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The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, February 27, 1920, Image 3

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''n,'
TURKS TO STAY
UNDER SHADOW
OF ALLIED GUNS
Treaty Assures Protection
of Christians anil Freedom
oCtlie traits.
INDEPENDENT
i
ARMENIA
Tromici' Defends Decision o
Council in Commons Cecil
Ui'g6s Revision.
London, Feb. 26. Liberals, and
LaborltcF, with Lord Kobert Ceoll In
Accord, demanded the expulsion of tho
Turk from Kuropo In a debate In tho
Kouso ' of Common! to-day. whllo
Lloyd Gcorgo defended tho decision to
let tho Turk remain In Constantinople
on the ground that It would assure
better International balance.
Tho Uvcnino Standard says tho pro
visions of the now Turkish treaty In
clml" the following:
The claims of Greece regarding
Thrace have been conceded; Greece
will retain Smyrna under tho suzer
alnty of Turkey in principle.
Very btrlngent financial clauses
have Docn decided on to supervise the
tiholc of Turkey's resources.
Cillcia probably will be placed un
der a mandato from Prance, and nn
Independent Armenia is tontemplatcd.
Including a republic of Erlvan and
parts of northern Armenia, within
lines drawn- up by a boundary com
mission.
The. Turks will remain In Constant!
nople, but stringent regulations have
been agreed to.
Pact With Itaiala Ended.
The decision not to oust Turkey from
Constantinople was reached by tho Al
lied Supreme Council only after long
consideration of the dimctiltles in the
Turkish situation, Mr. Lloyd George told
the House of Commons. The decision.
Mid the Premier, was a balance of ad
'antages and disadvantages, and It was
upon this balance, and after weighing
carefully aH the arguments pro and con,
that the Council concluded that on the
rholc the better course for achieving
the c'ommon end was to retain the Turk
in the capital on the Bosphorus.
Iteferrlng to the agreement made early
In the war under-whicu Russia was to
obtain Constantinople, Mr. Lloyd George
tald this agreement had ended, so far
as Itussla was concerned, by the revolu
tlon of 1917 and the peace of Bres"t
Litovsk. Ho reiterated his pledge that
there would be "a .different porter at the
sates," however. It would be the height
of folly again to trust the guardianship
of those gates to a people who had be
trayed their 'rust, he declared, and never
(pain would those gates be closed by the
r....t i .u . ... . . .
'"' n": ira oi iirillBIl snips.
The Premier referred to.the ''perfectly
(Wiberato pledge- given by the British
Uc-crnment in January. 191S. In which
i: was asserted that Great Britain wan
t'o- lighting to deprive- the Turks of
Constantinople, subject to the Straits
terns Internationalized and neutralized,
ni no remarked parenthetically that
this was what would be done with the
fcualta
ItenMarnnce in Indln.
This, pledge, ho explained, waa not an
offer to the Turks or the Germans but
as made to reassure the English people
nl tho Mohammedans of Ind'a. He
rointed out that Great Britain was the
createst Mohammedan Power In the
worm and that as a result of the Gov
'rnment's statement of Its war alms
there had hren an Infroasc In recruiting
! inaia at a lime when Great Britain
was making a special effort to raise a"
d'tidnal troops.
The Influence which had decided the
peace conference to retaki the Turks In
Constantinople, the Premier continued,
lad come from India. The two neaca
delegates of India at Paris, neither of
whom was a Mahommedan, had declared
that unless the Allies retained the Turks
In Constantinople their action would be
regarded aa a gross breach of faith on
the part of the British Empire, the'
Premier Informed the House. Mr. Lloyd
tieorge pointed out that nothing' could
le more damaging" to British prestige
in Asia than the feeling that Great
Britain did not keep her work.
"Let us examlno our legitimate and
main peace alms In Turkey," the Pre
mier went on. "The first Is the freedom
of the straits. The second Is the free
ing of all non-Turkish communities from
the Ottoman army. The .thlrti is the
reservation for the Turks of helf-gov-rr.ment
In communities which are
mainly Turkish, subject' to two most
Important reservations, the first of which
is that there must be adequate eafe
suards within our power of protecting
minorities that have been oppressed by
the Turks. The Becond Is that the Turk
must be deprived of his power of vetoing
the development of the rich lands under
his rule which were once the granaries
of the Mediterranean. These are the
wain objects of the peace."
Strait' Freedom Assaured.
Mr. Lloyd George explained that the
freedom of the straits would be assured
I'traupc all of Turkey's forts would bo
"itemantled. she would liave no troops
fcithln reach and would not ne' permitted
to have a navy, while ,the Allies would
zarnson the straits. The only alterna
tive, ho raid, was an International mil--Itary
government of Constantinople aftd
all tho surrounding territory, which
ould be unsatisfactory and costly "to
tiie Allien.
