A tfAPPY BLENDING.
The amalgamated SUN AND HERALD
preserves the best traditions of each.
In combination these two newspapers
make a greater newspaper than either
has ever been on its own. p ,
Fair to-day and to-morrow; gentle east
to south winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 40; lowest, 30.
DiUtltd wiatbtr rtporu will b round on the editorial
AND THE NEW YORK HERALD
VOL. LXXXVII. NO. 176-DAILY.
NEW. YORK, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1920,-8
JTlViAJAJ A Ti v UJiX A.kJ :"nfti.VHSlnnmrtPt A
Tork, N. T.
li'i rT-iVY lJi. OUUUHWi' -
Hyphens Here and lied Des
pots Abroad Ignored in
GOV. SMITH A SPEAKER
Vice - President Marshall
Points Out Aliens' Way
WASHINGTON IS HONORED
Addresses Dwell on Noble Ex
ample Set by Father of
There was n largely attended meet
ing In Cooper Union yesterday at
which nobody applauded the name of
Nlcolal Lcnlnc where, in fact, that
great man's name was not mentioned.
Indeed, fo unusual was this meeting
that nobody said an evil thing about
the Government of the United States.
Even the Irish republic was forgotten
and nobody shed a tear over the com
mercial embargo against the Soviet
No soul stirring and unauthentic
cablegrams from Moscow or Dorpat
were read. The virtues of Communism
were ignored. Red guards, white
guards, black guards and yellow
guards were forgotten and neither
cheers nor jeers assailed reference to
the Treaty of Versailles. From
Trotzky to Denlklne and Erzberger to
Calllaux the popular heroes were left
ensung and even European economics
failed of a mention.
But this particular meeting went to
far greater lengths to mark Its extraor
dinary nature. Cheers were heard for
the United States of America many of
them and loud ones. "Yankee Poodle,"
Columbia, the Gem of the Ocean," "Hall
Columbia," "The Battle Hymn of the Re
public," "America" and "The Star Span
gled Banner" were sung In tremendous
unison and folks had tears on their
cheeks as they sang.
Washington's farewell address was
,read with a fervor that fetched the
f rowd Itf Its 'feet''roof lng Ita approval. A
tieautlful prayer was uttered over the
folds of the Beautiful, Flag, and a lot of
he-men got up and said that they were
Americans, glad of It and ready to. get
rough with anybody who sought to tam
per with thoso American ideals that
made them glad.
A most extraordinary meeting! In
fact, so unusual was It all that the
vounger reporters had a fearful time of
It adjusting themselves to the rre con
ditions, while the older men took Joyous
notes In great volume and smiled remi
niscent smiles. And how1 the ghosts of
Cooper Union must have clanked their
chains late last night and, like a lot of
old fogies that they are, got together to
nonder what In the worjd was happening
to men and women that they should
rather and thank God for the United
States and laud George Washington and
Thomas Jefferson and old Patrick Henry
ami John Hap-ock Just like men and
.women used to do before Coopc- Union's
Khoats were ghosts.
Tammany Id All American.
That ancient American Institution, the
Society of Tammany, or. If you'd rather,
is- Columbian Order, was responsible
for the meeting. The presiding officer
"as John R. Voorhls, Grand Sachem of
We society, which came Into being bad
'n 1789, and therefore claims! to be Amer
ican, and around him on the platform
were Democrats, and Republicans of
every party faction, but still Democrats
Wanking Mr. Voorhls were Vice-President
Marshal, Gov. Smith, the Rev. Dr.
Joseph Silverman, rabbi of the Temple
Kmanu-El; the Rev. Mgr. John .T. Dunn,
'hancellor of the Diocese of New Tork;
itate Senator Ogden L. Mills, the Right
Sev. James Henry Darlington, Eidscopal
3lehop of Harrlsburg. Pa., and Col. H.
M. Bankhead, director of the educational
and vocational training In the United
States Army, all of whom held forth In
"id fashioned and unapologetlc strains1
ibout the faith of Washington, his faith
In America and America's faith in tho
fundamentals that have made her' endure.
Lawyers, doctors, clergymen, teachers,
fcutchers, barber truck drivers, motor
jjin and conductors, salesmen, shop
Veepers. engineers and firemen were
Uiero. and mingled with them were soft
handed women In costly furs and work
knuckled wtmen In furs not quite so
cotly. The entire Society of Tammany
was there In full regalia and Charles P.
Murphy was not the least prominent
Amonsr thrm. T1i TaIIa n.n..iM.H,
Rlee club led the pinging and the Sixty-
'"nth Regiment orchestra accompanied
inn. or course, the celebration of
neorge Washington's birthday inspired
the nlmfe affair.
