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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, April 26, 1916, Image 8

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THE SUN, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 26, 1916.
WEDNESDAY, AI'ltIL 20, 1010.
Catered at the Post Office At New York M
fSecond Clam Mull Matter.
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Published dally. Including Punday, by the
Bun Printing and Publishing Association at
150 Nasrsu street. In the llorough of Man
hattan, New Y'ork. President ami Trent
urer, William C. Helck, 1M Nassau street:
ice.rrcsljent, KJnurd 1". Mitchell. ISO
Nassau atreeti Secretary, C. E. Luiton, ISO
Nassau street.
London Cfflce, 40-43 Kleet street
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Rue du Quatre Septembre.
Washington ottlce. llllibe Uulldlng.
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our frlrndi irho favor in irllA manu
$triptt ani tllunrationn for publication iclth
to have rtltttrd ii'IMet rtturnrit thru must
in all cans sriid ttampt tor that purrote.
The Outbreak In Dublin.
There miiy be no connection be
tween the disturbance In Dublin and
the desperate. Ventura of Sir ltony.a
Cast.mknt, but It Is a suspicious cir
cumstance Unit nbout the time n
demonstration by rebels with German
weapons In their hnnds wns due, tlmt
Is to say, two or three tluy.s ufter the
disguised merchantman was expected
oft the cont, there should be n serious
riot In Dublin.
Elsewhere In Irclnnd there have
been disorders, nnd apparently there
were concerted plans to defy the Gov
ernment; but unfortunately for the
dlsuffected the Government Is secre
tive in Its methods these days and the
censorship Is rigid. The Gorman ex
pedition dime to prlef three days be
fore the news was given out.
The gravity of the situation in Dub
lin Is yet to be determined by uvents.
According to the statement made yes
terday by tho Chief Secretary for
Ireland, Mr. AlwsjTine Hikiicll, the
lirst reports were exaggerated. It has
been the policy of the Government to
let tho Sinn 1'einers talk, and the
seditious newspapers have been al
lowed to print about what they like.
The situation lias been more or less
delicate, but more rigorous police
measures might have defeated their
purpose. As the great majority of
the Irish people are loyal and have
no illusions about German friendship
for Ireland, the HrltNh Government
seems, In that respect, to have chosen
the better way.
A Theory of Mr. MrCombs's Resig
nation. From the Democratic Text Hook of
1012, prepared under the direction of
Mr. William r. McComiis and widely
circulated by hlui among the voters
of the United States, we extract this
campaign pledge, or promise, promi
nently displayed on page H:
"TKRM OK PRliSIPKNT.
"Demixmllr Platform.
We favor a single Presidential term,
and to tli.it end we urge the adoption of
an amendment to tho Constitution mak
ing tho President of the United States
Ineligible for reelection, and wu pledge
the candidate of this convention to this
principle."
The candidate pledged to the single
term principle by the Hultlniore con.
ventlou nnd pledged again by Mr.
McComii-'s committee when it ov
hlbiteil the foregoing declaration as
a reason for voting for him was
Goemor Woomtow Wilson of New
Jersey. Mr. McComhs had perhaps
done moro than any other friend of
Dr. Wilson's (with tho possible ex
ception of Colonel Geokge Hakney
and ex-Senator James Smith, Jr.)
to prepare tho way for his nomination
on this single term platform. When
the campalgu opened Mr. McV'omiis,
In his dual capacity as chairman of
both the Democratic National Com
mittee and tho Democratic Campaign
Committee, at once took undisputed
first place among the promoters of
Dr. Wilson's) political fortunes. Mr.
McKinley scarcely owed more to
JIakk Hans a.
In asking Ills fellow citizens to vote
for Woomtow Wilson as a candidate
pledged to the one term principle by
the platform of his party, Mr. Will
iam V. McComhs took pains to make it
clear to everybody that the candidate
accepted the plntfonn. lie caused to
be printed on page :V, of the Cam
paign Text Hook this passage from
Dr. Wilson's speech of acceptance:
"What Is the. meaning of our plat
form, nnd whit Is our responsibility
tmdpr It? What are, our duty nnd our
purpose? Tho platform Is mount to
how that wn know what the nation Is
thinking about, what It Is mot con
cerned about, what It wishes corrected,
and what It desires to eeo attempted
that Is new and constructive, and In
tended for Its long future. Hut for us
1t Is a very practical document. W
ore not about to ask the people of tho
United .states to adopt our platform; we
are about to ask them to ctitiust us
vi Itli ollk-c and power and tho guid.moo
of Uieii ituiiiic. Tl.y will v, Isl, to Jinny,
what fort of men wo, rue and of what
definite purpose ; what translation of
notion und of policy we Intend to glvo
to tho general terms of tho platform
which the convention at llaltlmore put
foith, should uii Int elected,"
.Mr. MiComms went further and
drew a striking conira-t between
Woowiow Wiisov. pledged to the prin
ciple of a single lenn and to be de
pended upon io iiwpcri iiu platform
nnd keep t Ijc pledge if elected, and
Theoik.ui: Hooskvelt, one of his com-
petltors for the votes of the people.
On pages 804 nnd 805 of the Text
Hook Mr, McComiis exhibited Colonel
Jloosr.v-fXT ns n person willing to
feed his own ambition even by the
violation of a distinct pledge not to
bo n candidate Again
"TltAT FAMOUS I'liBTXi-K.
"'On March 4, neat, t shall have)
served Hire and one-half years, consti
tuting my first term. Tim wise custom
WHICH LIMITS THE IllEStPKNT TO TWO
TKnMH nrxiAims Tin: gunsTANcn and not
TIIK mnM, A NO UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES
WILL I lilt A CANPIDATR ro OR ACCEPT
ANOTHER NOMINATION.'
"To newspaper correspondents who
Aked him if he might not be a candi
date in ISIS, Theodore Roosevelt, with
his characteristic emphasis, replied that
not In 1912, In 1916 nor In any other
year would he again be a candidate for
the Presidency; and that 'under no cir
cumstances' was meant for all time.
"Tiiboporc Rooscvklt (rave his solemn
word that he would not again be a can
didate for or accept another nomination
for the Presidency, and he has now
broken that promise under clrcunutances
created by himself and his hero wor
shipping admirers."
