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Surprise for Democratic and Re publican Politicians Through out the State Marks End of His Eventful Career ' WHAT a picture tho mind conjures up at the words: "Packey McCabe, boss of tho Albany Democratic machine for twenty years!" The first thought ia black jacks, gunmen, strong arm voting systems and ballot box stuffing, directed from the back room of a saloon by a red faced dic tator How few people' really know Patrick F. McCabe, kindly "faced gentleman with hu morous blue eyes, gray hnir parted just oft Ihe middlo and brushed smoothly back, who ipt week announced that after holding the place of leader of the Albany city and county Democratic party for a score of years, ho would resign in order to prevent a party split wliich might interfere with victory which tho Democrats hope for in the next local campaigns. For some unknown reason Mr. McCabe's mother always called him "Pack," and when he got into public, life it didn't tak'j the scribes long to join that with his middle in itial and dub him "Packey." The nick name stuck. The history of Mr. McCabe's riso in politics and the rather abrupt termi nation of his domination marks nn unusual epoch in New York's political events. Perhaps the most important chapters would include his joining hands with ChaTles F. Murphy, tho Tammany leader, in 1910, to drive William H. Conners of Buffalo, politically known as "Fingy," out of the chairmanship of the Democratic Ptate committee; a review of the-part he took in bringing about the impeachment of Gov. William Sulzer in 1913, and his rather rjramatic break with Murphy after the dis astrous Seabury campaign in 191G, when he charged the Tammany chieftain with trea son in picking Seabury, a poor candidate, to prevent Woodrow Wilson from carrying the State of New York. Surprise to Politicians. Politicians were surprised by the an nouncement of Mr. McCabe that he re linquished his leadership for the good of the party, and would not make a fight in the primaries against a faction of Demo crats headed by Edwin Corning, who, Mr. McCabe had pointed out in a statement only ,a week previously, was enrolled as a Republican in 1918. No one could actually believe it. The idea that MeCabe would not be at the helm Simple Sign Language for Motorists Adds to Safety of - All ALL autoists are fairly familiar with the straight arm signal by which one driver notifies those following him that he is about to turn to one, side or another and warns .those behind him thai they must slacken speed. So far, so good, but as a sign language this lone signal leaves much to be desired as a means of communication between motor trucks and automobiles while in motion. An ingenious physician of New York city, Dr. Theron W. Kilmer, has devised a five finger code which bids fair to prove a boon to the motoring fraternity. By it the man at the wheel of one car will be able to communicate with the driver of another machine and give or ask for in formation that may be of help or vital im THE . McCabe of the Democratic ship when it sailed for its annual engagement with the organization of William Barnes, Republican leader of Albany, seemed like a dream. It has been a great popular sport here to presage elec tions with charges that once again the Dpmocrats would go down, to defeat becauso of a deal between Barnes and McCabe, but nono of the MoCabe followers ever doubted their leader. Their constant defeats were attributed to tho envy and suspicion of other Democratic elements, and McCabe held his leadership aga'nst four distinct and hard fought efforts to oust him. When Governor Alfred E. Smith took office as Governor on January 1, 1919, there'was much speculation over what would become of Mr. McCabe, whose emnity for Charles F. Murphy had not been, relioved since tho 1916 break. The Governor took tho attitude that tho man who controlled tho county committee should control the patron age, and naked Mr. McCabe for credentials when the latter came to see about jobs. So a meeting of the county committee was held, and a resolution expressing faith in Mr. McCabe was passed by nn overwhelming vote. Since then Mn McCabe has been a frequent visitor at the executive chamber. "I was treated as well as any other up State leader," asserted Mr. McCabe last week. There was much gossip as to whether or not the McCabe resignation as leader was not inspired by the Governor or Mr. Murphy. It is known, however, that such was not the case. "Have you made up with Murphy!" the former Albany leader was asked. "No, I have not made up with him," he answered. "Why!" "Well, you 'will have to ask Mr. Muqby that," was the reply, given with a smile. Tho, "Extinguished Boas." And so we, have Mr. McCabo now as a private citizen, "still interested in the wel fare of the Democratic party," he said. He is pleased to refer to himself as an "ex tinguished boss." Knowing him dispels all radical ideas regarding a "boss." He is a likable man. He reads everything, and has a library which would be envied by most men. He has written some notable letters, and when he was a member of the State Conservation Commission he wrote some opinions on water power cases that are still considered masterpieces. Ho portance. Dr. Kilmer thus explnins: "There has been no