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i : ft SI sans Ii FRIDAY, Al'HIIi 7, 1010. tared at the Post Ofll t New Vork aa second Claas Mall Matter. Subscriptions by MU, reatpald, MILT, I'er Month STJbY, Per Year... Sunday, pr Month........... VKDAT (to Canada), Per Month..., UNOAT, Per Tear .. DA1L.T ANI SUNDAY, Per Year..., DAILY AND SUNDAY, Ter Month.., Foasios IUTM. DAILY, Per Month UMDAY, rer Month.... DAILY AND BUXDAY. Per Month.. . fO BO u I'll ii AU , 1 M AO 13 1 2S 3 1 vo ts OTBXINa HUN, Per Month S 00 EvviNO 8UNlVoreln).rerMo. I 0 All ctvsrttii, money orders, e, t mad payable to TiibPon. PuMlehed Bun Prlntln ihed dally, 'acludlng Sunday, by the ntlng nnfl Publishing Aaeoclatlon at nu etreet. In the Borough of Mar. V.J v.v lrMnt and Treai- lev rsaaiau iuit hattan. New Vck. Srerrwiilmra C. Ilelck. K.rt N" '""H Vle-ProliUnt, KJward 1. M'fhf'1 g0 Maaaau street: Secretary, C L. Luxton. lau Nassau street. London office. 40-43 Kleet treeL Parle office, 0 Hue de la Mlcbodlere, OS Rue du Quatre Heptembre. Washington office. Hlbbe Building. Brooklyn office. 100 Uvlnmlon etreet. etir friends uno favor us ctth mart tenets and lllunratlnns for publication tries to Rife rejected article returned they must (a U Meet tend stamps for that purpose. The rropfcecr of Woodrow rTIUoa the Philosopher. The President of the United States seems to be as stlllly resolved to buck fits foolish Secretary of tho Navy In the scheme for Government owned aranltlon plants as he Is to back his sophisticated Secretary of the Trcos- Hry In the scheme for a Government owned merchant marine. We recall onco more the pregnant pinions which Dr. Woonuow Wilson expressed In an article In the Amen osn Lawyer on the tendency toward regulative legislation and the dtsns trous results of attempts at govern mental control : "A passion tor regulative legislation Mtms to have taken possession of tho country of Into: but It cams upon It so suddenly, ao much more like nn Impulse Of Impatience than like a deliberate pur pose, that thero ts every Indication that the careful thinking upon which It should have been founded will succeed It after It has spent Its forco, rather than ac company and give form and direction to It Governmental control, which we are undertaking so extensively and with so light a heart,, seta up, not a relm of law, but a reign of discretion and In dividual Judgment on the part of Gov, raament officials In the regulation of til business of stock companies owned by innumerable private Individuals and supplying- the chief Investments of thou sands of communities. I can aee no radical difference between governmental ownership and governmental regulation of this discretionary kind. 1 There Is no 1okIc.i1 stopping place be tween that and tho actual conduct of business enterprises by the Government Such methods of regulation. It may be safely predicted, will sooner or later be completely discredited by experience." When Woodbow Wilson the philos opher uttered these sentiments ami recorded this prediction Tiieopoke Roosevklt linrt been out of the White House less tlmn two mouths. Doctor and Professor Wilson was referring directly to the recent term of Colonel Roosevelt's supremney In national affairs, marked ns that period was by an abandonment of old notions about the proper relation of Govern ment to private property ami Indus, trial activities. Woonuow Wilson the philosopher was condemning the movement of which Theooohk Hoosevf.lt the poli tician had made himself the undls, puted leader. Doctor and 1'rofe nor Wilson was prediction a sure reaction, sooner or later, toward saner views of governmental regain tlon and governmental ownership und tho complete discrediting of the Iloosevclllitn experiments ns tho re suit of bitter experience. Yet the amazing truth Is that l'rel dent HoosEvixT never wont one-thlr- tleth as far In the direction which Woodrow Wilson the philosopher de. plored as President Wilson himself has gone since lie merged the phlloso. phcr In the politician. Kooskvklt's pornsangs were as mere stadia In Wu.soVs swift anabasis toward gov ernmental socialism. Perhaps the strauge-t circumstance In the whole history of political lluld Itics and transformations is tne re versal of rdles, as between Doctor Wilson the philosopher and Colonel ItoosKvr.i.T tho politician, which has now made Hooskvki.t seem, to so many thoughtful and patriotic minds. by comparison tho conservative. Preparing to Prntert Draught Anl- mali Nett Winter. It wns distressingly apparent last winter that many horse owners In New Vork neglected through short slghtedness or carelessness to shoo their beasts of burden properly for comfort nnd safely in the snow nnd Ice covered streets. Tho suffering en d ii red by the brutes was patent, to everybody, and ilio fact that it wa unnecessary was understood by all who saw II. That such conditions may be prevented In the future Is tho object of an amendment to the city ordinances introduced in January, on which tho Committee on Thorough fures will give n public hearing on Monday. This aiiioudmeut provides that own ers of draught animals shall hnvo them ho shod in the waiter months that they sliull he able to get a good foothold on slippery surfaces, Till may ho accomplished by sharp shoe. lng, by tho use of burlap wrappings on the hoofs, or by tho application of chains. Tho ordinance does not pre scribe the manner In which the beast Rhnll be protected, but carries a pen nlty for omission to protect them ; and It Is not less In tho business Interest of tho owner tlmn nn expression of huninne feellnc (or the Injuries re "tilting from strains, sprains and fulls cost a large mim of money In the course of a season. Hcfore tho snow flics ncnln the (own should hnvo on tho books a com- prchenslvo ordlnanco regulating the treatment of draught animals In this particular, and when the cold weather comes It should be1 enforced. In (he Belfry of St. Paul's. Itelow tho chapel belfry tlio city streets lay well nigh deserted. The surging throngs that pressed from curb to curb throughout the day had long since passed on, to sorrow or to mirth. The watchmen methodically went their ways. Tho furtive crea tures of the darkness slunk from shndo to shade, fear