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The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, February 20, 1920, Image 1

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' , 20tams ' '
WEATHER FORECAST
Fair and continued cold to-day and to
morrow; fmh northwest winds.,'
Highest temperature yesterday, 41 j lower, i.
Detailed wtathir rtporU will be found oa ti editorial
A HAPPY BLENDING.
Thje amalgamated SUN AND HERALD
preserves the best traditions of each.
In combination these two newspapers
make a greater newspaper than either
his ever been on its own.
4
'.
AND THE NEW YORK HERALD
VOL. LXXXVII.--NO. 173-D4ILY.
MF.W .VfiBTT BPmAV 'PT?ODTTADV, On" mOA ConHoil. !!. It TU Bm-SrnJi Cerroratle
PRICE TWO CENTS
IN NEW YOnK CUT AND SUBURBS.
" vwxa, AiauAVUXXXVX Ktd li ecl class ttr, ret Office, Nnr Tort, ti, T.
THREE CENTS
ON TRANgANpEL3aWIIBnB,
WILSON SEEKS PUBLICA TION
OF NQTES ON FIJJME ISSUE:
DEBS FROM JAIL
ROOT CALLS G. 0. P. TO FIGHT
CLASS DOMINATION; WOULD
END DICTATORSHIP OF WAR
TO WHITE HOUSE,
ITAL Y SAID TO BE OBSTACLE
HILLQUITS PLAN
LABOR WILL ASK
WILSON TO VETO
RAILROAD BILL
Gompers land Brotherhood
Heads Are Preparing Pro
, s test Against It.
Insecure Position of Pre
mier Mtti Imported Cause
. of Secrecy.
KEPLY IS FORMULATED
President Spends an Hour
Dictating Response to
Answer of Allies.
rOLK IS AMPLIFYING IT
Ministers Said to Havo Put It
Up to Washington to' Sup;- -
gest Solution.
tptcijl to Tna Sci ikd New Ton niiuLD,
Washington, Feb. 19. Preeldont
Wilson's second note, to tho allied Pre
miers concerning the Adriatic dispute
Is being prepared and 'probably will be
cabled to-morrow evening:.
Thero was every Indication to-day
that the Premiers, confronted with tho
President's first note disapproving
their course, and his threat to with
draw the treaty, had' put it up'.to the
President to suggest some other solu
tion than that which they embodied in
their ultimatum to the Jugo-Slavs.
This ultimatum .has been, extended
from time to time, but to it the. Allies
till stand committed. Before rescind
ing it the Allies apparently wont to
eee what the President has to propose
In its stead in view of the Italian re
jection of the Joint memorandum of
December 9.
Just how far the Allies have gone In
discussing the relation of this Govern
ment toward European affairs, brought
up by the President himself in hlsj
threat to withdraw, the treaty, has not
teen disclosed. Upon this point. In
volvlng not only as it does the-Adrlatlc
question but the Turkish problem. In
terest In the Senate now Is focussed.
Dictates for an Hour. ' '
Tn meeting the situation created by the
allied answer to his recent note Presl
dent Wilson showed more of his, old firm
to-day than on any previous occasion
Hnc his "illness. After spending all
reiterday afternoon turning over In his
tnmd the reply of Premiere JJbyd George.
JIUlerand and Nlttl he sent for his confi
dential stenographer at $ :30 o'clock this
morning and spent more than an hour In
Ma study dlctattng what appears to
have been a rough draft of his reply.
It then was carried .over to the State
Department, where It engrossed the at
tention of Frank Polk, acting Secretary
of State, who. It Is understood, was called
upon by the President to supply certain
technical details which the President
lacked.
It was evident from what went on to
day that unusual care Is being taken In
the preparation of this note, and the
finished draft yet awaits the President'
approval It probably will be despatched
to-morrow evening.
There Is now no question that .this
'hole correspondence; momentous in its
nature as revealing Mr. Wilson's present
conception of our foreign relations and
ue allied dilemma, will be given to the
world In Its entirety within the next
few days. The President was reported
tc-cay merely to be awaiting the "receipt
by the allied Governments of the note
he Is now preparing before -jnaklng all
f the notes public.
Wilson at Work, But
Cabinet Isn't Called
19.
while
more than
ojxctai to Tni Set xxd Nsw Toss
uuits.
WASHINGTON, Feb.
