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The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, February 16, 1920, Image 1

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LEATHER FORECAST.
" ' A HAPPY BLENDING.
The amalgamated SUN AND HERALD
preserves the best traditions of each.
In combination these two newspapers
make a greater newspaper than either
has ever been on its own.
Wr to-day and to-morrow; continued
cold. Strong west winds.
ftlshest temperature yesterday, 4a; lowest, 14
Dttetltd wsathsr reports will be found on the editorial
pat.
AND THE NEW YORK HERALD
VOL. LXXXVII. NO. 169-DAILY.
NEW YORK, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1920.-
PRICE TWO CENTS 1 three cents
IN NEW YORK CITY AND SUBURBS. I N TRAINS AND ELSEWHERE,
Wr to-day and to-morrow; continued mP II Wi, tSSEflttBmSulWffft m7 mm I I
cold. Strong west winds. 90? I 'MI.nKKaJWWfSl 'WW
ROBBERS SLAIN
, IN GUN BATTLE
i IN WINE CELLAR
flnjor A. McMurtry and A.
H, Biujon Wounded in Duel
With Two Burglars.
FLASHES GUIDE SHOTS
foot Piled Up in Villa of
Mrs. E. G. Morris at Sound
Beach, Conn.
DISCOVERED AT MIDNIGHT
Mrs. Win. Dreyer, a Neighbor,
Summons Help and Maraud
ers Are Trapped.
In a duel with pistols In the dark
recesses of the cellar of the handsome
summer home of Mrs. Elizabeth G.
Morris, at Sound Beach, Conn., early
yesterday morning, two burglars were
-rounded mortally and Major Alden
llcMurtry, an electrical englnoer, of
Greenwich, Conn., and Addison M. Ba
con, a garage owner and former con
stable of Sound Beach, were Injured
painfully.
McMurtry and Bacon surprised the
Intruders after the alarm of their pres
ence had been given by Mrs. William
Dreyer, another resident of Sound
Beach, whose home is situated 500 feet
north of the Morris villa. Tho story
of the battle as told by1 both Major
McMurtry and Mr. Bacon shows that
for fully fifteen .minutes the gunfire
kept up in the dark, pistol flashes
alone showing the location of the
targets.
Soon after midnight Mrs. Dreyer was
attracted by the eound of breaking
glass coming from the direction of the
Morris home. She knew the house was
unoccupied during the winter months
and suspected that burglars were at
work. She immediately telephoned to
the fire house at Sound Beach, where
Major McMurtry and Mr. Bacon had
tarried after the regular weekly meet
insr. She informed them of her sus
picions. Major McMurtry's automobile
was standing outside and the two men,
McMurtry armed with an automatic
pistol and Bacon 'UnarrieiTSjrcep'tfor
a stout wooden club, started for the
Morris home.
Burglars Seen In Cellar.
It was Impossible to get close to the
house in the car because of the bad
roads and tne two men began walking
when 200 yards away from the front
entrance. As they approached flickering
llthts were visible in the cellar. They
were bobbing here and there and upon,
closer Investigation the two burglars,
carrying candles, were discovered?- Mc
Murtry and Bacon observed the nun
through a cellar window for several
BUnutea and finally Bacon said: "Let's
go and get them."
Proceeding to the front porch, Me
Mnrtry discovered the broken window
throujh which the burglars had entered
and he and Bacon climbed through.
Pan of a pane of glass crashed to the
floor and the burglars below were
warned. The house was in darkness
and neither man knew where to find
the cellar entrance. A search through
the pin try disclosed a door and the two,
McMurtry leading, started down a stair
way. Major McMurtry had Just reached the
Mttom and had his hand on the door
knob when he was commanded to "halt"
Instead of obeying, he pushed the door
partly open and there In the candlelight
found himself facing a man with, an
automatic pistol.
Twice I ordered him to lower the
jron. said Major McMurtry, "and when
M refused I opened Are, My first buUet
must have done the trick, for he fell to
twceUar floor and his candle went out
immediately the other burglar blew out
StaesV"' lhrow1ns thB pIace ,nt0
,1 ?,on' armed w,th w" dub. fol-
-wiunry into the cellar and the
stcond burglar opened fire. He had two
automatlo revolvers, but apparently one
,if.?! wrUnS well. Major McMurtry
wied to Bacon to keep;, low and fired
' r,, flJa,hea frora the burglar's gun.
u?i.7lT?nced wltn hls club and in
M5 04811 deaU burglar a
buT. " heal In "turn the burglar
aoMh. JJ" flush wt Bacon's
but? "4 ired. Bacon fell, badly hit
"it not unconsclon
"ajor I. Wounded In the Arm.
