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THE SUtf AND NEW YORK HERALD, SUNDAY, MARCH 14, 1920, HOOVER BACKS SIS ! ON FOOD SCARCITY .Tells Senators of Monaco to , Allies, but. Avoids Plac ing JHnmc. ADMITS PERIL TO , CAUSE Kays Germans Might Have , Won by Cutting Off Sup plies With U-Boats., Boec'ol l Tni Sun w New obic IImam). Washington, March 13. Presenta tion of further charges by near Admiral films, alleKlnB that the European war 'was prolonged by failure on the part of i Secretary Daniels to cooperate properly In the alllcJ naval policy, was Inter rupte;! to-day when Herbert Hoover took the stand before the sub-committee of the Senate Naval Committee to explain tjle allied food situation in the early part of 1917. Ills testimony was taken nt the ?u& cestlon of Aclmlr&J Sims, who osscrted ' tut Mr. Hoover would substantiate his charges that enormous losses of rtlllod shipping through German submarine at tacks almost brought a German victory nnd Hint these losses, Involving food and var supplies, were due to tho failure of Secretary Daniels to follow the ndvlte of Admiral Sims and tho British Admiralty. Mr. Hoover substantiated statements tha- tho food situation was critical In Iceland, Kranro and Italy In be spring nnd summer of 1317 nnd menaced the nllied cause, but refused to place the blame for It on the Navy Department or anv of Its officials. Attempts made fcv both Democratic and Republican SenHoru to Involve him In any way in the controversy between Admiral Sims nnd Secretary Daniels were evaded by Sir. Hoover, who confined his testimony solely to the food situation, which he eaid was "his Job." "Sltnntlnn Wi Diuilterous." t "Tho situation was dangerous nlmost fceyond description," said Mr. Hoover. "En.tland was on the border line of famine from April to September of 1917, nnd tho situation was equally ns bad In France and Italy. I cannot empha size that fact too strongly. Owing to Bubmarinc sinkings nnd consequent loss of food nnd other supplies the war was at si measurable end. Tho crisis was avoided, as you know, because the sink ings were reduced nnd wo managed to pul' through." "It was a fact then." said Senator Hale (Maine), "that If the food supply had been cut off and the submarine blockade had been successful that Germany would have won the war?" "It might have,' said Mr, Hoover Kuardedly. "Of course, other factors might have prevented It, such as the In ternal situation In Germany or some other causes which It Is not now neces sary to enumerate.' "But should not everything have been done by American officials," continued Senator Hale, "that could Tiavo been done to destroy the submarine menace?" "Of course, but I would not wish to say that all efforts were not made. I know nothing about naval policies or operations. It Is true that I talked-this matter over with Admiral Sims when we were both abroad In 1917 and we agreed as to tho desperate food situation.' "Did the Beat We Conlil." "Did not those In charge meet the situation and supply the necessary?" dskwl Senator Trammell (F!a.). "TVe did the best we could under the circumstances," replied Mr. Hoover. "Tli? food conditions were met. were they not?" again naked Senator Tram mell. very apparently desiring an answer that would reflect ccredlt on the Navy Department. , , , , Avoiding any such Implication In his reply. Mr. Hoover said : "That Is mani fest The war was won and everybody was kept alive." Mi. Hoover described In detail the food situation which ho had gone over to Investigate at the request of the allied governments. Tho shortage was particularly acuto In brcadstuffa, he said. At