President Wilson,
demonstrating to-doY
ever before during, his Illness that
ho ls.bitCjPat work, apparently has
not yet rencneu the point t where It
Is considered wlso for him to meet
with his Cabinet.
Earlier n tho week It was in
tended that he would call n Cabinet
meeting forto-inorrow. but no no-
tjee went out to-dtiy and Dr. Gray-
eon aam ne still considered It un.
wise. It now Is two weeks since
the last meeting was called by Mr.
Lansing. Tho President has not
seen a member of his Cabinet in
that time. Even in the Adriatic
matter all his consultations with
Acting Secretary Polk are hv
Memoranda.
I SERBS MAKE NO
REPLY TO ALLIES
-
Foreign Minister Trumbitch
Quits London Railing at
'Premiers.
HE IS KEPT IN IGNORANCE
Asserts His Country Has Had
No Part at All in the
Negotiations.
ALLIESRESENT
WILSON THREAT
Say President's-Withdrawal of
' French Treaty Would; De
stroy Its Value.
DENIAL OF BAD
Special Cabli Detpatch to Tns 'SDK and Miw
Tobk HtaiiD. Copyright, 1920, bu Tnx flux
akd Nasr Tons Hmald.
London, Feb. .19. M. Trumbitch,
Jugo-Slav Pea,c Conference represen
tatlvo and Minister of Foreign Affairs,
left London to-night for Paris without
transmitting any reply from his Gov
ernmcnt to the demand by the Su
preme Council for. acceptance of cither
tho compromise offer or the pact of
lxmaon. Tnerefore, in so far as Jugo
Slavla Is concerned, the Adriatic sit
uation remains unchanged. Before
leaving M. Trumbitch made a state
ment In .which he bitterly, attacked the
course of the Peace Conference In con
nectlon with the Adriatic.
"The Powers havo carried on all
their discussions about trio Adriatic
without consulting Jugo-Slavla," he
FATTW saW- "They have considered one
proposition alter another in connec
tlon with TTInms hut h. Tifrn.aio-
j - ...... ... . V WQW-kJItA. O
UnaDie to insist On Buffer hlvo been barred frlm all the proceed
Statg, as Jugo-Slavs Had
Rejected It. .
iiutt.Mos Airja.xt en. is. a isummury
n. Ua - l . , . . . ... . '
" uuun pumia in me anted reply
to President- Wilson's Adriatic note,
cabled by the Rome correspondent of
tho .JTactofi, discloses that President
Wilson threatened to withdraw his
Ings.
'At only one time fiave the Powers
made a statement to Jugo-Slavla and
that was last January, when we were"
called on to decide between the com
promised .offcr.and the pact.of London-.,
There' was a pistol at our throat when
this demand was made.
Jfevr Cry of Irredentlsm.
"Little Serbia was important to the
APPEAL TO CONGRESS
Ousted Assemblymen's De
fender Urges Nomina
tion of 'Patriot.'
It Is Contended 1 Measure
Gives Undue Advantage
to Rail Owners.
OBJECTION TO GUARANTY
Democrats Lining Up in On-
' position 25 Per'Ccnt. Bato
Increase Feared.
HI$ CONVICTION 'CRIME'
Indorses Berger's Idea for a
, 'Little Shooting'.to Back
Political Action.
JEER FOR U. S. HIGH COURT
Special, to ,Tn 8cm an Ktw Toss llnun,
Washinoton, Feb, 19. Organized
labor, In preparing' to-day its nro-
gnammc of ppposltlon to the. confer
ence report on tho railroad bill pend
ing in Congress, determined to appeal
to President .Wilson to veto the nieos
ure it Its passage Is not blocked.
Samuel Gompers, head of tho Amer
lean Federation of Labor, with, other
labor ind rallrOud brotherhood heads,
Is preparing a protest to tho President
against tho measure on tho grounds
that the labor provisions are unsatis
factory, that tho bill gives undue ad-
antages' to the railroad owners and
that federal' contro'f should be contin
ued for at least two years.
Labor leaders consulted to-night
with members of Congress friendly to
their view's, but apparenUy there Is
little hopo of these members being
able to defeat tho measure In either
body.
Memorial Sent by Leaders.
A memorial signed by all the .lead
ers of organised labor and tho railway
brotherhoods' was sent to-night to all
members of Congress. Strong objec
tion la made' to the guaranty section!
Socialists Don't Conccdo to
.Congress or Nation the Su
premo Judgment on War."
