OCR Interpretation


The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, February 12, 1920, Image 1

Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030273/1920-02-12/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

1 ";.i- f-
WEAtHER FORECAST.
Fair to-day ' and to-morrow; gentle
fcbuth winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 40; lowest, 30,
Details weather report 111 be found on the editorial
Deg&
A HAPPY BLENDING.
The amalgamated SUN AND HERALD
preserves the best traditions of each.
In combination they cover a wide field
and make a greater newspaper than
either has ever been on its own.
AND THE NEW YORK HERALD
VOL. LXXXV1T. NP. 165-DAlLY.
NEW YORK, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1920.-
Copvrlght. ltM, bp Th BuH-RtraUt Corporation.
Entered a lecond clui matter, I'm! Office, New Vorlf, N. T,
PRICE TWO CENTS
IN NEW YORK CITY AND SUBURBS.
THREE CENTS
ON TRAIN8 AND ELSEWHERS.
CURB DEMANDS
PREMIER TELLS
I BRITISH LABOR
i
t
Jloyd Gcorgo Gives Warn
ing Nation Will Fight
for Its Liberty.
HITS NATIONALIZATION
Plan Failed in Russia, He
Says, Answering Attack
in Commons.
HINEHS SEEK CONTROL"
Plan Is Monaco to Country, He
Declares Prohibition Up
in Both House's.
London. Feb. 11. Lloyd George in
the Home of Commona to-day, in tho
course of a debate on the labor amend
Bent criticising the Government's re
fusal to accept tho miners' proposal
for the nationalization of the coal
mines of England, declared that if any
ittempt was made by labor to put
pressure on tho country by violence,
wch action would bo a challenge to
the whole fabric of freo government.
"The nation lias ever fought for lib
erty and will fight for it again," the
Premier exclaimed.
William Brace, president of the
Bouth Wales Miners Federation, be
tin the debate by moving an amend
ment expressing regret for "the ab
lence In the King's "speech of any
proposal to nationalize the coal mines
of the country along lines recom
mended by the majority of the mem
bers of the royal commission on tho
coal Industry, which was appointed to
advise the Government as tojtho best
methods of reorganizing tho Indus
fry" lllnrrs Disappointed. He Says.
Mr. Brace contended that the min
ers had been led to suppose that the
Government would accept the recom
mendations of the majority of the coal
commission. He declared that n,Uon
alliation would not mean bureaucratic
control. Tho Government might delay
nationalization, but, he predicted, it
could not prevent nationalization
coming.
In outlining his scheme for national
ization, Mr. Brace nald there would be
a committee to manage each pit, and
a committee for each lof tho fourteen
districts Into which Great Britain would
be divided. Finally there would be a
body with a president of mines as
chairman, to supervise all the coal fields
of the country. The miners, the offi
cials and the general public would be
represented, and each would be in the
minority.
-Mr. Brace declared that his plan was
not one of confiscation but of fair pur
chase, The Government would give the
shareholders bonds for their present
snares. He asked that a tribunal be
established to tlx a fair price for such
shares, and he would favor even a gen
'erous price.
Premier Lloyd George, In replying,
armed that It would' be Impossible to
have nationalization without bureau
cracy. Premier Quotes Trotsky
It would be baseless, he said, to es
tablish another system unless Mr. Brace
nas able to prove that It would bo
better than tho existing system. Ho
declared there was no guarantee that
under the plan proposed by the mem
ber the present output would be In
creased. The Premier ridiculed Mr.
Brace's idea that the miners would work
tarder for the State than for private
Interests.
Mr. Lloyd George created something
ol a scene by quoting from Leon Trotzky
to show that the Bolshevik experiment
of nationalization in Russia had failed
and that the Bolshevlkl had been obliged
to resort to conscription of labor. This
brought forth excited shouts of "Thanks
t your fighting r
Mr. Brace's scheme, the Premier con
tended, would discourage the develop
ment of the mining Industry, while it
as Impossible to eliminate the specu
lative Incentive except by confiscation,
ana that was a dangerous game, tq be
tfn. Tho Premier argued that what,
tw Miners Federation really wanted
"as full control of the coal Industries.
nd that to hand It over thus would
be disastrous to the community and a
misfortune to the miners, themselves.
Referring to the address of William
J'Unn, a Labor member, demanding- the
Rationalisation of all Industries, th
premier declared that If any attempt
ere made to convince tho country by
Wolence It would be a challenge to the
"hole fabric of free government On
uch an Issup, declared the Premier, "we
U fight him to the death."
