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The Sun and the New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, May 03, 1920, Image 1

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WEATHER FORECAST.
A HAPPY BLENDING
The amalgamated SUlYftND HERALD
preserve the best traditions of each.
In combination these two newspapers
make a greater newspaper than either
has ever been on its own.
V with probably showers: northwest
winds to-day, becoming east to-morrow.
Highest temperature yesterday, 54; lowest, 41.
Pctalled neither reports will be found on the Editors
pace-
AND THE NEW YORK. HERALD
VOL. LXXXVII. NO. 246 DAILY.
PRICE v TWO CENTS
IN NEW YORK CITY.
NEW YORK, MONDAY, MAY 3, 1ST20.-
..Copyright, 1920, 61 n Bui-Herald Corporation,
Entered a second elms matter, Tost Ofllce, New Yorlt, N. V,
f
Tn nitre cents
WITHIN 20O Ml Mi.
KOUft CKNT8 KLSKWHEuE.
-M--f
LIMIT REACHED
FOR WAGES IN
I00LLEN MILLS
will Close Rather Than
IT Submit to Further De
mands by Employees.
l mn OV'V WAUVTVfl T?A1?P"R
American Woolen Company
Takes Lead in Campaign
of Retrenchment.
OTHER FIRMS TO FOLLOW
Stillwater Worsted Mills Closo
Friday and A. L. Sayles &
Son Abolish Shift.
i
tittial to Tnt Srx and New York Herald.
Providence, II I., May 2. A repre
sentative of one of the largest woollen
concerns In New' England said to
filsht that tho officials of the American
Woolen Company had decided to shut
!own Its mills In the event that the
textile workers present further de
mands for increased wages. If thla
mtlon is taken by tho American
Woolen Company It is believed every
Mill in llli le Island will follow suit.
Altlioujh it is said no general an
r.uuneement to that effect would be
made. It Is known that woollen manu
facturers throughout the Stato are
planning to retrench because of the
tl.ickening of demand and the lack of
raw materials. Most of them are now
working up goods from materials al
ready on hand, and will use up the
present stocks only.
It Is reported that several of the
Urter mills will cut down their working
force about the middle of this month.
hlch means that hundreds of operators
will be laid off, or shut down their plants
altogether until the market becomes
more active.
Woollen men have declared that for
ttxrnl reasons the time nas come when
they muft make a stand against higher
mgff and higher coMs of materials, ul
thoueh the financial statements of vir
tually every manufacturer show a tre
recnSous Increase In protlt for the lust
jrsr over succeeding years.
The first compuny to announce that
It (Mntemplated closing, mill Is tho
Stllatcr Worsted Mills. Inc., of Harris
vllie, which has declared that the woollen
mill at Nasonvlllc will close next Friday.
A. U S.iylea & Son of Pascoag havo
rested notices that after Friday the
plant will be operated with only one
ihift, laying off 100 hands.
BERKSHIRE MILLS
REPORT SLOWING UP
One Concern Has SO Per
Cent. Cancellation of Orders.
tf .11 to Tnr. Si" axp Xtw Yoas Htiuu.
I'lTTsriEi.D, Mass., May 2. Berkshire
textile mills will be employing fewer
hands within six weeks unless the money
wtuitlon cases up and the freight em
lu, to to. lifted, Ona large I'lttsfleld
len concern report 50 per cent, can-
r !;tion of orders In the last two
n.j tl.s TI12 railroad freight situation
1' forced the manufacturers to ship
1 " (.'"odi uv motor truck to Hudson
X v and thence by boat to New Yorlt.
'iu some concerns have been shipping
l 'to New York by truck, which Is
CO v.
COTTON MILLS HOPE
TO AVERT STRIKES
Conferences With Men Begun
by Fall River Firms.
fl'tcial to Tnt Sex xxd New Yobx Herald.
Fail Rivzr, Mass., May 2. Fall niver
iotton mills are running In full, except
as thy are affected In small proportion
by a strike of the doff ers, now entering
on its eighth week, and some of the
factories are in operation part or the
fcole of the night. The wage agree
ment with the operatives does not ex
pire for a month, bnt conferences have
oen begun by representatives of .the
Cotton Manufacturers Association and
f the textile council In tho hope of
""rung trouble, such as confronts Xew
B-.dford, where a strike of 2,500 mill
Pioyees It expected.
TEXTILE STRIKE TO
BE CALLED TO DAY
New Bedford Mayor Fails to
Avert Walkout.
1
New lUorortD, Mass.. May 2. Mayor
ih u' S' VtnleJr announced to-night
wit he had been unsuccessful In an ef-
.I. arrange a conference between;
if textile , ouncll and the New Bedford,'
u .anuiacturcr.i' Association In '
jne hope of averting tho strike of opera-1
me.i called for to-morrow In all but,
Wen nf Him miiia t .V.I. '
Inlon officials said that 20.000 optra
jea would refuse to report to work
"morrow. The manufacturers have
announced that If a sufficient number
workers fall to go to work to-mor-the
mills will be shut down.