Special to Tn Sen axd Ksw Tobk )Inau.
Auunt, Feb; 19. Hard pressed by
the State's counsel, Morris Hlllqult
ended to-day his third day on tho wit
ness .stand ' ns chief defender of the
Ave suspended Socialist ssemblymen
on trial for disloyalty by making
these startling statements:
The conviction of Eugeno V.
Debs In the United States Supremp
Court for treasonable statements
was. a shame and a blot on the na
tion and as practical repudiation of
that court tho witness would name
Debs as the Socialist nominee for
President at the next-election.
In the Una! class struggle, deemed
Inevitable, "a little shooting" may
be necessary to supplement politi
cal action in upholding the ma
jority. Victor L. Berger was right in
contending that the bullet may
back' up the ballot
Tho Socialist party arrogates' to
Itself the complete right of deter
mining whether a war In which the
nation engages is defensive and
Just. If Its interpretation did not
sustain Congress., the Socialist
party would always retain Its right
of repudiating the action of Con
gress. '
''You. regard Mr. Debs as d patrlotr
Chief Issues for the Republican Campaign ,
As Given in Mr. Root's Convention Speef
nPHE most important proposals made by 3Ir. Root aro as follow
Decentralization of ExccutlvoyPowcrs.
Ratiflcatton of tho Peace Treaty with the Senate am6ndmcn
'Reform Of thft Irtfnin nt Nrfilmia CVwnnnnt hv n rVinrrrr Of Na
tlons, to establish the rulo of public right rather than truI5 of
expediency. ,
Rigid Government economy and tho adoption of n budg8J,stem '
Limitation if tho rlcht tn Rtrlkn nml llin wirnhllhir'1 r labor
tribunal with power to enforce Its mandate
Revision of the system of taxation involving the tni
Americanization and universal military training.
In Keynoto Speech of Cam
paign Leader Sounds Slo
gan for Basis of Peace.
-;; t
GREAT ISSUES DEFINED
Must Restore Principles on
Which Rest Npiton's Lib
erties and Prosperity.
1 1
BEVIXEa:
pJiaLcosTsl
tho bill, tho memorial declaring Martin Conboy asked afteV Sir. Hlllqult
, that the public must pay 5V4 ner cent,!1111 hour expounding his vles on
I ... .... - SvlalfTv.
guaranteed return, not on tne basis of i
signature from tho H; Cn ; Alli d the va,ue of the roads,
AiAfiU- ;.T.. l-vi'i.ui.'ZA:... '6naTiestfbns-,toueWhff thV ArtriRiir nnTlln0' detallsof .tho' labor, provisions
were opposed, but tho general pjan in
tho bill fqr; settling disputes, which is
. IWil
' I ai
wh
it's by
rermUalon to Pnbllih Asked..
Preure for publicity Is increasing
broad, ana Is likely to result In the
tilled Governments rmnondlnr favorably
to the request cabled by the State De-
fwxmeni yesterday lor permission to
trAt the correspondence public. It was
treued to-day, however, that all three
Governments must signify their consent
diplomatic requirements are to be
strictly obterved.
This raises the question of the attitude
of the Italian Government particularly.
It Is the feeling here that something' like
a new crlala In Italian affairs can be
created very easily through publication
of the notes In Italy.
Up to to-nltfit, It Is understoodItaly
Mi not replied to the suggestion that
the correspondence be published.. A
my friendly attitude Is assumed In
WWal circles here toward Premier
Jltti, and In some quarters a dlaposl
n Is shown to avoid. If possible; creat
any new ombarrassmenta for 'him.
Pence Treaty In Dck Set.
Interest among Senators In this oor
nrpondence has overshadowed cornplete
JT whatever interest had remained In
peace treaty. There appeared to b
f. wt!cion on the Republican side that
" President was not so anxious as
might be SUDDOSed tn hm rh mm.
