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THE SUN, THURSDAY, APRIL 27, 1916.
THUltSIUY, AVML 27. liltft. Xnttred lit the I'o-d Office nt New Vork as Second Class Mull Mutter. Subscription I))- Mall, 1'ostpaJil, DAILY, Per Month HI M DAILY. Per Year 0 no M'NDAV. P"r Month M rWNDAT (to Canada), IVr Monlli.. S MUNPAV. Per V.ir 'J AO DAILY AM) SI'NIlAV. IVr Year. .. H M DAJLY AND fl'MlAV, IVr Month... 71 Knni.MN llAtl.S DAU.r. l'sr Month I 2.1 HTNDAY. Per Mnnth M DAILY AM) St'NDAY, IVr Month... 1 tlO THS EVIlS'lNd SPN. IVr Mnhtli tH TIIB KVIJNIXil Ht'N, 1'cr Year AO THE i:Vi:xi.NU SL'X (Foreign), l'cr.vin. I All checks, money orders, Ac, to be mull p)ubtf to Till: St'sr. Published dully, Including Sunday, by the flon Printing and Publishing Asset lathm ut 150 Numu street. In th Hurough of Man hattan. Nsw York. Pre blent and Treas urer, wllllim C. Uilck, ISO Nassau street i VIca-Prt'sldeiit, i:jnl I'. Mitchell, ISO .Nuiiu strset. .Secretary, l'. 12. I.uxtnn, Ks Nassau strset. Iiondon offlce. 40.43 Klsel street TarU oftlce, n Hue de la Mlchodlere, off Rut rtu Qtiatre Septemhro Washington office. Illlihs Ilulnllng. Brook!) n office, 100 Livingston street. our friends ir.o furor w trtth manv lerlpts anil lf(iitnilom for nuMicitdnn i-li to nave rtltcteii arlicltt returned they mutt in all catet tend slam fit for that iiurpaie. Armrd Merchantmen. In essence. thr rules guiding the Government In the di'tortiilnutlon of the character of armed merchant ves wis ns disclosed yesterday miiy lie stated In two sentences: A vessel using her nrraurnent Milely fur self defence Is entitled tinder the doctrine therein pet forth to treatment iic corded to tin uniirmed ship. A vessel using her nrmtiment In aggression against enemy ships loses her peaceful status, nnd lays herself open to attack on the same terms its it warship. The status of each vessel must he established by her conduct, If docu mentary evidence of her design be lacking, nnd the State Iepnrtmcnt de clares significantly that the "taint of hostile purpose" resulting from Inter mittent raids citnnot be thrown aside at will. A ship so employed Is obvi ously engaged In making war. nnd must be so regarded, though she may not be formally Incorporated In the naval forces of her country. Whatever the object of publishing these rules at this time may Im?, whether to forestall u (Sermnn note or merely to clarify a confusing ques tion, It should be borne In mind that our dispute with tSermany Is not con cerned with ships of war, or ships per forming the functions of wnr vessels, but with carriers agajnst whose peace ful conduct no charge Is brought. It Is possible that the points made clear by the Administration's state ment Indicate the way toward a set tlement of the points at Issue between Germany ami the I'ltlied State-:. American Reaction to the Latest Irish Itcvolt. In .so far as the rebellions Irish bave been led to believe that their revolt, by furnishing opportunity to append with greater force to Amer ican sympathy, would strengthen the nntl-Engltsh cati-e In the l'nlted States, It seems unlikely that their expectations will be fulfilled. Al ready those elements In our popula tion likely to be affected by the spec tacle of the Irish rebels lighting for freedom have taken their position; before the Puldln uutlirenk they had aligned themselves and made known their stand. It Is Improbable that the troubles now engrossing attention will result In bringing many new re cruits lo their ranks. How si'rioiis iln dlstiirbanro is the public here has no mentis of know ing. That it has been long In prepara tion anil carefully planned N recog nized. The Hiitlsh censorship has not succeeded In suppressing all the disquieting news It endeavored to keep from the world, and the conduct of the Ministry In the treatment of Ireland since the beginning of the war has been ' sufficient evidence of the danger Unit existed. The Government la now Indignantly assailed because of Its lenient policy; yet It must not be overlooked that the application of stern measures, before the commission of an oerl act would have had seri ous and far reaching conscinicnces that England's rulers were in duty bound to avoid if itMiiiliilire un-. pos. Bible, ltepresslmi of Hie agitators by force would have had political effects nt home, In the colonics and In for eign countries that must have multi plied the dltllctililes of a nation en gaged In the prosecution of a complex nnd perplexing task. The opinion has been widely, though not unanimously, held here that Mr. Redmond's, policy carried promise of great good for Ireland and would accomplish results not to bo attained by violence. Plainly, Hie programme for which he has labored Is now im perilled, anil on this account the Shut Fein uprising may cost Its authors snpport and approval on which tltey bavo conti(n.ntly counted outside of Ireland. After Treliloml. By taking i'rclii.oitd the (it-mnl Duke Nicholas hits tiimle his right think secure from attack and ob tained a port for Hie landing of re enforcements and supplies, prevl- riltsly the Hussions were dependent upon the Ihittim-iitlls-lxiirs railroad with a terminus near I In- Armenian border. The line of advance now stretches from the lllnck Sea lo mi lls, south of Lake Van, a distance of 3(10 miles. Tint strength of the Hits slan forces has not been disclosed, hut It Is evident that the operations In Asia .Minor ate being conducted on a large scale. , month ago Miimnkhiitun. svty miles wesi of Krr.erum, was occupied after lleriii lighting. In this direction the liraiid Duko's object lo for the present is Erzlnjan, headquarters of the Fourth Turkish Army Corps. Successful operations In western and central Asia Minor would alone cause the evacuation of Hagdiiil by the Turks unit relieve the beleaguered Itrltlslt at Kut-el-Aiiiarii. At the same time It would be ltuslnti policy to have a column ready to make u race for Itagdad against the van of (ietieral l,wi;'n ariny. Nothing less than a joint occupation would stilt retrograd. The heavy work of the Jltisslan forces Is the expulsion of the Turks front Anatolia. The major campaign will be In the west and the ultimate objective Constantinople. Kery Turk ish headquarters must be taken: SI vas after