CHICAGO BREAD AND
PIE PRICES JUMP
Dav
Wsht Bakers $64.40 a Week.
-wv, -ktXJ I CiMl Will JUJJ!
jrom 10 cents a loaf to 12 cents to-mor-7,16
1rlce of P'e n10 aviates from
'o 35 cents, ond cookies, crullers and
F t rolls kpn tr iv BilviinHni. frnm
li!.t0,.:3 rentJ! a dozn. Chicago bakers
r.t once Day bakers wMl receive $55 a
Th n ht bakcrs -40.
Wee of flour And tufar forced
iVt 1 V IIWV y
103 Per Cent. Jump in Cost of Living
In New York City in Last Five Years
'piIE following tablo .issued by the United States, Department of
Labor shows tho changes in the cost of living from December,
1914, to December, 1919, Inclusive, for six industrial centres:
Per Chi t,
City. 0r mc
noitnn I,,,, dj.jo
New York ' 10J.fl
Philadelphia , ti.it
In the next tablo are the figures for Now York city. Tho first
column shows tho average per cent, of total expenditure that is de
voted to the different groups of items food, clothing, &c. The suc
ceeding columns show for December for each year, from 1915 to
1919, inclusive, tho per cent, of increase in the prices of tho different
groups of items over December, 1914. In a few instances, owing to
incomplete data, theso figures may bo subject to slight changes.
Per Cent.
of Total 1'irCent.
Items of
Expenditure,
Expenditure. 111!.
Fuud 41,0
i.:
uioininc
Male
Female , ,
Total 19,6
Housing- 14,3
Kuel and light 4.3
Furniture ft furnishings. 3.3
Miscellaneous is,;
' I.;
OT
1.S2
10
.0
MS
1.0?
"u7
All Items....
Decrease.
FREIGHT RATES
MAY RISE 25 P. C.
Estimate Based on Data Soon
. to Bo Handed to Commerce
Board.
G8-WIILLION NEW REVENUE
Increase to Bate From Sept. 1
Passenger Tariffs Not
to Bo Disturbed.
Bptcial to TnK Sex and Xkw Yonx Hhulu.
Washington. May 2. -Members of
the Hallway Executive Association
will lay before the Inters -ito Corh
meree Commission this week a mass
of data upon tho probable expenses
and revenue needs of the railroads of
the country for the year beginning
next September. This data will con
stitute one of the principal bases to
be used by the commission in deter
mining the extent nf th raii In
freight rates that will be necessary to
bring the net operating revenues of
the carriers up to a 0 per cent, return
on the aggregate value of tho roads
as determined by the commission.
While the, detailed figures are not
yet available, it Is Indicated that the
total additional revenue needed will
approximate 1634,000,000. This means.
if the figures as presented are gener
ally accepted by the commission an In
crease In freight rates that will brinj;
In at least that much additional rev
enue over n year.
The enttro increase will bo applied to
'freight rates and will mean an Increase
of at least 20 per cent, over the present
rates. Other factors that must be con
sidered by the commission In reaching
Its final decision for the return required
by the transportation act may raise
this to a 23 per cent. Increase In rutes.
Passenger fares are according to prcs-
', cnt plain to remain on tlie present
! basis. There Is 110 disposition upon tho
tnart nf hn rnllrnads or the commission
1 to Increnso them at this time. An In-
fcrcase In tfassencer fares appears' a
' '
freight rates are nbsorbed and paraed
I cn inuireciiy 111 irauiiwis.
Jl Its ivwm lit... -
nnim'HsInn a-ns urced by the carriers
and most of the other parties at Interest
! to accept the property Investments ac
I - M ,n.u Iw thA pnmmli..lon as
I ' li 1 1 1 a as i v - - -;
approximately the true value of the
carriers, it Is expected tnat me com
mission after making allowances both
ways on these accounts, that Is for over
value In some Instances and undervalue
in others, will take the property Invest
ment account basis of approximately
$20,100,000,000.
llatlroad men hope that ontlils the
commission will allow not only the 6M
per cent made obligatory by the trans
portation act, but the additional half of
one per cent made optional and to be
applied to non-productive Improvements.
To reach this result net' operating re
venues of 1,200,800,000 for all the car
riers would be necessary.
-m. i.a.A tin rannrts that the car-
'rlers will fllo appeal to the Increased
rates. Such a proceeding is noi neces
1 sary. Under the transportation act the
I commission Is required to place raies on
I a basis that will give a definite and fixed
1 a.. 4 n( rfi r- mnv he to Dcr
cent.
SIX MONTH LIMIT PUT
ON SUBSCRIPTIONS
Small Michigan Dailies Be
fore, Senate To-day. i
nirrnniT Miv 2. Publishers of small
dally rvswsptpers in Michigan will seek
a hearing to-morrow oy tne aenaie com
mittee Investigating the newsprint situa
tion, the Association of Home Dallies,
representing twenty-nine publications
having a circulation of not to exceed
5,000 each, annbunced to-day,
The newspapers have decided not to
accept subscriptions for more than six
months In advance and face the prospect
of tri-weekly issues within two months.