Vice-President Marshall told the audl
"r hat God never gave a man a right
'hat he did not superimposo 'a duty, and
hen he went on- to show how those
rlshtu that America bestows upon a clt
'ten render that citizen responsible for
the guardianship of those privileges.
Mn rutin 11 Advise Aliens..
"It makes little difference whence you
came ' he cried. "If It Is quite clear that
ou Know whnr yoi p,r jo!ng. I care
not 0 much what'a man's blood may be
long as he accomplishes an Anglo
axon brain. This country cannot get
along without morality, and morality is
nased upon religion. The time has now
come when personal success must be
subordinated to the common good of the
Rabbi Silverman declared the deapot
m of th Bolshevlkl to be far more
'ruel and remorseless than that of Nich
Oovf rnor Smith said the man who does
t believe In this country "Invariably
doe not believe In God or else he'd know
'hat this Is God's country."
Re'olutlcns advocating systems of
fihlir Instruction In real Amer'canlsm
were adopted and then this most unusual
meet n- rame to a close with all singing
the top el their lungs "The Star Span
led Bannen" .
NEW TAX RATE
BLOW TO RENT
Shows Only Eight Point Ad-;
vance in Manhattan
NINE IN KINGS COUNTY
Assessed Valuations Fail to
JustifytExcuses for Soar
88,626,121,707 IN REALTY
Personal Property Put at
.$296,506,185, Decrcaso of
. The tax rate for 1920 for the city
of New York, according to announce
ment yesterday by Comptroller Charles
L. Craig, will be as follows In the
Manhattan, 2.40; The Bronx, 2.43;
Klru&r 2.45; Queens, 2.13; Richmond,
2.55, or an Increase over 1919 of eight
points In Manhattan and Tho Bronx,
nlno points in Brooklyn, six points In
Queens and fourteen points in Rich
mond. A startling revelation is that the new
assessed valuations ' on real estate fall
to bear out one of the pet excuses of rent
profiteers that they have been compelled
to Impose exorbitant rentals because of
the high taxes they would have to pay
on their properties In 1920. While
rents have doubled and tripled, the an
nouncement of the new rate shows that
the Increase In taxes on apartment
properties has amounted to less than $1
a month on each apartment.
The assessed valuations of real estate
for 1920 In tho rlvo boroughs amount to
18,626,121,707, or an Increase of $197,
79S.954 over the valuations for 1919.
Personal property valuations for 1920
show a decrease of approximately
$66,000,000 .under the 1919 assessments,
the figure for 1920 being $296,606,1S5.
In connection with tho realty valua
tions Comptroller Craig said:
ine increase in ine lax raie is verj i
much less than various false prophets ,
and calamity howlers have been predict
ing, and on the basis of which many of
them have been trying to justify the
hlch rents exacted from their tenants.
There Is no relation whatever between I
the comparatively low tax rate of 19201
and the very high rents that are being!
enforced throughout the city.
"On an apartment house assessed at
$100,000 the eight points increase In the
tax rate means $80 a year. On an
apartment house assessed at $1,000,000
the Increase In tho tax rate would ba
about $800 a year. If this were spread
--v.... . ,
over eighty apartments It would mean
$10 a year, or less than a dollar a month
4tw Annh runi-tm.t " .
for each apartment'
To the announced tax rate, however,
must be added an assessment to cover
the cost of the widening of Seventh
avenue and Varlck street, which was
done In 1913 and which the Board of
Estimate has decided to Include In the
1920 taxes. The total amount of tho
Seventh avenue assessment to be col
lected with the taxes for 1920 is
Adding the Seventh avenue improve
ment cost then the total tax rate for
1920 upon real property for the .several
boroughs, according to the Comptroller's
announcement, would be:
Manhattan, 2.49; The Bronx, 2.54;
Kings. 2.55; Queens, 2.56; Richmond.
Differences Between Increase.
Tho differences between the Increases
In the various boroughs, the Comptroller
explains, are due to local causes, includ
ing higher county charges In Kings and
Richmond. Assessed valuations tn
Richmond have not kept .pace with the
Increase of expenditures, says the Comp
troller, while In Queens the Increase In
the tax rate Is only six points because
assessed valuations have Increased fairly
rapidly. Richmond bears no apportion
ment of the Seventh avenue cost.
