Newspaper Page Text
, . ' THE SUN, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 26, 1916. .
44 3 1 ALLIES INSIST BLOCKADE IS WITHIN iAW Britain and France, in Ita I'D ly to Protest, Promise to Aid Neutrals. SHll'PKl.S ACCUSED OK USING DECEIT Wmiinotos, April 2B. The Joint re fit of Great Hrltaln nml France to the American (irotcf t of Inst November In regard In icstrliilons on trade caused l,y the blockade was made pulillc by the State t'op.trtincnt to-da). It Is a length)' memorandum which dca' In detail with the various points raised by the American protest, uiciu ItrlUl.i and France maintain that the existence" lius proved to bo cmbarrass blockadc Is a fundamental belligerent i '"If; r,s, Hut It Is Win conducted In the ! 1S JXi ,plrlt of international luw and with m.wiImii will agree to suspend submurlno little Inconvenience to neutrals us possl- warfare for a certain period of time, say Me without rendering the blockade In- j for "w T two months, and afTlx to her (ffectlve. The Hntcnto Allies announce I i?"0". ,h0 .''"''"'f"' ,h,nt nc, lr, ' , , . ,. i willing lo do so If within that period of their readiness to give favorable con- time the United Htates shall endeavor !deratlon to any proposal for the alle-'once again to persuade Great Britain to vUtlon of the position of neutrals "pro vided that the substantial effectiveness of tho measures now In force bo not Ini tubed." The note first takes up questions re staur to cargoes detained by the British dutnorltles in order to prevent them from retching an enemy domination. Attends to conceal contraband in lenfled for the enemy and many devices being used for despatching goods to the enemy arc given as the reason for the I necessity of thoroughly Investigating I Cixcves bound for neutral ports con- ttfuous to Germany. The size of modern vessels lenders starch at sea often Impracticable, it is argued, and tho ships are therefore taken to the nearest convenient ports. Illxlit I Fundamental. "The question of the locality of the search Is, however, one of secondary Im portance," the note sa)s. "In the lew of his .Majesty's Government, the light ut a belligerent to Intercept contraband vn Its way lo his enemy Is fundamental and .Incontestable, and ought not to be restricted to Intercepting contraband filch happens to be accompanied on board thu ship by proof sufficient to lon-l'inn It. "What is essential In to determine I , UM t.ir I re a Pel- whether or not the goods were way to the enemy. If they we liferent Is entitled to ih'tain them, and. having regard to the nature of the strug sle In which the Allies are engaged, they are compelled to lake the most effectual fteps to exercise that right." After stating that prize court pro ceedings have been facilitated for the benefit of neutrals, the note takes up the American contention that much of the tiport trade of the United States to neu tral countries In Kurope has practically len destiO)ed as ,i result of the block ad" and the new prize court procedure In Great Britain. "The tlrst nine months, in 1915." the note continues, "may be taken as li mlod when the war conditions must v... i...... i..,,.... . uti ii,..-., i I in commerce In the Unit. d' States of I America and when any Injurious effects of the prize court procedure would have twin lecognlzed. Iliport tironth t iled. "During that period the exorts from the I'lilted States of America to the three Scandinavian countries and Hoi-, nnd, tlic group ot neutral countries ahc-e 1 1 ports have been most affected the naval operations of the Allies and by the procedure adopted In their prize courts, amounted to 1274,037,000, ns compared with SI2ti.73,)U0 In the corresponding period of l!H3, "It is useless to take into account the CorresKitidlli figures of 1H because 'if Ihe dislocation of trade caused by tho outbreak of war. but taking the pre war months of 101 1 the fUures for 1913, ll'll ami I'J I.", were as follows: 1913, IJT.tSo.H'i" i 1911, ns,132,nn0; 1915, ::i,9;ii,uuii. "In the face of such tlguies It seems Irposlblo to accpt the contention that 1 in new prize court procedure In Great Britain has practically destroyed much of the export trade of the I'nlted States to neutral countries In Kurope, and the Piferetice Is suggested that If complaints tory was accompanied by abominable !.aic bcu made to the Administration net's of cruelty and oppression In vlola of Washington by would-be exporters ton of all the accepted rules of war, they eruitiated not from persons who atrocities the record of which Is avail desired to engage In genuine commerce I nt,e ju published documents : the dlsre wlth the neutral countries, but from Kar( of neutral rights has since been those who'deslred to despatch goods to I extended to naval warfare by the wan tli eiieinv under cover of a neutral inn destruction of neutral merchant "esrnauon ami wno round it more uim Jt' to conceal the real facts fiom the prize courts under the new procedure." Intentions nf Shipper. Tl w. nLo..n.,..l 1.... a I .. ..l,l..nA,l In iv nr.u.iiioui null guvus biiij,ji.u iw rtutral countries are Intended for thes I r.tutral countries and not for Germany is next refe-nt-d to. Tho note says: "However sound the principle thai poods Intended for Incorporation In tho Uiiiiniou stock of a ueiitial countiy tl.'