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THE SUN AND NEW YORK HERALD, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1920.
6 AND THB NEW YORK HERALD FOUNDED 1833.1833. JfEW TOKK, HATUIIDAY, TBII. IljJOM. THE flU.V.llEIULD COnFOIlATION, Publisher. ISO Ilroadway. Frank A. Muntey, President. nrrln Wardman. Vice-president: Win, T. TMwsrt, vice-president and Treasurer; IU II, Tltherlnaton, Becrstary. NK1VH8T.INH PRICKS. , Dally, two rente cony In New 'k rllr uil (uturb and ttiren rente le Vtlirrci ttunday, first cental elsewhere, ten lent. MAIL BUnSOniPTION RATE8. East of Mississippi Itlveri One- fill One Xir MaH Postpaid. Year. Mentha. Month. mfi.v i. jfKrti- til nn in no 11.00 DAILY onl- 11.00 4.KO .8 flUNDAY onlr 4.00 .? HUNDAY only, Canada 0 00 S , . . for all noinia wst of the Mississippi River add 11 a year for dally or dally and liunaey tuitions. FoniMGr. hates. DAILY A SUNDAY. ,130.00 113.30 IJ.40 DAILY onlr 1S.0O K.00 l.W UUNDAY only 0.75 8.12 . All checka, money order. Ac., to do made payable In tiki nun-neram. European Edition. . t,,i.M.t.,4 t. prt vra Am In the Tear. Price In Paris 25 centime', dally and PAIUS OFFICE. 40 AVENUE DE L'OPKItA. Information conrernlnr advertlslar rates for the European Edition may do ooizincu from the main New York office. The Associated Prese la exclusively en titled to the use for republication of all iiewa deapatchea credited to It. or not otherwise credited In thin paper and o.so tho local newa published herein. All rlfhts of republication of sprcul despatches herein ant alio reserved. If our friends who favor ua with manu script ami Illustrations for publlcatlm wlh fo have rejected article! returned 'he; must In all ease send atampi for that purpoie. MAIN nUSI.VBPR AND EDITOIUaY OF FICEK. 20 HHOADWAV. TEl -CI'IIONE, WOIITH 10.000. Mr. Root's Splendid Message to AH Americans. It was the unofllelal Itopu&ncnn State convention which Mr. Kuiiu . 1 1 rri...n.ln .. Ai.nnln jtour auurtfteu uu ,iiiuiaujj cu-ump, lint his splendid messape was for found Americanism of whatever party In nil the States of the Union. Con- veylns no reactionary suggestion, re flecting a far vision, rugged and cour ngeoiis hut fulr and temperate, Mr, JtooT's words will carry home to the licnrt of every voter that wants for Jilmself nothing more than would be right for any other, man and places the welfare and interest of his coun try above everything else. There Is more downright frankness than challenging partisanship In Mr. IJoot's admission that the war and nil the crucial situations that It cre iifed hnve disturbed the poise of all mankind : "Multitudes of people are neglect 'i Ing their own affairs and distressing themselves over the shortcomings of i others. It is the prevailing state of mind. It is an epidemic. It will run 1 its course like other epidemics and ' eomo day the world will realize that ' the cure is for each man to go to work himself. Then the high cost of. living -will come down. "Our business as a party is to ad ' dress ourselves with cheerful courage and confidence to tho public problems demanding solution and to bring our country back to normal. It la nnt'.to put the country back where It was without profiting by the lesson of these wonderful years, but it Is to reestablish the effective control ot the fundamental principles on which 1 America's liberty, prosperity and power for good in the world rest; and wo must do this not by gener alities but by specific acts." Mr. Hoot, too, while iiiicotnpromU Ing In his Insistence upon what must be done to get us back to normal.. Is impartial and Judicial in describing the economic evils that nre to bo fought down. Whether it were Demo crats or Republicans who had been responsible for "the unbridled ex penditures of tho Government during the war," It would not bo for those who had acquired the hnblt of Indulg ing In financial profligacy with both hands to try to stop it. They would not know how. The work of ending the colossal and ruinous spending could bo done only by those who had lioTnequIred the hnblt. In the same way he takes the en lightened point of view about the tariff legislation which Is to be enacted. American industries and notjjmako this man who In his mes sage speaks not political partisanship but political science tho less jealous a guardian of tho rightful things which belong to minorities, majorities and all : "Inseparably connected with the right of control by the governing peo- plo is tho duty of Justice resting upon them. It the people by law prohibit orranlzed labor from holding them up to enforce demands, the people aro bound to provide means to ascertain whether tho demands are Just, and for enforcing them If they be found Just. That duty calls for the catab llshmcnt of a competent and Impar tial tribunal and for tho enforcement of its decisions. "Tho new relations of .labor to the industries In which ft Is employed oltit In the samo direction. Every where labor is acquiring rights in its employment, rights in the business, rights to share In the profits, in the regulation and In the control. .Thcso new rights carry with them new du ties? There Is no such thing as a right without a corelatlve dut rest ing upon the possessor of tha right, All righto nre " relative. All rights are limited by tho nature of the sub ject to which they apply. "Tho right of capital to combine and organize carries the duty to sub mit the new power thus acquired to limitations for the safety ct the community. The right' of labor to combine and organize carries with It tho duty to submit tho new power thus acquired to limitations for the safety of the community." Man or woman, Republican or Democrat, native born or