploit by Vlllls
tas wiu attributed In some quarters to
nlglit to (Senium Influence. H waa re
called that nt the time Capt. Hoy-Ed
and Cain, von Papen of the Herman
Kmbaji.sy were forced to leave the United
States charges were made, that Herman
agents In an endeavor to divert atten
tion from the submarine crisis were
financing !eii. Huerta. Soon afterward
Htierta proceeded to the border and wns
later arrested n a charge of violating
the American laws of neutrality,
Mor Htently therw has been a well
denned report that Oen. Felix Ular. was
attempting to organize a new revolu
tionary" movement and that there waa
a pouMhiiity that lie would Join Villa
ins nu-o save nee io cnarges tnat Uer-
man agent wero again taking nn active
part In Mexican affairs with a view of
mJ?.arr!l t,,c Unl,efi fates.
The first rcpnit which the War De-
P."". . m me occurrence reached i
Washington about 10 o'clock this morn
ing by telegraph from Malor-tlen.
runaion. at i-ort Ham Houston, Tex.
who is in command of the whole border
arfTlV. The ileulmtrh a,l .... I
armv. The despatch read as rnllw.
Col. Slocum, Thirteenth Cavalry, at
Columbus, N. M leports camp at
lacked at 4 :.KI this Bromine- tiv
foun of Mexicans from across the
border. Attack repuUed at time of !
leportlug, B:I5 A. M. Mexicans were
men retiring toward border to the
outhcaHt. He has sent mounted
troops In pursuit. Several buildings
tMirncd In town of Columbus. So far 1
as known at time of report, loss three I
man Kiiieo unci rour wounded, Num-
ocr or civilians Killed in town not
)tnown. Number dead Mexican sol
diers lying around town and camp,
All'flrlng has' ceased.
VllU Led Troop.
Following this came another teporti
about 3 o'clock this afternoon from
Brlg.-Gen. Pershing to Malor-Gen. Fun-1
etnn, forwarded by the latter to Wash
Inglon: ,
Sloaum reports by telephone and
asks me to repeat that Villa himself
led the charge through the camp with
f.owes estimated at from too to 1,000,
Kleven Mexicans killed n the camp
and twenty-three killed altogether so
far. 'Four enlisted men killed and one
offloer and seven men wounded. I'rls
.'.incis Mate Villa very hitter, vowing
'death to all Ainei leans. Villa re
'treated into hills southeast.
, Slocum sent live troops In pursuit
with ordeiH not to go more than two
mips he) ond the border Slocum
'thinks he has enough to handle situ
citlon, and icroinmendM that cavalrv
he hent If hid numbers of troops aie
to go after Villa, '
, Still later tlio following despatch wns
reit'lved fiom Gen. Kunston .
Ilrpoit leielved fiom Col , Dodd,
J-ominandlng border paliol dlMilcl In
ulilch Columbus lies, stating tliut In
Jho iittack on Columbus early this
iiorrong three t-oldlcrs were killed and
3eti Mounded, Am sending battalion
of Itifnritiy fiom IioukIiih to garrison
at lliichlla (between Kl Paso and Co.
)iunlMis(, l that cavalry can be free
o patml or for any other necessary
lluly. Col. Slocum, at Columbus, in.
pints no help nci eMHHl y,
In the meantime the State Department
had H'ceived i oiillrmatory repoits of the
rlaxh at Connnhus from Collector of
f;ltoniH Cobb, at Kl I'hsii.
Th" report, th leferemes to the
fail lliHt the American troops ,arj
crotred the border In pursuit of the Mex
leans, and that the Vllllslus had carried
eff Amerlrah iHvalry hoises, careful))
tensoreil out by the Mexican hMresu of
the tate, Ictparlmtnt, were sirmmarlisd
In the following bulletin Issued at the
The official advices regarding the
atlnck on Columbus, N. M., have Jut
been leeched. They were sent from
Columbus, N, M , to Kl Paso, from
which place they were telegraphed to
the Department at 3 A. M. to-day.
The following Is the substance of tho
rsport received by this Department :
"Columbus was attacked this morn
ing at 4 :30 o'clock. Citizens mur
dered. The attacking force was re
pulsed at about 6 o'clock, The town
was partly burned. The attacking
party retreated to the west. It Is not
possible to state definitely how many
wero killed. The employees of the
custom eel vice and their families are
reported safe.
"It Is stated that the attacking
force numbered between too and SOU,
and that lion, Villa was probably In
charge. Three American soldiers were
killed and several Injured. There
were four civilians killed and four
wounded. Several of the attacking
party killed and several woundeil by
the American forces. The attacking
party burned the depot and principal
buildings in Columbus."
The Department Is In receipt of a
mall despatch dated February 24. 1916,
from Frontera. State of Tabasco, mat
Ing that the (lovcrnor of tho Slate of
Tabasco, by a decree dated February
3, 1116, officially changed the name
of the capital of that State from Kan
Juan Dautlsta to Villa. Hermosa.
First Truahlr In Year.
In seeking to give rums explanation ,
of the ease with which the Mexicans ,
niipruuciira inc American lown wmioui
detection Hen. Scott called attention to
the fact that there had been no trouble
nt Columbus In thiee years, and that
undoubtedly the American troops wcte
taken off their guard.
He called attention to the fart that
owing to tho limited number of men
which the nrmy has on the border the
patrols are required to cover an average I
distance, of fifteen miles. To properly '
safeguard against surprise attacks (len.
