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The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, March 03, 1920, Image 10

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PWNPBD 1833-1835.
. Fran
. srvln VVriJmn. Vici.Brl(lni Win,
H. Tlthvlnctco, gscratary.
r iBiui a Jiunnv. rmiuini.
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.Tor all polnti .west ot tho mimIuidpi
Jlvir add II year'fgr dally or dally and
PAILT 4 SUNDAY,, !0.0Q S 13.30
All cbaoks, mnny orders, Ac,
made payable to Tha Sun-Herald.
to Da
(foreman EdUUn.
Published in Paris evsrv day In tho year,
Price In ParleM centimes, dally and
, PAUfa OffflCB. 49 AVENUB DH
L'opbra. . '
information concerning advertising! rw
far the European Edition my be ootalnsil
ifrn mam mow yortc oroce.
Tha Aaaoelatad Prcaa (a exclusive!? an
titled la the. ui for ranuhlleatlen ot all
newa despatches credited to It or not
otherwise credited In this paper ana alio
ine local newa punueneq nerein. , ,
AH rights of republication of special
qeipeicnts nerein are auo
If our frlenda who favor ua with manu.
eirlpta and iiiuetraiiona ror puoiicauon wih
lo have rejected articles returned they must
it an cases eenj stamps ior was pvriu.
Industry and Comraerco Are Freed
From the Danger or Arbl-
trory Destruction.
' -With (be welcoruo died decision of
the nuprcmo Court ends a legal nurt
litigious war which for years has
... . i , ,i
jiarusea cxpnnuins wninij u"
business In nil our nitllomit fields,
has vrcatcU vai-t economic turmoil,
has cos-t corporations nud tho Gov
crnrocnt millions of ilollora,nml bus
put losses upou the country of per
haps billions.
.This particular opinion, declares
clearly that tho specific United States
Steel Corporation hos not beerr op
erating la violation of the law nud
to the Injury of the public, but on the
contrary has been operating witnin
Its legal rights and to the general
Interest. To that extent the decision
applying specifically to the defendant
corporation may seem merely to give
It a clean bill of legal health and to
authorize It to prescrvo Its corporate
existence and contlnuo Us corporate
conduct so long as It does not trans
gress the statutes.
Nevertheless, the very principles
and facte upon which this opinion Is
based must be as souud for nn a
Kregatlon of textile mills or of shoe
factories or of shipyards, as for a
combination of steel plants. The very
esrencc of the decision Is that a cor
poration can bo great without being
Immoral, that good conduct or bad
conduct does not depend upon the
bulk of anybody or anything; that
nn Industry or u business, like an In
dividual or a nation, may possess the
power to do wrong, but if It does npt
commit, a wrongful act It cannot he
held to be guilty of crime.
Furthermore, with this decision tho
judicial, legislative and executive
branches of tho Government aro now
merely brought Into harmony on tho
fundamental questions not only of the
light of great financial und produc
tive combinations to exist, but of the
Rational need that they shall exist
and function to do for tho country
tlie great works that can be done
only by great Instruments.
After Its own practical experience
pf railroading too Administrative
Government of the United States now
knows the benefits that can be ob
tained for the railroads, for the ship
pers and for tho consumers of the
country out of transportation systems
so closely linked physlcully and so
vlscjy centralized as to management
that' they can' be operated and 'main
tained practically as, a single great
national railroad. Tho Executive au
thority now recommends railroad con
riolldatlon. The Congress authority
provides for It.
4'et It was the United States Con
gress which passed laws against rail
road combinations along with other
combinations. It was tbo' United
States Department of Justice which
prosecuted tho natural and Inevitable
systems of tho Northwest, in what
jvas known as tho Northern Securi
ties case. It was the Supreme Court
of the (United States which smashed
the Northern Securities Corporation,
it was the whole United States Gov.
eminent, executive, legislative and
Judicial, which toro apart not merely
j'oilroad consolidations but railroad
relationships all oii the United
States, and thus-erected a stone wall
in front of tbo normal development
of tho American railway system.
Wo bavo spoken of the colossal loss
ito the Government, to tho great, in
dustrial combinations and lo the
country from these past years of In
aiscriajaata and frcnxlcd trust bust
ing. The direct outlay of the liti
gants tbe Government and all tbo
defendant corporations while run
ning up Into tens Of million in our
judgment was only a drop In the
fuckct compared with nil that those
ittttt busting years cost tbo American
people. For 'who believes the slic
ing of the sreat Standard Oil organ
ization into dozens of smaller organ
izations could fall to ndd to the cx-Iiensc-
of maintaining and operating
them? Who can doubt t'hntthe doz
ens were put to it to earn more in
the azerefcate, each operating for It-
. tban. the. single one would bave
Kjt or iiuimippi
QIYf! tine fllx One
, By Mill, Postpaid, "year. Montha. Month.
DAILY on y,.......'. O.IX1 4.80 .15
been? Who can doubt (bat U tb
udded costs, all the different profits
bad to come out of tho public? Who
can doubt that tbo same Milmf i'truo
hbput 'tho so-called tobacco trusts, the
mnchlucry trusts, tho railroad eonl
truatfl and oil tlio othors
Everybody reallies tbo truth now,
Tho American people wont no more
of the ruminiuck trust punting,
Spring's at the End,
Jlnrch Is at ooco the hope mid tho
dcsnalr of tho wlnlor tired CW
dweller. Its lengthening days bring
to him hopes of spring and wnrmtn :
Its hltlns wlnda civ mooda of black
despair when he wonders If wlntor
will ever cease Us chill. There ore
(lava In which he Is convinced that
the lion has devoured tho lamb long
since ; nud that If thcro arc to bo any
green pooh In tbo future, they must
garnish some other meat.