In estimating the revenues of the gen
eral fund, which are deducted from the
total amount of the budget In determin
ing tho amount to.be raised by taxation,
the Comptroller said, an allowance of
$10,000,000 has been made for the state
Income tax. While prohibition has de
prived the city of excise moneys ot
nearly an equal amount, nc points out,
the taxpayers have the benefit for this
year only of payments Into the general
fund of excise taxes received on Octo
ber 1 of last year, amounting to
In . explaining the disposal or state
school moneys for the reduction of tax
ation, the Comptroller said :
"In conformity with the provisions In
the charter since consolidation the -State
school moneys to the amount of $5,036,
687.16 have been credited to the general
fund for the reduction of.taxatlon. But
In accordance with the action taken by
the Board of Estimate and Apportion
ment at the time the budget was adopted
this sum is required to be applied, when
received, to the payment of tcachors'
salaries, and the apportionment In the
budget for teachers' salaries was thereby
reduced to that extent. In other words,
the reduction of taxation was made In
reducing the budget to this extent, the
general fund still serving the function of
a clearing house."
KILL EDITOR AND AIDS
Socialist Bodies Disband,
Budapest. Feb. 20 (delayed). The
murder of the Jewish editor Somozyl
of the newspaper Xepszava, and two of
his employeesi a sub-editor and a poet
named Adelbert Vasco, has created a
sensation here. The bodies were found
In the Danube River weighted with
Socialistic organlxatlons are dlsband
im, fearing similar fates for their lead
ers from secret terrorist societies. The.
Government has Inaugurated a deter
mined effort to control the situation.
Vatican Pensions Up;
Cardinals' Carriages Go
POME, Feb. 22. Tho Pope has
Increased tho portions of
VtiMcan employees from 10 to 25
per cent., owing to tho high cost
of living-. Thoso Cardinals who
have no other resources outside
of their salary have dismissed
their carriages, Jho expense of
.which is four times greater than
beforo the war.
Two Games Interrupted in
Early Morning and $8,500
HARLEM HOST ARRESTED
Inside Job Also, Suspected in
Eighth District Tam
Two congenial games of cards were
interrupted by holdup men early yes
terday morning. The first game inter
rupted was in tho homo of Herman
Sohmer, 611 West 135th street, be
tween Broadway and Riverside Drive.
From that gathering three strangers
took money and Jewelry valued at
$2,600. That occurred at 1 o'clock.
Revolvers compelled the card players
At 3 o'clock five men, each equipped
with at least one gun, entered the un
pretentious quarters of tho Eighth
Assembly District Tammany Club in
Seventh street, between First and Sec
ond avenues, and took about $6,000
in 'jewelry and monoy from the ten
or twelve club members who were In
dustriously devoting themselves to
Detectives Mullahey and Hauptman of
tho West 123th street station, being of,
tho opinion that Sohmer knew more
about the hold up of his guests than
he admits, arrested him. He was held
for further examination in $2,000 bail.
While there have been no arrests as a
result of the Eighth Assembly District
. ,. 0,Kr. nri
Tammany Club affair, the members and
the police say that everything Indicates
that some one who was In the club at the
time of the holdup-elthor a member- or
guest-acted as the Inside man for the
In neither case were the men masked,
nor, according to, both stories, did they
hurry or maTie 'any' attempt to hide
their Identities. A youth referred to as
"Swlggers" seemed to be the moving
spirit In the downtown holdup. "Swlg
gers," as tne oilier rour gunmen caueu
him, did the frisking of the chagrined
clubmen, and he did it In a manner that
clUDmen, ana ne am u in mumim mm
nacaled cxpertness. No one was hurt
and ony a few were inguitcd.
. . ...... I ' ..
When detectives Mullakey and Haupt
man began questioning Sohmer In the
latter's rooms, they wanted to know
Just what he had lost.
"Oh." laughed Sohmer, "my watch,
two rings, some checks and a $50 Lib
The detectives say that they searched
Sohmer and found all those things In
his pockets, and upon his failure to ex
plain the extraordinary circumstance
they arrested him on charges of grand
larceny and acting In concert with the
hold-up men. The other participants In
the game were so Incredulous about
Sohmer's guilt that they offered to go to
court with him.
X-RAY MOVIE SHOWS
Twe Frenchmen Perfect a. Re
Bptcial Cable DupatcA to Tnc Sex and Kr
York Hzuid. Copyright, 1930, oiThb Sex
and New Tosk .Herald.
Pams. Feb. 22. Two French medical
men. Profs. Lormon and Comandon. have
Just perfected a combined X-ray and
motion .picture apparatus which permits
filming the interior of animals so as to
show on the screen all the movements
of the various organs.
The apparatus, which Is expected to
be the greatest assistance In medical
science, particularly in the training of
medical students, has !een completed
only after-long and careful experiments.
The films" allow the doctor or student
to watch the functioning of the organs
and to note "Irregularities,
By means of this X-ray movie the in
ternal life of any animal Is visible with
out recourse to surgical Intervention.
Slightest movements of muscles, Joints,
heart, intestines and respiratory organs
can bo followed easily. Up to the pres
ent films, have, been 'taken only of ani
mals, but It Is expected that by modi
fying thc.apparatua, It will be possible
to photograph the Interior of human be
ings. 1JS00 ARRESTS MADE
IN DRY LAW DRIVE
Mountain Distillers and City
Sptcial to Tns Scs axd Htw York Herald.
