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The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, February 18, 1920, Image 1

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The amalgamated SUN AND HERALD
preserves the best traditions of each.
In combination these two newspapers
make a greater newspaper than either
has ever been on its own.
Local snows to-day; to-morrow fair;
fresh southwest to west winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 36; lowest, 14. .
DeUUid weather reports will be found on tfct editor!!
NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1920,-SffI. Sgr, i-,. .
Kcw "Northern Securities''
to Take Up $100,000,000
Burlington Bonds.
Famous Consolidation in 1901
Was Dissolved Under the
Sherman Act.
facial to The Sim axd Nrw Yoek Ueiald.
St. Paul, Feb. 17. The gigantic
railroad merger evolved by the H1U
Morgan Interests after the panic of
1101 on the New York Stock Ex
change, known as the Northern Se
curities Company, which was held a
violation of tho Sherman Anti-Trust
law by decision of thc United States
Circuit Court of Appeals In 1903, is to
have a rebirth in a new consolidation,
iccording to reports strongly current
here to-day.
As In the former instance, the com
bine Is to consist of the Great North
trr, Northern Pacific and the Chicago.
Burlington and Qulncy railroads. The
chief reason for the merger is the
necessity of meeting J400.O00.000 worth
of Burlington bonds which were Issued
v the time of the formation of the Na
tional Pecuritles Company and fall due
in 1MI. Confirmation of the amalga
mation is refused by all officials. In
cluding L. W. Hill, chairman of the
Great Northern Railroad, who said no
p)ns for thc merger had been dis
rated, i
There It. however, exccllentbasis to
tht report from authoritative sources.
Additional strength Is given to the re
port by the fact that the present railroad
till la Congress, which has been agreed
cpon by the conferees of the Senate and
the House, provides, for the consolidation
f even competing lines. Consolidation'
v urtM upon the roads In the bill, but
fth certain restrictive limitations fixed
by the Interstate Commerce Commission
w some like board. The question now
is how far consolidations of competing.
iir.tj will be permitted In the interests
cf thc public The new ra-.iroad bill. It
fs admitted here, lifts the bar laid over
tie railroads by the Sherman anti-trust
:t and opens the way for a rtvlval of
railroad activities and consolidations.
When the Northern Securities Cora
Jtnj' was ordered dissolved the Great
Northern and the Northern Pacific were
left as guarantors of the $400,000,000
capitalization Issued in Burlington
bonds. The Burlington stock Is deposited
s additional security. The refinancing
of 1400.000.000 at the present rate of
interest, as against 4 per cent, which
tte bonds now bear, Is a tremendous
Uik. The merger would make the re
Sninclng comparatively simple. It
oald have the further result of wiping
out the costly competition between "the
to big transcontinental lines.
Something of the importance of the
frtr. If It Is effected, la made antrar-
nt from the total mileage of the three'
to-.j involved 27,000 miles. The
eath's circumference Is 23.000 miles.
If thc retroaction of Congress regard
It? combines becomes fact, a return to
Wi railroad enterprise as marked the
formation of the Northern Securities
Coapany may be expected. The battle
'w supremacy that led to the merger In
1J01 aprang out of the purchase by the
"lies j Hill and J. P. Morgan group
Jf financiers of the Burlington. The
' aien PaHn, with lines paralleling the
OT'llngton raw Itself forced Into a sec
"siary position, and falling In an at
"mpt u reach an agreement with the
'wllhunn buvers. through Kuhn, Loeb
ro qjiptly began buying Northern
rselS s.irk
1 Maj V tsoi. while the market was
'laklne fr.im the effect of this .drive.
"h North. rn Pacific forced up to $1,000
' lfc4 and the bottom tumbled out of
e rest 0f the market because of the
tr iinlniding of the short .traders.
l-e Vnion I'arific announced It had con-
of (,.'. ooo.ooo worth of Northern
VnV ttv k. That won the battle. The
"ffl-Morian Interests parleyed, but
"entaal', ofTered to take the Union
lcifle fcito the nw company, and the
"ertcr was effected. The company paid
'Per cent dividends In 1902, and In
jebruary. 1903. Increased the rate to
"a Per cent in April the Circuit Court
Appeals handed down Its decision.
