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The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, February 20, 1920, Image 8

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THE ; SUN ANL NEW YOiK MAjbi -FlttpAY, FEBftUABY 20, ,1020,
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THE NEW YORK HERALD,
FOUNDED 1&2J-HH.
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I Mtf,t,'
Asn editorial, or
riCES. IW BROADWAT.
WORTH 10,000.
TGU.rUU.Ma
German Barter With Bussla.'
When German and Russian commls
tlous get down to formal conferences
us to trdo relations between their
two countries It Is time for other
countries to take notice. Dorter at
doje range, often practised even In
our own rural communities, can build
Us own Chinese walls.
Russia and Germany aro both so
circumstanced as to worthless money
that pure barter can be nude as ac
ceptable to them as ordinary trade Is
for nations whose money Is at normal
exchange value. It Is dlftlcolt for the
man who lias goods but no money
r no money worth anything to do
business with a man who has both
.goods and money. It Is as easy as
rolling off a log for two men neither
of whom has a penny to strike a bar
gain when each has commodities which
the other wants.
The Hussions con cart their grai
and beef and wool and hides and min
erals Into Germany and swap them on
(i fair basis for manufactures which
Germans are producing out of the very
wool and hides and minerals coming
across from Russia. Germans can
cross over Into Russia with their ped.
ler's .packs on their backs, so to
upcak,, and exchange the contents di
rectly Into lire stock or produce or
anything else that the Russians have
beyond their own needs.
A pure barter arrangement between
Germany and Russia could becomo a
.singularly dangerous trade obstruc
tion against other nations, for the
very reason that the Germans r.nd the
Russians, for lack of money able to
circulate beyond their own borders,
would bo compelled to go on solidify'
ing, expanding and perpetuating their
pure barter relations.
It is true that In tho long run, when
Germans got better stocked up with
finished products mode out of Rus-
( slan raw material, they could begin to
'tell some of this surplus In other
markets that would pay cash. But
this would not be to tho liking of the
other markets. They want both to buy
and to sell. They want to hasten the
return ofnormal exchange. Instead of
the new universal, abnormal exchange,
hy a more closely balanced measuring
of goods against goods, with only n
reasonable difference to be settled In
hard cash.
Xobody need think that the Ger
mans aro going to lie down nnd quit
industrially for lock of international
cash. Xo energetic,' ambitions race
ever Iras suffered such a fate. Xobody
need think that Germany it going to
go out of international trading for
iacK or casn. ro ingenious deter
mined people ever has been compelled
to, do so. As a matter of fact, Just
rti the great Individual merchant so
often has come tip from a small begin
ning of no goods, no money, no any
thing, the natural trading people In
the masrf will get the goods they want
to- dispose, of and will And' the goods
they want to become possessed of nnd
will devise the ways and means to ex
chnngo the one for the other.
More than sixty million Germans
and one hundred million Russians,
whatever the International debase
ment of thejr marks nnd their rubles,
are so terrific an economic power and
have so prodigious a productive ca-'
paclty that they could build up among
themselves an international trade,
pouring in pure barter back and forth
across the border line, which would
make their vast Joint market one' of
the commercial marvels of history.
TThlle the Fire Chler Cleans tke
Streets.
Xew Tork city had lain two weeks
under a snow blockade when the brill
iant Idea occurred to the Mayor to
tippolnt a committee of engineers to
clear the streets. '
Tide' chief of the Fire Department
was named as the chairman of tho
committee, the Street Cleaning Com
missioner, Mr. MacStat, on whom re
sponsibility for snow removal rests,
being merely & member of it.
Chief Keklon is a fireman equal to
his tint; where and when he learned
how to clear streets of snow we do
Bot,-know.
Kone of the other members of the
coromlttee seems to bsva had xperl
ence In attempting to keep the street
clean, excepting Mr. MacStat, who
has gained enough experience In two
weeks to last him the rest of Ms life.
New York wiU wntch this commit
tee with Interest It will bo ptrdonea
If that interest Is not tainted with
hope. If In the existing situation the
committee can push Dame Nature
ahead In her street cleaning work by
a single hour it will perform tome-
thing pretty close to a miracle, ana
New York has ceased to look for
miracles.
But while watting with characteris
tic patience -for spring thaws to ttko
the snow and Ice away New York will
ask whether thin belated committee Is
to be a permanent part of the city
government, If the chief of the Fire
Department Is expected to function
as Street Cleaning Commissioner here
after, and If next summer the city
administration will remember that
the way to remove snow from the
streets In February Is to arrange In
June to do the Job.
Principles Before the Supreme Trl
bunal, the American Electorate,
This newspaper has said repeatedly
that only one tribunal in the world Is
competent to pass Judgment on the
principles embodied In the peace
treaty and the Interwoven covenant
Woontow Wilson has tried to Jam
down the throats of the people of this
country.
That tribunal Is the electorate of
the United States.
President Wilson himself, arrogant
though he is. perceived this for a mo
ment when he wrote to the Jackson
Day dine.. In Washington of a "great
and solemn referendum."
United States Senators who see
straight and think straight have rec
ognized the necessity of the case for
months.
Xow It Is recognized by Senator
Hrrcncocz of Nebraska, who has led,
as much as any Senator could lead,
the rain struggle for fulfilment of
.'resident Wilson's dictum that the
treaty and Interwoven covenant must
be ratified by the Senate without the
dotting of an "1" or the crossing of
But It Is plain, and constantly be
coming plainer, that even the supreme
tribunal of the American electorate
can pass only on the principles, and
not on the applications of those prin
ciples, embodied In the treaty nnd the
Interwoven covenant.
This la because those applications
re undergoing a constant process of
modification and readjustment as the
promulgations of (he Paris Conference
encounter the irrepressible fncts of
everyday human life. The capacity of
the German people to fulfill the re
quirements arising from the treaty,
tbe possibility of a nation like the
Austrian Republic to endure, the com
pliance or non-compliance with provi
sions affecting them by nations which
were neutral In the war modify the
treaty greatly from day to day.