It was said, owing to the scarcity of
paper stocks.
JUNE SCALE PAULEY TO-DAY.
Ohio Workers md dpemtors Hope
to Break Deadlock.
Prmi.iND. May 2. The scale com.
tnlttee of tho Ohio Mine Workers sub-
dlstrlcts Nog. 5 ana 6 win comer wiui
representatives of the PllUburg Vein
Operators Association to-morrow in an
effort to break a deadlock which existed
when the tenferenw adjourned yester
day. Forty-one donuuids, inlcuding payment
on tho run of mine basis and pay for
reir.ovlns J-ione, wore predated by the
miners officials, representing 16.C0O men,
a week igo.
Per On i.
City. ut Inc.
Baltimore ,., 5M0
Chlcnso .' M.H
Detrol 10T.H
of Increase
131.
H.!G
from
Dec, 1911.
I2C39
1ST.1.1
131. 5S
M"
4 . 1 7
IS .31
70.01
'tils
i I)P.,
Ills.
iO.H
' :o:.:c
23I.S7
i!l!.60
S3. 39
.0.13
i is: j
ibi;
ES.S3
r.i.to
67.6J
:,ti
19.92
SG.17
4I.CS
C0.32
34.73
::.3i
.03
10.&S
:7.o
H.n
11.91
10s.ii
J
RUNNINGSHORT
U. S. Bureau Warns of Acute
Situation Before End of
This Summer.
HEAVY DRAIN ON RESERVE
Reports Show Country Is Liv
ing: Beyond Its 3Ieans in
Petroleum Products.
Washington, May 2. Warning ot
tho probability of un actual shortage
of gasolene before the end of next
summer as a result cf the dispropor
tionate increase in gasolene produc
tion and the number of automobiles
in use was given in a statement Issued
to-day by the bureau of mlne.H.
While an tncrease In stocks at the
end of February' of more than
100.000,000 gallons, or 20 per cent., as
compared with a year ago. shows that
tho 4tuat1on is not yet acute. It Is
probable, the statement ald, that be
fore the "summer season It over it
will become tight, if indeed it docs not
become short."
'Ith the number of .automobiles and'
trucks now In use estimated to be 2S
per cent greater than last year, gasolene
production, it was said, increased only
11 per cent In February. While It Is
anticipated that Increased Installation of-
processes giving n higher yield or gaso
lene will cause a steady advance in pro
duction thla year, it Is doubtful. It was
added, that this will be sufficient to meet
the Increased demand.
Heavy drafts were made In March on
the reserve stock of crude petroleum, not
withstanding a 20 per cent. Increase In
production, according to a report by the
United States Geodetic Survey. The
total Increase In output of the United
States In March, as compared with
March. 1910. was 6,000.000 barrels, but
the Increased consumption made neces
sary the Importation of 6,500.000 barrels
from Mexico. An additional million bar
rels was drawn from tho reserves to
meet the demand.
"The March consumption of crude
petroleum exceeded that ot n year ago
by nearly 12,000,000 barrels," said Secre
tary Payne In discussing the report
"This single month's record of 41,000,000
barrels means that the I'nltiM States Is
j now using more oil each month than the
whole world used In tho whole year of
1885. These are facts that must bo
faced by every citizen who uses any
petroleum product, whether fuel oil. gaso-
I lene or lubricating oil, and these figures
likewise raise questions or puDllc policy,
for In the matter of oil trie United States
is certainly living beyond its means."
ARMED PARTIES RAID
. FARMS IN IRELAND
Land Agitation Gains Head
way in West Counties.
London, May 2. The land agitation
In West Ireland Is continuing to make
rapid headway, according to a despatch
to the London Times, and has spread to
County Clare. Cattle driving and
other forms of Intimidation are said to
be of almost dally occurrence.
Grazing lands arc stripped of their
stock, fences and gates are broken,
walls are smashed and houses fired Into
by armed parties. Large and small
holders alike are the victims. The
despatch says It Is openly boasted that
the "romlng fight In the tost for land
will be one of the biggest things the
country has seen for some time."
It l pointed out that tho country Is
full of young men who were unable to
emigrate during the war. and that their
activities cannot find an outlet within
the few acres possessed by their iwtr
ents, says tho Time;.
LAST HUNGER
STRIKER OUITS JAIL
Lawyer and Physician Among
GASOLENE NOW
Latest Men Arrestfi . In the destinies or tne various i-reamcu-latest
men r rested. ,m i asplrant8 ln vlew of the fact that
Z 7- nrlmarles and State conventions will
JSV tht A'xxiatti rrIU i S fifty delegates to tho Republican
Belfast May 2.-Thlrty.flve more lnl, Convention and slxty-eight to
hunger str kers were removed from h0 t National Convention.
w 4 V . V " " ,"iTho Pres dentiai preference primary in
irfxty.nlno who have been transferred In i aa to-morrow will Instruct thirty
hunter strikers In tho prison.
