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The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, March 14, 1920, Section 7 Magazine Section, Image 73

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THE SUN AND KBW TOSS HEEA1D, SUNDAY, M&ROH M, 1620.
Paris Club k-?w
'i , f J ' 't'Zi
for Women
From U.S.A.
Provision Made for
Rush of Visitors of
Whom Many Will Be
Gold Star Mothers
of Heroes
By STERLING HEILIG.
Paris, March 1, 1920.
THEY nrrlvo, forerunners of tho com
ing tourist tidal wave American
women of tho usual tourist cate
Ffirlfs, and tho new, the followers In buddy's
footsteps and the visitors to soldiers graves.
They aro as likely as not to arrlw In
Paris after dnrk, according to the vagaries
of the boat train, a little shaky on their
land legs and disconcerted from tho wrestle
with their baggage and their first glimpse
of strange, babbling Paris. They are fortu
nate, Indeed, If they aro booked for the
American Women's Club, that new, Illus
trious and Important institution. Tho Amer
ican Ambassador's wlfo Is honorary presi
dent. This club Is organized to answer every
thing It is situated In tho rormcr bar
room of the former Hotel St. Petersburg,
which was on of the greatest tourist hotels
before tho war. at 33 Ruo Caumartln, Just
off the Paris Boulevard. During the Amer
loan military campaign It became the fore
most Hostess House of tho T. W. C. A.
Now It Is something really extraordinary
a hotel with 100 heated bedrooms for tran
sient American women (women only, and
exclusively American) and recognized, up
held and used for their own purposes by
the best elements of the. permanent Amer
ican colony, not only as a women's hotel
but a convenient American centre worthy
of th name.
New Club a Lively Centre.
There Is systematized activity, on tho one
sidp of French girl Interpreter searchers
arcomp'inying tourists to rescue their bag
Kase and get Into the right trains; on the
other, of club secretaries guiding parties
to the Graves Registration Bureau and the
Hed Cross, where they find the location of
tho grave which they have como 3,000 miles
to see, and where their exact trip Is planned
for them to and from the cemetery. Tho
Y. W. C. A., It should bo noted In passing,
maintains rest houses (veritable little hotels,
all brand now), Just outside each of tho
American cemeteries, for relatives and bona
flile personal visitors. Later In the day they
nro taken to the American Passport Bureau
and the Prefecture of Police.
Mingling with such seekers are entire cate
gories of American women patronizing the
club, more numerous In their ensemble, who
know their way about perfectly. They are
women tourists, business and professional
women, welfare workers, artistes, artists,
writers, doctors, nurses, Interior decorators,
buyers from New Tork, &c, and women sent
over to study tho fashions In hats and gowns.
It Is the Paris stopping place for the relief
units of tho Near East, the reconstruction
workers with the Wellesley College Unit, tho
United States Being Left in Scramble for Russian Trade
Li'euf. Negley Farson of the Royal
Flying Corps has pronounced views in
favor of the United States entering
into business relations with Russia,
bad not on his career as an aviator,
but as a business man who formerly
had a large connection with the em
pire's merchants. Onr European Allies,
he says, should not be permitted to go
in as they are doing and get all the
business.
Negley Farson is a grandson of
Major-Gen. James Scott Negley of
Mexican war and ciil war fame. He
entered the export trade on being
graduated from the University of
Pennsylvania as civil engineer. From
December, 19'S. the firm was Landby
& Farson, Inc., with offices in New
York, Stockholm and Petrograd. In
the same year Mr. Farson went to Rus
Bia on business with the Russian War
Department. His interests procured
him many personal interviews with
Grand Duke Serge Michaelovitch. He
suffered a bad accident to his left leg
in a motor accident on the Moscow
Airdrome and was unable to leave Rus
sia at the outbreak of the revolution.