filled even In a wilderness. Prom God's acre, a garden In a barren of brick and mortar and stone and steel, arose the first faint' breath of spring. Therein the great miracle of resurrection advanced. The graves of good nnd great, of small and mean, had lost their garb of tragedy, and wore tho pleasant gnrment of con tentment. Their message wns of pence and rest; they wove no spell of struggle, nor told a tale of grief. The master of thnt lodging neither Invited nor repelled. He waited, patiently. Within the chnpel sat the sexton Beforo his tired eyes the congrega tion moved. Not those few who dally sought his glance for friendly greeting ns they went to pray: not tho high nnd powerful of a time gone by; but the whole body of worshippers, sulnts nnd sinners, sincere nnd Indifferent, Innocent nnd guilty, from that day when the doors first otened until thnt hour when he for the last time closed nnd locked them. A strange und much mixed company; n cross section of virtue and villainy; n record of hope fulfilled, nmbltlon dashed, love rewarded, hate revenged ; the pride of wealth and power Jostling the dignity of humility nnd weakness; In the rags and tatters of false seeming. In tho purple and line linen of true worth ; the sexton watched them nil, crowding and Jostling, here mar shalled In orderly rnnks, there con fused In unordered progression. lie put down his key, und laid It where it would be found. He wrote n note, and thnt he left beside the key. Then he passed through thnt strange assemblage, silent as the night Itself, up to tho belfry landing. where fell the shadow of the great bronze bell, full throated and full toned. Here wns the place, nnd now the time ; he had made such provision as seemed necessary. So. In the Inst Impulse of his weariness, he hanged himself with a rope; and thus he crossed the threshold of the quiet lodging beneath the chapel eaves. Responsibilities of Free Speech. German militarism would not be what It Is to-day, the lust of conquest would not have domlunted n home loving, art loving, science loving, com merce loving people had It not been for the demoralizing Influence of the writings of NnrrzsciiE, Tukitschke nnd Ueknharpi. As It Is with the poisonous printed word so It Is with the word spoken without regard to the eternal veri ties. It Is not Impossible for this country, through the Indiscreet utter nncos of Americans, to be drawn Into a war that was made Inevitable by the writings of German authors. Herr NirtzscHK probably never Imagined thnt his detestable vnporlngs would some day set the world nllame. A Neutral's Notes In Germany. The Impression that the German people are living Kolated from the rest of the world In dense Ignorance of what Is happening beyond their boundaries has been confirmed by the Swedish professor Pahuk Haulumi, who visited Germnny recently on a tour of observation. "The people In the shops. In the streets, In the res taurants know nothing," says Profes sor Haci.l'nu. When he met old friends or made new ones they "thor oughly drained" him of news. He found that the censorship kept the people "In Ignorance of everything that might give rise to Inconvenient reflections." The papers contained only oftlclnl war news, nnd all of It favorable to German arms, picking up n copy of the Frankfurter ycucttc XachrMiten at a railway station Pro fessor Haoli'nd was nmazed to see spread all over the front pago an nr tide entitled "Assassination In War." which told Its renders how the British Government hnd murdered ten or more Englishmen whose offence was that they had shown sympathy for Germany. The newspapers were filled with propaganda articles, In which it speci men wns a panegyric upon the new Belgium ns ruled by German army otllcei'H and thnlr civilian aids, "which gave anybody with an ordinary sense of justice little more," bays Professor Harm no, with reserve,-"than n feel Ing of discomfort." That tho German people had no doubt of tho satisfactory prosecution, of tho war by the Government nnd Its successful Issue was plain from u talk tho professor had with a doctor about tho value of the German mark In Sweden. It circulates there at a discount. The German doctor when so Informed asked how tho Swedes could be so mnd as to depreclato tho mnrk, and he was dumfounded when told thnt It was no! considered to bo worth any more. Kven oflicers and medical men who returned from the front "were absolutely Ignorant of everything that hnd not happened In their Immediate circle of action." Berlin was war weary, Judged by the appearance nnd manner of both soldiers nnd civilians. It may bo sup posed that a little of tho truth about conditions on nil the fronts and the dangerous submarine controversy leaks out now nnd then In Berlin, with tho result thnt faith In final victory ts shaken. There was one thing that Professor Haolund noticed with a thrill: the condition of women was undergoing a change. Beforo tho war they "looked up" to the stronger sex and there was complcto subordination to It. But now thut women havo taken the place of men In so many employments and the men have failed In almost two years of war to conquer nnd subdue Germnny's enemies, the women feel that they are of far more Importance In tho community than they used to be. "Now they have," says Professor Haolund, "on air of fearlessness nnd conscious self-control." Business UnftUnen. What bus been back of the age long political clamor about tho unholy ag grandizement of corporate combina tions In trnde and Industry Is at least Intlmnted by the astonishing facts which were set forth In the recent Boston address of VIce-Chalrman Hunt.EY of the Federal Trnde Com mission. The theory of tho business legisla tion of the past decade, of almost the past quarter century for thnt matter, hns been that American business needed only a free Held and no favor asked to be successful. Monopolistic purpose, If not monopoly In fact, has been accused of nil tho crimes In tho business calendar, and tho past gen eration of politics devoted Itself to tho restoration or establishment of competitive conditions so thnt free business should survive. Tho very lnw of the Federal Trnde Commission's being is nn expression of the Idea that n fair chanco was all