George Murnaghan, a solicitor ' of
Omagh, whose father represented the
mld.Tyrone district In Parliament for
fifteen years, was arrested by the mili
tary this morning ana brought to Bel
fast He was election agent for Arthur
Griffith, founder of tho Sinn Fein or
ganization. In northwest Tyrone at tho
general elections. Dr. Stuart, health
officer at Belturbet, county Cavan, also
has been arrested.
In Londonderry Saturday night Con- I
stable Peter Henley was shot through
the leg while on his beat. A party ofi
police' which hastened to, the scene ot
the shooting also was fired on. One ot
the policemen was struck by a spent
b-jliet. but was not hurt. Tho pollc
returned tha flro of the attacking party!
all the members pf which escaped. 1
JOHNSON POLICY
WILL DEPEND ON
VOTE THIS WEEK
Not Likely to Compromise
if He Wins Maryland, In
(liana and California.
HIS STAND EXPLAINED
Defeat in Mid-West Neces
! sary to Make Him Talk
of Second Choice.
CHAXCE THEN FOR KNOX
Swimi-iii"1 of Cnlifornian's
Strength to Pennsylvanian
Is Held Logical.
1 fiprclal to Tm: 8cx anu Nw Yohk Hckilu
, Washington, Slay 2. Whether Sen
ator Johnson (fJal.) nnd his friends
will give favorable consideration at
this time to Senator Knox (Pa.) as the
Republican Presidential nominee in
case of a deadlock at tho Chicago
cor vontlon will depend In nil probabil
ity upon the -result of the primaries
In Maryland to-morrow and in In
dlann nnd California on Tuesday. If
Johnson wins in all these States over
all othsr. candidates, it will give him
ti position of so much strength that it
Is not likely ho will tulk compromise
at all In advance of tho convention
"showdown."
If, on the other hand, Johnson loses
In Maryland and Indiana, especially In
Indiana, which Is regarded as morv
of a pivotal Statr, it is considered by
political leaders here as entirely with
in tho range of probability that he
and hi followers wilt be ready to talk
openly of a second choice. In that
event Senator Johnson's well known
peraonalfriendship for Senator Knox
and his agreement with him In the
light ngalnM the peace treaty make
tho Pennsylvania Senator n logical
compromise with the Johnson men.
Sceptical of Knox.
This la the Interpretat-ju piace-1 iicre
upon a statement attributed to Senator
Johnson, and telegraphed yesterday from
Terra Haute, whero he is campaigning,
to the effect that, ho was surprised at the
announcement of Senator Penrose (l'X
in favor of Senator Knbx and waa not
prepared to say ho would support Sen
ator Knox In case of a deadlock. Poli
ticians here say Senator Johnson hardly
could have made any other sort of com
ment on the Knox candidacy at this
time, no matter what he may be willing
to do If It becomese apparent latir that
his own efforts to get the nomination
wilt be futile.
A significant thing about tho present
situation Is that the so-called old guard
leaders, while they do not like many
of the radical tendencies of Senator
Johnson nevertheless are more favorable
to his candidacy than to that of Major
Gen. Wood. Many of them also arc
more favorable to Johnson than to Gov.
Lowden. Tho apparent reason for their
friendship for Johnson Is that he repre
sents an uncompromising attitude
against tho treaty and League of Na
tions and also has shown his ability
and willingness to deal with all tho Re
publican factions of the Seriate old
guard as well as liberals.
An entcnto cordlale has been estab
lished between Johnson and the old
guard Senators on the treaty and It
leadlly may lead to a swinging of the
Johnson strength to Senator Knox, who
Is not regarded by the liberal element
of tho party with as much repugnance
as other men who might be acceptable
to the old guard. Meanwhile tho John
ton supporters here, ns well as all tho
republicans, are waiting with keen In
terest for some expression of a more
definite character from Senator Johnson
upon the Knox movement.
Hoover's Chance Slim.
It Is pretty generally conceded that
Herbert Hoover's chances of cnrrylng
California as tho favorite son agalnt
Senator Johnson aro very Bllm. An
overwhelming Johnson victory In his
homo Stato seems certain. His mana
gers here received a telegram to-night
from his headquarters In 'San Francisco
stating that ho would carry the State by
80,000, which would bo a phenomenal
showing, and asserting that the mana
. tha nthor hnoms have practically
thrown up the sponge.
Tho Johnson men do not feel certain
I of carrying Maryland to-morrow, al
though they think their candidate will
imake a splendid showing there against
' Wood. They have more hope of success
!ln Indiana on Tuesday, where tho fight
jls among Johnson. Wood. Lowden and
j Harding.
EYES ON MARYLAND
PRIMARIES TO DAY
Stiff Fights in Indiana and
" California To-morrow.
This will be another Important week
Continued on Third Page,
CLOSING TIME
Wbt$$ttttAND NEW YORK HERALD
DAILY ISSUES
P. M. at Main OSes, 2M Broidwij.
8 P. M. tt fertner Htrild OSct, HrId
BsHdkf , Herald Sqavt.
8 P. M. at all othtf Branch Offices.
(Locations UsUd on Editorial f ags.)