Will Fight Soviet Doctrine.
Buch action, declared Mr. Lloyd
worge, would not be a strike for wages
'! betterment of conditions of labor,
out for the establishment of a Soviet,
nd that would rceir. the end of con.
"tutlonal government;
This nation has ever fought for 11b
ty and will fight for it again,- Mr.
oya George declared.
The drink question was briefly dl.
i"ed In both Houses of Parliament.
Mrl Curzon toul tho Lords that the
"' on this subject to be Introduced
u!u contain provision for shorter
"ours of sale. Tho experiment of State
nagement certainly would not be
"opped, he said.
In the House of Commons Sir Donald
clean (Liberal) said "The fact that
America has gone dry Is nn economic
Jrt of the gravest Importance to Great
Britain.- He declared the British ex
penditure for drink absolutely staggered
ilT:.. Th9 country spent more than
l,000,OOO for drink In 1914, he said.
L Continued on ffourih Past,
KOLCHAK KILLED BY
HIS OWN TROOPS TO
PREVENT HIS RESCUE
Soviet Appeal That,' His Life
Bo' Spared Is Becclvcd
Too Late.
"HOISTED ON BAYONETS"
Anti-Bol8hovik Loader in Si
beria Had Picturesque Ca
roor in Russian Navy.
London, Feb. 11. Admiral Kolchalt
was put to death by his own troops to
prevent his rescue by whlto troops
.moving in the direction of Irkutsk for
that purpose, according to a Copen
hagen despatch to the Herald, a labor
newspaper. Tho Moscow Soviot sent
a wireless message asking his captors
to spare bis life, but tho appeal was
too late.
The Moscow wireless service on Jan
uary 31 transmitted an extract from
an article from the official Bolshevik
organ Pravia, which said : "Only a few
days ago Supreme Ruler Kolchak was
hoisted on his soldiers' bayonets."
For a year Admiral Kolchak, as head
of the All Russian Government, had
loomed larger In Russian affairs than
any other Individual. As the principal
foe of the Bolshevlkl In the east, his
campaigns were watched with great In
terest. There are many who doubted
the sincerity of Admiral Kolchak's dem
ocratic protestations. The failure of his
government last month marked the end
of an Ineffectual struggle for a year
by the Siberian army against the forces
of the Soviet Government.
For many months during their retreat
the Kolchak army offered practically no
resistance. At Omsk 40,000 troops sur
rendered without firing a shot ancKvast
quantities of war material supplied by
the British were lost. Without adequate
organization from the beginning, with
incompetent and Ignorant, sometimes
traitorous staffs, Kolchak's military
reglmo has been regarded as Impotent
elnce the tide turned strongly against
htm In the late spring of 1913.
Kolchak was referred to repeatedly as
having reactionary tendencies. Certain
It Is that among his followers were
TO REORGANIZE
P. Rr R.
Will Bo Divided Into Four Ilo-
gions "When Returned
to Owners.
VICE-PRESIDENT IN EACH
Eastern Division Will Extend
From New York to Altoona
and Washington.
Philadelphia. Feb. 11. Radical
changes in the operation of the Penn
sylvania Railroad system with a re
organization affecting many of the
higher officers, was announced to
night by Samuel Rea, president, to be
come effective when tho railroads are
turned back to their private owners.
The system -will be divided into four
regions eastern, central, northwest
ern and southwestern with each in
charge of a vice-president. The re
spective headquarters will bo at Phil
adelphia. Pittsburg, Chicago and St.
Louis.
The separation In organization that
has existed since 1870 between the lines
east and west of Pittsburg Is to be aban
doned, the announcement said, and the
Bystem will become a unit In all that
concerns Its service to the puouc. in-
tead of havlntr a dividing line as at pres.
ent at Pittsburg, one of the busiest rail
road centres In the country, the whole
territory between Altoona; Pa., on the
east, Buffalo on the north and Columbus
and Crestline. Ohio, on the west, will
comprlao the cenjr-il region.
The eastern region will extend rrom
New York to Altoona and to Washing
ton on the south. The northwestern
region will extend from Columbus and
Crestline kto Chicago, and the southwest
ern will be bounded roughly by Colum
bus, Cincinnati and St. Louis.
BLOCKS MELTING OF
BRITISH SILVER COIN
Chamberlain Bill Reduces
Standard of Fineness.
Special CabU, Copyright. 1X0, b Ths Scn
xi Nxw yoix utnxtn.
