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A HAPPY BLENDING. The amalgamated SUN AND HERALD preserves the best traditions of each. In combination these two newspapers make a greater newspaper than either has ever been on its own. Local snows to-day; to-morrow fair; fresh southwest to west winds. Highest temperature yesterday, 36; lowest, 14. . DeUUid weather reports will be found on tfct editor!! Pit. AND THE NEW YORK HERALD VOL. LXXXVlf. NO. 171 DAILY. PRICE TWO CENTS-, THItEB CENTS IN NEW YORK CITY AND SUDCnUS. , ON TRAINS ANDELSKVVm'KB. NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1920,-SffI. Sgr, i-,. . 4-r4 WILSON MA Y BLOCK FRENCH ALLIANCE IN FIUME DISPUTE; COUNCIL INSISTS ITS DECISION WILL NOT BE MODIFIED; ITALIANS AMAZED A T PRESIDENTS NEW INTEREST IN EUROPE DILI MERGER OF WESTERH LINES TOBEREWED Kcw "Northern Securities'' to Take Up $100,000,000 Burlington Bonds. RAIL BILL OPENS WAY Famous Consolidation in 1901 Was Dissolved Under the Sherman Act. facial to The Sim axd Nrw Yoek Ueiald. St. Paul, Feb. 17. The gigantic railroad merger evolved by the H1U Morgan Interests after the panic of 1101 on the New York Stock Ex change, known as the Northern Se curities Company, which was held a violation of tho Sherman Anti-Trust law by decision of thc United States Circuit Court of Appeals In 1903, is to have a rebirth in a new consolidation, iccording to reports strongly current here to-day. As In the former instance, the com bine Is to consist of the Great North trr, Northern Pacific and the Chicago. Burlington and Qulncy railroads. The chief reason for the merger is the necessity of meeting J400.O00.000 worth of Burlington bonds which were Issued v the time of the formation of the Na tional Pecuritles Company and fall due in 1MI. Confirmation of the amalga mation is refused by all officials. In cluding L. W. Hill, chairman of the Great Northern Railroad, who said no p)ns for thc merger had been dis rated, i There It. however, exccllentbasis to tht report from authoritative sources. Additional strength Is given to the re port by the fact that the present railroad till la Congress, which has been agreed cpon by the conferees of the Senate and the House, provides, for the consolidation f even competing lines. Consolidation' v urtM upon the roads In the bill, but fth certain restrictive limitations fixed by the Interstate Commerce Commission w some like board. The question now is how far consolidations of competing. iir.tj will be permitted In the interests cf thc public The new ra-.iroad bill. It fs admitted here, lifts the bar laid over tie railroads by the Sherman anti-trust :t and opens the way for a rtvlval of railroad activities and consolidations. When the Northern Securities Cora Jtnj' was ordered dissolved the Great Northern and the Northern Pacific were left as guarantors of the $400,000,000 capitalization Issued in Burlington bonds. The Burlington stock Is deposited s additional security. The refinancing of 1400.000.000 at the present rate of interest, as against 4 per cent, which tte bonds now bear, Is a tremendous Uik. The merger would make the re Sninclng comparatively simple. It oald have the further result of wiping out the costly competition between "the to big transcontinental lines. Something of the importance of the frtr. If It Is effected, la made antrar- nt from the total mileage of the three' to-.j involved 27,000 miles. The eath's circumference Is 23.000 miles. If thc retroaction of Congress regard It? combines becomes fact, a return to Wi railroad enterprise as marked the formation of the Northern Securities Coapany may be expected. The battle 'w supremacy that led to the merger In 1J01 aprang out of the purchase by the "lies j Hill and J. P. Morgan group Jf financiers of the Burlington. The ' aien PaHn, with lines paralleling the OT'llngton raw Itself forced Into a sec "siary position, and falling In an at "mpt u reach an agreement with the 'wllhunn buvers. through Kuhn, Loeb ro qjiptly began buying Northern rselS s.irk 1 Maj V tsoi. while the market was 'laklne fr.im the effect of this .drive. "h North. rn Pacific forced up to $1,000 ' lfc4 and the bottom tumbled out of e rest 0f the market because of the tr iinlniding of the short .traders. l-e Vnion I'arific announced It had con- of (,.'