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THE SUN AND NEW YORK HERALD, TUgSDAy, MAY 4, 1920.
u
AND
THE NEW YORK HERALD.
FOUNDED 1833-1833.
NEW YORK, TUESDAY, MAY 4, 1020.
TUB HUN-llGItAI.I) CORPORATION,
Publishers. 380 Broadway.
. Frank A. Munsey, President,
fcrvln Wardman, Vice-president: Vm. T.
nawart, Vice-president and Treasurer; It.
, Tltherlngton, Secretary. .
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Character Sketch of a Statesman
When tho ingenious and discerning
Qa Blas of Santlllnne came into Inti
mate relations with tho Count of
Outabez, Prime Minister of Spain,
he lost no time In putting on paper
certain psychological observations.
"Wo are now using tho wonderful test
of tho translation, by Mr. Tobias
Smollett:
'Tho Minister's parts are quick, lib
Judgment penetratins", and his tal
ents altogether calculated for the for
tB&tton of extenslvo projects.
"lie affects the credit of universal
genius, on the strength of a showy
mattering In general science ; so that
there Is no subject, In his own opin
ion, too difficult to be decided on his
mere authority.
"We sets himself up for a practi
cal lawyer, a complete general and
ft politician of thorough-paced sa
gacity. "Add to all this, that he Is so obsti
nately -wedded to his own opinions as
unchangeably to persevere in the path
of his own chalkins out, to the abso
lute contempt of better advice for
fear of seeming to be Influenced by
any good sense or Intelligence but
what he would be thought to engross
In the resources of his own mind.
"Between ourselves, this blot in
his character may produce strange
consequences, which it 'may be well
for tho monarchy should indulgent
heaven for the defect of human means
avert,!"
That was not all. Tim portrait of
n mind is completed with these fur
ther strokes of bold delineation :
"As for Ills talents In council, he
nines In debate by the force of
natural eloquence, and would write
as well as he speaks If he did not
Injudiciously affect a certain dignity
of style which degenerates Into affec
tation, qualntness and obscurity.
"His modes of thinking are pecul
iar to himself; he Is capricious In
conduct and visionary In design.
Here you have the picture of his
mind, the light anil shade of his In
tellectual merits: the qualities of his
heart and disposition remain to be
delineated."
Turning, as Dr. Joseph Collins
would say, from the Intellectual to
the emotional characteristics:.
"Ho Is generous and warm In
his friendships temporarily, as will
fee seen. It Is said that he Is re
vengeful : but would he be a Span
lard If he were otherwise?
"In addition to this he has been
accused of ingratitude for having
driven the Duke of Uzeoa and Friar
Lewis Auaoi Into banishment, though
he owed them, according to common
report, obligations of the most bind
ing nature; and yet even this must
not be looked into so narrowly under
Ms circumstances: there are few
breast capacious enough to afford
house room for two such opposite
Inmates aa political ambition and
gratitude."
Don Gaeparo de Guzman Count of
Omyarez, died In 1H3. Alain IIese
I,b Sage died In 1747. Woodbow Wil
son was not born until 1830. Dr.
Joseph Collins, who has done for
Don Woodbow what I.e Sage did for
Don Gaspabo, was not born until
the year 1800.
Nevertheless the salient traits of
human character are immutable in
their various types and individual
manifestations, and the methods of
scientific analysis and appraisal do
not change much, after all, as tbe
centuries roll around.
An Endless Chain of Strikes.
When a union man with tho strike
hblt kicks about the price and scar
city of sugar it would be well if the
grocer could show him a chart which
appears in the latest Issue of tho
American Sugar Bulletin.
Tills chart shows that from tho
fjrst of January to tho present time
tuerc has not been a day when tho
manufacture or shipment of sugar has
:not been Impeded by strikes.
Plantation workers went out hi
Hawaii and Porto Itlco. Refinery
q employees struck in Chalmctto and
Jtovcrb. Dots? workers strnckHu-'IIft?
vnna, Jamaica, New Orleans and Bos
ton. Hontmeii struck in Now York
and Philadelphia. Tho railroad strike
added to tho agony.
Sugar of course is but one of many
Important Industries. All tho others
could bo charted tho samo way. Busi
ness is completely interlocked and a
strlko In one lino affects practically
nil tho other lines.
Tho striking switchman who growls
because there Is no sugar in tho bowl
must remember that ho was ono of
the causes. And he is being blamed
by tho Havann dock laborer who has
no flour in tho bin.
Back to Original Principles.
Itallrond men nnd farmers tin n
whole arc keen cyod and bard headed.
Among tbo wago earners of nil sec
tions and groupings tbo responsible
and honest railway labor leaders
were the ilrst to declare that they
would rather have lower living costs
than higher wages becnuso constantly
increasing wages without correspond
ingly Increasing production simply
punTp up prices higher than ever. In
telligent labor tho country over must
sooner or later ngreo with tho com
monsense railroad men that making
thing cot more nnd more 1" never
going to make tbolr bread and butter
cheaper.
Tho American farmer Is beginning
to see through tho financial shams
and economic fallacies which political
humbug has been daugllng before his
eyes for many years. In particular
tho farmer Is nenr a complete realiza
tion that the cheap money promised
him from the Federal Farm Loan net
Is becoming n dear luxury. On n
smnll farm niortgngo or on a small
farm working capital the difference in
Interest between G- per cent and G
per cent., even 7 per cent., is not n
great deal in dollars nnd cents. If
the capital In question Is $5,000, tho
difference in interest between C'A per
cent, and tiyi per cent. Is 50 a year.
At 7 per cent, tho difference Is no
more than ?75 a year.