Pondence made public. Some Senators
"marked it would be very easy for the
"tstdent to use influence upon. the
Jnl)eries to withhold thetr conesnt
tl" pub!iet!sr. of tho ncUs. The
nate Irreconcllables In the meantime
sharpening their knlvea, believing
w correspondence. If made public, will
, new Proof of American Ineptitude In
"Wg to settle problems which belong
w Europe alone.
tlas the Adriatic" corrtspon
1S have upon the Turkish prdb
w i was discussed at tho Capitol to-dajr.
cSSl th who18 Turkish neroUitlons
tort,1cau'1 of America's extraterrl
W8ta. In ConstAntlnopIe. the
road que9tJo.n the Bagdad rail
Senator Lodge, the Republican leader.
thT 52 ,1n tK.ot ln favoring strongly
erpu,ion of the Turk from Europe,
wli ,nK,Vth ln wl,,ch Mr- Lodge, re
kj' flilnJ w PresWnt,fl 'rin Points
America. treaTy eatabUahlng security j"l'eStfons' toucHlhf the Adriatic and
for France, to which the Allies reply Ltu'
l ... , , Knows) What InedentlsnV has been to
that such action wbuld destroy nbso- the Italians. Now 'irredferitlsm' threat-
luwor me new tTencn policy," Tor ens to bo created among us.
which President Wilson invited proteo- "l nP that In a few days the GoV-
Uon, ernment crisis in Belgrade will have
. , . . , t j ben Pssed. I may say, however, that
The fundamental points of the reply the direction of our external policy Is
to President Wilson, according to tho yot.affected In any way by this crisis.
correspondent are- Indeed, there Is no divergence of opinion
PirnfTh- ji7i.V .. In any of 0,8 d'"nt political parties
First The Allies answer the accusa- n Jugo-SIavia oter our foreign policy.
tlon of having prepared a convention for The crisis Is due entirely to domestic
... ..iMwuuu ut rjujjjo 10 Jiaiy, wnicn uuues.
t. i V n n ,n P" or M trumbitch said thr. Jugo-Slavs
Iff Jr""K n-esiaeni wnson wero ignorant or tne Premiers' note to
w unaoie 10 aemonstrate this. President Wilson on the Adriatic Imbroe.
second The Italian neUtlon for tho llo. "Indeed n m in.i t nn .1-
establishment of territorial mntlmttv I thtnr whlh mnn, ... -- ki.k -
with Flume Is a, -ery small thing com; before the Supreme Council." he said,
pared with tho cession of Dalmatla, "A most extraordinary policy of exclu-
mm. mo wnoie wona is aoie to prove eion is maintained toward us by the Bu.
' TVY examining the map of Europe. I preme Council."
;iniro The Allies observe that the It won
rvi m i-resioeni wnson, wnich com- arter the receipt of President Wilson'
prenenaa me creatioij or a huffer state, I nolo sent a second communication to M.
naa ueen rejected Dy tne Jugo-Slavs. and Trumbitch assuTlng him that the note
the allied nations have been unable to of the. President would make ho dlffer
Inslst upon It enco.ln the first demand made on Jugo-
vuurui me sirip o territory neces- Biavia to accept the pact of London or
tjt io esuiDiisn me contiguity or Flume we parts compromise .
with Italy .has not sufficient value to
Justify procrastination, ln reestablishing America Styled a Bally.
Kr"r:... 'T., ... . . . "Jugo-Slavla now is slttlnff back."
tuui-iuuy enienea we war inspired Bad a dlnlm hn i .k.
by Ideals at a moment-at least as critical '"t0m Znctf n l
as that when the United .States entered. clIenTwho has SSZht m
She suffered ulno in ta rlenl ?n6."" brought In a big lawyer
money Incomparably more serious tu Jas e extreme?v Jf'J
those of the United States. Sf p1, w?L1",0lft; because
Slxth-The President. In threatening P " J "
to withdraw his .limatur from h. hl not to Mw. In the po-
Treaty of Versailles, which, established TAV."" a "ie neighbor. The
the security of France, gravely Injures KV,, "jw as Brougrit in the
the very new French' policy tit which 5 f. JawJ!! .Vnltea. B- bully
ne invited protect on. He not on v de- ".""."uf"u" ut " aiscussion
strovs the valun of hf. i nrt n ooyiousiy is impossible,
Important .act but annihilates .It abso
lutely, since he shows that engagements
contracted In accord with this policy can
uo aesiroyea ugntiy.
In drawing up the note. La Kacion't
correspondent says, the British delegates
prepared the technical form In collabora
tion with the Italians, while the political
senso of the document la that of the
French delegates, who expressed them
selves, in terms of great sympathy for
Italy. .
PONTIFICAL GUARD
TO WED OR STRIKE
Demand Relief From Prom.
is.e to Remain Bachelors.',
Sptdal Cable DeipatcA to Tbm Bex in nlw
Tos Hsaats. Copyright, UK, bp Tni Bex
asd Haw Ton HzaiiD.