. ooo.ooo worth of Northern VnV ttv k. That won the battle. The "ffl-Morian Interests parleyed, but "entaal', ofTered to take the Union lcifle fcito the nw company, and the "ertcr was effected. The company paid 'Per cent dividends In 1902, and In jebruary. 1903. Increased the rate to "a Per cent in April the Circuit Court Appeals handed down Its decision. " as announced an appeal would be but on this point the'record Is not clear. " Tnr. Sex and New Yoek HesalS. 'Ktvofs:;, rrb. 17. Consolidation ? the Nnrt'iern Pnrlft- th rirrat forth. 'Hi an-1 thi Burlington Into one fIiroad will bo Dosslb'.e under I.V Pfnd It railroad hill am flnnllv Creed on h. i. If . L ' " - - ' 1 II b ro orted to th two hnmws' "i for "permltslve con. .. ilroad lints or systems of he Interstate Com,- .lon. The commission ny proposed merger and' to effect the cons&llda- ith 'he . . r it.,.- t m on ia ih ,.. ... For n . . - i"i rrjaas naiurauy must ni M'r lh. . . . ; av; - 2i nral rmnnlnir of road C'orjf nucd on Eighteenth Page. I h t r . . . .... . . ru tvI x " r 'Te'ent'on i"a winter I R.1?.! c' enbrler. Whlti Sulphur aortngt, lriiala. Bookings PUsa-ulio, 4. HOOVER TAKES HIS STAND IN NATION'S GREA TEST PROBLEMS ; Weaknesses in Our Overcentralized Government as De veloped by the Strain of War Are Noted and Rem-.-edies -Suggested in His Inaugural Address as President of the American Institute of Engineers. t Views Held by Hoover on Issues Which Will Play Part in Campaign HE salient points made in his speech by Mr. Hoover are as follows: Wo are swamped with debt and burdened with taxation. Credit is wofully inflated'; speculation and waste are rampant. On Government operation of railroads: No scheme of political appointment has ever yet been devised that will replace competition in its selection of ability and character. If the Government continues in the shipping (tho merchant marine) business, we shall be disappointed from the point of view of profits. The lack of a Federal budget system is a further testimony that it is always a far cry of our citizens from the efficiency in their business to interest in the efficiency of their Government. Tho attitude of refusal to participate in collective bargaining with representatives of employees' own choosing is the negation to thc bridge to better relationship. There is little danger of radicalism ever controlling a country with so large a farmer population. Herbert Hoover was pominatetl and unanimously elected president yesterday of the American Institute of Mlulng and Metallurgical Engineers. ' As tho principal speaker at the annual dinner of that organization, which was held In the evening In the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, Mr. Hoover framed what many regarded as the personal platform upon which he would like to stand as the nominee for a higher office. Not that he Injected any palpable politics into his address. Ho studiously refrained from bo doing, and during the afternoon sessions of the Institute he refused re peatedly to discuss other, than strictly engineering topics. In his evening Inaugural address, delivered as president oUtc Institute, however, Mr. Hoover defined his attitude toward many, of Ihe paramount problems of the moment, such at" the destiny of the railroads, tho future ft the American merchant marine, the fuel problem, thc .necessity for a Federal budget system, tho growth of radicalism and tho relations between capital and labor. After 'expressing his appreciation of the honor of being dected president of the Institute, with which he had been connected during h's entire professional life, the speaker, who had been greeted with up roarlous applause, said : Face New Orientation. "We" are faced with a new Orienta tion of our country to world prob lems. We face a Europe still at war; still- amid social revolutions; some of its people still slacking on production; millions starving; and therefore the safety of Its civilization is styi hanging by a' slender thread. Every wind that blows carries to our shores an infec tion of social disease from this great ferment; every convulsion, there has an economic reaction upon our own people. If we needed further proof of the interdependence of the world we have U to-day in the practical block ade -of otir export market The world is asking for us to ratify long delayed peace In the hope that such confidence will be restored as will enable her to .reconstruct liar economic life. We are