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The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, March 05, 1920, Image 1

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. I. -
$ain to-day; to-morrrow fair and much, y
colder; strong south winds shifting to.
west and northwest to-night.
Highest .temperature yesterday, 44; lowest, 32.
fceUUed weather report will be found on the editorial
Tiie amalgamated 8UN AND HERALD
preserves the best traditions of each,
In combination these two newspapers
male a greater newspaper than either
has ever been on its own.
Case Is Carried to Supremo
Court by State's Attorney-General.
Claim Is Made 21 States
Have Not Approved by
Amendment Cannot Bo En
forced Without Consent, Is
One Point in Pica.
I Special o The Sos and JIew Yoik IUsild
Washington, March 4. New Jersey
to-day carried Its fight against the
prohibition amendment and tho Vol
stead law to the Supremo Court.
Thomas F. McCran, Attorney-Goneral
of tho State, gavo notlco thlt noxt
Monday ho will ask tho court for per
mission to fllo original proceedings In
tho highest tribunal for tho purpose
of testing tho validity of constitu
tional prohibition. Tho suit is based
on virtually the samo ground as the
Rhode Island caso now , before the
court, which to-day was set for argu-
'ment next Monday.
Tho State asserts that its sover
eignty has been invaded by the pro
hibition amendment, and that It can
not bo enforced within Its boundaries
against its consent. The amendment
In addition is not valid, and the Vol
stead law is unconstitutional, Mr. Mc
Cran asserts.
One of the surprises of tho brief the
State has prepared is that it is ar
gued twenty-one States now in tho
column of ratifications of tho prohibi
tion amendment really have not done
so, because tho action of tho Legisla
tures has not been approved by a
referendum. Incidentally, if tho Su
premo Court should hold in cases now
pending in tho court from Ohio that a
referendum could overrldo a legisla
tive ratification, this largo .ftumber of
Referendum States would afford a
aeans of withdrawing sufficient rati
fications to repeal the amendment.
Ohio, Withdraw! natlfleatlon.
Dry leaders horo havo been asserting
that only ten States have a referendum
provision In their constitution by which
prohibition could be defeated. Forty
four States have ratified the amendment,
, and the drys have pointed out, according
to their count of referendum; States,
that the wets would have to win all but
one of these States to reduce the num
ber of States that have approved the
wndment below thirty-six, trie rieccs-
three-fourths. Ohio already has
rlthdrawn Its legislative ratification by
As, tho Basis for the New Jersey bill
of complaint Mr. McCran outlines these
reasons why the .amendment is void:
"That there Is no power in Congress
to propose an amendment regulating
conduct and morals, and Article V.. per
mits only such amendments as are In the
nature of alterations or additions within
the scope of the Federal Constitution.
"As legislative matter ft was not
properly passed by Congress and sub
mitted to tho President, and Is therefore
The Volstead law is alleged to be un
constitutional because:
It was enacted under authority of
the alleged amendment, and la therefore
itself null and void, and because said
act prohibits and restricts the manu
facture and sale in Intrastate com
merce of Intoxicating liquors.
"The act Interferes with and will de
preciate and In a large measure destroy
the taxable value of real and personal
property In New Jersey, and Is therefore
destructive of the free and independent
government of said State.
"Said act Interferes with the Internal
tovernment of tho people of tho State
ind operates to punish them by heavy
unes, Imprisonment and forfeiture, thus
Preventing the. application for licenses
for the sale of non-lntoxlcatlng bever
ages authorized and legal under the laws
ot the State.
"Said act Is not appropriate legislation
to enforce the. amendment, which is ex
pressly confined and limited to Intoxi
cating liquors.
'The State of New Jersey has not-con-
' tuned In thn nrovlnlnns of the national
" Prohibition act, and If. tho law Is en
forced without the concurrence of the
State said act would nullify the right of
the Stato Jo regulate the Internal of
Wrs and intrastate commerce.
House Votes Against Killing
of Volstead Law.
'lM to The Sow. and New Tone HmtD.
Washington, March 4. The House
''fused to-day. for the second time, to
"Mai the Volstead prohibition enforce
ent law. The overwhelming 'vote
gainst tho repeal 254 to 85 was the.
J1 Prohibition majority, showlnr that
"Sht months of drought has failed to
toe the control of the drys.
v'"-c oi reaction against prohibition.
"d for tho Volstead act In October
I ri lo-day for its repeal but one who
, " opposed to the bill last year refused
vote against the repeal to-day, thai
Wng a net gain of four. "
ins Ave members who changed from
7 to a. wet vote .attltu, wye
Democratic leader Walker Of
fers 2.75 Mcasuro to In
clude Wines.
