Newspaper Page Text
Rain or snow to-day ; to-morrow cloudy
and colder. Northwest winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 44; 'lowest, 30
l)tlld weather reports will be round on the editorial
A HAPPY. BLENDING.
The amalgamated SUN AND HERALD
preserves the best traditions of each".
In combination these two newspapers
make" a greater newspaper than either
has ever, been on its own.
AND THE NEW YORK HERALD
VOL. LXXXVII. NO. 168 DAILY.
NEW YORK, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1920.-JSlMdTi:rW,,aw T. . i. 102 PAGES. PRICE FIVE CENTS
5 In Manhattan, nrooblrn anil
jnroni. Kluewhfre 10 Centi,
HYLAN DOES BIT
WITH ARMY OF
Cussing by Truckman and
Ducking by Firemen Do
Not Deter Him.
ItAIX HELPS THE WORK
Streets in Food Districts on
West Sfde Now Well
LEGIOX RESPONSE SLOW
More Surfaco Cars Move
Downtown Sections Are
Thf Mayor of the city of New York
vent forth yesterday to see how his
fre.it army of snow shovellers was
progressing. He was somewhat dis
appointed perhaps nt tho fact that
only forty members of the American
Legion had, according to official
record?, responded to his call for
v lunteers from that mighty organ
ization. Also he may have been per
turbed over the statement issued from
the Borough President's office th'at tho
dumping of enormous quantities of ice
and accumulated refuse down the
sewers was threatening to clog those
places and make them overflow.
Several hospitals had given the
Mayor food for thought In a com
plaint to the effect that slushy streets
ere delaying the transportation of
lick and injured pcrsAns In tho am
bulances. Anyway, tho Mayor set
forth from City Hall with flro in his
eye and evident determination to clean
tho whole business up at once.
When tho Mayor reached the corner
of Worth street and West Broadway,
where clerks and helpers from scores
ot big mercantile houses were at
work with picks and shovels; his
wrath waxed high. He saw an unt
couth truck personage driving his
vehicle right through the- crowd of
hovellers. The Mayor, who had Capt
McKinney of the Beech street atatloh
with him. at the time, ran out from
the curb to stop the impetuous
And then the ears of both shovelers
and members of the Mayor's party were
tunned with a flow of language that
was warm enough to have thawed the
whole thoroughfare. It was directed at
the Mayor by the truck personage. Some
folks said afterward that he told the
Mayor to seek out a resort warmer than
Palm Heath. Others say that he aimed
a kid; at the Mayor, but His Honor de
Mayor Saves Culprit From Jail.
apt McKinney wanted either to ar
ru' tho profane man or serve him with
h furrmone, but the Mayor ruled other
wife, letter In discussing the occurence
ns Mayor referred to the driver as "an
inpauous young fellow," and said that
lie not think that he had been aware
l tho Identity of the person to whom
ie was talking.
If the Mayor's temperature arose over
Oils Incident it Drobablv took a sudden
irop a short while later when he rounded
t.ie corner of Iteade street by the. Munl
ra; Building, There a number of fire
r.m were shattering the Ice crusts and
fending the cliunks flying high In the
lr with streams from 'high pressure
I ne His Honor was observing this
Wth great pride when suddenly one of
'ie streams rlchochetted against an
Sstlntte snow heap and the Mayor and
Mr Slnnott came In for a first class
Anyway. Ills Honor rested content last
Jlsht w.th the thought that nearly,
'OOt men around town had put their
f Irtngth against the snow heaps and they
fcod been very materially reduced. In
''it produce district 4,000 volunteers
from various mercantile houses tackled
the iropositlon under the supervision of
In tnanj strcers of tho downtown busi
es section details of firemen, with
hir high pressure apparatus, did effec
ts aorU Two tnousandjpollccmen and
rfsei.es made short work of the mess
wi the Iiowery and on streets on the
st .t.de Thi one taby tank that Is on
the pu.iied rn-at banks of snow and
l'' ii new r openings.
In hUiu.uii to the tegular street sweep
trg fni , v oa stated at the Bureau of
Fnmv iji.oia' n.43 extras were em
Hojeil an i i.i'S men a.c working for
Tim- Ions expected rain began about
!"en o'clock Its elTect on the thick
ke was seen almost immediately.
