Newspaper Page Text
Cloudy to-day; to-morrow rain; no
changes in temperature; moderate vari
Hieheit temperature yesterday, 58; lowest, 37,
lJetalled weather reports "Nlbo found on ibe Editorial
The amalgamated SUN AND HERALD
preserves the best traditions of each.
In combination these two newspapers
make a greater newspaper than ,either
has ever been on its own.
AND THE NEW YORK HERALD
NEW YORK, MONDAY, APRIL 26,
1 Q9A -CopV'W, JSSO, by T Bun-lhrati Corporation.
XOiiV. entered as iccond clara matter, Post Omce, New Tork, N. T.
PRICE TWO CENTS
Hot. Battles in Four With
Favorite Sons Opposed to
VOTES AT STAKE
Jlardins: in Ohio, Coolidge
in Bay State, Johnson in
Jersey, Loom Strong.
PROHIBITION CROrS UP
I'oindc.xter in Washington Is
Running: Well Borah
Seeks Idaho Control.
To-morrow will bo the biggest day
nf the Republican pro-convention
One hundred and thirty-three of the
JS4 delegates who will sit in Chicago,
nearly one-soventh of the entire num
iirr, will bo chosen. An additional
thirteen will bo elected Wednesday.
Somr of tho most Interesting sltua
ions in tho fierce, atrugglo for dele
gates will como to a head either ot
direct and preferential primaries or
at State conventions. Many political
Iirognostlcators hold that tho fate of
(Jen. Leonard Wood as a Presidential
possibility may bo read in the result
of to-morrow'a balloting.
In o. lesser degree to-morrow will
uavo an Important bearing on the
canvass of other aspirants for the
highest honor In tho party. Senator
Warren O. Harding, Senator Hiram
W. Johnson, Senator Miles Polndexter
and Gov. Calvin Coolldge arc Involved.
Wood Oppose Favorite Son.
in Ohio forty-eight delegates are to
be chosen In a primary where tho can-
mtiates are pledged to support either
senator Harding, tho "favorlto eon'
cf that State, or Gen. Wood.
In Massachusetts the fight Is between
Wood and the organization, led by for
mer Senator Murray Crane, who are In
sisting mat the delegates from that Com
roonweatth ahatl go to Chicago nledt-ed
:o Gov. Coolldge, apostlii of law and
New Jersey's twenty-eight delegates
re to be selected Irt a fight which Is a
straight out test or strength between
.vnator Johnson and Gen. Wood, no lo
cal favorite being In the race to om
plleate the situation.,
At the convention In the State of
Washington tho friends of Gen. Wood
rould like to prevent the delegation of
Hxteen from being Instructed by the
State convention for Senator Polndex
ter, their "favorite son." It meets at
In Idaho the Wood forces have been
Uylng extensive plans to take control
of the State convention to-day out of
ne hands of Senator William E. Borah
that State. Idaho will elect eight
delegates to the national convention. If
borah controls they will probably go to
Johnson In Chicago. '
Frank 11. Hitchcock, who Is somewhat
'' a master nt political manipulation,
lifts told friends that there la an excel
lent chance of taking Senator Borah's.
own state away ironi rum.
Chicago Plans Strike
to Cut Laundry Prices
Special ta Tn 8in and Naw Tork Hhum),
( ,mCAGO, April 2G.-Tho Uni
vcrsltv Club of Chlcniro. with
n membership of 3,600. bankers,
business and professional mon,
is going: to banish the collar but
ton m fnvor of blue chambray
shlrta and attached collars, it
was announced to-night.
And the Collar and Shirt
fctme Committee of Chicago
issued the following pronuncia
mento: "WANTED Ten thminnH
slaves of tho collar button to rise
and not only emancipate them
selves from its desnotir. volfo
but to forswear the white
starched collar and tho biled, the
silk, tho linen, the pongee and
all other costly shirts.''
John W. Chamnion. executive
secretary of tho American Red
Cross, who is staire manacrer of
tho Collar and Shirt Strike, an
nounced to-niirht that the strike
will bo called on May 5.
"Our purpose," he said, "is to
reduce the prices of laundering
and eliminato nrofiteerinc in
white collars and shirts. There
fore, beginnincr Mav 5. all who
join the movement will don soft
shirts with attached collars. The
shirts may bo khaki, cotton or
any other material the cost of
Which does not exceed ?2.60."
in xrov YOMi CITY,
WITHIN 200 MILES.
VOVll OKXTS ELSEWIIEUE.
OUSTED HERE BY
Trainmen Revoke Charters
of Nine Locals, Containing-
Most of Strikers.
EXPULSION IS JEERED
FISTS FLY OVER
20 Battle "When Catholics Are
Attacked; Meeting Breaks
lTp; Two Arrested.
Six Walkout Leaders Go to
Washington to Plead
With Labor Board.
3IOBE BETUBN TO WOBK
500 Frenchmen Killed
In Evacuation of Urfa
Sll the Aitoeiattd Prett.