But, when ho glances expectantly
un at Uie sky now and again, as nil
nature lovers do, no mnttor how deep
and dusky their city caflon, hope
sings softly but qulckcnlngly In his
heart. Ho knows Spring's at the hwd
ofthls gusty purgatory.
"Ho Jeans with old Ueht In hl
And waits hb willows wait for
It is all very well for Horeas to
play tricks, to uttcmpt to forestall the
vcrunl season. The expectant city
dweller may be never so little of a
nncan. yet the song ot UUCcn woiaa
echoes softly in his cars nnd with It
the promise of the balmy olr&, toe
warm suns of April to come.
If JIurch has Its trials, it lias thoso
certain consolations In storo.
The Psychology of tho Diplomatic
One of the first duties of a now
Sccrctury of State Is to write a po
lite letter to his predecessor nsKing
blm to select a painter and arrange
for sittings, so that his portralfmny
bo added to the collection in tne
Diplomatic Tloom, whero Ambassa.
dors and Ministers ore received by
tho tltnlnr head of our department of
foreign affairs.
It Is a pity that in the early years
of the Uepimlle It did not become the
custom to hang, in audition to tne
pll painting, the letters In which one
Chief Executlvo after another ex-
nrcssed his sense oV tho services,
good or bad, rendered to himself and
tho nation by departing Secretaries.
Portraiture accomplished under such
circumstances would have u value
greater than anything that was ever
posed for In a studio.
John Bull Again Plants Ills Feet
on Earth.
The cxtraordluary wclcomp tbo
House of Commons avc to H. H.
AsQUHit when ho took his seat as
member from Paisley meant more
than au exuherant outburst of emo
tion stirred by the reappearance In
public life of a statesman of high
The popular demonstration In Mr.
squith's honor spontaneously
raised by Englishmen and English
women in the streets of London
meant a great deal more than inero1
satisfaction over tho reinstatement
In legislative office of a lawmaker of
unusual skill and foresight.
The especially punctilious greeting
extended to Mr. Asqumi by his
successor In the office of Prlmo Min
ister had a significance far more In
teresting than tho recognition by
Llotd Geobob of a member capable
of leading the opposition to tho pres
ent Ministry with ardor and in
formed intelligence.
Each of these noteworthy displays
of sentiment, fromthe Impulsive trib
ute ot tne popuiacc to tne lormai
salutation by tho Prime Minister, be
tokened one thing: the fact that Eng
land is once more getting her feet on
the earth politically, and that "Eng
lish men and women nre preparing to
faco again the problems of their do
mestic life, the problems of their em
pire and the problems of the world
with English sanity, with English
hard hcadedness, with English capac
ity to face the truth.
It is nn error to assume that John
Bull Is Incapable of hysteria. It is a
mistake to believe John Bull docs
not fall into moments of weak senti
mentality. It Is n blunder to accept
the theory that John Bull at all
times and under all circumstances
keeps his head. John Bull sees red
sometimes. John Bull gets moon
struck sometimes. John Bull loses
bis head sometimes. But John t?5y
has the great nnd saving quality of
nlways getting his senses back before-
his unreason has ruined hlmBelf and
all those dependent on blm.
Thus the amazing tribute paid to
Mr. A8QUITH Is not merely evidence
of the regard In which he Is held.
It Is testimony to the approaching
restoration of tbo dependable and
trustworthy processes of peace gov
ernment In England, throughout the
empire, and consequently all over the
world. The short cuts ot war gov
ernment, the suppressions of war
politics, the extravagance, blindness
and despotism of war government arc
to bo- thrown Into the discard.
Thd Insanity which has sought to
treat great free nations as helpless
children, to exploit their weaknesses
and to render their strength ineffec
tive has lost Its power over the
mind of thd English nation. The
subterfuges and false pretences a
desperate struggle, literally n strug
gle for existence, mado necessary In
some cases, deslrnblo in others, or
simply .endurable In a great many,
are going to be cast aside In English
politics, and w&en they have been
cast aldo thara thty will soon low
potency In the politics of other ua
lions in which they etui hold sway.
What the Immediate fntu.ro In. En
llsh politics may produce In detail It
would bo Idle lo dlwusa. Hut .Kofi
land has served notice on tha world
that from flow on her affalra are to
bo treated on sound nnd. enduring
principles of political nnd economic
phllotiopiur, Agulu tbo English n
tlon Is going to faco facta whether
facta nre pleasant nud reassuring or
brutally alarming. Again John Dull
Is going to meet each Issue on Its
merits. Judge each project coolly and
In tbo light of experience, ond uiovo
with caution but not with trepidation,
to tho protection of his material and
spiritual possesions" and when John
Hull moves uanoly, watchfully nnd
Intelligently toward u desired goal
In politics, In commerce, In Industry
nud In finance, It behooves others to
see to it they do not lot folly rulo
their courses.
Misunderstanding With Two Eml
atnt Incendiaries,
Tho Department of State has found
It uecessary to make public an.
nouuconieut that It uover has re
ceived what Is described In press des
patches published recently as "anew
peace proposal" to tho great Powers
In which "Soviet Itussla pledges tho
establishment of democratic prlncl
pjes In Itusslu and the calling of a
constituent assembly."
The version of the published re
port which tbo department spcclfl.
cully denied said :
"It promises further to withdraw
tho decree annulling: Russia's foreign
debt, restoring: 60 per cent, of the
liability, and also to pay arrears ot
interest, giving at a guarantee for
the fulfilment of it's obllatlona con.
slderable mining concessions of plat
inum and silver to an Anslo-Amerl-can
pyndlcatc. in return and in
addition to the formal peace treaties
tho Soviet Government would re
quire (treat Britain and other coun
tries to abandon all Intervention In
Russian affairs. It also proposes
that the United States allow a credit
to Russia conditioned uppn consli
erable concession!! to that Country."
