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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, March 24, 1916, Image 8

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KH1DAY, MAIlClt 24, 1010.
Entered at tha rmt omo at New York as
Second Olaaa Mll Mailer.
fttiborrlittlnna l7 Mall, roelpald.
tiAIt.V. Pr Month
UAJL.V. l'er Year
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PL'NUAY, l'er Yer
t'onrniN ItAtr-s.
DAILY. rer Month
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TftM KVKN1NO SUN. IVr Month.
Tin: uvnNiMJ sun. rer rear.
TUB KVUNl.S't SU.N'lt'orfln),rerMo. 1 M
All checks, tnnney ordere. e, to be
Blade payable to Tim St'N.
Pobll.h'd dally. Including Sundav. by the
Pun Printing anil 1'iihlli.tilnit AocUtlcin at
I Ml Njjti utrt-t. In the Hnrniigh of Man
fiattiin, Nw York. I'rwl4"it " Treaa
u,"r. William i Kelck. iwi Nu . tru
VJee President. K.tward P. Mitchell. JWJ
Nai.dii Mreet. Secretary. K. Luilon. 160
Naeauu eireet.
London office, V.fflnnlum Houf. 1 Arun
del iri. Strand.
rrli oiltco. l lluo de l MU'hoJIero. oft
Hue du cpmtrc Septembre
Wmhlnston office. Itlht Building.
rooklvn office. 10H Mvlimaton etreet.
our I Hindi vho favor m teilh r)isu
eefnM and illmtmlioon fur pvbllmtlon ictsh
It have rreclcd arlletr rrlnrnnt thru
In alt mr tend jlamrii lor tl1 purpotf.
The Exposure of a National Shame.
Americans have been told so fre
quently thnt the United State array
and navy, miin for man, nun for gun,
ship for chip, equalled. If they did j
not nurpiis the armed forces of other
nations, that most of them Mleve It.
Is that belief Jutltiod7 r ltuvo we
been d"cel ed, and lured Into n false
iimtidence In onr (lciKMiiloneo on tho
arm of the public service in which
we look ln time of is-aee fur the jht
fonnatice of well understood duties,
and In time f war fur pre-ervntlou
from (lluter In the tlr.-t attack?
AVhat Is the record?
Within a week It has Is-on dis
closed that the machine gun In ut In
the army I- u dn.vllght cun. Its feed
ho delicate that In tne dark It cannot
Ik depended on to function properly.
The aeroplanes assigned to nccom-
pany the punitive force following
Viij.a have proved Incapable: there
Is talk of ntmophcrli' conditions their
euglues ootild not withstand; they
were sent up without observers or
mechanician; and those which sur
vled their nlshts, Instead of complet
ing their service as eouts have lte'n
ordered to search for those which
could not keep the air. Moreover,
their number was pitifully Inade
quate, and the country Is told that
the Government ti mis It dltlicult to
obtain satisfactory motors. In a day
when the Ktiropean aeroplanes, ma
chines of American Invention, some
of American construction, perform as
n matter of course a duty Incompa
rably more difficult than any that has
been put iikii ours.
These facts lmvi; been divulged
despite a censor-hip more rigid than
has ever been uttetnpteil here before.
What the full report will show no
mn dares to foretell. Will It reveal
that transportation was Inadequate,
the commissariat unequal to Its task,
the quartermaster's supplies of Im
proper character and iuHiitllcinnt In
amount, the medical stores uusulted
In kind and deficient in quantity? The
answers to thce questions will he
given when Pkhsiiimi returns to the
United States; the history of the not
remote past supplies a suggestion that
must be rejected until it is ofllcliilly
If the army had dirigible balloons,
they should be with I'liKsiitNu, for the
practical aid they could give and for
the training their crews could gain
from exercise in the Held. Hut the
army has no dirigibles, or If It pos
sesses them they are hidden nwny
where they can be of no use. Occa
sionally we see a photograph of a
gas bag ln a shed, with descriptive
matter assigning It to the army, but
that it hns ever left the builder's
hands Is not recorded. The country
does know that the army aeronautical
school has been savagely attacked In
Iho Scnato, nnd that no pretence of
a defence has been mado for it.
"Mnn for man" the army equals
any of Its size in the world. Iiut
how many men does It count lo a
regiment' What Is the number of
noldicrH, recorded us individuals nnd
not by organizations, under I'r.n
siiino's command? How many bayo
nets, not companies or regiments, am
In Panama? How many organizations
can to-dny put their nominal peucew,is much n revelation of the Inenpa-
strength In the Held? Wo hear of
a regiment, nnd sot It down for a
thonsnnrl men- t. mrrl,s off foil
ritrcngth, with C8.r rifles behind Its
Colonel, During all the recent talk
of war from men highly placed, the
necessity of preparedness, the terrlile
dangers of tho nation's foreign rela
tions, the urmy has been fur below
its autnonzed pence strength, and no
person In authority has moved to
bring It tip to the number provided !
by Inw.
An nrmy of unfilled regiments, day
light machine guns, aeroplanes that
keep the ground; a wireless that Is
cither nnn-cslsteiit or tit only to be
the toy of a child: are there more
disclosures like these to be made?
The navy, "ship for ship" the peer
of any? With not a battle cruNer de
signed, building or authorized; with
the Admiral of one lleet established
ln n tender as his flagship; with
undersea boats that must be towed.
that cannot submerge, or, having sub
merged, reach the bottom nnd stay
there until the wreckers have crossed
a continent nnd lifted them to the
surface with chains and tackle; with
submarines equipped with electric bat
teries giving off dangerous explosive
giiscs, uinl no ventilators provided to
clear the nlr; with battleships doing
the work of cruisers; with evolutions
nnd target practice neglected: with
Its enlisted men undergoing literary
training lu the hours that should be
devoted to seamanship, recreation or
rest; with dreadnoughts of problem
atical value In cometitlou with the
modern vessels of other Powers;
bedlam In Its clWI direction, disgust
among its professional commanders,
and unrest among its cull-ted men?