Erzlnjan. and then Angorn, the terminus of the rallrond that makes a Junction at Esklshehr with the line running to Scutari. It will be necessary to drive the Turks out of Kharptit, southwest of Erzerum. Whether there Is an advance In force further south to Pjarbekr will depend upon concentrations of Turkish troops. The llagdad railroad has been com pleted from the Junction at Aleppo to El Ablad, 1(H) miles south of IHnr bekr, and Turkish reenforcements could be brought down from Constan tinople to El Ablnd. Tho Ittisslans are now operating In it country without railroads, nnd the further they advance west the more they will be ut a disadvantage, as the Turks will be retreating toward a railroad base of supplies nt Angora. Even after Er.crum was taken Treb Izond was a hard nut to crack with the fleet cooperating. Progress west ward will necessarily be slow, the Turks contesting every foot of the advance ami using every available battalion. The tight for Anatolia Is not to be won in a tiny. To try to set any limit to It would be to disre gard the topographical dlllictiltles of the country nnd to speculate vainly upon the resources of the Turks. Mr. Roosevelt's Setback In Massa chusetts. In the Presidential election of 101'J President Tait received only 1.1.720 more votes than Mr. Kooskvki.t In Massachusetts, the totals being l.Vi, IMS and 142.228 respectively. The sum of these totals was 208,170 votes, or 124,708 more than were received by Woomtow Wilson, who carried Massa chusetts by 17,400. In the Itepubllcnn primary election on Tuesday a Koose velt ticket for delegates at large to the Chicago convention had the ad vantage of lending the ballot, and the highest vote polled, 43,030, was that of Chari.ks Sumner Hiiui, the most popular of Massachusetts Progressive ltepuhllcatis. The high man on an "unpledged" ticket was Coventor Samcix W. .McC.vi.i. who received 02.2.10 votes, or lii.72.". more than were cast for Hian., The primary vote, taking the un official returns from all over the State, was light. Mr. Taft's total. 15.",048, must be compared with Governor McCam.'s, (12.2."0: anil Mr. Hoost-AKi.T's. 142,228. with Mr. Hum's, 4.",r:t0. Mr. Iliitn, by the way, was the strongest Progressive Itepubllcnn that could have been put ut the head of the Roosevelt primary ticket on Tuesday, for In 101H as a straight Progressive candidate for Governor he polled 127,7."." votes to 110.70.1 re ceived by Representative A. P. (",i;n NKis. who was the regular Republican candidate. Every Republican voter in Massa chusetts who preferred Mr. Roosi:vkit as the Repnlillcati candidate for Pres ident tills .veil- had an opportunity to vote Hie ticket put up In bis Interests, and for that ticket a vigorous speak ing lour of the State was made by the Roosevelt managers; they had the publicity field to themselves, for ral lies were not held In the Interests of the "unpledged" ticket to Chicago. If a general demnnd had existed nmong Massachusetts Republicans for Mr. Roosevelt's nomination this "un pledged" ticket would hnve been neg lected. Such a rich opportunity to score for him would certainly not have been missed. In a small vote file leading Roosevelt candidate ran 10,72:1 votes behind the leading candidate on the "unpledged" ticket. That ticket contained the names of Governor MiCvi.t.. Senator l.otxu:, Senator Wm:ks and ex-Senator Mra ttvv CnvNi:. of whom Governor Mo Cam. and Senator Wi.kks are recep tive and active candidates for the Itepiihllcaii nomination, ex-Senator i'iia.m; Is anti-Roosevelt, and Senator l.otiin. Is a regular of regulars, dyed In the wool. In the sixteen Congress districts only two Roosoveli delegates were elected. What conclusion can be drawn from the primary In Massachusetts except tills, that Roosevelt sentiment Is rela tively not so strong to-day as It was in 11H2, although dissatisfaction with Mr. Wilson's Administration per vades the Ray Stale from end to end, ami it Is held responsible for neglect ing the vital issue of preparedness? The Closed Shop In the Anthracite Mines. Emm lite btatenienl of the anthra cite coal operators explaining (lie In ability of their committee to agree with the union leaders 011 the terms of a contract to replace that which has expired by limitation, It appears lltal the companies were willing to grant an eight hour work day and an Increase of o per cent. In pay, this being eitilvaluiil to a 12',f per cent, raise in wages. This compromise was accopiable to the miners' representa tives, but they demanded that the companies should run the mines as closed shops ami collect from their oinplo.vees union dues and assess mollis. Tills Hie employers refused to concede. If there is a strike, Uioreforo, It will be a struggle, not for better wages or shorter hours, hut for the enforcement of the principle that none except union vvorklngmon shall he employed and to compel the employ ers to act as collectors for the unions. Ry such a pact 70,000 men not now belonging to the organization would lie forced Into It ami, willing or un willing, obliged to contribute to Its treasury. The mine owners properly describe such compulsion as "tin American"; It Is obviously destructive of alt freedom In a calling In which It Is endured. The closed shop was expressly condemned by the Anthrn cite Strike Commission of 1002, and under the law of Pennsylvania the companies nre prohibited from "mak ing deductions-from the pay of their employees. It has been the hope of the public that the miners and the mine owners could compose their dispute without Interruption of work. This end may yet lie achieved, but tho outlook for pence Is now less encouraging thnn It has been at any time. It Is well to emphasize the fact that If n strike Is called It will be to close the mines to all but union labor, and for no other purpose. What Saratoga Needs. The transfer of the Saratoga Springs Reservation to the Conservation Com mission, of which Gf.oiic.k I. Pratt of Hrooklyn Is the efllclent bend, l n wise step In advance. The men com posing the Conservation Commission, under the leadership of Sit.nckr Tavstf and Gkorrr Fostkr Pkaiioiiy. have done yeoman work In the most dllllcutt period of Its existence, stop ping the destructive robbery of the springs of their most