Thus Sir. William P. McComhs
kept before tho country during the
campaign of four years ngo the pic
ture of Woomtow Wilson, pledged
by his platform to tho single term
principle nnd squnrely ncceptlng thnt
platform when he accepted tho nomi
nation ; nnd also the picture of Tiiro
noRi: Kooseyelt, shamelessly violating
n voluntnry pledge of hl.s own not to
be n candidate or nccept n nomina
tion for n tldrd term. With this choice
before them the people voted ; nnd
they gave Just !!,17,'l,r.1S moro votes
for Mr. MoComiih's pledged single
term cnndldate thnn for the candidate
pledged by Colonel Hoosrvelt not to
seek or accept under any circum
stances a third term.
Now, Mr, William F. McComiis
Is an extremely conscientious gentle
man. Ills sense of iiersonal honor
and personal responsibility for those
whose promises he has Indorsed Is
vigilant and alert. Ile Is almost me
ticulous In Ids solicitude for the ful
filment of campaign obligations. He
must perceive ns clearly as any other
man lu the United States the im
morality involved In the acceptance
by I'resldcnt Wilson of n nomina
tion for u second term.
Is any other explanation needed
to account for Mr. McComiis's with
drawal from the active jxilltlonl stip
lort of the man for whom he has
done so much? He conducted Gover
nor Wilson's canvass for the Demo
cratic nomination for President. Un
der conditions of enormous difficulty
he put his candidate through Haiti
more even in the presence of Mr.
ISuyan'n overshadowing prestige with
the delegates. He saw the single term
pledge recorded. He used that pledge
with skill and success to accomplish
his candidate's election. He empha
sized for the Information of the vot
ers the contrast between tho trust
worthiness of a man like Wilson,
who could be depended upon to keep
hi-, party's pledges, who had at the
very outset of the campaign de
nounced "the ti-e of the organization
of a great party to serve the personal
alms and ambitious of any Individ
ual." nnd the uutrustwnrthlness of n
man who wis running for n third
term In violation of n' pledge.
How could Mr. McComiis, In self-ro-pect
and simple decency, begin
under ihoo circumstances a second
campaign for Dr. Wilson's election
and again ask Ids fellow citizens to
give credit to platform pledges made
In Dr. Wilson's behalf?
We do not believe thnt Mr. Mc
Comhs could be Influenced to be
come again the devoted nnd disin
terested engineer of Dr. Wilson's
political fortunes by any such sophis
try as seems to have tnken possession
of tho President's mind. It Is Impos
sible to Imnglne so level headed a
person as Mr. McCombs sharing tho
delusion thnt the office for which Dr.
Wilson Is to run n second time Is n
higher and greater office than that
of President of the United States.
Nobody knows better than Mr. Mc
Comhs i imt there Is no such thing ns
a Chief Executive of Humanity, any
more than there Is a Chief Magis
trate of Gratitude, or of Loyalty, or
of Sincerity, or of any other bountiful
and desirable abstract finality.
Tho Greatest Navy Hill.
Tho House Committee on Naval
Affairs will meet to-morrow to con
sider the naval appropriation bill
prepared by the sub-committee. Usu
ally the full committee accepts the
programme presented to It with but
little discussion and formally makes
Its report to the House. The sub
committee Is supposed to have done
Its work well, and the session Is brief.
Hut the meeting of tho whole com
mittee to-morrow will bo a momen
tous and historic occasion. Never be
fore liaxe the navy's needs received
such anxious nttentlon from n com
mittee of Congress, and never before
has tho proposal been made to spend
anything like !ril,0(i(MH0 for tho llrst
line of defence,
Al the bearings every high officer
of the navy has been beard and the
Secretary has been at the call of the
committee. .Many quest inns relating
to new construction, personnel, In
crease of tho enlisted force, dry docks,
ammunition, aeronautics, fuel, navy
yards and armor plate have been
threshed out In the strong light of
publicity; no reputation has been
spared, and every controversy about
ways and means has brought nut the
specialists on both sides. There Is
not n niPinber of the whole committee
who has not by rending the Infor
mation collected become something of
a specialist himself, and the meeting
to-morrow will not be perfunctory.
Vote after vote Is to be taken on
fenturcs of the appropriation bill.
When reported to the House It will
represent the wisdom and responsl-
blllly of tho Committee on Nnval Af
fairs as never before.
Tim most Important vote to be
tnken will be thnt upon new con
struction, a matter ns to which the
sub-cnmmlttee has made no recom
mendation. It will bo In order to
propose a larger programme for next
year than the Department's, which Is
four capital ships, two battleships and
two buttle cruNers, nnd of course
oceangoing nnd coast submarines,
nnd other craft, Including auxilia
ries. Two capital ships and more
submarines may be ndded, and It
would certainly be the part of wis
dom to amend the Department's live
year building programme by authoriz
ing the construction of more ships at
the start I.nter construction can be
less If conditions Justify a cut In
appropriations. At nny rate, It Is In
tlmnted thnt a vote will be taken upon
six capital ships and added subma
rines for next year.
It Sir Boxer Casement Craiy?
Traitor or madman, Sir lloonn
Casement, who In attempting to lnnd
German war material for rebels In
Ireland was captured by the British
patrol, Is a melancholy figure. Sir A.
Conan Dotxe pronounced him mad
nfter his visit to the German Foreign
Office In November, 1014, where he
went, ns he said later, to Induce the
Imperial Government "to mnke clear
Its peaceful Intentions tnwnrd Irc
lnnd" and thus "keep Irishmen from
volunteering for a war that had no
claim upon their patriotism or their
liouor." Casemk3t was tintuVally ac
cepted ns a deserter and so employed.
To nny one who knew him. said Sir
A. Conan Doyle, It was Inconceivable
that "he should In the full possession
of his senses act ns a traitor to the
country which had employed and hon
ored him." Demented by tropical
fevers, was the diagnosis of this gen
erous Englishman.
That view will not find ready accep
tance among a iieople who are giving
their lives to save the empire; but
It is n view the Government may find
It convenient to entertain, lest Sir
Itnr.EB Casement be ndded to the roll
of Irish martyrs. He can lie tried for
treason on an array of evidence that
Is overwhelming. It could be shown
that he had n strong prepossession In
favor of Germany before the war.