Tbe dream of a man madtt Utopia
has been dissipated by a world peo
pled with men and women. The re
vision of the treaty in correspondence
with the relentless logic of facts Is
continuous oud has already altered
certain of its sections beyond recog-
nlllAn . Vi it' n t tn. '
U.IIVU U UJCIl UUIUUIDi
Consequently the principles of
treaty and interwoven covenant would
be the only Issue; nnd those principles
Can be briefly stated. The matters
at issue are :
American nationalism against inter
nationalism ;
American democratic rulershlp In
the United States against alien super
sovereignty ;
American independence ng&inst
subordination of American Interests
to the Interests of foreign lands.
With American nationalism, Amer
ican democratic rulershlp in the
United States and American Inde
pendence to fight for, what a glorious
struggle real Americans will make in
the campaign of 1920 1
County Seat Wars la Kansas.
A xpodest news item from Kansas
says that a county seat war Is on In
Morton, tne southwestern corner
county, of the State. .Morton county
la in the region of sftnd hills and short
grass ; it once had prairie dog towns
with millions of Inhabitants; at tht
last Presidential election It had 955
voters, mostly Kansans who had moved
away from eastern counties because
they were getting too many neighbors.
Richfield is the present county seat;
but recently a railroad was built
across tbe county, and while Richfield
was good enough for n rallless county
It will not do for a capital In 4hls era
of Morton's progress. Three other
towns, Rolls, WUbnrton and Elkhart,
all on tho new railroad, are Rich-
field's competitors for the seat of the
county government
Styles In towns change quickly in
Kansas, and there are more dis
carded or lost Kansas towns tbe num
ber, to be specific, Is about 800 than
there aro perhaps In any other State.
score or more in Doniphan county,
In the Missouri valley, were eaten up
by the river; oths, iucli a Runny-
made, died when the peculiar fad to
which they owed their existence
passed, end others, as Kanopoils "the
centre of Kansas, tho centre of Amer
ica and the centre of the universe"
lived only in real estate boom and
were blown away by the. prairie
winds. And hundreds of others were
lost as the result of bitter county
seat fights.
As an Institution the county seat
war reached Its highest point In Kan
sas. Men who hod been through the
Missouri-Kansas border strife and
their immediate descendants found
thlngt dull after that early period of
, '1
t
; slL. ' 'II
uWkmT M ttSSl 'ill III II " 1 . . , l..fi.l.1 ,,,, ,, i.,.,,,.. y.aL.... ... . -I ... . , g K
State history and they- turned to these
town site fights as one of the ways of
raising that peculiar article referred
to In tbe classical language of the sage
of Emporia.
In Kearny county a dozen men were
killed, tho court bouse at Charitllly
was burned, the town Itself and Coro-
nado or Omaha were moved away,
and Jhe rival town, larkln, became
Kearny's capital. In the war In Grant
county-, Ulysses and several small
towns were wiped out before a com
promise was finally accepted by which
Xew Ulysses was founded. Pratt
and Saratoga fought each other for
yean and at last when Pratt won
Saratoga died. The most bitter of all
tbese fights was that between Woods-
dale and Iluguton In Stevens county,
where the redoubtable Colonel Sam
Wood led tho forces of the latter
own. Every man In the county took
sides, went armed and shot tho fellow
on tbe other side at sight. Thirty
men, Including Wood himself, .lost
their lives In this feud.
There Is tome talk of n compromise
In the Morton county controversy, but
that has not been tbe usual way of
settling such affairs In tbe post. Gov
rnor Benbt J. Allen has not taken
sides In the fight and old Bill
White's advice has not yet been
sought. Digging coal and adjusting
strikes Is one thing, reconciling four
different, conflicting camps of erobat
tied short grass denizens is another.
Kansas is likely to follow traditions
In such disputes by finally backing
the survivor.
Ten Thousand Pounds Sterling.
A gentleman In London, whose mo
tives we are sure ore of the best, of
fers to sell to this newspaper the
"wireless message sent by Admiral
Peast from Battle Harbour, New-
foundland, after tho discovery of the
North Pole, 1009." The price asked
Is 10,000.
Low as London exchange Is, and
historic the paper, we fear that the
price of 134,000 Is based upon false
Ideas held abroad as to the exuber
ance of American pockets.
The man who offers the Peary mes
sage may think, as many Europeans
seem to think, that In this favored
land wealth is self-productive. "Amer
ica Is rich. She has unlimited wheat,
cotton, metal everything. . Let her
write off Europe's debt, setnurope up
in business and pay top prices for
everything Europeans can sell."
Of course that idea is not confined
to foreign parts. There nre millions
of Americans who are selling to the
foolish and themselves buying fool
Ishly. Production Is the last thing
they think of.
There used to be n fine struggle for
teal wealth. Its success Is seen In
tbe great farms, railroads nnd facto
ries of the United 8tates, That is vis
ible wealth. But now" we have
money madness, a craze to create
false prices. '
The man In London Is not to be
blamed for asking a tall tfrlce for Ills
relic He has listened to the whisper
"Get it while America has It." '
If Motors, Why Not Umbrellas?
A bill introduced In the House by
Representative Hahbelo of Oklahoma
would establish a Federal motor regis
tratlon bureau to prevent the theft of
automobiles, motor boats, airplanes
and, In short, "any self-propelled ve
hicle, not designed for running on
rails." By its provisions no sate of
a used motor vehicle would be com
plete unless a Federal certificate of
ownership was given by tho seller to
the buyer.
Very fine for men who have a pas
sion for buying second hand cars nnd
boats from strangers; but why should
the Government protect articles which
are propelled by gas and neglect other
things which may be equally precious
to their owners? Why not a bureau
for tho registration of dogs, or um
brellas, or scarfplns? Why not a Fed
eral certificate of ownership for the
little brown -Jug In the cellar?
Why The. 6 Three Famous Medals
Are the Best or AU.
