A HAPPY BLENDING.
The amalgamated SUN AND HERALD
preserves tho best traditions of each.
In combination they cover a wide field
and make a greater newspaper than
either has ever been on its own.
Fair to-day; to-morrow fair and
warmer; fresh northwest winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 37; lowest, 35
Dualled weather reporte will be found on the editorial
AND THE NEW YORK HERALD
VOL. LXXXVII. NO. 168 DAILY.
PRICE TWO CENTS
IN NRW YORK CITY AND BlIlIURna
NEW YORK, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 5, im-cZAuobJ jr:RW,M,,
on TftAiNR Asn BKswwunma.
r : ......
REFUSE TO GIVE
Deniaiiil of Allies for Great
Primiimls of the Wnr
GOVERNMENT AT STAKE
Hek'lMvehr Would .Xot
Olie.v Even if Orders of
Arrest Were Issued.
BACK MP 15V 3IOXAHC1IISTS
Even loiiil)Iii'iins Arc Unwill
ing to Surrender the Men
EXPORTS ON CREDIT,
IMPORTS FOR CASH,
Reginald McKenna, Once British Chancellor of Ex
chequer, Explains Cause of Dollar Premium,
Saying Remedy Is to Bring Expendi
ture Within Revenue.
I.OMHtN. Thursday. Feb. .'. "Th
uirrenilor of lliot men Is virtual))- 1m-
posihlp. turn It how you will," said
Minister of llcfence Xoske In an In
ItriicM lth the Dally Mall's Berlin
correspondent, referring to tho de
ruind for the extradition by tho Allies
ol Germans churned with war crimes.
Tlil demand Is an act of revenge.
fl'ore Hum Mijiock's," he continued.
''Suppose 1 succeeded In getting: them
irretrJ. Do jou think the train tuk
Intr tliom t Hrnnce would he allowed
lo cro I lie frontlerl And If a crowd
held up that train, do you Imagine that
I fouM order Hermans shot down so
that otlier Germans should bo handed
oicr to the re-enge of their enemies I
The en-crnnirnt mifrlit resign, but
wh.it party could take Its placet"
(The mrres-ponclent says that passive
resistanne apparently will be the -attitude
f Germany toward the allied
II,- RAYMOND SWING.
Hi! rorrespondent of The Scn and New
Hem.iv. Feb. 4. Tho German Gov
rnment will refuse to comply with
he extradition demands of the Entente
Mies for men who are charged with
rimes arainst tlyllization, the corrc-
pondent of The Sun and New York
Ieuld learns on n"lghest authority.
'ii the other hand, the Government
ill stand ready to accept whatever
'tf-rnailve is proposed.
in Entente circles It was said to-day
.at there never has been a riuestlon
iat he Kbert Government could carry
J! the extradition terms of the Treaty
.' Versailles. When the treaty was
jneri special attention was called to
'.is feature of It, and it was asserted
at the Ucrman plenipotentiaries then
jneii it only because of the fact that
e only alternative was allied oecupa
on of tiermany and her dismember-
The tieilln Tngcblatt, after declaring
list of persons demanded by the
Hies surpasses anything which even
e greatest pessimists had considered
-sibli- says : "One now realizes what
tmtndous 'stupidity It was to offer to
Sti a pare treaty the terms of which
( Impossible to execute."
The question now Is primarily one of
fiovernment's own authority. Its
ominatiun of the Uelchswehr never
as as strong as the domination of the
.Mfhsphr over the Government. The
!flchwhr even' one here agrees.
ould refuse to obey tho Government's
immanil to arrest the leading Gen-
als, or even the less important men.
W ( iinlliieil ( MonnrchUtii.
It wsetted here frequently that
' Ut In.i- s not confined to the mon
fl)Kt u! is shared by Republicans.
1'Iouht. ih tie people of the country
sinct i, , ppotcrl unanimously to the
"refill ,,n f tne men wliom the Allies
' Mwl lnii-pil the only class which
irt.t dti f. to It Is that of the workers.
Kvn fn. tlL. treaty terms became
own in ijermany and the German peo-
real mi that a demand would be
'le for i he men charged with war
"on nurd on Fourth Page.
NEW YORK HERALD
The Daily Issue
1P M Ja)- )f ford p ublit-tion it SUN
EW Y0RK HERALD Office,
Q B nay
'fun' ,',f l,!,or!; publication it
M Branch Offi:;j.