The fatal defect of the defence sjs-
I tern of the nation Is not shrouded In
mystery. It springs from political
control of technical subjects. The
educated and Informed men. the spe-
cliillsis whose advlif desencs respect.
are subordinated to I lie Ignorant poll
tlclnn, the clown In nitlre. A lanlel
puhos usldc a IVwey, and mu..!es a
nke, and public opinion l directed
not by the facts, but by the special
appetites ami the job s,H'kliig ambi
tions parochial "leaders" hatlor.
Where n general stall" W needed to
harmonize and coordinate two com
plementary service-, a volunteer baud
of civilians Is Introduced, Inevitably
breeding discord and Jealousy, com
plicating still further u situation of
extreme delicacy, and offering a fer
tile Held for bickerings and distrust.
A system Incapable of any results ex
cept a continuation of prodigious
waste without fruit. Incompetence and
failure Is fastened on Us; and until
It Is. recognized that without coherent,
responsible, expert guidance progress
Is Impossible, we shall blunder on In
the costly and futile course In which
our feet are now set.
Kurnp.il kin's Test.
With the Russian offensive between
Wllun nnd Hwliisk. which according " It "iny Is- the fruit of a desire to
to I'etrograd tlespatehoj luis already I Injure the stockholders whose, money
pierced the German line and is being j has been Invested in private armor
vigorously pressed, the mime of Gen-! plate plants depending on the pntron
eral Kl l'ioi'UKlN is not associated j ""-'e of the I'lllted Slate, for success,
in the despatches; but as lie was1 Whichever explanation of the plan
"'" ".U-oluted gl. com,,, .;..
the army of the north the pres..inp. ' l
tloii Is that the veteran is In charge ,
of the operations. Time bus brought j
General Kt uorTKiN bis opiH.rluniiy
and his revenge.
Relieved of his command in .Man
churia after the disastrous battle of
Mukden, although by a masterly re
trent he had sated the army. Kruo
patkin was disgraced and relegated
to obscurity. The Imperial order ap
pointing General I.isi.vihii a. his
successor contained not one word of
appreciation for the services rendered
by a soldier who had stood at the
head of his profession before the war
anil was less to blame for the failure
of the Russian army than the bureau
cracy at St. Petersburg. When Ki -iioiwtkin
published Ills "History of
the Kusso-.liipiiucso War" It was nt
once confiscated by the Government.
It has been said that the narrative
was "a dismal retrospect of unpre
paredness, disorganization and cross
purposes." Kt iMU'Ai kin did not spare
Ills corps commanders. ItiLi,iniNii
had done nothing but blunder at
l.loo-Vang; and (intorr bolted with
his force of I'.'.oini men, abandoning
a strong ttositlou; but the author ad
mitted that the Russian troop, en
gaged were raw and poorly trained.
As the campaign went on comimiiiders
fulled to cooperate with one another,
nnd Kt'Boi'ATKtv declared that his
orders were often disregarded, (imp
rc.Niu.Kii fulled him In a grcal turn
ing movement ; Stackkmikiui went hi
own way at Sandepii; and "the man
tier In which General K.m'i.iiabs di
rected the operations of Ids cavalry
(at Mukden 1 was Ineffective and un
happy." According to the comniauder
in chief Kaut.iuiis was hopelessly In-coniKdc-nt
and sluggish. Hut Ki no
patkin accepted responsibility for
the Mukden disaster, admlltliig thai
he had neglected to tnnke his reserve
strong enough for the decisive mo
ment of the battle.
lit ntlii.r resttnets tin "lllslorv"
city of tho Russian troops for war
tno corruption of the Govern-
" quipping tlld .limy lllld
II ansHjriiHK it m mocioi iiuii u icm
lst broke on Iho author's bend. He
was persona non griitn not only to
the F.tnpernr but to almost every offi
cer who had served under him, Ami
jet ho had told the truth- lit a bald
manner thut was almost brutal. Ills
own reptrtntlon was ruined, nnd he
seemed to have no future In the army.
Old associates shunned him. He was
ln mpletp eclipse.
Hllll Kt IU1PATKIN MIllUKI tlOW 1)0
restored to favor nnd entrusted with
high and responsible command means
either that Kusslii Is desperately ln
need of military talent or that Kuno
patkin was a victim of bureaucratic
lorociitlon and Injustice after the
war with .lapan. He Is now to be
put to the test again, hut he will lead
un urmy, not n mob. and his subordi
nates will be competent nnd zealous.
There was neer any doubt of Kuro
patkin'm theoretical knowledge of
war, and In the Turkish campaign
(lie had distinguished himself as Sko-
nu.uv s rhier of statT. In Turkestan
mid Samarkand he added to his repu
tation. At .11 he was n Major-Oeneral
and talked of as the successor of
SKotir.t.m-. KfnopATKtN was always
a soldiers' ficneral and opulnr with
the regimental offlcers.
"War," Kmoi'ATKi.N has said, "has
become the most Intricate of arts.
No part of the campaign may be left
to nccldent or momentary enthusiasm
nowadays." He Is no longer young
at W, but his great opponent Himicn
in ko Is us old or older. Kurofatkin
has n reputation to make, a chance
to redeem himself. It will be Inter
esting to study him In his new Held
of action.
Logic of the Road Builder.
Senator Kt.oN It. Brown of Wa
tertnwn Interrupted a hearing on
Wednesday on a bill designed to do
the square thing by thN city to say:
"Tho entire highway snlm of the
Ptntc Is In d.inEfr of being ruined by
automobile trucks.
"I hiid a conference with Kowtw
Perrr, Highway Commljloner. to-dy,
und lie tells mo there an highways
within tlve ni. Irs of where we are that
mav be ruined within sixty das."
The "entire highway system of
the State" wo take to mean the State
highways; ami those were authorized.
designed and constructed after the
Internal explosion engine became a
fact that every road builder had to
reckon with. Were they, then, laid
out without reganl to the use on
their surface of motor trucks? Was
It supposed by their designers that
stieh vehicles would avoid them, arid
run across lot.-.? Or In their unsub
stantial and unlit qualities Is the
State to learn another lesson In the
science of polltlco-physlcs, with the
later history of which they are so
Intimately connected?