Washington, Feb. 22. Arrests lo
date In the enforcement of constitutional
prohibition total approximately 1,500,
according to estlmntes obtained today
In the office of Prohibition Commissioner
Kramer. This number. In view of the
fact that trie" organliatlon engaged In
running down violators 'has barely been
formed. Is regarded as Indicating that
there are wholesale violations.
AVrt Denmnrk Is Magnet.
The Scandinavian-American liner Oscar
II. sailed yesterday for Copenhagen with
070 passengers, nearly 700 moro than
went away on Saturday for Norway by
the Norwegian-American liner Stavan-I
An explanation of the difference In the 1
there Is orohlbltlon In Norway and Den-
mark Is wet. Outside the three mile
limit the Oscar XL opened her. bar.
ON IN MICHIGAN;
County Authorities Seize
Boozo Confiscated by
Sleuths Arm With
Threats to "Clean Up"
Mining District. .
APPEAL SENT TO PALMER
rested for Transporting
Wines Ho Seized.
Bptclal to Tnr Scn and New York Herald.
Chicago, Feb. 22. Opposition to the
enforcement of the prohibition amend
ment In tho northern part of Michigan,
has developed Into open . defiance of
the Fe&eral Government, It becamo
known to-night. Tho seriousness of
the situation was apparent when Major
A. I). Dalyrlmple, Federal Prohibition
Director for the central States, ap
pealed to Attorney-General A. Mitchell
Palmer to order troops rushed into the
Iron county area. Another startling
angle taken by the case was a request
for warrants for high county officials
with whoso cognizance and under
whose protection, it Is alleged, the
laws have been openly violated.
Efforts on the part of Government
agents to halt the manufacture and
transportation of liquor have been
Interfered wlthby local 'officials, It Is
charged by Major Dalryrnple. In one
Instance, It Is said, moonshiners were
told to shoot at tho agents. The agents
have located 1,200 stills.
It is believed probable that the ar
rival of troops on the scene will bring
the rebellion to a climax. Serious
trouble Is expected.
Major Dalryrnple declared to-night
he was determined to enforce the law.
Upon tho Issuance of the warrants he
has requested he personally will' lead
a nosse of thirty agents Into the centre
of the northern district and serve them.
His men will be fully armed.
It was learned that the men for whom
warrants have been asked Include Mar
tin McDonough, State's Attorney. Some
of the others are Chief of Police Senslba.
Captain of Police Claude Brown, Deputy
Sheriffs John Chard and Jesse Allen -and
three civilians, John, Peter and Steven
In commenting on the situation Major
Dalryrnple said ;
"I have asked that United States
Commissioner Hatch at Marquette be
asked to issue warrants for the arrest
of the State's Attorney of Iron county,
two police officials, five deputy sheriffs
and three other men. It Is worse than
Bolshevism, the acts of these State of
ficials of Michigan. The" county Is In
open revolt against Federal authority.
I am anxiously awaltirlg authority to
send my men with warrants bnd wltli
Federal troops. I will Invade the penin
Much of the Information upon which
the Major based his decision to "Invade"
Iron county was brought to him to-day
by Leo J. Grove, supervising agent for
northern Michigan. He reported almost
He told, too, of the seizure of eleven
barrels of wine of an alcoholic content
of from 10 to 14 per cen't., and said he
knew of more than 1,000 ntllls now In
Following his conference with Grove
Major Dalryrnple said ho understood
that the wine and a quantity of raisin
mash while being transported by the
Federal agents, was seized by Attorney
McDonough. He was told also that At
torney McDonough had said the District
Attorney at Oraml Itaptds would not
prosecute violators of the prohlbtlbn law.
The Irpn River country where the
scene of tho so-called prohibition revolt
Is laid Is only a few miles from the Wis
consin line. Its population, mostly
foreigners. Is scattered through wooded,
hilly territory, nnd , the moonshine
stills, the Federal agents say, are hidden
away In a manner that would have
shamed the best known operators of
the old days in the. Tennessee mountains.
TO CURB MICHIGAN'S
U. S. and. State Officers Will
Act in Defiant County.