But If reckless Government squan
der and wildcat Government financ
ing in various enterprises of which
Federal farm loans nre only typical,
and unsound Government taxing, with
the Idea of fooling tho public out of
Its votes while emptying the public's
pockets, inflate the farmer's labor and
other operating costs 100 per cent.,
boost the prices of all his supplies 75
per cent, and jack up his frleght bills
50 per cent. It doesn't take him moro
than one crop season to realize that
ho Is coming out at the little end of
the horn.
Because tbe Government's tax
methods and Inflation policies tiro
forcing the farmer to pay hundreds
and thousands of dollars more to keep
his business going than ho saves on
his Government Interest rates, he is
not crazy for any more Government
financing. Because the Government's
taxes are costing tho American peo
ple, farmers and everybody, billions of
dollars a year more than tho Treas
ury Is getting ont of thoso taxes, the
farmer, the mechanic, tbe butcher,
tho baker nnd the candlestick maker
are about ready to go back to original
principles, nnd when they get back to
stick there.
A Republican Corps d'Ellte.
Whether the Itepubilc of Germany
Is allowed to keep a regular army of
100,000 or iiOO.000, it will not be easy
for the Allies to prevent the mainte
nance of volunteer corps all over
the country. The formation of a
republican corps d'ellte to constitute
the defence of Berlin In the event of
futuro revolutions is probably very
essential to the stability of the Ebert
Government, but it is by its very
name a confession of the weakness
of the republican regime now In
power In Germany.
Instead of relying on the German
people to protect their own Govern
ment n corps d'Glito must bo formed,
commanded by the most dyed In the
wool Prussian. Naturally Germany
cannot change the character of her
officer class over night, but one would
not think that the garrison of Berlin
must necessarily be band picked.
A corps d'ellte Is obviously foreign
to our Ideas of a republic, but such
is tho apathy of the overage German
toward the new Government that ft
regiment of the regular army could
proudly not be trusted In a crisis.
Howard Bliss and Bis College.
A remarkable article on tho require
ments nnd ethics of missionary work
appears in the Atlantic Monthty for
May. Its broad Christian spirit and
graco of expression wilt command re
spect wherever it is read. Tho nu
thor of this magazine article, tho eon
of n celebrated missionary and him
self a missionary and educator of high
renown and splendid achievements,
died night beforo last In tho Adlron
dacks of consumption. He was born
on Mount Lebanon; his name was
Howard Swectseb Buss.
Tho ftyrlan Protestant College by
tho Mediterranean, under the shadow
of this same Mount Lebanon, tho col
lege to the development of which Dr,
Buss devoted the best years of his
manhood and tho best energies of a
richly endowed physical and mental
personality, was nnd is ono of the
most impressive educational Institu
tions anywhere on earth. It Is tho
outgrowth of tho missionary school;
but, in fact, with its lovely campus,
its adequate and stately buildings, Its
faculty of fourscore or more accom
plished teachers, Its roster of a thou
sand students Greeks, Turks, Arme
nians, Egyptians, Wahabco Arabs
from Ncjed and Moors from tho far
Pillars of Hercules, Syrian Christians
and Levantine youth of every concciv-
ktio rnrs admixture! Rmnlxttf
.of creed It had cotntf tb bo an Insti
tution comparable In dignity of out
ward nppoaranco and In Inner capa
cities of practical usefulness ,tb any
of the smaller colleges of tho Now
England type.
Probably nothing gave Dr. Bliss
greater satisfaction, apart, from tho
consciousness of performing n good
work and performing It well, than
tho amazement experienced nnd ex
pressed by visitors to Beirut upon
their first Bight of tho great school
of tbo higher education built up nt
that strategic point under tho presi
dency of Dr. Daniel Bliss, Its
founder, nnd Howard Bliss, the son
and successor. Expecting often to
find n few scoro of children surround
ing a missionary teacher nnd pain
fully conning tho Westminster1 Cate
chism, such visitors beheld Instead n
fully fledged university of the impor
tance of Amherst or Dartmouth or
Brown. And IIowAnD Bliss would
smile when he contemplated their
surprise nt tho vlslblo manifestation
of his conception of tho function of
missionary endeavor.
"Keep Off tho Grass."
In n recent letter to The Son and
New Yobk limb one of our corre
spondents bewails tho thoughtlessness
of those persons who fall to respect
the signs in tho parks. To the lover
of naturo tho deliberate 4nndallsra of
such people is frankly incomprehen
sible for the simple reason that his
Instinct nnturally allies him with the
Park Commissioner.
Unfortunately the majority of New
Yorkers are not real nature lovers.
If they were they would not llvo
here; but neither are they essentially
vicious. They enjoy tho parks as a
pleasant alternative from the dirty
streets, and when they see an expanso
of grass they like to mako tho most
of it. The municipal authorities, how
ever, placard the available open spaco
with "Keep Off" signs just as tho
guardians of a museum cover their
treasures with the slogan "Do Not
Touch." In Germany they manage
these things better by making the ono
word "Verboten" serve for every pur
pose. Now it may be that the grass
will keep green longer If we merely
gaze on it from nfnr, but wo arc not
constituted like Germnns, and for
many people tho sign "Keep Off" Is
an almost Irresistible Inducement to
walk on it. If only "damn you" were
added to the "keep off' we might bo
Impressed by tho forcefulness of our
city government, but tbo Imperative
nlone excites antagonism without in
stilling terror.
There Is of course still another way
to approach the public, by requesting
visitors to keep off tho grass or by ap
pealing to their civic pride, but thoso
circumlocutions involving extra paint
nnd larger signs do not appeal to the
average official. Tho grass is his
province, not human nature, nnd as
long ns his orders are not obeyed he
will doubtless agree with the conclu
sion of our corresiwndent..
Polish Successes In Southern Russia.
