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The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, March 15, 1920, Image 1

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' WEATHER FORECAST.
Fair and wanner to-day; increasing
cloudness and warmer to-morrow.
Highest temperature yesterday, 34; lowest, ao.
Detailed weather reports will be found on (ho Editorial
A HAPPY BLENDING.
The amalgamated SUN AND HERALD
preserves the best traditions of each.
In combination these two newspapers
make a greater newspaper than either
has ever been on its own.
AND THE NEW YORK HERALD
VOL. LXXXVH.-NO. 197-DAILY.
PRICE TWO CENTS , TimEE CENTS
in nhw vonic cm' and ritdurbs, on trains and ei-bfavhwu-:
NEW YORK, MONDAY, MARCH 15,
X T.
TWO JUNKER DICTATORS TO RULE GERMANY;
FOUR SOUTHERN STA TES FIGHT NEW REGIME;
CIVIL WAR IS NEAR; GENERAL STRIKE BEGINS
POLICE PREVENT
TRAGEDY AS 300
FLEE FIRE ON 'L'
Patrolman Tunis Off Power
While Another Guides
Crowd to Safety.
PASSENGER AIDS CJRIPPLE
Two Cars and Tnrt of 18th St.
Station Destroyed Only
One Man Hurt.
afpn P. Mahoney of 204 East
" wenty-ninth street, a cripple, strug
gled to escape with the rest of the
.xissengers yesterday afternoon when
fire started in the third car of a south
liound Third avenue elevated train at
the Eighteenth street station. The
pushing crowd knocked him down, but
he managed to drag himself to a seat
hi!e the passengers shoved and
Jammed in their efforts to reach doors
km! windows,
Mahoney feared he would be left
sior.e In the burning: car, and he was
t.nafclc to cscnpn without assistance.
He shouted for help, and his cries at
11 acted the attention of Henry Bas
fctrman of 181 Third Avenue Just as
he was leaving the car, Basserman
urnitl and made his way back
nrouyh the smoke, which by this
time half filled the oar. He picked
.Mahoney up in his arms, flung him
aciou his shoulder and carried htm
solely to the street.
The fire was caused by the dropping
tt a journal cover from the third car on
the third rail. This car, like tho others,
has construct1 of wood and quickly
Ignited. The fljflnes destroyed two of the
rars and part r the station was wrecked
before firemen' could get the fire under
control.
More than .W passengers were on the
tisln at the time and most of them be
came no panic stricken that they fought
to xet through the doors and windows.
Glass was broken and many of the pas--ngers
made their escape In this man
i er Citheri clambered to the footpaths
long the tracks and ran back to the
Twnt-tl.lrd street station or down to
the Fourteenth street station. In spite
of all the excitement and panic, how
ever, only one man was hurt. He was
Louis Ulrshflcld of 2S9 East Eighty
ninth street, whose hand was cut when
lie broke a window.
That there was not considerable loia
ef life wan due almost entirely to the
tiresence of mind and quick action of
two policemen of tho East Twenty-sec-end
street station Patrolmen Edwin De
vine and William Waters. Devln'e was
at Third avenue and Nineteenth street
when he heard the roar as the journal
box dropped on the third rail. Tho next
moment he saw a shower of sparks ap
pear under the third car. He ran to
Eighteenth street and turned In a fire
alarm and then ran up the station steps.
Dropping to the trestle between the
tracks he made made his way to a cut
eff switch and turned off the electric
power.
Patrolman Waters followed Devlne up
the steps and began helping the paten
ters and instructing them how to reacn
the street The presence of the oflcers
prevented a Jam In the station and there
was time for all of the passengers to
reirh the street In safety before the fire
ijreaa to the station. A number of
wen and boys, however, becamo so
exrttMj that they clambered down tho
elevated pillars or lumped from the
structure to the tops of automobile
trucks and thence to the street. A few
other came down the ladders raised by
fiemen.
MRS. WILSON STYLED
'ACTING PRESIDENT'
So Recognized by Memorial
Association She Will Head.
tp- '"if in the Sen i,vd JJsw Tobk IIirald.
