THE SUN AND NEW YORK HERALD, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1920,
Women Are Taking to Politics Like Ducks to Water
Old Line Party Lead
ers Studying the On
certainty Injected by
New Voters, This
State Being a Shining
By MARTHA COMAN.
IT has been but a step from the suffrage
ring to tho political arena. Women
who have been trained aa franchise fighter
have taken to the new environment and
the solving of the larger issues like dunks
to wntar. The men higher up admit their
political adaptability and value, though
they are still uncertain regarding the direc
tion of the combined feminine activities.
"How did you happen to go into poli
ties,?" ono of the most aggressive Repub
lican captains was asked.
"Well" she answered tersely, "I was
born in Ohio."
Most of the women who are already leatl-cr-
in tho two parties have the same or
nir.ution background. They have joined
hands in a friendly spirit with the men in
the wider movement which determines the
policies of tho country, and are availing
themselves of every educational oppor
tunity to fit themselves for deciding on
i.-ups and candidates if not for actually
In national politics, so far as women
are concerned, New York and Illinois have
picked the political pluins. It may be re
rnlled, for club activities arc not yet for
gotten, that thc.se two States were leaders
in the less important movements into which
women threw themselves with heart and
soul. It is only consistent therefore that
they should be in the front rank when the
new array is formed.
Mrs. John Glover Smith, of Frankfort,
Ky., and Miss Mary Garrett Hay of Now
York are the leaders of the Republican Na
tional Committee. Mrs. George Bas of
Chicago reigns as the, head of the Demo
cratic National Committec'h Women's Ru
ieau. Mrs. South, whose political training
dates back to suffrage days, is chairman
f the Republican Committee of her own
State and was elected to succeed Mrs.
Medill McCormick of Chicago as chairmun
of the Women's Committee of the National
Republican Committee. Kentucky has been
generous in her recognition of women in
the Democratic party's activities by ap
pointing Mrs. Samuel T. Castlcman of
Louisville a member of the Women's Com
mittee of the Democratic National Com
Though not an equal suffrage State, Ken
tuck" lias shown her desire for the national
lecognition of the disfranchised sex by
ratifying the Federal suffrage amendment.
She's the Storm Centre.
Miss Hay is bound to be the storm centre
( the New York State political campaign,
which is already outlining its programme
for the April primaries. Her opposition to
the n6Tninat:on of Senator .lames W. Wads
worth, Jr., for re-election to the United
States Senate is causing the Republican
party deep concern. Her disapproval of
the Republican Senator is of long standing,
and is based on his anti-suffrage attitude
and his refusal to vote for the Federal suf
frage amendment when his vote would have
scored a victory for the women o tho coun
try during the session of Congress preced
ing that which finally indon-oU tho bill.
Every time that Miss Hay publicly criti
cised the Republican Senator she lei Will
Hays, national committeeman, know that
she was willing to resign from the national
women's committee. But the chairman so
far has declined to consider accepting her
The situation has become so tense that
the Republicans have been casting about
for another Republican candidate in the
event that the women's vote, which Miss
Hay may or may not influence largely, is a
ihing for the party to reckon with.
As chairman of the New York City
Iaguo of Women Voters Miss Hay may be
nble to swing the deciding number of bal
lots. Her suffrago training has proved an
xecllent step into political leadership-and
I er reputation is not only Statewide, but
Both the State and the city leagues of
women voters are non-partisan bodies, yet
i's workers are allied with both the Demo--ratie
and the Republican organizations.
When the league decides to campaign for
or against a candidate or an issue the re
sult of its activities may or may not be pr-
This element of uncertainty in the power
i women leaders is a thing the seasoned
oohtical chiefs arc pondering over. In fact
hey are sitting up nights considering situa
Mons that may develop and outlining a pro
gramme of action that they hope will hold
'he women's vote and nwiire the nomina
tion and election of their favored candi
'ltes. Going True to Form.
