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' ;j":EATHER FORECAST.' Fair to-day; to-morrow fair and .slightly warmer; moderate north (to cast winds. Highest temperature yesterday, 38; lowest, 15. Ditalltd weather rtport will t found on tht editorial Pt. V A HAPPY BLENDING. .The nmaliramaterl SUM AMn Mpoat t . xunnuv , 1 preserves the best traditions of each, In combination thesr make a greater newspaper than either has ever been on its own. AND THE NEW YORK HERALD VOL. LXXXVIL-NO. 184 DAILY. NEW YORK, TUESDAY, MARCH 2, 1920.-iiJJ!KS5Sr .. f-M-f , A. jlvxuju Ji w vui jl kj I THRFE CENTS IN NEW YORK CITY AND BUBUnBalON TRAINS AND HlAlSWHBnB. TO START INQUIRY INTO POLITICAL ACTIVITY OF ANTI-SALOON LEAGUE ANOTHER TERM FRENCH RAIL STRIKE COMES SUPREME COURT DECIDES U. S. STEEL IS NOT ILLEGAL; FOR GOV. SMITH HINTED IN TOUR TO QUICK END ENDS NINE YEARS BA TTLE 4 J F f "fk Party lines in Assembly Go in Vote for Sweeping Investigation. ANDERSON IS INCLUDED Sneaker's Move to Send I , Measure to Conunitteo Is Killed. WAVK SWEEPS CHAMBER Dry Lenders Send Out Hurry Call to- Absent .Aids Wide Scope of Trobe. Spffiol to Tnr. Run axd New York Herald. ..lbavv, March 1. The Assembly to-night with a shout of approval adopted by u vote of Gl to 52 u resolu tion calling for a sweeping Investiga tion of the Anti-Saloon League, it finances and the campaign activities of a superintendent, William H. An derson. In taking this action the Assembly overrode tho ruling of Speaker Sweet, who, pn the motion of Simon Adlcr, .majority leader, had sent tho resolu tion to tho Judiciary Commltteo to be burled. Throwing aside all party regula tions, Republicans joined with Demo crats In demanding tho Investigation. First, the Assembly voted C2 to A to bet aside the Speaker's ruling and keep the resolution out of the commltt;o'a hands. Then tho motion to adopt the resolution prevailed. Assemblyman Cuvllller of New York presented the resolution last week. It was not taken seriously at the time, as It was bellcA'ed the dry forces were in complete control nhd would stifle any move to pry Into the private af fairs of the league, as has been done repeatedly when similar attempts have been made. Seek Sweeping; Inquiry. The Republican leaders wero amazed, by fhe result'. ' Jla'njf- of the Assembly men seized the opportunity to pay back grudges against Anderson and to assert their opposition to prohibition. Th4 temper of the body was decidedly antl prohibltlon. The resolution demands not only that tho Legislature determine the amount of money received and spent by the league and Its sources but also whether Anderson. repreentlng his or ganization, contributed to the campaign funds of any members of . the Legisla ture elected In the last two. years. -Mr. Cuvllller led the flight for the resolution. Ho read two letters sent out In the last few days by the league assailing the Democratic party for adopting a wet platform. Tho law gives the league tho right to lobby, but not to Indulge In tho 'vituperation and Abuse" contained In those letters, the Assemblyman said. He attacked Ander son and the league as "fanatics" who seek to "dlctato and harass", officials. The league has failed to comply with the law requiring tho filing of state ments of Legislative expenditures, Mr. Cuvllller said. I.raKQc lias No Defender. No one spoke In defence of flic league. Mr. Adlcr made no attempt to defend his motion to refer tho resolu tion to committee. After the first bal lot was announced several Republicans changed their votes, but nono took tho floor for tho league or for the speaker. Stunned by this sudden revolt against Anti-Saloon League domination, almost complete for the last two years, the dry forces up-State sent out a hurry call to night for their absent Assemblymen to l ush to Albany. It Is understood to-night that Speaker Sweet and his assistants will attempt to morrow to overrule tho vote to Investi gate on .the ground that It was passed Illegally. Tho Speaker contends that In asmuch as the resolution calls for an expenditure of State funds, seventy-six .votes arc needed for Its legal passage. "The Antl-Ssloon League has no ex penditures which must bo reported to the -Secretary of atato under, any pro yrfon of the corrupt practices section of tho election law," according to a statement made to-night by Robert O. Davey, counsel for the State Anti-Saloon League. How the Vote Stood. Republicans voting for tho Cuvllller resolution wero: Amos, Uaum, Blakeley, Booth, Brady, Bourke. Brundage. Campbell, J. T. Car roll, Caulfleld, Crowley. Damlco, Dlmln, Doherty, Everett, Forbcll. Fox, R. II. Gillette, llalpern, Hawkins, Jesse, Lee, Morrlsscy, Mullen, Neary, Pette. Ross, Seelbach. Simpson, Miss M. U Smith. O. J. Smith. Steinberg. Trasan, Ullman, Wallace, Wlswall. Total. 