Prince of Wales Insists
He Is 'One of the People'
i A UCKLAND, New Zealand, May
sunied his tour of New Zealand
by train to-day, the strike of the
rnilwaymen having been ended.
Prior to the settlement of the
walkout tho Prince was told there
would bo no difficulty in finding
men to run the royal train.
"Will they run trains for the
people?" the Prince inquired.
"At present they will not," n
railroad official replied.
"That beinu so," the Prince re
sponded, "they cannot run trains
for me. I am one of the people."
ROYALTY URGES
. SIGNPAINTING
Prince Albert Advises British
Academy to Turn Its
Attention to It.
TO BEAUTIFY HIGHWAYS
Youth's Fondness, for Motoring-
Trompts Him to Advo
cate Artistic Posters.
Sprrial Cable Dttpvteh to Tnr Scs J."n Nsw
Tons IlRSAT.n. Copyright, 1000. by Tnr Sex
xr Nrw Yomc Heiald.
Ixj.ndox, May 2. Prince Albert
calmly told tho Royal Academy last
night that it ought to turn its atten
tion to sign painting.
This speech of ingenuous young
royalty ln the course of tho pompous
dinner at tho opening of the summer
exhibition of tho Academy and inci
dentally tho real opening of tho Lon
don season, marked as well as any
thing could tho new spirit of homely
utilitarianism which cuts off from
English life many of the fancy touches
made familiar to America by English
pre-war novels.
"I would not dare to tread even the
threshold of the temple of art," the
Prince said, "but there Is a field of art
that 1 venture to call to your attention
the painting of signs."
A horrified gasp was barely suppresses
around the table, and then tho Prince
went on : 'Tho revival of motoring has
to a certain extent revived tho highways
of stage coaching clays. Many U the
traveller who would like to know the
namo of tho village he pasc. Why
. ,h. nM. hpantlfullv wrought
painted Hgns proclaiming the names or
the vlllagos io me passing luuuoh
Academicians and distinguished guests
good naturedly applauded. Though the
remark as it stood was attributed to tho
Prince's youthful love of Joy riding, his
later remarkB dispelled this trivial inter
pretation. It is Important that all should strive
to make life as beautiful, convenient
and comfortable as posstblo for alt the
people."
Thla came as the echo of tho many
tours that the Prince, his brothers and
their father havo made among the great
industrial and munition areas estab
lished through the war. As distinguished
from the undeniably royal reign of Ed
ward VII., with Its notable entertain
ments and sports and Important Influ
ence upon the diplomacy of the whole
continent. King George's household fig
ures more and more as the exemplar of
tho domostlc virtues and internal wel
fare of the empire, a direction ln which
they are readily followed by hundreds
of Important families whose fox hunt
mil trtncnlftf Ant tna-n nnd rountrv
establishments havo been practically
wiped out uy tne w-ar ami xne suose
riucnt taxation which has been mon cut
tlnr against big unearned Incomes.
Sir William Orpcn's paintings of the
Peace Conference at the Qual d'Orsay
and the slgnlror of peace In the Hall of
Mirrors at Versailles arc highly praised
for consummate skill In painting the
mirrors at Versailles ana me gorgeous
embellishments of the Salle do l'Horloge
b , thrt flnnl ri'OraftV. and for their com
position, but severely criticised on the
scoro or tne niswrio vermes ana me
portraiture of the great participants.
T.lnv.i n.Ai-ff. nnrl Clemencf.au nrr de
picted as marionettes In a comic alter
nation while rresiaem mison iooks on
gloomily.
SYMPHONY SOCIETY'S
BIG GIFT TO FRANCE
50,000 Francs to Aid Rheims
School of Music.
Special Cable Despatch to Tui Srx axi JCkw
York IliiuM'. Copyright, ISM. by Tnn Sex
axu Nkw York Hkium).
Paris. May 2. Blair Falrchlld, tho
American composer and chairman of the
Parts committee of tho American Friends
cf Musicians of France, unnounced to
day the gift of 50.000 francs by the
Symphony Society of Xew York, whose
orchestra airlves this weok for an ex
terded tour of European cities.
The fund will be devoted to tho resto
ration of the Rheims School of Music,
which was totally destroyed by the Germ-ins
during the war, and supplements
gifts totalUng a half mlllldn francs
raised by Wa'ter Damrosch and Harry
Flagler, president of the Symphony So
ciety for Needy French Musicians.
Twentr Yenr for Snlto's AsspUnnt
Seoul, Corea, April 27. A special
court to-day sentenced Kangoklo, a
Corean, to death on a chargo of nt
trmptlng to assassinate Admiral Baron
Salto, the Japanese Governor-General of
Corea last year. The sentence was then
commuted to 20 years imprisonment.
for romrsrXAT eras sifted
ADVERTISEMENTS
. SUNDAY ISSUES
6 P. MR Satar&r at Mala Office, 280
Breidwij.
5 P, M. at farmer Htrild O&a, -Herald
Baitdmx, Herald Square.
5 P. M. al all other Branch Offices.
ILocatlona listed on Kdltorltl Pf.)