JUvulta of water began sluicing away
ne slush and broken Ice and attacking
ne raked deposit on the pavement. It
s raining &tm at one o'clock this
morning and by that time the volume
water held back from sewers began
flow over on the rldewalks. The
'I'Sner tfmn.Mtn.a ih,jf nAmnni
. r-.w.Mii; Ilia. UVW1IIJJWHVU
'ie storm, It was believed, would melt ,
-"- '".e ice obstacles and let the over
no pass into the street drains.
.Jf mercantile house used calcium
world, to soften the Ice, and this was
irouf-M to the Mayur attention. Al
"'ugh it is quite effective in certain
lVas". It nas raid at tho Hiircm nf Snn.-
' ;moa,. lt ls unlikely Ihat It will bo
-'Wed extcral.-ely. because of Its tena-1
t. v to conve-t the Ice Into slush. j
''porta made public by the Bureau on.
mw lumoval of the Department of
viV.w '""""B vegaroms the number of
tiit. , u,on members that, had vol
.... i ,0 aid snow removal wore
, ,, nee wltt "sures given out by the
cl,,, 'ecreary of the New York
mm i? Commle of th Legion, who
! iV -lbout 1W5 had '"Ponded. It
).hI. that 'o-day would undoubtedly
Frr r-much ureater number out
cn , ., "w"ncra ui mo Amert-
rltht if Rn apptal WM lsueJ lt
d I ,1 mcmbrs who can possibly
to don rough clothes and report
Continued on tffnereenlfc Pagt.
WRECK THE LEAGUE,
A. J. BALFOUR HOLDS
British Represenative in
Covenant if Privileges
Says Other Nations
Special Cabtt, Copyright, 1W0. by Tbs Scn
I AND M YOIK UISAtn,
; London, Feb. 14. Arthur Balfour,
British representative on the Council
of the. League of Nations and Its
chairman during its sessions here, be-
, Ileves that the American reservations
I will wreck Ihe covenant of the league.
He , docs not say that any of the
reservations will close the door of
admission to the league, but he be
lieves that once this privilege Is
granted to the United States other
; nations will demand the same right
' and the obligations of all ot them are
j likely to be weakened.
Immediately after the meeting yes
terday Mr. Balfour was approached
by a group of American correspond
ents who were struck by the apparent
similarity between the exemptions
just granted to Switzerland and the
proposed American reservations.
"No parallel can be drawn between
the Swiss resolution nnd the reserva
tions such as I understand are pro
posed by theUnited States," he replied
decisively to a question. "There are
no reservations In this Swiss resolu-
Hon. It Is mcroly a recognition of the unique and age long neutrality of Qns telegram to Allen E. Barker, prcs
Swirzerland which already Is recognized In the iience treaty. The 3wks i cnt 0f tjie Maintenance of Way
are anxious to have this clearly expressed, but you will observe that the j Brotherhood, urging hist cooperation
resolution Is carefully drawn and does not relieve the Swiss of other; nnd acceptance. Later Barker Issued
obligatlops; it Is not In the nature of a reservation tcTthe covenant. jan order of cancellation, postponing
"I believe the whole structura of the League of Nations will he under- the strike indefinitely,
fralnod by the American reservations. I am frank to say that I think! A:i of the proposals and counter
America is too big a country to enter the league with reservations nnd j proposals between the Railroad Ad
not have Imitators. At the end of two years, when it will be possible 'ministration and the union executives
for the others to get out. all will demand their own reservations." 0,1 ma 0M "ana ana Mtween 1 rei-
dent Wilson and the union executives
Says No Nation la Obliged to Use Force. ' on tIle other were made public at tho
"Are not the concessions granted to the Swiss to conform the covenant White House to-day after the union
to their constitution Identical with the reservations proposed by the Senate J leaders had submitted their reply to
to protect American constitutional prerogatives against any apparent viola-, tl,e President. The reply was con
flon of tie commitments of the league?" the correspondent of The 3pjn,tucd as an acquiescence In tht Pres.
and New York Hebald asked. . ' ldenl'3 proposals, and the union lead-
" "We wiU not discuss questions of constitutional law," Mr. Balfour!0" call a general convention of
wmllwl 'TW lo WlilMM. fnr cnfMomnnf hr nrnrwir o,,ft,nntKQ
It comes up."