one time there was enough to last only a few days, and this at a period when submarine sinkings were nearly SQO.000 tons monthly, mostly of Inward bovir.t cargoes. Asked If It would have been possible to continue feeding tho Allies If sinkings had continued. Mr. Hoover said he could not tell exactly how much more the peo ple might have saved by self denial. Privation Wn Never Severe. "People can go pretty far If thy have too," he said, "but our Allies never were rsdured to iwero privation." "They were oi therder line, were they?" asked Senator Hale. 'They were In May nnd June and again In the following winter," said Mr. Hoover. "The September harvests of food brought temporary relief." Admiral Sims resumed his reading from a mass nf official despa'che ex changed between him and the depart ment which touched on alleged failure properly to despatch naval forces, no tify of sailings and accept advice from Admiral Kims nnd the British high com mand as to the disposition of craft for submarine defence. Ho said constant confusion was arising among the Allied naval forces because arrangements made on both sides of the ocean were upset In Washington. "The Allies carried on negotiations with our Navy Department," he said, "through their Washington representa tives, partially because they found me In ignorance of plans and Intentions concerning which they had already been Informed from Washington. The grave danger of such procedure was that allied team work would be weakened and American Interests suffer." Fell Into German Traps. Ha said tho Washington naval off! . clals fell Into traps laid by German HUbmarine strategists, who would send one submarine Into new zones to nt tyct attention of altlod defence nnd tnduco them to dlsperw their concen trated forces In order to meet these, isolated raids. "It demonstrated how effoctivo Ger man propaganda was," said Admiral 8lma, referring to one caBo in the Azores, "that tho bombardment of an cutlylng port could Induce the depart ment to divert forces of exactly tho character which tho Germans desired and Intended by such diversion. "To take on extreme case, If every time tho enemy detnehed a alngle sub marine and sent It off Into somo remoto locality to iflioot up on undefended beach wo made a rediuposltlon or our forces or detached a comparatively large force to proceed there In reply thereto tho submarine campaign would have been still moro threatening. I am clt'r.g these cues merely to tthow tho repeated vio lation of fundamental principles of war faro," Admiral Sims told In detail of Instances In which ho lcarnod of the movement of American naval forces "by accident" be cause gf alleged failure to notify him, though ho was understood to be In su preme command so fnr as cooperation with British commanders was concernod. He referred to one ca3o In which he said tho Dixie, an American craft, "ran right through tho middle of a mine field laid by submarines a few days before." Ho also said thcro was endless confusion In irgard to the orders to the officers sent to the Brest and Bordeaux naval bases. He charged also that tho Navy Depart ment, after promising to follow Ills ad vice, failed to do to. Beferrlng to one caso Involving orders for a patrol nt the Azores Admiral Sims said: "If I had been content not to go beyond tho strict letter of my Instruc tions from the department, but only mind iny own local business, and theso forces In the Azores had followed tho same principle, they would have been left In the air trying to get detailed instructions from day to day from Washington." Admiral Hlms is c.ecteJ to finish his present lino