Suppose that it should be possible
for a man sitting in an office at Wash
ington, In the course of the next war,
to touch a button and so destroy by
means of an Ingenious Instrument of
his invention an enemy fleet twenty
miles off the coast of Long Island,
what tort of a reward ought to be
given to that practical person by his
grateful country?
.A pragmatist properly enlightened
by study of the works of the late
WnxtAU Jakes would insist no
doubt on viewing the exploit In the
light of reason.- Ho would find that
the elimination of tho hostile armada
was but one important detail, the
other being tho great saving of life in
the case of the home forces. From
this ho would argue that the net was
to be estimated entirely by the ex
tent of the service rendered.
So it might follow that in a war
conducted almost exclusively by ma
chinery, a war of tho long distance
variety, with tbe human equation
brought down to Eunu Roof's Irre
ducible minimum, and such a strug
gle is easily Imaginable, iiiost of the
awards, medals and other distinc
tions, might go to those who fought
with their brains, who bad never
heard a shot fired In anger and had
bad no practical experience of the
shock of combat.
It must be admitted frankly that
the non-commlssloned manrwho is tbe
backbone of the army and the navy,
would not agree with this Iln; of rea
soning. He would take a non-pragmatic
view on tho subject. Utility he
scorns, like tho rewards of tli useful.
To him war is fighting and fighting Is
killing, and even when he Is asafgned,
muck against bis will, to sosse Mgaly
Important job like making a road
nothing delights his prlmltlvo soul
more than to drop shovel and pick,
take up a rifle and get busy.
This theory of tbe man In the ranks
on tho subject of military merit Is
Justified and fortified by tho fact that
tbe three rewards which are, most
coveted, whlcji are desperately hard
to get, which have noyer been cheap'
ened, and It is to be hoped never will
be, are come by more readily by the
private than by his superiors, for the
private baa chances thrown In his
way to go It alone. These are tbe
Congressional Medal of Honor, the
British Victoria Cross and tbe French
MMallle Mllit&Irc.
In each case conclusive evidence
must bo forthcoming to tho effect that
the person recommended for the care
fully guarded award displayed dis
tinguished gallantry In the presence
of the enemy. That this qualification
has nothing utilitarian about It' Is
demonstrated by this, that tbe act of
valor .might have taken the shape of
a soldier going back undor flro to
bring out n wounded comrado who
was of no particular value to any
body, including himself.
As long as these decorations con
tlnue to rccclvo the respectful admlra
tlon of men with red blood in their
veins there will be a standard by
which to Judge the whole vexed ques
tion of honors which is being threshed
out In some of Its details by Con
gresslonal committees.
A nog's Bind Leg.
Within the memory of men young
enough to register for tho lost draft
bams cold for eight cents a pound.
1'eopto used to cat them then when'
ever the high cost of living shot pop
terhouEc steak up to 18 cents; nhd
they were also useful to piece out
fried eggs at 15 cents a dozed. Now
a whole great city Is divided on the
question whether a cooked ham weigh
Ing eleven and one-quarter pounds is
worth $23.
It is a common working basis in
valuation that a thing is worth, what
you can get for It; or, on, tho other
side, that It is worth wliat you are
willing to pay to end your hankering
for It. Wo hive never seen. In that
Interesting part of the Museum of
Natural History where counterfeits of
foods are temptingly displayed, a ham
that appeared to be worth $25; yet
the man who sold the ham now at
Issue says (t was worth that much,
nnd the man who ate It appears to
have been willing to pay $14 for it
If a bam can be worth $14 maybe it
can be worth $25.
How should n $25 ham be eaten?
If It were to bo fried, nothing would
suit It but a sliver skillet nothing
mate It except the eggs of golden
pheasants. A cold cooked $25 ham,
such as the one which threatens to
be an issue before the courts, cer
talnly ought fo be eaten wjjh mus
tard grown on the south slope of
Olympus or made Into a sandwich the
upper and nether parts of, which nre
thin slices of ambrosia carved with a
knife of rubles.
Down In Virginia, or wherever those
Virginia hams come from, there may
be a proud old sow who is even now
boasting In measured grunts that her
grandson's hind legxwos sold on
Rroadwayfor $25. It Is pleasant to
think that the Great White Way can
bring sunshine into even a hog's life.
Sheriff Peters of Cook county, nil
nols, has consulted a lawyer, changed
his plans and consequently his pris
oners will not be obllg-cd to watch a.
hanging to-day. If th Sheriff's law.
yer achieved this result by legal ar
gumenU it cannot be said In this case
that the law Is an ass.
.e
The Congressional committee which
has been looking over the Virgin
Islands finds that many reforms are
needed. For Instance, the present
Uws provide boiling In oil as the pun
iahmentior bigamy. Thla should be
changed at once. The scarcity of
petroleum demands it
Senator Shoot's appalling disclos
ures about the waste of print paper
polled .in reporting Senatorial oratory
have had an effect to postpone the
waste. Two bracketed lines in the
Coi;restoiaI Record explain: ,
Mr. Gnom addressed the San
ate. His speech will ba published
tor eafter.
Mr. Kxllcoo addressed tht Sen
ate. Hit speech will be published
hereafter
Now, there Is somewhat generally
accepted meaning of that word "here
after" which would be reassuring. If
Indicating the time when delayed Sen
atorial speeches will be printed on
asbestos. 1
la tho Canyons of lanrar Uanhattaa.
Uoltlluatal MoltltndMt
Tht Valtaja of Dtetiloa
Throng- with tht tnultlti;dts of itar drawl
mea
Thr art Bitttalat im oa, ,
Thr havt seta tht Titian
Ftulns down tht fir . comlnz not
asaln!
v Thronrt forovtr hunrlnf,
Whlthtr I may know not.
TouriS man. old mtn. ehUdrta srar and
far
Bach to hit own dttttnr
Whlthir I mar so not
Shirtlnr, hurrying- aasm all tht Urtlonr
day.
nil htr bolldlBj riling '
ailtntlr and towtrlng
h abrr? th ti In alt tUw;
Chanting crowds fortrer
Murmuring and eowtrlng
Etch btniath a cardan that I may sot
know1!