tlui MoMurtw continued to Are
eauUousiy. A buIlet rIpped pMt h,. hft
PlerJ? 7,M"b trough his clothing,
hJ! !lsU ann blow the elbow,
time k. . flMh onco mr nd thta
towh,ceLved no rep,y- Advancing
Sw V' b,1,eved hl8 man to e, he
.','? 8iroan- Lighting a match
tab! ItTi stru?k w tho faw by
w wt S . a "volver- Tb War
I im, ' munition.
t to ,,,noDther match the Major
"I " him and &rry
oundM v?w?rd.the "talrway. The
tttalr!P?f'tJ"'?,Baco t the top of
tt elect went 8carcllns for
to L 1 ch uand nfter flndln 't
Somi Reach M0"0 Ml1 called the
th, i. n. hse; In th mean-
"wi a Z . ?ur8'ar attempted to
- OIUIIM DUL TOO a birl
iwd .i1,. Bacon. In his weak-
tolled to tV V?? W" balanca and
Out?. h8 tom also.
C ,tl;8 earace business, an-
h "Ccmo at once, we have both been
oKlnutd on Seventh
Pope.
Bnd mo. iiHa Sinn u
,, Hal ft c., IJ.Broadwa7.-i.
N.Y. STUDENT IS
DEAR IN STORM
Charles MacVeagh, Jr.', Per
ishes in Snowdrifts on
Monadnock.
COMPANION IS SAVED
With Charlton Reynders,
Was Seeking Peak on
Snowshoes.
NO HATS OR OVERCOATS
Pistol Shots locate Pair, but
Rescue' Party Arrives
Too Late.
Dublin, N. H., Feb. 15. Charles
MaoVeagh, Jr., of New York, a gradu
nto student at Princeton and son of
tho counsel for the United States Steel
Corporation, died of exposure on
Mount Monadnock early to-day during
an attempted snowshoe trip to the
summit In company with Charlton
Reynders of Now York, a senior at
Harvard.
Tho young men started on their trip
early yesterday afternoon in excellent
weather, but soon a blinding snow
storm and high wind developed, mak
ing it impossible for them to reach the
Bummlt. When a half mile from the
top they abandoned the attempt and
started on tho return. But at that
time it was dusk and soon they lost
their way in the growing darkness and
driving storm. Moreover, deceived by
the mild, clear weather when they
started, they were thinly clad, without
overcoats, hats or gloves.
MacVeagh soon showed signs of ex
haustion, falling several times, and
about 9 o'clock dropped unconscious.
Reynders, who was also suffering from
exhaustion, protected his companion as
best he could, but MacVeagh died at A
o'clock this morning.
At about the time MacVeagh fell un
conscious, Fred Nettleton, caretaker at
the MacVeagh estate here, who had be
come alarmed at the failure of the young
men to return, started up the mountain
on snowshoes In an attempt to find
them. He discharged his revolver fre
quently and eventually Reynders heard
and answered with his own revolver.
But even then It waB difficult for Nettle
ton to locate them and MaoVeagh was
dead when he arrived.
Nettleton assisted Reynders down the
mountain and returned for the body,
bringing It out Just before nightfall.
Reyndera's condition to-night was eald
not to be serious.
Tho two young men came to the Mac
Veagh summer home last Thursday for
a few days outing. Why they left for
the mountain equipped as they were Is
not known. Even their snowshoes were
said to be small for such a trip, with
snow on the mountain from three to five
feet deep. During the night another
foot of snow fell.
MacVeagh was 22 years old and was
graduated from Harvard last June. Dur
ing the war he was a Lieutenant In the
S. A. T. C. of Columbia. He was spe
cializing In languages at.Prlnceton. At
Harvard he was a member of the Signet
Society and president of the Harvard
Advocate. He prepared for college at
the Groton (Mass.) fchool.
Reynders Is 21 years old. He served
in the 'navy as Lieutenant (junior
grade). According to Reyndera's father
both were accustomed to mountain
climbing, MacVeagh In particular having
spent considerable time in the New
Hampshire hills.
COURT HOLDS KAISER
FILM IS LIBELLOUS
Berlin Tribunal Orders
All
Copies Destroyed.
Behlin. Feb. 15. A Berlin Court has
decided that tho so-called "Kaiser Film,"
depicting the fortunes of William II.,
was & serious libel on the former Ger
man Emperor as a man and ordered
that all copies of the film and also re
productions of the ex-Kaiser's portraits
from it should be destroyed.