The Poles have added to the mili
tary successes they obtained early In
the spring over the Russian Soviet
forces on the Prlpet ltlver by extend
ing their lines across Ukraine nnd
carrying their advance to tho de
fences of Kiev. Their first effort was
to check tbe western offensive
planned by Tbotzkv at the eastern
frontier of Poland beforo the parti
tion of 1772; their present movement
has for Its purpose the clearing of
Ukraine of the Soviet army that has
been practically in occupation of the
land since Denikink's retreat and of
removing still further eastward the
Bolshevist menace hanging over their
own country.
Ukraine has been almost from its
formation fought over by the armies
of the All Russians and the Moscow
Soviet. It was compelled nlso to
struggle against Rumania for tho pos
session of Bessarabia nnd against Po
land 'for eastern Galicla. Ukraine
was offered protection by the Mos
cow Soviot if sho would accept Bol
shevism. While the leaders of the
All Russian movement offered to aid
her against the Soviet Government,
they would not acknowledge her Inde
pendence. Tbe Ukrainians refuscd-to
support Denikine, and when his array
attempted to advance to Kiev they
arose against him. This was one of
tho causes which forced him back to
the Black Sea and which brought
about his complete defeat. But nt the
same tlmo It opened up Ukraine to
the Bolshevist occupation.
An attempt to adjust the matters
In dispute between Poland and
Ukralno for their mutual interest has
been under way for some time and
has been encouraged by the Allies.
Petluea, tho peasant leader of the
Ukralno and the one man who has
apparently retained the confldenco
of the Ukrainian people, attended tho
conference held In Warsaw several
months ago for the formation of a
western league against tho Moscow
Soviet The fruits of this meeting so
far as Ukraine and Poland are con
cerned appear in tho cessation of tbe
race war In eastern Gallcln and an
nctlvo support that the Ukrainians
have furnished tbo Poles in their ad
vanco on Kiev. Tho Ukrainians over
threw the Soviet rule In many of tho
towns and remnants of their army
Joined tho PolIsh troops.
The Polish successes are the most
declslvo victories that havo yet been
won over Tbotzkt's armies. Yester
day was jthegrcat Polish' national
holiday, tho anniversary of the grant
ing of their original couslituUon, ami
the news of the successes -was re
ceived with much rejoicing through
out new Poland, The chief objective
05, tills Pol)ali,and,UlcrjaJnJan jhoj-c-.
ment Is very evidently not Moscow,
tho objcctlvo sought In tho All Rus
sian drives, but; Odessa. Western E'u
ropo has In this a special Interest, for
with tho opening up of this, great
Black Sea port tho rtores of grain
which it is said still remain,' locked
up In southern Rdssla cart bo 'released
to the markets, oil. the world. The real
vnluo of tho Polish 'successes, how
ever, cannpC bpVafcu'latcd until somo
thing more cieflnlto Ib known regard
lng tho armies "which Moscow is able
to put Into the Held.
The Theatre's Week End.
Tho complaint, of a correspondent
that theatre managers Incrcnso their
prices unjustly toward tho end of tho
week is scarcely fair when the atti
tude of tho New York public toward
thcatrcgolng is taken Into considera
tion. It is only In tho case of tho
great successes that there is any cer
tainty of largo, attendance during tho
early nights of tho week. Just why
thcro should be such indifference nt
this period to tho diversion that tho
theatro offers has never been easy to
understand. Perhaps It Is oven
harder to explain than tho apparent
eagerness of everybody to crowd Into
tho playhouses later in tho week.
Tho Saturday crusluat tho theatres
brings this inclination to its climax.
It must bo a very mediocre perform
ance that does not havo every seat
in tho house filled by eager pleasure
seekers on Saturday night, when the
week's work Is done.
There arc so-culled attractions
that maintain their existence from
the receipts of the theatre at tho two
Saturday performances. So unreason
ing Is the desire of the public to go
to the theatro on that dny that almost
anything Is acceptable. ,
It was David" Belasco who first
mado tho bor oHlce prices for the final
performances of the week higher
than they were at any other time.
Already tho speculators had begun to
mako that the costliest evening of the
week, nnd tho public, willing ns usual
to pay any price for what It really
wanted, made no protest. Gradually
tho other theatres followed Belasco's
example until a higher scale became
recogulzed ns a feature of the Satur
day sessions nt tho theatres.
The cinemas have not been back
ward in adopting the lden. They have
tho odvantage of the Sunday eve
ning, for which the theatre managers
eagerly long. There has been In recent
years, partly, it is said, through Immi
gration, an equal propensity on the
part of some classes of the theatre
public to go somewhere on a Sunday
evening. It Is to correspond to this
dcslro that the vaudeville perform
ances are found In many theatres;
and the cinemas now count Sunday
ns their best paying night.
So long as the public remains In
different to tho opportunity to go to
the theatre on the early nights of tho
week nnd prefers to wait until only
one or two performances remain, arc
or nre not the theatre managers justi
fied in making It moro costly to enjoy
plays and nctors that have been all
but Ignored during the earlier days?
Thomas Morris, who died In Grand
Island, Nebraska, last weelc.had more
authenticated years to his credit than
any other known person, for ho was
beyond reasonable doubt 126, while
John Shell, tho noted Kentucklan, has
nothing to vouch for his supposed 143
years except his own shaky memory.
Morris was the only man of recent days
who could boast of having seen both
tt, TViIrn nt WELLINGTON and WlLUAW
J. BrTAn. He also remembered when
sugar was six poundp for a quarter.
The Forestry Service was somewhat
puzzled recently by an order for a
quantity of yew answering certain
specifications to bo taken from tbo
Siioqualmle National Forest in Wash
ington. It discovered, howover, that
the wood was to mako old fashioned
bows and that on account of ita
superior quality It waa an exceedingly
rare and much sought after wooiL
American yew Is aa good for bows aa
the famous old yew of England and
is now arming the archers of the
world.
A theory of the thirsty is that spring
is waiting to see tho bock beer signs
hung up.