I' M. Da) befora publicition at SUN
AMI KCW Vdlii lir-n., r n
4 voD,i-S.VurdlJr ' SUN AND NEW
'ORK HERALD Office, 230 BVir.
M.Siturdij it All Bunch Office-.
Special fable Despatch to Tnn Sc and New
Copyright, K0, all rights rtnenii.
London, Feb. 4. Reginald Mc
Keniin, formor Chnncellor ot tho
Kxcheqtior, in n statement to a corre
spondent of Thk Sfx and Xbw York
Hebalu outlined a practical solution
of the foreign exchange problem. Mr.
McKeniin la.xt year succeeded 'Sir
Kthvard Holdeu as chairman of tlio
London Joint City and Mldlnnd Bank,
the largest financial Institution In the
world, with 1,700 branches in the
United Kingdom and on tho Conti
nent. He Is. regarded as the foremost
financial authority In England. Ho
''Obviously the essential condition
for tho restoration of European ex- REGINALD McKENNA.
changes is a full revival of European industry, and this can he accomplished
only when the Governments of the various European nations have brought
their expenditure within the compass of their revenue. So long as they
meet their requirements by internal borrowing, followed by on unlimited
issue of pnper money, there is no possibility of a restoration of normal
America's Refusal to Lend Money Justified.
"America is right in refusing to lend money to Oovenmieiits which
have not put their own houses In order. When, however, a country
ceases to isme fresh purer money the supply to it of the raw materials
of Industry, or nvaclfinery and railway material on credit, will prove not
merely a policy dictated by a humane desire to restore the ravages of war
but also will he excellent business.
"England will prove that she Is quite willing to do her share In re
storing Industrial life In thosesparts of Europe where It has collapsed and
several of the neutral countries, notably Holland, Switzerland and Scan
dinavia will show themselves not less ready to aid Europe by giving such credits
as will enable the economic life of the devastated countries to be set going."
In view of tiie fact that the United States trade returns show that
England, France and Italy were the three countries from which America
derived her favorable trade balance and that the trade balance of tho
rest of the world Is against her Mr. McKenna was asked If he thought
It was not necessary for America to conserve these markets from the danger
of being cut off by the heavy premium on exchange.
"Yes. it Is necessary for her to do something to conserve them," he
replied. "I am strongly In accord with the substance of the statement
made by Secretary Glass that it is the imperative duty of the Governments
of the world to limit their expenditures to the amount that they can raise
Export Sent on Credit; Imports Paid in Caih.
"If England were not assisting countries less well off than herself
by exporting goods to them on credit the dollar would not now be at a
premium in this country and there would be no adverse trade balance now
In British foreign trnde If It were not for the large amount of goods still
being sold to France. Italy aud Belgium on long credit contracts. Great
Britain's production for export, coupled with her receipts from shipping,
foreign Investments, &c., are sufficient to pay for her imports. As part of
her exports still are for credit while her Imports are for cash there Is a
balance of trade against her."
Mr. McKenna looks with the greatest optimism on England's ability
to take care of herself without external aid, financial or otherwise, and he
made it an emphatic condition of his statement. that nothing connected with
his remarks should be construed otherwise, but he docs not overlook the
lmriortant ties binding England, America and the Continent together, and
he believes that reconstruction oil the Continent will proceed gradually, hut
steadily, with the concerted and harmonious assistance of the rest of the
world. Regarding England's position lie said:
Britain Can Pay Her Way, Her Output Good.
"There is not the slightest reason to suppose that production and In
dustry are on their beam ends'. In Great Britain the output is good, suf
ficiently good for us to be able to pay our way. I am not alarmed by efforts
I') some quartets to make It appear that England Is suffering from Internal
strife and Is threatened with industrial revolution.
''The labor situation in England Is less threatening In a revolutionary
or anarchistic or bolshevistic sense than In any of the leading countries of
the world. Here, as In all countries, men are suffering from a nervous
reaction, and In many cases also from fatigue. Taking the mass throughout,
however, the temper of labor in England is good. There Is some discontent
and general unrest arising from high prices, which constantly are going
"However admirable it may have been In wnr to disregard money In
the supremo effort to obtain military efficiency, It Is disastrous to let over
spending become the normal feature of the Government's policy. The crea
tion of credit consequent upon the Government's borrowing Increases the
purchasing power of he community without .any Increase In commodities
and drives jip prices. This gives rise to discontent; but on the other hand
there Is little or no unemployment and 'there Is a constant demand for
goods of every kind and trade everywhere Is active."