London.. Feb. 11. Austen Chamber
lain, Ojaacellor of the Exchequer, an
nounced to-day that he would intro
duce a bill in the House of Commons
reducing the standard of fineness of the
silver rolns of the United Kingdom..
Dr this means ho proposed to prevent
the melting down of sliver coins to ob
tain silver, the present high price of
which Is responsible for a great disap
pearance of coins.
WORLD BARTER TO
SAVE DUTCH GOLD
Direct Exchange of
Goods
Plan of Banks.
The Hague, Feb. 11. According to
the Xlentce Courant, the Netherlands
Bank and other great Dutch financial
interests are planning an international
exchange of goods in Amsterdam, with the'
object of relieving the necessity for the
use of gold.
Direct exchange of goods will be
made, and It is hoped In this way to aid
la the resuscitation or EuroDera financial
and commercial ability.
SYSTEM
ADMIRAL KOLCHAK.
many who would havo welcomed the
return of the old monarchy. He failed
of tho support of many of the conser
vatives because It was asserted con
stantly that representative government
would be Impossible under his leader,
ship,
Kolchak was born In 1874. He first
gained his reputntlon for courage In the
defence of Port Arthur during the
Russo-Japanese war. For Ills brnvery.
then the Rurslnn Government bestowed
upon him a sword of honor. When
at the end of the war his forces sur
rendered the Japanese out of esteem
for his bravery did not take away
hlr. sword. In 1917, while In command
of the Black Sea fleet, to which post
ho had been promoted because of his
defence of the Gulf of Riga when the
German fleet tried to force entrance,
tho sailors mutinied and' demanded that
all officers surrender their swords- Kol
chak refused and tlung his sword Into
tho sea. When the sailors learned tho
history of the sword of honor they sent
divers after it and It was found, a&
the water was not deep. The sailors
returned It to the Admiral the next day
with apologies
NAVY TO BUILD
GIANT AIRSHIP
DirigHflo to Bo Largest in the
World and to Use Helium,
Non-inflammable Gas.
NEW GUN DEVELOPED
Capt. Thomas T. Craven Urges
$2,500,000 Appropriation
for Craft.
Special to The Sc." axd New York Herald.
Washington, Feb. 11. The largest
dirigible In the world will bo built by
tho United States Navy If Congress
grants an appropriation of 82,500.000
asked to-day of tho House Naval
Committee by Capt. Thomas T.
Craven, Director of Naval Aviation.
The proposed dreadnought of tho
air will bo 694 feet long, 50 feet longer
than tho airship being built for tho
United States Navy in Great Britain.
Tho one being built overseas is the
same size ns the largest In the British
navy.
In urging the appropriation, Capt.
Craven discussed the future of aerial
warfare as a complement of fleet opera
tions. The ship will carry more arma
ment than any similar craft now In
contemplation by any country. It will
use helium, the nonlnflammable gas
A new aircraft gun being developed by
the navy, a small cannon, will bo the
main weapon of the craft, which also
will mount a number of machine guns.
"The big ship' now being built will
be completed late this summer," said
Capt Craven. "Crews are being
trained now to fly this ship across the
Atlantic next falL The larger ship
that we have planned will be built in
this country after the other ahlp has
arrived from England, and Its construc
tion will require at least a year. The
proposed dirigible will require about
2,700,000 cubic 'feet of gas, and It is
estimated that about $800,000 will be re
quired for Its annual maintenance. The
outer c)oth covering must be renewed
each year.'"
Capt. Craven also told tho committee
the Department plans a large dirigible
baso at Pensacola, Ha., where hangars
will be built to house these ships. Army
hangars probably will have to be used
until new facilities to care for the big.
airships can be built ' ,
"The Department hopes to continue
nine naval air stations. Including a new
one at Hawaii," Capt Craven said
"These will toe lit Chatham, Mass. ; Rock-
away Beach, L. I.; Cape May, N.. J.,'
Anacostla, D. C. : Charleston, S, C. ;
Pensacola, Fla. ; San Diego, CaL; Pan
ama and Hawaii. An air station Is
also planned on the southern tip of the
Florida peninsula to replace the- sta
tions at Miami and Key West, which
are to be abandoned."
Bent Strikebreaker, Gets 3 Years,
For attacking a man who went to
work In n Bronx millinery establish
ment while a strike was ln progress
Herman Uffer, 32, wns sentenced yes
terday to serve three years and seven
months In Jail. He was sentenced by
Judge Louis D. Glbbs, In the Bronx
County Court, where he was convicted
last November.
