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THE SUN, MONDAY, JUNE 12, 1916.
ten MONDAY, .TUNB 12, 1016. BUrad At the. Past Office at New Tork eacond Class Mull Matter. Bnbserlptloaa by Mall, I'oalpald. ?AXLT, rer Month M )AJI.T, Par Veer no SUNDAY, Par .MinUi t HUNDAY (to Canada), rr Month.... M ftUNDAY. I'er Veer t Ml tlAIbY AN1 HUNDAV, Per Year.... HO UAJLY AND Hl'MIAY. Per Month... 71) KoRtlUH IUtii. PA1I.T. Per Month 1 I ttUNDAT, Per Menth an DAILY AND HUNDAV, Per Month... 1 00 TUB F.VnMNfl HVS, "rer Month M Till: BVHNI.NII H'JN, I'tr Year f 50 T1IK KVT.NIMI St Ni Foreign), PerMo. 1 0.1 All rhecka, mnntr orders, c, I hi tnade payable to Tl R flvri. Headers of Tnr. Sum leaving town for the Summer months ran have the dally ami Sunday and cvenln editions delivered In them In liny part of till" country or Kurepa on the ttrniK elaied above. Addresses chanced a often a desired. Order through newsdealer or illrcri y nf PuMtcetlon Offlca. Telephone Z'.'nO lleekman. Puhllebed dilly. Including Sunder, by the fun ITI ii 1 1 n K and Publishing Association at 1M Nassau street. In the Borough of Man hattan, New York. President and Treas urer, William O. natch. Kn Nassau street Vlee-Prealdent. Bdward P. Mitchell, 1R0 Nassau Uriel, Secretary, C. B. I.uxtoa, 160 Kasaau etreet. I-ondon efflca. 40.41 Fleat atrteL Paris office, it ltu rit la Mlchodlerf, oft Kua du Qnatre Septamhre Washington office, lllhlx ButlrHnt. Brooklyn office, 106 l.lvlnf tlon atraat, Ctt our frirnit eho favor trffA nuinv tenet ani tllvrtrattont for pubtleatlon ulsh Mvt rtlretnt arttclH rrlurnrA Mr rautf ell tattt tend ttampt for that pvrpen. "I An Out af rolltlrf." lfo, Oolonol Uoobevtlt, you nra not pat of politics. Ton have not quitted 111 nuUiue position your nhnndnnt vi tality nnd Intelligent ambition have Crested for yon. Nor do you want to Quit It ; nnd If you seriously harbored desire so to do, your neighbors In torty-elBht States, two Territories nnd the Island possessions of this Union Irould not permit It You YlU continue to participate In toe domestic nnd Internnttonnl nfTutrs pf your country with undiminished force and vigor. Your lively Inter est In the problems that perples your fellow citizens will exerclsn nn Irre sistible fnwlnntlon for you, to which fou will yield without false pretence and without reluctnnre. Your Inspir ing curiosity nnd philosophic disposi tion will compel you to activities In volving the conslderntlon of political mntters, the condition of the nation, the policies of parties nnd the Idio syncrasies of ItHllvltltiiili: nnd you will not be permitted to withhold the fruits of your oherviitlon nnd cod tntlnn from a public that since your first nppeiimni'enniiing li nmn'-ellnrs nd lenders bus shown no Men of wearying of jnu. It inny Im In your mind Hint thirty four yours In the public service Is enouirh for one mini, of certain Indl vlduitls lliK nilsbt be (rue. Of you II I- mil. If 11 were, .mhi would be npprl-i'd of Mint fuel from without; you would mil ih'IiIcm' the Infornut tlon ri'iun within. AVi art' nwiire of the fnte thnt nwnlls ilioe who deny jour slnte- menls. Itut (his l;nowleil!.'e dno not deter u from contrndli'tlim jour dec iHnitlon Hint ,(iu are out of Hilhie. In thN f ii-1 ii 1 1 -o. we nre better In formed, more cnpnlile of nrrlvlnc nt n correct juilsmeiit tliim yon nre; nnd you will ml in It It .-ivin. What Ciood Rtmlneas Depends I'pon. The country's experience In foreign trntle nnd foreign fiunnoo ns mer chnnt nnd bunker for the world dur ing the Kurnpenn war Is going to he of grent vnlue for more thiin the fnture of our foreign commerce. It has nlrendy hnd vnluahle lesions for the domestic business future. One of the ill-tlnuul-hlnc fentures trf our business situation for several years before the European war was the diminishing element nf whnt Is Called new enterprise. This Is cus tomarlly slcnullzed by activity In the markets for securities denoting nn aggressive exchange of capital ami credit for corpornte eiiiltles nnd oh llgntlnns, accomplishing n ready nb Borptlon of Issues of new securities which mensure the expnnslon of cor pornte endeavor nlrendy established nnd the crentlnn of new corporation. There Is nn good business when new enterprise Is practically In nbeynnce. The Inck of such new enterprise nrdl nnrlly reflects either nn npprnxlmnte exhnullon of capital nvnllnhle for fresh Investment or n piirnlysls of confidence. I'simlly It betokens both, for It Is In periods when conthlence abounds ilint cupltnl Is mot rapidly nccumulated nnd most rapidly In vested, mid Inxesinient of It Is stead ily translated Into the expenditure for expansion Hint raNe business vol nme.s nnd values Into Hie realm of well distributed properlty. The icliillon between good business nnd Hie line-inient of capital has not been umlci'stooil so generally or so siitl'-l'acioiily ns It should be among our people. In coiiseipience we lane lunl III nmny recent jears demoiisii'iilioii- of an iilllliide toward capital which lia- been primarily re sponsible for prolonged seasons when Hade and industry liiogiiNhcil aluiosi liicoiiiireieii-llil In a couniry -o rich lis Hill's, sn eiiergelic, so pleiilifully endowed with wealth creating oppor tunity Perhaps after the lessons of the Kurnpenn war we may deal dlf feienilj with lite contacts between business mill luiiince, especially In re spect to the programmes of politics which lend io affect Hie capital mar kets adeiely. After Hie war Kin ope Is going to hid for Hie free capital of the world. All nations will nnr competitive at trncllons In induce the lnesment of capital. Tor I lie sake of our domes, tic prospect it will not lie possible for us to render the home Investment mnrkot nnnttrnciive by the lslonar.v follies nf Imprnetlcnl dabblers In ex. pcrlmentnl legislation. u tTblcssoni of the European war In this respect were rammed up In the address made last Thursday by Carlos A. Toiwquist of Buenos Ayres nt the New York State Bank ers' convention nt Atlantic City, when ho snld: "The experience of the forogn hnnks In the Argentine Hepuhllc hns exploded the theory that 'trnde follows the flag.' The results obtained there show that trade fol