SEE NEW HOPE
FOR A CUT IN
Experts Believe Decline in
Exports Will Result in
DUE TO EXCHANGE PALL
Under Present Conditions
Goods Will B(Timicd Into
TOO COSTLY FOR EUROPE
END IS IN SIGHT,
Peak to Be Beached by End
of Week', Followed by
379 DEATHS HIGH MARK
Commissioner Finds Condi
tions Improved in Twin
MOIiE NURSES JQIN F1G.IT
, Settlement of $1,000,000,000
Trade Rnlnnce Held by Amcr-
ienns Rccomingr Difficult.
Falling Pound Throws
Stock Yards in Turmoil
Competition, But no Trade War With America.
Mr. .McKenna then discussed the odd paradox which appeared to be
evident In American feeling toward England. His nttentlon was called tol
the fact that Secretary Glass and Herbert Hoover had told Europe to get
back to work, hut If England In order to do so stepped out vigorously and
tried to capture the markets of the world she was chnrged with trying
to wage a trade" war with 'America. He replied:
"If America sends goods to Europe she wants naturally to be paid for
Jhcm, hut In the long run she can be paid only In one way, citherby tnklng
rroous directly or by r.uropenn goods being sold In South America or the
East or in parts of the world where the balance of trade Is against the
"But If British competition In the United Stntes and In other parts of
thb world to which the United States wishes to ship her own goods Is to
be regarded as a trade war with tho United States and not to be tolerated
It would become Impossible for Great Britain to find means of paying for
United States goods, and consequently It would become Impossible to buy
"Competition between England and America exists, has existed and
will exist, but It Is friendly competition; of tho same kLnd as competition
between two English traders or two American traders in the same market;
Special Deipatch to Tus Set and New
fJHICAGO, Feb. 4. A further
drop in the value of the
British pound brought demorali
zation in the hog market at the
stock yards to-day.
With the buying power of tho
pound sterling at its lowest
point, British orders for heavy
purchases of pork were can
celled. As a result the price of
hogs, which started at $15.50 a
hundred pounds, dropped to
The effect of the slump was
reflected in the price of shares
in packing companies. Some of
the big packing stocks dropped
?2 to $3 a Bhnre.
v : f
Special Despatch 10 Tim Srs akd New York
Washington, Feb. A. A sharp de
cline in American export trade, with
an equally sharp decline in domestic
prices, Is foreseen by Government
economists and financial authorities
as an inevitable result of a further fall
In dollar exchange In the allied and
other countries of Europe.
These experts prophesy relief from
the high cost of living from this, an
outside source, more potent and de
cisive than from domestic efforts, un
less European Governments manage
to stabilize their currency and ex
change. A continuance of the down
ward tendency, it is said, will result
automatically to shut off exports.
With the dollar at a premium abroad
and European currency at a tremen
dous discount in New York the cost
of American goods in European coun
tries becomes prohibitive. Settlements
on the enormous trade balanco held
by America 14.000,000,000 in 1910
are becoming difficult.
Rxports havo shown a tendency to
slow down. Total exports, particularly
those to Kuropean countries, declined In
December from November to the extent
ot more than $100,000,000. Though fig
ures will not be available for some time
ii is believed here that January exports
will show a further drop.
All authorities in tho United States
havo agreed that shortage in production
and a supply of goods that will not
tr.eet demands have been the chief fac
tors In boosting prices. Decline In ex
ports means, a turning buck for domes
tic consumption of Just so much in goods
tc level the shortage In domestic mar
kets. Some theorists have urged for
ycarsin, shutting down of exports to save
tho domestic situation. Such a course
has been Impossible because of the nec
essity for meeting the needs of allied
countries and because of the disturbing
economic- factors that would result,
Closing of foreign markets through pro
hibitive exchange will work the same
result through more or less natural
Largo foreign trade combinations or
ganized under tho Webb law are at a
practical standstill. Almost without ex
ception they have found a tremendous
demand In Europe for American goods
but an almost complete Inability to pay
lor tnem except on long time credits.
Itaports have come to Washington
from unofficial sources that many Amer
ican Interests that exported freely after
the armlstlco have paper and security
of European and other buyers that is
3Inyor Asked to See Streets Are
Kept Clean Another
Dentil in Sing Sing.