to-day contemplating maintenance of an enlarged army and navy In pre paredness for further upheavals In thc world and falling to even provide some Insurance .against war by a league to promote peace. "Out of the strain of war weak nesses have, become even more evident In our administrative organization In our legislative machinery. Our Federal Gov rrcment is still overcentraUitd, for .ve havo upon the hands of our Government enormous industrial activities which have yet ' to be demoDlllzed. TVo are swamped with debt . and burdened with taxation. Credit is wofuity Inflated, speculation and waste are rampant. ur cwn productivity is decreasing. Our' 'ndustrlu! population Is crying for remedies for the Increasing cost of liv ing and aspiring to better conditions of life and labor. But beyond all this. great hopes ana aspirations are abroad ; great moral and social forces have been stimulated by. the war and will not bo quieted by the ratification of paca. "These are but a part of the prob lems with, wnlch we must deal. I have no fear that our people shall not. find solutions i but progress is sometimes ll'.e the (I I fashioned -rail fan ne rails are p'haps misshapen look to point the wrong way an! ' all but In the end the fetce progresie. Greatest Two Problem!. "The war nationalisation of railways and shipping are our two groatest prob lems In Government control awaiting demobilization. There are many funds mental objections to continuation of these experiments in socialism necessi tated by the war. They He chleHy in their destruction of -.cltlative In oui people and the dangers of political dom ination that can grow fr'am govern mental operation, Uiyond this the engineers will Sold that the successful conduct of great in dustries Is to a transcendent degree de pendent upon the personal abilities and character of their employees and stiff. No scheme of political appointment has ever yet been devised that will replace competition In its Selection of ability and character. Both shipping and rail- Confirmed on Fourth Fase. r WET DEMOCRATS SEEK CANDIDATE . In Almost Every State Efforts Are Bent to Get Liberal Nominee. UNDERWOOD CONSIDERED Sentiment Also JJelps Boom of Gov. Cox of Ohio for Presidency. Sp"itl to The Sex a.td Nitw Ton lltmtr. Washington. Feb. 17. Anti-prohi-bltlon elements all over the country are uniting In their efforts to obtain A liberal Democratic nominee for thc Presidency at the San Francisco con vention. In almost every State, ac cording to Information received bv Administration politicians, the Isiue is clear cut. Thc wet elements of the party are said to be confident that this Is their chance to ODtain a relaxa tion of the strict liquor laws. Particularly is this true in ths Southern States. Prohibition ther seems to bo an Issue far greater than any other, according to Information reported to Washington. The same Is true of the East where the wet ele ments are pinning their faith In tho Democratic liberals who may get into the contest. Incidentally the wet drive has brought Into consideration as" a Presidential pos sibility the name of Senator Oscar Un derwood (Alabama). Senator Under- wwu is wei anu is or uie type whal' would be supported by the liberal ele-T" ments of the party. The sentiment which .Is develonlnir would help the boom of Governor Cox of Ohio, according to the view here. Gov ernor Cox Is liberal and 'comes from a State that undoubtedly must be carried by the party that wins the election. The best judgment of the Democrats who are observing the developments Is that the liberal elements will not attempt to back any candidate who Is radically wet They want It is believed, a nomi nee whose record would make It practi cally sure that ho would favor a liberal definition of Intoxicants that would per mit the sale of beer and light wines. Stork Vlnlta Soltnnatr. Caiho, Feb. 1". The Sultan of Egypt Is distributing i:,000 among the poor of Cairo and Alexandria In celebration of the birth of an heir to the Sultanate. Prince Ahmed Fuad was chosen by tbe British to succeed his late brother, Hesseln Kemal, as Sultan In October, 117. THE GREENBRIER whits Sulsnnr SvrtBCs, W. VS. Thro ash Compartracat Slieptrs. Bookings Tat Plata. jUv. ! AMERICA HOLDS EUROPE'S FATE IN HER HANDS Tense Feeling Abroad Re garding U. S. Attitude on Economic Questions. WIELDS FINANCIAL KNIFE One-eighth Central. Europe's