nnturalized, there Is nn American who Is not goln to De n wiser person for earnest study of the essential principles of democ- racy, of Justice and of right to care fully, clearly and strongly Iterated nnrt reiterated by Mr. Hoot. There Is nobody who is not going to be n bet ter citizen, n more useful member of society, n safer guide to Ids fellows, for trvlng to live up to these prin ciples of true democracy in the spirit and with the conviction with wnicu they nro enunciated by Mr. Hoot in his great address. Still Fighting on the Right Side. The brand of Americanism which animates the old soldiers of the United States is disclosed in the general or der Issued by Joseph E. Eweix, Com mander of the Grand Army of the Jtepublic in the Department of New York, for the observance of tne two great anniversaries which fall In Feb ruary, In the course of which these sentences occur: "Both Wasiiinoton and Lincoln wero wlso above all others of their day and generation, and to each, as far aa human wisdom can determine, wo are Indebted for our national cx letenco to-day. "Tho principles for which they con tended are never free from assault They are being assailed In thcso days with unusual violence. "It Is the old time contest, as old ' as government, between the rule of the people on the one hand and of class on the other." The vision of the Grand Army of the Republic has not been obscureil by the smoke screen of international ism let loose upon the land. The or ganization has not lost Its sense of values. As Its members fought for liberty and a united nation in the '00s, to-day they preach the sane and whole some doctrine of an Independent, free and uncompromised America. this subject is ample enough to demon strate tho extent of the friendly but very real rivalry ns to which country would get there first. The narratives and Sir G. S, Narks, r. P, J. de , E. IC. ICa? cation or vocational training. As might havo been expected, the larger proportion of the men wero engaged in duties which provided training in of W. E. 1'auiiy, J. F, J. de I'ayeb some trade or vocation, the flgures Kane, Non-: being 58,508, or 31 per cent, whllo DENSKtiJtn, GriEixY, and so on down 3j,01o, or 20 per cent., were taking 'A DANGEROUS ASSUMPTION.' Daniel Webster on an Attempt to Mnsnlfy (ho President's: Office. To Tub Sun and Nsw Tok Hwau): In these days when tho American peo ple have to be continually on their guard against Executive efforts to make to tho accounts of Nanse.v, the Duko educational or vocational courses. Tho jot the Presidency a greater thing than of tho Annum, Svebdhuf, Fiala, preponderance of men "engaged In the Constitution Intended It to be, tho Petees, Amundsen and Peaiiy him- duties which provided training In following remarks of Daniel Webster oimn rn.ln p rnffnHnn" U ,lnn tn elin ocuaiwr irom aiassacnuseilS in mo self nro concluslvo as to what price tho world was willing to pay in this unique case. Tho niiall'tles'by which Buccess was finally achieved were endurance, cour age, dash, knowledge, craft nnd in gonulty. It was because ho had those In n surpassing degree, combined with n coolness of Judgment that mado him postpone tho crucial attempt to tho moment nt which the chance o'f a fall nro had been reduced to the lowest de gree, that Admiral Peaiiy was enabled to bring It off. Ho deserved success becauso to thp limit of human wit he had provided against failure. With Infinite skill he established be hind him ns ho advanced toward his goal o line of communications that was such in the true military sense of tho phrase. In this Instance, as In other cases of distinguished accom plishment, fortune favored tho mnn who relied least on luck or happy cnance, So it was for work done In the positive sense of the phrase that Con gress, foreign governments nnd scion tlllc societies everywhere heaped hon ors upon Peaiiy. He had added to the renown of his country for notable deeds nnd had touched the fancv of a workaday world In spite of his mat ter of fact directness, V Railroad President's Victory for tho Fresh Air Fiends. Wo nre glad to see that the distin guished plaintiff in the celebrated case of Underwood versus the City of Now lork has won on appeal. It Is a vic tory not only for the president of the Erie Railroad in his role of private citizen but for nil who love the fresh air that .swirls above the harbor be tween South Ferry and St. George. unless the decision of County Judge Tiehnan be reversed In n higher court the round trip between Manhattan nnd Stateu Island may bo made with some comfort by those who ake it in the dog days. The seeker of sea nreezes need not get ore at St. George nd Join the general rush for seats. If lie has bis return ticket the ferry man must come and get it and let him sit nnd eat his peanuts. It is another victory for personal liberty. The ferry people bad thel ay through autocracy by consent un til Fiiedep.ick D. Undekwood, a baron bringing the minions of King John to their knees, restored democ racy. "To none will we deny Justice ! We won't get off the boat!" The victory Is double. Who now will doubt his right to ride from one end of tho Erie to the other from Jersey City to Montclalr or Now City or Nyack or Iluffalo or Chicago and to stny right in the coach fo,- the re turn trip? President Underwood wll see to it that Justice rides on trains s well as on boats. American wage earners must not be exposed to wholesale slaughter from abroad; yet there Is no escaping the truth that for thc next several years our national policy has got to regard the Imperative export needs of Eu rope in n different light from any which has shone upon our tariff prob lems for the past two generations. Even when