Prcaclicr to Show Anderson
League Is Sinister and
Adroit in Methods.
Special to Tim Sun and New Yore Herald.
Albant, March 4. Interest In the
future of prohibition was Intensified
to-day by two developments. A bill
permitting the salo of 2.75 per cent
beer but eliminating saloons was in
troduced by Senator James J. Walker,
leader of tho Senato minority, and
about the same, tlmo it became known
that tho Rev. William II. Freeman,
pastor of tho Presbyterian Church at
Carlisle, N. V., was'ln conference with
tho members of tho Assembly Judi
ciary Committee, giving them "insldo
information" In connection with tho
proposed legislative investigation of
the Anti-Saloon League.' Mr. Freeman
was talking voluntarily and It became
knoTt later that he had offered to re
peat his Information as evidence
should tho investigation bo' Under
taken. There was nothing of comfort to a
prohibitionist in either of tho two de
velopments. The Walker beer bill pro
vides. In addition to the sale, for the
manufacture of the 2.75 product. It
mentions, too, the manufacture of
wines containing not more than that
percentage of alcohol, and specifies
that both beer and wlno shall be .sold
in restaurant and hotel dining rooms.
The measure would place the regula
tion of the traffic In 2.75 beverages under
the Jurisdiction of the Stato Excise Com
missioner. It is the same as the Walter
bill of a year ago, with the exception;
that the product it authorizes li)'.25
weaker. The Walter bill was not surJ
ported by the Democrats.
Evidence la Documentary.
It could not be learned to-night what
Mr. Freeman had to say to. tho mem
bers of the committee before whom 'he
went He Issued, however, a statement
and a letter ho had sent to Assembly
man Cuvllller, author of the probe reso
lution. Tho letter spoke of what he
called "the adroit and sinister methods
used by the league" and "Its subtle aim
for money to domineer In governmental
construction." In it he declared most
of the evidence he wants to give Is doc
umentary. His statement outlined the
mechanics of the system used by tho
league In Its church " campaigns for
In his letter to Mr. Cuvllller Mr. Free
man wrote :
"I am In possession of many Interest
ing facts, especially with respect to the
league's method of collecting money and
with regard to the sources of collection.
These methods are both adroit and sin
ister, cleverly and cautiously kept from
tho churches from which it derives its
asserting agency. Its subtle aim Is
monoy, money with which to domineer
in governmental construction. Its in
terest in prohibition is but a means to
governmental conduct by coercion. I
have felt that I may ay a warning word
about this Institution, but where to say It
and when seemed an Insurmountable
problem to me. I shall be glad to submit
what I know about the league well
aware that It may mean my appearance
to testify before the Judiciary Com
mittee. "I have no fear of Anderson.''
The long statement prepared by Mr.
Freeman and handed out by Mr. Cuvll
ller deals at length with the method cm
ployed by the league In Its campaigns
to raise funds through the churches.
Tho clergyman disputes tho claim of the
league to being the authorized agent of
the church, saying:
The league declares Itself to be the
agency of tho churches and It Is not
No church or denomination has given the
league official or unofficial recognition.
Contributions which flow out of Its Sun
day services In church edifices are indi
vidual contributions. No church is in
possession of a record of these contribu
tions. Tho only thing that gives the In
stitution an ecclesiastical color Is that Its
services are held In church edifices."
League' Service Very Clever.
The league Sunday sen-Ice, 'which has
been held as a common practice In
connected with Sabbath observances. Is
worked out with great care. Mr. Free
man' said. To the clergyman Is given a
prescribed form which he must follow.
Mr. Freeman gave a synopsis and
analysis of that service, stating that It
was worked out with great skill as
follows :
The first five minutes of the address
Is designed to give tho audience a
"temporary self-exaltation for which
the listener will be willing to pay some
thing." The next fifteen minutes of the'
prepared address is devoted to giving
Information, and then follows what Mr,
Freeman terms the "Inflammatory" part
of the .address, which, the clergyman
said, rouses the audience to a sense of
danger. The conclusion Is that the
Antl-aloon Leaguo Is the only agency
which can nave tho audience from the
depleted ruin.
" There were no new developments In
the advancement of tl movement for
the league Inquiry. It is understood,
however, that lonferencc with Attorney
General Newton' have been arranged for
early next week and that the evidence
sew, available will be reveaMd as
ltatlMrr to, euLU&totf tb ytNSOWntt Ot
pfavirtlftf ; V
$250,000,000 IN
Vast Sum to Be Shipped
Here at Once by England
and France.