Washington, March 14. Mrs. Wood
row W'lison haH accepted the honorary
rreiioVn-y of the George Washington
Memorial Association, an organization
Jledred -o raise JIO.000,000 for the erec
tion in Washington of a National Vic
lory Memorial building. In commemora
tion of th achievements of the armed
forces and civilians of the United Btatcs
I" the world war, according to a formal
'temcnt Issued by the association here
to-dav
"In view of the fact that during the
PreHent 3 long Illness," the statement
y. "Mrs. Wilson has 'been nurse and
ecretarv to him, as well as 'acting
'resident' to a greater degree than any
ther serson In the President's personal
id official entourage, the consent to act
s honorary president Is taken by the
4oclation as evidence of exceptional
mtereet'
PRESIDENT IN ANOTHER DRIVE
fcate MHd In Open Mnehlne for
9tto Hourv
ttin VGTON., March 14. President
M)' t(x, hla (0Urth automobjle ride
": his illness to-day, braving a typi-
Marcn wind In an open machine,
ympanled by Mrs. Wilson and near
'imirai Grayson, the President passed
hoars on the park roads about the
il ..ln1 sec,ned refreshed on his return
Z White Houiw.
X aAft """Piste unlets yen see "WED
UELUr at iUrrU TUsatrsj Ail.
TREATY DEFEAT
CALLED CERTAIN
DESPITE WILSON
Democrats Angered at
Treatment. Will Not Bally
to Order to Ratify.
FINAL VOTE THURSDAY
Absentee Senators Finding
Difficulty in Arranging to
Be Paired Off.
Special to 'I'm Sun and Niw Totic Histtn.
WASHifttrroN, March 14. With the
Senate in agreement to vote to-morrow
on all proposed reservations to
Article X. of the League- of Nations
covenant, it is recognized that tho end
of the fight over the German peace
treaty Is in sight. Thursday is the
day forecast generally for the vote on
ratification, and It is the opinion that
there is slight, If any, possibility of
changing the result defeat of the
treaty.
The possible interposition of Presi
dent Wilson with a demand that the
Democrats Join in and ratify cannot
produce the change of enough votes to
attain the end, in tho opinion of the
opponents of the treaty. Tf the Presi
dent does interpose at the last hour
and attempts to change the result he
will do so entirely on his own volition.
Democrats are done with consulting
nun. They feel, regardloss of perspn
alitles or faction, that they are not
welcomo at the White House.
This attitude, incldentnlly, will char-
acterize the relations of the Democrats
with the White House to the end of
the present administration. The Presi
dent's Kharpness in dealing with his
party lieutenants and his refusal to
see so Important a leader as Senator
Simmons (N. C.) has wrought such a
sentiment that It is doubted if any
Senator hereafter will ask for a per
sonal interview with the President
unless It is invited.
Possibly 38 Xegatlvr Totes.
In the last two days conferences on
the Senate floor between Republican
"Irreconcilables" and loyal Administra
tion Democrats have been frequent.
The Administration Democrats want to
prevent ratification with the Lodge res
ervations. These Democrats have com
pared notes and polls with the "irrecon
cilables" In all frankness and It was
said to-day by an "irreconcilable"
leader that the treaty would be re
jected, possibly by a vote made up of
equal numbers of Democrats and Re
publicans. This leader thought that
there might be twenty Democrats and
that many Republicans voting against
ratification, but his Inside guess was 20
Democrats and 18 Republicans, a total
of 3. or five more than the number
necessary to reject If all Senators vote.
Filibustering over the final vote is at
an end unless at the last moment it be
discovered that absence of Senators
without pairs makes delay necessary.
That Is not Impossible, for the arrange
ment of Dafirs is Droving more dimcuit
than ever In the memory of incumbent
legislators. Nobody wants to fall or a
recorded vote on this Issue, and tho Pres
idential candidates who are away cam
paigning do not Inspire much enthusi
asm when they seek pairs, 'me Demo
crats are frank about not wanting to
accommodate them.