Scott expressed the opinion that there
should bo at least 100,000 troops on the
border. Altogether at Columbus there
wero at the time of the attack seven
troops of the Thirteenth Cavalry, num
bering twenty-five officers and 50 men
Although the notion In sending the
American troops across the border In
pursuit of the Mexicans was taken with
out authority from Washington, and In I
conflict with orders previously given to
to the effect that no Invasion should
occur without orders from the President,
It was said In Administration circles
that the President has no disposition to
criticise tlen. Pershing.
Secretary 1-anslng and Oen. Scott
to-night made no effort to conceal the
fact that the attack on Columbus called
for drastic action. Although there have
been frequent raids across the border
by Mexicans and tiring from the Mexl-,
can side on American towns, to-day's at- '
tack was described as the first approach i
to an organised Invasion.
That is was deliberately undertaken '
by VllU as a means of forcing the
United States Into Intervention and thus 1
embarrass the Carranza Government Is
generally conceded.
That Intervention Is now Inevitable
was generally j-egarded ascertain among
members of Congress, and the prospects
are strong for a sensational outpour
ing of feeling to-morrow In the Senate
and House. Critics of the Administra
tion will avail themselves of the oppor
tunity to describe the outrage ns n natu
ral consequence of the failure of the
United States to take drastic steps to
punish the Vllllsta bandits responsible
for the murder on January 12 of the
seventeen American citizens at Santa
Ysabel, Mexico.
I'arransa Is Defended.
At the State Department to-day effort
was made to defend the steps taken by
Carranza since then to run down the
perpetrators of the massacre. t was
also stated that from a military stand
point the State Department had reason
to believe that Canauza waa gradually,
gaining strength
At the i.ame time It was admitted that
because of lark of coulldence on the part
of American bankers In Carranza's
ability to control affairs and guarantee
a stable government, the de facto Gov
ernment Is In desperate financial straits
and unable at present to meet Its Iluan-1
clal obligations abroad, 1
There Is no Intention, the Department
made It plain, on the pait of this Gov-,
eminent to extend Carranza llnancl.il ,
assistance, it balng stated authoritatively '
that the United States was looking to J
Carranza to stand or fall on his own
ability to preserve order and meet his i
It developed, furthermore, that fol- '
Inu-hiir 111. Slant:, Vs:klml " -- u,,,l I
other Incidents of lawlessness on the
pan (lf bandit hordes along the border
the United States Government has gone
I0 fr as to suggest the advisability of
I ts being given a flee hand to send
trooc across the line to restoie order.
This suggestion was at once met with
a counter proposal from Carranza that
reciprocal arrangement be entered
Into whereby Carranza soldiers might
,. ... I - 1
be permitted to f-end troops acro Into
American terrltoty in pursuit of hnu-
I litis flying In this direction,
United States Government
This the
would not
consent to.
Hut realizing the untenable position
which Carranza would he plate,! In wth
his own people If he entered Into any
scheme of cooperation it was decided
tn-nlicht. when it was aiinrecluteil (lint
drastic steps weie necessary, not to seek
",lch cooperation as had been first sug-
g'siru, or nra "ii'i",u. uui id serve
notice of the American Government's
Intention to act alone,
After Jtailiii' Despatches
From (it'll. I'liiiston He
(Joes to lied.
WvsiitNiiTON. Match S It was Im
possible to. night to get any rxpiesslon
of the President's views regarding the
Mexican situation, mve that Implied In
the official disclosures from tho State
Department ux to the steps which the
Oovernmeut had decided upon.
The I'lesldent coufein-il with Secre.
taty of War linker at il o'clock, He
dined with Mtc, Wilson at the White
House and at K o clock went to the Na
tional Thcatie
On Ins ictiirn fiom the theatre the
President went to his study and read
the tilespalclies from tlen, l-'unston
whlcn had been received during the
evening He letlred almost Immediately,
Officials who sought In reach him with
the view of making public some Intima
tion of his attitude with regard to
calling out tho inllllla wero forced lo
postpone- their iicstlonlng until to. mor
row. In the absence of any authorisa
tion from the President they refused to
exptess any opinion,
It Is understood that the President
will confer with Secretary llaker and
Secretary Lansing before tho Cabinet
meeting to-inoriow The regular aem
weekly Cabinet meeting will be held at
II o'clock In Ihe morning. White House
officials said to. night that the jCublnet
whuld consider Ihe Mexlcatk .probjem
from every angle ai the meeting.
M'.P showing: the location of Columbus, N. M.,
and its proximity io the border; the territory
immediately to the aouth, where the troopers of the
Thirteenth Cavalry pursued Villa and his raiders and
I 2 a sj -
" A. Vrv
Washington. March . There are approximately 1S.000 troops aJong
the Mexican border, representing nearly two-thirds of the mobile army.
This includes the Sixth, Seventh, Klghth. Twelfth, Thirteenth and Four
teenth Cavalry divisions.
The headquarters of the Sixth Infantry and the 8cond Cavalry
brigades are at Douglas, Ariz., In wnlch patrol division Columbus ties.
These Include the Seventh Cavalry st Douglas, elcht troops of the Tenth
Cavalry at Huachuca, Arts., and seven troops of the Thirteenth Cavalry at
Gen. Kunston. In charge of th forces along the border, reported to
the War Department that he Is sending additional forces to Columbus, but
Col. Slocum Is reported to bellevo that he can control the sittiatloo with
the troops under hla command.