.uld not be treated as contraband may be In theory, it Is one than can have tut little application to tho piesent Im-I-orts of the, Scandinavian countries. "Tlie circumstances of a large nuiu 1'T of these shipments negative any con (liulun Hum they are bona tide shipments for the Importing countries. Many of thtm arc made lo persons who are ap parently nominees of enemy agents and ho noier figured beforo as Importeis if mill aitlcles, "t'oiiHiguinuhtH of meat products are mldre-seil to lightermen and dock la I'Oieis. Several thousands of tons of tuih goods havo been found documented li'r a n. tit i al Krt and addressed to firms 1ilch do not exist there. Iirge con .smneniH of similar goods were ad dressed tu a baker, to the keeper of a null private hotel or to a maker of tiiu.lc.il Instrill.ienls. ' "Will It be contended that such Im lurls ought to be legarded as Isjna tide 'hlpnients intended to become palt of the loininon stock of the company? mc .Inea Taken Here. "Similarly several of the shipments nhlih the nllled naval forreii ate now obliged lo Intercept consist of goods for likh there s, In normal clrcuihstimces, to in ihn Importing country and It 1 alrrjflT Ircon jiolnted out In a re run decision In Ihe British pi lie court that the rule nbaut Inooiporatlon In th c. itirivin stork of a neutral countiy can 't apply to such goods. The same line ' taken in some of the decisions In the l-'Ht'l Slate prize courts during the lvll war. "In the presence of farts such as those Indicated above the Unlled State Gov-nmi-i.t will. It Is believed, agree with h'-s M.ileMi" Government that tin helllg- rt could In modern times submit to NUnd by a rule that no goods couiii were accompanied 'd unless they by finers ivhlel, mtahllshed their des tlcuttun to uit enemy country and that BERLIN INSISTS BRITAIN MUST END HER BLOCKADE Reply to President Wilson's U Boat Note to Be Started on Way To-day Is Expected to Pave Way for Negotiations. Iifini.i.v( la Amsterdam, April 25. Within twenty -four hours forty eight at the outside Germany wilt have despatched the answer to President Wil son's submarine note. There Is no In dication an yet as to .what the Govern ment's decision la or will be. for there Is an Impenetrable veil of secrecy unprecc denied here since Iho war began. Thin much, however, Is known, here : The Kaiser -will go to the greatest possi ble length In endeavoring to keep peace with America. In forming Its answer to the United Htates the Herman Gov ernment sees Illicit ron fiontcd with the task not only of btldglng the great cleavage which Just now exists between tho two nations but at the same time of conciliating Its own people. Tho "humiliation" Incurred by hii admission that the weapon which has been repcat- ii) I toel.ilmcd us "the only effect I vo weapon ,ln Germany's strugglo for her discontinue her "blockade: In other words, supposing that Ger many, should say to America: "We still believe and maintain that our subma rine warfare Is theoretically a legitimate leprlsal against an Illegal starvation war openly announced and ruthlessly pur-1 all detentions of ships and goods must unlfoimly be based on proofs obtained at the time of seizure. "To press any such theory Is tanta mount to asking that nil trsdo between lieutral liorts shall lie. free and would thus render nuimtory the exercise of sea Power and destroy the pressure which the. command of the sea enables the Al lies to Impose upon their enemy. "The question whether goods des initched to a neutral vort wcte Intended lo become part of the mass of merchan dise for sale In that country Is one of fact, Quite apart from the conclusions sugges'ed by the figures, there Is a con slileiable body of evidence that many of the good which have been shipped to neutral ports during the u. never Intended to become part of the 1 I'liiiinniii Htiu'lc nf that iiiiintrv. hut ueie earmarked from the beginning for re export to the enemy countries. A I'rnuf In Mnnlrn. "If they hud been Intended to form part of the common stock they would ,Me 1"'e" available for use In that conn- 'IT. yet at one Line In Ihe eaily d.i)s ; uf At!lei efforts to Intercept all the. comtueri-e of the enemy, when they found It necessary to hold up certain ixirgois of cotton on their way to Sweden. It transpired that though the quays and the warehouses of Gothenburg were con gested with cotton there was none avail able for the use of the spinners In Sweden. "Great Hrltaln and France take the view that the total net limiorta of a par ticular-commodity by any neutral coun-, try in normal limes give a sausiaciory index to Its itiiuliemcuts. "Neutral trailers. It Is Intimated, may bharo In providing these legitimate Im ports. Hut when the evidence Is strong al tne nnporis are prinianiy 10 suppi siiinines or c:uineiiiiies in .umuiiii.n quantities: which Germany very much needs the rigors of the blockade will again become evident. "Great Britain advances facts and figures to show that the blockade is ef fective. It Is stated that cotton has practically been stopped from reaching Gtrinanv altogether and quotes extracts from Germ-in s-.urces to prove It Ihe .,, niUntage which the I'lilon derlied .,.,. ,,,.,1-liiit the blockade effective from ucilnst the South is cited and the urlncl pies followed then by the fnlted States are considered practically Identical with the principles which the Kutcntc Allies are following now." a Hint About llelulum. The note end with this statement: ."Ills .Majesty's Government havo noted with sincere satisfaction .the Intimation cvntalned In the concluding passages of the United Stales note of the Intention of the United States to undertake the task of championing the Integrity of neutral rights. "The first net of thin war was the un provoked Invasion by the enemy of neu tral territory that of Belgium which he was solemnly pledged by treaty to tirotect. The occupation of this terrl- ships on the high seas regardless of the lives