The film was exhibited In th court
room to the Judge and attorneys for five
hours. It showed the actor, Ferdinand
Bonn, Impersonating tho former Em
peror at various stages of his career.
Public exhibitions of the film were pro
hibited last autumn by Gustav Noske,
Minister of Defense.
BREST'S SOCIALIST
MAYOR IS REMOVED
He Forbade Demonstration in
Honor of War's Wounded.
Pints, UVib. IB. The Minister of the
Interior has dismissed from office the
Socialist Mayor of Brest This action
was taken because of the recent Inter
diction of the Mayor against a patriotic
demonstration that was to have been
held in Brm In honor of the men of tho
city wounded In the war.
The sub-ptefect of the district also is
to be removed from office.
PEESX0N KENYON SHOT DEAD.
N'err York Imvyer Loses Ills Life
on a Huntlnc Trip,
Washinotok Conn., Feb. 15. Pres
ton Kenyon. a New Tork lawyer, about
CO years old, was killed here yesterday
by a bullet from his own rifle, Medical
Examiner Stevens expressed the opinion
that death was accidental.
Mr. Kenyon came hero Thursday,
staying at the Logan homestead, Fri
day and yesterday he hunted for fox.
Last night Fred Powell, who has acted
as caretaker of the homestead, otopped
at the house and found It empty, Pow
ell searched through the snow and
found tho body a mile away with tho
rifle near by.
Plebiscite Proposed
for West Hungary
VIENNA, Feb. 15. The Hun
frarian Minister has handed
to Chnncellor Rennor a note pro
posing a plebiscito in west Hun
gary to dctermino tho attribution
of that territory, which 1b now
assigned to Austria, but claimed
by Hungary on historical grounds.
It is proposed that Hungary and
Austria pledge themselves to con
sider a yoto of the people on this
question final.
SWEEPSSTATE
Buffalo and Other Cities Have!
Huge Drifts and Trains Arc
Tied Up Tight.
ONLY RAIN IN METROPOLIS
Mohawk Valley Staggering I
Under Blast and 3111k Sup
ply Is 3Icnaced.
The southern born cyclorio that
whizzed past this latitude early yes
terday morning, spraying nearly an
inch of drenching rain on the city,
swatted the upper part of the State,
where temperatures were below freez
ing, with blizzard ferocity. Buffalo,
which had a minimum of 2 degrees
ab'ovo zero at S o'clock last night, was
almost overwhelmed by a polar snow
ladcn blast. Tho weather expert said
it was the worst storm that ever had
hit the city.
At Jamestown three feet of snow on
tho level, with drifts higher than
housetops, made any kind of traffic
Impossible. Erie trains on tho main
line, from sections where the blizzard
was not severe, were hours behind
time. There were no trains between
Jamestown and Buffalo.
Little Falls reported the worst storm
In the annals of the town.
Tho blast driving through the Mohawk
volley, permeated with snow and sleet
piled up enormous drifts blocking all
the country roads and fireventlnc the de
livery of milk to stations for shipment
to this city. Only perishable freight
was being moved, whnrever movement
was possible, on the steam roads.
The weather Bureau here reported
tho cyclone that mussed up things up
State as gyrating over the Maine coast
last night and on Its way to sea. The
oniy piace in the neighborhood of New
Tork that suffered much from tho sixty-
nve mile northwester recorded (here yes
terday was Atlantic City, where a hall
barrage, accompanied by thunder and
lightning, smashed many window panes
ana the glass of hothouses.
PAYNE WILL AUCTION
GERMAN SHIPS TO DAY
Bids Subject to Approval by
Senate Committee.
Washington, Feb. 15. Bids for the
purchase of the thirty former German
passenger steamships taken over by the
Government during the war will be re
ceivea oy tne shipping Board at an
auction to be conducted to-morrow
Mmultaneous with submission in the Dis
trict of Columbia Supreme Court by the
Board of Its answer to the Court's
order to show cause why a temporary
Injunction against the sale of the vessels
ehould not be issued.
Chairman Payne, of the Board, ad
hered to-night to his plan to receive the
highest bids obtainable for the ve33el,
subject to the approval of the Board
and the Senate Commerce Committee
before consummation of any saleB. Un
less his appearance in court Is reaulred
In which case one of the commissioners
of the Board will conduct the auction.
the chairman said he will offer the ves
sels himself at 10 o'clock to-morrow
morning.
O. B. James, Assistant Attorney-Genl
eral. will appear for the Board In thV
injunction proceedings Instituted .by
tvuuam itanaoipn Hearst, and Mr.
