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MONDAY, APRIL 17, 1010.
Entered nt tha I'oat Office at Nw York at Second Clue Mall Matter. Subscriptions hr Mall, I'oalpald. DAILY, lVr Month n M DAILY, Per Year 0 HtlNDAY, Per Month 'i WJNIIAY (to Canada), I'tr Month.... 0 .SUNDAY, I'er Year 2 DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Year.... I 00 DAILY AN I) HUN DAY, l'er Month... It 1'oiir.m.N Iturs. DAILY, l'er Month 1 Hl'NDAY, Per Month DAILY AND PUNDAY, Per Month.. 1 tO TI1K IIVP.NINO SUN, Per Month K TUB HVHNINO HUN, Per Y.r 0 Tilt: DVIININll SU.S'(l'oreln),rerMi. 1 OS All cheek, money order. Ac., to ba made pujatile tu Tun Hum. Published dally. Including Fundnv. by the Run Prlnilns and PubllihlnK Aoclatlon at I.MI Nairn in etreit, In the llorougii of Man hattan, New York. President anil Treas urer, William (.' llelrk, 1MI Naaiau etreet; VIca-rresMent, Kitwarrt P. Mitchell, ISO Nassau Mreet, Stcrctarj, C. 12. Lukton. 150 Nassau street. , London oftlce, 40-43 Kleet Ureal. I'arls oltlee, 0 Hue ile la MlchoJIer, off Itue tlu QJualre Septembrr. VVaehltirton oilier, Hllil, RulMlng. Hrookljii ullU-e, KM Llvlniaton ilrett. our Inrndt who favor lit ttth manw Irripla and illuilrations lor publication trllfi to Mrr rtjtrtrd articln rrturnrd tl.ry mutt In all rmea und tlampt lor that purpot. Prosperity' Other Side. On mini her pace of Tiir. St'w to-rlay will he fiiu nil a comprehensive survey of the notable Increase In commodity prices, Hint hits occurred since tho midsummer of 1014. Thp nrnt rise in wholesale prices has been reflected In Hip rt'lull markets; no housekeeper needs lo be told that articles of dally use uiul consumption haive "gone up"; no business mini hni boon fortunate mulish lo i-Piniilu In Ignorance of the higher cost of everything that he uses In his rnlllnp. This In the other side, of tho prosperity that hm solved the problem of non-employment und put to work pvpry man with the desire and capacity to labor. The heavy demand for our prod ucts, the transportation difficulties on sea and land, the dislocation and sup pression of numerous Kuroitciui In dustries, have brought about the sitmi tlon that now exists, and until normal conditions are restored the cost sched ules that prevatlud two jcars ago can not be exMM'ted to return. But when tho extraordinary factors now In operation cease to affect the markets, will the readjustment of wages and prices be hronght about without seri ous derangement of the Industrial und hulness community? The diffi culties that must be overcome are obvious and It Is not too early to give serious study to their solution. Reopening the Canal. Ceneral !i.onn: W. (Iohthai.n wrote on November 15. 1015. In his oxhnus tlve report on conditions ntI'anama that "It Is the Intention to puss ships ns soon us a channel Is secured nnd there nre reasonable grounds for assuming that u channel through the obstructed area can be maintained." The country Is therefore justified In expecting that the canal shall here nfter be open for navigation while the grave task of deepening the prism Hnd reducing the weight on the banks la carried forward. General (inirriiAt.s has pointed out that "nothing can stop the movements now In progress until the angle of repose Is reached," and! this "can be reached only by removing the excess amount of ma terial nlong the cut." Much work must be done to restore the. canal to the condition that ob tained before It was obstructed by slliles that hue now been pierced, hut on the strength of General Uokthai.n's report we may nceept It us a fact that the canal force will be able hereafter to control the slides and keep the waterwoy uninterrupt edly open for ships. The Phosphite Folly. In Tun Ktn of February 1" we pointed out the fallacy of the idea that since bruin tissue contains phos phorus the use of this agent would invigorate the body and Its remedial application In diseases like consump tion and nervous troubles would be valuable. We slated that tho Idea originated with Dr. .1. V. Churchill, who In a treatise on pulmonury tu berculosis, published in 1S5S, assumed that phosphorus Is lucking In this disease. He averred that his prepara tion "not only cured consumption but so enriched the blood that It produced nose bleeding, that some of his pa tients grew heavy beard1", the bed ridden rose and walked," e. Since nervous as well as tubercu lous patients have been lured Into the habitual use of certain Inert prepara tions of phosphorus by this extrava gant claim, I he constant purchase of which somei lines ilemniiils large out lay, which could be more usefully ap plied in obtaining fond and comforts, we warned against their use, on the ground that Dr. W. Mcki.m Makiuott, after reliable experiments, published In n recent number of the Journal of the inrt ii an Malu ill Asoriittnn, hud determined thnt the preparations hud no value. We also showed that ordinary foods, dally consumed, con tain niniv phosphorus than tho lnr;.v.t doses of these proprietary prepara tions. We have Just received from n Purls drug tlnn a letter enclosing the article and stating Unit "the whole Is simply erroneous, In fact, we should like to know the anonymous celebrity who has made Hie experiments," c, ; also naming a number of Trench physi cians wliu piescrlbeClll III llll.l.'s by lMiphnsphlies, The "anonymous celeb rlt" whs mimed n our urllclo and ,ve may now odd the following con- flrmiitlnn of our view, received within one day of this letter. In tha Journal of the American .Ucillral AoriaHon of April 8 the lcndlnjf, article Is on "Pharmacologic Superstitions," by Hoiiatio 0. Woon, Jr., professor of mntprlii medlcn In thp .University of Pennsylvania. He writes: "HypophosphltM owe their Introduction Into medicine to a lr. Ciiuncnii.t.." After Mntlng the lnt ter's theory ho Roes on: "Supposing, however, Hint cMtnciiii.i.'H theory of the cause of tuberculosis were true It would require about one quart of the hypophosphltex, four times n dny, to produce the effect he desires." He concludes, "An un biassed stud of the evidence must Inevitably lead to the conclusion that any therapeutic virtue In the com K)iind syrup of hypophnsphlten Is due to the Mignr It contains. The rea sons for Its popularity nre, first, and most Important, persistent advertis ing, and second, Its Innocuous charac ter." The latest testimony of the value of hypophosphltos comes from Dr. At.