that the American business man wanted to mnko his way In tho world. Vet Mr. Hunr.r.T's report of tho re suits of it preliminary Investigation conducted by the commission Into the business situation raises more thnn a presumption of doubt if all the howl about the trusts and conspiracies In restraint of trnde, all the clnmor for a competitive regime, hns done any thing snve to obscure the real Issues of business life. The nffnlrs of some 260,000 mcr cantlle nnd manufacturing corpora tlons In the United States have been rnnvassed. More than a third of them hnve been profitless. More than another third hnve Just been existing. More thnn three-quarters of the total number are unprofitable and unsuc cessful, Only one-tenth of the cor porations studied know their costs of doing business; and additional light on the cuuses of fulluro to attuln a profitable and successful stage Is oast by the revelations In the case of tho money making eoriwrntlons, which constitute less thnn n quarter of the aggregate. More than half of the successful ones, In Mr. Hurley's words, charge off' "no depreciation whatever." Here Is an exhibit of anything but fitness for that stnte of competition which It has been the goal of so much political endeavor to assure to the business community. It Is also an exhibit which suggests thut n vast amount of business uproar hns been raised In political quarters In an ef fort to procure from politics through statutory enactment a measure of business solvency by protection from competition which a very lurgo per centage of business has been too In efficient to obtain for Itself In the competitive field. Ktllclency as applied to business en terprise hns often been so exntted by Its professors as to become a loath some word In the ears of business men. The science of efficiency ns It has been expounded has Ignored too much the human element nnd the personal equation In business, but cor porations lacking efficiency are unfit for the competitions of the mnrket place. Politics cannot snve business If It will not take the trouble to snve Itself from failure. .Most of the outcry ngnlnt big busi ness bas been owing fundamentally to the fitness for survival which big business lias cultivated. This Is something which hns long been known to able business men and bankers. If the Federal Trade Commission car ries Its studies far enough It will be able to prove It to the comprehension of the public. Splendid Opportunity for Optical Experts. Under the Federal lnw motlol pre tures of prizefights may tiot be Im ported Into this country, nnd n stut uto of New York prohibits the exhibi tion of pictures not made In this State, On account of this tho Johnson-Wll-lard contest In Havana bus never been seen here, to tho disgust of numerous patrons of tho fancy. Now It Is hoped to gratify their desires by means of film exposed on this side of the Ca nadian boundary, photographing the original light pictures, which were kept beyond the line. The film It Is designed to show cannot be called Imported; It was niHdo In this State, and the photographers bellovo they havo circumvented New Vork nnd the United States nllke. Bui what will the customs oflicers say? A motion picture hns been Im ported, If not the medium of Its pres ervation; will tho revenue authorities bo content to let It como In without tho payment of duties? And will not some querulous legal adviser of the Government set up the plen thnt the rays of light thnt bore to the sensi tized film the Images of tho two THE SUN, FRIDAY, giants constituted a picture within tho meantng'of the act, and that hence their Introduction from Canada Is n violation of tho prohibition It wns sought to evade? We foresee a long nnd interesting litigation arising from this Interest ing device, with customs authorities and experts In the science of optics called to glvo testimony. It may not suit tho wishes of the sporting fra ternity, but It should be welcomed by the legal profession. Senator Wim.iam Alton Smith of Michigan will bo a very Impressive ex- favorlte son at the.ChlcnKo convention. There Is something wrong with any house In this town or Its suburbs that hasn't In It to-day at least a one ring circus. The Big Man In City Halt Park has come back, but bo has not yut the appearance of a permanent settler. This time ho has turned his back upon the city's Capitol, and Is look ing hard at the huge architectural blurb that blots out tho lower end of the old tlmo park. Since bis former visit he has taken on color, nnd Is a handsomer Civic Virtue. His sword looks businesslike, nnd tho winged worm at his feet, with the pouncing cat's fangs nt Its Jugular, seems to prefigure a hard tlmo coming for Civic Wickedness. Mr. Wii.mro defeated Mr. Mohan In tho ring, but the loser at fisticuffs has outdono his bated rival In post bclltim performances. WiixakV lectures on temperance and thrift are nowhere, now that Morax has quoted Latin to the Sing Sing convicts. The old P. It. Is dead Indeed. It Is n full day's news that carries two such proclamations 'ns tho Gcr man Kelchskanzler's declaration of Ger. many's "pence terms" nnd Mr. Boost; vblt's of the "condition!) of his caiull dacy." In each case thero ure un stated factors whoso forco will not be fully known until tho other side Is ready to enter upon official, final ne ROtlntlons. Vale bos suggested thnt tho Vnle Harvard and Yale-Princeton dual track meets shall bo conducted In tho future according to the rules of tho Intercollegiate A. A. A. A. In the past these meets have been run according to various agreements between tho col leges, ns In tho case of the Harvard Ynlo meets that havo been managed under the supervision of the Unlvcr slty Track Athletic Cup Committee composed of representatives from each of tho two universities. The adoption of tho Intercollegiate code will bring about a few changes In the rules now In use, but it should help to standard lie tho conduct of these meet. Yale's migKestlon Is u noo.l one and It should bo carefully considered not only by Princeton nnd Harvard but also by such other colleues as havo not already adopted the Intercollefflnt" rules. Anything thnt Is done toward standardizing the running of track meets will be a great help to the ad vancement of tho sport. "An Old Sub-Lieutenant" writes In n letter to the London Siirctntor: "Surely the bond which eit between officers and men In the llrllldi army Is the bond of discipline, that dlselpllni which Is so gravely cniifpiouniiH by Its absence In civil life. The want of dis cipline Is the very cankfrworin which hns eaten out the heart of Kngllsh civil life during past yenrs." Thoughtful Americans dare to say the very same thing about civil life !n their own country. General Cahkas'za Is i.