36. Democmts voting for the resolution were: Bloch. .Burchlll, W. O. Carroll. Cosgrove, Cross, Cuvllller, Dlcksteln. Donohue. Easton, Miss E. V. Glllotte. Hamlll. Heahv Klly, Lelnlnjrw, Lento!, Lindsay McArdle, McCue, McDonald. J. K. McLaughlin. J. J. McLaughlin. Ilcltly. Rcynaud. Schwab, Taylor. Total. 25. Republicans voting against the inquiry were; Adler, D. II. Ames-II. L. Ames, Belts, Bly, Cheney, Cowee, Davlos, 3. A. Dobion, Donohoe, Downs. Duke, Fearon. Fenner, Cage, Gardner, Harrlng Cw, Harris. Hunter, Hutchinson, Jacobs, ffery, Jenks. Lattln, Long, Lord, Lown, , MacFarland. Machold. Martin. McGlnnles, McWhlnney, Mead, Miller, Tcck. nice. Roosevelt, Seaker. Slacer, Sdule. Tallett. Tyler, Van Wogonen, Walrath, Webb. Westall, Wheeler, Whltcomb. Williams, Wilson, Witter. Total, CI. Democrats egalnst tho Inqulryr J. Van Wagcnen, Total, 1. Npt voting .32. not counting' the five Socialists suspended. X '-'" Sweeping Inquiry Into "Dry" League Is Sought Special to Tin Sl'X AND Herald. New York ALBANY, March l.-VTho reso lution adopted to-night by the Assembly covering tho inquiry .into tho activities of tho Anti Saloon League, instructs the Judiciary Committee, to inquire "with respect to the collection of moneys, the .methods and sources of such collections, the expendi ture of moneys, the objects and nurnoses of such exnfiriilltiir in. .eluding expenditures, if any, to promote or prevent tho nomina tion or election of persons to pub lic office er election to party posi tion, and the methods of such league, by expenditure, of money or otherwise, inspecting propa ganda or promoting or retarding legislation, or influencing or coercing candidates for the of fice of State Senator or member of Assembly into making promises in relation to their ac tion on proposed or expected leg islative bills." TICKET BROKER FIGHTSARREST Detective Objects to $24 for Four Seats Big: Uproar i in Broadway. FOKCED TO CALL FOB AID Speculator Taken to Station, but Freed in Court; His Clerk Held. Detectlvo Michael J. Kelly of Chief Inspector Daly's staff ,was off duty last' night, and about 7 o'clock he went Into Leo Newman's theatre ticket offlcp In 1482 Broadway, at Forty-second street, to buy some theatre tickets. He asked for four seats to "Tho Gold Diggers" nt the Lyceum Theatre, and when Newman himself handed them out Kelly laid down "a $20 bill on tho counter. "That ain't enough," said Newman. "These, tickets will bo $24." "They arc marked J3.30 each," said Kelly, "and tho law allows you to sell them for 50 cents more than that. That will make 15.20." I can charge anything I please," de clared Newman. "You can't have them for less than $24 for the four." "I am a police officer," sold Kelly, "and Pm not going to see you violate the law like that" He flapped back his coat lapel so New man could see his shield. 'To hell with that piece of tin !" said the ticket broker, according to Kelly. Crowd In an Uproar. Ho seized the tickets from the counter, ! and as the detective made a grab for them he passed them to a clerk. Kelly snatched at them again, but the first clerk passed them to another, and In this manner they went through the hands of several men, with the detective trying to get them all the time. Finally Kelly vaulted over -tho counter, landed on top of tho man who held the tickets and went to tho floor with him. 'When he roso he clutched the tickets In his hand and Newman was pulling at his coat tails and yelling, while the crowd of persons waiting to buy tickets was in an uproar. Detective Kelly Jammed the tickets into his. pocket and told Newman ho was under arrest Seizing the ticket broker he started for the street, with Newman struggling and kicking and several clerks trying to break the hold ot the detectlvo. Kelly held on to him, however, and reached the street. There Newman began yelling "Help! This man Is murdering me!" and the crowd, which quickly gathered, began to push against Kelly, who was In plain clothes, and tried to obtain Newman's releane. One of Newman's clerks, ac cording tJ Kelly, pushed1 through the crowd yelling that he was a policeman and tried to free Newman, tvhlln thn rfcrowd pushed and shouted and yelled. Catches Fleeing Clerk. Finally the shouting and the strug gling men attracted the attention ot Patrolman Samuel Kurrdson of the West Forty-seventh street station. When the clerk saw Kundson he tried to run, but Kelly yelled to tho policeman to catch him. Then, with Newman and tho clerk struggling and kicking and a great crowd following, the detective, and the patrol man led the way to the West Fortieth street station, where the ticket broker and his clerk were locked up. .Newman was charged