- ciNnon, in the imiion rnirfiMotier, 1013, ns follows : "Phosphorus Initiates and promotas among; the bloplaemlc elements oxida tion of tha tissues, which is th primor dial phenomenon of vitality, with con sequent Integration and disintegration and elimination of effete products." Such pseudo scientific Jargon would hardly convince nn American. In a pamphlet which the Pnrlslnu pharmacist encloed the statement Is made, "We need not discuss his rrr Ciii'hcimu.'b theories, nor his zeal In ndvoentlne them. Hud he lived to the present time he would probably have modified them." The public may renllie that money spent for any preparation of phos phorus ns tonics would be more wisely spent for nutritious food. A Fertiliser Company'! Bank Ac count. Secretary I.ansino of the Depart ment of State made the subjoined announcement on December It, 1015: "On account of what this liovcrnmcnt cormlders their improper activities In military and naval matters, this Onv ernmcnt has requested the Immediate recall of Captain Bot-Kd and Captain von PaI'BN, as they arc no longer ac ceptable to this Government." This turdy net of self-defence by the United States Government was followed by the publication on De cember 10 of it statement authorized in Ik'rlln, beginning thus: "The German Government naturally ha never knowingly accepted the sup port of nny person, group of persons, society or organtiatlon seeking to pro mote the cause of Qermany In the United States by Illegal actf, hy roundels of violence, by contravention of law or by any means whatever that could of fond the American people In the pride of their own authority." The admirable specimen of literary composition (WHicludpil with thesp In teresting sentences: "Apparently the enemies of Germany have succeeded In creating the Impres sion that the German Government Is In pome way morally or otherwise re sponsible for what Mr. Wilson has char acterized as antl-Amerlcan activities, comprehending attacks upon property and violations of the rules which the American Government bus scon tit to impneo on tho couito of neutral trade. "Thlfl the German Government abso lutely denies. "It cannot specifically repudiate acts committed by Individual over whom It has no control and of whOKe movements and intentions It Is neither officially nor unofllclally Informed. "It can only ssy, and does most em phatically declare to Germans abroad. to German American citizen of the United States, to the American people, all alike, that whoever la guilty of con duct tending to associate the German cause with lawlessness of thought, sug gestion or deed against life, property and order In tho United States Is In fact an enemy of that very cause and a source of embarrassment to the Ger man Government, notwithstanding any thing h or they may believe to the contrary." The Sun, In common with nil who have endeavored to maintain neU' trnllty under the distressing clrcum stunces of the lust eighteen months, nnd clinging to its confident belief in the ultimate friendliness and san ity of the German people, accepted this utterance. In good faith, and in speaking of It said : "The unconquerable disposition of America to think well of Germany will operate powerfully In behalf of accept' nnce of the proclamation of denuncla tlnn of lawless activities In the United Ktatea In cordiality and good will." We recall these Incidents In their chronological order because of the In terestlng lluctuntlons In the bunk nr. count of the New Jersey "fertilizer' company which Is closely associated with the rffortH of certain Germans domiciled here to blow up ships sail Ing from this port. Tills account, be. gun with funds drawn from n firm which acted In complete propriety, we assume as personal banker for Captain von I'Ara.N, r.c.rnw to have neled normally from the date of Its establishment until about the time of Captain von Pawn's recall at the request of the United Stulps. l-'rom that date tho diminution of the de posit continued uninterruptedly, and shortly after the denunciatory procla mation of the German Government was uttered It engaged the attention of tho bank officers because It wn overdrawn. The process of replen ishment had ceased apparently with the cancellation of Von Pawn's ofll- clnt activities In this country; a co-J Incidence Unit cannot be Ignored nnd should be explained. Thk Hhn does not now withdraw the confidence It expressed with re spect to the German outgiving of December 10 In the Interpst of good order. We hope never to be obliged to ernse It. But wo feel wo are Justified In urging the fullest exposure of Von I'apen'h enterprises, thnt It may be established, an we trust Is tho case, thnt the German Government disowned lawlessness out of pure friendship for the United States, nnd not because In December of last year the police were closing In on tho plot ters nnd conspirators who sought In this neutral land to ntd the Teutonic cause by violence and Incendiarism. Who Will Complain Kicept New York City? In the opinion of the Ilepubllcan leaders of New York tho reapportion ment bill Introduced In tho Legislature on Saturday is an admirable measure. It has been drawn with such skill and consideration that no Important mem ber of tho dominant party seriously opposes It. It will be put through without creating a division In the majority. If tilts does not entitle It to applause, by what standards are apportionments to be Judged? Yet the oppression of citizens resi dent In New York city Is perpetuated by the bill. A city Assemblyman will represent IH.OOO citizens; the up State member of tho snme chamber will represent 51,000. The average constituency of a Senator from this town will be 105,000, or I'O.OOO more than those of the members from dis tricts beyond Its boundary lines. A part of this Inequality results from constitutional provisions; but were they non-existent tho exigencies of polities would Impose on the majority the high duty of looking out for Itself. This Is revealed by the report accom panying the bill, In which the reten tion of It fly-one Senators Is defended nnd n policy of Increasing