Anglo-French Loan of
$500,000,000 Also to Bo
Paid at Maturity.
News Not Public Hero Until
Late, but British Exchango
Rose Rapidly in Day.
Official announcement of the Inaugu
ration of one of the greatest gold im
port movomonta in tho history of the
United "states will bo made within
forty-eight hours, it was learned yes
terday from authoritative sources.
Present plans contemplate tho ship
ment from Europe, principally from
England and France, of no less than
J25O.000.0OO spread over a number of
months. The current shipments of
gold to Argentina dwindle Into Insig
nificance In comparison with tho de
termination of Encland and France to
'Ship enough gold here to restore the
credit of British and French securities
outstanding in tho United States and
to create dollars In this market.
While positive Information regarding
the start of a huge sold Import move
ment was not obtained until after the
close of yesterday's market, the for
eign exchange market had thn most
abrupt upturn since the long avalanche
of declines from the pegged prices be
gan. Sterling Jumped from an opening
price of 13.46 to $3.59, there being
practically no transactions between
(3.50 and $3.53, and none whatever be
tween $3.54 and J3.58. The largest
part of the buying orders originated
from British and French sources.
Francs rose from 14.17 to the dollar
to 13.S2.
News Overshadows Exports.
In the early part of the day there
was mant nr 1ab unnrfthnnilnn rcraft.
Ing the credit situation when tho an
nouncement was made that United
States gold to the amount of $14,595,000
had been withdrawn from thn gh.
Treasury for shipment to Argentina by
w-mgrrow a meamsnip, i nia Drougnt
the total shipped to South America
Since January 1 close to $50,000,000.
The shippers .include the Anglb-South
American 'Bank, tho National City Bank,
Chase National Bank, Mechanics and
Metals and other institutions. But the
news regarding the Imminence of gold
imports overshadowed th mr Al
ports, and In the opinion 'of conserva
tive bankers alters the entire trend of
n nance.
Later In the day It was learned that
the total withdrawal nf fnl.l
week will approximate $21,000,000, of
which about $700,000 will go to Ceylon
and the balance to Argentina, but the
opinion was exnres:d ihnf v.t
menta about marked the end of the
goia export movement It was sig
nificant that India withdrew yesterday
as a bidder for South African gold In
the London market and the premium
promptly dropped. With the prospect
umw ioik. win do roileved from
further cold einnrta mri ft... i
amounts of, gold will be received from
uiupn uanKers see an end of the credit
stringency and the possibility that
bankers of th TTnit.d c,... .. ' .
u i ... win again
bo tn a position to lend credit to Europe.
... .Yemeni wivg made pos tlveh
yesterday that the Anglo-FrenT bona!
ttnlch ma turn n&rt nnKA. 4- -
wwsvt iu in n ,
amount of $500,000,000 will be paid at
......u,..,, U( u 15 me ocuer that all of
the operations of the British and French
Governments In h rtir.n " "
, - - ; , -.. ...... u. refus
ing gold for shipment to New York are
ucin carnea out with the single eye of
preparation to retire these bonds.
Reverse of Operations In 1014.
Bankers drew a parallel yesterday
between the proposal to send gold here
from England and France and the shm
ment of United States gold to London
In 1914 to protect the maturity of New
York city Issues In London.
Apart from the effect of shipments of
gold to the United States from. England
and France on the outstanding Issues
of external loans of thoso countries In
the United States, bankers foresee i,
permanent Improvement In the exchange
market They admit that normal con
ditions cannot bo restored until the
Imports of America from Europe exceed
the exports by a large balance favorable
to Europe, but they figure on large
strides upward as a result of the restora
tion of confidence In tho financial igni
tion of Great Britain and other Euro
pean countries, and particularly In the
removal of the Anglo-French maturity
as a depressing factor In exchange. For
the first time tn many months bankers
have turned optimistic on the trend of
exchange, and they 'eeo an end of the
credit burden, which the United States
has borne by reason of Its adherence to
tho gold standard and Its readiness to
pay Its debts In gold at a tlmo when
England and Franco were carefully
holding all of the gold they could get
their hands on.
Tho arrival of gold in New York from
Europe Is expected in the near future.
It should furnish the basis for an ex
pansion ot, credit here Jn contrast with
the tendency toward deflation, which has
caused an overllquldatlon In tho securi
ties markets and has brought financial
nnd credit operations almost to a dead
lock, ,
There was considerable speculation In
banking circles as to the ability or
France and England to ship so large a
quantity of gold to the United states.