with violating the ordinance wjilfch prohlbts a charge of more than fifty cents In excess of the face valuo of a theatre ticket, and the clerk, who, "said he was Jack Cohen of J0 West JOUth street was charged with Interfering with an officer. At the police station Newman loudly declared that he was an intimate, friend ot several Judges and that ho had the right to charge, whatever ho pleased for tickets. Tho "police paid little atten tion to him, however, telling him that although Judge Rosalsky .had declared the ticket, ordinance to be Illegal, the Corporation Counsel had appealed tho case, and that pending the appeal the Police Department hod Instructions to enforce It ' Newman was later arraigned In Night Court before Magistrate Nolan and was discharged. Cohen will be examined this morning in. Yorkylllo Court KEEPING 8TKONO. John' Mtdlclns- I pure loot. Father which, build nw itrtngtb acre. r, JERSEY SENATE VOTES FOR BEER Measure Providing: for 3.50 1 Alcoholic. Content to Bo Signcd'by Edwards. IS SUKE TO BECOME LAW Dodges Clashes With Federal Dry Agents by an End of , War Bcstriction "Clause. Sptclal to Tnr Sun and New Vosic Herald. Trenton, Murch 1. The New Jersey Senate passed to-night by a vote of 12 to 9 tho bill permitting the manu .facturo and snlo of beer having an alcoholic content of 3.C0 per cont. by volume, -which Is equivalent to about 2.75 per cent, by weight, after thtto hours of debate and after' the Anti- Saloon Lcaguo had made frantic of. forts at an afternoon hearing to pre vent the passage of any sort of favor able liquor legislation. Tho Assembly previously had pasned tho hill by a vote of 37 to 21, and be fore he left tho Stuto House to-night to return to his home In Jersey City Gov. Edward I. Edwards intimated that he would sign the measure the flrst thing to-morrow. The Senate was lato'ln getting lo tho beer bill, but the large crowd which flllcM the Senate galleries early In the evening remained until the finish and cheered lustily when the clerk an nounced the result of the vote. During the debate two amendments wero offered. one by Senator Haines of Camden call ing for a referendum, and tho other by Senator Sturgess of Gloucester, provid ing for an increase in the penalty for violating tho law. Both of these were! defeated by votes of 13 to 4. Republican Oppose Dill. Speeches against the .bill were made by Senator Haines, Senator Runyon and Senator Whitney, all Republicans, and speecneB advocating its passage were .made .by Senators Pilgrim of Essex, Republican, and brown of Middlesex and Simpson of Hudson, Democrats. The final vote on the bill was as fol lows: Ayes. Republicans Mackay ot Ber gen, Pilgrim of Essex, Smith of Passaic, tetrr.?" or uunmston and Charlea D. White of Atlantic. Domocrats Barber of War ren, Brown of Essex. Heath of Mercer, Kays of Sussex, Martens of Hunterdon and Simpson of Hudson. Noes, Republicans Allen of Sajem, Bright of Cape May, Case of Somerset Hagaman of Ocean, Haines of "Camden, Reeves of Cumberland, Runyon of Union, Sturgess of Gloucester and Whit ney of Morr's. No Democrat voted against the measure. The passage of tho bill does not mean, even If Gov. Edwards signs It to-morrow, that the manufacture and raIa of 3.60 per cent, beer will begin at once In New Jersey. The measure carries a provision that It will not becoTnc effec tive until tho war has been officially ended by proclamation and war time prohibition Is no longer In effect. Will Not Give Instant Relief. The bill, as a matter of Tact, was not Introduced and passed to afford Instant relief to the thirsty ones of New Jersey, but as a basis of legal contention before tho Supreme Court of the United States,' as Attorney-General McCran felt that he would. have a much stronger case were he backed by a law on the statute-books of his State. It, Is not known just what action tho Attorney-General will take, whether ho will start a new legal action", possibly mandamus proceedings, to get the Su preme Court to pass upon the constitu tionality of the 3.50 per cent law and tho right of the New Jersey Legislature to pass It. br whether he will use It as his ground and as cn argument In cases now pending. It Is likely, however, that the latter, course will be followed. But while tho legal authorities of the State are determining what course' to roiiow tne provision by which the law does not become effective until the end of the "war will nullify the possibility of trouble wfth tho Internal Revenue De partment, which has announced that It will proceed against any person manu facturing or selling liquor under Any State law conflicting with the Volstead act At the public hearing before tho Senato Judiciary Committee speeches against any, liquor legislation were made by Dr. Harvey W. Wiley and Wayne B. Wheeler and O. Rowland Munroe for the Anti-Saloon League. 