Population Unrelieved, Must Emigrate or Die. Special cable Dapatch to Tat Sex aso Hsw JfoiK Hitrut.n. Copyright, lXO. bv The Sen inp New Yor.s IIssald. London, Feb. 17. At no time per haps since President Wilson was drawn Into European affairs by tho German submarine warfare has there been so tense a situation as regards thc attitude of America toward Eu rope a there Is at present. The atti tude of the United States at that time was important from the political and military standpoint; it is even more important to-day from the financial and economic viewpoint. An Italian newspaper yesterday re marked that so far as the economic future of Europe was concerned "America holds the knife by the han dle." Even the sanest and soundest bankers of England, who through years of experience and centuries of tradition have become accustomed to Immense financial problems, are won dering how America is going to wleM that "knife," symbol of her financial power. From the press despatches from ttfrwrica'' that arc printed "ijereS?d the recurrent official statements, sup plemented by private advices, thc con clusion ' the leading bankers havo drawn Js that at present It is the de termination of the United States to maintain as separate on attitude as possible toward Europe, allowing the nations on this side of the Atlantic to work out their own salvation. Flnancm Greater Problem. This does not refer to the political salvation of Europe. Regardless of all the notse made about trying the former Kal;ee and settling the destiny of Flume, the biggest nut that Europe has to crackls the financial one. She undoubt edly Ij willing and able to iolve her own political puzzles, but financially Europe's position has cccomc a world problem which. If the opinions of the greatest financial and economic authorities count for anything, no nation In the world can afford to ignore. The leaders of the Governments here and In France realize this and their" dally statements about political phases of tne peace treaty and probable modifications to be made are simply side play leading to the main feature, which will be the revision of thc economic sections of the treaty. European economics have become as Involved as a Chinese puzzle from the politicians' viewpoint, but It Is a simple matter of balancing purchases and sales when the realities are faced and la th'creforc a matter that the bankers will I. ova in attl That menns fh nrnhlem ol exchange rates, the International I nnanclal congress-to stabilize them and I thc tremendous power that America can Wield if she wishes. Premier Lloyd George was returned to his post as Prime Minister on a platform pledging that every ounce of commercial blood would bo Squeezed out of Ger many to help pay the cost of the war, and tbe power of the present French Government also Is resting upon that! foundation. The revision of the economic features of the treaty, there fore. Is a problem catling for the utmost skill. . ' 10,000,000 Ma't Cmlxrate of Die. It has been demonstrated, so far as cold figures can demonstrate anything, that by the strict enforcement of tne peace treaty at least one-eighth of the population of central Europe, or about 10,000.000 persons, wlU be compelled to emigrate or die; Germany would retrograde Into an almost wholly agri cultural nation; the Allies of course would not get any Indemnity, but she would be rid forever of the German mili tary menace tnd England would be re- leved of. German commercial competi tion. It can be stated without any reservation that England no longer fears German competition, at least for some years to come, neither Is there any great clamor here, for an Indemnity to England frm Germany Many Influential persons believe that England probably will waive her claims for an Indemnity In favor of France and Belgium. Aleo It can be stated that English banKera are much displeased ty France's negligent taxation policy, be lieving that Franco has been pressing for a Btrict enforcement of thc treaty not because, of jnllltary fears but to avoid a revision which would scale down the Indemnities and thus compel her to Inauguinte a, sensible taxation policy. An English banker, who returned from France yesterday, said that tho leaders of the French flnancial'World realize that there is no hope of Collect ing the full cost of the war from Ger many, but through the misguided policy that unfortunately has gone too far In France tho public will not countenance heavy taxation because It still believes that German Indemnities are assured. French financiers are In a dllemiuu since the Imposition of taxes to make tbe Continued en fikrd Page. POLITE W IS t SENT BY ALLIES TO WASHINGTON It Is Officially Denied Grey and Chamberlain Urged Changes. FIUME IS NOW SYMBOL To Bo 3Iark of Continued Al- lied Unity Treaty lle ) vision Later. Special Cable DetpaleU to Tne scsc and Nzw York Hcbai.d. Copyriaht, liX. by Tus Sc. and Nsw York IUsald. 