Paws, . Feb. 19. The strike fever.
wbji nn oeen more or less epidemic
ln Italy for "months, has' spread to the
Holy See,. and for; the first time In hls
try threatens even the" Vatican accord,
toy to despatch received from Ttom,
Tho pontifical guard at the Vatican
have petitioned the Pops to increase
tneir pay. They asked that It be the
same as fiat received by King Em
manuel's guards. Also they asked that
the price of their gorgeous uniform,
which they have been compelled to pay
for, be refunded. When the Pope hesi
tated his-guardsmcn threatened to strike.
Before they carried, out, their .threat,
however, their demand, was met
To-day, the reports state, the same
guardsmen, emboldened , by their suc
cess, made another demand and threat
ened to iitrtke unless they were relieved
of thetr traditional engagement to re
main bachelors as long aa they are mem
here of I he pontifical guard.
MANX CniLDBEN S.WEb
rrjm rlous Hiatal by Uklnr rather
Johns Medicine whenever they cat cold or
sre rua dotrn-isV.
itegarcunr the reasons tnr PraUni
Wilson's note London Is full of gossip.
!u y lnM 11,8 correspondent of
mo rans -uoitn asserts that the threat
to withdraw the treaties was Jn the
postscript but ho does not remember
"al oecreiary i.ansing
signed the postscript. "
It is pointed out in conference circles
that SecreUry Langins WM awtro ,
January of the negotiations at which
J'", "M'A VlaCB was present in
x-oris, enning in the Anglo-French
compromise which rh t.,..qi....
. -OW.W.O DU
4r nsveriusea to act on.
PRESS INSISTENT IN
PUBLICITY DEMAND
Viscount Burnham Leads Pre-
a a. ' r- . .
i in angiana.
LofrooK Feb. Uit I. considered
more likely to-nla-ht that a....-"
Council will agree, to the publication of
Pretdnt tvn". u.u.i. ".
-n7 i . 'r'"' uriuo note and tne
ahled reply, although whethef here or at
Washington has not been decided. Th
?.MHr8 ln England. France
and the United States for publlcalon of
the documents, in order to suppress er
roneous reports and rumor AAn.M.-j
harmful, was discussed in the council
tfl-rtQV Kit. -a mmm ,
: , M ooen ascer
tained a definite decision was not
reached. 1
The Provincial Newspaper Conference,
under the chairmanship of Viscount
Burnham, proprietor' of the London
DoUy re-lsp-rona, adopted a resolution
urging the necessity ;of greater pub
licity regarding the work of the Peace'
Conference., The resolution protested
against the facilities granteji the French
press which were withheld from tho
British .
MrAK??IIJ,E' ,NN' ACGD6TA, OA.
Ideal ellmats average temperature PebruT
ruV..DbU "tl'
without anti-strike and compulsory
arbitration features, wus not attacked.
The memorial, however, concludes
with an appeal to defeat the measure
"In its entirety."
Meanwhile the Democrats are lining
up ln opposition to tho guarantee sec
tions of the bill, and ReDreaentatlvo
BarWey, (Ky.). one 'of the minority
conferees who refused to sign the re
port, asserted to-day In a statement"
that the, bill will Increase rates by
about 11,250.000,000 or more than 2&
per cent Tills will be the result, he
said,, of the section which provides that'
the Interstate Commaace Commission
shall adjust rates sp thS. the, carriers
will bei assured of 'a return of at least
5 Mi pef nt. on the aggregate property'
Although the labor provisions aro mild
comparea w(tn tne anti-strike , sections
approved by the Senate and (lie com
pulsory arbitration Diana lumiiiii
various times, thty are being criticised
hy the so-called labor members of Con
gress, too p(an infthe bill could be
construed as ronmuTfory arbitration
wcy aeiieve. iiKCWiae oeieetinn. la
DectM 'to the ralltr&V itrr ne .......
created In the measure, the ,bJlef being
uu.i mo cuiyiujrccs can oetter 1 settle
.1. -I At, ... Ilk ... . -...w
uioir uuuuica -iui uie carriern wirAii.
govemmeniai mterierence, -
xuc larKiey m nis attack on the
measure said
The! result of this law will be to put
premium on inemciency and extrava-
(WaHnuey on Totlrtetnth Page.)
'.Voble, Character."