The department Is obviously ns
much at a loss to understand this
move toward "peace" alleged to have
come from the Lenlne-Trotzky outfit
as Americans not holding Govern
ment Jobs nre.
When did tho United States go to
war with Soviet Russia?
How can .the United States make
peace with those against whom the
war making authority of the United
States htis'never declared war?
Perhaps Lunini: and Tbotzky arc
a little confused about the reposito
ries of nuthorlty In this country.
They may bellovo themselves to be
ot war with President Wilson nnd
seek tho recognition of thcln Govern
ment by the United States.
Our Most Fainted Bridge to Go.
Though built in tho '40s for the
Important purpose of bringing Groton
water to New york High Bridge was
regarded from tho first as ornamen
tal rather than useful. Now that the
city drinks from the CatskJll supply
for the most part the Roman struc
ture over the Harlem Itlvcr It is as
Roman as tho tower of Madison
Square Garden Is Spanish servos no
utilitarian purposo whatever, except
in so far us It Is a promenade. So
the War Department has given the
city n year In which to remove two
of the piers Jn order that tho navi
gable capacity of the waterway may
bo Increased. It Is expected that the
easiest method will be considered the
best and that the familiar aqueduct
will be pulled down.
Although It has never been o sym
bol of New tork, like the Brooklyn
Bridge or the Stntuo'of Liberty, High
Bridge will be remembered because
the artists have taken care of It as a
"picturesque bit." It was painted and
etched and drawn continually, and
figured as often in Academy exhibi
tions os Jn tho shows of the inde
pendents, appealing equally to real
Ists like George Lutes, Impressionists
like Ernest Lawson and engravers
like OHAnrxs Mieixtz.
It belongs as a landmark to the
period of the old Tombs, nnd nooubt
thcro are thoso who. will regret Its
disappearance on general principles.
But there Is more local significance
about a singlo span of tbc new Hell
Goto Bridge than could be found in n
dozen High Bridges, under any sort of
favorable conditions.
Ambassador Shldcbtra mad the
New Japan.
Like tbo famous British statesman1
and Parliamentary orator who was
charged with being young, tho new
Ambassador from Japan need not at
tempt to palliate or deny bis youth.
If he bo tho youngest of the envoys
of highest rank who bave thus far
been accredited to Washington, be is
not lacking in that' quality of "years
that bring the philosophic mind." Such
a mental development Is not tbo out
como ?f Idleness or lack of experi
ence, nor Is length of days an In
fallible proof of wlstlom.
Kijueo SniPEnABA, born In Ka
wachl, a province In the very heart of
Japan, is opo of .those central minded
men whose affiliations aro not with
traditions nnd parties. "From the in
fluence of tbeso forces nnd resulting
habits of mind, action and even hard
ened prejudices, the career of Suide
haba has been singularly free. Young
as be Is, there are -few men In' the ac
tive political life or government ser
vice of-Japan who bold bo fine a bal
ance. His motives and positions are
markedly tkoee implying benefit to
tb nation at lon, Instead of adbar
cueo to parllts. In fact, his mofJt
otreuuoua contention, ns revealed, In
both bis private correspondence and
his public utterances, has ever been
tbls; that neither at homo uor abroad
ought cltbor tbo current national pol
Icy or tbo soul of Japan to bo judged
by tbo trend of any one body of men
who.bold temporary power-
He Is emphatically a .man of the
new ago, which In 1868, after a cen
tury and a half ot Interior Intellec
tual preparation. Including much mod'
ern culture, was ushered In. All his
life hos been spent ns a Btudcnt or
s an active participant In tho pract'
col aide of public life. Graduating in
1805 from tbo Collego of Law In tho
Imperial University, he served In the
agricultural and commercial depart'
ment In Toklo and then ns vice
consul "or consul at Chemulpo, In
Cores, and at London und Antwerp,
For one yeqr he was counsellor of the
Embassy In Washington, Mudo Mln
later at Tho Hague, he was called to
thp Foreign Office In Toklo un Vlee
Mlnlstcr, when the great world wr
had begun, serving until the autumn
of iPlf), when ho was appointed to
the high offlca of-Ambossador to the
United States.
If his predecessor, Mr. Isnu, suf-
ferod largely because bo was unable
to solve the enigma of tbo Executive
mind at Washington, wo tru9t that
SmmcirAJU may bo more fortunate In
discovering what Washington means
to do. Iu any event, let him not for
get that, whatever be the purpose or
action of the American common
wealth's brain, which centres on tho
Potomac, tho heart of the wholo na
tion finds no mean expression In the
metropolis on Manhattan and In the
reception wblch the Japan Socloty
will give him to-nlgbt,
Six to One In Oil Control.
A commlUii) of the British Board
of Trade baa mode u report to tbat
body on tbo world shortage of po
trolcum, nnd the consequent high
prices of its derivatives, among wblch
asolene Is of primary Importance.
The committee says "tbo greater
hulk of tho petrol landed iu this
country England at tho present
time Is produced by American, Dutch
or Mexican companies, which nre
outside of control by His Majesty's
Jn view of the situation, the com
mittee continues:
"We are strongly of the opinion
thit tho whole question of produc
tion, price and distribution ot motor
fuel la ono which should engage the
attention of the League of Nations, or
otherwise should be made the subject
of International agreement between
the Governments of tho principal tin
porting nations with a view to coop
eration In aiming at a fair level of
price chargeable for so vital a neces
sity of modern Industrial life."
If the American, Dutch and Mexi
can companies producing tbc oil now
used in England arc to be consigned
to tbo League of Nations for regula
tion as to tho "production price and
distribution" of tbc commodity In
which they deal, will tho famous si
British votes In the Assembly of the
League be cost to Influence fixing of
price schedules and allotments?
If tho Anglo-Persian Oil Company,
In which the British Government
owns a heavy interest, becomes in
volved In the transaction, will Persia's
voto In tho Assembly be Influenced by
Persia's philanthropic protector?