Payne announced the Board would nr.
sent the same facta that wore given to
mo senate commerce Committee Friday.
Chicago, Feb. 15. Opposition to the
saie or German ships to the interna
tional Mercantile Marine was expressed
In a telegram sent to-day to President
Wilson by the All American Varmer.
Labor-Cooperative Congress, which
closed yesterday a three day meeting
nere. ino telegram was signed by C.
H. Gustafson, chairman, and Warren S.
Stone, general treasurer. Officials of
the Farmers' National Council, which
met in conjunction with the cooperative
congress, gent a similar telegram. It
was. urged that the ships be maintained
by the Government to be operated for
me oenerit of the American people."
RESIGNS PASTORATE
HELD FOR 31 YEARS
Dr. Merle-Smith Quits Cen
tral Presbyterian.
Tho Rev. Dr. Wilton Merle-Smith.
pastor for thirty-one years at Central
Presbyterian Church, Madison ' avenue
and Fifty-seventh street, resigned his
post yesterday. In asking for a releaso
from his duties he cave an reasons for
his action his advanced .age. Indifferent
health, his belief that a younser man
Is needed by the church and tho desire
for a rest from active work. While his
declsHon was a surprise to the members
of the various governing board's of' tho
church it was not unlooked-for -by the
trustees.
Dr. Morle-Smlth's resignation became
known through the publication of his
letter In tne Remembrance, the official
calendar of the congregation.
It was reported, too, In the Remem
brance thAt the trustees and sessions
have named a committee that'will seelc
Dr. Merle-Smith's successor. Dr. Merle
Smltii and his wife will return from
Washington to-day, following a snort
vacation.
GREAT BRITAIN
TO SEEK BALTIC
TRADE CONTROL
Lithuania Puts Its Future
in Hands of Group of
London Financiers.
NEW BANK ORGANIZED
15-Year Business Contract
Concluded as U. S. Hag
gles Over Passports.
i
COMMISSION 5 PER CENT.
Kovno Pact Lays Basis for
England's Capturo of Rus
sian Commerce.
Special CabU, CopvriaM, 1M0. by Tni Sun
iko Nsw Tosc HzaiLD.
London, Feb. 15. Ernst Galvanaus
kas, Prlrno Minister of Lithuania, who
is In London to close up far reaching
commercial arrangements with, Eng
land and also to settle outstanding po
litical obstacles in the way of the rtc
ognltion of the republic, has given an
exhaustive interview to Thb Sun and
Nbw York Herald detailing the steps
taken and thoso still to bo taken in
getting the new born nation upon its
feet.
England, as has been already cabled
to Thb Sun and New York Herald, Is
bringing to bear all her energy to ob
tain and hold industrial priority in tho
Baltic field, at least geographically;
but it is significant that British money
docs not wait for world sanction or;
even for the stabilization of the Allies'
policy toward Russia to seal the bar
gain. Ten days ago It was announced that
the plan for financing and trading with
Esthonla, Letvla and Lithuania had rt
celved the British Government's sane
tlon and would be put Into operation
The plan, It was asserted, provided for
the establishment In each of the coun
tries. In partnership with the Govern
ment bank, of a bank generally modelled
after the Bank of England, with pro
visions for a new Issue of currency
based on a gold . standard and the
restoration of debased currency by
sound and scientific process of currency
reforrit -'-
Branch Bank In Budapest.
A day or so later a despatch received
In Paris from Budapest said a branch
of the Bank of England would open
there soon. The despatch added that
a consortium of English banks was
negotiating for the purchase of the
Hungarian railroads and the establish
ment of shipyard works on the Danube,
Most of the Infant States of Europe
are sickly, suffering from political
teething or economic malnutrition or
both, but as regards tho latter Llthu
anta Is a prodigy, nocordlns to her
Premier, for even before her frontiers
had been definitely shaped the Prime
Minister completed negotiations Insuring
a sound currency and a healthy for
etgn trade.
The Lithuanian Government has not
been recognized officially everywhere, as
was Instanced last week by the refusal
of the United States to extend a dip
lomatlc greeting. Despite America's
coldness to the Pence Conforence or
phans and even France's Indifference
to the fate of the Baltic States, Llthu
anta has found a friend In England and
is clinging fast to her politically ana
financially. England Is the only great
Power to recognize the de facto regime,
and England and Lithuania mutually
are capitalising that friendship for all
that It la worth.
Premier Galvanauskas now gives Thb
Sun and New York Herald a de
tailed description or the arrangement,
whereby Lithuania places her entire com
mercial and financial future In the
hands of a powerful British banking
srouD. which, with similar compacts
nearlng consummation In Lettlond and
Esthonla, soon win appear as the In
dustrlal masters or at least the arbiters
of all Russian trade.