In Nhme District .Shall It Be?
There are three plausible theories
to account for the passion now pos
sessing Congress to set the L'nlted
States up in business as a maker of
armor plate. The scheme may be the
product of Ignorant meddling plus
acute understanding of the isjlltlcal
advantage to Ite derived from It; it
may tlow from a lack wit notion that
the cries "(Jovernmeut ownership"
and "liown with monopolies" will be
potent In the Presidential campaign:
heron- Iho .lou.e Is accepted It
eiitlrelj discreditable to th "'
giw support to it. Government armor
I'hite would be excessively ex.,sve.
"' product of exs-rt knowledge
highly dllutisi with polities; the ac
counts would le juggled to conceal
the overhead charges; nnd the wire
pulling and back scratching Involved
in the passage of appropriations for
Its siipMirt would .addle on the Treas
ury a pork account beside which the
rivers and harbor and public build
ings bills would be pygmies.
There is no economic or naval rea-
I"'" f"r iovernuient armor plant.
us erection can no justiueii oniy ny
the elevation of cheap iolltics to that
plane of supreme Importance It has
liewT heretofore occupied.
Mr. I'rrndergast's Challenge to Sen
ator Thompson.
Comptroller I'ltt.Mii.iit.Asi has ls?en
obliged again to address the chairman
f the legislative committee Investl
gating Hi e Public Service Commission
on the subject of his methods of pro
cedure. In brief, be has told Mr.
Thompson that the jwrststeiit utter
ance of threats, innuendoes and prom
ises of sensational disclosures involv
ing criminal misconduct on the part
of city officers, traction company em
ployees mid business men Is cowardly.
Indefensible nnd intolerable, and he
lias called on the Niagara county Sen
ator. If he has fncts justifying the
words Dint have been attributed lo
Illlll. to make these facts the basis of
prostviillons lu the courts.
Mr. I'ltr.Mii.iifi.vsi has spoken the
thought thul lies lu every man's
mind. For a month and a half the
Thompson committee bus been the
source of rumors mid retmrts, allega
tions itmi suggestions, that have
blackened the reputations of men,
dead ami alive, left helpless to defend
themselves. There can be no answer
to the sly half truths, the mean mis
represent nt Ions, the fulse construc
tions Hint huve Hooded the town since
the committee' entered on this phase
of Its activities. The most honorable
iiiiiii must sit sllenl while his fame Is
bespattered and his good name as
sailed In such covert fashion. Only
when n dellnlle. Justiciable charge Is
entered can the defence lie heard,
ami no such chnrgcs have avet la-en
brought forward.
These Mr. I'ln-.Nm.Hii.vhT demands;
nnd If they are not brought, he and
every honest man In New York will
huvu wurrunt to condemn tho Thomp-
son committee and Its chairman as
assassins of reputation whose purpose
is not to scrre the public but to pro
mote a private ambition.
Manes far the Bchoeli.
The Board of Education has not
enough to do. Having brought the
organization and management of the
city's hundreds of schools to such ti
pitch of perfection that they run
themselves, those powerful Intellects
ure free for activities of a less
prosaic nature thnh providing pro
grammes of study, supplies and the
conditions of comfort and efficiency
for the hundreds of thousands of
pupils and the thousands of teachers.
For a beginning they have Invented
names for several hundred schools.
As any one knows who has tried to
And n satisfactory name for n baby,
a boat, a hotel, a Pullman car or a
new street, this Is a task for brains
oiled with Imagination. In 'this In
stance It Is attended with peculiar
difficulties, since so many people of
so many minds must be suited; and
the people arc finicky about their
schools. Pacifists protest against
names of military suggestion. "Israel
Putnam" suggests n flippant familiar
ity, "iMy." In Richmond "The Bull
frog" was suggested, but "Green
Ridge" won. Likely enough the Max
Mueller and the Baron De Knlb are
ln Irish neighborhoods, the Vlttorlu
Colonna has an Austrian attendance
and the Father fSylvester Mnlonc
tenches German children. The Wash
ington Irving High School Is notori
ously given over to the uses of every
un-American propaganda, In spite of
Its Identification by an honored Amer
ican name.
Kven the most beautiful Ideas fall
of unanimity In support, but In this
romantic project only one member
permitted ugly practical considera
tions to Invade the sweetlv solemn
scene of christening. Ills name must
be given, that public Indignation may
find Its proper mark. The maker of
course suggestions of economy and
common sense was Fnr.ncntrK HarrK
HAcmt He begrudged the $00,000 It
would cost to put brass name (dates
on the buildings. He scoffed ut the
borrowing of names from the ceme
tery headstones. All that can tie
said In his favor Is that he Is u new-
member, having served In the lionrd
only a few weeks. He will grow In
grace, we trust, and come In time to
n proper appreciation of the serious
business of "free" public education,
Has the attention of the Thompson
committee been directed to the fact
that H cast kt H. Vkeeland when presi
dent of the Metropolitan Street Hall
way Company offered In behalf of that
corporation to build the orUrinal sub
way without asking for any money
from the city treasury?
Mr. Wilson's preparedness addresses,
delivered lost winter, are undergoing
preparation for publication : and it is
said they will constitute, one of the
most Interesting of the. new books
when they have been finally edited.
A conspiracy of cigar makers and
dealers covering' fifteen years and
costing the Government millions of
dollars annually In uncollected taxes
reveals stupidity or worse In the
Tt (-usury Department ruther than
cunning among the lawbreakers. He-
J e -
, ptaniion of the thlevlnit Is to he foun."
cently a similarly ancient fraud in the
in the offices of the collectors and the
system followed therein, ami not In
the superior genius of the dishonest
manufacturer under their supervision.
A Greenwich Village woman, fearing
defeat In ii club election, seized the
ballot box and tore up the ballots. Who
jays now that the Rentier sex s not
H. to vote with mnn?
The pernicious anti-enlistment league,
whoso members pledge themselves
"afralnst enlistment as n volunteer
for any military or naval service, of
fensive or defensive, in International
war," has extended its activities to
the colleges. If there Is now no law
to punish the authors of this un
patriotic enterprise cine should be
enacted: and Its s-naltles might prop
erly include Incarceration In an Imbe
cile asylum.