On this point it was said that the weekly
arrivals of gold from South Africa would
be helpful. It was pointed out that If
trade relations are' opened up with Rus
sia, England and France would obtain,
gold from that source, at least until
Rdtala. m( In a. TOsiUtm to offset hap lm
porta fey etrttu.'.orsi i?Mr4 fas1
Armenian Massacres
Confirmed by British
LONDON, March 4,Informn
tion from British sources in
Constantinople indicates that tho
roporta of largo Armenian
casualitics in tho Marash region
of Asiatic Turkey aa a result of
massacres by the Turks were not
exaggerated, as had been bo
Moved in official quarters in Lon
don. According to these reports, be
tween 15,000 and 20,000 Arme
nians either wcro massacred or
died of privations in attempting
to follow tho French troops oit
of tho region. It is said hero
that it would not bo surprising
if the reports wero used as tho
basis of the Government's ex
planation to tho House of Com
mons of tho situation in Asiatic
Thrco Men an the Ice, to Say
Nothing of tho Dog, Fail
to Capture Bruin.
Thrilling Bescuo of Member
Is Not Besult of Dobbs
Fcn'y Expedition. .
The next time Art and Russ Nicker
son and Charley Phillips oil up their
long dlstanco bear rifles, struggle into
hip boots and cartridge belts and feed
liver to Daisy, Dobbs Ferry's commu
nity hound, for the purpose of sweet
ening' her temper, nil preparatory to
a moonlight hunting expedition the
next time Art and Russ and Charlie
go to all that trouble they're going to
havo absolute proof that tho holes in
tho ice on tho Hudson near Nyack
havo been patched up. They made
that clear as they stood in 'front of
the Dobbs Ferry Town Hall at 2
o'clock yesterday morning, following
a bear hunt that was nothing if not
Early' Wednesday night Russ and
his brother agreed that bears wero
being driven far south of their haunts
In ihe Catskllls by tho northern edge
of Mayor Hylan's snowstorm. They
had heard that all the Catskllls were
snowed under and that the bears,
which rriany may have seen mentioned
In sunjmer hotel booklets, wero in the
midst of a spring wakc-up with not
oven an acorn In sight.
The Expedition Planned.
The lack of food, the brothers agreed.
was driving the bears to the river,
thence to the ice, and. If at least thrco
men and a, dog did not unite to drive
them back, everything south of Forty-
second street would be in danger.
So Charley Phillips, owner or one or
tho finest shooting Irons In Westchester
county, was called away from supper
to come out and look at tho moonlight
which Russ and Art had agreed was
Ideal for tho sort of hunt they had in
mind. Charley said he thought they
were right and tho expedition left, town
two hours later.
r ,1... tnfAM.n1 Art I!Mrfrnnn hurt
.1, UIU ....... u.. . - - - -
gone around to Police Capt Pat Cos-,-iin'a
hniift tn rft thn community
hound, Daisy. Daisy has been In de
mand by Dig game nuniers since uie
Anir im vfaru nern when she treed the
nrst fox subjected to such treatment
since the days of Washington.
Down at the nvcr An anu uss ana
pk..i.v fnntpnnri themselves tocrether
11 It . . ..... "
with a fifty foot length of rope, and
soon they appearea on mo river ico
.......liintr tiir cutdes. only much
faster. They had been plodding across
the river toward wyacK mo Deuer part
of an hour when Art Nlckerson, shad
i , ui- r-Am ihn hltndlncr moon-
Hko v "... -
light looked toward the north-northeast
and then Jerking on mo rope airecieu
attention to tho black
spot he saw a hundred yards away.
Blames It All on "Art."
in. a- hatn't kuit In so darn much
of a hurry," explained Russ last night,
"we'd have got that bear. He was a
corker. But Art got too nllflred hasty.
Ha wanted to run faster than the
hound. Daisy was off up the river bay
hn ihn Albanv Day Line's
tllfe iuuuv. " -
whistles. I think she probably would
have mado the bear get aown on uie ice
a riiuA nnrfar u-nicr. but anyway (Wo
didn't have a chanco to see what hap
"Art. there, stepped into a hole. It's a
mighty lucky thing we wero tied to
gether. Ho sank out of sight what
with boots and high power nno ana dui
a n,i Avorvt hlnir. and we had to haul
hlra out The Ice was bad, and wo
hauled for an hour oerore we got mm
onto It He was nearly drowned."