England has had an experience llko
Amorlca'a in chasing profiteers. Sho
set up 1,900 antl-proflteerlng tribunals.
Each heard an average of ono case,
and twenty-four convictions were ob
tained at an average cost of $5,000
each. "And," says an indignant M.
P., "tho cost of living haa gone upf"
England will discover that profiteering;
however evil it Is of itself, la not so
much tho cause of excessive costs aa a
symptom of them. Tho real causes
are government waste, Individual ex
travagance arid sloth and the exactions
of organized workers.
Sag a of a fhru MaVcr.
An eminent tinker at phraiei.
Who commonly doe ho plM,
Mad om he itgreti,
Though one they wr pet
And bolstered br popular pralis.
"Too haughty to fight" wa a Jonah,
A boomerang quit to It owner.
By foe freely quoted,
Dlatortod and bloated,
It proved a magnificent boner.
"Btlllierenti equal In atatae"
Once e&uied a tramendou hlatu
Mid friend o'er the &
Who, It prorod o to be,
Cxpectei a alllea to -rat u.
Then "pttc without victory" came
To put ua clear off of our game.
A a phrae "twa a bird,
Though the thought waa afeiurd
Now ta mar repetition I namt.
"It will ahatler the heart ef the world"
Sounded flna when at flrtt It waa hurled.
When wa analyzed that,
Though In euphony pat,
Our eralna with aheer putiletnent whirled.
Let u pray that the unlucky guy
Who may next lie eialled to ltlgh
May be tonguetled and dumb.
And hi pen on the burnt
For tb pbrai maker day ha gone by.
tnicKLiirB Qru.ru.
THOUGHTS QN KABWMQ,
X
Is the World, to Have n Demonstration
of the HMthuslaa Theory 1
To Tun Sun and New Yonic Hirald:
Your correspondents nnd thoso of other
newspapers have been freely .giving their
opinions of daylight eavl'ng, 'and it is
noticeable that those who fa'vflr1 it seem
to Incline wholly to the Idea that be
cause they want It enough haa;bten said.
Th'ordo not appear to tako IpfoAccount
tho principles which Influence the'.farmer
In protesting .against any alteration of
time or circumstance interfering with
his production of 'food. Amongiall the
elemental activities of mankind the. farm
ing Industry should be the least interfered
with, not 'only for the benefit of the
farmer but.for tho good of all men.
The farming Industry Is tho one In
dustry on which all others depend. The
farmer may mil short of his expecta
tions; have homing to sell and1 yet have
enough to eat himself. But deprive the
bricklayer of the food which comes from
tho farmer and he lays no more' bricks
In tho wall ; and this applies equally to
all men.
Considerably more than a hundred
years ago Malthua startled the world
with his theory. Briefly, he evolved the
Idea that population Increases in a geo
metrical ratio, thus, 2, 4, 9, 16, 32, &c,
while food Increases in an arithmetical
ratio, thus, D, 9, 13. 17, 21, &c; conse
quently that throughout the world food
never fully equals tho needs of popula
tion, and always, somewhere, there Is
famine.
You may call It only a theory if you
choose, but as we look at the doubling
populations of our towns and cities and
tho decreasing population in farming
sections the chilling thought Intrudes
that sometimes theories and conditions
unite to prove a fact. .What before the
great war seemed to apply to Isolated
canes now approaches dangerously near
to Including tho whole world.
Naturo has been kind to America. It
is not Nature now that threatens failure.
The menace Is In men themselves. The
unthinking inhabitants of the United
States, those who are not thinking as the
farmers have to think, all know what
plenty means enough nnd to spare. Of
famine, as famine, they know nothing,
or It la regarded as something remote.
But on the farmers feasting or fasting
absolutely depends!
Every country should encourage the
cultivation of tho largest variety of food
products possible within Its borders, for
In an unfavorable season not only one
but several crops may fall. It Is equally
pliln that next to every best opportu
nity for production the farmer should
have ever' best consideration for tho
sale and. distribution of his surplus. If
on cither scoro he Is discouraged and In
terfered with, whllo he may yet produce
enough for himself the publlo at largj
will get less.
Aside from bad crops famine, we are
told, may arise from bad roads or needed
roads, lack of canals and boata for
canals, rivers and seas and from wilful
obstruction of traffic. All of these 111
conditions are in effect In the United
States to-day, together with a suplno
administration of the Government for
ten months more. E. 0. Weeks.
Tenaixt, N. J., May 3.
IF ALL STOPPED BUYING.
Result of Throwing a Monkey Wrench
Into Industrial Machinery.
To Tub Sun and, New York Herald :
With regard to the letter signed "S,"
and several others of very similar Im
port to the effect that everybody should
stop buying In order to bring down
prices, yould It not be only Just nnd
fair as well as a natural sequence that
when this is carried Into effect every
body should also stop paying salaries
and wages and rents?
The monkey wrench thus thrown into
the fine meehanlim of tho industrial
machinery would produce a surprising
result similar to that brought about
when Samson pulled down Uio house to
revenge himself on his enemies and him
self perished In the act.
If everybody did stop buying for a
fow months all goods would be very
much cheaper fine ! But would any
body by that time have any money to
buy these goods?
That Is also a not to be neglected
point to bo considered. I
New York, May 3.
UPLIFT FOR CHILDREN.
An Observer Thinks Ho Has a Cure
for Selfishness.
To Tim Sun and New York Herald:
To the student of human nature there
is nothing more amusing, If occasionally
a little saddening, than the frank selfish
ness of the average child. Of course tho
tiny creature is not to blame, for it only
obeys an instinct, but the mother who
Indulges it inordinately Is certainly to
blame.
