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THE SUN AND NEW YORK HERALD, SUNDAY,' MARCH 7, '1920.
Many Gity Landmarks Engulfed by the Dry Wave Farnous Hotels, Res taurants and Cafes j Disap pea r With Little Likelihood of Being Reestablished CAPE BILL WALTERS of the tramp steamship Parnassus steadied liis elbow on the bar in the cafo of tho old Easteta Hotel and with levelled index finger niihcd A philosophical 'shot directly at tho low;' head o First Mate Hank MeCool. "Mfttey," drawled the captain, "there's just two good points about this here prohi biliori. First, its goin' to cut down the length of niter dinner speeches, and next it's goiri' to givo us an almighty flno thirst by the time the S'prcme Court of thesb United States kicks the eternal tar out of th6: Eighteenth Amendment; and tako'it from mo, matey, (ho S'prcme Court is going, to do1 that very thing." 4 "How d'ye manage to keep up ycr enthu siasm on this stuff t" asked Mate MeCool, ' looking disdainfully into a glass of cereal beverage which somebody with an inaccu rate sense of distance had named near beer. "I concede ycr first point for the sake of '1 45. , i A At m 1 t-H. II II Mil Ml imilllllMI ISSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSMI I Ml ! 111 Ilk tUMVIIW 7 III MMmhhm . . . LLKmRmHMMMMmOTH UHHBJB SH'T77nKBISnimililHWMiHi Trerags? , , i , -i hypertheticnl argtiment, as the lawyers sny Even if a post pranjal speaker could start ft good rush of words to the face without the help of a couple a' cocktails it's a chinch no audience would set' and listen for an hour or more with nothin' but a glass of vicliy at 'its elbow. r "But its yer second point that concerns me more particular, Cap'n," continued Mute .MeCool. "To begin wjth, T ain't so sure what the.S'prerae Court'll do; and any how, by the time it does it there won't be n6 places left to drink in. As fer me, I ain't fakin' 'chances. I'm goin' to ship on one of them boats runnin' to Cnbee even if I have to sign up as a cabin boy." . Bitter Prophecy Fulfilled. i Therewas a touch of bitter prophecy in .Mate MoCool's statement uttered scarcely two months ago, for since that time prohi bition has added several more of New York's famous drinking places to its list of victims. The very tar where .the conversa tion took, place is soon to bo a cigar counter. The Eastern Hotel New York's oldest hos telry has passed into the hands of the United Cigar Stores Company, and the beneficent reign of "Hoboken John," king o lower Manhattan's bartenders, has come to an end after twenty or more years de voted chiefly to the mixing of, old fashioned cocktails. The old hotel at the cgrner of Whitehall and South streets was built in 1790 by John B Coles, an intrepid sea captain of the clipper ship era. It was only three stones in height at the time and was a sort of com- Anothcr of the early patrons of the innei' was Robert Fulton, who used to stop there when his steamship was in' port. P. T. Barnum, Jenny Lind and Daniel Webster also preferred tho hotel to any other that, could bo found in the city at tho time. Originally tho hotel was named the Eagle, but in 18C5 it was rechristened the Great Eastern in honor of the steamship which successfully laid the Cyrus W. Field cable (.cross the Atlantic. - Some time thereafter the adjective was1 dropped and the hostelry became known merely as the .Eastern. In its later clays it no longer harbored notables, but it had its faithful coterie of interesting old marines who swore by it. To-day it stands but n skeleton of its former self, its gaping windows testifying to the efficiency of the wrecking gang. As fast as labor conditions will permit the building is being reconverted into a five story building for offices and stores. Its interior fittings, such us the woodwork, &c, which hare been doing service practically since 1822, have been purchased by a builder of bungalows who intends to incorporate tho materials in the construction of summer seashbre cot tages, Interior y brosnans old place in fulton st; In spite of the conditions that practicallv. m a CI?tt!,e in us drove him out of .business W .Tobn wni0.. Penmrieq umi 10 abrogate the agree- ner, availed himself of a clause in his lease of Hirschhorn's Hotel, at First street and SeeOnd avenue, made Famous bv the patron- , proprietor of the Eastern for the last" ma"M P.rohibition became effective. nge of the Duke of Essex street, Big and uv, w unua ui. iijs jiroiim, men!