Senator Johnson (Cal.) has wired
from .Michigan that he will be back In
Washington next Sunday. That mes
sage, received by one of his colleagues,
caused a stir, for It Is considered certain
that the vote will be over two or three
days before that date. Ills friends aro
urging Senator Johnson that as a na
tional Interest of the utmost Importance
Is involved, his Presidential campaign
would be a good bit more Injured by
his absence from this vote than It could
be helped by the speeches he could
make.
Pnlndexler Is Upturning;.
The absenoe of Senator Polndexter
(Wash.) Is giving his friends the same
misgivings, and both are being urged
to come back at any cost for the vote.
Senator Jqhnson has no pair at all on
the ratification vote. 'Senator Polndexte
has temporarily abandoned hln Presi
dents tour and will proceed at once to
Washington. To cover, he would need a
double pair, that Is, an arrangement by
which. Inasmuch as a two-thlrda vote lis
required to ratify, two Senators favoring
ratification would abstain from voting
In consideration of his absence.
To-morrow, under the unanimous con
sent arrangement reached yesterday, the
Article X. reservation will be taken up
under the rule of five minute speeches on
all amendments, and fifteen minutes on
'the reservation Itself; no Senator to
speak more than once on a single ques
tion. This will make it possible to dts.
pose of the reservation during the cal
endar day.
This is the last of the committee res
ervations. But several others will com
mand attention. Senator NorrU (Neb.),
who Is interested In the resolution that
declares American dissent from the
British protectorate In Egypt, said he
was Informed that a sufficient number
of 'Senators had promised support to
adopt It; but personally he had not un
dertaken to make a poll. Representa
tives of the Egyptian cause have been
active lately and they beMeve their
chance of carrying the reservation la excellent,
Senators See No Treaty
Menace in Revolution
SptCHll to
Tut St'N iVD Nkt
IIebalp.
Yor.K
WASHINGTON, March 14.
The opinion of Senators to
dnjj, after they had rentl and
digested the German revolution
despatches, was that the German
movement would have no effect
whatever on further considera
tion of the peace treaty. They
pointed out that it is, in any
case, only a domestic affair, and
that thus far no important evi
dence of a reversion to Ilolion
zollernism had been developed.
That Germany can itosslbly at
tempt a repudiation of the treaty
and renewal of the war is not
considered seriously.
REVOLT CAUSED
BY REDJENACE
Gen. von Lnettwitz Declares
Action Wns Necessary to
Protect Europe.
LEADER IS AMIARLE MAN
New German Minister of De
fence Pictured as Stronger
Than Noske.
CoPEMitaE.v. March 14. Major-Gen.
Baron von Luettwitz, Minister of De
fence in the new revolutionary gov
ernment In Berlin, has been inter
viewed by a correspondent of the
PoWlken. Von Luettwitz at the time
was In tho room of the Admiralty
once occupied by Gustav Noske. the
former Minister of Defence. He said
that one ground for overthrowing the
old regime was that no serious work
was being done under It.
"We considered It an urgent neces
sity to take action for the protection
of Europe against danger from the
East." snid Von Luettwitz. "England
Is doing nothing and can do nothing
to stay t'.ie advance of Bolshevism.
Prussia must take n hand in it.
"We must havo more than the lOO.oOo
men permitted by the Entente. How
are we to combat Bolshevism with that
handful of men?"
Gen. von Luettwitz said the new Gov
ernment had no monarchist tendencies.
The correspondent observed, however,
that "his tone waa not particularly con
vlnclng." Description of General.
The correspondent gives the following
description of Van Luettwitz :
"Ho Is an amiable gentleman of the
old type, with short, wiry hair, a rmis-
tache clipped in Erllsh fasnand a
powenui iwjniu nw ......
man who knows what he wants. He Is
not burdened with sentimentality and
Is manifestly far stronger than Noske.
He does not look bloodthirsty."
Von Luettwitz expressed great satis
faction that not a shot had fallen during
the revolt. He said he had between
6,000 and 7,000 troopB at his disposal
in Doeberltz and Berlin.
Asked by the correspondent If he had
reckoned that the Berlin troops would
go against the, old Government, Von
Luettwitz replied:
"Absolutely. I told the Government
that four days ago, and demanded that
It nhould Include professional Ministers
In the Cabinet to oppose Bolshevism. The
Government reckoned that tne ueriin
troops would back It and so objected to
my demands and deposed me. Events
have shown that I was right."