of those on board. "In every theatre and In each phase of the war has been visible the same shocking disregard by the enemy of the rights of Innocent persons and neutral peoples. Ills Majesty's Government would welcome any combination of neu tral nation, under the lead of the I'nlted States, which would exert an ef fective Influence to prevent the violation of neutral rights, and they cannot be lieve that they or their allies have much to fear from any combination for the protection of those rights which takes an Impartial and comprehensive view of the conduct of this war and Judges It by a reasonable Interpretation of the gener ally accepted provisions of International lwlfl,,lM !', ' law and by the rules or numaniiy inai have hitherto been approved by the civ ilised world." GRAND JURY KEPT BUSY. TrneUmen Who Carrlnl .Materials for Dr. Meheele Questioned. rhn h'ederal Grand Jury which Is in vestigating the alleged plots to set lire to merchant ships carrying supplies to the Allies and to pi event the shipment of ammunition and arms to the Allies heard several witnesses )cleruay. I toner H. Woixl, Assistant uniien States Attorney In charge of the crlin- Inal division, spent some timo wmi mo Grand Jury. He coiislileieil pnases I HO iiiiegeu piui in nmui it. ........ isHMiibled the lire bombs and Franz von Itlntelen Is supisored to havo furnished Ihe funds. He called before tlie Grand Jury Udward F. Hlney, Frederick Kid man and Frederick Conway, truckmen who carted materials for Dr. Schcelc. Mr. Wood mild after tno iiraiiu jury adjourned that he had found Illuminating evidence In the papers seised from Wolf von Igel I., t-omieullon w h the p ot to Plow un the Wellnntl Canal, lie ex plained that probably 11,000 would cover tlie cost of tho expedition to HiifTalo and Niagara Falls to blow up Ihe canal. He said that Horsl von der Goltx rocclvcd JfiOO as his share of tho expenses. lUyinond II. Bttrfaty, Assistant United Slates Attorney who has ohargo of Hie case against von imiieicu, imviu Namar, Oonirressmai, L.Buoh"?,"!l ".I". Congressman Fowler, railed Henri nofcnrakl end other witness. i'lhecie Is m"ntl0,,ed h Ihe chemist wholdu)' sued by Great Britain. The submarine Is thu one and only weapon with which we can frustrate the plan to starve out our women and children. "We had hoped that In the uso of this defensive weapon wo would bo unre stricted and unhampered by neutrals. Wo had hoped that In view of our repeated warnings neutrals would slay off enemy merchantmen, armed orytinarmcd, and not Jeopardize tho peace between two great nations by disrespecting this warn ing. "Wo had hoped that, realising our Plight, our struggle for our national ex istence, the United States would stretch a tHjirit of International law and take measures lo prevent Its citizens from recklcsslyJsklng their lives on bellig erent vessels or forbid F.nglund to violate International law by declaring and main taining an admittedly Illegal blockade. "In these holies wo found ourselves sorely disappointed, American lives have been lost and Americans huo been In jured as a conseiiuciuc of our suhmailne win fare. In !cw of this fact, deeply re gretted by us, the Ameilcau Government lias now demanded of us to discontinue this warfare. "With tho greatest reluctance, but prompted by the sincere wish that tho friendly 1 elation between the two na Hous shall continue, we now offer to a.i cede to the American demands by tem porarily dlrcoiitlnuliig our submarine wnrf.ire, but In so doing llnd ourselves compelled to request of the' United States Government that It uso the period of suspension to prevail upon thu British Government to discontinue the blockade of German Miits, against which the rnltccl States Government had Itself mo lested more than a yjar ago, without the slightest tesults. HOLLWEG HASTENS BACK TO KAISER Continued from I'lrat I'dpr. Idea of Germany's abandoning her prcs nt submarine campaign against the cue. mles' commerce Is seriously entertained. Vet President WIIsoii'm note, it Is ad Milted here, ar.ullcally makes this man. u.uory It Is for this icason that con- ces-lons pmiiosed by Germany mav lint 1!"rt lh r,'i1.1 'sue, according to I'nlted s"unrn iiim-iiiin. The opinion also prevail that iter I ivans In tho Fnlted State. fully realize 1 that the submarine campaign cannot he given up without i-aulng a general . storm of protest throughout the German j empire and that for this reason they partly explains the telegrams which are i caching members of Congress, The question which now most Inter- Hie tiircnt'!isive. i ins, oniciais iteneve. ests offlcl.iN hero Is whether or not the German reply will put ofT the dauber of an Immediate break. Tho vital to!tit. It is explained. Is whether the Imperial Government will agree at least to a tunporary halt In the submarine cam paign landing adjustment of the diffi culty with tho 1'nltiil States. It Is realized that this Is a dellnlte concession which German officials will view as working to their military detrl ment and to Hie advantage of Kngland , n..UA..,,...,,i.. ... V . " oiieiiieniiy, uermany will not lie in cllned to make the concession. It Is said, unless she I ready to abandon thl method of warfare In return for the friendship nnd good will of the I'nlted State. The feeling that any counter proposals by Germany will avert a diplomatic break I discouraged at the White House and at the State Pep.i'tnicnt. It I au thoritatively explained that roif-esslon or promises will he of no value utiles they are accompanied hy Germany' declaration that present submarine methods have beein abandoned and hackon hy an absence