FRANCE FACING
GENERALSTRIKE
WITHOUT ALARM
Call to Miners, Railroad
Men and Dock Workers
Believed Futile.
MINERS. GAIN DEMAND
Only One-fourth of Railway
Men Obeyed Earlier
Strike Order.
DOCKERS CHIEF OBSTACLE!
Idle for Months, AVlinrves
of Ports Are Piled High
With Freight.
Sptcial Cable Dttpatch to Tnn Sex AXt Nrw
Ymik Herilp. Copyright, 1520, by Tbe Sox
am. Kew York Hihild.
Paris, May 2. The French Govern
ment is facing tho prospect of a com
plete tie-up of national transport with
absolute equanimity, as It Is convinced
tho mass of tho French public is op
posed to any strike movement which
would interfere with the supplies ot
necessary commodities.
Tho central labor body has approved
the cail for a general strlko of miners,
doclt workers and all railroad workers,
but two of these three factors already
arc considered hors de combat, as less
than a fourth of the railroad men
oboyed the first strlko order issued by
tho rail workers' federation, and the
French Senate already has granted all
demands of 'the minors, which should
Insure their returning to work within
tho next twenty-lour hours.
According to Government officials, tho
dock workers aro tho greatest obstacle.
They havo Interfered with the. national
welfare for several months, with tho re
sult that the docks at Havre, Marseilles
and Bordeaux are overcrowded with
foodstuffs and raw materials from
America which, owing to the lack of
organization, it Is Impossible to trans
port to the Interior. Heretofore the
dockers have not been granted the sup
port of the central labor body, and It is
feared the next few days may witness
serious clashes ln the port cities, but
not affecting Paris.
Volunteer llun nonda.
Tho railroad strike lias lessened traf
fic on four ot tho five big systems, the
N'ord, the Est, the Paris-Orleans nnd
tho Paris, Lyons and Mediterranean.
Theso railroads arc maintaining suf
ficient schedules with the assistance of
volunteer services, consisting mainly of
engineering students from French col
leges. Tho Stato owned Western sys
tem, running from the Qare at. Lazarc
to Normandy and Brittany. Including the
great porta of Havre nnd Cherbourg,
has cancelled all services from Paris.
With the expressed determination of
thi Government to fight the strike there
seems a strong possibility of a split In
tne union ranks, as tho weakness of the
demonstrators In the annual May Day
celebration has convinced the milder
labor leaders that there is no hope of
gaming public approval for the extrem
ist. views. Premier Millerand and
Yves le Trocquer, Minister of Public
Works, declared that tho Government
would maintain order and protect those
employees who stayed at work. The
latter asserted that the railroad strike
was a failure. Tho roads have large
receive supplies of coal.
Heady to Use Army,
The Ministry of tho Interior has taken j
all precautions to deal with disorder,!
Including consideration of the plan of J
utilizing tho army, but this will not be I
attempted unless the central labor body.
uccim-s io out uui uic uiui-r urancnes
ot national labor. In official circles
this is considered unlikely as the whole
! labor campaign Is based on tho theory of;
nationalization of the public services
and a strike, In minor Industrial branches
would therefore assume tho character of
sympathetic and comparatively Ineffec
tive cooperation.
A decree requisitioning motor trucks
and other vehicles In some parts ot
Franco has been Issued.
By tht Associated Preu.
Pams, May 2. -Official figures issued
to-day lvo the casualties resulting
from the disorders yesterday ns three
dead and 182 wounded, of whom six re
main In hospitals, two of them In a dan
gerous condition. Tho arrests aggregated
10S. The foreigners nmong those ar
rested arc to be deported.
Alexandre Blanc, Extreme Socialist
Deputy, who was Injured In yesterday's
clash with tbe police, will bo prosecuted
on a charge ot abuso ot the police.
Parliamentary Immunity, It ts said, will
not apply to his case, which, it Is as
serted, was a flagrant offence. M.
Blanc was one of the Deputies who met
the Germans ln Switzerland during the
war at un . International Socialist con
ference. C0CCHI LOSES PLEA IN ITALY.
Mnn Accused of KIIHiik Ilnth Crn
Kfr Here Mast Stand Trial.
Boloona, Italy. May 2. Counsel for
Alfredo Cocehl, who Is charged with the
murdei'of Iluth Cruccr In New York In
1317, has applied to the court to have
his client released under tho new Itil
lan law which provides that a prisoner
be cither tried or released after eigh
teen months from the time of arrest.
The court refused on tho ground that
Cocchl's trial has already tgun before
the Assizes and that tho present in
vestigation Is a contlnuanco of the trial.
Tito Communists Arrested.
Nashua, N. H.. May ;. Herman Ad
ler of Boston and Vincent Blazonls of
Methuen, Mass., speaker and presiding
officer, respectively, ax a meeting of the
Communist Labor party here to-day,
were taken into custody by the local po
lice following the session. Tho meeting
had been, advertised as a protest against
the nationwide roundup of alleged rad
icals on January 2 last
Liberty Condi
Bought Sold Quoted.