Mr. Root comes to deal with tho very foundations of all American questions tho defence of free self-government against special domination, whether by a power greedy President, nn organized .mi nority of capital, an organized class of labor, or whatever the combination of ambition nnd daring his moderation of tono Is equal to his plainness of speech and his courage of mind: "The peoplo over whom one class or section holds lawful power of llfo or death to compel compliance with tta demands is not sovereign. It does not govern. It Is subject to the con trol of tho dominating class. "j . nt2!nta!a the pr.ac'- ples of our government of all the peo ple by all the people we must apply thoso principles now to this situation. If wo are a self-governing peoplo we must govern and not bo governed. We should not attempt to nulso any man work against his will. We ourd not attempt to take away tho right to strike. It Is labor's great protection. But we should by law limit the jlght to strike at thi point where It comes in conflict with the community's higher right of self preservation." But the wrongful things which Mr. Root denies, to selfish minorities do Peary of the North Pole. From the close of the fifteenth cen tury, when a long scrips of attempts to reach Cathay and India by way of the North West Passage began, until Rodf.rt E. PearY, nt the end of his eighth expedition to the far north, nailed the American flag to tho pole on Aprtl 0, 1909, the Arctic appealed to the imagination of adventurous souls everywhere. For as long ns that grim fortress remained unreduced, the other pole having a lesser interest, there was something for explorers of the high heroic sort to dream about. If there were no other proof, tho age long quest of Uie polo would show conclusively the element of romance that Is In the nature of man. That he should drop his work of opening up continents, of building railroads un der mountains, of harnessing rivers to his machinery and seeking his profit or political advantage In every corner of tho Seven Seas to devote himself to an achievement which at best would bo largely Its own reward demon strated that the antique virtues still unlmated tho race. Unlike the first men who rounded the Capo of Good Hope or burst into the Pacific's' silent sea, trado and gain had no part in the vision of those who ventured into tho grasp of the spirits of that olcmental desolation. Tbo cau tious nrgued that even as far as scien tific gain was concerned It was hardly sufilclcnt In Itself to Justify tho risk or to demonstrate that the game was worth the candle. Hut that view did not cause the lure of tho unntfained, the possibly unattainable, to diminish In the slightest. So the voyages went on. Sea and mainland, .located nnd named, some of It n llttlo prematurely, brought tho Arctic region by ever widening de grees within tho experience of the geographers. The names of tho old heroes spread over tracts further and further north, nnd with accumulated experience camo the conviction that sooner or later a long list of tragedies would be offset by the great success itself. If tho value of a thing is to bo measured by wltat any persons are willing to give for it the literature of Reprehensible I.agrana. From the heights of moral superl ority achieved by this most enlight ened and progressive of peoples we can look only with pity on the rest dents of I.agranu in Spain, where: "Owing to the stormy weather a number of cases of spirits from in coming vessels were washed overboard. "The casks were picked up by fish ermen, small tradesmen ar.d mechan ics, who, after selling part of the wreckage, assembled In a building and consumed dozens of bottles of brandy, rum andi other pplrlts." Potent potables ! In six hours the victims of nn appetite we have left be hind us were In that highly demoral Ized condition which old men nmong us say was once called "stewed," an archaic technical term having no slg nlficance in modern American cars. A brutal constabulary being un equal to the task of caring for these merrymakers: "A detachment of 'marines was de spatched to the building,' and In the , presence of the captain of the port the people were shovelled, like coal, Into six large carts and conveyed, still Insensible, to the naval hospital under escort of murines with fixed bayonets." , Wo wish some of thoso mighty wlelders of shovels wercherc to tackle tho snowdrifts. Shovelling n splffll- catcd gentleman weighing, without li quor, 150 pounds, Into a wagon must have been a feat worth watching. The fishing fleet was laid up for three days. Tho strong waters con sumed wero priced at 1,000 In Spain; how much more they wopld have brought elsewhere! They exercised their spell on 510 who hud subse quently to be treated In the hospitals. l or tho simplification of the work of tourist agencies wo add the geograph ical information that bibulous La grana is near Fcrrol, and transportn- Hnn wn-t- ...111 4...!,.., .1, fnrcr within practicable distance of this happy village. custom of allowing men to select, tho arm of the service In which they may study desired trades or occupations, as In tho Signal Corps, Motor Trans lort Corps or Ordnance. Analysis of the numbers of men in each department of tho army who aro taking adrantago of tho educational opportunities thus offered by tho Gov ernment provides several surprises. Washington is almost the Jast place In tho couutry where anybody would expect nn enlisted man on duty to take a serious Interest in education. Yet 00 per cent, of tho soldiers- on duty nt tho War Department there arc either taking educational courses or engaged In vocational work. Tho netuab number receiving training Is 253 out of