of fiuther sub marine Attacks which sro held Illegal. TEUTON PRESS CAUSTIC. v. .Must .ot lie Astonished ir Told IIimhIk Off." Sl'tdil ablr hfupntrU to Tne Si x. Lornxi.v, A pi II "J.1. -Tho .Munich .Vcii cilc -Yf Arnifrii sas. concerning the note of President Wilson, relating lo the torpedoing or the Sussex America's note brings the Govern- tit face to face with the gravest deci - ment slon yet made In tho war. America's deliberate aim now, as from the outset of the war. Is to olrtruct the German submarine warfare because it menaces Hrl'.lsh supremacy of the seas. Germans wish to live at peace with America, hut cannot accept American tutelage." Tho Strassburger Post remarks that the note Is the trump card In the ICng lisli game. The Hamburger .Ynr7i rich ten says: "Kvcrythlng In the note about hu manity, &c. Is an arabesque decoration. The I'nlted States of America since the lKgiunlng of the war has been on the side of Germany's enemies." The Dresdner .Yin hrirhti n says: "Piesldent Wilson wishes a rupture with Germany and has consciously In sulted the German Government hy re fusing to submit the Sussex case to an international Jury. It cannot lie doubted that President Wilson has decided to take the side of Ihigland. He mustn't be as- tntilshcd If Germany sharply says 'Hands off!'" The Vienna .Yriirrcse has this caustic comment to make: "President Wilson Is working against Germany to F.ngland's advantage. His happiest moments are when he imagines he makes Olympus quake with a twitch of his eyebrows." 25,000 WIRE PROTESTS. s'ennlora llenleacd by TrlrKramsi Poinercnr Suspect" Motives, Wasiiinotov, April 25, It was esti mated that J.i.ftOO telegram were tie. livered In the Senate to-day to I'lilted States Senators front Herman Americans nnd other patillsls. Most of them came from llllnni, Ohio anil Wisconsin, Senator lltistlug of Wisconsin started thn flood from his Statu by iiiglng that such messages be sent lo the Senate, Some Senators iceclptcd for us many as a hundred at a time. .Most of them came through at ulglit rate, Tlie tele- or;grapu lonqmiiies i-m hih-i huh .h.iiiih , " Lxtra messengers wcte employed to make thn dellveiles, and the force at tlm Capitol of tho two companies vvcio doubled to receive tho Incomltsg flood, Senator Pomerene said : ' "Theie Is every Indication that tin: telegrams from Ohio were not Hie ex presslons of opinions o many hous.tnds , of Individuals wlio p.i.por avo sent "i,.. In.' , 1, was conceived In the iiiIuiIh of a Cow men mid has been carried out with wonderful efficiency lo Impress Inexperienced Sena tors and Iteplesehtntlvcs, Tho niollvo 111111 be obvious to all. I believe that .1 backtlre of resentment will follow the tecoveiy from the sudden shock of all lliese lelegrams." To add to the complications theie enme the strike of tho local meescnger" boys, wta declared that too much work I was belnsj put'on thero. ONE PRO-GERMAN ON JORY FOR FAY TRI AL Thirly-cifflit. Out of Forty Talesmen Examined Before Twelve Arc Chosen. CASE UNDER WAY TO-DAY The first Jury to pass on the merits of the evidence In a case based on the al leged plots of German agents to pi apt bombs with the aim of hampering or pre venting the shipment. of arms atid other supplies to the Allies was selected at 4:13 yesterday afternoon before Judge Howe In the Criminal Branch of the Fed eral court. The Jurors chosen will decide whether Itobert Fay, cx-llenlenaut In tho Ger man nrmy; Walter K. fjcholz, his brother-in-law, and Paul Daeche, son of a wealthy manufacturer In Germany, all subject to the Kmpeioi's orders. 1110 guilty of a conspiracy to blow up muni tion carrying ships and despoil marine Insurance underwriters by such plots. Out of forty tnlesmen summoned to be questioned as to their availability for such Jury duty thirty-eight wcie exam Ined before the twelve men were dually seltuted. The Government exeiclsed live peremptory challenges to dispense with men believed to be too ardently pro-Gee-man. The defence used eight challenges to get rid of men they did not regard as specially suitable to the contentious ot tins defence. At that neither side used up all the challenges available. One I'rn-lierniau. When the twelve talesmen, after a ilg orous examination, were sworn In by William I.e. ii j. clerk of lU e.vie, their wa mi., tir.t.t I,,,.,.. i h . a I...... Li. -".- , .-. "v I All tile oilier, tint-,, itltlii.,. f t, L'fir., 1,1a to I the Allies or had ro strong feelings re-' gar..l,,g the Kuropean war. 1 One nun. Arthur Doreiuus, business manager of Ihe .m,....r.WI...l..r i.,. pany, which Is manufacturing shells for '"".'r """" , i ' (V . ' " . , J' large iiuantlty of explosives, was e- elates. One German. Chatles A. W'emlt. said he siipiKjsrd "blood was Ihii ker thtin it-.i!..' ..twi I... .11,1 .nt .... ceptable to the prosecution. ' The Jurois were selected by Itoger 11 Wocid, Assistant I'nlted Slates Attorn. In charge of the criminal division ,,l ,lll John C Kno., another assistant, who ha worked up the case ever since the iirrnuiu , .ii.Ia l... ,M.iur li i (.'apt Tilliney of the 'local bomii squad. Fnt the defence. Addison S. I'ratt. Hetmo I.oewy, Henry W. t'nirer and Patrick J.j .Mel iiiuaiil qiiestioneii tne talesmen. Hut the ilefrnre did not nod their ap-1 liroval of the final twelve men tllitll Meiit. Fay. his keen eyes scrutinizing every man III the Jury box, had nodded his head and t.ild, "They're all right." Personnel nf Jury. The Jury is made up as follows: I. lltiWAUIi At. l'.TTi:it.OK. printer, IIvIiik ut -UI Alexander aienur; rattier favnrHlile to the Allies. Irish I'ulhnlle JOSIM'll I.ONUUN, -ic salerinsti. 