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The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, March 07, 1920, Section 7 Magazine Section, Image 73

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030273/1920-03-07/ed-1/seq-73/

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ON March 15, 1820, Maine was admitted
as a State in the Union, and on her
hundredth anniversary her government,
colleges, Staje institutions of every kind
and her sons and daughters and the wives
of her sons and the husbands of her daugh
ters, several generations of them, will cel
ebrate at home and abroad that important
event in the history of the stanch old
"Pine Tree State."
Hero in New York great preparations
have been made to duly mark the day. Four
college alumni associations, Senators and
Representatives from Washington, famous
men from the home State and the two socie
ties, the Men's and the Women's Maine so
cieties, will join in a dinner to commemorate
the birthday and note the great events of our
national history in which Maine has taken
a leading part. While in every city, town
and village of the ancient province there
ore to be folk celebrations;, the New York
party & expected to lead in every way,
eloquence predominating.
To Honor the Pine Tree State.
Among the .out of town guests who will
meet the Maine sons and daughters who
live in New York are: Gov. Carl E. Milli
ken, L. B. Deasy, Judge of the Supreme
Judicial Court of Maine; Clarence Hale,
United States Federal Court of Maine; the
Rev. C. A. Dunnack, State Librarian of
Maine; Senator Frederick Hale, Congress
man John A. Peters, Congressman Wal
lace H. White, Cyrus H. K. Curtis of Phil
adelphia, Charles R. Flint, Hudson Maxim,
Edward N. Dingley, son of the late Nelson
Dingley, and the Rev. Nehemiah Boynton
of Brooklyn.
These men are to be the guests of the
Men's Maine Society. Mrs. Ada Sborey,
president of the Women's Maine Society,
promises a list of guests of her sex equally
well known and important. By the way,
the women are to celebrate by a dinner at
the Pouch Mansion in Brooklyn on March
6 an anniversary of their own, that date
being the seventeenth birthday of their or
ganization. Mrs. Ambrose H. White and
Miss Blanche A. Sawyer are other officers
who are assisting in the arrangements.
"Hundred harbored Maine" holds a first
place in the hearts of others besides her own
children, in the affections of all persons
who have visited her in search of a summer
playground and found it along her wonder
ful seacoast, her fascinating lakes, her hUls,
her wodds and streams. There are a myriad
of these and their number is constantly
growing. From another constantly increas
ing source she calls to her lovers; these are
the persons who are deeply interested in
her history and the great part she played
it the history of the States.
Regarded as part of the "Mayne land of
New England," the province or "Countie of
Mayne" is so named in the charter granted
bv Charles I. in 1639. Ignorant of its ex
tent, for Maine, being 300 miles long, 185
miles wide and with area of 33,040 miles,
is nearly as la,ge as all the rest of New
England combined, the language of the
ancient charter provokes a smile.
First Granted to the Plymouth
Earlier than" the date of Charles, Maine
fell within the limits of the grant made to
the Plymouth Company by James I. in
1006, and in the following year an English
expedition sent out by Sir John Popham
and Sir Ferdinando Gorges effected a set
tlement at Sabmo Point, at the mouth of
the Kennebec River. The settlement was
abandoned after two years and most of the
colonists returned to England. French
Jesuits landed on Mount Desert in 1008
and lasted for five or six years, being
joined by fishermen, but this did not please
the English proprietors, who' broke their
colony up in 1014.
In 1622 Sir Ferdinando Gorges and
Capl. John Mason obtained from the Coun
cil for New England a grant of the terri-
tory between the Merrimac and Kennebec
rivers extending 60 miles inland. Sir Fer
dinando .in the division of their properties
took the land east of the Piscatauqua River.
The first permanent settlement in Maine
was made at Pemaquid in 1625-26. York
(ancient Agamenticum) was settled about
the same time, and after 1630 Saco, Bidde
ford,. Port Elizabeth, Scarborough, nnd
Portland sprang up in rapid succession.
Nino years later Sir Ferdinando was con
firmed in his grant and received accessions
of territory. Under the title of Lord Pala
tine he established a provincial government
at York
Massachusetts Gets It
The Council for New England had mean
while issued patents covering lands already
granted to Sir Ferdinando Gorges, and in
the disputes that followed Massachusetts
was called in as arbitrator. A civil 'war was
raging in England, leaving many rights
unprotected, and Massachusetts set to work
to bring Maine under its own authority,
annexing all the towns as far east as Casco.