precious enr honle acid gas, the purchase of valu able properties costing $1,000,000. nnd the last Reservation Commission un der the chairmanship of I'rmikuick W. Camlron has ably conducted the llrst season at Sttratogn under trying conditions. To nil "the men who have given their time and labor to develop this spa the State owes grateful recogni tion, for to their efforts mut be credited the establishment of the Saratoga Springs ns a health resort equal In therapeutic resources to Man helm, Klsslngen, Marlenbnd and Oyen haitsen. The State of New York has acquired n valuable property, which may be made financially profitable only under strict business manage ment. The same Is true In regard to the health seekers of this State and country. It was n wise step on the part of the Legislature to entrust the management of this valuable property to one responsible head. The unhappy condition of central Europe, which contains nearly till the Important springs furnishing natural carbonic acid water, prevents our poo pie resorting to them, ns has been their wont for over half a century. Many Invalids, too, who have been stopped by financial and other rensons from Journeying to the European spas will now be able to obtain In Saratoga it treatment prescribed by their phy sicians hitherto beyond their reach. And many seml-luvalld men and women, tired and weary, will seek at the reservation rest and vigor. If the British resort, Harrow-gate, an unattractive place, with inconsid erable therapeutic facilities, could be converted Into a deservedly success ful spa by the administration of one man of business ability, surely Sara toga Springs, with Its superior envi ronment, climatic advantage and uni-vei-sall.v recognized curative waters, must heroine not only a national but worldwide health resort, If Mr. Pitvrr appoints a man of recognized business capacity as his deputy. The Conser vation Commission, which will be har ried by chronic office seekers for the nppolntmcnt of Deputy Commissioner nt Saratoga Springs, will doubtless act wisely and be wary of political Influences In n matter so vital to our people nnd to the State finances as the development of Saratoga Springs nt this critical period. Our New National Obligations. Americans flint It dltllcult to realize the full significance of the fact that within the space of a comparatively few voars this country lias taken Its place among the great Powers of the world, inn- national tendency toward what may be called a provincial or Insular habit of thought became an element of weakness and danger to us on the day Admiral Hkwkv en tered the harbor of Manila and dc stro.vcd the Spanish fleet. During the j ears that have ensued since a naval victory that forced us, willy nllly, as a people Into the forefront of the great world movements there has been of necessity considerable change In the point of view of countless Americans us regards our national ob ligations and destiny, hut It still re mains n deplorable fact that too many of our fellow countrymen nre either Ignorant of or Indifferent to the full slgtilllcauce to this country of our change of status In the world at large since the end of the Spanish war, A generation ago, for example, what difference would II hnve made lo nny one in the l'nlted States w hether I he .Inpuncsc admired and loved the Hindus or despised them, or whether the Hindus looked up to or down upon tho .lapnneso? To-day the fact that a .lapaiiese considers himself a superior being to u Hindu and that a Hindu looks upon himself us more admirable In every way than a Japanese Is a matter of great mo ment fo us and an ethnological phe nomenon thai has to be handled with extreme care at Washington. II Is annoying, of course, and an Incentive to Impatient petulance for the average American, immersed In bis own personal Interests, to be forced frequently to tho realization thnt the Internal affairs with which our Government Is cnlled upon to denl are of secondary consideration nt this crisis In the world's history, that our foreign relations have taken first place In their Influence upon the coun try's present welfare nnd future fate. For him to face the unpleasant truth thai In the solution of our Immigra tion problems, nnd tho possibilities for International complications lurk ing In these problems, there nre Infill omvs at work that may affect him ami his personal affairs Is dlfllctilt ami disagreeable, Thnt ultlmnfely his comfort nntl prosperity might be Jeop ardized by the existing nntngonlsm between .Inpanese nnd Hindus Is, to the American man In the street, n suggestion that seems to be nbsurdly unwarranted. Nevertheless, It Is high time for him to take cognlznnce of the signifi cance of various news articles that have recently emnnated from Wash ington, not the least enlightening and suggestive of which are those which Indicate thnt the rnclnl prejudices ex isting In the Orient nre of weighty Importance to us, revealing to us with constantly Increasing clearness the fact thnt this country has become, In it new nnd exacting sense, a world Power whose field of activity em braces the plnnet. and whose present nnd prospective obligations as such should change radically and nt oniv the petty, circumscribed outlook of those Americans who have hitherto refused to admit that for this tuition old things hnve passed away nnd nil things become new. Whatever may he the case with Mexico, Pancho Villa certainly has n. good constitution. Senator Taooart of Indiana has ac cepted the Democratic nomination for Ills present otllce and will co before tho voters at the polls tn November. The .successor of Chairman Mei'o.vin.i of the Democratic National Committee will pray that the election may not be close. An Austrian newspaper charges that American adventurers hire them elve.s, to the American Government to voyage In the zone of submarine uttack nnd afford a pretext for pro tests from Washington. Professor James Mark Baldwin, student of men tal processes, passenger oit the Sus sex, could enlighten the Austrian editor on the psychological deficiency shown in his apparent Ignorance of what people read between the lines In accusations characteristic of the per sonality of the Individuals or nations making them. The Massachusetts Republicans seem to prefer the open mind to the cloed fist. Mr. T. Coleman du Pont of ivl aware. who Is a candidate for the Republican nomination for President, says that what Is needed Is "a bti.