CONSTANTINOPLE, April 24.
Fivo hundred French troops
arc roportcd to have been wiped
out in tho evacuation of Urfa, in
the vilayet of Aleppo, near the
northwest part of Mesopotamia.
Details are lacking. American
relief workers, among whom was
Mrs. Richard Mansfield, are all
Bailway Men to Befuso Mili
Inry Service- if Ordered as
Tcnalty for Striking.
Officers, Forced in Debt, in
Constant Fear of Court-Martial.
CHIEF AIM TO GET OUT
LLOYD GEORGE USES OIL
ON DIPLOMA TS IN SAN REMO
Great Britain's Command of Coal and Petrol Brings
Accord on Vital Questions.
Fear of Blacklist Impels Many
Insurgents to Beg for
POLICE RESERVES CALLED !
Broadway Sees Street right
After 'Protestant Bally' to
'Wake Up America.'
Tho Brotherhood of Railroad Train
men expeHcd more than 2,000 local
railroaders ftom Its organization yes
terday for their participation In the
rapidly dying walk-out. It accom
plished this summary punlsnnienc hy
rovoking tho charters of nine local
unions in which trainmen from the
Pennsylvania, Eric, Lackawanna, Le
high A'alley, West Shoro and Central
Railroad of New Jersey aro members.
Virtually all tho expelled men are
still on strike.
At Grand View Hall, Jersey City,
where nearly 2,500 striking workmen
of a wido assortment of crafts were In
session yesterday, tho news was
greeted by a bewilderment of hootin?,
cheering, hissing ami Jeering. There
were railroaders, marine workers,
longshoremen and elevator operator;
in tho hall. It is estimated that the
2,000 men cast out of tho brotherhood
represent the entire number of men on
strike at tho time.
The locals losing their brotherhood
charters were No. 99 of Jersey City,
of which Edward A. McIIugli la vice
president: No. 879 of Jersey City,
which Is presided over by Irving G.
Hunt, leader of tho Hudson and Man
hattan tube trainmen ; No. 146 of Jer
NATIONALIZATION IS AIM
Revolutionists Capture Rail
way Organization and Pre
pare Strike Order.
Hundreds of persons promenading
yesterday afternoon In Central Park
West and in Broadway near Sixty
third street flocked to tho Sixty-third
Street Music Hall, near by, when sey City, comprlslns Erie Railroad m"atel: Prepare a
shrieking doIIco whistles and other n: No. 119 of Jersey City. No.' 309 . SL? "r! .-
calls for help notified tho neighbor-1 , , JmQ? ana ro. a.'J or Tren"-
hood that a religious meeting had been I "! VVanlaT mitcaA etrt
. . . . . , P'ojccs; Jso. 508 of Jersev C tv. to
iransrormea aimo into a not. inc. which more Krio men h-in.,,. v
Sunday afternoon throng reached the ' ot Jersey City, which is mad im nf
entrance of the hall In tlmo to see 250 , Lehigh Valley trainmen, and No. 592
men and women flee to th street n I of North Hudson, to which West shnr
few yards ahead of a fighting, atrug- Ka"roal mm belong.
...o mcais unuouotedly will
lose a great many of their members to
day a, despite the jeers and hoot that
between the two thoroughfares was ' fJ",cetedtho announcement, many of the
invaded by reserves from the - West ? SETSSS XJ,
Sixty-eighth street station and the terms rather than run tho chance of be. ncuon lneT0 " lnlK ot a SP'11- "e
crowd was being dispersed. Mean- i ' WP"5". ". Relieve, will i ' ' r - ' " V,.rr "4 7
ri iciauaiorj- nep laKen by ,:r ..
mo uruinernooas anu tno ra roads. I V... .. . V. .. , ,
ThR fir, i vi. ti.,i, ..,1 !.i . , Whether the strike will be slmulta
Journcil after V. V. liolan and tlvc of
his brother strikcis started for Wash
ington, wncre tncy will seel; to caln
gllng group of twenty men.
A few minutes later Sixty-third street
while two prisoners, accompanied .by
a policeman and a ministerial looking
complainant, were disappearing In a
Serial Cable Despatch to lut Sex o J'ir
Toik Herald. CoplrigM, 1X0, ftp Tuk Svn
and Nw Yore Heriid,
I'Anis, April 25. Through the hctlon
last evening of tho railroad employees
hi voting a general strlko to obtain
their revolutionary demands. Franco
Is confronted with a new peril.
would bo Idlo to deny that a dangerous
spirit pervades tho ranks oftho rail
road employees, who, while demanding
virtually this same terms as the Brit
lsh railroad workers, do not seem to
have been deterred by tho results of
the last British strike.
A disturbing feature In the latest ac
Hon Is the following declaration:
This Congress, considering the
events in Alsace-Lorraine, holds that
its duty as railroad workers Is not
to respond to a mobilization order in
time of strike.