Ideal Winter Weather and Sports
In the lit, at Tama. Farms, Ttaptnoch, N. T.
U i inters guest list onlr admitted.
rtrUcuUrs N. r. office TeL.IIMMsa. JLto,
SESSION
HOLES
IN THE 14 POINTS
Paris Paper Reveals Facts
of Meeting in Pichon'sOf
. fico Nov. 3,1918.
COL. HOUSE yIN A HOLE
"Open Covenants Openly
Arrived at" Didn't Mean
Public Negotiations.
,
THREAT BY CLEMENCEAU
Lloyd Gcorgo Made Reserva
tions in Regard to Free
dom of tho Seas.
7
Sptcial Cable, Conright, I M0. bv Ths Scs
and Naw Yon lIsrui.D.
Paris, Feb. 11. Several leaves from
tho official records of secret sessions
of the allied Premiers held In the
rooms of Stephen Plchon, then
Foreign Minister, in the early days of
the conference, have Just come to
light. Incidentally, they show how
the European Powers accepted Presi
dent Wilson's fourteen points.
Tho Echo do Paris prints these
note:?, which undoubtedly were taken
from the archives of the Qual d'Orsay
und published at tho inspiration of the
French Foreign Office as a rebuttal
of President Wilson's remarks to Sen
ator Hitchcock (Neb.), Administra
tion spokesman, regarding Artlclo X
The publication of the document
stresses particularly tho freedom of
action reserved by tho allied Premiers
In accepting the fourteen points.
The scone of tho discussion was Mr.
Pichon'a study in tho Qual d'Orsay.
The date, November 3, 1918, soon after
the nrmlstlco terms had been fixed by
tho allied Premiers, members of tho, . . . ., ... .. ,, ,,
Versailles Council and Colonel E. M.;Protect tho territorial integrity and
House. Llovd Georco In addressinir 1
Colonel Houso said
"If we understand the thought of
President Wilson In the armlstlco nego
tiations which the American Government
is ready to engage In with Germany In
concert with tho allied Powers, they are
subordinated to acceptance by the said
Powers of the principles and conditions
laid down by the President, of the
United States on January 8, 1918, and'
later In his speeches. Briefly, wo
must give our. assent to his fourteen
articles."
Hoaac Agree vrlth Lloyd George,
CoL Houso replied that It was ex
actly as the British Premier had stated.
Whereupon Premier Clemcnceau inter
vened :
"As to tho fourteen points, I havo not
yet read them. What are they? Let
them be made known to us."
The reading of the fourteen points be
gan. "Open covenants, openly arrived
at"
Premier Clemenccau arose, exclaim
ing: "Look here, this is not acceptable. We
cannot negotiate In a public square."
Arthur J. Balfour, British Foreign
Secretary, Intervened, explaining that It
was not a question of revealing day by
day the details of the negotiations, but
only that the alms and results of the
negotiations ought to be published. The
rest, he said, was a question for di
plomacy and should bo left to the chan
celleries. "Then all my objections are with
drawn," said the "Tiger," again taking
his seat
Beading of the points was resumed.
Article II., relatlvo to the freedom of
the seas, was barely finished When
Premier Lloyd George was on his feet
protesting :
"The Germans have abused this ques
tion -of the freedom of the eeas to such
an extent that before making any en
gagements whatever we demand to
know exactly what Is meant by 'freedom
of the reas.' "
Article III. Disappear.
Article HI. disappeared like a mist
It meant that the signatories would be
deprived of the faculty of concluding
treaties of commerce, customs, union.
&c The future status of colonies and
of disarmament was passed over. Points
touching on reparation seven, eight
and eleven elicited new reservations
by the Allies. Germany was given to
understsnd that she must not only re
store the territory she had Invaded and
destrocd, but must Indemnify the pop
ulation of those territories for their
losses.
Suddenly Premier Clemenccau turned
to CoL House, saying:
"In case we reject these fourteen
Dolnts. what would hannsnr'
Th President's unalresman . '
"The President will consider as ter
minated the conversations which he has
been engaged in with the Allies on the
subject of tho armistice."
"Will he consider as terminated also
the conversations begun with Germany
at the end of OotoberJ" asked the
"Tiger."
CoL House replied:
"I cannot give you uiy assurance on
'this point"
The climax was reached. Premier
Clemenccau interrupted:
"Adopted."
Hardly had he spoken, however, before
Premier Lloyd George was on his feet
' VWe reserve for oursolves the liberty
of formulating reservations regarding
the freedom of, the seas and repara
tions," he said.