The Infantry forces alone; the border consist of the Seventeenth, Eigh
teenth, Nineteenth, Twentieth, Twrenty-second. Twenty-sixth and Teenty
eighth regiments. They are scattered In patrols along; the boundary Una.
The Kl Paso division, under Oen. Pershing, and the Douglas division, under
Oen. Davis, are available for Immediate use at the point where the raiders
A list of the (Jlfferent troops and their stations, given out by the War
Department to-nlfht, follows:
Alplne, Tex., A, Thirteenth Cav
alry. -llllss Fort. Texas, Eighth Cav
alry, less I. K and M; Seventh
Infantry, Twentieth Infantry. Fourth
Field Artillery, less D: A, Fifth Field
q Brownsville. Tax., Fourth Jnfan
try .ltd First Squadron Third
A Calexlco, Cel., B and M. First
c Columbus. N. M., headquarters
0 and seven troops Thirteenth Cav
alry. ft Clark Fort, Texas, headquarters
0 and six troops Fourteenth Caf
rrOel nic Tex., Third Battalion
Nineteenth Infantry and D. Four
teenth Cavalry.
o Donna. Tel.. A and D. Twenty-1
eighth Infantry.
0 IxmirUs. Ariz, headquarters and
" two squadrons Sevtnth Cavalry;!
Eleventh, F.lghteenth and Twenty-see-
ond Infantry. Batteries A and B. Blxth 1
Field Artillery, and headquarters Sixth
"risa"- .
IfkUsfle Pass. Tex., Seventeenth
AU Infantry, Battery F. Blxth Field
Artillery, and O. Fourteenth Cavalry.
U Kl Paso. Tex., headquarters
eighth Brigade, and Sixth and
Sixteenth Infantry.
110 llachlta. N. M A and B. Seventh
1 o llailinBen. Tex, headquarters
AO and three companies Twenty-sixth
Infantrj', ond headquarters and three
troops Sixth Cavalry.
Hancock Fort, Texar, I, Eighth
Jg Hidalgo, Tex.. F. Sixth Cavalry.
1 Huachucj, Arii., , htdQUirttri
esiiM ''" as......
-Fabens, Tex., K, Eighth Cavalry.
1 Q Kingsvllle. Tex., H and M, Twen-
10 ty-slxth Itifuntiy.
Laredo. Tex., Ninth Infantry snd
K. Sixth Tield Artillery: hesd-l
nuartets Second Brigade
ah lndlos, Tex.
A. Sixth Cav
I.yfoid, Tex.. C and I, Twenty,
sixth Infantry.
CoHlinurd from Firit Pagt.
during the raid on the cattle bird of
the Hosques Orandea ranch. Then the
bandits travelled northward lelsursly
and entered Columbua by a ditch run
ning pa it the cavalry camp.
"Villa was In personal charge," said
this man, "and with him were Pablo
Lopez, Mat tin Lopes, Col. Candelarlo
Sevantes, Col. Crus Chaves, dsn. Jose
Fernandez and Oen. Heltian. Villa de
clared he was going lo kill every Ameri
can because the American Government
did not treat hhn right."
This Mexican confirmed a previous re
pott that Villa had freely stated before
leaving Ihe Santa Ana district In West
Chihuahua that he Intended to force In
tervention by the United States by raid
ing American tenltory and killing
civilian and soldiers.
Villa had carefully planned the raid,
tt Is evident, for a telegram was received
at Hachita, N, M last night beating
the slgnntute, of the American care
taker of the Nvg.tles ranch In Chihua
hua, fort) -four miles from here, saying
that Villa waa there, Villa had caused
titles televratn to be sent, ss lis wes
then making his way here front the Boi
,ue tlrancles ranch.
Army officers hete generally believe
that the plans set under way esterday
for a conference with Villa at the border
were n part of the scheme of the Mexi
can i li I ef lo draw as many soldleis as
possible from CoIiitIius that he might
then enter and loot the (own. A detach
ment of troops was sent from hers last
nlglit toward the border on the under
standing that Villa would meat Ameri
can nfi'lrers at the international tins
and parley with thtm illative to grant
ing asylum to hint In the United Mtatis.
In soms quarters It Js th belief that
he expected Col. Slocum Is Join the
S 7 A Tt
INC W4M r y i-
e o j
V' LtMCftN
ausjM7cAeuP at
OOUrtt. Tx C and H. Thirteenth
23 rcedes. Tex., c Sixth Cavalry,
and U Twenty-sixth Infantry.
04 Mcintosh. Tex., K, I. and M,
Fourteenth Cavalrs.
. 25 M"M,lon- T- B n4 . B1tn
. 1 Cavalry, and haadauarters and
'gg Mtdero. Tex, F. Twenty-elghth
Masses 3
07 McAIIen. Tex., O, Twenty-eighth
OP Naco, Arli.. D and a. Tenth Cav-
2ft ss'' -rli.. Twelfth Infantry,
lets ft. C and D. Sixth Field Ar
tillery, and M. Tenth Cavalry.
flfl-Ph"rr' Tm- ' Twenty-elghth
ov Infantry.
3 remiss, ux.. 1.. Twenty-eighth
32 Pro. Tex D, Fourth Field
Artillery, and C. Twenty-eighth
qo Rio (Jrsnds City, Tex., K, O and
" n, Third Cavalrv.
OA Rome. Tex.. F. Third Cavalrv.
1 ui
35 San Benito, Tex., A, K, F and li,
Twenty-sixth Infantry.