lows cspltnl." Fin added further: "The grent and close relntlons built up by Europe with the Argentine Hepuhllc have been established prin cipally nn the hnsts of mutusl confi dence." This hns the most direct applica tion not only to our International com mercial future hut to our future of domestic expansion. The experience we are getting In our new Inter national relntlons of commerce and finance forcibly Illustrates a domestic need which hns been too little appre ciated. Trnde follows cnpltnl and both nre based on confidence. This Is true not alone of foreign trnde hut of domestic trnde, and If our commer cial experience during the European war teaches us what It should we are going to have less of the politics of disruption for a long time to corns. New enterprise which makes domes tic trade most expansive and most profitable depends on a thrifty accu mulation of capital out of profits and wages, and on Its thrifty Investment, both of which are promoted by con fident expectation that public policy will supply Incentives for the Invest ment of cnpltnl. The political cam paign of this year should accordingly offer n prospect to thrifty Investors, nt a time of extraordinary accumula tion of capltnl, which will assure them of the governmental encouragement of Investment enterprise Instead of the discouragement which promised of late years to hecome permanent. Not a New tiarment for Mr. Hughes. In the composition of his memor able message nf acceptance tp the Re publican nntlonnl convention on Snt urdny. fimtt.r.s E. Ht:nitr..s was not obliged to brenk new ground In those sentences In which he proclaimed his Americanism nnd recorded his belief In adequate preparedness. His opin ions were not Inspired by the Inci dents of the Inst twenty-two months, nor Improvised to meet the exigencies of n political situation. On both these subjects Mr. Htx.!tr.s wns on record onrs ngo; he Is no new convert to undivided citizenship or to nn Amer ica nrmed for self-protection. In nn address before the Republi can Club of this city on .Innunry 31, 1!M8. Mr. Hrottr.s. then Governor of the Stnte, snld : "V are 1evotd to fhf Intends of riPAC and chorion no pnlley of ETfsslon. Tlir- maintenance of our liloals Ij. nur uret protection. It la ear oniii-taiit aim to live !n friendship with all aatlone and to realize the alrrm of n free government aecure from the lute rrui'tlona of strife and the wRstea of war. It Is entbely cnnelstent with thece alme, and It Is our duty, to make adequate provision for our dfenoe and lo maintain the efficiency of our army and navy. And this I favor." On October 11, irx7, Governor Hrciiir.s delivered nn address nt the dedicntlon nf the monument In this city to General Franz Sinr.i.. In the pourse nf this he spoke of the con tributions made to American prog ress by men of German nativity nnd drscent. But nine years ngn, when hjphennted ' citizenship presented no acute problem to the nntlnn, Mr. Ilrniirs. In closing his remarks, used lliese words; 'This Is our rommon country. What 'Ver the aliode nf our ancestors, this Is our home and will be the home of our children, nnd In our love frir our Institutions, and In our desire to main tain the standard" of civic conduct RhU-h are easi-ntlal to their perpetuity, we recnsTilne no difference In race or creed we stand united, a contented people rejoicing In the privileges and determined to meet the responsibilities of American rltlienshlp," These extracts from speeches made before Kurnpenn wnr hnd brought the problem of prepnreduess nnd the menace of divided nlleglance to the ncnte stage (hey hnve reached since August, 1014, make manifest the Americanism nf Mr. HrmiKs, nnd dlsplny him wen ring the robe of patriotism, not ns n new gnrnient, but ns h garh familiar to him throughout the whole period nf his public service. "Busy on Speech." I'rom Cape May comes the (lash: "Wkscoit busy on speech, preparing address to place Wilson in nomina tion," Cape May Is New Jersey's nearest In Washington; on Its south ern lip n light, liH.fi feet nboe menu blL'h water, flnshes every thirty sec onds, Caiie May city has a beach and a boardwalk, canning factories nnd summer boarders numerous ns the sands. It Is in the books ns "ilm only port nf refuge smith nf Sandy Hook on the New Jersey coast," Somewhere, near that port of refuge Hie lion, John W. Wkscoit lias In terned himself, with n barrel of Ink, a mountain of paper and his self lllllng fountain mind, Mount Wescott Is in n stale of violent eruplloii, In mind's eye we see the New Jersey Attorney-General'M uiigusi Henri'--there In the ncccssihle, .seclusion of Capo May (sen "Vacation Micro 'Mini") pacing the sandy bench nnd gazing out over the wine dark sea; there at Jersey's ultimate aspiring reneh fnr Washington, Nafoi.miv on the Klbaii strand, planning new con ipiests and the resuscitation of de ferred umhlllnns, "It Is believed," etherenl wnves transmit the plenslnu news, "the speech, will be pn different lines from the one that nominated Wrtaon at Baltimore." It will be swept by ocean breezes, charged with life giving O7.one, shot through with the fog piercing flashes of Cape Wescott's lofty beacon. There will be In It no Chtcngoan hehetudlnoslty, no Bnltl morenn platltudlnnslty. It will put a new snap and sparkle Into St. Louis's midriff satisfying beverage ; It will snlt the Inland air. Bosoms Democratic and brains of non-Democratic intelli gence alike await, palpitant with ex pectation, the rolling periods of Wood rovlan praise. We had placed, It must be very frankly confessed, less trust than hope In reports that Mr. Wkscott would make the speech. We never believed for a moment thnt Governor FiKi.nra'a earth keeping declamation would be preferred to the Judge's skyscrnplng oratorical flight. But we protest with no consciousness of Insincerity we had expected the unique candidate himself to sound the keynote, write the platform, "preside over the deliberations of the august assemblage," nominate and elect him self. But Judge Wkscott will do It better. Incomparably better than Mr. Wilson could, and we are glad to believe that to his coat lnpel the honor Is pinned fast. The speech will not be