Asked concerning tho general strikes
that have bsen called. Von Luettwitz
replied: "I think the workers will come
to their senses when they leam what
social reforms we are planning. If not,
we must intervene."
The correspondent asked how and
where the intervention would take place,
at which he says Von Luettwitz burst
out laughing ana answered : -witn
crocodiles and popguns, as far as I am
concerned." Asked If he meant machine
guns, the new Minister or Defence eaia :
"Tou must take the responsibility for
that word."
The correspondent says the revolution
Is regarded as an eight day affair in
liberal circles In Berlin. The President
of the National Assembly Is said to have
declared that the members have their
mandates from the people and cannot
regard them as lost.
ASK FOR A FAIR DEAL;
BARRED BY MEXICO
U. S. Men Organized for Jus
tice Feel Carranzn's Wrath.
Stteitl CabU Dttpatch )o Tne Sc.v ixd Ksw
Tona Hikai.d. CotvHoM. by Tni 6c
and New Tom llnutn.
Mrxtcb Crrr, March 14. No member
of the Association for the Protection of
American Rights In Mexico will be al
lowed to come to this country, accord
ing to information received at the For
eign Office.
Instructions have been sent to Mexi
can consuls- in the United States not to
vise passports for such persons. A black
list of members of the same association
living In Mexico has been prepared in
order to expel them from the country
trhta they, commit any alight offence.
BRITISH ADOPT
WAITING PLAN IN
GERMAN CRISIS
Will Re Represented at
Mayence, but Will Take
Xo Action Now.
DOUBT OF THE CABINET
Disliclievo Prince Eitel Re
port and See Strike Growing
Faster Than Revolt.
BptiHul fable flewo'i'A to The Son am Ktw
, Yonx nBAT.n. rnptrlaltU 133). by Tux Sr.N
and Kff Vona HrsAtn,
London, March 14. The British
Government, it may be said authorita
tively, has adopted a watchful wait
ing attitude toward the revolution
across the Rhine. A representative of
the British forces on the Rhlnw will
attend Marshal Foch's conference at
Mayence to-morrow, but there is rea
son to believe he will be instructed to
commit the British forces to no uctlon
at present.
Lloyd George and Viscount Curzon,
Secretary of Slate for Foreign Af
fairs, are away from London over the
week end, but have been kept in
formed of developments.
After reviewing all the ofllcinl and
unofficial Information from Germany
It was stated at the Foreign Office to
night that It was by no means coiui 1
rred certain that tne new government
has yet cstablshed itself. It Is further
Indicated that the officials have not
yet made up their minds as to the
oharacter of tho new movement.
It 11 admitted that It Is particularly
difficult to Judge as to this with Ignatius
Trlbltch Lincoln, former German agent,
acting as censor. Raymond Swing's ex
perience In having to resist Lincoln's de
mand that In his despatches to the
Run and the Nkw York Herald he In
sist upon the fact that the revolt was
not of monarchist character Is confirmed
In official quarters as typical of the way
the news Is affected. The Sun and
Nbw York Hsrald Is complimented on
Swing's firm stand. '
In view of Swing's and other de
spatches that have been received, offi
cials here believe that Dr. Kapp and
Gen. Von Luettwitz were forced to act
prematurely by Noske's order of arrest
and that their effort Is thus probably
foredoomed to failure.
Lloyd Georre Disappointed.
It Is no bread) of confidence to say
that Lloyd George and others are most
disappointed that the Ebert-Noske re
gime Is overthrown. Only last week
Lloyd , George told an Important diplo
mat here: "Wo are satisfied that Ebert
and Nosko are doing their best to carry
out the terms of the Versailles treaty, as
well as to establish in Germany Internal
economic and political order. They are
showing signs of real strength as a
government."
An official said to the correspondent
to-night t "We are waiting to see which
way the cat Jumps." Everywhere It Is
implied that If the new Gpvemment Is
successful Internally and establishes Its
bona fides and determination to carry out
the treaty, the British policy will be to
recognizo It.