And, finally, are the American oil
lands Uncle Saw has set aside for
his fighting forces to be thrown Into
the pot?
Before this benevolent plan goes
much further it ecems reasonable to
suggest that these questions should
bo answered.
Now York may bo a Httfe behind
New Jersey In adopting; a damp act,
but on the other band Us lawmakers
hope to givo 6 per cent, beer to the
thirsty Instead of a 3H, Pr cent. non-
Intoxicant. '
District Attornoy Swakn is Irritated
because the "master mind" ot a gang-
ot bond thlctts failed .to givo himself
up according to schedule. Such con
duct ta truly Inconsiderate; yet there
have been District Attorneys who
went out and got thieves, regardless
of the 'masterful" qualities of their
Pifrls is again under war time re
strictions, says a despatch from the
French capital. Judged from the pro
ceedings ot tho Peace Conference and
the struggles between the Italians and
Jugo-Slavs Paris has not been far
removed from,-the fighting line since
armistice day.
Tha Babble Blower.
Baia knots you uAdAer, in Ut.iilot plan.
TA thought cf CMUhood ttnyr
When I wa blowing bubbles, long aco,
Watching aweet colors grow.
With freakish changes of thinxs far and
Traced on tho air blown sphere.
h; had a wish that ty some msglepall
Myself therein might dwell!
How could tbat be, while I tha babbit
And as a ale h X draw,
Tha lovely mystery dipped Into nsutbtt
With that. I had a thought
What it a giant being, standing high ,
In soma fletd of tha sky.
Blew bubbUs, havlss Si tils; c!is ts dc.
Far out upon the blue.
And called them worjda and then, as I
had done, a
Had wished to tlya tn onat v
I solved tha question r Mo. not ercn Ha
Could tn Ills own world be.
The bubble blower'a placa (It must be ao)
Outalda to keep and blow! . . .
I dipped my pipe again, and gently breathed
A wonder, rainbow wreathed.
I watched: then, with a giddy Joy Z played
Twaa bubble worlds I made;
My part, to toss them off; far ni they
danced ,
Then Into nothing glanced t
Why should Ono blowing bubbles In the sky
Care any mora than I!
tout know ton In tcttot ittger isring traps
TAa thought o CVt'MAatfi Hravit
Edith M. Thomii.
Curious Working of Mr. Barjeson's
System In the Case of Norway.
To Tun Surf aw New York Uerawu
On December 6 and 19 and January 2 I
nostod letter for Chrlstlanla, Norway.
These latter reached my correspondent
on January J5. njtwaen fhtla datea I
also pooled four copies of Tub Burr and
Tn Niw'YoBnyJfsnAUi at weekly Inter.
inn joyr copies reaenco tnoir
tlnatton simultaneously.
Readers of your pap" aro Inforowd
by the Post Offlca Department that mall
Is forwarded to Norway triweekly. If
this Information n correct, why wr
my letters ancT newspapers Tield here to
long without having been despatched?
My correspondent Informs mo that this
mall came on tha same steamer, and was
delivered to him In Chrlstlanla the fol
lowing day. From tills It is obvious that
tht delay was not, In Chrlstlanla. Ac
cording to steamer departures direct
from hero to Chrisllanla the letters
should have reachtd their destination on
December 18, January J and January
1$. Criticism appears of little good, so
wo let tho facts speak for themselves.
Nrw York, March S, W. 8. 0.
An Objection to a Larr Compelling
Them to Shovel Snow,
To Tub Sun and New York IKrald ;
Suppose the Board of Aldermen passed
the law demanded In a letter signed
"R," to mako servants keep the streets
Clean: has "R." considered the next
What If the "house man," alarmed ejy
the new responsibility, leaves "R.'a" em
ploy? will "R." again-invoke Alder
mania authority to hold him to her ser
No law compels the keeping ot a liouso
man. If this particular specimen Is re
fractory. let hla employer repfrce blm
witq a tetter, an American, preferably ;
or even manage to do without peoplo
really do, you know, -it. A. 0.
Whitman, Maes., March 'z.
11 - " 1,1 a
Pay of Romestlc and Other Workers.
To Tub sun and Nbw York- Herald :
If tho Board of Aldermen could pasa a
law to compel household servants to
clean the streets, why should not tho
law apply to other, employees such-an
salesmen, saleswomen, clerks, butchery.
bakers and candlestick makers, not for
getting a few typists and manicurists.
Just for variety!
They arc all wage earners and aa wall
paid, even better paid than tho average
servant, even omitting "the room and
both and aood. food." They receive more
In casb'and their workday Is eight hours
while tha house servant's day ranges
from twelve to fourteen hours.
New York, March J. A. M, P.
Recollections of a Descendant of the
Original Proprietors.
To Tun Suh and Nbw York Herald;
My great grandmother. Letltla A. Black-
well, held tho deed of Blockwells Island,
It having descended to her In a direct
line. She regarded It aa a treasuro be
yond prlco and parted with It only a
short time before her death, giving It to
her cousin, who txjra the name, and who
reverenced that strip ot land so closely
connected with New York's early history.
The Isand waa sold, not voluntarily
parted with, however, for purposes al
ready stated. Within the grim walla of
Ua prison I was tatcen aa a little child
by my nurae, and scenes there aro viv
idly recalled of wretchedness and misery,
but memories cling more closely still
around sufferings relieved, for sreat has
been the good achieved by humanitarian
and other workers for the uplift of tho
soul, and countless materia blessings.
Strengthened in mind and body, once
hopeless creatures now take a parting
look at "God's aero" with feelings not
unmixed with reverence nnd awe May
the name Blackwell cling forever to
thoso onco veraant pastures, anu ior
those once domiciled within Its walla
who have regained freedom and found
righteousness nay Ua name shlno "os
the stars forever and ever."