Nvabhjnoton. Feb. 22. State and dis
trict prohibition authorities have, ample
authority under the Volstead prohibi
tion enforcement net to deal with the
"rebellion" against prohibition In Iron
county, Michigan, Department of Justice
and Internal revenue officials said to
night. Attorney-General Palmer was absent
from the capital and reports of the "re
volt" had jiot reached William L. Frier
son, Acting Attorney-Gcneral. It was
Indicated at the Department of Justice
that tho -request of Major D. L. Dalryrn
ple, Prohibition Director for the Central
States, that tho AttorneyJQeneral Issue
warrants .for the arrest of the Iron1
county authorities accused of defying
the prohibition law could not be granted,
as the Judicial and not the prosecuting
branch of the Government murt swer
out warrants. The Attorney-General
mlcrht recommend to the United Sfnl
Attorney at Grand naplds.that prompt
application for warrants bo made to the
nearest United States Commissioner.
closing Time sss
St Jfotl AND NEW YORK HERALD
9 P. M. it Miin Oflsce, 280 Broadwi;
8 P. M. t former Herald Oficp, Her lid'
Buildinj, Herald Square. 7"
8 P. M. at all Branch Office (Lecatiens
lilted on Editorial Pap).
LODGE HAS HOPE
OF EARLY ACTION
ON THE TREATY
Opponents of League Resent
His Yielding to Biparti
TO KEEP ON FIGHTING
Insist on Original Reserva
tions, Even if Others Are
LEADER STANDS GROUND
"Willing to Maker Any Reason
able Concession to Gct.Qual
Special to Trm Su.v and New Yore Herald."
Washington, Feb. 22. Whether" a
modified programme- of reservations
on, tho original Lodge programme
shall be the basis of the final decision
an the peace treaty has been made
the Isiiue of tho moment in the Senate
in view' of the voto taken yesterday.
'"The Lodge reservations are going
to be .adopted again In spite of Mr.
Lodge," was the way tho lrreconcil
ables stated" the case to-day.
Considerable feeling has arisen be
tween Senator Lodge (Mass.), Repub
lican - leader,' and opponents of the
treaty. Evidence of this stato of mind
cropped out In tho debate yesterday.
The anti-treaty Republicans are not
pleased with tho participation of Mr.
Lodge in tne bipartisan conference
and do not hesitate to admit it. They
insist that as leader of tho party he
should not have assumed, without di
rection by his following, to help ar
range the bipartisan conferences and
then to present a aeries of. proposals
for modifying the" Lodgo reservations.
A short time before the vote yesterday
on reservation No. 1 the Irreconcllables
held a consultation and decided to vote
against It. Other things being equal
thev would have been clad to favor such
a ratlflcatloit, for It would haAs faclll-.
tated further the withdrawal of this
country from the League of Nations. But
the decision was reached to vote against
any changes whatever In ,the original
Lodge reservations and thit will be the
An Attempt to Discipline.
If any changes are adopted It will
haVe to be without the Irrc6ncilables.
They have nailed tho' of IJinat reserva
tions to their masthead; ' "
"The irreconcllables plainly are going
to discipline Senator Lodge," "was the
way a leading Democrat' phrased It to
day. "We all know .that a good deal of
asperity has grown up because of Sen
ator 1jdge's participation In conferences
poking to changing the original reserva
tions' There was some Inquiry whether In
view of tho close view on the bipartisan
proposal a motion to reconsider might
be filed to-morrow. It was said to-day
from both Republican and Democratic
camps that this was Improbable; While
.tho vote was close It was calculated that
a full Senate could not have changed
Senator Lodge's position Is that he
sincerely wants ratification If tho treaty
can be made safe for this country. He
stated his caso with the utmost clarity
before tho votes were taken y.istcrdjiy
and aside from the Irreconcllables there
was little disaffection with hl.i course.
He; believed It his duty to afford every
opportunity for minor modifications If
they would Improve' the chance iif,ratlfl
patlon without Impairing the substance
of the reservations.
Lodge Hnlit' to Be Satisfied.
Whether any of .the proposed modifi
cations may pe adopted was the subject
of .sharp differences to-day. O'r.e or the
close lieutenants of Senator Lodge said
Mr. Lodge entirely, .was satisfied with
the outcome yesterday and' had hopes of
getting several -more Democrats to favor
his later modifications- who Qould not
.vote for the one offered yesterday. If
this judgment prpves correct, especially
If as asserted Senator Hitchcock (Neb,),
the acting Democratic -deader, is wlljlng
to vote; for some-of the others, they.may
have a chance of adoption.
In their serial order the next proposi
tion to be voted on Is the change In .the
Article X. reservation. But when It Is
reached.lt will probably be passed over,
as will the Monroe Doctrine reservation.
Senator Lodge has .decided this is the
wise course, hoping that If somo of the
others win the first effeet may be to
break the sacredness attaching to the
reservations of November 19. But the
opposition to any chango whatever as to
the Article X. inr the Monroe Doctrine
reservations Is still so strong that It Is
regarded as certain they will remain In
tact. However;, ' the final outcome Is not
viewed as quite so certain. i' 'foro yes-
tArriav'R vote.. Senator BjVan rrdahnt
was said to be worried over the result
of,tht vote, fearing It might signify that
asufflclent.-nUmber of Democrats would
come aYound finally, accept the Lodge
reservations a's first .adopted and make
It possible to ratify with them. Other
irreconciiR,Dies were connaent mat yes
terday's result was not so ominous.