John Mnlr Co.. (I Drvdwr. Jir.
Gompers's Federation
in Ariti-Carranza Move
Hi tho Auoehtti Prttt,
A GUA PRIETA, Sonora, May
2. Confirmation of Syide
sprcad reports of nnti-Cnrrnnza
labor movement throughout Mex
ico nnd the declaration that the
American Federation of Labor is
expected to give its support, to
the movement were, made by
Juan Rico, president of the Lino
typcrs' Union of Mexico and sec
retary of tho executive board of
the Mexican Labor Party, here
to-night.
MOON GOES INTO
TOTAL ECLIPSE
First Occurrence in Many
Years Is Witnessed by
Crowds in New York.
iSIIOW STARTS ON TIME
Beginning of Phenomena Is
Hidden by Mists Flier
Takes Observations.
Tho first total eclipse of tho moon
occurring in many years, under almost
ideal conditions of atmosphere, enter
tained last night a multitude of spec
tators who never had seen so fine a
freo celestial exhibition on so marvel
ous a night. It was second to noni
ln the lawlessness of tho earth-air
cushion through which they peered,
assisted in some Instances by binocu
lars and telescopes, out into tho ether
where 238,800 miles away, our es
teemed satellite throws back tho
golden light she borrows from tbe
sun.
For the first time the eclipse was
observed by an astronomer from an
airplane at a height of 10,000 feet, and
it is believed that interesting data was
obtained. Prof. David Todd, who is
soon to travel to the higher levels of
atmosphere in a balloon to attempt to
get into communication with ..Mars,
obtained permission from Secretary of
tho Navy Daniels, and tho airplane
was, sent up from the Naval Air Sta
tion at noclcaway Beach. Lieut. "Vln-
sor H.. Gushing was the obscrv-erand
Lieut. J. II. Tilton piloted tho ma
chine.
Prof. Todd remained on the ground,
observing the eclipse and making his
charts of tho stars, which he will com
pare with observations and charts made
by Lieut. Cushlng from a height of
10,000 feet. -Lieut Cushlng was partic
ularly Instructed by Prof. Todd to look
for traces of the layer of atmosphere
which Trof. Pickering reports he found
recently. .The plane took oft at 9:45
o'clock and carried gas enough for a
two hours' stay in the heavens.
The eclipse was a success, the only
folks who were shut out from enjoying
It from tho beginning to tho end being
those who were hemmed in by sky
scraping architecture, and tho pious
who preferred to attend church rather
than gaze' at a phenomenon Uiat only
earth dwellers had tho privilege of wit
nessing. The residents of Mars were
not In on the exhibition, which might
not have made them envious, as'they
have two llttlo moons of their own to
enjoy In eclipse. Tho day is legally
past when tho average man of this
suhere can see two moons.
'There probably has been no lunar
obscuration seen by more persons In
the five boroughs since the wlso pro
fessional skygnzcrs havo been, predict
ing cosmlo phenomena. Tho show be
gan on the very minute, unlike some
terrestrial exhibitions. Nature never
postpones her marvels on account of
tho weather. The sun set at 6:53,
standard time, one hour earlier than
the light saving time of New York.
Tho eclipse was due to begin eight min
utes later. Promptly on time the
shadow of the earth penetrated the
lower" right hand side of tho moon,
viewed from the standpoint of the man
ln the moon.
It was, not a deeply Impressive per
formance and the moon was so low ln
the easterly horizon mists that only a
fow saw tho actual entrance of the
shadow on the face of the gleaming disc.
It was not until the moon had risen a
quarter way toward the zenith that the
masses of the uplookcrs could see that
the shadow of tho earth gavo a dark
bronze suggestive mask, then much like
a domino. The mask gradually reduced
tho disc to a mere thin crescent and
finally the total obscuration came at
0:51.
The mooli passed out of the shadow at
10:27, and disappointed lovers were ablo
thereafter to resume their sentimental
strolls.
UNHERALDED EVENT
EXCITES PITTSBURG
Eclipse Is Shock to Church
goers After Services.
Pittsburg, May 2. An unheralded
total eclipse of tha moon caused much
excitement ln the Pittsburg district to
night. Just before 9 o'clock the ct-llpse
started and a few minutes after 10
it was Complete.
Thousands of churchgoers en route
to their homes after the evening ser
vices remained on the streets watching
the eclipse until the dark veil was lifted
about 11:30 o'clock.
Newspaper offices of tho city were
kept 'busy several hours answering hun
dreds of telephone calls from persons
anxious to ascertain the cause ot the
eclipse. The Allegheny Obsevatory an
nounced that tho eclipse had been ex
pected and was not out of the ordinary.
FIVE KILLED IN A TORNADO.
Klaht Others Serlonalr Injured la
Kaatern Oklahomn.
Muskoose. Okla.. May 2. Five par
sons were hilled nnd eight seriously In
jured In a tornado which swept the
countryside north ot Chelsea late to-day.
ACCUSE 15 MORE
AS PLOTTERS IN
BOND ROBBERIES
Surety Officials Get Amaz
ing Tales of Disposal of
Stolen Millions.