an enlisted strength of 281 men. In point of percentage the Phil ippine Department comes next with 75 per cent., thus disproving the no tion most of us would hold that tho tropics are not so conducive to study as the temperate zone, the Northeast ern Department, comprising New Eng. land, standing In third place with 1 per cent. The Hawaiian Department stands In fifth place with 64. per cent., while In New York's department, the East ern, only 52 per cent, are engaged in studies. Our troops in Germany aro only 1 1 lutr run , m ,,..,.:-in .l ...... .1 1,952 of tho 10,230 stationed" at blenz taking advantage of either the educational courses or vocational work. That familiarity with educa tlon breeds indifference to it may be the explanation of the fact that out of tho 890 enlisted men of tho Ad jutant-General's ofllco who nre on dutv with Reserve Ofllcers Training Corps units nt various colleges only 91, or 10 per cent., are receiving training. These figures are impressive; yet we know of only one instance in which an officer has complained that the new system of education In tho army in terferes with military duties, that critic being a cavalry officer on duty with troops on the Mexican border. The Sleepy Senators and the Tire less Propagandists. United States Senators like, the most of them, undisturbed sleep of reasonable duration as their one best restorative, In the absence of any other once popular means of unrav elling the mental worries and cares of stale. Rut they arc not allowed even uninterrupted slumber. Senator Smoot having discussed the circulation a taxpayers' expense of 30,11 1,302 pieces of printed propaganda by executive departments, Senator Sherman com plained that that was neither all nor the worst of it. "They call me un at uignt, ne asserted, "out of my slum hers, to tell me the error of my ways in opposing appropriations." senator kino commented: "I think that if the Senator is merely called up from hjs slumbers lie escapes very wen. It does seem, in view of the often expressed prejudice against cruel and unusual punishment, that a sleeping ceuuiui, uiiiiougll ne lias voted alnst the maximum appropriation demand of an executive department, should be permitted to enjoy unmo lested tho privilege of undisturbed sleep. If tho gallantry of Captain Jamps iiALLOcic and hia pohco tars nt thn 1'airoi in rescuing tho passengers from tue steamship I'rlnccsa Anna at Rock- away Point led the Navy Department to icnu to thl3 city tho U. S. S. Penob scot at a dollar a year everybody is to oo congratulated. But surely scmo Bpeclal reward or recognition is duo to thoso who added so materially to tno good repute of the force and its resources! Hducatlon In tho Army. Figures mado public by tho War Department relating to educational work and vocational training In the army show some unusual features in tho reactions of tho enlisted men to a duty of soldiering which was n neg ligible quality In army life before the beginning of the world war. Out of 172,200 enlisted men reporting for duty on' December 31, 1019, 93.-123, or 5-1 per cent., were .taking ndvnntngo of the opportunities offered for edn- That ingenious Mr. Cabreoa finds in tho dismissal of Mi. Lansino a guar anteo that Mexico will not bo inter fered with by the present Administra tion at Washington. This may bo a left handed compliment to 6omobody, but certainly not to tho formor Sec retary of State at Washington. It costs the Government J50.000.000 to keep dry. It costs somo persons a most that much to keep wet. A Delaware man is dead after taklntr three quarts of bay rum. a bottlo of milk and a dl3h ot pickles. Milk does not always agrco witli the adult human. Prohibition sleuths, searchine: for contraband beverages on tbo Italian uncr uiusoppo vcrdi, found, aeized and confiscated eighty-flvo bottles of brandy and flfty-clght packages of cigarettes. This scizuro of cigarettes will naturally strengthen the cordial relations between Italian seagoing folk and administrators of tho laws and Constitution of the United States, the more so If the Italians learn what tho prohibition sleuths seem not to havo Icarnpd that a constitutional amend ment prohibiting tho manufacture. sale, transportation or use of ciga rettes has not yet been adopted. . A blue fox skin -old for !37n of tho day. Tho buyer sly dogl must have dis covered that somo salt meat good for a stew remained attached to tho pelt Senate on May, 7, 1834, In hli speech on the President's protest will be found . tho resolution whon It was referred to the committee appointed to prepare and report tho Constitution. This committee reported August 6, 1787, and In th resor lutlon ns reported by It was tho follow InsNrefcrrlng to tho President: In case of his removal a aforesaid, death, reilrnatlon or disability to dts charfo tbo powers and duties of bla omce, tha rreildent ot the Senate ehalt dUcharge thoao powers' and duties untlt another President ot the 'United Statoa be chosen, or until tho disability of tho Trealdent be removed. On August 31 such portions ot the draft of tho Constitution consideration ot which had from time to tlma been postponed, Including this clauee, were referred to a commltteo of eleven, ono from each Stato then, represented In the convention, and on September 4 this committee reported back tho "resolution containing the following: , In caao of his removal n aforeaald, death, absence, resignation or Inability to dlacharfu the powers and duties of Ills office, tbs Vice-President shall ex ercise those powers and duties until another President be chosen or until tho Inability be removed. On September 7 this portion of the committee's report was amended by adopting the following: , The Legislature may declare by law what oOcer ot the United States shall act aa President In case of the death, resignation or disability of the President and Vice-President, and such offlccr shall act accordingly until such dis ability be removed or a President shall be elected. On September 8 the commltteo of flvo "to revise the style of nnd arrango the articles agreed to by the Houso'' was appointed, and to this committee went the provisions touching Inability In the shape In which they aro last above given. The committee on style and arrange- mtjMSjmmurr. JJTJjyY TRAINING Light Shed br tho Records on tho I i Words Jn tho Constitution. To Tun sun and New Yonie Herald: In your editorial article of February 17 entitled "'Inability' Not Disability"' you nro partly right and partly wrong. During the deliberations of the Con stltutlonal Convention In the tentative drafts ot the provision respecting the Executive tho word "disability" was uni formly used, and such was tho word In timely. Mr. Webster eald: There Is another sentiment which of late we hear frequently expressed, and that li that tho President U tha direct representative of the American people. This Is declared In tba protest In so many words: "Tho President," says the protest, "Is tho direct representative of tbo American people." Now, sir, this Is not the language of the Constitution. The Constitution Dowher cjIU him the representative of the American people, still leas their direct representative. It could not do so with the least propriety. He Is not chosen directly by the peo ple, but by a body ot electors, some ot whom aro chosen by the people and eome appointed by the Stats Legisla tures. Where, then, is the authority for saying that the President Is the direct representative of the people? , The Constitution denominates the President simply the President of the United States; It points out tho com plex mods of electing him, defines his powers and duties and Imposes limits and rcstralnta on his authority. How Is It, then, that on this official character, thus cautiously created, lim ited and defined, he Is to engraft an other and n very Imposing character, viz., the character of the direct repre sentative of tho American people? I hold this, sir, to bo mere assumption and dangerous assumption. William K. Hicks. Brooklt.v, February 20, MILK BOTTLE WASTE. A Count of Two Blocks Showed Eighty-four Thrown Awny. To The Sun and New York Hl-bald nvery once In a while some milk com pany publishes an advertisement prov ing that tho price of milk to the con sumer Is really very reasonable, but I. notice little Is eald .about bottles. WINS IN PRINCIPLE Houso Committee Approves Universal Tlan, Imt Defers Its Application. DETAILED SCHEME LATER Eight flcpuWicans.and Three Democrats Unexpectedly Put Programme Through. Ono mnrnlntr lust before the last storm r counted thirty-six empties, pome me,lt reported September 12. the clause broken, in ashcans or in tho street, on ln Question being reported as ioiiows: one block ono side only between Eighth and Manhattan avenues. At the same time I counted forty-eight also thrown away on the north side of the longsr block of 118th street, between Seventh nnd Eighth avenues. Many were broken, but all were cast aside as useless, presumably to be carted away by the city's ash collectors. Xow It Is quite evident that these bottles are expensive nnd that the re tail cost of milk Is made higher by this unnecessary waste. 'What explanation do the mirk companies make? In case of the removal of the Presi dent from office or of his death, resig nation or Inability to discharge the iow- era and duties of the said office, the same ahall devolve on the Vice-President, and the Congress may by law pro vide for the case of removal, death, resignation or Inability both of the President and Vice-President, declaring what officer shall then act as President: and such officer shall act accordingly until the disability be removed or tho period for choosing another President arrive. On September 15 this clause was Th .rmrlenrA of nn mnrnlno-- ob- amended by the House by striking out servatlon Is not exceptional, for all over the words "tho Pcrlod for choosing an th rltv It can be seen and noted. I am other Resident arrive" and Inserting In not writing In a hostile feeling, rather Placo t,lerc0 "a President shall be one of curious and unsatisfied interest, elected." and as thus amended the clause and the answer will bo Interesting to waa written Into the final draft of the many thousands who, like myself, are Constitution, In which, notwithstanding wondering. A MILK CONSUMER. New TonK. February 20. MAHOMET THE DRY. His Followers Pointed To by an Oppo nent of Prohibition. the efforts of the committee as to style, each of the words "Inability" and "dis ability" appears. But you are undoubt edly right ln saying that it was be cause of the comprehensive word "Ina bility" that It became the unwritten rule that the head of the nation should not leave the country In his term of office, As above stated, when the provision Sptelal to Tim Scn xkb New Toss: ncuu. Washwoton, Feb. 20. Tho principle of universal military training as a fea ture of tho permanent military policy of tho country to-day won tbo approval of the Houso Committee on Military Af fairs. It Is proposed, however, to delay tho Institution ot a military training system until July 1, 1922, becauso the Treasury Is not at present In a condition to provldo tho large expenditures neces sary. Uy a vote of 11 to 9 tho commltteo directed a tub-commlttco ln charge of framing an army reorganization bill to Includo iuch a programme ln the meas ure. I,lkov.