It W believed now that tho bear located
by the three hunters was the .same ani
mal that chased Harold Hill of Nyack
hnme tho other night when he tried to
walk-over 'to Dobbs Kerry. That time
ithere was a cub beside tne ower animal.
-r. . A pt.A-Uw anA Art (! M thAV
hadn't time to look for the cub, if there
was a cub, and Daisy, wno goi wnnin
ten feet of tho refugee from the hills,
can do almost anything but talk.
9 P. M. at M& Office, U0 fkuimtj.
8 p. M. t knew HariM OSct, Henli
BoMiaf , HtnM Sfvtrs.
S P.M. ui tl BnacJi OfitM
Content to Mark Time Un
til New President Is
Jugo-Slavs Reject Conces
sion of Corridor Between
Aubazia and Fiumo.
Nitti Proposed Talcing1 Separa
tions Loan Out of Hands
of Commission.
Special Cable Betpulch to Tns sn and New
York Hmai.d. Copyright, 1320, by Tns Sr
and New Yosk Herau'
Paris,. March 4; Pourparlers bo
tween tho Italian and Jugo-Slav "rep
resentative? in Paris havo been in
progress for tho last few days in an
effort to devlso means whereby a basis
of understanding between them may
be effected". However, no appreciable
progress has been mado and tho Adri
atic Imbroglio, in so far as they nro
concerned, stands Just whero it stood
when these pourparlers began.
Tho representatives of Italy and
Jugo-Slavla havo 'been unable to find
any common ground for a settlement,
tho Jugo-Slav representatives reject
ing the new Italian concession offering
to glvo to Jugo-Slavla a part of tho
corridor between Abbazla and Flume
along n dlstanco of ten miles and to
place Flume under Italian sover
eignty. Premier Nlttl's decision to return to
Rome Is construed here ns indicating
that the Italians are exasperated over
the entire problem and aro envisaging a
new course. This, according to an Ital
ian spokesman In Paris, may consist
principally in marking time until after
the Presidential election in tho United
States and the Installation ot a new
government In Washington a govern
ment whose foreign policy, the Italians
hope, will permit Italy and the Entente
Allies greater freedom of action.
"We now occupy Flume," said an
Italian representative, "and although It
Is an expensive proposition, we will re
main there until our hands are free to
apply our own solution to a problem
which is essentially our own."
"Pertlnax." tho foreign editor ot the
f?cAo do Paris, in commenting on the
work of the Supreme Council in London,
says tho most important debate of the
fitting was on Premier Nlttl's proposal
that In order to furnish Germany with
tho raw material necessary for the nor
mal working of her Industries an inter
national loan should bo Issued by tho
neutral countries, in tho payment of
which certain German resources should
be chosen, naturally the most easily to
bo realized upon being preferred. Tho
loan, consequently, according to "Per
tlnax," would be withdrawn from the
control of the Reparation Commission
nnd the management of this operation
will bo In tho hands of a committee
appointed by neutral countries.
"There is no doubt" says "Pertlnax,"
"that the proposal of Nlttl did not tri
umph, but nevertheless It shows how
tendencies hostile to the Versailles
treaty are growing stronger."
Gives to Premiers Views on
Fresh Negotiations.
Washinoton, March 4. President
Wilson's rejolnfler to the last note of
tho French and British Premiers on the
Adriatic situation was despatched to
night to Eurore. Its content was not
disclosed by the Stato Department
In preparing his answer President
WllsoH had before him the proposal of
the Premiers that the United States
Join In seeking a settlement of the vex
ing problem of the Adriatic through di
rect negotiations between Italy and
Jugo-Slavla. Tho text for their pro
posal was taken from a statement In
Mr. Wilson's previous communication
that the United States would -"of
course not oppose any agreement mu
tually agreeable to Italy and Jugo
slavia" as to frontiers provided It was
not on the basis "of compensation else
where at the expense of nationals of a
third Power."
The President was Invited to partici
pate In a Joint proposal to Italy and
Jugo-Slavla to this effect, and what an
swer he has made was not revealed.
In diplomatic circles hero there was
much conjecture as to the possible sig
nificance of the announcement that the
Supreme Council would reassemble at San
Remo, Italy, for negotiations with the
Serbians. It was suggested this ar
rangement might forecast the reopening
of efforts to adjust the Adriatic dis
pute. Some officials also were Inclined
to the opinion that Jugo-Slavla would
welcome direct negotiations with Italy,
whether or not tho United States was
a party to a proposal from the council.