"This was due," Sir A. Conan Doyle
has snld, "to his belief that Germany
wns destined to challenge the Mon
roe Doctrine, which Sir Hookr bit
terly resented ns being the ultimate
cause of all that I'utumayo barbarism
which he had to Investigate."
It is quite likely that in the dis
charge of his consular duties in tropi
cal Africa and South America Sir
Hoi.ek hail learned the German point
of view as to many things and had
become indoctrinated, ending by pre
ferring the society of Germnns.
In fact, all that Casement did after
his splendid work for humanity In the
Congo nnd lMitumnyn, for which the
Hrltlsli Government knighted, deco
rated nnd pensioned him, wns lamen
tably perverse and irrational, And
now he wears the stigma of trcusoii
and his life Is forfeit.
Interesting Views of a Japanese
Journalist.
It Is with keen Interest we learn
from our esteemed contemporary the
Orlrntitl Trtitlr .hnirnnl of Osaka
that .lapali Is fretting under an out
break of civil service reform. Tills
brand of advanced civics was In
vented, according to a general belief,
in China, where it has been held In
high esteem for some thousands of
years, we nro told.
We have accepted the general be
lief that Japnn hnd adopted Chlneso
art, nnd In some degree Chinese phi
losophy bearing upon the more ab
stract or academic considerations of
what Is. In the sterner realities we
had not suspected n Chinese Influ
ence; In politics, preparedness, ap
parel nnd other concerns of grave
Import the genernl belief must have
been that Japan hnd favored Euro
pean rather than Chinese models.
We find our error In tho pnge of
our Osaka eontemporory wherein edi
torial matter Is translated Into Eng
lish by tho Journal' scholarly editor.
Dr. I. AnzuMt. Heturnlng from n
tour In Itussla tho editor ndmlts that
tho difficult examinations of the civil
service make It hnrd to get compe
tent Jnpanese for the consulnr ser
vice. He says:
"The Consul who resides atrroad has
been treated as a diplomatist, and his
work to develop the trade and Instruct
the. merchants. Hut chiefly he conducts
himself as a diplomatist, although this
tendency Is reformed recently. What our
director, I, Apsumi, who has Inspected
the Russian country on request of the
people of Osaka saw Iirs very well Im
pressed him. We hope those men who
have much knowledge In this business
will become donimls. Hut not only the
consul but all government ofnelalu nro
qualified upon difficult examinations.
Therefore It is very hard to get n
competent man,"
Or An7i'm In n peculiar manner
displays keen understanding of the
existing European alliances as they
will affect Japan after peace Is es
tablished. He has observed In the
European press hints that England
or France or both will endenvor to
disturb the amiable relations now
existing between Ilussln and Japan,
but shrewdly observes thnt
'The arrangement of the rtuaAo-Jap-anese
alliance united the friendship be
tween Itussla and Japan, warns the Rus
sian people acalnst heedlessness and
removes the oaue of the dissatisfaction
of the Japanese, t ran infer the Intention
of the Russian Government, which Is the
same as thnt of the Russian people, by
the above reasoning. Japan sympathizes
with Russia deeply and Russia trusts
Japan, as the relation between the two
countries haa become more Intimate.
"I am sure that Russia will return to
us the sympathy we give."
Firm In this belief, Dr. Anzmtt ex
claims:
It Is a delightful thing that the rela
tion of Japan and Russia Is gradually
becoming more Intimate."
One subject of which this editor,
philosopher and statesman treats Is of
Immediate Interest to us. lie sees
little hopo of tho restoration of the
Panama Canal, and his belief Is
shared by Japanese shippers, who, we
gather, aro to employ tho Cope Horn
route In certain despatches. Dr. An
zumi explains:
"According to a report from an em
ploye of the agent of the O. S. 1C In
America, International Corporation has
decided again to open navigation of the
Pacific Ocean by using the Fnollda nnd
Pennsylvania. As there is little hopo
of restoring the Panama Canal nnd al
though the channel may be opened there
ar the same dangers frequently, the
oompany lias decided to make the voyage
through the straits, although so much
time nnd grent expense are entailed In
taking the round about route."
Only one note of disappointment Is
sounded In these Interesting recitals
of the distinguished writer's views:
he observes that Hussla Is trying to
buy In this country articles she might
buy at lower prices In Japan.
The l'rosldent must bs tempted to
submit the New York postmnsterHhlp
question to The Hague.
The platform of tho Roonevelt Non
Partisan I,eaguo Is unqualifiedly ad
mirable as n formulation of the
nation's desire, calling for "national
honor, peace with tho world, firm nnd
wise methods for insuring peace with
out sacrifice of American rights, prep
aration for tho industrial conflict
following the war." Hut the silent
vote seeks for exact definition of the
terms, and for precedent in the candi
dates' official clutrncter. The- party
that feeds on all the parties Is sub
mlttlng an unltcmlzed bid.
THn r.. rtnrh rompM Ln an end with
reiuilillcantun .ncvera! laps ahead of
monarchy in Cinmu
Chinese player heps beat Navy Tap
pounds ball and his team wins .Veu-s-
paper headline.
A setbuck for tho opponents of the
ynp-yap school of baseball. With this
encouragement the fielders will be moro
vociferous than ever.
However the actual work of pre
paredness may lag In tho legWlatlve
balls where It must originate. It can
not tie doubted that thn psychological
preparation for preparedness Is going
ahead pretty fat these days. And
that Is ttiu first step In any nation,
nnd particularly In so composite a
nntlon ns tills.
Senator Fall for T. R. AVtcspaper
hl'dlllllie.
Next! How many other Senators
will "fall" for T. It.?
All reiorts that OyHter Hay. I.. I.,
ha more thnn one favorite son aru to
be handled with caxe.
Talk on air night thrills Sing Sing
men. .Vricsjinpfr hraillxnr.
U tho management of the well
known lesort wero u-s Ingenious as it
Is kmd It would supply an aeroplane
service for early departing boarders,
and save them the trouble of walking
out of Jail.
Representative Nicholas Lonowohth
is ready to tro to war nnd owns a
uniform. His statement to this effect
tdiould at leiurt make him a lnorlte
s-on-ln-law.