" as announced an appeal would be
but on this point the'record Is not
" Tnr. Sex and New Yoek HesalS.
'Ktvofs:;, rrb. 17. Consolidation
? the Nnrt'iern Pnrlft- th rirrat
'Hi an-1 thi Burlington Into one
will bo Dosslb'.e under
Pfnd It railroad hill am flnnllv
Creed on h. i.
If . L ' " - -
' 1 II b ro orted to th two hnmws'
"i for "permltslve con.
.. ilroad lints or systems
of he Interstate Com,-
.lon. The commission
ny proposed merger and'
to effect the cons&llda-
ith 'he . . r
t m on
ia ih ,.. ...
For n . . -
i"i rrjaas naiurauy must ni
M'r lh. . . . ;
av; - 2i nral rmnnlnir of road
C'orjf nucd on Eighteenth Page.
I h t r . . . .... . .
ru tvI x " r 'Te'ent'on i"a winter I
R.1?.! c' enbrler. Whlti Sulphur aortngt,
lriiala. Bookings PUsa-ulio, 4.
; Weaknesses in Our Overcentralized Government as De
veloped by the Strain of War Are Noted and Rem-.-edies
-Suggested in His Inaugural Address as
President of the American Institute of Engineers.
Views Held by Hoover on Issues Which
Will Play Part in Campaign
HE salient points made in his speech by Mr. Hoover are as follows:
Wo are swamped with debt and burdened with taxation. Credit
is wofully inflated'; speculation and waste are rampant.
On Government operation of railroads: No scheme of political
appointment has ever yet been devised that will replace competition
in its selection of ability and character.
If the Government continues in the shipping (tho merchant
marine) business, we shall be disappointed from the point of view of
The lack of a Federal budget system is a further testimony that
it is always a far cry of our citizens from the efficiency in their
business to interest in the efficiency of their Government.
Tho attitude of refusal to participate in collective bargaining
with representatives of employees' own choosing is the negation to thc
bridge to better relationship.
There is little danger of radicalism ever controlling a country
with so large a farmer population.
Herbert Hoover was pominatetl and unanimously elected president
yesterday of the American Institute of Mlulng and Metallurgical
Engineers. '
As tho principal speaker at the annual dinner of that organization,
which was held In the evening In the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, Mr. Hoover
framed what many regarded as the personal platform upon which he would
like to stand as the nominee for a higher office. Not that he Injected
any palpable politics into his address. Ho studiously refrained from bo
doing, and during the afternoon sessions of the Institute he refused re
peatedly to discuss other, than strictly engineering topics.
In his evening Inaugural address, delivered as president oUtc Institute,
however, Mr. Hoover defined his attitude toward many, of Ihe paramount
problems of the moment, such at" the destiny of the railroads, tho future
ft the American merchant marine, the fuel problem, thc .necessity for a
Federal budget system, tho growth of radicalism and tho relations between
capital and labor. After 'expressing his appreciation of the honor of being
dected president of the Institute, with which he had been connected during
h's entire professional life, the speaker, who had been greeted with up
roarlous applause, said :
Face New Orientation.
"We" are faced with a new Orienta
tion of our country to world prob
lems. We face a Europe still at war;
still- amid social revolutions; some of
its people still slacking on production;
millions starving; and therefore the
safety of Its civilization is styi hanging
by a' slender thread. Every wind that
blows carries to our shores an infec
tion of social disease from this great
ferment; every convulsion, there has
an economic reaction upon our own
people. If we needed further proof of
the interdependence of the world we
have U to-day in the practical block
ade -of otir export market The world
is asking for us to ratify long delayed
peace In the hope that such confidence
will be restored as will enable her to
.reconstruct liar economic life. We
are to-day contemplating maintenance
of an enlarged army and navy In pre
paredness for further upheavals In thc
world and falling to even provide some
Insurance .against war by a league to
promote peace.