By 1660 all Maine west of the Penobscot
was reduced in spite of the orders from
Charles II. To buttress its title Massa
chusetts bought the claims of the heirs of
Sir Ferdinando, and by the charter of 1691
Massachusetts was confirmed in her posses
sions. Trouble was imminent, however. East of
tho Penobscot the French held the land
and stirred up the Indian tribes against the
English. The country suffered in the
French and Indian wars, and in 1675 an
outbreak of the tribe of the Tarantines laid
waste most of the towns On the east coast.
Hordes of savages poured down from Nova
Scotia to wage war against the colonists,
and security -was not established till the
treaty of. Paris, in 1763.
Then came our Revolution, and Maine
took an active part on the patriot side. At
the end of the war Massachusetts retained
possession of the province which she called
in IegaJ documents the District of Maine.
Disputes with tho mother State were fre
quent and independence was felt to be an
essential. A facfor which led to dissension
also was that the people of Maine were
Democratic In their politics and tolerated
with difficulty tho rule of Federalist Massa
chusetts. In the war of 1812 Maine -was left ill
defended by Massachusetts, and its terri
tory east of tho Penobscot was occupied by
the British. After peace the. separatist
movement spread, and successfully so.
Eight years later Maine became a' State.
Prohibition an Early Issue.
It is interesting to deduce from her an
nals that no subject of legislation in Maine
has ever, had the importance of prohibition.
As early as 1858 a stringent prohibtory law
was passed. This was incorporated" into
the constitution in 1884 and has remained
in force ever since. (
Under the thirtieth Governor to hold
office, Alonzo Garcelon, Maine came into
the news very prominently. This Governor
was .elected as a. Democrat-Greenback in
1878. A year late? occurred a legislative
Sturdy State of Maine
Nears 100th Birthday
1 1
Great Celebrations Planned by Its Citizens,
With Banner Affairs in New York by the
Societies of Maine, Men and Women'
, . History of the Old Pine Tree State and ,
' the Glorious Part It Has Played
A 1 '
election and it was claimed that Garcelon
by refusing certificates to Republicans, and
seating Democrats in their plaf secured a
Democratic 'majority in the Legislature.
The Republicans organized a rival body
and proceeded to elect a Governor, alleging
that no candidate had received a majority
at the polls. A decision of the Supreme
Court established the legality of the Repub
lican Legislature, but in the meantime mat
ters in Maine were almost as lively as they
had been in the early days of the Gorges
claims. Peace, however, was maintained by
the State militia.
William King was Maine's first Gov
ernor. He was a Democrat, but did n6t
live out his iterm and tho office was filled
by an acting Governor, one William D.
Williamson. The first Republican Gov
ernor was Anson P. Morrill, who served in
1855-56. The next Republican to hold that
office was Hannibal Hamlin, later Vice
President with Abraham Lincoln. Israel
Washburn was the war Governor. In 1874-
Wine Cellar
FOHIBITION has brought about many
changes along Broadway, but none
of them nre more strikingHhan tho trans
formation of the wine cellar at the Hotel
Astor' into b golf course. Huge casks of
carved oak, which once looked down upon
convivial ,partie3 seated about tables under
the massive arches of solid mahogany, now
echo to the swish of 'golf clubs as 'they cut
the air arid'send the hard little spheres of
white rubber hurtling toward canvas tar
gets with which the walls are hung. The
idea is proving a populnr one, and every
afternoon the old. wine cellars are filled
with parties of young people intent upon
improving their games against ,the opening
of the outdoor golfing season in the spring.
Just what use the wine cellars could be
put to after prohibition's blight descended
was a questioon which caused F. A. Mus
chenheim, the 'Aster's proprietor, a consid
erable number of wakeful hours-. They
are in the sub-basement, two stories below
'the street hvel, and, although the hotel ele
vators run directly to their' doors, it seemed
doubtful if patrons could bo'induced to be
come at all enthusiastic over making the
descent simply to sip soda water'or eat con
fections, in the event that the cellars were
transformed into a glorified French pastry
shop, as was the half formulated intention
at. first.
It had not been decided exactly what
would be done when Louis W. Costello, the
golf instructor at the Quogue Field Club,
which is ten miles from' the National golt
links at Southamapton, L. I., strolled into
the hotel one day a few weeks ago and in
quired f6r Mr. MuscHenheim. Mr. Cos
tello had nn idea that-indoor golf would
prove popular and he outlined his scheme
to Mr. Musch'enheim, ' who displayed only
lukewarm enthusiasm at first. But he
finally gave the young golfer permission
to go ahead, and Costello lost no time. Al
1 1
76 Nelson Dingley, whose name is insepa
rable from the tariff bill he introduced in
Congress, served Maine in her chief office.