Great Britain In agreeing to the De
cember 9 settlement of the Adriatic
Continued on Seeond Page.
5 P. M. Siturdi? a! Main Office, 230
6 P. M.tf femer HertM Office, HertM
BwKaf , HertM Square,
$ P. M. it tB Broth OCcm
Action Allowing Louisiana
Dealers to Increase Prices
Hotly Attacked.
Is Second Protest Against His
Using Former Powers of
Food Administrator.
Special to Tns Sen and New York IImu.
WASMrjOTON, March 4. Tho action
of Attorney-General Palmer In allow
ing Louisiana sugar producers to
cbargo 17 and 18 cents a pound for
sugar was the cause to-day qt a
heated partisan debato In the House.
Tho result was tho passage of a reso
lution ordering tho Judiciary Com'mlt
tco to make an .investigation. The
vote was 162 to 124, following closely
partisan lines.
Charges were mado by Republican
leaders that Mr. Palmer, by allowing
tho Louisiana prico to be Increased 6
and 7 cents in a few months, nearly
has doubled tho prlco of all sugar to
tho American consumers. Cuba and
Western beet sugar, which were sell
ing for about 11 cents last fall, now
cost tho people 20 and 21 cents a
pound, It was asserted, and the in
crease followed Immediately after tho
tacit approval given by Mr. Palmer's
action on the ground that largo losses
would havo resulted to tho Southern
producers, becanse of a short crop, had
not tho Increased prico been allowed.
This was the second step tho House
has taken to investigate the Attorney
General's handling of the sugar situa
tion by exercising the former powers of
the Food Administrator. It previously
passed a resolution asking Mr. Palmer
for a statement ot tho facts as to the
Louisiana price, but this was held by
the Republican leaders to be unsatis
factory and the action to-day foll.woil.
Both resolutions wero introduced by
Koprcsentatlvo TInkham (Mass.).
Representative Garrett (Tenn.), Demo
crat during the debate charged that Re-
. wnm Ktpl ! II IT tllO im
poachment of the Attorney-General
through tne investigation u men
longed any one of the majority to start
such proceedings openly. k
nn..hltin Tender Mondell COlntea
out that the Increased price of sugar as
the result of the Louisiana situation will
cost the American people nearly $1,000,-
000,000 a year.
"The Western beet growers wore well
satisfied with 12 cents a pound for
their crop before Mr. Palmer approved
the 17 cent prlco for Louisiana," he said.
"Since then they naturally nave raiseu
their prlco to Mr. Palmer's figure. Sugar
hoira hfton fin hll?h ns It is to-
day If the Government had removed all
restrictions and fixed prices ana auowea
tho law of supply and demand' to oper
President Wilson also was crltlctoed
sharpiy for not authorising the Sugar
Equalization Board to purchase the en-
.. i-l.. l. . Min In f!.nt.mh,i vhm It
was' recommended by George A Za
brlskle, chairman of the board.
Cotton Men Make Deal With
British Factories.
tptda Cable Detpatch to Tub Sen and New
York Hebald. Copyright, , by The Sex
and New York Herald,
London, March' 4. In connection with
tho economic manifesto of the Supreme
Council of tho Peace Conference it was
learned here that tho Entente Allies
probably will have to contend wltji cer
tain American trade competition in their
own territories.
An Important group of American cot
ton men is In Europo arranging to ship
cotton from the United States to fac
tories here which aro hard up for raw
material, the cotton goons to oe manu
factured by cheap labor and payment for
.v. rn... vtntAr!n1 tn hn mndn In finished
goods. Tho European manufacturers
will of course retain a part of the fin
ished product for sale as their part of
the profit out ot tho transaciion.
It Is understood that the achemo has
the approval of Herbert Hoover. The
Americans Interested In the deal do not
proposo to ship the finished cotton goods
to the United States, but will sell them
in South American and Oriental markets
which heretofore have been controlled, so
far as cotton goods were concerned, by
Great Britain and Germany.
Bolsheviki Control Railway,
Shutting Off Heenf or cements.
London, March 4. The complete
elimination of the forces of Gen, De'nl
klne In South Russia has been brought
about, according to expert interpreta
tion of the War Offico advices of tho
past week's operations.