Refused on account of his disabled
leg when he volunteered for service in
the United States Army, Farson joined
the British Flying Corps and was sent
to Egypt as a scout pilot. A year
later he was appointed instructor in
aviation with Gen. Denekine in South
Russia. His old wound and other leg
fractures received in a crash in Egypt
sent him eventually to hospital; he is
convalescing in the Presbyterian
1111 hic nitv nntv.
By NEGLEY FARSON.
LANDING in Philadelphia from Europe
about two weeks ago, almost the first
question a friend asked mo was what
did I think about Russia. I replied that it
would take a day or two to tell all I thought,
but this I could say offhand, that I was cer
tain trado was about to.open up with Russia,
Soviet or no Soviet. My friend turned pale.
He stammered:
"For goodness sake, don't say that openly.
You've heard of the Soviet Ark, haven't
you? Well, if you don't watch out they'll
nut you on one!"
To say what I believe Is a valuable thing
tn say is what gives me courage to bravo
that danger! I will preface by tho state
ment that I have no reason to love or ex
cuse the Bolshevik!. They plundered a ship
ment of my firm, for which we had paid
135,000 rubles, whilo it was en route from
Russia to Sweden, and that slmplo thing does
"t tnd toward friendliness, but I havo
many nobler reasons for my dislike of them
and thlr methods. I was in Russia during
nd after tho revolution and saw with my
own eyes how their extremist theories simply
wt to bits tha work of tho Provisional Qw
ttnmcnt and destroyed Russia.
Tha vtewn aaa w Mrta
V 't IJ ,i ,
DRAWING ROOM o iis AMERJCAN
Methodist Unit, the Smith Collego Unit, the
American Commltteo for Devastated Franco,
&c.
The permanent American Colony of Paris,
formerly classed as absentees, none too
American, seems lined up around tho club as
If in sltnplo Joy of being Just American! Tho
business men, tha bankers, tho commission
houses. International law firms, representa
tives abroad, Ac, havo quite visibly be
come part of the colony and undeniable en
thusiasts of the olub. After eating lunch
four, days consecutively In tho great dining
room open to American men, perhaps the
best known International Jurist murmured to
me, with emotion: "I Just lovo Its atmos
phere!" And under tho coup of It (as tho
French say) he went and founded out of his
prlvato means two 5,000 franc prizes for the
best essays "On Toleration" in religion, poli
tics, economics and society, to be awarded
by tho American Chamber of Commerce of
Paris.
Tho club has given four charming dances
In a scries of winter entertainments; there
aro regular Sunday afternoon hospitality
teas, with a resident American woman as
sisting the hostesses; there are weekly Sun
day evening musicales to provide audiences
for young American artists and composers
studying in Paris, though Interspersed for
variety with programmes by the best French
artists available.
Special parties In the nature of dinners
and receptions aro given on American holi
days. Many American men and women havo
entertained friends at the club with private
dinners and tra parties since the opening In
October, and for this form of entertainment
the club has provided rooms and adequate
service. Nothing of this sort Interferes with
the hotel business on the contrary. Tho for
mer St. Petersburg was fairly spacious, oven
for a first class Paris hotel, and all has been
First Hand Report From Keen American Observer Shows Strides
Made by British and Other Europeans Despite Handicap
of Ancient Barter System of Doing Business
those of a philosopher or diplomat, but of
a business man. Trade la opening up be
tween Russia and the Powers of Europe.
The latter are adopting a policy that shows
there isanother aspect of Russia that they
take rather than the crushing of Bolshevism.
The original policy of the Allies was never
unanimous and Its debucle has been followed
by another policy. This promises the. final
overthrow, or submergence, of Bolshevik
principles and the most advantageous posi
tion for tho European nations with regard
to the future Russian trade. The United
States Is left out of this concert. If by Us
own wish, then all the sooner should Its citi
zens hear some facts.
Trade Connectioni Forming.
In plain nords, the Allies, after debating
several ways, are adopting tho plan of re
fraining from taking sides with Russian In
ternal affairs arid aro beginning to open
trade connections as far as possible In all
parts) of Russia.