-l-nc?s administration of the Govern ment" The need Is chronic. Mr nt Pont has made no dlsc.U-ery. Have they a Taor? A (mtii rrfl. lor'.i rrmnrk in comment on Japan's tentmmt at bring classed urtth Hindu in our immigration fairs. In the state of mind Indicated by various pamphlets now circulating at this country, Mating Indian grievances British exploitation and German In citement to revolt, and now Japanese hostility wc should not think the lit erary achievements of Mr. lUniNmu natii Taoore would nfford much solid satisfaction. The Colonel has calmed the fears in many patriotic bosoms by letting It be known that ho and the numerous other .votitnr men for whom he .ipcril; have nM Joined the anti-enlistment league. I'.irt of the Boxer Indcinu.t) te tiiiiinl to the Chinese Gov el iiniiiit h the l'nlted States will he tise( to pay the salary of an American professor in tVkln. There Is subtlety in this. About all that Presidential prima ries seem to accomplish Is to raise con jecture regardlnp the may at home mnjnrlty vote. Our aviators In Mexico are becoming admirable pedestrians and desert path finders. They s,eem to spend more time on the ground than in the air; not from choice, but necessity. To en lOiiniKe them to walk as well as lly the Government has sent them four more out of date m.iehlnei Pancho Villa once Invited Geneial HriiM 1.. Scott to go hunting with him, but the arrangements were never made The hunting of Vii.i.v is now enunitlng the attention of General Si-orr Mr. McCoMits's successor will have IIiitan not on his hands but lit the neck. ('mirrrnlnc the llasrlmll (Iprnlnc. To nil-. IImiiih ie Tin: St s ir I " .r the tMHt fi-ft ear th quMIn of n 'utrr Ihiim tiall npi'iilriff Iimi bfrn .1li u! tonnni; th iniigriHt". C'oloni-I Churlra II. i:)iIpIh, nnnr nf th fittnouH llrnoktii ri.utKiro, ami hollilny maker utr.ionllnury, may h rifrrrfct to na father ( tin- liirn Al tllillKll the lunfhilll imhllr well known how Ire- Sjulr nt riiitbu.h rel nlinut the niHtter nf epenllic the e.otnii later III. in te the nutoin. n jet the put. lie la In the ilark cnncernlnic the .ittltmle nf the othi-r owners In the matter VV'lo'ther the Idea la generally mtrnenteil or nm by the nniiiTi the f.n't remain tli.it the has bull 4enM)ll elinllhl he opeiie.t on n later ilate, nay about one ueik later than ft tinw the ouptnrii No iloutit we all nil iertunil that the owners are hrll.itliiK In making siii-ti n raillral move tie. ,ur of the fear that mm" roihI Amerli'an colli will In- Inet, but why nhnlllil I lie. ouili'ia woiry on this iirore when the niple ex pedient of rotllK the He. Iron on., week later III (Vtnlier l at luillil? The element eeem to treat tie- liafliall owuet mueli hetier In in toher than they iln in vpnl, unit It tiehnovcH thete eminent gentlemen to uukit up tn Die true mute or iilfalii., Tl.fro a-..-.- It same v. ho tr.r.y v.Lli ta arKtie In favor nf an early opening ilate, l.e them eo ahead and nrKiie, tmt how can they hope to iiffert the pirum; el ilenre irienled liy tlnne In faor of ,i lute npftiliiK In U'" form nf n ailieiluln kIiowIiik that the ItrnnMlii opened tin, feusoii mi April la, didn't play on April Kl mid H, on Hivniint of inlii, plujeil on the Kith and nted on the nih, on ae i mint of ruin. The Yank plajeil on April I'.', rented mi tho Mill unit 14th. plaeil on the l.Mli unit rested on the 17th. Ihree dy Idle on aeeuunt of rain. The (llama while In Philadelphia hid one jrame In four pnnponed on nccount nf rain i)f rnur the above trains' opponent! uttrrrd likewise, to In tho Bait, at least, sli tttmi suffered becsuse of an early opening-, Baooutu, April at. u AS CONGRESS WORKS. The Cloak Room Is n Smoke Room, Ihn Mnrfi an Ohspsslon. Wasiiinhto.v, April 2i!, The House was sitting "as la committee of the whole." A meflsenuer from the Senate entered by the north dnor, advanced one-third of the way down the main aisle. Tho chairman said : "The com mittee will Informally rise," and left the Speaker's place, which was taken by a member designated. Tho doorUeeper marched up to tho messenger, turned and faced the acting Speaker and pro claimed ! "Mr. Speaker, a message from tho Senate." The acting Speaker rose and mid, "Mr. Clerk" ; the messenger bowed and said, "Mr. Speaker." and was about tn drone his message when from all parts of the House members cried, almost In tones of alarm, "The Macol The Mace!" .At tho moment tho designated Speaker placed a foot on the first step of the ap proach to the Speaker's seat an assist ant scrgeantsat-arms xhoulil have shifted the Mace. He had not done aa Now, these receptions of messages from the Senate are a part nf the almost dally routine of the House : no ono ap pears ever to pay any attention to them ; rerlalnly no one seems to pay nny atten tion to the fortunes of the Mace, yet the failure to chlft It at the precise moment required by the ceremony threw the House Into consternation. When the btiiz of conversation on the floor becomes annoying the Speaker cries: "Gentlemen desiring to converse will retire to the cloak room !" Wcro he to say, "to the smoking room" or "to the lounging room" merrfbera would not understand him. On tho Democratic side thr "cloak" room fs more patronized by Southern ers than ky Northerners. The men of the South are mole gremirlous, like bet ter to expound Informally their political views, to tell Merles, relate campaign experiences. Northerners generally when they want to smoke retire to the south lobby, nr. In pleasant weather, to the nolilo columned porch beyond the lobby, lth Its line view of Virginia hills. Speaker Clark has a set of otllces nenr the House chamber where, when the House Is In committee of the whole, he receives members who have business with him. but occasionally he strolls Into the Democratic "cloak" room, where tie la alw.i.vs the centre of a group of bfteners. Ho Is a good story teller, but comities: himself these days generally to Interesting facts he rilKs up In his In cessant study of the lives of American public men. Horsey Shaokleford of Missouri Is a "cloak" room hatiltut, and lie knows ,ts value. That Is where he passed his "good roads" bill. Personally "Shuck." as he Is called. Is a likable. Interest tne fellow, nlth a persuasiveness potent .11 "cloak" room campaigns. IHirlng Oscar t'nderwood's four years majority leadership he seldom entered the "cloak" room. The majority leader also has a private olllie near the cham ber, and when Pnderwnod wanted to soothe the ruffled feelings of a member or. with his Mona Lisa smile, convince him of the error of his way, he at tended to him In his private otllce. MYSTERIES OF SPORT. Miall the Trainer He Deprived of Ills Glory? To Tim Kpitor or Tin: Sun air An other of the sottlses of sport psychol ogy and Its arsot is the ascription tn a loach of his pupil's prestige. The phrase Itlank "developed" Illltik Is not alone physically overworked . the Idea is a suremphasls nnd a distortion pro lific of a crop of false values, t'lifiues tionably In a few Instances, though but a few, coach, or trainer has been a pri mary Influence, and If this abused verb 'develop" weie restricted to. Its evict s. fee or 'itialltteil adequately there letdd be no quarrel over Its application. Hut this Is not the cue. we do not hear that Illank developed the natural speed or strength or IntelllKenoo of Hllnk. but that Illank developed Hllnk the Impli iiitlon Ix-lns clearly one of creation Thus some coaches occupy nil hes nf fortuitous renown and others of Invld ii'U: If ever there was an unearned in i rem. 1. 1 this appears to la- It Why should the epicd of a Meredith or nn Overton be translated in terms uf the prowess of the i-ooch at that college winch ho h ippens tn attend" Would iinv on- maintain that It true Wefe-s was not at hast as coo.1 a coach as Mu.iMey because Cornell has regularly 'Utscotcd Columbia two nr thiee to one la the Intercollegiate? Could not Wcfcrs have had four transcendent tn'Iers Instead of none on this year's tester If heaven hid sent the same ma terial to Columbia It sent to Cornell " Connie Stack with his crovellin; Ath biles Is i case In point. He "divcl- I forsooth, his Slnn.nno Infield, all 'orii ptaeis of course Hut now the fans, aii.l Sl.n-k bun-elf seoretly it "Idled, apprehend tli.it the only doe. oper of another such Is JloO.000 one chuckles. Impishly or oivm plshly as lies his humor, at thought of the sleeved laugh them coaches must Indulge In when thev see this solemn drivel. They know, none better, how utterly they are ditched for stars un less they've star material at hand. In't It time tn "develop" a cleaner sense of equities nlong this line? Sums p. P.kason. SWAr.TltMottFJ. Pa .pri 2s, FIRST AID FOR THE FAT.. ltd) think breathing Is What the Ohrso Middle Aged Need. To tiik Km tor or Tub Scn sirt "C. .1 M s" account of how be rid himself of oveif itnci. tliiough dietary regiiln- tions is interesting though based upon j H'iin-lili,v.sinliigie.il facts. I As In all s stems of reducing where i legiilation nf ill. t mid food Is the prln j liple. there is overlooked the real i tdn hio1ok1c,i principle of comlm-timi 1 nnd u p ur of all tissues. I The st.UY of life is ox.vgen Ti Is the stuff whli h burns up fat and htillds new tissues T)ie blood must have ploiit.v of oxygen to carry to the Internal means, fnitii the brain to the toes. The , blisid stteani rich In n,vgcii will bum up tat us quickly In the body as will in.ils hi a range when vou give them air dtatiElit, a supply o oxygen. Tho great valnn of ph.vslcal exeulse Is not tho development of muscles bat the Increased power of Inspiration and expiration. This enables the blood to nceive an extra amount of oxygen and In this way act tluotigli the blood stream as a tissue builder and fat consumer. Taking off fat through a svstem of 1 dieting simply lacuna tearing down, a 1 stripping of hod tissues with no cnni i pens.itory ropalilng. Such a method Is 1 fio'ini'iilly Injurious and geiitTallv weak- cuing. Tho overfat middle aged' person I Is not tisiinllv In a lit coiulitliiu for such I vigorous exercise ns will cause a burn ing up of fat. Klther there Is a dnn I genius amount of fat around the beau land luius or tho arteries are pressed I ut or Inclined lo bo Inelastic. So what can bo done? l-'.il can 'lie burned up, muscles strength ened, a steady, rich supply of iec blood l'i rp'.js"!r.-, rent interna! nrgann an;! hi.iln by learning how to breathe deeply, rhvthmlonlly. No other system accompanying a com fortable regulation of eating and drink lug habits will sn quickly ami physio topically kcip the liody anil brain tit as h lining how lo supply the blood Ntreain with oxygen, it s soini'ihlng of an at I, hut an art readily nequlred. If oil want to be well, be vigorous In iiilinl and body, learn hw to hi eat he. "Second Citizen Well, sir, what answer made the hell) -.' "MeneiiKlns- Sir, I shall tell.)o;i. Willi n kind of smile, which ne'er came from tho lungs." William hr.r. Howard, M. P. Wimoito, Mass., April 2. BOWERY PICTURES. On the Movlni; Film of Memory They March Up From the Joyous Past. To TUB KniToit or Tlir. Hits' fir The flowery comes back to old hast Side Oothamltes like a movie film. The old Rtadt Theater, near Hayard, a long, narrow building with three galleries, later a variety house, when the Windsor was built .and the German company moved nut. A drug store still In busi ness nearly opposite filled our prescrip tions and sold us a famous mixture for pains all over us. On the corner of Hayard etrcet the Henedlcts kept a Jew elry store, nnd many an old Greenwich family Mill has their sliver, for they always patronlxcd a fellow townsman. The Old and then the New ltnwcry held us until midnight with a bill that began at 7:30 P. M. Wo will never again sec farces given with the pep nnd go these companies got over to us. The Atlantic Garden music nnd frank furters are n pleasant memory. Howe & Perry sold Us books, Halch's Dagucr rean Gallery mugged us, Conklln put us In double breasted coats and peg top pants, nnd we smoked havattas from Old Slip at Hill's, corner Grand, to mugs of ale drawn from the wood. .lust above Anson titled out the tire laddies, nnd on the corner of Hroome Johnson exchanged duplicate wedding presents. Stay, In an old style saloon near Oelancey street, served fish, oysters and