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KH1DAY, MAIlClt 24, 1010.
Entered at tha rmt omo at New York as Second Olaaa Mll Mailer. fttiborrlittlnna l7 Mall, roelpald. tiAIt.V. Pr Month UAJL.V. l'er Year SUNDAY, Per Moulli f UVDA Y (In Canada), Ttr Month. PL'NUAY, l'er Yer DAILY A.VII SUNDAY, l'er Year. DAILY A-VD .SUNDAY. lr Month t'onrniN ItAtr-s. DAILY. rer Month KPNIJAY. Per Month DAILY AND SUNDAY, l'cf Mouth S 00 t K X M &0 73 I 211 ft 1 IW TftM KVKN1NO SUN. IVr Month. u Tin: uvnNiMJ sun. rer rear. Ml TUB KVUNl.S't SU.N'lt'orfln),rerMo. 1 M All checks, tnnney ordere. e, to be Blade payable to Tim St'N. Pobll.h'd dally. Including Sundav. by the Pun Printing anil 1'iihlli.tilnit AocUtlcin at I Ml Njjti utrt-t. In the Hnrniigh of Man fiattiin, Nw York. I'rwl4"it " Treaa u,"r. William i Kelck. iwi Nu . tru VJee President. K.tward P. Mitchell. JWJ Nai.dii Mreet. Secretary. K. Luilon. 160 Naeauu eireet. London office, V.fflnnlum Houf. 1 Arun del iri. Strand. rrli oiltco. l lluo de l MU'hoJIero. oft Hue du cpmtrc Septembre Wmhlnston office. Itlht Building. rooklvn office. 10H Mvlimaton etreet. our I Hindi vho favor m teilh r)isu eefnM and illmtmlioon fur pvbllmtlon ictsh It have rreclcd arlletr rrlnrnnt thru In alt mr tend jlamrii lor tl1 purpotf. The Exposure of a National Shame. Americans have been told so fre quently thnt the United State array and navy, miin for man, nun for gun, ship for chip, equalled. If they did j not nurpiis the armed forces of other nations, that most of them Mleve It. Is that belief Jutltiod7 r ltuvo we been d"cel ed, and lured Into n false iimtidence In onr (lciKMiiloneo on tho arm of the public service in which we look ln time of is-aee fur the jht fonnatice of well understood duties, and In time f war fur pre-ervntlou from (lluter In the tlr.-t attack? AVhat Is the record? Within a week It has Is-on dis closed that the machine gun In ut In the army I- u dn.vllght cun. Its feed ho delicate that In tne dark It cannot Ik depended on to function properly. The aeroplanes assigned to nccom- pany the punitive force following Viij.a have proved Incapable: there Is talk of ntmophcrli' conditions their euglues ootild not withstand; they were sent up without observers or mechanician; and those which sur vled their nlshts, Instead of complet ing their service as eouts have lte'n ordered to search for those which could not keep the air. Moreover, their number was pitifully Inade quate, and the country Is told that the Government ti mis It dltlicult to obtain satisfactory motors. In a day when the Ktiropean aeroplanes, ma chines of American Invention, some of American construction, perform as n matter of course a duty Incompa rably more difficult than any that has been put iikii ours. These facts lmvi; been divulged despite a censor-hip more rigid than has ever been uttetnpteil here before. What the full report will show no mn dares to foretell. Will It reveal that transportation was Inadequate, the commissariat unequal to Its task, the quartermaster's supplies of Im proper character and iuHiitllcinnt In amount, the medical stores uusulted In kind and deficient in quantity? The answers to thce questions will he given when Pkhsiiimi returns to the United States; the history of the not remote past supplies a suggestion that must be rejected until it is ofllcliilly confirmed. If the army had dirigible balloons, they should be with I'liKsiitNu, for the practical aid they could give and for the training their crews could gain from exercise in the Held. Hut the army has no dirigibles, or If It pos sesses them they are hidden nwny where they can be of no use. Occa sionally we see a photograph of a gas bag ln a shed, with descriptive matter assigning It to the army, but that it hns ever left the builder's hands Is not recorded. The country does know that the army aeronautical school has been savagely attacked In Iho Scnato, nnd that no pretence of a defence has been mado for it. "Mnn for man" the army equals any of Its size in the world. Iiut how many men does It count lo a regiment' What Is the number of noldicrH, recorded us individuals nnd not by organizations, under I'r.n siiino's command? How many bayo nets, not companies or regiments, am In Panama? How many organizations can to-dny put their nominal peucew,is much n revelation of the Inenpa- strength In the Held? Wo hear of a regiment, nnd sot It down for a thonsnnrl men- t. mrrl,s off foil ritrcngth, with C8.r rifles behind Its Colonel, During all the recent talk of war from men highly placed, the necessity of preparedness, the terrlile dangers of tho nation's foreign rela tions, the urmy has been fur below its autnonzed pence strength, and no person In authority has moved to bring It tip to the number provided ! by Inw. An nrmy of unfilled regiments, day light machine guns, aeroplanes that keep the ground; a wireless that Is cither nnn-cslsteiit or tit only to be the toy of a child: are there more disclosures like these to be made? The navy, "ship for ship" the peer of any? With not a battle cruNer de signed, building or authorized; with the Admiral of one lleet established ln n tender as his flagship; with undersea boats that must be towed. that cannot submerge, or, having sub merged, reach the bottom nnd stay there until the wreckers have crossed a continent nnd lifted them to the surface with chains and tackle; with submarines equipped with electric bat teries giving off dangerous explosive giiscs, uinl no ventilators provided to clear the nlr; with battleships doing the work of cruisers; with evolutions nnd target practice neglected: with Its enlisted men undergoing literary training lu the hours that should be devoted to seamanship, recreation or rest; with dreadnoughts of problem atical value In cometitlou with the modern vessels of other Powers; bedlam In Its clWI