of testimony next week. RAILWAY EXPRESS ASKS 75 P. C. RAISE Bato Increase to Cover Entiro Northern Section East of Mississippi Bivor. Sptctal (o Tub SiJn a.nd Nitw Tonic Hemid. Washington, March 13. An iricrcase In express rates, running ns high ns 7B per cent, in Zone 1, covering tho entiro territory east of the Mississippi and north of tho Ohio and l'otoinac rivers, was nsked by tho American Itailway Express Compnny, In a petition filed with tho Interstate Commerco Commis sion to-day. A CO per cent increase In rates in all of tho other zones was asked, Tho petition of the express company cites tho deficits Incurred under Govern ment control nnd declares that a smaller percentage lncrcaso would not bo suf ficient to maintain tho business and to take care of the necessary renewals In equipment. Tho 75 per cent. Increase In tho East Is to apply on all except on commodity rates. The commodity rate -Increases asked are !!5 per cent In Zone 1 and 10 per cent. In tho other zones, with a 13 per cent. Increase on traffic moving be tween Zone 1 und other zones. It Is estimated that the Increases asked would rnlso Ihe express revenue of tho country approximately 125,000,000 a year. The American Hallway Kxpress Com pany, which wus orjuinlzed In June, 1913, when the Federal Government took over the express companies, Is In effect a consolidation of tho four companies, the Adams, tho American, the Southern and the Wells Fargo, which operated ap proximately 8a per cont. of tho railway express mileage of the country. The American Hallway Expross Com pany was capitalized for (1,612,0)0, and a fair return on this capitalization after caring for deferrod maintenance and the renewal of railway cars, automobile trucks and repairs and extensions of sta tions Is looked for from tho now rates asked. In tho first nix months of Its existence, or up to December 31, 1918. the company had a deficit of .$15,733,000, For 1919 thero Is an estimated deficit of $22,036, 000, and tho months of January and February this yar are otncct'td to be even leaner than tho previous January and February. Tho lncrcaso In rates, It Is stated, in tho application, nofonly must bo sufficient to offset this loss, but to tako caro of maintenance and give something over and above this for profit, that the company, or whatever com panies conduct tho business In the fu ture, may bo able to earn expenses and something over for profit, "Previous increases," tho brief states, "havo added approximately $13,000,000 to the annual revenue, but It was In turn and Immediately given to tho em ployes in the shapo of Increased wages. Tho effect of tho eight hour day and resultant overtime Is best shown by the fact that prior to their establishment tho i-ompnny paid less than $50,000 a month overtime, while for December, 1919, over time payment amounted to $1,022,000." Summarizing tho need for Increased revenues at this time, tho-company cites the Increased cost of operations as a re sult of wago and other advances: tho need for more complete facilities and ad ditional equipment, which would require the expend in.r. of nvu.y millions of dol lars, which could not be obtained because new . rrtfi' would not bo available unless furthe- deficits wero avoided. Under Government control, tho oner- atlnjr deficits of the express companies! was maao up by tho Government under mo reniai contract iiRrccu uiu, not stated whether tho new rates will approximate In results tho Government rental guarantee.. Tho oxpress compa nies wero relinquished with tho railroads, but will got the benefit of the guarnntea until September 1. ; The full schedule of