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The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, April 19, 1920, Image 1

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weather Forecast.
The amalgamated SUN AND HERALD
preserves the best traditions, o each.
In combination these two newspapers
make a greater newspaper than either
has ever been on its own.
CIdUdy, fbllowed by showers to-day.
To-morrow cloudy, with probably
showers; not much change in tempera
ture) moderate east winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 6i ; lowest. 4.
Detailed -enlbtr rtporti will bn found on the Editorial
Big Force of Burns 3Ien
Batters (Entrance Into 22
Infamous Resorts.
M Roads Move Freight as
'Outlaws' Return to Their
Old Tasks.
Lackawanna Leaders Who
Advise Going Back Get
Threats of Violence.
Tubes Kcmain Idle, as Motor-
men Refuse to Work With
Strike Breakers.
The railroad strike in the New York
region Is broken but not over. It lias
dawned upon the bolters that they can
not wage disorganized warfare upon
organized labor, powerful railroad sys
terns and a disgusted public. They be
gan returning to wo-k yesterday, re
luctantly but steadily.
Coid'.tlons similar to those prevail
in New York were reported last night
from virtually every railroad centre
that has been affected by the strike. In
all of them the strikers are returning
to work in large numbers, and It is
only a question of a short time. It was
predicted, before service almost every
where "a 111 be at normal again.
Freight trains have begun to move
from the terminals and division points
where they hud been strung in long
lines in the yards and many passenger
trains will be restored to the schedules
this morning.
Every railroad in this sector will
begin moving freight to-day and the
New York Central and Pennsylvania
railroads will be well on tho way to
normal operation. The Long Island
Railroad reports that 73 per cent, of Its
men have returned and that they came
in at or before noon yesterday the
dead line for all. strikers who hoped to
resume their joba without the loss of
their seniority rights.
Day and night tlierfts,. continued a
eteady procession of applicants for
their old Jobs. With few exceptions, the
railroad managements are refusing to
live up to the letterof their ultimatum
that all men returning after noon yes
terday would return as new men and
sacrifice all their priority rights. On
the Pennsylvania, New York Central,
Long Island, Central Railroad of Now
Jersey and Lackawanna tho resump
tion of passenger trafllo will approach
30 per cent, of normal. This will bo
accomplished with emergency crews,
firemen and switchmen recruited from
volunteers, regulars and new men mys
teriously drafted from sources that the
railroad managements keep secret.
J. J, Mantel), general manager for
the Erlo Railroad, summed tip the sit-'
cation by baying the railroads hadtle
cldcd that it whs time to take tlie of
fensive; that the strikers arc now
forced to the defensive and that trains
were to be operated from this morn
ing on.
.Statement liy
He Issued the
the Itnllroada.
following formal
The General Managers Association
advises that by fur th, greater per
centage of the men have reported for
service, indicating that there Is a
substantial improvement In the gen
eral situation. u 12:01 to-day the
lallroads bfgan to fill permanently
tho plaoe3 of the men who have failed
to report tor duty.
Ilowover, evldenc that the radical
faction Is mil on Its feet and fighting
hard was to bo seen In the city armory
In Hohokin yesterday. A Lout 2O09 Irate
"'orklngmen-rallroad workers, harbor
workers, elevator men and sundry other
craftsmen were assembled in the
armory. It was Impossible to tell how
many were railroad men, but It was easy
to see that they wore not In nccord.
Timothy Slieii, vice-president of the
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen, and
- C Grlffing of the Brotherhood of
Locomotive Knglricer.i began their dally
harrangues. and with more than their
Jjjual fervency besought tho men to
listen to reason and return to their
A considerable number of tho railroad
ers applauded. Michael G-aham, leader of
the Lackawanna Railroad cnglnemcn,
announced that he was ready to return
and that his men felt the same way about
It It appeared that reason was about to'
Prevail, but the ultra -radical contingent,
teeing the meeting slipping out of their
control, resorted to their customary
"Tou're yellow !" they screamed at the
Lackawanna men. "You're yellow!
Get to hell out and stay out!"
And thn tliey turned upon Shea and
Grimng and howled them down. The
two legitimate labor leaders were told
Jo "get out." "shut up" and "beat it."
Numerous braves safe in the crowd
natle threats of violence. As a result
Shea a.-d Grilling had to retlro because
i combined roars of the radicals made
Peeoa delivering out of the question. "
Decide io Return to Work.