3x)ndon, Feb. 17. A polite explana tion of the reasons of the Supreme Council of the Peace Conference for arriving at their decision on the Adri atic problem, but in which the position of the council was not In the .least modified, was despatched to-night tr President Wilson through John W Davis, American Ambassador. It was stated officially that the char acter of tho note was unchanged since It was first drafted last .Saturday Tho report In Paris that Viscount Grey and Aus'en Chamberlain, Chan cellor of the Exchequer, had appealed for a modification of the note was de nied specifically, "Neither of these gentlemen attended the meetings of the Supreme Council; neither did the council receive any communication on the note from them directly or Indirectly," It was officially said. i.Ueep Concern Illustrated. i? fArtrM.lnatJil'fti.tir e-nmlnte to believe that Iho'exWeWMvePrresldeht I Wilson's Intervention In the Adriatic problem is a tempest in a teapot Nevertheless the case was illustrattv of tho deep concern in most Important quarters here over the possibility of a split with America. Whether or not Viscount Grey and Mr. Chamberlain Intervened to soften the Supreme Council's leply to President Wilson's note, at least It is wetl known here that they, with Wyckham Steed,, editor of the Timet, representing Lord Northcltlfe, were In a conference yester day and were authoritatively reported to be determined to unite In opposition to Premier Lloyd George unless ihey were assured that America would not bo driven out of tne conference or out at the Adriatic settlement Flume. In this sense, thus becomes not a question of the settlement of the Adri atic dispute but a symbol of continued allied unity, under which it is expected that ultimately the treaty will be re formed. Every effort was made here to-day to have It appear that the note from President Wilson was merely a con tinuance of the negotiations which be gun In Paris and a part of which was the agreement signed by Frank L. FolK in Paris last December. This concord was iaiu uuwii un fines w..,v-- States. England and France agreed to work on In an effort to settle the Adrl ntlc Imbroglio. The memorandum drawn up. It was asserted, was in exact accord with the offer of settlement then made to Italy and Jugo-Slavla. The" position of the Supreme council now is that In view of the fact that the nroDosed settlement was rejected by both Italy and Jugo-Slavla the council was at liberty to draw up a fresh pro posal. Position of Council. The members of the council take the position that they would have been glad had the United Stales participatea in this work : that any- American commit ments contained In the memorandum of last Dectmber wert absolved by the total eclipse and the elimination of the scheme. Whether or not the United States participates In the present pro posed settlement, which is regarded as the only settlement which presents It self now, the council sincerely hopes that President Wilson will accept or permit Its rsxecutlon. This, It was said In well Informed circles, probably was the summary of the note which was to-night forwarded to the President Howiver, whether or not it does represent the character of the note actually despatched could not be authoritatively learned, as both the char acter and the text of the Premier's note are being carefully guarded. It was stated that It would not be publlsheLby the Peace Conference. It will he lefr to Mr. Wilson to make public Its text and also that of his own communication to the Council. On the other hand, the foregoing sum mary. If it might be called such, repre. sents nil accurate outline of the con slderalloni which Induenced the men who drafted the reply to the. President, and It la reasonable to believe that they Incorporated them in their 'note. Only Doubtful Element. The only doubtful element admitted In Supreme Council circles Is the au thority of Mr.