-.ld to bo "tak ing the hot baths" ut the HuclemU San Hartolo, Queretaro. The hot baths tnken by his old commander tho out lawed Villa on th Chihuahua desert trails are not so cumfortablo and re freshing. t'mm-el-Ilenna Is a welcome suc- cenhor to Kut-el-Amara In the M-o- potamiau bulletins. It is euphonious and sedative. .May It last a while. s'eiior Garcia, the Citrrunza Consul at IJ1 Paso, who Is quoted as saying that "there is no reason fur the Ameri can army to pursuo the tll.i cam paign further," may speak for restless Mexicans In tho border cities, but he does not speak for tho fJovernment at Queretaro, which In General Canpiok Aouilar has a Minister of Foreign Affairs familiar with diplomatic, pro cedure. If Mexico had an organized Constitutional Government with !(. functions In proper working order the reeull of Consul Garcia would perhaps be required. THE CHANCELLOR'S SPEECH. His Friendly Word t'ompBred With Some Oilier Teutonic Outgivings. To tub ICnrron or The Sun Sir: Chancellor von Itetliiuami-IIollneg nil- dresses tho ItelchMiig and Incidentally s.iys for tho benont of the United states tlmt millilng In further fiom the German Intent thnn to Invade America. Theiie cxprcesloiiK of rooiI will on the part of the lioinuin Chancellor are hardly In harmony with the killings of American citizens ami the outraging or International law. Nor are they In har mony with tho letter of Dr. Paul Itohr bach, professor In thu University of llerlln, to Dr. Appclinan of tho Univer sity of Vermont. He, discussing the matter of whether German Americans, even nominally, should put American In tereats first, says In regard to prepared ness In America that German Americans should oppose, because after the present war should trouble come between Japan nnd America Germany wilt probably aid Japnn. whllo Great Hrltaia aids the I'nltnd Ktates, and thus It will be to Germany's Interest to havo tho United Htates weak In a military way. To strengthen the American navy will not contribute In strengthen Germany, tho gentleman continued, "I cannot see, therefore, that German political alms will bo forwarded Ipso facto by German American armament." Ho It tinted that this l not a speech before a political Isxly for effect: It Is a heart to heart prlvntn view between two frlen,l,i of Germany who have no reason to state nu thing but facts. I rutlier think Chancellor von Hcth-mann-llollweg'H statements of Ger many's doings after tlio war will he taken at thc-lr true value by tho pcnnlo of tho United States. L. C, I. Nr.w Yoiik, April 6, Vt or Hewn? Uf la like an office titilMlnr, Crowded full from b to crown, Elevators, awlft and silent, doing up mill golnr down. Tenants range from klnga to beiiare, Clad In ruga or (liken gown. All III locals or etprrmea doing up nnd going down. In the halt. Ilk Imey elartera, Hliont llm clergy of renown, hear them proselyte with vigor: "lining up, or going down?" H. 6T4SI.ST IUiiisi. APRIL 7 1016. THE DOCTOR'S STATISTICS. Are the German Submarines Really Starring Great Britain? To tub EoiTon or Tub Sux Sir: t am glad that Dr. Obcrfohren has se cured a few fresh statistics to brighten up his latest proof that the German sub marine ara starving Britain. Surely hla old onea of stocks of wheat at only four British ports were a little too meagre In view of -the unimportance of most of the ports ho cited and his fail ure 'to Include somo really Important ones. What the Doctor supposes as to tho stacks covored by tin Items "In united Kingdom and anoat tnereror" is beyond my ken. The grain trade knows what is meant, howover; and It also knows what "afloat for orrtcrs" ana "afloat for continent" mean, They mean that Britain, Itself not a largo pro ducer of wheat, has on tho way to ward It all tho tlmo, year In and year out, large quantities of wheat that may be and are diverted, not by cruel Brit ish statesmen. Tiut by prices oncreci which Is the aim of the possession of free markets by a free ticonle. However, the Doctor having aban doned hla llttlo 1,018,000 bushel perch, showing perfectly absurd conditions of supply, "has lit" on the one of total Im ports by Britain In 1913 as given by the London Economist, placing them, cor rectly enough, at 88,611,000 hundred weights, a decrease of 15,245,000 hun dredwclghts from the year before, but In a typically Uermanlo way of using statistics, not mentioning that the de crease wns caused by the closing of the Dardanelles to 7,234,000 hundredweights of Kuitilan wheat, and by the total fan ure of the Australian crop, from which 12,113,000 hundredweights were taken In 1914. They even bought 1,000,000 hundredweights less In 101.1 from Ger many than they did In 1914. Hero the whole decrease, is explained and It Is not due to submarines cither. On tho other hand, llrltatn helped to eke out this lack of supply by Liking 41,049,000 hundredweights, or 7,000,000 hun(lrel weights more than In 1914, from the United States; 6.00,000 hundredweights more from Argentina nnd 3,000,000 hun dredweights more from India, despite submarines: all theso statistics come from the same page of tho Econoraiat, the IKx-tor s rellanco. As to these taking', nhy Isn't the Doctor square minded enough to admit that tho decrease he sees In the year 1915 statistics was due to comparison with those of 1914. when tho Kuropean world. Including Britain, went craiy buy Ing who.lt, following the outbreak of the war and the realization at the same Umo that the world's crop In 1914-15 was hundreds of millions of bushels short of 1913-14? Perhaps If the Dot- tor understood when tho world's wheat crops were gathered and marketed ho would not have maoe tneso misiaaes. As to tho recent takings of Hritaln say from August 1. 