In this one party predicament woman
shows that she is running true to form,
fliere is no movement or situation into
Ineli she enters, whether it be domestic or
civic, where the men feel absolutely certain
f her opinion and her future action.
Naturally a large number of the recently
tiifranchised have gone into the two parties
'Mtti an eniirely partisan feeling. If an is
sin ..r ,i nominee belongs to the Oimoerit ."c
party, then these earnest new Democrats
believe it or he to bo absolutely right, and
they could no more view impartially the
other sido or the opposing party's political
tiering than they could make friends of an
On the other hand numbers of women
have declined in favor of an open minded
nttitiule toward men and issues. They have
enrolled' with the party of their choice, but
they morve tho right to vote for the man
they believe in and think will best fill the
otlice, regardless of his party affiliations,
and to defeat a measure they hold to be
unfavorable, whether it is put forward by
their own party or by the opposition.
This question of how large is the inde
pendent vote will be decided at the forth
coining election. And men will then learn
how large a proportion of the women voters
ate following in the footsteps of the more
experienced party member.
The two national jiolitical conventions
which are to.be held in June, the Repub
lican in Chicago and the Democratic in San
Francisco, will mark the real entrance of
women into the wider political field. Both
parties have appointed women on their va
rious national convention committees, and
the question of sending women as delegates
at large to the conventions is now rousing
Miss Elisabeth Marbury, never a suf
lrage worker, has bWn mentioned as a
possible delegate at large. She is an out
iMid out Democrat. She believes in Presi
dent Wilson, the League of Nations, Gov.
Alfred K. Smith and all her party tenets.
She worked for Gov. Smith in his Guber
natorial campaign and there is a firm be
lief among her friends that she will receive
important recognition from the Democratic
How strong her position Is compared
Continued from First Page.
fioiu a dead friend, the ' psychologist, F.
W. II. Myers, that Raymond would be
.lain, and the event did not take place unti'
"I am convinced." Sir Oliver says, "that
death makes no sudden elinnge at all; that
the next world is merely a phase, and nia
not be a different world than this. De
parted friends hnve talked to me of trees
and flowers and animals that they observe,
bnt they may be describing this world seen
from another point of view.
"The material .body is left behind at
death. The ethereal body persists. That is
what I speculate to be the mechanism of
survival. The fact of survival has to be
ascertained from the other side, but my
long study of the ether helps somewhat to
explain the way we are able to survive; to
realize that we feel somewhat the same
after death as we do in this world.
"1 do not hold that we become saints
or devils and go to heaven or to hell, as
the case might ,be. I do not think we are
good enough for one or bad enough "for
the other. Most people are rather weak.
Thev go wrong not because they want to.
I think all of us want to do better, and
1 think we shall have the chance. At any
rate, young fellows who wen killed in the
war say we shall. I have talked with a
good many of them. They have found a
job and only hope that their people will
not grieve too much and believe they have
gone out of existence. They can't. I hnve
known people who wanted to but couldn't.
Suicide is no good. Man keeps right on
iiviug, and suicide seems to be regarded
as a crime over there. I dare say there are
exceptions. I have talked with some. Most
of them say they are horriifed, and feel
that they have set abad example; that it
has thrown them back." ,
The man who says this is one of the
hardhcaded, scientific reasoners of a prac
tical world, one used to all the balances
and counterchecks of analytical judgment.
He has been at work on the problem since
IfiSO, though he did not accept belief- in
spiritualism until ltHNJ.
MRS MABEL Or fcEINECKE
with that of Mrs. John Sherwin ..Crosby
remains to be seen. Mrs. Crosby, widow of
a leading Democratic organization Snnn,
has for many years guided the women Dem
ocrats of the city and the State. Long be
fore women bad the vote in New York she
organized and was president of the Wom
en's Democratic Club.