Since Ms arrival In London. Galva
nauskas has obtained the approval of
the British Government to a scheme on
th fnllo-lnc lines: The British rroun
will advance S,000,000 pounds sterling
and will found a Lithuanian national
bank, which will Issue a complete new
currency oaual to the sterling reserve.
More will follow, but that amount Is
considered sufficient for circulation until
the 100,0000,000 marks now In use are
retired.
Stabilising New Currency.
Whereas -the mark Is depreciated as It
Is In' Germany, the new currency, which
Is In aukslnae, equal to, a shilling, or
about 25 cents, will be kept at par, arti
ficially If necessary, although the re
mainder of the scheme embraces an
export and Import balance sufficiently
automatlo to stabilize exchange.
The British group that will underwrite
and personally direct the Lithuanian
bank will aot also as agents for dis
posing of Lithuanian exports of timber,
flax and grain and as purchasing agent
for a long list of Imperatively needed
lmDorts. for which. It Is understood.
the British group will receive a com
mission of 6 per cent 'That represents
the entire compensation of the group.
Lithuanian omciais assert emphatically
that the .British group has not obtained
anything resembling a monopoly, but
that Its members serve merely as com
missionaires, selling exports and nur-
chasing Imports In any market In the
world. A recent forecast of British
plana for Baltlo trade excited fear, par
ticularly in France, that a British mo
nopoly was sought, but Galvanauskas
emphasizes the assertion that the Brit
ish group Is acting only as agent and
Is anxious to buy and sell the world
over, especially In America. He said
that Lithuania needed , manufacturing
and agricultural machinery, electrical
appliances, railroad material, petrol,
coal, fats, furniture, clothing and all
sorts of manufactured products, adding
that most of this must come' from the
OtnUmM o Ben& fag.
WILSON CABLES
THREAT TO QUIT
PEACEPARLEYS
Warns LondonAdriatic Set
tlement Must Be 'Along
His Lines.'
ALLIED HEADS STIRRED
Possibility of War Seen in
This Unexpected Com
plication. IiANSINO IS MENTIONED
Italian Envoys Connect Presi
dent's Note With Designa
tion of Secretary.
PARIS) Monday, Feb. 12. Pre
miers JIIHernnd and Lloyd George
haTO sent a reply to President WII
son's note relative to tho Adriatic
compromlso and hold to tbclr posl
tlon expressed In tho note sent to
the Jngo-Slav Government on Jann
nry 20 giving tlint Government a
choice between the compromlso or the
execution of tho Treaty of London,
according to tho "Echo do Paris" this
morning.
Mr. Wilson's charges against Italy
are rejected by tho two Premiers, It Is
said by tho newspaper, which declares
that Mr. Lloyd George, acting as pres
ident of tho conference, wrote M
Tmrabltch, Jngo-Slav Foreign Min
ister, Informing him that England and
Franco maintained their orglnal view
point, namely, that Jngo-Slarla must
accept the compromise agreement or
face tho execution of the Treaty of
London.
Special Cable. Copvriaht, IKO. bv Ths Sbx
xxv Nzw Yoik IIeiald.
London, Feb. 15. President Wilson
has sent a sharp note to the Peace
Conference here insisting upon the
settlement of the Adriatic problem on
the lines which he laid down. This
unexpected complication in an already
serious situation is agitating confer
ence clrclesto-nlght.
Thoso who profess to know the
character of the note say that PfesI!
dent Wilson has gone so far as to
threaten Great Britain and Franco If
they are parties to an agreement toidarfty by which the war was won.
move the Italian boundary further
east than the "Wilson line" to a point
in Istrla.
In Italian quarters here the des
patch of the noto Is connected with
the resignation of Secretary Lansing,
although officially the Italians say
they know nothing of it. In Serbian
quarters It was said that it was known
that the note had been received and
it was presumed to be favorable to the
Jugo-Slav contentions.
Important leaders of the Peace Con
ference could not be reached to-night;
well informed subordinates profess to
be, Ignorant of the note, but they show
alarm over the report, pointing out that
a large part of the settlement of world
controversies depends upon the careful
negotiation of the Adriatic dispute and
that such settlement might be upset
either way by violent action at this
time, particularly In view of the des
patch from Belgrade to The Son and
New York Herald announcing that a
new Government was being formed there
for the special purpose of resisting any
settlement short of that proposed by
President Wilson.