The Premier said he was afraid that
underneath the movement for expulsion
of the Turks there as something of
the old feeling of Christlandonr against
the Crescent. If the Mohammedans be
lieved that th tM-m tcta ttatnteri for
the purpose of lowering the Prophet's J
nviore mat or cnrisuanaom, no
Marcd, it would be fatal to British
Government in the East, and it was
unworthy that the purpose be achieved
lr force.
Expressing regret that America had
r-ot taken a mandate, Mr. TJoyd George
saw "per l'ie moment, America must
, e t'ckoned as entirely out of any ar
rangement we can contemplate for the
'overnment of Turkey and the protec
wn of Christian minorities." He con-
Do you know the lorlornily of a wrtmn
with no picture of the man that was?
-
tended that every precaution had been"
lanen in wo treaty for the protection
of Christiana in the future, because any
decrees authorlilnir
SSS
menlana WOUld be. far afi- tmm nMi
persecution with the Turks In Constan-J
i nupio unuer the menace of allied guns
than If tho Turkish Government were in
nam Minor, where the nearest allied
garrisons would be .hundreds of miles
uny.
UrlRe Control Throush League.
Much difference of opinion was shown
in the debate. Sir Donald Maclean nnd
many other Liberals nnd Labotvnen gen
erally favored tho expulsion of the
Titfka on the ground that Constantinople
was a fruitful source of International
disputes nnd because of the crimes and
misrule of tho Turkish Government;
Lord Itobert Cecil strongly urged lhat
ndyantago bo taken of the present favor
able opportunity to cxpej the Turkish
Government. It must go sooner or later,
ho declared, and ha Mmniiiv inni.,i
to Premier Lloyd Georgo to Influence the
oupremo council to reverse Its decision
In the matter and remove tho blot from
the treaty. In Ills opinion it was not
necessary to expel the Turkish nennie-
and even the Sultan might remain-but
thoy must eet rid of thn HuMlm Vnttm
which had been associated with the
worst intrigues and crimes In hlatory.J
arm wouia always be a breed nir eroimil
of international disputes and misunder
standings such as had Indirectly led to
the lato war. He ndvocatcd control
of Constantinople by tho League of
James Henry Thomas, general sccre-
tary or the National Union of ftallway
mcn, said there waa a suspicion that It
waa not regard tor Moslem feeling that
waa behind the present agitation, but a
gang of international financiers who
were always Intrlsuln? with reeard to
Constantinople.
William Adamson and other Laborites
did not obicot Xo the callohate remain-
lng in Constantinople, but believed that
a league or control should replace the
rone.
ARMY CUTS FOUGHT
IN FRENCH CHAMBER
Winner of Battle of Nancy
Urges Adequate Force.
Pakis, Feb. 20. Tho atroncth ot the
French army came up in debato In the
Chamber to-day on a bill introduced by
i'aui Boncour, providing that only one
years contingent, about 2D0.00O men, be
retained In active service at the same
time.
Edouard de Castclnau. winner of the
battle or Nancy, making his debut on
the Speajter'a stand, received nn ovation
after a tribute to the French soldiers, In
Which he cried: "History will say that
without the French nrmy and .without
Its corps of officers the Entente would
not have won the war."
Gen. de Castelnau was loudly an.
platided when he said: "Whether Ger.
many disarms or not It Is her affair, but
If she does not disarm It Is our affair.
It Is necessary that the Idea enter the
uerman mind that, willing or not will
ing, she .must carry out the treaty she
has signed."
Ex-Premier Briand also snoke aeainst
me dim introduced by Boncour.
NICHOLAS AND WIFE
VISIT ITALY'S QUEEN
Socialist Organ Denounces
Supreme Council.
Rome. Feb. 26. Former Grand DiiVe
Nicholas of Russia and his wife, the
latter a sister of the Queen of Italy, are
guests of the Italian sovereigns hero
and are taking the keenest interest In
tne attitude of the Entente Powers to
ward Itussla,
Tho Avonli, the Socialist onran. calls
latest decision of the Supreme Council
with regard to Russia as "hypocrisy."
It declares that the communication is
sued concerning the relations with Rus
sia Is composed of 'incoherent phrases
which have as their object the conceal
lng of certain Inevitable capitulations."
"It Is grotesque," the newspaper con
tinues, "especially when, after having
denounced the methods of the Soviet, It
acknowledges the necessity to send a
mission to Russia to study and learn
the situation there."