Bjt Graham and 200 of his men left
n a body, loudly announcing that they
"r going back to work. In squads
na air platoons firemen followed them
ana Hs. night tho Lackawanna figured
fnat tws-thlrSs. of Its 1,100 firemen were
oacc at work. The engtnemen are al
most all back. Tho radical element still
Continued o Sfnnd I'age.
PitAtA r. . r. r.A ... i l . . .
' in. B.BfcFMtM k TuS.
Grunau and Strike Aids
Rearrested by U. S. Agents
Special to Tin Sum
HICAUO, April 18. John
Yardmen's Association, tho
strike two weeks ago, and
the Federal authorities to-day.
United Suites Commissioner Mason refused to say why the arrests
were made, but said several men probably would remain in Jull over
night. Besides Grunatt the men arrested were: liurl Kerr, Sum Cart
wright, Michael Callahan, II. K. Heading, organizer of the United Engi
neers Association; Joseph Buckley, B. P. Murphy, publicity man for
the Chicago Yardmen's Association; William Boblnson aud u man iiamed
The rearrests were due to strike activities following the raid last
Organizer Says It Is Only Hope
of Getting a Solid Front
and Justice.
New Federation Has G5,000
Members, Is Assertion in
Boston 3Iccting.
Boston, April 18. Railroad workers
were urged to unite in one big union
and "get rid of the labor leaders, labor
separators and the labor meal tickets
and save an expense or 20,000,000 a
year." by J. J. Reynolds, third vice
president and organizer of, tho Ameri
can Federation of Railroad Workers,
at a meeting here to-day.
Reynolds denied that the organiza
tion had anything to do "with the
present upheaval which Is going on
throughout this country." Not a mem
ber, he added, was involved in the un
authorized railroad strike.
Tho meeting was the first of what has
been advertised as a series of educa
tional rallies throughout New England
to Impress upon railroad workers the
need for organizing under ono union. It
was open to the public and agents of the
Department of Justice and private de
tectives were present.
"It has been rumored that this meet
ing is for tho purpose of calling you men
out in sympathy with these so-called
'outlaws,'" Mr. Reynolds said, "but that
Is an absolute untruth. I am hero to
educate vou to the need of a consolida
tion of all railroad worker's unions In an
effort to make your organization a
solid Industrial unit like tho railroad
owners have.
"Tho present upheaval, is a spon
taneous uprising of railroad men who
arc overworked, underfed, underpaid
and disgusted with their leaders, who
have not produced results. I will ven
turo the strike will be off. to-morrow
and the men back to work imme
diately. Tho railroad managers have
already signed an agreement with tho
'outlaws' andi a new organization con
sequently has sprung up among you.
"There are 65,000 members of my
federation in the United States, with
3,500 In New England. There are 1,000
members of the Boston and Maine sys
tem and we already have an agree
ment with the New Haven Railroad
"There won't bo any strikes when
all the railroad workers arc solidly
unified In one organization controlled
by tho rank and file. It Is no wonder
men revolt when their leaders so con
sistently fall. There are too many
labor leaders In the movement to-day.
Tho Brotherhood of Railroad Train
men has already started a movement
to depose William G. Lee."
Kansas Miners Gather to
Welcome Their 'Martyr.'
PiTTSBtino, Kan.. Arirll IS. Several
hundred miners greeted Alexander Ho
wat, president of District No. 14, United
Mine Workers .of America, at Franklin
to-day in a meeting arranged to "wel
come him on his return from Ottawa,
where he was released from Jail yester
day on an appeal bond.
Howat and three other union officials,
who also were released, arc charged
with contempt of court for refusing to
testify before the new State Court of
Industrial Relations.
In his npecch to-day, Howat again at
tacked tho Industrial Court law, refer
ring to it as "the Industrial slavery
law." "More Strikes will occur while
this law exists than ever were called
before It was created," he said.
In extending his restraining order
yestorday Judge A. J. Curran Instruct
ed Howat to order tho men back to
work by April 27 or show cause why
the restraining order should not be
Dr. Leonard W. Hatch Appointed.
Alsant, April IS. Appointment of
Dr. Leonard W. Hatch as manager of
the State Insurance Fund was an
nounced to-night by the State Indus
trial Commission. For the last twelve
years Dr. Hatch has been In charge of
the bureau of statistics and Informa
tion of tho Commission. Prior to enter
ing Stato work he was a teacher of
economics at Columbia University anH
Bogota College.
and New Yoiic Hzi-aid.
(Jrunau, president of the Chicago
rebel organization which started the
eight of his aids were rearrested by
British Information h That '
Basis Of Country's Troubles
IS Not Political. '
German Diplomat Says it Is
More Effective Titan Occu
pying Territory.
Sptcial Cablf I)e$patc to Tut 8c. nd Nsw
Youk Herald Copyright, 19."), by Tur. Six
AND Ngrr Yqiik Hcaii.n.
Lon'don, April . IS. Lord Curzon,
British Secretary of State for Foreign
Affairs, has told Dr. von Sthamer, Ger
man Charge d'Affaircs here, that this
Government would regard the with
drawal of tl: Reichswehr from tho
. V
l.uhr district as tho real test of G""
man intentions to conform to the
nuns or ine i reaty of Versailles. It credits, discovering them to be power
was officially insisted that thc'TJrlUslvl (as t0 port anything or to pay their
position in this regard was anKJ
rrom what it always has been. ! Scandinavian states' bills for damages.
British information is to the offect i ' ' '
that the h.l f nil .i. I "'" to Tur Sin am. Nr.iv Yok IIkmib.
"u '"
Germany to-day Is economic rather
than political, and the LondoiwGov- -
, i j
......l.l u,n,s lo uemonsirnie that
tlie economic argument Of a possible i
blockade of all German ports, as was
threatened by Lord Kilmarnock. Brit
ish Charge d'Affaircs in Berlin, if Ger
many attempted a restoration of mili
tarism, Is preferable to the French
method of occupying German territory.
In this sense tho British differ from
tho French, but only In matter of de
tail, and British ofllcials feel certain
that it Is mutually agrccaWe to both
(real Britain and Franco that new
machinery for enforcing the tre.-itv Ik. '
ileviKn.i ,,t i.. ...i ' . i
,7,7. f"bc taken up by the Supreme Council of
"...i j n-iiiicTs meet mere .Monday. I
The British conception of the situation ,
was confirmed bv Count von Ow-Waeh-1
official who is in London on' piivale
business. Discussing the German situ
ation with a correspondent of Tun Su.v
and Nnw York Herald here to-day he
said that "It was absolutely Impossible
to restore tho monarchy and militarism
in Germany."
-More IlolnhcTUni Than Reaction.
"Tho whole psychology of the Ger
man people Is bad," he declareil "This
Is owing to the dllllcultles of living. The
German people to-day are more "Inclined
to Bolshevism than they are to reaction
On the other hand, a considerable num-
uer oi troops anu tliclr oiflcers will re
sist demobilization, since dlsbandmcnt
of the army would take away the ex
cuse of these ofllcers and men for mill-tar-
activity. An army uniform and a
ride to-day are the surest means of
getting three square mcalH u day In
Count von Ow-Wachendorff declared
that "the British position is the surest
way to help tho Berlin Government se
cure disarmament and make tho German
people sec that the only way to nil their
stomachs is to restore normal economic
He confirmed this in his Insistence
that It was the allied blockade of Ger
many, causing actual starvation, which
caused the German collapse In 1918
The British official version of Lord
CurzonB conversations In connection with
the German situation differs from that
of the French, It having been stated here
that he gavo a friendly "tip" rather than
made strong representations to the Ber
lin Government, realizing the difficulties
under which tho German Government
was working.
The Foreign Office here Is fullv alive
to the danger of a new militarist dis
turbance In Pomeranla and elsewhere In
Prussia, but its Information Is thatonln-
lon generally In Germany Is convinced I
that no plot by the militarists can sue-'
ceed any more than did the coup d'etat I
by Dr. Wolfgang Kapp. Hence the Brit
ish believe that Lord Kilmarnock's
statement to the Berlin press and Lord
Derby's handshaking with Premier Mll
lerand in Paris will suffice to Impress
tiie Germans, especially If there Is a
threat to an allied blockade, to discour
age the active militarists.
Count von Ow-Wachondorff Is 'quite
well known in London, where he was de
tained at the time of the outbreak of
C'oriHtmerf on TAIrd rage.
JJbtBty Ilondj
Bought Sold Quoted.
Jha Mulr Co SI Brodwy. Air.
Well Authenticated Reports
Sny He Will Take tcp
at San Remo.
Hope Is Expressed' Lloyd
George Will Stand With .
Millcrand Against Plan.
Krassinc Delegation in Scandi
navia Ts Watched .With
Great Interest.
I n j- r.ArnttNci: itii.ls.
Unff Corrffpnudetil of Tun Sin ad Snw
Yons Ilr.riAt.n. Copyright, 19:0, by The Sex
i.t Kbw Youk IlErul.n.
"Paims, April lS.-Appaiently well au-
j thentichted reports from Rome that
I , Signor NittI intends to press for recog
nition of the Russian Soviet Govern
ment at the "second peace conference"
, at San Remo continues tu excite
French' nollticul mill flnnni-iiil cIivPah
j Hope Is expressed that Lloyd George
i wI" slnml wlth l'rcnl-t't' Mlllerand in
I opposition to the Italian Premier's
! Plan, though the French Foreign Of-
IIZ,? . i"n,"..on,c.":
views on tho Russian situation.
Meanwhile the progress of the delega
tion now in Scandinavia headed by
Krassinc, the Bolshevik Minister of Ways
i and Communications, Is being watched
with great Intercut. The French believe
It affards grounds for combating the
Nlttl policy.
The correspondent of tho Echo tie Parts
who Is following the Krarslne delegation
declares In a long despatch to-day that
commercially the Copenhagen visit
promises to be ns fruitless for the Soviets
as the delegation's visit to Stockholm.
He says that with the exreptlon of some
feeds of inferior quality that were con
tracted tor at a million crowns Krasslne
ha bought nothing In Denmark.
The Danes have discovered that the
i ."0,snov,T .u , J I'l
1 "'"'X Mn he" t
; XV
Bolshevists arc much overestimated cus-
Vashinotov. April is. Italy has
perfected arrangements lth the So
vict Government of Russia for the re -
natriatlon of prisoners, according to in'
r.w!ve,l here bv tne State
Department. It is eBtlmated this will
affect 5,000 Russian prisoners in Jtaiy
and about 100 Italians in Russia, most
ly civilians.
America Not to Be Repre
sented at Conference.
By tUt Astociat'd Vrtkt.
San Rhmok April 18. Questions In
connection with the peace treaty with
Turkey will compilfe the first business to
the Allies at Its first formal session here
tomorrow. This was decided upon at
11 conference to-day in tho Duvnchan
IJo,.d 0eorgC ot Great Britain' and Mll
lerand of France, for tne arrangement or
tfii? official nrocedure
It developed definitely to-day that
the United States would not be repre
sented nt the conference. The arrival of
Robert ITnderwood Johnson, the Ameri
can Ambassador to Italy, last evening,
on his way to Rome, gavo rlsa for a
time .to the belief that the American
Government had decided to have a rep
resentative at the Supreme Council ses
sions, but tlie Ambassador's presence
here was due to difficulties In travel be
came of the strike of the northern
Italian railroads
The I'rimc Ministers of the, three
great Powers Nlttl. Mlllerand and
Lloyd George have expressed very de
cided regret that the United States
Government was taking no part In what
Is regarded as one of the final acts
of the Peace Conference. So far as it
enn be sensed the feeling here Is that
the absence of America- Is only a tem
porary ono and that the reasons for
her present detachment arc likely lo
The first meeting of the conferees at
11 o'clock to-morrow morning will take
up the Turkish treaty. It Is surrounded
by many perplexities, among them naval
aiid military questions such as the man
ner of policing the Dardanelles, what
form of rontrol shall be set up in Con
stantinople, tho delimitation of the
boundaries of Thrace and Armenia and
the question of the Greek position In
The Japanese Ambassador will be In at
tendance at all the sessions, while Pre
mier Venlzelos, for Greece, and Foreign
Minister Hymans. for Belgium, wilt be
admitted during discussions concerning
questions nfTectlng their nationals. Tho
Jugo-Slavu are not represented here and
it appears doubtful If the Adriatic ques
tion will bfc taken up.
9 P. M. si Mt!n Office, 280 Broadway.
8 P. M. at former Herald Office, Herald
Euildinj, Herald Squire.
8 P. M. at all ether Branch Offices
(Locutions "iated on ErfltjriAl 1'age.J
Mayor Wilson Ignores Reg
ular Police, Who Are Sus
pected of Alliance.
Toll Paid by Women, Gam
blers and Crooks to' King
of Crimo Protectors.
Bl) a Staff Corrttponrltnt 0 TnffTN and
Ji!it Yonrs Hisiut.D.
Bridgeport, April IS. An exodus of
large proportions has begun in Bridge
port as a reeult of tho vice raids hero
last night, when Burns detectives, act-
" v J
ford B. Wilson, who also is Lieutenant -
, . ., , .
viu. vi iiui ui . uunciHiuui, i .uucu liven-
ty-two disreputable resorts mid ar
rested more than 300 men and women.
Fearing that the detectives might
again swoop detail upon the dives,
those who escaped tho dragnet have
been piling all day onto trains for New
l'ork, Boston and Philadelphia, leaving
behind them not only their "easy pick
ings," but In many instances their per
sonal belongings and property. It -was
said to-night that there are not now
one-third as many disreputable char
acters In Bridgeport as there were yes
terday before the raids began.
Mayor Wilson, in conjunction with
tho Board of Police Commissioners,
went over the heads of the police In
ordering the raids, and there were
many rumors afloat to-day regarding
his next action. It Is generaly pre
dicted that it will very closely concern
the police, but he has not yet given
Unr inkling of what he intends to do.
11 'opg conference this after -
Board'of Police Commissioners, but the
result waa not made public.
Vim Handled ns nnslnes.
The Burns detectives declared to-rtlght
that their investigation has shown that
vice tu Bridgeport ha been handled us
a big paying proposition, with women of
the streets, gamblers and other charac
ters paying tolls to the men on the
Inside, and, In some Instances, to tho
authorities, for protection.
The most startled mon In all of
Bridgeport were tho 250 policemen, be
cause from Supt. John H. Rcdgato
down they knew nothing whatever of
tho raids until the Burns operatives he
can knocking down the doors of
gambling houses and disreputable fVorts
under the direction of Allen O. Meyers,
chief operative of the Burns Agency:
William Marvin, general manager, and
John MncDonough.
The Burns men had rrciod wide
powers from the Mayor and tlie Com
missioner of Police. Hero is one para
graph of h letter, signed by Commls
floir J. C. Stanley, which every raider
carried In his pocket :
"Police ofllcials and ofllcerB are to as
sist him in the performance of his par
ticular duty when .called upon to do so,
and any officer in the city of Bridgeport,
no matter what his rank, who may in
terfere with the above officer in the per
formanco of his duty is hereby sus
pended." Each of the Burns operatives wore un
der Ilia lupel of his coat the badge of a
special deputy sheriff, and none of them
was interfered with by tho regular
Bridgeport police. They battered down
doors, subdued frightened Inmates and
frequenters of the resorts with guns or
with their fists, and In many Instances
uniformed policemen stood by watching,
without lending a hand to cither side.
nnrn Men Accune Poller.
The Burns men said they learned that
some twelve or fifteen of the city's po
lice have been paid for protection, end
also that 60 per cent, of the earnings of
women lit tne resorts was taken from
them by members of tho "vlco ring." i
The raiders said to-nixht that ihhv
not only found gambling dens In full
blast with crooked .roulette wheels,
marked cards and loaded dice, but that
they foumt also apparatus for manufoe.
luring these things.
Mayor Wilson said to-day that ho be
lieved the raids were a good sten to
ward cleaning tbe city, but, he added,
that the only reason twlco us .snny
places were not raided was that he
found It Impossible to get enough de
tectives to do tho work.
"For soino time I have not liked tiiA
manner In which vice .ran loose In thin
city," said the .Mayor. "I do not Hke
to say that It was organized, but there ! diers were made by civilians and f.ic
was, a condition which I felt I must I tlonal fights occurred between Unionists
do away with. My orders .were dlsrc- and Sinn Fclners. These necessitated
garded and I was compelled tb net ' frequent charges' by the police and mli-
witnout tne Knowiengo or tne police, the
majority or wnom l Dencvc are honest. '
I think Bridgeport will have a better
reputation In the future."
One of the reasons why the- Mavor
decided to go over tne Heads of the
police was that no attention was paid to!
an anonymous letter glvlnr tho names of '
six owners of disreputable resorts.
6 P. M. Saturday at Main Office, 280
5 P. M. at former Herald Office, Herald
Bui!din, Herald Square.
5 P. M. at ill other Branch Offices.
(I cnt!on tilted cn Ldltarlal Pact,
Former Elder Takes Count,
Minister's Sons Pinched Over
in Brooklyn.
Factions in Greenwood Heights
Parish Mix Merrily Till
Police Arrive'.
The Sunday school services in the
Greenwood Heights Reformed Church,
Forty-fifth street near Seventh ave
nue, Brooklyn, yesterday were inter
rupted by a free-for-all fight, in which
a former elder of the congregation re
ceived a "knockout. Chairs were
hni'le.l ,i, ,,.i ,i., ,wi m,Ai
' . . ' . " ,
i room was damaged. As a result of tho
fighting three arrests were made, two
of the prisoners being sons of the Rev,
Dr. Stanley G. Tyndall, pastor of the
Henry Burton, lli years old, a Jeweller
of 49 Seventy-fifth street, Bay Ridge,
was the man who was floored. He re
quired the attention of Dr. Morse of
Norwegian Hospital.
The prisoners were listed In the
Fourth avenue station as Warren Tyn
dall. 21, and Henry C. Halvcrson, 2'-',
both members of the upper grado of
the school. Both were charged with
interfering in the arrest of Warren's
brother, Stanley, 19, who was locked
up on a charge of assault, It being al
leged he was tho student who struck
tho former elder.
Tho row was an outcome of a fac
tional disagreement between the Rev.
Dr. Tyndall and the many members of
i ramny on in
j congregation on
his family on tho ono side and half the
the other. Tho Tyndall
recently by the other
I half of the congregation. According to
Mhe stories tow mo ;oucc, me original
disagreement wan over the preacners
decision last August to close down the
Sunday school over the protest of some
members of tho chmv'i.
According to Policeman Leahy, who
was on duty near the church when yes
terday afternoon's light began, Mr, Bur
ton entered the school room to Inspect It
and noticed that the pro-Tyndall faction,
supported by no less than five of the pas
tor's children, had one more chair than
did tho other. He started to movo the
chair across tho room when Marlon
Tyndall, 1", Interfered.
Thcro was a struggle for poEcsflon
of the chair. Wallace Tyndall, 13. tried
to settle the matter by sitting in It, but
ho was lifted out. Ho raised an outcry
and the Tyndall brothers came to his
rescue, according to the police.
According to George Kdmundson and
Eugene Mollc, police reservists and
mi-mbers of the upper grade. Stanley
Tyndall delivered the blow that sent Mr.
Burton to the floor. They grabbed him,
ti,v nald. and were Immediately act
upon by Warren Tyndall and Halverson.
Just about that tlmo Policeman Leahy
appeared on the scene with some five
hundred neighbors who had been drawn
to the church by the unusual noise.
It was learned last night that the
Rev. Dr. Tyndall lived in the church
all winter because his own home was
rented over his head. In his place while
he is on tho vacation is a Rev. Dr.
Lloyd, who refused last night to dis
cuss the Sunday school developments.
One Constable Hurt, Another
Fires, Killing Assailant.
Dublin, April 18. Sargeant Carol
was killed ' and Constable Collins se
riously wounded to-day while returning
from mass at the Kllmlmlll Church in
Kllmlhlll, West Clare. The men were
shot from behlfyd. Carol's heart was
pierced by a revolver" bullet
Constable Martyn, who was with Carol
and Collins, was not wounded. He re
turned the lire of tho assassins, killing
Stephen Breen, the son of a farmer, and
wounding two or three others.
BET.rAST. April 18. Sticks, stones and
lion bars were freely used and revolver
shots occasionally were exchanged In a
five hour melee at Londonderry last
iNvTin!r. Three separate attacks on sol-
ltary. I" wnicn mtnu iierouiia ,cit
fiio nnllce burraeks at Rossville were
.nnoMrmblv damaged by a mob. Two
arrestB were made in this connection.
SAV LU r KUIY1 r L.tinCO
Aviator Cut Out of Burning
Machine by Farmer.
' Bem.efo.nte. Pa., April 13. J. T.
Murphy, who ""ime here from C!v!and
several days ago to pilot nn airplane
over the aerial mall route, was seriously
injured to-day when his machine went
! Into a tall spin' and fell 400 feet. As
' the machine struck the ground tho gas
I tank exploded and burst Into flames.
I The aviator was saved from death by
I Boyd Sampsel, u farmer, who cut the
traps holding Murphy' and pulled him
lout of tho burning machine. Sampsel
I also was buried.
Swedes Give Wives
More Property Rights
STOCKHOLM, April 18. Doth
chambera of the Swedish
' Parliament yesterday passed by
substantial majorities the new
marriage law, insuring greater
equality of the sexes.
Tho provisions of the law
abolish the husband's personal
guardianship and deprive him of
the legal right to "dispose of his
wife's personal property, and
generally strengthen the wife's
matrimonial independence.
Health Improves, but Old Time
Vigor Still Is Long Months
Summer Homo Not Yet, Se
lected, but Many Offers
Are Received.
Rptcial to The Scn- and Nkw Youk Hrrut.n.
Washington, April IS. President
Wilson went for a two hour automobile
ride to-day through Rock Creek Park
and tho adjoining section. It was the
longest ride the President has taken
vlnce he began the Berlefi of brief drives
from the White House as part of his
recuperation programme. He was ac
companied by Mrs. Wilson and by Rear
Admiral Cary T. Grayson, tho White
House physician.
Tho general Improvement of the
weather made It pokslble for Mr. Wil
son to get out to-day for the first time
In a week. Almost every day recently
the weather has been cold and dis
agreeable, hut to-day there was bright
sunshine and a warm wind.
According to Admiral Grayson, Mr.
Wilson's health Is continuing to improve
gradually,' Although there l no Imme
diate prospect that his old time vigor
will be restored at any time soon. It will
take tome months yet. In the summer
White House, wherever It may be, beforo
Mr. Wilson's health again Is normal.
It Is expected, however, that Mr. Wil
son from this time forward will be able
to meet more often with the Cabinet and
see visitors at the White House. The
Cabinet meeting last Tuesday, to con
sider the railroad strike situation, was
the flnjt In eight months, and Dr. Sray
ron found that Instead of tho confer
ence huvlng any III effects on the Presi
dent It actually did him good. Tbe Cab
inet meetings will not be held regularly,
that Is on tho old Tuesday and Friday
schedule which was observed prior to Mr.
Wilson's Illness, but will bn call&d when
ever they are required for the discussion
of general Issues.
Many letters are being received from
all over the country offering summer
places for the President and Mrs. Wilson.
One has como from Colorado, wlui the
suggestion that tlie summer White House
be parsed permanently at Estes Park. Up
to this time, however, no action has been
taken looking to a Beloctton.
Supreme Court May Pass on
Eighteenth Amendment.
Special to Tnt Svs and Kw Tom; Hsrald.
WabHINQTon. April 18. Final deci
sion by the Supreme Court on the case-
involving tho constitutionality of the
Eighteenth Amendment is expected to
morrow. The most notable of these Is
the New Jersey case, brought by the
Felgenspan brewing interests and
argued by Ellhu Root. In this an at
tack has been made on the broad grounds
of unconstitutionality and upon the spe
cial grounds that the States never have
surrendered their pollco power and
could not legally do es If they so de
sired ; and that they are doing so under
fie provisions of the Eighteenth Amend
ment. The constitutionality of tho Volstead
act is also raised by questioning the
right of Congress to fK the alcoholic
content at more than one-half of 1 per
cent., since the Eighteenth Amendment
proviues mat an iiuoxu.uii;s i" -"
arc prohibited. Tlie earlier case Involv.
lug this question was raised in connec
tion with tho enforcement of war time
prohibition, attorneys for the "wets"
ltoldlng that Congress had exceeded its
war time powers. Hie decision was In
favor of the Volstead act, but by a
divided verdict.
Shrrldnn Thrown From Hone
Aicnlnat Tree In Swltierland.
Geneva. April IS. Sheridan Sulzber
ger, one of the e.'ght sons or the late
Ferdinand Sulzberger. New York meat
packer, was killed when out riding here
yesterday. Ills horse bolted and threw
him against a tree.
Voung Mr. Sulxbettfer urrived here
from America u month ago, and had
been stopping with his mother. Mrs.
Stella L. Sulzberger, and one of his four
sisters. Ho was soon to have been mar
ried. It is nearly five years since Ferdinand
Sulzberger, the father of Sheridan, met
his death while visiting Switzerland.
He was one of the flunders of tho pack
ing concern of Sulzberger St Sons Com
pany of America. He left an estate
which lias been appraised at fl.642.I8
the bulk of which was bequeathed In
equal shares to each cf his offrprln-r. witn
tno exception oi one sun woo 13 a icai-
dent of Australia.
Tragedy Occurs During' Of
fertory und Thrilling
Scenes Follow.
Dr. Brewer Hurt While
Disuniting Slurderer
Aiter a Chase.
Well Known Mon Help Capture
Maniac Victim Dies on
Way to Hospital.
Dr. James Wright Markoo, one of tho
most useful and eminent surgeons of
Amerlcn, was shot to death by a de
generate lunatic in St. George's Epis
copal Church, In Stuyvesant Ktiuare,
toward the end of the morning ser
vice yesterday. Ten minutes later iho
laughing murderer waa disarmed and
captured outsldo of tlie church, ilk
Stuyvesant Park, by Dr. George JSmor
son Brewer, friend and fellow vestry
man of Dr. Markoe, after narrowly es
caping death himself from Uiu revolver
of the crazy man.