13: Kast lletti street: iMrcnte horn In UusbIh, rainmt.ie In the Allleie i, 3: . AITJ.AMi It s-l.nAT. iM..r manu I fa. tiller. Mount rrntm: nceKtur fnr .fi eri! iteii nitlnns born In .VinerlM. .ym- I'Htlllv In- lined touaril 1 tie Atllr i iiiiw-win iv. i.i;nrii. leetrlcnl up-rilltetlil-tlt 311 Vet 1 S 1st street, sm- l'a!l'Vin.vi''i5'i ''T ''n'.i'j'r... .. . iiiiimifaf turn , par-nts Porn in th- t'nited M.itee ritKti:it('K H SKW.W.t. furniture deat-r. Mount Vernon. Porn in New Vcrl. ; eMtipHthl. If HI'V ff 'lie Allk., T I' A. MIAl'lillNKssY. polliK tiller ln!nn Tru-t t'ouipany; home. I.r hinont no stronK- -i miithle- eonrernlna- IIim war Wll.l.lAM P. l'TTi:it. retlr-,1 epres-tit-eni. L . I s seventh .upline; 'gentleuiHii of lei. ure. htrl.-tly tieutrn'. ' ! .f..tt:s I- MeSHANi:. manager of muslin ullderweiir eon. em. 315 West Twentieth street; " inpatMcs with ller-lii-li)-" t". .MATTIinW i. KI.Y. real e,tate l,u.. n-H. 310 Wet Seventi -ninth street: Rrsdii. Hte of Vate unc-tors for slei Kenera I Inns Porn In ihe fnlted Stute. nn uptnloti on Iho merits of Hie war II. HIIW'AHtl .1 MATTIU'.WS. retired nre e-llitnln, SIS Went flft -sllth street, ijum In the I'lilted St-itew. nelltt-tl I." ,IOSi:PU A. DAVIS, salewnnn, 5i1 Hast I. .',th street, pi'enta horn In Irrlatul. fieittra1 fiipatlons Asked Tnleamen. When the case was called at ln r.n o'cl.-.ck otetday tnornliig the clerk called twelve tale-men. seated them In the Jury ! ,Xi m) ,C;,M questioning them to do'. tennlne their fltne. .Mr. Knox wanted to know- something about the ancestors of tlie men. their sympathle In the war and ineir poe-iiiie acquaintance wmi any of the defendants or their friends. The defence sought Information concerning slocks held hy tho men in munition com panies nnd whether they believed1 It was all light for this country to ship muni tions to thu Allle. .lames C. McShane, an Irishman with pro-German sympathies, said he was I manager of n muslin underwear concern, Thereupon Mr. Ptiger, for the defence, said with a smile: "Well, 1 guess his business has no lonnectlon with the war" Fay smiled, All three defendants were dressed with remarknhle care and neatness. Daeche especially looked a If he had Jut come from a promenade on Fifth avenue. Fav wore a dark suit with a nent tie, nnd Scholz. hi hair having grow nsllglitly gray j since his Incarceration, looked spick and span, I After the Jurors had been selected Judge Howe cautioned them not lo speak ! about the case among themselves or with 'others, nor to permit others to discuss the case In their presence. Mr. Knox will make his opening address to the Jury this morning. Paul Slehs and 'Carl Wettlg, who say they knew of the plqt before tho nrrest of the men, will be the chief witness for tho Government to day. . STILL KEEP IGEL DATA. (llllclMla Mill Walling Word I'rniu Male Depnrt lilf nl. AMIINUTON, April 25, Dep.utinciit of Justice officials to-day still waited wind from the State Department as to the disposition of the impels taken from Wolf von Igel, alleged l-Jnibawsy attache. (initials, said thn situation remained Hie same thu Department of Justlco do- I siring to keep Ihe papers ami the Statu 1 Dieiaitiueut nuxlotis to havo tlie Germair .voiiiiiss.iiior ri-n-ei uiiisii no wants, I ne fuel that photographic eople of t(i papeis still are In New York and that I IlicM or the Department of Justice have hecji enlarged by "notes" on correspon dence, lias not tended to clear the case. Heports to-day added to Ihn Informa tion Hint has leaked out concerning the nature of the papeis. There was 'basis , f()r nmorH V0llUKiutli ,-,erma. ,,,. pri)pll(tM1,n, u wan to., liii.. of statements hy Von Igel's' office males at New York the day of his anest that certain "newspaper articles" written about Japan for German con sumption were not to bo taken seriously, This statement was attributed to Georgo vou Sluill, alleged propagandist. Whether Secretary Lansing will subor dinate tho Attorney-General's opinion tluit the papers ought, to be kept to the "larger question" In dispute with Ger many I not definitely known. SPECTATORS AT VERDUN RACE IN RAIN OF SHELLS .French' Guns Find Range of dents, Who Have Narrow Escapes From Death on Germans' Front Lines. H J A Mli o'DO.VMll.l, BK.MNKTT. , Vrroun BATTl.KfiBLO, Knd of March. Descending from a windswept height which gave a view of burning Verdun wo swung Into half a mile of curvlpg high way. Like all highways In this tumbted region this ono sometimes skirts and sometimes crawls over tho round knobs ol hills. It reaches Its lowest level at the untidy village of I.. A few hundred yards outside the village It Is commanded by a German battery of six piece an uticuvcrcd battery save, tor a few small irees and branches of .larger .fees which have been stuck up In fiont of It. When our party ot fifteen soldiers and correspondents came down tiom the hill nnd sUuck Into the highway we .sep arated Into groups of threo or four and walked two or three hundred feet apart, i screamed "Halve!" and all the guns This win, to avoid drawlr.g tho fire of i together. The roar of that volley , ., . . ,,., did not make my heart turn over as It an extremely energutlc ticncli batter). , ,, (lonc ,n ,mw, vnrU becaiwe this As a rule cannoneers do not consider time lay mind was so lnent upon the It worth whllo to flrc on groups of three 1 approaching French shell that sll other or four Hut a party of fifteen moving 1 wniiidn seemed unimportant. In close order presents a temptation As 1 ran 1 passed a bombproof ami t that even a battery comminder who Is lemember wondering whether the wisest saving his shells cannot bo counted upon thing to do would be to plunge Into It. to legist. That thought was brushed away by So we moved along wllh cotinlderablo another: "No; perhaps this bombard coutldcncc. On thu hilltop wo had had mem will last for hours, and If It does tho lcw of Verdun culiiedral tower the bombproof will bo beaten to pieces." thrut up like a black linger from a lake So I kept on running, ol smoke, and wo had seen the suburb of We had reached, I "SsilM say, the inileville and Fort do Uellevtlle, wc, fifth rJ.