FIGHT ON RAIL BILL OVER;
ONL Y MINOR POINTS OPEN;
TO BE LA W BEFORE MARCH
HE'S READY FOR
LEAP TO MARS
Quaker City Flier Says Ho Will
Re Passenger in the First
RETTRX RISK ALL HIS
Rul He Wires Stipulations as
to Trip Over to "The Sun-Herald."
Although there wcro 37D deaths
from influenza and pneumonia yester
day a new high mark for 1920-
Health Commissioner Copcland for the
first time stated deflnltoly that the end
of the epidemic is In sight.
"Unless weather conditions Interfere
with favorable progress," he said, "I
feel safe now In saying we shall reach
the peak nt tho end of this week, and
from then on there will be a steady
decline. The general conditions are
satisfactory and the number of new
cases each day Is maintaining a level.
I do not look for any increase to-mor
row, but wo may find to-day's storm
reflected in the reports two or three
days from now.
"We are having an Increase In' pneu
monia cases and deaths each day, but
the pneumonia cases do not represent
new patients. They simply Indicate that
patients who had influenza a week ago
have developed pneumonia. As com
pared with 1918 tho death rato la about
40 per cent, less, and that also repre
sents approximately the differeneo In
seriousness of the two epidemics."
The report for Hie twenty-four hours
ended at 10 A. M. yesterday follows:
Catci Reported. Deaths.
num. rneu. -mmi. rneu.
Total, city 3.277
Previous day. . . 3.63
Total to date.... 4U6 9.393 1.215 J.43
Commissioner Copeland had special
cause to feel gratified that tho stationary
firemen's strike has been averted. Tho
condition of the streets prompted him to
write to Mayor Ilylan ns follows :
"I enclose a copy of a letter Just sent
to Commissioner JlacStay. I have been
Informed that his difficulty lies in the
hiring of trucks and that the fund at his
disposal for this purpose Is not sufficient
1 beg of you to give the affair im
mediate attention because It is a matter
of great public concern."
The public 13 warned against an im
postor who has presented himself at the
homes of sick persons as a doctor from
the Health Department and has charged
a $1 fee in each case. All representa
tives of tho department have badges or
Ninety-three families called on tho
xlepartment for nurses; only sixty-seven
were supplied. Twenty-six new nurses
Influenza claimed another prisoner In
the death house at Sing Sing Prison,
making the totat six. Tho latest victim
is Antonio Giordano, who was sentenced
from Staten Island.
BERNSTORFF IN LIST
OF WAR CRIMINALS
FALL IN EXCHANGE
HOLDS UP COTTON
Special Cable Despatch to The Set ixd New
Copyright, 1920, all rights reserved.
London, Feb. 4. The sensational fur
ther decline to-day in sterling exchange
In New York which was foreseen by
the larger bankers and business men
here and does not surprise them In any
way, seems to havo swept the smaller
business men and some of the newspa-
C'onditufd on Second Page.
Hindenburg and Enver Pasha
Also Named by Allies.
Merlin, Feb. 4 In the list of persons
demanded for extradition from the Ger
man Government are tho names of Duke
Albrccht of Wurttemburg, Submarine
Commander Arnabold de la PeTere, Gen.
Count Slxt von Arnlm, Gen. Otto von
Hclow, Count Johann von Bcrnstorff,
former Ambassador to the United States ;
Dr. von Hethmann-Hollweg, Gen. von
ueseier, uount msmarcK. Gen. von
Uochn, Gen. von Bothner, Crown Prince
Ilupprecht of Bavaria, the Duke of
Mecklenberg, Gen. von Brcdow, Bron
sart von Schcllendorf, Gen. Ootto von
Buclow, Admiral von Capelle, Gen.
Grocner, Gen. von Dalmllng.
l-nver Pasha, Prince Ernest of
haxony. Gen. Falkenhausen. Gen.
Falkenhayn, Prince Frederick of Prus
sia, Gen. von Galiwlz, Alfred von
Glasenapp, Otto von Gottberg, Gen. von
Gravcnltz. Gen. Count Haesler.
Dr. Daniel von Haimhausen, tho Grand
Duke of Hesse, Field Marshal von Hin
denburg, Prince August of Hohenzollern,
rnnce t;iiei .triecincii or Jlolionzollcrn,
tho Crown Prince of Germany. Prince
Oscar of Hohenzollern.