Roosevelt has mors newsp-ipers than
votes. Kx-J're sidmt Tait.
Po wo may be ablo to measure that
Impalpable factor In the national for
tunes the Power of the Press.
It is to be tiopd that General Scott
has loomed to discriminate between
a lemon and an olive branch.
Vacuum In the Navy Department.
To THE EniTOn orTllE Hun Sir: When
CoiiKress has passed a mnasiue to
Itiore.ie greatly tho number of war
ships of different kinds, the country Is
likely to feel a ensn of relief and settle
ilmui to the com let Ion that we have
ni.iib' a start for preparedness In the
na .
One vital fact should not be lost sight
nf. which Is that apparently mi adequate
provision is to bo made fur nn inorvise
in the personnel of tin- unvy. Secretary
Daub-Is miiy asks for ID, (mi) mor men,
when, at the very least, experts tell us,
wo should have 25,000, and porhnpa more
will i,e needed properly to man the ships
nn already have nnd those to be built
Warships without trained crews are
no bettor than bo much Junk.
When will President Wilson's eyes bn
opened to the necessity of appointing a
new Secretary of the Navy who shall
bo capable of grasping the conditions
which confront the coun'ry"
Send Mr. l'.mlels homo and give us
a competent Secretary one who has
been selected, not becnusn he wns a
peisoiml friend of the Pi evident or be
cnusn of his political nctl4tles In con
nection with tho election ? Mr, Wilson
to the Presidency, but wholly because
of his lltnens for the position,
Nr.w Venn, April 2.1. M, T. ft
Where Is the Wabble?
To tiiu npiTos or Tub Si's Sir: In Ihena
day "f golden opportunity for mir eiunch
inerfhant murine, when 11 uhlp's charter
money is greater thnn n king's ransom by
rrtiMin of aliortsfH of bottoms uml perils
of niivlRatlon, I nm filled with ri gret Unit
lelbaigy overpowers the ovwieis of the
nnest mill In our merrhnnt irnlfi ship
so luce nloiuly built ami imvlnated as to
evade nny range (Inner or shell, shle to
sail iiiwiitheil through mine n.-Irlx, how
eer thickly sown, a ehlp proof too iiKiiintt
submuiliiM attack In that her cnurvc Is
so laid that It wnuM ritino n ohseiwrig
periscope to wring lt own neck. 1 have
In mlii'l thnt peerless carrier nf passen
gers nnd cargo the good ship Wabble.
A, J. P, Y.
Common St'sis-na. Col., April 21.
Not Entirely a Tool,
Knlekrr Did Jonee loek the stable deor
after the horse was gone?
Bocker Certainly; there, iu another
bore.
i
THEODORE AND THE COUNTRY.
Candid Expressions The Vsnnl Com
pound of Treacle and Ylnrgnr.
To THE Kpitor or Tun SUN Sir:
Without going Into tho deplorably bad
taste of T. H. lu his continuous per
formance of assaults upon the conduct
of tho (Internment, some one ought
to suggest to lilm, In the Interest of pre
paredness, that whllo we aro wanting
and needing volunteers for the army he
Is deterring young men from enlisting
by his vigorous declarations that to
go Into tho army now means that "they
will die in thousands of fever and dysen
tery and lung troubles," and "be butch
ered needlessly In battle." Wo expect
such language from pacifists and an
archUts, but not from one whose ruling
passion nnd hope Is to be President.
It. Anijersos.
I'f.ekskill, April 25.
Only One Name That Fires (ho Heart.
Totiib ICniTORorTHKSuN Sir; With
tho national convention less than two
months away, thcro Is only one name
among alt those mentioned that arouses
any very intense or nationwide enthusi
asm!. Thnt is the namo of Theodore
Roosevelt. As to him, great dlfferencen
of opinion exist, chiefly among the Re
publican bosses and old guards of tho
Republican party.
Though there are other able men
among tho possibilities thero Is none
who Inspires anything llko tho pamlon
nte devotion which Is given to Mr.
Roosevelt by a large number of voters
of every State. The nnws from the
West is cheering. The Chicago vote Is
for him, 11,620 In Cook county having
written his ntuno on tho ballot to HOD
for Hughes. Texas, too, wilt vote for
tho Colonel, and In Texas thu Mexican
issue Is the big Issue. The people on
the Pacific coast want Roosevelt and
"prcisi redness."
Tho Republican party must choose a
Presidential candidate who stands for
Americanism without "hyphenation, di
lution or compromise." Its very exist
cmo ns the leading political party de
mands imperatively that It listen to the
voice of tho people and not to their own
personal anlmltle8 toward tile Colonel.
The slogan "anything to beat House
clt' will fall heaviest on their own
heads. Tho people clearly see the.r plit
to prevent Roosovclt's notolnatlon a:
Chicago by working up an imaginary
sentiment for Hughes and then to swing
the delegates over to some InoffemtlW!
candidate. This effort will not be Ig
nored, but valiantly fought Ly every
trtiu American.
Who wants Jutlce Hughes? The party
bosses. Who wants Mr. Root? Wall
Strict Interests. Who wants the Colo
nel " The man In the street who prizes
Americanism and the principles of lib
erty for which it stands as thu one pre
cious thing which must now be pre
served men who may have voted for
Wilson, but recognize now, though ap
preciating the honesty of Ins purKse
and principles, that he is not a leader
of men. and that they are not repre
sented lu Congress by their Representa
tives. Firmly fixed In the mind of every true
American to-day Is the conviction that
our next President nt Washington must
be not merely a leader of Ins party
but a leader of tho nation, and the
natural inquiry which follows, "Shall It
be Wilson or Roosevelt?" can have but
ono answer, Ttmnlore Roosevelt, the man
who Is not only an American but nil
American, in that he standi, for the
highest good of al, Americans,
They who pr.ito of war whenever
Colonel Hrxwevelt s name l mentioned
forget that he received the Nobel Peace
Prize for Ills efforts In behalf of peace.