The red blooded men of this country
do not demind this big military estab-1
llshment. They fear no enemy and they I
do not ask that their fellow cltliens be
burcleuca witn taxation in orner unit .
men In the regular army may be Jumped
from corporal to Major-Oeneral. fVep
fruenlutlve JOHN C. McKKNZIE p Illi
nois. Mr. McKcnxib is quite right tn as
suming that the country would not
cheerfully pay for such Jumps In pro
motion. His notions about the anny
have a Woodbine Township flavor.
Chairman Paduett of the House
Naval Affairs Committee Is not with
out resources to provide for Ids peace
and comfort. When n committeeman
tiecomes troublesome the chairman
rubs him the wrong way until the
trouble maker files into u passion and
out of the committee room.
An emeemeu contemporary remarits
that "It will he a very democratic
gathering at .xiinnson .square liurnen
on Saturday night." Possibly. Hut
the cynosure of all eyes will be four
.links Is Stuns.
CniiKrrfc.triAn .links tin rsrnvsr.d hit
Hut hl mind Is ntlll worried by current
r verm;
He lonkd like a man who wan trying by
To keep his mouth thut trc! to (It en
lha fsucs.
Ile'ii Mret nil h's nervoua. Hli peepts
are Mlrrel
By frellruri old Jink cannot quits under-
Un I.
Th're wrltln lo mk him to cli thtm
his ord
Hail vote lor protecting our fits ami our
Jlnka la heard )lns
"It reelly
ain't rlcht
To inner a man o' my ar slwut that,
It'll coat msny millions to pat up a right,
A tiro's conaurata' the hull ' my fstf"
I. Joss.
MARCH 24, 1916.
WoaU Oovernaieat Ownership Ken.
der Them Hnnerllnous?
To tiik KotTon or- Tiik SUN Hit: If
Federal charter for interstate rail
roads means or in effect Is Federal
ownership of such railroads. It would
stem that the occasion for such char
ter disappears. If railroad lines in
this country arc to be owned and
operated by tho Federal Government
there Is no more reason for the em
ployment of 'an Incorporated Instru
mentality for suoh ownership and
operation than there Is that a like
uKcncy should be utilized In connec
tion' with the postal service.
tinder existing Federal statutes, nnd
(prtalnly under any additional legis
lation which has for Its object tho in
corporation of Interstate carriers, the
supervision and regulation of the busi
ness and affairs of niicl, currleni would
ho determined and prescribed with
much detail, hut If tho effect of such
regulation should be to determine and
control the Interna) management and
policy of tho corporation through the
selection of those to be charged with
such matters, this would uniount to
tho exercise of such Inherent and
fundamental rights of ownership as
would practically amount to Govern
ment ownership.
In this respect and to this extent
the views advanced In the letter of
"Clvitas" nppenrlnx In Tug Sun of
March 21 should nut be commended.
Ills proposal Is that tho Federal in-
coriwratlon Inw should vest the Fed
eral railroad loard with power "to
vote alt stock at the annual elections
of such Federal companies," this en
abling the Federal authorities N
choose the board of directors of every
such corporation, and In this manner
control and dictate the appointment of
all executive and operating etlklals.
Kvery argument which may ho ad
vanced against Government ow-n.rshlp
Its Instability, political Intluence, ex
travagance, Ac may equally well be
urged against suc.li a proposal, All
esprit de corps In the management,
all Incentive ami ambition on the part
of subordinate officials, us well as their
sense of obligation to those higher In
authority, would be destrnjvd. Of
what avail would be years of faithful
service and loyalty tf, with a change
In political conditions, all these counted
for naught and political exjiedlence
should be considered a tho proper
criterion and test for lecognltloii and
promotion? And would not such 1
the case even under an Administration
boosting of high morality and self
dedicated to the cause of righteous
ness lind.nll the virtues?
The present I'ostmnster of New Vol k
city has risen from the ranks and
spent the best years of his life tn the
foetal tleparttnent of the Government.
No question Is raided as to his effi
ciency and experience; his Integrity,
Industry and loyalty are not ques
tioned. The beneficial example of his
legitimate advancement would ordi
narily furnish n stimulating Intluence
and Incentive to his subordinates. And
yet It is common rumnr that the Gov
ernment intends to dispense with his
services and to replace him with some
one, not more efficient or experienced
or trained In the peculiar business of
which he has been charged, but never
theless more serviceable to the Ad
ministration on account of his isilltl
cjl prowess arjd Intluence. It may be
thnt the new appointee will be a dis
tinguished scholar, a noted physician,
a celebrated artist, a thorough lawyer.
n successful manufacturer, a prosper
on farmer or an opulent brewer, but
none of these qualities Is regarded In
connection with his selection, but
ruther the services performed by him
In the past or expected of htm in the
future In tho Interest of his political
party and Its leaders. The selection
by a politically appointed l-iard of
directors of a railroad company of a
president to mnnage Its affairs nnd
operate lt.s property Is a possibility
whl.-h cannot be contemplated with
equanimity by the travelling or ship
ping public.
Hut asldo from this view of the
question. If private Investment In th
Hocks of railroad corporations is ex
pected and Invited, tho private owner
ship of such companies must result
and by this Is meant an ownership In
fact and not merely In name.
One of the necessary attributes of
ownership of property through cor
porate organization Is the rlsht of the
owners, namely the stockholder", to
control the policy adopted with icsport
to such property through the selection
of directors or trustees of their own
choosing. And this voting power Is
not an empty rlcht. True, It lias been
abused nnd also has been carelessly
ii nd negligently exercised So also has
the citizen franchise on many oc
c.isions. Hut the power and rmhl con
tlnues as a sword an '.veil as a shield,
and Its Impelling Intluence hns been
effectively demonstrated its well lu
corporate n.s lu Government nffairs
Corporate voting, It is objected, Is
done by proxy. So is voting for the
President and Vice-1 'resident of the
fulled Slates,
In the former case,
however, the mnes of the proxies are
usually better known and are custom
arily representative of a well defined
policy and a platform more stable
than the political article which bears
that nsme.