lost upon the folks back home In .Tcrseyland. my (Martink's) Jerseyland, looking abend to a Senatorial primary In which the State's Attorney-Genernl Is setting the pace. Loises In the Skagerak Fight. Although the German Admlrnlty hns now admitted the sinking of the buttle cruiser I.utznw nnd the smnll cruiser nostoek In the Skngerak fight, in addition to the bnttleshlp Pom mcrn. the cruisers Wiesbaden, Killing nnd Frnuenlob. nnd five destroyers previously reported, a doubt must still exist concerning the number and de scription of vessels lost by the Ger mnns. As the sinking of the bnttle cnilser I.utzow and the third clnss cruiser Rostock was concealed "for military rensons." to quote from the intest report of the Admiralty, what assurance can there be thnt the whole story of losses Is now told? The first report of the battle, which wns officially published on June 3. limited losses to the battleship Pom mern and the cruiser Wlesbnden, while the small cruiser Frauenlob nnd "some torpedo boats" were said to be "missing." The bulletin of vic tory ended with the statement : "The High Seas fleet returned to-dny (Thursday) Into our port." This was not true. At least one bnttle cruiser of the Perffllnger type (20,000 tons, mnln battery of eight 12 Inch guns) nnd the Rostock, a swift light cruiser of about 5.000 tons, were unnecountcd fnr. If the Germnn Admlrnlty de llberntely falsified Its report of .Tune H credulity will bnlk nt accepting ns tlnnl the bulletin of June 8. which adds these two ships to the previous list of losses. On the night nf June 2 the nrltlh Admlrnlty In a seennd bulletin as serted that either the Perffllnger nr the I.utzow wns blown up during the action; thnt the other bnttle cruiser "was seen to be disabled nnd to have stopped"; nnd Hint still nnotber Ger mnn battle cruiser "wns observed to be seriously dnmnged." It wns added thnt n light cruiser of the Rostock lpe hnd been sunk, together with six destroyers nnd n submarine, the last of which wns rnmmed. The Rrltlsh Admiralty wns pnrtly rlcht In Its estimate nf German bnttle cruiser Insscs, nnd It Is tn be noted Hint ns to two of the enemj's ships the nfll clnl report merely stated thnt they were put out of net Ion. The "drend nought bnttleshlp" declared to have been' "blown up In nn nttnek by de stroyers" mny hnve been the Pom mern, which was not n dreadnought but a modern vessel (10000S1 of the Peutschlnnd clnss (ia.000 tons, bnt- lories of four 11 Inch and fourteen 0.7 Inch guns). The British also expressed a belief In their second bulletin that n dread nought bnttleshlp of the Knlser clnss (2l,oi)0 tons, mnln bnttery nf ten 12 Inch guns) hnd been sunk "by gun tire." The form of the statement Im plied n doubt In their own minds, it hns never been assorted by the Rrltlsh Admlrnlty thnt the Germnn dread nought battleship Westfnlen nf the Nnssnu clnss (is.ono tnns, mnln bnt tery of twelve 11 Inch gunsl wns de stroyed. Although a report thnt she wns sunk Is persistent, the German Admlrnlty hns made no statement one way or the other. The British In their flrst bulletin of the tight announced thnj the bnttle cruisers Queen Mnry, Indefnllgnble nnd Invincible hihI Hie armored cruisers Defence nnd Black Prince had been sunk, and that the ar mored cruiser Warrior had boon nbnn tinned In u sinking condition by her crew. Apparently I hey enncented nothing for "military rensons," nnd hnve nnt hnd lo revise their list of losses In any essentlnl particular. We know now thnt the Skngerak light was not n grent victory for either side. If nny victory nt nil, Certainly If the Rrltlsh Meet suffered n dumng Ing blow nnd run for Its base It would be sound tactics for the Ger mnn High Sens fleet tn come out again. But It Is undergoing repairs by admission of the Admlrnlty, and under cover, fnr the navy yards are to be closed for two months. The Near City Kellow. It mny he that (lie apparent whim sicality of Imputing to suburbanites a certain flnlcnlneKs or aversion to the strenuous In life conceals something serious. This thought Is aroused by the hnrdy Insistence nf n resident of a suburb thnt his fellow commu ters are getting to point where they are "Just too nice to live"; the point! being determined by their objection to his live stock, Including a songful peacock, crowing roosters nnd neigh ing ponies. Were It not for forbidding town ordinances he would add to his renr yard symphony the "braying of a pntlent Jncknss," the grunts of well fed pigs. Must nil thnt tradition hns moulded Into belief be surrendered like an out worn creed? Is the Intangible unfix able? Where was formed the flrst society for the suppression of unnec essary noises? In Sleepy Hollow? No, In Manhattan 1 Whnt hnve we to consider? The critic of his neighboring commuters calls them "nenr city fellows"; hut we have been taught that the fur ther from being a city fellow a cltb ren Is the more of the heroic there ts In him in respect nf physical endur ance, Htirlculnr nnd otherwise, nnd if thnt were so, It would seem to follow thnt a near city fellow would yet ex cel In such respect a whole city fel low. It would seem, we say; yet there mny be the rub: It mny be that the commuter, the near city fellow, Is detached from nil similarity to the entire urbnnlle and to the perfect countryman. Seeing little of the city hut his office, the strolls between there and the tube or ferry, he Is unlnured to those horrid hazards which develop In whole city men tem erity which develops Into the courage of fntsllsm. ennhllng them to meet even Jnnltnrs nnd step lively auto crnts unnfrnld. But the commuter? In this the month nf his sweetest ecstasy, though he takes so late n trnln as the 4:28, If spry, or the 4:42, he does not go to Hit milking bnm, the truck garden, the unsprnyed orchard to toughen, to nc quire strenuoiisncss. Nn, on well In flnted tires be rolls to the golf links, welcomed by the violets, where the rough nnd fnlr green meet, greeted by the prlmrnsp nn the wnter hazard hnnk, the purling siphon nt the nine teenth hnle. The roar of the elevnted Is afnr, the strong nrm of the crossing cop Is nnt fnr him ; life Is a lullnby. Neither fnrmer nor cockney, he K we submit, entitled tn protect the peacock's night song without proving himself Just too nice to live. It has fallen to Chari.es K. Hpoiirs I to be the mar. to make the one term I ptank nf the Rnltlmoro platform mean ( something. Saturday wns an off dav for man!