The present Governor -f Maine is Carl
E. Milliken, who has secured the passage
of laws greatly in the interest of the peo
ple. He has worked for good roads, better
labor conditions, better educational facili
ties and for the advancement of Maine's in
dustries, among which the fisheries lob-'
ster, cod, herring, salmon, haddock, &e.
"bulk large. Paper mills and paper and
wood pulp products for newspaper pur
poses are likewise important. Shipbuild
ing, once so vast an industry, has dwindled
and now few ships of size are built any
where except at Bath.
Tho first ship built in Maine was in 160b.
At one time there was constructed in
Maine more than one-half of all the sea
going vessels of the -.nation, and Bath, was
once the American centre for the building
of wooden ships. The industry is still of
importance, and Gov. Milliken is convinced
Golf Links
ready the indoor links is said, to be so suc
cessful that twice the space could be utilized
were it available. y
Excellent practice in both driving and.
putting may be obtained in the wino cel
lars and amateur and professional golf en
thusiasts have been quick to recognize this
and to avail themselves of the midwinter
practice which it- is ordinarily difficult to
obtain in these latitudes. Walter Hagen,
who won the Metropolitan tournament at
North Shore, L. I., last summer; is, among
those who play there.
Neatly, ringed targets are painted on .
heavy canvas drops which are hung a foot
or two from the wine cellar walls. A few
yards away balls are teed upon fibre, mats
and are then driven at the targets, re?
bounding into nets which are" hung above
and on both sides of them. It is possible to
tell almost exactly what course tho ball
would have taken had the drive been a real
ono in open air, nnd one's position' and
swing can be got down to a nicety through
constant practice. '
Putting a department of tho game which
requires great proficiency if tournaments
are to be won, receives much attention from
the wine cellar players. Little metal disks
have been placed on the flooring) under con
ditions which admirably simulatethe' holes
on real putting greens, and games, of clock
golf are going on almost constantly from
2 o'clock. 'id the afternoon,, when the golf
course is opened, until 10 at night, when it
closes. The afternoons are devoted entirely to 1
women, and golfing parties of young' girls
daily visit the subterranean links. In the
evening the course is given over to men,
who find just 'enough' exercise from the di-,
version to keep themselves in trim. From
now until April, when the outdoor season
will open cn the. links hereabout; Mr. Cos
tello says he expects that scores of golfing
enthusiasts will continue to find pleasure
in the new game among the wine casks.
( . 1 . ,t
MMpawaMjWPttL innmr74J " 1 1 " ' "" '
that as Maine possesses the best harbors in
the world the value of tho product is
bound to increase.
It is not unprecedented, but still notable,
that tho best known statesman of Maino
was not born in the State. He was James
GiHespio Blaine "Blaine of Maine" who
died in 1893, one of the most brilliant, re
sourceful and popular of American leaders.
He was born in 1830, at Brownsville, Pn.,r
and went to Maine a young man of 22.
Making his home in the State capital, he
became one of the editors of the Kennebec
Journal In 1857-60 he edited tho Portland
Advertiser, an influential daily newspaper.'
Blaine vigorously supported tho Admin
istration of Lincoln during the civil war.
He was Speaker of the House in 1869-75,
an office in whwhthe showed readiness and
force, and also personal courtesy to his
opponents both within and without the
Republican party. Under President Harri
son he served as Secretary of State until
1892, when ho resigned his office. This
was in June, just before the Republican
National Convention was held at Minneap
olis, where his name was presented to the
delegates, who, however, renominated Har
rison. Broken in' health, he retired to his
home in Augusta, where he died and is
, "Czar" Reed Remembered.
"Czar" Reed was another .famous son.
Thomas Brackett Reed, lawyer, political
leader and parliamentarian, was born in
Portland in 1839, and was graduated at
Bowdoin .College in 1860. He studied law
in California, and in 1864 was appointed
a paymaster in the United States Navy.
Getting his honorable discharge in 1865, he
was admitted to the bar, in that year and
practised law at Portland.