BILL PASSES SECOND READING.
No Division In
Commons
Mcnanrr.
on In-
nrnncp
London. Feb. 26. The Insurance bill
passed Us second reading In the House
of Commons yesterday without a division,
although a great deal of opposition was
shown tq the measure by the Labor
party. Under the bill, insurance would
bo extended on a contributory basis to
virtually the whole of the employed pop
ulation botween the ages of 16 and 70.
Industries may become exempt from the
provisions of the bill by setting up spe
cial Schemes affordlng'equal or greater
benefits.
The only Important exceptions to the
operation of the measure are agricultural
workers and servants. In Ireland It ap
plies only to' workmen In trades already
insured under the existing acts.
The bllt provides benefits of fifteen
shillings a week for men and twelve
shillings for women. The employers and
workers will .contribute the same
amounts, tho men threepence and the
women twopence halfpenny, with the
State supplying its 'one-third. It Is es
timated that nearly twelve million per
sons will be affected, and that the an
nual cost to the state will be between
3,000,000 and 4,000,000, as agalnaf
1,250,0U0 at present.
SERBIAN ATTACK DISCREDITED
Reported Attempt on LUb of
Prince Resent Unconfirmed.
London, Feb. 26. The Serbian Lega
tion waa incredulous to-day regarding
the reports or Wednesday that an at
tempt had bc.cn made to assassinate
Prince Regent Alexander and Premier
Protitch.
It was said the latest official tele
grams from Belgrade, which were dated
Mednesday afternoon at 5 o clock, did
not mention attacks on the Princo Re
gent and the Premier.
Imported Fabrics
Imported Stylings
Precise. Fittings.
$70
THE SUN AMD
BRITAIN READY FOR
TRADE WITH'RUSSIAl
First lord of Admiralty An-
nounces Recognition of tho
Cooperatives.
CARGOES ARE ON THE WAY
Blpckado of RlaclvSca.Will Be
Lifted Gradually, to Permit
Movement of Goods.
Sptctat Cable Dtipatch to TnrrStJN and Nsw
yoK Kenan. Copyright, UX. bv Tne Son
xkd New Tonic Hualo.
London, Feb. 26. Walter Hume Long,
member from St. George's nnd First
Lord .of tho Admiralty, announced in
tho House of Commons to-day that all
was ready to begin trading with tho
Russian cooperative societies. Twenty
representatives of the Russian Coopcrat
ives are exDcctcd to lenvo Moscow im
mediately for London. The International
Labor Bureau already has gathered a
vast amount of data In all, countries re
lating to Russia under tho Soviet Gov
ernment. Thus whether recognition of
the Sovlot Is or Is not In tho form of a
"diplomatic" move. It Is, at least, com
plete recognition of actual contact in
affairs.
Dr. Polovtscff. director In London for
the Russian Cooperative Societies, and
who, Incidentally, Is a woman, told tho
correspondent of Tiin Sun ano New
Yontc Herald to-day that tho delegation
which waa coming hero from Moscow
was composed entirely of members of
the Cooperative Societies and that "their
politics docs not matter." Sbo added
that all these representatives wero ap
proved of by the Soviet authorities.
Tnadtne "Without Consols.
Sir Hamar Greenwood, head of the
Overseas Trade Department, said tho
withholding ot recognition of the Soviet
Government naturally would prevent the
appointment of British consular repre
sentatives In Russia, but added signifi
cantly: "Thcro Is nothing to prevent tho co
operatives from trading hero. The Over
seas Trade Department will extend
every help possible. It Is doubtful how
far British traders will got in Russia,
but thcro Is nothing to prevent them
going to Rcval, capital of Esthonla.
Asa matter of fact that Is wh?t scores
of British traders already have done,
there obtaining permission from Maxim
Lltvlnoff and other Soviet officials and
teprcsentatlves to go Into Russia.
Mr. Long said tho blockade of the
Black Sea would be lifted gradually In
tho Interest and to the financial aid of
exjiortcrs and manufacturers of cloth
lng. boots and machinery.
"Momentarily we are expecting to
hear from Moscow that tho delegation
of cooperatives has left there for Lon
don," Dr. Polovtseff said. "On Febru
ary 6 our two London representatives,
Shoneleft and Makeff, went to Moscow
to discuss with headquarters the possl
blllttes of reopening trade and to find
out what arrangements had been made
to guarantee to the Allies the necessary
credits. They are to return to London
with eighteen other delegates of the co
operatives and with financial, economic
and transport experts, all of whom will
be members of the cooperatives.