Iu response to further questions as to whether the resolution did not
relieve Switzerland from any obligation to use force under the covenant, he
"No nation Is obliged to use force under the covenant In any place.
That apparently Is much misunderstood, but It is a fact. An obligation
to exert economic pressure exists, but force la an extreme measure, and
subject only to recommendation. The framers of tho covenant did not
want to use war to prevent war: they think they can do It by economic
Despite this definltlou of Switzerland's action, the council's own reso
lution shows that Swiss adhesion to the league Is qualified by a declara
tion of the Federal Assembly on August 4. alluded to In the resolution
of the council, which follows:
Switzerland recognizes and proclaim'? the duties of solidarity
which membership in the League of Nations imposes upon her, Includ
ing the duty of cooperating iii rucIi commercial and financial meas
ures as may be demanded by the League of Nations against a covenant
breaking state, and is prepared to make every sacrlflco to defend
her own territory under every circumstance, even during operations
undertaken by the League of Nntlons, but she shall not be obliged
to take part in any military action or to allow the passage of foreign
troops or the preparation of military operations within her territory.
Accepted Subject to a Referendum.
The council accepts these declarations when confirmed by a referendum
which is iu progress now. The acceptance is expressed, In sense, as follows
"The Council of the League of
conception of neutrality by members
the principle that all members shall
respect for their engagements," recognizes the unlquo Swiss problem, In
lew of the Swiss traditions and tho
in the Versailles treaty, and adds: "The members of the League of Nations
are entitled to pxpect that the Swiss
the high principles of the league have
The Swiss settlement is the outstanding feature of the session so
far as the United States Is concerned, but the council did other Important
work, including the settlement of the problem of the governing commis
sion for the Saar district, giving the French member the chairmanship.
taking the first steps to form an International high court and the pro
tection ot tho Polish minorities, whose rights are affirmed and guaranteed
liy the league. Sir Reginald Tower, the present British commissioner in
Danzig, it is predicted, will be made
SCHEME TO RESTORE
CHARLES TO THRONE
Ex-Emperor Said to Have At
tempted to Enter Hungary.
Bv the AttodaUd Prat.
BcnAPEST, Feb. 14. Circumstantial
details have besn revealed of a plot by
which lt Is alleged former Emperor
Charles made a futile attempt to enter
Hungary under a false passport and
reestablish himself on the throne.
Documentary evidence, said to be Ir.
the bands of the Government Indicates
It had been planned for the cx-Em-lror
to cross the Austrian frontier
I'Mder the name of Kaspar Kovacs, ac
companied by three other persons. Then
he was to. proclaim his return, witn the
expectation that his former subjects
would support h;m.
lt Is alleged the plot was arranged
bv Col Lehar. now Governor of West
Hungary, and by. Minister Benltcky, the
latter having attempted to have the pass
ports vised. The Swill Consul, to whom
application was made, however, recog
nised the photograph of the ex-Emperor.
The CarUbed Srrrndel Salt
Is the but natural ulln aptrltnt. pre
ertba by physicians all evtr tht world.
Writ for booklt lo THB CAnWHAD
PRODUCTS CO. Agists, it Wfcst trttt
jtw lore -Jiav.
New Body Sees Peril for'
Are Granted America
Will Make Demands
A. J. BALFOUR.
Nations, while affirming that the
of tho league is Incompatible with
bo obliged to cooperate In enforcing
affirmation of the treaty of 1816
people will not stand aside when
to he defended."
the representative of tho League of
H. C. L. GIVES BRIDE
. NERVOUS COLLAPSE
Iowa Examiners Find French
Woman Is Sane.
CotiNcit. Blutts, Iowa, Feb. 14. Mrs.
Ewalt Sauer. ybung French bride of a
former soldier, was declared sane to-day
by a board of examiners bofore whom
her husband had taken her. Sirs. Sauer
had suffered nervous prostration over
the high cost of living and what she
termed "American extravagance."
Mrs. Sauer cried for more than an
hour as she .told how all the money
which her husband turns over to her
each payday "goes out as fast as It
"Why Is It that when I order some
meat." she sobbed. "It Is brought In
an automobile? That Is extravagance
horrible for poor people. I cannot oJ.
ford to have my meat delivered In an
automobile and I won't."