- ! festatlons I., favor nf defence pre- parednes-. Only 40.0(10 persons , marched In the rain nt Rochester. .mi. iviimi... n-i i.i. . I latlon of P0.O00, had hut lf.,000 paraders In line. Clearly the "sentiment" for defence Is artificial. The present war map must form the bsls of pce rannrello- Von Pr.ril-MANN-ltOt.I.WKO. This means that the Central Powers'"' Sound" are confident that they can hold their lines against the strongest offensive of the Allies on nny front. Hut there still remains the factor of exhaustion of economic resourres. It must be obvious that "the present war mnp" would not form the bn.-l.s of peace If the time ever came when Germany and Austria were unable to maintain armies In the Held. It Is a precious thought which Aitreo Notes leaves with us on the eve of lil-s return tn Knginnd, that poetry In literature. It Is the best of literature for the professional lecturer. If Brown t'nlverslty Is to he added to the list of colleges that have gradu ated Presidents of the Cnlteil Stales It Will be thus honorably nsnelnted with Harvard (31. William and .Mary (3), I'rlnceton CJ), llanipden-S.Mlncy, Cnlverslty of North Carolina. Bouilnin, Dickinson West Point Kenyon, III- lams, I'nlnn, Mum! Cnlverslty and Ynle. WAsinsriTON, .Ivkson, Van Bt'r.EN. TATixin, Pim.more, Lincoln, Johnson, i.RVEt.ANn and McKini.rt managed tn get nlong without aca demic diploma". The legions of Ccneral Mni'simrr are shooting fhrniiKli the Austrian front from the Pripet marshes tn the Pruth nt will, destroying the mnt complicated defences. -rclmprnii dr ixifrn. If llnrsn.orr's cnvnlry s mounted on airships It Is another pi oof of thnt .sol dier's genius. May we suggest to the Independence Day committee now designing for this town a safe nnd s.me Fourth that while the day cm hnrdly be made tnu safe, It can easily be made tno "sane"? UNIONIZED ARTISTS. Anthnrs and Actors In Search of "an Kcnnoinlc llasls." To Tlir Knnnit nr The Kt'N Sir; The lirpMil I itiilrlli nf iiiiMiiim n.'lnr. anA 'other arllhl" tn obtain prelection from the exploitation nr publlsheis managers or dealers by Hlll,inrrs with trade un ions Is finite In line with affairs In this cotmtrv. In Kit rope, all true artists In any field are nppieclatisl, respe, ted. protected, and the Tiroplc know that their conti Ibutlona to the cultivation or the enteiialnaii'iit of mankind hae a distinct value. Not so In these I'nited States. Here the man In the street thlnKx of an artist as n sort of freak, an effeminate nut of course he knows of the tunsnrlal artist because, lie pusses bis e.liop each day on the way lo huMm'SH, but here Is ,m ar tist who delivers something tangible for pay, and tltcie is an cionnmlc basin on which to establish his actual alue. tie may hnve eight chairs and a manicure In his simp, whcir.'ie his brother artist down the si reel has mil four chairs ami no nianleuie Thru-fore, the man In Ihc street consldcrx this one twice as great an artist as the, oilier fellow Hut when It comes to what cultivated people understand by the. fine arts thn matter I" quite dlffeient. Here Is until Ing tangible to be measured nr weighed, Therefoie the poor ilevll who wishes to sell his dieauLs must lake what he cm get, pel liapH Just enough for another week's board or a ninnlh's rent. Is It nil wonder i lien that these artists In tills fair laud of mils should try to (,-et thcmsehr.s on a merc.intlle or trade basis so that the ner.ice man, any man, can at once iiudeietand that their prodiictH haw- a money value? Callow In-' the anthois and the nctors, I see a lung line of painters, sculptors, cmnpovers, architects, lllustr.itnrs, en gravers. Amapio. Nkw York, June in, RerUIng the I andlriate'a Biography, Knlrker- Non we are told city rhlldren are healthier lhan country children Backer Poon randldatra ran ba born In taaamanu Uiitiad ofog oablaa. THE MOTOR'S VOICE. A Frenehsiaa's laqalry lata the Warnings of the Devil Wagon. M. MiraffO recently laid before the Academy of Sciences In Paris his ob servations on the various horns with which motor cars are equipped. It I". evidently a complex study. Noise, not musical sound, Is , the especial glory of the automobile horn, and no other Instrument ts so beautifully adapted to display the terror and the "grnndeur" of cacophony. Noise, however, defeats Its own pur pose by shocking the nerves. It Is wiser to offer less noise and thereby less shock. It Is a fallacy, says the French writer, to suppose that nolss produces safety to the public. Manu facturers, seemingly, srs governed by this notion, Ineffective as It has proved; to them it appears that in order to arouse the public's attention noise Is stl that Is neede'd. Experience does not support this view. The peoplo are accustomed to noise, and one noise, more or less, falls tn arouse their attention. The case Is different with musical sounds. In most musical notes the fundamen tal or grnvest tone is present In suffi cient Intensity to Impress Its character on the whole. M. Marnge thinks therefore thnt motor cars should be equipped with a horn that has two notes, a fundamental grave tone, and a sharp, warning high note, With characteristic French regard for the comfort of living, he adds that the grave or musical tone should be used In cities, since It does not reach fsr and does not fatigue the citizen. Here Is a practical and philanthropic Idea to be recorded In the Interest of the public. The effect nf noUe In un dermining vitality nnd nerves has never been so accurately defined, M. Marnge'a rule Is good sense and obedience to musical law. For In the dally use of our ears nur object Is to disentangle from the whole mass of sound thet may reach us the parts coming from sources that may Inter est us at the moment. Undoubtedly It Interests ns nt the moment to know that a man I" tilting at us In a SO horse-poer touring car. But we nre sometimes deaf to the plgllke squeal nf his horn. According to M, Ioubet, nvho In the tievur Keirntiflqur nf May wrote a criticism of M. Mnragc's study, the power to disentangle from the mass of sound the sources that may Interest us nt the moment Is diminished by the circumstances of nur city life. The repetition nf famjllar street noises dulls the ear and has the effect of s'.nwIiiK our peiceptlon nf sound. He calls this the law of psychnloidcal habit It lias Wen the cause of many accidents. This truth Is one of which nil motorists are aware. "Is there nn automobillst," he neks, "who hn. not verified this fact for ' li.mself, who has not observed psycho- Im:lcal deafness In the pedestrian who fnl' seems to hear the horn at the """".r"1 7" ,h' T, " ,". "i W r"1 " "' old nni1 """ the deaf, whether younn or nld. those who take dons out for walks nnd hne the care of children n the streets, have long been nwnre ' ''il terror that stalks the sttcet .. Apparently M, Loubei m o.