clams ttt for n king. Profeseor Hr.uly taught us to become the ad miration and envy of the balls and as semblies. Just as he said he would on his card of dancing. Hootey & Camp bell opened a minstrel hall In hlnder mullcr's, later Pastor's, nnd here some stars began to shine, Krltz Emmet and the Irwin sisters nmong the galaxy. Ciw,per t'nlon ended tho evening's walk, wher after the classes were nut we adjourned either to Pr. Irish's tor a long drink of his root beer m- across the way to the billiard hall, kept by I'eter Unlisted, color sergeant of the Seventh Iteglment, whose armory was opposito over Tonrjiklns market Who remembers the promenade concerts here to riraffaia's Hand music-' j AH man needed or wished for this I Itovvcry had, banks for savings, hand : me down s1ioih to take your intee uoiiar hills, uncles to hold )our watch, and a tight If you were spoiling for one ; and when you had passed away a suitable monument could be had at Young's mar ble yard, corner Fourth street. Like Aitemus Ward's show, It has seldom h en excelled and never equalled. The name sounds good to-day ; let it stay put, for the love of Frank Duffy TittiiTKENTii Ward. Nnw York, April 20. The Hough nnd Tumble Men. To tiik KniTonor TiieSun Sir; There was a feature among mn about town that disappeared long ago. It was the IHipularlty and plcturesquenes nf the old time "rough and tumble" lighters, rrliellghters we had no u-c f..r t' ey were mostly pickpockets, the best of them. Hut the "rough and tumble men were the heroes of the sporting world. William Varley, better known as Iteddy the lllacksmlth ; Htilly Nelson, I ted l.eary and Andy Shechan were the best known among them. These were the men we liked to read and hear about Varley kept a Joint under the triangle In Chatham Square. It had three en trances nnd was very handv for the gang when chased by the police. They would rush In one door and could get out on two different streets. At that time prizefighters were a great nui sance. They were continually getting up sparring exhibitions for their own btnellt, half of which nevier came off Varle) had a big painted sign over his bar which read: No tickets taken (or sparring exhibition and no sai, from finhtr llver thine S0 WllLUM Vlll It As he was the great "rough and turn- ble" lighter of Ills day. It Is needle to say that he was net much annnwd by , the boxers. A tighter named ijabagliur . came on from Pliltaaeipnta to iick me Hlacksmtth, and though he nearly killed him he could not make him "squeal." In a few months Gallagher came on attain to beat him and Varley shot and killed him. The singular thing about all this was that all men ntxnit town knew- that these two men vveru to meet again and evojy one was Interested ns to the result Andy Slieehati ws another famous lighter When he entered a barroom and announced himself a the "U'y of the valle" that meant that he would light any man In the house. One night In the iioth im. an oi l Hoery sporting resort, he gave out this challenge and John Slorrlssej, h.ipiwnlng to be presvnt. replied that he had no uo for "lilies." that he was "John Jones the button niakoi." and so the tier, est rough and tu'iilde tl.'lit for a generation began, with the result a draw The news, papers hid long accounts of it. Next du . ri porter tiskcil Slorr!sey whit be meant by the alluaioii to the biutou maker, and It was explained that John Jonrn was an Kngllsh tighter who never had been defeated. Perhaps our readers may b shocked at this recital of old Howery dnn, and et what you call "gun men," such as tlourlsh to-day, were then unknown. An Oui Timer. Nrw ToK, April 2ti. Songs of the Fire 1. addle". To the EniTos or Titr. Sun Sir: "One Hundred Years Ago" was a Black Hall Line chantey of the 'ROs and was adopted by the fire laddies of the time. It wns sung by the cnivstnn gang on ship nnd by firemen nt the pumpe. of the hand tire engines of those happy day There was no particular mot'f, the soloist using his own Judgment ns to subject matter In his Improvls'.itlon. Kvents of the day, worldwide or local, were freel) commented on with good natured badi nage and mii'ii foolery. 1 remember such classic lines as these: A hundred )rar are gone snd past. O j et o. A hundred car are entiling ft. A hundred years age. Sa I to the watchman. Don't take me (I rs li. Take that ntgKcr behind the tre. A hundred jears ai;n I Mole old but lie stole brans. O )f o. 0 watrhtnan, watchman, a-n to gr.T, A hundred ran are. As 1 was going to Italtloiore, (I e O. 1 met a liulv on the shore A hundred )ears aga And so on till the bovs weie ired or demanded a change. "Tho llngso)e .Man'' was an especial favorite In those, da)s, while nt a Hie on a Sunday revival hymns were some times sung. Cm respondents' letteis of old New Votk are ver titercstlng, but us I did not come to town till '71 1 can mid little to what has been ahead)- said t think, however, that mention should be made of Jlbbon.inicy Proctor, who was tho niot s.itisf.ii'tor.v sl.oer of Injuns on the Old llovvct) stage. And wasn't her name spelled llerton" What about Itachel No ill In "The Ft each Spy," and who was It that phi)ei "Function the Crlnket"? St. A. Cl'MINII. Nkw YoltK, Aptll Stt. Flailing In North Carolina, from Nic Snnforri .'iirr. Mi II .1. Mi (.'.i In H i, nil) laiiKhl men. ty one catriah ut ono draw Hb a liafket In Itlg Hiilfalo I'rceli. Some nf thine er good slieil-nsh .Mr McCain thinks that flirse 11. h came up the creek from Deep Itlver. Uirge catches of IWIi are some, times made by baskets In the winter and early spring Tlie e baskets are of an oblong shape nlth a funnel In one end tn hold the. fish after the) enter About the bent halt Is an ash cake cooked with cut ton In It to hold It together. The catfish Is about the only fish that sill go In a basksu NEW YORK'S CANDIDATE. Fdllor Hells Holds the Oovernor's Prediction to the Light of the Polls, To tiik HiitTott or Tiik St'.v Sir: In the discussion of public questions the people nre entitled to have the facts In stead of being forced lo be contented with the unsupported assertions of any man. Therefore 1 should like space In your valuable paper to correct a state tnetit In the Interview given out by Governor Whitman lo the newspapers on .Monday. The