Thero was at ono time some attempt at
sending large forces of allied troops for
ostensibly defensive purposes, but public
opinion was dead against It. And the actual
methods employed to land such troops on
Russian soil were of such a nature that
European populations made matters ex
tremely embarrassing for their Governments.
Eventually an Archangel commander In the
English forces Col. Sherwood Kelly, V. C
wrote a letter stating that his troops were
being used for offensive and not defensive
purposes. He was recalled to London nnd
underwent a court-martial.
It Is quite unnecessary to go Into the
failure of Kolchak, Deneklno nnd Judenltch.
Their rule seemed less acceptable to the In
habitants of the territory they occupied than
some would have us believe. However, had
any one of theso three succeeded In taking
either Moscow or Petrograd, It would have
undoubtedly ended Bolshevism, and their
backers among the Allies would have re
ceived substantial trado concessions In re
turn. That war, natural and unquestionably
expected. The aid they received was not due
to any feeling of philanthropy on tho part
of their supporters.
Two motives underlie all allied action
with regard to Russia the deslro for the
lion's share of tho vast market Russia would
present and tho crushing of Bolshevism. It
Is difficult to say which was tho moro Impor
tant, as their relatlvo valuo varied with the
times. However, it is felt by some that the
foreign Powers no doubt embarked on the
policy that has Just mot with failure be
cause, had It succeeded, It would havo left
the Allies in a position where they could
have practically dictated their own terms
for trade agreements with tha Government
that would havo thus been established.
TJp to tho present America has abstained
from active participation. But now that,
the Allies havo abandoned their previous
attitude toward Russia it seems unwise to
continue ta this position.
. ft . iff t(Li
taken over. It seclusion Is desired outside
one's bedroom, the women's library and writ
ing rooms on tho entresol (cunning low
story or "half floor" between tho ground
floor and Del etage) are always quiet and
restful. And one thing X am going to quoto
toxtually. The words aro before my eyes:
Male Americans May Dine There,
"All American men and women are wcl
como to tho large dining room every day
regardloss of whether or not they have
friends staying at tho club to vouch for
them. Tho only requirement la that they
are Americans. American men aro welcrme
to the salons and downstairs rooms, where
a smoking and reading room has been fur
nished for their use. Other floors are re
served for women."
Tho American Collego Women's Club ha'
hero Its social scat. Tho French Homes
Society makes the club Its hoadquarters.
(It was formed by Mme, Joffre to Introduce
American soldiers to French society.) The
Tuesday Evening Club for all American
women In Paris is the great crush. It has
been addressed by well known war corre
spondents like Will Irwin, Floyd Gibbons and
Elmer Roberts, Paris chief of the Associated
Press.
What, for example, la a young, unmarried
Captain In tho Adjutant-General's ofllco,
however socially fortunate, to do with a little
golden haired, blue eyed girl of fourteen,
como all tho way from Okklahoma City to
spend tho winter In Paris with her soldier
brother?
They settled her at the club. The women
guests were delighted to have her around,
as there are not many attractive youngsters
travelling about Europe nowadays; and they
vied with each other In showing her every
big sister friendliness. They take her to tho
opera, on sight seeing trips, to hear the best
ment or not makes small difference. It will
neither stand nor full because of our recog
nition. The resumption of trado with Rus
sia will be the beginning of fairly normal
economic conditions there, and this more
than anything else should sound the deuth
knell of Bolshevism. The Infusion of healthy
conditions that will come with trade will
show up the impracticability of its extrem
ist experiments. .Most of such could never
survive when competing with a saner eco
nomic rival.
Unquestionably this has long be'.'n foreseen
by European business men and, as we know,
they havo been under full blast with active
plans for Russian trado for some time.
Also their Governments are strenuously
backing, If not leading, them along such
lines!
Yet we still flounder about In doubt.
For some years to como It will be abso
lutely necessary to havo a strong govern
mental backing of our own concerns trading
In Russia If we expect them to have an even
chance with European firms. Tho reason
for this Is that Russia's finances are In such
a shattered condition that barter will bo the
enly means of trading.