Some time ago she was appointed asso
ciate chairman of the Democratic State
Committee, and her followers feel that "if
one woman is to be selected as delegate
at large to the National Convention the
choice should bo Mrs. Crosbv.
III" ' r " --
Study Riddle of the
The late Dr. Isaac Funk was oue'of the
leaders of tho s piritualistic cult in this
country. Among his settled beliefs was the
conception that we are all spirits living in
bodies, as much ghosts in the flesh as we
ever could be out of it. He thought the
only question to be solved really was
whether disembodied ghosts could live.
Dr. James H. Uyslop, one of the fore
most of American investigators, has had in
numerable strange experiences in the course
of his years of painstaking investigation.
The many instances of fraud and trickery
encountered by him has never dulled his
zeal or affected his belief that communica
tion is a fact After the death of bis
friend, Dr. Richard IJodgson, who had
been constantly associated with him, and
especially in observing and studying Mrs.
Lenora E. Piper, the largely built, stolid
medium of Boston, and whose psychic pow
ers finally convinced both of the truth
of spirit communication, he obtained
through Mrs. Piper and another medium
what he believes to he.spirit messages from
Dr. Hodgson, as well as messages from his
' own father and other relatives that had
Heroic Measures as Test.
"I proved the genuineness of Mrs.
Pier's "trances," he tells us, "by running
needles under her finger nails and through
her tongue nud by sprinkling red pepper in
her nostrils and throat. She showed n
consciounes of sensation. And in a pro
found state of unconsciousness she wrote
intelligent communications. She was close
ly studied for years. Dr. Hodgson closely
observed her for eighteen years." Again
and again, isolated and guarded by men
terribly in earnest, she described what per
sons hundreds of miles away were doing
and saying. I hnve worked in a cold, scien
tific mood, determined to reject everything
that could not stand tho tests and analysis
of experience and reason. It is hard to
understand how any sane scientific man can
remain unconvinced to-day.
"One of the foolish criticisms of this
work of investigation is that scientific in
vestigators cet communications thnt are
MRS GEORGE BASS
Democratic circles are disturbed just
now by tho attempt of Miss Margaret Vale
and a group of Democratic women to or
ganUc a national body of women of this
political faith. Naturally Miss Vale has
met with some opposition, especially from
Mrs. Bass, who disapproves of the charter.
Associated with her in this organization
of the Women .Democrats of America
aie Mrs. George II. Childs, president of
the Women's Democratic League; Mrs.
Mary A. Morse of Buffalo, a party leader
up-State; Mrs. Henry Keith of Jamaica
and a score of other prominent Democrats.
trivial or nonsensical. What' do they ex
pect? It is impossible to say whether the
spirit, in trying to communicate through
the nervous system, the senses and the gen
eral organism of a living peuson may find
diminished powers of thought and memory.
"I am quite satisfied that Dr. Hodgson
has communicated with me since his death.
The spirit of George Pelhaui, which con
vinced Dr. Hodgson of the survival of
identity after death, has communicated with
me through several mediums. It informed
me that spirits wore clothes which were
created by their .own desires. My father's
spirit gave nie a 'pass' sentence jn a rare
langunge unknown to Mrs. Piper, tho me
dium. He told me rever to recognize him,
no matter what medium should seem to
produce him, unless ho gave tho pass sen
tence. I waste no time on physical phe
nomena, rappings, table tippings and the
Sincerity and Fraud.
The foregoing opinions, comments and
episodes, springing from the experience of
scientists and scholars beyond a suspicion
of chicanery (and these are merry a se
lection from a multitude of reported phe
nomena) are of fascinating interest surely
whatever one's point of view may be. Can
tbey, after all, be dismissed with a smile of
derision? It is settled that the so-called
"experiences'' of untrained observers can
not be taken seriously, much less the testi
mony of ignorant believers, for fraud and
deception, practised in heartless, shameful
contempt of sorrows that should be sacred
are everyrrhcra rampant. Since the war
pretcndedmodinms, long since exposed,
have revived their ugly trade and are again
in this and every large city fattening on
the offerings of the distressed in heart.