SenatoHltchcock said he had received
no. communication from President W1I-
ison. The"actlng Democratic leader an
ticipated that,the'treaty would not tome
nn to-morrow because of absences on
account 6fAVashlngtpn's Birthday: He
presumed it would oe displaced on Tues
day by the railroad bill.,
h SUNDAY ISSUES
5 t. M. Saturday at Main Office, 280
6 P. ht at former Herald Office, Herald
Bu9fini, Herald Square.
5 PM. at all Branch Office (Locatlom
Bated on Editorial Pije).
ALLIES ARE NOW SEEKING
PEACE WITH THE SOVIETS,
LONDON REPORT ASSERTS
MILLERAND WILL COMBAT
RECOGNITION OF SOVIETS
French Premier Off for London to Oppose Views of
Lloyd George and Nitti.
Sptcial Cable Deipalch to tat Sun and New
York Herald. Copyright, 1K0, by Tub Sen
and New Yobx Herald.
Paius, Feb. 22. Premier Mlllerand
left Paris this morning for tho Lon
don conference of Premiers with a
definitely' shaped determination to op
pose any solution of the Russian prob
lem which admits diplomatic and po
litical recognition of tho Soviet .Gov
ernment. The French Premier is not
opposed to commercial relation being
resumed with the Soviets, but refuses
to go further. In tho forthcoming
negotiations M. Mlllerand will combat
tho leanings of Premiers Lloyd
George and Nlttl far completo resump
tion of relations with tho Soviets'.
Premier Nlttl Is known to bo an
extremist who favors a peace- treaty
pure and simple with Lenine. He
argues that, apart from a few Cossack
La Gnardia Speaks in Violation
of Agreement Between Dr.
Grant and Dr. Burch.
BISHOP'S STAND ASSAILED
Norman Hapgood, in Defence
of Lcaguo Faces Deluge of
Questions From Opponents.
The agreement which the Rev. Dr.
Percy Stlckney Grant entered into
last month with tho Right Rev. Dr.
Charles Sumner Burch, Bishop of the
Dloccso of Now York, regarding the
public forums In tho ChUrclS 1 of trie
Ascension, was broken last night when
the clppgVma'n invited acting jfayor
La Ouardla to address his congrega-
Under tho agreement Dr. Grant was
not to allow a layman to addres his
church forums without special per
mission from tho BlBhop, and then
not without flrs.1 having the subject
of the layman's address submitted to
the Bishop for his approval.
Xb Permission for La Gnnrdlnt
Acting Mayor Ja Guardla had no
such permission, and his subject was
an argument against the stand taken
by Bishop Burch 'in curtailing discus
sion at tho forums. He attempted to
Justify these Sunday night arguments.
Incidentally he took occasion to at
tack the proceedings against the five
Socialist Assemblymen in Albany.
The acting Mayor did not mention the
Bishop in his talk, but he said he dis
approved of the criticisms to which Dr.
Grant's public forums had been 'sub
jected and believed "If more.pebplo had
the breadth of mind of Dr. Grant, we
would get to know each other much bet--ter."
"Wo cannot "solve our problems by
trying to keep apart and Instigating
hatred," he said, and added that he did
not think there was any real danger of
revolution and that the word "Ameri
canism" was used by many people 'who
did not have It at heart, "As I talk to
manx people, ne saia. i nna oui mai R , op, ah.eady , beginning
what they are now doing in Albany Is. ... v
merely gxciwmk itmi uuuci. uwuu
1.) ..I.I l..!.)!
afew remarks In defence of tho foreign
Mr. La Guardla's defence of Dr. Grant
and the forums, was warmly received by
many admirers of the rector who were
in the church. y
Norman HopRood on Leajtne.
The scheduled 'speaker of the evening,
who had been duly, licensed by the
Bishop, was Norman Hapgood. He spoke
In defence Of the League of Nations and ,
at tho conclusion of his address he was
deluged with questions from those, who
disapproved of the treaty- He was asked
by one peraon to answer the charges' ,
made against him by Col. Harvey, to the
effect that he had been recalled from his"
post as Jiinuier w uenmaritjor ncuvi-
ties In behalr of .the Bolshevik Govern-
ment. The .speaker repeated statements
he previously had made on this point.
Several questioners wanted to Know
what he meant by saying that George 1
Washington would approve the Ieague
of Nations when that statesman had
expressed himself as against entangling
alliances. One asked If ho didn't think
Washington would disapprove our Rus
sian policy, and another asked If he be
lieved Washington would favor "whole
To the last question Mr. Hapgood re
plied: "I certainly do not."