increases rnieu asked Is covered In the potltlon filed to day, as follows: "Disregarding entirely the two In creases In express rates approximating 19 to 20 per cent, slnco September 1, 1915, your petitioner bellovcs it Is neces sary that express rates be brought up to approximately the samo relation with proposed freight rates that applied un der the original schome of the commis sion, as modified by Its order effectlvo September 1, 1915. To do thti It ould require an In crease In the haulago chnrge of 75 jwr cent. In zone 1 and of 50 per cent. In other zones, nnd as to interzono rates be tween zone 1 and other zones an Incrcnse of CO per cent, and 50 per cent. In the other zones. "Further, because of the Increase In wages and the Increased price of every thing that enters into the conduct of the expross business, your petitioner feels that the original combined terminal charge of the commission, which was 45 cents, except In zone 4, should bo In creased In tho other four zones to 60 cents, or 33 1-3 per cent., which amount It belloves is much less than the in crease in wages and material and sup plies slnco that time. Of "this 60 cents proposed new combined terminal 35 cents would bo the express terminal nnd 25 cents the rail terminal. "It also believes that commodity rates should bo Increased 25 per cent, over the present rates In zono 1, 10 per cent, V' T 'ho preser.t rates In the other zones, and 15 per cent, between zone 1 nnd the other zones, except that rates on milk and cream should be approximately the samo as by railroad." Must Vacate May 1 Out Sale Closing Colonial nnd Period Mantel and Upright Mirrors, Framed and Unframed English Col ored Prints, Hand CarvcdFrames, Sconces, Floor o,nd Table Lamps. F. R. Barter 323 Madison Ave. Bet. 42 and 43 Streets Opposite Hotel Manhattan Polo Coats Special ' '18 & 25M Trie Women's Shop for'Valaes 22 EAST 34T-ST. across THETaeer fbom ALTMANS- We Especially Urge Our Out Of Town Friends To Attend This Sale FOR MONDAY AND TUESDAY This Time-A Wonderful Purchase and Sale THAT WE ASK YOU TO COMPARE WITH ANY SHOWN ELSEWHERE AT $10 TO $20 MORE Here is a convincing demon stration of the value-giving su premacy of this store. Women who want a fine suit for Easter at a BIG SAVING will buy one of these suits tomorrow at Realizing market conditions we placed our order for these suits weeks earlier than usual and escaped later price advances That's one reason these suits can be sold at $39.50 instead of $49.50 to $59.50. A Great Sale of Fine Eas resse That We Ask 7 11 m mm You to Compare With Those You Have Seen Generally Priced at $25 Offered, Tomorrow and Tuesday, at Tricolettes Taffetas . Satins Serges Georgettes Tricotines Jerseys Crepe de Chines Oihtr Siw Surlna llrtitti at SIS.HSJSi Cp to $75. When wo pile you to compare these with the usual $25 dresses vra are SAFE in making auch a statement became we know that the manufacturer from wborn we bought thit lot DOES NOT MAKE DRESSES TO RETAIL FOR LESS THAN $25. We aeeured con cession in thit particular inttance and are giving you the benefit. THAT'S WHY YOU CAN BUY SUCH'WONDERFUL DRESSES AT $18 (FOUR OF WHICH WE HAVE PICTURED HERE). raw ' For Sale Office Fixtures of Mahogany and White Woods Also Stock Cases Very Reasonable 'Apply Tom Rogers lames McCreery & Co. 5 West 34th Street TO Cordon &DUworth Real ObangeMamaiade AltT HA1.KH. ART BAT.KU. KEELER ART GALLERIES 12 Vesey St., Noar nroadway. ESTATE SALE OF Valuable Paintings At ABSOLUTE AUCTION nx onnr.u or Mrs. Lizzie Prinz, Executrix fcSTATi: OI' Till". IATK Charles Prinz HICHAM! A. OBIS. ATTY. 359 I'lilton St., HrooUlyn Tn addition Fainting of The Itmtfion Ither School n well tnrlotu Furnlgn ht'.hool.i, among which are uinTAi" by Win, Hurt W. J fionntug IIanlffW Achcnbach II. I,,!mrlrmin Hlnrstnut J.IL!,.I)oIl!Uj Ooo.T.Conroy I)7x)iijpr9 O.DnvId C D. Hunt Kruwwan Van Elten U On Vlow TUESDAY & WEDNESDAY KAI.rSfDAVS THURSDAY & FRIDAY MAIICII 18 Jb It) AT il O'CLOCK i:ACH AFTKHNOON S.il lo ho rimiliictK'l ly MK. liKO. W. KKEMJR CaUloxuo on application. 