- . a on the distinction evtwico sinnuls i made by Lord Itnylelgh In hi" ' Theory They may be clnsed ns musltal Htnl unmusical, the former for comcnlfiice may be c.illcd notes and the latter noises. The extreme cases will raise no difficulty; every on knows the difference between the i lln'" of " Piano nnd the squeaking f a motor born. But It Is not easy t draw the line of separation In the clamor that readies across the streets of crowded cities. A myriad of sound Influences go to develop and form this clamor. In two different ways, hut each equally effective, n horn with a low and i high note performs the ultimate I function of sound, which la to be I heard. WOMEN'S VOTES. An Attack on the Programme nf the ( iiiigrcsslonal I'nton. To Tin Km tor or the Srs Mr. Miss I ,,,, ,.,, m,k(, ,, Matc.m(.n, ns to the aim of that organization, iWilrh Is to force the passage of a na tional suffrage amendment 11 what rlht do the women of the Congressional l'nlon take upon them selves to decide the polltlral fate of all (he women of this country? The great majority of American women do not want the vote, l.ess than in prr cent of them nsk for It, n statement frequently made by antl-suf-fiagists, and strenuously denied h. suffragists until latel, when Mi. Carrie Chapman Catt came out with ttuuies ptolng It tine, Sui el the remaining fn per cent , If they want the vote, hnc every oppor tunity and unceasing Importunity to make their wishes known. Should Congress pass any amend ment granting equal suffrage It would constitute an Infringement of Stnte right", fnr it l a State Issue, To do away with State rights Is to do away with the present form of government, and that men should, at the demand of a small minority of women, be so weak ns tn plunge the couniry Into any such upheaval Is be) end belief. As to any fear of these women politically one has only to recall their threats in the past, as, for Instance, when they "blacklisted" nine Senators end nine Representatives as a revenge for disappointments In Congress The Senators selected were: Lodge of Massa chusetts, Hoot of New York, Brandegee of Connecticut, Clarke of Arkansas. Dillingham of Vermont, Fletcher of I'lnrlda, tinre of Oklahoma, Fhlvely of Indiana and Smith of Maryland Mr. Lodge's term doea not expire until 10)7 Mr Hoot waa not a candidate for reelection. Senators rtrandegee, Dillingham. Clarke, Kletcher, Gore, Shlvely and Smith were nil reelected The Representatives picked for an nihilation were; Underwood of Ala bama, Mann of Illinois. Fitzgerald of New- York, Page of North Carolina, Callaway and lianier of Texas, (larirlt of Tennessee. Hay of Virginia and Slsson nf Mississippi, Mr. I'litlerwood wan promoted to the Senate nnd the remaining eight were all leelected According tn Miss Paul, the Con gressional l'nlon will support nny candi date, be he good or be he bad, lit for the duties of t lie nthce or totally unfit, provided he sas he Is In favor of equal suffrage, Anything more futile or moto thoroughly un-American than the poil tlon Inken b.v these suffrage Americans cannot he Imagined. Marv Apams Mavnarii, New York, June 10 He Was the Senior Ciaaa, f'nii Me Sun Prnnritcn Chrmiirlr rharlen tMirp wai the lone graduate of the Wheatland, Cel., High School. Mra Margaret McNaught, State CnmmlMlnner of Klementary Schools, mads the com menrement addreia tn him e waa the guest of honor at the alumni dinner and parly and the board nf education nent mora than avanty. nva mile to preMnt .nun wiid a aipioraa. CAMPAIGN PUBLICITY. I,aw and Public Sentiment Against Of flee to Reward Party Service. To tub Kditor or The Son Sir: The selection of Mr. HuKhes ns the candidate of the Republican party Is of the utmost significance In Its relation to campaign publicity and Its Importance to the na tional defence. The American people nre willing to prepare their navy and army for the national defence, hut the State Department and the diplomatic service, Its first line, demand equal attention. The heads of the State. Navy and War departments should not be selected on account of past or anticipated political service. Party organltatlon under our party government requires recognition of service, hut let such recognition not Infringe upon the national defence. The campaign publicity moirment hnd Its origin In the Presidential election of 1(04, The agitation over contributions of corporations led to an Investigation In the Htate of New York by a legislative committee of which Mr. Hughes was the counsel. Governor Hughes In his first message to the New York Legislature aid: There la nn better wav nf putting an n4 tn bribery and corruption than by em pelting full publlilty as tn campaign e pemllturea, and this was the Infant of the legislation taut year. From the statement tiled after the last election the public has Warned of the large amount that ar needed fnr legitimate usaa during a cam paign, and party nrganltatlona have se cured from heir managera an account nf the manner It which the money (ntrumed tn them was spent The value of this leglalatlon la principally found In the meana provided for the acrutlny of the statemenla flld, and the provision permit ting private Individuals to Institute a legal Inquiry for this purpnus la a very Impor tant advance toward