2.50 BEER LAW IN WISCONSIN UPHELD Federal -Judge Holds State Statute Is Valid, ' Special lo 5 Sow aso Nsir Jtoir lliaALD. Milwaukee, March 1. Manufacture and sale of 2.50 per cent beer In Wis consin, unacr tne terms of tho Mul berger law a Stalo enactment wero legalized to-day In a decision by Fed eral Judge Ferdinand A. Gelger, who denied the petition of Federal officials to dismiss Injunction proceedings Insti tuted against them by the Manltowoo Products Company, a consolidation of three breweries at Manitowoc Tho Products Company sued for the Injunc tion to restrain the Federal officials from Interfering with It In the sale and manufacture of 3.50 per cent, beer in the state. In his decision Judge Gelger uohotds the Mulberger law, thus assuming that Continued on, Boeoni Page.' Challenge to Hostile Ee'ffis latureWl Begin Horo on Friday. SYRACUSE NEXT WEEK Rochester and Buffalo Com merce Chambers Also to Be His Auditors. ' MILK BILL CHIEF TOPIC Possibility of Special Session as Bcsiflt of Sidetracking His Beform Bills. Special tt Tub Hrx a,nd New York Herald, Albany, March 1. Governor Smith backed up to-day his challenge to the Republican majority in tho Loglsla ture by announcing part of an Itlner ary on which ho. will carry directly to tho pcoplo his appeal for support of his reform programme. Following his speeches In New York city this week the Governor will go to Syracuso and Buffalo next week. Ho Intends mak' Ini several speeches in the districts where there Is special opposition to his milk, welfare, prohibition and re construction policies. His announcement that he will pur suo Charles B. Hughes's plan of going directly to the voters Is regarded by politicians as evldenco that tho Gov ernor has made up his mind to seek a renomtnatlon next autumn. Coming so closely after the Democratic State Convention, the Governor's declara Hon of open warfare against tho Re publicans, who control both branches of tho Legislature, Is taken tojlncan that he has perfected his programme to run again. 1 May Force Special Session. Thcro is strong possibility of.a spe clal session of the IcglsIuturo as a result of this" development. The Gov ernor's announcement serves as offi cial notlco to the Republican leaders that he wUl not stand for their scheme ot cleaning up the slate as quickly as possible after disposing of tho Social 1st case and adjourning without touch lng any of the big pieces of; legislation proposed by the Executive, The Republicans admit frankly they aro not In favor of making political '1" tor a Democratic Governor In a . ... Gubernatorial year. They hope that next year a Republican Governor will sit In Albany an,d It nppear's to be their wish to postpone until 1921 all consld eration of the reconstruction pro gramme. Tho Governor will open thev tight on the milk bills. That probably Is due to the. fact that the Democrats see the possibility of a bi-partisan arrange' mcnt by which they may gain some strength. Senator Thompson, Republl can, of Niagara, Is sponsor for the measure which the Governor advocates providing for n State milk commission and full Stato control of distribution and price flxlng, Mr, Thompson headed an Insurgent movement last year and Is ready to repeat that perform ance this. year. It is not Improbable that a few scattered voles might be picked up and tho Republican control of the Senate threatened. The Republi cans' have hut four votes to spare In tho Senate. Evasive as to Prohibition. In a speech at the Blltmore, In New York next Friday evening; the Governor .will open his campaign for the milk bill. Asked whether he would also dis cuss "booze." the Governor remarked: "That would make a milk, punch." On Friday, March 12, the Governor will speak, before the Chamber of Com merce in Syracuse. That Is the home of J. "Henry Walters, majority leader of the Senate, who disapproves of most, If not all, of the Governor's recommenda tions. It Is also the home ot William II. Kelly, Democratic leader of Onon daga county, who Is understood to be unfriendly to the Governor. The day following the Governor will speak In Buffalo before a combined meeting of the Buffalo and Rochester Chambers of Commerce. Xhere he will discuss his plop of remaking the State government In the Interest of economy. Buffalo, like Syracuse; is a strong-. hold of opposition to the Governor's schemes. William H. Fltzpatrlck, Democratic leader of Erie, Is about as Indifferent to the Governor's administra tion as Is Mi;. Kelly, In Syracuse. Dou ble significance,, therefore, attaches to his programme of visiting those two cities early In his State tour. Gov. Smith' will appeal not only for support for his leg islative policies, but he will 'be able to make a strong bid for Democratic In dorsement over the heads ot the two county leaders who are lukewarm to ward him. The-following week the Gov ernor will return .to New York and map out the rest of his stumping tour. CLOSING TIME Fffis0 , tiUjt jfom AND NEW YORK HERALD DAILY ISSUES 9 P. M. t Mtm Office, 210 Bmlnr. 