There Is no blinking the fact that this
may furnish another occasion for differ
ences of opinion with the French. The
tendency of the latter, already manifest
ed here, Is to oppose tho coming Into
rwnr.r of tlio old Junker element or Its
successors, whether known as Republi
cans or Monarchists, as likely to recre-
te that "strong Germany," which gets
on tne rrencn nervco.
Although the known character of th
persons behind the revolt encourases tne
(beller tnat tney pian uie iraionuun ui
fh Hohenzollerns. or at least the mili
tary autocracy which President Wilson
denounced and the abandonment of
which was a condition precedent to a
peace with the German people, officials
maintain tnat ft ionenioiierii restora
tion Is Impossible. Whether or not the
now Government becomes a full fledged
autocracy remains to be seen, If and
when It Is successful.
Regarding the Hoheniollerns, des
patches deceived to-night say that the
enj.lre Dutch people Is roused and upon
Its honor to keep the Kaiser and Crown
Prince safe, as they said they would.
The report that Herr von Kuehlmann
has visited the Kaiser Is denounced as
absurd. It Is learned from Dutch
sources that every bit of mall and other
possible means of communication with
itlu Kaiser Is censored, and that the
Dutch Government Is satisfied he Is not
communicating, with Germany. It la as-
Continued on Second Page.
CLOSING TIME "
tEljC AND NEW YORK HERALD
DAILY ISSUES '
9 P. M. at Main Office, 2S3 Bfoidwi'j.
87. M. at former Herald Office, Herald
Buildini, Herald Square.
8 P.M. at all ether Branch Offices
(Locations listed on Editorial Psjt)
ALLIES YWKmEBERT REGIME PLANS
TO CIRCUMVENT
NEW MONARCHY
Will Permit None of Cul
prits Called For by Treaty
to Gain Power.
A WATT AMERICA'S STAND
Frcnch Inclined to Blame
Britain and United States
for Revolntion.
By I.AimKNCE HILLS.
Stoff Ccrrcpendtnt of Thi Scn ash Xrtr
YosK HtXALD. CopvrigM, IK, by Tne
Sck and New Yobk Haute.
Paws, March 14. The German revo
lution seems to be an accomplished
fact in a large part of Germany.
According to telephonic advices re
ceived this afternoon nt the German
legation here direct from Berlin, the
Kapp-Von Luettwitz coup has suc
ceeded in Berlin without the shedding
of a single drop of blood. Telephone
and telegraph communication between
Paris and Berlin was restored this
morning, thus dlspiovlug reports that
tho German telegraph operators had
Joined the Ebert-Noske counter revo
lutionary strike. Germans hern say
that business In Berlin Is i.'elnc car
ried on without unusual excitement.
People there arc said to be so surprised
at the suddenness of tho coup that
even if they contemplated resistance
they hove found it Inadvisable.
The militarists are complete masters
of the northern and contra! communi
cations, whose nervo centre is Berlin.
They seem to have well laid plans, in
the execution of which they appar
ently are displaying all of tho old
efficiency.
Only the general strike weapon
seems to bo left in the, hands of the
Ebert Government. The strike seems
to bo progressing more In the south
than In tho north, but how far It will
succeed In frustrating the militaristic
coup is yet uncertain.
That It means a return to a mon
archy eventually, preceded possibly by
the nominal presidency of Field Mar
shal von Hindenburg, Is tho belief In
French circles. By this sudden con
vulsion In Germany, swinging it back
to the control of those military mas
ters whom President Wilson has de
nounced so repeatedly, the whole exe
cution of the peace treatyIs placed in
peril.
It Is Impossible to exaggerate the feel
ing of alarm, uncertainty and resentment
against Great Britain and the United
States for .their failure to accept the
French viewpoint In recent months which
to. day runs through all France.
Posalble Came of Action.