the num ber Is laid down "to protect the rep resentation of rural districts" should the urban K)pulatIou continue to grow faster than the rural. Korty-elght counties have 41,'Jfid square miles of the 50,:i'-0 square miles which consti tute New York; and these splendid landscapes must not be deprived of their weight In the Legislature. Women and Preparedness. That women nre naturally pacific is u fact upon which optimists base their belief that the spread of woman suffrage In the world tends toward the eventual establishment of univer sal peace. Hut those who deduce from this generalization the belief that the women of the United States are for the most part antagonistic to national preparedue.s jump to n con clusion that Is not tenable. The re cent Presidential primaries In Illi nois bore testimony to the fact that the women of that State; far from being "mollycoddles," Hre more de voted to the cause of preparedness than the men. In Conk county, for example, u larger percentage of the ballots cast by women wns for Itoosc- vki.t than of those cast by men. The l.S'U Cook county women who ex pressed their preference for Hooir. vki.t for President did so avowedly upon the preparedness Issue. This does not mean, of course, that the Illinois women who voted for the Colonel are female swashbucklers, fire eaters, war maniacs. Their vote merely proves that they understand that only through complete national preparedness can this nation lie placed in n position conducive to the mainte nance of peace. They posos sutll- dent Imaglnutlon to realize fully what has liapieneil to unprepared peoples during the past two years In various parts of the world, anil though, being women, they are constitutionally de voted to the ways of pence, they have enough common sense to realize that the best way for a country to avoid war Is to lie strong enough to force a prospective enemy to pause und con sider the possible cost of aggression, Springtime In the Rimslan Schools. In the April number of the V.ilura lional Rcricw Professor Paul Mi joriT of the Petrogrml Technological Institute writes lnformliiu'ly of the Influences of the wnr on education In Kusslu. The future of the Czar's Kmplre has been treated so ruthlessly by qtinck doctors of democracy and by fakers or theorists In economics that nny sensible, practical and au thoritative word on nny phase of Itussla's national problem Is doubly welcome. Professor Mi.iouKf says with n moderation und n recognition of existing obstacle thill establish tho reasonableness of his expectations : The future will tiring great changes In Itussla, The Kngllwh speaking world will lx gin to exercise as great an Influ ence, on itussbi, through schools and Wberwlse, as Is due to those countries wihU'h have Hindu most for the progress of civilization and of humanity, mid which are the strongest enemies of mili taristic tondencle Them are already promising signs. Last spring In Petro grd and Moscow several association were organized having far their o'bjeot tho popularization of Kngllsh and Amer ican educational Ideas. One of these or ganizations tried to populnrlzo Kngllsh podngngU'.'U Ideas among Ilusslan edu cationalists. They have not yet accom plished anything Important, but tho very fact of their existence during tho uproar of the world war speaks loudly for a 1mng in the orientation of Ilusslan public spirit and ltuislau sympathies. It Is not much, but It Is something ; we move slowly In Itunsla." Kdueiitlnn In Husslii is "central lied," even university administration being a statu function, Since tho war THE SUN, MONDAY, APRIL 17, 1916. began M. Kasho, a Minister of Edu cation of strong reactionary, German 1st Ic Inclination, has died nnd been succeeded by M. Ignatikfi', who hns already been reforming the secoudary school systen on French models which nre based largely upon Ameri can practice. German Influence, formerly "overwhelming," Is already visibly docllnlng; n decline definitely manifested, In the secondary schools, by the reduction In time given to teaching the German language, and the Introduction of English, formerly taught only In some private schools and In commercial schools. Whllo occupation with the conduct of tho war checks the process of edu cational reform, the fact thnt this Is "a war of technics and applied sci ences" will probably lend ultimately to a remodelling of tho Husslnn sys tem of technical teaching. This may ho expected to tnko the direction of such coordination of literary, profes sional, scientific nnd engineering de partments us Is practised In our American universities. The Petro grad professor docs not say whether tho tlusslnn universities huvo con tributed to the solution of the em pire's mllltnry, scientific nnd techni cal problems; but the Technological Institute of Petrogrml set n pucn for other schools of Its kind by offering to the Government tho use of Its laboratories. After Armageddon tho forces of natural relationship among tho na tions will be found unerased. The tradn map cannot be edited so arbi trarily as the political map. Hut, however Inconstant the nllintices made by chancelleries may be In com parlson with those dictated by the older nnd less yielding forces of nn ture, great subsurface changes un working In the national conscious nesses; und the predicted reorganize tlon of the Husslnn educational sys tern on Kngllsh, French and American lines. If It Is realized, will deeply affect the welfare of the Hussion nation on Its innrse away I mm the old ov presslve bureaucracy. Major-General Oor.THALS was too busy to witness tho reopening. tlrport of re sumption I'annmu mini frujffic Thoro In no angle of repose In hi affairs. What nns become of tho slide some of his friends predicted for him a while ago in Presidential politics'.' Suburban agriculturists who ar In these warm days Just finishing with the pardon fork and rake and begin ning to plant nre Inclined to envy their more progressive nelghlsirs who point with pride to rows of tender green shoots In the blown bed", but a tnuoh of fro-st may even yet put the cautious gardeners ahead in the race. In his experience with soil, sun and seed the amateur farmer may see a parable of politics, it's the too early boom that gets nipped. The Mexico city