This would seem to be throwing down
the gago directly to the Government
shoyld It try tho samo tactics by which
Arlstlde Brland, then Premier, ended
the last big general railroad strlko by
ordering the strikers to the colors.
Tho Congress for two days has been
the scene of a battle between the old
leaders and the new, revolutionary party
led by Monmousseau, which now has
captured tho organization and will 1m
strike plank. The
be part of the social
j transformation, that present, economic
wuuviiiiuiia uciiiBwi,, niui man inu rein
statement of all dismissed employees, the
abandonment ot Judicial proceedings
and the recognition of syndicalism.
This programme was adopted by only
26,000 out of 300,000 members,
Interesting evidence of the results of
Government ownership was afforded In
the fact that private owned railroads
like the Paris-Orleans, tho Nord and tho
Est are against the strike, but the Stato
lines, overwhelmingly favor It, ns do tho
Parts-Lyons-Mcdlterrnnean workers. So
bitterly did the other roads opposo strike
Final Fight to Ward Off
O'RYAN ASKS AUDIENCE
Will'Add His Plea Before Con
ferees to Save Ideals of
"Wads worth Bill.
Col. Procter In Ohio FJftht.
In Ohio and New Jersey tho fight lias
bten particularly bitter. In tho former
State Col. William C. Procter, whoso
i'ome is m Cincinnati, Insisted upon In
jecting wood Into tho situation In the
belief that he could defeat Senator Hard-'
mg. ne was advised against it. but
ducted by a man who said he was Jay
W. Forrest of Albany. As the head of
the Sons and Daughters of Washington,
ho said, he waa directing "a great
Spenka on "Wake Up, America:"
Forrest spoke on "Watte Up, America I"
The first part ot his talk, persona In the
argued that If Wood could carry Ohio audience ald. wan devoted to emmW.
it would be tho biggest victory short nf . ii-i ..... v.
nomination that could como toW "u ' V V", " ""w"u u'
The Issua lit Ohio sji i.nm.1 W .t,. P-""" -"""". "a insa clemeni anu
Wood people la p'rogrcsslvlsm as repre- the Kn'shts of Columbus.
vented by tho "old friend of Col. Roose- Ho then called for questions and they,
wit" against "tho reactionary method coma ranldlv sn ranlillv fh vnrrr..i
H! 'lL?!lGVrr5." I"1' "WtMert. according to witnesses, became careless!
k of Harry M. Daugherty. tho Hard" aI,d Sald resented.
manager, that he would stake his ',La" oft tllat some one
dances for the selection of his candidate shouted.
in tho conference that eomo of the big Vincent Delany, aged IS, of 167 West
'eaders would have at 2 :11 A. M. on tho Seventy-fifth street, made a protest,
nlrd morning of tho convention, has He waB booed down, but refused to stop,
wen used against tho Ohio Senator. Thereupon, he told the police later, a
There is no direct preferential vote, dozen men leaped at him and punched
"at eacli candidate for delegato U nlm- lle shook them off and started
Wedged on tho ballot to vote cither for toward the door. James tyscht, aged
iiaidlng or for Wood. Under the law 2- ot Twelfth street. Long Island
'here the candidates must also state their OUJ. Jolnlnir him and offering his as-
"tond choice. Tho Harding managers sistance. Both men were badly beaten
' ave split second choice up between when they reached the street.
f-nator Johnson and some persons who A big crowd collected when the fight
uui mciors. in a rew wood strong'' was continues in sixty-third street
'ils In tho vicinity of Cincinnati Wood From twenty to forty nrann
was made second choicely the Harding gaged in -tho contest when Policeman
??, u. . Frank Murphy appeared. Bystanders
, ,"''' m jiassacnusetts is also (helped him to separate the group, and
i,,.nf h? Wood forces attempted to friend of Forrest. Delany and Lysclit
rrr,. a V " omio un mo i were arresxea lor oisoraeny conduct,
sroind that tha Governor said he was Xelther was able to walk and a taxicab
w .1., However. Maosachu- was called to take them to the West
tion i dIfferently. Tho organlia- sixty-eighth street station. Later they
j "l uiovea am runiunK were Daiieu out.
nil, J1 ,0 CoolWgo for first choice and
unpledged thereafter. Forrest la Grand blaster.'
The organization ! fni th "nit. I . .
f our-' t fm ...u m" 'mere Kouric gavo ma auareis as the
iu.. -B0' aPaker Glllett of the Simr.ma rimmt mi of h ..u.
Tliat was the end of a meeting con-j the Intercession of the Labor Board with
me railroad managements. The wholn
burden of the speeches yesterday and of
the complaints of tho strikers was that
the railroads would not permit tho men
to return with their old seniority rights,
and therefore there was no use in re
turning. "We'd go back right now," said one
of the executive committee, "If we could
retain our priority, hut aa we have to go
back as new men to now Jobs, what Is
the use going back until we have to? Ve
may as well hold out until we 'aro flat
broke because, something may happen In
tha meantime. Wo aro not broke vet.