"We stand for peace, but only for tho
peace that comes as a right to the Just
man armed, and not for the peace which
thu coward purchises by abject sub
mission to wrong. The peace of coward
ice leads In the end to war. after a
teiord of shame ' They forget, too, that
the people isomethlng mure than the
3.4SO.OOO voters who made Taft a poor
third) remember certain Incident dur
ing his administration which they re
call with satisfaction; for example, the
greatly feared break with Japan over the
question f admitting Japanese children
to our public schools on the Pacific
coast.
A leader of men we must h.ixe a
man like the Colonel, with his dominat
ing nnd vigorous persunalltj. with ills
luswtiuice ujMin American rightu and his
determination to maintain them, a man
with h.s deep knowledge of human na
ture, his familiarity with world politics,
and with the wide learning which gives
lilm an appreciation of tile Ideas and
traditions of other nations, which make
him the safest man In the United States
to handle delicate and threatening situ
ations. It has never been neccmary to
undo the work he has done, and under
his leadership the American llag will
never be trailed In the dust by any bully,
Mexican or European.
When this terrible war In Europe Is
oer we snail need as never before at
W'nh!ngton a man of Itnoevelt s vast
knowledge and pel feet acquaintance
with the nffalis of the world, that the
country may meet effectively the great
crisis in our national development which
now fans us. and the man whose slogan
Is "Tlie Cnlted States llrst!"' 1s the man
who can Inspire the patrlot.sm of his
countrMiien and exert moral pressure
upon the Governments of Kurope.
No wonder the nation is turning to
Roosevelt. William F. Comlt.
New York, April 26,
Americanism.
To the Editor or The Sun -Sir A
momentous decision awaits the Ameri
can people. Two years ago man of us
were concii iitlous pacifists willing to
consent only to a nominal army and a
moderate defensive navy and basing
this view on the belief that If the I'ulted
States respected the rights of othtr na
tions our rights would In turn b re
spected This bellif was sliatteied onl
Ma 7. i:15, when the cold blooded
drowning of ll!i Americans by a tier
man Hiiuni.irlne brought a crisis be
tween tiermany and tho United States,
whuli still crista. The exchange of
high sounding notes between President
Wilson nnd Uermany lias gone on for a
year with Increasing contempt on tho
part of tiermany for our suptneness nnd
Increasing humiliation on the part of
Americans who value their national
self-respect. The sltuntlon In our own
country Is familiar to us all, ships
blown up, factories burned down, spies
on all fides, treacherous newspaper pro
pug.inda a domestic war secretly but
ennniously waged against America.
T override) theso hostilities and hu
miliations and restore our self-respect
It would senm that wo have nothing to
hone for from President Wilson While
his notes assume thn lofty ground that
the I'nlled Stntes should po-o as a de
fender of humanity and the rights of
neutral nations, no action lias followed,
and lu such crises words without ac
tions aro a mockery Attornoy-Oenernl
Cirrgory, a member of President Wil
son's Cabinet, descends to a frankly
material level when ho says, "We me
the nnly great nation to-day prosperous.
Peace and plenty smile on
every shin What more has the country
a tight to ask?" Tills Ignoble challenge
is now being niisweied In thn heaits of
thousands of Americans who are pon
dering on a lender around whom the
sentiment of Americanism may ciys
tnlllzo. if they search the utterances of
public men they realize that the politi
cians arc trimmers, with an eye. to the
Herman American vote, and that hut
one public man III America has boldly
(old the truth about Herman nssaiilts
upon ns, has di lied (lei man power and
Inlliience In Kurnpo and America, and
has stood for Americanism first, lust
and all the time. Fiom all parts of thn
United States and from all political par
ties men ale saying Hint we need Reose.
veil tn lead Us out fioin the iltpths of
humiliation to tho high levels of na
tional honor. Roosevelt does not malts
it easy to follow him ; he makes It clear
that only principles Interest him, not
votes. Only If men aro in a htrolc
mood, If they have deliberately made up
their minds to face sacrifices for con
science nnd honor, will ho lead them.
The easy way for all of us Is to give
In under national insults, to wheedle or
buy our way out, but the cost In self
respect ond future security Is so heavy
that even the most craven should hesi
tate. To say that America is helpless
to defend herself is an untruth. Wo ore
a hundred million of free peoplo and we
nro tho richest nation in the world. All
wo need to defend our rights Is n coura
geous national soul, nnd no true American
can doubt that courageous individuals
are ncattered throughout the land and
need only a leader to coalesce thorn Into
a forco which will command tho respect
of tho world. Such a forco should and
would bo true to the bost traditions of
America ns the land of the free, the
asylum of the politically oppressed, tho
friend of small nations, tho upholder of
democracy, a nation willing when neces
sary In the futuro us In tho past to fight
nnd illo for lis beliefs. Only one Issuo
Is before us In the coming political cam
paign, Americanism versus hjphenlsm.
courage versus cowardice, sacrifice and
duty versus self-indulgence and luxury,
honor versus humiliation.
1-ot us qualify ourselves for a politi
cal struggle on this lofty piano by put
ting aside party affiliations and dedicat
ing ourselvis to national honor solely:
nnd with Roosevelt to lead us, let Us en
ter on a new chapter In our national life
which will put Into effect the high alms
and hopes with which our fathers
founded this republic.
Richard M. Hurd.
New York, April 26.
FLAG OF THE EMBATTLED
FARMERS.
The Author of "The Sturs and Stripes"
Corrects Knrly Editions.
To the Kpitor or The Sun Kir- In
The Sun of April 21. In response to nn
Inquiry by R. H. Towner, you quote
from the first edition of my book on
American flags tho statement that Cap
tain Page of Redforfl on April 19, 1775,
carried the standard of the Tluee
County Troop to Concord.
This calls for nn explanation by me
My story of this llag was furnished by
Abr.im Kngllsh Hrown In his history of
the "Flag of the Minute Men of April
19, 17T0," nnd by letters to me.
This history was published by the
lledford Historical Society on April 19.
IS1M, nnd until more than a year after
tho publication of the llrst edition of
my Ixxik, November 21, 190C, I had
heard of no doubt ns to the authenticity
of the statement that this was tbe llag
that was carried by Captain Pago to
Concord.
1 wrote Mr P-nwn asking for In
formation on this matter, nnd lie re
ferred my inquiry to Mr. Charles W.