I do not doubt for a moment that
there would not be anything like the
amount of selfishness there is among
grownups if when they were young they
had been properly disciplined. I havo
travelled a good deal In other countries
and It has been my observation that no
where else" Is there so much giving way
to the telflsh whims of children as in
America. This Is not altogether duo to
tenderness, as Is commonly supposed, but
to an idea that discipline somehow is
not compatible with freedom, or at least
childish freedom.
To disabuse mothers of this utterly
false idea should be the work of eome of
our associations of enlightened, pro
rr.otvx women. There is all the more
need of the work as the poisonous spirit
of Bolshevism has aggravateaenormousiy
the laxity of homo discipline.
New Yobk, May 3. Amicus.
Woman Domination la Missouri.
From A UargxilU Tritune.
Elmo I forehanded, aleo progressive.
Fir young women are going to run tho
affair of the town for the next two
year. They ore Ml Cora Lamar, MUa
Nettle Beaver, Mia Roe Campbell, Mis
Minnie Humphrey, Mis Llsil Backer.
They wers elected Tuesday a the mem
ber of the town board and will meet
within a faw days to erganlta by choos
ing from their number a mayor, a city
clerk, a marshal and atreat commissioner,
a treasurer and the other heads of de
partment necessary In the conduct of
the affairs of the Tillage. But these
young'woroen war not permitted to taka
the rein of government without a pro
teat In fact there wers two tickets
mad up of mere men. The "Ladlea
Ticket" carries.
nigh Instance.
The whit (loud chase across th blue.
Although It never matcher,
To economic measures true
The sky Is wearing patches.
Coinage,
Kntcker Same think w (hould coin a
two cent piece.
Boeker Oolng at the 'present rat wVH
have 4 cola a lest eent'pleo.
tiMOUNTST.MARYK ...
Its Memories of Hughes, MeCloskey
nnd Other Great Churchmen.
To Tub Sun and Nnw York Herald ;
I have read with much Interest Judga
Morgan J. O'Drien's letterin Tan Sun
and Nnw York Herald in which ho re
fers to tho regrettable fact that
Catholic educational institutions art
neglected by thoso to whom they 1-ave
n right to look for support Judgo
O'Brien's referenco to Mount St. Mary's
Collego la particularly appropriate be
cause of the fact that It was Just 100
years1 ago that there first appeared at
Mount St Mary's John Hughes, an Irish
lad, seeking employment whero ho might
acquire learning. In tho spring of 1820
John Hughes was employod at tho col
lego aa gnrdaner, his compensation being
board, lodging and Instruction. Seven
years lator he was ordained a priest. In
another ten years Ira was referred to as
the "Boanerges of tho American Church."
Whatever Archbishop Hughes was he
never failed to say that he owed It all
to Mount St Mary's.
With John Hughes at collego was John
MeCloskey, whd was born on a farm in
what is now part of Brooklyn. As a boy
young MeCloskey crossed the East ltlver
in a skiff on Sunday mornings that he
might attenl services In the church at
the' corner of Barclny 2nd Church
streets, now known as St. Teter's, which
waa then tho only Cathollo church In
this section. It was Cardinal MeCloskey
who mado possible tho great growth of
Catholicism In New York city.
And bo Judge O'Brien Is rlsht when
he says that New York Is largely In the
debt of Mount St. Mary's, It was that
splendid collego which sent here tho Itev.
Father Charles Constantino Pise, who
waa assigned to St Peter's and who was
the first Cathollo chaplain of Congress.
One of tho first nnd most active of
Bishops of New York was Blslwp John
Dubois, who founded Mount St Mary's.
The first Bishop of Brooklyn was John
Loughlln, who In 1834 nppeared at Mount
St. Mary's with his antlro fortuno $200
In his pocket. That sum was sufficient
to see htm through the long years of
study beforo he was ordained.
James Itocsevolt Bayloy, first Bishop
of Newark, was a son of Mount St
Mary's. And It was tho same Bishop
Bayley who, dating his letter August 27,
1855, wrote to tho president of Mount
St Mary's: "Tho bearer, Master Mlchaol
Corrlgan, Is a good boy and, I believe,
very attentive to his books; I therefore
recommend him to you with a good deal
of confidence. If he should turn out a
good priest ono of these days, so much
the better."
The boy thus modestly Introduced to
tho mountain collego wore for seventeen
years the archlcplscopal mitre of New
York, the successor of Hughes and Me
Closkey, nnd was succeeded In turn by
the lamented Cardinal Farley.
Among others given to New York by
Mount St. Marys was John La Farge,
famous as a colorlst tho world over.
I might continue far beyond the limits
of your space or patience, naming men
who, coming from the- mountain college,
have honored New York. . Certainly their
splendid school, their pioneer Cathollo
Institution, must not be permitted to
stagger in Its efforts because of lack of
support JosErn P. Dat.
New York, May 3.
THEY SHINE NO MORE.
The Wearer of Celluloid Collars Sot
n Marked Man Now.
To Tub Sun and New York Herald:
The suggestion has beon made by one
of vour readers who now nays 85 cents
each for his collars and complains that
after they have made three or four
trips to the laundry they are fit for
the ragbag that a'cellulold collar cam
paign to popularize tho glossy neckband
would have a tendency to reduce the
present cost of linen neckwear.
In reply It may be stated that the
war mado the celluloid collar find Itself,
nnd nt thn nrcsent tlmo In various forms
and guises It Is encompassing tho necks
of many Americans.
There was a time when the wearer
of a glossy celluloid collar was a marked
man, but that time Is past Manufac
turers have helped tho, cause conslder
nhlv liv maklnir a lacklustre affair
that defies detection. But they haven't
robbed It of Its best feature its ability
to withstand a washing of soap and
water whenever it becomes smudged.
When a man declares that his 35 cent
collars wttl stand only two or three
washings It might be well for him to
keep In mind the fact that a celluloid,
collar will serve until the buttonholes
give out This may be a matter of two
months or six weeks. But don't apply
a match to the edges, because celluloid
will burn. Fastidious.