1915, to March 11, 1916. let the Doctor looK at tneso ngures ; iMMicis Mitrunsu. Aug 1. Same r- In 101.,, to rloJ pre- e'ee Mer II, ceding per min f-ir. cent. Wheal iiuartere).l'.,.047,0OO 10.741,000 1 Flour (.acV,.... ,934 0K) S.Mfl.OOO 13 Perhaps the Doctor 1cm not know that this n-het moved from America to Writ nln. ns well as 11SO.00U.000 -worth of ex. pliwlve nd a vast quantity of other stuff that the subinnnnea am nni muji from erolng from America to Itrltain In the last six months. Let the Doctor see whin wheat was sent by America to Lu rone In the oast three months In bush el. The shipments from January to March Inclusive: ItilH . 1DIS . 1M . DM 12S.0S4.0OO tia.n77,M m:,ooo,oou submarines stop this' Well, tinlv .t :n.ill fraction thereof. Iiardly T rotnrii tn tho oueMlon of stocks. lltTti uie the total stocks of wheat In llril.tln nnd afloat therefor on March 1 for a period of cars. In bushels; ini 2l,340,(HlO I una S5.10fl.0ll0 Ills S4.!l'i,ooo 1912 ss.OHo.oon 1014 24.no,ooo; l'.lll S4.O30.0OO Are not the stocks larger than at the same d.ito tn any preceding year back to 1911? Ah to thee ftocki- and the Hour pric- glva la my laet letter. I would say they are from a perfectly good eoiirce, the Liverpool Corn Trmle .Vetri. Lest tliH loctor forget, here are the Kngllsh Hour quotations brought down to March 1 1 : nvrnroni. rr So pnunii Mur t4, Mar. 7. Mnr. 1. itnii. ., .I. loin. . A. 191V e. A. KhuU'Ii. hlshf't grade "'1 Knglleh. p.ttent.. . 4 r,s r.o 4S 4S r.n 41 4 llnr'ltli. baker. 40 Amerlc.in Inter patents Amerlean patente eprlng ,. 4 4? t 47 0 liispov. Tnn htli. .. M n " " Town houeho;d.. M t'S " " Hero ou see still lower prices than 1 quoted' In my March 23 letter and not much charge from a ear go at the banio date. Now let Dr. Obs-fohren stop his but terfly niuht und get down to cnse.s. Tho Doctor's original contention was (see his letter of March 20) : "Thus Knwland Is feeling the pinch of war and the calamity Is becoming greater from day tn piy owing to the successful op. eratlons of the German submarines." The stocks on March 1 in Britain wero greater than in any previous jear. the shipments from America were never greater than In the present season, the (lour prices are little different from a 5 car ago and are lower than they wete when tb second submarine campaign began, about a month ago. Ilroad cards havo not yet been Issued In lAindou (Did 1 bear llerlln speak"), nor are some, other Inventfons "made and used only In Germany" plaguing the Hrltisli people. As to tho losses of ships adduced by tlio Doctor, no oiio denies that German submarines, mines, raiders passing as neutrals nnd ottier forms of assassina tion havo reduced the number of Hrlt isli und neutral slillw and lives, but let tho Doctor please remember that the Allies have under nrrctit In allied ports a tonnage of Teutonic ships equal to those destroyed, and that when the set tling tlmo arrives the Allies will have their prizes, while tho Gcrmaut will have wasted and destroyed theirs. All that is left now Is for the Allies to re place their lost vessels with a perfectly pood collection "made In Germany." Tho fact Is thnt tlio Doctor Is not sorry tho people of Britain are starving. Oh, no! He, Is sorry that they are not starving. As the old song would say: "That's what makes the wildcat wild." l'UANK GnKr.NK. Nr.w Tonic, April s. Signature llefnrm Propofil From llondnrn. To tub Uditoii ok Tub Scn Mr.- Don't sou think ttiat it would be a good Idea If people when writing letters would let tho stenographer iiiuhii mo letter, that is, to put In the writer's name in full and then tho writer sign on one s!de7 I hjii sura that this would save a lot of worry and guesswork, Often a letter Is thiown In the waste basket unanswered because tho writer's name cannot be mado out. Another point, we thus get familiar with mans first name. IIkmit Ghoihik CitAi.KtiT. San I'rimo Kui.a, Honduras, March 27. Problem for the Schoolmen. To mi KiMToa or Tnr Hex .Sir: It men are truly what women make them, And women truly what men hale made them, then (The vtomen being heller than the mn) Are lint Ilia men better than the somen; What' .Iiihn T. KpaoN. Hilt-ma' SM'U Uassoi, April t. THE TREASURY SEAL. The Orfgla of Its BoabuUe Latii Lersaa Remains Uaexplatael. To Tits Editor or Tug Son Sir: On the subjeot of the seal of the Treasury Department I am sending you a short article I wrots a few years ago, which may be of Interest. It was Included In the annual report of the Iteglster of the Treasury, 1SU. Elf MA H. V. TRKrn. Librarian, Treasury Department Wasiiinoton, D, C, April 3. from tht annual report of lAe) Itegitttr of tho Treasury. A committee was appointed by the Continental Congress, September 26, 1778. to devrlsa a saal for the Treasury. There were threo members, John Wither- spoon, Clouverneur Morris and R. n. Lee. In the Journals of Congress for the same date la a resolution from which the following references to the seal were taken : Resolved, That the Comptroller shall keep the Treasury books and seal and file all accounts ahall draw bills under said seal No reference to any report from this committee Is to be found In the publica tions of the Continental Congress, so the data cannot be given of Its adoption, but Impressions of the Continental seal have bten round on documents dated lit.. When ths nreeent form of government was Instituted In 178( the Treasury seal of tho Confederation was continued In us and Is found on papers Issued In the latter part of the eighteenth century. Chapter 61, section 3, of the Statutes at Large for 1S49 Is as follows: And be It further enacted, That all booke, papers, document and record In the War, Navy, Treasury and 1'oat Office Departments, and the Altorney.Ueneral'a Office may be copied and certified under seal In the earn manner aa those In the mate Department mar now bo by law, and with the same fores and effect, and the Attorney-General shall cause a seal to be mad and provided for hie office, with such device aa the President of the United States ahall approve. H ts probably due to this legislation thnt the old seal of the Continental pe riod was replaced In 1849 by another cut In cast steel by Edward Stabler of Mont gomery county, Maryland. He was or