Thus the fourteen points passed Into
history and the meeting adjourned.
HALIFAX BOYCOTTS U. S. T00D.
War Veterans Tnlto Action II c-
cnno of Exchange Rate.
Halifax, N. S., Fob. 11. Members of
the Halifax Army and Navy Veterans
Association to-day unanimously passed
a resolution pledging themselves "In
dividually and as a unit., to purchase a:i
little as possible of goods manufactured
In the United States, ro of food pro
duced in the United States," because ot
the price of the Canadian dollar In that
country.
LODGE OFFERS
REYISED DRAFT
ON ARTICLE X.
Submits Proposal on Which
There Is Possibility of
Two-thirds Vote.
HITCHCOCK IS IN DOUBT
Asserts New Reservation Is
Not a Compromise but a
Surrender.
OTHERS MORE HOPEFUL
Changes Agreed To in Bipar
tisan Conference Formally
Offered in Senate.
Special to Tna Sex akd New York Herald.
Washington, Feb. 11. Real prog
ress toward ratification of the peace
treaty with Americanizing reserva
tions was mndo to-day, when Senator
Lodgo (Mass.), Republican leader,
gave his approval tentatively to a new
compromise reservation to Artlclo X.
of the covenant of the League of Na
tions. The new reservation was drafted by
Senator Lonroot (Wis.), representing
the Republican mild reservatlonlsts,
and later was changed slightly to con
form to suggestions from several Dem
ocratic Senators. It has not received
yet tho npproval of Senator Hitch
cock (Neb.). Presumably Mr. Hitch
cock is waiting for somo further word
from tho President, upon whom all
eyes now arc turned.
Senator Lodge said he regarded tho
reservation ns virtually tho samo In
substanco and principle na his original
reservation to Article X., which de-
Irnvo Ihn nVttltrntlnn nf America to
political Independence
of the other
league members. For that, reason ho
expressed a willingness to show It to
othefRepubllcan Senators with a view
of learning how many votes can bo ob
tained for It.
If it appears this new reservation
can command 64 votes tho. two-thirds
necessary for ratification of a treaty
Mr. Lodge probably will offer it him
self on tho floor of the Senate next
week. Such action on tho part of the
Republican leader would mean that
ratification was all but certain, becauso
ho would not take that step without
assurances that ho would bo sup
ported not only by tho bulk of his own
party but by enough Democrats as
well to force through the treaty with
all of tho other Lodge reservations
virtually Intact.
Text, of Ilrservntlons.
The text of the new reservation was
in circulation among Senators of all fac
tions all day. It read :
The United States assumes no ob
ligations to preserve by the use of
Its military or naval force or by
economic boycott or by any other
means tho territorial integrity or po
litical Independence of any country
or to interfere In controversies be
tween nations whether members of
tho league or not under the pro
visions of Article X., or to employ the
military or naval force of the United
States under any article ft the treaty
for any purpose unless In any par
ticular case the Congress, which un
der tho Constitution has the sols
power to declare war, shall by act
or Joint resolution so provide
The Lodge reservation on Article X as
voted upon November 19 read:
3. The Vnttcd States assumes no ob
llgalion to preserve the territorial in
tegrity or political independence of any
other country or to interfere in con
troversies between nations whether
members of the league or not under
the provisions of Article X., or to cm
ploy the military or novol forces of the
United States wider any article of the
treaty for any purpose unless in any
particular case the Congress which,
Continued on Second Page.
CLOSING
TIME
for
Classified Advertising
in
' AND
NEW YORK, HERALD
for
The Daily Issue
9 P. M. Day before p ublicatim al SUN
AND NEW YORK HERALD O&e,
210 BVit.
8 P. M Diy bjfore puiSctlioa at
AIJBttBehOSkej.
8 P. M. Day before yubtiutiwi at SUN
AND NEW YORK HERALD OSes,
Herald Secure.
SUNDAY ISSUE
P. M. Satunk it SUN AND NEW
YORK HERALD Ofice, 230 BVit.
4 P.M. Situnkr at AQ Rraach OSces.
I P. M. Satarekv at SUN AND NEW
YORK HERALD Oflite, HeraM
MINES REFUSES RAIL PLEA;
UNIONS APPEAL TO WILSON;
STRIKE UNLIKELY AT ONCE
SEE R. R. BILL IN
SENATMWEEK
G. 0. P. Leaders Expect House
to Approve Con forces'1 Report
by Next Wednesday.