the dulred end. The efforts to secure a provision for the enforcement of the Kederal law sim ilar to that In the New York publicity statute to which Governor Hughes re ferred as "a very Important advance toward the desired end" have been un availing, Mr. Hughes's election would undoubtedly enable us to carry out all the purpree of campaign publicity. Our organization has never ceased tn Insist that one of the chief purposes of campaign publicity legislation Is to pre. vent, as far as may he possible through publlrity, the purchase and sale of puh lie oftlces la recognition of campaign obligations, whether of nomination or election. Campaign publicity haa there fore n distinct and Important relation to the national defence. Army corps and battleships are not entrusted tn Inex- ferlenced commanders as rewards fnr slltlcnl contributions or party service, The responsibilities of our Government as a vtnrld Power have demonstrated the need nf training and experience In the State Department nnd the diplomatic service, which together constitute the first line of national dr-feme. The pending Presidential election Is the second to h held under the opera tion of campaign publicity laws. It mny be assumed the public sentiment will, as In 1 91 1, require a faithful nbservance of ilini-s laws nn the part of rampaign committees, national, Congressional and State, of all political parties, hut It re main to b seen how far the spirit nf the law was nh-erved at the nominating convention nr will be by the Incoming Administration, whichever paity may be successful. It Is to be hoped that the bartering of the great places for political service nr for rampaign contributions will hereafter nnt again be tolerated as biting been chiefly In compliance with exigencies of personal or party ad vantage. Mr Huehes hn already announced In I ill- mivi-Hpr- oi HrrrpiHlirF inni inrre I should h n" sacrifice nf national Interest tn partl"an expediencies. I'rnnr rtrt.MOVT. President National Campaign Publlrity SKorlatlon Nkw York, June 1J. SAVING CONVICTS. A I'lea for Hentlrness nnd Instruc tion In Their Treatment. To nir. KniTiiR or The Pun sfr,- i suggest Hint "H K. 11.." who In a letter to Tllic St'N rldb uled the reforms at Sing Sing, mentioning a vistt from an "alumnus" of that college, should not confine his ev'dence to that one case of bnrslarv Ccini'mils hnve existed frnm time Immemorial nnd will exist till Hie entire huui.m r.n-e be nenr perfection. J tit I that is no jeason why we should not do all we can to enllBhten that class a- far as possible i'heie aie .ilw.ivs men who cannot and will not improve Pol ihem Ihc only treatment I . nntlnenient and forced labor. Hut by fni Hie larger class f criminals Is made up of those who have not bad proper understanding "f morals tausht to them .-it childhood : vvliu hive a false Impreislon tli.it thev nrt" luckless nnd that cvei.v thing Is against them, nr who see no hope of betterment have not the reason to seek It, and consequently live the only lives open tn them. Should we not jue this large number of souls" Is not kindness, and eon liilerallon necessary in tlu-t end" Such tteatment does not make the thoinitghty had diss worse, and even if one or two selxo a chance of c ape. does It de moralize the others" I Mil It when Peter Cullen escaped, who, tie ei theless, real ized his mistake and returned" It seems plain to me fat by far th" greatest Kood ts done by gentleness, that If, not "mushy" but ' mp.itlicflc gentle ness. All men nre Rod's creatines, and why should we not help iliem In attain the goal which they do not see hut toward which we all are moving virtue" Think nf yourself as a father; think of your son. whose sweet fare and gentle mien were nlwas your grent Jo.v , think If lie now, fallen among bad com panions, was forgetting your loving ad vice still you know lie has good quali ties hut they are sleeping, He Is n prison; he thinks nf the more foi Innate beings ns "lucky devils," but sees tint that he Is one of them In na ture, except for his misguided practices, He dues not see that his wrong Is most hurtful to himself Would harsh practlc recover him to his proper element" I sometimes think of the words of Newton on seeing n prisoner luring led nvvnj ; "There, but fnr the grace of rind, gees John Newton " John F. Fowi.fb, Jr. Nsw York. June in. .links la Strong for Rllrhln. Did .llnke admire. Ktichln and would fnl- low him to- -well. Moat anv pl.i. e (lint's warm enough for parinsU In dwell Tor Jlnka has chills and fsver. hut swears he Un't scared, That Kit hln line ihe right Ideaa on how tn b prepared. "The nwike me verv tired, them expert navy men" fty .links unto his nelahbnr sa ha takei iiiltuiie nanln "Thev've lived Ion much upon lh ata and have too bread A view. A landluhher Ilka Kitchen ran ahow -em w hat Is true " 'H sterla" nnil 'Jlngnl.m' la awful ihlnas tn see, I'm rliibt III flghtln' hard to keep enme little pork fer me. Per If ur buy them batilrsliipa nn irreks will not lie dredard, And I can't get the iunni home fer which my word nut pledged. "A navy thafa Jeet big enouih lo make oma kind o' urine. la gnod enough fer Kltchln. and Kltehin oughter knnw. lie ain't been queered by w sarin a unl- fnrm at e, Sn Kltchln'- llit,e nav) l nun- big ennvuh fer ma," . aalat.. t vifsii. THE CASE OF THE ADELA. In No Conrt Was the Question of Treatment of the Malls Ralea. To the Eciron or Tits Bun Sir: Tn rt-plv to my comments on his form of argument .Mr. A. Maurice !xm In an other letfer to The Sun has presented what he calls "precedent and authority." He remarks: t am afraid Mr. Blgelow la nnt aa well Informed on th legal, political and mili tary hlitnry of bis own country at ha ought to baj otherwlie he would not hava asked the question. I did not ask the question which Mr. Low goes to the pains of answering. My only question was the abstract one whether there could be a law auperlor to that of British Interests. Perhaps I ought to know more history lhan 1 do. At any rate, 1 appreciate Mr, Low's well meant efforts tn Improve my mtnd In thnt direction. But a man may he an Ignoramus In every branch nf history and et toe rational. That Is all that Is