direction, disgust among its professional commanders, and unrest among its cull-ted men? The fatal defect of the defence sjs- I tern of the nation Is not shrouded In mystery. It springs from political control of technical subjects. The educated and Informed men. the spe- cliillsis whose advlif desencs respect. are subordinated to I lie Ignorant poll tlclnn, the clown In nitlre. A lanlel puhos usldc a IVwey, and mu..!es a nke, and public opinion l directed not by the facts, but by the special appetites ami the job s,H'kliig ambi tions parochial "leaders" hatlor. Where n general stall" W needed to harmonize and coordinate two com plementary service-, a volunteer baud of civilians Is Introduced, Inevitably breeding discord and Jealousy, com plicating still further u situation of extreme delicacy, and offering a fer tile Held for bickerings and distrust. A system Incapable of any results ex cept a continuation of prodigious waste without fruit. Incompetence and failure Is fastened on Us; and until It Is. recognized that without coherent, responsible, expert guidance progress Is Impossible, we shall blunder on In the costly and futile course In which our feet are now set. Kurnp.il kin's Test. With the Russian offensive between Wllun nnd Hwliisk. which according " It "iny Is- the fruit of a desire to to I'etrograd tlespatehoj luis already I Injure the stockholders whose, money pierced the German line and is being j has been Invested in private armor vigorously pressed, the mime of Gen-! plate plants depending on the pntron eral Kl l'ioi'UKlN is not associated j ""-'e of the I'lllted Slate, for success, in the despatches; but as lie was1 Whichever explanation of the plan "'" ".U-oluted gl. com,,, .;.. the army of the north the pres..inp. ' l tloii Is that the veteran is In charge , of the operations. Time bus brought j General Kt uorTKiN bis opiH.rluniiy and his revenge. Relieved of his command in .Man churia after the disastrous battle of Mukden, although by a masterly re trent he had sated the army. Kruo patkin was disgraced and relegated to obscurity. The Imperial order ap pointing General I.isi.vihii a. his successor contained not one word of appreciation for the services rendered by a soldier who had stood at the head of his profession before the war anil was less to blame for the failure of the Russian army than the bureau cracy at St. Petersburg. When Ki -iioiwtkin published Ills "History of the Kusso-.liipiiucso War" It was nt once confiscated by the Government. It has been said that the narrative was "a dismal retrospect of unpre paredness, disorganization and cross purposes." Kt iMU'Ai kin did not spare Ills corps commanders. ItiLi,iniNii had done nothing but blunder at l.loo-Vang; and (intorr bolted with his force of I'.'.oini men, abandoning a strong ttositlou; but the author ad mitted that the Russian troop, en gaged were raw and poorly trained. As the campaign went on comimiiiders fulled to cooperate with one another, nnd Kt'Boi'ATKtv declared that his orders were often disregarded, (imp rc.Niu.Kii fulled him In a grcal turn ing movement ; Stackkmikiui went hi own way at Sandepii; and "the man tier In which General K.m'i.iiabs di rected the operations of Ids cavalry (at Mukden 1 was Ineffective and un happy." According to the comniauder in chief Kaut.iuiis was hopelessly In-coniKdc-nt and sluggish. Hut Ki no patkin accepted responsibility for the Mukden disaster, admlltliig thai he had neglected to tnnke his reserve strong enough for the decisive mo ment of the battle. lit ntlii.r resttnets tin "lllslorv" city of tho Russian troops for war tno corruption of the Govern- " quipping tlld .limy lllld II ansHjriiHK it m mocioi iiuii u icm lst broke on Iho author's bend. He was persona non griitn not only to the F.tnpernr but to almost every offi cer who had served under him, Ami jet ho had told the truth- lit a bald manner thut was almost brutal. Ills own reptrtntlon was ruined, nnd he seemed to have no future In the army. Old associates shunned him. He was ln mpletp eclipse. Hllll Kt IU1PATKIN MIllUKI tlOW 1)0 restored to favor nnd entrusted with high and responsible command means either that Kusslii Is desperately ln need of military talent or that Kuno patkin was a victim of bureaucratic lorociitlon and Injustice after the war with .lapan. He Is now to be put to the test again, hut he will lead un urmy, not n mob. and his subordi nates will be competent nnd zealous. There was neer any doubt of Kuro patkin'm theoretical knowledge of war, and In the Turkish campaign (lie had distinguished himself as Sko- nu.uv s rhier of statT. In Turkestan mid Samarkand he added to his repu tation. At .11 he was n Major-Oeneral and talked of as the successor of SKotir.t.m-. KfnopATKtN was always a soldiers' ficneral and opulnr with the regimental offlcers. "War," Kmoi'ATKi.N has said, "has become the most Intricate of arts. No part of the campaign may be left to nccldent or momentary enthusiasm nowadays." He Is no longer young at W, but his great opponent Himicn in ko Is us old or older. Kurofatkin has n reputation to make, a chance to redeem himself. It will be Inter esting to study him In his new Held of action. Logic of the Road Builder. Senator Kt.oN It. Brown of Wa tertnwn Interrupted a hearing on Wednesday on a bill designed to do the square thing by thN city to say: "Tho entire highway snlm of the Ptntc Is In d.inEfr of being ruined by automobile trucks. "I hiid a conference with Kowtw Perrr, Highway Commljloner. to-dy, und lie tells mo there an highways within tlve ni. Irs of where we are that mav be ruined within sixty das." The "entire highway system of the State" wo take to mean the State highways; ami those were authorized. designed and constructed after the Internal explosion engine became a fact that every road builder had to reckon with. Were they, then, laid out without reganl to the use on their surface of motor trucks? Was It supposed by their designers that stieh vehicles would avoid them, arid run across lot.