way heretofore by which passing autoists could speedily and intelligently transmit by signal a definite message, and yet all too frequently this interchange would , save inconvenience, property loss, or perhaps even life. We have grown used to using the extendecj arm and hand as a warning, but it does not seem to have occurred to any one that we might amplify this practice by giving to the fingers of the signalling hand certain meanings, accordingly as we displayed one, two, three, four or all five of them. Therefore, I have devised a code along these lines which will cover five situations, bearing directly upon convenience and safety in motoring. "I have submitted my scheme to Francis M. Hugo, Secretary of State, who is SUN AND .NEW YORK vfiERALD, SUNDAY, MARCH Calls Himself Extinguished Boss knows the classics, and quotes freely from them. It was while he was employed as a moul der that Mr. McCabe first entered politics. Ho became leader of his ward and in 1898 was elected County Clerk. M. Barnes was then the Republican leader of Albany and the Democratic boss was D-Cady Herrick,, In 1899 the young Barnes machine cap tured the city of Albany from, the Demo crats as the result of a factional fight, the insurgents being led by Mr. McCabe, who split with the then lenders, of his party over the nominee for Mayor. The Repub lican elected was James Blessing, and the Republicans never have suffered defeat of a Mayoralty candidate in Albany since. directly interested in nil that concerns automotive vehicles. He has expressed his interest and, I am told, is disposed to urge the adoption and use of tho five sig nals. "In "the absence of ready means of properly directing attention, tho general disposition is to let the other fellow attend ' to his own wants and to find out for him self that something is looso and likely to drop. It is all too human to dislike bring ing your own car to a halt for the benefit of some one else who does not realize that there is something wrong with his outfit. "But it is dawning upon a lot of us that there is such a thing as a Golden Rule well worth observing among people on wheels, and I am satisfied that my five finger code will encourage amenities that will prove of great practical value. A flat shon is. a The tight in the ranks of the Democrats was bitter, but in 1900 McCabe was elected to the Democratic State Committee then made up of one delegate from each Senate district instead of each Assembly district David B. Hill was the nominal head of the Democratic State organization, and Mr. Mc Cabe became one of his, trusted lieutenants. The Herrick organization crumpled and McCabo -was left in complete mastery in the city and county of Albany. For twenty years Mr. McCabe has been on the Demo cratic State Committee, has seen campaigns come and go and always has been of the inner circle. If Charley Murphy of Tammany Hall has a reputation for being "quiet-mouthed," pretty common occurrence. It is not al ways possible for the driver of a cor to be aware of that defect, t "Ono finger held up to that driver, ac cording to my scheme, will indicate that ho has a flat shoe. That warning will certainly safeguard property and may prevent in jury or loss of life, for a flat shoo has occa sioned a fatal accident time and again. "Bowling toward you or even passing you on the road is a car with a loose and hangi ing radius rod or there is a tool case or trunk just about ready to jostle off the run ning board. You hold up two fingers and at once the driver will know by my code that something is amiss with his car and that he should halt and inspect it. "Did you ever travel an unfamilior road and wonder whether or not you were going the right wayt You don't like to atop the 7, 1920. M ha. Mr. McCabo , tf W. J few intimate friends dU3 he tafc o ! the game of politics as he know it and u i be loved it Information came rarciy iruiu Mr. McCabe, but when it did como could be relied upon. His "dope" was always straight Mr. McCabo was one of the leading fig ures in tho nomination of John A. Dix for Governor by tho Democrats in 1910. f The Republican split on Henry L. Stimson made it possible to elect Dix and the Democrats went into power with full control cf tlio Stato government, both' cxccutlvo and legislative. Mr. McCabe was chosen , as clerk of the Scnato, an important political job, a post ho held through 1914; giving it up at tho beginning of 1916, when the, Re publicans again came into power. Like other up-State leaders Mr. MoCabe had trouble with Gov. William Sulzer When tho latter made up his mind that ho and not Charles P. Murphy was the leader of the Democracy of the State, and entered imon a tour of the various cities, the fight against him came out in the open. On the day that Sulzer was scheduled to spean in Albany McCabo prepared for the event with a hot attack on the Governor in ;the newspapers. McCabe had been referred to by tho Governor as "little .Boss Tweed" and Mr. McCabe replied that he. might be a "little Boss Tweed," but that he "never was found guilty of perjury in tho State of Vermont." This chance shot created a tur "moil. Sulzer denied tho implication. A New York lawyer charged that it was true. In the late summer of 1914 Gov. Glynn named Mr. McCabe as a member of the State Conservation