"It Is Immaterial what their political
beliefs are. They are coming here with
full authorIty from the Soviet Govern
ment More progress In this direction
undoubtedly would have been made but
for the divergent policies of Premier
Mlllerand of Franco and Premier Lloyd
George of Great Britain. While Premier
"Mlllerand was opposed to It Premier
Lloyd George wa3 most fav.orablo to the
reopening of trade with Russia. Some
sort of a compromise had to be reached,
hence, while refusing to accord the Bol
shevist Government diplomatic recognl
tlon, trade with Russia Is to be en'
couraged In every way possible. This
state of affairs is bound to hang up the
development of the trade scheme.
Cargoes of Flax on Way.
'Meanwhile the cooperates have to
certain deirree taken matters Into
their own hands. Cargoes of flax have
been shipped from Russia to England,
where the purchSse money lu to be de
voted to supplying manufactured goods
to Russia. These goods, which Includo
boots, clothing, and agricultural ma
chlnerv. will be ready for Immediate
shipment from Constantinople, Bergen,
London and Revai. .
Every possible official and unofficial
source In Great Britain, France, Sweden
Switzerland an? oven In Germany Is be
ing taaped to supply the necessary Infor
mation for the preparation of the report
pf the League of Nations for the labor
delegation ia jiusbiu, mim .nr. x-arao oi
the League ot Nations labor bureau
this afternoon.
"Nothing can be done In the way of
nominating delegates until this report Is
ready for submission about March 22,
he said. "The matter then will-be In
the hands of the International Labor
O.Tlce, but whether the League of Na
tions or labor will nominate the dele
gates It Is as yet impossible' to say. it
la very possible that tho' league and
labor will make some sort of an agree
ment in the matter, each naming an
equal number of representatives."
Encore! ,
AT6cla Pearl
- and an Ori
ental Pearl are
a alike as two
renditions of the
same record on,a
phonograph. t
I';
J "tOJtottekrtoihrU. 1
NtiW YOltK HERALD, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY
SINN FEIN ATTACK
IN' COUNTY CORK
Raiders Driven Off, Leaving
Dead and Wounded.
Dunu.v, Feb. ,26. Two constabulary
barracks,' at Tlmoleague ' and Mount
Pleasant, county Cork, were subjected
to a prolonged siege last night by largo
bodies of armed men. Tho besiegers
blocked up the roads with trees and cut
tho telegraph lines.
The attacks lasted for more than t.wo
hours, during which attempts wero made
to set tiro to the barracks by' piling hay
o gainst' tho doors. The assailants finally
were driven off, The members of the
gnrrlsons escaped uninjured.
In the morning uround Tlmoleague
tho bodies of several civilians wero
found. It Is believed that the dead men
wero members of the raiding party there.
Thcro also was found a wounded man,
who asserted that sevon other wounded
men had been carried away.
The polico aro searching tho neighbor
hood, btit thus far no arrests have been
trade.
PEACE TO JAPAN AND
0,S. OFFER OF SOVIET
Continued from Flnt Pag,
existent In Russia to a small extent In
tho small factories and to a large extent
among the peasants, Badayeff said tho
principal weapon against capitalism was
deprivation of tHo vote In the case of
those exploiting, labor. This weapon, he
added, was hardly noticed while the
country ttaa absorbed In tho armed de
fence of tho .revolution, but would mean
much when the army returned to the
land and began reconstruction in which"
every Russian would want to participate.
"Our.most difficult problem here, as It
is everywhere in Europe to-day," said
the Comptroller, "Is tho rich peasant ex
ploiter of small groups of tho village
proletariat. Ho can live for years on
the production ot his land and can bear
being deprived of the vplc. The ma
jority regardr him as an oppressor, but
there is nothing unfamiliar to him In
class hatred.
Itli'h ItrlliifiuliU Lnml.
"Still, soonor or later, ho will need
manufactured goods, tools, clothes and
furniture, nnd tho factory Soviets 'have
declared a goods blockado on him. They
arc using the weapon England employed
agalnsf Russia, and arc having better
luck. Slowly the rich peasant Is relin
quishing what land he and his family
cannot cultivate to the village Soviets."
Asked ho4r he has been able to feed
an army during the revolution, Badayeff
explained that Russia had been saved by
her size. She always had a (Surplus of
grain, and always would have. Since
the Red advance In Siberia the amount
ot grain In Soviet warehouses amounted
to 40,000,000 poods (a pood is about
thirty-six pounds) and food enough to
ration everybody comfortably for two
years.
"The problem that dogs our steps and
will until tho war is ended," continued
the Controller, "Is transport, for we In
herited a wreck from tho old regime.