Each btntath a burden
Still fortrtr creating
V?th a grim dtelalon to aomt far on! ttar;
What thall bo tht gutraoa,
. Silent men addrtnlng
To that dim country where your fine
dreamt art?
Multitude,! Multitude!!
Tht Valltyt of Dieltlon
Throng with tho multitude! of ttar draws
mtn I
Tbty to ki.l'itlitf otct en: -
Thty have tita tht vltlon
Fajslnr down tho (ar ways, combs sot
falsi ,
Pit am xtaxAv Sfxsr.
MOTOR LICENSE PLATES,
A Seeming Lack of Teas Work Be
tween State and City Oflcers.
To Th buk and New Yosk Hebaib:
A few dara aro I read In the newu
papers that the time allowed for motor
vehicles to obtain ItIO llctmt plates had
been extended by the Socrstary of State
unUl March 1, this ruling bttnf mads
on account of delays In hls .offlca, alow
ness of tho malls at the present tlmt
and central congestion and 'Confusion
due to tht storm.
About two days ago a chauffeur on
one of my trucks was handed a sum
mons, and tho complaint, as developed
at a hearing In the Uafflo court, was
that he did not havo a 1I0 license plate,
The court room was full ot chauffeurs
who had been given summonses tor lhi
same cause or for other trivial causes.
Cach one was kept from a day's work
at a time when trucktna- la areatlr be
hind time owing to tha storm. It seems
that the city administration was not
content to tie up the city streets so
that trucking could hardly be carried
on, but that It must, by Indltcrlmlnat
set-Tins' of police summonses, delay
trucking traffic still more.
I have no way of knowing whether
the newspaper report regarding tbe ex
tension of the time for the new licenses
unUt March 1 Is correct but It certainty
teems ' reasonable under the clrcum
stances that such extension should be
made. Douolas C. McMurmur.
New York, February 19.
PROPHETS IN HARD LUCK.
Two Home Made Weather Forecasts
and the Beauty.
To The Sun and New York Herald
.With the mercury at S degrees above
and a galo blowing out ot the north'
west at a fifty mile clip we have tately
enjoyed one of the "fine balmy days'
which your correspondent John
Hani promised on February S the
clerk of the weather would hand out
to us as soon as he had finished with
the "to beat the band" storm which he
was then basting us with.
Several years ago one of your cor
respondents Informed us early In Au
gust that we would have frost In elx
weeks because at the time ot writing
he had heard the katydids singing The
six weeks were up on September 0 and
on Jhat date tho mercury registered
about 95 degrees all over the Bast and
there was no frost In this section until
October.
These home made weather i prophets
are amusing. R. M. Anderson'
Pbinceton, N. X, February 19.
ALCOHOL FOR FUEL.
If London and Cuba Can Bun Motors
With It Why Not America I
To The Sun and New York IIesald
The motor buses ot London, eo your
news columns say, are .now run with
alcohol. While In Cuba a few years
ago I was told that denatured alcohol
furnished the motive power for the aato-
mc-bllea speeding on the Praflo, around
the Malecon and over the Island.
It was about that time that Theodore
Roosevelt was experiencing great satis
faction in the adopUon by Congress of
measures to make it posslbte. as I re
call it, for the American farmer to
manufacture denatured alcohol from
farm waste as a cheap substitute for
gasolene. The fuel situation was to be
revolutionized.
If It Is true that Cuban motor cars
can run economically and successfully
on alcohol where they have plenty ot
It In ono form or another, and If the
American farmer was to experience
great fuel boon In the shape of cheap
borne made denatured alcohol, just why
Is It' that the United States lias been de
nudtng Its forests, drying up .Its petro
leum pools and contemplating Irritably
the approaching exhaustion of Its coal
treasure and tbe miners who dig the
coal between periods of exhaustion?
I have asked myself these questions
without the satisfactory explanation mat
might be afforded by a scientist or
fuel expert. It Is true that denatured
alcohol might leak out and spill Into
cups with beverage Intent So anybody
making it would havo to take out
license and be Inspected. The cost ot
license and Inspection fees for makers
and small dealers added to ths cost
of manufacture, so I was Informed, ren
dered alcohol a moro expensive fuel than
gasolene. In Cuba, of course, there is
no isuch expense.
In the meantime what Is the chance
for science and Congress to enable motor
buses on Manhattan Island to saunter
along under the stimulating impulse of
alcohol denatured alcohol of course?
Sr. Louis, Mo., February It. x U,D,
OFFICIAL REGULATION.
A Denial That It Has Been ot Benefit
to PabUe Utilities.
To The SUN and New Tobk Heeald:
Regarding the letter of Supreme Court
Justice Russell Benedict to Assembly'
man Warren I. Lee, your Inference that
the book surplus of the New York Tele'
phone Company of $83.414,tJ7 Is stored
away seems to Imply that It Is' stored
away in cash, and such an Implication
must not stand. The surplus Is stored
awar In property now oeing usea in
service In NeW York.
No scheme of regulation, one man or
otherwise, will provide equipment, and
ths less tinkering with pubtle utilities
br nubile officials ths better.
No regulatory body in New York or
anywhere else has ever done a single
constructive act Politicians aon't ouua
telephone plants, don't finance them,
don't help them in any way. ,
II the Mew xorx TCitpnons lomuany,
has erred It is In admitting the inade
quacy ef ,ts equipment and personnel,
snd thus possibly providing an excuse
to Its own stiff for letting down in ef
fort. C. 8. S. Fosnet.
WiLKESBARRE, Pa February 19.
II It Warner la Seat Coaaty.
From tht ZUtabttMtum Pott. ,
Thtrt It at latt a rift In the clouds.
Tea. verily, It looks as though the light
was about to break through and dliptt tht
hitherto overhanglnr floom.