In the inllroad world there has been
a recent striking Illustration of the
i ffertlveiiess of proxy voting. . rail
road corporation managed and con-
trolled largely through proxies for
many years fell not only Into financial
difficulties, .but also Incurred public
disapproval. Its management was
criticised as Ineffi. leiit, cxtravagi'it
and unreliable, and rc-tiiin of Its offi
cers and directors were condemned as
responsible for the situation alleged to
exist. What was the result'.' An in
dependent Party, entirely disconnected
f,m ,,ffical relations with the prop
,., v. made nubile anneal to the stick-
holders for their suppoit on the pt.n
jrm of reorg.mlx.it Ion of methods
and reailjiistment of fluniicial loudens,
with tho result of overwhelming sup
port and a clean sweep, all accoin
pllshed through votes by proxy.
It would seem dear, Iheiefore, If
private ownership of public utilities
Is to continue under Federal charter
the Inherent essentials of such owner
ship must also lie continued in the
hands of tho private owners.
New York, March '.'", t.ex
In Defence of an Old and Honorable
To the KruTon or Tltr Sits.' Mr; Ono
of our correspondents iit'crU1 th
spelling of the wort "similar" to the Ig
noraiico of mi "Illiterate ' druggist. I
have been In the druz lm.liiess tin so
twenty years and nevi r heard ol mi
Illiterate, druggist. It Is, lu fa-i, lin
possible for a practitioner of the mi
clent and honorable mystery of pliar
mscy to do illiterate.
Cdw-in v. Thomas,
New Tork, March S3. ,
Unholy Is the Alliance Between Box
Oftire. .Scalper and "Cop."
To tiik Kihtoii or Tun Hun Mr: The
ticket scalpers arc. openly carrying on
their despicable business not only nt the
Metropolitan but at nearly every thea
tre la New York. At forty-second street
and llro.idway It Is difficult to get
through the crowd without being button-
holed by one of these "holdup men, m
whoso hands are tickets, usually the
best seats, for which he demands from
3d crnts to fl more than the price that
Is printed upon the ticket.
1 asked one of these scalpers If ho
was not afraid of being arrested, t was
shocked when he told nte that "no tr
llceaian around here would arrest me:
I'm In with them."
"Ho ou mean," I ai-ked, "that you
divide with the policemen In order to
c.ury on your trade?"
"5ure thing." he said.
t went to six thestrr last Saturday
nliiht anil asked for seats, and whs told
by ths man In the box office that the
house was sold out, slthough there were
itiiiue bos seats at tl more than their
uual price. At the six theatres I
visited I was surrounded by scalpers, all
of whom had their lists full of tickets.
I was under the Impression that we hud
about settleit this ticket scalping nui
sance, but 1 find suoh Is not the case.
After the agitation against the sculping
lasi ear the scalpers, while they were
not wholly Mitipresneil, tilled thrlr tiade
covertly. Now thev do It openly and
before the eyes of the police, who must
know that these men are breaking the
law. IlKKNAim M. sUNtiEits.
NtWARK. N. March 23.
Their Adventures I.eaJ tn Revelations
of Vermont Vankrelsm.
To tiik IIiiitor or Tiik Scn Sir: W'c
were walling In the Town Hall In Wind
sor, Vt., for the telerttnen and otheis
of the Iward of civil authority to count
the ballots on, Town Meeting day, when
Itoswell f'onaiit. civil war veteran and
Just H,led to the office, of lister, told
this stoty i
Remember OP Man Drapr? Wsal,
he llvfit down to the South Urid on
Ilrldge street, next door to Tinker Hut-
man. One day Tinker llutman was
wurl.!n' ln his irdlii an' he see Dl' Man
Draper Jest coinln outsr the house an
sa.vs to lilin, 'Mr. Uraper, ef 1 ketch any
o" jour hens In my gurdln I'll kill 'em
in throw em over the fence."
Wa-al, til' M.ui lfa-r. he speaks
up kinder gentle like an' sajs: '.Mr. Hut-
ihhii, ft ou ketch aiiv o my hens In
uur gardlu yuu can kill em; but I hev
Jest ono ML"i.'cstlon to make : I ain't
boardln' lo home; I board at the will-1 aionc in in neiiM several ears hko
der leddy's Just the other side o' our,have Wn scientifically proved and
nlace. an' rf vouil test throw them hens . substantiated b experiments In Ver-
over Into the widdtr leildv's ya I'll
tell her to plclt 'em up an" dress 'em.'
"vv.ial. TIliKer llutliian said that w;ut
all agreeable to htm. Waal, next day
there was a couple n' dead hens In tho
wldiler leddy s ard, an she come out
an' fetched 'em Into the house an'
dressed 'em. Next day there was an
other, an' the widder leddy she fetched
that one Into the house an dressed It.
Waal, the next day TInktr Hutnun
he see op Man Draper again un' up nn'
sas, 'Mr. Draper. I've killed three o'
your hens an throned em over Into the
widder teddy's yard, an" I give you
to know that ef 1 ketch any more o'
your hens In my gardln I'll do the same
by iu.'
"Waal, nt' Man Draper, he speaks up
kinder gentle like, an' says, "Mr. Outman.
that's all right; but In a friendly sper-
rlt I hev Jest tew sugcestlons lo make:
fust. 1 don't keep hens, an', fecondly, ef
you II take the trouble to count journ
you'll nnd 'em three short.' "
My irltnd Gordon &. unsworn of New
Ivnidoii, to whom I repeated this story,
says it would tiot ring true In Connecti
cut, because no Connecticut Yankee In
Draper s place woulo have "let on be
fore all of Hutmans hens were dead.
On the other band. Kthan A. Chittenden
of Urattleboro assures m that It tits
me Vermont lankee perfectly, because
me latter wou;j nave yieated to the,
earliest opportunity to rub It Into hla
nelKhboi w.