newspapers nro le ported as expressing belief that the l'nit"d States troops are to be with drawn and deducing therefrom re newed assurance of American friend ship nnd respect for the divided nation below the I'm Grande. The subtlest contrlvable method of exerting pro. sure, with its cool assumption that continuance of the Pershing expedition against the Villlstu forces Is an un friendly art. The t'nlnn League Club has nil Vintages over oven Ludlow street Jail n a retreat for ex-hiisbands who won't iiav alimony. A club waiter Is more likely than n Jail trusty to re mcmls'r exactly how cold you like your grapefruit, whether you prefer hot milk or cream In your coffee, plain or charged water m your highball, and tho temperature of your bath. Senator Jones of Washington arosi In his place In the Senate chamber on Thursday, glanced compassionately upon his tellovv members and s.i.l: "Mr. Piesldent, I desire to sa to Senators who are here that I shall prob ably take the time of tho Senate for an hour and a half, and Senators' can gov ern themselves accordingly " No serious casualties are reported In the ensuing rush as Senators gov erned themselves accordingly, but they do s.iy that some Senators started with such Impetus they never stopped until they reiched the Chevy Chase Ciolf Club house. (5. O I In Congress begin to fear Tout!. .Vcu'spn per a i mlU n c. Many persons who do not share the party leaders' Interest in pre-campalgn manipulation will agree with them that tho country cannot afford a Cord. Man Is Full of Troiil.lr. To Tiir. llniTini or Tun Sr .Vir Do you know what Is the hardest worked phraie In the Kngllili language" No? I'll tell you how to find out. Talk with your family, wlih jour frP-mls ilf you have anyl. with your ni'lKliliors, and you'll (In J All of 'fin start ing about evry ntlitr nenleacs with "Tim trouble la." !.!itn to Mlow travellers In suhwsy, trolie. Pout, train, iiutoniolills or ii!rhlp, )ou'lt hear all of 'em nny svtry onre In ao often: "The trouble Is." The trouble le, a Job says: "Man that Is born of a woman I. of few dsye, nnd full of trouble " Maybe man Irle. In thl ay tinron eclouely to get eome of It out of hi! Betell- II. A. W. Nrw Yens, April 15. Trouble of ja Kun-ns Major. 1 Onfufii ctirrriitnnlrnrr Top'Ka Capital line of Mnjor Henry Wlkoif'e constltu. ents phoned him an unbolt request to slum u sw.irm of bees away from her prem lee. The Mayor liae had many erl enies Ile line worked at the handle of etreet scrapers und has hoe.it out sutler, but bees were a new one on him. When the spirit moveil them to enter VV II. SparllnK's curpeutar shop through a knot hole thH Major promptly eettleil the ques tion bv corking up the knot hole, Now h la wondering If ths Htatu bee Impactor doesn't havo marc Jurli.ltctlon In thta mat ter than hlmelf What Prohibition Hoes In (irorclan. From (he tuouAfa Chronicle, av In tha denes I. a follow tn know when spring ha coma If there are to be no hark beer tlgns? Ohloan Helps Hansen lo liroiv. , from th Caldtetll Journal Mr KIIU Koler ha. thlppeii a turkey to a Kansas man that weigh fnrty-een pound. A rarllUt 1'oem. Right make mtffht Too prwja to flgfct. "DOLLAR SILVER." Is This Price Possible Without Any Implication of Itcpudlatlon.' fro the Kmtou of The Hun .Sir: The letter of your correspondent "Old Wall Street" In TltK ri!N of April 10, allud ing to tho possibility of "dollar an ounce silver," Is, It Is to be feared, Ironically sceptical. Ilaned on the Idea that Ku rope will rcnionetlze sllvor with a view to scaling down an overwhelming debt, that writer may bo wrong In hi prenn Ises but right In his conclusions ns to the ftlturu of tho silver market. Thcrn are many fnctors working to Improve the prospect. But tho current price, 30d. a flno ounce In lximlon, la not extraordinary. It contrasts wltn about 23U,. nt this time. a year ago, but tho market then was not set fieo of the demoralization that followed tho outbreak of war. A fairer comparison would bo with tho 20'd. prlco on July I, inn. -me ow Yorit quotation w now about 63 cents, against t0 cents last year and 56 on July 1, 1914. The uverago In 191.1 was 00'i, In 1912 01 Mi cents. The year s average, had not previously been above 63 cents alnco the year 1007. In August, 1914, 111 calling attention In THK St'N to the effect of the great European wnr on silver as likely to en hance Its value. I maintained this vlow on grounds that did not Include so radi cal a movement as the remonctlzatlnn of the metal, although audi an outcoma might well follow the tremendous ex periments and unprecedented economic developments accompanying tho war. aggravated by the almost unthinkable financial burdens assumed by the bellig erent. The longer the struggle lasts, moreover, the mom likely is It that the eounmercl.il status of llver may so Im prove that the metal will be welcomed to Its old time monetary position. In the hlstori of money decades have often been fecund with sensational change. I.css than half a century ago bur silver In London was worth tho equivalent of (1.32 an ounce In gold tout tho commercial ratio to gold was 15 Hi to 1. A quarter of a century ago tho white metal, though demonetized, aver aged over II nn ounce; tho commvrcl.il ratio wae about 20 lo 1. It Is quite conceivable that the Ger man Government, In caso of defeat, should succumb to the weight of Its Irredeemable currencies nnd be unable to rvstoie the g.Id standard. Itilbsia'.s enormous note Issues maj prove be yond her power of redemption In gold ; Italy mas be unable to rrsumo rpeile pas meats. France, bimetallic now as In tho past, ptoved her wonderful llnan clal resiliency when she mil the dag ger thrust at her after llio military hu miliation of forty-the eais agi, and in a few j ears lepleiLshed .lie cold that ltlsmarck hid inHcliendy drawn from her mi netars veins. Shu may lie expected t n establish her credit In a comparatively short tlm.; by building up greater gold icseivcs than evvr. ' Great llrltaln has already made too i severe .sacrlllces In maintaining tho In tcgrlty of tho pound sterling in war to abandon tho gold standard In peace. Hut even she might conceivably Join other great I'mvers In utilizing sliver, If only as a crutih with whlth to help the old