Jenks of lledford, who had been In
estigatlng the doubt that the Hedford
llag and the Three County Troop Hag
were the same, and the record lu the
I'ritlsh Museum proved "thnt while
there Is sonio resemblance between the
two llass the lledford llag Is not the.
Three County Troop llag there de
scribed." Ileglnnlng with the third edition of
my book a correction of tho false claim
that the Hedford flag ami the Thteo
County Troop llag were the same Is
given In a supplement.
Peleq I). Harrison.
Manchester. N. H April 2J.
OLD BOWERY TRAILS.
From the Days of llardkopplg I'let
a Lane of "I.nre."
To the UniTon or The Sun .sir; The.
New Ikiwery Theatre burned down
December IS, 1S06, not 1866.
J. H. Herve once told me that Fanny
Herring once eesajed the rn.e of
.1iurppii hi I'urdy's National Theatre
told Chatham) 1 hao no piognimme
of that event nn4 cannot verify It. I
know she played "Tho Flench Spy."
"Wept of WIsh-ton-WIsh." "A Wizard
Skiff," "Jack Sheppard," "Rag Woman
nnd Her IKigs," "Spirit of Jack Shep
pard" and all of Celeste's dramas.
How many of your readers remember
"Putnam." "llenn nnd Hunter." "Mad
Antony Wayne," "Kagle F.io" and
"Rookwood"" And when thu ghost
dt.ima came tfl New- York evvy tJ-eatrc
presented this Illusion and advertised a
"ghost "
Talk about th old volunteer firemen :
what thrills und excitement when races
took place lstweeii thu rival ompnules :
Lexington 7, Amerlcus ti, Manhattan ,
Columbian 14 slid all the Kast Side
engines and hose companies.
Io any of your renders remember
when the City Hall cupola caught tire
from the Mreworks celebrating the At
lantic cable In I S3s how for a long time
the bell was mounted on a woolen
strueture In the park after this lire-"
Who remembers the Ullsworth Chi
cago Knunves drilling In tho park before
tile war'"
What a host of memories arise when
you read of C. c. Hontface, O. h. and
C K Fox, Miss W O. Jones, Miss It.
Hatfiaway. John Nunnn. Sam Hrod
shaw, Strldoly. Howo, Whallcy. Louise
Kldrldge what great times and great
people. Fiiank Du.MO.NT.
1'HlLAPEt.ritlA, April 25.
To the Editor or The Run Sir. The
name of the actress who plnyed Jfosrppo
at the old Rowery Theatre was Fanny
Louise Hucklngham. She was a dandv
good looker, and her "Frankle Hallevs"
worn not the least part of her good
looks. And the nne old while horse on
whose back she was tied and who cnt
rled her up the mountains certainly hnd
his burden. J. M, Kit est.
New York, April 2S.
The Pioneer Skyscraper.
To the Kpitor or The Sun Mr. I
happened to notlco the discussion In
our columns as to tho late David H
Iving, Jr., halng been a pioneer builder
of skj scrapers.
Your correspondent speaks of Mr.
Jenney ns having built the Home in
surance building In Chicago In l.ss.
if that gentleman has reference to
tile type of skeleton construction tlrst
Introdticisl In this city by Hradford In
rillhert In the (then) Towel building,
constructed nt 50 Hroadway In 1S!i,
It Is ono thing, but plnns were tiled
nnd a nine story structure was built
by D. O. Mills oj brick, granite,
llellevlllo stone, with plans of Heoigo
H. Post, nisi with David II. King, Jr
as builder, in issj.
This was at 35 Wall street, H p, ;t
Hrond street nnd 55 Kxclmngn place.
A New Yoiiiceh.
New York, April 25.
The Ituffer Cnr at the Kndnf the ".'rain.
To the Kpitor or The Sus- Mr; I
llko Charles A!was Unimex's suggestion
of a wooden car tilled with sand at the
end of a train to avoid fatalities. It
gives me courage to make a similar
suggestion I have bad lu mind, but mlno
was that the car should be tilled with
rubber to break tho Impact.
Sometimes Oklamio.
New York, April 2.V
Check the Habit.
To hie Kiutor or The ivnflr; An .,u.
ented Herman lady, Just srrlvrd in New
York for th tlrst time and bring asked
her Impressions, replied, "Paper Uttered
streets."
Well dressed people throw newspapers
snd nil sorts of trash on the pavement and
loavs It In the subway rnrs nnd other pub
llo conveyances. A dollar fine would .top
hie. P.ohcrt DhiusiUH.
Nrw Yosk tlsivKBsirr, April 24.
The Alternative function.
Knlcker Did in, promise to bt a sister
to yout
Becker Ns a frtilflent ef Humanity,
REFORM OF NEW YORK'S
CODE.
Farther Information I'oncernlng
Mortgage Practice In Maryland.
To tub Bditor or The Hun sir: In
refcrenco V Mr. T. J. Johnston's legal
letter In THE SUN of to-dny.
Mr. Johnston refers to deeds of trust
ns ticlng common In Maryland nnd tho
District of Columbia. As to Maryland
he Is In error, though I understand such
n practice exists In the District and In
Virginia.
in Maryland the mortgages provide,
by statutory authority, that some per
win named In the mortgngn or the
mortgagee or his assignee can sell, &c.
upon default, under a power of sale.
Tho procedure Is. Uon default, for
the person named In the mortgage to
ndertlso thn property for sale, and this
Is done without any legal proceeding.
Uut If the mortgagor falls to pay before
the day nnmed for sale then a bond Is
filed In court nnd nn order given to the
clerk to docket a stilt, In which, how
ever, no summons Is necessary, nnd
when the sale Is made the person mak
ing it nles his report of salo In this
proceeding.
Thereupon nn account is stated by the
auditor, and any person asserting a
claim to tho proceeds of Hide has a right
to Intervene, nnd In addition the pur
chaser may except to the sale on the
ground of a bad title.
Hut disputes as to the proceeds do
not usually concern n purchaser, who
pays his money Into court and takes a
ilted confirmed by a court decree.
in llaltlmore city the local law pro
vides that In thn mortgage itself thcro
can lie Inserted nn assent to a decree
upon default, ami the practice then is
upon default Immediately to go Into
cr.urt and docket a suit without sum
mons, nnd thereupon the court by its
decree fixes the details of the mortgngn
sale and advertisement . otherwise the
practice Is ns In the Instance first given
nboc bf a power of sa,.