-.? Or In their unsub stantial and unlit qualities Is the State to learn another lesson In the science of polltlco-physlcs, with the later history of which they are so Intimately connected? In Nhme District .Shall It Be? There are three plausible theories to account for the passion now pos sessing Congress to set the L'nlted States up in business as a maker of armor plate. The scheme may be the product of Ignorant meddling plus acute understanding of the isjlltlcal advantage to Ite derived from It; it may tlow from a lack wit notion that the cries "(Jovernmeut ownership" and "liown with monopolies" will be potent In the Presidential campaign: heron- Iho .lou.e Is accepted It eiitlrelj discreditable to th "' giw support to it. Government armor I'hite would be excessively ex.,sve. "' product of exs-rt knowledge highly dllutisi with polities; the ac counts would le juggled to conceal the overhead charges; nnd the wire pulling and back scratching Involved in the passage of appropriations for Its siipMirt would .addle on the Treas ury a pork account beside which the rivers and harbor and public build ings bills would be pygmies. There is no economic or naval rea- I"'" f"r iovernuient armor plant. us erection can no justiueii oniy ny the elevation of cheap iolltics to that plane of supreme Importance It has liewT heretofore occupied. Mr. I'rrndergast's Challenge to Sen ator Thompson. Comptroller I'ltt.Mii.iit.Asi has ls?en obliged again to address the chairman f the legislative committee Investl gating Hi e Public Service Commission on the subject of his methods of pro cedure. In brief, be has told Mr. Thompson that the jwrststeiit utter ance of threats, innuendoes and prom ises of sensational disclosures involv ing criminal misconduct on the part of city officers, traction company em ployees mid business men Is cowardly. Indefensible nnd intolerable, and he lias called on the Niagara county Sen ator. If he has fncts justifying the words Dint have been attributed lo Illlll. to make these facts the basis of prostviillons lu the courts. Mr. I'ltr.Mii.iifi.vsi has spoken the thought thul lies lu every man's mind. For a month and a half the Thompson committee bus been the source of rumors mid retmrts, allega tions itmi suggestions, that have blackened the reputations of men, dead ami alive, left helpless to defend themselves. There can be no answer to the sly half truths, the mean mis represent nt Ions, the fulse construc tions Hint huve Hooded the town since the committee' entered on this phase of Its activities. The most honorable iiiiiii must sit sllenl while his fame Is bespattered and his good name as sailed In such covert fashion. Only when n dellnlle. Justiciable charge Is entered can the defence lie heard, ami no such chnrgcs have avet la-en brought forward. These Mr. I'ln-.Nm.Hii.vhT demands; nnd If they are not brought, he and every honest man In New York will huvu wurrunt to condemn tho Thomp- THE SUN, FRIDAY, son committee and Its chairman as assassins of reputation whose purpose is not to scrre the public but to pro mote a private ambition. Manes far the Bchoeli. The Board of Education has not enough to do. Having brought the organization and management of the city's hundreds of schools to such ti pitch of perfection that they run themselves, those powerful Intellects ure free for activities of a less prosaic nature thnh providing pro grammes of study, supplies and the conditions of comfort and efficiency for the hundreds of thousands of pupils and the thousands of teachers. For a beginning they have Invented names for several hundred schools. As any one knows who has tried to And n satisfactory name for n baby, a boat, a hotel, a Pullman car or a new street, this Is a task for brains oiled with Imagination. In 'this In stance It Is attended with peculiar difficulties, since so many people of so many minds must be suited; and the people arc finicky about their schools. Pacifists protest against names of military suggestion. "Israel Putnam" suggests n flippant familiar ity, "iMy." In Richmond "The Bull frog" was suggested, but "Green Ridge" won. Likely enough the Max Mueller and the Baron De Knlb are ln Irish neighborhoods, the Vlttorlu Colonna has an Austrian attendance and the Father fSylvester Mnlonc tenches German children. The Wash ington Irving High School Is notori ously given over to the uses of every un-American propaganda, In spite of Its Identification by an honored Amer ican name. Kven the most beautiful Ideas fall of unanimity In support, but In this romantic project only one member permitted ugly practical considera tions to Invade the sweetlv solemn scene of christening. Ills name must be given, that public Indignation may find Its proper mark. The maker of course suggestions of economy and common sense was Fnr.ncntrK HarrK HAcmt He begrudged the $00,000 It would cost to put brass name (dates on the buildings. He scoffed ut the borrowing of names from the ceme tery headstones. All that can tie said In his favor Is that he Is u new- member, having served In the lionrd only a few weeks. He will grow In grace, we trust, and come In time to n proper appreciation of the serious business of "free" public education, Has the attention of the Thompson committee been directed to the fact that H cast kt H. Vkeeland when presi dent of the Metropolitan Street Hall way Company offered In behalf of that corporation to build the orUrinal sub way without asking for any money from the city treasury? Mr. Wilson's preparedness addresses, delivered lost winter, are undergoing preparation for publication : and it is said they will constitute, one of the most Interesting of the. new books when they