Oft San Diego, Tex., A. D. K and I.,
ou First Cavalry.
07 Sam Fordyce. Tex., M. Twenty
eighth Infantrj. and O, Sixth
3R San Juan. Tex., D and R. Twen-
ty-lghth Infantry.
QQ Sierra Blanea. Tex.. M, r.lghth
u" Cavalry,
Aft San Ygnacla, Tex., I. Fourteenth
42" Banta Maria. Tex., M, Sixth Cav
airy. Balentlne, Tex.. It. Tnlrleenth
; 43 Tuma, Arlt.. D, Twelfth Cavalry.
I Company D. Seventh Cavalrv. Is at
I Slaughter's Ranch. Arltona.
Company I Sixth Cavslrv. Is st Ssn
Pedro Ranch, Texas.
Company D, Sixth Cavalry, la st
Landrum's Ranch, Texas.
Company C, Seventh Cavalrv, Is at
I.as Cietlgos, N. M.
American troops and had planned to
kidnap and take him Into Mexleo. The
Colonel having failed to go lo the bolder
from Columbus, the raid was carried out
for the purpose of exciting the American
people, some believe.
Kl Paso Street Cars Tsirneil Hack
at the ousi4ar.
Kl, Paso, Tex., March . To uvold
trouble In Juarez all Amiiloan street
cars were stopped to-night at the Inter
national bridges snd turned ba-k to Kl
Considerable excltrment prevailed In
Juarez to-day as a result of the trouble
at Columbus. N, M., and particularly
at reports that American troopn had In
vaded Mexico. A battalion of the Twen
tieth Infantry lefe hero for Cptumbus
lo n enforce th American troops there.
Sesiator shermasi Kerne. .di
aa irsny Into Mealvo,
PglNegTON, III., March f.Armed In
tirventlnn In Mexico Is the answer or
Senator Luwrence v. Sherman lo the
latest outrage of the Vllllsta (eoldlers.
"I am In favor of armed Intervention,"
said the Senator to-day, when a repot tcr
told him of the Invasion of Columbus,
N. M.
"We should Html an srmy to the bor
der not only to protect Amerlcst ri but
lo go across and make the Mexicans
respect un."
Mr. Bhsrnian ! here attending Ihe
convention of the Swedish American Re
publican League of Illinois.
EKio '
'x fa T m t a t- I
wr - -v rcr T r
fought a hot engagement with them on Mexican soil,
and the many forts and posts on the border where
United States troops are stationed. The numeral 6
indicates the site of Columbus.
I Wtlb ( H Kril I ruin Ul IIH.'I l .ii'ims
nmmATlIIT imilTTnmiII'li""le. w-t of Peatkon. where the
Kill I I IK I A I a V KK I III I I " hrto Mexican (lovernment wa, te-
UVl 1 VUliiL I DllilU 1 potted to have maintained a heavv gar-
AIIVP Or Ileail, l till!
Ileniand of New York
tdltorlsl comments In .New voik
newspapers on the developments In the , troopets.
Mexican situation, caused by the laid. She said that ome of the men de-
nf lb. VMll.t.. .1. .nhlobierl tailed to Kuard her during the march
or the Mlllstas. sie eubJoUied. )orth hff (la. V1a ha( m?1
Th. Uurld '"n(I ,i'c")0
1 .liiflt before she and her husband were
Nothing lew then Villa's lll can atone , taken prisoners with the Hayilen boys.
fur Hi. nii.. .t r.,lnmii v M ! Mrs. Wright SLild, the Villa men told
Whether or riot he led the raid In per-
son, he unquestionably planned It, andj0f pearmm. looted alt the .tores and
the guei tills who executed It beltnged to . Uitl?,l pome of the forelaners
his forces. Kvery drop of American "Servantes. with twelve men came to
blood shed st Columbus is on his r.ands. the ranch the night of Mar.h I," Mrs
80 far se It Is possible for a bandit to be Wright said. "Thev pretended to be
at wsr Mlla Is now- st vat with both carranza solidets and asked me If I
Mexico snd the United States. The , h(,( allv frio, to .n Mv husban.1 and
Mexican Uoveinment. In spite of the ef- Vrnnli )(p. wrri, , i,nrsin buy'ng
forts of Catrania. has proved unable to , riiwirf tnl, th,m w had only a
cope with the pltuatlon. and 10 the duty ., nolJr all, meaijn.t enough for
of effective action devolves upon the , ollr famV
United States. j
It Is not necessary to lnieivn in ,
Mexico In order to deal with Villa. ,
inere aie plenty 01 preceuents air puni
live expeditions.
one notable Instance
being the campaign against Ueronlmo.
No complications with the Mexican
Government need attend a punitive ex
pedition, unless Carranxa himself creates
the complications.
The Tribune.
Killing Americans has Ions been
I pastime In Mexico. The Brysn-W llson
I policy of ImpIorUig Americans to flee
from Mexico for their lives, of cm-wring
jtliem If they rennilned In that country'
j to protect their piuperty Interests, nt )
uouBing mt ouij ui inuirciiug iiiein
I when living and of avenging them when
I dead has borne Its perfect fruit.
Th supply of Americans In Mexico to
I h. .-irrttl4-.l Vlaili-un litf f..,. mnt.ln.
has Utterly been falling off. The mur
derers are being forced inure ami mote
to hunt new vlctltm on this side of the
Little or nothing has been done by trie
Administration to rinstsbiluh reject in
Mexico for Ameil aji life or properly.