CLOSING
TIME
'j ' foi' s
Classified 'AdvertisinU
in
AND .
NEW YORK HERALD
or
Tfle Daily Issue
9P.niDay before MtsscaGen at SUN
AND NEW YORK HERALD 0ee.
8P.M.1 D'Tbefwe rAoa A I
Brucb Oftces. -
gP.V!.!Day btfere puetkities o SUN
AND NEW YORK HERALD 0ee,
Herald Square.
' SUNDAY ISSUE '
5 P.M. Satardaj al SUN AND NEW
YORK HERALD 06u, 2M BSri7.
SP.M. Saturdar it AD Branch OsW
G P. M. SatufaeT at SUN AND NEW
lunn. iicr.AUJ timet, neraMO,
Calls Delia a
VVbsorotely," the witness: ansered.
"I conflder him one of the "most humane
and noble characters In the United
8tates."
"You know he Is serving sentence for
violation of tho Espionage law?"
"And I consider that a shame and .blot
updn our administration of Justice."
The Supremo Cour of the Unite;
States has passed upon the conviction
Debs, has it not V
r L..H V . . . l . . .
a im, me muiess saio. .
"Do you recocnlxo that decision1 a
blndlnc declaration of whm hw of
the land Is on that mhi.i r v Con-
boy aaueO.
"We recognise the decision ,"8 su'
preme Court as final and b"nS ftM
that Is why Debs Is In (ill'
Mr. Hilloult denied thi. & had dc
elded that Debs"s utterano we,r", a vio
lation of We law. holdln"" 0,8 only
question before the fiurie Court was
whether Debar speechlntntld to ob
strucf recruiting werebmltt,1 Properly
to a Jury. , ..
"Notwithstandlnsr judgment of the
court, da yen decls that he represents
the attitude of tx "socialist Pay
the subject of yalty to the United
States V ArthurlF8rland asked.
Sees So Aneutr IB Cogrta.J
"I think Jald he represTnted the
noblest senpa" ' cltUnshlp," Mr.
Hlllqult sal W do not at any Ume
attempt ttfrtdW the Judiciary with an
air of sAtlty' We are not convinced
by a deoMon of the Supreme Court. We
I
( Going to Republican Nationeonvcrtfa'on- J
BsbibHbib
mm i
rssapjBssiB I
Mrs. Arthur. L. Livermore Si Westchester. N. Y.. selected to eo as
kie of New York's four' alternate delegates-Bt-large to the Republican
ational Convention In Chicago.
COST 50 MILLION
FOR 'DRY' YEAR
New Storage Houses to Be'
Built, and 'Heavy Guard
Provided
Special to Tns Son asd New' Toax IImalb.
It Is going to
aubnlltb It l we have tlo' alternative.
tin to, obstruct recrultlnff.''
it&ve you any respect for
alor7 of tAe tribunal to the coritraryT'
St
clailsti
Do
plcaaol
war
i
oilier
r It is binding and ln practice will
I d not have reepect In believing
if Is lust, i imnjcme conviction is one
Km .1.L.I IV. M.,nw will mm. V... . J
Ol nHiVf miw wvu'.m ni, m yivuu
lathe liture."
"Do fou 'wish to. have'U understood
that yoa approve of Debs', words 7"
you tryintr to get me convicted.
toon
Seyriour Stedman. counaet for the 6ct-
Interrupted.
not try to save me, Seymour,
Hincmit saidi laUxhlnr.
Mr. Siithrlan'd rebUked' the witness for
taking uie matter lightly,, Then tho
witness tontmued :
"I wll tell rou very definitely, as &
rule, I sully Morse Debars sentiments
and stitementa on 'the subject of the
expressea in tnat speech and
peecha" .By "thaC speech" Mr.
Uillqiit referred to the d&e on which
Debs wat convicted. .
d vou say that knominsr the high
est Judicial authority known, under our
Constitution has declared him guilty?"
Coin's DeclstoH Doesn't Coast.
s," the witness answered loud and
cleat
d in contempt of that authority you
say he Is the man that should be placed
in tie Presidential chair by the voters
of the,rBociallat partyf'
-"Ido."
JlK Hlllqult added that he was deeply
.loyal to Debs ''because of his courage;
because he remained true to his convic
tions; because In the midst of universal
hatred and blindness he was true to the
fiosptl of the brotherhood of man."
Ahsemblyman Jenks asked how Mr.