Last nlcht's (Service was tho occasion
of Dr. Grant's flrsl appearance before
the forum In. his, church since that Insti
tution became the object of an ecclesias
tical controversy last month because of
radical outburts that had taken place
CITY QF PAIUS TO FLOAT LOAN.
Credit Sought In Canada for Food
staffs. Paris, Feb. .22. It has been decided
by the City Council of Paris to float a
municipal loan of 120,000,000 In Canada.
The proceeds are to he used' for tho
purchase of foodstuffs and other essen
tials In the Canadian market.
groups In Asiatic Russia who follow
Semenoff and remnants of tho JJcnl
klne force, I ho greater part of the
former empire of tho Czars pays
tribute to Moscow, or at least docs not
resist further Soviet orders. Mr.
Lloyd Georgo is understood to share
M. Mlllerand Is determined to en
deavor to convert the two others to
the conservative French doctrine,
"War on Bolshevism." This docs not
mean, however, military Intervention.
Armed Interference in Russia Is a
dead policy here. But a new antl
Bolshevik scheme is growing hero In
tho minds of some who feel suro Its
realization Is not an Impossibility.
This plan consists in par? of recog
nition of the Soviets and forcing them
to yield up such parts of tho former
emplro as Finland, all Baltic Russia
and parts of White Russia.
Russia Won't Consent to Call
Assembly, Says Viktor
HAVE SUPPORT OF PEOPLE
Own Flonty of Gold and tho
World's Supply of Platinum '
By nAYJIOND SWING.
Staff Corraponicnt of Tni Son and New
York Herald. Copyright, 1K0, by The
Sdn and New York Herald.
Berlin, Feb 21, (delajTd).- "Even If
America should m.ako it the price of
peace, tho Soviet Government would
not consent to call an Assembly' in
Russia in which those now disfran
chised would be represented," Viktor
Koppi the Russian Soviet Plenipoten
tiary now in Berlin, told the corre
spondent of Tub Sun and New York
Herald to-day, "and I hope the reports
are untmo that Poland will make
counter proposals to our peace offer
which touch our Internal affairs.
"I must say," ho continued, as a
smilo crossed his face, "that the so
licitude of tho Allies for our minori
ties Is very moving. They say they
cannot deal with us because we do
not represent all tho Hussion people,
yet the whole world dealt with, Russia
under the Czar when Its people had
no representation whatsoever.
"Granted that the Soviet form of
government means a class dictator
ship. What" of it? All the other coun
tries are dictatorships, only under,
other names, other forms. You ask
mo It we are a democracy. In the
bourgeois sense, I must say no; but
we arc in the Industrial sense.
"The present Soviet regime says
over SO per cent, of the people are
behind it, and the non-voting minor
ity is disappearing. The claim tff the
Allies that wo do not, speak for the
British Want Soviet Signature.
"If my information Is correct, the Brit
ish are requiring the Soviet Government
to countersign all contracts -entered into
with the Russian Cooperative Societies.
If the signature of thcv'Sovlet Govern
ment Is worth so much on a business
contract, It must be worth something
at the foot of a peace treaty.''
As to the proposed peace with Poland,
Wnnn said ; "W. hivn offered the Polea
a u,ey cou$ reasonably claim. The
majority of the Polish people want peace,
If ih Polish noonlo don't make neaee. It
must be with-some hidden motive. ' What ,
might It be? Secret agrecmentsT'
Kooo snoke without reserve about his
mESIon to reestablish tr; Je between
, Germany and Russia. A commission
would bo n Russia, he declared,
and would be willing to talk business as
Jweu aj, to "look aroufid.
..js Germany going to sell us railroad
materials?" he asked. "There Is sure to
be-an expert along to And out Just what
we need. Our route from Germany to
Russia lies through Esthonla. Until the
'mines are cleared from the channel to
Petrcrad Russia's llrst export will be
gold to pay for the railroad materials.
We have, more, gold now because- wo have
recaptured Admiral Kolchak's gold sup
ply which ha -took from Ciecho-Slovaks
and they from us."
Besides gold Russia has all the world's
supply- of platinum, -which Kopp" said
.would not be dumped upon the market,
but Is held In Russia for bargaining.
Russia's exports at present will be lim
ited chiefly to hemp, flax, hides, lumber,
bristles, horsehair and brushes.
"I am cautioning the Germans not tb
expect too much In the way of raw ma
terials at first," Kopp said.