have been finally edited. A conspiracy of cigar makers and dealers covering' fifteen years and costing the Government millions of dollars annually In uncollected taxes reveals stupidity or worse In the Tt (-usury Department ruther than cunning among the lawbreakers. He- J e - , ptaniion of the thlevlnit Is to he foun." cently a similarly ancient fraud in the found in the offices of the collectors and the system followed therein, ami not In the superior genius of the dishonest manufacturer under their supervision. A Greenwich Village woman, fearing defeat In ii club election, seized the ballot box and tore up the ballots. Who jays now that the Rentier sex s not H. to vote with mnn? The pernicious anti-enlistment league, whoso members pledge themselves "afralnst enlistment as n volunteer for any military or naval service, of fensive or defensive, in International war," has extended its activities to the colleges. If there Is now no law to punish the authors of this un patriotic enterprise cine should be enacted: and Its s-naltles might prop erly include Incarceration In an Imbe cile asylum. The red blooded men of this country do not demind this big military estab-1 llshment. They fear no enemy and they I do not ask that their fellow cltliens be burcleuca witn taxation in orner unit . men In the regular army may be Jumped from corporal to Major-Oeneral. fVep fruenlutlve JOHN C. McKKNZIE p Illi nois. Mr. McKcnxib is quite right tn as suming that the country would not cheerfully pay for such Jumps In pro motion. His notions about the anny have a Woodbine Township flavor. Chairman Paduett of the House Naval Affairs Committee Is not with out resources to provide for Ids peace and comfort. When n committeeman tiecomes troublesome the chairman rubs him the wrong way until the trouble maker files into u passion and out of the committee room. An emeemeu contemporary remarits that "It will he a very democratic gathering at .xiinnson .square liurnen on Saturday night." Possibly. Hut the cynosure of all eyes will be four dukes. .links Is Stuns. CniiKrrfc.triAn .links tin rsrnvsr.d hit tifJlth, Hut hl mind Is ntlll worried by current r verm; He lonkd like a man who wan trying by stsBlth To keep his mouth thut trc! to (It en lha fsucs. Ile'ii Mret nil h's nervoua. Hli peepts are Mlrrel By frellruri old Jink cannot quits under- Un I. Th're wrltln lo mk him to cli thtm his ord Hail vote lor protecting our fits ami our land. Old Jlnka la heard )lns "It reelly ain't rlcht To inner a man o' my ar slwut that, It'll coat msny millions to pat up a right, A tiro's conaurata' the hull ' my fstf" I. Joss. MARCH 24, 1916. FEDERAL CHARTERS. WoaU Oovernaieat Ownership Ken. der Them Hnnerllnous? To tiik KotTon or- Tiik SUN Hit: If Federal charter for interstate rail roads means or in effect Is Federal ownership of such railroads. It would stem that the occasion for such char ter disappears. If railroad lines in this country arc to be owned and operated by tho Federal Government there Is no more reason for the em ployment of 'an Incorporated Instru mentality for suoh ownership and operation than there Is that a like uKcncy should be utilized In connec tion' with the postal service. tinder existing Federal statutes, nnd (prtalnly under any additional legis lation which has for Its object tho in corporation of Interstate carriers, the supervision and regulation of the busi ness and affairs of niicl, currleni would ho determined and prescribed with much detail, hut If tho effect of such regulation should be to determine and control the Interna) management and policy of tho corporation through the selection of those to be charged with such matters, this would uniount to tho exercise of such Inherent and fundamental rights of ownership as would practically amount to Govern ment ownership. In this respect and to this extent the views advanced In the letter of "Clvitas" nppenrlnx In Tug Sun of March 21 should nut be commended. Ills proposal Is that tho Federal in- coriwratlon Inw should vest the Fed eral railroad loard with power "to vote alt stock at the annual elections of such Federal companies," this en abling the Federal authorities N choose the board of directors of every such corporation, and In this manner control and dictate the appointment of all executive and operating etlklals. Kvery argument which may ho ad vanced against Government ow-n.rshlp Its Instability, political Intluence, ex travagance, Ac may equally well be urged against suc.li a proposal, All esprit de corps In the management, all Incentive ami ambition on the part of subordinate officials, us well as their sense of obligation to those higher In authority, would be destrnjvd. Of what avail would be years of faithful service and loyalty tf, with a change In political conditions, all these counted for naught and political exjiedlence should be considered a tho proper criterion and test for lecognltloii and promotion? And would not such 1 the case even under an Administration boosting of high morality and self dedicated to the cause of righteous ness lind.nll the virtues? The present I'ostmnster of New Vol k city has risen from the ranks and spent the best years of his life tn the foetal tleparttnent of the Government. No question Is raided as to his effi ciency and experience; his Integrity, Industry and loyalty are not ques tioned. The beneficial example of his legitimate advancement would ordi narily furnish n stimulating Intluence and Incentive to his subordinates. And yet It is common rumnr that the Gov ernment intends to dispense with his services and to replace him with some one, not more efficient or experienced or trained In the peculiar business of which he has been charged, but never theless more serviceable to the Ad ministration on account of his isilltl cjl prowess arjd Intluence. It may be thnt the new appointee will be a dis tinguished scholar, a noted physician, a celebrated artist, a thorough lawyer. n successful manufacturer, a prosper on farmer or an opulent brewer, but none of these qualities Is regarded In connection with his selection, but ruther the services performed by him In the past or expected of htm in the future In tho Interest of his political party and Its leaders. The selection by a politically appointed l-iard of directors of a railroad company of a president to mnnage Its affairs nnd operate lt.s property Is a possibility whl.