-Iso suggestions ot the lie publican steering committee that the question or military training should not now be pressed, but left to a joint con gressional Investigating committee wero swept aside by a vote of 12 to S. Tiie training advocates declared that this was nothing more than a move to dodge tho Isiue until after the next election. The committee did not undertake to state how much training should be given or nt what ages; this will bo left to tho sub-eommlttee. Eight Republi cans and three Democrats put through tho training programme. It was opposed by flvo Democrats and four Republicans. Tho Senate Military Committee already has Included tho training programme In the army reorganization bill, and It Is the llrst tlmo that the plan has been Jointly approved by tho military com mittees of both houses. For three hours the committee engaged In a heated debate before reaching the agreement. The action came as a sur prise, as It was supposed generally that those opposed to universal military train ing had a majority of one in the com mittee. The debate was In reality an anti preparedness battle, with Representative Dent (Ala.), Democrat, who opposed the selective draft during the war, and ltep. resontatlvo Kahn (Cal.), who pushed that bill, as the respective leaders. Th were ford Miller (Wash.), Fuller (Mass.) ThQ Democrats were Representatives Caldwell (X. Y.), Olny (Mass.) and Fisher (Tfin.). Those voting against training wero Representatives Anthony (Kan.). McKenzio (111.), Hall (la.) and Kearnn (Ohio), -all Republicans, and Dent (Ala.), Wise (Ga.), Quln (Miss.), Fields (Ky.) and Harrison (Va,), Demo crats. Approval ot the training pro gramme was clinched by Representatives James and Fuller, who for several weeks have been undecided on the question. AND THE NEW YORK HERALD. TUB BUN tea founded by Urn Du-i In 1833; TUB NBW VOUK ff'Ml o Wat founded by James Gordon ,'c,.'i; In isi5. TUB Sl.V passed Info the eon. (rol of Charles A. Dana in U0 ;t becama the property of Frank A .ifmnev in 1916. TUB NEW YORK Hr.RM.n remained the ole property of its otitusr untl hi death in 1S72, ichen hl$ ton, aha James Qordon Bennett, succeeded tn thi ownership of the paper, which ee-wi' vci in hit hands until his death in 1913. TUB HERALD becamt the properly 0 Fran' A. tlunsey in 1920. nUBIKKSS AND KDITOUIAI. Ori H F.s MAIN DUSIN'ESS AND EDITnrtUi,' OFFICES, 280 BROADWAY. TELE PHONE. WORTH 10,000. nitANCH OFFICES for receipt of advr. tlsement and sale of PRINCIPAL, UWOtv.-f nvptrfi,... riiilldinc Herald Smiar. n-r n. ' uooo. "' ST.. N'E A n SEVENTH AVB. Tel Wi Mornlncslde Open until 10 p, M. WyWlIINflTO.V HEIOHTS OFFIf'F -511 JSl.TtU 0033 ' WVW-CTy?nTnT?hr00 nR0 , nitOOKI.Y.S- OFKirKM HAOLE HIV.T ? 303 1VASHINOTO.V ST. TV. I no Main. 24 CODItT ST. Tel. B138 M i Open until 10 P. xr. 1 nnoNx Office sis wilms avh tiuStp! t- m occo MelrM0' Mr " Prlncpal Foreign nnd American Hnrram ' KA'!l?5PTPN' Th Munsey DullJIng. CHICAOO 108 Ln Salle St. du Louvre Avtnue lo 1'Operi. 3S Hut -JJlZl" ?rt, nbou.t fi50 adverthement TV.ii-nf.i,t,0il" ,l0tf1 throughout v. y5rk-.f,t)r nA virility where Fun jr.- t advertlcements will h- iwM , rates and forwarded for ptib'lratlon Daily Calendar THE WEATHER. For Eastern New Yorkinn.-.. cloudiness and slightly warmer iu, to-morrow rain or snow; moderate e-v winds. Jersey-Increasing ctotMlno., , J'rttly .wanner to-day; tc -morrow rain or v . mvieratc east vimle. ' HL??, En,f,a-Fslr to-diy; to-morw VZ.tb!S ruva't d rllsbtly ntrmer o erate weit winds. lomlnu- varlau lor Wpstern New Yors-ln-rrjiE.ivr -i aert. wltb snow to-night and txuo-rJV. TVASm.VOTOX. Feb. M.-A low n-,. M VoJ('ral! 'Otiosity It over Ol'al , uiKM. I.nke Superior and on tbe VI ffitl?U?nff ,te la,t twenty.foJr loi,. extended la a narrow belt eastnanl thp, el , Missouri, npper Mlsi8ilpp nJ ObT , ' nhP'i?,1rc,h"e ""en "eolde lly Ver . north Bocky Mountain region, while tier in risen orer the AppalachlaS Teslon. J IlJlDs or snow are Indicated for t!ie M v alley and lake nrln V' . ' ra n Satunlar In ,, ...Y n7.i 1 e Republicans supporting Mr. Kahn ?r anow Sunday in the Atlantic "tit it Representatives Greene (Vt), San- 1 'erie Komcnhat colder snndir in '..i-.i.... (N. Y.). Morin (Pa.), Crago (Pa.). "rper lake reslwi, Tennessee I.U1UJI. WiiU i To The Su.v and New York Herald I should like to ask what It Is that makes Mr. Page so confident that a single hn question was 'submitted to the com generation brought up in enrorccd aD- mlttee on style and arrangement, which stentlon from beverages containing over had no power whatever of amendment one-half of 1 per cent of alcohol will or alteration of any of "the articles result ln a greaUil, Improved race. agreed to by the House," tha word "ab Vv as It not in the seventn century sence" was In tho provision, but it was A. D. that one Mahomet established a omitted by the committee In its Anal religion one of whose principal tenets report. This could only be because was nnd is absolute prohibition of all "absence." belns comm-ised within "In alcoholic drinks? This has been enforced ability," the use of the word was deemed for more than twelve centuries oy er- redundant. And that tho House Itself fectlve religious sanctions. May I ask dp not rcgard the omission of the word Mr. Page which of the many races which L nn amendment of the provision as It profess or havo professed Mahometan- na(j heen referred Is made conclusively Ism he would select as an illustration evident bv the fact that when, on Sen of a people made perfect by prohlbl- tember i3. the Houso amended tho nro tlon? May I ask him If he really be- vIs,on rf,DOrted bv the commltteo In Ucves that the swarm of Informers to jj,e ono partcuiar 0f substituting the be paid for out of