- Trumbltch, the Jugo slav delegate, to reply to the -latest ultimatum demanding an answer to the Paris proposals. UnrtouStedly Mr. Trum bltch Is In a position to say. If pressed, that he cannot reply until a new cab inet Is organized In Belgrade to suc ceed that headed by Llouba,Davldovltch and which resigned last Saturday. The Supretn Council believes that It Conffnudto,8econtt Page. HAKTSaeSXK, FAUH CO. Membtrs N. T. Stock exchange, 71 Srosdwsr. 4iv. PARIS BELIEVES WILSON IS GLAD TO RETIRE TREATY French Papers Charge President With Wishing to Avoid Admitting Defeat by Senate, but Pans will . Not Enter Adriatic Plan Without America. Special Cable Despatch to Tne Sun and New York HeraU). Copyright, 1920, by The Sun and New Yobk .Herald. I'aris, Feb. 1". lite charge that President Wilson Is uslug the Adriatic situutlou as a pretext by which he might, withdraw the pence treaty with out admitting personal defeat through tho action of thp United States Senate In refusing to ratify It without strong reservations Is made by the French press to-day. The view . held even in certain official circle In Paris that the President will seek the same kind of a pretest in connection Nwlth the i'urklsh peace pact If he falls In the present move. x High placed Freuch observers nie Inclined to the view that the Jugo slavs now arc ready to lend themselves to a new compromise agreement un the Adriatic problem a compromise In which both the Paris proposals nnd'thc Pact of' London would bo excluded. That the attitude of President Wilson will bo seriously regarded by. the Government of Premier Mllleraud, however, goes without saying. De spite what the I'aris newspapers say. the French Government is not ready to cut Itself off from the Wilson Administration. It was authoritatively stated here to-day that Premier Mlllerand's Government would not enter uny settlement of thc Adriatic Imbroglio unless such a settlement, received .he approval of the United State. 4 As regards the note sent by the Premiers In reply to the President's ommunlcntlon on the proposed Adriatic settlement, It is said that the first draft, whleh was written on the specific order of Premier Lloyd George, was unsatisfactory In Its tone to the French, and that the note as sent was substantially modified- In Its phraseology. Tho consensus In best informed circles Is that It will leave the door open for a reply from President Wjlson and open the .way for further negotiations. TANKS SMASH MAD MULLAH Airplanes Also Used Against Abyssinian FanaticWIi. IIE MAKES HIS ESCAPE British and Italian Forces Suc ceed in Restoring Peace in African Kingdom. London, Feb. 17. The combined operations of the British and Italians with tanks and aircraft guns against the Mad Mullah in Abyssinia have been very successful. Tho enemy was heavily defeated and the operations' virtually have been completed, but the Mad Mullah escaped. The Mad Mullah has been preachlns a holy war, according to the Somali tribes, and during the recent war con tinually raided the country, necessitat ing tho maintenance of a garrison by the Italians. ' Tne Colonial Under Secretary an nounced io-day In the House of Com mons that the dervishes had been at tacked by airplanes in Somallland; that the Mullah had escaped, but his posi tions were captured with much booty , , , . . , . . . . gT" of the dervishes had been BRIBERY CHARGED TO DODGE INCOME TAX Chicago Man Arrested in Opening of National Roundup Special to Tan Scs axd New Yosx Hzrald. Chicago, Feb. 17. Albert I. LaiAr, secretary-treasurer of Brlggs and Turi vas Company, salvage brokers, was ar rested to-night and held In (30,000 cash bonds In the opening of a national drive by the Federal Government to catch big Income tax dodgers. Wholesale arrests will be made in the next two weeks. Fed eral agents Intimate, Involving1 heads of some of the largest firms in the United States. Lauer Is charged with having at tempted to bribe Charles Callner, an In ternal revenue collector, with $30,000 to dodge payment on an income tax of 3150,000. United States Attorney Cllne and Dan Chapln, special Internal revenue collector from Washington, have as evi dence $15,000 In 1100 bills, which Call ner says Lauer passed to him as an Ini tial paymont. MEAT PRICES AGAIN TUMBLE IN CHICAGO