It Is time to put .ti end to this shame
ful farce of eufotclng American tights
against Mexican asraslns, Killing
Americans on the Mexican side of the
Klo Grande simply because thev are
Americans Is a breach of treaty Kill
Ing Americans on this side of the Itlo
Grande by organized bodies of Mexicans
In an act of war.
The only remedy left to the Fulled
States Is to enter the tenltoiy in which
Villa Is operating and which he claim,
to control and to deal wl
un mm una
his followers as open enemies.
.xounng snon or a oeinontratton ot
force can now teslore American ptes-
Nothing short of a demonstration of
lie. in nirxico.
Villa led ne .nl I.I. V,o,l, r i,.n,n..
across our boundary to shoot up an
American town with a single purpose.
It was to drsw our troops over the' bor-
u.i .v . rnu. mill wiirie we
should be compelled o a course of Inter-
ventlon. arousing the Mexican people to
Villa's cause.
mere are iwo inings we can uo. vve . well, and one of them told me that
can tell Carranza that we will assist him villa's nun did not love him, but were
to run down all the outlaws that are ' ru,.,) entirely b the fear he had In
near enough the American line to make stilled In th-m. Villa was protertrd fiom
trouble on our territory. We ran tell t assai!ns. throughout the march bv his
him Ihiit If he Invites u. to assist hlni 1)r,ifeis-.a score of Colonel, nnd Gen
we will do so In behalf of his (Jnvern- Iais-and by a picked body of men
ment and In the name of his authority ,(I.,IW11 .plnroj,,. camped and
but that If he does not Invite us we shall .,e (,) themselves"
nam. I llllli, icvriiii.irr., iu llllll very
The I'nlted 8lates llovernmenl would
better begin now,
The Staats.Zeltnna.
The Mexican trouble la again In full
swing. It is really nulte as was to be
expelled. It la clearly evident that Car
rania Is not the proper man to bring
Mexico back under one hat.
It may b assumed that the Adminis
tration has learned by this time that
a "word of might," even If spoken b,v
President Wilson, can accomplish noth
ing In Mexico. What the bandits down
there need Is. a "msn with an Iron fist "
Let Washington find such a man notv
When there was one, In the poison of
Huerta, he was forced out and finally
hunted to death, What now?
Coloarl's Kb t per. Nuns anil
rr Yorkers, ,
I col. Herbert J. Slocum, commandei
,of the Thirteenth Cavalry, who was In
charge at Columbus. N M, Is well'""11 " 1 '"'' "ecause i oiu no.
imnii bare, lie ha. two son. !,.-
Herbert J, Slocum. Jr. snd Mylcs s
Slocum, engineers st SO Church street.
Col. Hlocum was stationed at Governors
Island few .vejra sro.
Col. Blotutn's fsther Is Col. .1, ,1 Hlo -
cum. executor of Kursull Hugs' will,
and In charge of the Sage estate at 111
Broadway. Ills sister Is Mrs. Sherman
Flint of 71 Madlhon avenue.
Col. Slocum Is a Weit Point graduate
and waa originally in the Seventh Cav
alry. After tho Spanish War he was
on detached service In Cubs in com
mand of the Rural Guards. He served
with the Thirteenth In the Philippines
and ws sent from Fort Riley, Kan.,
o the Mexican border almost threesars
'Mrs. Wright. Miioncr Xinu
j Dh.vh, Tells of ExperloiH-p ,
in Kiiid. 1
Col.UMRS, N. M., Mar. h v. Mrs. Maud
Hawk Wright, who was repotted to have
been murdered when her husband, an
other American ar.d herself ete taken,
prisoners by Villa, escaped from the ,
' Mexicans dutlna the fighting to-ilay. ,
On Tuesday. March 7. Mrs. Wright
.said, Villa bandits attacked employes
I of the Palomas Cattle Compan), killing'
four Americans emiaued In rounding Up.
.cattle. and destroying every American In It.
Mis. Wright said her husband. I Id ward The Mexican Inhabitants, he told me,
John Wright, formerly of Houston, Tex.. ; weie to be spared.
and Frank Ha)den. a .vouth employed "I wan In the line Villa thtew along
a i Itookei sawmill, were taUen the rallioad tiscks after his troops had
fiom the Wright ranch 'm Maich 1 and iwept easlwutd through the United
piMsuiiubty killed. When she was taken Stal cavalry. A bullet hit the saddle
prisoner und fotced to tide away with . of m) horse ss 1 stood dismounted be
, a detachment of Villa's men "under Col hind It
Nicholas Servantes she said a bindlt "Mlla snl Ills men acios the tucks
ordered bet to give her baby to a Mexl- into the town. Soon I saw bulldlnns on
1 cm famllv ,flie; then Hie American troops nppar-
, 'titty got Into action, and In .1 little
' Tells nf Her Cnpturr. j while the Mexicans came back.
M s Wrisht was cared for to-dav at ' ",V"'a "'"' the men cursing
the hon e Mr. riorum wlh of c"l 1 ""' threatening to shoot any man who
Slonn There she Md the story of her f-? oI" V".1"'."1
..,.e o,l n.,U. f-o.n the tPne
1 ,.' "... . ..... " . ... , i
risen for the n.otecl'on nf Americans.