The Intimation comes from other
sources that the German Government Is
launching a Russian boom principally to
remind tfco Allies that the Russian prob
lem cannot be solved without German as
sistance. It Is felt here that even the
French haws changed Ihelr attitude to
ward the Soviet' lately, and the Russian
situation may lead to a revision of the:
ressed that the United 8 atcr. w not
r demand,, for
Britain, Italy and Japan
Decide to Recognize Mos
FRANCE WILL OPPOSE
Russian Question to tho
Fore and Fight in Con
DONE FOR SAKE OF TRADE
Necessary Central Europo Be
Supplied From Russia, Ad
Special Cable Despatch to Tnu Scn asd New
York Herald. Copyright, 193), by Tni sen
and New.Yoric Herald.
London, Feb. 22. -Tho Peace Con
ference is confronted with the neces
sity of making four very vital de
cisions this week. Not tho least im
portant of these Is on tho' Russian sit
uation. Although It Is seml-omc!aly
denied that Premiers Lloyd Georgo
and Nlttl have reached an agreement
,to recognize tho Soviets, It Is learned
that they liavo gone as far as possible)
In that direction without M. Mlllerand.
The French Prime Minister arrives
to-morrow to face this near agreement
of English, Italians and Japanese to
recognize tho Soviet Government, As
the result of reports received from
Russia and the domestic political exi
gencies in London, Rome and Tokio,
theso three went last week as far as
possible toward tho adoption "of a new
policy In Mlllerand'a absence, and tho
French Premier has been fully In
formed of their actions.
France to Oppose Recognition.
Every one realizes that -French senti
ment Is anything but in accord with
that of tho other nations regarding tho
Soviets. While the .British, like the
Americans, have practically charged oft'
their Russian losses and Lloyd George
In constantly pressed to deal with tho
Soviets by the pro-Soviet, British Labor
party's growing power ; wjillo tho Italians
are anxious to conciliate-their own radi
cal and th Japanese lire anxious to ex
ploit, -their- nearness to fliberla Jrf
friendly fash.Ion; there are blllons o(
Russian securities; held In France now
made valueless by tho revolution. No
French Government can. Indorse tha
recognition of any Russian revolutionary
government .responsible, for the destruc
tion of these values without showing at!
adequate return in other ways.
The conference will attempt to con
vince Mlllerand by outlining the atlu
tlon about as follows:
L The Moscow Government, with th
collapse, of the Archangel Government
and the disappearance of Denlklne and
Kolchak, Is In complete control of prac
tically all the old Russian empire. The
only interpretation that can be drawn li)
that the Russian people are satisfied
with the Soviet regime.
2. Evidence accumulates that Lenlno
and Trotzky are going through th6
Inevitable process ot deradlcalizatlon as
they attain power.
3. Developments from the negotiations
for trading with the Russian Coopera
tive Societies have produced signs that
free trade with Russia, may bo ,tn solur
tlon of European economic trouble. From
Russia may be got tho raw materials
to supply manufactures unhampered by
unfavorable exchange and tariffs, as, lrt
the case of America.
James O'Grady, returning from hla
negotiations with Lltvlnoff, Is reported
to have brought wth him the only miss
ing argument ; namely, that the present
Russian Government now is capable of
International credence.. It is even con
sidered possible that he is. briaging as
surances that the Russian Government
Is prepared to recognize Its old debts)
Try Trndlntf First.
It Is unlikely that 'the present con
sideration of tho -Russian .problem will
lead toward Immediate and .formal re
cognition of Lenlne's Government.
Rather, the Premiers feel they' ought to
be free to taka such steps ' If tradinff
develops further evidence of the relia
bility ot the Soviet Government and Its
reluctance to undertake a war of con
quest for Bolshevism either by, arms or
propaganda. Important members of the
conference believe tho Bolshevist men
ace against Poland and' other hW
States Is Intended merely as a club to
force the" Allies to hasten recognition of
the Soviet Government
In addition to the Increasing sent!
ment In Englagd against permitting tho
Turks to remain. In Constantinople la
the question whether it will be possible
to revise the Supreme Council's .decision
to that effect after It already has been
announced officially throughout India, by
the Indian authorities. The Indian Gov
ernment Is being blamed for undue haste
in this matter. Its defence Is that tho
growing unrest In India demanded quick
Tho conferenco must decide upon the
boundaries of Turkey In Europe and the
fate of Asia Minor. In which the Greeks
are Interested, As at present fore
shadowed In well Informed quarters, tho
tendency of tho conference is to irlva.
Adrlanople to the Greeks as compensa
tion for their loss of the other sacred city,
Constantinople, and to placate the huge
propaganda already started In England
against leaving the Sultan In Europe,
Say Stability of Europe De
pends on Russian Supplimt.
London. Feb. 22. Military men nd
others, who for two years have been
engaged In official duties In Russia, have
In. - . V V.f""". ,0.a1 IS:
seni a memorial lo premier r.in.
bu'ssU. . """"VU ' F
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