Commission, and he retained that office until the Republicans reorganized tho department in 1915, sub stituting a single headed commission for the three-man one that had' been created by the Democrats. The Dcmocrats.nominated Justice Samuel Seabury for Governor in 1910, and when the votes were counted it was found that their man had made an exceptional! poor " . ..... i. run. Mr. MoCabe thereupon issued a long letter alleging that the nomination of Judge Seabury was part of a plot by Leader Murphy of Tammany to "cut" President Wilson, even though the party in this Stato suffered by the move. In subsequent letters and statements Mr. McCabe called upon the Tammany leader to resign, but the only answer from New York was that Murphy would resign "when Mc Cabe arrived at Albany." The strange part of it was that at the last municipal election the Democratic candidate, a returned soldier, came within 1,400 votes of defeating the Republican nominee while other Republican candidates were given majorities of 10,000 or so. The Democrats for the first time in twenty years elected one of their candidates for assessor. Hardly were tho election results known fellow coming toward you and you are un willing to bring your own machine to a standstill so that you can get out and make inquiries. You dorijt have to do either of these things if my signals are known. Hold up three fingers and you ask the question, 'Am I on the right road to the next townt' A simple nod of the head in answer will suffice to tell you that you are travelling the' best and shortest route to your goal. A negative shake will keep you from pur suing the wrong course. "Tho 'danger ahead' signal, four fingers, is perhaps the most important of tho whole set. How often havo autoists gone along confidently for miles only to be confronted with a closed road I A kindly disposed motorist meeting you some distance back might havo shouted the fact to you, but you failed to hear him, thus wasting your time AZ . JffS MWfcbe started to organize a . to ouflt him from the lca(lcr. A, - 1,J it.. ship. His first thought was to fight them as usual. Thin ho reconsidered, nis family opposed his continuance in tho po litical game. Ho was rather tired after twenty years of nn unsuccessful struggle against a betfer organizcdnnd moro power ful raoehino. So' ho issued his last state ment, setting forth that for the sake of nvoiding a primary fight that would split tho party wide open once more ho would retire, even though ho had not realized his ambition to wngo a winning campaign in tho city and county. Prizes His Experience. "iNwouldn't have missed the experience of ho last twenty years for anything," Mr. McCabo told o Son-Herald man. "In politics I have met the most manly men I, have ever known, tho biggest men, the most unselfish men. There is a human ele- mflnt i a Tjoiiticinn that I haven't found :n .nv 0Mier cin33.of men ... . "A politician must know men. I, have met politicians in my day who knew men as a piper knows his pipe. "They Bay politics is a business. It is, but not in tho commercial sense. A poli tician is a business man in this sense, that '. ho, must know political values of those en gaged in politics, and the moro correctly he knows them the better politician he is." Mr. McCabe considers that politicians of to-day are silly to agitato for a repeal of .the, direct primary laws and a return to the old State convention system. Under the old system, he points out, the party leaders used to frame the slate and do tho things which were necessary to carry out their programme, and if there was any blome coming 'they got it. Now the leaders do the same thing, but the party voters' go through the motions at the .primary and those responsible are relieved of respon sibility. As Mr. McCabo says, tho voters won't Maine tho bosses for something the voters think they .did themselves. "The. boss is as strong and reliablo as " ever," .says Mr. McCabe, and he ought to know. Should Go Into Politics. As a general observation, on politics Mr. McCabe said: "The average American is foolish not to engage more in politics than he does. No little man can long remain prominent in the activities of American public affairs. Political effort broadens a man, makes him. indulgent. A man to be successful as a political leader of any moment must have friends, and to havo friends one must de serve them, and the power of making and holding, friends is ono of the chief elements I havo noticed in about every politician of importance," and wearing your tires out unprofltably by forging ahead unconscious of the obstruc tion. "A four finger signal would have made you slow down and ask questions. In the same way a traveller can be cautioned that there is a bad turn near by or a difficult grade crossing which should bo made at low speed. These hazards are not infrequent, and ignorance of their nearness exacts its toll continually. "Finally, the display of all flvo fingers outspread is the sign to the other fellow to stop and ia a request that he come to your assistance. I am satisfied that the general adoption of this code will be in strumental in saving yearly many thou sands of dollars; that it will add to the con venience of motor traffic, and that it will bo tho means of protecting life and limb."