dered to make a facsimile of the old one, which was nearly worn out. Mr. Stabler suggested some minor Improvements, but was Informed that the design must b copied exactly In accordance, with the law. However, on comparing an Im pression from the Continental seal taken In 1916 with one front tho seal now In use u slight difference In the wreaths on the sides of the shield Is to be found and tiny dots have been Introduced on what was at the previous date blank space about the principal features within the shield. Losslng, in an article In Unrpcr'o Magazine, of February, 1869. entitled "Executive Departments and Seals," gives a drawing of an impres sion made In 17S2 which had no dot tings and had the wreaths exactly like those on the papers aeuled In IRIS. The diameter of the seal now In usn Is one eighth Inch greater than that of the Continental seal. Hut these differences are so minute that the casual observer would never notice them. In all essen tial fentures they are the same, so that the design of the seal of the Treasury Department ts older than the national Government. The symbols Introduced into the seal are all easily explained. The thirteen stars represent the thirteen original Col onies. Justice, the blind goddess hold ing the bilance, has always been n fa vorite with the devisers of State seals. The very first design submitted for the Great Seal of the United States had this device In full, but It was omitted entirely from the one finally adopted. The de signers of our Treasury seal used the balance alone as an emblem of Justice. Keys, In secular heraldry, have been used from remote antiquity to denote offices of state. The legend on the seal Is 'Tliesaur. Amer. Septent. Slgtl," being an abbre viation of the Latin "Thesiurl America- Septentrlonolls Slglllum." meaning "The seal of the Treasury of North America." SCHOOL REFORM. Preparation for College Held to Be tho Cauno of the Trouble. To tiis HniTon or Tit St'S sir: Wliy do Gary advocates, the Hlesners and other zeslous educational reformers seek to Implant costly anil radical methods In our graded and high school system when til" whole field is so completely controlled by collego entranco require ments" Kvery fair minded public school educator admits that our public schools', all over the country, are a'ntlquated. tra ditional and almot all else that Is un desirable; hut he alo realizes that, while" fewer than in per cent, of our pupils have any prospect of eve- going to college, the whole system Is bated on college entrance requirements even down to the lowest grades. The high sehools are framed to fit for college, although under tho most favorable circumstances not half of the high school pupils will enter any college, and the grade schools are framed to fit for high school whits more than 55 per cent of grnde pupils will never enter high school As a direct rcult of this the whole situation Is full of anomalies, Injustices and vicious waste of efficiency, time, money nnd effort. All the evils, ad mitted evils, that Mr, Klexner enumer ates and hints at exist there almost solely because a small minority of the pupils hope to go to college. Where, It Is to be wondered, would even the most promising graduate of a "modern school" fit, even nfter he had. as the promoter hopes, cut off. two or three years of college preparation Courtes of study are prescribed by superintendents and boards of educa tion to meet the demands of the col leges. Why not begin at the other end of tho line and reform college entrance nnd let the rest follow, as It easily must? The teachers am not nil traditional, hidebound pedants. They simply, even the progressive and untradltlonal, can not help themselves, G. H. D. Wasiiinoton, D. C, April 6. l'natlble Results of n Thermodynamic Investigation. To the Editor or Tnr. Sun sir; ".I, If." asks If It would not be possible to utlllie the gas supply In our legislative chambers In view of the prevailing high price of gasolene. It Is my humble opinion that "J. H." gives honor where honor Is not duo: I very much fear that the commodity In question Is not gas but consists solely of hot air. The heating power of tho output, which, ns our correspondent Justly remarks, h con stantly on the Increase, cannot be denied : ask the taxpayers w ho foot the hill, The Illuminating power of this hot air Is nil, and a thermodynamic Investigation undertaken with a view to determin ing Its efficiency as a source of motlvo power would prove discouraging. Ai.sKnT H. Gallatin, Nkw York, April 6. Thief lft the Lnd. From tne it. Paul Fionrtr Tren Herman iMreon purchased a farm at Frederick, Polk enmity, and made partial preparationa to move to the property. When ha went up to look thlma over he found the wlndona had been tnlen. He returned, purchased new wlndov, and then found the home had been carried on In hla ah.ence, A Mlnneaotan Houghly I'aed, from lnt florhetter Pott Mr. Hleelnger broke hla right arm ahovs the elbow, was alao limited sorrely about Hie city. The Three Ordere. Knlcker What ar the principal tllet of architecture? nocksr Villa, Wain llouee and bungalow. PROPHETS OF NO-PROFITS. Suspicion Awakeaea by Act of a More or Less Mercenary Concern. To tub (Bditor or The 8un Sir; Mr. Schwab, president of the Bethlehem Steel Company, told the stockholders of that corDoratlon at their meeting in iNewark on Tuesday that the company Is prepared to manufacture armor for an Indefinite period at any price which the Federal Trade Commission shall, after an examination of all the facts, decide to be fair In other words, at tlio Government's own price. AW very fine, no doubt, but Is Mr. Schwab prepared to prove that the Beth lehem company will not make some money even at ths Government Trade Commission's prlco for armor? That Is the pivotal point. If ho can demonstrate that bis company will not make a cent, or better still, that It will actually lose money by taking Government armor contracts on the basis named, then his proposition might have certain claims for consideration. As It stands It does not escape suspicion of a lurking design of oroflt earnlne. On Its faco It distinctly smacks of an attempt to undermine that vital function of Government control which shields the plain people