8 P. M. si fewer KtnM Ofiee.HmM BaS&if ,' Herald Sfure, 8 P. M. t tH ether Bnacb Office (Locattens laW on EdfarU! Pf). Companies and Men Get.To getlior and "Wiser Coun sel Prevails. PREMIER AS ARBITER Decides Against Penalty f or Refusing Work and Pay for Time Lost. SUCCESS WAS UNLIKELY 13,000 Persons Had Offered to Enroll to Keep Ser vice Going. Pamr, March 1. Tho strike on tho French railways ended to-night. An understanding was reached between the dlre'ctors of tho railways and tho railwaymen, and tho National Fed eration; of Workmen ordered tho re sumption of work. Delegates of the Rallwaymen's Fed eration met the directors of the rail ways on the Initiative of the federa tion and an agreement was reached' without trouble on most points of tho fedbratlon's programme, which really was not In dispute. Difficulty aro3e, however, over thq question of penal ties to bo Imposed on the strikers. Finally both parties decided to appeal to Premier Mlllerand. , Tho Premier's proposal, namely, no pay for tho days of tho strike; no pun ishment for refusing the formal re quest to resume work, and a review by each director In a spirit of Justice of all other punishments, proved to bo acceptable to all concerned. The collapse of the strike was Indi cated late this afternoon when Yves le Trocquer, Minister of Public Works, said: "The situation Is entirely satisfactory. Many of the strikers have resumed work on all the systems and there are sufficient volunteers to give an almost normal service to-morrow. Thirteen thousand volunteers have enrolled at the Ministry, of Puhllo Work' Seven men wero arrested for connec tion with the strike and for Inciting the public to resist the Government. Three were active strike leaders In the Paris railroad unions. They wero M. filrolle. M. Leveque and M. Slgrand. There was great excitement among unionists when news of thu arrests became current Secretary-General ChaVerot of tho Paris, Lyons and Mediterranean unions and Unon Leader Hourdeaux were arrested later. All wero charged with Inter ference with the liberty to work and provoking disobedience. Jullen Content, editor ot the revolu tionary weekly newspaper Liber taire, which was suppressed by the au thorities Saturday, was arrested, charged with Inciting to theft and pillage as part of the anarchist propaganda. Raymond Lefcbvre. one of the French delegates to the Socialist Congress In Strasbourg, also was taken into custody. According to the evening newspapers. Lofebvre's arrest Is not connected with his violent speech? before the Socialist Congress, but Is for a Bpeech delivered at Enghlen, In which he said that for mer President Polncaro, Instead of- de serving well of the country, "deserved twelve bullets In his skin." , SOVIET ANNIHILATES ARMY OF DENIKINE Sweeping Victory Is Re- portewm Caucasus. London, March 1. The Soviet u-ocds have gained a great victory near tho Bielaya front In north Caucasus, ac cording to an official annoucement from Moscow. Gen. Denlklne's First Kuban Corps, says the despatch, has been an- ihiiated, many perishing In battle and others being taken prisoner. The Reds are reported to be advancing rapidly. After stubborn fighting tho Bolshevlkl or. Sunday occupied the town of Stavro pol, capital of the Government of Stav ropol In .the northern Caucasus, accord ing to a Bolshevik communication. CARD TABLE STILL ' SEIZED IN CHICAGO Fits Sink or Ice Box and Holds One Gallon. Bpeetal to The Sou a.id New Ypn Heeald. uhicaoo, Marcn 1. Chicago's small- est still, Just' card table size, was confis cated to-day by Federal prohibition agents, and Its owner, Robert D. Mac- uonaia, a chemist, was arrested. The Federal aarenta remtvrri n'tln v,. MacDonald was operating a still In his apartment, and that he was staging poker parties and sold whiskey to tho players. The stilt has less than a caJIon ca pacity and Is made of-cooner and nickel. The oohdnior Is of nickel, ar.d by an arrangement of tubs can fit Into a sink er ice dox. , , SUNDAY ISSUES - 5 P.M. Sttarfc; tt Mm 06c, 2M Rnuiwij. 