Plan of Barter and a Board of Experti.
To handle this miscellaneous barter ex
change It will bo necessary for American
banks and trading concerns to establish a
form of clearing house for produce in vari
ous Russian major ports, this to bo protected
by mutual Russo-Amerlcan .Government
agreements. There a staff of experts can be
maintained for proper valuations of Russian
goods received, and Russians themselves will
recelvo credit for such amounts with which
they can In return purchase American arti
cles. Also adequato arrangements can be
provided for the ntorago of produce and
other articles In bond. This seems a logical
and easy method of transacting such busi
ness, and could no doubt bo put Into effect
even under present conditions.
For the independent trader here to load up
a ship with assorted merchandise and then
proceed to Russia to barter, bit by bit, would
probably be a costly experiment and a hap
hazard way of approaching such business
Aside from tho Insecurity of his position, the
time Involved and the cost of maintaining ex
perts on the various articles to bo received
In exchange for his cargo would set up an
ovorhead cost that would absorb most, if not
all, of his profits.
It is not to be expected that Russia will
emergo from Bolshevism and pass straight
Into i sound, safe, normal regime in a year
or so. Therefore, aomo governmental co
operation and backing will be essential to
Insure a measurable amount of security for
those American firms that embark upon
trade with that country. It Is necessary to
give some reasonable degree of confidence
to those exporters here that they can go
ahead and prepare a Russian market for
their goods without having the fur that it
can bi snatched away from them yttfc
WOMEN'S CLUB , PARIS .
music tn Paris; and she Is a familiar figure
In the club drawing rooms and at dances,
muslcaleo and entertainments. Big bnthor
ts always in the background, thoughtful, con
siderate. A blind American woman had been
stranded a week In Paris In a room without
heat, or adequate food, or any caro but that
of her daughter, a child of twelve. They
kept to their cold, lonely room most of the
time, wrapped In ted coverings. Two staff
secretaries of tho club found them and
brought them to tho club next day, "ta bo
warm and cheery"; and all the hotel guests
and club visitors treated them like sisters.
The woman was a graduate of one of our
largest universities. In 1808 sho married and
went with her husband to live In a certain
European city. In 1914 she returned to the
States with her little daughter to receive
treatment for the eyes; but they liecamo
teadlly worse until she practically lost her
sight. Meanwhllo tho war was on and It
was impossible to return to her husband.
Letters camo through, and he frequently
cabled her. Last September tho State De
partment Issued her a passport, and after a
fatiguing voyago sho finally arrived to find
the homo which she had planned and fur
nished with her own means and hands occu
pied by another woman, and strange children
about the house! Her husband was a
changed man; tho situation was Intolerable,
and sho had enough money to reach Paris.
Now, at the club, passago money was
promptly and quiotly found by American
men, in their own pockots; and. after a
short recuperation, mother and 12-year-old
daughter were on their way to tho boat, ac
companied by a Y. W. C. A. worker, to in
stall them, like returning tourists.
Can a pretty and stylish American girl get
lost from parents and hotel in Paris? One
Bolshevism Is an economic phenomenon;
therefore the opening up of regular trade
with Russia should be a far stronger
weapon than military ventures or diplo
matic boycott. Russia Is an agrarian coun
try, and the proletariat of skilled artisans
la extremely small In comparison with the
peasantry. The peasantry produces those
products which we most desire from Rus
sia and which can C8 meat efficiently
handled in exchange for our goods. Also,
they are but little In sympathy with Bol
shevism, which U essential!, the sp!rlt of
the city proletariat.