With the Reds, In possession of por
tions of the TlkhorelBkaya-Petrovsk
Railway, Gen. Denlklne's only lateral
means ot communication by which It
would be possible to alilp troops to the
weak points of his line la, paralyzed and
contact with the Caspian fleet Is Im
perilled. The Red, cavalry and armored trains
now aro concentrating on the railway
centre of Ekaterlnodar, making worse
this feature of tho situation.
m irawt-jeM's jwwm
France to Fight Treaty
Change Favoring Foe
, PARIS, March 4. Tho French
UUVcrillUCIlb Will UlUfVU uv.vt-
mined opposition to any revision
of tho Treaty of Versailles that
would modify her claims on Ger
many. Any further concessions
by tho French Government to'
Germany, it is held, would not
bo tolerated by Parliament and
if mado tho Government would
bo overthrown. The French of
ficial view of the economic situa
tion, it was stated, is quite tho
same as that set forth in London,
that is all Europe must bo put
on a prosperous basis. Tho
French, however, it waa pointed
out, are beginning to think their
Allies had forgotten that France
herself is not on a prosperous
basis and not in a position to
make concessions that would af
fect Jier own economic interests
to any one, least of all to Ger
"Worst Storm of "Winter"
Sweeps In From West Crip
pling All TrttfHc.
California, Colorado, Wyo
ming, Wisconsin and Mon
tana Feel Effects.
Bptdal to The Sjjm and New York Hiraid.
Chicago, March 4. "The worst storm
of tho winter" struck Chicago to-day,
six hours ahead of its schedule.
While tho weather bureaus of a
dozen States still were issuing bulle
tins to warn Chicago that colder
weather, a gale and a heavy snowfall
wero sweeping: eastward from the
Rockies and would reach hero by
night tho blizzard arrived and burled
tho rocent signs of spring in sodden
Simultaneously with tho Biidden
change from HghtTaln to wet, sticky
snow reports reached "Chicago of wide
spread trouble in tho West, where rail
and wire traffic wero crippled and
hundreds of towns wcro Isolated by
tho rush of the storm.
North and cast bound transcontinental
trains arriving in Chicago over northern
routes were reported from three' to eight
hours lato. The California Limited, on
tho Santa Fa. which takes a more south
erly route, was two .hours late. The
Pioneer Limited, on the St Paul, due at
9 A! M., was marked up for 12:45.lThe
Olympian, from Seattle, dty) at 11:45,
got In after 6 o'clock.
On the Northwestern all trains from
Minneapolis and St Paul were reported
three to four' hours late, while those
from tho Pacific coast were five hours
behind. Tho Ashland Limited, due to
arrive at 9:45, was eight hours late.
The telegraph companies reported that
communication from California, Colo
rado, Wyoming and Montana was seri
ously crippled. While a strong gale Is
expected to sweep over Lake Michigan,
no uneasiness Is felt at the Coast Guard
station, as little shipping Is being done.
A storm warning flag was run up on the
Municipal Pier early this morning.
The snowstorm which swept the
Middle West yesterday Is not expected
to touch New lork. at least not In the
form of snow. Rain was the forecast of
the Weather Bureau in the Whitehall
Building last night with Increasing cold
and wind. There was a bare chance, ac
cording to the forecaster, that New York
might, get some snow to-day, and a light
fall up-State was regarded as certain.
Storm warnings were up last night all
alone the coast from Jacksonville. Fla..
to Eaftport Me. The cold, and wind to
night la to be accompanied by clear
weather. The fall in temperaturo la
scheduled to be gradual. Colder weather
is looked for until to-morrow night at
least when tho low pressure area which
has been interfeilng with the approach
of spring will have moved off the coast
Measure to Come Up in Com
mons March 22.
Special Cable DeipatcK to Tns Sus atcd New
York Herald. Copyright, 1320, by Tat Sex
and New Yobs Herald.
London, March 4. The data for mov
ing the Irish bill In the House of Com
mons has been tentatively set for March
ii. The unperiain character oi this date
is to some extent due to the necessity of
awaiting developments following Sir Ed
ward Carson's trip to Ukter.
Ulster opinion on the bill has not
crystallzed up to this time. Sir Ed
ward will address his supporters In Bel
fast at the end ot this week, and tho re
sult will show what reflex Is to .be ex
pected In the House.
Premier David Lloyd George will, per
haps, arrive at the most critical point of
his political career when he speaks In
the House In support of tho measure. In
this connection ic may oe said mat thi
Government Is determined to press for
passage of the act despite all opposition.
Tho latest reflection from Government
camps la that the opposition to tho bUl
la relaxing, except in Ireland. This op
po&ttio. U 49 M9t4trJll fro ,
I Ill i'h Villi MlillUHi
Glass Takes to White House
Wow Wording of "Heart
of Treaty;"
Intimates , President Will
. Not Accept Milder For
mula Made by Lodge.