-h cannot be contemplated with equanimity by the travelling or ship ping public. Hut asldo from this view of the question. If private Investment In th Hocks of railroad corporations is ex pected and Invited, tho private owner ship of such companies must result and by this Is meant an ownership In fact and not merely In name. One of the necessary attributes of ownership of property through cor porate organization Is the rlsht of the owners, namely the stockholder", to control the policy adopted with icsport to such property through the selection of directors or trustees of their own choosing. And this voting power Is not an empty rlcht. True, It lias been abused nnd also has been carelessly ii nd negligently exercised So also has the citizen franchise on many oc c.isions. Hut the power and rmhl con tlnues as a sword an '.veil as a shield, and Its Impelling Intluence hns been effectively demonstrated its well lu corporate n.s lu Government nffairs Corporate voting, It is objected, Is done by proxy. So is voting for the President and Vice-1 'resident of the fulled Slates, In the former case, however, the mnes of the proxies are usually better known and are custom arily representative of a well defined policy and a platform more stable than the political article which bears that nsme. In the inllroad world there has been a recent striking Illustration of the i ffertlveiiess of proxy voting. . rail road corporation managed and con- trolled largely through proxies for many years fell not only Into financial difficulties, .but also Incurred public disapproval. Its management was criticised as Ineffi. leiit, cxtravagi'it and unreliable, and rc-tiiin of Its offi cers and directors were condemned as responsible for the situation alleged to exist. What was the result'.' An in dependent Party, entirely disconnected f,m ,,ffical relations with the prop ,., v. made nubile anneal to the stick- holders for their suppoit on the pt.n jrm of reorg.mlx.it Ion of methods and reailjiistment of fluniicial loudens, with tho result of overwhelming sup port and a clean sweep, all accoin pllshed through votes by proxy. It would seem dear, Iheiefore, If private ownership of public utilities Is to continue under Federal charter the Inherent essentials of such owner ship must also lie continued in the hands of tho private owners. New York, March '.'", t.ex In Defence of an Old and Honorable Profession. To the KruTon or Tltr Sits.' Mr; Ono of our correspondents iit'crU1 th spelling of the wort "similar" to the Ig noraiico of mi "Illiterate ' druggist. I have been In the druz lm.liiess tin so twenty years and nevi r heard ol mi Illiterate, druggist. It Is, lu fa-i, lin possible for a practitioner of the mi clent and honorable mystery of pliar mscy to do illiterate. Cdw-in v. Thomas, New Tork, March S3. , "HOUSE SOLD OUT." Unholy Is the Alliance Between Box Oftire. .Scalper and "Cop." To tiik Kihtoii or Tun Hun Mr: The ticket scalpers arc. openly carrying on their despicable business not only nt the Metropolitan but at nearly every thea tre la New York. At forty-second street and llro.idway It Is difficult to get through the crowd without being button- holed by one of these "holdup men, m whoso hands are tickets, usually the best seats, for which he demands from 3d crnts to fl more than the price that Is printed upon the ticket. 1 asked one of these scalpers If ho was not afraid of being arrested, t was shocked when he told nte that "no tr llceaian around here would arrest me: I'm In with them." "Ho ou mean," I ai-ked, "that you divide with the policemen In order to c.ury on your trade?" "5ure thing." he said. t went to six thestrr last Saturday nliiht anil asked for seats, and whs told by ths man In the box office that the house was sold out, slthough there were itiiiue bos seats at tl more than their uual price. At the six theatres I visited I was surrounded by scalpers, all of whom had their lists full of tickets. I was under the Impression that we hud about settleit this ticket scalping nui sance, but 1 find suoh Is not the case. After the agitation against the sculping lasi ear the scalpers, while they were not wholly Mitipresneil, tilled thrlr tiade covertly. Now thev do It openly and before the eyes of the police, who must know that these men are breaking the law. IlKKNAim M. sUNtiEits. NtWARK. N. March 23. TINKER BUTMAN'S HENS. Their Adventures I.eaJ tn Revelations of Vermont Vankrelsm. To tiik IIiiitor or Tiik Scn Sir: W'c were walling In the Town Hall In Wind sor, Vt., for the telerttnen and otheis of the Iward of civil authority to count the ballots on, Town Meeting day, when Itoswell f'onaiit. civil war veteran and Just H,led to the office, of lister, told this stoty i Remember OP Man Drapr? Wsal, he llvfit down to the South Urid on Ilrldge street, next door to Tinker Hut- man. One day Tinker llutman was wurl.!n' ln his irdlii an' he see Dl' Man Draper Jest coinln outsr the house an sa.vs to lilin, 'Mr. Uraper, ef 1 ketch any o" jour hens In my gurdln I'll kill 'em in throw em over the fence." Wa-al, til' M.ui lfa-r. he speaks up kinder gentle like an' sajs: '.Mr. Hut- ihhii, ft ou ketch aiiv o my hens In uur gardlu yuu can kill em; but I hev Jest ono ML"i.'cstlon to make : I ain't boardln' lo home; I board at the will-1 aionc in in