Hogs Drop $1 a Hundred Be low Previous Day. Sptciat to The Srs axd New Yobk Herald. Chicago. Feb. 17. Meat tumbled at the stock yards to-day. Hogs dropped 31 a hundred pounds. The -bulk of the better grade of hogs sold at 314.80 a hundred pounds, against 315.30 yester day, and there were numerous offerings as low Ss $13.75 a hundred. Beef prices alio went down. The bulk of the cattle sold at the yards were taken In by the packers ,at 115.73 a hundred pounds, against $1A.1 5 yester day. A week ago the san- -rads of cattle sold at $16.90 a hundred, making a total slump of $1.16. ' Prices of hogs and cattle to-day were from 34 to 4 cents a pound leta than the price a year ago to-dar. Inquiry at wholesale and retail meat markets and at downtown restaurants (ailed to show, however, that Mr. Ultimate Con- j rumer ni getting jE.tch. btneflt from' the slumjjQ ITALY RESENTS WILSON'SOKASE Cannot Understand Adriatic Attitude AftcivSaar Valloy and Shantung Cessions. MINISTERS DISCUSS NOTE Rome Paper Says President Does Not Voice thc Views of American People. Special cable DetpaM to TnB 8rx and Nnr Yosx Herald. Copyright. rA try Tat Sex axd Nzrr York Herald. Rome, Feb. 17. President Wilson's sudden reentry into European politics tupefles ItaJJ'- Hls telegram to the Peace Conference concerning the Adri atic question, coupled with his virtual dismissal of Secretary Lansing, Is con sidered here as disconcerting and In explicable. The Italian newspapers show evidence of trying to treat his action with all fairness, but a note of resentment is apparent in their com ment. The Adriatic question, they say, which has kept Italy In a state of dangerous spiritual upheaval for so long, was nearing the fairest possible solution when President Wilson ap peared on tho scene and tried to spell It all. Several of them say In effect: "If, the President of the United States wishes to reenter European politics why does he not express an opinion on resum ing relations with Russia, the Turkish problem and the extradition of the for mer Kaiser? The difference between the compromise acceptable to Italy. France and Great Britain and the Wilson line amounts to only n few square miles, and absolutely Is insignificant compared to Shantung and the Saar Valley, which he concedes to other nations. What has Italy done to deserve this treatment? Why does he Insist upon imposing his will on Europe when he could not im pose It upon his own people V These are the questions which the peo plo as well as the newspapers are asking, but Italy's faith In the American people Is Increasing ever' day. By the Attociated Preu. Jlous, Feb. 16 (delayed). The whole Italian press comments at length on President Wilson's attitude, toward the Adriatic question. The Idea Naslonale designates It "President WIlson'Bj con spiracy with the Jugo-Slavs." The Cor ricre d'ltalia says: "President Wilson might have launched his. veto when a compromise was still under discussion. Doing It now has all the appearance of the wish to create the gravest embar rassment." The Epoea says: "Premier Davldovttch (Serbia) had practically accepted 'the compromise, but Pachltch and Dr. Ves nllch desperately solicited intervention by President Wilson. Mr. Wilson was represented as the genius destined, to save the Jugo-Slav nation from the im perialistic thirst of Italy." Tbe Tribuna says: "After disposing of Mr. Lansing President Wilson does not rf present thc will of the nation, nor even the will of his own party. Italy has the right to maintain Irrevocably her con tention, either of compromise or the pact of London." The HestaggcTo considers It "the strangest pretence" on the President's part that he should claim the rlg;if to suppress any political Idea In a purely European matter and Impose In Its stead his personal conception, thus "destroy ing with his own hands the moral and political basis of the League of Nations, of which he)'' Mr the apostle." The Tent; Is heavily censored, but such expre ions as "Brutal, insolent Imperious jne'.' and "American imposi tion" appear In a wilderness of blank spaces." Note Threatens Also With drawal of the Versailles Treaty From Senate. KEP1Y C03IES T0-DAV Premiers Likely to How to "Ultimatum, Many Sena tors Believe. BORAH SEES LESSOx IN IT Says Situation Shows Impossi bility of U. S. and Europe Acting in Unison. Special to Tee 5ik.AVi New Yobk