Fp to yesterday, she said. Villa wore
,l,Hllr.n nne.f llttl rmliiil
straw hat ami rode a snull m ile, 'ot
1 Inst liefnre the nslit tn's mom ns lie
'appeared .lad In a trim ssliltary unl-
form and lode one of three handsome
sorrel chargers which had not been used
duriliir the long march. Mrs. Wright
im vnin 1..1 n.u,i.. 1 .-.nn m.n ..mm
h. io imri, inn nt nhteh
., a u, .han SOD Ameilcan
... . . , ............. - -
her they had raided Colonla .Juarez,
an American Mnemnn Ketttetnent West
Iln.liaiirt Is Caught. .
It was JnH about dark then and my'
I husband came Into the atil with two
pack mules wh'ch he unloaded A soon
as that win. done ome of the Mexicans
caught and saddled the siitiniiN.
"Servantes became impatient and de-
! matided to see our tore of flour and
1 meal. As soon as I opened the store-
room be ordered some of his men to
ti.l.A rt rtnr t,itmll. Thnn 11, e I utl.it
a',,,,. i,,,.i,n,.,i r,..ii.if. ti, vi i utv nf
,nl Ul, hands had been tied behind III
i,acl(. Mv husband called to Hayden
Btt he also was tied.
..My huband wa taken out to the
of the ranch vai.l and tied there
When I went out the sold. er guarding
the p-lsoners told me to leave the l.ab
with the wife of the Mexica. who hid
aleo been taken prisnnei I did that. The
soldier nnd I went out together after he
i mp ,v husband was at the top
of a hill a shoit distance away
"The soldlet told me to mount behind
o"i his hoiM- When 1 lefused he put me on
a...A .,r tn.il... liik'.t. fn.m mv
I.,,I 1 I ,. a....ti,.t ..ml
liuni'ttlin. I ie" riirin unci mt-i -n ,.a w
, , , iii is-i. . i --ti- i
hedld not answer. Then I .aid. I am
going back to 111) bab)
llie ocuuiei ie,,mu. r ie til en
...,11 ....,!.., ,11- ......
L0."jJ.,"L,,..t,."l ,r.Vt-,rt"..t,r,.,, '. Il'.filn da for two veats to accomplish 'this
j ., .-i , ,.. 'i,,.i,.. wheieiiBoii the soldier
I l l Wll , I h i c u. I t i, 2
' ! , ,, u,,,,,
I ,ol M that night ar.d reirhed
,.i., ... ,,.. ., rnr. ,i, ,.
., tiiiii.-A. - nt- - I....., ..,.
hours. Truce hours was the lonuett we
j stopped In a.i) twenty-four
I we ,,.,irhed the Hoca liiatido Hive,-
... . ,.,,, i,,i. , ,..., i
Z oor
' I, wh.il ihev me fol ' Throllchout
, all the nine da.vs was a piionrr I
I .!.., .,t, ... in.'. ..a.tt . lie cm,, u
little whr.e. with m bend against a tiee
ui riuini,
,rn l'' l-'le t Ilia.
, Ti-.. men guatdlng me Heated me
Xl.u Wr!l,l then lot, I i.e hnn- th.
I meat supply and watei gave out during
the march imtthwaid through the desert
region or Chihuahua, and how men, their
tongues swollen, eyes glazed and ex
hausted, would drop f i inn their horses,
only to he beaten and prodded with
.words by Villa's otth-eis, until the)
teuioillitc'd and Joined the lolumn
"From the first f knew that Villa
Intended to attack Columbus," Mrs I
Wright innllniied, "It was fteel) ills
cussed by the nidi and the officers
Some of the latter told me that Villa
Intended to Kill evei) American the)
iiiiild find, but they pointed to me Uk
an example of Unit decision nut to
hung women
"Luler, as we apptiiaihcil the honlir
fiom Hoca tlrandc, thete same otllcets
told me that Villa his rngo growing as
he neared the boundary would make
torches of ever) noinnn and, i ti I Id us
well as of every man In Columbus
"He Intended, they hald, to Kill eveiy
boil) In tin. Culled Statis, mid would I
, be helped by Japan and fSeimany
"Just before the match for the b.micr
l"" 1 H'"'"' l" ':''" vIHn- asUIng
I want my own countrymen, the Ametlcii
"uniiris, tiling upon me in tin, i.inus of
Mexican. Hut he laughed mid said
I Hut wlteii we got to Columbus he would
give me my papers in the uitlci of the
' '"ink theie He also said that the life I
, had led with his Hoops was making me
"Ah we enteied the ditch leadllli!
past Ihe Amerh .in aim) camp below
Columbus the Captain of m compan)
told me that lie and twent) oilier o'-1
ll.cus liad iioeted the bonier .vesterda)
ns spies and found that only a few I
American soldiers weie In camp, that
the others were further west, lie
ads. that evriybody expected an rssy
time capturing and burning the town
U'AsiHNuTtiN', March !. The War
Department to-night gave out this
despatch from Oen. Kunston:
KottT Ham Hot'irrnN, Tex.
The only Information that I
have of our troops having crossed
the border Is newspaper reports.
Itepurt from Col. Hlocum most
meagre In spite of telegram to
him this morning for full par
ticulars. I wired lilm this after
noon for full report. Will for-1
nurd further details ns soon ns I
ran get them Fuxston.
At 10:30 o'clock the War Depart
ment made public this telegrum
from Oen. Kunston.
"Latest report from Col Slocum
says forty-six Mexican soldiers
killed, seven seriously wounded;
now In camp. We had seven men
killed, two officers and five men
wounded. They will recover,
V': " saiu ne was too sick to rignt.