CONFESSIONS QUOTED
Two 'Nickics' Now and New
Master Mind Alleged in
Great Conspiracy.
TAMMANY MAN IS NAMED
Cities Hero and in Canada Fig
ure in Secret Hearing in
Arnstcin Caso
Fifteen persons, not yet under in
dictment, are accused of criminal com
plicity in stock and bond thefts ln a
number of amazing sworn statements
and confessions that aro to bo filed ln
tho United States District Court with
in tho next few days by Saul fi,
Myers, attorney for the National
Surety Company.
One of these persons Is well known
in Tammany Hall. Several are
Canadians, and others aro persons
either engaged or recently engaged in
tho practice of law and in the brok
erage business in tho financial An w'"
trlct o'f this city.
All aro said to have been associated
directly or indirectly with "Nicky"
Arnstcin and "Nicky" Cohen, both of
whom fled this city nearly three
months ago, and both of whom are
now directly accused in sworn testi
mony that has been taken at seciet-
hcarings before United States Com
missioner Alexander QilchrlBt, Jr., of
having engaged In an extensive traf
fic In securities they know had been
stolen from downtown concerns by
dishonest messengers.
The most surprising confession ob
tained, according to Mr. Myers, ts that
ot "Big Eddie" Furcy, tho veteran con
fidence man, who was captured at the
point of a revolver atihe Woolwdrtb
Bul(dlng on February 10, while trying
to engineer a deal to steal 85,000,00
worth of stocks In one day, and floe to
Montreal.
Fnrer Pcflaut at First.
That "Big Eddie" ever had any deal
ings with Arnsteln of any nature what
ever was not known until he was sum
moned secretly before Commissioner Gil
christ a few days ago. Furcy Is a pow
erfully built man of the bulldog type,
nnd tho attitude he had assumed toward
the officials had been an extremely de
fiant one. He has spent most of his
time In the Tombs, cursing at detectives
nnd representatives of the District At-
torncy's office who endeavored to get
him to "come across."
Tub Sun and New York Herald is
Informed, however, through a most re
liable source, that "Big Eddie" has
made a full statement of his part In
the stock and bond thefts. He has told
under oath.ot robberies which he engi
neered below the Fulton street "dead
line" prior to his efforts to launch the
$5,000,000 robbery, und ho has told of
meeting "Nicky" Arnstcin and of ar
ranging with hlin for disposing pf stolen
securities.
Furey has furnished tho authorities
with tho nnrrie of the "big politician"
who was vaguely mentioned at tho time
of tho former's nrrest. This man, ac
cording to statements made by Furey to '
other members of tho bond stealing
band, was to have provided "protection."
Tub Bun and New York.Hiraid is In
formed that this politician is not quite
so "big" as some of the bond thieves
supposed. He Is, however, in a position
which leads many persons to regard him
as a powerful factor.
Furey also Is understood to, have fur
nished the namo ot a Montreal broker
who was one of the Instigators of. thn
plots, and who was to, havo aided 'In
disposing ot the fruits ot the $5,000,000
robbery. If the plan had been successful.
Another -character who has mado
statements of great importance before
Commissioner Gilchrist is "Phil" Kastol.
Arnstcln's friend, who was sought far
and wide when officials were first trying
to obtain some clue to the whereabout
of the "master mind.' Kastel waB ques
tioned by Mr. Myers when he came Into
the State recently to answer a crlmlml
charge of which ho was acquitted. Mr.
Myers refused yesterday to make public
any of the details of Kastel's statement.
Mirny Wltncnei Questioned.
Mr Mvora nw linn niiAtlnnetl .Tosenh
riinrV lm fnrmer Wnll Street messen
ger who was arrested with Furoy ; Divld
W. Sullivan, former Wall Street broker
under Indictment for receiving J700.000
In stolch stocks, nnd James Keane and
James Haines, natives of Montreal, who
are now In the Housa of Detention.
The two Canadians. It was lcirned
vffrr1nv. were seized nn material wit
nesses by agents of tho Vat O'Farrell De
tective Agency arter a meeting m a
hotel near Times square and have been
In the hands ot the authorities for up
ward of two weeks. Thoy are alleged
Un,- annmahfH nnn of O'Farrell'a
detectives with an offer to recover cer
. . . i . , . . t .
tain stolen securities iwr a ;
eratlon. O'Farrell at the time was
.irini, tnr tha National Suretv Com
pany on tho Arnsteln case. The Cana
dians told him. ho said, that they for
merly had been employed by tho Burns
Detective Agency.
Keane, at the secret nea rings Detore
Commissioner Gilchrist. Is said to have
...uril in mMtlnir "Riff Eddla" Fur
and Joseph and Irving Gluck In Mont
real last January.
Joseph Gluck. as tne evidence to o
-iMn thn tiATt fanr Ativn will show.
llicu ..... . .
has amplified the confession he made to
detective" Immediately after his arrest
and furnished Important Information re
lating to his meetings not only with
Arnsteln but with other persons alleged
to have been lnvolved-ln the bond thefut.
4
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