It developed that tho Sauers are buy
ing a home on instalments and this was
something the young wife could not un
derstand. The husband, she said, gives her his
pay envelope. The commission advised
her that her husband is a Jewel.
Hog Island,' 80th Ship Launched.
PniuuK.riir. Feb. 14. The 7,8:5
ton cargo carrierConvnack. Hog Island's
eighty-sixth ship, was launched to-day.
WILSON PLAN TO
Railway Labor Chiefs to
Call Convention to Con
sider His Proposals.
OPENS ON FEBRUARY 23
Disinclined to Brook Delay,
but Practically Agree to
a New Tribunal.
ONE BROTHERHOOD BALKS i
Maintenance of Way Men Are
Apart From the Others, but
Will Not Quit Tuesday.
Special to Thb Scn axd Nsw York HziuLD.
Washington, Feb. 14. A virtual
agreement between the Government
I and the executives of. all except one of
the International ralb-oad unions has
.been reached for settlement of wage
and other' disputes by an impartial tri
bunal, to be set up at tho earliest pos
i slblo moment, either through leglsla
I tion or by executive appointment,
i Maintenance of way men who had
j called a strike for next Tuesday did
J not subscribe to or accept the propo
i sals submitted by the President. As
a result President Wilson has sent a
"" "" i-
meet in Washington February
in the meantime tne I'resment win ap
point a committee of experts to gather
and digest for presentation to a board on
wages and working conditions for the
railroad Industry all pertinent facts and
statistics relating to the existing wage
demands. The committee will be ex
pected to have this data available Im
mediately after the convention In Wash
ington, and the President then will or
ganlzo machinery for final settlement
under the provisions or the pending rail
road bill If there Is a basis In law for
such action. If there Is not tho Presi
dent by executive order will create a
' commission similar to the present Bitu
minous Coal Commission. Railway ex
ecutives will be consulted Immediately
upon the question ot their cooperation In
such a move.
Wilson's Settlement Plans.
In advancing his settlement plans the
President agreed with the workers that,
having waited six months upon the cost
of living campaign' and tho general situ-'
atlon, they were entitled to a spoedy set
tlement and he proposed such a settle
ment by the following steps:
"I. In the event that In connection
with the return to private control pro
vision shall be made by law for ma
chinery for, dealing with railroad and
wage matters I shall promptly use my
Influence, and so far as such law confers
power upon me, I shall promptly exercise
that power to bring about the earliest
practicable organization of the machin
ery thus provided.
"2. In the event that no such provision
Is made by law for dealing with these
matters I shall employ the Influence of
the Executive to get the railroad com
panies and the railroad employees to
Join promptly In the creation of a tri
bunal to take up these problems and
carry them to a conclusion.
"3. I shall at once constitute a com
mittee of experts to take the data al
ready available in the various records
of the United States Railroad Adminis
tration, Including the records of the
Lane Commission and of the Board of
Unllmnrt Wares and Worlilncr f!onrtl.
Hons, and to analyze the same so as to J
develop In the shortest t osslble time the
facts bearing upon n Just and reasonable
basis of wages for the various classes of
railroad employees with due regard to
all factors reasonably beaming upon the
problem and specifically to the factors
of the average of wages paid for similar
or analogous tabor for other Industries
In this country, the cost of living, and
a fair living wage eo as to get the prob
lems In shape for the earliest possible
final disposition. The view's of this
board will serve as a guide to me in
carrying out the assurance I gave to
the employees last summer that I would
use tho fulf Influence of the Executive
to see that justice was done them and
will T tw1lv hft A menna nt nvnMtmr
what might otherwise be a long drawn J
. . , I , I A. . 'U II -
pose to act at onco In regard to this I
matter and to avoid any delay In doing
so, I shall nevertheless Invite the co-
operation of the railroad corporations ,
and believe they will appreciate that It i
Is to their Interest us well as to the I
public interest to get these matters ;
Union Men Opposed to Delay-
The men were not pleased with the'
Idea of waiting upon Congressional .
enactment or a Congressional tribunal. '
and urged that If the President could ,
not give them the Increase to which
they were entitled that he speedily
initiate nmuitiisry iu uccompusn uio
The union reply expressed gratifica
tion with the President's "recognition
of principles" which have a bearing on
their demands, but added that there
waa a pressing necessity for Immediate
"We feel Justified In saying," the
Continued on Ttceit&tn Page.