Slnct February 1 tht weather has been
warmer and bttwten Brother Muntcy. wh
derated one half column on lit .JiUrU!
ptgt of Ths 8om ikd Nsw Toax Ittxtu
rtbruary 10 to our neeat and right,
and our own alternate praying and tcoM-
Ing a cord of food, hard, dry four foot
wood hit oemt to our uie. John Crotittt,
ton' of tht Utt Howard Crotittt telon of
an honeit tire drew down tome of At real
thing from Deerhead yeAtrday. and whllt
hi charged us S10 per. It was nrrtrthIeis
worth while, at he said up arrtart and In
advance to April 1. 17T. Ten tniltt It
tomt-dutanct to draw wood, but John did
and now htadt our Utt of advance
payers, wouia mat tomt nearer by would
emulate his txamptt.
A .Meeting.
lira. Knlcker Henry, listen to me.
Knlelur Can't, my dear, it mIZht ba
eoattrufd as usurping tht ataieutin ggap.
tits.
m - " - I
a
DUST IH TIIK UPPXR At.
SeleatUe Ylsw of a Wes Gkh at
tke Cause ot laaaeaM.
To Taa Svu and Nbw foax IIssald
Ifrv Nanny's cxparlenca with a celling
,1ft . . . Cm. .. .ft
ur uu, mm bit napicr nnaw cam it,
not a matter ot Mss Interest to the
aviator than to tho miUorotosiat Put'
tin the casa amnlrtcallr. tha coUlnt Is
ths lower surfaca of a dansa layer of
air which tha floating matter of tht
lower air when It rises will not pene
trate, and because it will not penetrate
the celling it sprtads out underneath It
Now, Ur. Naulty baa described ex
actly what must have been the condl
Hons that exlsUd at ths lid. Dult
mites, ths finer Droducta of chimney
. stacks, sulphur gases and the gases of
decotnpoiltlon not being able to break
through the lid spread out' aa a blanket
on its under side. As a matter of ooutto
If the aviator remains In It such an
accumulation Is exceedingly Irritating,
choking and weakening. Had Naulty
risen a few hundred feet higher he
would have fonnd the clean, bracing air
or an anucyclone,
Mr. Naulty notes the possibilities of
a lid In the diffusion of volcanlo dust.
His opinion cannot be positively estab
lished, but It Is reasonable and highly
probable. There uvtn be no doubt Of
tho diffusion of olcanlo dust, and the
diffusion probably, extends throughout
the entire atmosphere.
Occasionally It Is coarse enough to be
caught and to be examined under the
microscope, but, practically all the dust
that collects and spreada out under
lid Is too fine to be thus determined,
The motes ot a. dutt haze Are about
the size ot those that constitute cigar
smoke,
There has been a prevalence ot dust
haze since the first days of December.
Possibly it may be due to volcanic out'
bursts. When tbe lid Is low the base
Is at ground level: If the lid Is several
thousand feet high there results a filmy
cloud veil which retards both absorp
tlon and radiation of heat, but It
haze matter all the same.
Pathologists, as a rule, scoff the Idea
that the floating dult of the air may be
a factor In the spread ot such diseases
aa Influenza. Perhaps they are right.
but they have not.proved their conten
tlon, and circumstantial evidence, on
the whole. Is against their position
The menace of wind swept dust gath
ered from city streets Is beginning to
be appreciated. It Is as great a dan'
ger as Is contaminated water. Tbe re
lation of floating dust, dust that escapes
the highest powers of the mhroscope,
not understood: It cannot be dtire
garded.: neither can the agency ot at lid
In the diffusion of such dust be dlsre
garded. It Is a case where the meteor
ologist and the pathologist must work
together. J. W. Redwat.
Mount Vebnon, February 19.
KING'S COLLEGE, WINDSOR,
Dr. Manning Wfll Help Those Who
Seek to Aid the Institution.
To The Scn and New Yobk Herald
One of the most Interesting Institutions
of learning on this continent. King's Col
lege, Windsor, nova ocoua, suaersa av
week ago by fire the destruction of Its
historic buildings, the financial loss be
ing esUmated at $200,000.
Thla Institution hsa held an honored
place both educationally and htstorl
caJly. It is the oldest colonial university
In tbe British Empire and Its traditions
and customs are patterned closely after
Oxford. It Is not a theological school.
but a university with the usual facul
ties and with its courses open to all.
Although very slenderly endowed. Its
servtca and influence have been notable.
The loss ot tho buildings Is a stagger
ing blow, but this will doubtless be met
In' the same spirit in which this uni
versity has met Its difficulties hereto
fore.
It would be a happy evidence ot sym
pathy for our Canadian brethren, and
of the reality of our fellowship with
them, if assistance should go from some
of us to King's College at thla crltlenl
moment of lta life.
If any who read this letter should
wish to have further Information or to
send some help to this hlstorlo and de
servedly esteemed Institution I shall be
glad to put them In the way of doing
so if addressed at the rector's office.
Trinity parish, 197 Fulton street. New
York city. William T. Manniko.
New Yosk, February 19.
ON SHOOTING BURGLARS.
Must One First "Get a Permit to Pro
tect One's Life sad Property I
To Tna Son and New Yobe Hzralo:
Your editorial article commending Major
McAfurtry and Mr. Bacon, for downing
the two midnight burglars will strike
a responsive chord1 In the heart of many
a man wltar a home to-proteet against
the thug who comes prowling about to
Steal and murder when he thinks every
pus is asleep.
But commendation Is not the usual
reward of those who. act like real men.
as these two have done. Instead they
are generally Jailed under the Sullivan
law for having firearms In their pos
session. ,
T , was antv & turn fylnnth i,a V
you printed an account of a poor work
man In the lower part of this city
shooting a burglar who had broken Into
his sleeping room and was In the act
of robbing him of his savings. Ths ac
count ended with the statement that
the workman was being held for trial
under the Sullivan law. There are many
who would like to know ths final dis
position of this cast.