Ntw York, March C3.
Will the linn. Tom Taggart Meet a
Crrat eed In the Senate'.'
To Tin; IIiutoh or TKk Svn Sir.- You
say that Mr. Tugcart, the new Senator
from Indiana, Is a ej,riKt!cnl man."
Yes. he Is a practical business man, and
so much the better.
That tn Just the sort of man that la
needed In Congress There am alto
gether t. o many Ian ) era there now.
I believe that the Itch of these gentle
men for new legislation has been the
principal cause of the bedevilmcut of
business for several years past. If It
wasn't for the war I know the state
we would be In now.
There Is a certain class of doctor who
whenever anthlng Is the matter with
ou will say; "Take something." Simi
larly, a certain class of legislator when
ever au.vlhlng Is the matter with the
body politic will say: "Let us make a
new law." If half the laws now In
the statute books were nlsillehe,! It
would lie all the better for the com
munity. I". M.
Ni.w YottK. March '.'..
I.'c ntlcnicn In the Klevutor.
To tiii: I'uitor or Tin. Scn Mr. ome
years iiuii jou published a eiles of
litters upon what constituted a r il
n ntlem.ni. As I lemcmtier tho matter
was not detimtely settled
A letter In Tiik Sum, "I'ncoverlng in
the lllevator. ' answers the gentleman
question absolutely. Ynu may walk all,
over a hold with your wife or any ;
other lady with your hat on at any
ancle, a cigar In your mouth pointing
ic.waru die lenini. laming at me (op
of your voice nnd making yourself gen
ernlly objectlonnblo : but tf ynu remove
.-.iir hit In an elevator, no matter how
crowded It may be. with really no room
lor your hat sny where but on your
bead, you become a gentleman at once.
Nrir Yokk, March 23 ManVmih.
Our llMinent" Are ever "Hie reople,"
To tin. Ki'iron or Tiik St n- ir.' Mr
l'r. It fri;.1it 111 hte "I'l-ei h al the inot re
sin c . ti in siiSr.cge meeting, us reported
In Tin s, , s.i , .
"The b.iltl at the pii Ih Usi Noveteher
.i- m np'.y the lvliieliin of llim coiitn. I
for liiiiiian rights. 'I'll r pe'ipt' propose
th ct there shall It a Yoiktoivn."
cine tiHturHll) Iri'iulrie. VVim are "the
ieojl.-," If lot thine who fmlKlIt and cvnu
tlio "liatlle at the polls la-it November'"
Cinma.a i:. Sriurm.-.
lb ih TOM, March 'J.I.
Delicate t'uiiipitrisiin nf Ibirouili Tastes.
To i ii r thMTi'it of Tur. Srs .We." I thi
(rank and liiReiuinua letter to the tele
phone company from iseiiiiur Ition of
tlrnoklyti linn frank and ingenunim than
cjuceiip llortiugtiY appreciation nnd recep
lion of the lion. llv.Con. c'urley .loe Can.
,;,ly, lately of slim sine? M. A.
,Nnv v,ork, March V.I
Vocable of I'oWer,
To ma t:riT''ti or Tun Scs--.-ir.' Ve.
"hurled" and "declinate" are flue word',
but I prefer the mi report adorned with
powerful "Jeopardize."
Ilaii (he "uurlalii of Ore" anything In
do wlih Hie "pillar of flame" mentioned In
the report en th" retrial of the ral-
Ills" I'll" VXKklltN.
wi.si iimiv conn. Mm ii '.::
Noah's Sprlna lime Thought,
soali rrgardrd Hie Deluge.
"Hooray." ho cried, "ilila will remove
the mow."
fearing fa alio might ba rwialdrred
cold propjaltlon be embarked on lb Ark.
A Father's Testlmuny to the Kftlcary
of Ihc Fruuenlhal Treatment.
To Titn KbiTon oy Tnr. Hun fcir: I
m one of The Bun's readers who wera
personally and directly Interested In the
recnt article relating to Infantllo
paralysis experiments that appeared on
Hi editorial page. All of us whose
households have been visited by tho
scourge of Infantile parulvsls have road
with avidity ever thing on the malady
that cumo to hand, and the article con
taining the statement of a fact of which
I have personal knowledge, I feel it my
duty to tell my story.
Although following as closely an clr
rinnHtuncFS permitted the record of In
fantile naratieils exnerlments. t whs not
aware of what was going on In Ver
mont until I saw tho fact recorded in
Tilt: HUN. Neither was I awaro sev-
erul jcars ago that New lork city con
tained a surgeon who stood practically
alone In holding that the victim of In
fantile paralysis tould look forward to
tlio future with hope and nut despair,
until I had seen It In Tun St'N.
My tittle girl went down before the
paraljeils blast that brought sorrow and
desolation to many New Kitgland lionise,
some five years ago. In two days my
buby was cluing, d from a romping,
dancing, curly haired fair' to a helpless
iump. nimble to move anything but' ths
lids w rtWi shut out the light of her
sweet blue ee. As the days and
weeks and months went by, opinions
from the best specialises whom I was
advised to sec brought nothing but
visions of a cripple throUETli childhood,
girlhood and life. Not un encouraging
note came tn me until one day In my
dally reading of Tiik Sum I ran acros
a leferenee to h paper on Infantile
paralysis which had been rend before the
Congre of Surgeons, In cession 'n w'
York, by tr. tlenrj V. Kranenthal, sur
geiiii lu hlef nf the Hospital for De
formities and Joint Diseases.
Dr. rrauenthal's paper, as I read It.
was a mess-age of hope. lie said that
his professional brethren wero wrong In
their attitude inward Infantile par.ilyslx
Hlid Its treatment There was hoiw, nnd
not onlv hope for the recently afflicted,
but hope for all who had tx-eo stricken,
no matter bow fMr tmcl:. He said lie
knew It because he had proved It. Ho
did not believe, he said, that the nerve
(ells had been burner! out. but that there
had been a weakening of the muscles,
which by proper and patient training
could tie made strong again.