Ho Tolls Chamber Ho Will In
sist on nis Original Novem
ber Programme.
Special to TnE Son and New York Herald.
Washington, March 4. Two of tho
bipartisan conference modifications
to tho Leaguo of Nations reservations
wero adopted to-day by tho Senate.
Tho first changes tho wording but not
tho substance of tho Hhantuni: reser
vation. Tho second remodels tho lan
guage providing that tho United States
shall bo represented in tho agencies
established under tho treaty only by
persons appointed pursuant to law of
Congress, but leaves the reservation
In full force.
It was a nerve-trying day. Tho Sen
ate was In a bad humor. At various
times It looked as If tho wholo product
of the bi-partisan conference would
bo thrown overboard and tho fight
mado once more on the unamended
Lodge reservations as of November.
But through several hours of personal
acrimonies and parliamentary wran
gles the Senate finally worked ita way
to adoption of the two modifications,
neither of them fundamental in char
acter or having any real effect on tho
spirit and purpose of tho original
More Important than tho actual
changes accomplished was the Initia
tion of a new effort for the amendment
of tho vital reservation dealing with
Article X. The advocates of ratifica
tion, convinced that tho President will
not accept the treaty unless this reser
vation Is chahged, havo framed a
modification of tho verbiage which
after being submitted to soma of tho
leaders on both sides finally was
turned over to Senator Glass (Va.),
who took it this morning to tho White
House and left it for submission to the
President. He did not see the Presi
dent and no word has como as to tho
Presidential attitude toward tho pro
posal. Text of New neservntlon.
Tho proposed change In the Article X
reservation Is the product of conferences
between Senator Lodge and tho mild
reservation Republicans. Out of these
conversations came the suggestion that
has gone to tho White House. It was
first proposed in indefinite form, but
Senator Lodge thought it worth trying
out as a possible basis of agreement He
asked Senator Watson (Ind.) to discuss
It with the Democrats and learn whether
it might be acceptable to them,
Mr. Watson promptly wanted It set
down In specific terms, and Mr. Lodge
iTote it down. Its adoption would make
tho reservation read as follows, the
amendment being Included here In paren
theses': The United States assumes no ob
ligation to preserve (by Its military
or naval forces, or by tho cconomlo
boycott, diplomatic measures or the
employment of Its financial or natu
ral resources)the territorial integrity
or political independence of any other
country or to interfere in contro
versies between nations whether
members ot the league or not
under tho provisions of Article X
or to employ tho military or naval
forces of the United States under
any article of the treaty for any
other purpose, unless In any particu
lar case Congress, which undr the
Constitution has the sole power to
declare war or authorize the employ
ment of the military or naval forcos
of the United States, shall by act or
Joint resolution so provide.
Glass Has Mttla nope.
Senator Waton submitted the sugges
tion to Senaioi S'mmons (N. C). who
was Impressed f-vorably but did not care
to assume the responsibility of taking it
to the White House. S.-utor Glass
tltlmately undertook that mlsalon and
mado 'he call.
He was most uncommunicative after-
ward, saying he understood there was
no change in tho President's original po-
.k-. v.A t nA& rnnervatlon to
siuun uiat .iu - -
Article X. must be changed In its es
sence before tlie Fresmeni couia ac
cept It. , ; .
The fact that tne proposiuu"
sent to the White Houso Is by no meana
an M3Hrsr.C3 that even with th" Pres
,a ... i, wnntri ba adontea.
There Is a wide divergence of opinion as
to whether It makes an esscmiai cr ant.
... - .AHA...ntAn Advocates or tho
111 WW iiacimuvii. - .. .
original I)dgo formula point out that
the Insertion of a list of specified meas
ures that aro barred Is equivalent to ad-
.i.-. l,tli.illiin" Htlll OxlstS.
miiiine mui. an uu.io-"--- -
but that only these specified means ot
enforcing It are barren.
If other means could be devised, it
v. .. t.u ...nn.hlv that the United
States was under obligation to employ
them. This would oe leavHie
shadowy suggestion of obligation to
;.. ... - i.llnrfgl IntMTltV OF TIO-
lltlcal Independence" of other States, and
that la precisely what the President
. ..V-.i ... will mM t .nvuit
wants. vnjuii
.... v.j. v t- taft In Moot. thet ..i
Ula nnilni'iT ..mm. m - - " r.
Wi-VMOTwWabb9baaUaJl "

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