Gon. von Hutier, Ismaet Halkl Pasha,
Gen. von Kluck, Gon. von Linslngen,
Gen. Ludcndorff, Field Marshal von
Mnckcnsen, Gen. Maltzala, Gen. Baron
Kurt von Manteuffel, Gen. von dcr Mar-wltz-von
Moltke, Count von Montgeias
Robert Morath. '
Alfred Zimmerman, former Secretary
of Foreign Affairs.
Tub Svn and New York HcitALn re
ceived by telegraph from Philadelphia
last night the following communica
tion, signed by "Capt. Claude It, Col
lins, New York City Air Police, presi
dent Aviators Club of Pennsylvania,
organizer Philadelphia Air Force, in
ternational licensed airplane pilot
(phone Market 5100 before 2 A. M.)":
"Believing tho plans of a noted scien
tist to send a super-rocket from the
earth to Mars, In the body of which a
person would be stationed, can be de
veloped into a reality, I hereby volun
teer to attempt this Interplanct leap, and
offer to do so gratis In an endeavor to
realize these alms of science and to suc
cessfully alight on the neighbor world,
provided the following stipulations are
carried out and to reciprocate for the
danger entailed I am first enabled to
make a lour of the nation by air to
appeal directly to the people In an en
deavor to awaken America to the men
ace wc faco In the air and bring some
action which may result In placing the
United States on a par with other na
tions aeronautical!- before possibly ter
minating my earthly existence. It shall
be agreed that :
"I bo permitted to assist in planning
the construction of the rocket and de
tails of tho venture.
"Communication, either by radio,
light or other means, shall bo definitely
-established with Mars, and a rocket,
similar to that In which I am to make
the leap, constructed and miccessfully
launched and landed on that planet
previous to my Btart.
"A board of ten prominent scientists
shall agree to the practicability of the
completed rocket and possible success
of the same In reaching the planet with
"Ten days before the scheduled start
of tho leap Insurance to tho amount of
$10,000 shall bo taken out for me In
favor of .my heirs, with the understand
ing and consummation of a further
agreement to the effect that none of the
parties to this agreement be held re
sponsible for anything which may hap
pen to me under any circumstances."
Captain Collins in hia communication
appears to have covered practically
everything, except that he failed, per
haps through a mere oversight, to tell
how he Intends to get back after having
once landed on Mars.
Capital Hears Rumor That Dis
claimer May lie Sought
Conferees Finally Come to
Agreement on Long De
WILL BEPORT MONDAY
SEVERE BLOW TO TREATY'
Irrcconcilahlcs Pleased at the
News and Hope to Prolong
Fixed Guarantee Provision
Stays, but Time Limit
ANTI-STRIKE CLAUSE OUT
Special Despatch to Tub Sun iht New Vobk
Washington, Feb. 4. Thero now
seems to bo good reason for believing
that President Wilson has been much
put out by tho letter of Viscount Grey
'o tho London Times approving of the
Lodge reservations to tho poaco treaty.
A report of the state of tho President's
mind, which seems to bear all the ear
marks of authenticity, spread about
tho Senate to-day and went even so
far as to have It that the President
had made known his views to Secre
tary Lansing on the subject with a re
quest that they be communicated to
the British Government.
From none of those closest to the
President were denials of this rumor
forthcoming. Secretary Lansing when
questioned on the matter declined to
discuss It. It can be stated positively
that President Wilson had no previous
warning that Viscount Grey Intended
to make known his views in this way,
which ho now realizes has made the
President's stand against the Lodge
reservations, more dlfllcult.
Sackvlllc-Weiit Case Itccalled.
Whether tho Presldent'state of mind
goes so far as to meditate making a
Sackvllle-Wc8t incident out of tho Grey
lotter Is, of course, not known. The Ut
ter of Viscount Grey could be construed
as an Instance ot an accredited diplomat
meddling in American politics. The ru
mor about the Capitol had the President
viewing It much In this light.
The Republican irreconcllables were
Rate's to Be Adjusted on Basis
to Produce 5 1-2 P. C. Be
i turn for Two Years.
pleased when they heard the report of operating Income to the lines during tl
Special Despatch to The Sbs and New Yok
Washington, Feb. 4, Senator
Cummins (Iowa) announced to-night
that nn agreement had been reached
on the Railroad Reorganization bill,
which, since before the holidays, has
been In conference between the House
and Senate. The managers on tho
part of tho two houses, Senator Cum
mins said, had agreed as to all the
major features of tho extremely dl
verso moasures originally passed. The
elimination of minor points of differ
ence will be effected within tho en
suing four or five days.