"Where Is French militarism now?"
are the taunts thrown at Americana In
Paris. It Is as If fate had played with
Wilson again and on the very morrow
of his charge against France had fur
nished striking evidence In substantia
tion of Foch and his party, against
whom the President's charge was di
rected. Believing that events that have oc
curred thus far are merely the prolude
for graver ones requiring declslvo action
on the part of the Allies, all eyes nre
turned toward the United States In un
certainty as to what attitude It will as
sume with the German treaty unratified
X , . ;
order the troops to move forward as
part of an allied demonstration
should Marshal Foch consider this neces
sary? Indications here following yesterday's
mMtIng of the Council of Ambassadors,
which has charge of the execution of the
treaty, point to these as the features of
the allied policy for the present:
First Taking steps to safeguard
the allied missions In Germany Rnd
to regard any Invasion of their lib
erty or assult upon their persons as
Just provocation of actual military
measures.
Second To hold that any change
In government Is considered a ques
tion of Internal German politics In
regard to which, with the treaty rati
fied by the German people, the Allies
do not propose to Interfere unless It
should mean the return to power of
the Hohenzollerns er any others Indi
cated In the treaty as culprits whose
punishment Is demanded.
Third To Insist upon the execution
of the treaty by those who seem to
hold power In Germany, whether It
be the old Government or the new,
pending action "by the National As
sembly, which would rfveal the real
desire of the German people.
In regard to the execution of the
Coniinvtd- on Second Page.
SUNDAY ISSUES
5 P. M.Salurdiy al Main Office, 230
Brwdwtj.
6 P. M. at former Herald Office, Herald
Buildinf, Herald Squire.
5 P.M. at all ether Branch Offices.
(Locttiens listed en Editorial Pafe)
TO SUPPRESS REVOLT;
OUTLOOK MENACING
Fugitive Government Is at Dresden Trying to Amalga
mate Socialist and Other Parties Ignatius Lincoln,
Ex-Spy and Censor, Blue Pencils Admitted
Facts, in "Sun-Herald" Cable Messages.
Hy nAYMOND II. 8WI.VG.
Sum ComspondeiU of Tiiif Sun and New York Herald. Copyright, 11)20, by
Tns Su.v and New York Heraid. ,
IiuiLiN, via Colocne, Mnrch 13 (delayed). The Ebert Government lias
tjone to Dresden, where an amalgamation probably will lo effected between
the Majority and Independent Socialists and a united front of radicals
will bo set up mrnlnst the Von Luettwltz-Knpp rcK'me. it la even believed
tlmt the Democrats will Join.
This means cither civil war, combined with a'general strike, or an in
vitation to the Entente to suppress the reactionary dictatorship.
Berlin Is In a flurry, but the excitement Is lamely of n peaceable
nature. A vote is being taken on the question of a general strike, and It Is
predicted that the water, eas and electricity will be off within two days.
All telegrams are subjected to a censorship under tbe direction of the
notorious Ignatius Trebltsch Lincoln, the German spy extraordinary and
former Itritish Member of Parliament. Disorganization In his office Is
natural In the confusion following the overturn, but this does not explain
.lie policy of refuslnc; to permit correspondents to send messages giving
any fact" nnd Impressions that are not lu accord with the censor's views.
The correspondent of The Sun ad Nkw York HEiut.D was refused the
right to forward n message, which Lincoln admitted contained purely facts,
because (he correspondent refuser! to slate that the new regime did not
Intend to establish a monarchy. Several men prominent in the movement
for the restoration of the Crown Prince also nre directing the affairs of
Ms Government.
Prussian Radical Ministers Are Arrested.
Baltic troops are bivouacked In the Wllhelmplat?: and the Wllhelnistrassc
nnd cavalry horses are chewing their fodder before the headquarters of the
Ainerlrati mission. Sleepy, unshaven soldiers, with battered gray helmets,
n-e sleeping on their knapsacks on the sidewalks and trains of wagons are
lunged In camp array.
Herren Haenlsch, Heiqe and Hlrsch, three Prussian Radical Ministers,
ate under arrest,
A general strike has been proclaimed in Frankfort.'
All tho proclamations thus far published attempt to create the im
pression that this Is a constitutional
eral elections and not actuated by any monarchists desire.
Die Freihait, Di Roto Fahnc nnd Yoripacrt, all Socialist newspapers,
and Die Jicrliner Tapcblatt, which Is Liberal, have been suppressed. All the
other newspapers are under n censorship that Is both active and preventive.