necessary to puncture Ihe fallacy at which I have aimed. I did not say that there was no prece dent for (treat Britain's Interference with neutral malls. There Is perhaps no wrong for which some precedent may not be found, t called attention to the fact that Mr. Low had not cited any, nnd was attempting to make his point Independently nf precedents, on the principle, apparently, that a neutral has no rights which Oreat Britain Is bound to respect. Nothing In Mr. Low's last Utter bean upon this criticism, except to confirm It. He cites an alleged precedent which la no precedent, and, concludes with the observation! Surely as a good American Mr, Blgelow will admit that a precedent established, set up and enfotce.j by Ihe (Internment of th United Htatet In IMS Is a moat excellent precedent for the Brltlah Gov ernment to follow In I'll. This Is of a ple-e with the reasoning In Mr. Uiw'i first letter. Why does he refer to me as "a good American"? Because he assumes that my mind works the way his does, t take this on the whole as a compliment, hut I protest that I have not the national spirit which he attributes tn me. All the patriotism that I can summon up does not enable me to see that a precedent made In 1562. though It be hy my own Government, Is necessarily good prac tice for the Rrltlsh Government or any Government to-day What Mr. Ixiw tries to Justify In the present methods of the Rrltlsh navy may have been law ful In 1SI: nnd he unlawful In 191. Hut I do not admit that It was lawful In lSfil. I deny the alleged precedent. To he a precedent It must he an Hct of the same kind as the present nets and must have been adjudged by a court or other superior authority nf the t'nlted States to be lawful and proper. Mr. Low- cites the case of the Adela, He represents this vessel carrying merchandise and malls from one Rrltlsh port to another ns being captured by a Federal cruiser and brought to Ke West as a prize of war. and her malls as being detained and examined hy Federal officers The Adela was destined for a hloi kuded port Wal lace, 2fiii). This differentiates her case from the cases under consideration In tlie present war, cases of neutral desti nation, A neutral port cannot be blockaded , that Is, not legally. But as suming that the Adela was destined to n neutral or unblockaded port and that the case was one of the same kind as In the present war, It wan not, so far ns malls were concerned, sanctioned or approved hy either the Judicial or the executive branch of our Government. It lame before the Supreme Court as a case of capture and condemnation. It vn.s subsequently beard by the Anglo American Claims Commission formed under the treaty of Washington (May S, 1-71) on a claim of unlawful cap ture, and the claim was unnnlmousl disallow ed. In ne ther court was any question raised as to the treatment of malls. Hid the British Government and pen pie resign themselves to having their malls opened and searched by n belltger mt" No Such action, so far as It took place, wan discountenanced and stopped hy the Culled States Govern ment. The Adela was captured, Mr. Low says, on July 7, 1H2. Refore the facts wire established In Washington action was taken to prevent the practice which Mr. Low would have us recognize .is n piecedcnt. It was August S, 1S62, when Secretary Seward wrote to Sec tetaty Welles; I am directed hr the President to aak nu tn cive the fnitolng Instructions ex pllcltl in the naval nflk-ere nf the United I..-k- "r r!-H!iic- of forclcn authorities ar- tn tin n.,, ha. on anv pretext, to he broken or p,r e entered M- th-ni. read I In am nnwi .mi h'-rl!) of the t'nlted States; in 1l t-.it" nt Mitin -bine c-inxeying such I pnr.-e, and ,iuli scicl or fastened hy fi-ielfcll suihnrllt. - nil he tn the dis cretion ef the Cnlted state, oHoer tn whom ! thc rai none delivered tu th consul, ' cmiiinn-llns naval oitlcer. or legation, of in- mrriKn ' "V ern mem in rt openeq upon the understanding that -hateer l rnn Unhand er Important as evidence con irrnlne He ihnr.ictcr of a captured vessel wi I he remitted to th- prlne cnurt m- tn the svereury of P ai at Washing ton, or ii, h eeilrrt bxirs er rrces rnar he st niic - forwarded to this Department, tn lb- end that ih proper aiithorltlea nf the foreign Hmernnient may receive the Hine v-hhout delay Tin re was nn provision made for In tercepting Infntmation that might In terest and irinh the enemy Subee iiuenlly the following Instructions were Issued 1'iihll. nulls of anv friendly n- neutral Power illl'v iei nlet or authenticated s. such I found en boa id raptured vessel), shsll not he e,inhcl or opened but h" put as speedily si maj he convenient en the w.iv to their destination (Seward In Welles, Oclnher JI. IS(,:i II appears that thee Instruction' were not promptl carried out, that In spile of them theie was at first some examination of neutral mails, not to Intercept Information Intended for the mom, but to obtain "euence either for or against the acquittal or con demnation of the vessel and cargo." It Ii- this exceptional, repudiated action of over .tut venrs ,iCo which Mr. Low would now r.ike up In Justification of a different practice at picsent sanctioned and pieseiilied by the British Admiralty The Instructions of our Government tvcie put Into effei t ami me the true Index of tlie course of Hie l ulled States In the case of the Adela There Is but one w.i in which Mr liw can make It serve hlni as a tuecedetil. That Is I'v bringing the British Admli.iltv lo uniform lo it throughout, which mentis Its Issuing ,md rnfnicliiK instructions inrrespomllng lo those which were l. sued by our I lovet ninent. John HiiiKtow. Ilium. vmi Cams, June 0, Miaiild Cncland Rule Ihe sCHS-. j 'l'n T"' I'-l if Tilt; Si n .,sir- V, mil me to say In repl to jr rorlf e . on en, ranailtiin" ,ha, llngland'a I nor uir seas noes not seem consistent any more Him it seema Just Ii can be founded nnlv on th doetilne lh, it might m.ikch right 'ndci'd (-,. luill.in" iiilmltN as uiucli but that Is the very doctrine that Ilnlainl piofesscs to lie tight Ing against Now I cm unili ist.inil a people pre tending tn rule a ce.tHln countrv , lounlries, but the se.is w made 1,,'r nil hle,,r, ,rr'1,'n'1 J","1' ""' ''"''"" vL v . 