from the evil of private business enterprises conducted on a money making basis. Pray, what la Government for If It Is not to drive pri vate persons out of business by seeing well to It that their business Is crip pled Into Impotence? What earthly hotie is there of ths creat boon of Gov ernment ownership and operation of everything If the way Is to be left open for rjrlvate concerns to live and inci dentally to demoralize the public mind by exhibits of money made Dy narrow scientific economy In administration bs compared with that .hearty, free handed but equally conscientious waste of ma terial and squandering of money which is ever so coneolcuons ii feature of Government business enterprises? As a matter of fact It is becoming more and mora apparent that the only way to Insure ultimate Government ownership of all Industries Is to make legislative restrictions so drastic for all private effort that that Impertinent form of competition will be exterminated. In the merchant marine legislation and In the crippling regulations of railroads a good beginning has been made. Ameri can merchant shipping was all but driven from the seas by hamstrlnalug legisla tion to make way for the MoAdoo Gov ernment marine. Between the strangle holds of tho labor unloni and the vari ous State and Interstate commissions the railroads have been made to gasp for the breiith of life. Josephus and others arc now reaching out for the throats of the steel Inlustrlcs. Thus does the ood work go on. The Government ownership chariot Is moving. Is .Mr. Schwab trying to Insert an Insidious spoke tn Its wheel" Nkvv York, April . T. IS IT TIME TO ACT? Opinion of an Amerlran Not Fearful of Ills Country's Might. To the Editor ok The Scn Sir: A letter on your editorial page signed "A Wilson Voter of 1912'' was read with Interest. Let me say a fervent amen both to the letter nivl the signature. It Is high time that rfien of red blrsul In our country took up the cudgels to make sure that no further Insults to our flag shall be perpetrated. I had occasion twice during the last month to call the attention of n distin guished member of our Senate to the fact that American manhood has been sufficient In the past to withstand any and all nttneks on our women nnd chil dren. It is nn evil day w-hen we find the boasted chivalry of the South "shivering In the back yard." while a loud mouthed band of plrate tramp the world nnd murder nt will our own women and children. It Is high time that so got Into action. We are a peace loving nation and we arc equally peace loving Individuals, but thero are times when this very love may be carried to a fault. It N time we gave notice to the world that we do not propose to surrender one Jot or tittle of our hard won heritage and have manhood and honor snlllelent to meet every-foe that may present himself. It certainly was sufficient, even when we were ,a stripling nation, to deal with any pirates that the world could pro duce. A Voter. New York, April t. CIRCUMSPECT MR. DANIELS. Ills Administrative Methods Leave a Good Heal to the Imagination. To tii Epitor or .The Scn -.s'lr; "1 never told the General Board to do any-' thing In my life, says our Secretaty of the Navy Mr. Daniels is circumspect, while at the same time he tries to ap pear frank Does he believe for n mo ment that the feebicst Intellect that Is watuMng him thinks' that he did him self tell the General Board to do any thing? His answer l a prudent one, a nice, quiet, pious way of giving no answer at all. Ills bridges are still In tact ready for uc. When the Secretary of the Navy, who l tne source of all fortune to the Pe paitment, returns a report, does he think anybody believes that he passes the j-poken word? In such cases naval officials realize It is time to add to or take from the document under lire. When they ileire consideration from the chief they get busy, but when, like riske, they hope to stand on the!.- prin ciples they resign. Mr, Daniels says that after the recent semi-annual examinations at Annapolis he returned the oitlc.al report of the Academ'c Hoard several times for ie consideration. Are we to presume that In this iMin the "recommendation to be struck out" concerned th shrinking of the report from "20 unatls-f.utory mid dles to but S2? Kuril midshipmen to 19,50il enlisted men Is only a step, ai.d nature runs true to form. C. Havens. IlonoKSN, N. .1.. April 6, The Disputed Qunrtos. To tub Koitok or The Si'n Sir; In asmuch ns one of your correspondents has taken me to task for rsferi-iiig to tho first quarto of "Hamlet" ns without doubt written by Shakeipeare, permit mo to say that there la one way by which any one may convince hltVseif that the four disputed quartos are genu Itie works of Shakespeare, and that w av is by taking a text of each play anil writing over it the quarto text, and then asking .himself whether a "pirate" could or would havo mado these changes, or whether the later text was not re written from the first quarto. Such n method leaves no possible doubt but that Shakespeare wrote each flit quaito and afterward icwrote It Therefore it Is 'to be regretted that the description of these quartos In the, splendid exhibi tion nt tho Public Library uiriiolds the error that they were pr'nted from a corrupt and shortened and pirated text, us If, for example, Hie pli.ite having or hearing the passage In "Hamlet'' (II. '-. 2!-317) about the earth us h sterile promontory, Ac, should change It to Tills great world (on see contents tnr not, No, nor the epsngled heaxent, nor earth, nor eea, No. nor man that 1- so glorious a creature, These quartos are the wurk of Shake speare, w hether stolen or not. A careful exo-mlnnllon of the records of the Sta tioners' Company refutes the. chat go that thero was ever n play of his printed In hlu lifetime against his consent or the consent of the company of plajers to which ho belonged John B. Gi.eisok. New York, April fi, The Lexicographer's Task, Noah UVh'ter as compiling hn .in mortal fllPtiunaf v "I n anted to collect a fesr nrd to desvrlbe a clrc'is," lie explained, EGYPT CLOSED TO VOYAGING NEUTRALS Tribulations of a .lunnipy Jn tlio Near East "Wnr Zone."' CHOICE OF CABIN OR IKONS fly OSCAR KIMd DAVIS. Now Unit It Is all over and the sub marines and mines are loft behind, it Is possible to take a littlo less serious view of travel through a "war ttmo' than It was while doing duty as an active member of s Ufa belt brigade or standing watoh In a Mediterranean, snow squall, In Calcutta, when I bought my ticket from Bombay to Marseilles the ogont '"vied me n llttlo lxok showing the things I must do In order to make Out juui'.iey. 