VIRTUAL PARALYSIS OF EXECUTIVE
BRANCH CAUSED B Y LANSING EXIT;
CABINET SUPPORTED EX-SECRETAR Y
1 Sixty Day Limit for Complying:
; With Peace Agreement Ex
1 pires To-morrow.
I HIGHER WAGE WITHHELD
New- Strike Order Would Go
Into Effect at 5 o'clock
I The Brooklyn Rapid Transit Is
threatened with another general strike,
jtt becamo known last night. Unless
Llndlcy M. Garrison, Federal receiver
for the company, agrees to the de
mands of the union itt a meeting called
for to-morrow morning at 10 o'clock
the strike order will be Issued. It will
go Into effect at 5 o'clock Wednesday
It was stated by officials of the
Amalgamated Association of Street
and Electric Railway Employees, which
asserts it now controls better than OS
per cent, of the company's men, that
the B. R. T. has not lived up to a
working agreement entered Into on
December 16. Under the terms of the
agreement the men were to get a pay
Increase of 23 per cent, over and above
tho similar Increase granted last
August. On this agreement was
placed a timo limit of sixty days. To
morrow the sixty days will expire.
Neither Mr. Garrison nor his aids
could be reached last night.
"Mr. Garrison will see Judge Mayer
Monday or Tuesday and talk It over
with him," one official said. "Every
thing will be straightened out."
The union has Issued a call for a
mass meeting at Palm Garden, Wilson
and Green avenues, to-morrow night.
The leaders will Inform the men then- of
the results of the meeting with Mr. Gar-.
Officers of the Amalgamated Associa
tion of Street and Electric Hallway Em
ployees gave figures which Indicated
that of the 8,900 men employed on the
B. R. T.'s elevated and subway lines only
T2 do not hold union cards. Of the 4, COO
employed on surface lines 242 are not
union men, and out of tho 3,890 men
working on other Jobs only 116 are not
POLAND READY FOR
PEACE WITH SOVIET
Premier Tvlls Workers Allies
Must Be Consulted.
By tht AuociaM Ft tat,
Wajisaw, Poland, Thursday. Feb. 12.
Premier Skulskl told representatives
of the Socialist and worklngmen's par
ties, who presented their peace views
to him and Gen. Pllsudskl on Wednes
day, that the Government considered
the latest Soviet note in all serious-
ncss, and gave assurances that
land's peace Intentions were sincere.
Ha said if the Bolshevikl showed the
same sincerity peace might be expected
soon, but, he added, Poland's answer
would not bo given before March, as
the AUIes mustbe consulted on vari
The representatives ioiu premier
Skulskl and Gen. rilsudskl that the
peace question was one of life or death
with Poland. They Insisted that the
Government open negotiations with the
Soviet Immediately, the Socialists say
ing they regarded the Bolshevik prop
osition as a satisfactory basis for ne
gotiations. During the discussion the
coal miners' representative threatened
a genera'l strike unless peace action was
dm. Pllsudskl declared It was some
times more difficult to en war than to
continue to make war, but, he said, to
arbitrate the first condition of a suc
cessful peace must be a strong Poland
so the enemy would not profit by any
of her weaknesses.
Decides to Ask Parliament to
Take Part. .
Christian!, Norway, Feb. 14. The
Cabinet decided to-day to ask the con
tent of Parliament for Norwegian par
ticipation in the League of Nations. It
was pointed out that while objections
might be raised against the statutes
of the league, which do not abolish
war and thereby make It possible for
Norway to bo drawn Into a war, the
Cabinet believed It to be Norway's duty
to Join the league, despite the present
attitude of the United States.
The Cabinet expressed the hope that
future amendments to the league cov
enant would make possible tho settle
ment of International differences without,
the necessity of war.
DEATH WON IN AIR RACE.
Man Flies Prom Bahama to
Sllanil, bat Finds Mother Dead.
Sakduskt, Ohio, Feb. 14. Even a
seaplane Is no competitor In a race with
Theodore A. Laub, local business man.