Bcshkill, Pa., March 1.
In America Old Age Is a Handicap as
Regards Work or Play.
To Tits sun and New York Herald:
It is easy to philosophise on the pleaa
ureo or compensations of old age, but I
suspect that none of us would object
to remain young It ho could,
America is a flno country for youth,
but a poor one In which to grow old.
Gray hairs per se are decidedly not pop
ular among us and are almost a fatal
handicap when looking for a Job.
In case their possessor ts rich, no la
afraid to retire, being threatened with
death from ennui. When every one is
busy there Js no one with whom the' re
tired roan can talk ofTlay.
Finally, to add to the terrors -of old
age we have Invented prohibition. Youth
with its hot blood and high hopes has
little need ot a stimulant, but oh, how
different is it with the old I When the
blood Is cold, the Joints stiff and hope
nickering low, what a aolace la an oc
casional glass ! But that has been taken
away and now well, aa I say, AmejJfia.
Is a poor country to grow old in.
Nbw York, Marcn z. eiokho.
X Peoee loving Cave Dweller Won
ders What to. Do.
To Tub Bun and New York Herald:
While I fully recognize tho difficulty of
counteracting the economic law regulat
ing supply and demand, may I ask if
it Is Justly applied In the case of the
apartment house in which I havo been
living for nearly three years?
Two and a half years ago I secured a
two years lease at 11.800 a year. On re
newing my tease, which I could get for
only one year, my wit was advanced
last October to Sl.SOO.
My landlord now informs me that It
want to remain for another year I
must pay him $3,000 a year.
1 waa prepared for a reasonable ad
vance, but, I ask. you, do you consider
6S 2-8 per cent, a reasonable advance 7
I can assure you that It is not Justi
fied by the Improvement In service.
Is It Justified by the increased taxa
tion Imposed on tho property and owner?
There aro about aeventy-nvo other
tenanta In the building In the same fix
that I find myself. W. J. G.
New York, March 2.
The OnUa Na Sherlock.
From tit IflouffAa Weriif,
Jack Kale la playing on hla celebrated
outja board trylnc to locate Frank Hon-,
derson, who plungid through a glaaa door
at tho county Jail and made his escape,
but tha board only trembles aa If la a,
trance. i.
library Trcosnres Saved When Hi
Vain PoIldJag Was Burned.
To Tub Bon and New York Heiuip;
Permit mo to correct an erroneous lm
presslon conveyed In the letter of Don
aid Macdonald relative to tho unforlu
nate destruction l?y fro of the main
building of King's College, Windsor,
Nova Beotla. Had Mr. Macdonald known
that the governors of icing's College
the trustees are poor men and that they
did, lets than a year ago, add about
975,000 to the college insurance because
that was all that Jhey could afford to
carry, n mignt nave ueen teas cnucat
of them.
The fact Is that while King's Collego
Is one ot tho finest and most cfllclent ot
all Canadian universities, Ua endowment
la the smallest, being undrr 1550,000,
When the sovereign Uinta of Tennessee
repudiated its bonds about forty years
ago, King's College, holding several thou,
sand dollars tn thoee bondr, suffered
heavily, It would bo O- graceful thing on
the part of the Legislature of that 8tate
to make thoso bands good with accrued
When the Canadian army went to the
front, 87 per cent, of the students of
King's College went with them, leavln
behind only the physically unfit, und
that without being, drafted.
Fortunately, tho lire ot a month ago
did not destroy the real treasures of
King's College. Some of these treasures
consist of eighteen volumes from tho celo
brated Aldlne press and twenty Elze
virs.. They Include the Boydell edition
of Shakespeare and Milton, 'the blocl'
letter edition of Chaucer of, 1687, and the
llrst edition of Milton's "Paradise Ist."
There are scores of rare 'manuscripts
and Illuminated missals ot tho very ear
llcst date.
Altogether King's College is a unlvcr
sity of unusual Interest to those Inter
ested in higher education and In tho fin'
est traditions of learning. King's Col
lege haa now threo Rhodes scholars at
Oxford, a testimony to hep mclency in
teaching that no other university in the
world can show,
B. W. R. Tatleh,
St. Georgo'a Rectory.
SciiENECTAor, March J.
On Russia's. Future Pepend the For.
tones of Many Nations.
To The Sun and New York Hera lb
Flume may fix tha attention at the mo
ment, but always thcro darkly looms
Russia In the eye of him who looks
abroad vast, turbulent, complex and
largely hidden from clear view. Despite
Egypt or Armenia or events on tha bori
dera of the Adriatic, nevertheless one
towering problem overshadows them all.
It la Russia and only Russia.
In the Btrlintr TagtWaU Max Rosen
discusses the peace treaty In Its appli
cation to Bulgaria; and he sums up bT
declaring that a real Bulgarian settle
ment must await the reappearance of
Russia In Europe's councils.
In Paris it Is the same. L'Echo do
PaHt gives space to a discussion of
Germany's emigration problem by Mau
rice Barrfis, who sees distinctly the Ger
man trend toward Russia-
Technically, the world war Is over.
But Is Its real victor yet certainly de
termined? It ts the far future that alone
will decide that. It la not necessarily the
winner of the final battle In a war that
remains the essential conqueror. It la
that one of the combatants which shall
show itself the gainer.' In a national
sense, at the end ot a substantial period
of time.
When tho great catastrophe broke
Uppn Europe, Germany had mado tre
mendous advanced In Rit6la. German
business men had entered Russia in great
numbers, had married Russian women,
and had become immensely strong and
constantly growing factors In tho com
mercial and industrial life there The
German language had mado notable In
roads also,
It is yet possible fpr Germany to show
herself the winner of the great war. She
will assuredly do so If the Allies fall to
counteract her policy, with lgor nnd
with promptness, in the vast arena once
ruled by tho Romanoffs.