- ljiiiie iim ouiuvan, jnenry viay miner, upon rented it to F. It. Wood, whose lease- ax-Sheriff Julius Harburger, Justices twenty years of its existence as a hotel, has not given up his mission of ministering ,to the thirst of the seafarer or the traveller After selling the hotel he immediately be gan formulating plans for the establishment of another but bigger hostelry in Cuba. In this project he is said to have the backing of a number of prominent bankers and business men of this citv who have indorsed in neignt Si we wuc uuu nna u nun ui wu- , ,f ,, , bination flour warehouse and hotel for 8 Pans tor erection' of a 1,500 room mariners. Eventually Capt. Coles wn structure on n site nine miles from HnVana forced to add another story to accommodate in ft Pn,r0 abou.1 ,ne thousand acres sur- his growing business, and in 1822 he ren- funded by tropiftil gardens. Mr. Bitt-, ovated tho buUding and fitted in partitions,- n Cuba recently to tend to ccr- making the house the first hotel of its size carries with it the exclusive right to dis pense milk on tho premises, There are probably many folkB who will argue from a highly moral standpoint that the change will benefit the city. On the economic side of the proposition, however, facts speak for themselves. Tho city received $20,500 a far famed establishment in tho Park Row Building, opposite the old Post Office, where the mahogany was worn smooth by the dis tinguished elbows of jurists, lawyers, United States Attorneys and Department of Justico agents. Haan's , restaurant has moved from its former habitat in Park Row to the northeast corner of Broadway and Duane street, but the old bar that onco formed such an important adjunct to At lio mragton street fropnetor bam the establishment is now a sad memory. Rocsch and Hoffman, ex-Assemblyman Charles Anderson, Tony Pastor and other celebrities of their day. Shoes Sold Over the Bar. Brenner has resorted to the expedient of year .from Mr. Gushee. It will get just, selling shoes across his bar in order to keep $9,200 from the present lessee. his business going. With each poir of shoes There was once a popular delusion to the vhe gives away an extra pair of laces and a or tvne that the city hds over known. At that time the greensward in front of the hotel swept clear' down to the waters of New York Boy. Battery Park was then the meeting placo for the beaux and belles 6f the Bowling Green section and White hall street was the gfeat promenade. On Ana summer evenings the hotel patrons including prominent jurists, pol iticians, sportsmen, merchant and marines of the day used to watch the procession from their carved wooden chairs placed out on the sidewalk. Among 'the famous men who made the hotel their daily meeting place in the early days' was Commodore Cornelius Vanderbilt, founder of the house of Vanderbilt, who was then a swagger young captain, in command of a steamboat 'which' plied between the battery and New Brunswick. tain business details in connection with the scheme. Case of the Claremont Inn. Jumping to the other end of Manhattan for further evidence of the recent damnge done by the natiohal dry law to the city's landmarks, the case of tho Claremont Inn effect that liquor had a stimulating effect on the appetite, but somehow or other the public consumption of food appears to have increased tremendously since the ban was placed on booze, if the number of newly established cafeterias throughout the city, is any criterion. Mr. Gushee himself was ap parently cognizant of this phenomenon when after giving up tho Claremont Inn, he an nounced his intention of moving to the stands out strongly. Even before the day 'Times square section, where he will erect a of the automobile this interesting old cstab- twisty story bsilding containing a restau rant of the self-service type. lismment on RivetBide Drive, just below 127th street, did a thriving business as fc roadhouse. It was commonly supposed among New York's night WvcllerB that the rather more than handsome prices charged for viands at the Claremont would offset the losses from the ban on drink, but on January 14, just two days' before the Federal execution of John Barleycorn, R. A. Gushee, -who had glass ot one-Unit per cent. beer. The Rothchild Cafe, at Park Row and Worth Btreet, has likewise passed out after forty-six years of, existence. Although it was in operation during the days when the district about Park Row and Chatham Square was in the grip of tho gangsters and almost every other saloon in the Section was openly violating the law, there is no record thnt Rothchild's Cafe ever got into trouple with tho police. No record1 of the havc3 wrought in the Park Row section by prohibition would be A cafeteria is also to take the placo of complete without some mention of the de- the Cafe de Paris, formerly Rector's, one of Broadway's popular palais do danses, wltere joy was more or less unconflned in the good old wet dayu. The Mecca' Building, which bouses the Cafe de Paris, has been sold' to two restaurateur who own and operate a chain of cafeterias in Chicago. Over on the East Side prohibition has been proprietor of the inn for many years, sealed tho fate of a number of' places hal- decided