That has been true in America since mod
ern spiritualism began with the Fox sis
ters in this State sixty-four years ago. But
one asks oneself perhaps if the calm asser
tions of the Doyles, the Lodges and the
Hyslops can be as firmly rejected. Very
many men and women arc keeping their
minds open nowadays, not convinced, nor
even in the road toward conviction, hut
passive, willing to hear all sides and to
Magistrate Jean Norris, recently ap
pointed to the bench by Mayor Hjlan. is
an earnest Democratic worker "Alio is op
posed to the new national organization of
Democratic women. Mrs. Lillian Sire, pres
ident of another Democratic club, is also
among tho opposition.
Mrs. Grace Strachan Forsythe;. pi evi
dent of the Interborough Teachers Associa
tion, stands with Mrs. Crosby. Mrs. Robins
lu, an active club worker before the suf
frage victory, is a member of one of the
Mrs. Charles L. Tiffany, Manhattan chair
man of the New York City League of
Women Voters, is an active Democrat and
with the other members of her party in the
league welcome the nnti-Wadsworth fight
because of itsjielp to the Democratic forces
Mrs. John Blair, another member of the
league, upholds the principles of the Demo
Mrs. Arthur Livermore is Stnte chairman
of the Republican Women's Committee and
has been offering a series of educational
weigh, so far as they are able, the evidence
that may be offered. The state of the
world truly makes for this attitude of mind
Certainly speculation has progressed a loug
way since men wondered what fcaused the
Fox table rappings.
The interest in spiritualism, the present
worldwide interest, like no wave of interest
'hat ever before ran around the globe, is
due. first, to the grief caused by the terrible
fatalities of the sreat war. Apart from
ihi' vast emotional impulse is the hope
that trustworthy advice in worldly matters
cm be obtained through mediums, a hope
tint has sent men and women to the fortune
tellers since the world WB3 young.
The more thoughtfnl spiritualists are
cVelly interested in the assurance of life
ir-d progress after death, and in the moral
nod religions teaching they seek to obtain
through automatic writings and trance
Nothing like a universal spiritualistic
creed has been arrived at, though the Ri
vail doctrine of successive reincarnations
with intervals of spirit life is popular.
This view has made no headway in F.ng
land and in Ihe United States, where the
opinions of the great .majority of spiritual
ists vary from orthodox Christianity to
Unitarianism of an extreme kind. Eccles
iastics of the Protestant Episcopa' Church
in England have protested against the
sweep through England of the spiritualis
tic doctrine, and in this and other countries
Roman Catholic prelates and priests have
uttered sharp warnings tending to hold
that supernormal manifestations are of the
devil and not of Ood.
The Great Riddle persists. Doubtless the
evidence is not amplo enough to sway the
many, though the few are convinced. But
this' fact is startlingly true: that never in
the world's history' were so many people's
minds concentrated upon the .aystery.
Never were so many hopes 9nd prayers sent
winging into the beyond. Is it impossible
for this tremendous and terrible concentra
tion to appeal to break through the wall,
the unseen andirapalpable wall, that has
a! way stood, fo far as men knew, between
the living and than we call the. deadt
Boom Has Its En
Among the Women
tions May Surprise
talks at the Republican Club, with Mrs.
Walter Damrosch and Mrs. Pleasants Pen
nington presiding alternately.
Miss Maude Wetmoro of the National
League for Woman's Service, has been ap
pointed on the women's campaign commit
tee for tho nomination of Major-Gen.
Leonard Wood as Presidential candidate.
Mrs. Mabel G. Reinecko of Chicago is exe
cutive secretary of the Women's National
Mrs. Fletcher Dobyns of Chicago is in
chnrgo of the women's work in the cam
paign of Gov. Frank 0. Lowden for the
Republican nomination for President. She
is chairman of the Illinois Republican
Women's Executive Committee. Thcso ap
pointments of women show that ever- can
didate for the Presidential nomination feels
tho importance of having representatives of
the new element on his committee.