OPPOSITION NOT FEARED
Buckley and Sims Will Fight
Measure Many Democrats
for Speedy Passage'.
Special to Tns Sen aid New Yorx Hsiui.d.
Washington, Feb. 11. Republican
House leaders wero certain to-day
that Democratic opposition to the con
ference report on the railroad bill can
not block or even delay appreciably
final agreement on tho bill, which is
considered so necessary before the
roads are returned to tho owners on
March 1.
Republican Leader Mondell (111.)
and Representative Esch (Wis.)',
chairman of tho House Interstate
Commerco Committee, said tho report
will be ready for House action by Mon
day nt tho latest possibly by Satur
day. Tho prediction wns mado that the
House will approve tho conference re
port by Wednesday night, thus leav
ing eleven days within which the Sen
ate can act
Many Democrats will not support Rep
resentative Sims (Tenn.) and Repre
sentative Barker (Ky.), the Democratic
conferees; Representative Kitchln (N.
C.) and other minority leaders In their
opposition to the measure. Tills was
stated openly by Representative Dewalt
(Fa.) and Representative Rayburn
(Tex.), both Democratic members of the
Interstate Commerce Committee.
"I believe the conference report will
be agreed upon, although there are
several features of It which I cannot ap
prove." said Mr. Dewalt. "I Intend to
vote for It because I believe the, country
demands that nothing shall be put In the
way of the return of the roads to their
owners. I believe many of the Demo
crats' will take the position of a hungry
man. If he can't get the whole loaf he
doesn't refuse part of It."
Th brenlc ot this faction from the
Slms-Kitchln leadership seems sufficient
In combination- with'-HepUblicans, to pre
vent lenr delavs. RooresentAtlve Mori-
dell said to-day he was certain virtually
all the Republicans favored Immediate
action.
Mr, Sims In explaining to-day his ob
jections to the conference report de
clared he believed Section 6, providing
for the sruarantee of a return or 6
per cent., will be adjudged unconstitu
tional.
"Wnat I expect to see Is that the
stronger roads will refuse to turn over
any of their excess earnings above 6
per csnt and enjoin the operation of the
section on the grouni that It is uncon-
Bt tutlonal." he said, "mis iiugaiion
no doubt will cover tho entjre two years
durlnj which the guarantee Is to be In
effect Therefore tho Government will
be prevented from loaning the. excess
earnings to the weake' roads during the
period when they will neod credtt the
most.
Mr. Barkley said to-day that he will
Inln Mr. Sims in refusing to sign me
conference report, because of the guar
antee provisions, and win oppose uimi
agreement on the floor.
WILSON DEFINITELY
OUT OF 1920 RACE
That Is Prevailing Opinion in
Official Circles.
Special to Tn Sua ikd Nsw Yobk IUbald.
Washington, Feb. 11. That Presi
dent Wilson definitely Is not a possibility
for a third term seemed to be the pre
vailing opinion In Administration circles
to-day following tne puDiicaiion oi we
Interview with Dr. Hugn u. xoung or
Baltimore rcirardlnir Mr. Wilson's physi
cal condition. Even If there was nothing
else to prevent Mr. Wilson's health
would make his candidacy Impossible.
Up to the present Mr. Wilson always
has been In the consideration as a pos
sible nominee. No one knew precisely
what condition he was In and whether
his aliment persistently described as a
'complete nervous breakdown," might
at the last minute permit him to enter
the contest to make the fight for the
peace treaty as It stands.
Unquestionably Mr. Wilson would be
in a stronger position tn the political
sense If he refrained from making any
expression, for the present at least re
garding the San Francisco nominee.
More than any other man ho has the
power in the Democratic -party to make
or break any candidate who la not ac
ceptable to him at this time. Silence on
the part of the White House will be a
restraining factor working to Mr. Wil
son's advantage for the present
DRASTIC LEVY MADE 1
IN NEW GERMAN TAX
Fortunes and Boosted Capital
Heavily Assessed.
Special CabU. Copyright, Uffl, 6 Tax Sen
AKD NSW TOBK. UsaiXO.
London. Feb. 11. Details of the new
tax by means ot which Germany hopes
to balance her budget and to cut down
the Issue ot paper money were published
here to-day by the Economic Jleview.
The most drastic levy Imposes a tax
of from 10 to 0 per qent on fortunes
of from 5.000 marks to 2,000,000 marks.