Hlllqult conceived Deba could be the
Presidential nominee m view or the fact
the latter was serving a ten year sen
tence. The chances are that prior to the
time he would be called to the White
House "the powers" would become sober
enough to know that the conviction was
Improper and inhuman." the witness
told.
"Do you suggest that the members of
Conlnued on Second Page
Washinoton, .Feb.. 19,
cost the country about 150,000,000 i
year to enforce'the prdhlbltlon amend
ment Th'aUwas the. eaflniate made
to-day ln tho Senate by Senator War
ren (Wyo.). chalrmaniOf the Appro
priations Committee;
Plans for taking Care of the booze
that cannot. bo drunk, and la now In
bonded, warehouses Include1 building new
storage establishments. In which It will
be kept and better guarded. Liquors
now In the bonded establishments will
be removed-to the new opes t Govern
ment .expense. Bottling facilities, will
have to be provided' &nd a tax of'6.40 a
gallon will be collected 'on the stocks as
they aro taken out of bond. FOr re
moval of stocks contrary, to law penal
ties 'of -1100 fine, a penalty twice the
value of liquors removed and in the
court's discretion up to 'five, years, in
prison' are provided. ,
Senator King "(Utah) .entered a vig
orous protest against the- demands for
further appropriations" to carry out the
enforcement law, He obJecte to the
addition of" l,O00,Q00 to the, some
amount allowed by the 'House on the
deficiency bill for guarding bonded ware
houses.' He said It waa"an outrage o
make such appropriations," and he de
clared that the Treasury estimates of
$15,000,000 for the work showed that(
the officials lacked common sense.
"The two amounts In the bill now be
fore, the Senate are for definitely sepa
rate purposes,' said Senator Warren.
-One Is to gud this whiskey. The
other Is to undertake to.fcuard he lines
between this country and 'Canada from
the Atlantic to. the Pacific and down
the Atlantic to the Qulf of Mexico."
204 BILLION MARKS
IS GERMANY'1N)EBT
Grim
Patients Overcrowding
Berlin Hospitals.
.BxatiK, Feb. 19 The national debt
Is expected to reach 404,000,000,000
marks by the end of March, 100.000,
000.000 marks of which comprises non-
Interest bearing treasury- notes.
drip patients are overcrowding tne
Berlin hospitals these days, and the
scarcity of inursea and the inadequate
accommodations are, .complicating the
conditions of treatment; for this preva
lent disease. Malnutrition and Inade
quate clothing are' Chiefly responsible.
TACKY' M'CABE
YIELDS HIS GRIP
Democratic Up-State. Boss' Be
signs as. Albany leader
After JBow.;, ,
Special to. Tub Scs akd Ksw -Toax .Htaap.
Albany? Fob. 19. Patrick E. Mc
Cabe, for twenty $eara the absolute
Democrat! o boss of Albany county and
In recent years the up-State arch ene
my -of Charles F. Murphy, Tammany
leader, has been humbled at last.' He re
signed to-night his place as leader and
will be succeeded by Edwin Corning,
Whose opposition McCabo has been be
llt'tllnff in many recent statements.
The passing of "Pocky"' McCabe
came as a shock to Democrat? all over
tho State. It was entirely unexpected.
except to a few of those most inti
mately acquainted vlth conditions In
the Democratic ranks.
The resignation of McCabe is looked
upon as leaving Joseph Murphy of
Tty the opportunity to claim undis
puted leadership of the up-Stao Demo.-,
tratlc forces. Gov. Smith -re Weed to
cojnment Hn theeituatton, . but- McCabe.
Was frank ln admitting tne reason tor
his stepping out In a formal' state
ment he said he was? quitting because
he "did not want to take part In a
primary contest that would Inevitably
hurl the Democracy of Albany Into the
fires of personal feeling and factional
animosities which would destroy every
chance of victory for many a year to
come."
McCabe'a career has been among the
most picturesque In Hew York Demo
cratic affairs. He ruled Albany like a
czar so iar an tne uemocrau were con
cerned and for a time was an efficient
ally of Tammany. Then came his break
with Charles F. Murphy andthe battle
between thenr was waged relentlessly
through many campaigns.
rtltrrtf to Strike MusHhtts
"rt
Point of scli-rrcservauon
of Communty.
Ellhu Root, In n speech Intended
to be n guide for the Republican
Presidential campaign of 1020. called
the party last night to "the defenco
of frco. self-government against clas
domination."