"Out of the strain of war weak
nesses have, become even more evident
In our administrative organization In our
legislative machinery. Our Federal Gov
rrcment is still overcentraUitd, for .ve
havo upon the hands of our Government
enormous industrial activities which
have yet ' to be demoDlllzed. TVo are
swamped with debt . and burdened with
taxation. Credit is wofuity Inflated,
speculation and waste are rampant.
ur cwn productivity is decreasing.
Our' 'ndustrlu! population Is crying for
remedies for the Increasing cost of liv
ing and aspiring to better conditions of
life and labor. But beyond all this.
great hopes ana aspirations are abroad ;
great moral and social forces have been
stimulated by. the war and will not bo
quieted by the ratification of paca.
"These are but a part of the prob
lems with, wnlch we must deal. I have
no fear that our people shall not. find
solutions i but progress is sometimes
ll'.e the (I I fashioned -rail fan
rails are p'haps misshapen
look to point the wrong way
an! ' all
but In
the end the fetce progresie.
Greatest Two Problem!.
"The war nationalisation of railways
and shipping are our two groatest prob
lems In Government control awaiting
demobilization. There are many funds
mental objections to continuation of
these experiments in socialism necessi
tated by the war. They He chleHy in
their destruction of -.cltlative In oui
people and the dangers of political dom
ination that can grow fr'am govern
mental operation,
Uiyond this the engineers will Sold
that the successful conduct of great in
dustries Is to a transcendent degree de
pendent upon the personal abilities and
character of their employees and stiff.
No scheme of political appointment has
ever yet been devised that will replace
competition In its Selection of ability
and character. Both shipping and rail-
Confirmed on Fourth Fase.
In Almost Every State Efforts
Are Bent to Get Liberal
Sentiment Also JJelps Boom of
Gov. Cox of Ohio for
Sp"itl to The Sex a.td Nitw Ton lltmtr.
Washington. Feb. 17. Anti-prohi-bltlon
elements all over the country
are uniting In their efforts to obtain A
liberal Democratic nominee for thc
Presidency at the San Francisco con
vention. In almost every State, ac
cording to Information received bv
Administration politicians, the Isiue is
clear cut. Thc wet elements of the
party are said to be confident that
this Is their chance to ODtain a relaxa
tion of the strict liquor laws.
Particularly is this true in ths
Southern States. Prohibition ther
seems to bo an Issue far greater than
any other, according to Information
reported to Washington. The same Is
true of the East where the wet ele
ments are pinning their faith In tho
Democratic liberals who may get into
the contest.
Incidentally the wet drive has brought
Into consideration as" a Presidential pos
sibility the name of Senator Oscar Un
derwood (Alabama). Senator Under-
wwu is wei anu is or uie type whal'
would be supported by the liberal ele-T"
ments of the party.
sentiment which .Is develonlnir
would help the boom of Governor Cox of
Ohio, according to the view here. Gov
ernor Cox Is liberal and 'comes from a
State that undoubtedly must be carried
by the party that wins the election.
The best judgment of the Democrats
who are observing the developments Is
that the liberal elements will not attempt
to back any candidate who Is radically
wet They want It is believed, a nomi
nee whose record would make It practi
cally sure that ho would favor a liberal
definition of Intoxicants that would per
mit the sale of beer and light wines.
Stork Vlnlta Soltnnatr.
Caiho, Feb. 1". The Sultan of Egypt
Is distributing i:,000 among the poor
of Cairo and Alexandria In celebration
of the birth of an heir to the Sultanate.
Prince Ahmed Fuad was chosen by
tbe British to succeed his late brother,
Hesseln Kemal, as Sultan In October,
THE GREENBRIER whits Sulsnnr
SvrtBCs, W. VS. Thro ash Compartracat
Slieptrs. Bookings Tat Plata. jUv.
Tense Feeling Abroad Re
garding U. S. Attitude on
Economic Questions.
One-eighth Central. Europe's
Population Unrelieved, Must
Emigrate or Die.