Is It within tbe law to ehoot a bur
glar? ' Or must one first permit himself
to be robbed and murdered and then
get a license, to possess the necessary
firearm, it hs can, by paying a fee and
making tbe usual substantial contribu
tlon to ths police pension fund?
Maeksuan.
New Tosic, February 19.
IaSaeaxa aad the Baresaeter.
To Tna Son and New Yoax Hmald:
In the matter of the puzzle of InSuenaa,
from my observation I find that, the
dangerous days begin when ths barome
ter registers 10.70. and upward.
Oa FsbruiiT 1 It stoci at 51.23 j
day. John Elliot.
Ansonia, Conn, February It.
Tke FHtMnlh Peiat.
To The Bxnt and Nrw.Yoaic.nxiULo:
If ths Tiger or his successor can stand
I suggest another point. No. II:
Open resignations openly arrived at
Washington, February it. It a.
DeHat aa Ear Cera.
Fargo iupateh (a QMttUn idnet Jftttttr.
watt it regarded it a record fifiee for
tted cora In the Northweet was tha salt
of tltviA cart tor til at.tht North Dakota
ImproveA Seed Orowtn Convention, held
In connection with tha mtcllag of tha in.
State fralo grow era. aapltj of wheat
sold as high as 7 tor eat peek, a Half
bosfcel at seta Six sell for T.
i i i ". i mi in ! ... l
IFARMERS SEETHfMti
WITH DISCOHTBHT
Eesent Biff Profit Tikft, y
MideUemeB Between
andlBal Oonwmew.
IN A PESSWIBTIO MOOD
Aliaringr Wages In Cities Draw
Away laoor ani Carttil
ProdactioH.
WAaniNoroN, Feb. It. Charles B,
Barrett, president of the National Farm
ers Union, presiding to-day as chairman
of the conference of the National Doard
of Farm Organisations, said that while
It wbutd be vtry pleasant to be abls to
say that "alt Is well with argkulture
and that In tha farmer's mtaa were is
no diaeootent nothing left to be desired,
the facts were that "the farmer Is not
content nor satisfied."
Answers to the recent questionnaire
sent out by the Post Office Department,
he said, came ntarer to revealing the
truth about agriculture than anything
that has received equal publicity In the
city press.
The renties of the farmers alia Mr.
Barrett, "reveal deep dlsaausfactlon with
. . . , . .... ft.. ft. .U. S MAftl
ins treatment mu " .
agriculture and resentment, at the wide
spread between prices received by the
formers and those paid by consumers, a
feeling of Insecurity in the ability of
farmers to continue to the same extent
at nMutiicttfin tt tnad. and inability to
secure sufnetint labor or Jo hold even the
farm 'boys and Hirls os the farms In
competition with the iurtng scale of
wages offered In Indus. y and commerce
off the farma ...
Th. rirnan .nil thltF WlVtS in ttl-
swerlng thtsa questionnaires tolthfully
reflectea both a conoition ana iwi
nf mind which do not sneak well for tha
future, either ot agriculture or than
duriag prosperity ot thla nation.
The farmers, at least taw ontuir
farmers, from now on will pool their
efforts In exploring what In the put
has been forbMden ground. They will
employ trained research workero to In
vestigate conditions affeeUn agricul
ture. With trained research, publicity
and Ural talent farmers need no longer
be impotent In dealing with the ques
tions or maraeung, auinouuun uu
finance."
fitnator canntr fKan.) and Repre
sentative Anderson (Minn.) advised the
farmers to act a a unit In calling their
needs to the attention ot Congress.
LAND RECLAMATION
BILL IS INTRODUCED
m in i ii a i-i
Senate Meatcre Provide for
Bond Issues.
Washington, Feb. 19. Reclamation
ot unused lands In the West and South
through a series of bond Issues, operat
ing much as the federal farm icaa sys
tem does, would be eithotlzed'br a bill
Introduced to-day by Senator Fletcher
(Florida. A similar measure will be
offered in the House' to-morrow by Ret-
retentative Smith (Idaho).
under the plan izo.oon.ooo worth or
bonds would be sold tht first sear, to,
009,000 the second. ttO.000.000 the third
and J50.000.000 the fourth, with a total
not exceeding 1150.000.000.
In presenting the bill Senator Fleteh
er asserted the money required for
construction would be furnished by the
Investing pubtle without . any burden
belnr placed Upon the taxpayers. .Work
Ing out the plan, he said, would benefit
the small homesteader.
HOOVER PLEA WINS $53,000.
Far Hem Babieiibe TBuat 8asa far
nnnaariari CklUrca.
After hearing Herbert C Hoover saeak
for tea minutes it took fifteen minutes
yesterday afternoon for (00 members ot
the New Tork Fur Auction Corporation
meeting at tha Maionto Temple, Twenty'
third street and Sixth avenue, to sub
scribe 82,00 for tbe relief ot starrtni
Hungarian children, Mr. Hoover was so
atteeled that with tears in his ores ha
thanked the audience for their generos
ity. '
"ton have made oosslbls tha savin v or
ev.uvv uvea, no said.
(AMI, ... . a . . . a, -
Mr. Hoover has been asttbelaUr inter
ested In the American Relief Committee
for Hungarian Sufferers, under -whose
auspices the meitma was held, because
there is no Government appropriation for
Hungarian relief, and the tLwtxeeo fund
the committee Is now raising is tht only
help Hungary gets from the' TJnttea
States.
Some of the money raised yeateriar
came through the auctioning of a set of
silver rox sura, speeches were also
inade by Stephen Brook ftbsentbaL Will-
lam M. Engel and Qerald Whltmft-Hir-
rlck.
OITES-KSAVIS 1XXL WWigED.
Pabllc Works mvartaa.t Asso
ciation Appeals to tvaagrresa.