World hobble back to solvvney and rehablllt itlon. Hut neither complete nor part.al re pudlatlon Is a requisite for Improving , the i omtiiercl.il status of i.llwr and : bringing it Into larger p.ay In Inter- I derogation of our Interests our eominu national currtm les. Never In history I nitles s-hould be permitted, upon the new have the treasuiks and bank vaults of i Ashokan supply becoming available, to tho nations been piled so high with J draw therefrom to supplement their guiil as they are to-day. Gold, b Itsjloial supplies This was considered not concentration In visible supply and con-1 only by the Legislating but by the city trol. i better prepared, were tlme nor- , authorities at that t lnn al. emlmntly mal, than ever before to fultll the, tune-' fair arrangement, and accordingly, nrac- tioii of a redemption and credit teserve to which It has been assigned b mod- urn bankiiu and currency theory as Its mi.t at il i.ui.in m'son And this con- oentr.Ulun h.n t.rcri effected by transfer liompriv.nu no inis ami pocitul circula-; Hon to such an extent a.s to create an immense v;u uum which silver tan best 11,1. In Jul. 11U, tne principal cen tinl banks of Kurope held In round llg urort $2.2OO,U00.Oii irold : their present holdings exceed 3,3iO,oeii.nu4, an In crease in less than two .vi-ars of nier $ l.loO.ono.OOO. Another I2n0.000.0oo mas be added to tepresent the In reie oi iae k'iu miMiiiiRH oi tne SMiaoer ' , , , , , . --- ----- --- eountr e- .M,th.-i-more. Ku-ope (of ""t? regulations. Including the- In curs., counting Canadis conl-.but'ons "Ik'tron or meieis. pinvlded. howeter. as patt of the Hank of Kngla.i.l . sup- ,at n" rommunlly should take more Plied pract'i-nlly a'l of the cold whi.ni""" ;ts I""l'oi t...nate quantity accord the t'nlttd Stats took In h Import In ,0 ." n'nlT "f'!s -"- . In the gmii holdings of the smaller 1911-1.". our net Influx- hav.ng beep about $2Ti."..onn,niin. Prom wl.in.-e did Kurope git this total require, l amount of ;i,r.in,nnu.iion gold" Here were her current ri sources Wrrl I'- nut put '.511 :.. ilftttrr eir ..Mlpiatc.1' lrtuit I' s- oi-i put kept at lmme. 'Sll 15..HS3.I worn, imiu-irui con tiniptlou. 13! I 1.". we a.v. ' ' 1 Jlmmum liilanc avail able two jear jcjo.vi .no . l'riviou- amiuil at erase before the war' ixiieilul 1100 It Is obvious that aim e the u-nr 1. can irold to t'ie amotcit of nt least'1' "Ki i om.iut w 1th the city In return for !iiio,oii(i.iiiio his been withdrawn from ""' valuable privileges ucquircd by the circulation and .-ecuied bv the banks its place cinnot be taken permanently by note issiief. If Knrope.m finance i ever to no rejmreu lo nealth the re. diind.iticv of naner ni.mee , ...I iiiicen. .mien or tne note circulation Is set off by advances tn government. Motleys raised bv nxntlon or fresh loans can be ueil by C.overnmeut to cancel this piper without Involving more than ehe. k or bookkeeping trans, actions. What ie certain is that i very Kuiopenn llnancler, on the restoration of peace, -will Mrlve to Keep w'ltun bank ing reserves as much a.s possible of the gold laboriously drawn from cretil.it on in the last few ve.us. Kverv if.rt w .11 be made P Inject sliver into the cur. rency depleted by the drain of unld. That assures largelj incre.ietd coinage of silver. It miiy even lead to the adop tion of warehouse ocelots f,,r Mlver. similar to American silver ccrllllcatcs. An international silver postal curiency Is com etvablo ; at least, onu i stabllslied for iit-c by the Knlente nations In th" case of (ireat llrltaln, eminent ectino mlsts and ndm nlMrators have in the past admitted tint many millions of ounces of silver could be added to tint country's circulation beforo tlm "satu ration point" was reached A genital enlargement of tho limit (now equiva lent to about J10) to which subsidiary sliver coin Is legal tender In most coun tries might be decreed Devices could easily be multiplied when tho alms of the world's bankers wete the ki oping of gold in the. bank reserves nnd the encouragement of the uso of silver for pocket oh.inae, retail transactions and other circulation convenience. Wo havo statistical proof to eome extent that the war has gruatly stimu lated the coinage or silver. The Ilrltlsh Mint In lfi Hi coined to the face value of 7,r.'.lS,n J3, ngalust fit, 230, 52 I In IU14 and only 1,931, ant in 1HI3 The sta tistics of tho biht annual report of tho Director of the raited States .Mint, even though veiy dellclent, Indicate a certain Increase in tho world's silver coinage In HHI of at least 2H,n(in,000 ounces, over 1913, Foreign bullion ui.u let circulars note constantly Increas ing Continental demand fur mintage. The consumption by tho Far K.ist must Increase, ltrltlsh India, cut off bv pro- dilbltlon from the gold supplies she has been absorbing so heavllv from London In recent years, must have her rupeo currency enlarged If trade Is not to bn stilled, Hombay advices my that "large amounts of sovereigns urn being melted down throughout India to make good tho falling off In the Imports of gold hulllon." This contraction In tho gold circulation must bo offset by n greater supply of rupees, especially asr the rupee le now doing duty in Meso potamia, l'Jgjpt and Cast Africa al most virgin soil for this coin. An other factor, also, has, been Introduced in an arrangement hy which Japan Is now minting sliver for Russian account, Chlna'a currency reform, which can not by any means be considered hope less, will, when carried out, devour an Immonaa maas of tha white metal. Prior to the war tho ftrltlsh Govern ment was preparing to Introduce ft new sliver cutrency on it large scale In West Africa. That colony appears In tho records for the first time with 2,243,643 ounces coined In 1913. A groat field unquestionably exists In the onco Dark Continent for the absorption of silver In cuiroiicy. All thono. prenent and prospective de mnnds converge at a tltno when no now silver Held Is In sight and when the return of Mexico's output a market faotor Rooms un far away as ever. A fair weighing of the varloua element herein dlscusced would Justify the fol lowing eatlmato of tho statistical posi tion of tho white metal, if not Imme diately at least upon the return of peace, figures toeing In fine ounces: Coinsi-e for the Par East ts6'55?