Fortunes exceeding 2,000,000 marks will
be taxed 03 per cent A tax also Is
Imposed on capital Increased during the
war. beelnnlnit with 10 per cent on
capital amounting to more than 10,000
marks and rising to 60 per cent, on
capital amounting to 200,000 marks.
A supplementary tax levies irom o to
7 per cent tax on Increased dividends,
interest, shores, profits and real estate.
There la a tax on sales and an addltlonl
levy on luxuries. A 6 per cent tax is
levied on exports, ana a levy raaae on
import ad tokmoso, clra aaa evamte.
Prices of Food Take
Big Tumble in Chicago
Special Despatch to Tiie 8vx and Naw
York Herald.
fJHICAGO, Fob. 11. Food
prices dropped with a bang
to-day. Eggs, for instance, fresh
from the country, cnndled and
sorted, sold to-dny to the retailer
for 66 cents. The Fair Price
Commission allows the retailer 7
cents profit, although a majority,
of retailers are satisfied with 3
to 6 cents. 'That makes strictly
fresh eggs to-day 59 to 62 cents
n dozen.. Recently eggs wero
wholesaling at 92 cents and re
tailing at $1 or more.
Butter sold to-dny at 61 cents
for 93 scoro product 66 to 70
cents at retail was selling to tho
retailer in December at 75 cents.
Potatoes, wholesaling at $4.65
to $4.85 for 100 pounds, wero
wholesaling two weeks ago for
$5.25 to $5.75. The retailor is
allowed no more than one cent
a pound profit
Bakers1 flour dropped another
25 cents a barrel to-day, making
a total decline of 50 cents in a
week.
CLOTHING PRICE
CDT FAR AWAY
Dealers See No Chance of Re
duction for Another Year
at Least.
HIGH COST STOCKS A BAR
Wholesaler Tells Convention
of Campaign to Show Pub- '
lie Where Blame Lie's.
Any chanco that tho price of cloth
ing might be reduced to the consumer
within the next year was dispelled yes.
terday by the announcement by the
largest' retail Clothing manufa'ctuferar
and dealers In the Stato of New Torn
to tho effect that tho present level of
prices would continue to bo charged
until the late fall, at least, and prob
ably until this time next year.
Four hundred men and women, rep
resenting tho clothing industry
throughout the State, attended the
fourth annual convention of the Re
tall Clothiers' Association in an all day
session yesterday a( the McAlpIn
Hotel, and chief among tho subjects up
for discussion was that of the possibil
ity of a lowering ot prices for mate
rials and garments of all kinds In the
near future.
It was the opinion of all dealers who
J spoke and of many who were Interviewed
that becauso of the fact that dealers had
purchased largo stocks of goods at the
prevailing high wholesale .prices they
would bo forced to dispose of these goods
at the prevailing high retail prices In
order to save tnemselves from heavy
losses.
Ludwlg Stein, prcsiaent of the Na
tional Wholesale Clbthlers Association,
speaking before the convention, said that
tho prices could not by any chance be
lowered within a year, and added that
In a few weeks his organisation ex
pected to start a campaign, spending
more than J60.000 in newspaper pub
licity, In an attempt to teach the publlo
that It Is not the wholesale or retail
men who ore responsible for the prices.
"More production," he declared, "and
harder work and a desire to wear more
moderately priced materials are the only
things that can cause reductions of
prices."
Among the speakers at the' convention
'vesterdav were Nathan Lemleln, for
merly president of the Retail Clothiers
Association ; Gordon ,L. Stephens, Fran
cis M. Hugo, Secretary of State; Mark
Eisner, formerly Collector ot Internal
Revenue; Larry Schlff and Francis J.
Best, advertising director of Franklin,
Simon A Co.
LONGER WORK HOURS
DEMANDED IN BERLIN
Employers in Metal Trades
Want Bigger Output.
BtnUN, Feb. 11. The Arbitration
Board, to which the employers and em
ployees of tho Greater Berlin metal
trades referred, the Issue of working
hours, has decided upon a weekly sched
ule of 48 hours! actual working time.
Both parties are pound to the board's
verdict
After the employers had agreed to the
wage Increase and special allowances
they demanded that the workers contrib
ute an increased output by extending
their working hours.
FRENCH POLICY IN
SYRIA UNCHANGED
Millerand Promises to Follow
Clemcnceavs Views.
Paris. Feb. 11. The policy of the
Clemenceau Government with regard to
Svrla and the near Bast will be followed
by the present Ministry. This was made
nlaln hv Premier Millerand when he ad
dressed the Foreign Affairs Committee of
the Chamber of Deputies before leaving
for London.