Governor sa)s: I have no doubt whatever that If vote could he taken anions the Itepubllcans In this Htate Justice Hughes would led any other candidate at least f to 1. Not only Is this nn unsupported ns sertliin, hut the Governor has done some thing which a man In his position ought not tn do. lie has drawn his material for this statement entirely from his own Imagination. The voters of the Htato of New- York have spoken upon the subject of the strength and popularity of Governor Hughes In this state, and they have told an altogether different story. Governor Hughes after he had served a term of two .vents as Governor was a candidate for renomln.itlon nnd re ilectlon. The convention nominated hltn and placed hltn at the head of the ticket. The voters) pt.iced him at the foot of the ticket. In the election of IDAS tho ticket In this State received the following plu ralities: Thirstily. Toft, for President 2C2,V)2 O'.Mulley, Attorneydeneral 144.0is Williams, State tlnglneer 140,011 Dunn, Treasurer U's,'.n,-, Koenls. Secretary of State 122.4TS White, l.leutenant-Oovernor llt.7ir, Can.. Comptroller RII.S4II IttiKhes, (lovernor IHi.4'1'2 These are the figures. These ate the facts, nnd the sentiment of the voters Is always expressed at the ballot box and not In interviews. I shall be very glnd lo suppoit Justice Hughes for President If he is nominated, and 1 shall be equally glad to support an) good llrpubllcati. but 111 the dis cussion of the availability of candidates we should all confine the discussion to the facts and to the truth and not draw on our Imagination. Seneca has called our attention to the fact that "right reason Is nature's per fection." He might have added that false assertions and as-sumptions are the deformed children of the brain. CtlAllt.KS II IlKTTS, Kdltor l.)ons WrpiibKcfin. I, tons, April 16. LIVING EXPENSES. An t'nlechnlcal F.roiinnil-t Finds u llnntii) Fxplaiiatloii. To tub KniToit oh- tiik Scn sfr- An cd'torlal article in Tiik Scn names the large tncrnise in the cash assets of the lountry as the primary cause of the Increase In living expenses during the past )e.ir. 1 am et ougli of an igr. ir.itnus to cling to nn old fashioned belief In the law of supply and demand. Ib'garding food prices Hour sold as h.gh at retail thirty ve.irs ,isn ,is it dues to-il.i, sugar aliout the same; wheat s cheaper than a e.ir ago, eggs are quoted at wholesale In New York at practically the same figures as then. All manufactured articles are tnoie or less blither, waged having advanced along with shorter hours, to say nothing of foreign buying at any price that will get a quick delivery of the goods. Assume that at the close of the pres ent war the bu)ing of war material will ce.ie. that under the present tariff the country will be Hooded with manu factured goods at a much lower iir.ee than can be nimed by producers In this country, labor will soon be in a wore condition than Wore the present bnom started and Its purchasing power re duced to tae minimum, the cost of llv .ng will then he reduced to those who nre fotunate nough to hnve fie dot', ir to spend These conditions are what we have seen several tlmew during the past fifty )ears. While prices are advancing In this country along with the inctease of cash tier capita, they are Increasing much faster tn Great Ilrltaln along with a decreasing supply of cash assets, The times are abnormal, but isn't It ss the cheaper circulating medium than tho constantly Increasing demands of labor for higher wages and shorter hours of work, together with the re quirements) of the people for tnoie of the luxuries of life and up to d ite ac commodations In their homes, as well as the spending of more and more money for recreation as the holidays Increase and their hours of labor ilectease, that causes the rapid Increase In the cost nf living? If the abundance of ready money s tie teal cause, whv does it not appl) to al' classes of goods and to all count i les .is.ke'.' Ivu-htinu Thomas. Hot tiik r .Mass. Apt il 'JO FOR A FLAWLESS CASE. A Somewhat Involved View of the Grrmun Position. To the l'niTOR or Tim Srs Sir. VVe are making history In Washington, nnd would that Wllon In his address had said nothing that In futuro .vears this nation could look back nnd regret ns being unjust Germany has outraged every real nnd conceivable International law. and as such she is entitled to no consideration. Hut when we force her to nullify the effeclivenesK of her submarines we put ourselves ti a position which will not stand the test of Justice. If my state ment Is true as to fact, can you blame German), inasmuch .is wo will not give Justice, neither shall she. 1 believe tint German) to-dav, need ing iaot.it siitiport as she does, from every neutral cnuntr). would stop spik ing unarmed liners If we would ac knowledge the reasonableness- of tho armed merchantmen contention. 1 be lieve that liistot) will provn she is Just lied on that Issue and on that alone On the una! med ship her acts wilt 1h a lasting disgrace on her honor. Hut I venltiie to siy should we be drawn into a war we would not acknowledge an) nations tight lo destroy on paper tin' iffectlveness of our submarines It Is not unreasonable to suppose that liv shutting our eyes to facts and stick ing to words we ate In a way respon sible for the present situation. There Is no American with red blood li his body wlio will not stand back of Wllsisi In severing illplomatjc relations with Germany over what she has done, but let there be no ttaw In our own case as to the Justice and fairness of all our contentions Tltov. April 2il C M Ttm.rxtFR. llli gancc Is Not All of IHclloa. To tiik F.tuToti or thk Scn ,lr.- Our old in quaiiitance "ain't" comes to trial II i .intent's for the prosecution that "ain't" Is illiterate. Is of Vinerlcau otlglti among the low and i.ticicss custodians of our language. For the ilefeiii e C. declares that "ain't'' Is of Ihigllsh origin ami quotes Its free Use among the middle ami upper classes of Great Hritalii. giving "Vanity Fair" as an example ami naming Joseph Sod ley as a culprit. c. further argues that "ain't" ex- prisses a meaning less i unitary than "I am not," mon. eotn'ih norv than "I'm not." and then-fine, while not elegant. Is entitled to at hast a private's place, in tho ranks. How was the expiesslon formed? Gkrmantow.v, rittl.APKi.i'iiu, Pa., April :il Preparrdnms. FI'lls- In iate nf war how many nf vour relatives nntud go? Bslla Well, Ihete nre .eventssn men to whom I have promlatd te bs a toter. 