In an effort to reach his mother's bed
side before death claimed her, nade the
trip from Nassau, Bahama Islands, to
Miami, Fla., In a seaplane. He arrived
hero to-day to find death the winner of
nigra Seeking; Loan Here;
CorKNHAOtx, Feb. 14. The city
Riga, capital of Letvia, Is negotiating
for a loan of several million dollars from
n American banking concern, with city
property at security.
SHIP 'DEAL' IS ON
Senate Acts When Brandesrco
Charges U. S. Has Pact With
MONEY FOR ALLIED FUND
Agreement on German Vessels
Apart From Peace Treaty
Sprr:al to Tnu St.v m N'icw Yobk Ilrnnn.
Washington, Feb. tr. By a unani
mous vote to-day tho Senate adopted
a resolution offered by Senator Bran
degeo (Cohn.), a Republican, asking
President Wilson whether un agree
ment exists between this Government
and any European Power for the rale
of tho German ships taken over by
this country at the beginning of the
war and for applying the money to the
allied reparation fund, and If so, that
tho agreement be communicated to the
Senato If not Incompatible with the
There was no Democratic opposition
to the resolution after Senator Brade-
gce explained that he bad bern totd by
a friend whose Information was "usu
ally reliable" that sueh an agreement
was in- existence.
"It will no? do any harm to ask the
President about It. whether my Informa
tion ls correct or not, said the Con
"Do you mean an agreement entirely
Apart from the Peace Treaty?"' asked
Senator King (Utah), a Democrat.
"Yes. apart from the treaty," replied
Representative Snbath (III.), a Demo
crat, introduced a resolution In tho House
to prevent the sale of the German ships,
suggesting that they be operated by
the Government and that liquor be sold
"Thi Governine.it need not fear that
It will lose any money in the operation
of these ships if my suggestion Is, fol
lowed.'" Said Mr. Brtbath;
HOG ISLAND IS TAKEN
BY SHIPPING BOARD
International Co. Retires
Yard Will Be Sold.
Washington. Feb. 14. An agree
ment with the American International
Shipbuilding Company was reached to
day by the United States Shipping Board
by which the board takes title to the
land of the Hog Island Ship Yard at
Approximately $4,000,000 ls involved,
Chairman Payne satd. The board ex
ercised an option to purchase tho land
for 11,700,000. and In addition allowed
the shipbuilding company $2,000,000
for the cancellation of contracts far 58,
ships. In addition an allowance of
$79,000 each was given for the com
pletion of 12 vessels now being con
structed, 11 for the army and 1 for
Under the agreement the Interna-
Po-jtlonal Shipbuilding Company Is to con
tlnue operation of the yard until the 12
ships are finished. Chairman Payne
By taking title to the land, the chair
man declared, the board now Is in a
position to dispose of Hog Island and
negotiations for the sale probably will
be opened soon.
Shipbuilding materials for seven big
ships now at the yard will be turned
over to the navy.
FOR GABY DESLYS
Reported She Left Her For'
tune to Marseilles.
Special Cable. Copyright, 1K0, by Tns Sea
AND Ksw YoaK HtSlLD.
Parts, Keb. 14. Funeral services over
tho body of Gaby Deslys were held this
morning In the Church of Notre Dame
de Grace1 at Passy. A great gathering
of friends, thousands of artists, singers,
actors, actresses and a legion of ad
Tlie floral tributes surpassed In vol
ume, anything seen here In many
deoaden. Burial took place In Marseille?,
the native town of the actress. It Is
reported that she left her entire fortune
to that city.
URGES TRADE UNION
OF ENGLISH MAYORS
Sir Edward Cooper Tells of
His Long Work Hours.
Special Cable. Copyright. 19.0, by Tn SDN
and Nek Yosk HrntD.
TENDON, Feb. 14. Sir Edward Cooper,
Lord Mayor Ixmdon, suggests the for
mation of a trade union of mayors
with a view to a reduction In work
ing hours. 1
Speaking at St. Mark's Hospital he
mentioned that In his previous day's
work from 7 o'clock In the morning
to 11 at night he hid filled five, en
gagements In addition to a round of
READING WILLING, .TO COME.