3 AltT S.U.F.S. Sale at n 1'rUnte Itcslilcnio BENJ. S. WISE, Auel'r. Will Sell at l'lihlU' ".tiitliMv Entire Contents of Pf.Vate Residence 664 WEST END AVE. Xfar trjnd Stnrt. By OrJtr of L. MILLER w)iu Is kM'ik up liniwiikepnlnB. WED., March 17th, 10:30 A.M. Thft iwlrtenCH It fully furnished with ilixht'li&i KurnMiiiirsoi ovfry (Inscription: dold Ilnwlnn Itomn Kiirnltiui. Kuks. Car pot!", ftnd night llii lro-was fully niulppo'l. iM-n Curtcilns. DrajK rl.-. lirton-Urac. i'Ic turc, DiKk, Kaky ('halts, Touches, Ilrnn Uls, l'lno Dividing. Ulwtrollci-i, Clocks, Walters fprlsht l'lawi. Columbia I'hono graph and ItoconK ntr. Eililliltlon:- Open 0 A.M. day of Hale. Continuation Storage Sale M ordor of Manhattan Storage & Wareliouie Co. 1r unpaid ttorage chnrgci, lv", additions from othiv Mnircat Thursday and Friday 11 A. M. oach daj CS University I'l. . Ilotweon 11th nnd 12th Sts. Furniture and Effects of every description both modern nnd antique CHOICE lllllC-A-lirtAC AND WOHKS OP A KT, MTH.HUNCi Sll Vr.I SHEFFIELD AND COFFKK. OHIENTAI, Iiro". UI'KKiHT 11 ANOfl. HANDSOME DHAI'EMi:. I.ACE CUUTAINS, UKDDINO, I.INEN, Paintings and Proof Etchings .Also n largo Quantity of medium crndu fiirnlturn, carpets and general ImuKohold efTectR. Exhibition Wednesday, 1-6 P.M Arthur Kaliski, Auctioneer ON EXHIBITION TOMORROW (MONDAY) IN Silo's Fifth Avenue Art Galleries 40 EAST 45TH STREET S. W. Cor. Vanderbilt Ave., JAMES P. SILO & SON, Auctioneer. CONTINUATION SALE OF ANTIQUE & MODERN FURNITURE FROM THE Albert L. Morse Estate ALSO THE PROPERTY OF Mrs. A. B. Gwathmey, Jr., AND the nr.sinrn or the F. W. Wpolworth Estate Comprising about 100 Lota of Bedroom Furniture, etc. Together with Library & Dining Suitea In this Collection will be found Period Furniture, which has been brought together from England, France and Italy; also a number of historic Colonial Pieces, Chinese Porcelains, Wrought Iron and Brasses, Clock Sets, Andirons, Fine Belgian Laces, etc. . SALE DAYS: Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, March 1G, 17, 18 nnd 19f at 2 P. M The Unusual Collection of CERAMICS, GLASSWARE and SAMPLERS Belonpinc to Mr. GEORGE CARLTON COMSTOCK of New York, and removed for sale from his Colonial residence at Montrose, Pa., will be sold at '1 he Clarke Galleries at unrestricted sale March 25th, 26th and 27th afternoons at 2:30 o'clock Collection Consists of: Staffordshire, Davenport, Spode, "Wedgewood and Lowestoft China Nealeware, Birch and other Old English Tea Pots and Pitchers; Burslem, Sunder land, Staffordshire and other Jugs in Pink, Purple, Gold, Silver and Copper Lustre Staffordshire, YTorce?fer, Crown Derby and other Figures and Statuettes; Beni in ;ton and New Jersey Ware; English, Early American and Hohemian Glassware, and Early American and Italian Samplers. On Exhibition beginning March 22nd, 1920 CLARKE GALLERIES 5 West 44th St., New York Mr. Augustus W. Claike, Conducting Sale jfm ft llarKB J7 West '-Hih St On View From Tuesday Kslatn or (ho lato Thomas Addis Emmet, M.D. The personal property re moted from his hli resi dence, &9 Madion Atenue. CoiisIstliiR of Antique and modern furniture, Several important paintings (Early Italian School), Aubtis