6 P. Mat ham Kmld Office, Herald Bm!a, HertM Siu-e. ' SP M. at H ether Bnmch Offices (LeeiUw died on Edferitl Ptft), WORLD CONTROL OFOILISURGEfl British Board of Trade Com mltteo Wants Lcaguo of Nations to Act. TO GET LOWER PRICES Standard and Royal Dutch Companies Assailed as Stifling Competition. Sptclal Cable Despatch to Tnr Sck and New xobk itERALn. copyright, hy The Bun asd New Yons IlERAtp, London, March 1. International ac tion by the League of Nations or by cooperation between tho Governments to lower tho cost of gasolene and other motor fuels and td prevent the exploitation of the petroleum shortage by huge combines Is recemmended In a report submitted to the Board of Trade hero to-day. The report, which waH submitted by tho Central Commlt teo Investigating prices under the profiteering act, says: "We are strongly! of tho opinion that tho whole question of production, price and distribution of motor fuel Is one which should engage the attention ot tho League of Nations, or otherwise should be made the subject of inter national agreement between tho Gov ernments of tho principal importing nations with- a view to cooperation In aiming at a fair level of price charge able for so vital a. necessity of modern irdustrlal life." The report finds that tho Standard Oil Company and tho Royal Dutch Shell combinations have such a grip on the; main sources of supply, on pipe lines, tank steamships and distributing arrangements in all consuming coun tries that the setting up of any pri vate competition 'is practically impos sible. Tho report states that in view of these-circumstances tho only wa to offset the tremendous power Of these financial groups Is by unified action by all the Governments concerned to tlx prices which allow reasonable profit and to stlmulato production. Governments also are urged to en courage: in every way possible" the production of alcohol for generating power purposes. The committee lield ten meetings and called before It witnesses representing all branches ot tho petroleum Industry, Including W. Copen, director ot the Shell Marketing Company; Sir Charles Greenway, chairman of the ,Anglo-Per-slan Oil Company; Mr.' Powell, choir-' man, and Messrs. Hammond and Hewitt of the Anglo-American Com pany; Messrs. Rellly and Watts, of tho British Petroleum Company, and scores of others. Froata Are Excessive. Tho committee also delved Into the earnings ot all subsidiaries of these two groups and declared that their profits had been excessive. The report Bays! "We .find that the present high prices of motor fuel arc mainly due to tho de mand, which s tondlng to outstrip tho world's present eupply, and the advan tages which are being taken ot this ten dency by powerful financial interests to raise prices. As an Illustration ot the extraordinary rise In the price ot that commodity In the last few years we find that an Important company mak ing large use of commercial petrol was able In 1914 to obtain an ample supply at five and one-eighth pence a gallon, exclusive of duty, while the cost of a similar spirit to the company to-day is twenty-four pence a, gallon, exclusive of duty, The gravity of the situation Is Increased by the fact that practically all sources, not only ot supply, but of machinery of transport and distribution. of petrol Is mainly controlled by the same interests. "Tho two main groups concerned are the Standard Oil and the Royal Dutch Shell, and their great resources and wealth will be indicated by the large number of companies which they con trol, together with such Information as to their profits as Is available. "The present tendency appears to be for supplies to come from the United States and Mexico, rather than from the Far East, owing mainly v to tho relative cost of freight. "It Is extremely difficult for us to ascertain the flrst cost ot production In the United States and the cost of deliv ery td seaboard, but we have been In formed' by a high authority that the average cost should not exceed seven and a half pounds sterling a ton of 300 Imperial gallons, or sixpence a gallon, f. o. b. New York. We are satisfied that 'petrol at twenty-three pounds sterllmr a ton tnat is, one smiling, six and a four. teenth pence per gallon, f. o. b. New .York reveals a grossly excessive profit 'This Is all Important, In view of the fact that the f. a b. New York price Is taken as the regulating export price In all producing countries. We are confirmed In the opinion expressed nbovo by con, slderatlon ot the dividends. paid by the principal producing companies, and may state that one Eastern producing company which sens its output ot petrol at ten and a halt pounds sterling a ton, or eight and a fourteenth pence a gallon, t o. b adraltavthat a- good profit Is realized on the .transaction. 'The greater bulk ot the petrol landed in this country at the present time Is produced by American, Dutch or Mexi can companies, which are outside of con- ,M1 V... III. (...'