AnTUtm Elliott Sproul.
New York, March 2.
Tho Advantago ot the System Shown
by Twenty Years Experience.
To The Sun and New YOrk Herald :
Your correspondent "F. A. 6.." writing
on the subject of checks' as receipts,
falls into several odd errors. To save
time and to avoid any suggestion of
controversy permit me to. recite tho ad
vantages of the system:
1. There aro no disadvantages ; seem
ing possibilities thereof are readily
proved groundless.
2. The loss of a paid check is so in-
frequent as to bo negligible.
3. The two parts of the statement
contain Invariably the namo 'of tho Is
suer and essential dates.
4. Check stubs have no value as direct
evidence; protect your check. Mark
Twain says, "Guard tbo bosket."
S. The omission of returning receipts
saves a lot of time ana a lot or post
age on what should be dead matter tho
moment that a check is written.
6, Writing limitations or stipulations
on checks Is generally a waste of time.
See Crane, pp. 7, 8 et seq.
7. The system is not a war measure ;
It originated about twenty years ago.
and, as its advantages bave becomo evi
dent, has steadily extended.
8. A settled principle of law Is that
"the debtor must seek the creditor," and
tt folldws that a receipt may not be
demanded as a matter of Tight. For
his protection the debtor must hoYe
witnesses or evidenco of payment. Vfty
not therefore see to it that his check
is on a bank that Is conducted with a
fair degree of accurate treatment of Its
business and not given to losing checks?
Does not "F. A. S." know that ho Is
not required to accept a charge made
against his account unless the check Js
returned as evidence?
4. I know of ecorrs of butliioaa con
cerns using the system and having never
a suggestion of a hitch.
10, Finally, nobody owns the system:
It is public property and a defenco there
of may not bf dubbed special pleading.
SUMMtT, N. J.. March 2. C. A.
A Pin and Candle Auction.
Front tht London Daily ltall.
The many centuries old custom ot lot-
tins "Poor Folk's Close" erery fifth year
baa aeatn been observed at Old Baling-
broke, where ltenry IV. waa born In 1396.
The biddings cesas when a pin Inserted
In a burning candle falls. Tho fleld.
threo aeres.
was let for 113 10s. For
about twenty. years It haa nut aiada mors
than IS.
iMWANllR fitf I N
B!01ici rrcscnts PrograRiRio
for Lands, Homo Mi and
Money Compensation.
Committco Lcadors Finn That
Legislation Is Not Likely
at This Time.
ifsfrlol to The Sew nd New Yosk Hmw,
Wabhjnotqn. March 2. Tho Amer
can Legion through Us representatives
appearing to-day (beforo the Houso
Ways and Means Commttteo demanded
that Congrcea take Immediate action to
ulve tho service man a bonus or aomo
other, financial aid, euoh as loans for
farms and homes. Franklin D'ouer, na
tlonal commander, and Thomas W.
Miller, loglslativo agent, declared the
Inrinn had waited lone enoush for Con,
cress to act on tho soldier aid question,
Tt wan nnnarent mat ino leeiuira uc-
mands would, meet strong opposition In
the committee. Jieprcseniaiivo koob'
worth tnhlol. Renublican. and RoprC'
aentatlvea Kltchin (North Carolina), and
Garner (Texas), Democratic icaocru, in
dicated by questions mat mcy peuovcu
tho condition of tho Treasury prevented
legislation of this kind at this time.
Durlnir the hearings Mr. Kltchin churscd
that the members of tho legion In con
vention In Minneapolis last November
did not aek for a bonus ana mat tne
leaders wore misrepresenting me sen
timents of tho men In asking for one.
This was denied by Mr. Miller, who said
that 3,000,000 of the service men need
financial aid to make up for their war
In his statement to the committee Mr.
D'OHor said: "The overwhelming ma
jority of ex-rervlce men feel strongly
that this Government owes an obllga
Hon to all persons who wcro hand!
capped either bodily or financially be
cause of military or naval rervlce dur
ing tho recent war.
'The American legion,, representing
over one million ex-service men and
women, spoko very plainly on this point
at Its national convention last Novem
"In accordance with resolutions
passed at tho national convention of
the Americjin leglon Un national bene
flclal leg'vlatlon committee Is now
ready to submit recommendations for
legislation covering four features, as
"1. Land eettlement covering farms
in a)) States and not confined to a few
"2. Homo aid to encourage' purchase
ot home In either country or city.
"3. vocational training tor ail ex
service persons desiring It,
"4. Adjustment of compensation or
final adjustment of extra back pay
based on lengtn of service for those not
desiring to avail thenwelven of any one
of the previous three features.
"The ex-service person to be given
hla option of any one, and only one, of
the above four features, and only upon
his application."
Will Not Let Legion become
"Single Track" Affair.
Special to the Sun np Nkw Yoik ntsun.
Albant, Feb. 2. World war veterans
ot thirty-five counties, at a conference
hero to-day on tho question of "adjusted
compensation" for ex-service men. fa
vored legislation which would givo for
mer service men a bonus of f 10 a month
from tho State and J50 a month from
the Government for each month spent
In tho service.
Opposition to the bonus plan nrovel
weak, It wns'lod by Georgo W. Wicker
sham of Nassau county and Georgo
Compton of New York county. These
men urged tho Legloh to direct all ef
forts toward obtaining legislation which
Would belter the condition of disabled
mon. This proposal was answered by
Statements that the American Legion
should bo strong enough to take care of
both programme not placing Itself In n
position wnoro It coulu be styled "a
single track affair."
Hamilton Fish. Jr.. waa chairman hf
the subcommittee In charge of the hear.
Ing. The committee Is to report back to
the Stnto executive committee, and this
body will recommend what legislation'
should bo supported. A majority of tlie
jtepresematives favored the bill pre
pared by Miss Marguerite U Smith
(Rep.) Assemblywoman from Manhat
tan, for n monthly bonus plan and the
programme of the national legislative
committee of the Amorloan Legion.