Grocers and butchers aren't refusing to
give credit to strikers and landlords are
not collecting from them either."
While tho .'ennsylvanla and the New
York Central have made tho most rapid
recoveries from tho strike, all the rail-
roads are well on the way to normal
conditions. It Is the consensus estimate
that 50 per cent, of the strikers are
back at their old jobs and that half the
vacant places have been filled. The
Lackawanna will dispense with the last
of Its college student volunteers to-day
and few other volunteers aro working,
even on the famous "Indignation specials."
neons with the JIny first labor demon
Oration la uncertain, but tho eTfeet Is to
increase uneasiness as to what l!l hap
pen on Saturday here. There Is no quom
tion that tho suspension of Industry will
be greater than last year. The Gov
ernment has not yet decided whether it
will allow parades, upon which the situ
ation largely turns.
GERMANY BUYS UP
40,000,000,000 Marks Are In
volved in Purchase.
"-"airman ThiiA . i b 4
msttee AiVin V u.l "Z7 , -' I resident of tho Hotel Commodore.
t jw i.r:' . Forrest hurried away in a taxicab as
'or ,.m . . -" ""'"" th flrht oroaressed.
rk. V..M,. l 're pledged to wood. v- -, ru.., ., ,
Night Court when Delany and Lyscht
wero arraigned before Magistrate Mc
Quade. Jammed In the room were many
who had witnessed the fighting outside
i.presenutlve W. W. Lufkin. who Is another Forrest aid. could remember
anytltlng offensive said by the lawyer.
uood renrAnfntt.a h... laftt
I am tnat lhM8 men had not run
I ocn. wood's assent, so their de
t would not be a. defeat for Wood.
Fichtg Johnson In Jersey.
eoresnf aliA w t ..,.1. i
.0l manager, says that the Wood
ttr 2T deletes In tho sixteen Con- After their memories had been Jogged
u.smcia win win. However. ' Iby tne stones or me prisoners and they
m -Massachusetts' the Wood workers had failed to explain satisfactorily the
, ' c "ae tno issue the nomination of
p ..1411 ior wesident who they claim to
the heir of .Col. Roosevelt. They also
sert for Wood that he Is a native ao.i
" Ma.sachusetts. There Is no direct
7rennai -ote in aiassachusett
1 ndcr the New Jersey primary law
nere is K direct vote on Presidential
"reference in addition to the election of
... i'"1" lo the national convention.
"i ood and Senator Hiram W. John-
curpose of the meeting, they were or
dered out of court and threatened wltA
arrest If theyiappeared again. Both De
lany and Lyscht were discharged at tho
request of Alderman William Collins,
MOTOR BANDITS NET
$7230 IN TWO HAULS
Raid Card Came and Saloon
dttiHnutd en TMri rase.
Woman to Be Tried for 3Inrtler.
Co.vcorp, a. If.. April 23. Mrs. Mar
ion Loynes Oltcrson will be placed on
trial here to-morrow for the murder of
her brother-in-law, .usuries a. Otterson,
at HoolcKtt ob November 6 last.
Bandits, who used a high powered au
tomobile to speed away from police nur
suit after they had robbed Louis Scharp
or 736 Klltn street and five of his friends
of $7,000 at a card game In Scharp's
Home at midnight, began operations
later In Harlem. They entered the saloon
ot John Schmidt, at 144 Lenox avenue,
and after backing George Sagclkln, a
bartender, and five friends against the
wall In the cellar, made off with 1230.
Fistol shots accompanied the holdup
In Scharp's home, and policemen from
union Market station, who ran to the
house In nnswer to Scharp's calls for
help, arrested a man who described hlm-
as James Kerr of 16j Tlllery street,
Brooklyn. He was found In the hallway
of a house near by. His arrest followed
the discovery' on the floor near him of
a revolver and a roll of bills, He was
charged with acting in concert with
threo other men in the Scharp robbery.
According to ficharps story of the
raid ho and his friends were unaware
that the House had been entered until
they were prodded with revolvers. Four
men had entered the room.
As the victims backed up against the
wall, their watches and other Jewelry
as well as money was taken.
The robbers left the house, warning
against an outcry, but Scharp, opening
a window, gave the nlarm. J'ollccman
O'Connor and Sergeant Fisher answered
and wcro In time to Interrupt the es
cape. Two men got away In the auto
mobile, and a third escaped through an
alley. The fourth, they believe, U tho
man. they caught,
Itv the Aitociated Prttt.
TSBnu.v, April 25. Forty billion marks
are involved In the Government's pur
chase of the Federated States Hallways,
which has been approved by tho N'a
tional Assembly. The annual Interest
Incurred In tho nation's huge investment
is estimated at 14,000,000 marks.
"The peace treaty we have completed
does not present a bewltchlngly bcautl
ful face, .but it possesses desirable quali
ties in political and economic directions,"
said Dr. Bell, tho Minister of Transport,
In the National Assembly Just before the
voto was taken. He described tho trans
action as ono ot the most gigantic ever
effected by any parliament.