-5$2 Colnaco for all othr countries HG.OOWXK) Total probable eolnste.. peiliut old material md.. tw.ooo.noo R.OOO.OOO Net nw silver required,.. Adl lndu-lrl.il demands Total comumiitlnn Probable production.,.. S16.000.WO 100,000.000 .,,8I&,000.000 Deficit In annual production so.Ooo.OOO In the foregoing table the Industrial consumption Is set nt 16,250,000 ounces less than tho annual average from 1501 to 1912, ns estimated by tho United Ktaten Mint. Estimate of pro duction Is 4,000,000 ounces more than the mint's annual average from 1911 to 1914, Inclusive, nnd 9,000,000 ounces mora than tho Financial ahronMf't esti mate for 191C, Hut no reasonable paring down of probnblo demand or Jacking up of pro duction estimates can tnko from silver It new commercial utrength. Jameh H. II. UMSTrn. New YonK, April 15. WATER IN WESTCHESTER. Senator Wulnw right on the Oppres- sle Conduct of New York Pity. To the hlit roit or The Sun .Sir; In your comment upon the -bill which has been passed over tho Mayor's veto ro uting to the tapping or the Now York water mains pawing through the county by Westchester county commutiltlea you refer to the measure as conferring some new right. On the contrary, Its purpose Is tu take awey from the Conservation Commission a puwxr of veto over an absolute right which i conferred upon the. communltlee of Westchester county at .the tlmo that the McCtcllan water act of 1903 was enacted. At that tlmo the city of New York hnd already ap propriated most of tho available water supplies of Ve.tchestr county and cct talnly nil of those which could adequate 1 supply their growing needs. That measure conferred upon the city tho right by simply tiling maps to appro- tilratc not only all remalulnir watersheds In Westchester county but the add t on.il right, without picslblllty of objection by our local authorities and people, to ap pmprlate all further lands that the city might require for Its resirvolrs and other works. It was naturally viewed with tho utmot apprehension and dismay by our peoplo. As a member of th Assembly from Westchester at that tlm I advanced what seemed to be an tntlrely equitable Pioposltlon. that In letiirn for tho ex tensive new rights to lie conferred In tlc.ilb a one of the conditions to the p issag of the 1005 water act, section i 10 win Inserted, giving our comniunl- ties the right to tlw municipal corporation In lh county f w. ulidtei to tuka ami rrclv from . .my of tin- reservoirs, aqueduct, lotulult. sircnm. or plpi of tho ilty of N';'.v Yolk u supply of watrr for the mo and pur !oca of the saM municipal corporations upon payment to the city of the same rates as the cty chaiged Its own con ' sinners, and malting It the dut of the . ity ,'iutliorlt ii s to gr.mt pi units to con licet ullli the maliiH mulct reasonable A subsequent legislature, nt tho be best, it Is believed, of icrt.ili' private water companies, gave the I'nnsi i v ation Commissi, in ili, ret:on,ir- power over the exerclre of this atisuluto r.ght. .Mount V. men, ?mw requiring nddl tlouil waler, Is unable to secuie the assent of the Conservation Commission I upon the ground that It Is ponb!o for 11 '" develop a local supply now owiiul In J private water company winch now turti snc the cit with nn Inadequate supplj The design of the bill In question !s. itheiefore, lo restore to our communities 'I" r.ght which they acquired virtually ,"'''" "ur territory. '1 lie opposition of " mooi n,Ci e. no- measure rrac Hi ally amounts to a breach of faith. Is It not about tlmo that It should be i c ognized that it Is not Just that In eii'1,1 1111. Illie in iiiocil IIIH IIIirreSlH Ot Westchester county conflict with those of the city the latter should be deemed paramount" The light hi question Is of vital Importance to Westchester county, and the progress of lur communities should not be arrested because their nat ural s itirces of water supply have been pucmpli"! b the city of New York when th city Is now able to supplement their local stippliis upon entirely fair nnd equitable terms and without lr. any way prejudti ing the Interests of tho city, for there Is little dinger that the additional water that will be required hy our rela tively small numbetx will ever nerlously lepbte a supply planned to bn adequate, for a city of many millions J. Matiikw Wainwrkhit, Nr.w YonK, April If.. Senator Walnwrlght must have sharp eyes to find In the nrtlclo which Inspires his letter objection to the sale of surplus water from the city's mains to Westchester communities. Tun Si'N speclilcally said It could sen no objections to such transactions, fair payment being nnde by the purchaser.. .Mr. Wnlnvvrlght's remarks about tho oppression of Westchester by this city nro obviously Intended as .1 Jest or elso for consumption outsldo of tho tlvo boroughs. Jink flrnira Srepthal, "t ur kern fer watchful wattln'," mur mur Jink nnd heave n alrh, ' 1 1 ui ii un It y I what I love nrul altrulitlo stunt Hut the vaj thing now I ijnln' mike me liliul o' wonder why Humanity I helped at all by thee 'ere Villi hunts. I'm reelly hot fer 'eervlr' and doln' food tn men. Tn mnhe the wnrtd a helter world becsuae nf Uncle Ham. nut It seem tn tne n wsiteful thing lo try nnd help 'em when They set like peeky plrute that do not care s damn. "If they were reolly grateful and would leail a better life, Would keep the Ten Commandments and brace up every way; If they would kli our kindly hand, not stall with a knife, I'd ehout fer Intervontlon vn If w had to "lay. "It enmetlme kind n' aeems le me we aren't a-dnln right In trjln' In hv a wlrked world from oil It faults and sin; My dreams are gettln' awful and I anm limes aea at nllht The devil Irerln' at me and I under stand hla grin." p, Josia. LEGISLATURE ENDS WORK WEDNESDAY 860,000,000 Bridget Bill to Pnss Assembly To morrow. OTHER MEASURES AHEAD Ai.sant, April 1. There seema lo be concerted action between the Itepubllcnn lenders In tha tienata nnd Assembly which Justifies the expectation thnt the Legislature will conclude Its work some time Wednesday night and addjourn. Tha Aaaembly will pass tho budget bill. carrying appropriations of nearly $00.