'I he first was nn "embarkation notice," which gave directions for the medical examination every one must un dergo beforo he may leave Bombay by steamer. You can't iKiard your ship un less you present the medical permit at the gangway. The next, and tills was especially In. tcrcstlng to me, was a slip headed "I'ass. ports" which said: "It Is necessary for passengers wish ing to land In Kgypt to bn provided with either ii British passport. If they re Lrltlsh subjects, or with a passimrt bear ing tho vise of a British consul " With this waa another slip announc ing that It was necessary to glv eeva days irotlce In applying for a passport nnd that less notice was likely tn re. suit In disappointment Here was .i distinct implication that It would be jw. slblo to land In Hgvpt, protldcd tu necessary arrangements wuta made ,n India In advance. Theie was a big sheet showing nhAt must bo V.iue to laud at Marseilles a id two more, sheets of notices about rn:n. lutlons for getting Into and out of t United Kingdom, showing that 1 must have permission from the Bombay cm. ernmcnt In order to go aboard sli there. I planned to stop In Kgypt, So t put In two days nnd a half In Calcutta set. tlr.g my papers properly fixed out In hi'. cordance with nil those notifications, la order to land at I'ort Said. I took s'i other day In Bombay and at ln.t went aboard the ship knowing that so far as the pajiers were concerned I w,i V,l right. I had heard some Intimations at d f. ferent points along the road th.il tht e might b" some difficulty about my gel ling ashore in Kgypt. At Aden I got an Idea on what w likely to happen further along. Tills little outpost at the entrance t the Bed Sea takes Itself seriously, fr the Turks are within hearing dlstar.o and their gunfire was going m whil the ship lay there. As we cams to an chor an army officer came aboard anl went to the captain's cabin. The L'ahln or "Irona." Presently the chief steward came to mo and usked for my passport. I was the only American on board, and there was only one other non-Brltlsh subject a Greek, who was en route home. M passport being In perfect order, I had nn suspicion that there could be an' trouble for me nt Aden. But I wa mistaken. The hoarding ortlccr presently left th. ship and then the captain came to n.e ar.d said that he had been ordered bi the hoarding officer to seo that I went t my cabin and remained there while th. ship was In Aden. There was no e. puliation of this order and no poi. blllty of discussing It with the ls.ardlr.g officer, for he had gone ashore. It whs the cabin In peace or sr: where else In Irons, ar.d I chose t . nibin. So such glimpses of Aden a 1 could get were through an open air port Klnully we came to lVrt Slid. I was ticketed to l'ort Said, my baggno was laUilvd for l'ort Said, and all indica tions said It wns my destination. We arrived about 10 o'clock In the mrnln after air Interesting run throne!, t't Sues Canal. That run showed how ti. British aro guarding the lanal fr-m Turkish attack. They havo fortified it with water At short Intervals along the ,-j-il bank they have set up big -team pun i -and ure lifting the Mediterranean . over on to the northwest ... AmblH. Kiom the deck of tie h n. willed was posslbl) twenlv feet ,ils,e Canal bHtik, clear to the e.isteri In- then, was nothing but water A'l the iv My the sttdli) pumps wr-e ' f ; more. Military operations have leei made liuiKisslble across that stret country, ami when the war l .o,r part of Arabia will he nothlm; hut a m salt mine. The whole length of the ca- ,il . Ilv p.itiolled by both llrltlsh m l ! tioops. The British Tommies e . anxious to know who we weie ,i' w we were going, and when e i shouted fiom the deck that we si Ing hom. the answer fiom Uk inn bank was "Lucky fella." .No Land I ii u for .Neutrals. At l'ort Said the Isiard'i g olV e ms n member of the Kcypti.in p - as the nee of spades and tll'.e I w , s Importune.! of his position, br t - ih- J'i'ts, holden of llrliish p.i-e, i" go ashoie slid none others I' ' r.o avail that my pseepmt was ' onlei ; that It had been vled C-i ,i ,i In Kgypt und that 1 had iomi .ed every icgulatlon I was . i alle, wcie not alloned t.i laid I protested that I was a . i non-combatant and :t i.euti.i: British had no light to ci-n; . e i eio th- dangerous war .me f . ' Said to Marseilles on a l ll.g"t el . tlwy must give me. the opi to go ashoro and wait for a i' .i ' sel in which to cross the war zi-ie . J black lion r ling otliccr sm ! 1 . ' marked that tlicio wtrc no neut ai i sels. We left I'ort Said nbout S po-x n the evening, The t-hlp was a 1 liner twenlv vems .d.l. u.tr . . - . lVi'sla, which was sent to th U v a submarine, off Port Said. As wo lay In Bott S.ud n ditv ' ' of British bluejackets came a boa' I mounted a 4,7 Inch gun ;it the He v supply of ammunition was madi e. for instant uo, and from til ' the gun w us mounted until t!.' I'd. lied Mai'sellles tho gm.n.r n lail for Ini'iiedl.ite action Before Hie Journey was eiiilel t ' i I AC li.i'l a half a mllliot poii" U -n gold from viistulla in the There weie sixty monition w r Australia among the pMcsenci ' with n miliary detail, u Lie . eial and two .Major-Genor t'. i and llm liardanelleji, with tl itni a lot uf ether ntll.-ei Wo were headnl for Mnis-i I f one but the skipper know me which we weie to travel We v. the bl.ii'kue.s ,.f the nig 1 -every knot the old ship .is niaUing Not a rav f .tin' Kach day the illstai'-e run I , was posted, hut no Utitii'ie or was guen. so that iiobuil m we wen' except i ho uavi-ating " and tlicy l.epi their own e miiii-o' pas-engeis tiill.-d Mibniai lr,.s md ma" the Gem Mils. Overcoats, 1 and spare life belts were p e.' brad of I no main companion' were kept ready for Install' -wilh prcvls'niu nnd water s i and ever) tn, i,g in trsdlneu for ' '" Ul't.oil.