Speedy passage of the Jenee-Rearls
bill now before Congress,- which would
reorganize tht Department of ths In
terior into a National Futile Works De
partment as a means of eliminating ex
travagant and wasteful method ot Fed
eral administration, was urged last
night at a meeting ot tha r tee fitly on
ganlzed National Public Works Depart
ment Association, ot Which Adossa
Lewlsohn Is creslasnt in the ISartater.
Ling Societies Bunding, tt West Thirty.
ninth street
Marshall O. Lelrhton of the Am trl-
can Society of Civil Engineers said
ths American people are saying too
much for what they are getting." J.
Parke Channlnf. vice-president ef tht
association, read a communication from
Herbert Hoover Indorsing the idea aa
sound. Ur. Hoover announced again
that he was not a Presidential eaadl-
date. i
CAMDA'S ITJIOSft DWDTOIIStr.
Beam at CoxaSaerea Ta teas
TJ
Tkreatsaei laertajra.
Ottawa. Feb. is. Tha thrtattntd
lumber shortage la Mantteaa, Bastratehe
wan and Alberta, caused try the steady
shipment of the Canadian supply to the
United States, was eemlAftred to-day by
the Board of Commerce.
United States arms are said to be can-
eervlng their own supply sad buying a
large aart of the visible auprlr tn West
ern Canada for their present use.
Eleven laaastrles Rasa Wagres.
Wabkikotow Fab. 19.- Increases of
from IS to lit otr cent In wares said
by eleven ef the thirteen leading taanu-
faeturlng industries of tne country la
January aa compared with a year age
were shown In reports Issued to-day by
the Bureau ot tabor Statistics. The
woollen Industry showed ths highest ad
vance. The volaese of employment in
creased from 4 to 80 per ceat la tea
of,tae titfcttta ieattstrfrts.
AND
THE. NEW YORK HERALD,
TUB SON teat founded btf Ben Dty
tn iiMt ran UKW tOAK BBRALU
uos ttvnM H Jn$ Otrdo flenneli
(.!. TSB BON $Mt4 Mo tht ton.
trot of Chirks A. Daa in lttt. It
teams f Aa prtptrtp of Front A. Afuntev
fa 19 It, TBB NSW YORK HSnXLT)
rmoitid tit tU proptrty of U fovtdtr
ttntlt hit death tn 1(71, tentw Ms son, olio
Jomtt OonSon BntniUt tnccetitd to tht
otcntrtMp of tht paper, uatoTi continued
tn Mt AstKM until Mi dtath in uu,
TUB BSRALD became tht proptrty oj
Fraaft A. ttvnttv to lttt.
feCBlNKS ANB KBtreiUAl OFTICEs.
MAIN BUSINESS AND EDITORIAL
OFFICES. 210 BROADWAY. TELE
PHONE, WORTH 10,009.
. BUNCH arrtCTi tor receipt or saver,
tliementt and tale f paper t
pihncipaL uptown or-rrrn.,.ij
eiuiiuias. uarau. .sqvsri. hi. uretiey
HAniiftit otncTv joj west ixjttt.
niin our c.i i ii avb. i il
lit
Momlastldt, Open until 10 p.
it.
WASMINOTOM UKIQBTfl OrnCE-tll
OHirUTO." i
P 1II8T BT,
Tsi. less Wadiworth.
n. in en v, if
rfOWNTOWN OTTICSI-. HROAD
"AT- Open day and night.
iftOOKLTN 6rncf-lCAOLE BUILD
rv
0. BOS, WASH
oroN jrr. til nw
.TOW
ST. TIL MSB Mala.
. 'l0il5 ofrfcfe-ait wans avb.
AT ttSTH AT. TaL flfiM Ifalr.- n...'
until 16 P. It '
rttttfpaj rMtga aag Antrtraa Bertasi.
W ."'! 'KPTpff Th t Muneey Building.
CHICMtJO JL Katie BL
NftoV 40-41 rleit 6t
aARta-4a Aann, .fa f ftfta-a tt 1,-.
da Coafra "
Thir are about CM advertisement re-
ITMTina IHUI
lens located
throughout New
vera cur ana netnitr whert 8un-n,r.M
nert sun-He
adrtrtlteatsta wrll h r-irt
ratia and forwarded for publication.
Daily Calendar
THE WEATHER.
For Eastern Nv Tnrlrtrlr ..4 ....
tlnued cold to-dar and ta-marmw. tv...
northwest winds.
For Mew Jeratr Pair taJlir m i.-...
ro: eenUflutd.eoldt tmh nerthwett wind.
ror nortnem Ktw Enilaaa-rair and colder
to-dtT! to-tn arrow re?., wT .vilA-.";
nods. '
or Southern Xew Ea!iad-reir and m,.
what colder levari to-BJOrrow falr.on.
tlnued eoid: frnh nrthtl to wmi Vlodi
For Western Ntw Yoek-alr to-day. nml
WAfiltlNOTOV. A-a -m..
which developed, Wedotsday' eight touth.
flt.aat.If., ,,J4 bU rtaehtd tailirn
Maine ana lncreAted greatly la InteniltV:
Prtawre over the Botky Mountain! ana
P-V1 .rl6M lo for tht teaaon
f-at,iA.,lS5ft. ? ,0 developing
la that part r the country, x ttrong
arts er hllh ntaaur. mi.C' .J"..f
lew temperature, ti advancing southward
from, tht CenatlAa Kanhvoat. -n..
prcltltttlon tt the latt twtnty-fovr
houtt tn the Cast was confined to Ntw
Enalaad. tattern New Tork-TNat- -far..
nr locally la tbe touth Atlantis sutet.
m timptrature has fallen tharply in
middle Atlantis atatea uit i
. ourl Valley. Generally fair weather
In Indicated for the Wathlngton forteeit
district except that total rajnt art prob.
able Saturday In tha Outf State. Tune-tee
and the lower Ohls Valley. The
temperature will eostlaua below the
seasonal average in Ntrthieet dlitrleti
ana win eaange but iiishtly in tht south.