The Minister added that more than
1,000,000 employees of the railways will
be on tho Government pay roll. Ho
admitted that the Government had to
pay heavily for a final settlement with
the various States.
IRISH POLICE KILLED
IN COUNTY CORK
Officers Crane and McCold
rick Once of Belfast.
Sptcial to Tnc Sex and Ktw Yokjc Hcxm.
Washington, April 23.-Convlnced
that compulsory military training will
not bo mado a policy of this country
in any future action that now can bo
foreseen, advocates of tho largest 'pos
sible moosuro of preparedness aro or
ganizing to make a determined fight
for tho principles of tho Wadsworth
army reorganization bill. Tho meas
ure has gono to conference and the
first meeting; of tho conferrecs will bo
held to-morrow.whcn tho struggle will
Leaders of the Scnato Military Com
mittee feel that a crisis has been
reached in tho national military pol
icy. They fear a reversion to the
state of utter unpreparedness that
prevailed before tho world war unless
the Senate plan of consolidating the
National Guard Into the Federal mili
tary cstabltsnment . can be adopted.
There is strong opnosillon to this
among the House conferees, and also
a considerable though less defined op
position to the Senato bill's voluntary
training programme. These tho Senate
conferees aro determined to save if
O'ltynn'a Aid Songht.
Chairman Kahn (Cal.), of tho House
Military Committee, nnnounced to-day
that Gen. O'Jlyan of New York, who
has been the leader of .National Guard
influences urging the Senate plan to con-
finllflnfA thu nilMr.1 intn fhrt T...l.. I
army, has asked tho opportunity to d-
pear before the conferees and preaoht
the argument for tho plan. "Personal-
said Mr. Kahn, "I have not studied
the Senate plan carefully, but I am de
cidedly In favor of receiving Gon.
O'Ryan and giving him all opportuni
ties for presenting his views."
The present demoralization of the
army was described to-day by Senator
New (Ind.), In a vigorous interview. "I
am pretty well acquainted in the army."
he said, "and I know that the situation
Special Cable Detpalch to Thb Sex and 2'xw
10IUC llEBlLIi. ComJ.ll iwv I... o. ..
axd Jw York 1Iauj.
Paris, April 25. To the effective use
by British diplomats of the groat eco
nomic weapons, coal and oil, is largely
attributable tho accord which seems
to have been reached rather suddenly
at the San nemo conference. It is
tho now diplomacy Into which oil is
entering more and more as a factor as
the British diplomats play tho game.
Having perfected a closo working
combination with Italy through his
iuei oner, uoyd George appears to
have forced a tremendous modification
In tho French viewpoint as It existed
upon Premier Mlllernnd's arrival at
the conference. With Franco's fuel
supply dependent upon tho Germans
or British, concessions on tho part of
the French were inevitable.
Although the forthcoming declara
tion may throw more light upon the
details of tho alleged mrceracnt, it
seems, in the opinion here, that France
gets little moro than tho formulation
of phrases and tho refusal of the Ger
mans' request for an army of 200,000
men, which Lloyd George Was inclined
to give her at first.
Otherwise she seems to have con
sented to an extension of the stay of
German Rclchswehr troops in the
Huhr Valley, and must herself with-
draw her troops from Frankfort, it
would appear, eS well as taking a
definite pledge not to act, Independently
again. Sho also has been forced to
approve tho general plan Lloyd George
brought from London, which, while it
may be covered by phrases carefully
calculated to appease French opinion,
no.vcrtheless greases the ways for very
Tho suggestion, when It was first
made, of negotiations between the
Germans and the Premiers provoked
violent criticism in tho French papers,
which aro obliged to-day to announce
M, Millcrand's acceptance of tho plan.
Tho amount of Germany's reparation
payment, tho crux of the wholo
economic end of tho treaty stluatlon,
will now bo fixed immediately; theo
retically perhaps by the reparation
commission, actually by tho threo
Premiers and the German Chancellor
meeting together as a council of four;
probably In Brussels.
This will bo the basis of tho read.
Juslmcnt of tho world's credit.
iiiiurrnauon irom l'Ycneh sources
Is that Lloyd George and Signor Nittl
nave proposed all cady to M. Mlllcrand
that the sum shall bo aa low us ten
billions. This seems entirely out of
tho question to the French, but tho
maximum Is likely to be no moro than
twenty billions, which, when ono con
siders the staggering aum named a
year ago, seems small indeed.
U. S. ASKED TO
Supreme Council Sends For
mal lieguest to Wilson to
TO FIX BOUNDARY TOO
British Mandate for Mesopo
tamia and Palestine;
French for Syria.
FIUMB DECISION TO-BAY
BANK DEPOSITS LABORINJAPAN
DROP A BILLION ASKS WHIPHAND
Decline in Earnings, Slacken
ing: of Business and Strikes
Blamed hy Some
Isationalization of Industry
and Complete. Dethronement
of Capital Sought.