The ray nf hope from Pr. I'rauen
thai hreught happiness Into my life, for
iny little one under 1'r. Krauenthal's ad
Ue Is' well on the ny to take her
pl.ico among the children of her own
age. And now It l so delightful to one
like myself to re.nl again In Tur. St'N
that the claims of the man who stood
i mont. In tho Rockefeller Institute. Hr-
vard University and the Children's tk.
pltat In Ttoton.
Hut to Neve York Is the real honor,
for In New York l the pioneer dis
coverer, and the prophet should have
honor In his own country. New Yor
should take pride !i Dr. I'rauenthal and
should see lu It that unstinted oppor
tunity to broaden the gieat work tn
which he Is engaged be afforded him.
Without Irreverence, I can say of Dr.
Frauenthal that he ! making the
crooked straight nnd the lame to walk,
and that many like myself are blessing
hlni for his work and for the courage
of his convictions M
I'povh.knci:, It. I., March J3
Who Can Ulrert a Literary I'llrrlm
to Samuel Butler's Poem'.'
To Tlir i:n:Tli ov Tltr. St'N fir; In
Ttupert ltrooke's "Itter K.vm Amer
ica" I find a passage reading;
t mode iny Investigation In Montreal I
lime to report that the P.n "bo us Is very
well, snd nuuadM)ii irt'd.p 1 i -. hul- -.r d
In the fa. e. a'mot quite u iMfJ,
And with regard tn 'hat particular
reference to P'm-oIioIiis there Is un edl
,or's footnote. "s..-e Samiel Huller's
liem. i (1h Montreal
Cart some one set forth fiat poem or
sny where it may be found'.' friend
tells .me It was repr'nted In the Mon
treal Star ears ago, but that reproduc
tion Is not rtCVcsslh'r, ard a late pllisiut
of the question lias failed in no less a
reservoir of intelligence than the Hon
ton Public Library. .Ions Uci.tiiv.
New Yor.g. March 13.
And The? Ma (Jrow Thin on Hearty
nreakfasti Tno.
To tiic KtUTor. or Tin: St'N Sir- Tell
A. M Coles' Yes; eggs are permitted,
"In any way most acceptable," accordtnr
to my diet list.
I-Vir breakfast, grapefruit, stewed
prunen. baked apples, all of eourie wih
i nut sugar, lice- any kind of me.it
(except liver), Hsh. "all rooked free of
flour, potatoes, bread or crackers."
Gluten bread plain or toasted and but
tered, or gluten genu i d'.rectlons- for
making which arc on gluten flour pick
ages.) "Drinks. Tea ur corfie without
any sugar, pure water." If one wants
a cereal, gluten pori'dge U prexcribeil.
I have a hearty breakfast, m I eat no
luncheon. I abandoned thai habit ind
It is a habit soiii'; jiars ago. Oiih hoi
summer 1 was too l.uv to uo out fn'
luncheon and when ..K.ler weather came
I found Uinl I did net want u I al-o
noticed that I lunl no mure acute .mli
' gtnn t had stiflereil ill limes from
that complaint and co .eluded that I had
been overeating.
I have, found two meals a day sum
r lent.
Many abuses of eating come fmm
habit, and the change from bad hahita
t K, ,.b K ,,(,t .lt ,, dltlicult
when tuy wife was n oung girl her
miher wa- advised to slop the use of
, cream ami sugar In tea and coffee. The
children, simply to Imitate her, also toolt
Ihem dear. And now nn member of that
family can take tea or coffee except
without sugar or cream
Take tillve--hut never mind all that.
Let M.. Coles and other "fatties" go lo
It on Iho diet and I believe the) will
be mighty glad. C. .1. M.
Hkooki.yn, March '.'.'I.
fodlMi lteniore.
To Till Fninin in Tin: M '.' Mr A
man has a moi.tl r'ght to -e hi pitsl -
M'ts for a f.iir profit, and dial hiunstly.
Wheti h" ev ei'ds talrnes mil pr ic-
Hsck extortion he robbin- Ids eti-
Imneis. Jesse .lames wu i po r biisi
ness man. lie irniiit hive learned
method from some of your robber res
lauratits alone lltoidway. Fur instance,
thev buy Inlwtcrs fur 5 rt and Mi cents
apiece, broil them, and then sell them
for tt,
The queftnin is. when a lob-ler I"
sold at that price, which lobster Is
actually sold '' Fvic. I'l AT.
Ilosrnv, Mass . March V"
I hey Mill Sitiip lii taiikeelaud,
from Ihr linl,urv ' o"n . f.'i filnj ,tri.
lias anvli". ly t"i typewriter to cv
rhaiiRe for a monument or heaiUlene, or
have work donis tn the ceineterv S I"
Austin's mniiiunenial worke, US VVhlta
111 HirprT'i Vaaitiif for pril C W fur
Ion: d'v'ril'cs 'i .nlvsnturnu trip in a mvll
pillootltT airoim the Vlllllll.'. It .V lhl0)
vrlle, nt Ch.'ileau rinei rj , 11 .1 llsnnriek
tei shoal saniliiiio'i in the 'liihnpiiis.
W 1' Milnn 'isi 1'irds' lisMiu; It .l.ihn.oti
iiiinlyes tin t use id humor, and ite II ir
i.ird nl KiN crd Kwrtit llil.'r time i i.i.
lured Irom his diviie ll.nl Iviu: mto1
i inucluded: M'trsiret CinieroTi. tiraee V
Clianuiiu, Don Muniuia mid tour others con
tribute ahorl lorira and It Le Oajlifiine a
More Than 600,000 Children
Cared For Under System
Built Up by U. S.
Manila, Jan. IS. Theoretically edy.
ration was free under the Spanish regime
In the Philippines, rraetlcally It H
beyond the reach of the mass of the
people. On paper there were more than
2,not) schools scattered around the IMand
In fact there were scarcely 10 pr cer.t
of that number.