our money will be wnrrt, , nmMfflt shall m oiortert it ablo to enrorco prommuon as eueciu- Ieft the provision otherwise untouched, ally ns the religious conscience of the To thi9 accordingly Is clearly referable most fanatical sett ever known? If the the wholesome tradition, If it be nothing character oi me unspwiKaoio ium " higher, that the President may not leave been cvoiveo unuer tno rcsimo oi pro- the countri- during his term of office, hlbltlon enforced by conscience from within, does Mr. Pago Imagine that the result will be bettered here by enforce ment from without under tho sanction of hated laws? H. S. MacKate. New York. February 20. Henrt E. .Davis. Washington, D. C., February 20. CLUE OF THE DATES. A Possible Explanation of the Pros! dent's letters to 3Ir. Lansing. To The Sun and New York Herald: look at tho dates. Lord Qrey's lcttei was published Sunday, February 1. The Mr. Lansing's Politics. To The Sun and New York Herald; Is Robert Lansing, our former Secre tary of State, a Democrat or a Repub lican, unu .i.o k """" - Cabinet meetings wero held on Tues nis aamissicn 10 ito uch, and Frlaayi. Tnat of Tuesda. .-MEW lOKli. reuiuarjr -v. . , 1ht .,. . ,i.j n y, Timing- crat that ho once ran for Mayor of Hltchcocl.3 reservation to Article his homo town, Watertown, N. Y.. on x chn Ames wag His partisan affiliation has nover been .... ,,.,,., , . ... called In question. but not published until two or three days after that date. About tho samo time a cryptic question and answer came from the Whlto Houso to this effect: Did the White Hpuse. know In advance Wasted Its of Telephone Operators. To The Sun and New York Herald If tho telephone company will eliminate or Lotd Grey's letter? Answer, No, the trilling of the Rs by Central they NcM suppose that the cautious and 111 effect a saving that In the aggre- courteous diplomats ln England had no- gate will be very material and will also titled our Stato Department in advance bo much appreciated by all telephone 0f the letter, and that Lansing, rightly users. or wrongly, not being able to see the When a man asks for 3743 John Cen- President, had concluded that Mrs. Wll tral comes back and says, 'Tm ringing Bon, or the Admiral of tho Bedchamber, thr-r-r-r-r-r-r-ce. seven four thr-r-r-r- or Mr. Tumulty would withhold tho ln- r-r-ee John." Why not cut out the formation as likely to agitate tho pa- n T1T,rT I.. . 1 . I 1 - . . . extra list u. . iienr, ana naa ueciacu not to forward New York, February 20. u. And then reread the published cor respondence with him, tho nrst letter The Time Fuse Resignation, dated Saturday, February 7, and see if I . i , ....if . . Tn Tit fin and New York Herald: lno """.. ". u rougn- w - - - .( -t ln tt, InfnrmlAn nn ih nevii. ne hv imuwn our. are 1MU M "J v.. . " I . correctness of tho statement made to not espncauie, me at this tlmo of Cablnot changes, And then note that Instantly those "Ileautlful Snow." The tnllllonalrs It a lucky man. And the general who wins, also; Dut tho luckiest of tho human clan Is the author of "Ileautlful Snow," Benedict Arnold'a a hated name, And the Kaiser Is rather low, Hut yawns now tho lowest niche ot fame ror tho author of "Ileautlful Snow." The niche Is empty, sad to aay, For hia name we do not know, So wo cannot swear In an adequate way At the author ot "Beautiful Sow.p Micurf Until. .... . . . . . r n.i u .i... . t,.io (......unLn T,,,i icuera -n"iu urn. ..... xiauuur in errect has sent his letter by mall ln order dV--tr"T , P' V" W' tn Inn Itu not reflchlm- the Presl- ca--a to Insuro Its not reaching the Presf dent beforo the end of his term? New York, February 20. Querist. Sticking; to It In Connecticut. Farmlnot-lIM correipondtnce Rligefltli Fmt. Byron Beardiley does' not put any mora slna In the edge of Ma vest Tho other day while carrying tho hind end of a piano upstairs tha latter pressed against even pins In his veat. The pins atuck Into his stomach. Byron couldn't let to City Fathers. To TUB SCM axo New Toait Hmimk Tony Papa ond u. it. Parent aro two ot Chattanooia'a business men. a. O. n CiMTTJtsoooA, Tenp.. February 16. Georgia Finance. From the Dublin Court tr-lltralA Wo hear a lot ot innated currency th... the piano and he couldn't get at the plna days, but all the currency we have been unless ha did. Bo he had to stick It out b' l? set hold of 10 fr looked mighty until ho got to the top of the stairs. Urn to us. Measured by Their Accomplishments. ' From the Dtttai flexes. Of course the poodle may bo smarter than the hound, but he doesn't item to accomplish any more. The Iamb. Wilson wants a little mind With fleeca aa white aa anow. And everywhere that Woodrow goes ne wania mat mind to go. ASSERTS GOETHALS TUNNEL IDEA BEST O'Rourke Wants It Used for New Hudson Tubes. When the open discussion of the plan of tho proposed Manhattan-Jersey City tunnels begins Monday night In the united Engineering Society Building Jonn F. u llourke, engineer and con tractor, hopes to show the public that the Goethals type of tunnel under th Hudson not only wilt bo more efficient than tho ono to which tho New York State Bridge and Tunnel Commission has committed Itself, but also that It win cost about J13.000.000 less. Tho chances are that unless the New York and the New Jersey commissions aro moved very strongly by a comblna lion of Goethals' facts and nnlillr- nnln Ion, Mr. O'Rourke's protest against the criticism of tho Goethals plan by C. M. Holland, chief engineer for tho Joint commission, will amount to nothing, be, causo tho New York Commission nl. read.y has adopted Mr. Holland's sug-- scsuom una tne iew Jersev Cnmm s sion nas signified Its certain sanction. nut aligned with Mr. O'Rourke nnd