But the worst Is over. The bread ration
Is a half pound higher than last sum
mer."
The correspondent interjected "For
everybody?"
"No," replied the Controller, "only for
the first category, but that Includes
800,000 people, all the children up to six
teen and adultS above sixty, all manual
workers and all soldiers. The other
classes are added to as fast as we get
enough grain."
Copenhagen. Feb. 26. Maxim Llt
vtnofT, the Russian Bolshevik Commls
sloher In Denmark, said to-day that he
had received no official overtures for
Russia as a result of the Supreme Coun
cil's decisions. 'He confirmed, however,
that peace offers had been sent by the
Russian Soviet Government to Japan
and Rumania and that the Ukrainian
Soviet had offered peace to Poland,
It was announced by Lltvlnoff that he.
together with M. Krassin, tho Bolshevik
Minister of Trade and Commerce, and M.
Nlgin, who has charge of Russia's entire
textile Industry, would composo a depu
tation to organize Russia's foreign trade.
M. Lltvlnoff said there will be no ob
jection to an Inquiry commission of the
League of Nations entering Russia, but
the Russian Government might make a
condition that commission of radical
Socialists also be given facilities In Rus
sia. Ask llenrlnjt: for Richmond.
A public hearing on the matter oi
continuing Richmond county as a part
of the Second Judicial district was re
quested yesterday, by thn Richmond
County Bar Association and a -committee
of Ave was named to watt upon the
Judiciary Committee of the Legislature
to" arrange the date.
Franklin Simon Boys Shops
FIFTH
Boys'
Sizes li to 131
$C75
Just to show that good shoes
need not be expensive
Take these shoes, for example. The
quality is fine and tht prices are low..
They arc made of & sturdy black leather,
on an orthopaedic lace Blucher last, with
viscolizcd waterproof soles, and the right
sort of workmanship in them. Just
proves that good shoes need not. be
. expensive,1 provided' one buys them at
Headquarters. 1
': vji? C JD and E widths -
i Immediate buying urged ' j
JrimWm&moii&Co.
Fifth Avenue, 37th and 38th Streets
Boys' and CnildreA's Haircutting Shop Fifth Floor
AUCKLAND GEDDES
NAMED ENVOY HERE
British Minister of Kcconstruc
tion Accepts Appointment
mcnt as Ambassador
POST VACANT TWO YEABS
Special Commission Hnvo
Served Since Death or Sir
Cecil Spriniticc.
Special Cabl Detpatch to Tin Son and Kiw
York IIiiald. Copyright, 1K0, by Tat Bra
axd New Your IIsiald.
London, Feb. 26. Sir Auckland
Geddcs, Minister of National Bervlce and
Reconstruction, It was authoritatively
announced to-night, has been selected
as British Ambassador to Washington.
It was added that he had accepted the
appointment and that 'official announce
ment .was awaiting onljr notification
from 'Washington that Sir Auckland' is
persona grata.
It was also said that Sir Robort Ste
venson Home, Minister of Labor, will
succeed Sir Auckland as President of
tho Board of Trade.
If Sir Auckland Geddcs comes to
Washington as British Ambassador it
will be the first permanent appointment
ot a diplomatist to this post since the,
death of Sir Cecil Spring-Rice In Feb
ruary, 1918. Nearly a year passed after
(Jio .death of Sir Cecil before the British
Government sent Lord Reading, Chief
Justice, as High Commissioner and Am
bassador on special mission. There was
another long Interval between his return
to England and the naming ot Viscount
Grey of Fallooon as British Ambassador
on special mission to America. Viscount
Grey left hero on his return to England
on January 4 last. Less than a month
afterward his famous letter on the ao
ccptablllty of the Senate treaty resexva
Hons as proposed by the Republican
leaders was published, and It at once
becamo evident that he would not return
to the United States as th Hrltlsh en
voy.
Tho names of many diplomatists and
political leaders have been mentioned as
possible British Ambassador to the
United States. Lord Northcliffe fre
qucntlyTias urged that "tho best man
in England" be sent to this country .to
represent Great Britain. No longer ago
than February 7 Lord Northcllffc'a
'Tfiiies said:
"Americans havi long felt regret and
something resembling resentment at the
mauesnirt arrangement for urltlsli rei'
rescntatlon in Washington. They must
not be suffered to continue, washing'
ton Is the most important post In our
wnoie aipiomauc service. It is etsen
tlal to the cultivation, and even to the
maintenance, of friendship to which we
attach such high moment that this post
should be filled by a man whose char'
nter and. ability will win the regard
and confidence of the American people."