PUTS A BRAKE ON CREDIT STRIKERS USE SABOTAGE
Comptroller Lays Two JJpntlis Bunji Suzuki Says Awakening
Showing to Shrinkage of
U. S. Deposits.
Is Due to Clauses in tlie
ttteial lo TILS' Sun and.Nxw rone IIziild.
WABUiKOTCKf, April' 4$-f isHrlnrlntre
of almost $1,000,000,000 in tho bank
deposltu of the country, with a com
mensurato shrinkage in tho total re
sources of the national banks, is noted
In a compilation by Comptroller of the
Currency Williams of tho reports of
tho national banks on tho call o'f
tilHcial ,;blo Dtipatch to Tni.SpN axd Xiw
ToK IiZBiLD. CopyrioM, 1M0. bp Tus SON
iXD New Toiut Heaald.
Tokio, April 23 (delayed). Only
through the nationalization of its
main industries can Japan, be
saved from Internecine bloodshed
and the crumbling of tho social
fabric, in the opinion of BunJl
8uzukl tho "Gompers of Japan," who
Allies Will Send Sharp Note to
Germany as Result of
cember .31 of $901,291,000. Tho De-
Belfart, April 25. Sergeant Cor
nrllus Crane and Constable McGoldrick,
both of whom are reported to have be
longed lo the Belfast force, were shot
and killed Saturday night near Bandou,
County Cork. Crano formerly was s:a
t'oned at the King's street barracks,
Cork, from which Sinn Fainers allege
the police departed lo assassinate Lord
Mayor MacCurtaln of Cork.
Dubuw, April 25. A mjn named
Behan, keeper of a tavern, was shot
late Saturday night and seriously
wounded as he was leaving his place.
Is thoroughly bad. There never has
been a tlmo In my knowledge when
there was so little 'nes' in tho armv.
when ..disposition to obey was less keen,
when moralo was so low Or regard
for all authority so lacking. Officers.
especially of the lower grades, are so
opeless that they devote themnelves to
efforts to get out of the sorvlcc. That
Is equally true of tho army and navy.
In the last few months about 2.400 armv
officers have resigned. They cannot live
on their pay and though people gen
erally do not know it, the officer who
gets and chronically remains in debt al
ways Is in fear of court-martial, to
which he is liable for that offence. Mem
bers of Congress aro overwhelmed with
tho bescechlngs of officers who ask no
moro than assistance to get their resig
Pay Dill gome Ilellef.
..mi.. .., . . 1920 tho decrease was rapid and if
tmaiiiij ui uiu, wo none, win riva . ... . -
some relief. Tho enlisted nnv ,.,, maintained win Dnng me i.u ngures
navy Is Increased 39 ner c.nt. nnri of below those of 1919.
the army 20 per cent., the difference be- u311 ln deposits Is ascribed to many
Ing accounted for bv certain ndvantair I economic causes, but primarily to a
the army men havo In buyins suppleai.s,rln,aBe of earnings by the people and
through the army stores. Salaries of a decrease In the total volume of busl-
offlcers aro Increased from around J-inn ness of the country,
a year for Lieutenants to 1700 for Cnn- strikes and other disturbances were no
tains. S40 for Maiors nnd isnn for doubt large contributing factors.
Colonels and Lieutenant-Colonels. Lessened deposits with lessened rc-
"I have boon told thai In one An- sources means a natural curtailment of
napolls class whoso service has now been ",e erouu resources oi ine country, an
long enough I think it Is four years to . end for which the Federal Reserve
give the men the privilege of resigning
If they wish, practically all havo their
resignations on fllo or ready to 'submit.
Tho navy authorities are compelled sim
ply to Ignore the resignations.
"For twenty years, ever since my ser
vice In the Spanish-American war, 1 have
been working for compulsory military
training. Threo times In the Senate T
have tried to get It adopted and failed.
have reluctantly concluded It Is Im
possible In tills country. There are grqat
communities solidly opposed and power
ful elements everywhere. So I want as
an alternative the best substitute, a
plan to establish an officers' reserve nnd
train officers for It. If we insure this.
the trained officers can, In emergency,
train the men quickly."
Total deposits in the national, banks represented the Japanese Government
February 28 were $16,965,122,000, a re- as Its labor delezate at Versailles.
ductlon in just two months from Do- Suzuki is the generally accredited
spokesman for labor in Japan. He Is
romhpi- !t1 dnAUt however, were
slightly under tho highest ever re- Jhe founder of and tho president of
corded, and tho deposits for February the Yu-nl-kal. the largest and moU
28 were $1,500,000,000 greater than for substantial and consistent labor union
approximately the same date a year of japan. His is the first voice to bo
ng' . , , raised In Japan for the nationalization
Government experts here see a deepl , . . . '
alcnlflcnncn ln thn flmiros as reflect
ing tho financial and economic trend Tne gainsaying the fact fhat
of tho nation. After Increasing in (labor ln Japan is becoming more and
great Jumps from tho very beginning more Imbued with "Western Ideas," dc
of the European war and practicaUy 8pUo M tho effort3 of Govern
aouDiing rm x : yean, , dhhk po and th8 ,ntcresta t
ix'gcui iu ueji uuat ui ma viiu ui jasi i
year. in mo iirsi two monuis ui
national mind from "dangerous
thought" such as the bare possibility
of anything happening in Japan that
would disturb tho social and political
status quo. Capitalistic Japan was
dazed by the demands made by tho
strikers at tho Shlbara Iron works.
that they bo permitted to select their
Labor unrest, respective foremen by the,-vote of the
BANKER, GONE 5 YEARS, FOUND
Closed Up In Chlcniro Oirlnir
S1227.000 lo 1,130 Perron.