It Is expected that prices will soar immediately, becanse State control
of food will be lifted. This results from the junker Influence, which Is pre
dominant in the coup d'etat.
QUICK COLLAPSE
OF REVOLT SEEN
.i
I
Reactionary Leaders Fail to
Come Out in Open in Favor
of Change.
By the AnecltUd Preu.
Bkrmn, March 14. The conviction
has prevailed from the start among
men not Identified with the present
revolution that it will be short lived,
aa it is outwardly without the support
of the Conservatives or tho reaction
ary leaders, nnd it Is viewed in. many
quarters as a "trial balloon" .which
will collapse shortly.
Tho most lmmodlatei duncrer Is rec-
ognized In tho general strike through
out Germany, which already has been
profclalmed in many of the principal
cities, including Berlin. In the mean
time the old government is recovering
Its nerve and seems to have ery lib
eral support from the federal states.
In his appeal for a general strike,
Guntave Bauer, Chancellor In the for
mer regime, said: "This Is the sole
weapon Rt the disposal of the worker
for twisting the neck of the new Gov
ernment." The Independent Socialist
party, with affiliated trade union, and
other organizations. Immediately pro
claimed the' strike throughout Germany.
By tht Aiiociated Prtit.
Copsnhaobw, March H. Oscar Joer-
gensen. editor of the Social Dtmo-
kraten, who !s a personal friend of
Frledrlch Ebert and , Herman Mueller
ar.d other German Socialist Ministers,
returned here from Berlin last night
In an Interview to-day he aald :
"The temporary success of the coun
ter revolution came like a bomb shell, no
cne thinking that the Influence of the
officers on the Dooberltz garrison waa
great enough to persuade the 6,000 men
to march to Berlin.
"1 feel sure that the counter revolu
tion Is a flash In the pan. The majority
of the German people are heartily sick of
any kind of military Government. The
world probably will blame the Ebert
Government for not allowing fight, but
Kbert and his friends think enough Ger
man blood has been spilled and are' con
fident that the general strike will soon
terminate the life of the military usur
pers, npart from the fact that all the
non-Prussian Germans seem ready to
back the constitutional Government."
The seml-omclal German Wolf! Bureau
hern has Issued a statement, evidently
emanating from the new Government,
saying: "There Is no truth In the
defamatory rumors circulated with re
gard to the Introduction of compulsory
military service ana tne existence of
plans for a new war. Th Government
desires peace externally and Internally."
movement Intended to bring on gen
IBATTLE RAGES
IN FRANKFORT
T 1 '''
Fifteen Killed, 100- Wounded
in Clash With New Gov
otnment Troogs.
London, March 14. During the
fighting In Frankfort fifteen persons
were killed and a hundred wounded.
saya an Kxchange Telegraph despatch
from Berlin.
The police were compelled to leave
the town In consequence of the mob
seizing an arms depot, the despatch
adds.
The militia attacked the barracks
where Noske's troops were quartered
but were repulsed. The Noske forces
declared they would remain faithful
to Ebert. Strikers ore demonstrating
In the streets of Frankfort.
According to 'the same correspondent
there has been considerable fighting 'be
tween adherents of the old and new
regimes at Duaseldorf. In southern Ger
many the Governments are reported to
be combining to oppose the revolution
Shots were exchanged between the
torpedo boats in the harbor and work
men In the naval dockyard at Kiel Satur
day afternoon, says a despatch to the
Central News Quoting the Berlinpjfce
Tiaennes ajbi correspondent as con
firming the surrender of the German
fleet tq the new Berlin Government
Marines are now occupying tne dock
yard. A general strike has been de
clared by all the workers except those
In the gas and water plants.
Bzrm.v, March 14. In an attempt by
workers to Invade the barracks at
Frankfort ono man was killed and four
men were badly wounded.
The following proclamation of the
Saxon Government Is published to-day In
the Anteiger of Dresden :
'Occurences have taken place In Ber
lin which aiH of the gravest menace to
th German commonwealth and Its con
stitution. Mad reactionary Insurgents
have ercup'.i O the Government buildings
;in1 presumed, In a proclamation, to it
dare thu Xtona' Assembly and the
Prussian National Assembly -dissolve 1.