London Paper Maya Carl AVII1 Ac
.London, Feb15. The Sunday Times
says It understands that the Earl of
Reading will accept the post of British
Ambassador to the United States.
London advices recently told of the
growing belief In diplomatic circles
. . .
mat viscouni urcy w
woum not. return w
Washington a British
wasn ngton as unusn Amoassaaor. ana
Lord Reading's name has frequently
been mcnllx&d here In connection with
Taf t Says Lansing Acted
Wholly Within Rights
QMAHA, Feb. 14. William H.
Tnft, the onljr living ex-President
of the United States, ex
pressed surprise to-day at the
resignation of Secretary of State
"I believe that Secretary Lans
ing was acting altogether within
his rights in calling conferences
of the Cabinet members," Mr.
Taft said. "I would not call
them Cabinet meetings.
' "To my mind calling such
meetings does not constitute an
assumption of Presidential au
thority within the meaning of the
"What did the Cabinet do at
the conferences?" he nsked.
"Does any one know what they
did that could possibly have been
displeasing? It seems to me the
most natural thing in the world
for1 them to have met under such
. Mr. Taft said that the public
would side with Mr. Lansing.
OWN PARTY MEN
Dismissal of Lansing as Secrc
. tary Arouses Even Demo
Senator Thomas Says There
Are Precedents Supporting'
Secretary of State.
Special lo Tnr. Sox and Nut Vosit HkeaLp,
Washington, Feb. 14. RepubUcdn
Senators and Representatives 'ItuKeo'
freoiy to-day nbout the dismissal of
Robert Lansing, 'Secretary of State,
and In every Instance found fdult with
the President for his action. Few Dem
ocrats would comment for publication,
although many of them severely criti
cised the President privately. In sev
eral Instances where Democrats sub
mitted to Interviews they also disap
proved of the President's action, espe
cially of the reason he assigned for
forcing Mr. Lansing out of the Cabi
net. Among the expressions were
Senator Thomas (Col.). .Democrat:
"If Secretary Lansing had fallSd to call
the Cabinet together In the circumstance
ih.f elated he would have been far
more blameworthy than the President
considers he Is for catling It In session.
There are, 1 am sure, a number of prece
dents for what Mr. Lansing and the
Cabinet did. I recall very well that
within a space of hours after the shoot
ing of Prialdent Garfield a meeting ot
the Cablntt was called by Secretary
Blaine. It waa Impressed on my mind
by a wonderful .picture of that Cabinet
meeting without a President to preside
and with the Secretary of State In
charge. The members, were represented
with tense and anxious faces as they
confronted the uncertainty of the na
Senator Kins (Utah) Democrat: "Sec.
retary Lansing ought to have resigned
from the Cabinet. He has never quite
measured ud to the position. It would
have been better If President Wilson had
put the dismissal upon any other
ground. I do not think Secretary Lan
sing deserved the stinging rebuke he
Senator Curtis (Ivan.), Republican:
'The correspondence with Mr. Lansing
reveals the true condition of the Presi
dent." Senator Moses (N. H.). Republican:
"llaec fabula docet, that the schoolmas
ter, though not abroad again, Is at least
able to grasp the pen and wield the
birch once more."
Senator Klrby (Ark.), Democrat:
'This ls one time when I keep still."
Senator Ashurst (Aris.). Democrat:
"Tou ask me about a resignation? That
reminds me that once I was asked what
I thought of capital punishment and I
replied that I thought there were not
enough men hanged."
Representative Galllvan (Mass.),,
Democrat: "If all the circumstances
stated In the letters are true all those
who participated In the Cabinet meetings
should have resigned.;'
CHARGES OF A PACT
Demand That French Make
Special Cable. Copyright, by Thi Sex
ami Nztr Yosk Hiiiin.
Rome. Feb. 14. Documents printed
hero concerning a proposed offensive
and defensive alliance between France
and Jugo-Slavla nre absolutely rtruc, ac
cording to Information obtained here
to-nlcht from a High authority wno is
In a position to know.
Members ot the Italian I'ariiament
when questioned made the following
collective statement: "If these revela
tions are fal.o the French Government
must tell us so directly and convincing
ly; If they are true, and trance wants
to preserve friendly relations with Italy,
she must denounce them solemnly be
fore the whole world."