uen. uoetnals ln the defenco of th int. ters plans will bo Edward A. .Bvrnn. chief engineer of tho Department of Plant and Structures, and T. A. Adams of the New Jersey Commission who says he Is opposed to tho adoption of any pian until tne public has had lt say. Grover Whalen. Commissioner of t-iani ana structures and ex-nffMn memoer or tne .ow "iork Commission approves tho Holland plan, despite the umiuao oi ins cnier engineer, Mr. Byrne. Mr. Adams, respondlne restprdnv tn a can ior a mectimr or thn Xm- .Tr. Commission to listen to Mr. Byrne's ob jections to the Holland plan, found him self qulto alone nt tho meeting. There being no quorum, Mr. Byrne's objec- There will bo a cuhllr- mooting night ln tho United EnHnrtno, K,,t... nit,u .,,.....1 "u"u"'s i U1SCU53 mo tranio phase ot mo pruposea tunneis. HOLLAND WANTS ALL TO ENTER LEAGUE Senate Asks for High Court or Justice. Tun IIaoce, Feb. 19 (del.-ivr.n n: creased armaments, speedy Institution of - pciiuaucni nisn court or Justice and Immediate admission of all civilized na tions desiring to enter wero demands at tached to tho resolution passed to-day bv the, second chamber of the Dutch Par liament, approving Holland'3 entrance Into tho Leaguo of Nations. "While, the league without Amira will bo different from what was cx pected,'1 said Forclcn Minister v,.. wen. sun mo uinerence Is not ro great " l ttuuiuriie iiouanu to stay out Neither is It to Holland's Int unuii uie admission or the Ccn'ral Pow. ers." crland to tho League of Nations wan recommended by tho Swiss Government In a message) to Parliament to-lay. What has been known as the "American clause," by which Switzerland's entry to tho league would depend imon almthi- actlon by the United States, has been abandoned. John Wnnn maker Approver. Indorsement of tho bill to provide a cent Roosevelt colnace was rerolvpd hv the Woman's Roosevelt Memorial As. soclation yesterday from John Wana- makor of Philadelphia. He said with regard, to tho various proposals for the new Issue that there would bo little use for a $2.50 coin and that a 24 nt coin would prove an Inconvenience. The s cent coin, no thought, would-be popular. r.V,, r?, ' rnltwl Ststca Weather r Tcmperatnro nalnfill Station. Higi,. Low. ometf-r. hr, ,, . wiene , to Albany Atlantic City.... 36 lilsmarek it Baltimore o Boston S3 Buffalo" a Charleston cs Cincinnati t Chicaio 30 Cleveland JO nenrer j Detroit jo Ralreston ra Helena js Jacksonville .... 70 Kansas City it Los Angeles H JtUwaokee 30 iew Orleans.-... 71 Oklahoma 75 I'hUadelphla .... 3 Pittsburg u Portland, Mo.... SJ PorUand. Ore... ts nan iare city.. i 36 3;, Fan Antonio 74 s? 2) $ San Bleeo.. o 5 -97$ an Tranclsco. .51 43 51 s f'- Pl IS .. a).,0 Washington .... is ;j Barometer .... Hum'dlty Wind direction Wind velocity Wcither Precipitation ... LOCAL WEATHER RECORDS IA.M, 8 I' V J0.17 30 07 51 I. N.W. 1 II Clear C! r None Nl- .Tn,-1VKtur? la thU cUr vesterda f. .Cnd ,buy ,lle otUcM thermomete Is shown in tho annexed table: SA.M...21 1P.M. ..17 (pm , 9 A. M...S3 !P Si, 10 a M...-7 ip.ir":: if. i -5 5 P.M... 31 10 P M . 1910.1- 8 P. M .... 30 .33 31 1 1 r 32 41 1 sjm J 11 A M 12 M.... 9 A. M. II M. . . . 3 I. M. n!11"' emPerature, 33, at 2:10 P V Lowest temperature, is. at M Average temperature, 24, EVENTS TO-DAY. Observanen of , n. .. . pi9 zrir Birthday erne rarlsh Mnn... "-'. ";,.,"'"a. p. jr. in v;;: "",.":'s"o" V.i,.!i 4' Mce-l'rca ltir at CarncBle Hall, 11 A M ?y 'TDhr! tf' -"W Library. 7D9 Out HOlh .tree" I -i; I' ll "L'liuafrlnatlon Francaise " 1-,-tV. B' Prof. A. reulllerat of Yale, auiitonun, o thojrench Inatltute, 593 Fifth a.-nue, il ClOSlllsr i!jlnn nf .I-.. .u , mectlnc of Consumcra League of New Tor Plate. Uusacll Sage Building. 150 Edit Twenty-second street, oil day. . wivui vraiia tiuo, itounrt Table, EtM-i! ?P M Schoo!' :j Centr-il Park Wt. The memorial, coninlttf. s. v.t. et-ana AKsoclation. Twelfth Infmtry. ben"t eireus, at tho armory, Columbus aenue at omy-secona street, s p. M. Jsmei 5. Prav will li--ttu. 'r..mnt of Italian Renalseanoe, i3rOu" Metropol ian .Museum or Art, 4 P. M. "The Cnctue F-imtlv" win.. i. n- v A. Murrill, nt central dluplsy cretnSciK, Ilronx Park. 3:15 P. M. Annual reunion and confe-enrt 0' Alumni Association of Teachers Co.'.ees, at the college, all day. annual dinner or nudson County ntr Association. Ilqtel Aator. 7 P. M Thirteenth annual dinner of tho r-t'"' Cluh of New York. Waliorf-Astnria. C 33 M. Indies' nlKht. New Tori: LoJre if F'li. - Eika Home. 10! West Forty-third ftre t Waililnston's Blrthdsy adJ.-ess, i.-lpi Luther U. Wilson. West fldo Y. M A., CIS West FIfty-ieventh str, - t. 4 P V Dinner and dance. New lorl; s-jfiera Society. Hotel Astor, 7 P. M American Tomeranlan CluD. mec"" Waldorf-Astoria. 2:J0 P. M PUBLIC LECT.URES TO-NIGHT. o. Oeorse Washington." by rr-'. Carter Troop. American Muun --.t: aeventn street and central i"rK " "Oeorse Washington," bv Cn. Ge -s Loud. Cooner Inatltute. EicU'h t ri ,-t a -I Fourth avenue. , "Our Heritage of Strength." tr Prjt Ssmuel O. Schmucker, Xeir Yo i L..r-r.' t05 West 14Sth street Orators of tho Revolution." wr 11 Gllroy. Y. M. a A., 5 West U-tU s r- 1 Fnnd-Atdn 200,000 Children. George Gordon Haul" reported v. -ter- day the American Jugo-Slav 1. - 1 Onmnlzatlon. 511 Fifth avenue, lus re ceived contributions amounting to f-i-'-; f-00, which nas been spent fe--l:i - f ' - no nna rhlltlrpn .md clothinr; 1 1 dltional fund3 aro needed to tar-v on the work. Chocks may be mni- p' ble to the ordff of American Ju.-'-S-' Relief nnd sat to the Guaran', TrM it Coiripany. bgl Fifth f nua. sa'iWJsAMiaj'lill ) icWiiliaMirii Am. aasJUiBsW S 'nrfirrlis irn nr ftmm .mi , I - - bbbbbbbbH 1 v svAUScnSSnliBSsBbuS