The Leame of Nations Is watching
the situation closely and may step In at
any moment. Officials here are frankly
fearful of the possiwiity or war over
tho Adriatic. It Is admitted that u tne
situation comes to an Impasse between
the Serbians and the Italians this may
afford the first opportunity for tne
league to enforce a settlement through
the application of economic measures.
ALLIES WARNED TO
CONSULT WITH U. S.
Wilson Rejects Britain's Of
fer to Jago-Slavs.
Paris. Feb. 15. Hugh C. Wallace,
the American Ambassador, according to
tho Tempi, yesterday delivered to the
Foreign Office a memorandum from
President Wilson In which the President
said he could not approve of Premier
Lloyd George's proposed settlement of
tho Adriatic Question, wnicn nas neen
ubmltted to the Juiro-Slavs. The news.
paper says that an Identical memoran
dum was delivered to the umiab. For
eign Office In London.
The Temps says President Wilson al
lowed It to be understood that the
United States would find it Impossible
to continue In the conference if the
Allies settle the Adriatic question with
out consulting the United States.
In his memorandum President Wilson
criticises Premier, Lloyd George's plan
as communicated to the Jugo-Slavs by
tho Supreme Council on January 20.
The President examined the plan, but
declares he cannot aiprove of Its tenor.
He particularly oppojes the Idea which
consists In giving tfi Jugo-Slavs the
choice between this plan and execution
puro and simple of the0ondon pact
In addition, according to the Tempi,
the President finds th Lloyd George
plan too" divergent froifl the memoran
dum drawn up at Lond last December
by Premiers Lloyd Grge and Clem
enceau, with the collaboration of the
American representative
The President give It to be under
stood that If tho fled Powers settlo
the Adriatic problem without consulting
the United SLaies, Government the
CenHnuedin Biconi Tags.
WILSON TO PRESIDE OVER
CABINET MEETING FRIDAY;
HIS BURDEN EXCITES FEAR
TARDIEU BARES
TREATY SECRET
Franco Balked at Giving: Up
Rhino's. Left Bank for Anglo
U. S. Alliance.
CONFERENCE IN DESPAIR
Near Breaking Point as Wilson
Ordered Ship Mado Ready
for Voyage Homeward.
Special Cable. Copyright, 1K0, bv Tns 8c
and Nair Yobk Herald,
Paris, Feb. 15. Additional light Is
being shed hero on the Peace Confer
ence negotiations which led, up to tho
Franco-American-British pact provid
ing for tho defence of Franco in case
of future German aggression, and
which caused Franco to abandon her
claim to occupation and tho indepen
dence of the left bank of the Rhine in
return for this alliance.
An interesting revelation concerning
this 'phase of tho conference negotia
tions has Just come to wide notice
through an article by Andro Tordicu,
which appeared In X7Hustrafion. Capt
Tardieu, who Is generally credited with
being one of the men who drafted the
peaco treaty, Is regarded as perhaps
being in a most excellent position to
describe the Inside workings of the
Peaco Conference in this connection.
Needless to say, his article has at
tracted very wide attention.
"Great Britain, proud of her tradi
tional isolation, and the United States,
'too proud to fight,' and separated from
the rest of the world ,by thq spirit of
Washington and his advice against en
tangling alliances and by the Monroe
Doctrine, proposed to France on March
14 of last year a real pact or alliance,
giving an immediate-military guaran
tee ngalnst unprovoked aggression by
Qermany." he saya in his article.
Proposal Promises solidarity.
"This was an unprecedented, a weighty
proposal, which would maintain for
France In tlmes.of peace that same soll-
"Premier Clemenceau, who had 'asked
for nothing,' as he recalled with pride
some time later in the Senate, at once
Intimated that he attached a very high
value to the offer. However, he asked for
time for reflection. In three meetings,
held on March 15 and 16, 1919, various
aspects of the problem were discussed
verbally and three successive notes were
exchanged.
"Two Important conclusions, seemingly
contradictory, were drawn from these
conversations. They were:
"1. That it would be criminal for the
French Government to renounce an of
fer made under such conditions.
"i. That it would be equally criminal
to be content with the Dare offer.
'The aDDlrcnt contradiction vtia em.
phaslied when President Wilson made It
clear that they preferred military guar
antees In exchange for occupation and
the independence of the left bank of the
Khlne. They wished France to renounce
this claim, and thought that such an al
liance would be a Just .equivalent They
wanted the left bank of the Rhine to re
main German and to be occupied neither
by an International force nor a French
force. In return Great Britain and the
United States would pledge military sup
port in case of danger."