The Times then referred to a report
that Sir Auckland Geddes might be
named to the post, and sild : "Washing.
ton can be no dumping ground for un
popular Ministers or for others whose
clnlms are of the party or personal
kind. We must have the best man for
the place."
Sir Auckland C Geddes Is a K. C. B.
member of the House of Commons from
Bastlngstoke. Minister of National Ser
vice and Reconstruction, and holds the
Cabinet post of President of the Board
of Trade. He Is a Coalition-Unionist
and one of the chief supporters of the
Lloyd George programme.
Sir Auckland curing the war went
Into the Government service In connec
tlon with the mobilization of Britain's
Industry In the prosecution of tho strug
gle against the Central empires. Later
he was at the head of the department
through which the men drafted Into the
service or otherwise taken into the navy
and army paed for classification
Through this department not only werb
the navy and army supplied with men,
but the Industries mobilized for the vVar
obtained their man power.
MAY USE POISON GAS IN INDIA.
Britain Utendy to Employ It If
Trlbce Use It First.
London, Feb. 26. The use" of poison
gas against tho frontier tribes ot India
is not proposed except In retaliation.
A statement to this effect Was made In
the House of Commons, last night on be
half of the Government,
FLOOR .
Shoes
Sizes 1 tto 6.
$575
1920.
U. OF M. FUND TO AID
FAR EAST WOMEN
Barbour Land in Rentals to
Provide Education'.
l t , .
SptctaVto Tno Sum and Niw Yoik Heiald,
Detroit, Mich., Feb 28. Levi L. Bar.
oour, Detroit manufacturer, has given
the University of Michigan the property
at 061, Woodward avenue, formerly. his
homo, with tho stipulation that tho In
come from It will be used for educating
women of tho Far -East. An automobile
salesroom will be erected on tho lots.
Under the lease, which Is for ninety
nine years, the university will receive a
total of 12,367,000 In rentals.
Mr. Barbour eala In mulling the en
dowment that lie bcltoved America can
be cemented closely to Oriental coun
tries f n greater effort !smado hero to
educato the people of tho Far Eastern
countries, particularly the women. The
endowment wl" supply the funds by
which women can go to the University
of Michigan and study medlclno and
prepare for various other professions
which will fit them to aid in the uplift
of their home countries.
A study of, present mlsstonary efforts
In Far Iflastem countries led Mr. Bar
bour to the discovery that there are
many cities there larger than Detroit In
which thero ore only one or two modern
doctors. This, with a complete lack of
sanitary measures and no knowledge ot
the care of public health, lias been re
SDonslble. he found, for neatllencea
which claimed the lives ot thousands.
In 1918, It became known to-day, Mr.
Barbour gavo $100,000 In cosh for tho
samo purpose as that ot his last en
dowment.
NINE WIN $200,000
EACH IN WILL FIGHT
Heirs' of Standard, Oil Officer
Get $3,000,000 Estate.
Cmdioo, Fob. 26. After a long search
for them and an ensuing legal contro
versy nine persons to-day established.
their right as heirs to share In the'
JS.000,000 estate of William P. Cowan,
former president of the Standard Oil
Company of Indiana, who died Intestate
In his country home at Whcaton, 111., In
1918. They will receive approximately
$200,000 each.
The youngest heir s 44, the oldest 90.
They are William Saxton, "2, Eagle,
Mich.; Walter Saxton, William's twin
brother, Waucousta, Mich. : Charles Sax
ton, 68, Elsie, Mich. ; Mrs. Caroline Sax
ton Hart, 58, Grand Ledge, Mich.; Mrs.
R. B. Colby, 44, Cadillac, Mich.; Judson
Phelps. 90, Detroit; Henry H. StlllwclL
70, Gloversvlllc. N. Y. ; W. G. Stlllwell,
72, Springfield, 'Mass., and heirs at Uw
of Mrs. Helen Shadbolt, Plymouth, N. Y.,
who was ,,95 years old when she died a
few weeks ago. ,
The heirs all are cousins. IVlr. Cowan
was the only child, the son of a saddler
of Cleveland. Old wills and records,
some dating back to 1818, were submit
ted to establish the claimants rights.
REPEAL OF DAYLIGHT
BILL G. O. P. PURPOSE
Saving Must Come by Local
Rule, Is Notice.
Bpttial to Tun Sc:' and -Vcw Yoik Heiuld.