No onty were phyrirnl fnellitlei t
strlcted, but tho teaching In most of the
Vhools which did exist wa, of the mo,,
primitive and Inefficient character. Criti
cism Of Inefficient Instruction In omc -perhaps
many of the primary sehool-to-day
is unfortunately more or Icm ei
The great difference is that under tie
Spanish regime It Inspired no rnmplalnt.
or If It did the complaint was not hnrH
and no effort was made toward a rttn
edy. To-day the condition Is recognised
and Is permitted to continue simply ec
cause means are not available to bene
Improvement Ii made as rapidly u
possible, and the day Is In sight "Iirr.
there will be no inundation ftn the cm
ilsin that Instruction in un ol In
schools Is ineltiiient or Inadequate, or
that the equipment Is below standard
III the tltteen years under Amerlian
supervision more money has been send
on public education In these Islands than
In the entire 2nft years nf Spanish rtnmi i
Ion. ltoughly calculated. It is about .o
"school In Kirrr Msrrli."
A lonsideiable purt of if has gum . 'n
sehoolhouses slid other buildings -other
part of It h'a gonn for Hie eqiri
ment of teachers. The Amcrliaii- i i
only organized a sjstem of sihool-
erected buildings and induced pupil to
attend school sessions, but selected anl
tilted an adequate staff of nun and
women to do the teaching
To-da, as a remit. II Is the hi.iM of
the Filipino leadeis that "there Is a
school In every barrio," and (he lurr.o i
the lowest governmental siilsilv islor
All over the Islands are snihMati' -capacious
concrete schoolhnu-e' ,v I
cveiy year the work of construction c
on, with uii addition of fifty or -i
to the number of permanent Mruct ir
At first the Filipinos did not iep
as icadlly as had been expctd lo o
American efforts to Five ihem an ed'
cation. The American work was ,'
llltentloned. but It was undertak
hastily, often without sufficient con,d
er.itlon of the special problem 'o !
met, and In too many casen with t - "
petent and Inefficient teaching stafls
Many Americans were brought om
from the States or picked up heie tn .
Islandi and set at tho extremely diff'
cult task of teaching matter that ws
new and strange in a tongue. Dial was
harsh and foreign.
llesnll IMrrahndona I'lillnrea.
The task of the American supervsir
Involved Interesting the Fltlplnot
sending their children to chool ge k
school buildings conlructed and
where schools might be teniporartl
ducted until right quarters coi.M
furnished : finding or creating c.niie'
teaching staffs; developing mill-e '
instruction adapted to (lie muni-
capabilities nf the p.opls. and fit i
nf making provi-ion for the ne... i
and training permanently ol an adeq'i.v
fori " of native teachers
No matter what fauli- there n.a t
in the system that has been Inn t un
matter what lapses and l.c' iv '
have been--anil they 1 . x I" . r
than could lei wished- i.- i
i remeiidous success, a iinCiU'iiei
genius the faith, and t dev. a
these who have bronchi at"-
To-day aiming u pipulat.oii ' -
tiling more than s.i'iju.ii'ie. ..v.i ' '
bovn and girl-c an r-'-ivaig
nts of a school system .'on ;mv !.
to take ihem through ail giaib-
University f tin li.lllpp.
Coupled wltn Instruct!- ' '' ''
lit." which has beii ni.i.ie fnc t" il1
there are course- In Indu-'rv a nt.
culture, designed to- and e'ici
lower grade- Aliv.nl I i-e . -'
have Impressed 'io'i the F "I1
dignity and worth of lal'
I have no t'Htiit ce with the I I'
ml idcdmss. the iirnvlnda'. -m a '
prejudice of pcvs.'ils who'll I Ii"' e ' 1
crltl.-l-ii thN splendid work ! . c 1
has not produi ed in te" or twi-
results comparable wr'i -have
been accomplished r. "
rlod- in the l'nlted stales t
I lliprov II I ii Ii 1 1.
Th" icudcl.. ; tn J'l'U' '
In tin- standards i -Mi.l .. .
bundled of years or 1 - '
I nc of tile III' ' I'll- ICa'-
of an iv .ng a' a t.c.r v n
pii'llelisivc istllllale of "hat
achicvid il'ider American .-'.
the liiillpplin-.
For tin llrst tune tin '
of the. children of the 1'IUpl: "
school, at woil. upon ii ' -struetton
tint w riesigned t
some know it. i -e i.f hyglt ik . !
tion and of tlie rlchts and -i ,
tits of citUi nshlp. In le i
CltUtnship of the I'lilllppl fs
oinpi.-cd latgt ly o' giaitilale;
In WilMi tin intn:. 'ton ii i '
was given
i'lie participation ot a ia w
.illens imbiiid with nc.v idea
own tights and their owa u- '
ties, their tirlMleges :.Mt ilr
lam In their own govi-rn in '
tin. i co tlie public aft.il s .f '
i tunes. It will be the tulnl
, crl.inal American pull.
To-day there ace nuv '
schools In cp ration n t" i
I A( the 1'ig.nnliig of lis'
- iwere VIn permanent i 1
made nf stetl and miiiiei
one provinces.
fS, 0(10,000 for tiiillilliio
Tlicr arc more tlia.. if' '
classtsl as mixed construct "i
permanent, and more tha" '.'
pornry buildings The tun '
latter class den-cases vea- t" '
the permanent stnuturis conv i
vice In the last tls'.cl i' '
i Ollll.ndll pes" lV."'HlW'n "
bv tho Insiilai and ti.ur'.- r ' "
ineiita for cinistrii' tion "f b i '
111 the same year volu -I.,
tuitions for the mpr-irt at d ,
tvhool worl. vw.e ie'civcn i " t
L-ate of nearly V- mm .-- t
tlcally everv province in the is
Tim bureau of rduciiloi ' '
steadily the pollcv of genb g
schools cstalillshed as ps'r n
ralslnc llteir Hand in' a
- mid lif done !i'u'': "
this poll.
There cei ta nl; . i.
len'ioii t' ai lin V i ei is
lo a oiopllsh a Vastl .i.-t'i-'
III education In Ihc l'h ' pp' e
have been gnatcr If there i
more monev, but that Is abou'
in- just crMiels'ii -an S11

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