The public does not believe that an
alliance actually has tx-en concluded.
Iu.. I1..M im a Arm entivfrflnn flint nrffn. II
. "".T. mm 1
ts supported by the anU-Itt (an policy
of the French luring thd Mtcr part or
'prom I; f MfrnMPMnfa '
Nation's Newspapers Join
in General Condemnation
. of Wilson's Act.
LANE TAKES BLAME
Declares He Approved Ful
ly of Informal Cabinet
TWO "PRECEDENTS , CITED
President's Friends Predict He
Will Produce More
Special lo Tub Scn axo Nkw Yomc Herald.
Washington, Feb. I I. Tho force!
resignation of Secretary of State
Lansing, after the President hail
charged hlili with having usurped the
power of the Executive, hns brought
suddenly into the realm of lientcl
controversy the whole conduct of tho
Executive during the last five month?.
This wns the oiustnudlng fentur
to-dny of tho comment nt the Capltoi
nnd elsewhere, in which astonlshmciii
at the nature of the President'
charge was plainly mingled with con
cern over 'the present and past stat
of the Presidential office In the rel:
Hon lt hears to the functioning of the
It hns brought up once more tl'
question of the President's com
petency. As yet. however, there is n
indication that any serious move
contemplated in the direction of. tax
Investigation, the ' old question
doubt .nrisiug again in regard to th
power of Congress in the premises.
,. Throughout the country President
Wilittraws-hoen subjected to adverse
cuitonai comment by ine newspapers.
Democratic nnd Itepubllcdh atlfee. for
forcing the resignation of Mr. Lansing.
These features stood out prominent
ly in the developments to-day:
1. That "the certain members of
the Cabinet" mentioned by Mr.
Lansing as liaving supported his
action in calling the Cabinet meet
ings without the President includ
ed the entire membership of the
body with the possible exception of
Secretary of the Xavy Daniel.
Secretary of War Baker was one Of
tho heartiest supporters of tho
plan. Secretary Lane, Just re
signed, publicly avowed his re
sponsibility. 2. There ls cvldsnce to show that
tho President knew that these
meetings were being held for sev
eraj months past, having been in
formed in at least one instance by
a Cabinet officer in person. This
instance was the coal strikq nnd
the Cabinet officer was Attdrney
3. That upon this evidence the
President's knowledge, extending
for some months back, of these
meetings, his letter .of February 7 ,
to Mr. Lansing demanding "is it
true," appeared to most of Wash
ington oven more extraordinary,
the only possible explanation or It
being that the President was look
ing for an excuse and that hla real
cause for getting rid of Mr. Lansing
4. Tho comment at the Capitol
generally had tho peace treaty as
the real cause, but without any Im
mediate incident thereof to explain
the President's sudden action. The
wholo thing smacked of long brood
ing over a grievance, in which tho
President's health had played an
6. That Secretary Lansing's dis
missal under these circumstances
lias affected all the departments of
the Government with a sort of pa
ralysis, due to the fact that the
heads of these departments are vir
tually in the same position as Mr.
Lansing was in being cut off from
tho Executive; this paralysis be
ing most noticeable naturally in the
State Department, whose ramifica
tions extend all over tho world.
More Evidence Predicted.
Whether, the President has any cog
nizance of the discussions which his ac
tion In., the Lansing case' has provoked
Is not known. It was predicted In
friendly circles to-day. however, that
much of the talk that was being heard
would bo refuted very soon by the
President's appearance at a Cabinet
meeting with more evidence than has 1
yet been given that he was taking
proper charge of the business of the
Only one defender of the President's
action was found on the Democratic
side at the Capitol to-day. Almost
without exception sympathy t was ex
pressed for Mr. Lansing and approval
voiced of his action In holding Cabinet
meetings when It appeared to him and
to many others that the President was
Two precedents Immediately were ad
duced to support Mr. Lansing In his
action, to neither of which was any ex
ception taken, at the time. Following
tho shooting 'of Piesldent Garfield Sec
retary of Plate BUInn called an Immedi
ate meeting of the Cabinet and other
meetings were held during the three
summer months while Garfield's life
Secretary or state jno. on
:V,.f e,lon when President Taft
t, V-.niini rnd th
was away frort CJ JB V
Cabinet together -Bo e",?