. HniM-MM..., trol by His Majesty's Government "We feel strongly that when the Continued on Fifth Page, ASQUITH TAKES SEAT AS AN E P. Great Demonstration Given Former Premier by All Par tics in Commons. !0LD, MAN COME BACK' Campaign Cry Greets Liberal Leader on All Sides Seo Political Peace. Special Cable Dtipatch to Tiie Sun and New Yonr IIebald. Copyright, WD, by Tnr Hcn and New' York Herald. London, March 1. Herbert H. As- qulth, formerly Premier, took his seat In tho Houso of Commons to-day as a member from Paisley. And, Inci dentally, It has been many years since the House welcomed a member as It welcomed him. Briefly, It was a tumul tous welcome In which every Liberal Joined, whllo cheers from the Inde pendent Liberals and the Nationalists, and even from somo Coalitionists and Labor! tea, mado the welcomo more unanimous. After the new member from Paisley was seated Premier David Lloyd Georgo aroso and hurried to Mr. Asqulth and shook his hand warmly. This- was the signal for an outburst of cheering from tho Coalitionists, and they went to It heartily. , ' There are some wlso ones here who saw, or professed to ate, in events to day signs that there Is going to be a strong effort by .certain of Premier Lloyd George's adherents to patch up a peaco between him and Mr. Asqulth, or, should these efforts fall, to at least partly bridge tho political chasm be tween them. Indeed, It was asserted that this move beenroo apparent oven In tho .last few days of. (ho Paisley campaign, when certain members of the Coalition began, building bridges and repairing political fences, to the end that If Mr., Asqulth won over J. M. Blggar, the Labor can didate, there might be' a way open '.&r peace between the Liberal leader aha the Coalition head. Tho ovation to Mr. Asqulth was not confined to the Houso of Commons. It began when he left his house in Caven dish squar'e and lasted during the whole of tho -way us ho motored from his house through Regent street, Haymar kef, Trafalgar souare and Whitehall, where great crowds lined the way, shouting, "The old man has como back I" tho campaign cry raised by the Liberals of Paisley. What appeared to be tho same "mob" of collegians who stormed W. E. ("Pus syfoot") Johnson, the American prohi bition crusader, was In front of Mr. Asqulth's Cavendish Square house when ne emergen this afternoon to take a motor car to the House of Commons. It was a wild, boisterous crowd that greeted him there, but their cries were of welcome to the old Liberal leader who was coming back to the House to lead the Liberal party. In the rush of members to their scats to be present when Mr. Asqulth' was in troduced. Lady Astor lost hi?r favorite and well placed seat, Pemberton Billing beating her to it DENTIST RESTORES SIGHT TO LORD GREY Operation, Here Completely Relieved His Blindness. Special Cable Despatch- to The Sex axd New Yok Herald. Copyright, , by Tut Sex axd New Yors Herald. London, March 1. Owing to an op eration by an American dentist, Viscounty Grey's eyesight now Is almost completely restored to him, and ho Is returning to active politics with a view event ually to the Premiership, the correspon dent of Tub Sun and Nw Yoak Her ald here learns in welt Informed circles. It was whlfo Viscount Grey was In the United States that he was troubled with ! his' teeth and went to a well known Washington dentist who discovered a large abscess and removed It Imme diately afterward his vision Improved and continued to. Improve, until now It Is restored perfectly, or nearly so. Indeed, It was said by a close friend ot Viscount Grey that his eye Is stronger than It ever was before. In due course of time Viscount Grey, It, Is said, will .attempt to fuse the scat tered Unionist groups into a solid, com pact whole, to be led by him from his seat In the Hoine ot Lords, MAY ASK WILSONrO DECIDE ON TURKEY If i Britain- and Italy Fail France May Appeal to Him. Sptclal -Cable Despatch to Tiie fctx axd New' Yoik Herald. Copyright, lKO.-oy The Svx axd New York Herald. London, March 1. It la reported ln diplomatic circles here that France will approach President Wilson, seeking his Intervention to settle the Turkish .terri torial problems In Asia Minor If the British and Italian Governments are unable to agree on the terms of the Turkish peace treaty. The next meeting of the Supreme council or the 1'eace Conference will be held In Rome, beginning the first weK in April, roe Council of the I league of Nations will meet In Rome at the same tlrae-y Highest Federal Tribunal Finds No Violation of Sherman Law. TRUST CHARGE FAILS Jnsticc White in Majority Opinion Sees No Good to Public in Dissolution, MINORITY FLAYS COMBINE Vote 4 to 3, With Brandoisand McRcynolds Not Taking Part in Adjudication. i Special to Tim Scn and New Yojk IIeiald. Washington, March 1. Thn United States