New York, May 3.
DARK HORSES.
Would Mr. Hughes Prove to Bo Iteally
n Bay of Sunshine?
To Tub Sun and New York Herald:
In regard to the opinion that the
primary vote shows a trend to a dark
horse I would llko to see a movement
started to nominate Charles Evans
Hughes ns a candidate around whom
all factions, could rally.
It la not necessary to dwell on .the
excellent qualifications of Mr. Hughes
for tho office of President of the United
Statea. His record shows him to be a
capable, aafo and sano executive. Why
not Mr. Hughes, not so much as a dark
horse but as a ray of emnshlne?
RALPH W. iLXIIUAN.
New York, May 8.
Sr. Butler's Qualifications.
To Tub Sun and New York Herald:
If we must have a dark horse, which Is
a pity, why not Dr. Nicholas Murray
Butler? Because we have had one col
lege man who has made a bad President
It does not follow that another need be
a disappointment also.
Dr. Butler's utterances on publlo
matters have been thoughtful, sound
and practical. Ho has had no visions,
heard no voices in the air, and could be
trusted, I believe, to give as a wise
and strong administration. M. I. H.
Morristown, N. J May 3.
Mount Theodore Roosevelt.
From (As Popular MecAanlct Maaatlne.
Sheep Mountain, near Deadwood, and
ona of th highest ef th Black Hill In
South Dakota, Is now known as Mo'unt
Theodora ItooseTelt. Credit for the re
naming la due to & local society jst first
ssttler whs are also reaponstbla for the
stone tower which crown th eminence.'
The itruotura I built of rough atone.
Imbedded In the wall are two tablets,
ono showing forth the dedicatory lines,
th other the society beautifully worded
memorial.
Suspicious Times.
Knleker -Did Opportunity knock- at his
door?
Bofkar Y, but he w afraid" aha
wanted tbe flat
CHARftES'HONiS
0. S. PRESS CENSOR
E. J. 3tcCono'of Buffalo Com
nicrclnr Says Only 4 News
papers Aro Unhampered.
CITES GARY STATEMENT
lie Declares Printers Pre
vented Its Publication Until
Changes Were Made.
Washington, May 3. Bj J. JdcCono
of tho Buffalo Commercial, testifying
to-day before the Senate newsprint
paper Investigating committee, de
clared that the International Typo
graphical Union i through its shop
chapels exercised a censorship over the
news columns of all except four news
papers of tho country. Tho chapel chair
man, he testified, Is charged with keep
ing out o.f print stories unfavorable to
organized labor.
Asked by Chairman Beed to gtve spe
olflo Instances where such a consorshlp
had been exercised, Mr. McCose de
clared that when Judgo Elbert Gary of
tho United States Steel Corporation
testified before n Senate commltteo In
vestigating tho steel strlko regarding
tho principle of freedom of contract, the
Buffalo News received and set In typo
and cast into tho plato an Associated
Pross news despatch of his 'testimony,
but tho presses wero' not permitted to
start until changes had been mado in the
article.
Mr. McCono said tho Now York Times
and tho Buffalo Commercial were the
only newspnpors in the Eastern part of
tho United States that carried the story
ns sent by the Associated Press. The
witness added that his newspaper, tli'i
Commercial, was oporatcd on a "de
cidedly non-union" baBls. -
Union Oath "Un-Aruerlcau."
Mr. Mrflnno nsserted that all members
of the Typographical Union were forced
to take an oath which ho said waa "de
cidedly un-American." He said the
principal paragraph of this oath de
clared that members of tho union should
place "fidelity to my union ana us mem
bers above any other obligation, social,
political, religious, fratornal or other
wise."
Government regulation of print paper
consumption by an excise tax was ap-
nrnrwfl nnd nnDoaed bv other witnesses
before tho committee. Jason Rogers,
publisher of tho New YorK uiooe, not
only favored such a tax, which waa.
suggestod by Chairman Heed, but also
advocated an additional tax on adver
tisements exceeding a quarter of a page
in site.
Mr. Rogers declared the large city
dallies were responsible for the paper
situation and that their refusal to co
oporate in the face of the threatened
crisis had resulted in the small news
papers facing extinction.
"Tho remedy is to get inside of the
production," Mr, Hogers said. "Legisla
tion is needed to limit the size of the
big papers, the wasters and profiteers,
for that Is nil they arc. They aro using
all the paper they can get their hands
on, because they can get all the adver
tising they can print and thus mako
money on any amount of print paper,
oven at tho present prices. The little
fellows forced into tho open market can
not break even."
Only 25 or 30 Oacnders.
There were only twenty-five or thirty
such offenders, Mr. Itogcrs testified, add-in-
lliat In twimtv-clirlit cities of tho
country 111 dally papers printed 12,000,-
000, copies, or M per cent, oi uio toiai
newspaper circulation of the country,
nnd seventy-four Sunday papers sold
10,000,000 copies, or 50 per cent of tho
country's total Sunday clicuhitlon.
Mr. Rogers declared that an advertise
ment of the Chicago Tribune last winter
slipwcd that one Sunday edition of that
newspaper used more print paper than
all of the newspapers In Canada used In
two dally editions.
New York business ofllco of tho St. Louis
Olooe-ZJemocrof, opposeu mo excise tax,
declaring It would drive out of business
many of the larger newspapers, which,
ho said, must publish more than fifty
pages In order to show a profit. He said
Government regulation was unnecessary ;
that tho publisher themselves would
work out a solution of tho problem.