The members of the constitutional Gov
ernment have left Berlin.
"Germany is threatened with civil,
war, and thereby with complete ruin,
In this hour we call upon tho entire
population to protect the democratic
conatttutlonal and lawful Government
"The attempt to Institute a military
dictatorship In Berlin must be prevented
by all available means. It Is expected
Continued on fitcond Page.
Liberty Bands M. S100, U00, 11,000
can be bouzht and sold Instantlr.
John Half C II Broadway. if v.
Ludendorff Pulls Wires for
Kapp and Lnettwitz
to Govern.
HINJ)ENBUBG IS HEAVY
Proletariat Bcsponds to
Strike Call, "but Not in
All Quarters.
NOSKlri GATHERS ARMY
Berlin Cnlm in Revolution
Militarists Threaten La
bor With Force.
By the Attociittd Preu.
BuntiN, March 14 (midnight).
The city at this hour is very quiet.
Tiiere were n half million people in
Unter den Linden during the day, bin
no clashes wllh the troops were re
ported, Tlie military patrols seemed
to have- Hie situation in hand. Im:
tho real iat of the situation is ev
peeled to conic Monday or Tuesday,
when ihe general strike probably wll
be in full swlnp.
Chancellor Kapp told tho news
paper correspondents lo-day that the
Government would not hesitate for
cibly to suppress any Jnsiirrection by
strikers.
As yet there is no visible polltlca'
Mipport for the Government, but re
ports Indicate that the new Govern
ment Is winning tho support of troops
In .south Germany and that its pic
tlge 1ms. risen considerably slnci
Saturday.
While adherence to tlio new Go
errrment has been rjronlsetj by sorw
of the outside States, Saxony has do-'
cinred against it und Bat-aria. WUrt
tembergnnd Baden have Joined in de
nouncing the movement, declaring h
a crime against the German people
that the progressive development o.f
the southern German Stares .should
bo disturbed from Berlin. .These
States announce their recognition onl.
o' the National Assembly.
Two GoTernnienU In Conflict.
The two Governments of German.
nre now matching wits and forces to
gain control of the republic. Dr.
Wolfgang Kapp, who proclaimed the
new order nt Berlin nnd himself
Chnneelior, is employing nil hfs efforts
to nssure the German people thai
government under him nnd those he
selects to administer affairs will
mean true democracy, increased pro
ductiveness nnd conservation of the
rights of the working people.
Frledrlch Kbert, President of the
old Government, who with most of hi?
Ministers hastily withdrew from
Berlin when the revolting troops
marched in and Kapp nnd Von
Luettwitz took control, is varionsly
reported to be at Dresden or Stutt
gart, and from his point of security
Is calling upon the Socialists and
working classes generally to stand
by the old Government nnd to jive
the strike weapon so that the counter
revolution may be promptly sup
pressed.
In response to this appeal a 'gen
eral strike ha been proclaimed In
many places, but in other ports of
Germany the call for a strike has not
beeil received with favor. V
Tho new Cabinet has not yet been
formed, but it Is definitely known that
Dr. Traugott von Jagow, former chief
of police of Berlin nnd n notable re
actionary, will be Prussian Minister
of the Interior. The other tippoinl t
ments are in abeyance. It is pro
posed for the present to have only a
two man Cabinet, or directorate, com
posed of Dr. Wolfgang Kapp and
Major-Gen. Huron von Luettwitz.
General Strike spreads.
Minister of Transportation Oeser
has Informed Kapp that the railway
employees of Prussia objected to a
Cabinet Jn which Knpp and Von Jogow
are represented nnd that If they re
mained In office the entire railway
forces would strike. The Government
declined to make a promise.
The general strike Is spreading aM
over Germany. It was effective In
Berlin to-day. All the cafes were
closed.
A bloodless revolution thus, far ha
characterized tbe movement udou
Berlin, where the people arc viewing
events with that serenity to which they
have been accustomed try- tho occur
rences of recent years. There is, how
ever, ait undercurrent of anxiety be
cause barbed wire entanglements havsj
been thrown tip In front of tb.e great
. i'JI
mm
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