Stoim warnlan are oitplayad en tht At
lantic eeast from Delaware Breakwaters
to Sattport
Obstmuoas at tnitea atatee Weather Bi
raa lUlleat-iiiien as t P. 11 yesterday, nr
ea truth atrlaiia tlteti
. TWapeJatara. Stir-fall
ait n Bra. car. last zi
. Statttas. luea.
.avew.e
. oueter. bra. Weac&at.
an test TI
tt sari .. clear
11 .ti .is Clear
g St.ll .11 Clear
at See " Sosdy
Si .U .Si Clear
0 saoe .. ciosdy
SUM ., aear
U ts.ee .. Clear
fa ea.a .01 goody
.t tats .. Our
tt ee .. cirady
IS sate .. Clear
U SMI .. Clear
U . Clear"''
SI Zt.it .. Clear
U &U M Rain
10. S6.04 .. Ft City
IS SO W .. Clear
19 saet .. Clear
U SU .. Oiar
S fetS .. Clear
It ZS.t l.a Qcir
tl Ztit .. Rain
SS Bit .. Cloodr
to. ZS.M .. Gear
SS SAU . Rain
U 5n .. Cleodr
tl Bis .. pt. CUr
.. wit .. Our
S.M . dear
Aipa&y jg
AttsAtle City..., Z
Mlitmore M
ptTal is
Chartcetoa ea
Ctactfanart''!'.'.'.! s2
Clare land
Peavte ...
... it
Detroit .......... sa
ajvnioa .13
Ktieaa es
Jacktootills .... tt
city..,., tt
Lot AAftltt tt
ttuwankt ...... a
New Orletas..rs
OaltAeaa X9
rhUsdelphia .... tt
lta it
rertind. Ore... U.
sail uie aty,. it
an Antoaie.... ts
aa IHsgen...,, at
aa rreadico.. tt
t- Leata. a
t. Pa........, m
reAhlaiiea .... k
LOCAL WBATtt&R ASCORDS.
a a if a t
Rareatter
Wtna-itrUia N NW
WiaS velocity xa tl
FeetSfe Stow 0 CJe.r
meipltatioa 1. ,, .08 .01
The tiaiperaUre Is tbie tity ytettrday, 11 rt-
P.M.
6... 1
...a
...a
...
...)
...it
X91f.
a.
9.
10..
sfe".V
El
3S
a p. u . :
EVENTS TO-DAY.
Atl dar eenftrahefti ar a . m.n
preetdltts tha ninth aann.l
evtnlat af tha trullMMpear eeetlon Amer.
c "ner. JUtoclallon, WelSorf-Aitorla.
...TVIJ.1imr- aiteuza, -1$ Thtrt a Ke
ttrat" The Wemaa'srtruui, Hotel But
mora, 19HS A. it.
D .Sartla. ?Is Sotlity aa Or
ganism t" aonleei er the Ptojlt'e Isiti-
Ftaf. ElltAtMtli R tiftlai., MsaMn.
jtruitiea Jn the Aoguttan Art," HI Sthe-
ueraora aaii, woiumsia university, i:
P. VL
rs- J. Wiffffl Oedttrd eo "ArchlbalJ
obertsen'. haters ths atneategfcal aal
letraatileal Staetiit-'. cxa rua nnd.
tits p: it " - '
PtrtorManee uaatr the auspices tf
Theatre Aestabfr. Metal AJtotlt, 1 p. M.
Tejtlmeaiu d later to senator wmi
worth, Hatll Astir. T P. tt
. Luncheon taenia ef tha New Tork Ae
wrtliln Club, tt gut Twenty-atth street.
XtXS P. K.
Ceatnraa-a Tatn, a k. vv cute.
ntnltetnth annual meeting, morning ant
ivrnasn ntueiuL nuatail aag BUJiaioai
i.ftJ Twtoty-ieeoaa stmt. . ,
NIW York AltimRl XaaArlallAn nf Calattl
University, dinner, Hotel Aster, S.tt P. If.
Navy club Plaint sirfermaaet, Centsrr
Theatre, this afternoon.
"What the rUllreads Kurt Do After
Jh rtrel," Now Tork Halites Club.
Wttt Tiirty-tiiala street thit evtntnr.
Junior
taaarua asti
ntertajasjitot Univartiu
Stttlemtflt, 111 Xkn
nag- etrttt, s r.
"Oa Waartas? a tTyiu.-r. iMtm-a
Oeorgt. X. CDelL. Weadsteek Library. Tl
nranas a
' rvTt
lecftui"-
Sast ltJta street, s p. it
it
dlaaer atd danoe.
u
WaldtTf-AslBfta, 1 p. it
Katial Vim, Hut aal n enitai
Sbow, Oraai Cefitral Paiiier all dar.
t
PUBLIC LECTURES TO-NIGHT.
anal f.. 'S.-tl. ..Jl S:...- T AT
thur R. Pollock, wadltlfh Hlga Si
lltth street, near tTavtath avtaut: I""
trated by plana aid violin.
The Life et tht Plaat" by Prof.
net C flchmuefetr. PublWa teheol tt, II
etrttt near pint avtaut) iiiustnted.
"Aatlint avltlsaUta ef ladle.'' V
Prlaee sarath Oheett, Pubtle Ochtol ,
Itld sweet end Wtlrwirth avtssi: !"
traled.
'Preparetsssa at Paaaras," by Welter
a. KeOraaa. Pablle teol If. rordhasi
Stmt City lelaodt llloit rated. , .
"Wtrelea Ttlesrapay." .by Qarlet f
KatTlngtea. Pablle eVbool II. Anthtsy
and Traeaoat aviast, Tht Bront: w
trated.
1
Otl BUI JUt Tet Slgatd.
WAtrM9TOW, Fab. 19. PnsUeat
Wilson has not yet signed the oil ur
leasing bill, but he Is expect ,t,0 v
on It before it would automotically b
earn a law at inMalgat February
without his tttgatture.
A. If. p.tl.
'.".I'.'tl I '"la
10... !....) a'.'. '.B

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