The conference report Is likely to
bo submitted to botli houses simul
taneously Monday. Tho disagreement
was composed when the differences
over the compensatory features of tin
Cummins bill were settled. To-day's
agreement promises that before tho
'dato of tho proposed restoration of the
lines to private ownership, March 1,
the Cummlns-Esch measure will have
On many Important points tho Senate
conferees were forced to yield to tho
House. Also they consented to numer
ous modifications of tho original Scnatu
programme of railroad legislation.
Guarantee la Modified.
On tho question of fixed percentage
of rate return the Senato won Us con
tention that such an Inclusion In the
law was vital. The much disputed Sec
tion 6, providing for a fixed guaranteed
TWO BAFF SLAYERS
SAVED FROM DEATH
Governor Commutes Sen
tences of Cohen and Ferrera.
TO OUR READERS
Because of the paper famine we are com
pelled to restrict this issue of THE SUN AND
NEW YORK HERALD to twenty pages. The
newsprint situation is extremely serious
throughout the whole country.
Special Despatch to The Sun and New Yok
Albant, Feb. 4. Gov. Smith com
muted to-day to life Imprisonment the
death sentences of Joseph Cohen and
Frank Ferrera, convicted In the slaying
of Baret Baft In 1916. Cohen has been
saved from the electric chair seven
times by respites and Ferrera thirteen
"I am commuting the senteuce of
Ferrera upon the written recommenda
tion of the Attorney General, who states
that Ferrera rendered service to the
State," says the Governor's memoran
dum. As to Cohen, the Governor siys his
action is taken not only because tho
Court of Appeals did not unanimously
affirm his conviction, but also because
Judge Mclntyre, who presided at the
John Doo proceedings In 1919 to de
termine whether there had been perjury
in tho Baft case, wrote that "the inter-'
csts of Justice would be served by com
muting tho sentence of death of Cohen."
8,835,102 IN CANADA -
ESTIMATE FOR 1919
the President's attitude toward the Grey
letter. They took It to mean that he
will not rompromise on the treaty and
will continue to hold his Democratic fol
lowers in line against the Lodge reser
vations. This would prolong the dead
lock, which Is what the Irreconcllables
It is understood that President Wilson
learned yeiterday for the first time of
the existence of the Grey letter. He Is
said to have regarded it as an attempt
to deal with the Senate over his head.
The President Is reported to feel that
in his fight with the Senate over the rati
fication of tho Paris document Just as he
brought It homo iast July he has a right
to demand that foreign Governments
keep hands off.
Finn for Itenevreil Flsht. '
Plans for tho rcintroductlon of the
treaty In the Senate by Senator Lodge
(Mass.). the Republican leader, next
Monday have been perfected. The Sena
tor will ask unanimous consent for the
reconsideration of the vote under which
the Senate on the night of November
19 refused to reconsider a previous voto
by which tho treaty without amendment
or reservation was rejected. If tlds
is obtained Senator Lodge purposes to
ask the reference of the treaty to the
Committee on Foreign Relations and Im
mediately it will bo reported back to the
Senato with the modified reservations
embodied in the resolution of ratification,
The Republican leader made It plain
to-day that the reservations which will
be attached to the resolution will vary
from the originals only in the matter
of two strengthening changes from the
Lodge reservations adopted by the Sen
ato last November by a majority or ten.
Thereafter the treaty will be the mv
finished business before the Senate and
the battle will be on,
It was plain to-day that as soon as the
treaty Is before the Senate efforts will
be' made, in view of the admissions of
British tractablllty embodied in the
Grey letter, to bring forward the John
son amendment, making equal the rep
resentation in the League assembly of
America and the British Empire.
Population Based on Increases
of 1901 and 1911 Censuses.
Ottawa, Ont, Feb. 4. Canada's pop
ulation Is estimated by tho business
branch .of tho Trade and Commerce De
partment at 8,835,102.
The census branch has based its esti
mate for the year 1919 on tho known
increases in population as shown by the
censuses of 1901 and 1911. Such calcu
lations have in tho past proved to have
been approximately correct.
FORCE SPANISH DUKE
READY FOR SERVICE
Troops Also Prepared for
Spalato, Feb. 4. Italian cruiser ar
rived at Sebcnlco January 29. Another
Italian destroyer has anchored in Spalato
Bay, where there, are now four Italian
warships. Troops are held in readiness
at Sebcnlco In view of the possibility of
Jugoslav demonstrations there on the oc
casion t- d'Annunzlo's approaching visit.