Appraisers Vtx Property hona Due
to Brooklyn Subvrny.
A Drn?fi0llnr unni...
ago by tho city to appralso tho damage
uuim iu properiy niong joraiemon street,
Fulton street and Flatbush avenue.
Brooklyn, hv thA eonRtmintlnn if i-,a nlA
' ....wi, v . Mill VI, 4
subway, was completed yesterday when
commissioners of appraisal nied a final
report wun ine supreme court. Tho re
port makes awards of less than $50,000
for damage to property nlong Fulton
street from Court Squaro to and includ
ing part of Flatbush avenue.
The streets In question aro Brooklyn's
... ,-.,..-....-, ,ii9,Hj(iinipni
of damago Involved an examination of
150 parcels of land. Thirty thousand
pages of testimony were taken. The
ilwarilH for ffamne-A tTnnn tn TitnlAmAn
street property have already been nied.
Ottawa Refuses to Qoeatlon Action
of Roada Toward V. S.
Ottawa, March 2. Tho Board of
Railway Commissioners has decided It
would "not be Justified" In Interfering
with tho decision ot Canadian roada to
refuse to accept prepayment in Canada
for, goods shipped to the United States
except where freight classification or
tariffs provide for It
This was announced W-day following
receipt of protests from Rhlnrutr
throughout tho Dominion against the
roads' action.
Vnasnr Gets Brltlah Educator.
Dr. Wlnlfrpfl r?. r?nlila nr
sity of London, the third British ex
change educator brought to the United
States through the Association of Col
legiate Alumnae, will eoon begin her
wok at Vassar College. whero wm
lecture nn physiology nnd hygiene. She
nrrtvtri Mnmlnv on IIia farmantn Am.i i.
noy at the home of Mrs. Edgarton Par-
Eonj, v.j I'arK avenue.
Finds Connterfeltlnsr Doubled,
Washington, March 2. Countorfeitin
haa doubled in the last six months, due
to the circulation of a greater number of
Government securities, including Fed
eral Reserve notes'. Chief W. K. Moran
of secret service told thp Houso Appro
priations Committee to-day, In asking
ior increaseo appropriations ror round
ing up countCTfcltcriL
TUB BUN too founded by Bea Dai;
(n 1S33 ; ran new yojik iwiiald
mat founded by Javitt Gordon Bomtelt
(it 13)5. TUB SON pasttd into tho con.
ttfil oj Chortea A. Dana in IMS. It
became the property of Frank A. Munsty
rcpiotoed the tote property of Ua founder
until Ns deathtnlh"lZ,whenhta son,oUo
jQtntt Gordon Bennett, succeeded to the
ovantrtMp of the paper, which continued
tn hit hand until hit death tn 1011.
TUB HERALD beeamo the property of
Frank A, iluntey jn 1920.
PHONE, WORTH 10,000.
BRANCH OITICKH for receipt ot 4vr.
tlstments and sale, of paper t.
Building, Herald Kquare. Tel. Uroeley
Mornlnfijdn, Open until 10 P. M.
WEST 181BT ST. Tel. OOPS Wadewortb.
Open until 10 1. M.
WAY. Open day and nlaht.-
Main. 4 COUHT ST. Tl. BIOS Main.
Qpen until 10 I'. M.
until io" MT' T"' B69a Mlf0M' 0p"
Principal Foreign and Amerleun Bureaus,
WABHINOTON The Munsey Building.
CHICAOO U08 U 6ale 8U
LONDON aO- Meet St.
PARIS 49 Avenue do 1'OperayM Bui
du Louvre,
There aro about OSO advertisement re
ceiving stations locatnd tbroufhoat New
Vjrk city and vicinity where Sun-HernM
advertisements will be received at office
rates and forwarded for publication.
Daily Calendar
For Eastern Hew York Fair and
warmer to-day.' Increasing cloudllness
to-morrpw; moderate eouth winds, be
coming variable.
i-lir fw 'eff'r-rslr and warmer to-dsr,
IncrjatJiig coudlneti to-ojerrow; geolle eoutU
For Northern New Enalsnd-Fslr and warmer
to-day; to-morrow fair In csst. Inrrrsslnic
cloudiness In west portloo) moderate south
Fur Southern New Eolsp(-Flr and wsrnjr r
to-ily: Increasing foudloe to-morrow; mt.
crate south winds.
For Wpfttfirn Vol,, VM.1fllatH
'Iu cat portion; to-morrow cloudy; proWily
WASIIINOTnV. llarrh " rr....... I. hl.h
!l ,bS Atlantic and rt flulf Ktatr. aod fruni
the M. Lawrence Valley westward to North
Dskota nnd tbc Canadian Northwest. ElfC
where Iu the west it in low. iihn,ii, H.in
prert In. Nebraska, Culorsdo, Ksnns and tho
nuuiiinTM, too centre i ueprcsitos ovcrljlo;
soutbet Colorado.
Snows and rains were general west of the
Rocky Jbuntalos. There were also 1vaI powj
from Montana eastwsrd Into upper Micqln.
Klsewnere fair weather prevailed;
It istsiucb colder to the piaiesu resloa ind
the Northwest, aod generally warmer over the
remainder of the country, with tho hltoest
teninerstures In Texan. Kllltnir fiv.t
generally tbls morning throughout tUe Slato of
TSe eastward movement of tho Colorado dis
turbance w III be attended h anona or- n,
northern sod rains over the oulbero dlnltlcts.
rracnlus the upper lake region, the lower Ohio
and lower, Mississippi vsltrya by to-morrow
night, continuing Thursday snd extending- (nto
the lower lakn .refflon. fh timu Ohln v.li..
and the western portions of the south Atlantic
nwirs. r.iwwucro in me east and souls tne
weatbrr mill bo eeneMllr fair tn.mnrmw anri
it win be toniowbut warmer to.mnrr4w In
the east and aoulh. It will no colder Thursdsy
In the Islto region and the Ohio Valley.
nh..M.atlni.a a. Tfl 0,....
wremratth meridian time: "
nnraati alallnn. at a n u t ..