"If France intervenes in Syria It will
be because she will be called there by
the Syrians or to deiena secular rignis.
he M14.
President Is Expected to
Back Decision of Administrator.
BOTH SIDES HOPEFUL
Workers Will Continue to
Eight After Lines Are
Returned'
ALL UP TO WILSON LEE
Says Promises Have Not Been
Kept Must Bo Mado
Good Now.
Special to Tns Svx and Nsw Toik Hew. id.
Washinoton, Feb. 11. Director-General
nines has definitely turned down
tho wago and other demands presented
to tho Railroad Administration by tho
2,000,000 organized railroad workers ot
the country, ,
Representatives ,of the workers
have, in effect, taken an appeal from
this decision to tho President who,
under Federal control, Is the directing
officer and tho court of last resort.
Tho action of tho President cannot
bo forecast positively, as tho papers in
the caso and the Director-General's
recommendations did not go to him
to-night. It is considered, prob
able, however, that he will support
and apprpve the position taken by T1
rector-General Hlnes.
Pending a decision by the President
there is no likelihood of a strike. In
fact, representatives of railroad labor
here stated emphatically to-night that
strike talk should bo discounted. It
was declared that tho railroad men and
their organizations were patriotic
now as. well as during the war, and
would not jeopardize the existing sit
uation. It is evident that If the President
falls to meet tho demands ot tho rail
road men or to give them tha rcllot
.they-claim - Is Imperative tlto fight
will bo carried to private control un
der th6 p'rovlslond of tho pending rail
road, bill for the settlement of such
matters.
nesponalbllltr on Wilson.
Responsibility for the present situa
tion was placed squarely up to the
President by W. G. Lee, head of tho
railway trainmen. The trainmen's or
ganization Is the only one which has
served notice ot abrogation of agree
ment with the railroad administration.
The notice was given January 23, beforo
the termination of government control.
"We know we have been discriminated
against" Lee said, "Relief was prom
ised to us In August, and we havo had
no relief. Tho cost of living has not
been brought "down, though we waited
patiently. We feel that the President
ought to make good and the responsi
bility Is on the President Director
General Hlnes's statement is accurate
and complete. Strike talk should be
cut out We are Americans and patri
otic, and have always supported the
country."
The only official statement Issued was
that of Director General Hlnes. It fol
lows: Since February 3 the Director Gen
eral has had frequent conferences
with the chief executives ot the rail
road labor organlxatlons for the pur
pose ot devising means for disposing
of the pending claims for wage In
creases. During these conferences the
executives of the labor organizations
have expressed their views with great
ability and frankness. The Director
General has not been ablo to agree
with them as to how the problem
should bo disposed of In view bf the .
early termination ot federal control,
and is now laying before the Presi
dent the representations of the execu
tives of the organizations and also his
own report for the purpose of obtiln
inc th President's decision In the pre
mises. In any event tho conferences
havo been decidedly helpful In cring
ing out a clearer development as to
the real Issues Involved and as to the
character of evidence pertinent to
those Issues, and the discussion
throughout has been characterized
by courtesy as well as candor, and
with a sincere purpose on the part of
all to try io find a solution.
All Demands Rejected.
Mr. Hlr.es, it Is understood, rejected
the men's demands tn their entirety.
nredlcated on the fact
th.it Federal control ends In a few weeks
and the questions invoiveo. enoum u
fettled ty the owners of the roads who
must operate them under any decisions
reached. The executives of tho varlou
lines Ir.volved were not represented and
had no voice In the conference.
Another important consideration was
lack of time in which to make effective
any agreements reached, and It was
brought out that the pending railroad
bill provides for meeting the situation
.. if utandiL T.ii bill provides for
regional boards of adjustment for ths
railroads ro do set up uy um iui.u
Commerce Cpmmlsslou and to hear and
settle all claims and other matters re
lating to wages, hours and working con
ditions' on the railroad with an appeal
from tho regional boards o a general
board In Washington, the decision of
which thall be flna
In this connection the statement of
the Dh tctor-General that the confer
ences have been "decidedly helpful In
bringing out a cle.irer development as
t- the nal Issues Involved and as to the
character of the evidence pertinent to
those issues" Is regarded as significant
All of the union executive officers art
acqualrted with the Dlrcctor-Oencral,
findings and reeonmendations to th
President and they read and approval
tho statement made publlo by him be
fore It was Issued. This leads Hfuia-
i
(.V)3fArif,vli

xml | txt