Special cable Dapatch to Tat Sex aso Hsw
JfoiK Hitrut.n. Copyright, lXO. bv The Sen
inp New Yor.s IIssald.
London, Feb. 17. At no time per
haps since President Wilson was
drawn Into European affairs by tho
German submarine warfare has there
been so tense a situation as regards
thc attitude of America toward Eu
rope a there Is at present. The atti
tude of the United States at that time
was important from the political and
military standpoint; it is even more
important to-day from the financial
and economic viewpoint.
An Italian newspaper yesterday re
marked that so far as the economic
future of Europe was concerned
"America holds the knife by the han
dle." Even the sanest and soundest
bankers of England, who through
years of experience and centuries of
tradition have become accustomed to
Immense financial problems, are won
dering how America is going to wleM
that "knife," symbol of her financial
From the press despatches from
ttfrwrica'' that arc printed "ijereS?d
the recurrent official statements, sup
plemented by private advices, thc con
clusion ' the leading bankers havo
drawn Js that at present It is the de
termination of the United States to
maintain as separate on attitude as
possible toward Europe, allowing the
nations on this side of the Atlantic to
work out their own salvation.
Flnancm Greater Problem.
This does not refer to the political
salvation of Europe. Regardless of all
the notse made about trying the former
Kal;ee and settling the destiny of Flume,
the biggest nut that Europe has to
crackls the financial one. She undoubt
edly Ij willing and able to iolve her own
political puzzles, but financially Europe's
position has cccomc a world problem
which. If the opinions of the greatest
financial and economic authorities count
for anything, no nation In the world can
afford to ignore. The leaders of the
Governments here and In France realize
this and their" dally statements about
political phases of tne peace treaty and
probable modifications to be made are
simply side play leading to the main
feature, which will be the revision of
thc economic sections of the treaty.
European economics have become as
Involved as a Chinese puzzle from the
politicians' viewpoint, but It Is a simple
matter of balancing purchases and sales
when the realities are faced and la
th'creforc a matter that the bankers will
I. ova in attl That menns fh nrnhlem
ol exchange rates, the International I
nnanclal congress-to stabilize them and I
thc tremendous power that America can
Wield if she wishes.
Premier Lloyd George was returned to
his post as Prime Minister on a platform
pledging that every ounce of commercial
blood would bo Squeezed out of Ger
many to help pay the cost of the war,
and tbe power of the present French
Government also Is resting upon that!
foundation. The revision of the
economic features of the treaty, there
fore. Is a problem catling for the utmost
skill. . '
10,000,000 Ma't Cmlxrate of Die.
It has been demonstrated, so far as
cold figures can demonstrate anything,
that by the strict enforcement of tne
peace treaty at least one-eighth of the
population of central Europe, or about
10,000.000 persons, wlU be compelled to
emigrate or die; Germany would
retrograde Into an almost wholly agri
cultural nation; the Allies of course
would not get any Indemnity, but she
would be rid forever of the German mili
tary menace tnd England would be re-
leved of. German commercial competi
tion. It can be stated without any
reservation that England no longer fears
German competition, at least for some
years to come, neither Is there any
great clamor here, for an Indemnity to
England frm Germany
Many Influential persons believe that
England probably will waive her claims
for an Indemnity In favor of France
and Belgium. Aleo It can be stated that
English banKera are much displeased ty
France's negligent taxation policy, be
lieving that Franco has been pressing
for a Btrict enforcement of thc treaty
not because, of jnllltary fears but to
avoid a revision which would scale down
the Indemnities and thus compel her
to Inauguinte a, sensible taxation policy.
An English banker, who returned
from France yesterday, said that tho
leaders of the French flnancial'World
realize that there is no hope of Collect
ing the full cost of the war from Ger
many, but through the misguided policy
that unfortunately has gone too far In
France tho public will not countenance
heavy taxation because It still believes
that German Indemnities are assured.
French financiers are In a dllemiuu since
the Imposition of taxes to make tbe
Continued en fikrd Page.