- 000,000, on Tuesday, although this bill In on tho calendar for to-morrow night. It Is expected the Rennto also will take a day to dispose ot this menauro, ns tho Democrato aro bent upon making as much party capital as posnlble out of this measure. The legislative, reapportionment bill will paaa tho Legislature without serious criticism. This la due to tho fact that tho reapportionment commltteo havo been working together harmoniously and It In expected thcro will be n full Repub lican voto for this bill In cacti bouso when It comes up for flnal passage. liov. Whitman Is said to be satisfied with the manner In which tho Lestlslaturo Is winding up Its buslnera. Tills l especially true with renard to the ap propriation bill and It Is not anticipated that there will be nny occasion for nn extra session of the Legislature this year, Hotli the Wenato nnd Assembly havo et to net upon resolutions extending the npproprlntlonei of the Thompson Invrstl gating committee, the llrown commltteo which is Investigating New ork city Ilnnnces, and a number of other com mittees. Iloth tho Sennto and Assembly have their calendars well In hnnd. Tho As sembly Rules Commltteo has cleared Its calendar of bills each day and little re mains for tho Assembly to do except to pass tho Menate bills which were re ported this week nnd an; to be passed during the next threo days. Tho Senate calendar hns been almost cleored and It Is expected thnt the As sembly bills to be acted on can be dis posed of easily by Wednesday. There are a few bills In commltteo of the whole. Including proposed amendments to the public service law desired by the New York city commission and by tho Thompson committee, and there Is much difference of opinion ns to whether any of them should be enacted into law. The programme of preparedness train ing for boys In schools will be settled beforo tho session ends und It Is prac tically certain that tho Slater-Welsh 1111 providing for compulsory physical train ing for all pupils over i years of age will be passed. This measure already has gone through tho Asfcmhly with only four dissenting votes. It Is sup ported by Oie State Department of Kdu catlon and thero Is no opposition any where so far as Is know n. The companion bill, providing for com pulsory military training for nil boys be tween the ages of 16 and 1? after school hours and voluntary training in summer camps, may strike a snag In the Asetn blv. Tills bill went through the Senate with only Senator Thompson opposing it, after mailing an I old not raise my boy to be .1 soldier" speech. It Is known thnt Speaker Sweet does not favor this bill, however, and It Is generally understood the other Assem bly leaders agree with him on the ground that It would lie too huge an expense for the Slate. Commissioner Finley of the Kducatlnri Di parlment, while not in t vely opposing the bill, as It does not directly ulTect schoolboys, Is known to be against the measure In Its present form, al though heartily In accord with the gen eral Idea The bill ns It pnssed the Senate pro vides for exemption from compulsory drill of all boys regularly nnd lawfully tngaged In working for ti livelihood, which exempts about two-thirds, of the boys of tho State nnd leaves practically only schoolbojs. If the. bill could be amended so ns to iiiako no exemptions or to make mllltniy drill in camps en tliely voluntary the Mil might pass without objection, It Is said. ASSAILS LATE WAR VETERANS, Civil Service Heforoi Assiielntlnti flrr .Mlinny l.oblij. Tho Civil Service Reform Associa tion called attention In a statement issued ypsterdav to the endeavors of "a well tin inced and effective lobby of n few Spanish war veterans who are seeking to destroy the civil service law by scouring an absolute preference In appointment and promotion." The association's remarks were predi cated upon a bill Introduced In the Legislature by Senator llllchrlst grant ing preference In appointment and pro motion In civil cervice to Spanish war veterans. The constitutional conven tion considered this proposal and re jected It. I'art of the associations statement said ; "It is unfair to the Spanish war veterans ns a body to hold them eutliely responsible for the proposed b gllaton. A few camp followers b.ivn sought to advance their seltlsh Interests through the complacence of their 'comrades In arms' and have represented that the entire body of Spanish war veterans of this Stnto are In favor of this undemo cratlc preference "As a measure to perpetuate Ineltl clency it deserves the condemnation of the Committee on Rules and public opin ion at large." TEACHERS VOTE ON PENSIONS. Relief Thnt Result Will He Auillnat Hill t A Ilia li J. The teachers' pension bill, framed by n Joint committee of fifty-eight, com posed of members of the Hoard of llstl male and the Federation of Teachers Associations, has been voted on by thn teachers In tho city schools The bal lots" were cost last Friday, but, com. pleto returns have not been received It Is generally understood in school cir cles that the veto will show that the teachers aro against the passage, of the bill which Is now before the Stuto lA-gls-latuie. It Is expected that the count will bo completed some time to. day. That the Federation of Teachers As sociations expects thn teachers' voto to be against tho bill Is evident In a cir cular letter that Miss I race C Strachnn. the president and chairman of the Joint committee framing thn bill, has sent to the newspapers. Miss Ktrnrliun says thnt selfishness, socialism, envy, jealousy and personalities are behind the opposi tion to the bill both here and In Al bany. Tho federation will not think of abandoning the measure even though the teachers defeat It, sajs Miss Str.ichan. She add thnt the tem-heri i, mit rc nllze thnt the present bill Is the best thing that could be done for them BIG GAIN FOR STATE BANKS. Tntnl Deposits Now $71)11, HI7,;iti;i t Ten Million linlii. Al.nANV, April It'. The 20.1 State hanks of drposit nnd discount In New York Stale Incirascd their tesoiiueh fiom December 31, lutfi, to Marili IT, lil, $12,2ti3,327, the total on ilie 'atter date being f Wi.tW.'