-- of me battery, or perhaps the thought, so thickly wrapped ill smoko last one, when the fourth French shell that It seemed as If the situation thero struck It. It. like the one before, had must be extremely dWpera'i'. ' fallen behind the third gun, but Instead lof llfty jards behind It, only fifteen. Ulti'lif I'milila- lleiimr. This 1 was told later by colleagues who on the hilltop too wc had eaten our "V.i!'.?1'.1.',' V.!"'!. ,,! t U , . ... . ... 1 I ...ne , .'' , , , ufi ,u ' ... " , I" ' li ''I " ! " .V , it,,. ,iu ,,f ...i.ti iiikmeiit t0." ""' ""'J ' ' ""h1 i . ...v . .... of the .Miiich wind. And not the least f,,.,. eunttihutlng to our contentment with the situation was the commodious OI ','l"U'1.,,.,u.i. m,i lliul us out the i take Into grateful cotslderatlon a good ; SllCtl thm.-s tli.it once seemed trltles such as the fact that a lo.nlslde ditch 0,lly capJCious but dry, Hrawing inar the village wc bad to pas the i pieci G. -ini. in battery which ' ... . .. . . - , conimaniieii tne nia i ioiuuik op nuni ... .. .... .. . .. ... tile Milage III tile moilllllK e n.iii n.iu I two minutes to scurry along in front of I th linti,rv l...fnr,. It restlmeil lire. ! At that time thu French had not found It iinil except for the danger of being howled over by the dtaft of the German shells as they p.i-ei over nut heads or ha dig some mischief dune to the ear ' Utinn-, bv the relent of tlm gum. then 1M) pein m walking In Hunt or the i,lllcry if uo made gissl time during the two minute allowed us. liven so, there are many pleasaiiter ways of takjng your morning's promt mule than this. Six I'snniui I'lrrd nt Once. L'lwn our return from the hilltop the situation in and aioutid the battery had changid. There was no two minute al lowance for pi-otnetiadeis now. Tiai six gun the i-allbte of which would be stricken out by the military cei.sor If I nut It In weie working briskly ami M....,..iii..Au fit - .1 "h.iKn.' winch iiic.itis i 'alt ti.g.tber nnd which roduces a sound worth loin itig hut wealing on tin For two hours Ihe Fteneh had been feeling fv tills hatter), knowing that as It i .num. it. dr,l an important highway I; diserveil their spul.il attention. Just a we returned to the battery thy found It. In fact, whin wc were Jl't) )iint:. from It their shell were falling so near ih.it we were warned by the gesticulations Htid shouts of the eannoniers not to pas in front of their gtmi hut to come in be hind them. .Iut as we were turning In off the road to the gun a French shell came scream ing from the south and fell In a Held at the bottom of the sIiik liehind the bat ter). It scut up a fouutaiu of giayish smoke which was like nothing so much us ptay of ditty dihwatir. and It put great ili llbeiatlon Into our hearts. It had f.ilhn l.-'U yaiils behind and a little to the left of the battery, not near inointh to ni.iko ono wish to rim but near enough to cic.ite a ft cling of anxiety that was akin to apprehension. In a few i ,.,,mH to me that there Is one sensation seconds this shell was followed by one'ulilch smothers nnd keens How t,,,t fell lOrt yards direcll) behind thei I patten'. Such swift cot reel Ion of lire I ioiu d ominous, and we began to walk rapidly, having by this time conic in 'be hind the battery. Guns Get the flange. Tho under officer directing the fit c was 1 screaming ordcrn. the cannoneers, bent Nl ...... . ........ . ...... neatly uouoie, meir im-ra mi ik wiin per-plratlon. weie loading and irii. with ' ' . raptilll) mat wn tunnel iiiiiiuc iimi .vet was without tiny suggistlon of panic. The uu were being rlred by ones ami twos Tivo of them had Jiitst In en llrnl when a Ihltd French shell struck lift) yards behind the third gun of the bal toiy It had passed directly over our beads This collection of flic from Lin yards to im ) arils atul from 100 yards to fifty jardM, all In the course of perhaps two n,nl,t,.H meant that If that tnte was puilntalned tho fouith shell would strike Inside tlie battery. It did "Hun. gentlemen, run: In our party shouted, and the soldier their orders Rrnarlwav at i In the Saks Motor Shop today Men's Motoring HquascHtHtn. Condon Showerproof J These coats are in typical English styles, being London-made and designed. I They are made of soft, all-wool cloths and have been properly showerproofed by the well-known Aquascutum process. J Shown in New York only by Saks & Company, in a large variety of new color ings and patterns. sith Floor Party of War Correspon wem emphatically lndoised by the Ar gentlne correspondent. Ho knew well as the Germans with us that such rapid correction of fire meant the utmost peril. "They have got the range 1" he screamed, and ran. We followed. As I plunged over the uneven dirt floor of the battery I could see the wet faces, bare heads and wide, wild eyes of the cannoneers and somehow I never before felt bo near to men In my life. One thinks fast under such conditions, and t lemcmber that the thought ran through my mind, "I wonder If It's with these good fellows that I am going; to finish life?"; nml I may add without any sentl- STOliSr th. soldier Is a good fellow, and