15TH CENTURY BOOK BOUGHT FOR $1,425 Sale From Cofrrrpslntll I.ilirnry Brinjrs Tn Total for tlte Day of $lJ,n-J I. PICKKXS LETT K US SOU) A manuscript hook of hours written In Gothic characters on vellum in ts second hnlf nf the fifteenth irrl irv f. the use of the Church of Ilouen brought the highest price at the sale from lh Coggeshall library at the Andermi rial lories yesterday. It was bought .v i; Wels for JI.4L'.".. It Is embellished w'li eight miniatures representing s,ene finni the life of Christ, The bind ug by Clovls live. Its value is iletettn ne. not only by lis antiquity but a.-. I the richness and character of the work The Washington Irving "Life of George Washington." which has been r. tended to thirteen volumes b) the a-e-. Hon of several hundred portta ts. views and maps, is not only a t ' f "f VViehinr. ton hut ulso a pictorial hlJtor) of the American Itevolutlon, emboi j -ng eon temporary portraits of the patriots of tne period. It brought the second highest price of the afternoon, poing In (leorgs 1. Smith for JIiJO, The extra lhi. trilled "Life and letters of W,i li i gto-i Irving," by his nephew, cotita.t. iig iilm ii ino portraits, v.cws ami autograph . ters. was bought by Gmrge !' Sn-"i for $15.-.. "The Great Internalion U,il;,,rg Slatch." an Interesting telle of li.ilr.,, Inst vlst to America, was Imtigl.; , r, 1. Smith for P. '.Mi. "The Sport. tig S'.ir ratlve" of the match was wrttee lo Hickens under the name of "The ii,e Hill Gasper." It ulso coutiutis tin. a" ties of agreement and other da'a . 'i liecteil with the match, whah ..-. vvon by the American, "the Ilostim Hanta .i An extra Illustrated life of . le'is, by John Forster. was bought by George r Smith for H10. A presen'ati..n , iv of the same work from the author to Fred erlii: Ouvry, an intimate ft lend ..f l'.. ens, containing several aittogr.ipli hf. ts. was bought by G. I. Smith for An editorial private letter cop) it g I,...,, containing six long letters ty li. ken literary subjects and peisona! muter", was purchased by the same tor. rr f"r $2S."i. Two dining thalts of mainga". from Dickens's dining room .o i;a.N II '. brought JJTO from G. I . Sin. Mi A i autograph letter of I I - kens to ...., j llU"sell was bought for $;e . bv ti p Smith. A set of eight autograph li tters f'nm the correspondeiue of George i;i n ,, i Sltne. I'.odli lion was sold lo G D Sni " for Jllfi. A copy of the earliest issue n t' Franklin Imprint of Cicero's fato M ij .t was bought by K. P. Datum for J.." A volume of Helen Jackson s 1U mona," with water color sketelits by W II Drake, was bought bv G I' St. i for J30;.. The total of the sale yenerd.iv was 112. s:t. The sale will be cotii lii.l. d ti afternoon. i $2,085 PAID FOR OLD PRINTS. VIcm of nii I'rniiclseo lelclie. ! IOO nt merlon ii rt snlc. 1 In the galleries In .Madison Squar i tho American Art Association made beginning In the sale of a large co"e. tlori of old prints A view of Sa ' Francisco, Corner of .Montgomery a ' California Sttets' No. led I prices, selling to Hill Tolerton for M ' Sir. Tolerton also got No. an, "City .c 1 .Harbor of Suti Francisco, O.tobir I imp," for i J. If. Jordan gave $!n for No 1. aquatint of Washington. IM1." nv i v-' Grammercy paid IS 2 ."n for N.. 1 ."West Point From Phllllpsmun ' 1" iTIio total for the session was . S I The sale will continue this evene c j TELL WHAT BOYS SHOULD EAT Ciperts Spenk nt Open log oil Weltarr lUhllill. Tommy hid i tummy which h wl-h lo'llpopn, f'hnrolate and o-ln. tiffv sed g e Tommy his dypepli now. It- ei ele and gout - "And the sohb e.i," pit v.. r don't watch out '" Serious scientific spec I e. showing th" ravages i- ! paintings of all the kind of mv dear to i hi!! hd 'd's hear' gn'' ghoulish glee about the t!.:ut. o' , boy who has supposed1'. .. c nough tn eat them, and 't ' taught by all tho speakers ,n " e open-ng )esterd.iy qf the No : ot Welfare Hxhlblt at 70 Fill!: aver .. all admirably summed up ir i . MM -. f - warning In rh)tne to the south land Health Commissioner Dr Haven t son told the audience that tl me o workers In the downtown bus ties- tlnn were being worn out bv under too powerful iirtlllcal ' g t also said that more people died . f miosis In lhigland last )c,i- l killed 111 the trenches .if at! t' o ! cut armies in the same t me Among tho Interesting p . i b out in a speech by In- r. u,,-d ton, head of the pin si, .ti department of the New V schools, wn the o.la'.r ' country win, h has been . in the Hurnpean war i.w.q hugely to its perfected sv t. r cat training in its si bonis . ton expressed the bid-., ft .' -l l i lil l e 1 1 are mote essen'ii1 ,, i health and national piep.n. ,e . laige army and nav) 'I I . ilex of the social sanity . f a the speaker said, "is )! takes of Its ohildion Gther speakers were T" Knowlton of the New .lers, f, ; of Health nnd Dr Tho" i I professor of ph)si,.i ti in, g Ida Cniversity, ir v,. ' - ! ihers now lighting m I it. p. better care than d Vi children. Dr Know Hon ,i of public health w rl u i satisfactoty rir-'il's .is t' . . dtiee child m e i.i1 t , . ., boys und g rU what to e r eat II I E 1 'e r i " ' k- r- I LABOR FORUM WINS A POINT Hns In oehiml m t mil Time in I piki. Tho Labor 1'oruoi w victory )esterd.n n i- r Untie using th, w.isi, i gt i School for its legal i-S .i mgs The Hoard of I i the vote revoking the I' i until the next regular n t The Labor Fmiiin, xx ., datum, itory meetings i m- , Hoard of education t , . severely for allowing ' school building, has a p, t school ainlltoi luni i . r v s during the ve if It. at these iiii'i'lings , a, i , vesllgitloii on Vpi il I ' ' Wlllcot of tho bond of ' an orator there who w i 1 u i said, "To hell w-th ti. Stripes," The Inv e-t ig i' ,, u s had Is'cn misquoted Isndoro M Lev) 1- . committee on can of i i . unfavorably yist. ida ' 1 ler's resolution nn I t the permit be allowed n asked that the matter bo la I a vote at th next meeting, 4Wt s-eVWlleel4tAJ,.. .5Vsnr.?'V'Ir7ir""'Sh-r-y'v')i'."s,A-. -t r"T .rt.: