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WEATHER FORECAST. TW
A HAPPY BLENDING.
The amalgamated SUN AND HERALD
? reserves the best traditions of each,
n combination these two newspapers
make a greater newspaper than cither
has ever been on its own.
Fair and warmer to-day and to-morrow;
moderate west winds, becoming south.
Highest temperature yesterday, 505 lowest, 33,
Detailed ealher reporU will bo found on tho Editorial
AND THE NEW YORK HERALD
VOL. LXXXVIL NO. 204 DAILY.
PRICE TWO CENTS , rebcen
JN NEW YORK CITY AND SUBURBS, I ON TRAINS AND LLBEWIIERl
NEW YORK, MONDAY, MARCH
00 1 Q9A (Copyrighted, 19W, ly Tht Bun-lttrald Corporation.)
ViJ, Entered as weond class matter, Tot 0$ee, New York, N, T,
I LOOMS IN RACE
jiWitli Wilson Out He Is
! Viewed as White House
BEST TREATY LEADER
Senate Work Fits Him if
Pact Is Made Chief
"SANE"' ON PItOiriMTION
tN'obraskan Find Favor With
Beer and "Wine Group of
tpcnnt to The Scn akd New York Rehald.
Washington, March 21. Senator
Gilbert M. Hitchcock (Neb.), actlnp
Democratic leader of tho Senate, who
heretofore hlis merely been classed
among "thoso mentioned," suddenly
Is luomlng as ono of tho real possi
bilities for thn Democratic Presidential i
nomination. Of ull tho candidates In
tho race .Mr. Hitchcock seems to fill
President Wilson's bill of require
ments belter than any other, and It
would not bo surprising to find him
tho fully approved Wilson entry at
All of this, of course, Is contingent
en the question of whether Mr. Wil
sun himself will bo a candidate for a
third term. While speculation as to
this lias diminished considerably" in
recent weeks due, chiefly to Mr. Wil
ton's physical condition Vet It Is an
element in tho situation that has not
teen disposed of finally. Somo of
thoso who are close to tho White
House describo it as a "toss up" as to
whether Mr. Wilson will run. Still
ethers who are Just as closo would be
surprised if Mr. Wilson enters the
Mr. Hitchcock's sudden prominence in
Washington political gossip comes about
by nason of two things: First. Mr. Wil
ton a apparent dcslro to make tho Ger
man treaty an issue in the campaign,
ami. s-tcond, Mr. Hitchcock's out-and-out
personal platform for the removal
of the restrictions on themanufacturc
and sale of light wines and beer.
William J. Bryan, who will be one of
the Nebraska delegates is one of Mr.
Hitchcock's po'Itlcal cnem't, , and he
has announced that ho will not vote fo."
him, but Instead will let h's alternate do
the voting. The fact that .Mr. Hitchcock
and Mr. Uryan are on the outs will not
influence the President if he wants to
Indorse the Hitchcock boom. Mr. Wil-1
son and Mr. Uryan are on the outs them
llves, emphasis of whleh has como
only in tho last few das. when Mr.
I!"un, in Washington, unpid the Demo- j
crtf.c Senaturj to desert tno President
at the last minute and ote for the
ratification of the treaty with reserva-
It Is I he logic of events that Is forelnc !
.Mr. Hitchcock to the front as a possible saia. "aspiration ana ambition were
Uilaou candidate. For some, reason, not ! Purer throughout thc world than ever
ahoseiher clear to tho public, Senator ' befora In the time of our written hls
Hl'. 'icock never has b."-n popular per- ! lory." Faith in "the Inherent goodness
fi-ullv in the Whitn Hntise. Rnriv in of democracy was sublime and coni-
thc Wilson Administration the I'resldrnt I
gave the Nebraska patronage to Mr.
Kryan, ignoring the Senator, but as,
things hao turned out Mr. Bryan has
" ne further removed from the Pres-amo"S
llMifs Mint of view on nubile nuestlnna
mid Mr. Hitchcock gradually has come
Into the limelight as the chief cxnonont
of tho President's greatest policy en-
traticn of the United States Into the'
Uague of Nations without reservation, i
lleretuforo the known antagonism of
Pro rine., tly considered as a Presidential
eu.didjte with tho Wilson indorsement,
"ut faot to-day would hao tho same
elect and it still does In some quar
ters wero it not for the other fact that
Jlr. Tlitchr-ock Is tho only one of those
Mentioned for the nomination who is
wntitleci with the treaty fight, or ap
parently willing to go as far as Mr.
"ilson In insisting mon Its unreserved
Mttflration. The, view of some Demo-1
eratie politicians is that Mr. Wilson may
nrud to aid the Hitchcock candidacy
.un me Danncr or the unreserved treaty
Wdy be carried Into the campaign.
"here is no Indication of a close pe'r
on.il relationship being established be
tween Mr. Hitchcock and the President
"!ut is not considered likely to occur at
i -.1 urn
Jt would have to bo a po-
neretoioro the known antagonism of'J hii. . i iu i iuiai ui i
tli- President toward the Nebraska Sen- j lhe llves of aU 111050 wno are uscful
tor has kept his name from being t0 tho world. ,
A..j. .... , , "ThurATftw tlm Intpi-ACt tf 1'ihni In
ailiance only. The ncrsonnl
"1'Jatlon, of course, might prevent in the
"! een that sort of an alliance.
Aside from Mr. Wilson himself there
-- ..uuuuj among inc uemocratlc en-
wuragp savc Mr. Hitchcock who is In
position to carry forward the fight
I0r unrescrveil ratification of tho treaty
a campaign Issue. Mr. Hitchcock
'regarded as having done very well In
engineering of the treaty In the Sen-
as ranking Democrat on the Commit
w io l'orelgn Itelatlons. He stood hU
j."un.i agam.U the heaviest of th.; Kc-
woihati heavy artillery, and although
" met dnfeat it Is commonly recog
""I that nobody under the clrcum-anri-s
,oui,i have done much better,
ts. . Wilson really intends to make
- uiaij an issue In November, poll
SV'1?" " wouW be tha. logical
r! Mm 10 Bt behind Mr. Illtch
S,a? lhe candidate. And if nuch
would be the case it would not bo aur
nlng if (ie Democrats would noml
bri ,lt ban f'ranci'co to avoid
waking with the President on the eve
" the campaign.
T ."'tcbMck's announcement In
rJlf b-cr and wlnc I" hl favor
(up l mn r-roiir. rtf r
tnat gucli an lnue will help
ai tne polls.
J win have slxtten delegates
ve. Hitchcock at t:ia con-
me icatterinr delegates
- : :a'e may be for Hitchcock.
John d oli tn.tantly.
m a & Co., 61 Droidivty.-aiw.
ON IN POLITICS,
Federation, Ignoring Party
Lines, to Assail Issues
1,000 MEETINGS TO-DAY
Head of A. F. of L.Will An-1
swer Gov. Allen at a 13ig
Gathering in Trenton.
"GREED GRINDS TOILERS"
Workers, It Is Charged Also,
Aro Menaced by Many Hold
ers of Tlace.
Epteial to The Bun an'd New Tonic Herald.
Washington, March 21. In further
ance of tho American Federation of
Labor plan to refrain from taking
sides in tho national and State elec
tions this year between political par
ties, but to nuiko its light on issues
and individuals, It was announced at
Mm fftflrt.'ilr,ti himdni.nplnfU lf,.nll?ht
that meetings will bo held to-morrow
in nbout 1,000 cities for the organiza
tion of tho non-partisan campaign.
Samuel Gompers, president of tho
federation, will start the ball rolling
in an address in Trenton upon invita-
tion or tno New Jersey btato I'eaera-
tlon of Labor. Ho will reply to Gov.
Henry J. Allen of Kansas, who has
uecn stumping iew jersey in wor
of tho enactment of the new Kansas
nntl-strikp and compulsory arbitration
law as a Federal statute. Mr. Gomjiero
will present labor's case against this
Central labor bodies all over the
country have been "asked to appoint
campaign committees to-morrow to be
gin the work of combating any legisla
tion, State or national, or any proposals
for legislation which the. labor chief
tains regard as unfavorable to tho
worn ngman. i-nons win do maue 10 , " h""". iuuuu-.. ,iu, ,.,, ,un mitor.
defeat candidates for the Senate and I tho two men following. Mr. Blair could eelved considerably more than a major
Houso nnd the State Legislatures who not see that the men's faces were ' vte ftnd tho s"PPrc ot md,1
are regarded as unsympathetic with ! masked until tho woman, after asking ! prominent Democratic Senators,
labor's demands without respect to their i fnr porfume stepped akle When Mr j What the compromisers of both
party altlllatlons. j nlar faccd about wU!l h perfume ' parties hope to accomplish by further
' bottle hp found 1.lmilf innklm- ilnwn ! efforts along that line It Is difficult to
By the Aitocuitcd rr,. , fulc3 rou"1 " '"self looking down : understaml Somc ot tnem ,,ecm to
Washington, March 21. Samuel ! n' revolver barrels. Ho was not Blow I tMnk that lt u lnu,0..siblo for anybody
Gompers, writing In the current Issue . n discovering that tho smartly dressed : t0 ren)a,i definitely In tho uncomprom
of the American Fcdcrationist, asserts , escorts of his customers were, holding i sug position which the President has
that labor's non-partisan political tight him up. He put up his hands. 'assumed. In face of tho oft demon-
will dc airoea particularly at tne. "i-,
feat of those candidates who are ene-1
mles ot labor.
'Tho fight is on," tho article said.
"Labor has no weapon but the truth, no
force but the force of reason and argu
ment. Its appeal Is to the heart and
brain of America. Its aim la the wel
fare of the American nation, the safe
guarding of the American democracy.
"Labor's partisanship In America has
been to principles, not to parties or t
Asserting that labor's right had been
"menaced' by many present holders of j
polltlcal place," Mr. Gompers said the
injunction process had been abused un
til It "would scarcely be recognized by
When tho war ended, Mr. Gompers
P'ete," he added, but "greed brushed i
a" thl3 aslde-
"Money greed, political greed, greed
for nlace Rn(1 power these have been !
u uimoinB uur win anu Binning
at our liberties," he asserted. i
Declaring that labor "must contend j
for fundamentals that apply to thc l
whole people, Mr. Gompers continued :
"Labor is not something Impersonal.
u is not llkc !l machine, nor Is lt like I
3 .corporation, it is uie ram total or
Therefore the interest of labor In
legislation Is not limited Interest fall
ing between any two given rolnts.
'Congress cannot do any blngle tiling
in which labor Is not Interested."
HITCHCOCK PREDICTS 1
THIRD PARTY RACE,
Believes Johnson and Borah ',
Will Be Nucleus. !
Special to TnK Sex and Nr.w Yohk H.nXr.,).
Auoubta, Oa March 21. "There 1
auch a marked divergence of opinion ris
regards tha treaty and League of
Nations, as shown In the late vote, that
I expect a third party In the field at
tho coming Presidential election, with
the bigger part of the split between the
old clement of standpatters and the
progressives" said Senator Hitchcock
(Neb.), acting minority leader, who
came to this city to-day for a fort
night's rest following the strain of tho
treaty Senatorial fl?ht.
"I do not look for tho President to
return the Versailles document to the
Senate for the present, but believe he
will await developments.
"To my mind," Mr. Hitchcock added,
"the coming national election will be to
decide on Issues rather than candidates
of thc two older parties, which will
allow a graceful entrance for a third
"The League of Nations and tho
treaty being po closely related will offer
rho opportunity. There aro Senators,
mich oa Johnron of California and Borah
of Idaho, who have a following, who
frown upon the League of Nations In
Its entirety, and to those two Senators
I look for the Introduction of the tri
angular party. Candidates for both the
Democratic and Republican first place
position are running rampant over the i
country, the same as local randldalcn
for JtiMIro nf the pearx and hrlff. and
a charp dissension In Ifzu? und the Hue
o: demarcation drawn on these two
documents undoubtedly will germinate a I
third party growth."
"Wedding IlelU" real with Uinrhter.
Best show in town. UtrrU Theatre, Adv.
Lincoln Protest Cited
In Action on, Erin
LONDON, March 22 (Monday).
Tho Morning Post, after re
marking that "President Wilson's
attempt to fore the peace treaty
down tho throats of tho Senato
rial mulo again has been unsuc
cessful," refers to the Irish res
ervation, to which this newspaper
alone of tho morning journals
"Lincoln," it says, "had Borne
cause to complain of Dritish ex
pressions of sympathy with the
South in the civil war. Here we
have a case that pretty nearly
coincides, for tho British Govern
ment stands, if not for union, at
least for common sovereignty in
tho United Kingdom. The unity
of these islands under one su
premo government is as impor
tant to the British people as the
unity of tho United States was
and is to tho American people."
WOMEN IN AUTO
AID IN HOLDUP
Shield Weapons of Brooklyn
Gunmen Until Storekeeper
GET mo CASK AND GEMS
Fashionably Dressed Pair Go
Leisurely Rack to Car and
two fashionably dressed women
; aided two men In a sensational hold
I up of William T. Blair, a druggist, at
mace una iscinoru avenue,
j urooKiyn, about 11 o'clock last night.!1" -
! The pollen have obtained no cluo to
tho do luxe robbers, but as soon as
the alarm was given scores of detec
tives were set at work. Th robbery
took place in one of the best business
sections of Brooklyn, with scores pass
ing the drug store at the time.
Mr. Blair was alone In the store
when a seven passenger limousine
drew up. The women entered first
"if you move we'll kill ou." said ono'strated fact thnt the benaie win noi
of tho men. He walked to the cah ! ratify the treaty without reservations.
register, rang it open and took out 30,
an it contained. 'and expect -someming win ium ui
"Not enough." he exclaimed, tossing t to wake them out of their dream,
the bills upon the counter. The other! Hut there is nothing whatever to in
gunman nodded. "Let's search this guv," dlcate the President Is not Just as
he said. Mr. Blair felt a quick hand adamant as ever. If he is harboring
snatch away his watch and chain and any idea of offering to meet the oppo
a hand slide Into his inside coat pocket, sltlon balf way, or even yield to a slight
removing his wallet. Then a diamond ! degree on the principal reservations
ring worth J600 was yanked from his ! that on Article X.-hc is keeping It en
ringer, jtlrely to himself. His closest asso
Tha minmnn shnvril thn liv.irv nmi ' elates frankly assert that they do not
bills Into his pocket nnd turned the drun,-1
gist about, facing the wall
If vou veil we'll nin vnu " l. u-amoH
The women moved toward the door.
Theirs had been an almost silent part
In the brief drama, but they had man -
aged to sc-een the glint of guns and tho
search of the druggist from the street.
"Come, girls, get in the car," the sec -
ond bandit said. i
He held his weapon drawn as the
;,,.. m..A ,,. i ,i,i, in.,i!bv both Houses, like any other law.
t the wheel of tho limousine. The
cng!no speeded up. The women tucked
tnpr furg a nttlf. more tlf?htl- about
them and stepped In. Tle gunmen fol-i
inwort thn insr hnl.llni- i,i rvnivr , I
s(Ci T1)0 druggist walked to the !
strect when tho car started nn. It ,
Wils poing in tho direction of Eastern '
parkway, and then notified the police by I
telephone. Ho estimated his total loss
ttt J10o In cash and $800 In Jewelry.
LAW Aol UK LLHUO
crv mn a i itv nrUT
Will Champion Cause
Widows in Parliament.
Spend fablt Vcpatch l Tus Sc.v and New j
Yonn Hr.r.Ai.n Copyrioht,tYi"J). by The Sun
and New YnnK HrcAi.p,
London, March 21 May a woman i
marry her deceased husband's brother? Is ,
mv. urnhtom whloh I, wrvi
Great Britain. Also It will provide Lady
Astor, when she speaks in the House ot
Commons on Tuesdny, with tho first so
rlous legislative subject she has tackled
Lately Lady Astor has checked the Ir
relevant, witty fireworks she has been
firing within the grave precincts of thc
House of Commons and is settling down
to business. However, last Friday night
she horrified members of the House by
pointing her finger nt Walter H. Long,
First Lord of the Admiralty, exclaim
ing: "You!" Indeed she so well suc
ceeded In upsetting this old parliamen
tarian as to cause him to make the un
parliamentary exclamation: "My dear
A prominent member of tho House
said that Lady Astor's reformation had
only Just begun. "Tho opposition Is be
ginning to regard ' her as the ofllcla!
Jester of the Cabinet," he said. "The di
vorce debate will give her an opportunity
of showing her true worth In the House.
In Oreat Britain a man may marry !
lis deceased wires sister, a dlscrlmlna-
tlon against widows which Lady Astor
contends Is grossly unfair. Thero must
be n sex equality, she holds. In view
of the great number of cases where' men
are anxious to marry the widow o"f a I
brother killed In the war nnd caro for
her nnd her children, the Government !
should remove the present barrier. Lady j
Astor aBsertH. I
"IJ. S. Mnnpectn Itnly'a Alms."
Rome. March SI. Baron Mayor ilru
Plauches. former Avnlinwidnr t
I'nlt-d States, yesterday nddrc-M-ii i.i
.enato on the necessity of Italy carry-
mc out systematic propaganda in tho
United States, "whero the population.
through Ignoranco of Italian affairs, Is
partly suspicious and partly hostile to
Friends Believe President
May Give Hint of Basis
ALL SIGNS ARE LACKING
Loyal Senators Remain in
Capital Ready to Grasp
IDLE WEEK IS FORECAST
Knox Separate Peace Resolu
tion Not to Re Tressed Till
Sprcutl to Tm: Pen and New YnnK Jlr.min.
Washington, March 21. President
Wilson Is expected to mako known
his intentions in regard to the Treaty
of Versailles, including tho covenant
of tho Leaguo of Nations, before tho
end of this week. Whether ho will
mako a public statement, send n spe
cial message to tho Senate or merely
authorize Mr. Tumulty to indicate
what his course will bo cannot be fore
Although most of the leaders of tho
Senate left tho capital almost Imme
diately after the rejection of tho treaty
on Friday, thoro are still some of the
Republican mild reservatlonlsts and
Democratic compromisers hero trying
United States ircm mc uum-uu
tlon Into which tho stubbornness of
'tho President has thrown it.
It is recognized by everybody In the
Senate that tho President can bilng
about ratification of the treaty almost
at once if he will send It back to the
Senate with the statement that he will
accept the substance of me reserva-
itions which several times have re
They simply cannot believe their senses
believe he Is thinking of anything of the
Meanwhile the Senate leaders are go-
Ing to give the President a week or so
! to make up Mo mind. If he has not done
'so, or to make It known before they
f take final action on the Kncx peace
resolution. The Bcpubllcan leaders of
l'e House stand ready to fohow th;
Henato s lean in mis iviim:i. uiv
olutlon win nave to De uuopieu juinuy
i and sent to tho President for his f-
i nature. It will require only a majority
!vte of out'h ''use 8,1,1 tllcrc 13 evcry
reason to ncucve u win gei ii.
By the same token the Knox rcsolu
tion Is expected to bo vetoed by the
President. Such a veto would put the
responsibility for continuance of the
state of war more completely upon the
President's shoulders than lt is now.
For that reason ine uepuDiicans win
I press tno resolution wim Kitai sum
i correspondingly gloomy over the pros'
WALKS FOUR BLOCKS
WITH KNIFE IN BACK
Brooklyn Man Attacked on
Street by Utter Stranger.
Detective William Hrosnan was stand-
" the stera of the Adams street
"police station In Brooklyn last night
when he noticed a man coming toward
h!m. Tho man was staggering and his
face was drawn and pale. He reached
the steps and leaned against the railing.
"I've got a knife sticking In my
back!" he gasped. "Pull It out!"
Brosnnn reached down nnd turned
him nround and saw the handle of a
big knife sticking out betwen tho man's
shoulder blades. He drew It out and
the man collapsed on tho sidewalk.
Brosnan summoned an ambulance and
had him sent to the Brooklyn Hospital,
where physicians said he had been seri
Tho man gave his name as Charles
Dlrkln of 72 Mlddagh street, Brooklyn,
and said he had been attacked at Pearl
street and Myrtle avenue by a man un
known to him. With the knlfo sticking
In his back Dlrkln walked four blocks
to the police station. The police ar
rested Francis Stokes of 336 Jay street
land ne win De arraigned in court to-uny
He denies any knowledge ot tha assault.
be J&tm AND NEW YORK HERALD
9 P. M. it Miin Office, 280 Broidmy.
SP.M.slforaerHcrtld Office, HenM
Building, Herald Squire.
8 P.M. it ill other Branch Oftice-s
(LocilionilitUd on Editorial Pa(e).
MONEY TO RUN;
BRITONS AID IT
Not One of the Member Na
tions Has Appropriated
for Its Upkeep.
SPAIN REFUSES SHARE
Lavish Salaries Are Criti
cised, Especially French
Socialists in Easy Jobs.
TOUR OF RUSSIA NEARS
Newspaper Men Invited to Ac
company Rody in tho Capac
ity of Investigators.
ny i,.imn.'ci: mi.i.s.
Staff Corrttpnndtnt of The Scs ant Nr.w
YortK Hniuui. Copyright, 15, by The
Sex and New York IlEiui.n.
T'AniR. March 21. Designed by its
. .. . i..
covenant to be trie superareaunoub - ni -
of the world's peace, tho League or,""
Nations affairs are in such desperate j r''ht f which place they
straits Just now that tho correspon-Mt Saturday night.
dent of T.iE Sun and Nr.w YonK. Hki:- ! TJ ,0 Wednesday there was utnke
alu learns on rellablo authority that;
it has been obliged lately to borrow j
funda from British bankers to keep it
Sir Eric Drummond has been forced
to resort to this, it is nlleged, to tide
things over until the members of the
league pay up their subscriptions,
which. It would appenr, they have boon
extremely slow In doing. Special ap
propriations must be voted by the
various parliaments, nnd there Is so
little confidence in the league that the
parliumeiitaiy committees arc loath
to Include them in the payments in
their budgets with tho governments
so hard up.
Franco has not paid up yet, while
Spain, tho first of tho neutrals to ad-
hero to the league, haa undergone the
discomfiture ot having the desired ap-
proprlatloji ot f 100,000 killed In tho ;
National Assembly. With ovcy Gov-
i-i null-ill. ,i.tviii juiiu-ii ci..; viii... u. wn; i
United States, the league's affa'rs seem j
to bo In a strange state, but British j
bankers, knowing the keen desire of the ,
British to keep the league xoing for ,
reasons of British policy, hava been,
willing to accept Sir Krlo Drummond'w
Lnrftr Snlnrles CrltlclnfU.
Tha league's impoverished treasury,
however, seems not to have prevented P.
paying salaries whoso sire la greatly
criticised In some quarters. From an
Investigation of the league's affaire
mado by The Sun and Nbw Yohk
Herald It appears that Sir Knc, who
Is the league's general secretary and an
Idealist of tho Wilson type, draws ?30,- j won Dulsburg, Ganborn, Mulheim nnd
000 a year. Lieut. Montoux. the famous Mettmann WMt of Elberfeld.
Interpreter of tho Peace Conference,, ' , k , .
has been taken over by the leaguo at A report at noon states that Ilcicns
$20,000. Albert Thoma3, the French I wenr trom Dulsburg has cut its way
Socialist who heads the labor section of tIlr0Ugh t0 Dinslakcn, south ot Wcsel,
ttll-h ",hl I where a Reichswehr concentration ap-
Tho league's labor bureau appears to
be packed with Socialists of different
countries, all on tho roll at good sal
aries. This bid for Socialist favor prob
ably Is explained by the disappointment
rampant among thc rank nnd file at the
final shaping of the league Idea.
Formal approval Is to bo given the
Drummond secretariat at the Rome
",?"th. f ..t,1Q C.ou.c11
mum win laai inne uays, ano also
will lay down certain rules for tho
assembly of the leaguo. For the league
ire long without an assenibly
seems Impossible, yet tho United
aga.,1 rejecting the treaty its
convocation seems more doubtful than
ever, with many of tho league's warm
est partisans fearing it would have a
but' effect as showing the league's weak,
ness with two such natlonn as the
United States and Russia nbsent.
Council In Wlthont Force.
Tho Leaguo Council Is designed as
heir ot the Supreme Council, but is
still without any moral force to speak
of. and doubt Is widespread that lt
will be able to function except as a sort
of political Red Cross, tho last meeting
of the Council hero having the ap
penranco of a charity directors' meeting.
The leaguo has not yet been able to
appoint a Russian Investigating com
mission, pressing as thc matter Is, but
meanwhile Is making plans for this on
a lavish scale. Tho whole mission will
leave Paris at the end of April on a
special train In which It will live all
the time, carry Its own food and sup
piles, hospital and wireless plant.
Another section will carry the deslg.
r.ated newspaper men. Tho French con
tinue sceptical of tho entire pian and
of Lenlne's good faith, advancing tho
suggestion that Lenlne easily might hold
the party as hostages. Sir Eric Drum.
mond Is enroling a corps of special In-
vestlgators anil Inviting newspaper men
to nssume this role at the commission's
Ohio Flood Peril Fnase.
Cincinnati. March 21. W'th the
Ohio River registering B4.5 feet
,i..q,hai nrA 1 1 1 n nvaf Mia ........., s '
and tho tributary streams failing, all i
danger of a damaging flood at Clncln-
natl had paused to-night.
6P.M.Saturdar at Main Office, 23)
E:30 P. M. at formir Herald Office,
Herald Buildinr, Herald Squin.
5 P.M. at all ether Branch Office
(Location! lilted on Editorial Page).
EBER T GO VERNMENT TR YING
TO RECONS TR UCT GERMANY;
LABOR FOUNDATION IS LAID
3,000 KILLED IN
Three' Americans in Coblcnz
Tell of Fight Rcforo Govern
ment Troops Take City.
REDS HOLD RUHR REGION
Four Towns Captured by Force
of 70,000 Soviet Set Up
Dy the Anoctatei Vreti.
Coblcnz, March 21. Threo thousund
persons were killed in tho fighting a'.
Leipslc before tho Government troops
captured tho town. Friday, according
: to statements mndo hv thrre American
I IvXL'lliriCd Oinn ii'tin ntt-htnil t it 4n
Bltatfon In Lelpsio against tho Kapp
WR". then anarchy and Soviet con-
trol until tho Government troops
shelled the Volkshaus and labor hcud-
.. . . .. . .
j garters i. nuay auernoon, mo mcr-
There were 2,000 persons in tho
building who were shot down as they
made their exit. The shells Anally set
flro to the building, killing other hun
dreds. There was a demonstration on
March 14 In which thirty-six persons
were killed. Then the workmen pro-
cured arms and street fighting was
1 1 eavy until an armistice was arranged
Wednesday (March 1.) at neon. The
j arm. 'tlce ran until noon on Thursday.
fja. 9n aviator flying over the city
L.. Thursday was shot down by rlllc
Quiet Ilrdtored Frldny,
The fighting continued from Thurs-
day between the workers, ushig rifles
nnd grenades, nnrt tho Belehswehr and
, , , t un(11 thc volkshaus
affair Friday afternoon. Then tho
trouble gradually quieted down.
Amartiotta tuVin hrnilphl th de-
I ItU it. ....v trvun... .....
tails of thft fighting in Leipslc arc
David S. Block of 2714 Ontario road,
Washington; Irving Glltcr of West
Twenty-seventh street, New York, and
Samuel T. .Barron of New York.
The Spartacans gained control of thc
Ktihr district to-day. xne neu army
parently is taking place.'
A direct report from Dulsburg says
that a Soviet government has been
set up there. Soviet councils aro also
reported In control nt Dortmund,
Essen, Mulheim npd Buer.
Tho Red army In tho Ruhr district Is
renorted to have available a force esti
mated at "0,000 men, all of whom prob
MHA nvn.n.l Tha cttltltlnn lu rflll
s deVed ext emely critical because of tho
,. ,,, i,i tmnn nml
p,w fMlh J- ,iUnH,l
hclr. "V""?' '?.h 1,?'k J
'aBntMnK of ,1 water's
6-000, rT.f, , f V w 1 V
1 v clnlty. b. itofth so 1.
There are about
aro said to have been forced to retire
ncross the boundary into the British oc
Re-enforcements arc reported to be
gradually reaching t?cn. von Watter,
who will commnnd the Government
force of 10,000 men being concentrated
against tho Red army that took Essen.
Official reports say that most of th
1 Reichswehr escaped from Esicn, but
that some were captureu anu uiaarmea
and somo shot Indications arc that
It will probably be four days hence
boforo Gen. von Watter will bo ready
to begin his campaign.
The Essen Communists number 10,000
well armed workers and troops, and this
number Is steadily Increasing. The
Communists have at their disposal big
guns, armored cars and airplanes,
Communist troops also are In power
at Dortmund, Bocrium, Elberfeld. Bar
men, Hagen, Iserlohn and Hattlngen.
Tho police and Government troops aro
far too weak to do anything against
superior numbers and better armed men,
says a despatch.
the Aitoclated Pren.
Bern, March Zl. Tha Volkhaus In
Leipslc. headquarters ot the Commu
nists capttulatcd to-day after a hard
fight with the Reichswehr, according to
derpatches received here. Twelve per
sons are dead, twenty-three seriously
wounded and fifty taken prisoner by the
troops as a result of tho fighting.