After holding various offices in his State
he was elected, as a Republican to Congress
in 1876. He served for many consecutive
years. In 1889 he was chosen Speaker of
the House. Again in 1895 and. in 1897 be
was elected Speaker, but in 1899 he re
signed, his seat in Congress and came to
New York to enter upon.the practice of his
Reed carried lnVown name and his
State's farther than any of her sons, ex
cept Blaine, had done. This was due to the
innovation he made upon the parliamentary
procedure of the House of Representatives
by adopting the practice of counting as
present those members of the .opposition
who, though physically present, refused to
vote -in order to prevent a quorum. This
innovation raised a storm of opposition
and was pronounced.rovolntipnary. Reed's
rulings, however, were adopted by the
'House in 890. To practice was sqon
acquiesced in by the Democrats, and it be
came, a permanent part of the procedure, in
the House. '
Another high handed proceeding which .
added to his reputatipn of ."Czar" was, in
his development an organized committee
system, making the majority ,of tho Cqm
mittee on Rules consist of the1 Speaker and'
chairmen of the committees-on Appropria
tions and Ways and Means.
After the war with Spain Reed brokt
f 1
with tho. Administration on the issue of
imperialism. The "Czar" was a remark
able personality, an .able parliamentarian
and an efficient speaker, his. addresses being
enlivened by rare wit and humor. Maine
has countless stories to tell of her favorite
son, whose memory she keeps green, and
there is no doubt but his name will be
mentioned more than once at the dinner
of tho Maine societies as author of s
repartee or a story which will add to ths
jollity of the function.
' Topics for Toastmaster.
Revenansl The dinner guests win hear
these and many other things of winch tho
old Pine Tree State is justifiably proud
from the orators whom she has invited to
discourse to them on the evening of the
12th at the Hotel Astor. '
Supreme Court Justice Deasey, former
president of the Hancock County and tho
Maine State Bar Association, issaid to be
as witty as, "Tom" Reed, and his subject
will be tho "Maine Bar?' but not the Bar
that was condemned by Nenl Dow. State
Librarian Dunnack is' full of tho intercsv
ing historical episodes of his State and
means to bring them all back vividly to
the minds of his oldest auditors. Charles
R. Flint, who' was the youngest United
States delegate to the first Internationa
American Conference over which Blaine
presided, will speak of this great historical
character. Clarence Hale means to dilate
on Maine's 300,000 miles of seaboard (due
to tho sinuosities of her coast line), and
he will add to descriptions of this famous
phore poetical references to the State's beau
tiful scenery, her 1,600 lakes and ponds,
her Rangeley Lakes and the wonderful
Moosehead Lake.
Nobody need fear that tho best that can
be said of the famous State will not be
uttered, and every son and daughter, nat
ural and. in law, may bo counted oh to ap
plaud. An item that will surely provoke great
applause will be the account of the memo
rial bridge that w to be built across the
Piscatauqua between Portsmouth and Kit
tery. This bridge will be a memorial to
the soldiers 'of New-Hampshire and Maine
who lost their, lives in the recent war. To
its construction New Hampshire and Maine
have each contributed the sum of $500,000.
Among representative members of the
Maine Women's Club of New York will be
the following: Mrs. P. A. Dyer, Mrs. M.
D. Farrar, Mrs. I.' A. Fountain, Mrs. Helen
Sawyer Dow, Mrs. Delbert .C. Dorrothy,
Mrs. Albert W. Coombs, Mrs, Charles H.
Ellis, Miss Clio Chilcott, Mrsv William .
Sniffen Brumley, Miss Annie Lincoln, Miss
Myra Williams, Mrs. Henry Judson Shaw,
Mrs. Jeremiah S. Ferguson, Mrs. Fred
erick von Behm Taintor, Mrs. Frank A.
Lincoln and Mrs. Mortimer F. Randolph.
Others who will attend are these officers:
'Miss Mary Stinson, auditor; Mrs. Ambrose
H. White, second vice-president; Miss Mar
garet L. H. Moore, recording secretary;
Mrs. Louis Wi Riggs of Yarmouth, Me.,
and Mrs. Frank S. Tolman.
Included also in the promised guests are
Mrt and Mrs. Walter Damrdsch, Mrs. Kate
Douglas Wiggin and Mrs. Herman Xatzsch-
mar, who presented ah organ to the City
Hall of Portland as a memorial to her
In the State seal of Maine is a pole star,
oudtlie cards of invitation to the big Maine
party say:
"Our polo star will be seen on the eve
ning of March 12 directly over the roof of
the Hotel Astor. As this star has guided
many a storm tossed mariner on his voyage
over tempestuous seas to a safe harbor, so
let it guide you to a safe anchorage at the
Astor, where you will bo greeted by warm
hearted friends who with you will honor the
one hundredth birthday of the Pine Tree

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