The desire on our part to trade with them
will glvf rise to a reciprocal desire on
their part to trado with us, which will
embraca by far the greater part of Russia's
BROADWAY THEATR
was lately. For three hours she wandered
In tho darkening streets, Inquiring of police
and passersby tho way to her hotel in
English. Once, she had the senso to boldly
step lnsido a famous hotel, a favorite with
Americans, to put the situation to the deck:
and the head clerk, who courteously under
stood, looked Into a directory, called a taxi
and gavo the chauffeur tho address of her
hotel. But it wasn't. On arriving, all was
strange; none recognized or understood her;
and again she wandered on the Paris side
walk. Onu of those flirty French lads, at this mo
mont (smart, well groomed and gay eyed)
touched his hat, put on a nice, frank, im
personal air, and asked In English: "Arc
you lost?"
Sho trusted him. Ho thought a moment
"There Is an American hotel for womon
nearby. I saw the name as I passed," ho
said. "I'll take you."
The young lady .secretary was closing up
the club's Information for tho evening. Tuo
tourist girl sank into a big leather chair,
ouf! Half hysterical, sho told how she had
becomo separated from her people in the
crush In front of tho Prlntemps, without
money; without language.
They easily found tho namo of the lost
hotel in tho directory; found It ten times.
In fact, for there an exactly ten hotels of
that name. Did sho know the street, the
neighborhood? Yes, it was a new hotel Just
opened. And the directory was moro than
one year old (the new one is late, with theso
war changes) ! The poor child was so scared
that sho could scarcely sign tho register.
They put her up for the night and tucked her
In. Next day they found a frtond of the fam
ily in his offices near the Opera. He knew
the hotel and everything. And so tho cur
tain fell on all united and happy.
population. Thle will create a formidable
public opinion In Russia which will bo dif
ficult for the Bolshevist dictators to mold
to their ways of thinking and action, and
In this ono sees one of tho fissures which
could be created In tho Bolshevik structure
that would break up that dictatorship and
allow the Russians to set up the form of
government they most desire.
Aside from this, to look at tho matter
from a higher standpoint than purely the
material gains to bo derived from our
policy, we have not the moral right to
continue to abstain from taking an actlvp
port in Russian affairs. Ours is practically
the only country whoso population is so
evenly polyglot that It embraces in all the
different social and economic levels nearly
every creed and nationality In the world.
The composite or public opinion of such a
people, if correctly Interpreted and por
trayed, should bo pJmost the closest ap
proach to unbiased neutrality on world
problems obtainable.
Russia needs and desire that opinion
anil our 'cooperation now more than ever.
And what do we gain by closing tho door?
City's Early
Theatres
Recalled
Old Park Long Dom
inated Amusement
Business Story of
Broadway Experi
ment in Late '40s
By CHARLES BDRNHAM.
THE old Park Tlieatro which stood
on Park Row was tho dominating
influence in Now York theatricals
almost from tho day the original house was
(lcdlcatod in 178!'. So suro woro the man
agers of its standing that for many years
they colled the houso The 'Theatre, refusing
to rccognizo any other establishment, until
tho exigencies of time mode it Imperative
to glvo it a distinctive appellation, when
tho original name, tho Park Theatre, was
restored, a tltlo retained until the final
destruction of thy houso in 134S.
Tho National Theatre, at Church and
.Leonard streets, whon under tho direction
' of tho older Wnllack, becarao tho first rival
worthy of disputing with the oldor houso
its supremacy in dramatio affairs. Un
fortunately, tho National was destroyed by
fire in 1839, Just as Mr. Wallack had suo
cecded In firmly establishing it in popular
favor. In an effort to raiuo funds for the
imrposo of establishing a now tlieatro to
bo conducted by Mr. Wallaolc a meeting
of many of the leading citizens of the city
was held at the old Astor Houso, and tho
following statement issued to the publlo:
"The tlmo has arrived when a metropolitan
theatre corresponding with tho wealth and
population of this metropolis should be
orectcd on a suitable and convenient elto,
and that a commltteo of ton oitlzons be
appointed to tako the wholo Hubject into
consideration." Among tho committee Were
such notabltt mon of tho day as Philip
Hone, Epos Sargent, Robert Emmot, B. &
Ruggles, M. 31. Noah, Samuol Ward, Jh,
and Gerard Cosier. Nothing, howover, como
of tho matter, and it was somo years later
before any definite movo waa made to sup
plant the old Park, which still lingered much
tho worse for wear In a location that was
then being considered "too far downtown."