.'l l During the same period the deposits In crrased iin,0T0,fi3ii, making a loinl of 7nfl.fifl",393. Stock and bond iniesl ments ahow a gain ot (S,605,776, WHITMAN BLAMES If Brown Bills Fnll, Governor Writes, It's Their Fntilt Alone. SAYS HE'S FOR MEASritKS Al.HANT, April 1(1. tf the H ow.. ,, mlttco'a New York city bills tai, to 1 come laws It will bo duo to New .,t city representatives In tho l.e -la m, Oov. Whitman practically m.i . , . declaration to-night In a letter to I. n 11. Outerbrldgo In reply to a emu, n ,, tlon received from him und fifteen m,,, citizens of New York (inking for his siaim on the Hrowti bills and lutimatiig "a "Whitman Senntom" or the It.ilu. n, ' tho administration has hem against them In tho Legislature. Oov. Whitman prrsonnll) Is for tli suggested legislation, ho tells I, Is que, tloncrs, and so far tho cvposlt im ha come not fiom ut State, tint from 11 greater city's own legKn'orw. In i,l letter to Mr. Outerluldgo ttio rJortnui ta.va : "I am In full sjmpatby, hs you kn. and have been for jonr.s with tha ilfui to lVo to New Yolk titj the, f'i, measure of self-government or of hoe. rule consistent with tho welfare .f tl, State, and so fur as I now am mfor- el 1 Indorse tho notion of tho J". i! . ,n mlttco and believe that tho In: Uti which they b.nu ,iropo-id !s good. "The hucgestlon that 'Whltnu i Seiu tors' or any statement that t' e , th.e , of the administration lias beta nuan the bills In the Senate is ilear t: tradlvtcJ bv the ntftloii of tint b di "All of the bills, so I an. V ' !" h.iVd pat-cd tho Senate, wl-h i - r, tlon of the s i-called 'brtdgis t :; n. , the public health arid charity I .' T bridges hill fulled of p.is.i-e, u'.'!i"-c It had the support of tho . .t; .i i i 'i istratlon, owing largely to t..e aivcr.. voles of New York city S-nV. r. ati.' not, us joti stem to Imply in c.r lette no account of up-Stri'.e Iiiflu- n is I i Informed that It w.ll be cal'.i.l i.p .q.i when all of tho up-St.iiu Smu;. i a " present and when It s hope 1 Mat th- New York city Senator" vvi, be .e feated nnd th" city inael' d , u al tho relief sought at the requeit .,' Mltchel. "I hope and HSlime that tr.o-t I' le all, of these bills will paw te iseen.h '. although of cntirso It Is not wnb n m power to compel It. I thm, noaever I can assure you that If tie v fail p the AAsembly It will be ilue to tl, cl verso votes: of New York . .i Ai.'cm blymeji." Tho Rllle.s Committee h.T- a'te.'v re ported out four of the Itrown enn lee bills, and they will be or tl A", nl.iy calendar for passage to-mor-oiv m b " These bills affect the powirs of Hoard of K'tlmtte and tho A'lbrmee thn expenditures for Hie pro; km d N'ea York county court house board. ' z leg gradually the tlmo for pivte. nt "' taxei In New York city to .laoqai. n"d July, and permitting com to- com prised In New York city to inMi ,, in ro.nl money appropriation It 1 the expectation that tie- T.i'e. Committee lll report all of -he I!:, v lommlttee bills for passage ,m t A semblv. except the two h !! i. . e a "rfferenduni ns to whether t.e s .ce or the city authorities shall p i-s i ,' the "alnrio of county oilbi-il" ' S. v York city and the te.irh. r' s:i, i - -i I the I..H 'wliMi would tqiTi the , tlon of the .V-'iol.no I Mm w - i work over to the Hoard of IV and Vppi'rtlonment bv nb"li .- '" New York city w.uer board. Representations have been mi' '" Rules Committee that th pre-. 'ii board should be continued, i-.' ' - I fbo opinion of the Mercbnms V . 1 Hon and other civic art icii" ' i New Yo:k city. Mm b i"' i. been bronchi to bear tipn th. jcmemittie ac.urt-t itpii'pig ' teacheis' tefett-niliim bill. .' I ! thought this tnlliien.-i .vil! hr P.mV Re anllng the oouMv ,il.in' diim bill, It was sMatid to-I , many oxemptlojis luol In.' n i 1 Senate and were propiu-, .1 '0 11 sr.nbty Unit tlor. w. u'.l t V" eotintv silatleM lei' to w i"i i' ' nutting It lo a referen.lim V- ASSAIL G. 0. P. EXTRAVAGANCE Witcurr nod (iilliilino itiiol. M'- propria lion Hill. Ai.nisv. Vpii li' M r , Wncni r d Cnll i'i i-i ' C ' lowing st ileineiu fi-.'gb "'l ' pr'.i'l.ni bill "The R.-nubhc'itt p.i'ty is -the t'xed i barge of the Sti'e ' tration $7.1 " l.t'OO in two k1'" v ' one line of con-lrtlfilve l show fir ,t This is th feature of the RU'l apprqe-.i: "The apparent total of r ' "' for all purposis is ',si; ' i: ' ngilnst S '::t.:r 7.7 7 1 s,-, .. I'M'. fereiiie in nearly nil .n . oun'e i ' -the. one Iciige can it .oii-mm of $3,tl.M,00u which was unv appropriated In.-i ..u' I ' ' 1 out of the $27.0110,000 , . , j.s ,e eoure tl'Cle i .ill be lo su 'i .11' tlon Hns year. "Add to this Jll.i'ial.ioi i ill.. apptopriated for s, ,, r: ' publii work". tuls.U's !ap-. i tus. $ ir.:,.niiu st ite 1 1 1 e'i" ..i.d cm ess last car o , r th' v. .r ' pensatlon for killed cittli, .iel ' S.i,S31,12.s, is more than f a '': between last vears iiri.-.i',1 prlailons and th.s Ji.ii s .r , i grcgate "Furthermore, this $:,s,-.;..'' ' not unhide an unknown volu' : cial iipiiropriat'oii" jet t.i 1 ' tho purely administrative v Is tu .s.i for otlli i.il stir " penses, olllie supiilus n i ' ' peiise.s and the like, the t ' i' Hon In lull under Un- i'i : . Democratic year, was J,i,2"' i HM'i under il.iv Whliiinii I. It wns $32.sv;i,l.i "This year's appropr for ttut-e smie pnrpo-' - 1 ' " Hut this Is net all. I'i ''" stnteiiieiit accomp mylnu il -v islnn is marie for " e. 1 1 mated obligations .igiio-i balances of foimcr ip," Juno 30, 191(i, f2.ooo.oiin "If a genuine ncri is-' 52,11110,0011 obllgatiMii In i ' . the present IImmI v. ir. .lu . payer ought lo net the I m a corresponding rcilin lie' "I of iippinpti.iiioiis f r year. The licpuldlcans I , such rcdiii lion, but on r hive made their iippropr i' ' full llscil Jl'ill' In .!! u'n.: covet I hi entire 1 Wi i e mi ' "i'liei have, In nth, r w. i . for 'idm'p'strnt'Ve piiro..seu llscal eur by iippuipr.ati'iu - '' plus $2,000,0011 bv rescue ' " termor appiopt i.it'ons. ''" ' llo,:,ti, as against tin- 1 "i nm i i I'll I, for piei'lsely r.i smie im of S"n :'7fi,MS. "The ilepar'ilii nt'. w'n re ' istr.ithe Increases tmni'v " shown in t In tabulation lure' . Tin-' t iliul.il' in doi s no! i" minor departments or h, 1.. H idinw 'n the Si ite dep i"'i ' ' cov ei's a ie ln. i'i i "" '' ' I'Mi'. . ver tm I. fio I!, nn'.' .mhI patronage " o pledge onr-.'Hi s . . m most endeavor t-i po'O! cr -travaganccs In this bill an i I.' ' the total if possible."