Denials that paper Jobbers or brokers
wero responsible for the prevailing high
prices waa mado by 5L Deverich, a
broker of Now York city. Jobbers are
not making excessive profits, he as
serted. J. R. Snyder, publisher of the Gary
(Ind.) JJvenlnff I'osf, expressed the
opinion that paper manufacturers were
making the real profit out of the situa
tion, but R. S. Kellogg, secretary of the
Newsprint Service Bureau, an organiza
tion comprising 40 per cent, of Ameri
can and Canadian producers, denied
that this was he caoe. Consumption
of newsprint, Mr. Kellogg said, has
(mm three nounds ner canlta in
J880 to thlrty-flvo pounds in 1919.
M'CONE CHARGE
DECLARED FALSE
W. W. Barrett, Typo Official,
Says Union Is Not Censor.
Inpunatoms, May -3. Charges that
tho International Typographical Union
exercised a censorship over the news
columns of all except four newspapers
of the country wero declared to be "ab
solutely untrue," by Walter W. Barrett,
vlce-presloant of that organization, here
to-day.
Mr. Barrett declared there waa no
basis for such a statement, which was
made by E. J. McCone of the Buffalo
Commercial, testifying before the Sen
ate newsprint paper investigating com
mittee. The union, he said, never has
supported any such action and never
will.
"There have been a few attempts In
newspaper oflices of shop chapels to ex
ercise a censorship in keeping out of
print stories unfavorable to organized
labor," Mr. Barrett said, "but In every
Instance the typographical union has
supported the publisher."
Mr, Barrett said the officials of the
union knew nothing of a censorship
being exercised in the offices of the
Buffalo' News when Judgo Elbert Gary
of the United States Steel Corporation
testified before a Senato Investigating
committee regarding the principle of
freedom of contract
Mr. McCono has been at loggerheads
with the typographical union for a year
or more, Mr. Barrett said, because the
union "wouldn't grant Mr, McCone cer-
Ltaln concessions." The union always
nas oeuevca in non-interference with
what Is printed in the press nnd always
trill maintain that stand, he said.
Folndexter Back to Washington.
Washington, May 3. Senator I'oln
doxter's' cancellation of liU tour of Ore
gon for tha Republican Presidential
nomination. It was explained to-day at
his headquarters here, was so he could
return to Washington to prctis his anti
strike bill.
THE NEW YVRK HERALD.
TUB Sl.V no founded hi) rtfi Datj
1833 ; TUB XBW YOllK UKKALlt
wait founded by James Gordon Hewlett
in 1S35. TUB at.V passed Into tho con
trol of Charles A, Dana in 1808. II
oecfliiio tho property of Frank A, Munscj
in 1916. TUB NfJlK YORK HERALD
remained tho sole property of its founder
until his death In 1872, when fil son, alio
James Cordon Bennett, succeeded to tha
ownership of the paper, ichich continued
ti Ms hands until his death in 1918,
TUB 1IBJIALD became tho property
Frank A. Munsey in 1920.
BUSINESS AND EDITOItUT, OFFICE),
MAIN BUSINESS AND KDiTOHlAl,
.OFFICES. 2S0 RnDAnWAY. TELK.
LI'HONB, WORTH 10,000.
llItA.NCIl OFFICES for receipt Of mlver.
,,',??r.t"..nni1 ' of papers:
WUNCK'AL UPTOWN OFFICE Herald
GOTO ,,mld siuare. Tel. dreeley
BT,IAW,n,t OFFICE 203 WEST 125TH
NBA.U SEVENTH AVE. Tel. 79H
.v5 ASIUNaTON UKIOIITS OFFICE 5M
WL8T 1SIST ST. Tel. 0008 WaJswortlu
Open until 10 I', jf.
Ti.?.WhU0WJ' OFFICE 200 nnoAD.
""V". 2 I. M. to 10 P. XI.
ivnt0SKhy OFFICES EAGLE BUIl.D.
'Ml, 30.1 WASHINGTON ST. Tel. 1100
Main. 24 COUHT ST. TeU 88 Main.
r;n until 10 I. M.
."110NX OFFICE .MS WILLIS AVE.
until 10 mT" T'' UCC0 iMn"' 0f""
ITIneipnl Forelm and American Bureaue.
5IA5f1."'aTO.V The aiunsey Bulldlnc
fl'SAOO 208 fiouth La Sail St.
'iRP.T"'-48 Fleet St.
PAniS IB Avenue de l'Opera, 38 Hut
ou Louvre.
There are about Oflo tu.A3srfe.
celvlnr stations located throughout S
Tork city and. vicinity where Sun-IIeral-1
advertisements will be received at office
rate and forwarded for publication.
Daily Calendar
THE WEATHER.
For Eastern Nnw VnpltTTnti. tn.,lni
and tO-mOrmW! IIHIa i1iiinn In
porature; gentle winds, mostly north-
.tfAn. n .1 . .
"Mi uuu norm.
h2w.! "ul.a ehanee In temperature;
eentle to moderate shifting winds.
n . "ern 1New England Unaattlwl
wind' to"monw' falr hlftlnt
POP SmttViason V.-. i.a a
nfd.to"ma.rro: mtl chanfffl In Um
P"atu"! fffntla ahifting winds.
For WneitArn VA -v'-t, u.t. a. .a.
tire ,0,morrow: :itlI chaneo In tempera-
.... v. .1:. -uy w. uenerai pres
sure distribution has changed but little In
,i T? twnty-four hours, high pressure
n..,, , F ln" mK0 res'on nd low
n- ; "v ",B aoumweai anu extreme'
mi i I" ,nS. Sou'hern States and local
ri..h .1. '"K'nna ana me northwest
"B'nwwii lair. Tempera
mf? c.0,n(J"'ons also have changed but
Thl. 2m "J"1,10 temperature elsewhere
iiksm Mill be local showers to-morrow In
the feouth and on Wednesday In the lower
Jihi?.i.a"'.yuan(1 "outI "PP" lalte region,
the remainder of the lake region.
r," rtiianuo atntes nnd New Ens
5.B WMJhcr will bo fair to-morrow
iinil uoilnoidaw rp.M. a i
will not be decided.