It Is Officially Denied Grey
and Chamberlain Urged
To Bo 3Iark of Continued Al-
lied Unity Treaty lle
) vision Later.
Special Cable DetpaleU to Tne scsc and Nzw
York Hcbai.d. Copyriaht, liX. by Tus Sc.
and Nsw York IUsald.
3x)ndon, Feb. 17. A polite explana
tion of the reasons of the Supreme
Council of the Peace Conference for
arriving at their decision on the Adri
atic problem, but in which the position
of the council was not In the .least
modified, was despatched to-night tr
President Wilson through John W
Davis, American Ambassador.
It was stated officially that the char
acter of tho note was unchanged since
It was first drafted last .Saturday
Tho report In Paris that Viscount
Grey and Aus'en Chamberlain, Chan
cellor of the Exchequer, had appealed
for a modification of the note was de
nied specifically,
"Neither of these gentlemen attended
the meetings of the Supreme Council;
neither did the council receive any
communication on the note from them
directly or Indirectly," It was officially
i.Ueep Concern Illustrated.
i? fArtrM.lnatJil'fti.tir e-nmlnte to believe
that Iho'exWeWMvePrresldeht I
Wilson's Intervention In the Adriatic
problem is a tempest in a teapot
Nevertheless the case was illustrattv
of tho deep concern in most Important
quarters here over the possibility of a
split with America.
Whether or not Viscount Grey and
Mr. Chamberlain Intervened to soften
the Supreme Council's leply to President
Wilson's note, at least It is wetl known
here that they, with Wyckham Steed,,
editor of the Timet, representing Lord
Northcltlfe, were In a conference yester
day and were authoritatively reported
to be determined to unite In opposition
to Premier Lloyd George unless ihey
were assured that America would not bo
driven out of tne conference or out at
the Adriatic settlement
Flume. In this sense, thus becomes not
a question of the settlement of the Adri
atic dispute but a symbol of continued
allied unity, under which it is expected
that ultimately the treaty will be re
formed. Every effort was made here to-day
to have It appear that the note from
President Wilson was merely a con
tinuance of the negotiations which be
gun In Paris and a part of which was
the agreement signed by Frank L. FolK
in Paris last December.
This concord
was iaiu uuwii un fines w..,v--
States. England and France agreed to
work on In an effort to settle the Adrl
ntlc Imbroglio. The memorandum
drawn up. It was asserted, was in exact
accord with the offer of settlement then
made to Italy and Jugo-Slavla.
The" position of the Supreme council
now is that In view of the fact that
the nroDosed settlement was rejected by
both Italy and Jugo-Slavla the council
was at liberty to draw up a fresh pro
posal. Position of Council.
The members of the council take the
position that they would have been glad
had the United Stales participatea in
this work : that any- American commit
ments contained In the memorandum of
last Dectmber wert absolved by the
total eclipse and the elimination of the
scheme. Whether or not the United
States participates In the present pro
posed settlement, which is regarded as
the only settlement which presents It
self now, the council sincerely hopes
that President Wilson will accept or
permit Its rsxecutlon.
This, It was said In well Informed
circles, probably was the summary of
the note which was to-night forwarded
to the President Howiver, whether or
not it does represent the character of the
note actually despatched could not be
authoritatively learned, as both the char
acter and the text of the Premier's note
are being carefully guarded. It was
stated that It would not be publlsheLby
the Peace Conference. It will he lefr to
Mr. Wilson to make public Its text and
also that of his own communication to
the Council.
On the other hand, the foregoing sum
mary. If it might be called such, repre.
sents nil accurate outline of the con
slderalloni which Induenced the men
who drafted the reply to the. President,
and It la reasonable to believe that they
Incorporated them in their 'note.
Only Doubtful Element.
The only doubtful element admitted
In Supreme Council circles Is the au
thority of Mr.- Trumbltch, the Jugo
slav delegate, to reply to the -latest
ultimatum demanding an answer to the
Paris proposals. UnrtouStedly Mr. Trum
bltch Is In a position to say. If pressed,
that he cannot reply until a new cab
inet Is organized In Belgrade to suc
ceed that headed by Llouba,Davldovltch
and which resigned last Saturday.