to shut up shop. Aeeordinglyhe lowed by tradition. It. has closed the doOra mide of Alexander Hesse's drinking empo rium, nt Frankfort and William streets ; Crowley's Times Square Cafe, on Nassau street just south 6f Spruco street; the Beek man Cafe, otherwise known as the- Book Store, ot the Corner of Beckman street and Park R6w; Doc Perry's hole in the wall next to his drug storo in tho-World Build ing, where a few choice spirits foregathered each day for conversation .plui, odd Haa&'s The Federal liquor ban can not be held entirely responsible, however, for the ob literation of all the famous refreshment places that have passed out of existence. Unprecedented real estate conditions must bear at least a Small share of the blame. This is particularly true of downtown Manhattan, where the overwhelming de mand for office space is gobbling up many of tho landmarks of the wet era. Prohibi tion, for instance, had very little if any thing, to do with tie change which affected Mouquin's old restaurant at 20 Ann itreet nnd 149 Fulton street. The National .irk Bank on Broadway between Fulton and Auff Streets bought the restaurant prop erty for the purpose of erecting aft ex tension, and "to expedite matters paid a handsome price for tho Mouquin lease, COBWEB HALL, 80 DUANE ST by his son Louis nnd the latter's son, Louis Mouquin, Jr. The extension of the National Park Bank also wiped out Brosnan's snl6on nt 155 Fulton street. Here, however, the heirs of old John Brosnnn, who founded the busi riess, were only too glad to accept the hand some price offered them by the bank for their lease "On the property, for the Bros nan establishment was reriownod, for good whiskey and its mellow and potetit old ale on draught, and its reputation Would prob ably never have survived n protracted siege of near beer; It was founded by John Brosnan sixty-eight years ago and the fix tures that he installed remained in (he place Until the day it closed its doors. The fit tings were crude in their simplicity but they lent a distinctive atmosphere to the placo. Thoy Consisted chiefly of plain Bawed oak with heavy cage wire to protect the bottle shelves. A Cash register never found its way into the establishment. The walls were adorned with a remarkable collection of prints, engravings and theatre pro grammes yellowed with age. There was also a copy of The Sun of 1833 nnd a fcheet or two from the elder Bennett's Herald. Old Cobweb Hall Goes. Cobweb Hall, at 80 Duanc street, once the gathering place of city politicians, hns also fouhd its way to the scrap heap as the result of a real estate transaction. The property was recently sold nt auction by Joseph P. Day, nnd was in turn resold to a (inn of rubber nnd metal stamp manufac turers. The musty old building is now be ing torn down to make way for the erection of ah up to dntcimsiness structure. If pfohibitlon is insatiable in its appetite for landmarks it is equally voracious when it comes t6 hallowed American institutions like the old time political chowder party. Time was when this fornl of picnic played an important role in tho political Jife of the country. Now, however, the chowder party is a thing of the past, the white hat of the chowderite is about to be hung up on a peg in the Smithsonian Institution, and the pic nic grove has fallen into innocuous desue tude or has become the scene of some sub urban housing enterprise j for every chow der pafty had to have its background of kegs set on wooden tables in tho friendly shade of pine trees, and it follows, there fore, that without n goodly supply 6f beer with enough kick in it to start conversation a chowder party is not a party at all, but a funereal occasion. Others Hard Hit. But the owner of the picnie grove and the saloonkeeper have not been the onlv ones to feel tho distressing effect of prohi bition. The vendor of cut flowers has also been hard hit. It may seem a far call from liquor to cut flowers, but the con nection is not so remote if ono stops to consider the following Jtatement made by A. T. Bunyard, one ofthe city's leading retail florists, who maintains an establish ment st Forty-eighth street and Madison which had another year to run. The build- avenne and another at Nowport. ing is already in the process of demolition and the Mouquin establishment hns moved its-cntiro business,-minus the bar. iato the building nt 22 Ann street, on which it had a long lease, Tbe Mouquin business was started sixty-four yeAra ago by Henri Mou quin, who camo hero from Switzerland nt" tho ags of 17. It brtr being carried on "In the old days," says Mr. Bunyard, "a man who had dined not wisely but too well often stopped on tho way home to buy a bouquet as & peace .offering for his wife. A friend of mine who keeps a florist estab lishment in West Forty-fourth street, in Continued on Following Pag.