on and Flemish Tapestries, Oriental Hugs, Carpets, Geor gian Silver and Old Sheffield l'late, Personal Jewelry, Lin ens, Table China and Glass, Old English Prints and Porce lains, Valuable Art Objects, etc., etc. To Be Sold by Auction on Thurs day, March 18, 1920, and following days each afternoon at 2:30 P. M. Dy Onler of GEORGE W. HARPER, Jr., Esq., r.xccutor. Tho Salo nIll bo conducted by Mr. AUGUSTUS V. CLARKE ON VIEW TOMORROW AND UNTIL HOUR OF SALC. at the Galleries of 3M-341 Fourth Ave Cor. 25th Street Property beloneing' to tho Estate- or tho lato WILLIAM SIMPSON Also consignments from other Estates and Individuals, consisting In part of Works of Art FUHNITUnG AND OTHER Home Appointments The combined collection Includes: Colonial Furniture In large variety, Flemish Oak Dla Ing Hoom Suite, upholstered suites, odd pieces for tho Library and Living Hoom, Oil Paintings by Korelprn and American Artists, a valuable Florentine Mosaic. Ori ental Carpets and Hubs. . Poree Ja.,ns, Cut Glass and many other objects. TO HE SOI.l AT AUCTION, Thursday. 1'rlday and Saturday, Murcli IS, 10 nml 20, Vrom 2 o'clock mcli day. Henry A. Hartmnn, Auctioneer ON 1TIEB VIEW TOMOKKOW At the Old Galleries 15 EAST 59TH ST. IMPORTANT EXECUTORS' SALE rstnto of the late Elizabeth Jane Haynes (AND OTIIKnS) HEMOVK1) ntoji sroiaor ANTIQUE AND MODERN FURNITURE Oil Paintings, Persian & .- Domestic Ru?s & Carpets Including Handtome Mshojany Din ing Room, Bedroom and Library Furni ture and numerous odd pieces, also fine China, Silverware, Mirrors and other DccoralWe EfTfdi, also a fine Collec tion of Italian Hand Embroidered Linens, Laces and Brocades. SAI.K O.VTS Wednesday, Thursday & Friday Murrh 1?. 18 und tl). neKlnn'n i:arli li.iy at r " , Mr. V. H. i..U!K i:, turtlonetr. IMC. PjffAw&p on view TO-MonrtoM I'.vni. ti.mi: or sale. vlW'V Odd lot of Dresses $10.00 1 I i 3 1 II PLAZA ART ROOMS, INC. S-7 EAST 59TH STREET (AT 5TH AVE.) K.ltWUll) 1". O'HCII.I.V, Auctlonipi. PALATIAL FURNISHINGS REMOVED FROM THE STRICTLY PRIVATE RESIDENCE 2 EAST 67.TH STREET THIS CITY Will Be Sold al Unrestricted Public Auction at THE PLAZA ARTROOMS, INC. IX COXXWTIOX WITH 1 III: M'.TTIXMKX I or VAltlOUS lS FATES. Consisting of Museum Tapestries, Needlework and Aubusaon Tapestry Suites and Portieres, Fire Screens, Chair Scats, etc.; Louis XVI. Bronze Mounted Bedroom Suites, Italian Renaissance Refectory Tables, Satinwood Consoles, Desks nnd Commodes, Bronze and Crystal Candelabra, Rare China, Rugs, Carpets, Steinway Baby Grand Pianos, Royal Sevres Vases, Ecclesiastical Draperies, etc. KINDLY NOTE THE SALE SESSIONS Wednesday Thursday, Friday and Saturday March 17, 18, 19 and 20, at 2:30 P. M. each day. Cntalogrjr on nppllratlon. Telephone I'lnr.i SU1. BfffiffflBYitaiii 5a i PI sa i J Kast 12Ui St.. 1.10-151 ljt-t f'; N.Y.'s Largest Auction Salesroom "l.". Tuesday & Wednesday, 10:30 A.M. lly ornor of the Lincoln Safe Deposit Co. GUAM) ASSOHTMKNT iK ltltH Modern Household Effects Upright Pianos, Victrolas VAIUKTY -'I' I-IN':, e ., Library, Living and Chamber S l)rlnB Cs.se:.. Chiffonier W s.f Hoolic.-xses, Iluffets. Sldeboan J. M '' TnMcn. Sets of Dining Chi!.-. Lj TurKinn vnairs ;inu uuvrki. ---- Mlrrf-K. ,. 75 Brass Beds, Bedding Printings, Engravings, Water Colon ; Floor and Table Lamps Choice Rugs (All Sizes) Directors Tables, Safes v Goods mi oxhlMtlon Munday uni 1 K. H MilllKixn. AuctlonMrjmiH'rri-- REMOVAL SALE BIG BARGAINS AT Thos. Bullocks ANTIQUE STORE 706 Madison Ave, near 63rd St. FIFTY Thousand Dollars ol ' '""',' modirn palntincs. Sidney Cooper llashmlel. KarrlnRton, ,??'';, u,n,t- tnenty othem. u.. 1: Htrald m.