The former United States Senntm
and elder statesman ot his party whh
speaking ns temporary chairman nt
the opening session of the unofficial
State convention held In Carnegie
Hnll.
' This convention when It roconvein--nt
11 o'clock to-day will recom
mend n slate of delegates nt inrgeSind
alternates at large io the nation;)!
convention to be voted for in the April
primaries, and It' will adopt as a plnt
form n document designed to set the
pace fax similar Republican thought
Is yea'r.
Mr. Root, who after some hesitation
had consented to head the "Big Four."
sent word yesterday thnt because qP
the probability ,(hnt ho would bu
In Europe on a mission at the time t
the Chicago convention he wished tlict
another might b selected.' On Mr.
Root's intimatlpn that the ch6lco of
Nnthnn L. Miller of Onondaga, fornit
Associate, udec of the Court of Ap
peals, would please hlra It vas de
cided In conference; ot the State
lenders' that Air., Miller, who IkM
been mentioned as a Gubernatorial
possibility this fall, should tako Mr.
Boot's place.
Wadairorth to Head Delegation.
This will mean that Senator .Tomea
W. Wtidsworth. Jrwlll be the chair
man of the delegation. Chnrlcs -W.
Anderson, former member) of tho Stuto
committee and former Collector oil
Interrml Revenue nnd negro leader,
will .be the fourth alternate at large.
HI. a n n . t C7nn n In. 1T. .fn,.,r.H 1
JLJ1B J1U11JU Ul OCUlliyi HUUOITUUHl
who is being opposed for renomination
by Miss Mary Garrett Hay and other
womqn, was received with prolonged
cheers when It was read on tho com
mittee lists. Miss Hay's name com
ing later was received In silence,
Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler, can
didate for tle Presidential noinln:,
tlon, was applauded when he offered
a 'resolution. Ho Is to bo chnirmnu
of the platform committee.
Chairman Will II. Hays of tho
national committee sat beside Mr.
Root on the platform.
For the first time women were mem
bers of n party convention ln this
State. 205 delegates and 280 alternates.
They had a reception at tho Astor
at noon.
WITH POMERENE OUT
GOV. COX HOLDS OHIO
Now
Has a Clear Field
State's 4$ Votes.
tor
Similar' epidemics are, reported ln Urea- j vote than any of
lau. Dresden, Hamburg and -Bremen, 'muster up to date.
Special to Tax Sck axd Maw Toax llsaain.
Washinqtok, Feb, 19, Senator Pom-
erene's withdrawal from the Presiden
tial race to-day gave the lead to Gov.
candidate for the Democratic nomina
tion. The Pomerene strength, chiefly ln
Ohio, will go to Gov. Cox. according to
the general opinion of politicians, as
Senator Pomerene himself Is lined ud
behind the State's "favorite, sob." '
uov. uox witn senator iximerene out
ot the race will. get the solid Ohio dele
gation of 8 votes, which Is a larger
the possibilities can
O'Brlan to Be Chairman.
t
Because Mr. Root mu,st leave tho
city this morning to All a legal en
gagement a permanent chairman will
be selected by the committee on or
ganisation. John Lord O'Brlan of
Erie county undoubtedly will bo tho
man.
The convention of 1,101 delegate?,
representative, of 1 every section of tha
State, with scarcely an Important
leader or man of prominence In the
party missing, cheered Mr. Root re
peatedly as he outlined the fcutyOf.
the party.
"Some will Buffer; he said, referrlnc
to tho defence of self-government,
"soma votes will be lost, some offloes
will be sacrificed; but American de
mocracy will be saved. Shall Repub
licans, not answer? Will they tem
porize? Can they refuser'
A considerable part ot the address
was devoted tothe economic struggles
now going on.' Wo should not attempt
to tako away tho right to strike, Mr.
Root said, but by law tho right should
be limited at the point where it comes
in conflict with the right of. self-prea-ervatlon
for tho community,
Wh6le World's .Nerves Vpaet.
"The war," said Mr. Root, "has left
the whole world fn a condition of dis
turbed nerves; old habits are broken
up; the machinery of production, trans
portation, trade' and' finance through
which Industry produces prosperity has
been dislocated. After years of sus
tained excitement, with nerves keyed
to the highesf. pitch, of effort, old occu
pations seem tame and diiastcful;
i
i?
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