Tho slayer Is Thomas W. Simpkin, an
Englishman and an itinerant printer,
who camo to this country from Lon
don eight years ago, whose brain went
Into wild disorder over religion and
who escaped from an lnsano asylum at
Fergus Falls, Minn., nearly tVo years
ugo. He had nover even heard of Dr.
Markoe. The great surgeon's ldenUty
meant nothing whatever to him.
Ah he sat In the softly lighted, beau
tiful churcti, with the deep tones of the
offertory anthem swelling In his ears,
the impulse came to him to kill. Ho
gripped the butt of tho cheap revolver
l.e had been carrying for two year.
Two men came toward him in the
south aisle, ono offering a collection
plate to tho right, the other proOterlns
it to the left. One was Herbert L.
BiiUcrle6f the brother-in-law of J. P.
Morgan The other was Dr. Markoe.
It happened to bo Dr. Markoo who ap
proached tho pew whoso south' end waa
occupied by this man Simpkln, whoso
brain seethed with madness.
Shoots at Close Range.
The doctor proffered tho plate, ex1
tending It with the courteous, graceful
and Impersonal manner characteristic
of the function itself. He scarcely
glanced at Simpkin us ho bent slightly
toward the pew. Simpkln half raised
In his seat,, swiftly drew tho revolver,
held It within a foot and a half of Dr.
Markoo'u head and pulled tho trigger.
Tho bullet passed through Dr. MJar
koe's left eye and Into his brain. He
sunk to the floor and was lifeless -within
a few minutes.
Hundreds of tho communicants and
vlsltorj 3aw the murder, and the entire
congregation was startled by tho re
volver report which interrupted tiu
music of the organ and the chanting of
the choir. Mrs. Markoe wus there.
William Kfllowes Morgan, president" of
tho Merchants' Association; Robert
Fulton Cutting, Henry Monroe, Charles
G. Burllnft-hnm. If. H. Pike. George W.
Wlckersham, formerly Attorney-General
of tlie United Statos; Dr. K. Livingston
Hunt, Montgomery Jone.- and Theodore.
H. Price were among tha congregation
Dr. Brewer, as ono of tho vestrymen,
was assisting at the offertory, bearing
the salver down tho central aisle.
For a few seconds the rhythm of choir
and organ was broken and stayed, as
oragnlst and singers, startled and
shocked, gnied Into tho body of the
church where men and womon were
rising from pews, and where, at the t
back. In the south aisle, a group of men
were lifting Dr. Markoo i body from tho
floor. They saw an undersized, thin,
almost emaciated, man making toward,
the door, waving his revolver eccentri
cally as ho faced first ono way, then
Dr. Drerrer Leada Chase,
The sexton of St. George's, J. C. Tlede
man, and Montgomery Jcnes, a vestry',
man, tried to block SImpkln's way. and
lie fired at them, tho bullet almost
grazing Mr. Jones's right cheek. Then,,
as Ttederhan dropped to the floor to
CHcape a second shot. Simpkln sprang
out of the doorway giving on Stuyveaant
square, ran down the steps and across
Rutherford place, ana enterea tno pars.
Dr. Brewer, knowing then that hi
friend. Dr. Markoe. was dead, and beside
himself with grief and anger, followed
Simpkln at the head of perhaps a dozen
men, who ran out of tho church. It was
as voluntarily brave an act as can bo
imagined, for It was obvious even then
that Dr. Jfnrkoc's slayer was utterly
Insane, fired with homicidal passion, and
that lie had means still In his hand to
snuff out other lives. Yet Dr. Brewer
never hesitated. He dashed into the
park, yards in the lead of other mem
bers of the congregations and of Tlcde
mnn. the sexton.
Simpkln turned his head occasionally
as he ran. as if measuring the distance
to" his pursuers and tempted to shoot at
them. He "was making for the park en
trance at Second avende and Fifteenth
street and was nearlng the gato when a
company of young men who Baw that
Simpkln was a fugitive blocked his way.
or Wuiihl iu.u blocked It If lie had iieM
his course. But he saw them filling the
gate and turned back toward Dr. Brewer
and tho r titers from the church, arid ta
the lunatic's momentary hesitation Dr.
Brewer had a chance to sprint forward
and seize him befcre he could escape
u gain.
Dr. Brewers reaching ringers caught
simp' - iti's right arm ar.d closed around
jt ii0 a vise. Simpkln struggled, but
r)r Brewer gradually forced his right

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