The Supretn Council believes that It
Conffnudto,8econtt Page.
N. T. Stock exchange, 71 Srosdwsr. 4iv.
French Papers Charge President With Wishing to
Avoid Admitting Defeat by Senate, but Pans will .
Not Enter Adriatic Plan Without America.
Special Cable Despatch to Tne Sun and New York HeraU).
Copyright, 1920, by The Sun and New Yobk .Herald.
I'aris, Feb. 1". lite charge that President Wilson Is uslug the Adriatic
situutlou as a pretext by which he might, withdraw the pence treaty with
out admitting personal defeat through tho action of thp United States
Senate In refusing to ratify It without strong reservations Is made by the
French press to-day.
The view . held even in certain official circle In Paris that the
President will seek the same kind of a pretest in connection Nwlth the
i'urklsh peace pact If he falls In the present move. x
High placed Freuch observers nie Inclined to the view that the Jugo
slavs now arc ready to lend themselves to a new compromise agreement
un the Adriatic problem a compromise In which both the Paris proposals
nnd'thc Pact of' London would bo excluded.
That the attitude of President Wilson will bo seriously regarded by.
the Government of Premier Mllleraud, however, goes without saying. De
spite what the I'aris newspapers say. the French Government is not ready
to cut Itself off from the Wilson Administration. It was authoritatively
stated here to-day that Premier Mlllerand's Government would not enter
uny settlement of thc Adriatic Imbroglio unless such a settlement, received
.he approval of the United State. 4
As regards the note sent by the Premiers In reply to the President's
ommunlcntlon on the proposed Adriatic settlement, It is said that the first
draft, whleh was written on the specific order of Premier Lloyd George,
was unsatisfactory In Its tone to the French, and that the note as sent was
substantially modified- In Its phraseology. Tho consensus In best informed
circles Is that It will leave the door open for a reply from President Wjlson
and open the .way for further negotiations.
Airplanes Also Used Against
Abyssinian FanaticWIi.
British and Italian Forces Suc
ceed in Restoring Peace in
African Kingdom.
London, Feb. 17. The combined
operations of the British and Italians
with tanks and aircraft guns against
the Mad Mullah in Abyssinia have
been very successful. Tho enemy was
heavily defeated and the operations'
virtually have been completed, but the
Mad Mullah escaped.
The Mad Mullah has been preachlns
a holy war, according to the Somali
tribes, and during the recent war con
tinually raided the country, necessitat
ing tho maintenance of a garrison by
the Italians. '
Tne Colonial Under Secretary an
nounced io-day In the House of Com
mons that the dervishes had been at
tacked by airplanes in Somallland; that
the Mullah had escaped, but his posi
tions were captured with much booty
, , , . . , . . . .
gT" of the dervishes had been
Chicago Man Arrested in
Opening of National Roundup
Special to Tan Scs axd New Yosx Hzrald.
Chicago, Feb. 17. Albert I. LaiAr,
secretary-treasurer of Brlggs and Turi
vas Company, salvage brokers, was ar
rested to-night and held In (30,000 cash
bonds In the opening of a national drive
by the Federal Government to catch big
Income tax dodgers. Wholesale arrests
will be made in the next two weeks. Fed
eral agents Intimate, Involving1 heads of
some of the largest firms in the United
Lauer Is charged with having at
tempted to bribe Charles Callner, an In
ternal revenue collector, with $30,000 to
dodge payment on an income tax of
United States Attorney Cllne and
Dan Chapln, special Internal revenue
collector from Washington, have as evi
dence $15,000 In 1100 bills, which Call
ner says Lauer passed to him as an Ini
tial paymont.
Hogs Drop $1 a Hundred Be
low Previous Day.
Sptciat to The Srs axd New Yobk Herald.
Chicago. Feb. 17. Meat tumbled at
the stock yards to-day. Hogs dropped
31 a hundred pounds. The -bulk of the
better grade of hogs sold at 314.80 a
hundred pounds, against 315.30 yester
day, and there were numerous offerings
as low Ss $13.75 a hundred.