The New Theatre on Broadway.
In 1847 there was erected at about what
a now numbered 338 Broadway tho largest
theatre tho city had possessed, the manager
of which was practically a newcomer in tho
theutrioal field. It was his hope that the
new house would prove a worthy successor
and occupy tho samo place in publlo esteem
so long held by the old Park, his ambitions
in that direction being set forth in the fol
lowing announcement: "This splendid es
tablishment, erected In tho most fashionable
and popular section of tho city, will open
Monday ovenlng, September 27, with tho
determination on tho part of tho proprietor
to mako It worthy of the patronage of the
Intelligence and fashion of tho city of New
York. It is located on the east sldo of
Broadway, between Anthony and Pearl
Htreets, at a point easily reached from overy
other part of tho city. No pains or exponso
have been spared to render It worthy of tho
character of a metropolitan theatre."
When tho audlcnco assembled on that
opening night they found many innovations,
and opinions were divided as to the de
sirableness of the changes that confronted
them. Foremost among them was ho abol
ishment of tho tlmo honored English ar
rangement of the pit, to which women wore
not admitted, its place Mug occupied by
a continuation of the dross circle, known
in theso modern days as the orchestra. This
Intrusion upon an old Institution was looked
upon by tho old tlmr ux rank heresy and
against all theatrical rules of management
About a year later one of the older man
agers took over tho old Park Theatre and
remodelled tho structure, keeping the pit,
which was commented on by ono critic,
who said: "It retains It good old character
and was not transformed Into that modern
absurdity, a 'parquetto,' which, being a sort
of adjunct to the dress circle, is too gon
teel a place to ullow i.iitor.s to lauyii oi
applaud In." Even as late as 1878 Bronson
Howard, tho playwright, in bemoaning tho
fact that there were no moro pits' In Amer
ican theatres, said: "B) tm abolition of
tho pit and the banishment of Its former
denizens to the upper gallery the entire
lower part of the house has now sunk to a
dead level of respectability. As a dramatio
author I hope to welcome tho day when the
pit shall return to its primltivo glory."
Agreeable astonishment was created when
the auditors upon entering tho tlieatro found
that It was carpeted throughout. The ad
vanced Ideas of tho new manager wero fur
ther manifested In tho artistic manner In
which the theatre had been docorated, a
detail that caused ono writer to say: "Th
splendid style of decoration which has been
so freely lavished upon tha cabins of steam
boats and oyster saloons has at last found
Its way to Its more lcgitlmato use In the
building of the theatre. Pooplo will here
after wonder how they were able to endure
the old fashioned filth, darkness and dU
comfort."
Letter WalUck'i American Dobut.
Upon the stage of this theatre Lester Wal
lack mode his debut In America under the
name of John Lester, and lntec on this same
artist created here tho rolo of Monte Cristo.
Samuel Lover, tho famous Irish author,
made his appcaranco hero as an actor. It
was In this houso that Edwin Forrest was
playing at the samo time the English tra
gedian Mocready was appearing further
uptown at tho Astor Placo Opera House
two engagements that served to add to the
feud existing between adherents of the two
actors, culminating in tho famous Macreaay
riots, in which the English actor was driven
from tho stago and many citizons of the
city lost their lives in the disorder that took
place.
On the stage of this theatre tho notorious
Lola Monte made her first appearance in
America as a dancer. This woman became
conspicuous through her association with
the one-time King of Bavaria, and her vari
ous escapades having been well advertised
on enormous crowd greeted her on the open
ing night.
The houso failed to reach tho path marked
out for It to be the theatre of the city, and"
after rr.-gilns through all tha rlciiiiiudes
which seemed to fall to the lot of those
early amusement places tin "Old" Broadway,
so designated todlstlnraiJh it from the man v
other theatres whloh adapted tne same till.
lav way to the aOranoanMBt f momni

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