FiUJtK, Feb. 4. Stringent laws have
been passed against falsification of
money of the city of Flume, of which
more than 40,000,00 lire already have
I been counterfeited. Gabrlcle d'Annunzio
rrr "'K'nF MC A AnCin,,s l-'8"0'' a decn-c prohibiting the publl
i 1 KLiUEi mo LifxliLj I cation of newspapers without the consent
lot his staff. Preparations arc going on
Rir the conscription ot live classes of
Flume citizens for "defence of the city,
Pat.edmo. Feb. 4. Peasants at Klbrra,
to the south of Palermo, havo attacked
tho residence of the Duke of Tllvona, dis
armed tho soldiers, wounded a cara
bineer, and Invaded the ducal palace
and sacked It. The Duke was compelled
to sign a paper ceding his land to the
peasants. Afterward the Duke, who Ut a
grandee of Spain, wjls allowed to leave.
BBfUirOOT KAKM 8AUSAOES
Back on the marlut. Sera &iror ana
period of transition from Federal to pri
vate operation, toi which Senator Cum
mins contended, was accepted with mod
ification as to the duration of lu ef
fectiveness. Provision Is made for the readjust
ment of freight and passenger rates by
groups on a basis designed to guarantee
an annual net operating income of 5'.,
per cent, of the value of the actual rail
way property used or held for trans
portation service. The period durlnir
which tho existing compensation should
bo paid tho lines by tho Federal Gov
ernment as rental was changed from
one year to six months. The duration
of the applicability of the present 5"
per cent, of guaranteed return was
changed from five years, as under the
Cummins bill, to two vears In thn ran.
Tho anti-strike nrovislons
stricken from the bill by the conferees.
But a concession was made in favor ot
the demand for somo form of control
over the unrestricted activities of labor
leaders to stir up trouble between em
ployees and employers through tho
establishment under the proposed law
of regional adjustment boards and n
central tribunal of appellate character.
Settlement of Dlspntpn.
It Is provided that whenever tho
regional boards arrive at a deadlock
the disputes shall go to the central
board by automatic appeal, and where
agreements occur Involving the solution
of disputes by wage Increases, these In
creases, must bo ratified by the central
tribunal. The regional boards would
be composed of the employers and the
classified workers. The appeal board
would be a Federal commission, on
which the public will have representa
tion, selected by the President by and
with the consent of the Senate.
A change of highest importance in
the regulation of rate return under Sec
tion 6 was made. Under the conference
agreement thero will bo a half and halt
division of the excess earnings above
6 per cent between the carrier and thn
Government. This is in a measure a
victory for the larger roads.
It was agreed by tho conferees that
the amount of the revolving fund, with
which the Federal Government will aid
the carriers during the transitory period
following Federal operation, should bo
$300,000,000. The Senate had con
tended for J300, 000,000, while the Ksch
bill provided only half that amount.
The change Is a compromise.
Asked tor an opinion as to the merits
of the modlled bill, Senator Cummins
said It was "neither as good nor as bad
an It might be."
GENERAL RAIL PAY
Loncon, Feb. 4. Three officers of the
forces of Gabrlele d'Annunzio havo been
arrested while trying to seize a sub
marine and bring It to Flume, accord
ing to a despatch to the Central News
from Rome. At the same time eight
guns and sixteen .cans laden with bombs
were stolen and sent to Plume.
Sara Toor life Pre hi Tin. An. Quia
Decision by Wage Board Ex
Special Despatch to The Sc.v axd Xeit Yok:
Washington. Feb. 4. decision Is
expected to-morrow on the demands ot
railroad abor for Increased pay anil ad
justment of working conditions by thai
Railroad Administration nciore tne roans
are returned to private operation ana
control. No general' wage advance is ex
pected. It is understood that the discussion
throughout a long conference to-day be
tween Director General Hlnea and other
officials of tho Railroad Admlnstxatlon
and tho twenty-three repreenUtivea of
1,000,000 organized railroad men turned
upon adjustmenta to iron out Inequalities
in ay and uoon overtime and adjust -
Fir Zicap MOatn. ABU JV Apjb
tnarJL-6 -"nan" and wtvltlae-concUUgiUk
it Is not a trnde war,"
qatllty you and tm rt Mid tth Farm
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