Beef prices alio went down. The
bulk of the cattle sold at the yards were
taken In by the packers ,at 115.73 a
hundred pounds, against $1A.1 5 yester
day. A week ago the san- -rads of
cattle sold at $16.90 a hundred, making
a total slump of $1.16. '
Prices of hogs and cattle to-day were
from 34 to 4 cents a pound leta than
the price a year ago to-dar. Inquiry
at wholesale and retail meat markets
and at downtown restaurants (ailed to
show, however, that Mr. Ultimate Con- j
rumer ni getting jE.tch. btneflt from'
the slumjjQ
Cannot Understand Adriatic
Attitude AftcivSaar Valloy
and Shantung Cessions.
Rome Paper Says President
Does Not Voice thc Views
of American People.
Special cable DetpaM to TnB 8rx and Nnr
Yosx Herald. Copyright. rA try Tat Sex
axd Nzrr York Herald.
Rome, Feb. 17. President Wilson's
sudden reentry into European politics
tupefles ItaJJ'- Hls telegram to the
Peace Conference concerning the Adri
atic question, coupled with his virtual
dismissal of Secretary Lansing, Is con
sidered here as disconcerting and In
explicable. The Italian newspapers
show evidence of trying to treat his
action with all fairness, but a note of
resentment is apparent in their com
ment. The Adriatic question, they say,
which has kept Italy In a state of
dangerous spiritual upheaval for so
long, was nearing the fairest possible
solution when President Wilson ap
peared on tho scene and tried to spell
It all. Several of them say In effect:
"If, the President of the United States
wishes to reenter European politics why
does he not express an opinion on resum
ing relations with Russia, the Turkish
problem and the extradition of the for
mer Kaiser? The difference between the
compromise acceptable to Italy. France
and Great Britain and the Wilson line
amounts to only n few square miles, and
absolutely Is insignificant compared to
Shantung and the Saar Valley, which he
concedes to other nations. What has
Italy done to deserve this treatment?
Why does he Insist upon imposing his
will on Europe when he could not im
pose It upon his own people V
These are the questions which the peo
plo as well as the newspapers are asking,
but Italy's faith In the American people
Is Increasing ever' day.
By the Attociated Preu.
Jlous, Feb. 16 (delayed). The whole
Italian press comments at length on
President Wilson's attitude, toward the
Adriatic question. The Idea Naslonale
designates It "President WIlson'Bj con
spiracy with the Jugo-Slavs." The Cor
ricre d'ltalia says: "President Wilson
might have launched his. veto when a
compromise was still under discussion.
Doing It now has all the appearance of
the wish to create the gravest embar
rassment." The Epoea says: "Premier Davldovttch
(Serbia) had practically accepted 'the
compromise, but Pachltch and Dr. Ves
nllch desperately solicited intervention
by President Wilson. Mr. Wilson was
represented as the genius destined, to
save the Jugo-Slav nation from the im
perialistic thirst of Italy."
Tbe Tribuna says: "After disposing of
Mr. Lansing President Wilson does not
rf present thc will of the nation, nor even
the will of his own party. Italy has the
right to maintain Irrevocably her con
tention, either of compromise or the pact
of London."
The HestaggcTo considers It "the
strangest pretence" on the President's
part that he should claim the rlg;if to
suppress any political Idea In a purely
European matter and Impose In Its stead
his personal conception, thus "destroy
ing with his own hands the moral and
political basis of the League of Nations,
of which he)'' Mr the apostle."
The Tent; Is heavily censored, but
such expre ions as "Brutal, insolent
Imperious jne'.' and "American imposi
tion" appear In a wilderness of blank
Note Threatens Also With
drawal of the Versailles
Treaty From Senate.
Premiers Likely to How to
"Ultimatum, Many Sena
tors Believe.
Says Situation Shows Impossi
bility of U. S. and Europe
Acting in Unison.
Special to Tee 5ik.AVi New Yobk HieaMi.