A Lb ant. Feb. 26. Whllo New York
.li.. 1 . I - Av. .In.. rMtHA4 nil-
vanccment of the Senate bill repealing
the State daylight saving law .because
of the absence from the chamber or
their leader. Senator James J. Walker,
the declarations of Republican Leader
J. Henry Walters left no doubt that
nassatre of tho measure is a part of the
Republican programme. 4
Senator Walters made it plain tnat
those who are in favor of the daylight
savings law will have to rely on local
ordinances and voluntary agreements
by the business" men of their locality if
they arc to get the additional hour of
daylight next summer. He pointed out
how disastrous and perplexing It would
be on the railroad systems, on the Stock
Exchange, and In other ways, to have
New York State' time an hour ahead of
the rest of the country.
SNOW BLOCKS CAR LINES.
Wind Causes Tleup of Massachu
setts Trolleys.
SriuNcmiiip, 5!a3.. Feb. 26. Trolley
transportation conditions that are the
worst of tho winter exist to-eay in. west
ern Massachusetts as the 1-esult of last
nlght'a high wind, which piled snow over
lines that had been laboriously exca
vated after heavier storms. The few
Inchea of snow that fell Tuesday night
has drifted heavllj.
Intercity lines are affected most
Holvoke Is virtually Isolated from Its
"suburbs with five outlying llnca covered
bv drifts and tho rails burled in Ice
formed in last nlght'a near zero weath
er. Lines to ivortnampioR, -jnicopee ana
South Hadley are at a standstill. '
The Black "& White
GAB COMPANY Inc.
Phone
: ColiRCKffens
FRENCH RAIL STRIKE
LAID TO RED
Walkout Suspected as First
31ovo for .'Nationwide Tloup
by Bolshevists.
ACTION BY MILEBBAND
Militarization of Personnel
and Troop Guards for Lines
Considered.
Special Cable Detpateh to Tni Su.v and Nev
Yoik HiraM). Copyright, 1W, bv Tcs Bc.V
mo Niw Yoik HKiutD.
PAnts, Feb. 26. There was no
amelioration of tho railway strfko situ
ation In France up to a lato hour this
evening. It la 'hoped Jn all quarters
that the threat, of a general railway
tleup will be averted. For tho moment
tho strike Is localized on tio Paris,
Lyons and Mediterranean lines nnd Jthc
state controlled Compagnle do I'Eat,
although the latter had a normal num
ber of trains In operation this morning.
Premier 'Mlllerand had a conference
with a delegation of tho railroad work
ers to-day. A further meeting was ar
ranged. "
Vigorous measures by the government
to protect railway properties and to safe
guard operation of trains aro generally
approved by the public, whoso hostility' to
the srlke movement becamo more and
more .evident as the day passed. The
Government's measures Include tho par
tlal militarization of the personnel of
the railroads affected by the strike and
the calling out of troops to guard Im
portant Junctions, yards and stations.
The startling suddenness of the sus
pension of tho Paris, Lyons nnd Medi
terranean lines a walk'out precipitated
by the suspension of a railway man for
disciplinary reasons has given rise to
the suspicion that revolutionary leaders
prearranged the ilncldcnt as a pretext
Xor a general strike movement. The
Paris, lij-ons and Mediterranean is the
great artcrj ' which connects Great
Drltaln and Franco with the South of
Europe.
' Railway men aro known to have been
seeking a pretext for a strlko throughout
tho last few months, nnd It is believed
that they were quick to seize the oppor
tunity offered to them last Tuesday.
French newspapers declared that neither
the Government nor the people should
bo mistaken regarding the real char
acter of the strlko. They characterize
It as essentially revolutionary, led by
Bolshev st leaders, who for an lnueiermi;
nate length of time have had control of
the labor movement, which they are sim
ply using to carry out their plan for a
social revolution.
Alfred Canus. writing In Figaro, chal
lenges the extremist leaders to Beduce
the working classes to revolution. "La
ber will not choose this moment to stab
France In tho back," he daclnres. Tho
nress on tho whole Is urging the Gov
ernment to use a firm hand in putting
"""" lu" " ' ZL i
threatens to nluntre France Into an even
worse atate of economic depression than
nt jirenenL
The cry Is being" raised rfor Parlia
ment to' hasten through immediately
legislation for compulsory arbitration
of labor disputes, which had such legls
latlon existed would have made lmpofi'
Bible such a situation as exists here
to-day. Meanwhile the Government Is
being urged to use Its military power
to repress and punish, the Insurgents.
Public opinion looks on tho action of
the strikers In the light of the treason
able demanor of an anarchist, holding
that' to abandon the railways at this
moment is to cut off the nations food
supplies and cripple her commerce an
action, .It Is declared, that Is nothing
short of completing tho work of destruc
tion begun by the enemy. The r. u
and M., for example, has been crippled
80 per cent, of Its working efficiency.