neiiM several ears hko der leddy's Just the other side o' our,have Wn scientifically proved and nlace. an' rf vouil test throw them hens . substantiated b experiments In Ver- over Into the widdtr leildv's ya I'll tell her to plclt 'em up an" dress 'em.' "vv.ial. TIliKer llutliian said that w;ut all agreeable to htm. Waal, next day there was a couple n' dead hens In tho wldiler leddy s ard, an she come out an' fetched 'em Into the house an' dressed 'em. Next day there was an other, an' the widder leddy she fetched that one Into the house an dressed It. Waal, the next day TInktr Hutnun he see op Man Draper again un' up nn' sas, 'Mr. Draper. I've killed three o' your hens an throned em over Into the widder teddy's yard, an" I give you to know that ef 1 ketch any more o' your hens In my gardln I'll do the same by iu.' "Waal, nt' Man Draper, he speaks up kinder gentle like, an' says, "Mr. Outman. that's all right; but In a friendly sper- rlt I hev Jest tew sugcestlons lo make: fust. 1 don't keep hens, an', fecondly, ef you II take the trouble to count journ you'll nnd 'em three short.' " My irltnd Gordon &. unsworn of New Ivnidoii, to whom I repeated this story, says it would tiot ring true In Connecti cut, because no Connecticut Yankee In Draper s place woulo have "let on be fore all of Hutmans hens were dead. On the other band. Kthan A. Chittenden of Urattleboro assures m that It tits me Vermont lankee perfectly, because me latter wou;j nave yieated to the, earliest opportunity to rub It Into hla nelKhboi w. Ntw York, March C3. A PRACTICAL SENATOR. Will the linn. Tom Taggart Meet a Crrat eed In the Senate'.' To Tin; IIiutoh or TKk Svn Sir.- You say that Mr. Tugcart, the new Senator from Indiana, Is a ej,riKt!cnl man." Yes. he Is a practical business man, and so much the better. That tn Just the sort of man that la needed In Congress There am alto gether t. o many Ian ) era there now. I believe that the Itch of these gentle men for new legislation has been the principal cause of the bedevilmcut of business for several years past. If It wasn't for the war I know the state we would be In now. There Is a certain class of doctor who whenever anthlng Is the matter with ou will say; "Take something." Simi larly, a certain class of legislator when ever au.vlhlng Is the matter with the body politic will say: "Let us make a new law." If half the laws now In the statute books were nlsillehe,! It would lie all the better for the com munity. I". M. Ni.w YottK. March '.'.. I.'c ntlcnicn In the Klevutor. To tiii: I'uitor or Tin. Scn Mr. ome years iiuii jou published a eiles of litters upon what constituted a r il n ntlem.ni. As I lemcmtier tho matter was not detimtely settled A letter In Tiik Sum, "I'ncoverlng in the lllevator. ' answers the gentleman question absolutely. Ynu may walk all, over a hold with your wife or any ; other lady with your hat on at any ancle, a cigar In your mouth pointing ic.waru die lenini. laming at me (op of your voice nnd making yourself gen ernlly objectlonnblo : but tf ynu remove .-.iir hit In an elevator, no matter how crowded It may be. with really no room lor your hat sny where but on your bead, you become a gentleman at once. Nrir Yokk, March 23 ManVmih. Our llMinent" Are ever "Hie reople," To tin. Ki'iron or Tiik St n- ir.' Mr l'r. It fri;.1it 111 hte "I'l-ei h al the inot re sin c . ti in siiSr.cge meeting, us reported In Tin s, , s.i , . "The b.iltl at the pii Ih Usi Noveteher .i- m np'.y the lvliieliin of llim coiitn. I for liiiiiian rights. 'I'll r pe'ipt' propose th ct there shall It a Yoiktoivn." cine tiHturHll) Iri'iulrie. VVim are "the ieojl.-," If lot thine who fmlKlIt and cvnu tlio "liatlle at the polls la-it November'" Cinma.a i:. Sriurm.-. lb ih TOM, March 'J.I. Delicate t'uiiipitrisiin nf Ibirouili Tastes. To i ii r thMTi'it of Tur. Srs .We." I thi (rank and liiReiuinua letter to the tele phone company from iseiiiiur Ition of tlrnoklyti linn frank and ingenunim than cjuceiip llortiugtiY appreciation nnd recep lion of the lion. llv.Con. c'urley .loe Can. ,;,ly, lately of slim sine? M. A. ,Nnv v,ork, March V.I Vocable of I'oWer, To ma t:riT''ti or Tun Scs--.-ir.' Ve. "hurled" and "declinate" are flue word', but I prefer the mi report adorned with powerful "Jeopardize." Ilaii (he "uurlalii of Ore" anything In do wlih Hie "pillar of flame" mentioned In the report en th" retrial of the ral- Ills" I'll" VXKklltN. wi.si iimiv conn. Mm ii '.:: Noah's Sprlna lime Thought, soali rrgardrd Hie Deluge. "Hooray." ho cried, "ilila will remove the mow." fearing fa alio might ba rwialdrred cold propjaltlon be embarked on lb Ark. INFANTILE PARALYSIS. A Father's Testlmuny to the Kftlcary of Ihc Fruuenlhal Treatment. To Titn KbiTon oy Tnr. Hun fcir: I m one of The Bun's readers who wera personally and directly Interested In the recnt article relating to Infantllo paralysis experiments that appeared on Hi editorial page. All of us whose households have been visited by tho scourge of Infantile parulvsls have road with avidity ever thing on the malady that cumo to hand, and the article con taining the statement of a fact of which I have personal knowledge, I feel it my duty to tell my story. Although following as closely an clr rinnHtuncFS permitted the record of In fantile naratieils exnerlments. t whs not aware of what was going on In Ver mont until I saw tho fact recorded in Tilt: HUN. Neither was I awaro sev- erul jcars ago that New lork city con tained a surgeon who stood practically alone In holding that the victim of In fantile paralysis tould look forward to tlio future with hope and nut despair, until I had seen It In Tun St'N. My tittle girl went down before the paraljeils blast that brought sorrow and desolation to many New Kitgland lionise, some five years ago. In two days my buby was cluing, d from a romping, dancing, curly haired