Conflicts continue In other quarters of
Leipslc. Many parts or the city have
been set on fire by Communists, who are
h'naerlnS thewori? f '.'
maihlnc gun fire. I lllagl
the firemen with
ng and excesses
of nil kinds are reported being carried
on by radicals there. Peaceable citizens
arc being waylaid, robbed and shot In
tho streets cf Leipslc.
CorENHAGKN, March 21. A despatch
from Leipslc says the Reichswehr
troops nnd volunteer." still command tho
Inner town. New barricades havnbeen
erected in the town. During the eve
ning tho Communists set 'fire totavernl
Tho despatch adds that Independent
and Majority Socialists had railed
Jupon tho Btriklng workers to rcsumo
By tht AiiQClatcd Pren.
Siuhuart, March 21. tj,o city ot
0oitMnC( on TMtA Pane,
U. S. Against Revolt,
Envoy Tells Germany
COPENHAGEN, March 21.
Ellis L. Dresel, tho American
representative at Berlin, has ex
pressed to the German Govern
ment his satisfaction at the ter
mination of tho military coup nnd
tho reestablishment of constitu
tional conditions, according to a
despatch from that city to-day.
Ho was convinced, ho said, that
public opinion in tho United
States would condemn strongly
any. a'tempt, from whatever
sourco, to break down orderly in
stitutions by violence.
Franco Thinks Disturbances
Intended to Modify Repara
LOOKIISft TO COAL SUPPLY
Will Try to Persuade Allies to
Occupy Zone if Disorders
fotcM table Hesvitch to The Run An Netv
York Herald. Copyright, by Tnr. Su.s
and Nlw YnnK Herali,
Paris, March 21. Tho troubles in
tho Ruhr district of Germany, where
many important cities, like Dusseldorf,
Essen and Dulsburg. according to tho
latest advices, seem to have been cap
tured by thc Spartaclsts, arc exciting
deep suspicion here, ono reason being
that tho Extremist forces in many in
stances aro led by olllccrs of tno old
Another reason for thc suspicion is
that Franco has its eyes on tho Ruhr
district for its coal, and the mind of
French officials cannot be rid ot the
suspicion that tho Ebort Government
may be deliberately aggravating
troublo thero for Its effect on tho
pending coal question, in which France
Is Insisting that Germany must deliver
every ton ot coal demanded in tho
Ulicrt nnd thc MUltnrlt.
Tho militarists and the Ebert parti
sans seem to be in close sympathy
in this matter, and a circumstance
that has caused great concern heio is
that part of the Ruhr region lies with
in tho neutral zone Into which the
Ebert Government has sent forces
without having obtained permission.
This fact the French emphasize. Some
ot theso forces, which were subse-
qucntly repulsed, had to take refugo
within the British lines.
Should these disorders continue, tho
Allies must unite on a policy, which k
far they have utterly failed In doing.
This was made very evident uy tno era
phatlc denial of tho Foreign Office last
,u.. v. ,... ,,i
maL by Lord Kilmarnock, the British
Charge d' Affaires in Berlin, to tho effect
that the Allies would oppose Communists
and Militarists equally and virtually
pledged support to tho Ebert Govern
ment as being apparently democratic
In official circles here lt is Insisted
that no decision of tho Supremo Council
Justified any such representations In the
name of tho Allies, and tho French
Charge d'Affaircs In Berlin ubstalned
therefore from participation In Kilmar
nock's act. Von Mayer-Kaufbercn, Ger
man Chargo d'Aff aires In Paris, asked
M. Mlllcrand for authority to send Ebert
troops to the Ruhr district, but before
ho had got a response tho troops wero
sent. This stirred up tho French, who
ns usual think they see some plot be
hind the troubles there.
Renewed Cry for Occupation.
The conservatives arc using all this j
material as a basis for the renewal ot
their demands for allied occupation of
the entire neutral zone at least, which
would mean allied troops In some of the
It Is tho conviction In official circles
here that Spartaclst unrest will con
tinue for several weeks, the Ebert Gov
ernment hoping meanwhile that such
conditions will Influence the Allies to
modify the treaty In favor of Germany.
Therefore tho French aro fearful of do
ing anything to help the Ebert Govern
ment, In the sincerity ot whose motives
it has less and less confidence.
If tho disorders continue tho French
will try hard to win over the British,
Italians and Belglaps to allied occupa
tion. Italian Impatience with tho
French Viewpoint Is growing, but a con
vincing danger ot Communism in Ger
many might move tho British. With
many French factories, such as tho
Renault, closed threo days a week be
cause of the lack of coal and nil in
dustrial Franco affected, to say nothing
of so many homes being without lt, coal
Is tho question of tho hour here. No
French Government would bo able to
stand a minute If lt let up in Its de
mand that Germany, whatever may bo
her troubles, shall first 1111 French coal
Momm Slotvlr Hecoverlnjr.