Special to Tnr. Rex asi Kttr York IIrs'u.D.
CHICAGO, April 26. Max Silver, nrcn.
Idcnt of two private banks In the Ghet
to of Chicago, who disappeared sud
denly four years ago after closing the
doors of his banks, has been found In
There were 1,136 depositors In sn.
vcr's banks, who had saved 1227.000 I
Two of the.m committed suicide; sev
eral became insane and hundreds
reduced to penury-
Board has strlvcd through artificial
means by tlie increase of rediscount
rates at tho Federal Reserve banks.
With tho (ending power of the national
banks decreased nearly a billion dollars
there Is still a great demand on every
hand for credit that is responsible far
high money rate and a pinch on the
In face of the financial situation ex
perts Jioro look for a abwlng up In pur-
cnasmg oy tnc general public and a
levelling of prices. Tho cost of llvinjr.
it Is said, has reached Its peak and Is
on a slow but sure decline through In-
men. "Plain Bolshevism ' Is what the
directors termed this demand ln their
reply refusing to consider It
Notwithstanding that tho comnanv
agreed to increase the pay of the men
to a scale higher than that Included in
the strikers' demands the 3,000 employ
ees of what has long been considered
one of Japan's model plants struck for
the right to select their foreman.
Six lloor Day la Demanded.
The street car employees Of Toklo.
whoso pay recently was Increased 30 per
cent, demanded a six hour day to all
Intents and purposes and enforced their
demand, not by a strike, but by a sys
tematic policy of sabotage. These two
labor developments emphasize the grow
ing temper of the people and add to the
Bl tfie Aitociated Preu.
San ItEMO, April 25. The Supreme
Council Is sending a formal request to
President Wilson that tho United
States Government take the mandate
for Armenia. Tho Council is leaving
to President Wilson tho arbitration of
the differences over tho boundaries of
the new Stato of Armenia.-
There seems to be division on the
part of the Council whether tho region
of Erzerum and Its vicinity should be
included in the territory of the Ar
menian republic. The Turkish Xa&
ttonalists are strongly .claiming Erze
rum for themselves
The Council awarded a mandate for
Mesopotamia and Palestine to Great
Britain and a mandate for Syria to
In placing Palestine under a British
mandate the council established with
in the ancient limits of tho Holy Land
what Is called "the national home of
National nights Protected.
Tho terme of the mandato protect
the national rights of Jewish citizens
of other countries. That is to say, a
Jew of American, British, French or
other nationality may retain his na
tionality although he is also a citizen
of the Stato of PaeUno,
ine rignia-.or Arabs, aiso are pro
tectedt there being 100,000 in, Palestine
and 100,000 Jews! Tlie mandate Ji
llmUed generally; by what Is known as
the Balfour declaration. British forces
have been in occupation of Palestine
since the defeat of the Turkish forces
by Field Marshal VJscount Allenby.
France ha been the protector of
the Christians ln Syria, since the Mid
dle Ages,, having been designated for
the purpose by the Holy See. The
question with regard to Syria lias been
in serious controversy between the
French and British governments slnco
the armistice was signed: particularly
over the point whether France should
have all of what is geographically out
lined &!t Syria or only cortaln parts.
The boundaries of Syria and Mesopo
tamia will be determined, by negotiation
later between Fiance and Great Britain.
The Mesopotamia mandate" Is given sub
ject to friendly arrangement with ths
Italian Government over " economlo
The Turkish treaty is now wh'at is of
ficially called practically finished. The
Turkish plenipotentiaries, after recilv-.
ing it In Paris about May 10, will have
threo weeks to consider It. Tho Allies,
after receiving the Turkish reply, will
take a few days to examine It, then the
Turks will be allowed a final ten days
ln which to make up their minds to sign
the treaty or not. '
ability of the public to expand further perplexities caused by the now firmly
lliumuuui creuua anu Keep up wnai tno
Federal Reserve Board has character
ized as a mad spree of spending.
Mr. Williams states, however, that the
shrinkage In deposits on February 2S
compared with December 31 is due
mainly to the loss ln United States Gov
ernment deposits, which declined from
J14S.863.000 December 31 to only $67.
914,000 on February 28. Just before
the payment of the first instalment of
1920 taxes Government balances were at
their lowest ebb In years.