fair' to a helpless iump. nimble to move anything but' ths lids w rtWi shut out the light of her sweet blue ee. As the days and weeks and months went by, opinions from the best specialises whom I was advised to sec brought nothing but visions of a cripple throUETli childhood, girlhood and life. Not un encouraging note came tn me until one day In my dally reading of Tiik Sum I ran acros a leferenee to h paper on Infantile paralysis which had been rend before the Congre of Surgeons, In cession 'n w' York, by tr. tlenrj V. Kranenthal, sur geiiii lu hlef nf the Hospital for De formities and Joint Diseases. Dr. rrauenthal's paper, as I read It. was a mess-age of hope. lie said that his professional brethren wero wrong In their attitude inward Infantile par.ilyslx Hlid Its treatment There was hoiw, nnd not onlv hope for the recently afflicted, but hope for all who had tx-eo stricken, no matter bow fMr tmcl:. He said lie knew It because he had proved It. Ho did not believe, he said, that the nerve (ells had been burner! out. but that there had been a weakening of the muscles, which by proper and patient training could tie made strong again. The ray nf hope from Pr. I'rauen thai hreught happiness Into my life, for iny little one under 1'r. Krauenthal's ad Ue Is' well on the ny to take her pl.ico among the children of her own age. And now It l so delightful to one like myself to re.nl again In Tur. St'N that the claims of the man who stood i mont. In tho Rockefeller Institute. Hr- vard University and the Children's tk. pltat In Ttoton. Hut to Neve York Is the real honor, for In New York l the pioneer dis coverer, and the prophet should have honor In his own country. New Yor should take pride !i Dr. I'rauenthal and should see lu It that unstinted oppor tunity to broaden the gieat work tn which he Is engaged be afforded him. Without Irreverence, I can say of Dr. Frauenthal that he ! making the crooked straight nnd the lame to walk, and that many like myself are blessing hlni for his work and for the courage of his convictions M I'povh.knci:, It. I., March J3 "OH COD! OH MONTREAL!" Who Can Ulrert a Literary I'llrrlm to Samuel Butler's Poem'.' To Tlir i:n:Tli ov Tltr. St'N fir; In Ttupert ltrooke's "Itter K.vm Amer ica" I find a passage reading; t mode iny Investigation In Montreal I lime to report that the P.n "bo us Is very well, snd nuuadM)ii irt'd.p 1 i -. hul- -.r d In the fa. e. a'mot quite u iMfJ, And with regard tn 'hat particular reference to P'm-oIioIiis there Is un edl ,or's footnote. "s..-e Samiel Huller's liem. i (1h Montreal Cart some one set forth fiat poem or sny where it may be found'.' friend tells .me It was repr'nted In the Mon treal Star ears ago, but that reproduc tion Is not rtCVcsslh'r, ard a late pllisiut of the question lias failed in no less a reservoir of intelligence than the Hon ton Public Library. .Ions Uci.tiiv. New Yor.g. March 13. LET THE FAT EAT EGGS. And The? Ma (Jrow Thin on Hearty nreakfasti Tno. To tiic KtUTor. or Tin: St'N Sir- Tell A. M Coles' Yes; eggs are permitted, "In any way most acceptable," accordtnr to my diet list. I-Vir breakfast, grapefruit, stewed prunen. baked apples, all of eourie wih i nut sugar, lice- any kind of me.it (except liver), Hsh. "all rooked free of flour, potatoes, bread or crackers." Gluten bread plain or toasted and but tered, or gluten genu i d'.rectlons- for making which arc on gluten flour pick ages.) "Drinks. Tea ur corfie without any sugar, pure water." If one wants a cereal, gluten pori'dge U prexcribeil. I have a hearty breakfast, m I eat no luncheon. I abandoned thai habit ind It is a habit soiii'; jiars ago. Oiih hoi summer 1 was too l.uv to uo out fn' luncheon and when ..K.ler weather came I found Uinl I did net want u I al-o noticed that I lunl no mure acute .mli ' gtnn t had stiflereil ill limes from that complaint and co .eluded that I had been overeating. I have, found two meals a day sum r lent. Many abuses of eating come fmm habit, and the change from bad hahita t K, ,.b K ,,(,t .lt ,, dltlicult when tuy wife was n oung girl her miher wa- advised to slop the use of , cream ami sugar In tea and coffee. The children, simply to Imitate her, also toolt Ihem dear. And now nn member of that family can take tea or coffee except without sugar or cream Take tillve--hut never mind all that. Let M.. Coles and other "fatties" go lo It on Iho diet and I believe the) will be mighty glad. C. .1. M. Hkooki.yn, March '.'.'I. fodlMi lteniore. To Till Fninin in Tin: M '.' Mr A man has a moi.tl r'ght to -e hi pitsl - M'ts for a f.iir profit, and dial hiunstly. Wheti h" ev ei'ds talrnes mil pr ic- Hsck extortion he robbin- Ids eti- Imneis. Jesse .lames wu i po r biisi ness man. lie irniiit hive learned method from some of your robber res lauratits alone lltoidway. Fur instance, thev buy Inlwtcrs fur 5 rt and Mi cents apiece, broil them, and then sell them for tt, The queftnin is. when a lob-ler I" sold at that price, which lobster Is actually sold '' Fvic. I'l AT. Ilosrnv, Mass . March V" I hey Mill Sitiip lii taiikeelaud, from Ihr linl,urv ' o"n . f.'i filnj ,tri. lias anvli". ly t"i typewriter to cv rhaiiRe for a monument or heaiUlene, or have work donis tn the ceineterv S I" Austin's mniiiunenial worke, US VVhlta utreei, 111 HirprT'i Vaaitiif for pril C W fur Ion: d'v'ril'cs 'i .nlvsnturnu trip in a mvll pillootltT airoim the Vlllllll.'