This sentiment Is well, summed tip In
a newspaper printed in the devastated
region. Progress du Nord '. "Franco haa
not saved herself from the ravages of
the Roche to run, a few motfths after
victory. In the direction of collective
suicide!"
Frees Appeal Goes to MlUcrnud.
PARIS. Feb. !6. Tho Parliamentary
press representatives have transmitted
to Premier Mlllerand, who Is In London,
a request that in enforcing the itlw with
regard to ono day of rest weekly for
workers the sale of dally newspapers be
prohibited from Sunday noon to Mon
day noon.
Begt to
asinounoe
thkt the well knowh "Black & White
Taxi Service, which v has been inter
rupted owing to the condition of the
streets, will be reeumed today.
This company the original pioneers
of the "Black & White" taxi Service
-pMuranteet RESPONSIBILITY.
Cffeeco,,G5rtf sd Honesty..
5000
1 ISN'T IT SO?
H
A nun borroW to build a hotu
pllie architect plans it. the con
IrKtof erttts it. The own
breaks down a Uwyer drawi
his will, the doctor opens "Mat
by mtittke, the mourners mourn
fully remark, "How Niturtl He
.Loeki," the ininj-ter extolls Ms
virtues and we come along and
pay the whole bloominf ihoeUni
milch their fees, and like cue of
his wife and family after he's
tone. THAT'S ALL WE DO.
Many men live o a ripe old age,
however ihey win cominf or
fomr, unoer cur puw
You Get $10,000 Casn
it a definite se, or il you die
tomorrow the entire $10,000 foe
lo your family. We will show
you In a fire-minute interview
that you get this 910,000 C-A-S-H
limply by depositing with us
lempersrily Vj& to 4'4& Ask
US to pTOTB it.
BRILLS SCOTT
Life Inturarxt On a Businut Basis
516 Fifth Avenue at 43d St.
Pbone Murray H-U 1150
ECONOMY IS SHOWN :
IN CANADIAN BUMEf
Increased Production Urged ill
Speech at. tho Opening of
Parliament.
lly a Staff Correipondent of Tns Sex axd
New York llitRAt.D, !.
House op commons, Ottawa, Feb.
2G. Parliament opened to-day In the
now building. On tho return of tho
members of tho House of Commons to
their temporary chamber Sir Georga
Foster, acting Premier, In moving a vote
of thanks to tho King, reviewed tho
evolution ot parliamentary Institutions
nnd structures In Canada. W. L. Mac
Kcnzlo King, Opposition leader, In sec
onding tho motion, referred to tho new
'ulldlngs as tho symbol ot national unity,
tlo expression ot tho spirit ot the peopo
rising from tho ashes of tho war to the
reconstructed new dny. He paid, hondr
to John Plcrson, tho architect, who .was
j.n observer of the opening scenes from
the press gallery.
Women In' evening and court drcks
were In' the majority, both on the floor
of 'the House and In tho galleries. AH
tlx members of tho Supreme Court at
Canada wero In attendance, and the
consuls general ot the foreign states oc
cupied prominent seats on the floor ot
the House.
At three o'clock the Governor-General
entered the chamber accompanied by
tho acting Premier. The speech from
tho throne, llko the speech of Sir George
Foster, wa-i delivered both In French,
and English.
AS. an authorized statement In ad
vance ,of the work of tho session, tho
speech is evldenco of the determination
of the ministry to pursuo tne path of
least resistance. After a 'word of refct-
enco to the first assembly in the nejtr
legislative home, gratification was -expressed
that final ratification of tlio
treaty of peace between tho allied
Fowers and Germany had been brought
Into force, effecting the creation of tlys
League oi Nations.
The programme of legislation Includes
the federal franchlso elections act. bilfs
on copyright, patents and amendments
to existing acts. "
In cdnnectlon with the budget, pre
pared with a view ot strict economy, .ft
was urgea mai mo situation created ny
the excharicc. Inflated currency and lack
ot international credits impressed th'o
cno great lesson that increased produc
tion, thrift and economy for the indi
vidual and tho state was.' the only bum
hope of business Improvement and
future prosperiky.
The debato on tho address in reply to
tho speech from the' throne was ntK
Journed until Monday, when It will havjo
precedence over all business except in
troduction of new bills. A caucus of ti&
supporters of thd govcrnmdnt will bo
held early in tho week to consider the
situation and decldo on policy and aq
ttOn. It is the conviction In banklneVtrrlrd
that it Is imperative for CannHIn
conserve theirlrcsourcca In finance, in
dustry and trade.
-1 i.
smSrm urn. ISMfcy SJM.
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