Mr. Tardieu then proceeds to show tho
development of the long negotiations
day by day; how France refused to ac
cept this proposed alliance and Its sub
stitution of one guarantee for another
unless accompanied by Immediate, mili
tary occupation.
Conference Near Breaking; Point.
It was at this point that the entire
Peace Conference seemed to have
reached the breaking up point Premier
David Lloyd George and the British
press were openly aggressive and hos
tile; Belgium's opposition to prolonged
occupation of the Rhine country was
expressed before the Supreme Council
and the American exasperation was
manifested In the report that President
Wilson had ordered the' transport
George Washington to Brest'to take him
home.
French notes began to multiply at a
prodlrous rate, and two or three of
them were despatched every day. Mr.
Clemenceau was In almost constant
conversation with President Wilson and
Premier Lloyd George. It seemed that
there was no hope or France obtaining
the physical guarantees which she de
manded. After many day negotiations Presi
dent Wilson's assent to Chapter XIV.' of
the treaty was obtained by "the Tiger."
Premier Lloyd George followed two
days later by giving his assent to It
Mr. Tardieu refers to Chapter XIV. as
offering to France the guarantees which
Premier Alexandre MUIerand, speaking
In the Chamber of Deputies recently,
said would be fully carried out In case
of non-executldn of the treaty.
JUGOSLAVIA CABINET
QUITS OVER ELECTION
Blames Prince Regent for Not
Dissolving Assembly.
Beta raps. Jugo-Slavla, Feb.. 14 (de
layed). The Cabinet headed by Premie
Llouba Davldovltch. resigned to-day
owln; to the refusal of Prince Regent
Alexander to dissolve the present provi
sional national representation and order
elections for a national constituent
sesnbly. The Davldovltch Ministry w
tome- AUffK is, JAM.
Frerich Statesman
Reveals Pact Secrets
ANDRE TARDIEU.
FRANCE GAINS
POINT IN LONDON
Wins Over England to Turkish
Solution and Gets Prom
ise of Coal.
DARDANELLES TO BE FREE
In Return Franco May Agree
to Revision of German
Treaty.
Special CabU, Copyright, 18. bv Tai Su.f
amd New Yoax IlESlLD.
London", Feb. 15. It is now possible
that French objections, the main ob
staclo to the revision of tho German
treaty, may bo removed. In an inter
view to-day with the correspondent of
Tub Sun and New York Herald Pre
mier Millerand showed that tho two
points which are most important In
French domestic opinion were gained
at tho conference In Downing Street
yesterday, namely, that tho Sultan
shall remain In Constantinople and
tnat an arrangement has been made
with England to solve the coal crisis.
ilow' far these concessions will en
able Premier Millerand to swing
French opinion in line with the Brit
ish, tho latter unanimous now for re
vision of the treaty, can be told only
when tho text of the last note in re
gard to war criminals becomes avall
able. There is every reason to believe
that the note modifying the first de
mands of the Allies opens the way to
a general revision of the. terms of the
treaty, particularly the economic
terms, although Premier Millerand de
clined to discuss the note or revision
of tho treaty. He says:
"We discussed the general orlncinles
of peaco with Turkey. The chiefs of the
various governments decided unani
mously to maintain the sovereignty of
the Sultan In Constantinople, but It was
understood perfectly that complete free
dom of the Dardanelles Is to be estab
lished. In all probability little or no
Turkish military force will be left In
Constantinople.
"The conference commenced to discuss
the question of Asia Minor, but did not
follow' It up as It wished to await the
arrival of Premier Venlzelos, who Is ex
pected to-night I shall return to Eng
land on Sunday, and during my absence
Jules Cambon takes my place. If dur
ing the week that I am In Paris the
German reply to my note ,1s received, I
will communicate Its contents at once
to the Supreme Council In London, over
which Premier Lloyd George Is pre
siding. "The heads of the coal control In Eng
land and France have agreed upon meas
ures to ensure the receipt of the coal
promised from England, eliminating the
competition of French buyers In the
British market There will be an exami
nation of the coal markets by the coal
controllers and of the conditions, quan
tities available, methods of delivery,
freight, costs, &c I hope It will be pos
sible to reduce tho number of ships en
gaged In the coal traffic through a better
allocation."
There Is reason to believe that Italy
lined up with England and that France
was outvoted in the Informal discussions
In Tegard to war criminals last week.
Premier Millerand will be able to report,
however; the two very Important conces
sions he haq won, and there may be oth
ers for France In the settlement of the
Asia Minor questions. ,
U. 8. Party nt Constantinople.
I Constantinople, Feb. 12 (delayed).