. It .V lhl0) vrlle, nt Ch.'ileau rinei rj , 11 .1 llsnnriek tei shoal saniliiiio'i in the 'liihnpiiis. W 1' Milnn 'isi 1'irds' lisMiu; It .l.ihn.oti iiiinlyes tin t use id humor, and ite II ir i.ird nl KiN crd Kwrtit llil.'r time i i.i. lured Irom his diviie ll.nl Iviu: mto1 i inucluded: M'trsiret CinieroTi. tiraee V Clianuiiu, Don Muniuia mid tour others con tribute ahorl lorira and It Le Oajlifiine a poeca PHILIPPINE SCHOOLS CREDIT TO AMERICA More Than 600,000 Children Cared For Under System Built Up by U. S. BIO SUMS SPENT IX WORK Br OSCAR K1.VO DAVIS. Manila, Jan. IS. Theoretically edy. ration was free under the Spanish regime In the Philippines, rraetlcally It H beyond the reach of the mass of the people. On paper there were more than 2,not) schools scattered around the IMand In fact there were scarcely 10 pr cer.t of that number. No onty were phyrirnl fnellitlei t strlcted, but tho teaching In most of the Vhools which did exist wa, of the mo,, primitive and Inefficient character. Criti cism Of Inefficient Instruction In omc -perhaps many of the primary sehool-to-day is unfortunately more or Icm ei founded. The great difference is that under tie Spanish regime It Inspired no rnmplalnt. or If It did the complaint was not hnrH and no effort was made toward a rttn edy. To-day the condition Is recognised and Is permitted to continue simply ec cause means are not available to bene It. Improvement Ii made as rapidly u possible, and the day Is In sight "Iirr. there will be no inundation ftn the cm ilsin that Instruction in un ol In schools Is ineltiiient or Inadequate, or that the equipment Is below standard III the tltteen years under Amerlian supervision more money has been send on public education In these Islands than In the entire 2nft years nf Spanish rtnmi i Ion. ltoughly calculated. It is about .o I'UO.UOO. "school In Kirrr Msrrli." A lonsideiable purt of if has gum . 'n sehoolhouses slid other buildings -other part of It h'a gonn for Hie eqiri ment of teachers. The Amcrliaii- i i only organized a sjstem of sihool- erected buildings and induced pupil to attend school sessions, but selected anl tilted an adequate staff of nun and women to do the teaching To-da, as a remit. II Is the hi.iM of the Filipino leadeis that "there Is a school In every barrio," and (he lurr.o i the lowest governmental siilsilv islor All over the Islands are snihMati' -capacious concrete schoolhnu-e' ,v I cveiy year the work of construction c on, with uii addition of fifty or -i to the number of permanent Mruct ir At first the Filipinos did not iep as icadlly as had been expctd lo o American efforts to Five ihem an ed' cation. The American work was ,' llltentloned. but It was undertak hastily, often without sufficient con,d er.itlon of the special problem 'o ! met, and In too many casen with t - " petent and Inefficient teaching stafls Many Americans were brought om from the States or picked up heie tn . Islandi and set at tho extremely diff' cult task of teaching matter that ws new and strange in a tongue. Dial was harsh and foreign. llesnll IMrrahndona I'lillnrea. The task of the American supervsir Involved Interesting the Fltlplnot sending their children to chool ge k school buildings conlructed and where schools might be teniporartl ducted until right quarters coi.M furnished : finding or creating c.niie' teaching staffs; developing mill-e ' instruction adapted to (lie muni- capabilities nf the p.opls. and fit i nf making provi-ion for the ne... i and training permanently ol an adeq'i.v fori " of native teachers No matter what fauli- there n.a t in the system that has been Inn t un matter what lapses and l.c' iv ' have been--anil they 1 . x I" . r than could lei wished- i.- i i remeiidous success, a iinCiU'iiei genius the faith, and t dev. a these who have bronchi at"- To-day aiming u pipulat.oii ' - tiling more than s.i'iju.ii'ie. ..v.i ' ' bovn and girl-c an r-'-ivaig nts of a school system .'on ;mv !. to take ihem through ail giaib- University f tin li.lllpp. Coupled wltn Instruct!- ' '' '' lit." which has beii ni.i.ie fnc t" il1 there are course- In Indu-'rv a nt. culture, designed to- and e'ici lower grade- Aliv.nl I i-e . -' have Impressed 'io'i the F "I1 dignity and worth of lal' I have no t'Htiit ce with the I I' ml idcdmss. the iirnvlnda'. -m a ' prejudice of pcvs.'ils who'll I Ii"' e ' 1 crltl.-l-ii thN splendid work ! . c 1 has not produi ed in te" or twi- results comparable wr'i -have been accomplished r. " rlod- in the l'nlted stales t I lliprov II I ii Ii 1 1. Th" icudcl.. ; tn J'l'U' ' In tin- standards i -Mi.l .. . bundled of years or 1 - ' I nc of tile III' ' I'll- ICa'- of an iv .ng a' a t.c.r v n pii'llelisivc istllllale of "hat achicvid il'ider American .-'. the liiillpplin-. For tin llrst tune tin ' of the. children of the 1'IUpl: " school, at woil. upon ii ' -struetton tint w riesigned t some know it. i -e i.f hyglt ik . ! tion and of tlie rlchts and -i , tits of citUi nshlp. In le i CltUtnship of the I'lilllppl fs oinpi.-cd latgt ly o' giaitilale; In WilMi tin intn:. 'ton ii i ' was given i'lie participation ot a ia w .illens imbiiid with nc.v idea own tights and their owa u- ' ties, their tirlMleges :.Mt ilr lam In their own govi-rn in ' tin. i co tlie public aft.il s .f ' i tunes. It will be the tulnl , crl.inal American pull. To-day there ace nuv ' schools In cp ration n t" i I A( the 1'ig.nnliig of lis' - iwere VIn permanent i 1 I made nf stetl and miiiiei one provinces. fS, 0(10,000 for tiiillilliio Tlicr arc more tlia.. if' ' classtsl as mixed construct "i permanent, and more tha" '.' pornry buildings The tun ' latter class den-cases vea- t" ' the permanent stnuturis conv i vice In the last tls'.cl i' ' i Ollll.ndll pes" lV."'HlW'n " bv tho Insiilai and ti.ur'.- r ' " ineiita for cinistrii' tion "f b i ' 111 the same year volu -I., tuitions for the mpr-irt at d , tvhool worl. vw.e ie'civcn i " t L-ate of nearly V- mm .-- t tlcally everv province in the is Tim bureau of rduciiloi ' ' steadily the pollcv of genb g schools cstalillshed as ps'r n ralslnc llteir Hand in' a - mid lif done !i'u'': " this poll. There cei ta nl; . i. len'ioii t' ai lin V i ei is lo a oiopllsh a Vastl .i.-t'i-' III education In Ihc l'h ' pp' e have been gnatcr If there i more monev, but that Is abou' in- just crMiels'ii -an S11