1 had b
peen detailed to guard me. He said
.f . it I i t . a t
' hrfl5uli. ulU ru" ln,. A,"";rl1c'"i
'i ynt"l T " rtt U, i',"'1 1,u'
' nj' ' ' ut w ;"'
. 7"" reireniuig loices unui
" ,",' , ""7 ', , ,
' iine.i nnu me ne
j ""li"'1'"'1 .....
. .V. ..... ,
aske.i him to set tne free
You go. )ou aie at llbert).' he eald.
"I went to the Moore Iioukc and found
Mr. Mooie lying face down on the stcu.
oeno. ann ins wne wns In a nearby He Id.
wounded, she had seen her husband
,.!,, , ., , ., ,
....... ... m,i nnu. ne .ii. ueao.
Some Amerl. an soldiers came b) They
railed for an ambulaiue and I taine to
Columbus with Mrs. Moo.e
I have had nothing for nine ibs but
mule meat and scorched beef without
200,000 MEN NEEDED
(tut'ri'illH Wiii'ftii'f Mijrlit
On IiKli'finitclv. A liny K
pi'i'ls Ayi'pp.
, . ,
It would leipine .riii.i.iii) m. n t-i cm.
tiol all of .Mexico, according to an ti-
mite of olllcers of the C.etieral Staff
which was published In Tun Si ", on
Jauuaiy K. In arriving at this tluuie
the military experts tool; into cousidim
lion all possible contingencies and pro
ceeded cm the asuniptlon that It would
be necessary to ..weep the country from
the Hlo ttramJe to the southern border
. lv,t,la n.e....l h,t tl.a M.,lfiinn n n
ti.iv ii..en i i,.finii,imr' ;,.
tivlty ate veterans In the'.r ow-i p.cullar
Mud of warfare. They are thoioughly
uciiulnted vclth the count-y in wiikli
the fighting would be done and have
adapted themselves m the rigors of ihe
' tirlil. Army otneer l.elleve mat there
would be no clash of oppos ng urmie.
but guerrilla fighting carried on by
tereii lands. a.s for ammunition, t .s
believed that there would be a scar.it) mi
the part of the Mexicans. It nas been
observed, however, that In HiihtinK along
the border they have had oinerabie
nrtlllrr), Includ.ng I'n nch nuns of mod
ern l)pe The Mexicans also have been
. . .. . ..i i.. . i.i .
. slltl,"l,M "i'.im r..MM1 ...
I 1 1 1 1 Un Hi
l-MinilK Hlv II'llIIKl PHill nu Ol I 'If-,
f n)nH f,ir ,',.,.
object of wa)s and means for the pad-
flialloii nf Mexico and tlgureil that It
, ,, ,,, ,,.. ..... flnn , t m.n nnn
MIIHui) evpetts of ,l,e ,eM.t Cen-
, ,ral S,nlT ,lml"K ",0 ''"" fpw
" l1'""" " Intervention
i uudei onsldcriillon. Tin- til est plodded
I f"r ".,,uiri "f ""T"": :,,"','K
'" -..u--, me
subjugation of Mexican terrltmy llug
I in I he uoith of a line i-MendliiK fiom
j i.iioiniii io cull.-, nine, wnicn llii'lllilc r- III.'
region In which ate located most of the
' V"
, . " i n .aiopaiKii
co ered
I lie) nave never veutuicil a Ktli ss !IH
I'" ll,m " """hi be uecessrv to
I '' " "rfn.e In .MeM.o
n . . . . ,, ....firs TTVIM-ri'n
! ( A" I Al. S H It h f7. HURT
, Mrs. William. In oluinliiis Wire
I'Mtlier nl Norfolk,
Nom'ui.k, Va , Match ! Mrs I.ouiee
Wlllmn, wife of Capt.-Adjt. lieorge
William, who wan wounded by Mexi
cans at Columbus tn-iluy, telcgraphd
bet fathet lieie thU afternoon that fight
ing eontPiUes In the New Mexico clt).
She stated, however, that -!ie nnd'her
twn-jear-old son were uiiluunied. Mrs
Williams probably sent the meeaug.. b
fore her hnsband wan wounded, ns che
made no mention of It,
Mis, Williams whs Mies t.ouli-e Jones
ilntigliter of T. A. Jones of Norfolk Sh
married t'apt Williams In IPlii, Cain
Williams s,,e,( t )chiv In the Pi,
p'nc and has been htatloned at Coluti'
bus for two .veats,
The new and the old
New building, new
new style-designs.
Conforming to prevailing ideals
of modern business method.
Old reliable tailoring, old method of pricing oiu
wares at a modest profit, old custom of embodying
all value possible in our garments, old courtesy of
serving customers properly.
Maintaining the policy rigidly
observed by ut for sixty years.
Spring clothes are rendy from head to ft II 1 1
for men and hoys.
Brokaw Brothers
Semitors Kn II mill Rornli Pre
iiiiitiI to A Hack Mi'xicnn
Wasiiinotov. March 9. DeieiopmeM.
In the Mexican situation cams tilth
such startling rapidity that Corjre.
where another outbreak of clebvte rnn
reining the President's "watchfui wait.
Ing" policy Impended, adjourned tMir
without taking cognizance of the l,rM
turbulenre. Administration leadei., lin.
ever, are fearful lest t lie storm ,u
break to-morrow.