The practice with us In Maryland has
worked well, Walter H Ruck.
New York, April 24.
CHANCE FOR A NEW PARK.
Opportunity Afforded by the Now
Seventh Atcmif Extension.
To the KuiTon or Tun SUN Sir; Tho
new Seventh avenue extension offers a
good opportunity to add to our system
of parks nt comparatively small cost.
The new street will be one hundred
feet wide, sulilclently wide for the plan
I propose.
With sidewalks fifteen feet wide there
could well be carried down tin! centre of
the street a strip ten feet in width
an here shrubs ami smalt trees could be
planted.
1 understand It has not jet been de
cided to have street cars on the new
ncnue. but the two thltty foot road
was would Ieae space for them.
The new avenue cuts diagonally
through the block lsoundi-d by Green
wich uenu. Perry street and Waverley
place and Kleventli street, leaving two
small angles on which there Is only one
house of uny alue If then; angles arc
built Uin there. will be an exceedingly
dangerous crossing, as Seventh avenue,
liK-enwi. Ii avenue and F.leenth st.eet
will Intersect nt sharp angles. The bet
ter way would bo to enclose them for
two Hiiial! tiut greatly needed play
grounds. There Is a strong tendency toward
thN section of the city for residential
purposes", and It would be good policy
for all concerned to beautify as much
as possible what will otherwise be a
wide, barren, unsightly street
If this work should be done whllo
the avenue Is under construction the
cost would, for the centre strip espe
cially, Ive little more than for paving.
John a. Wapk.
Church of St John the KvangelNt.
New York, prll 2."
THE RED CROSS AND THE
CENTRAL POWERS.
.Miss llenedlrt t'rgrs That Another
Hospital Supply Ship lie Sent Across.
To the Kii'Tou or The Sun -sir; May
I not suggest, as a friend of humanl
tarlanlsm. that a Red Cross ship should
be despatched to Germany by the United
States. In order that thn largo stores of
medical supplies, &c, which have been
collected In this country for tho sick and
wounded of the Central Powers nnd
which are now being held up In Itrook
Iju may reach their destination speedily
and in safety'' This was don during
tho tlrst summer of the wnr and could
be done now.
If hospital supplies be sent to one
group of belligerents only, the whole
spirit of the Red Cross Is thereby con
travened, for the Red Cross Is nothing
If not neutral, It is nothing If not In
ternational, It Is worse than nothing if
not universally compassionate.
if we allow nny foreign Power to In
terfere with the dictates of our human
ity we nro laying ourselves open to a
charge of cowardice which no fine words
or phrases can permanently conceal.
Any ono who believes In fair play and
humanity will be glad to sen an Ameri
can Red Cross ship go to Germany.
CLARE IlENEDICT.
New York, April 25.
The nnle Monavn.
To the Editor or The Sun Sir; Mr.
Reason's expressions of disgust with
ruin mongers In The Sun of to-day re
calls an Incident occurring some years
ago nt nn at my post near Washington,
l.loutenant W , a genial old Irishman
with n mellow brogue, had established
a class for the Instruction of "rookies"
In the theory of company drill, using
Upton's "Tactics" as a text.
"Private) II., can you execute double
time to the right or left when In com
pany front "'
"No. sir ''
"Why not ?"
"You wouldn't have room to step
You'll tread on thn next fellow's feet and
throw tho line "
"No, no. no, that's no reason nt all.
Ill tell o; It's because now listen to
nu It Is becauso It lnot so laid
down In tactics I" o
Washington, d C. April U.
Oiatlon In Prospect.
To Hie Kpitor or The Sun Sir.- .e
brnska primaries have done their d'utv
to William J. Hrynn. All I can now see
left Is an Introduction for him to eggs
lnt.ige isf 1912 '
ConTI.ANPT M. DltT.
.New York, April 25.
Nn friend ef (Rants, rie!
To niB nptrnn or Tint Hts .ir- The
death of the Trench Blunt reminded me
of sit Ineldent (n London many venrs ago
I'ns.lng a certain music hall I saw nn the
billboard aiming othei attractions, "Herr
. Herman clnut "
Alwnjs f,,n,i or slaiile. 1 decided to take
In the sh.i. rlrsi vMtinK R nearby res
taurant There t iiske t a mnn eating next
to nm f he knew for a fart that e. giant
won! I appear (e ,i,n t know and be.
slles wns not anvlnus to see any giants,
!. , n shin niHKer iiviiic in the
neighborhood, and one nf them hua. or
dered a dozen shirts nf him and failed to
call for them, and he added, have not
yet found a customer they will fit "
I svw thn show but no glnnt W K
Am iMiTiis, N. .1.. April 2..
I'esslmlsery,
Food is unsatisfactory, for
It's quite, apparent that
'iliosn who don't eat tt all get thin.
While thnso w ho do get fat.
And Muter ionics from springs and stream
or Bathers In a well,
When taken straight It Isn't good,
When miked wllh hnoio ', nel
H, Stan let Hiikini.
CHINESE GENERAL'S
ANTIQUES ON VIEW
About fi00 Poiroliiiiis. ,,rs
and Pnlntinjrs to Hp s'nlil
Here on Mny 1.
iiAHECARVixds i.ri,rin:n
About flvei hundred nnti.iie eh rs.
porcelains, Jades nnd pair.t ngs wets
placed on public view yesterday In the
galleries of tho American Art Aoeu.
Hon preparatory to n sale beginning on
Mny 1.
Gen. Hwang Using, owner of the rnl.
lection, is ono of the heroes of modern
China nnd the ono whom wrl'er nn
the recent great revolution ate l,iei0,
to place upon tho highest pedestal
tiore, It Is said, the hulk of the work of
prepatlng the Chinese for the great
change In politics, a change whl'-h he
tried to bring about hlnd!r-y n a
newspaper campaign. He was ao.
elated with all the reformers, i-, 'u,ir K
Dr. Sun Yat-sen, and enlurid mU'h
persecution from tho (Sovernmuit before
tho monarchy fill.