In the touiso of a year and a half I have come to feel a deep affection for him. Meanwhile, the fourth shell was on Its nay to ns. While It was coming the under ottlcer who was directing the fire. I "", "n U MIJ niMih- " lo the glad free IniuUcape Mfl""!,,R "r l" h1 '.1W li,ra""s r me nailery jusi as me fouith French shell struck 1 stepped on (.oinetii nc son mat neanv ir nmsi mej I looked down. It was Brown of the i New York Tlmra. hller Huddle Llnler l.uiia. "A splinter has ntruck him and thrown h)m down," I thought, and I clutched at his aim. Hut he was not wounded. Kx peeling splinters he had thrown himself mi tne ground In tne hope of escaping li.ll.cm. 1 can-see his face ns I plunged ,oer nun. it was not wnite ii nil mere was no fear In the eyes. Hather nil ex- pte-non or comfgeto amazemem. ion ..AC II ,. .... u am.I An.nl. I..A. I U'lth ........ ...... lii.tuil....... u. tf hulh u..n-a, IT ,,,,1Ia,1 "i- ' ' r-..-.. ... ......... iniusru iu n irei sni n.m lonnnrr t "r aln on. The fourth shell had fallen between the under ottlcer and his guns and he was tigging It down the slope. HI. men were ..I huddled under their guns. This also I was told by those who wen- behind me. After the German "salvo" and the foitr'h Flench shell there was a ellenee on both side and we all took advantage of that lull to make time. It seemed essential that we should, for our way our only way lay through a lane of German shells which were plied to a height of perhaps four feet on each side of the highway for a distance of a city l.lo"k. If tho ambitious French should pop a shell Into tho mas. of am munition It would be the end for us. and no g. k 1 throwing ourselves on the ' ground to o-e.iprt splinters Hut the 1 French evidently were taking breath j nfter the German "salvo" ami wo got safely iiown the highway Into the Ml- , "'. r iteaciiing tmu point. which wa safe . enough lo seen, like heaven, everybody ' griiiueiwiiui laugneii rati er ion ismy ami k.-)-l voice.. Thn coolest man Jit the party was Prince of S a simple, dif fident, s.lent old man, who Is In the au tomobile corps and who on this occasion scratched his beard In a reflective way and said, "Well, that was Interesting!" Iniprraaloii Analysed, Later, everybody, feeling hound to fol low the example of the young lloetho, who had set down his Impressions of tho "cannon fever" when he was under fire at Valmy, only a few miles from where we arc ever) body. I say. felt bound to male an analysis of his Impressions. Tlie tlrst fact that bore on me when I f.lt I wa. safe was that I was not trembling. This surprised me for I knew that never In my life had I been more frightened. And when I tried to flume out why I was not tremlilltn- it Dm; sensation of fear when one Is tinder battery lire and that Is the sensation of utter confusion or complete helplessness. i;ven id run seems useless nnd yet there is an agonized yearning for space, and It serves all the purposes of fear In ! that It set.s the leirs costiir. P.rh.nq it i I ! fear and yet I cannot remember that In I "r n Dony moaneq or cried or 1 awore or eave any of thn other kii.ii,. i , ' , ,;. , .V , mary slgntt of fear. I think Ihe thought tluit Kent lis all tin waa thill nrntvihU, that kept ns all up was that probably wo could not escape but that possibly I we might. In other words, wo expected the worst but subconsciously counted on a little luck line of tho sub-threads, of emotion which tangled nty faculties as we flow out of the battery and which 1 can disen tangle now wa, a wild hope that If th" French shell did strike in my path It I would do Its work Instantly and not i h ave me lying thero for hours, mangled . and bleeding. At Priemysl I hud wen I horses that had been torn but not killed i by shell fire, and I did not want any of I that. As 1 look back on the experience of i "UtVi Street "J Top-Coats at $28 Tiffany & Co. Pearl Necklaces of all Sizes thls morning the chief horror of It seems to havo been the waiting for the (.hell to strike. "A modern shell," Brown said, "Is like a latttesnakc It gives you plenty of warning." Yes, It gives you plenty of warning of a kind, hut It does not give, you much chance. You have time for a general survey of jour past life, hut not much time to get anywhere. once In the trenches iieari'crrone a French ilfUinan sitting twenty yards distant In tho opposite trenches took two shots at Edwin Welgle and tne. That was teasing and stilllclently unsettling, but It created nothing of the agonizing sense of helplessness that a man new to bat tery flro feels when a shell fired from a battery' that has found the range comes toward him. It whispers. It gurgles. It sobs. It chuckles and It rattles, and It makes all those M)e-vJ.i with such pertinacity, such li:vi(ence and such clarity that long lie fore It strikes It has taken all tho heart nnd ntot of the sense out "of the lis tener. And In that statement, I think, lies the reason why during the progress toward oh nf IliA ttlielt fhnf strlleU Itisldn th battery none of lis was as frightened as ho had a right to he. The ghastly sound and the sense of helplessness so confused the faculties that they wcie unable to function clearly even along the lines of fear. Thu. far we have not learned what happened to the battery wit left behind us. l onger, wno oroi.ni up w e reroi the flight and was hit by flying earth when the, shell struck, says he believes nuiie 01 me. ia.,ni.iems n "- I am not going back to see. INCOME TAX RULING PLEASES. Kxeeptlon nf .Non-llraldeiil tllen Taken as Vlelor). The decision of the Treasury Depart ment to postpone I lie operation nf Its ruling