11 ,N Amkiiican. Nkw v,iibk, June in. Heferred tn the Center. To Tn Knirna r Tlir s, v rn J!,.1",.l fi"' '"n dmi..nn " the Hall of Tame: Wiwaus, alUBt ID, KEEP VIGIL WITHIN, WARNS DR. HIBBEN rrinppfon's ITpntl Tolls nrndn- 1 Jitlnjr Clnss Foe Without Is Not Greatest Mennrn. FOR SACRIFICING SIM KIT rniNCETOff, N. J .Tune 11 tn V. bsecAtaurests address tn the ,inn mM, bers of the graduating class nf Pnn,- ton University nnd a host of visitor, alumni which taged the capacity -Alexander Hall here this morning Pre. dent John Orler tllbhen wari"d that t'-. country had less to fear from a fna try without than from enrwtlng fnrce. within It. He believed that the cnumrr was In grave danger from a spirit rf selfishness and complacent optimism an a confirmed habit of Indifference ani Inertia. 'Upon many occasions during rbe, p year t hnve expressed my views upor the urgent need of mllltn'y rrepartl. ness." said President Hlbhen. '"There, fore I am sure that I shall rot h- mis,, understnod If on this occasion I m. phaslxe our national need of moral and spiritual preparedness. Thsre hn ! of late a revival of the national Idea. "The question which I would urs upon your consideration is nnt whether we are prepared to beat Kick a foreln foe In the time of a great nation' per1' but whether we are prepared to meet our obligations and reallie our oppor tunities In the face of nnt only the nrd1. nary duties of life but of the cxtranrd! nary possibilities which the present world tragedy forces upon us a a ns tion. Our country Is nt the present tlmo In grave danger danger whlc comes fmm s confirmed habit of -t-d . feience and of Inertia, frx-m the eplr t .' selfish Indulgence nnd of a cninphcnt optimism. Sera fi real eat tlanarr Within. "In our day and generation we have been 'dazzled by a too near view nf material tilings." The 'man without a country' to-day Is not the exile, the ev cast, Ihe traitor, but Ihe one who lire' In smug respectability and self-conte- with no thought of his countr s tee and no concern for the realization e' a manifest obligation. It Is not t ie f without hut the enervating forces nit.i which cause a nation to sicken and n' This Is our greatest menace "It Is Imperative that we ehn-jll recognize our true relations as Individ uals to our country. Aid the tru re lation also nf our country to the w-nr'd Kteh Individual shnuld contribute ti' gifts and powers to th nation thv Ite life may be the more complete We have hut a brief time at best to pUv our part nnd do our share. By what n do or hv what we leave undone n" country Is richer or poorer. Is Impe 'e forward or held back, ts ennobled or de. graded. "Patriotism Is not a selfish love my land against all others,' but 'm land for all others.' The evlrlt of tlonnlism Is a splilt of seivhe T Individual Is fnr the nation, but th ' -Hon for the wotld "Our country s not to be regnd by us as a mere environment tn w i to live, to work and play, to vuis pleasure and achieve a name nnd fan It Is rather n living organism of will each of us Is a part, so const'fu' that one suffers with all and nil wi one. Thin Is the solidarity which t -true spirit of nationalism alone h give. We must not forget that r ,- Is a common lot with our fellns-s l'rea Attention to Dattei. "There has been too much tnl - 'n limes past In our country of the r,.-l,s of man. The time has come to empSa size the common duties" of man " w-e are as ready to recnjnlie our evident obligations as we re to fight for nur Inalienable rights w nre In the way of solving many of t' most perplexing problems of our rat'ney life and nf our International rel.iti Patriotism cannot h adequate v dee- merely ns a love of country. T"r t' love may b wholly selfi-b patriotism Is consciousness of oh 's-it . and nf rendlness for sacrifice "The world at large Is not iq the environment of our nation, the se graphical setting of our native Other n.illonn nre for us nm r- -. markets In which we trade end w we cm regard Milely as source ' stmrdy. Our obligations cwnnnt be a -quately estimated In terms of forrirn n ihange nr by the balance of expor a-'. Imports. "Theie an organic rela'ion n's" Our destinies are bound together "e dare not regard the people of ntl-e-lands and other races In a spt-1' ' Hloofnis, Overwhelmed by th i-e world disaster they need niir help -we are abundantly able to giv ' When finally they emerge from the v' ley of Hie shadow of death we e-u-uti.te our power to theirs In order m s'uarnntco and enforce the rclcn permanent peace. America Is being critlcid ikr.' tn-dav with words not nnlv of bit e e.i but or siom. It Is alleged' that no only nf our material comfort aM vcnlence. and that all our tbonc' u . on the level of (he things wi ne weighed and measured an! ' We may resent this, but -ve n -fess with no slight degree of lr, tlon that theie s a incisure c' s In the Indictment. II will not i" tn dejiy this statement r ,, Cr- , In pride We mu-t show b e -that we prlre honor nbnve cmi Justice above tn'n and mer. . Justice nnd tb.it we would c' , i down our II x r- rather thai ' to ourselves In peace , prove fa'se to ijo,( and nm President lllbben praised Ion men who have g.me f. In relieving the suffering , stricken lands. URGES DIVINE RULE FOR Pf.V I'rcsldpnt Demurest ,( lliur Wools .ml fin I , mill New Bin Nrwii H, i I''' sulci 1 1( inarcsi . , c.ilnnreiite sermon in i class f ItiitK' ' k c .1 . fc- . . nllig. He look as h .. tex- doni Come' anil ina-n-ai-ie i kingdom of itnil wont. i . ,., wav of the croat and in re is l gellsui of the cliuieli bv w c and unselfish patriotism nn.l i render of the human lent to t llghlenusiiess hhI gr.ne "IMVIIIO Mile IS the onlv c llghlenusiiess ami pe.ue n falls," he said Tin. bout U: -MnRilmii -if tlnd nit nci.is t darles of nations, of r.u e, . ci cod, The present world inure- than between ti.iti.n -great stums e of wothl evil ng vino right. Itlght zest fe , honor and preparedness merrea fo- the greatest good in "ve world, the political wor'd "ie world, true progress Is n,e t mastery of the laws of t). 1 worldwide reaction the res nnd supieme dntv of our m extend a Christian clv.lli.vUon.' EH