Supremo Court by a four to three decision, declared to-day that, tho United States Steel Corporation and Its subsidiary companies ,do not form a combination In restraint ot trade In violation ot tho Sherman anti-trust law. Tho decision, which was the final chapter in nlno years of legal effort on tho part of the Department of Jus' tlco to break up tho so-called "Steel Trust," denied tho request of the Gov ernment for a dissolution of tho Steel Corporation, similar to that granted by the. court In tho Standard OU case several years ago. The action was taken in affirming a decree ot a Fed oral Circuit Court handed down IB1C, the Supremo Court's decision' being delayed at the request of the i Government because It did not desire to interfere with tho Steel, Corpora tion's war work. ,; Chief Justice White, Associate Jus tices McKenna, Holmes and Van De vantcr formed the majority that de cided against tho Government Asso- J clato Justices Day, Pitney end Clarke " ' ; twero tho. minority and Justices Bran- dels and McRcynolds took no part in the decision or consideration ot tho case. Itf another 'dcclslonjjwhlch placed an interpretation on the nntl-trust jaws, tho Court BUDDOrted the flnVfrnfflfnl's nnf.i tlon theft resale price 'fixing by manU- I facturers Is Illegal. The suit was' prose- I cut'ed against A. Schrader'a Sons, Inc., manufacturers of pneumatic tiro valves at Akron, Ohio. Hleffal Practice Stopped. In announcing the court's final opinion Justice McKenna declared that the ma jority of tho court belloved the publio Interest would not be erved by a dis solution of the Steel Corporation. The combine, he said, did engage In Illegal practices before tho suit was Instituted on October 27. 1911, but has not been guilty of such acts Blnco then. It the corporation Is In a posit Id n to restrain" trade that alone docs not constitute violation of the anti-trust laws was th,a majority view. "We must adhere to the law," Justice' McKenna said, "and the' law does hot make mere size an offence or the exist? ence of unexerted power an offence. It requires overt acts and trusts to its pro hibition of them and Us power to repress or punish them. It docs not compel conl petltlon." With this view the minority onlnloti -J sharply differed. Justice Day, In readlpI tho views of the dissenters, declarlnai that the Steel Corporation should b dlflS! solved In conformity with previous de viBiuiiD, nuLMuiy uiu .oianaara uil and. American Tobacco cases, and that the i effect dt the decision Is to nullify the Sherman anti-trust law by'judlclal de- t rm.. . . ,j a no majority answered Dy asserting that the Standard Oil and American To bacco cases differed from tho Steel suit In that the two named corporations' werp guilty of such Illegal practices as wiping out competitors and seeking to fix prices. No real complaints against the Steel C Apnnratlnn V, n lu.n .1 .. ... . -tt i-wiv,w,. uccii iwuua wjr com I petltors or customers, It was argued, Attacking tho position of the majority that public policy Is benefited by the Steel combination, Justice Day said : "I know of no public policy which sanctions a violation of the' law, nor of any Inconvenience to trade, domestlo ot foreign, which should have the effect of placing combinations, which have haoii ablo to thus organize one of the greatest Industries of the country In defiance ot the law. In an Impregnable position above the law forbidding such combina tions. Such a conclusion dam vlnl.nA to the policy which the law was Intended ' T 10 eniorce, runs counter to decisions of this court and necessarily results in a practical nullification of the act" Government La fryers Pussled. Government 'officials were perplexed as to the effect of the decision on pending and future anti-trust prosecutions, Thli was caused by the fact that the decision was not rendered by a majority of the full membership of the court. Judging by their pjst acts, justices MCKernolds and Brandels, who took no part In thrf. dmlstui), woUId have sided with the minority, thus reversing the decision, Ave to four. The decision did not plac a new Interpretation on the antt-trua law, but simply decided that the Stef Corporation had not violated it, and was thought In a similar case with Ji tlces McReynolds and Brandels sltt! an exactly opposite opinion might rendered. Justice Brandels aid not si; wnentf i case was argued or participate in decision, because in mil, wnen th ate Committee on Interstate Commi headed by Senator ciapp tJllnn.), i ducted Its famous extenaea neorm Mho trusts and the unll-tryjt law narrd btforo tne committee nlxtentlv nnalled the Stoel Co His analysis 01 us auairs coverea Daces. This, together .witn many, writings and addresses while inn in a Ion"- .ja 1 t