HieaMi. Washington, Feb. 17. An overt threat to withdraw both tho treaty of Versailles and the French alliance treaty from the Senate If the Allied Premiers did not continue to consult him in any remaking of thc map of Europe was contained in President Wilson's noto of February 10 to tho Allied Governments. As was-stated in The Sun and The New York Herald this morning, thU President's whole position in this mat ter still revolves around Article X. and its guarantee. Not until to-lay was It admitted, however, that the President had gone so far as to mention the pos sibility that if the Allies did not come to his terms the peace treaty, con taining the League covenant and Its concomitant nact regarding France, would be withdrawn. ' This is in addition to thc positive declaration In the note that the United States refused to be a party to any Adriatic settlement on the basis of tile ultimatum sent to Belgrade and would not sign tho Hungarian treaty if it wera Included. , ' . The admlssldn lint the Prcsjdent coupled With this a mention Sf, tho. Peace treaty riow unifer discussion, in tho Senate was made at the White House to-day, although it had been denied there yesterday that any gen eral tnreat of this sort had been mad. Capitol Amnaed.nnd Astonished. The admission caused some nston lshment, but more amusement, at tho Capitol, where the treaty during the last few days has seemed to be In its expiring throes, it was at onco char acterized by some Senators as a bluff directed at foreign governments, but for which they probably would fall, as It is not doubted that, these govern ments had been from the very start willing to pay any price to keep Amer ica in the European game. The President In his note has not made the direct threat to withdraw the two treaties If the Allies do not rescind their latest Adriatic plan adopted by them last month before they had con sulted Mr. Wilson. What he said In this note, which language Is as yet with held. Is in effect that if It is their plan to continue to redraft arrangements cov ering boundaries and other matters like the Adriatic without first getting tho approval of this Government he wl'l "take under consideration" the advlsa blllty of withdrawing the Versailles treaty. It Is Intimated LhaWhis would mean also, the Franco-American treaty, as both "go together." Whether tho nntA m.niiA.. t-CS ..(.(wa.o . I U s lll- co-American treaty specifically in addi tion to the trsallles pact Is not made clsar as yet ' But that the foreign Gsv- ernments know plainly that one goes with the other Is certain. Its slgnl.l cance is plain. This Is a threat dlrecte.l at the French, to whom the alliance pact Is far more precious than tho Lcagu of Nations. President's Whole Poiltlon. The President's whole position c, pears to be predicated not on the spe cific treaty of which the Adriatic se tlement would form a part but upon hU theory that hereafter, under the leagya covenant the United States Is called upon to guarantee the boundaries of Europe and cannot be expected to sit by supinely which Is very cloee to the lan guage the President uses while these boundaries are being defined in accord ance with Ideas to which It has not sub scribed. The President would take his peace treaty away from the Senate, ai fce virtually tells Europe, before he would, let the Senate ratify the pact and make the United States a party to tin guarantee of Europe's new boundaries If they are to be drawn up without flrs: i obtaining the approval of the United States. Whatever effect this ,may have hid upon the European Governments It cer tainly has had a withering erTe.'t upon the already blighted prospects of thf German peace treaty In the Senate. I apparently has given the best argumer' In the world to those who have been con tending against the President's Intern.) tlonallsm. In fact It looked tcml.iy at I' tbe President, by his onn hand, had given the coup de grace to his own treaty. As seen at tl-e capital thc Prcsltl'nt fins threatjned tr; withdraw from Bump when a large element of the Senate ami of his own countrymen have demanded this very thing, More than this, Ms ultimatum to the allied Premiers woul seem to be. In effect, that unless UV accede to his demands the League of N"a ilina will IvA'thrown Int.i tha dlaoariL For with the treaty containing the leagu 'aftrenatft withdrawn Europe bare nothing else to do but g'