Tho porcelains are not rspe, My
large, but they are emlnentl) iL.ir.t e
and Include a wide range of the f.tiir
glazes and shapes. Them are u u -,
single color pieces lu celadon, sappa
blue, turquoise, powder bliii, ro-, ,ij
Hairy, aubergine, sea green, . r ....
luno und other glazes, but the ile. orate I
wises outnumber all the oihets
Thero Is an ovoid temple j ,r wit', a-i
npplo green glaze upon wb, h i,. .1.
sign of Ilowcrs and birds wns ir-t .1
and then enamelled In aubeigtie e! ,v
and dark grieii. a latg. cuf ." ,
from the Cli'len-Jung pei od d m-.i- 1
with figures and with two ha.i.v -,
coral icil. a blue and wb e 1. , r
shaped vnse of the K'npg-lx' p,.- ,,
blue and white plates and g ng, 1 i s a
turnuolsc quadrilateral tnecs.- Li. er
with decorations both perfora ed r l 1
relief: n .Ming vase with nn iid d on
Hon beneath the celadon glaze a I 1
powder blu vasn with panN pi 1 ted In
famllle verle.
A set of enamelled il sh s ' -ih ! of
nine segments which II t"ge"ie into
one composite dish suitable for lion bo -Two
largo cinnabar la qaer jars 1
especially distinguished bo '.i r. '1 n.
nnd In the quality of the l-'r.a-e,
carved ornament
Among the gtoup of snuff not'les 1
smoky quartz spi-clinen from '. O i:
lung period attract d espo'-'at a'ic n
L'pon the outside of thn bottle ate ca-vH
bats and fungus In low relief, both ! r
symlmls of longevity, but on Lie ir..
surfn.-e of the l-ottle lias bun fi 1 't
In some marvellous fashl n, thr iugi t
tiny aperture of the ni-ck, nn ir iler-f
scene of gold tlshes nnd sea p aiiu .
natural colors.
A rather large vami from the st.
period has been glazed with t'.ie ni
chrome color, rose du Harry tb v.
usually found on "rose back ' i ggsh,
plates.
The collection Includes several . rfe-
nnd n number of antique paintings 11
coromnndel. s-reen, which Is s '
carved and lacquered, depb'ts ' v
of a royal personage to the i: .
who Is seen sitting In nn ante-.-n-the
summer palace. A baud of niu ai
Is seated above the pal.iee ir.itex. '.t
Is nn Imposing retinuu and much !,r
llant Moral ornament
A tcakwond screen Is cnmp'-l
eight folds In carved open wnr'
sin itivorati-d por 'tlai'i pane'" 1 1
A'IKing I'll pa litlncs n-e 1m 's
"Along the Ynnktse," n hand si
Wang Kung Mong. "Historical
Personages." painted on silk, 1a ', -
Ylng, nnd a set of landscapes o-
by Wan Chlng Ming.
TO KEEP CITY PARKS CLEAN'
MiiMr Issues I'riM-laiiifitloii unln.i
ScnllerliiK lliitiM-.li.
Within tho t,et few days there '
posted In conspicuous places .11 'he 11 '
throughout the city 1111 abstra
proclamation by Mayor Ml' h-: 1 ft
for the protection of the park c "
uncleanllnit-s, The Mayor in 1 ; l
yesteumy the following staten.-i
"A city ordinance forbids tV r-v -1,
of any newspapers, waste p.t, 1
kind, peanut shells or ny - '
the walks, lawns, bcnrl.rs o
earth lu any of the pub'!.- j r -park
and police authorities, w : n
ously enforce thin otdlnan -e '
"This proclamation," sad tie Vm
"Is Issued In an effort to keep : a
clean and In good order, so all ;sro
may enjoy them to the f ul e- ; -b -extent.
Although a great re: ' 1
visitors to thn parks have In rn
to observe the law, there I us -
smnll percentage of people wv. l-i-a'-eea
throwing around old newi.pai.e-s ; p
blsh of various kinds. Thn ; ark at.--ants
have been Instructed ti i'- .'
able receptacles In the parks 1-1 tt ("
this refuee, and all good it it s a"
called upon to cooperate by w g '
receptacles, nnd by placing wa 1
ter nowhero else."
COLUMBIA ENGINEERING FRIZE:
lilts; Slerlnls to J. V. Untitled, .1 I
Kriii nntl .1, .1, Kneliur.
Hy formal vote of i't r
verslty engineering fa. ut' 1 . '
llllg hiisLiIf were aw. ml. I .'
Jilibbell of G.irdi 1 Clv. J -and
Joseph J Kucl. ir ..f N, w v
Thn medals are voted ni
three eng-nec ring studc s g
uatlng class who In tl '
the faculty have pe-'o i: 1 ' -legn
course mot profit 1 "' "
provided by the income . f 1 f , '
the university by W.i::.i
graduate of the s.-h " ' ..f
class of lst2 James T K.
the. winners of tl.K . us , .1
son of Prof. James 1" 1. : ;
thn department of geo' .g
Thn faculty awarded ' - '
prize, In mech.in'cal "g. -
rucclo Riusnrl, who wis 1 '
members of his cl.iss t , ,
faithful and deserv ng s' 1
fourth year division.
N. Y. GROWS MORE HEALTH I VT
llenth Itnte Calls, Willi lliin. r
nifcciisc Less I'niitt.
New York city - d. r. 1 1
tn sill pass t.m low r. 1 1
According i H e 11 . ' '
Jlidfi'dii, Issued m -. 1 1 .
of Health, l..".l '
hist week, as enmp I "
the ciirinsptindtng i ''
The death rate f- 1I1- 1 ' '"'
weeks of l'.Uii Is pun .1
the corresponding po- . 1
It was IP t! 5 . A i.o'. .
occurred In mnrtalitv fi
wasles, illphinei ..1.
nwnlnmils, pneiiuioii 1. '
tuberculosis.
nialiop McDonnell I rlt-lniU'
Tim Right Rev. duties I v
yesterday celebrated Hie 1 '
anniversary of lus .up. "'
Rlshnp of the Cathnlb' .
lyn. Ho sang a sow. ' .
thanksgiving nt the I'i"11 ','
Jay street and nt Its ,vf otf J'
confirmation service.
Kh& t'!M V. rf-J
lrVhrsMAwijfallnA-

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