The practical work of women in politics
may be illustrated by a few incidents which
developed in the recent Gubernatorial elec
tion. A woman captain of one of the live
best Assembly districts has introduced a
feminine touch in campaign-work which has
been characterized by men ns "out-Tam-manying
Tammany." By that tbey mean
her methods arc effective because of their
personal interest. They are fair if un
usual. Few men would have thought of
the ninny ways she has found of being
helpful to the women ""of her election dis
trict. True Politicians.
"When ou heed help or advice of an
kind call me up," this astute politician told
the women of her district, on whom she
makes frequent' personal calls.
Being a stanch Republican, she cast a
longing eye on four women of Democratic
leanings who live in a large apartment
house in her district.
And one day a call came over the tele
phone as follows: "You told us we were to
appeal to yon whenever we needed help,
didn't you?" questioned n feminine voie
over the office telephone wire.
"I did." replied the woman captain en
couragingly. "Well, our dog has died and we have
tried for two days to have it taken away
and can't. Can you do it 1"
"I can." promised the captain. "Rely
on me, Your dog will be gone in an hour."
Hanging up thereceiver, she asked her
self what they did with dead dogs in the
city if the organization in charge of that
work was too busy to cart the carcass awayt
"I'll take a taxi and go for the dog," she
said to herself. "But what shall I do with
it when I get it f"
Her next thought was to telephone to the
captain of the men's district organization.
He had newr been asked in his political ca
pacity to ciHcinte at the removal of a dead
dog. But his ns'ociate's appeal could not
be ignored. It meant not only a possible
vote or two, but rendering distressed womer.
a service and helping a fellow worker o
make good on a promise.
"Is it a big djjg?" he inquired anxiously,
turning over in his own mind the taxi idea.
"I don't know, but I'll call up and let
yon know," tho newly appointed captain
replied. It might be a Pekingese or a New
foundland. The owners informed the anxious politi
cal lender that the dog was large
In less than one hour from the time the
distivs-ed stranger from the South haC tel
ephoned. the woman captain heard from the
man captain of the district that a delivorv
wagon beloligiug to one of the party work
ers owning a store had carted the dead dog
away. He didn't know just what had been
lone with it, but at least the woraetTwere
relieved and happy.
This careful attention to a eminine call
for aid won over two Democratic votes to
the Republican party.
Will II n vs. chairman of the Republican
National Committee, has appointed from
the various States seventeen women to serve
on an advisory committee on platform and
policies. His appointments include 152
men, also representing the various States.
Both men and women will work together.
Most of the women thus recognized owe
their political preference to their long and
active association with their own State suf
frage organization or their afli!iation with
the National American Woman Suffrage
Association, which is being merged into the
National league of Women Voters, or to
This lisst, which gie Illinois thiee and
New York two repsrntatives, includes the
names of Miss Mary Garrett Hay and Mrs.
Ogden M. Reid of New York, Mrs. F. T.
Bagley of Massachusetts, Mrs. Arthur Bal
lantinc of .Maine, Miss Caiolinc Hazard of
Rhode Island, Miss Marie L. Obenauer of
the District of Columbia,' Mrs. Itayroond
Robins, Mrs. George A. Soden and Miss
Harriet E. Vittnin of Illinois. Mrs. Anna
Wolcott Vaile Colorado, Mrs. Rupert
Asplund of New Mexico, Mrs. Clara B.
Rurdette of California, Mrs. Solomon
Hirsch of Oregon, Mrs. Walter McNab Mil
ler of Missouri, Mrs. Josephine Corliss
Preston of Washington, Mrs. M. D. Cam
cron of Nebraska nud Mis. Theodore Ymi
nians of Wisconsin. i
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