LAWMAKER DIES AT DINNER.
CLOSING TIME issskssF"0
ty)t l&ttll AND NEW YORK HERALD
f P. M. at Miin Office, 280 Brotdtu;.
t P. M. at former Hertld Office, Htnl J
Buildinj, Herild Squire,
f P. M. tl ill other Bnnch 0cu.
f. (Locations lUted on Editorial Fa.)
6 P. M. Siturdir it Miin OSes, Zii
5 P. M. at former Herald Office, Hera!d
Builinx, Herald Squirt.
I P. M. at all other Branch OSctt, '
'(Locations listed ea Editorial rage.)
nep. C. A. Xlcholt Elected From
Detroit District In 1014.
Washington', Anrll 25.--Representa-tive
Charles A. Nichols of Detroit col
lapsed In his home here to-nlrht rhlle
at dinner with his mother and died In
a few hours. Death was said to have
been due to heart failure.
Mr. Nichols was elected to Congress
from tho TJhlrtoenth Michigan district
In 1914. having prevlouily served as
secretary of the Detroit Police Depart
ment for Bcvcral years. He was unmarried.
Antopsr Shorn Wood Alcohol.
An autopsy performed on William
Clark, 19. of 390 First avenue who
died following a party at which he
drank wine early yesterday morning,
revealed Indications of wood alcohol
poisoning,- Dr. Charles Norrts, Chief
Medical Eaminerj tniionneedlMtnlfht
established Soviet at Vladivostok and
tho Insistent demands from Moscow that
Japan withdraw her forces from tlie
territory of the workmen's and peasants'
Now tho suggestion that the national
ization or industry bo tanen up as a
practical question In Jpan Is certain
further to perturb Premier Hara and
tho old order ho is endeavoring to pre-serve.
There ore only two ways of solving
llio labor problem In this- country," said
Mr. Suzuki. "Either private ownership
of capital must go or the lnborera must
set to work to revolutionize the minds
of the capitalists Into a proper con
sideration for the laboring public, whose
unremitting work and fidelity up to this
time have raised the capitalists to their
present position of affluence and per
mitted many mercantile concerns to pay
dividends ot 100 and ISO per. cent a
"If it be not practicable to abolish
private ownership how Is the alternative
to bt brought about? By a social
revolutlcn? But that Is a via dolorosa
and the laborers ot Japan, unorganized
as they arc and undrr the thumb of the
police, the genro and the capitalists,
would have to bear crows that would
bo tremendously heavy. That Is not de
sirable, but we In Japan wonder what
else .there may be to bo done. The re-
Continued oil Second Page.
-Bought SoM Quoted,
Job Molr Co., II Broadway. JUv.
- - . .. - A C I
Adriatic Question Broaght Vp.
Tho Adriatic question was brought be
fore the Supreme Council this afternoon.
Ths Italian Premier. Sunor Nlttl. pro
posed a sett'ememt that followed rener-
ally President Wilson's note of December
9. It varies, however, to Include a con
stitution for tho buffer State of Flume,
to which both the Fronch and British
Premiers objected on the ground that It
limited too greatly the character of the
Premier Nlttl pointed out that ths
Italian proposal waa almost identical
with that of President Wilson. Never
theless after considerable dtscuralon
both tho French and British delegations
said they could- not accept it. They
declared that Italy should either lake
President Wilson's plan or abide by tbnt
of the pact of Ijondon, which gives
Flume to the Jugo-Slavs.
Premier Nlttl promised lo five hi
decision to-morrow. The general belief
Is that he will prefer President Wilson's
settlement to the pact of London.
From quite another source it was
learned that the details of the settlement
arrived at yosterday by Premier Nlttl
and Anton Trumbltch, the Jugo-Slav
Foreign Minister, provided that the
region of Valdosta should form part of
tho buffer State of Flume; Zara would
be made a free city with power to ap
point diplomatic representatives: Italy
would renounce her claims to Dalmatla.
but would acquire a- protectorate over
Agreement Regarding Germany.
The agreement between Premiers '
Mlllerand and Lloyd George concerning
Germany was presented lo the Supreme
Counclt late this afternoon and will
form th basis of a very stiff note to
Germany, which will be ready for slgna
lure, to-morrow oy Great Britain.
France, Italy, Japan and Belgium. The
United States will not sign the note.
Either tho declaration or an author!?
tatlvo condensation will be made rmblla
to-inorrow, Lloyd George announced tonight.
The document Is the result of brlvatd
conversations between Premier MllUranrt'
anu me. .wnicn resulted In complete
agreement upon the policy to be adopf.
ed." said the British Prime Minister.
'The document will be communicated to
tho press to-morrow and the public can
then form Its onn Impressions."
Lloyd George, replying to questions;
also said ; "We have discouraged the use
of military means to enforce the treaty
when not necessary to use them. My1
statement to the House of Cnmnnni it
tMMMII'''lli'M',ll'MiM'1"1'1 ' ' - - - - - - ' - -