Frank Moss, formerly Assistant Dis
trict Attorney, who was operated on last
fall and who- has been confined to his
homo slnfxs that time, is recovering
slowly. It was announced at his homo
at 23 East 127th street, last night. It
was said he has not yet recovered from
the effect of the operation.
l'lneliunt, N. C. (!ret Dog Show. A Dr. 7-s.
Entries clone Mar. 24. Adlrew Geo. K. Foley.
1J03 Eiasom SU
Convention Signed With
Strike Committee Has
WOULD END WALKOUTS
Necessity of Getting Natiois
Back to Work Figured
MILITIA PLAN EXPLAINED
Army Organization Would In
clude Every Rank of Em
ployees Oeser's Case.
ny -RAYMOND SAVING,
Bv a Staff Correspondent of Tns Sex am
New York Herald. Copyright
The Scs and New York Hehald.
Behun, March 21. Tho Ebert Go
ernment behoves that in grantli.
HtvnnnliiL' concessions to tho Strii'
oommltteo in tho convention alfrnM
jesterday it did tnoro than ond V.
general strike that was paralyzing
Germany., It believes that finally tb
foundation has been laid upon whic'.
Germany may be reconstructed.
It is pointed out that tho Govcri
mcnt was dealing with economic an
not political organizations. Tho n
cesslty of getting Germany back t
work was recognized, but beyond thn
the Democrats und Centrists in tl
Cabinet believed that only by am
terms as wero signed would thc cnu
less chain of strikes bo broken.
In explanation of somo of the le
points of the convention It is sa .
that the organization of a people''
militia does not mean a militia com
posed wholly of tho proletariat, sine
tho Trades Union League lnclude
practically every rank of employer'
Tho resignation of Herr Oeser, Min
ister of Public Works in tho Eber.
Government, was demanded becaus'
he Is responsible for the lockout it.
thc railroad simps.
Dr. Karl Heine, tho Prussian Mir
Ister of tho Interior, was responslbl.
for tho shooting before tho Relchsta.
on January 3, "t
AS EBERT RETURNS
Siege Order Withdrawn
Public Service Resuming.
By the Anociated freu.
Berlin, March 21. The Governmeni
of President Ebert, which left Berlin s.
week ago when Dr. Wolfgang Kapn and
his reactionary troops entered the city
Is again In power In tha capital. Presi
dent Ebert and the members of his min
istry reached here at 11 o'clock thl?
morning from Stuttgart and soon after
that the order for a Btate of IntensllHU
slego was withdrawn.
Meanwhile the signs and symbols of
tho Kapp dictatorship, tho wire i-ntan
glements and tho barricades, wero belni;
removed. Public services havo In ii
measure been reestablished, and It U
f"m .wl ' re'!m ,ls
normal activities, though it will be ,i
I material and U lrahed
A Cabinet council deliberated through
out tho afternoon tu determine the steps
necessary to bring Germany back to
her position prior to tho rovolt. Tills,
It Is behoved, will rcqulro considerable
manoeuvring and deltcato handling, for
the Independent Socialists and workmen
are making heavy demands for conces
sions, to which they feel they aro en
titled because of tho commanding posi
tion some of tho groups hold In other
parts of Germany outside of Berlin.
Tho future position of Gustav Noskc.
Minister of Defence. Is tho subject ot
discussion. While his resignation ha-
been demanded by the Radicals It is
considered probablo that ho will retain
his post for a time at least In order to
restore tho confidence ot the Berlin
There are rumors that later Noskc
and Dr. Heine, who asked permission
to resign, as well as Chancellor Bauer
and Foreign Secretary Mueller, who are
representeu as personifying a system
of politics which has tailed, will be
omitted from tne new administration.
President Ebert, who Is protected by
the constitution, will undoubtedly re
main until after tho new elections. It
Is declared that the new Cabinet will
Includo actlvo representatives of labir,
Carl Rudolph Leglen, president of thc
Federation of Trade Unions, bclntf
named for Chancellor.
The General Association of Trades
Unionists, the Federation of Workers
and the German Union officials havo
issued a manifesto saying they were not
entirely satisfied with the
reached between tho party representa
tives and the Government, but that they
would givo tnelr consent to tho declara
tion ending the general strike.
Threo editors of tho East Priuul.m
ZeUung have uccn arrested for high
treason at Koenlgsberg, tho homo of
Dr. Wolfgang Kapp.
It is unnounccd that the reatiest nf
Dr. Heine, the Prussian Minister ot thn
Interior, that ho be permitted to resign
has not been granted in view of fh
The Ebert Government offlclaln urt
Stuttgart for Berlin last nlght Oil turn
special trains, tho more prominent offi
cials. Including Minister of nr..
Noske, being on tho last train. Thv
arrived here at 11 o'clock this morning.
A squad of sokllers with machine gum
mounted guarded the trains.
Herr Noskc Is quoted as savlni- n m.
departure : "They thought I'd como
back In a top hat, but they'll ho sui-
prised to seo me wearing a helmet"
A Government, communication to
press expresses confidence In tho fur
ther peaceful development of the situa
tion, which la described us very favor
able with regard to the empire genorallr
ffho only potato from which unlavor-