Washington, Feb. 17. An overt
threat to withdraw both tho treaty of
Versailles and the French alliance
treaty from the Senate If the Allied
Premiers did not continue to consult
him in any remaking of thc map of
Europe was contained in President
Wilson's noto of February 10 to tho
Allied Governments.
As was-stated in The Sun and The
New York Herald this morning, thU
President's whole position in this mat
ter still revolves around Article X. and
its guarantee. Not until to-lay was It
admitted, however, that the President
had gone so far as to mention the pos
sibility that if the Allies did not come
to his terms the peace treaty, con
taining the League covenant and Its
concomitant nact regarding France,
would be withdrawn. '
This is in addition to thc positive
declaration In the note that the United
States refused to be a party to any
Adriatic settlement on the basis of tile
ultimatum sent to Belgrade and would
not sign tho Hungarian treaty if it
wera Included. , ' .
The admlssldn lint the Prcsjdent
coupled With this a mention Sf, tho.
Peace treaty riow unifer discussion, in
tho Senate was made at the White
House to-day, although it had been
denied there yesterday that any gen
eral tnreat of this sort had been mad.
Capitol Amnaed.nnd Astonished.
The admission caused some nston
lshment, but more amusement, at tho
Capitol, where the treaty during the
last few days has seemed to be In its
expiring throes, it was at onco char
acterized by some Senators as a bluff
directed at foreign governments, but
for which they probably would fall, as
It is not doubted that, these govern
ments had been from the very start
willing to pay any price to keep Amer
ica in the European game.
The President In his note has not
made the direct threat to withdraw the
two treaties If the Allies do not rescind
their latest Adriatic plan adopted by
them last month before they had con
sulted Mr. Wilson. What he said In
this note, which language Is as yet with
held. Is in effect that if It is their plan
to continue to redraft arrangements cov
ering boundaries and other matters like
the Adriatic without first getting tho
approval of this Government he wl'l
"take under consideration" the advlsa
blllty of withdrawing the Versailles
treaty. It Is Intimated LhaWhis would
mean also, the Franco-American treaty,
as both "go together."
Whether tho nntA m.niiA.. t-CS
..(.(wa.o . I U s lll-
co-American treaty specifically in addi
tion to the trsallles pact Is not made
clsar as yet ' But that the foreign Gsv-
ernments know plainly that one goes
with the other Is certain. Its slgnl.l
cance is plain. This Is a threat dlrecte.l
at the French, to whom the alliance pact
Is far more precious than tho Lcagu
of Nations.
President's Whole Poiltlon.
The President's whole position c,
pears to be predicated not on the spe
cific treaty of which the Adriatic se
tlement would form a part but upon hU
theory that hereafter, under the leagya
covenant the United States Is called
upon to guarantee the boundaries of
Europe and cannot be expected to sit by
supinely which Is very cloee to the lan
guage the President uses while these
boundaries are being defined in accord
ance with Ideas to which It has not sub
scribed. The President would take his
peace treaty away from the Senate, ai
fce virtually tells Europe, before he
would, let the Senate ratify the pact and
make the United States a party to tin
guarantee of Europe's new boundaries
If they are to be drawn up without flrs:
i obtaining the approval of the United
Whatever effect this ,may have hid
upon the European Governments It cer
tainly has had a withering erTe.'t upon
the already blighted prospects of thf
German peace treaty In the Senate. I
apparently has given the best argumer'
In the world to those who have been con
tending against the President's Intern.)
tlonallsm. In fact It looked tcml.iy at I'
tbe President, by his onn hand, had
given the coup de grace to his own
As seen at tl-e capital thc Prcsltl'nt
fins threatjned tr; withdraw from Bump
when a large element of the Senate ami
of his own countrymen have demanded
this very thing, More than this, Ms
ultimatum to the allied Premiers woul
seem to be. In effect, that unless UV
accede to his demands the League of N"a
ilina will IvA'thrown Int.i tha dlaoariL
For with the treaty containing the
leagu 'aftrenatft withdrawn Europe
bare nothing else to do but g'

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