1 Tho American destroyer Diddle ar
rived at Constantinople Wednesday
nlzht with Vice-Consul Calder and sev
eral Red Cross and Young Men's Chris
tian Association workers, wao aided in
tit evaeu-tiea of Odeaw.
I
Danger of Relapse in His
Condition Said to Be
Not Passed.
PREPARING FOR TEST
lansing DismissalAssigned
Partly to "Presidential
Inability" Question.
OTHER REASONS GIVEN
Adriatic Problem and II. S.
Stand'on League Commis
sions Involved.
Special to Inn Son ak Nsw Yoat IIniU),
Washington, Feb. 15. President
Wilson is expected to call a meeting
of his Cabinet to be held beforo the
end of this week and to preside over
It himself, for tho first time since he
left last summer on the stumping tour
In favor of the unreserved ratification
of the treaty which ended in his col
lapse late in Sbptembor.
Inquiry at tho Whlto House to-day
brought the opinion that the meeting
will not bo held on Tuesday, which
with Friday is one of tho regular Cab
inet days. It Is expected to be called
for Friday.
Franl? L. Polk, acting Secretary of
State, will occupy the place of Mr,
Lansing, whoso abrupt dismissal from
the Cabinet by tho President has set
the country by tho ears and brought
a storm of disapproval from both Re
publicans and Democrats in and out
of official life.
There is much speculation whether
the question of the Cabinet confer
ences held at the call of Mr, Lansing
during the months- of thQ President's
illness will be discussed at the forth
coming meeting. The frank statement
of Secretary of the Interior Lane that
he is to blame valong with Mr. Lanslpg
for those meetings which President
Wilson, has declared to have been un
constitutional and unauthorized rOrl '
for which ho so severely rebuked Mr,
Lansing, adds keen interest to the
situation. Several .other Cabinet mem
bers are In the some boat with Mr,
Lane, although they have not ad
mitted it publicly.
Secretory Lone'sCme.
There was a suggestion In some
quarters to-night that the President
might regard it as necessary, as a
matter of consistency, to demand that
Mr. Lano quit the Cabinet at onco
instead of waiting until March 1, when
the Secretary's resignation, already
submitted, is to take effect. There was
no confirmation of this rumor, how
ever, and the general belief Is that It
is unfounded.
This belief Is based on the wide
spread 'feeling hero that the action of
Mr. Lansing in calling the Cabinet
conferences was not the real reason
for Mr. Wilson's demand for the resig
nation of his Secretary of State, al
though he saw fit to assign that rea
son. On this theory Mr. Lane prob
ably has not Incurred the displeasure
of the President by his quick, defends
of Mr. Laiiing in a public statement
yesterday.
Washington is still seeking for the
underlying reason fpr Mr. Wilson's re
buke to Mr. Lansing. Some Senators
to-night thought they saw an explana
tion In a despatch from Paris quoting
he Tempi as saying that Hueh C Wal
lace, American Ambassador to France,
had handed to the French Foreign Offlco
a memorandum from President Wilson
stating that he could not approve of
Lloyd George's proposed settlement of
the Adriatic problem.
The question Is being asked hero: Did
Mr. Lansing Intimate to the British
Foreign Office that the United States
would acquiesce In such a settlement
and If so did this precipitate the final
break between Mr. Lansing and ths
President? The White Houso and the
State Department, as well as Mr.
Lansing, had no comment to make
upon the subject to-night
Another Reason SURgested,
Still another possible reason for the
WHson-Lanslng affair Is found In tha
decision of Mr. Lansing while Secre
tary of State that America could not
take any part whatever In the official
conferences or activities of various com
missions In Europe under the auspices
of the peace treaty or resulting from
the organization of the League of
Rations so long as the Senate had not
ratified the treaty and his withdrawal
of American peace representatives from
Europe.
Many Republican Senators believe
that If President Wilson had been
actively directing the affairs of the
nation during the last row months a
different course would have been pur
sued, even though It might have brought
about a wider breach between the White
House and the Senate. 'These Repub
licans recall a statement made by the
President last summer that tho Senate
would not be able to keep this country
out of the league.
In the opinion of official Washington,
rapidly crystallizing Into belief. Presi
dent Wilson by the manner of his dis
missal of Mr. Lansing as Secretary of
State has created a situation that will
compel Congress or some other Govern
mental agency to define Presidential
"Inability" under the Constitution In the
not unlikely event that Mr. Wilson
should again, become Incapacitated be
fore the end Of his term of office.
Congress probably will not take any
steps in this direction now, although It
Is .being widely discussed In House and
Senate. But It la realised by the leasers
i
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