applying the Income tax to non resident alien was received with general satisfaction in hanking circles here yes terday. The change was til be considered as a recognition of a portion of the bank ers' claims, although so far as known the question of the divergence between the ruling ami thn opinion nf the Attorney-General on the law- has not been settled. It was said by Mime of those who have been keeping In close touch with tlie situation that the laving aside of the ruling altogether might be a possibility. In tills case the theory was that the I Department would either await a Con- gresslonal amendment to th law or limit application to earnings on property ac tually owned In this country. Hy this method bonds would be exempted, al though storks would he lnclided, $5,000,000 FOR SHIP PLANT. it VnrU Men In lli-.trrprlae at Cheater. Pa. ClIKsTKR, Pa.. April 25. J. Howard Pew of Philadelphia. Senator William C Sprout nf Chester and other Xew York, Philadelphia and Pittsburg men have or ganized a pew corporation, the Sun Ship building Company, capitalized at about Su.OOO.Onn, which will build one of the largest shipbuilding plants in America company already ...a.-, in ,ti, vu iniu.iiiiu river front property hero nn,l lof enn. tracts for a dozen buildings. In addition to the new plant the com pany Is to take over the plant of Itobert Wetherlll & Co. Inc. Hi-ports an Japanese Nlispect. W.vsillNtiToN, April 23. The Depart ment of Justlco received to-day a report rrom Capt. Oltley of New York con corning the arrest there yesterday of Sho Shlsto, being a spy Japatiee suspected of! The report conveyed Information abnti the paper found on the Japanese, which arc said to have, In- eluded diawings of the coast defences of Hie Fnlted States, Significance of the Saks Label in Men's Clothes There are two kinds of Labels one identi fies the name of the maker, and the other conceals it. The responsibility of most clothing shops is confined to the label ours extends to the clothes. The label is about the only thing we don't make but the balance is exclusively our own. Whenever you buy a garment with a Saks label on it, you are buying Saks workmanship and all that it implies. You are buying the original work of the author, with the author's name on it. and not the product of some wholesale clothing man ufacturer, burdened with two separate profits, one for the maker and one for the middleman who sells it to you. Spring Suits Spring Top Coats &nk5&(!Jompnmj Broadway at 34th Street. AIMS TO PUT CURB ON 'BENEFIT' SHOWS AltlcriiiHii NVnclol Offers an Amendment to Inform Tub He Whom Proceeds do. LICKNSKS PROVIDED FOR Alderman Wendel, chairman committee on general wellaro of of the the nn ot Hoard of Aldermen. Intioduced Amendment )esierday to the codu ordinances relating to amusement and exhibitions, by which It Is hoped sonio check can he placed on the numerous entertainments that nie now being given under tho gulso of charity. He said he Introduced It at the liistaino uf the New York Publishers Association. Kspcclally since thu outbreak of the Kuropean war Ilia city has been deluged with applications for assistance In behalf f (l,H Ul.a thilry AU , ,,., hllve Ven Kh..n ,,. , ,. I , f lUcmilinv vvll ,olm, , , largely benefits for the r(.ni(,(, ,M ,.,,.. ,,,,, pelsolts I oil- Tlie ii mil 1. 1 - ment requires Hint pernus giving such heiieilt entertainments shall take out licenses unless he or she shall have Is en for at least linen months pi ending eon nected with some regtihuly Incorporated charity. Tho amendment savs fin titer! "Hvery nianacer of a charity enter tainment shall tile with the Hilieau of Licenses, with the ap,,llc,-ilioti for such, a statement of istlmateil ixpetiM'.. with, the percentage1 of the glos pioceeds or fixed amount to be tetultie,! hy tho manager.", or other condition. of em ployment, livery manager of a charity entertainment shall also publish a state ment of the sum total of thn estimated expeisse. of any nlet tiiiutiiuiit or series of entertainment! "i- a statement of tho percentage of the gios proceeds to bo devoted to Hie charltahlu objet t or ob jects, or both, .which shall appear In a conspicuous place oji any advertisement, posters, pro-iramincs-. Invitations, letters of credential or ttppcal. and on the It cense. "livery manager of a charily enter tainment shall Veep recoids of every Mich entertainment, In which shall ts legibly written a list of all the. receipts and expenditures. In. 'Iu. line the Hernials, an 1 this list shall I' open at all reason able time to the Inspection of the Com missioner of License and shall lw filed In the bureau of licenses within ten days after stndi entertainment, or series of entertainments, has t ikeii pls.ee, as a public record." i Tne onlltiance was referred to the ' general welfare committee. DELEGATES FOR PRESBYTERY. WeatchcNtcr .Niuiiea Men to tin to (cnerrll .'rlillil . i , I . , . ,,.. . ... . .. Vlivsicr llv-ojie'J in 1- i.-ll'H on In tlw North Avenue Presbyterian Church to-day i beted tMe following dele gates to the General Assembly "f the Presbyterian Church, to be In Id at At lantic City next month : The Hev George lie) nobis of N'c-V lloclielle, the Hi v. A. llavmnml C, krl of Yonkers. the lbv. Lewis i. Leal) of Pelhaiu Manor. Flder liodtiey Gibson of New ltochelle, F.Ider George S II ' Purine!, and Klib r Walter Thomas if Yonkers. Alternate, tho Itev. George no.Smvth of Hartsdale. tho Hey. Charles I Carlt.irt of Latchiiiont. tlie Hev, II. C. Meerve of I!)e, Hlder Halph K. Pi inn jof Yonkers. lllder Davis anil Kldor IMwiu I Hriggs of Harrison. $17.50 to $18 $15.00 (o $35 iii'r; m