Obsprrntlnn! f I'.iiii pi.i.. i.,i
J" WH, earner y-
ft1?" "s p- M- yesterday. ev
...... ilj,u,ui uuie;
'H'mporature Rainfall
High. Low. meter, hrs. Weather.
n 72 23.St .12 near
. K 43 SO 00 .01 Cloudi-
-.52 M 02 .. rt. Clily
.. 62 S0.00 Tt. Clily
II 30.10 M Cloudy
52 2 3.00 .W Clear
.. 40 lit ro.IO .. Clou'lr
..10 CS 29.82 Halu
. 42 00.M ., Clear
. 60 '42 rO.OS . . Clear
4' 10 CO It Hear
.. BO 50 ,M.9 ., C101y
.. 51 42 S0.ll .. nfar
,.7i 72 .2 .. Cloudy
.54 IS .w .. ciw
.. ,J M 3.10 M It. ClilT
. it trt ;i.S3 ,, CloodT
. 62 52 :.W .. Cloudy
.. 43 42 CO 11. .. Clear
.. 80 74 .n.SI .. Clear
..91 M- . Cloud r
62 . M ."0.P2 pt. flujr
.. 5 4.) .-o.io clear
. 43 so.w .02 Clear
.. 62 Si co.ft) . . Clear
.. 60 41 19.82 .. Clear
.. K 70 3.)0 .. Vt. Cldr
CO 61 .03 rt. Cllv
.. 61 44 30.00 .. It. Cl.lv
61 M 29.M ., Clear
..GO 5 SO OS .. It. Ckly
62 It 50.00 .. clear
Oklahoma
I.OCAI. WEATHER RECORDS,
n,. . s A.M. I T II
ll.7rninfpp ma ......
Humidity ;r, C7
wind direrllon X a v.
Wiml-rcloclty r 11
Vnll,or ... " ..."
IPrecipltatlon jcone v0ll(.
The temperature In this cltjr yesterday, as n
rordej by the ofMal thermometer,, s "uonn
lu ttie anueiod table:
8 A.M... .4.1 ip. M....53 6 P. M,..M
9 A.M. ...45 ! I. 51. ...31 7PM 4
11 A. M SO i I i T' ft 1.
11 3r 5i i v. ii.'.'.'.ii liv'.'u'.'.'.'.u
. . ,. IK. UlV.
M"" 51 U'.ll 44 r.A
3T is Mid t e
llijhost temperature, 5J, at 2:50 P. M
lowest teniDcrature, 41, at 6 A. M.
ATersge teaperaturc, 60.
EVENTS TO-DAY,
Cormnck. Waldorf-Astoria, J p. M.
state urand Lodge of JIasons. annual
convocation. Masonic Hall. 40 West Twen-ty-fourth
street. 2 P. ji.
..JlJ'""?m ' Ma'her Lewis will speak on
The Low Cost of Thinking." at th
month y dinner of the Rotary Club, Hotel
McAIpln. 6:J0 P. M.
. Ilrl?.c".s Julla Cantaeutene 'and Mr. Al
fred fc. Henderson will apeak at a meet-,
Ine of the Women' Health Protective As
sociation, Hotel Astor, 2:30 p. M,
Dr. F. P. Ramsay will discuss "liolshf
vlsm," at the public forum. Pilgrim Hal..
Uroadway and Flfly-alxth street. 8:15 P M.
Mass meeting celebrating the restora
tlon of Palestine, auspices of the Inde
pendent Order of Brith Abraham, Cooper
Union, this evening.
'PAnlMv nH If), alt,... H ,,i . ...
tura by Frank W. Uayley at a meeting
Central Park West, 8:45 P. M.
PmiMmi, T.a n,...ril i n....t .
Aldermen will be tha principal speaker
at thn mnnlhlv m..,tn A ,1.. !. .(
Clvlo Association, P. a 119. Avenue K
and East Thirty-eighth street, Brooklyn.
8:15 P. M.
Americanization meetlnr. r. S. 165, 321
West loith street, this evening.
New York Entomological Society, meet
ing. American Museum of Natural His
tory, Raventy-seventh street and Central
Park West, 8 P. M.
PUBLIC LECTURES TO-NIGHT.
'Th Electric Power," by Prof. J. Lo
ring Arnold, Wadlelgh IK 3., IlJth street,
near Sorenth avenue.
"Th Whir of th Newspaper Treei."
by A. L. Blair. P. S. tt. Eighty-eighth
atreet, near First avenue.
"Our Native Wild Flowers." by Edward
O. Avery. P. S. 113. It3d street and
Wadsworth avenue. Illustrated.
"Our Nit Door Neighbor, Mexico." by
Dr. Allan MacRossle, Metropolitan Tem
ple, Seventh avenue and Fourteenth street
"State Government," by Charles
Acklay, P. 8. 61, 207th street and Huit
uvenue, Th Bronx.
SHIP CRASHES INTO ICEBERG.
Turret Crown Report Hole la
Dovr and in No Dn niter.
Boston, May 3. The steamship Tur
ret Crown, from Newport, Knglaml. for
Hampton Roads, rcporjed n cnllhiu.i
with an Iceberg today." 'In a iuoskikd
relayed here, the vessel reported :i hol
lit her Ikiw rlejil fwl in Icuqllr, but
that Rho wns taking jio water except M
the 'forward hold nnd that ihe wotml
nrorerd to Urn TorH without niwrt
unce. Tho Turret frown rennrtcl that h'
had seen many Icebergs within n nidli
nf twenty mlleH (tiiii latitude 45:0
longitude 4S.46, uoulheuat ol Capo llaci.
J
4u

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