. Temperature. Bar- last:)
Stations. HirhXow. omcter. bra. Weather.
Ft. Cldy
C esr
i! .7. "w
Buffalo.. ,,.
fMnHnniiH . . .
uonver ,,
.01 Cloudy
Jacksonville.. .
Kansas Uly,,
Milwaukee. ...
Now Orleans..
Oklahoma Cits
t-oruand. We.,
PorUand, Ore.,
finlt T.nbA flit.
San Antonio..,
nan Francisco.
. s 4 if in if
Barometer jo.a k Tt
Humidity , w t
Wind-direction N.B! H,
Wind-velocity .!.......... 10 &
Weather dear Clear
PrecIpltaUon Nono None
Tho temperatnre In this rlty yesterday, is
recorded by the official thermometer. Is shown
In the annexed table:
8 A. M....3J 1 P. M....S3 a P. M....M
A. It.. ..34 3 P. M....U T p. f .
10 A. M....M 3 P. M..33 S P. M. .31
11 A. M....34 4 P. M....S9 9 P. M....JO
' M 35 S P. M....30 10 P. M....30
A. If.. ..34 3') P. M....5S 31
11 M. 33 49 9 P.M.... 34 33
J T, M....33 ,. lSlld...v 34
Highest temperature. 34. at 3:13 A. II.
Lowest temperature, 31, at 7 A. M.
Averago temperature, 33. ,
, American Manufacturers' Export Association,
loncheon. Hotel Pennsylvania,, J8:50 I'. M.
, no ivNii,4 iiuuau r.oie ror opeecn im
provement. nsMtlnr. Wsshlueton irii- 1111,
school. Seventeenth street and Irving placcr8
Major a. Dj Freest Urner of the Lefsretts
Escadrlllo and SIsJor Mauri ConnoUv nf ih
American Air Service will apeak at a roeetine
of Naval Military Post. A. E. i, 30 West
-.illj'juui.u eiicci, ai oiju t, p.
Dr. Hulls Cole will lecture In the nalisl
Library. 413 Madison avenue, at 4 P. M. Hnh.
Ject. '-Beyond tho Veil."
Reception aod banquet 'by the Zionist Organ
isation of America 10 Abraham (Joldbera, at
Mansion Hall, it St. Mark' place, 7:30 P. it.
Japan Society, dinner and dance, Hotel Aitor,
7:30 p. M.
aainy way ciun, meeting. Hotel Astor, 3
Mlssoorl Women's Club, meeting, Hotel
Astor, 2 P. M. '
First Church of Divine Science, meeting.
Waldorf-Astorls. 8 P. M.
Sfl'ithlind Club, meeting, Waldorf-Astoria, 3
P. 51. . ('
Verdi Club, mnslcsle, Waldorf-Astoria, 31
A. M,
Jnnior- League, rntcrtitntnent and nin.-r.
Waldorf-Astoria. 8 P. it.
Dr. Henry Neumsnn will lectnre on "now
to lift the Most Out of Hooks Wo Read Willi
Our Children," at the Ethical Culture School.
Central Park West and HUty.thlrd Mrect, S
P. If.
Song recital, by Lou Mcllbaln. Kdncatkinat
Alliance. 197 East Brosdway. 8:15 J". M."
Kshlblt of -tha att collection of Max Hold
stein. American Art Galleries, Madison square
aomti, 8 P. M.
lecture by Lout- Lozowlrk on "Modem Ten
denclrs In Art." the Educational Alliance. 107
Kit Broadway, ft 1'. M.
Kablbltlon of uork hi roannfactnrera and
dfUmer. the Metropolitan Mnwura of Art.
..i,.t.,iJ ..J I 1 um.hi , r,M IvrCuauuir.
Association, Hotel Comroodn-f, all day.
Brooklyn Food Show, TUlttcontb Regiment
Armory, Brooklyn, all lny.
Dr. Jessie Wallace lljglisn wilt lecture oa
"Is There One Koclallom or Ar Thsre Stsnv
Varlf llesT' at 02 Rest Tw.atr-fltlh street, 0:45
"Rrltsln and Ireland." br draco r. CM.
well. P. S. 101, Islington nienno and 111th
MrM-t. Illustrated.
music Kaurniion." ny sirs. Msry nreenty
Murrey, Central Jewish Institute. 133 Kait
F.lghly-nrth street. Illustrated by musical
"Current History." by fieorga A. llstlnx.
Cooner Institute. Eighth street and Fourth
avfftuo, '
Jlncii Adi Ahout Nothing,' by rror. j. i.
Carter-Troop, New York Library, 503 WcJi
14.'ih street.
Nillont ana tie rrerent situation jn i.n
rope," by Prof. William B. Guthrie, Y. M
C A., 5 West 1231b street.
, 7S (I H.68
,, 1 , 4 t.M
34 U .10.31
4! St M.S0
, 10 Ztt.K ,
13 suj ,
. 42 14 S0.10
4t h
44 K).0
i w :t so.it
i 4 zs so.i: ,
. 41 U a.M
, 44 ;o :o.to
64 tt 73.M
re ij s.oo .i
(!) 33 iM
, 3 S3 50.03 .1
SS . 30.30 ,
eo 40 ao.io
w n :. .i
to n so.rs
, II 0 30.18 .
11 33 50 .OS .!
6) 4 S3.M .:
TS 43 39.(0
, 34 41 30.13 .1
51 14 JO.02 ,
31 ii 30.03
48 31 30.33 ,

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