Senator Fnll was gathering mater,,
to-day for a speech In the Senile t.
tacking the Piesident's policy a a r
suit of the killing of Ait.crkan. a
Columbus. Senator lloruh was aIo pre
pared to protest against tie Invasion or
the I'nlted .States by the Mexican bj.
The Senator from .New Mev 0. b
was the author of the teeolut'on 1.1 !
spouse to which the President 'e-eatij
sent to the Senate Information on e1!
Ing the Mexican situation. Is illMti.
fleil with the M-port and was r.mte-iip.j
Ing making the charge In his emir;
speech that It was Incomplete and m..
leading. He also purpoeeu iin
1 contrast between
lit., Aotnln.str.i' .n
llrJ. ((f .inamimg protect...', v' t.ci
1 IHJIH J 'l Ut'iiMi
leans at sea 1
been adopted w
I cltliens In Me.
ami Hie JMiuty nirfi mt
ith lofer'l.'e Im ,nrr'ttn
, ... ,h, u.(. 1 here was a ..a e cere .
Mice to .Mexico tu-nay. umicaiiiig mi
th problem It presents has not p.i.l
from the minds of the members on to
minority side at least Before t!;e fjj
pubtlv report of the later deve'.opirn.rj
of the dav bad been bl ought to the -tentlun
of the members Hie Houe si-l0U""-''
. ,
llrlef leferemes were main- io .-ir....
' 1 1... 1,.. hin umlci
inr it,....; ---
M)lf rnii In the House late in in uo
'.!, , ., handful of members t.rfe-t
When the Item of Jlmi.onw for the mv.
()f su,lrl , foielgn trade anJ
, Ceiitial and South Ameiua
leilche, Mr Mondell of Wvonih.i sue
gested thete would be little Use of ab
lempting to extend trade In tho-e c in-
trliiH unices the Culled States Covc-n.
nient were pr'.areil to ilete' u vicr-
, un. i.oil their nrnnertv 1 1 pointed '
roiidltlous as they exist In Mexl.-o
This called forth a veheinetit d.-fencl
of the Administration from lterrem(.
the Foster of llllimK l'reslilcnt V 'oi
and President Taft weie both rii'" In
preventing war with Mexico, he sa d
"V1,.i kll lt.it-., ' h uilileil. "jn,l 4-t
American property ptotected, but Mer
i do not vt .nt to go theic. 1 -nn t red tl
' till" talk of piotei'tlng America)- tuna-
eity at tin- liolnt of a sword The i
, eminent has looked after Amerh a'. II
well as It could have done under t.-.
circumstance. I don't believe It tt
duty of our i Jov eminent to send our
boys mto Mexlii. and plunge the loiutrr
Into war.'
"Koesnt the gentleman know. srd
llepresentative licnnet nf New Yer
"that the President has asked mis
sion of the Curraiira ilovcriiine" t
send tioopi Into Mexico?'"
"If he has." said Kepiesent.i'ive rol
ler, "he probably thinks the t.me ha
arrived for taking action of that -or'
This brought tin- cnlloiiuv to nn .ihrm!
close Slvutly afterward the llim-e i-1-Join
C'n f fo-fd (ii't'ciilKH'ii" i( re
i Ini'.v Kims (i'iiiiiiiI of Wnr.
1 o io mill HVpoi'tri's.
vMlix.rrn.v, Maiib 3 Ne
Itakei wa hwoi n in at- Sc i.'.i .
to-diy b") As-.letant Chief i i. r
dolph In tin otln-" w tilth i'-.'
flat rlsoi. I -1 etil I) vacated
S.-C I et.ll) It.llilf VV.le ll.lld
.nto mile.- when ollh-ial rip
the Will I le'l.ll lineiit n- ,, a-.,
CoUimbiis. N M . falsing t.e j
risls ,n Mexican iclnlioiis s n .
Ing of Vera Cm. He mm
I'.-ieiico with .Maj(-.-iIei llui ,
Chief of .-tiilf. who had ie ,'. i
in. urn nt.s In fore a Sei 1 1 ,i
ad Int. r im.
Mr ItaU'-r ai 1 iv, .1 i-i W n .
.nornlni: ,ii x In. t I I
to the Whit" Mouse to 1 ,o
to P: si, lent Wil-oii. confer- -g
Pree'ileni for half ..n h- iir
Secretary I'an.els an,,- ,, .
Itakei to Ills new oftli e, lutr
It. lien Scott, Capt Cootes,
aid, Chief c'leik Si n.ield ami v.
Chief Cletk llandolt li
Aftei being sworn Se . i
tei ev i d nil the .11 nn olH- - i
.11 the State, W .ii- .n il Nm
Movie ni.-ii ,iinl tdiotio:! ,i,',, ns
So. retai v I'.alcir ns he left ' -llollee
K.V lino -ill the dec
Il id ha dl) - o n.- floin th.
lilt) in wei l el lien In f
r.ipl el e lielnillt ,1 llllll II' 1'
b iMed fur oc III, , .iii; , i. I I .
sm'leil for t'l" new si.i.ei . k
and tin r onsenteil t" p i-,.
fun r-'Oii, of Ills i. Hlce
"Hen.;; a Ki, enliorn s ,
wiien i.-.i v ng tile White II. i
miv tli.il I have in v pub
.it I il f ile
Ti mi il' s t i'i i- ,
li- mid. lie of , oen Mov
' If
, r i
fixtures, new
L.iu..jr:jikiitJii.riili!ifci I fwot .jt 'jlnu,

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